Dictionary Of The English Language "A"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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A is he first letter of the English and of many other alphabets. The capital A of the alphabets of Middle and Western Europe, as also the small letter (a), besides the forms in Italic, black letter, etc., are all descended from the old Latin A, which was borrowed from the Greek Alpha, of the same form; and this was made from the first letter (𐤀) of the Phoenician alphabet, the equivalent of the Hebrew Aleph, and itself of Egyptian origin. The Aleph was a consonant letter, with a guttural breath sound that was not an element of Greek articulation; and the Greeks took it to represent their vowel Alpha with the ä sound, the Phoenician alphabet having no vowel symbols. This letter, in English, is used for several different vowel sounds. The regular long a, as in fate, etc., is a comparatively modern sound, and has taken the place of what, till about the early part of the 17th century, was a sound of the quality of ä (as in far).
indef.
• An adjective, commonly called the indefinite article, and signifying one or any, but less emphatically. "At a birth;" "In a word;" "At a blow." It is placed before nouns of the singular number denoting an individual object, or a quality individualized, before collective nouns, and also before plural nouns when the adjective few or the phrase great many or good many is interposed; as, a dog, a house, a man; a color; a sweetness; a hundred, a fleet, a regiment; a few persons, a great many days. It is used for an, for the sake of euphony, before words beginning with a consonant sound; as, a table, a woman, a year, a unit, a eulogy, a ewe, a oneness, such a one, etc. Formerly are was used both before vowels and consonants.
• In each; to or for each; as, "twenty leagues a day," "a hundred pounds a year," "a dollar a yard," etc.
prep.
• In; on; at; by.
• In process of; in the act of; into; to; — used with verbal substantives in -ing which begin with a consonant. This is a shortened form of the preposition are (which was used before the vowel sound); as in a hunting, a building, a begging.
Aam
n.
• A Dutch and German measure of liquids, varying in different cities, being at Amsterdam about 41 wine gallons, at Antwerp 36.5, at Hamburg 38.25.
Aardvark
n.
(Zool.) An edentate mammal, of the genus Orycteropus, somewhat resembling a pig, common in some parts of Southern Africa. It burrows in the ground, and feeds entirely on ants, which it catches with its long, slimy tongue.
Aardwolf
n.
(Zool.) A carnivorous quadruped (Proteles Lalandii), of South Africa, resembling the fox and hyena.
Ab
n.
• The fifth month of the Jewish year according to the ecclesiastical reckoning, the eleventh by the civil computation, coinciding nearly with August.
Abaca
n.
• The Manila-hemp plant (Musa textilis); also, its fiber.
Abacinate
v.t.
• To blind by a red-hot metal plate held before the eyes.
Abacination
n.
• The act of abacinating.
Abaciscus
n.
(Arch.) One of the tiles or squares of a tessellated pavement; an abaculus.
Abacist
n.
• One who uses an abacus in casting accounts; a calculator.
Aback
adv.
• Toward the back or rear; backward.
• Behind; in the rear.
(Naut.) Backward against the mast;-said of the sails when pressed by the wind.
n.
• An abacus.
Abactinal
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the surface or end opposite to the mouth in a radiate animal; — opposed to actinal.
Abaction
n.
• Stealing cattle on a large scale.
Abactor
n.
(Law) One who steals and drives away cattle or beasts by herds or droves.
Abaculus
n.
(Arch.) A small tile of glass, marble, or other substance, of various colors, used in making ornamental patterns in mosaic pavements.
Abacus
n.
• A table or tray strewn with sand, anciently used for drawing, calculating, etc.
• A calculating table or frame; an instrument for performing arithmetical calculations by balls sliding on wires, or counters in grooves, the lowest line representing units, the second line, tens, etc. It is still employed in China.
(Arch.) The uppermost member or division of the capital of a column, immediately under the architrave.
• A tablet, panel, or compartment in ornamented or mosaic work.
• A board, tray, or table, divided into perforated compartments, for holding cups, bottles, or the like; a kind of cupboard, buffet, or sideboard.
Abada
n.
• The rhinoceros.
Abaddon
n.
• The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; — the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus.
• Hell; the bottomless pit.
Abaft
prep.
(Naut.) Behind; toward the stern from; as, abaft the wheelhouse.
adv.
(Naut.) Toward the stern; aft; as, to go abaft.
Abaisance
n.
• Obeisance.
Abaiser
n.
• Ivory black or animal charcoal.
Abaist
p.p.
• Abashed; confounded; discomfited.
Abalienate
v.t.
(Civil Law) To transfer the title of from one to another; to alienate.
• To estrange; to withdraw.
• To cause alienation of (mind).
Abalienation
n.
• The act of abalienating; alienation; estrangement.
Abalone
n.
(Zool.) A univalve mollusk of the genus Haliotis. The shell is lined with mother-of-pearl, and used for ornamental purposes; the sea-ear. Several large species are found on the coast of California, clinging closely to the rocks.
Aband
v.t.
• To abandon.
• To banish; to expel.
Abandon
v.t.
• To cast or drive out; to banish; to expel; to reject.
• To give up absolutely; to forsake entirely; to renounce utterly; to relinquish all connection with or concern on; to desert, as a person to whom one owes allegiance or fidelity; to quit; to surrender.
• Reflexively : To give (one's self) up without attempt at self-control; to yield (one's self) unrestrainedly; — often in a bad sense.
(Mar. Law) To relinquish all claim to; — used when an insured person gives up to underwriters all claim to the property covered by a policy, which may remain after loss or damage by a peril insured against.
n.
• Abandonment; relinquishment.
n.
• A complete giving up to natural impulses; freedom from artificial constraint; careless freedom or ease.
Abandoned
a.
• Forsaken, deserted.
• Self-abandoned, or given up to vice; extremely wicked, or sinning without restraint; irreclaimably wicked ; as, an abandoned villain.
Abandonedly
adv.
• Unrestrainedly.
Abandonee
n.
(Law) One to whom anything is legally abandoned.
Abandoner
n.
• One who abandons.
Abandonment
n.
• The act of abandoning, or the state of being abandoned; total desertion; relinquishment.
(Mar. Law) The relinquishment by the insured to the underwriters of what may remain of the property insured after a loss or damage by a peril insured against.
(Com. Law) (a) The relinquishment of a right, claim, or privilege, as to mill site, etc. (b) The voluntary leaving of a person to whom one is bound by a special relation, as a wife, husband, or child; desertion.
• Careless freedom or ease; abandon.
Abandum
n.
(Law) Anything forfeited or confiscated.
Abanga
n.
• A West Indian palm; also the fruit of this palm, the seeds of which are used as a remedy for diseases of the chest.
Abarticulation
n.
(Anat.) Articulation, usually that kind of articulation which admits of free motion in the joint; diarthrosis.
Abase
v.t.
• To lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to abase the eye.
• To cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank, office, condition in life, or estimation of worthiness; to depress; to humble; to degrade.
Abased
a.
• Lowered; humbled.
(Her.) Borne lower than usual, as a fess; also, having the ends of the wings turned downward towards the point of the shield.
Abasedly
adv.
• Abjectly; downcastly.
Abasement
n.
• The act of abasing, humbling, or bringing low; the state of being abased or humbled; humiliation.
Abaser
n.
• He who, or that which, abases.
Abash
v.t.
• To destroy the self-possession of; to confuse or confound, as by exciting suddenly a consciousness of guilt, mistake, or inferiority; to put to shame; to disconcert; to discomfit.
Abashedly
adv.
• In an abashed manner.
Abashment
n.
• The state of being abashed; confusion from shame.
Abatable
a.
• Capable of being abated; as, an abatable writ or nuisance.
Abate
v.t.
• To beat down; to overthrow.
• To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; to cut short; as, to abate a demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope.
• To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.
• To blunt.
• To reduce in estimation; to deprive.
(Law) (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ. (b) (Eng. Law) To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.
v.i.
• To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; as, pain abates, a storm abates.
• To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to fail; as, a writ abates.
n.
• Abatement.
Abatement
n.
• The act of abating, or the state of being abated; a lessening, diminution, or reduction; removal or putting an end to; as, the abatement of a nuisance is the suppression thereof.
• The amount abated; that which is taken away by way of reduction; deduction; decrease; a rebate or discount allowed.
(Her.) A mark of dishonor on an escutcheon.
(Law) The entry of a stranger, without right, into a freehold after the death of the last possessor, before the heir or devisee.
Abater
n.
• One who, or that which, abates.
Abatised
a.
• Provided with an abatis.
Abator
n.
(Law) (a) One who abates a nuisance. (b) A person who, without right, enters into a freehold on the death of the last possessor, before the heir or devisee.
Abattoir
n.
• A public slaughterhouse for cattle, sheep, etc.
Abature
n.
• Grass and sprigs beaten or trampled down by a stag passing through them.
Abatvoix
n.
• The sounding-board over a pulpit or rostrum.
Abawed
p.p.
• Astonished; abashed.
Abay
n.
• Barking; baying of dogs upon their prey.
Abb
n.
• Among weaves, yarn for the warp. Hence, abb wool is wool for the abb.
Abba
n.
• Father; religious superior; — in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch.
Abbacy
n.
• The dignity, estate, or jurisdiction of an abbot.
Abbatial
a.
• Belonging to an abbey; as, abbatial rights.
Abbatical
a.
• Abbatial.
Abbe
n.
• The French word answering to the English abbot, the head of an abbey; but commonly a title of respect given in France to every one vested with the ecclesiastical habit or dress.
Abbess
n.
• A female superior or governess of a nunnery, or convent of nuns, having the same authority over the nuns which the abbots have over the monks.
Abbey
n.
• A monastery or society of persons of either sex, secluded from the world and devoted to religion and celibacy; also, the monastic building or buildings.
• The church of a monastery.
Abbot
n.
• The superior or head of an abbey.
• One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys.
Abbotship
n.
• The state or office of an abbot.
Abbreviate
v.t.
• To make briefer; to shorten; to abridge; to reduce by contraction or omission, especially of words written or spoken.
(Math.) To reduce to lower terms, as a fraction.
a.
• Abbreviated; abridged; shortened.
(Biol.) Having one part relatively shorter than another or than the ordinary type.
n.
• An abridgment.
Abbreviated
a.
• Shortened; relatively short; abbreviate.
Abbreviation
n.
• The act of shortening, or reducing.
• The result of abbreviating; an abridgment.
• The form to which a word or phrase is reduced by contraction and omission; a letter or letters, standing for a word or phrase of which they are a part; as, Gen. for Genesis; U.S.A. for United States of America.
(Mus.) One dash, or more, through the stem of a note, dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers, or demi-semiquavers.
Abbreviator
n.
• One who abbreviates or shortens.
• One of a college of seventy-two officers of the papal court whose duty is to make a short minute of a decision on a petition, or reply of the pope to a letter, and afterwards expand the minute into official form.
Abbreviatory
a.
• Serving or tending to abbreviate; shortening; abridging.
Abbreviature
n.
• An abbreviation; an abbreviated state or form.
• An abridgment; a compendium or abstract.
Abdal
n.
• A religious devotee or dervish in Persia.
Abderian
a.
• Given to laughter; inclined to foolish or incessant merriment.
Abderite
n.
• An inhabitant of Abdera, in Thrace.
Abdest
n.
• Purification by washing the hands before prayer; — a Mohammedan rite.
Abdicable
a.
• Capable of being abdicated.
Abdicant
a.
• Abdicating; renouncing; — followed by of.
n.
• One who abdicates.
Abdicate
v.t.
• To surrender or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office, station, dignity; as, to abdicate the throne, the crown, the papacy.
• To renounce; to relinquish; — said of authority, a trust, duty, right, etc.
• To reject; to cast off.
(Civil Law) To disclaim and expel from the family, as a father his child; to disown; to disinherit.
v.i.
• To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or dignity.
Abdication
n.
• The act of abdicating; the renunciation of a high office, dignity, or trust, by its holder; commonly the voluntary renunciation of sovereign power; as, abdication of the throne, government, power, authority.
Abdicative
a.
• Causing, or implying, abdication.
Abdicator
n.
• One who abdicates.
Abditive
a.
• Having the quality of hiding.
Abditory
n.
• A place for hiding or preserving articles of value.
Abdomen
n.
(Anat.) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis. Also, the cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the stomach, bowels, and other viscera. In man, often restricted to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity.
(Zool.) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda.
Abdominal
a.
• Of or pertaining to the abdomen; ventral; as, the abdominal regions, muscles, cavity.
(Zool.) Having abdominal fins; belonging to the Abdominales; as, abdominal fishes.
n.
• A fish of the group Abdominales.
Abdominales
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group including the greater part of fresh-water fishes, and many marine ones, having the ventral fins under the abdomen behind the pectorals.
Abdominalia
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of cirripeds having abdominal appendages.
Abdominoscopy
n.
(Med.) Examination of the abdomen to detect abdominal disease.
Abdominothoracic
a.
• Relating to the abdomen and the thorax, or chest.
Abdominous
a.
• Having a protuberant belly; pot-bellied.
Abduce
v.t.
• To draw or conduct away; to withdraw; to draw to a different part.
Abduct
v.t.
• To take away surreptitiously by force; to carry away (a human being) wrongfully and usually by violence; to kidnap.
• To draw away, as a limb or other part, from its ordinary position.
Abduction
n.
• The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a carrying away.
(Physiol.) The movement which separates a limb or other part from the axis, or middle line, of the body.
(Law) The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying off of a human being; as, the abduction of a child, the abduction of an heiress.
(Logic) A syllogism or form of argument in which the major is evident, but the minor is only probable.
Abductor
n.
• One who abducts.
(Anat.) A muscle which serves to draw a part out, or form the median line of the body; as, the abductor oculi, which draws the eye outward.
Abeam
adv.
(Naut.) On the beam, that is, on a line which forms a right angle with the ship's keel; opposite to the center of the ship's side.
Abear
v.t.
• To bear; to behave.
• To put up with; to endure.
Abearance
n.
• Behavior.
Abearing
n.
• Behavior.
Abecedarian
n.
• One who is learning the alphabet; hence, a tyro.
• One engaged in teaching the alphabet.
Abecedary
n.
• A primer; the first principle or rudiment of anything.
Abed
adv.
• In bed, or on the bed.
• To childbed (in the phrase "brought abed," that is, delivered of a child).
Abele
n.
• The white polar (Populus alba).
Abelmosk
n.
(Bot.) An evergreen shrub (Hibiscus — formerly Abelmoschus-moschatus), of the East and West Indies and Northern Africa, whose musky seeds are used in perfumery and to flavor coffee; — sometimes called musk mallow.
Aberr
v.i.
• To wander; to stray.
Aberrant
a.
• Wandering; straying from the right way.
(Biol.) Deviating from the ordinary or natural type; exceptional; abnormal.
Aberrate
v.i.
• To go astray; to diverge.
Aberration
n.
• The act of wandering; deviation, especially from truth or moral rectitude, from the natural state, or from a type.
• A partial alienation of reason.
(Astron.) A small periodical change of position in the stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light and the motion of the observer; called annual aberration, when the observer's motion is that of the earth in its orbit, and dairy or diurnal aberration, when of the earth on its axis; amounting when greatest, in the former case, to 20.4'', and in the latter, to 0.3''. Planetary aberration is that due to the motion of light and the motion of the planet relative to the earth.
(Opt.) The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; called spherical aberration, when due to the spherical form of the lens or mirror, such form giving different foci for central and marginal rays; and chromatic aberration, when due to different refrangibilities of the colored rays of the spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus.
(Physiol.) The passage of blood or other fluid into parts not appropriate for it.
(Law) The producing of an unintended effect by the glancing of an instrument, as when a shot intended for A glances and strikes B.
Aberrational
a.
• Characterized by aberration.
Aberuncate
v.t.
• To weed out.
Aberuncator
n.
• A weeding machine.
Abet
v.t.
• To instigate or encourage by aid or countenance; — used in a bad sense of persons and acts; as, to abet an ill-doer; to abet one in his wicked courses; to abet vice; to abet an insurrection.
• To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain; — in a good sense.
(Law) To contribute, as an assistant or instigator, to the commission of an offense.
n.
• Act of abetting; aid.
Abetment
n.
• The act of abetting; as, an abetment of treason, crime, etc.
Abettal
n.
• Abetment.
Abevacuation
n.
(Med.) A partial evacuation.
Abeyance
n.
(Law) Expectancy; condition of being undetermined.
• Suspension; temporary suppression.
Abeyancy
n.
• Abeyance.
Abeyant
a.
• Being in a state of abeyance.
Abhal
n.
• The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies.
Abhominable
a.
• Abominable.
Abhominal
a.
• Inhuman.
Abhor
v. t.
• To shrink back with shuddering from; to regard with horror or detestation; to feel excessive repugnance toward; to detest to extremity; to loathe.
• To fill with horror or disgust.
(Canon Law) To protest against; to reject solemnly.
v. i.
• To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be contrary or averse; — with
Abhorrence
n.
• Extreme hatred or detestation; the feeling of utter dislike.
Abhorrency
n.
• Abhorrence.
Abhorrent
a.
• Abhorring; detesting; having or showing abhorrence; loathing; hence, strongly opposed to; as, abhorrent thoughts.
• Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; — followed by to.
• Detestable.
Abhorrently
adv.
• With abhorrence.
Abhorrer
n.
• One who abhors.
Abhorrible
a.
• Detestable.
Abhorring
n.
• Detestation.
• Object of abhorrence.
Abib
n.
• The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity this month was called Nisan.
Abidance
n.
• The state of abiding; abode; continuance; compliance (with).
Abide
v. i.
• To wait; to pause; to delay.
• To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to sojourn; — with with before a person, and commonly with at or in before a place.
• To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to continue; to remain.
v. t.
• To wait for; to be prepared for; to await; to watch for; as, I abide my time.
• To endure; to sustain; to submit to.
• To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with.
• To stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for.
Abider
n.
• One who abides, or continues.
• One who dwells; a resident.
Abiding
a.
• Continuing; lasting.
Abidingly
adv.
• Permanently.
Abies
n.
(Bot.) A genus of coniferous trees, properly called Fir, as the balsam fir and the silver fir. The spruces are sometimes also referred to this genus.
Abietene
n.
• A volatile oil distilled from the resin or balsam of the nut pine (Pinus sabiniana) of California.
Abietic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the fir tree or its products; as, abietic acid, called also sylvic acid.
Abietinic
a.
• Of or pertaining to abietin; as, abietinic acid.
Abietite
n.
(Chem.) A substance resembling mannite, found in the needles of the common silver fir of Europe (Abies pectinata).
Abigail
n.
• A lady's waiting-maid.
Abiliment
n.
• Habiliment.
Ability
n.
• The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; — in the plural, faculty, talent.
Abiogenesis
n.
(Biol.) The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless matter; such genesis as does not involve the action of living parents; spontaneous generation; — called also abiogeny, and opposed to biogenesis.
Abiogenetic
a.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to abiogenesis.
Abiogenist
n.
(Biol.) One who believes that life can be produced independently of antecedent.
Abiogenous
a.
(Biol.) Produced by spontaneous generation.
Abiogeny
n.
(Biol.) Same as Abiogenesis.
Abiological
a.
• Pertaining to the study of inanimate things.
Abirritant
n.
(Med.) A medicine that diminishes irritation.
Abirritate
v. t.
(Med.) To diminish the sensibility of; to debilitate.
Abirritation
n.
(Med.) A pathological condition opposite to that of irritation; debility; want of strength; asthenia.
Abirritative
a.
(Med.) Characterized by abirritation or debility.
Abit
• 3d sing. pres. of Abide.
Abject
a.
• Cast down; low-lying.
• Sunk to a law condition; down in spirit or hope; degraded; servile; groveling; despicable; as, abject posture, fortune, thoughts.
v. t.
• To cast off or down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase.
n.
• A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway.
Abjectedness
n.
• A very abject or low condition; abjectness.
Abjection
n.
• The act of bringing down or humbling.
• The state of being rejected or cast out.
• A low or downcast state; meanness of spirit; abasement; degradation.
Abjectly
adv.
• Meanly; servilely.
Abjectness
n.
• The state of being abject; abasement; meanness; servility.
Abjudge
v. t.
• To take away by judicial decision.
Abjudicate
v. t.
• To reject by judicial sentence; also, to abjudge.
Abjudication
n.
• Rejection by judicial sentence.
Abjugate
v. t.
• To unyoke.
Abjunctive
a.
• Exceptional.
Abjuration
n.
• The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave the country and never to return.
• A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy.
Abjuratory
a.
• Containing abjuration.
Abjure
v. t.
• To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow; as, to abjure allegiance to a prince. To abjure the realm, is to swear to abandon it forever.
• To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon forever; to reject; repudiate; as, to abjure errors.
v. i.
• To renounce on oath.
Abjurement
n.
• Renunciation.
Abjurer
n.
• One who abjures.
Ablactate
v. t.
• To wean.
Ablactation
n.
• The weaning of a child from the breast, or of young beasts from their dam.
(Hort.) The process of grafting now called inarching, or grafting by approach.
Ablaqueate
v. t.
• To lay bare, as the roots of a tree.
Ablaqueation
n.
• The act or process of laying bare the roots of trees to expose them to the air and water.
Ablastemic
a.
(Biol.) Non-germinal.
Ablation
n.
• A carrying or taking away; removal.
(Med.) Extirpation.
(Geol.) Wearing away; superficial waste.
Ablatitious
a.
• Diminishing; as, an ablatitious force.
Ablative
a.
• Taking away or removing.
(Gram.) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, — the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.
• (Gram. The ablative case.
Ablaut
n.
(Philol.) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get, gat, got; sing, song; hang, hung.
Ablaze
adv. & a.
• On fire; in a blaze, gleaming.
• In a state of glowing excitement or ardent desire.
Able
a.
• Fit; adapted; suitable.
• Having sufficient power, strength, force, skill, means, or resources of any kind to accomplish the object; possessed of qualifications rendering competent for some end; competent; qualified; capable; as, an able workman, soldier, seaman, a man able to work; a mind able to reason; a person able to be generous; able to endure pain; able to play on a piano.
• Specially: Having intellectual qualifications, or strong mental powers; showing ability or skill; talented; clever; powerful; as, the ablest man in the senate; an able speech.
(Law) Legally qualified; possessed of legal competence; as, able to inherit or devise property.
v. t.
• To make able; to enable; to strengthen.
• To vouch for.
Ablegate
v. t.
• To send abroad.
n.
(R. C. Ch.) A representative of the pope charged with important commissions in foreign countries, one of his duties being to bring to a newly named cardinal his insignia of office.
Ablegation
n.
• The act of sending abroad.
Ableness
n.
• Ability of body or mind; force; vigor.
Ablepsy
n.
• Blindness.
Abler
a.
• Comp. of Able.
Abligate
v. t.
• To tie up so as to hinder from.
Abligurition
n.
• Prodigal expense for food.
Ablins
adv.
• Perhaps.
Abloom
adv.
• In or into bloom; in a blooming state.
Ablude
v. t.
• To be unlike; to differ.
Abluent
a.
• Washing away; carrying off impurities; detergent.
n.
(Med.) A detergent.
Ablush
adv. & a.
• Blushing; ruddy.
Ablution
n.
• The act of washing or cleansing; specifically, the washing of the body, or some part of it, as a religious rite.
• The water used in cleansing.
(R. C. Ch.) A small quantity of wine and water, which is used to wash the priest's thumb and index finger after the communion, and which then, as perhaps containing portions of the consecrated elements, is drunk by the priest.
Ablutionary
a.
• Pertaining to ablution.
Abluvion
n.
• That which is washed off.
Ably
adv.
• In an able manner; with great ability; as, ably done, planned, said.
Abnegate
v. t.
• To deny and reject; to abjure.
Abnegation
n.
• a denial; a renunciation.
Abnegative
a.
• Denying; renouncing; negative.
Abnegator
n.
• One who abnegates, denies, or rejects anything.
Abnet
n.
• The girdle of a Jewish priest or officer.
Abnodate
v. t.
• To clear (tress) from knots.
Abnodation
n.
• The act of cutting away the knots of trees.
Abnormal
a.
• Not conformed to rule or system; deviating from the type; anomalous; irregular.
Abnormality
n.
• The state or quality of being abnormal; variation; irregularity.
• Something abnormal.
Abnormally
adv.
• In an abnormal manner; irregularly.
Abnormity
n.
• Departure from the ordinary type; irregularity; monstrosity.
Abnormous
a.
• Abnormal; irregular.
Aboard
adv.
• On board; into or within a ship or boat; hence, into or within a railway car.
• Alongside; as, close aboard.
prep.
• On board of; as, to go aboard a ship.
• Across; athwart.
Abodance
n.
• An omen; a portending.
Abode
pret.
• of Abide.
n.
• Act of waiting; delay.
• Stay or continuance in a place; sojourn.
• Place of continuance, or where one dwells; abiding place; residence; a dwelling; a habitation.
n.
• An omen.
v. t.
• To bode; to foreshow.
v. i.
• To be ominous.
Abodement
n.
• A foreboding; an omen.
Aboding
n.
• A foreboding.
Abolish
v. t.
• To do away with wholly; to annul; to make void; — said of laws, customs, institutions, governments, etc.; as, to abolish slavery, to abolish folly.
• To put an end to, or destroy, as a physical objects; to wipe out.
Abolishable
a.
• Capable of being abolished.
Abolisher
n.
• One who abolishes.
Abolishment
n.
• The act of abolishing; abolition; destruction.
Abolition
n.
• The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, customs, taxes, debts, etc.
Abolitionism
n.
• The principles or measures of abolitionists.
Abolitionist
n.
• A person who favors the abolition of any institution, especially negro slavery.
Abolitionize
v. t.
• To imbue with the principles of abolitionism.
Aboma
n.
(Zool.) A large South American serpent (Boa aboma).
Abominable
a.
• Worthy of, or causing, abhorrence, as a thing of evil omen; odious in the utmost degree; very hateful; detestable; loathsome; execrable.
• Excessive; large; — used as an intensive.
Abominableness
n.
• The quality or state of being abominable; odiousness.
Abominably
adv.
• In an abominable manner; very odiously; detestably.
Abominate
v. t.
• To turn from as ill-omened; to hate in the highest degree, as if with religious dread; loathe; as, to abominate all impiety.
Abomination
n.
• The feeling of extreme disgust and hatred; abhorrence; detestation; loathing; as, he holds tobacco in abomination.
• That which is abominable; anything hateful, wicked, or shamefully vile; an object or state that excites disgust and hatred; a hateful or shameful vice; pollution.
• A cause of pollution or wickedness.
Aboon
prep.
• and adv. Above.
Aboral
a.
(Zool.) Situated opposite to, or away from, the mouth.
Abord
n.
• Manner of approaching or accosting; address.
v. t.
• To approach; to accost.
Aboriginal
a.
• First; original; indigenous; primitive; native; as, the aboriginal tribes of America.
• Of or pertaining to aborigines; as, a Hindoo of aboriginal blood.
n.
• An original inhabitant of any land; one of the aborigines.
• An animal or a plant native to the region.
Aboriginality
n.
• The quality of being aboriginal.
Aboriginally
adv.
• Primarily.
Aboriginess
n. pl.
• The earliest known inhabitants of a country; native races.
• The original fauna and flora of a geographical area
Aborsement
n.
• Abortment; abortion.
Aborsive
a.
• Abortive.
Abort
v. i.
• To miscarry; to bring forth young prematurely.
(Biol.) To become checked in normal development, so as either to remain rudimentary or shrink away wholly; to become sterile.
n.
• An untimely birth.
• An aborted offspring.
Aborted
a.
• Brought forth prematurely.
(Biol.) Rendered abortive or sterile; undeveloped; checked in normal development at a very early stage; as, spines are aborted branches.
Aborticide
n.
(Med.) The act of destroying a fetus in the womb; feticide.
Abortifacient
a.
• Producing miscarriage.
n.
• A drug or an agent that causes premature delivery.
Abortion
n.
• The act of giving premature birth; particularly, the expulsion of the human fetus prematurely, or before it is capable of sustaining life; miscarriage.
• The immature product of an untimely birth.
(Biol.) Arrest of development of any organ, so that it remains an imperfect formation or is absorbed.
• Any fruit or produce that does not come to maturity, or anything which in its progress, before it is matured or perfect; a complete failure; as, his attempt. proved an abortiori.
Abortional
a.
• Pertaining to abortion; miscarrying; abortive.
Abortionist
n.
• One who procures abortion or miscarriage.
Abortive
a.
• Produced by abortion; born prematurely; as, an abortive child.
• Made from the skin of a still-born animal; as, abortive vellum.
• Rendering fruitless or ineffectual.
• Coming to naught; failing in its effect; miscarrying; fruitless; unsuccessful; as, an abortive attempt.
(Biol.) Imperfectly formed or developed; rudimentary; sterile; as, an abortive organ, stamen, ovule, etc.
(Med.) Causing abortion; as, abortive medicines.
• Cutting short; as, abortive treatment of typhoid fever.
n.
• That which is born or brought forth prematurely; an abortion.
• A fruitless effort or issue.
• A medicine to which is attributed the property of causing abortion.
Abortively
adv.
• In an abortive or untimely manner; immaturely; fruitlessly.
Abortiveness
n.
• The quality of being abortive.
Abortment
n.
• Abortion.
Abought
imp. & p. p.
• of Aby.
Abound
v. i.
• To be in great plenty; to be very prevalent; to be plentiful.
• To be copiously supplied; — followed by in or with.
About
prep.
• Around; all round; on every side of.
• In the immediate neighborhood of; in contiguity or proximity to; near, as to place; by or on (one's person).
• Over or upon different parts of; through or over in various directions; here and there in; to and fro in; throughout.
• Near; not far from; — determining approximately time, size, quantity.
• In concern with; engaged in; intent on.
• On the point or verge of; going; in act of.
• Concerning; with regard to; on account of; touching.
adv.
• On all sides; around.
• In circuit; circularly; by a circuitous way; around the outside; as, a mile about, and a third of a mile across.
• Here and there; around; in one place and another.
• Nearly; approximately; with close correspondence, in quality, manner, degree, etc.; as, about as cold; about as high; — also of quantity, number, time.
• To a reserved position; half round; in the opposite direction; on the opposite tack; as, to face about; to turn one's self about.
Above
prep.
• In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; — opposed to below or beneath.
• Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; beyond; higher in measure or degree than; as, things above comprehension; above mean actions; conduct above reproach.
• Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, above a hundred.
adv.
• In a higher place; overhead; into or from heaven; as, the clouds above.
• Earlier in order; higher in the same page; hence, in a foregoing page.
• Higher in rank or power; as, he appealed to the court above.
• More than; as, above five hundred were present.
Aboveboard
adv.
• Above the board or table. Hence: in open sight; without trick, concealment, or deception.
Abovedeck
a.
• On deck; and hence, like aboveboard, without artifice.
Abovesaid
a.
• Mentioned or recited before.
Abox
adv. & a.
(Naut.) Braced aback.
Abracadabra
n.
• A mystical word or collocation of letters written as in the figure. Worn on an amulet it was supposed to ward off fever. At present the word is used chiefly in jest to denote something without meaning; jargon.
Abradant
n.
• A material used for grinding, as emery, sand, powdered glass, etc.
Abrade
v. t.
• To rub or wear off; to waste or wear away by friction; as, to abrade rocks.
v. t.
• Same as Abraid.
Abrahamic
a.
• Pertaining to Abraham, the patriarch; as, the Abrachamic covenant.
Abraid
v. t. & i.
• To awake; to arouse; to stir or start up; also, to shout out.
Abranchial
a.
(Zool.) Abranchiate.
Abranchiata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of annelids, so called because the species composing it have no special organs of respiration.
Abranchiate
a.
(Zool.) Without gills.
Abrase
a.
• Rubbed smooth.
Abrasion
n.
• The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction; as, the abrasion of coins.
• The substance rubbed off.
(Med.) A superficial excoriation, with loss of substance under the form of small shreds.
Abrasive
a.
• Producing abrasion.
Abraxas
n.
• A mystical word used as a charm and engraved on gems among the ancients; also, a gem stone thus engraved.
Abreast
adv.
• Side by side, with breasts in a line; as, "Two men could hardly walk abreast."
(Naut.) Side by side; also, opposite; over against; on a line with the vessel's beam; — with of.
• Up to a certain level or line; equally advanced; as, to keep abreast of [or with] the present state of science.
• At the same time; simultaneously.
Abrenounce
v. t.
• To renounce.
Abrenunciation
n.
• Absolute renunciation or repudiation.
Abreption
n.
• A snatching away.
Abreuvoir
n.
(Masonry) The joint or interstice between stones, to be filled with mortar.
Abridge
v. t.
• To make shorter; to shorten in duration; to lessen; to diminish; to curtail; as, to abridge labor; to abridge power or rights.
• To shorten or contract by using fewer words, yet retaining the sense; to epitomize; to condense; as, to abridge a history or dictionary.
• To deprive; to cut off; — followed by of, and formerly by from; as, to abridge one of his rights.
Abridger
n.
• One who abridges.
Abridgment
n.
• The act abridging, or the state of being abridged; diminution; lessening; reduction or deprivation; as, an abridgment of pleasures or of expenses.
• An epitome or compend, as of a book; a shortened or abridged form; an abbreviation.
• That which abridges or cuts short; hence, an entertainment that makes the time pass quickly.
Abroach
v. t.
• To set abroach; to let out, as liquor; to broach; to tap.
adv.
• Broached; in a condition for letting out or yielding liquor, as a cask which is tapped.
• Hence: In a state to be diffused or propagated; afoot; astir.
Abroad
adv.
• At large; widely; broadly; over a wide space; as, a tree spreads its branches abroad.
• Without a certain confine; outside the house; away from one's abode; as, to walk abroad.
• Beyond the bounds of a country; in foreign countries; as, we have broils at home and enemies abroad.
• Before the public at large; throughout society or the world; here and there; widely.
Abrogable
a.
• Capable of being abrogated.
Abrogate
a.
• Abrogated; abolished.
v. t.
• To annul by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the maker or his successor; to repeal; — applied to the repeal of laws, decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc.
• To put an end to; to do away with.
Abrogation
n.
• The act of abrogating; repeal by authority.
Abrogative
a.
• Tending or designed to abrogate; as, an abrogative law.
Abrogator
n.
• One who repeals by authority.
Abrood
adv.
• In the act of brooding.
Abrook
v. t.
• To brook; to endure.
Abrupt
a.
• Broken off; very steep, or craggy, as rocks, precipices, banks; precipitous; steep; as, abrupt places.
• Without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden; hasty; unceremonious.
• Having sudden transitions from one subject to another; unconnected.
(Bot.) Suddenly terminating, as if cut off.
n.
• An abrupt place.
v. t.
• To tear off or asunder.
Abruption
n.
• A sudden breaking off; a violent separation of bodies.
Abruptly
adv.
• In an abrupt manner; without giving notice, or without the usual forms; suddenly.
• Precipitously.
Abruptness
n.
• The state of being abrupt or broken; craggedness; ruggedness; steepness.
• Suddenness; unceremonious haste or vehemence; as, abruptness of style or manner.
Abscess
n.
(Med.) A collection of pus or purulent matter in any tissue or organ of the body, the result of a morbid process.
Abscession
n.
• A separating; removal; also, an abscess.
Abscind
v. t.
• To cut off.
Abscissa
n.
(Geom.) One of the elements of reference by which a point, as of a curve, is referred to a system of fixed rectilineal coordinate axes.
Abscission
n.
• The act or process of cutting off.
• The state of being cut off.
(Rhet.) A figure of speech employed when a speaker having begun to say a thing stops abruptly: thus, "He is a man of so much honor and candor, and of such generosity — but I need say no more."
Abscond
v. i.
• To hide, withdraw, or be concealed.
• To depart clandestinely; to steal off and secrete one's self; — used especially of persons who withdraw to avoid a legal process; as, an absconding debtor.
v. t.
• To hide; to conceal.
Abscondence
n.
• Fugitive concealment; secret retirement; hiding.
Absconder
n.
• One who absconds.
Absence
n.
• A state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; — opposed to presence.
• Want; destitution; withdrawal.
• Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind); as, absence of mind.
Absent
a.
• Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present.
• Not existing; lacking; as, the part was rudimental or absent.
• Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied; as, an absent air.
v. t.
• To take or withdraw (one's self) to such a distance as to prevent intercourse; — used with the reflexive pronoun.
• To withhold from being present.
Absentaneous
a.
• Pertaining to absence.
Absentation
n.
• The act of absenting one's self.
Absentee
n.
• One who absents himself from his country, office, post, or duty; especially, a landholder who lives in another country or district than that where his estate is situated; as, an Irish absentee.
Absenteeism
n.
• The state or practice of an absentee; esp. the practice of absenting one's self from the country or district where one's estate is situated.
Absenter
n.
• One who absents one's self.
Absently
adv.
• In an absent or abstracted manner.
Absentment
n.
• The state of being absent; withdrawal.
Absentness
n.
• The quality of being absent-minded.
Absinthate
n.
(Chem.) A combination of absinthic acid with a base or positive radical.
Absinthial
a.
• Of or pertaining to wormwood; absinthian.
Absinthian
n.
• Of the nature of wormwood.
Absinthiate
v. t.
• To impregnate with wormwood.
Absinthiated
a.
• Impregnated with wormwood; as, absinthiated wine.
Absinthic
a.
(Chem.) Relating to the common wormwood or to an acid obtained from it.
Absinthin
n.
(Chem.) The bitter principle of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium).
Absinthism
n.
• The condition of being poisoned by the excessive use of absinth.
Absinthium
n.
(Bot.) The common wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter plant, used as a tonic and for making the oil of wormwood.
Absist
v. i.
• To stand apart from; top leave off; to desist.
Absistence
n.
• A standing aloof.
Absolute
a.
• Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch.
• Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
• Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; — opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
• Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
• Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
• Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
• Authoritative; peremptory.
(Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
(Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute.
n.
(Geom.) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
Absolutely
adv.
• In an absolute, independent, or unconditional manner; wholly; positively.
Absoluteness
n.
• The quality of being absolute; independence of everything extraneous; unlimitedness; absolute power; independent reality; positiveness.
Absolution
n.
• An absolving, or setting free from guilt, sin, or penalty; forgiveness of an offense.
(Civil Law) An acquittal, or sentence of a judge declaring and accused person innocent.
(R. C. Ch.) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of the truly penitent are forgiven.
(Eccl.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, — for example, excommunication.
• The form of words by which a penitent is absolved.
• Delivery, in speech.
Absolutism
n.
• The state of being absolute; the system or doctrine of the absolute; the principles or practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism.
(Theol.) Doctrine of absolute decrees.
Absolutist
n.
• One who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government.
(Metaph.) One who believes that it is possible to realize a cognition or concept of the absolute.
a.
• Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary; despotic; as, absolutist principles.
Absolutistic
a.
• Pertaining to absolutism; absolutist.
Absolutory
a.
• Serving to absolve; absolving.
Absolvable
a.
• That may be absolved.
Absolvatory
a.
• Conferring absolution; absolutory.
Absolve
v. t.
• To set free, or release, as from some obligation, debt, or responsibility, or from the consequences of guilt or such ties as it would be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce free; as, to absolve a subject from his allegiance; to absolve an offender, which amounts to an acquittal and remission of his punishment.
• To free from a penalty; to pardon; to remit (a sin); — said of the sin or guilt.
• To finish; to accomplish.
• To resolve or explain.
Absolvent
a.
• Absolving.
n.
• An absolver.
Absolver
n.
• One who absolves.
Absonant
a.
• Discordant; contrary; — opposed to consonant.
Absonous
a.
• Discordant; inharmonious; incongruous.
Absorb
v. t.
• To swallow up; to engulf; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to use up; to include.
• To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the lacteals of the body.
• To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed in study or the pursuit of wealth.
• To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular action, as when charcoal absorbs gases. So heat, light, and electricity are absorbed or taken up in the substances into which they pass.
Absorbability
n.
• The state or quality of being absorbable.
Absorbable
a.
• Capable of being absorbed or swallowed up.
Absorbedly
adv.
• In a manner as if wholly engrossed or engaged.
Absorbency
n.
• Absorptiveness.
Absorbent
a.
• Absorbing; swallowing; absorptive.
n.
• Anything which absorbs.
(Med.) Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance e. g., iodine) which acts on the absorbent vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts.
(Physiol.) The vessels by which the processes of absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the extremities of the roots in plants.
Absorber
n.
• One who, or that which, absorbs.
Absorbing
a.
• Swallowing, engrossing; as, an absorbing pursuit.
Absorbition
n.
• Absorption.
Absorpt
a.
• Absorbed.
Absorption
n.
• The act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as, the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger.
(Chem. & Physics) An imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc.
(Physiol.) In living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs.
• Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as, absorption in some employment.
Absorptive
a.
• Having power, capacity, or tendency to absorb or imbibe.
Absorptiveness
n.
• The quality of being absorptive; absorptive power.
Absorptivity
n.
• Absorptiveness.
Absquatulate
v. i.
• To take one's self off; to decamp.
Abstain
v. i.
• To hold one's self aloof; to forbear or refrain voluntarily, and especially from an indulgence of the passions or appetites; — with from.
v. t.
• To hinder; to withhold.
Abstainer
n.
• One who abstains; esp., one who abstains from the use of intoxicating liquors.
Abstemious
a.
• Abstaining from wine.
• Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions.
• Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation; as, an abstemious diet.
• Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life.
• Promotive of abstemiousness.
Abstemiousness
n.
• The quality of being abstemious, temperate, or sparing in the use of food and strong drinks. It expresses a greater degree of abstinence than temperance.
Abstention
a.
• The act of abstaining; a holding aloof.
Abstentious
a.
• Characterized by abstinence; self-restraining.
Absterge
v. t.
• To make clean by wiping; to wipe away; to cleanse; hence, to purge.
Abstergent
a.
• Serving to cleanse, detergent.
n.
• A substance used in cleansing; a detergent; as, soap is an abstergent.
Absterse
v. t.
• To absterge; to cleanse; to purge away.
Abstersion
n.
• Act of wiping clean; a cleansing; a purging.
Abstersive
a.
• Cleansing; purging.
n.
• Something cleansing.
Abstersiveness
n.
• The quality of being abstersive.
Abstinence
n.
• The act or practice of abstaining; voluntary forbearance of any action, especially the refraining from an indulgence of appetite, or from customary gratifications of animal or sensual propensities. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating beverages, — called also total abstinence.
• The practice of self-denial by depriving one's self of certain kinds of food or drink, especially of meat.
Abstinency
n.
• Abstinence.
Abstinent
a.
• Refraining from indulgence, especially from the indulgence of appetite; abstemious; continent; temperate.
n.
• One who abstains.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect who appeared in France and Spain in the 3d century.
Abstinently
adv.
• With abstinence.
Abstorted
a.
• Wrested away.
Abstract
a.
• Withdraw; separate.
• Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; exiting in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult.
(Logic) Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; — opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word.
• Resulting from the mental faculty of abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, "reptile" is an abstract or general name.
• Abstracted; absent in mind.
v. t.
• To withdraw; to separate; to take away.
• To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects.
• To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or attribute.
• To epitomize; to abridge.
• To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till.
(Chem.) To separate, as the more volatile or soluble parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used.
v. t.
• To perform the process of abstraction.
n.
• That which comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a brief.
• A state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated things.
• An abstract term.
(Med.) A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.
Abstracted
a.
• Separated or disconnected; withdrawn; removed; apart.
• Separated from matter; abstract; ideal.
• Abstract; abstruse; difficult.
• Inattentive to surrounding objects; absent in mind.
Abstractedly
adv.
• In an abstracted manner; separately; with absence of mind.
Abstractedness
n.
• The state of being abstracted; abstract character.
Abstracter
n.
• One who abstracts, or makes an abstract.
Abstraction
n.
• The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or the state of being withdrawn; withdrawal.
(Metaph.) The act process of leaving out of consideration one or more properties of a complex object so as to attend to others; analysis. Thus, when the mind considers the form of a tree by itself, or the color of the leaves as separate from their size or figure, the act is called abstraction. So, also, when it considers whiteness, softness, virtue, existence, as separate from any particular objects.
• An idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature; as, to fight for mere abstractions.
• A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a hermit's abstraction.
• Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present objects.
• The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property of another; purloining.
(Chem.) A separation of volatile parts by the act of distillation.
Abstractional
a.
• Pertaining to abstraction.
Abstractionist
n.
• An idealist.
Abstractitious
a.
• Obtained from plants by distillation.
Abstractive
a.
• Having the power of abstracting; of an abstracting nature.
Abstractively
adv.
• In a abstract manner; separately; in or by itself.
Abstractiveness
n.
• The quality of being abstractive; abstractive property.
Abstractly
adv.
• In an abstract state or manner; separately; absolutely; by itself; as, matter abstractly considered.
Abstractness
n.
• The quality of being abstract.
Abstringe
v. t.
• To unbind.
Abstrude
v. t.
• To thrust away.
Abstruse
a.
• Concealed or hidden out of the way.
• Remote from apprehension; difficult to be comprehended or understood; recondite; as, abstruse learning.
Abstrusely
adv.
• In an abstruse manner.
Abstruseness
n.
• The quality of being abstruse; difficulty of apprehension.
Abstrusion
n.
• The act of thrusting away.
Abstrusity
n.
• Abstruseness; that which is abstruse.
Absume
v. t.
• To consume gradually; to waste away.
Absumption
n.
• Act of wasting away; a consuming; extinction.
Absurd
a.
• Contrary to reason or propriety; obviously and fiatly opposed to manifest truth; inconsistent with the plain dictates of common sense; logically contradictory; nonsensical; ridiculous; as, an absurd person, an absurd opinion; an absurd dream.
n.
• An absurdity.
Absurdity
n.
• The quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment.
• That which is absurd; an absurd action; a logical contradiction.
Absurdly
adv.
• In an absurd manner.
Absurdness
n.
• Absurdity.
Abuna
n.
• The Patriarch, or head of the Abyssinian Church.
Abundance
n.
• An overflowing fullness; ample sufficiency; great plenty; profusion; copious supply; superfluity; wealth: — strictly applicable to quantity only, but sometimes used of number.
Abundant
a.
• Fully sufficient; plentiful; in copious supply; — followed by in, rarely by with.
Abundantly
adv.
• In a sufficient degree; fully; amply; plentifully; in large measure.
Aburst
adv.
• In a bursting condition.
Abusable
a.
• That may be abused.
Abusage
n.
• Abuse.
Abuse
v. t.
• To put to a wrong use; to misapply; to misuse; to put to a bad use; to use for a wrong purpose or end; to pervert; as, to abuse inherited gold; to make an excessive use of; as, to abuse one's authority.
• To use ill; to maltreat; to act injuriously to; to punish or to tax excessively; to hurt; as, to abuse prisoners, to abuse one's powers, one's patience.
• To revile; to reproach coarsely; to disparage.
• To dishonor.
• To violate; to ravish.
• To deceive; to impose on.
n.
• Improper treatment or use; application to a wrong or bad purpose; misuse; as, an abuse of our natural powers; an abuse of civil rights, or of privileges or advantages; an abuse of language.
• Physical ill treatment; injury.
• A corrupt practice or custom; offense; crime; fault; as, the abuses in the civil service.
• Vituperative words; coarse, insulting speech; abusive language; virulent condemnation; reviling.
• Violation; rape; as, abuse of a female child.
Abuseful
a.
• Full of abuse; abusive.
Abuser
n.
• One who abuses [in the various senses of the verb].
Abusion
n.
• Evil or corrupt usage; abuse; wrong; reproach; deception; cheat.
Abusive
a.
• Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied.
• Given to misusing; also, full of abuses.
• Practicing abuse; prone to ill treat by coarse, insulting words or by other ill usage; as, an abusive author; an abusive fellow.
• Containing abuse, or serving as the instrument of abuse; vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous.
• Tending to deceive; fraudulent; cheating.
Abusively
adv.
• In an abusive manner; rudely; with abusive language.
Abusiveness
n.
• The quality of being abusive; rudeness of language, or violence to the person.
Abut
v. i.
• To project; to terminate or border; to be contiguous; to meet; — with on, upon, or against; as, his land abuts on the road.
Abutilon
n.
(Bot.) A genus of malvaceous plants of many species, found in the torrid and temperate zones of both continents; — called also Indian mallow.
Abutment
n.
• State of abutting.
• That on or against which a body abuts or presses
(Arch.) The solid part of a pier or wall, etc., which receives the thrust or lateral pressure of an arch, vault, or strut
(mech.) A fixed point or surface from which resistance or reaction is obtained, as the cylinder head of a steam engine, the fulcrum of a lever, etc.
• In breech-loading firearms, the block behind the barrel which receives the pressure due to recoil.
Abuttal
n.
• The butting or boundary of land, particularly at the end; a headland.
Abutter
n.
• One who, or that which, abuts. Specifically, the owner of a contiguous estate; as, the abutters on a street or a river.
Abuzz
a.
• In a buzz; buzzing.
Abysm
n.
• An abyss; a gulf.
Abysmal
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, an abyss; bottomless; unending; profound.
Abysmally
adv.
• To a fathomless depth; profoundly.
Abyss
n.
• A bottomless or unfathomed depth, gulf, or chasm; hence, any deep, immeasurable, and, specifically, hell, or the bottomless pit.
• Infinite time; a vast intellectual or moral depth.
(Her.) The center of an escutcheon.
Abyssal
a.
• Belonging to, or resembling, an abyss; unfathomable.
Abyssinian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Abyssinia.
n.
• A native of Abyssinia.
• A member of the Abyssinian Church.
Acacia
n.
(Antiq.) A roll or bag, filled with dust, borne by Byzantine emperors, as a memento of mortality. It is represented on medals.
n.
• A genus of leguminous trees and shrubs. Nearly 300 species are Australian or Polynesian, and have terete or vertically compressed leaf stalks, instead of the bipinnate leaves of the much fewer species of America, Africa, etc. Very few are found in temperate climates.
(Med.) The inspissated juice of several species of acacia; — called also gum acacia, and gum arabic.
Academe
n.
• An academy.
Academial
a.
• Academic.
Academian
n.
• A member of an academy, university, or college.
Academic
n.
• One holding the philosophy of Socrates and Plato; a Platonist.
• A member of an academy, college, or university; an academician.
Academically
adv.
• In an academical manner.
Academicals
n. pl.
• The articles of dress prescribed and worn at some colleges and universities.
Academician
n.
• A member of an academy, or society for promoting science, art, or literature, as of the French Academy, or the Royal Academy of arts.
• A collegian.
Academicism
n.
• A tenet of the Academic philosophy.
• A mannerism or mode peculiar to an academy.
Academism
n.
• The doctrines of the Academic philosophy.
Academist
n.
• An Academic philosopher.
• An academician.
Academy
n.
• A garden or grove near Athens (so named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of philosophy of which Plato was head.
• An institution for the study of higher learning; a college or a university. Popularly, a school, or seminary of learning, holding a rank between a college and a common school.
• A place of training; a school.
• A society of learned men united for the advancement of the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular art or science; as, the French Academy; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.
• A school or place of training in which some special art is taught; as, the military academy at West Point; a riding academy; the Academy of Music.
Acadian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Acadie, or Nova Scotia.
n.
• A native of Acadie.
Acajou
n.
(Bot.) The cashew tree; also, its fruit.
• The mahogany tree; also, its timber.
Acalephae
n. pl.
• A group of Coelenterata, including the Medusae or jellyfishes, and hydroids; — so called from the stinging power they possess. Sometimes called sea nettles.
Acalephoid
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to or resembling the Acalephae or jellyfishes.
Acanth
n.
• Same as Acanthus.
Acantha
n.
(Bot.) A prickle.
(Zool.) A spine or prickly fin.
(Anat.) The vertebral column; the spinous process of a vertebra.
Acanthaceous
a.
• Armed with prickles, as a plant.
(Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the acanthus is the type.
Acanthine
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the plant acanthus.
Acanthocarpous
a.
(Bot.) Having the fruit covered with spines.
Acanthocephala
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of intestinal worms, having the proboscis armed with recurved spines.
Acanthocephalous
a.
(Zool.) Having a spiny head, as one of the Acanthocephala.
Acanthophorous
a.
• Spine-bearing.
Acanthopodious
a.
(Bot.) Having spinous petioles.
Acanthopteri
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of teleostean fishes having spiny fins.
Acanthopterous
a.
(Zool.) Spiny-winged.
(Zool.) Acanthopterygious.
Acanthopterygian
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to the order of fishes having spinose fins, as the perch.
n.
• A spiny-finned fish.
Acanthopterygii
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of fishes having some of the rays of the dorsal, ventral, and anal fins unarticulated and spinelike, as the perch.
Acanthopterygious
a.
(Zool.) Having fins in which the rays are hard and spinelike; spiny-finned.
Acanthus
n.
(Bot.) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants, found in the south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India; bear's-breech.
(Arch.) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of the acanthus (Acanthus spinosus); — used in the capitals of the Corinthian and Composite orders.
Acapsular
a.
(Bot.) Having no capsule.
Acardiac
a.
• Without a heart; as, an acardiac fetus.
Acaridan
n.
(Zool.) One of a group of arachnids, including the mites and ticks.
Acarina
n. pl.
(Zool.) The group of Arachnida which includes the mites and ticks. Many species are parasitic, and cause diseases like the itch and mange.
Acarine
a.
(Med.) Of or caused by acari or mites; as, acarine diseases.
Acaroid
a.
(Zool.) Shaped like or resembling a mite.
Acarpellous
a.
(Bot.) Having no carpels.
Acarpous
a.
(Bot.) Not producing fruit; unfruitful.
Acarus
n.
(Zool.) A genus including many species of small mites.
Acatalectic
a.
(Pros.) Not defective; complete; as, an acatalectic verse.
n.
• A verse which has the complete number of feet and syllables.
Acatalepsy
n.
• Incomprehensibility of things; the doctrine held by the ancient Skeptic philosophers, that human knowledge never amounts to certainty, but only to probability.
Acataleptic
a.
• Incapable of being comprehended; incomprehensible.
Acaudate
a.
• Tailless.
Acaulescent
a.
(Bot.) Having no stem or caulis, or only a very short one concealed in the ground.
Acauline
a.
(Bot.) Same as Acaulescent.
Accadian
a.
• Pertaining to a race supposed to have lived in Babylonia before the Assyrian conquest.
Accede
v. i.
• To approach; to come forward; — opposed to recede.
• To enter upon an office or dignity; to attain.
• To become a party by associating one's self with others; to give one's adhesion. Hence, to agree or assent to a proposal or a view; as, he acceded to my request.
Accedence
n.
• The act of acceding.
Acceder
n.
• One who accedes.
Accelerando
a.
(Mus.) Gradually accelerating the movement.
Accelerate
v. t.
• To cause to move faster; to quicken the motion of; to add to the speed of; — opposed to retard.
• To quicken the natural or ordinary progression or process of; as, to accelerate the growth of a plant, the increase of wealth, etc.
• To hasten, as the occurence of an event; as, to accelerate our departure.
Acceleration
n.
• The act of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of velocity; — opposed to retardation.
Accelerative
a.
• Relating to acceleration; adding to velocity; quickening.
Accelerator
n.
• One who, or that which, accelerates. Also as an adj.; as, accelerator nerves.
Acceleratory
a.
• Accelerative.
Accelerograph
n.
(Mil.) An apparatus for studying the combustion of powder in guns, etc.
Accelerometer
n.
• An apparatus for measuring the velocity imparted by gunpowder.
Accend
v. t.
• To set on fire; to kindle.
Accendibility
n.
• Capacity of being kindled, or of becoming inflamed; inflammability.
Accendible
a.
• Capable of being inflamed or kindled; combustible; inflammable.
Accension
n.
• The act of kindling or the state of being kindled; ignition.
Accensor
n.
(R. C. Ch.) One of the functionaries who light and trim the tapers.
Accent
n.
• A superior force of voice or of articulative effort upon some particular syllable of a word or a phrase, distinguishing it from the others.
• A mark or character used in writing, and serving to regulate the pronunciation; esp.: (a) a mark to indicate the nature and place of the spoken accent; (b) a mark to indicate the quality of sound of the vowel marked; as, the French accents.
• Modulation of the voice in speaking; manner of speaking or pronouncing; peculiar or characteristic modification of the voice; tone; as, a foreign accent; a French or a German accent.
• A word; a significant tone; (pl.) expressions in general; speech.
(Pros.) Stress laid on certain syllables of a verse.
(Mus.) A regularly recurring stress upon the tone to mark the beginning, and, more feebly, the third part of the measure.
• A special emphasis of a tone, even in the weaker part of the measure.
• The rythmical accent, which marks phrases and sections of a period.
• The expressive emphasis and shading of a passage.
(Math.) A mark placed at the right hand of a letter, and a little above it, to distinguish magnitudes of a similar kind expressed by the same letter, but differing in value, as y', y''.
(Trigon.) A mark at the right hand of a number, indicating minutes of a degree, seconds, etc.; as, 12'27'', i. e., twelve minutes twenty seven seconds.
(Engin.) A mark used to denote feet and inches; as, 6' 10'' is six feet ten inches.
v. t.
• To express the accent of (either by the voice or by a mark); to utter or to mark with accent.
• To mark emphatically; to emphasize.
Accentless
a.
• Without accent.
Accentor
n.
(Mus.) One who sings the leading part; the director or leader.
(Zool.) A genus of European birds (so named from their sweet notes), including the hedge warbler. In America sometimes applied to the water thrushes.
Accentuable
a.
• Capable of being accented.
Accentual
a.
• Of or pertaining to accent; characterized or formed by accent.
Accentuality
n.
• The quality of being accentual.
Accentually
adv.
• In an accentual manner; in accordance with accent.
Accentuate
v. t.
• To pronounce with an accent or with accents.
• To bring out distinctly; to make prominent; to emphasize.
• To mark with the written accent.
Accentuation
n.
• Act of accentuating; applications of accent
(Eccles. Mus.) pitch or modulation of the voice in reciting portions of the liturgy.
Accept
v. t.
• To receive with a consenting mind (something offered); as, to accept a gift; — often followed by of.
• To receive with favor; to approve.
• To receive or admit and agree to; to assent to; as, I accept your proposal, amendment, or excuse.
• To take by the mind; to understand; as, How are these words to be accepted?
(Com.) To receive as obligatory and promise to pay; as, to accept a bill of exchange.
• In a deliberate body, to receive in acquittance of a duty imposed; as, to accept the report of a committee. [This makes it the property of the body, and the question is then on its adoption.]
a.
• Accepted.
Acceptability
n.
• The quality of being acceptable; acceptableness.
Acceptable
a.
• Capable, worthy, or sure of being accepted or received with pleasure; pleasing to a receiver; gratifying; agreeable; welcome; as, an acceptable present, one acceptable to us.
Acceptableness
n.
• The quality of being acceptable, or suitable to be favorably received; acceptability.
Acceptably
adv.
• In an acceptable manner; in a manner to please or give satisfaction.
Acceptance
n.
• The act of accepting; a receiving what is offered, with approbation, satisfaction, or acquiescence; esp., favorable reception; approval; as, the acceptance of a gift, office, doctrine, etc.
• State of being accepted; acceptableness.
(Com.) An assent and engagement by the person on whom a bill of exchange is drawn, to pay it when due according to the terms of the acceptance.
• The bill itself when accepted.
• An agreeing to terms or proposals by which a bargain is concluded and the parties are bound; the reception or taking of a thing bought as that for which it was bought, or as that agreed to be delivered, or the taking possession as owner.
(Law) An agreeing to the action of another, by some act which binds the person in law.
• Meaning; acceptation.
Acceptancy
n.
• Acceptance.
Acceptant
a.
• Accepting; receiving.
n.
• An accepter.
Acceptation
n.
• Acceptance; reception; favorable reception or regard; state of being acceptable.
• The meaning in which a word or expression is understood, or generally received; as, term is to be used according to its usual acceptation.
Acceptedly
adv.
• In a accepted manner; admittedly.
Accepter
n.
• A person who accepts; a taker.
• A respecter; a viewer with partiality.
(Law) An acceptor.
Acceptilation
n.
(Civil Law) Gratuitous discharge; a release from debt or obligation without payment; free remission.
Acception
n.
• Acceptation; the received meaning.
Acceptive
a.
• Fit for acceptance.
• Ready to accept.
Acceptor
n.
• One who accepts
(Law & Com.) one who accepts an order or a bill of exchange; a drawee after he has accepted.
Access
n.
• A coming to, or near approach; admittance; admission; accessibility; as, to gain access to a prince.
• The means, place, or way by which a thing may be approached; passage way; as, the access is by a neck of land.
• Admission to sexual intercourse.
• Increase by something added; addition; as, an access of territory. [In this sense accession is more generally used.]
• An onset, attack, or fit of disease.
• A paroxysm; a fit of passion; an outburst; as, an access of fury.
Accessarily
adv.
• In the manner of an accessary.
Accessariness
n.
• The state of being accessary.
Accessary
a.
• Accompanying, as a subordinate; additional; accessory; esp., uniting in, or contributing to, a crime, but not as chief actor.
n.
(Law) One who, not being present, contributes as an assistant or instigator to the commission of an offense.
Accessibility
n.
• The quality of being accessible, or of admitting approach; receptibility.
Accessible
a.
• Easy of access or approach; approachable; as, an accessible town or mountain, an accessible person.
• Open to the influence of; — with to.
• Obtainable; to be got at.
Accessibly
adv.
• In an accessible manner.
Accession
n.
• A coming to; the act of acceding and becoming joined; as, a king's accession to a confederacy.
• Increase by something added; that which is added; augmentation from without; as, an accession of wealth or territory.
(Law) A mode of acquiring property, by which the owner of a corporeal substance which receives an addition by growth, or by labor, has a right to the part or thing added, or the improvement (provided the thing is not changed into a different species). Thus, the owner of a cow becomes the owner of her calf.
• The act by which one power becomes party to engagements already in force between other powers.
• The act of coming to or reaching a throne, an office, or dignity; as, the accession of the house of Stuart; — applied especially to the epoch of a new dynasty.
(Med.) The invasion, approach, or commencement of a disease; a fit or paroxysm.
Accessional
a.
• Pertaining to accession; additional.
Accessive
a.
• Additional.
Accessorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to an accessory; as, accessorial agency, accessorial guilt.
Accessorily
adv.
• In the manner of an accessory; auxiliary.
Accessoriness
n.
• The state of being accessory, or connected subordinately.
Accessory
a.
• Accompanying as a subordinate; aiding in a secondary way; additional; connected as an incident or subordinate to a principal; contributing or contributory; said of persons and things, and, when of persons, usually in a bad sense; as, he was accessory to the riot; accessory sounds in music.
n.
• That which belongs to something else deemed the principal; something additional and subordinate.
(Law) Same as Accessary, n.
(Fine Arts) Anything that enters into a work of art without being indispensably necessary, as mere ornamental parts.
Acciaccatura
n.
(Mus.) A short grace note, one semitone below the note to which it is prefixed; — used especially in organ music. Now used as equivalent to the short appoggiatura.
Accidence
n.
• The accidents, of inflections of words; the rudiments of grammar.
• The rudiments of any subject.
Accident
n.
• Literally, a befalling; an event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; an undesigned, sudden, and unexpected event; chance; contingency; often, an undesigned and unforeseen occurrence of an afflictive or unfortunate character; a casualty; a mishap; as, to die by an accident.
(Gram.) A property attached to a word, but not essential to it, as gender, number, case.
(Her.) A point or mark which may be retained or omitted in a coat of arms.
(Log.) A property or quality of a thing which is not essential to it, as whiteness in paper; an attribute.
• A quality or attribute in distinction from the substance, as sweetness, softness.
• Any accidental property, fact, or relation; an accidental or nonessential; as, beauty is an accident.
• Unusual appearance or effect.
Accidental
a.
• Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; casual; fortuitous; as, an accidental visit.
• Nonessential; not necessary belonging; incidental; as, are accidental to a play.
n.
• A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.
(Paint.) Those fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.
(Mus.) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.
Accidentalism
n.
• Accidental character or effect.
Accidentality
n.
• The quality of being accidental; accidentalness.
Accidentally
adv.
• In an accidental manner; unexpectedly; by chance; unintentionally; casually; fortuitously; not essentially.
Accidentalness
n.
• The quality of being accidental; casualness.
Accidie
n.
• Sloth; torpor.
Accipient
n.
• A receiver.
Accipiter
n.
(Zool.) A genus of rapacious birds; one of the Accipitres or Raptores.
(Surg.) A bandage applied over the nose, resembling the claw of a hawk.
Accipitral
n.
• Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a falcon or hawk; hawklike.
Accipitres
n. pl.
(Zool.) The order that includes rapacious birds. They have a hooked bill, and sharp, strongly curved talons. There are three families, represented by the vultures, the falcons or hawks, and the owls.
Accipitrine
a.
(Zool.) Like or belonging to the Accipitres; raptorial; hawklike.
Accismus
n.
(Rhet.) Affected refusal; coyness.
Accite
v. t.
• To cite; to summon.
Acclaim
v. t.
• To applaud.
• To declare by acclamations.
• To shout; as, to acclaim my joy.
v. i.
• To shout applause.
n.
• Acclamation.
Acclaimer
n.
• One who acclaims.
Acclamation
n.
• A shout of approbation, favor, or assent; eager expression of approval; loud applause.
(Antiq.) A representation, in sculpture or on medals, of people expressing joy.
Acclamatory
a.
• Pertaining to, or expressing approval by, acclamation.
Accliffitous
a.
• Acclivous.
Acclimatable
a.
• Capable of being acclimated.
Acclimatation
n.
• Acclimatization.
Acclimate
v. t.
• To habituate to a climate not native; to acclimatize.
Acclimatement
n.
• Acclimation.
Acclimation
n.
• The process of becoming, or the state of being, acclimated, or habituated to a new climate; acclimatization.
Acclimatizable
a.
• Capable of being acclimatized.
Acclimatization
n.
• The act of acclimatizing; the process of inuring to a new climate, or the state of being so inured.
Acclimatize
v. t.
• To inure or habituate to a climate different from that which is natural; to adapt to the peculiarities of a foreign or strange climate; said of man, the inferior animals, or plants.
Acclimature
n.
• The act of acclimating, or the state of being acclimated.
Acclive
a.
• Acclivous.
Acclivity
n.
• A slope or inclination of the earth, as the side of a hill, considered as ascending, in opposition to declivity, or descending; an upward slope; ascent.
Acclivous
a.
• Sloping upward; rising as a hillside; — opposed to declivous.
Accloy
v. t.
• To fill to satiety; to stuff full; to clog; to overload; to burden.
Accoast
v. t. & i.
• To lie or sail along the coast or side of; to accost.
Accoil
v. t.
• To gather together; to collect.
(Naut.) To coil together.
Accolade
n.
• A ceremony formerly used in conferring knighthood, consisting am embrace, and a slight blow on the shoulders with the flat blade of a sword.
(Mus.) A brace used to join two or more staves.
Accombination
n.
• A combining together.
Accommodable
a.
• That may be accommodated, fitted, or made to agree.
Accommodableness
n.
• The quality or condition of being accommodable.
Accommodate
v. t.
• To render fit, suitable, or correspondent; to adapt; to conform; as, to accommodate ourselves to circumstances.
• To bring into agreement or harmony; to reconcile; to compose; to adjust; to settle; as, to accommodate differences, a dispute, etc.
• To furnish with something desired, needed, or convenient; to favor; to oblige; as, to accommodate a friend with a loan or with lodgings.
• To show the correspondence of; to apply or make suit by analogy; to adapt or fit, as teachings to accidental circumstances, statements to facts, etc.; as, to accommodate prophecy to events.
v. i.
• To adapt one's self; to be conformable or adapted.
a.
• Suitable; fit; adapted; as, means accommodate to end.
Accommodately
adv.
• Suitably; fitly.
Accommodateness
n.
• Fitness.
Accommodating
a.
• Affording, or disposed to afford, accommodation; obliging; as an accommodating man, spirit, arrangement.
Accommodation
n.
• The act of fitting or adapting, or the state of being fitted or adapted; adaptation; adjustment; — followed by to.
• Willingness to accommodate; obligingness.
• Whatever supplies a want or affords ease, refreshment, or convenience; anything furnished which is desired or needful; — often in the plural; as, the accomodations — that is, lodgings and food — at an inn.
• An adjustment of differences; state of agreement; reconciliation; settlement.
• The application of a writer's language, on the ground of analogy, to something not originally referred to or intended.
(Com.) A loan of money.
• An accommodation bill or note.
Accommodator
n.
• He who, or that which, accommodates.
Accompanable
a.
• Sociable.
Accompanier
n.
• He who, or that which, accompanies.
Accompaniment
n.
• That which accompanies; something that attends as a circumstance, or which is added to give greater completeness to the principal thing, or by way of ornament, or for the sake of symmetry
(Mus.) A part performed by instruments, accompanying another part or parts performed by voices; the subordinate part, or parts, accompanying the voice or a principal instrument; also, the harmony of a figured bass.
Accompanist
n.
• The performer in music who takes the accompanying part.
Accompany
v. t.
• To go with or attend as a companion or associate; to keep company with; to go along with; — followed by with or by; as, he accompanied his speech with a bow.
• To cohabit with.
v. i.
• To associate in a company; to keep company.
• To cohabit (with).
(Mus.) To perform an accompanying part or parts in a composition.
Accompletive
a.
• Tending to accomplish.
Accomplice
n.
• A cooperator.
(Law) An associate in the commission of a crime; a participator in an offense, whether a principal or an accessory.
Accompliceship
n.
• The state of being an accomplice.
Accomplicity
n.
• The act or state of being an accomplice.
Accomplish
v. t.
• To complete, as time or distance.
• To bring to an issue of full success; to effect; to perform; to execute fully; to fulfill; as, to accomplish a design, an object, a promise.
• To equip or furnish thoroughly; hence, to complete in acquirements; to render accomplished; to polish.
• To gain; to obtain.
Accomplishable
a.
• Capable of being accomplished; practicable.
Accomplished
a.
• Completed; effected; established; as, an accomplished fact.
• Complete in acquirements as the result usually of training; — commonly in a good sense; as, an accomplished scholar, an accomplished villain.
Accomplisher
n.
• One who accomplishes.
Accomplishment
n.
• The act of accomplishing; entire performance; completion; fulfillment; as, the accomplishment of an enterprise, of a prophecy, etc.
• That which completes, perfects, or equips thoroughly; acquirement; attainment; that which constitutes excellence of mind, or elegance of manners, acquired by education or training.
Accord
n.
• Agreement or concurrence of opinion, will, or action; harmony of mind; consent; assent.
• Harmony of sounds; agreement in pitch and tone; concord; as, the accord of tones.
(Law) An agreement between parties in controversy, by which satisfaction for an injury is stipulated, and which, when executed, bars a suit.
v. t.
• To make to agree or correspond; to suit one thing to another; to adjust; — followed by to.
• To bring to an agreement, as persons; to reconcile; to settle, adjust, harmonize, or compose, as things; as, to accord suits or controversies.
• To grant as suitable or proper; to concede; to award; as, to accord to one due praise.
v. i.
• To agree; to correspond; to be in harmony; — followed by with, formerly also by to; as, his disposition accords with his looks.
• To agree in pitch and tone.
Accordable
a.
• Agreeing.
• Reconcilable; in accordance.
Accordance
n.
• Agreement; harmony; conformity.
Accordancy
n.
• Accordance.
Accordant
a.
• Agreeing; consonant; harmonious; corresponding; conformable; — followed by with or to.
Accordantly
adv.
• In accordance or agreement; agreeably; conformably; — followed by with or to.
Accorder
n.
• One who accords, assents, or concedes.
According
p. a.
• Agreeing; in agreement or harmony; harmonious.
adv.
• Accordingly; correspondingly.
Accordingly
adv.
• Agreeably; correspondingly; suitably; in a manner conformable.
• In natural sequence; consequently; so.
Accordion
n.
(Mus.) A small, portable, keyed wind instrument, whose tones are generated by play of the wind upon free metallic reeds.
Accordionist
n.
• A player on the accordion.
Accordment
n.
• Agreement; reconcilement.
Accorporate
v. t.
• To unite; to attach; to incorporate.
Accost
v. t.
• To join side to side; to border; hence, to sail along the coast or side of.
• To approach; to make up to.
• To speak to first; to address; to greet.
v. i.
• To adjoin; to lie alongside.
n.
• Address; greeting.
Accostable
a.
• Approachable; affable.
Accosted
a.
(Her.) Supported on both sides by other charges; also, side by side.
Accouchement
n.
• Delivery in childbed
Accoucheur
n.
• A man who assists women in childbirth; a man midwife; an obstetrician.
Accoucheuse
n.
• A midwife.
Account
n.
• A reckoning; computation; calculation; enumeration; a record of some reckoning; as, the Julian account of time.
• A registry of pecuniary transactions; a written or printed statement of business dealings or debts and credits, and also of other things subjected to a reckoning or review; as, to keep one's account at the bank.
• A statement in general of reasons, causes, grounds, etc., explanatory of some event; as, no satisfactory account has been given of these phenomena. Hence, the word is often used simply for reason, ground, consideration, motive, etc.; as, on no account, on every account, on all accounts.
• A statement of facts or occurrences; recital of transactions; a relation or narrative; a report; a description; as, an account of a battle.
• A statement and explanation or vindication of one's conduct with reference to judgment thereon.
• An estimate or estimation; valuation; judgment.
• Importance; worth; value; advantage; profit.
• To reckon; to compute; to count.
• To place to one's account; to put to the credit of; to assign; — with to.
• To value, estimate, or hold in opinion; to judge or consider; to deem.
• To recount; to relate.
v. i.
• To render or receive an account or relation of particulars; as, an officer must account with or to the treasurer for money received.
• To render an account; to answer in judgment; — with for; as, we must account for the use of our opportunities.
• To give a satisfactory reason; to tell the cause of; to explain; — with for; as, idleness accounts for poverty.
Accountabilability
n.
• The state of being accountable; liability to be called on to render an account; accountableness.
Accountable
a.
• Liable to be called on to render an account; answerable; as, every man is accountable to God for his conduct.
• Capable of being accounted for; explicable.
Accountably
adv.
• In an accountable manner.
Accountancy
n.
• The art or employment of an accountant.
Accountant
n.
• One who renders account; one accountable.
• A reckoner.
• One who is skilled in, keeps, or adjusts, accounts; an officer in a public office, who has charge of the accounts.
a.
• Accountable.
Accountantship
n.
• The office or employment of an accountant.
Accouple
v. t.
• To join; to couple.
Accouplement
n.
• The act of coupling, or the state of being coupled; union.
• That which couples, as a tie or brace.
Accourage
v. t.
• To encourage.
Accourt
v. t.
• To treat courteously; to court.
Accoy
v. t.
• To render quiet; to soothe.
• To subdue; to tame; to daunt.
Accredit
v. t.
• To put or bring into credit; to invest with credit or authority; to sanction.
• To send with letters credential, as an ambassador, envoy, or diplomatic agent; to authorize, as a messenger or delegate.
• To believe; to credit; to put trust in.
• To credit; to vouch for or consider (some one) as doing something, or (something) as belonging to some one.
Accreditation
n.
• The act of accrediting; as, letters of accreditation.
Accrementitial
a.
(Physiol.) Pertaining to accremention.
Accrementition
n.
(Physiol.) The process of generation by development of blastema, or fission of cells, in which the new formation is in all respect like the individual from which it proceeds.
Accresce
v. i.
• To accrue.
• To increase; to grow.
Accrescence
n.
• Continuous growth; an accretion.
Accrescent
a.
• Growing; increasing.
(Bot.) Growing larger after flowering.
Accrete
v. i.
• To grow together.
• To adhere; to grow (to); to be added; — with to.
v. t.
• To make adhere; to add.
a.
• Characterized by accretion; made up; as, accrete matter.
(Bot.) Grown together.
Accretion
n.
• The act of increasing by natural growth; esp. the increase of organic bodies by the internal accession of parts; organic growth.
• The act of increasing, or the matter added, by an accession of parts externally; an extraneous addition; as, an accretion of earth.
• Concretion; coherence of separate particles; as, the accretion of particles so as to form a solid mass.
• A growing together of parts naturally separate, as of the fingers toes.
(Law) The adhering of property to something else, by which the owner of one thing becomes possessed of a right to another; generally, gain of land by the washing up of sand or sail from the sea or a river, or by a gradual recession of the water from the usual watermark.
• Gain to an heir or legatee, failure of a coheir to the same succession, or a co-legatee of the same thing, to take his share.
Accretive
a.
• Relating to accretion; increasing, or adding to, by growth.
Accriminate
v. t.
• To accuse of a crime.
Accroach
v. t.
• To hook, or draw to one's self as with a hook.
• To usurp, as jurisdiction or royal prerogatives.
Accroachment
n.
• An encroachment; usurpation.
Accrual
n.
• Accrument.
Accrue
v. i.
• To increase; to augment.
• To come to by way of increase; to arise or spring as a growth or result; to be added as increase, profit, or damage, especially as the produce of money lent.
n.
• Something that accrues; advantage accruing.
Accruer
n.
(Law) The act of accruing; accretion; as, title by accruer.
Accrument
n.
• The process of accruing, or that which has accrued; increase.
Accubation
n.
• The act or posture of reclining on a couch, as practiced by the ancients at meals.
Accumb
v. i.
• To recline, as at table.
Accumbency
n.
• The state of being accumbent or reclining.
Accumbent
a.
• Leaning or reclining, as the ancients did at their meals.
(Bot.) Lying against anything, as one part of a leaf against another leaf.
n.
• One who reclines at table.
Accumber
v. t.
• To encumber.
Accumulate
v. t.
• To heap up in a mass; to pile up; to collect or bring together; to amass; as, to accumulate a sum of money.
v. i.
• To grow or increase in quantity or number; to increase greatly.
a.
• Collected; accumulated.
Accumulation
n.
• The act of accumulating, the state of being accumulated, or that which is accumulated; as, an accumulation of earth, of sand, of evils, of wealth, of honors.
(Law) The concurrence of several titles to the same proof.
Accumulative
a.
• Characterized by accumulation; serving to collect or amass; cumulative; additional.
Accumulator
n.
• One who, or that which, accumulates, collects, or amasses.
(Mech.) An apparatus by means of which energy or power can be stored, such as the cylinder or tank for storing water for hydraulic elevators, the secondary or storage battery used for accumulating the energy of electrical charges, etc.
• A system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon a rope, as in deep-sea dredging.
Accuracy
n.
• The state of being accurate; freedom from mistakes, this exemption arising from carefulness; exact conformity to truth, or to a rule or model; precision; exactness; nicety; correctness; as, the value of testimony depends on its accuracy.
Accurate
a.
• In exact or careful conformity to truth, or to some standard of requirement, the result of care or pains; free from failure, error, or defect; exact; as, an accurate calculator; an accurate measure; accurate expression, knowledge, etc.
• Precisely fixed; executed with care; careful.
Accurately
adv.
• In an accurate manner; exactly; precisely; without error or defect.
Accurateness
n.
• The state or quality of being accurate; accuracy; exactness; nicety; precision.
Accurse
v. t.
• To devote to destruction; to imprecate misery or evil upon; to curse; to execrate; to anathematize.
Accusable
a.
• Liable to be accused or censured; chargeable with a crime or fault; blamable; — with of.
Accusal
n.
• Accusation.
Accusant
n.
• An accuser.
Accusation
n.
• The act of accusing or charging with a crime or with a lighter offense.
• That of which one is accused; the charge of an offense or crime, or the declaration containing the charge.
Accusatival
a.
• Pertaining to the accusative case.
Accusative
a.
• Producing accusations; accusatory.
(Gram.) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb terminates, or the immediate object of motion or tendency to, expressed by a preposition. It corresponds to the objective case in English.
n.
(Gram.) The accusative case.
Accusatively
adv.
• In an accusative manner.
• In relation to the accusative case in grammar.
Accusatorial
a.
• Accusatory.
Accusatorially
adv.
• By way accusation.
Accusatory
a.
• Pertaining to, or containing, an accusation; as, an accusatory libel.
Accuse
n.
• Accusation.
v. t.
• To charge with, or declare to have committed, a crime or offense
(Law) to charge with an offense, judicially or by a public process; — with of; as, to accuse one of a high crime or misdemeanor.
• To charge with a fault; to blame; to censure.
• To betray; to show.
Accused
a.
• Charged with offense; as, an accused person.
Accusement
n.
• Accusation.
Accuser
n.
• One who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault.
Accusingly
adv.
• In an accusing manner.
Accustom
v. t.
• To make familiar by use; to habituate, familiarize, or inure; — with to.
v. i.
• To be wont.
• To cohabit.
n.
• Custom.
Accustomable
a.
• Habitual; customary; wonted.
Accustomably
adv.
• According to custom; ordinarily; customarily.
Accustomance
n.
• Custom; habitual use.
Accustomarily
adv.
• Customarily.
Accustomary
a.
• Usual; customary.
Accustomed
a.
• Familiar through use; usual; customary.
• Frequented by customers.
Accustomedness
n.
• Habituation.
Ace
n.
• A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card or die so marked; as, the ace of diamonds.
• Hence: A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an atom; a jot.
Aceldama
n.
• The potter's field, said to have lain south of Jerusalem, purchased with the bribe which Judas took for betraying his Master, and therefore called the field of blood. Fig.: A field of bloodshed.
Acentric
a.
• Not centered; without a center.
Acephal
n.
(Zool.) One of the Acephala.
Acephala
n. pl.
(Zool.) That division of the Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells, like the clams and oysters; — so called because they have no evident head. Formerly the group included the Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and sometimes the Bryozoa.
Acephalan
n.
• Same as Acephal.
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to the Acephala.
Acephali
n. pl.
• A fabulous people reported by ancient writers to have heads.
(Eccl. Hist.) A Christian sect without a leader.
• Bishops and certain clergymen not under regular diocesan control.
• A class of levelers in the time of K. Henry I.
Acephalist
n.
• One who acknowledges no head or superior.
Acephalocyst
n.
(Zool.) A larval entozoon in the form of a subglobular or oval vesicle, or hy datid, filled with fluid, sometimes found in the tissues of man and the lower animals; — so called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the vesicle. These cysts are the immature stages of certain tapeworms. Also applied to similar cysts of different origin.
Acephalocystic
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, the acephalocysts.
Acephalous
a.
• Headless.
(Zool.) Without a distinct head; — a term applied to bivalve mollusks.
(Bot.) Having the style spring from the base, instead of from the apex, as is the case in certain ovaries.
• Without a leader or chief.
• Wanting the beginning.
(Pros.) Deficient and the beginning, as a line of poetry.
Acerate
n.
(Chem.) A combination of aceric acid with a salifiable base.
a.
• Acerose; needle-shaped.
Acerb
a.
• Sour, bitter, and harsh to the taste, as unripe fruit; sharp and harsh.
Acerbate
v. t.
• To sour; to imbitter; to irritate.
Acerbic
a.
• Sour or severe.
Acerbitude
n.
• Sourness and harshness.
Acerbity
n.
• Sourness of taste, with bitterness and astringency, like that of unripe fruit.
• Harshness, bitterness, or severity; as, acerbity of temper, of language, of pain.
Aceric
a.
• Pertaining to, or obtained from, the maple; as, aceric acid.
Acerose
a.
(Bot.) Having the nature of chaff; chaffy.
• Needle-shaped, having a sharp, rigid point, as the leaf of the pine.
Acerous
a.
• Same as Acerose.
a.
(Zool.) Destitute of tentacles, as certain mollusks.
• Without antennae, as some insects.
Acerval
a.
• Pertaining to a heap.
Acervate
v. t.
• To heap up.
a.
• Heaped, or growing in heaps, or closely compacted clusters.
Acervation
n.
• A heaping up; accumulation.
Acervative
a.
• Heaped up; tending to heap up.
Acervose
a.
• Full of heaps.
Acervuline
a.
• Resembling little heaps.
Acescent
a.
• Turning sour; readily becoming tart or acid; slightly sour.
n.
• A substance liable to become sour.
Acetable
n.
• An acetabulum; or about one eighth of a pint.
Acetabular
a.
• Cup-shaped; saucer-shaped; acetabuliform.
Acetabulifera
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of Cephalopoda in which the arms are furnished with cup-shaped suckers, as the cuttlefishes, squids, and octopus; the Dibranchiata.
Acetabuliferous
a.
• Furnished with fleshy cups for adhering to bodies, as cuttlefish, etc.
Acetabuliform
a.
(Bot.) Shaped like a shallow; saucer-shaped; as, an acetabuliform calyx.
Acetabulum
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) A vinegar cup; socket of the hip bone; a measure of about one eighth of a pint, etc.
(Anat.) The bony cup which receives the head of the thigh bone.
• The cavity in which the leg of an insect is inserted at its articulation with the body.
• A sucker of the sepia or cuttlefish and related animals.
• The large posterior sucker of the leeches.
• One of the lobes of the placenta in ruminating animals.
Acetal
n.
(Chem.) A limpid, colorless, inflammable liquid from the slow oxidation of alcohol under the influence of platinum black.
Acetamide
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline solid, from ammonia by replacement of an equivalent of hydrogen by acetyl.
Acetanilide
n.
(Med.) A compound of aniline with acetyl, used to allay fever or pain; — called also antifebrine.
Acetarious
a.
• Used in salads; as, acetarious plants.
Acetary
n.
• An acid pulp in certain fruits, as the pear.
Acetate
n.
(Chem.) A salt formed by the union of acetic acid with a base or positive radical; as, acetate of lead, acetate of potash.
Acetated
a.
• Combined with acetic acid.
Acetic
a.
(Chem.) Of a pertaining to vinegar; producing vinegar; producing vinegar; as, acetic fermentation.
• Pertaining to, containing, or derived from, acetyl, as acetic ether, acetic acid. The latter is the acid to which the sour taste of vinegar is due.
Acetification
n.
• The act of making acetous or sour; the process of converting, or of becoming converted, into vinegar.
Acetifier
n.
• An apparatus for hastening acetification.
Acetify
v. t.
• To convert into acid or vinegar.
v. i.
• To turn acid.
Acetimeter
n.
• An instrument for estimating the amount of acetic acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic acid.
Acetimetry
n.
• The act or method of ascertaining the strength of vinegar, or the proportion of acetic acid contained in it.
Acetin
n.
(Chem.) A combination of acetic acid with glycerin.
Acetize
v. i.
• To acetify.
Acetometer
n.
• Same as Acetimeter.
Acetone
n.
(Chem.) A volatile liquid consisting of three parts of carbon, six of hydrogen, and one of oxygen; pyroacetic spirit, — obtained by the distillation of certain acetates, or by the destructive distillation of citric acid, starch, sugar, or gum, with quicklime.
Acetonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to acetone; as, acetonic bodies.
Acetose
a.
• Sour like vinegar; acetous.
Acetosity
n.
• The quality of being acetous; sourness.
Acetous
a.
• Having a sour taste; sour; acid.
• Causing, or connected with, acetification; as, acetous fermentation.
Acetyl
n.
(Chem.) A complex, hypothetical radical, composed of two parts of carbon to three of hydrogen and one of oxygen. Its hydroxide is acetic acid.
Acetylene
n.
(Chem.) A gaseous compound of carbon and hydrogen, in the proportion of two atoms of the former to two of the latter. It is a colorless gas, with a peculiar, unpleasant odor, and is produced for use as an illuminating gas in a number of ways, but chiefly by the action of water on calcium carbide. Its light is very brilliant.
Acharnement
n.
• Savage fierceness; ferocity.
Achate
n.
• An agate.
n.
• Purchase; bargaining.
• Provisions. Same as Cates.
Achatina
n.
(Zool.) A genus of land snails, often large, common in the warm parts of America and Africa.
Achatour
n.
• Purveyor; acater.
Ache
n.
• Continued pain, as distinguished from sudden twinges, or spasmodic pain.
v. i.
• To suffer pain; to have, or be in, pain, or in continued pain; to be distressed.
Achenial
a.
• Pertaining to an achene.
Acheron
n.
(Myth.) A river in the Nether World or infernal regions; also, the infernal regions themselves. By some of the English poets it was supposed to be a flaming lake or gulf.
Acherontic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Acheron; infernal; hence, dismal, gloomy; moribund.
Achievable
a.
• Capable of being achieved.
Achievance
n.
• Achievement.
Achieve
v. t.
• To carry on to a final close; to bring out into a perfected state; to accomplish; to perform; — as, to achieve a feat, an exploit, an enterprise.
• To obtain, or gain, as the result of exertion; to succeed in gaining; to win.
• To finish; to kill.
Achievement
n.
• The act of achieving or performing; an obtaining by exertion; successful performance; accomplishment; as, the achievement of his object.
• A great or heroic deed; something accomplished by valor, boldness, or praiseworthy exertion; a feat.
(Her.) An escutcheon or ensign armorial; now generally applied to the funeral shield commonly called hatchment.
Achiever
n.
• One who achieves; a winner.
Achillean
a.
• Resembling Achilles, the hero of the Iliad; invincible.
Achilous
a.
(Bot.) Without a lip.
Aching
a.
• That aches; continuously painful.
Achiote
n.
• Seeds of the annotto tree; also, the coloring matter, annotto.
Achlamydate
a.
(Zool.) Not possessing a mantle; — said of certain gastropods.
Achlamydeous
a.
(Bot.) Naked; having no floral envelope, neither calyx nor corolla.
Acholia
n.
(Med.) Deficiency or want of bile.
Acholous
a.
(Med.) Lacking bile.
Achromatic
a.
(Opt.) Free from color; transmitting light without decomposing it into its primary colors.
(Biol.) Uncolored; not absorbing color from a fluid; — said of tissue.
Achromatically
adv.
• In an achromatic manner.
Achromaticity
n.
• Achromatism.
Achromatin
n.
(Biol.) Tissue which is not stained by fluid dyes.
Achromatism
n.
• The state or quality of being achromatic; as, the achromatism of a lens; achromaticity.
Achromatization
n.
• The act or process of achromatizing.
Achromatize
v. t.
• To deprive of color; to make achromatic.
Achromatopsy
n.
• Color blindness; inability to distinguish colors; Daltonism.
Achroodextrin
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) Dextrin not colorable by iodine.
Achroous
a.
• Colorless; achromatic.
Achrophony
n.
• The use of a picture symbol of an object to represent phonetically the initial sound of the name of the object.
Achylous
a.
(Physiol.) Without chyle.
Achymous
a.
(Physiol.) Without chyme.
Acicula
n.
(Nat. Hist.) One of the needlelike or bristlelike spines or prickles of some animals and plants; also, a needlelike crystal.
Acicular
a.
• Needle-shaped; slender like a needle or bristle, as some leaves or crystals; also, having sharp points like needless.
Aciculiform
a.
• Needle-shaped; acicular.
Aciculite
n.
(Min.) Needle ore.
Acid
a.
• Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or liquors. Also fig.: Sour-tempered.
• Of or pertaining to an acid; as, acid reaction.
n.
• A sour substance.
(Chem.) One of a class of compounds, generally but not always distinguished by their sour taste, solubility in water, and reddening of vegetable blue or violet colors. They are also characterized by the power of destroying the distinctive properties of alkalies or bases, combining with them to form salts, at the same time losing their own peculiar properties. They all contain hydrogen, united with a more negative element or radical, either alone, or more generally with oxygen, and take their names from this negative element or radical. Those which contain no oxygen are sometimes called hydracids in distinction from the others which are called oxygen acids or oxacids.
Acidic
a.
(Min.) Containing a high percentage of silica; — opposed to basic.
Acidiferous
a.
• Containing or yielding an acid.
Acidifiable
a.
• Capable of being acidified, or converted into an acid.
Acidific
a.
• Producing acidity; converting into an acid.
Acidification
n.
• The act or process of acidifying, or changing into an acid.
Acidifier
n.
(Chem.) A simple or compound principle, whose presence is necessary to produce acidity, as oxygen, chlorine, bromine, iodine, etc.
Acidify
v. t.
• To make acid; to convert into an acid; as, to acidify sugar.
• To sour; to imbitter.
Acidimeter
n.
(Chem.) An instrument for ascertaining the strength of acids.
Acidimetry
n.
(Chem.) The measurement of the strength of acids, especially by a chemical process based on the law of chemical combinations, or the fact that, to produce a complete reaction, a certain definite weight of reagent is required.
Acidity
n.
• The quality of being sour; sourness; tartness; sharpness to the taste; as, the acidity of lemon juice.
Acidium
n.
(Bot.) A form of fruit in the cycle of development of the Rusts or Brands, an order of fungi, formerly considered independent plants.
Acidly
adv.
• Sourly; tartly.
Acidness
n.
• Acidity; sourness.
Acidulate
v. t.
• To make sour or acid in a moderate degree; to sour somewhat.
Acidulent
a.
• Having an acid quality; sour; acidulous.
Acidulous
a.
• Slightly sour; sub-acid; sourish; as, an acidulous tincture.
Acierage
n.
• The process of coating the surface of a metal plate (as a stereotype plate) with steellike iron by means of voltaic electricity; steeling.
Aciform
a.
• Shaped like a needle.
Acinaceous
a.
(Bot.) Containing seeds or stones of grapes, or grains like them.
Acinaces
n.
(Anc. Hist.) A short sword or saber.
Acinaciform
a.
(Bot.) Scimeter-shaped; as, an acinaciform leaf.
Acinesia
n.
(Med.) Same as Akinesia.
Acinetae
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of suctorial Infusoria, which in the adult stage are stationary.
Acinetiform
a.
(Zool.) Resembling the Acinetae.
Aciniform
a.
• Having the form of a cluster of grapes; clustered like grapes.
• Full of small kernels like a grape.
Acinus
n.
(Bot.) One of the small grains or drupelets which make up some kinds of fruit, as the blackberry, raspberry, etc.
• A grapestone.
(Anat.) One of the granular masses which constitute a racemose or compound gland, as the pancreas; also, one of the saccular recesses in the lobules of a racemose gland.
Acipenser
n.
(Zool.) A genus of ganoid fishes, including the sturgeons, having the body armed with bony scales, and the mouth on the under side of the head.
Aciurgy
n.
• Operative surgery.
Acknow
v. t.
• To recognize.
• To acknowledge; to confess.
Acknowledge
v. t.
• To of or admit the knowledge of; to recognize as a fact or truth; to declare one's belief in; as, to acknowledge the being of a God.
• To own or recognize in a particular character or relationship; to admit the claims or authority of; to give recognition to.
• To own with gratitude or as a benefit or an obligation; as, to acknowledge a favor, the receipt of a letter.
• To own as genuine; to assent to, as a legal instrument, to give it validity; to avow or admit in legal form; as, to acknowledgea deed.
Acknowledgedly
adv.
• Confessedly.
Acknowledger
n.
• One who acknowledges.
Acknowledgment
n.
• The act of acknowledging; admission; avowal; owning; confession.
• The act of owning or recognized in a particular character or relationship; recognition as regards the existence, authority, truth, or genuineness.
• The owning of a benefit received; courteous recognition; expression of thanks.
• Something given or done in return for a favor, message, etc.
• A declaration or avowal of one's own act, to give it legal validity; as, the acknowledgment of a deed before a proper officer. Also, the certificate of the officer attesting such declaration.
Aclinic
a.
(Physics.) Without inclination or dipping; — said the magnetic needle balances itself horizontally, having no dip. The aclinic line is also termed the magnetic equator.
Acme
n.
• The top or highest point; the culmination.
(Med.) The crisis or height of a disease.
• Mature age; full bloom of life.
Acne
n.
(Med.) A pustular affection of the skin, due to changes in the sebaceous glands.
Acnodal
a.
• Pertaining to acnodes.
Acnode
n.
(Geom.) An isolated point not upon a curve, but whose coordinates satisfy the equation of the curve so that it is considered as belonging to the curve.
Acock
adv.
• In a cocked or turned up fashion.
Acockbill
adv.
(Naut.) Hanging at the cathead, ready to let go, as an anchor.
• Topped up; having one yardarm higher than the other.
Acold
a.
• Cold.
Acologic
a.
• Pertaining to acology.
Acology
n.
• Materia medica; the science of remedies.
Acolyctine
n.
(Chem.) An organic base, in the form of a white powder, obtained from Aconitum lycoctonum.
Acolyte
n.
(Eccl.) One who has received the highest of the four minor orders in the Catholic church, being ordained to carry the wine and water and the lights at the Mass.
• One who attends; an assistant.
Acolyth
n.
• Same as Acolyte.
Acolythist
n.
• An acolyte.
Aconital
a.
• Of the nature of aconite.
Aconite
n.
(Bot.) The herb wolfsbane, or monkshood; — applied to any plant of the genus Aconitum (tribe Hellebore), all the species of which are poisonous.
• An extract or tincture obtained from Aconitum napellus, used as a poison and medicinally.
Aconitia
n.
(Chem.) Same as Aconitine.
Aconitic
a.
• Of or pertaining to aconite.
Aconitine
n.
(Chem.) An intensely poisonous alkaloid, extracted from aconite.
Aconitum
n.
• The poisonous herb aconite; also, an extract from it.
Acontia
n. pl.
(Zool.) Threadlike defensive organs, composed largely of nettling cells (cnidae), thrown out of the mouth or special pores of certain Actiniae when irritated.
Acontias
n.
(Zool.) Anciently, a snake, called dart snake; now, one of a genus of reptiles closely allied to the lizards.
Acopic
a.
(Med.) Relieving weariness; restorative.
Acorn
n.
• The fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody cup or cupule.
(Naut.) A cone-shaped piece of wood on the point of the spindle above the vane, on the mast-head.
Acorned
a.
• Furnished or loaded with acorns.
• Fed or filled with acorns.
Acosmism
n.
• A denial of the existence of the universe as distinct from God.
Acosmist
n.
• One who denies the existence of the universe, or of a universe as distinct from God.
Acotyledon
n.
(Bot.) A plant which has no cotyledons, as the dodder and all flowerless plants.
Acotyledonous
a.
• Having no seed lobes, as the dodder; also applied to plants which have no true seeds, as ferns, mosses, etc.
Acouchy
n.
(Zool.) A small species of agouti (Dasyprocta acouchy).
Acoumeter
n.
(Physics.) An instrument for measuring the acuteness of the sense of hearing.
Acoumetry
n.
• The measuring of the power or extent of hearing.
Acoustic
a.
• Pertaining to the sense of hearing, the organs of hearing, or the science of sounds; auditory.
n.
• A medicine or agent to assist hearing.
Acoustical
a.
• Of or pertaining to acoustics.
Acoustically
adv.
• In relation to sound or to hearing.
Acoustician
n.
• One versed in acoustics.
Acoustics
n.
(Physics.) The science of sounds, teaching their nature, phenomena, and laws.
Acquaint
a.
• Acquainted.
v. t.
• To furnish or give experimental knowledge of; to make (one) to know; to make familiar; — followed by with.
• To communicate notice to; to inform; to make cognizant; — followed by with (formerly, also, by of), or by that, introducing the intelligence; as, to acquaint a friend with the particulars of an act.
• To familiarize; to accustom.
Acquaintable
a.
• Easy to be acquainted with; affable.
Acquaintance
n.
• A state of being acquainted, or of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial, knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short of that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the man; but have no acquaintance with him.
• A person or persons with whom one is acquainted.
Acquaintanceship
n.
• A state of being acquainted; acquaintance.
Acquaintant
n.
• An acquaintance.
Acquainted
a.
• Personally known; familiar.
Acquaintedness
n.
• State of being acquainted; degree of acquaintance.
Acquest
n.
• Acquisition; the thing gained.
(Law) Property acquired by purchase, gift, or otherwise than by inheritance.
Acquiesce
v. i.
• To rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to rest without opposition and discontent (usually implying previous opposition or discontent); to accept or consent by silence or by omitting to object; — followed by in, formerly also by with and to.
• To concur upon conviction; as, to acquiesce in an opinion; to assent to; usually, to concur, not heartily but so far as to forbear opposition.
Acquiescence
n.
• A silent or passive assent or submission, or a submission with apparent content; — distinguished from avowed consent on the one hand, and on the other, from opposition or open discontent; quiet satisfaction.
(Crim. Law) Submission to an injury by the party injured.
• Tacit concurrence in the action of another.
Acquiescency
n.
• The quality of being acquiescent; acquiescence.
Acquiescent
a.
• Resting satisfied or submissive; disposed tacitly to submit; assentive; as, an acquiescent policy.
Acquiescently
adv.
• In an acquiescent manner.
Acquiet
v. t.
• To quiet.
Acquirability
n.
• The quality of being acquirable; attainableness.
Acquirable
a.
• Capable of being acquired.
Acquire
v. t.
• To gain, usually by one's own exertions; to get as one's own; as, to acquire a title, riches, knowledge, skill, good or bad habits.
Acquirement
n.
• The act of acquiring, or that which is acquired; attainment.
Acquirer
n.
• A person who acquires.
Acquiry
n.
• Acquirement.
Acquisite
a.
• Acquired.
Acquisition
n.
• The act or process of acquiring.
• The thing acquired or gained; an acquirement; a gain; as, learning is an acquisition.
Acquisitive
a.
• Acquired.
• Able or disposed to make acquisitions; acquiring; as, an acquisitive person or disposition.
Acquisitively
adv.
• In the way of acquisition.
Acquisitiveness
n.
• The quality of being acquisitive; propensity to acquire property; desire of possession.
(Phren.) The faculty to which the phrenologists attribute the desire of acquiring and possessing.
Acquisitor
n.
• One who acquires.
Acquist
n.
• Acquisition; gain.
Acquit
p. p.
• Acquitted; set free; rid of.
v. t.
• To discharge, as a claim or debt; to clear off; to pay off; to requite.
• To pay for; to atone for.
• To set free, release or discharge from an obligation, duty, liability, burden, or from an accusation or charge; — now followed by of before the charge, formerly by from; as, the jury acquitted the prisoner; we acquit a man of evil intentions.
• Reflexively: (a) To clear one's self. (b) To bear or conduct one's self; to perform one's part; as, the soldier acquitted himself well in battle; the orator acquitted himself very poorly.
Acquitment
n.
• Acquittal.
Acquittal
n.
• The act of acquitting; discharge from debt or obligation; acquittance.
(Law) A setting free, or deliverance from the charge of an offense, by verdict of a jury or sentence of a court.
Acquittance
n.
• The clearing off of debt or obligation; a release or discharge from debt or other liability.
• A writing which is evidence of a discharge; a receipt in full, which bars a further demand.
v. t.
• To acquit.
Acquitter
n.
• One who acquits or releases.
Acrania
n.
(Physiol.) Partial or total absence of the skull.
(Zool.) The lowest group of Vertebrata, including the amphioxus, in which no skull exists.
Acranial
a.
• Wanting a skull.
Acraspeda
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of acalephs, including most of the larger jellyfishes; the Discophora.
Acre
n.
• Any field of arable or pasture land.
• A piece of land, containing 160 square rods, or 4,840 square yards, or 43,560 square feet. This is the English statute acre. That of the United States is the same. The Scotch acre was about 1.26 of the English, and the Irish 1.62 of the English.
Acreable
a.
• Of an acre; per acre; as, the acreable produce.
Acreage
n.
• Acres collectively; as, the acreage of a farm or a country.
Acred
a.
• Possessing acres or landed property; — used in composition; as, large-acred men.
Acrid
a.
• Sharp and harsh, or bitter and not, to the taste; pungent; as, acrid salts.
• Causing heat and irritation; corrosive; as, acrid secretions.
• Caustic; bitter; bitterly irritating; as, acrid temper, mind, writing.
Acridly
adv.
• In an acid manner.
Acrimonious
a.
• Acrid; corrosive; as, acrimonious gall.
• Caustic; bitter-tempered' sarcastic; as, acrimonious dispute, language, temper.
Acrimoniously
adv.
• In an acrimonious manner.
Acrimoniousness
n.
• The quality of being acrimonious; asperity; acrimony.
Acrimony
n.
• A quality of bodies which corrodes or destroys others; also, a harsh or biting sharpness; as, the acrimony of the juices of certain plants.
• Sharpness or severity, as of language or temper; irritating bitterness of disposition or manners.
Acrita
n. pl.
(Zool.) The lowest groups of animals, in which no nervous system has been observed.
Acritan
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Acrita. — n. An individual of the Acrita.
Acrite
a.
(Zool.) Acritan.
Acritical
a.
(Med.) Having no crisis; giving no indications of a crisis; as, acritical symptoms, an acritical abscess.
Acritochromacy
n.
• Color blindness; achromatopsy.
Acritude
n.
• Acridity; pungency joined with heat.
Acrity
n.
• Sharpness; keenness.
Acroatic
a.
• Same as Acroamatic.
Acrobat
n.
• One who practices rope dancing, high vaulting, or other daring gymnastic feats.
Acrobatic
a.
• Pertaining to an acrobat.
Acrobatism
n.
• Feats of the acrobat; daring gymnastic feats; high vaulting.
Acrocarpous
a.
(Bot.) Having a terminal fructification; having the fruit at the end of the stalk.
• Having the fruit stalks at the end of a leafy stem, as in certain mosses.
Acrocephalic
a.
• Characterized by a high skull.
Acrocephaly
n.
• Loftiness of skull.
Acroceraunian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the high mountain range of "thunder-smitten" peaks (now Kimara), between Epirus and Macedonia.
Acrodactylum
n.
(Zool.) The upper surface of the toes, individually.
Acrodont
n.
(Zool.) One of a group of lizards having the teeth immovably united to the top of the alveolar ridge. — a. Of or pertaining to the acrodonts.
Acrogen
n.
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the highest class of cryptograms, including the ferns, etc.
Acrogenous
a.
(Bot.) Increasing by growth from the extremity; as, an acrogenous plant.
Acrolein
n.
(Chem.) A limpid, colorless, highly volatile liquid, obtained by the dehydration of glycerin, or the destructive distillation of neutral fats containing glycerin. Its vapors are intensely irritating.
Acrolith
n.
(Arch. & Sculp.) A statue whose extremities are of stone, the trunk being generally of wood.
Acromegaly
n.
(Med.) Chronic enlargement of the extremities and face.
Acromial
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the acromion.
Acromion
n.
(Anat.) The outer extremity of the shoulder blade.
Acromonogrammatic
a.
• Having each verse begin with the same letter as that with which the preceding verse ends.
Acronycally
adv.
• In an acronycal manner as rising at the setting of the sun, and vise versa.
Acronyctous
a.
(Astron.) Acronycal.
Acrook
adv.
• Crookedly.
Acropetal
a.
(Bot.) Developing from below towards the apex, or from the circumference towards the center; centripetal; — said of certain inflorescence.
Acropodium
n.
(Zool.) The entire upper surface of the foot.
Acropolis
n.
• The upper part, or the citadel, of a Grecian city; especially, the citadel of Athens.
Acropolitan
a.
• Pertaining to an acropolis.
Acrospire
n.
(Bot.) The sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; — so called from its spiral form.
v. i.
• To put forth the first sprout.
Acrospore
n.
(Bot.) A spore borne at the extremity of the cells of fructification in fungi.
Acrosporous
a.
• Having acrospores.
Across
prep.
• From side to side; athwart; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length; quite over; as, a bridge laid across a river.
adv.
• From side to side; crosswise; as, with arms folded across.
• Obliquely; athwart; amiss; awry.
Acrostic
n.
• A composition, usually in verse, in which the first or the last letters of the lines, or certain other letters, taken in order, form a name, word, phrase, or motto.
• A Hebrew poem in which the lines or stanzas begin with the letters of the alphabet in regular order, as Psalm cxix.
Acrostically
adv.
• After the manner of an acrostic.
Acrotarsium
n.
(Zool.) The instep or front of the tarsus.
Acroteleutic
n.
(Eccles.) The end of a verse or psalm, or something added thereto, to be sung by the people, by way of a response.
Acroter
n.
(Arch.) Same as Acroterium.
Acroterial
a.
• Pertaining to an acroterium; as, ornaments.
Acroterium
n.
(Arch.) One of the small pedestals, for statues or other ornaments, placed on the apex and at the basal angles of a pediment. Acroteria are also sometimes placed upon the gables in Gothic architecture.
• One of the pedestals, for vases or statues, forming a part roof balustrade.
Acrotic
a.
(Med.) Pertaining to or affecting the surface.
Acrotism
n.
(Med.) Lack or defect of pulsation.
Acrotomous
a.
(Min.) Having a cleavage parallel with the base.
Acrylic
a.
(Chem.) Of or containing acryl, the hypothetical radical of which acrolein is the hydride; as, acrylic acid.
Act
n.
• That which is done or doing; the exercise of power, or the effect, of which power exerted is the cause; a performance; a deed.
• The result of public deliberation; the decision or determination of a legislative body, council, court of justice, etc.; a decree, edit, law, judgment, resolve, award; as, an act of Parliament, or of Congress.
• A formal solemn writing, expressing that something has been done.
• A performance of part of a play; one of the principal divisions of a play or dramatic work in which a certain definite part of the action is completed.
• A thesis maintained in public, in some English universities, by a candidate for a degree, or to show the proficiency of a student.
• A state of reality or real existence as opposed to a possibility or possible existence.
• Process of doing; action. In act, in the very doing; on the point of (doing).
v. t.
• To move to action; to actuate; to animate.
• To perform; to execute; to do.
• To perform, as an actor; to represent dramatically on the stage.
• To assume the office or character of; to play; to personate; as, to act the hero.
• To feign or counterfeit; to simulate.
v. i.
• To exert power; to produce an effect; as, the stomach acts upon food.
• To perform actions; to fulfill functions; to put forth energy; to move, as opposed to remaining at rest; to carry into effect a determination of the will.
• To behave or conduct, as in morals, private duties, or public offices; to bear or deport one's self; as, we know not why he has acted so.
• To perform on the stage; to represent a character.
Actable
a.
• Capable of being acted.
Actinal
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the part of a radiate animal which contains the mouth.
Actinaria
n. pl.
(Zool.) A large division of Anthozoa, including those which have simple tentacles and do not form stony corals. Sometimes, in a wider sense, applied to all the Anthozoa, expert the Alcyonaria, whether forming corals or not.
Acting
a.
• Operating in any way.
• Doing duty for another; officiating; as, an superintendent.
Actinia
n.
(Zool.) An animal of the class Anthozoa, and family Actinidae. From a resemblance to flowers in form and color, they are often called animal flowers and sea anemones. [See Polyp.].
• A genus in the family Actinidae.
Actinic
a.
• Of or pertaining to actinism; as, actinic rays.
Actiniform
a.
• Having a radiated form, like a sea anemone.
Actinism
n.
• The property of radiant energy (found chiefly in solar or electric light) by which chemical changes are produced, as in photography.
Actinium
n.
(Chem.) A supposed metal, said by Phipson to be contained in commercial zinc; — so called because certain of its compounds are darkened by exposure to light.
Actinograph
n.
• An instrument for measuring and recording the variations in the actinic or chemical force of rays of light.
Actinoid
a.
• Having the form of rays; radiated, as an actinia.
Actinolite
n.
(Min.) A bright green variety of amphibole occurring usually in fibrous or columnar masses.
Actinolitic
a.
(Min.) Of the nature of, or containing, actinolite.
Actinology
n.
• The science which treats of rays of light, especially of the actinic or chemical rays.
Actinomere
n.
(Zool.) One of the radial segments composing the body of one of the Coelenterata.
Actinometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the direct heating power of the sun's rays.
• An instrument for measuring the actinic effect of rays of light.
Actinometric
a.
• Pertaining to the measurement of the intensity of the solar rays, either (a) heating, or (b) actinic.
Actinometry
n.
• The measurement of the force of solar radiation.
• The measurement of the chemical or actinic energy of light.
Actinophorous
a.
• Having straight projecting spines.
Actinosome
n.
(Zool.) The entire body of a coelenterate.
Actinost
n.
(Anat.) One of the bones at the base of a paired fin of a fish.
Actinostome
n.
(Zool.) The mouth or anterior opening of a coelenterate animal.
Actinotrocha
n. pl.
(Zool.) A peculiar larval form of Phoronis, a genus of marine worms, having a circle of ciliated tentacles.
Actinozoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Coelenterata, comprising the Anthozoa Ctenophora. The sea anemone, or actinia, is a familiar example.
Actinozoal
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Actinozoa.
Actinozoon
n.
(Zool.) One of the Actinozoa.
Actinula
n. pl.
(Zool.) A kind of embryo of certain hydroids (Tubularia), having a stellate form.
Action
n.
• A process or condition of acting or moving, as opposed to rest; the doing of something; exertion of power or force, as when one body acts on another; the effect of power exerted on one body by another; agency; activity; operation; as, the action of heat; a man of action.
• An act; a thing done; a deed; an enterprise. (pl.): Habitual deeds; hence, conduct; behavior; demeanor.
• The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.
• Movement; as, the horse has a spirited action.
(Mech.) Effective motion; also, mechanism; as, the breech action of a gun.
(Physiol.) Any one of the active processes going on in an organism; the performance of a function; as, the action of the heart, the muscles, or the gastric juice.
(Orat.) Gesticulation; the external deportment of the speaker, or the suiting of his attitude, voice, gestures, and countenance, to the subject, or to the feelings.
(Paint. & Sculp.) The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.
(Law) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of a right in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense.
• A right of action; as, the law gives an action for every claim.
(Com.) A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds; hence, in the plural, equivalent to stocks.
• An engagement between troops in war, whether on land or water; a battle; a fight; as, a general action, a partial action.
(Music) The mechanical contrivance by means of which the impulse of the player's finger is transmitted to the strings of a pianoforte or to the valve of an organ pipe.
Actionable
a.
• That may be the subject of an action or suit at law; as, to call a man a thief is actionable.
Actionably
adv.
• In an actionable manner.
Actionless
a.
• Void of action.
Activate
v. t.
• To make active.
Active
a.
• Having the power or quality of acting; causing change; communicating action or motion; acting; — opposed to passive, that receives; as, certain active principles; the powers of the mind.
• Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble; as, an active child or animal.
• In action; actually proceeding; working; in force; — opposed to quiescent, dormant, or extinct; as, active laws; active hostilities; an active volcano.
• Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent; busy; — opposed to dull, sluggish, indolent, or inert; as, an active man of business; active mind; active zeal.
• Requiring or implying action or exertion; — opposed to sedentary or to tranquil; as, active employment or service; active scenes.
• Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative; — opposed to speculative or theoretical; as, an active rather than a speculative statesman.
• Brisk; lively; as, an active demand for corn.
• Implying or producing rapid action; as, an active disease; an active remedy.
(Gram.) Applied to a form of the verb; — opposed to passive.
• Applied to verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects something else; transitive.
• Applied to all verbs that express action as distinct from mere existence or state.
Actively
adv.
• In an active manner; nimbly; briskly; energetically; also, by one's own action; voluntarily, not passively.
(Gram.) In an active signification; as, a word used actively.
Activeness
n.
• The quality of being active; nimbleness; quickness of motion; activity.
Activity
n.
• The state or quality of being active; nimbleness; agility; vigorous action or operation; energy; active force; as, an increasing variety of human activities.
Actless
a.
• Without action or spirit.
Acton
n.
• A stuffed jacket worn under the mail, or (later) a jacket plated with mail.
Actor
n.
• One who acts, or takes part in any affair; a doer.
• A theatrical performer; a stageplayer.
(Law) An advocate or proctor in civil courts or causes.
• One who institutes a suit; plaintiff or complainant.
Actress
n.
• A female actor or doer.
• A female stageplayer; a woman who acts a part.
Actual
a.
• Involving or comprising action; active.
• Existing in act or reality; really acted or acting; in fact; real; — opposed to potential, possible, virtual, speculative, coceivable, theoretical, or nominal; as, the actual cost of goods; the actual case under discussion.
• In action at the time being; now exiting; present; as the actual situation of the country.
n.
(Finance) Something actually received; real, as distinct from estimated, receipts.
Actualist
n.
• One who deals with or considers actually existing facts and conditions, rather than fancies or theories; — opposed to idealist.
Actuality
n.
• The state of being actual; reality; as, the actuality of God's nature.
Actualization
n.
• A making actual or really existent.
Actualize
v. t.
• To make actual; to realize in action.
Actually
adv.
• Actively.
• In act or in fact; really; in truth; positively.
Actualness
n.
• Quality of being actual; actuality.
Actuarial
a.
• Of or pertaining to actuaries; as, the actuarial value of an annuity.
Actuary
n.
(Law) A registar or clerk; — used originally in courts of civil law jurisdiction, but in Europe used for a clerk or registar generally.
• The computing official of an insurance company; one whose profession it is to calculate for insurance companies the risks and premiums for life, fire, and other insurances.
Actuate
v. t.
• To put into action or motion; to move or incite to action; to influence actively; to move as motives do; — more commonly used of persons.
• To carry out in practice; to perform.
a.
• Put in action; actuated.
Actuation
n.
• A bringing into action; movement.
Actuator
n.
• One who actuates, or puts into action.
Actuose
a.
• Very active.
Actuosity
n.
• Abundant activity.
Acture
n.
• Action.
Acturience
n.
• Tendency or impulse to act.
Acuate
v. t.
• To sharpen; to make pungent; to quicken.
a.
• Sharpened; sharp-pointed.
Acuation
n.
• Act of sharpening.
Acuition
n.
• The act of sharpening.
Acuity
n.
• Sharpness or acuteness, as of a needle, wit, etc.
Aculeate
a.
(Zool.) Having a sting; covered with prickles; sharp like a prickle.
(Bot.) Having prickles, or sharp points; beset with prickles.
• Severe or stinging; incisive.
Aculeated
a.
• Having a sharp point; armed with prickles; prickly; aculeate.
Aculeiform
a.
• Like a prickle.
Aculeolate
a.
(Bot.) Having small prickles or sharp points.
Aculeous
a.
• Aculeate.
Aculeus
n.
(Bot.) A prickle growing on the bark, as in some brambles and roses.
(Zool.) A sting.
Acumen
n.
• Quickness of perception or discernment; penetration of mind; the faculty of nice discrimination.
Acuminate
a.
• Tapering to a point; pointed; as, acuminate leaves, teeth, etc.
v. t.
• To render sharp or keen.
v. i.
• To end in, or come to, a sharp point.
Acumination
n.
• A sharpening; termination in a sharp point; a tapering point.
Acuminose
a.
• Terminating in a flat, narrow end.
Acuminous
a.
• Characterized by acumen; keen.
Acupressure
n.
(Surg.) A mode of arresting hemorrhage resulting from wounds or surgical operations, by passing under the divided vessel a needle, the ends of which are left exposed externally on the cutaneous surface.
Acupuncture
n.
• Pricking with a needle; a needle prick
(Med.) The insertion of needles into the living tissues for remedial purposes.
v. t.
• To treat with acupuncture.
Acutangular
a.
• Acute-angled.
Acute
a.
• Sharp at the end; ending in a sharp point; pointed; — opposed to blunt or obtuse; as, an acute angle; an acute leaf.
• Having nice discernment; perceiving or using minute distinctions; penetrating; clever; shrewd; — opposed to dull or stupid; as, an acute observer; acute remarks, or reasoning.
• Having nice or quick sensibility; susceptible to slight impressions; acting keenly on the senses; sharp; keen; intense; as, a man of acute eyesight, hearing, or feeling; acute pain or pleasure.
• High, or shrill, in respect to some other sound; — opposed to grave or low; as, an acute tone or accent.
(Med.) Attended with symptoms of some degree of severity, and coming speedily to a crisis; — opposed to chronic; as, an acute disease.
v. t.
• To give an acute sound to; as, he acutes his rising inflection too much.
Acuteangled
a.
• Having acute angles; as, an acute-angled triangle, a triangle with every one of its angles less than a right angle.
Acutely
adv.
• In an acute manner; sharply; keenly; with nice discrimination.
Acuteness
n.
• The quality of being acute or pointed; sharpness; as, the acuteness of an angle.
• The faculty of nice discernment or perception; acumen; keenness; sharpness; sensitiveness; — applied to the senses, or the understanding. By acuteness of feeling, we perceive small objects or slight impressions: by acuteness of intellect, we discern nice distinctions.
• Shrillness; high pitch; — said of sounds.
(Med.) Violence of a disease, which brings it speedily to a crisis.
Acutifoliate
a.
(Bot.) Having sharp-pointed leaves.
Acutilobate
a.
(Bot.) Having acute lobes, as some leaves.
Adact
v. t.
• To compel; to drive.
Adage
n.
• An old saying, which has obtained credit by long use; a proverb.
Adagial
a.
• Pertaining to an adage; proverbial.
Adagio
a. & adv.
(Mus.) Slow; slowly, leisurely, and gracefully. When repeated, adagio, adagio, it directs the movement to be very slow.
n.
• A piece of music in adagio time; a slow movement; as, an adagio of Haydn.
Adam
n.
• The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the human race.
(As a symbol) "Original sin;" human frailty.
Adamant
n.
• A stone imagined by some to be of impenetrable hardness; a name given to the diamond and other substance of extreme hardness; but in modern minerology it has no technical signification. It is now a rhetorical or poetical name for the embodiment of impenetrable hardness.
• Lodestone; magnet.
Adamantean
a.
• Of adamant; hard as adamant.
Adamantine
a.
• Made of adamant, or having the qualities of adamant; incapable of being broken, dissolved, or penetrated; as, adamantine bonds or chains.
(Min.) Like the diamond in hardness or luster.
Adambulacral
a.
(Zool.) Next to the ambulacra; as, the adambulacral ossicles of the starfish.
Adamite
n.
• A descendant of Adam; a human being.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of visionaries, who, professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use of dress in their assemblies.
Adance
adv.
• Dancing.
Adangle
adv.
• Dangling.
Adansonia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of great trees related to the Bombax. There are two species, A. digitata, the baobab or monkey-bread of Africa and India, and A. Gregorii, the sour gourd or cream-of-tartar tree of Australia. Both have a trunk of moderate height, but of enormous diameter, and a wide-spreading head. The fruit is oblong, and filled with pleasantly acid pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is used by the natives for making ropes and cloth.
Adapt
a.
• Fitted; suited.
v. t.
• To make suitable; to fit, or suit; to adjust; to alter so as to fit for a new use; — sometimes followed by to or for.
Adaptable
a.
• Capable of being adapted.
Adaptation
n.
• The act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of being adapted or fitted; fitness.
• The result of adapting; an adapted form.
Adaptative
a.
• Adaptive.
Adaptedness
n.
• The state or quality of being adapted; suitableness; special fitness.
Adapter
n.
• One who adapts.
(Chem.) A connecting tube; an adopter.
Adaption
n.
• Adaptation.
Adaptive
a.
• Suited, given, or tending, to adaptation; characterized by adaptation; capable of adapting.
Adaptiveness
n.
• The quality of being adaptive; capacity to adapt.
Adaptly
adv.
• In a suitable manner.
Adaptness
n.
• Adaptedness.
Adaptorial
a.
• Adaptive.
Adar
n.
• The twelfth month of the Hebrew ecclesiastical year, and the sixth of the civil. It corresponded nearly with March.
Adarce
n.
• A saltish concretion on reeds and grass in marshy grounds in Galatia. It is soft and porous, and was formerly used for cleansing the skin from freckles and tetters, and also in leprosy.
Adatis
n.
• A fine cotton cloth of India.
Adaunt
v. t.
• To daunt; to subdue; to mitigate.
Adaw
v. t.
• To subdue; to daunt.
v. t. & i.
• To awaken; to arouse.
Adays
adv.
• By day, or every day; in the daytime.
Add
v. t.
• To give by way of increased possession (to any one); to bestow (on).
• To join or unite, as one thing to another, or as several particulars, so as to increase the number, augment the quantity, enlarge the magnitude, or so as to form into one aggregate. Hence: To sum up; to put together mentally; as, to add numbers; to add up a column.
• To append, as a statement; to say further.
v. i.
• To make an addition. To add to, to augment; to increase; as, it adds to our anxiety.
• To perform the arithmetical operation of addition; as, he adds rapidly.
Addable
a.
• Addible.
Addax
n.
(Zool.) One of the largest African antelopes (Hippotragus, or Oryx, nasomaculatus).
Addeem
v. t.
• To award; to adjudge.
Addendum
n.
• A thing to be added; an appendix or addition.
Adder
n.
• One who, or that which, adds; esp., a machine for adding numbers.
n.
• A serpent.
(Zool.) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera (or Pelias) berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of Clotho.
• In America, the term is commonly applied to several harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder, etc.
• Same as Sea Adder.
Adderwort
n.
(Bot.) The common bistort or snakeweed (Polygonum bistorta).
Addibility
n.
• The quantity of being addible; capability of addition.
Addible
a.
• Capable of being added.
Addict
p. p.
• Addicted; devoted.
v. t.
• To apply habitually; to devote; to habituate; — with to.
• To adapt; to make suitable; to fit.
Addictedness
n.
• The quality or state of being addicted; attachment.
Addiction
n.
• The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination.
Additament
n.
• An addition, or a thing added.
Addition
n.
• The act of adding two or more things together; — opposed to subtraction or diminution.
• Anything added; increase; augmentation; as, a piazza is an addition to a building.
(Math.) That part of arithmetic which treats of adding numbers.
(Mus.) A dot at the right side of a note as an indication that its sound is to be lengthened one half.
(Law) A title annexed to a man's name, to identify him more precisely; as, John Doe, Esq.; Richard Roe, Gent.; Robert Dale, Mason; Thomas Way, of New York; a mark of distinction; a title.
(Her.) Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; — opposed to abatement.
Additional
a.
• Added; supplemental; in the way of an addition.
n.
• Something added.
Additionally
adv.
• By way of addition.
Additionary
a.
• Additional.
Addititious
a.
• Additive.
Additive
a.
(Math.) Proper to be added; positive; — opposed to subtractive.
Additory
a.
• Tending to add; making some addition.
Addle
n.
• Liquid filth; mire.
• Lees; dregs.
a.
• Having lost the power of development, and become rotten, as eggs; putrid. Hence: Unfruitful or confused, as brains; muddled.
v. t. & i.
• To make addle; to grow addle; to muddle; as, he addled his brain.
v. t. & i.
• To earn by labor.
• To thrive or grow; to ripen.
Addlings
n. pl.
• Earnings.
Addoom
v. t.
• To adjudge.
Addorsed
a.
(Her.) Set or turned back to back.
Address
v. t.
• To aim; to direct.
• To prepare or make ready.
• Reflexively: To prepare one's self; to apply one's skill or energies (to some object); to betake.
• To clothe or array; to dress.
• To direct, as words (to any one or any thing); to make, as a speech, petition, etc. (to any one, an audience).
• To direct speech to; to make a communication to, whether spoken or written; to apply to by words, as by a speech, petition, etc., to speak to; to accost.
• To direct in writing, as a letter; to superscribe, or to direct and transmit; as, he addressed a letter.
• To make suit to as a lover; to court; to woo.
(Com.) To consign or intrust to the care of another, as agent or factor; as, the ship was addressed to a merchant in Baltimore.
v. i.
• To prepare one's self.
• To direct speech.
n.
• Act of preparing one's self.
• Act of addressing one's self to a person; verbal application.
• A formal communication, either written or spoken; a discourse; a speech; a formal application to any one; a petition; a formal statement on some subject or special occasion; as, an address of thanks, an address to the voters.
• Direction or superscription of a letter, or the name, title, and place of residence of the person addressed.
• Manner of speaking to another; delivery; as, a man of pleasing or insinuating address.
• Attention in the way one's addresses to a lady.
• Skill; skillful management; dexterity; adroitness.
Addressee
n.
• One to whom anything is addressed.
Addression
n.
• The act of addressing or directing one's course.
Adduce
v. t.
• To bring forward or offer, as an argument, passage, or consideration which bears on a statement or case; to cite; to allege.
Adducent
a.
(Physiol.) Bringing together or towards a given point; — a word applied to those muscles of the body which pull one part towards another. Opposed to abducent.
Adducer
n.
• One who adduces.
Adducible
a.
• Capable of being adduced.
Adduct
v. t.
(Physiol.) To draw towards a common center or a middle line.
Adduction
n.
• The act of adducing or bringing forward.
(Physiol.) The action by which the parts of the body are drawn towards its axis]; — opposed to abduction.
Adductive
a.
• Adducing, or bringing towards or to something.
Adductor
n.
(Anat.) A muscle which draws a limb or part of the body toward the middle line of the body, or closes extended parts of the body; — opposed to abductor; as, the adductor of the eye, which turns the eye toward the nose.
Addulce
v. t.
• To sweeten; to soothe.
Adeem
v. t.
(Law) To revoke, as a legacy, grant, etc., or to satisfy it by some other gift.
Adelantadillo
n.
• A Spanish red wine made of the first ripe grapes.
Adelantado
n.
• A governor of a province; a commander.
Adelaster
n.
(Bot.) A provisional name for a plant which has not had its flowers botanically examined, and therefore has not been referred to its proper genus.
Adeling
n.
• Same as Atheling.
Adelocodonic
a.
(Zool.) Applied to sexual zooids of hydroids, that have a saclike form and do not become free; — opposed to phanerocodonic.
Adelopod
n.
(Zool.) An animal having feet that are not apparent.
Adelphia
n.
(Bot.) A "brotherhood," or collection of stamens in a bundle; — used in composition, as in the class names, Monadelphia, Diadelphia, etc.
Adelphous
a.
(Bot.) Having coalescent or clustered filaments; — said of stamens; as, adelphous stamens. Usually in composition; as, monadelphous.
Adempt
p. p.
• Takes away.
Ademption
n.
(Law) The revocation or taking away of a grant donation, legacy, or the like.
Adeniform
a.
• Shaped like a gland; adenoid.
Adenitis
n.
(Med.) Glandular inflammation.
Adenographic
a.
• Pertaining to adenography.
Adenography
n.
• That part of anatomy which describes the glands.
Adenological
a.
• Pertaining to adenology.
Adenology
n.
• The part of physiology that treats of the glands.
Adenophorous
a.
(Bot.) Producing glands.
Adenophyllous
a.
(Bot.) Having glands on the leaves.
Adenose
a.
• Like a gland; full of glands; glandulous; adenous.
Adenotomic
a.
• Pertaining to adenotomy.
Adenotomy
n.
(Anat.) Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands.
Adenous
a.
• Same as Adenose.
Adepescent
a.
• Becoming fatty.
Adeps
n.
• Animal fat; lard.
Adept
n.
• One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.
a.
• Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient.
Adeption
n.
• An obtaining; attainment.
Adeptist
n.
• A skilled alchemist.
Adeptness
n.
• The quality of being adept; skill.
Adequacy
n.
• The state or quality of being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the expenditure.
Adequate
a.
• Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a great work; an adequate definition.
v. t.
• To equalize; to make adequate.
• To equal.
Adequately
adv.
• In an adequate manner.
Adequateness
n.
• The quality of being adequate; suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.
Adequation
n.
• The act of equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent.
Adesmy
n.
(Bot.) The division or defective coherence of an organ that is usually entire.
Adessenarian
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One who held the real presence of Christ's body in the eucharist, but not by transubstantiation.
Adhamant
a.
• Clinging, as by hooks.
Adhere
v. i.
• To stick fast or cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere to the pleura.
• To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a church.
• To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to agree.
Adherence
n.
• The quality or state of adhering.
• The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to opinions.
Adherency
n.
• The state or quality of being adherent; adherence.
• That which adheres.
Adherent
a.
• Sticking; clinging; adhering.
• Attached as an attribute or circumstance.
(Bot.) Congenitally united with an organ of another kind, as calyx with ovary, or stamens with petals.
n.
• One who adheres; one who adheres; one who follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church.
• That which adheres; an appendage.
Adherently
adv.
• In an adherent manner.
Adherer
n.
• One who adheres; an adherent.
Adhesion
n.
• The action of sticking; the state of being attached; intimate union; as the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement, or the like.
• Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, to error, to a policy.
• Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent.
(Physics) The molecular attraction exerted between bodies in contact.
(Med.) Union of surface, normally separate, by the formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory process.
(Bot.) The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in younger states of the same plant.
Adhesive
a.
• Sticky; tenacious, as glutinous substances.
• Apt or tending to adhere; clinging.
Adhesively
adv.
• In an adhesive manner.
Adhesiveness
n.
• The quality of sticking or adhering; stickiness; tenacity of union.
(Phren.) Propensity to form and maintain attachments to persons, and to promote social intercourse.
Adhibit
v. t.
• To admit, as a person or thing; to take in.
• To use or apply; to administer.
• To attach; to affix.
Adhibition
n.
• The act of adhibiting; application; use.
Adhort
v. t.
• To exhort; to advise.
Adhortation
n.
• Advice; exhortation.
Adhortatory
a.
• Containing counsel or warning; hortatory; advisory.
Adiabatic
a.
(Physics) Not giving out or receiving heat.
Adiactinic
a.
(Chem.) Not transmitting the actinic rays.
Adiantum
n.
(Bot.) A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of spleenwort.
Adiaphorism
n.
• Religious indifference.
Adiaphorist
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical.
Adiaphoristic
a.
• Pertaining to matters indifferent in faith and practice.
Adiaphorite
n.
• Same as Adiaphorist.
Adiaphorous
a.
• Indifferent or neutral.
(Med.) Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some medicines.
Adiaphory
n.
• Indifference.
Adiathermic
a.
• Not pervious to heat.
Adieu
interj. & adv.
• Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes at parting.
n.
• A farewell; commendation to the care of God at parting.
Adight
v. t.
• To set in order; to array; to attire; to deck, to dress.
Adile
n.
• A magistrate in ancient Rome, who had the superintendence of public buildings, highways, shows, etc.; hence, a municipal officer.
Adileship
n.
• The office of an aedile.
Adipic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, fatty or oily substances; — applied to certain acids obtained from fats by the action of nitric acid.
Adipocerate
v. t.
• To convert adipocere.
Adipoceration
n.
• The act or process of changing into adipocere.
Adipocere
n.
• A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty degeneration.
Adipoceriform
a.
• Having the form or appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor.
Adipocerous
a.
• Like adipocere.
Adipose
a.
• Of or pertaining to animal fat; fatty.
Adipous
a.
• Fatty; adipose.
Adipsous
a.
• Quenching thirst, as certain fruits.
Adipsy
n.
(Med.) Absence of thirst.
Adit
n.
• An entrance or passage. Specifically: The nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by which water and ores are carried away; — called also drift and tunnel.
• Admission; approach; access.
Adjacent
a.
• Lying near, close, or contiguous; neighboring; bordering on; as, a field adjacent to the highway.
n.
• That which is adjacent.
Adjacently
adv.
• So as to be adjacent.
Adject
v. t.
• To add or annex; to join.
Adjection
n.
• The act or mode of adding; also, the thing added.
Adjectional
a.
• Pertaining to adjection; that is, or may be, annexed.
Adjectitious
• Added; additional.
Adjectival
a.
• Of or relating to the relating to the adjective; of the nature of an adjective; adjective.
Adjectivally
adv.
• As, or in the manner of, an adjective; adjectively.
Adjective
a.
• Added to a substantive as an attribute; of the nature of an adjunct; as, an word sentence.
• Not standing by itself; dependent.
• Relating to procedure.
n.
(Gram.) A word used with a noun, or substantive, to express a quality of the thing named, or something attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or describe a thing, as distinct from something else. Thus, in phrase, "a wise ruler," wise is the adjective, expressing a property of ruler.
• A dependent; an accessory.
v. t.
• To make an adjective of; to form or change into an adjective.
Adjectively
adv.
• In the manner of an adjective; as, a word used adjectively.
Adjoin
v. t.
• To join or unite to; to lie contiguous to; to be in contact with; to attach; to append.
v. i.
• To lie or be next, or in contact; to be contiguous; as, the houses adjoin.
• To join one's self.
Adjoinant
a.
• Contiguous.
Adjoining
a.
• Joining to; contiguous; adjacent; as, an adjoining room.
Adjoint
n.
• An adjunct; a helper.
Adjourn
v. t.
• To put off or defer to another day, or indefinitely; to postpone; to close or suspend for the day; — commonly said of the meeting, or the action, of convened body; as, to adjourn the meeting; to adjourn a debate.
v. i.
• To suspend business for a time, as from one day to another, or for a longer period, or indefinitely; usually, to suspend public business, as of legislatures and courts, or other convened bodies; as, congress adjourned at four o'clock; the court adjourned without day.
Adjournal
n.
• Adjournment; postponement.
Adjournment
n.
• The act of adjourning; the putting off till another day or time specified, or without day.
• The time or interval during which a public body adjourns its sittings or postpones business.
Adjudge
v. t.
• To award judicially in the case of a controverted question; as, the prize was adjudged to the victor.
• To determine in the exercise of judicial power; to decide or award judicially; to adjudicate; as, the case was adjudged in the November term.
• To sentence; to condemn.
• To regard or hold; to judge; to deem.
Adjudger
n.
• One who adjudges.
Adjudgment
n.
• The act of adjudging; judicial decision; adjudication.
Adjudicate
v. t.
• To adjudge; to try and determine, as a court; to settle by judicial decree.
v. i.
• To come to a judicial decision; as, the court adjudicated upon the case.
Adjudication
n.
• The act of adjudicating; the act or process of trying and determining judicially.
• A deliberate determination by the judicial power; a judicial decision or sentence.
(Bankruptcy practice) The decision upon the question whether the debtor is a bankrupt.
(Scots Law) A process by which land is attached security or in satisfaction of a debt.
Adjudicative
a.
• Adjudicating.
Adjudicator
n.
• One who adjudicates.
Adjudicature
n.
• Adjudication.
Adjugate
v. t.
• To yoke to.
Adjument
n.
• Help; support; also, a helper.
Adjunct
a.
• Conjoined; attending; consequent.
n.
• Something joined or added to another thing, but not essentially a part of it.
• A person joined to another in some duty or service; a colleague; an associate.
(Gram.) A word or words added to quality or amplify the force of other words; as, the History of the American Revolution, where the words in italics are the adjunct or adjuncts of "History."
(Metaph.) A quality or property of the body or the mind, whether natural or acquired; as, color, in the body, judgment in the mind.
(Mus.) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key.
Adjunction
n.
• The act of joining; the thing joined or added.
Adjunctive
a.
• Joining; having the quality of joining; forming an adjunct.
n.
• One who, or that which, is joined.
Adjunctively
adv.
• In an adjunctive manner.
Adjunctly
adv.
• By way of addition or adjunct; in connection with.
Adjuration
n.
• The act of adjuring; a solemn charging on oath, or under the penalty of a curse; an earnest appeal.
• The form of oath or appeal.
Adjuratory
a.
• Containing an adjuration.
Adjure
v. t.
• To charge, bind, or command, solemnly, as if under oath, or under the penalty of a curse; to appeal to in the most solemn or impressive manner; to entreat earnestly.
Adjurer
n.
• One who adjures.
Adjust
v. t.
• To make exact; to fit; to make correspondent or conformable; to bring into proper relations; as, to adjust a garment to the body, or things to a standard.
• To put in order; to regulate, or reduce to system.
• To settle or bring to a satisfactory state, so that parties are agreed in the result; as, to adjust accounts; the differences are adjusted.
• To bring to a true relative position, as the parts of an instrument; to regulate for use; as, to adjust a telescope or microscope.
Adjustable
a.
• Capable of being adjusted.
Adjustage
n.
• Adjustment.
Adjuster
n.
• One who, or that which, adjusts.
Adjustive
a.
• Tending to adjust.
Adjustment
n.
• The act of adjusting, or condition of being adjusted; act of bringing into proper relations; regulation.
(Law) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling.
• The operation of bringing all the parts of an instrument, as a microscope or telescope, into their proper relative position for use; the condition of being thus adjusted; as, to get a good adjustment; to be in or out of adjustment.
Adjutage
n.
• Same as Ajutage.
Adjutancy
n.
• The office of an adjutant.
• Skillful arrangement in aid; assistance.
Adjutant
n.
• A helper; an assistant.
(Mil.) A regimental staff officer, who assists the colonel, or commanding officer of a garrison or regiment, in the details of regimental and garrison duty.
(Zool.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a native of India; — called also the gigantic crane, and by the native name argala. It is noted for its serpent-destroying habits.
Adjutator
n.
(Eng. Hist.) A corruption of Agitator.
Adjute
v. t.
• To add.
Adjutor
n.
• A helper or assistant.
Adjutory
a.
• Serving to help or assist; helping.
Adjutrix
n.
• A female helper or assistant.
Adjuvant
a.
• Helping; helpful; assisting.
n.
• An assistant.
(Med.) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient.
Adlegation
n.
• A right formerly claimed by the states of the German Empire of joining their own ministers with those of the emperor in public treaties and negotiations to the common interest of the empire.
Admarginate
v. t.
• To write in the margin.
Admaxillary
a.
(Anat.) Near to the maxilla or jawbone.
Admeasure
v. t.
• To measure.
(Law) To determine the proper share of, or the proper apportionment; as, to admeasure dower; to admeasure common of pasture.
• The measure of a thing; dimensions; size.
(Law) Formerly, the adjustment of proportion, or ascertainment of shares, as of dower or pasture held in common. This was by writ of admeasurement, directed to the sheriff.
Admeasurer
n.
• One who admeasures.
Admensuration
n.
• Same as Admeasurement.
Adminicle
n.
• Help or support; an auxiliary.
(Law) Corroborative or explanatory proof.
Adminicular
a.
• Supplying help; auxiliary; corroborative; explanatory; as, adminicular evidence.
Adminiculary
a.
• Adminicular.
Administer
v. t.
• To manage or conduct, as public affairs; to direct or superintend the execution, application, or conduct of; as, to administer the government or the state.
• To dispense; to serve out; to supply; execute; as, to administer relief, to administer the sacrament.
• To apply, as medicine or a remedy; to give, as a dose or something beneficial or suitable. Extended to a blow, a reproof, etc.
• To tender, as an oath.
(Law) To settle, as the estate of one who dies without a will, or whose will fails of an executor.
v. i.
• To contribute; to bring aid or supplies; to conduce; to minister.
(Law) To perform the office of administrator; to act officially; as, A administers upon the estate of B.
n.
• Administrator.
Administerial
a.
• Pertaining to administration, or to the executive part of government.
Administrable
a.
• Capable of being administered; as, an administrable law.
Administrant
a.
• Executive; acting; managing affairs.
n.
• One who administers.
Administrate
v. t.
• To administer.
Administration
n.
• The act of administering; government of public affairs; the service rendered, or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the conducting of any office or employment; direction; management.
• The executive part of government; the persons collectively who are intrusted with the execution of laws and the superintendence of public affairs; the chief magistrate and his cabinet or council; or the council, or ministry, alone, as in Great Britain.
• The act of administering, or tendering something to another; dispensation; as, the administration of a medicine, of an oath, of justice, or of the sacrament.
(Law) The management and disposal, under legal authority, of the estate of an intestate, or of a testator having no competent executor.
• The management of an estate of a deceased person by an executor, the strictly corresponding term execution not being in use.
Administrative
a.
• Pertaining to administration; administering; executive; as, an administrative body, ability, or energy.
Administrator
n.
• One who administers affairs; one who directs, manages, executes, or dispenses, whether in civil, judicial, political, or ecclesiastical affairs; a manager.
(Law) A man who manages or settles the estate of an intestate, or of a testator when there is no competent executor; one to whom the right of administration has been committed by competent authority.
Administratorship
n.
• The position or office of an administrator.
Administratrix
n.
• A woman who administers; esp., one who administers the estate of an intestate, or to whom letters of administration have been granted; a female administrator.
Admirability
n.
• Admirableness.
Admirable
a.
• Fitted to excite wonder; wonderful; marvelous.
• Having qualities to excite wonder united with approbation; deserving the highest praise; most excellent; — used of persons or things.
Admirableness
n.
• The quality of being admirable; wonderful excellence.
Admirably
adv.
• In an admirable manner.
Admiral
n.
• A naval officer of the highest rank; a naval officer of high rank, of which there are different grades. The chief gradations in rank are admiral, vice admiral, and rear admiral. The admiral is the commander in chief of a fleet or of fleets.
• The ship which carries the admiral; also, the most considerable ship of a fleet.
(Zool.) A handsome butterfly (Pyrameis Atalanta) of Europe and America. The larva feeds on nettles.
Admiralship
n.
• The office or position oaf an admiral; also, the naval skill of an admiral.
Admiralty
n.
• The office or jurisdiction of an admiral.
• The department or officers having authority over naval affairs generally.
• The court which has jurisdiction of maritime questions and offenses.
• The system of jurisprudence of admiralty courts.
• The building in which the lords of the admiralty, in England, transact business.
Admirance
n.
• Admiration.
Admiration
n.
• Wonder; astonishment.
• Wonder mingled with approbation or delight; an emotion excited by a person or thing possessed of wonderful or high excellence; as, admiration of a beautiful woman, of a landscape, of virtue.
• Cause of admiration; something to excite wonder, or pleased surprise; a prodigy.
Admirative
a.
• Relating to or expressing admiration or wonder.
Admire
v. t.
• To regard with wonder or astonishment; to view with surprise; to marvel at.
• To regard with wonder and delight; to look upon with an elevated feeling of pleasure, as something which calls out approbation, esteem, love, or reverence; to estimate or prize highly; as, to admire a person of high moral worth, to admire a landscape.
v. i.
• To wonder; to marvel; to be affected with surprise; — sometimes with at.
Admired
a.
• Regarded with wonder and delight; highly prized; as, an admired poem.
• Wonderful; also, admirable.
Admirer
n.
• One who admires; one who esteems or loves greatly.
Admiring
a.
• Expressing admiration; as, an admiring glance.
Admissibility
n.
• The quality of being admissible; admissibleness; as, the admissibility of evidence.
Admissible
a.
• Entitled to be admitted, or worthy of being admitted; that may be allowed or conceded; allowable; as, the supposition is hardly admissible.
Admission
n.
• The act or practice of admitting.
• Power or permission to enter; admittance; entrance; access; power to approach.
• The granting of an argument or position not fully proved; the act of acknowledging something serted; acknowledgment; concession.
(Law) Acquiescence or concurrence in a statement made by another, and distinguishable from a confession in that an admission presupposes prior inquiry by another, but a confession may be made without such inquiry.
• A fact, point, or statement admitted; as, admission made out of court are received in evidence.
(Eng. Eccl. Law) Declaration of the bishop that he approves of the presentee as a fit person to serve the cure of the church to which he is presented.
Admissive
a.
• Implying an admission; tending to admit.
Admissory
a.
• Pertaining to admission.
Admit
v. t.
• To suffer to enter; to grant entrance, whether into a place, or into the mind, or consideration; to receive; to take; as, they were into his house; to admit a serious thought into the mind; to admit evidence in the trial of a cause.
• To give a right of entrance; as, a ticket one into a playhouse.
• To allow (one) to enter on an office or to enjoy a privilege; to recognize as qualified for a franchise; as, to admit an attorney to practice law; the prisoner was admitted to bail.
• To concede as true; to acknowledge or assent to, as an allegation which it is impossible to deny; to own or confess; as, the argument or fact is admitted; he admitted his guilt.
• To be capable of; to permit; as, the words do not admit such a construction. In this sense, of may be used after the verb, or may be omitted.
Admittable
a.
• Admissible.
Admittance
n.
• The act of admitting.
• Permission to enter; the power or right of entrance; also, actual entrance; reception.
• Concession; admission; allowance; as, the admittance of an argument.
• Admissibility.
(Eng. Law) The act of giving possession of a copyhold estate.
Admittatur
n.
• The certificate of admission given in some American colleges.
Admitted
• Received as true or valid; acknowledged.
a.
• Received as true or valid; acknowledged.
adv.
• Confessedly.
Admitter
n.
• One who admits.
Admix
v. t.
• To mingle with something else; to mix.
Admixtion
n.
• A mingling of different things; admixture.
Admixture
n.
• The act of mixing; mixture.
• The compound formed by mixing different substances together.
• That which is mixed with anything.
Admonish
v. t.
• To warn or notify of a fault; to reprove gently or kindly, but seriously; to exhort.
• To counsel against wrong practices; to cation or advise; to warn against danger or an offense; — followed by of, against, or a subordinate clause.
• To instruct or direct; to inform; to notify.
Admonisher
n.
• One who admonishes.
Admonishment
n.
• Admonition.
Admonition
n.
• Gentle or friendly reproof; counseling against a fault or error; expression of authoritative advice; friendly caution or warning.
Admonitioner
n.
• Admonisher.
Admonitive
a.
• Admonitory.
Admonitor
n.
• Admonisher; monitor.
Admonitorial
a.
• Admonitory.
Admonitory
a.
• That conveys admonition; warning or reproving; as, an admonitory glance.
Admonitrix
n.
• A female admonitor.
Admortization
n.
(Law) The reducing or lands or tenements to mortmain.
Admove
v. t.
• To move or conduct to or toward.
Adnascent
a.
• Growing to or on something else.
Adnate
a.
(Physiol.) Grown to congenitally.
(Bot.) Growing together; — said only of organic cohesion of unlike parts.
(Zool.) Growing with one side adherent to a stem; — a term applied to the lateral zooids of corals and other compound animals.
Adnation
n.
(Bot.) The adhesion or cohesion of different floral verticils or sets of organs.
Adnominal
a.
(Gram.) Pertaining to an adnoun; adjectival; attached to a noun.
Adnoun
n.
(Gram.) An adjective, or attribute.
Adnubilated
a.
• Clouded; obscured.
Ado
v. inf.
n.
• To do; in doing; as, there is nothing.
• Doing; trouble; difficulty; troublesome business; fuss; bustle; as, to make a great ado about trifles.
Adobe
n.
• An unburnt brick dried in the sun; also used as an adjective, as, an adobe house, in Texas or New Mexico.
Adolescence
n.
• The state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; youth, or the period of life between puberty and maturity, generally considered to be, in the male sex, from fourteen to twenty-one. Sometimes used with reference to the lower animals.
Adolescency
n.
• The quality of being adolescent; youthfulness.
Adolescent
a.
• Growing; advancing from childhood to maturity.
n.
• A youth.
Adonean
a.
• Pertaining to Adonis; Adonic.
Adonic
a.
• Relating to Adonis, famed for his beauty.
n.
• An Adonic verse.
Adonis
n.
(Gr. Myth.) A youth beloved by Venus for his beauty. He was killed in the chase by a wild boar.
• A preeminently beautiful young man; a dandy.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of the family Ranunculaceae, containing the pheasaut's eye (Adonis autumnalis); — named from Adonis, whose blood was fabled to have stained the flower.
Adonist
n.
• One who maintains that points of the Hebrew word translated "Jehovah" are really the vowel points of the word "Adonai."
Adonize
v. t.
• To beautify; to dandify.
Adopt
v. t.
• To take by choice into relationship, as, child, heir, friend, citizen, etc. ; esp. to take voluntarily (a child of other parents) to be in the place of, or as, one's own child.
• To take or receive as one's own what is not so naturally; to select and take or approve; as, to adopt the view or policy of another; these resolutions were adopted.
Adoptable
a.
• Capable of being adopted.
Adopted
a.
• Taken by adoption; taken up as one's own; as, an adopted son, citizen, country, word.
Adopter
n.
• One who adopts.
(Chem.) A receiver, with two necks, opposite to each other, one of which admits the neck of a retort, and the other is joined to another receiver. It is used in distillations, to give more space to elastic vapors, to increase the length of the neck of a retort, or to unite two vessels whose openings have different diameters.
Adoption
n.
• The act of adopting, or state of being adopted; voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be the same as one's own child.
• Admission to a more intimate relation; reception; as, the adoption of persons into hospitals or monasteries, or of one society into another.
• The choosing and making that to be one's own which originally was not so; acceptance; as, the adoption of opinions.
Adoptionist
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect which maintained that Christ was the Son of God not by nature but by adoption.
Adoptious
a.
• Adopted.
Adoptive
a.
• Pertaining to adoption; made or acquired by adoption; fitted to adopt; as, an adoptive father, an child; an adoptive language.
Adorability
n.
• Adorableness.
Adorable
a.
• Deserving to be adored; worthy of divine honors.
• Worthy of the utmost love or respect.
Adorableness
n.
• The quality of being adorable, or worthy of adoration.
Adorably
adv.
• In an adorable manner.
Adoration
n.
• The act of playing honor to a divine being; the worship paid to God; the act of addressing as a god.
• Homage paid to one in high esteem; profound veneration; intense regard and love; fervent devotion.
• A method of electing a pope by the expression of homage from two thirds of the conclave.
Adore
v. t.
• To worship with profound reverence; to pay divine honors to; to honor as deity or as divine.
• To love in the highest degree; to regard with the utmost esteem and affection; to idolize.
v. t.
• To adorn.
Adorement
n.
• The act of adoring; adoration.
Adorer
n.
• One who adores; a worshiper; one who admires or loves greatly; an ardent admirer.
Adoringly
adv.
• With adoration.
Adorn
v. t.
• To deck or dress with ornaments; to embellish; to set off to advantage; to render pleasing or attractive.
n.
• Adornment.
a.
• Adorned; decorated.
Adornation
n.
• Adornment.
Adorner
n.
• He who, or that which, adorns; a beautifier.
Adorningly
adv.
• By adorning; decoratively.
Adornment
n.
• An adorning; an ornament; a decoration.
Adosculation
n.
(Biol.) Impregnation by external contact, without intromission.
Adown
adv.
• From a higher to a lower situation; downward; down, to or on the ground.
prep.
• Down.
Adrad
p. a.
• Put in dread; afraid.
Adragant
n.
• Gum tragacanth.
Adread
v. t. & i.
• To dread.
Adreamed
p. p.
• Visited by a dream; — used in the phrase, To be adreamed, to dream.
Adrenal
a.
(Anat.) Suprarenal.
Adrian
a.
• Pertaining to the Adriatic Sea; as, Adrian billows.
Adriatic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a sea so named, the northwestern part of which is known as the Gulf of Venice.
Adrift
adv. & a.
• Floating at random; in a drifting condition; at the mercy of wind and waves. Also fig.
Adrip
adv. & a.
• In a dripping state; as, leaves all adrip.
Adrogate
v. t.
(Rom. Law) To adopt (a person who is his own master).
Adrogation
n.
(Rom. Law) A kind of adoption in ancient Rome.
Adroit
a.
• Dexterous in the use of the hands or in the exercise of the mental faculties; exhibiting skill and readiness in avoiding danger or escaping difficulty; ready in invention or execution; — applied to persons and to acts; as, an adroit mechanic, an adroit reply.
Adroitly
adv.
• In an adroit manner.
Adroitness
n.
• The quality of being adroit; skill and readiness; dexterity.
Adry
a.
• In a dry or thirsty condition.
Adscititious
a.
• Supplemental; additional; adventitious; ascititious.
Adscript
a.
• Held to service as attached to the soil; — said of feudal serfs.
n.
• One held to service as attached to the glebe or estate; a feudal serf.
Adscriptive
a.
• Attached or annexed to the glebe or estate and transferable with it.
Adsignification
n.
• Additional signification.
Adsignify
v. t.
• To denote additionally.
Adularia
n.
(Min.) A transparent or translucent variety of common feldspar, or orthoclase, which often shows pearly opalescent reflections; — called by lapidaries moonstone.
Adulate
v. t.
• To flatter in a servile way.
Adulation
n.
• Servile flattery; praise in excess, or beyond what is merited.
Adulator
n.
• A servile or hypocritical flatterer.
Adulatory
a.
• Containing excessive praise or compliment; servilely praising; flattering; as, an adulatory address.
Adulatress
n.
• A woman who flatters with servility.
Adult
a.
• Having arrived at maturity, or to full size and strength; matured; as, an adult person or plant; an adult ape; an adult age.
n.
• A person, animal, or plant grown to full size and strength; one who has reached maturity.
Adulter
v. i.
• To commit adultery; to pollute.
Adulterant
n.
• That which is used to adulterate anything. — a. Adulterating; as, adulterant agents and processes.
Adulterate
v. t.
• To defile by adultery.
• To corrupt, debase, or make impure by an admixture of a foreign or a baser substance; as, to adulterate food, drink, drugs, coin, etc.
v. i.
• To commit adultery.
a.
• Tainted with adultery.
• Debased by the admixture of a foreign substance; adulterated; spurious.
Adulteration
n.
• The act of adulterating; corruption, or debasement (esp. of food or drink) by foreign mixture.
• An adulterated state or product.
Adulterator
n.
• One who adulterates or corrupts.
Adulterer
n.
• A man who commits adultery; a married man who has sexual intercourse with a woman not his wife.
(Script.) A man who violates his religious covenant.
Adulteress
n.
• A woman who commits adultery.
(Script.) A woman who violates her religious engagements.
Adulterine
a.
• Proceeding from adulterous intercourse. Hence: Spurious; without the support of law; illegal.
n.
• An illegitimate child.
Adulterize
v. i.
• To commit adultery.
Adulterous
a.
• Guilty of, or given to, adultery; pertaining to adultery; illicit.
• Characterized by adulteration; spurious.
Adulterously
adv.
• In an adulterous manner.
Adultery
n.
• The unfaithfulness of a married person to the marriage bed; sexual intercourse by a married man with another than his wife, or voluntary sexual intercourse by a married woman with another than her husband.
• Adulteration; corruption.
(Script.) Lewdness or unchastity of thought as well as act, as forbidden by the seventh commandment.
• Faithlessness in religion.
(Old Law) The fine and penalty imposed for the offense of adultery.
(Eccl.) The intrusion of a person into a bishopric during the life of the bishop.
• Injury; degradation; ruin.
Adultness
n.
• The state of being adult.
Adumbrant
a.
• Giving a faint shadow, or slight resemblance; shadowing forth.
Adumbrate
v. t.
• To give a faint shadow or slight representation of; to outline; to shadow forth.
• To overshadow; to shade.
Adumbration
n.
• The act of adumbrating, or shadowing forth.
• A faint sketch; an outline; an imperfect portrayal or representation of a thing.
(Her.) The shadow or outlines of a figure.
Adumbrative
a.
• Faintly representing; typical.
Adunation
n.
• A uniting; union.
Aduncity
n.
• Curvature inwards; hookedness.
Aduncous
a.
• Curved inwards; hooked.
Adure
v. t.
• To burn up.
Adust
a.
• Inflamed or scorched; fiery.
• Looking as if or scorched; sunburnt.
(Med.) Having much heat in the constitution and little serum in the blood. Hence: Atrabilious; sallow; gloomy.
Adusted
a.
• Burnt; adust.
Adustible
a.
• That may be burnt.
Adustion
n.
• The act of burning, or heating to dryness; the state of being thus heated or dried.
(Surg.) Cauterization.
Advance
v. t.
• To bring forward; to move towards the van or front; to make to go on.
• To raise; to elevate.
• To raise to a higher rank; to promote.
• To accelerate the growth or progress; to further; to forward; to help on; to aid; to heighten; as, to advance the ripening of fruit; to advance one's interests.
• To bring to view or notice; to offer or propose; to show; as, to advance an argument.
• To make earlier, as an event or date; to hasten.
• To furnish, as money or other value, before it becomes due, or in aid of an enterprise; to supply beforehand; as, a merchant advances money on a contract or on goods consigned to him.
• To raise to a higher point; to enhance; to raise in rate; as, to advance the price of goods.
• To extol; to laud.
v. i.
• To move or go forward; to proceed; as, he advanced to greet me.
• To increase or make progress in any respect; as, to advance in knowledge, in stature, in years, in price.
• To rise in rank, office, or consequence; to be preferred or promoted.
n.
• The act of advancing or moving forward or upward; progress.
• Improvement or progression, physically, mentally, morally, or socially; as, an advance in health, knowledge, or religion; an advance in rank or office.
• An addition to the price; rise in price or value; as, an advance on the prime cost of goods.
• The first step towards the attainment of a result; approach made to gain favor, to form an acquaintance, to adjust a difference, etc.; an overture; a tender; an offer; — usually in the plural.
• A furnishing of something before an equivalent is received (as money or goods), towards a capital or stock, or on loan; payment beforehand; the money or goods thus furnished; money or value supplied beforehand.
a.
• Before in place, or beforehand in time; — used for advanced; as, an advance guard, or that before the main guard or body of an army; advance payment, or that made before it is due; advance proofs, advance sheets, pages of a forthcoming volume, received in advance of the time of publication.
Advanced
a.
• In the van or front.
• In the front or before others, as regards progress or ideas; as, advanced opinions, advanced thinkers.
• Far on in life or time.
Advancement
n.
• The act of advancing, or the state of being advanced; progression; improvement; furtherance; promotion to a higher place or dignity; as, the advancement of learning.
• An advance of money or value; payment in advance.
(Law) Property given, usually by a parent to a child, in advance of a future distribution.
• Settlement on a wife, or jointure.
Advancer
n.
• One who advances; a promoter.
• A second branch of a buck's antler.
Advancive
a.
• Tending to advance.
Advantage
n.
• Any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end; benefit; as, the enemy had the advantage of a more elevated position.
• Superiority; mastery; — with of or over.
• Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit; gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.
• Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth in the baker's dozen).
v. t.
• To give an advantage to; to further; to promote; to benefit; to profit.
Advantageable
a.
• Advantageous.
Advantageous
a.
• Being of advantage; conferring advantage; gainful; profitable; useful; beneficial; as, an advantageous position; trade is advantageous to a nation.
Advantageously
adv.
• Profitably; with advantage.
Advantageousness
n.
• Profitableness.
Advene
v. i.
• To accede, or come (to); to be added to something or become a part of it, though not essential.
Advenient
a.
• Coming from outward causes; superadded.
Advent
n.
(Eccl.) The period including the four Sundays before Christmas.
• The first or the expected second coming of Christ.
• Coming; any important arrival; approach.
Adventist
n.
• One of a religious body, embracing several branches, who look for the proximate personal coming of Christ; — called also Second Adventists.
Adventitious
a.
• Added extrinsically; not essentially inherent; accidental or causal; additional; supervenient; foreign.
(Nat. Hist.) Out of the proper or usual place; as, adventitious buds or roots.
(Bot.) Accidentally or sparingly spontaneous in a country or district; not fully naturalized; adventive; — applied to foreign plants.
(Med.) Acquired, as diseases; accidental.
Adventive
a.
• Accidental.
(Bot.) Adventitious.
n.
• A thing or person coming from without; an immigrant.
Adventual
a.
• Relating to the season of advent.
Adventure
n.
• That which happens without design; chance; hazard; hap; hence, chance of danger or loss.
• Risk; danger; peril.
• The encountering of risks; hazardous and striking enterprise; a bold undertaking, in which hazards are to be encountered, and the issue is staked upon unforeseen events; a daring feat.
• A remarkable occurrence; a striking event; a stirring incident; as, the adventures of one's life.
• A mercantile or speculative enterprise of hazard; a venture; a shipment by a merchant on his own account.
v. t.
• To risk, or hazard; jeopard; to venture.
• To venture upon; to run the risk of; to dare.
v. i.
• To try the chance; to take the risk.
Adventureful
a.
• Given to adventure.
Adventurer
n.
• One who adventures; as, the merchant adventurers; one who seeks his fortune in new and hazardous or perilous enterprises.
• A social pretender on the lookout for advancement.
Adventuresome
a.
• Full of risk; adventurous; venturesome.
Adventuress
n.
• A female adventurer; a woman who tries to gain position by equivocal means.
Adventurous
a.
• Inclined to adventure; willing to incur hazard; prone to embark in hazardous enterprise; rashly daring; — applied to persons.
• Full of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger; requiring courage; rash; — applied to acts; as, an adventurous undertaking, deed, song.
Adventurously
adv.
• In an adventurous manner; venturesomely; boldly; daringly.
Adventurousness
n.
• The quality or state of being adventurous; daring; venturesomeness.
Adverb
n.
(Gram.) A word used to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually placed near it; as, he writes well; paper extremely white.
Adverbial
a.
• Of or pertaining to an adverb; of the nature of an adverb; as, an adverbial phrase or form.
Adverbiality
n.
• The quality of being adverbial.
Adverbialize
v. t.
• To give the force or form of an adverb to.
Adverbially
adv.
• In the manner of an adverb.
Adversaria
n. pl.
• A miscellaneous collection of notes, remarks, or selections; a commonplace book; also, commentaries or notes.
Adversarious
a.
• Hostile.
Adversary
n.
• One who is turned against another or others with a design to oppose or hostile party; an opponent; an antagonist; an enemy; a foe.
a.
• Opposed; opposite; adverse; antagonistic.
(Law) Having an opposing party; not unopposed; as, an adversary suit.
Adversative
a.
• Expressing contrariety, opposition, or antithesis; as, an adversative conjunction (but, however, yet, etc. ); an adversative force.
n.
• An adversative word.
Adverse
a.
• Acting against, or in a contrary direction; opposed; contrary; opposite; conflicting; as, adverse winds; an adverse party; a spirit adverse to distinctions of caste.
• Opposite.
• In hostile opposition to; unfavorable; unpropitious; contrary to one's wishes; unfortunate; calamitous; afflictive; hurtful; as, adverse fates, adverse circumstances, things adverse.
v. t.
• To oppose; to resist.
Adversely
adv.
• In an adverse manner; inimically; unfortunately; contrariwise.
Adverseness
n.
• The quality or state of being adverse; opposition.
Adversion
n.
• A turning towards; attention.
Adversity
n.
• Opposition; contrariety.
Advert
v. i.
• To turn the mind or attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; — with to; as, he adverted to what was said.
Advertent
a.
• Attentive; heedful; regardful.
Advertise
v. t.
• To give notice to; to inform or apprise; to notify; to make known; hence, to warn; — often followed by of before the subject of information; as, to advertise a man of his loss.
• To give public notice of; to announce publicly, esp. by a printed notice; as, to advertise goods for sale, a lost article, the sailing day of a vessel, a political meeting.
Advertisement
n.
• The act of informing or notifying; notification.
• Admonition; advice; warning.
• A public notice, especially a paid notice in some public print; anything that advertises; as, a newspaper containing many advertisement.
Advertiser
n.
• One who, or that which, advertises.
Advice
n.
• An opinion recommended or offered, as worthy to be followed; counsel.
• Deliberate consideration; knowledge.
• Information or notice given; intelligence; as, late advices from France; — commonly in the plural.
(Crim. Law) Counseling to perform a specific illegal act.
Advisability
n.
• The quality of being advisable; advisableness.
Advisable
a.
• Proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent.
• Ready to receive advice.
Advisably
adv.
• With advice; wisely.
Advise
v. t.
• To give advice to; to offer an opinion, as worthy or expedient to be followed; to counsel; to warn.
• To give information or notice to; to inform; — with of before the thing communicated; as, we were advised of the risk.
v. t.
• To consider; to deliberate.
• To take counsel; to consult; — followed by with; as, to advise with friends.
Advisedly
adv.
• Circumspectly; deliberately; leisurely.
• With deliberate purpose; purposely; by design.
Advisedness
n.
• Deliberate consideration; prudent procedure; caution.
Advisement
n.
• Counsel; advise; information.
• Consideration; deliberation; consultation.
Adviser
n.
• One who advises.
Advisership
n.
• The office of an adviser.
Adviso
n.
• Advice; counsel; suggestion; also, a dispatch or advice boat.
Advisory
a.
• Having power to advise; containing advice; as, an advisory council; their opinion is merely advisory.
Advocacy
n.
• The act of pleading for or supporting; work of advocating; intercession.
Advocate
n.
• One who pleads the cause of another. Specifically: One who pleads the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court; a counselor.
• One who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by argument; a pleader; as, an advocate of free trade, an advocate of truth.
• Christ, considered as an intercessor.
v. t.
• To plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a tribunal or the public; to support, vindicate, or recommend publicly.
v. i.
• To act as advocate.
Advocateship
n.
• Office or duty of an advocate.
Advocation
n.
• The act of advocating or pleading; plea; advocacy.
• Advowson.
(Scots Law) The process of removing a cause from an inferior court to the supreme court.
Advocatory
a.
• Of or pertaining to an advocate.
Advoke
v. t.
• To summon; to call.
Advolution
n.
• A rolling toward something.
Advoutrer
n.
• An adulterer.
Advoutress
n.
• An adulteress.
Advowee
n.
• One who has an advowson.
Advowson
n.
(Eng. Law) The right of presenting to a vacant benefice or living in the church. [Originally, the relation of a patron (advocatus) or protector of a benefice, and thus privileged to nominate or present to it.]
Adward
n.
• Award.
Adynamia
n.
(Med.) Considerable debility of the vital powers, as in typhoid fever.
Adynamic
a.
(Med.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, debility of the vital powers; weak.
(Physics) Characterized by the absence of power or force.
Adynamy
n.
• Adynamia.
Adytum
n.
• The innermost sanctuary or shrine in ancient temples, whence oracles were given. Hence: A private chamber; a sanctum.
Adz
v. t.
• To cut with an adz.
Aeneous
a.
(Zool.) Colored like bronze.
Aerate
v. t.
• To combine or charge with gas; usually with carbonic acid gas, formerly called fixed air.
• To supply or impregnate with common air; as, to aerate soil; to aerate water.
(Physiol.) To expose to the chemical action of air; to oxygenate (the blood) by respiration; to arterialize.
Aeration
n.
• Exposure to the free action of the air; airing; as, aeration of soil, of spawn, etc.
(Physiol.) A change produced in the blood by exposure to the air in respiration; oxygenation of the blood in respiration; arterialization.
• The act or preparation of charging with carbonic acid gas or with oxygen.
Aerator
n.
• That which supplies with air; esp. an apparatus used for charging mineral waters with gas and in making soda water.
Aercyst
n.
(Bot.) One of the air cells of algals.
Aerial
a.
• Of or pertaining to the air, or atmosphere; inhabiting or frequenting the air; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air; as, aerial regions or currents.
• Consisting of air; resembling, or partaking of the nature of air. Hence: Unsubstantial; unreal.
• Rising aloft in air; high; lofty; as, aerial spires.
• Growing, forming, or existing in the air, as opposed to growing or existing in earth or water, or underground; as, aerial rootlets, aerial plants.
• Light as air; ethereal.
Aeriality
n.
• The state of being aerial; nsubstantiality.
Aerially
adv.
• Like, or from, the air; in an aerial manner.
Aerie
n.
• The nest of a bird of prey, as of an eagle or hawk; also a brood of such birds; eyrie. Shak. Also fig.: A human residence or resting place perched like an eagle's nest.
Aeriferous
a.
• Conveying or containing air; air-bearing; as, the windpipe is an aeriferous tube.
Aerification
n.
• The act of combining air with another substance, or the state of being filled with air.
• The act of becoming aerified, or of changing from a solid or liquid form into an aeriform state; the state of being aeriform.
Aeriform
a.
• Having the form or nature of air, or of an elastic fluid; gaseous. Hence fig.: Unreal.
Aerify
v. t.
• To infuse air into; to combine air with.
• To change into an aeriform state.
Aerobies
n. pl.
(Biol.) Microorganisms which live in contact with the air and need oxygen for their growth; as the microbacteria which form on the surface of putrefactive fluids.
Aerobiotic
a.
(Biol.) Related to, or of the nature of, aerobies; as, aerobiotic plants, which live only when supplied with free oxygen.
Aerodynamic
a.
• Pertaining to the force of air in motion.
Aerodynamics
n.
• The science which treats of the air and other gaseous bodies under the action of force, and of their mechanical effects.
Aerognosy
n.
• The science which treats of the properties of the air, and of the part it plays in nature.
Aerographer
n.
• One versed in aeography: an aerologist.
Aerography
n.
• A description of the air or atmosphere; aerology.
Aerohydrodynamic
a.
• Acting by the force of air and water; as, an aerohydrodynamic wheel.
Aerolite
n.
(Meteor.) A stone, or metallic mass, which has fallen to the earth from distant space; a meteorite; a meteoric stone.
Aerolith
n.
• Same as Arolite.
Aerolithology
n.
• The science of aerolites.
Aerolitic
a.
• Of or pertaining to aerolites; meteoric; as, aerolitic iron.
Aerologist
n.
• One versed in aerology.
Aerology
n.
• That department of physics which treats of the atmosphere.
Aeromancy
n.
• Divination from the state of the air or from atmospheric substances; also, forecasting changes in the weather.
Aerometer
n.
• An instrument for ascertaining the weight or density of air and gases.
Aerometric
a.
• Of or pertaining to aerometry; as, aerometric investigations.
Aerometry
n.
• The science of measuring the air, including the doctrine of its pressure, elasticity, rarefaction, and condensation; pneumatics.
Aeronaut
n.
• An aerial navigator; a balloonist.
Aeronautics
n.
• The science or art of ascending and sailing in the air, as by means of a balloon; aerial navigation; ballooning.
Aerophyte
n.
(Bot.) A plant growing entirely in the air, and receiving its nourishment from it; an air plant or epiphyte.
Aeroplane
n.
• A flying machine, or a small plane for experiments on flying, which floats in the air only when propelled through it.
Aeroscope
n.
(Biol.) An apparatus designed for collecting spores, germs, bacteria, etc., suspended in the air.
Aeroscopy
n.
• The observation of the state and variations of the atmosphere.
Aerosiderite
n.
(Meteor.) A mass of meteoric iron.
Aerosphere
n.
• The atmosphere.
Aerostat
n.
• A balloon.
• A balloonist; an aeronaut.
Aerostatics
n.
• The science that treats of the equilibrium of elastic fluids, or that of bodies sustained in them. Hence it includes aeronautics.
Aerostation
n.
• Aerial navigation; the art of raising and guiding balloons in the air.
• The science of weighing air; aerostatics.
Aery
n.
• An aerie.
a.
• Aerial; ethereal; incorporeal; visionary.
Aetheogamous
a.
(Bot.) Propagated in an unusual way; cryptogamous.
Afar
adv.
• At, to, or from a great distance; far away; — often used with from preceding, or off following; as, he was seen from afar; I saw him afar off.
Afeard
p. a.
• Afraid.
Afer
n.
• The southwest wind.
Affability
n.
• The quality of being affable; readiness to converse; courteousness in receiving others and in conversation; complaisant behavior.
Affable
a.
• Easy to be spoken to or addressed; receiving others kindly and conversing with them in a free and friendly manner; courteous; sociable.
• Gracious; mild; benign.
Affableness
n.
• Affability.
Affably
adv.
• In an affable manner; courteously.
Affabrous
a.
• Executed in a workmanlike manner; ingeniously made.
Affair
n.
• That which is done or is to be done; matter; concern; as, a difficult affair to manage; business of any kind, commercial, professional, or public; — often in the plural.
• Any proceeding or action which it is wished to refer to or characterize vaguely; as, an affair of honor, i. e., a duel; an affair of love, i. e., an intrigue.
(Mil.) An action or engagement not of sufficient magnitude to be called a battle.
• Action; endeavor.
• A material object (vaguely designated).
Affamish
v. t. & i.
• To afflict with, or perish from, hunger.
Affamishment
n.
• Starvation.
Affatuate
v. t.
• To infatuate.
Affear
v. t.
• To frighten.
Affect
v. t.
• To act upon; to produce an effect or change upon.
• To influence or move, as the feelings or passions; to touch.
• To show a fondness for; to like to use or practice; to choose; hence, to frequent habitually.
• To aim at; to aspire; to covet.
• To tend to by affinity or disposition.
• To make a show of; to put on a pretense of; to feign; to assume; as, to affect ignorance.
• To assign; to appoint.
n.
• Affection; inclination; passion; feeling; disposition.
Affectation
n.
• An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or real; false display; artificial show.
• A striving after.
• Fondness; affection.
Affectationist
n.
• One who exhibits affectation.
Affected
p. p. & a.
• Regarded with affection; beloved.
• Inclined; disposed; attached.
• Given to false show; assuming or pretending to posses what is not natural or real.
• Assumed artificially; not natural.
(Alg.) Made up of terms involving different powers of the unknown quantity; adfected; as, an affected equation.
Affectedly
adv.
• In an affected manner; hypocritically; with more show than reality.
• Lovingly; with tender care.
Affectedness
n.
• Affectation.
Affecter
n.
• One who affects, assumes, pretends, or strives after.
Affectibility
n.
• The quality or state of being affectible.
Affectible
a.
• That may be affected.
Affecting
a.
• Moving the emotions; fitted to excite the emotions; pathetic; touching; as, an affecting address; an affecting sight.
Affectingly
adv.
• In an affecting manner; is a manner to excite emotions.
Affection
n.
• The act of affecting or acting upon; the state of being affected.
• An attribute; a quality or property; a condition; a bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc. , are affections of bodies.
• Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc. ; the malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity; tendency.
• A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or tender attachment; — often in the pl. Formerly followed by to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial, social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or towards children.
(Med.) Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary affection.
• The lively representation of any emotion.
• Affectation.
• Passion; violent emotion.
Affectional
a.
• Of or pertaining to the affections; as, affectional impulses; an affectional nature.
Affectionate
a.
• Having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; as, an affectionate brother.
• Kindly inclined; zealous.
• Proceeding from affection; indicating love; tender; as, the affectionate care of a parent; affectionate countenance, message, language.
• Strongly inclined; — with to.
Affectionated
a.
• Disposed; inclined.
Affectionately
adv.
• With affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly.
Affectionateness
n.
• The quality of being affectionate; fondness; affection.
Affectioned
a.
• Disposed.
• Affected; conceited.
Affective
a.
• Tending to affect; affecting.
• Pertaining to or exciting emotion; affectional; emotional.
Affectively
adv.
• In an affective manner; impressively; emotionally.
Affectuous
a.
• Full of passion or emotion; earnest.
Affeer
v. t.
• To confirm; to assure.
(Old Law) To assess or reduce, as an arbitrary penalty or amercement, to a certain and reasonable sum.
Affeerment
n.
(Old Law) The act of affeering.
Afferent
a.
(Physiol.) Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ; — opposed to efferent; as, afferent vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.
Affettuoso
adv.
(Mus.) With feeling.
Affiance
n.
• Plighted faith; marriage contract or promise.
• Trust; reliance; faith; confidence.
v. t.
• To betroth; to pledge one's faith to for marriage, or solemnly promise (one's self or another) in marriage.
• To assure by promise.
Affiancer
n.
• One who makes a contract of marriage between two persons.
Affiant
n.
(Law) One who makes an affidavit.
Affidavit
n.
(Law) A sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate.
Affile
v. t.
• To polish.
Affiliable
a.
• Capable of being affiliated to or on, or connected with in origin.
Affiliate
v. t.
• To adopt; to receive into a family as a son; hence, to bring or receive into close connection; to ally.
• To fix the paternity of; — said of an illegitimate child; as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon) one man rather than another.
• To connect in the way of descent; to trace origin to.
• To attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; — followed by to or with.
v. i.
• To connect or associate one's self; — followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party.
Affiliation
n.
• Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the same family or society.
(Law) The establishment or ascertaining of parentage; the assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father; filiation.
• Connection in the way of descent.
Affinal
a.
• Related by marriage; from the same source.
Affine
v. t.
• To refine.
Affined
a.
• Joined in affinity or by any tie.
Affinitative
a.
• Of the nature of affinity.
Affinitive
a.
• Closely connected, as by affinity.
Affinity
n.
• Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); — in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; — followed by with, to, or between.
• Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages.
• Companionship; acquaintance.
(Chem.) That attraction which takes place, at an insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism; chemical or elective affinity or attraction.
(Nat. Hist.) A relation between species or highe groups dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and indicating community of origin.
(Spiritualism) A superior spiritual relationship or attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp. persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.
Affirm
v. t.
(Law) to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appelate court for review.
• To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; — opposed to deny.
(Law) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction.
v. i.
• To declare or assert positively.
(Law) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.
Affirmable
a.
• Capable of being affirmed, asserted, or declared; — followed by of; as, an attribute affirmable of every just man.
Affirmance
n.
• Confirmation; ratification; confirmation of a voidable act.
• A strong declaration; affirmation.
Affirmant
n.
• One who affirms or asserts.
(Law) One who affirms of taking an oath.
Affirmation
n.
• Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as, the affirmation of a law.
• The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; — opposed to negation or denial.
• That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive tatement; an averment; as, an affirmation, by the vender, of title to property sold, or of its quality.
(Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath.
Affirmative
a.
• Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common law.
• That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what exists; answering "yes" to a question; — opposed to negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.
• Positive; dogmatic.
(logic) Expressing the agreement of the two terms of a proposition.
(Alg.) Positive; — a term applied to quantities which are to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be subtracted.
n.
• That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an affirmative proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; — opposed to negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative.
• A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes, that is so, etc.
Affirmatively
adv.
• In an affirmative manner; on the affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; — opposed to negatively.
Affirmatory
a.
• Giving affirmation; assertive; affirmative.
Affirmer
n.
• One who affirms.
Affix
v. t.
• To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to fix to any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to affix a seal to an instrument; to affix one's name to a writing.
• To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically.
• To attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to ideas, or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a person; to affix ridicule or blame to any one.
• To fix or fasten figuratively; — with on or upon; as, eyes affixed upon the ground.
n.
• That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.
Affixion
n.
• Affixture.
Affixture
n.
• The act of affixing, or the state of being affixed; attachment.
Afflation
n.
• A blowing or breathing on; inspiration.
Afflatus
n.
• A breath or blast of wind.
• A divine impartation of knowledge; supernatural impulse; inspiration.
Afflict
v. t.
• To strike or cast down; to overthrow.
• To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment.
• To make low or humble.
p. p. & a.
• Afflicted.
Afflictedness
n.
• The state of being afflicted; affliction.
Afflicter
n.
• One who afflicts.
Afflicting
a.
• Grievously painful; distressing; afflictive; as, an afflicting event.
Affliction
n.
• The cause of continued pain of body or mind, as sickness, losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress; a pain or grief.
• The state of being afflicted; a state of pain, distress, or grief.
Afflictionless
a.
• Free from affliction.
Afflictive
a.
• Giving pain; causing continued or repeated pain or grief; distressing.
Afflictively
adv.
• In an afflictive manner.
Affluence
n.
• A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an influx.
• An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.; profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth.
Affluency
n.
• Affluence.
Affluent
a.
• Flowing to; flowing abundantly.
• Abundant; copious; plenteous; hence, wealthy; abounding in goods or riches.
n.
• A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream.
Affluently
adv.
• Abundantly; copiously.
Affluentness
n.
• Great plenty.
Afflux
n.
• A flowing towards; that which flows to; as, an afflux of blood to the head.
Affluxion
n.
• The act of flowing towards; afflux.
Affodill
n.
• Asphodel.
Afforce
v. t.
• To reenforce; to strengthen.
Afforcement
n.
• A fortress; a fortification for defense.
• A reenforcement; a strengthening.
Afford
v. t.
• To give forth; to supply, yield, or produce as the natural result, fruit, or issue; as, grapes afford wine; olives afford oil; the earth affords fruit; the sea affords an abundant supply of fish.
• To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to its being the natural result; to provide; to furnish; as, a good life affords consolation in old age.
• To offer, provide, or supply, as in selling, granting, expending, with profit, or without loss or too great injury; as, A affords his goods cheaper than B; a man can afford a sum yearly in charity.
• To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an act which might under other circumstances be injurious; — with an auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or rich enough.
Affordable
a.
• That may be afforded.
Affordment
n.
• Anything given as a help; bestowal.
Afforest
v. t.
• To convert into a forest; as, to afforest a tract of country.
Afforestation
n.
• The act of converting into forest or woodland.
Afformative
n.
• An affix.
Affranchise
v. t.
• To make free; to enfranchise.
Affranchisement
n.
• The act of making free; enfranchisement.
Affrap
v. t. & i.
• To strike, or strike down.
Affray
v. t.
• To startle from quiet; to alarm.
• To frighten; to scare; to frighten away.
n.
• The act of suddenly disturbing any one; an assault or attack.
• Alarm; terror; fright.
• A tumultuous assault or quarrel; a brawl; a fray.
(Law) The fighting of two or more persons, in a public place, to the terror of others.
Affrayer
n.
• One engaged in an affray.
Affrayment
n.
• Affray.
Affreight
v. t.
• To hire, as a ship, for the transportation of goods or freight.
Affreighter
n.
• One who hires or charters a ship to convey goods.
Affreightment
n.
• The act of hiring, or the contract for the use of, a vessel, or some part of it, to convey cargo.
Affret
n.
• A furious onset or attack.
Affriction
n.
• The act of rubbing against.
Affriended
p. p.
• Made friends; reconciled.
Affright
v. t.
• To impress with sudden fear; to frighten; to alarm.
p. a.
• Affrighted.
n.
• Sudden and great fear; terror. It expresses a stronger impression than fear, or apprehension, perhaps less than terror.
• The act of frightening; also, a cause of terror; an object of dread.
Affrightedly
adv.
• With fright.
Affrighten
v. t.
• To frighten.
Affrighter
n.
• One who frightens.
Affrightful
a.
• Terrifying; frightful.
Affrightment
n.
• Affright; the state of being frightened; sudden fear or alarm.
Affront
v. t.
• To front; to face in position; to meet or encounter face to face.
• To face in defiance; to confront; as, to confront; as, to affront death; hence, to meet in hostile encounter.
• To offend by some manifestation of disrespect; to insult to the face by demeanor or language; to treat with marked incivility.
n.
• An encounter either friendly or hostile.
• Contemptuous or rude treatment which excites or justifies resentment; marked disrespect; a purposed indignity; insult.
• An offense to one's self-respect; shame.
Affronte
a.
(Her.) Face to face, or front to front; facing.
Affrontedly
adv.
• Shamelessly.
Affrontee
n.
• One who receives an affront.
Affronter
n.
• One who affronts, or insults to the face.
Affrontingly
adv.
• In an affronting manner.
Affrontive
a.
• Tending to affront or offend; offensive; abusive.
Affrontiveness
n.
• The quality that gives an affront or offense.
Affuse
v. t.
• To pour out or upon.
Affusion
n.
• The act of pouring upon, or sprinkling with a liquid, as water upon a child in baptism.
(Med) The act of pouring water or other fluid on the whole or a part of the body, as a remedy in disease.
Affy
v. t.
• To confide (one's self to, or in); to trust.
• To betroth or espouse; to affiance.
• To bind in faith.
v. i.
• To trust or confide.
Afghan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Afghanistan.
n.
• A native of Afghanistan.
• A kind of worsted blanket or wrap.
Afield
adv.
• To, in, or on the field.
• Out of the way; astray.
Afire
adv. & a.
• On fire.
Aflame
adv. & a.
• Inflames; glowing with light or passion; ablaze.
Aflat
adv.
• Level with the ground; flat.
Aflaunt
adv. & a.
• In a flaunting state or position.
Aflicker
adv. & a.
• In a flickering state.
Afloat
adv. & a.
• Borne on the water; floating; on board ship.
• Moving; passing from place to place; in general circulation; as, a rumor is afloat.
• Unfixed; moving without guide or control; adrift; as, our affairs are all afloat.
Aflow
adv. & a.
• Flowing.
Aflush
adv. & a.
• In a flushed or blushing state.
adv. & a.
• On a level.
Aflutter
adv. & a.
• In a flutter; agitated.
Afoam
adv. & a.
• In a foaming state; as, the sea is all afoam.
Afoot
adv.
• On foot.
• Fig.: In motion; in action; astir; in progress.
Afore
adv.
• Before.
(Naut.) In the fore part of a vessel.
prep.
• Before (in all its senses).
(Naut.) Before; in front of; farther forward than; as, afore the windlass.
Aforecited
a.
• Named or quoted before.
Aforegoing
a.
• Going before; foregoing.
Aforehand
adv.
• Beforehand; in anticipation.
a.
• Prepared; previously provided; — opposed to behindhand.
Aforementioned
a.
• Previously mentioned; before-mentioned.
Aforenamed
a.
• Named before.
Aforesaid
a.
• Said before, or in a preceding part; already described or identified.
Aforethought
a.
• Premeditated; prepense; previously in mind; designed; as, malice aforethought, which is required to constitute murder.
n.
• Premeditation.
Aforetime
adv.
• In time past; formerly.
Afoul
adv. & a.
• In collision; entangled.
Afraid
p. a.
• Impressed with fear or apprehension; in fear; apprehensive.
Afreet
n.
• Same as Afrit.
Afresh
adv.
• Anew; again; once more; newly.
Afric
a.
• African.
n.
• Africa.
African
a.
• Of or pertaining to Africa. African violet African-American, a United States citizen of African descent—>
n.
• A native of Africa; also one ethnologically belonging to an African race.
Africander
n.
• One born in Africa, the offspring of a white father and a "colored" mother. Also, and now commonly in Southern Africa, a native born of European settlers.
Africanism
n.
• A word, phrase, idiom, or custom peculiar to Africa or Africans.
Africanize
v. t.
• To place under the domination of Africans or negroes.
Afront
adv.
• In front; face to face. — prep. In front of.
Aft
adv. & a.
(Naut.) Near or towards the stern of a vessel; astern; abaft.
After
a.
• Next; later in time; subsequent; succeeding; as, an after period of life.
• Hinder; nearer the rear
(Naut.) To ward the stern of the ship; — applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel; as the after cabin, after hatchway.
prep.
• Behind in place; as, men in line one after another.
• Below in rank; next to in order.
• Later in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three days. It often precedes a clause. Formerly that was interposed between it and the clause.
• Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you have said, I shall be careful.
• Subsequent to and notwithstanding; as, after all our advice, you took that course.
• Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in pursuit of.
• Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to; as, to look after workmen; to inquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness.
• In imitation of; in conformity with; after the manner of; as, to make a thing after a model; a picture after Rubens; the boy takes after his father.
• According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the nature of; as, he acted after his kind.
• According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting.
adv.
• Subsequently in time or place; behind; afterward; as, he follows after.
Afterbirth
n.
(Med.) The placenta and membranes with which the fetus is connected, and which come away after delivery.
Aftercast
n.
• A throw of dice after the game in ended; hence, anything done too late.
Afterclap
n.
• An unexpected subsequent event; something disagreeable happening after an affair is supposed to be at an end.
Aftercrop
n.
• A second crop or harvest in the same year.
Aftereye
v. t.
• To look after.
Aftergame
n.
• A second game; hence, a subsequent scheme or expedient.
Aftergrass
n.
• The grass that grows after the first crop has been mown; aftermath.
Aftergrowth
n.
• A second growth or crop, or (metaphorically) development.
Afterguard
n.
(Naut.) The seaman or seamen stationed on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the after-sails.
Afterings
n. pl.
• The last milk drawn in milking; strokings.
Aftermath
n.
• A second moving; the grass which grows after the first crop of hay in the same season; rowen.
Aftermost
a. superl.
• Hindmost; — opposed to foremost.
(Naut.) Nearest the stern; most aft.
Afternoon
n.
• The part of the day which follows noon, between noon and evening.
Afterpains
n. pl.
(Med.) The pains which succeed childbirth, as in expelling the afterbirth.
Afterpiece
n.
• A piece performed after a play, usually a farce or other small entertainment.
(Naut.) The heel of a rudder.
Aftershaft
n.
(Zool.) The hypoptilum.
Aftertaste
n.
• A taste which remains in the mouth after eating or drinking.
Afterthought
n.
• Reflection after an act; later or subsequent thought or expedient.
Afterwise
a.
• Wise after the event; wise or knowing, when it is too late.
Aftmost
a.
(Naut.) Nearest the stern.
Aftward
adv.
(Naut.) Toward the stern.
Again
adv.
• In return, back; as, bring us word again.
• Another time; once more; anew.
• Once repeated; — of quantity; as, as large again, half as much again.
• In any other place.
• On the other hand.
• Moreover; besides; further.
Againbuy
v. t.
• To redeem.
Againsay
v. t.
• To gainsay.
Against
prep.
• Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; — in this sense often preceded by over.
• From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against the roof.
• In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to run a race against time.
• By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready for the time when.
Againstand
v. t.
• To withstand.
Againward
adv.
• Back again.
Agalactous
a.
• Lacking milk to suckle with.
Agalmatolite
n.
(Min.) A soft, compact stone, of a grayish, greenish, or yellowish color, carved into images by the Chinese, and hence called figure stone, and pagodite. It is probably a variety of pinite.
Agama
n.
(Zool.) A genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards.
Agami
n.
(Zool.) A South American bird (Psophia crepitans), allied to the cranes, and easily domesticated; — called also the gold-breasted trumpeter. Its body is about the size of the pheasant.
Agamic
a.
(Biol.) Produced without sexual union; as, agamic or unfertilized eggs.
• Not having visible organs of reproduction, as flowerless plants; agamous.
Agamically
adv.
• In an agamic manner.
Agamist
n.
• An unmarried person; also, one opposed to marriage.
Agamogenesis
n.
(Biol.) Reproduction without the union of parents of distinct sexes: asexual reproduction.
Agamogenetic
n.
(Biol.) Reproducing or produced without sexual union.
Agamous
a.
(Biol.) Having no visible sexual organs; asexual. In Bo>., cryptogamous.
Aganglionic
a.
(Physiol.) Without ganglia.
Agape
adv. & a.
• Gaping, as with wonder, expectation, or eager attention.
n.
• The love feast of the primitive Christians, being a meal partaken of in connection with the communion.
Agaric
n.
(Bot.) A fungus of the genus Ag/xex>, of many species, of which the common mushroom is an example.
• An old name for severwal species of Polyporus, corky fungi growing on decaying wood.
Agasp
adv. & a.
• In a state of gasping.
Agastric
a.
(Physiol.) Having to stomach, or distinct digestive canal, as the tapeworm.
Agate
adv.
• On the way; agoing; as, to be agate; to set the bells agate.
n.
(Min.) A semipellucid, uncrystallized variety of quartz, presenting various tints in the same specimen. Its colors are delicately arranged in stripes or bands, or blended in clouds.
(Print.) A kind of type, larger than pearl and smaller than nonpareil; in England called ruby.
• A diminutive person; so called in allusion to the small figures cut in agate for rings and seals.
• A tool used by gold-wire drawers, bookbinders, etc.; — so called from the agate fixed in it for burnishing.
Agatiferous
a.
• Containing or producing agates.
Agatine
a.
• Pertaining to, or like, agate.
Agatize
v. t.
• To convert into agate; to make resemble agate.
Agaty
a.
• Of the nature of agate, or containing agate.
Agave
n.
(bot.) A genus of plants (order Amaryllidaceae) of which the chief species is the maguey or century plant (A. Americana), wrongly called Aloe. It is from ten to seventy years, according to climate, in attaining maturity, when it produces a gigantic flower stem, sometimes forty feet in height, and perishes. The fermented juice is the pulque of the Mexicans; distilled, it yields mescal. A strong thread and a tough paper are made from the leaves, and the wood has many uses.
Agazed
p. p.
• Gazing with astonishment; amazed.
Age
n.
• The whole duration of a being, whether animal, vegetable, or other kind; lifetime.
• That part of the duration of a being or a thing which is between its beginning and any given time; as, what is the present age of a man, or of the earth?
• The latter part of life; an advanced period of life; seniority; state of being old.
• One of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of youth, etc.
• Mature age; especially, the time of life at which one attains full personal rights and capacities; as, to come of age; he (or she) is of age.
• The time of life at which some particular power or capacity is understood to become vested; as, the age of consent; the age of discretion.
• A particular period of time in history, as distinguished from others; as, the golden age, the age of Pericles.
• A great period in the history of the Earth.
• A century; the period of one hundred years.
• The people who live at a particular period; hence, a generation.
• A long time.
v. i.
• To grow aged; to become old; to show marks of age; as, he grew fat as he aged.
v. t.
• To cause to grow old; to impart the characteristics of age to; as, grief ages us.
Agean
a.
• Of or pertaining to the sea, or arm of the Mediterranean sea, east of Greece.
Aged
a.
• Old; having lived long; having lived almost to or beyond the usual time allotted to that species of being; as, an aged man; an aged oak.
• Belonging to old age.
(#) Having a certain age; at the age of; having lived; as, a man aged forty years.
Agedly
adv.
• In the manner of an aged person.
Agedness
n.
• The quality of being aged; oldness.
Ageless
a.
• Without old age limits of duration; as, fountains of ageless youth.
Agency
n.
• The faculty of acting or of exerting power; the state of being in action; action; instrumentality.
• The office of an agent, or factor; the relation between a principal and his agent; business of one intrusted with the concerns of another.
• The place of business of am agent.
Agendum
n.
• Something to be done; in the pl., a memorandum book.
• A church service; a ritual or liturgy. [In this sense, usually Agenda.]
Agenesic
a.
(Physiol.) Characterized by sterility; infecund.
Agenesis
n.
(Physiol.) Any imperfect development of the body, or any anomaly of organization.
Agennesis
n.
(Physiol.) Impotence; sterility.
Agent
a.
• Acting — opposed to patient, or sustaining, action.
n.
• One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor.
• One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by authority from him; one intrusted with the business of another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor.
• An active power or cause; that which has the power to produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal agent; as, heat is a powerful agent.
Agential
a.
• Of or pertaining to an agent or an agency.
Agentship
n.
• Agency.
Ageratum
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants, one species of which (A. Mexicanum) has lavender-blue flowers in dense clusters.
Aggeneration
n.
• The act of producing in addition.
Agger
n.
• An earthwork; a mound; a raised work.
Aggerate
v. t.
• To heap up.
Aggeration
n.
• A heaping up; accumulation; as, aggerations of sand.
Aggerose
a.
• In heaps; full of heaps.
Aggest
v. t.
• To heap up.
Agglomerate
v. t.
• To wind or collect into a ball; hence, to gather into a mass or anything like a mass.
v. i.
• To collect in a mass.
n.
• A collection or mass.
(Geol.) A mass of angular volcanic fragments united by heat; — distinguished from conglomerate.
Agglomeration
n.
• The act or process of collecting in a mass; a heaping together.
• State of being collected in a mass; a mass; cluster.
Agglomerative
a.
• Having a tendency to gather together, or to make collections.
Agglutinant
a.
• Uniting, as glue; causing, or tending to cause, adhesion.
n.
• Any viscous substance which causes bodies or parts to adhere.
Agglutinate
v. t.
• To unite, or cause to adhere, as with glue or other viscous substance; to unite by causing an adhesion of substances.
a.
• United with glue or as with glue; cemented together.
(physiol.) Consisting of root words combined but not materially altered as to form or meaning; as, agglutinate forms, languages, etc.
Agglutination
n.
• The act of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state of being thus united; adhesion of parts.
(Physiol.) Combination in which root words are united with little or no change of form or loss of meaning.
Agglutinative
a.
• Pertaining to agglutination; tending to unite, or having power to cause adhesion; adhesive.
(Philol.) Formed or characterized by agglutination, as a language or a compound.
Aggrace
v. t.
• To favor; to grace.
n.
• Grace; favor.
Aggrandizable
a.
• Capable of being aggrandized.
Aggrandization
n.
• Aggrandizement.
Aggrandize
v. t.
• To make great; to enlarge; to increase; as, to aggrandize our conceptions, authority, distress.
• To make great or greater in power, rank, honor, or wealth; — applied to persons, countries, etc.
• To make appear great or greater; to exalt.
v. i.
• To increase or become great.
Aggrandizement
n.
• The act of aggrandizing, or the state of being aggrandized or exalted in power, rank, honor, or wealth; exaltation; enlargement; as, the emperor seeks only the aggrandizement of his own family.
Aggrandizer
n.
• One who aggrandizes, or makes great.
Aggrate
v. t.
• To please.
Aggravate
v. t.
• To make heavy or heavier; to add to; to increase.
• To make worse, or more severe; to render less tolerable or less excusable; to make more offensive; to enhance; to intensify.
• To give coloring to in description; to exaggerate; as, to aggravate circumstances.
• To exasperate; to provoke; to irritate.
Aggravating
a.
• Making worse or more heinous; as, aggravating circumstances.
• Exasperating; provoking; irritating.
Aggravatingly
adv.
• In an aggravating manner.
Aggravation
n.
• The act of aggravating, or making worse; — used of evils, natural or moral; the act of increasing in severity or heinousness; something additional to a crime or wrong and enhancing its guilt or injurious consequences.
• Exaggerated representation.
• An extrinsic circumstance or accident which increases the guilt of a crime or the misery of a calamity.
• Provocation; irritation.
Aggravative
a.
• Tending to aggravate.
Aggressor
n.
• The person who first attacks or makes an aggression; he who begins hostility or a quarrel; an assailant.
Aggrievance
n.
• Oppression; hardship; injury; grievance.
Aggrieve
v. t.
• To give pain or sorrow to; to afflict; hence, to oppress or injure in one's rights; to bear heavily upon; — now commonly used in the passive TO be aggrieved.
v. i.
• To grieve; to lament.
Aggroup
v. t.
• To bring together in a group; to group.
Aggroupment
n.
• Arrangement in a group or in groups; grouping.
Aghast
a & p. p.
• Terrified; struck with amazement; showing signs of terror or horror.
Agible
a.
• Possible to be done; practicable.
Agicrania
n. pl.
(Arch.) Sculptured ornaments, used in classical architecture, representing rams' heads or skulls.
Agile
a.
• Having the faculty of quick motion in the limbs; apt or ready to move; nimble; active; as, an agile boy; an agile tongue.
Agilely
adv.
• In an agile manner; nimbly.
Agileness
n.
• Agility; nimbleness.
Agility
n.
• The quality of being agile; the power of moving the limbs quickly and easily; nimbleness; activity; quickness of motion; as, strength and agility of body.
• Activity; powerful agency.
Agilops
n.
(Med.) An ulcer or fistula in the inner corner of the eye.
(Bot.) The great wild-oat grass or other cornfield weed.
• A genus of plants, called also hardgrass.
Agio
n.
(Com.) The premium or percentage on a better sort of money when it is given in exchange for an inferior sort. The premium or discount on foreign bills of exchange is sometimes called agio.
Agiotage
n.
• Exchange business; also, stockjobbing; the maneuvers of speculators to raise or lower the price of stocks or public funds.
Agis
n.
• A shield or protective armor; — applied in mythology to the shield of Jupiter which he gave to Minerva. Also fig.: A shield; a protection.
Agist
v. t.
(Law) To take to graze or pasture, at a certain sum; — used originally of the feeding of cattle in the king's forests, and collecting the money for the same.
Agistment
n.
(Law) Formerly, the taking and feeding of other men's cattle in the king's forests.
• The taking in by any one of other men's cattle to graze at a certain rate. Mozley & W.
• The price paid for such feeding.
• A charge or rate against lands; as, an agistment of sea banks, i. e., charge for banks or dikes.
Agitable
a.
• Capable of being agitated, or easily moved.
Agitate
v. t.
• To move with a violent, irregular action; as, the wind agitates the sea; to agitate water in a vessel.
• To move or actuate.
• To stir up; to disturb or excite; to perturb; as, he was greatly agitated.
• To discuss with great earnestness; to debate; as, a controversy hotly agitated.
• To revolve in the mind, or view in all its aspects; to contrive busily; to devise; to plot; as, politicians agitate desperate designs.
Agitatedly
adv.
• In an agitated manner.
Agitation
n.
• The act of agitating, or the state of being agitated; the state of being moved with violence, or with irregular action; commotion; as, the sea after a storm is in agitation.
• A stirring up or arousing; disturbance of tranquillity; disturbance of mind which shows itself by physical excitement; perturbation; as, to cause any one agitation.
• Excitement of public feeling by discussion, appeals, etc.; as, the antislavery agitation; labor agitation.
• Examination or consideration of a subject in controversy, or of a plan proposed for adoption; earnest discussion; debate.
Agitative
a.
• Tending to agitate.
Agitato
a.
(Med.) Sung or played in a restless, hurried, and spasmodic manner.
Agitator
n.
• One who agitates; one who stirs up or excites others; as, political reformers and agitators.
(Eng. Hist.) One of a body of men appointed by the army, in Cromwell's time, to look after their interests; — called also adjutators.
• An implement for shaking or mixing.
Agleam
adv. & a.
• Gleaming; as, faces agleam.
Agley
adv.
• Aside; askew.
Aglimmer
adv. & a.
• In a glimmering state.
Aglitter
adv. & a.
• Clittering; in a glitter.
Aglossal
a.
(Zool.) Without tongue; tongueless.
Aglow
adv. & a.
• In a glow; glowing; as, cheeks aglow; the landscape all aglow.
Aglutition
n.
(Med.) Inability to swallow.
Agminal
a.
• Pertaining to an army marching, or to a train.
Agnail
n.
• A corn on the toe or foot.
• An inflammation or sore under or around the nail; also, a hangnail.
Agnate
a.
• Related or akin by the father's side; also, sprung from the same male ancestor.
• Allied; akin.
n.
(Civil Law) A relative whose relationship can be traced exclusively through males.
Agnatic
a.
• Pertaining to descent by the male line of ancestors.
Agnation
n.
(Civil Law) Consanguinity by a line of males only, as distinguished from cognation.
Agnition
n.
• Acknowledgment.
Agnize
v. t.
• To recognize; to acknowledge.
Agnoiolgy
n.
(Metaph.) The doctrine concerning those things of which we are necessarily ignorant.
Agnomen
n.
• An additional or fourth name given by the Romans, or account of some remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius Caius Scipio Africanus.
• An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as, Aristides the Just.
Agnominate
v. t.
• To name.
Agnomination
n.
• A surname.
• Paronomasia; also, alliteration; annomination.
Agnostic
a.
• Professing ignorance; involving no dogmatic; pertaining to or involving agnosticism.
n.
• One who professes ignorance, or denies that we have any knowledge, save of phenomena; one who supports agnosticism, neither affirming nor denying the existence of a personal Deity, a future life, etc.
Agnosticism
n.
• That doctrine which, professing ignorance, neither asserts nor denies.
(Theol.) The doctrine that the existence of a personal Deity, an unseen world, etc., can be neither proved nor disproved, because of the necessary limits of the human mind (as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because of the insufficiency of the evidence furnished by physical and physical data, to warrant a positive conclusion (as taught by the school of Herbert Spencer); — opposed alike dogmatic skepticism and to dogmatic theism.
Agnus
n.
• Agnus Dei.
Ago
a. & adv.
• Past; gone by; since; as, ten years ago; gone long ago.
Agog
a. & adv.
• In eager desire; eager; astir.
Agoing
adv.
• In motion; in the act of going; as, to set a mill agoing.
Agon
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) A contest for a prize at the public games.
Agone
a. & adv.
• Ago.
n.
• Agonic line.
Agonic
a.
• Not forming an angle.
Agonism
n.
• Contention for a prize; a contest.
Agonist
n.
• One who contends for the prize in public games.
Agonistically
adv.
• In an agonistic manner.
Agonistics
n.
• The science of athletic combats, or contests in public games.
Agonize
v. i.
• To writhe with agony; to suffer violent anguish.
• To struggle; to wrestle; to strive desperately.
v. t.
• To cause to suffer agony; to subject to extreme pain; to torture.
Agonizingly
adv.
• With extreme anguish or desperate struggles.
Agonothete
n.
• An officer who presided over the great public games in Greece.
Agonothetic
a.
• Pertaining to the office of an agonothete.
Agony
n.
• Violent contest or striving.
• Pain so extreme as to cause writhing or contortions of the body, similar to those made in the athletic contests in Greece; and hence, extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; paroxysm of grief; specifically, the sufferings of Christ in the garden of Gethsemane.
• Paroxysm of joy; keen emotion.
• The last struggle of life; death struggle.
Agophony
n.
• Same as Egophony.
Agora
n.
• An assembly; hence, the place of assembly, especially the market place, in an ancient Greek city.
Agouara
n.
(Zool.) The crab-eating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus), found in the tropical parts of America.
Agouta
n.
(Zool.) A small insectivorous mammal (Solenodon paradoxus), allied to the moles, found only in Hayti.
Agouti
n.
(Zool.) A rodent of the genus Dasyprocta, about the size of a rabbit, peculiar to South America and the West Indies. The most common species is the Dasyprocta agouti.
Agraffe
n.
• A hook or clasp.
• A hook, eyelet, or other device by which a piano wire is so held as to limit the vibration.
Agrammatist
n.
• A illiterate person.
Agraphia
n.
• The absence or loss of the power of expressing ideas by written signs. It is one form of aphasia.
Agraphic
a.
• Characterized by agraphia.
Agrappes
n. pl.
• Hooks and eyes for armor, etc.
Agrarian
a.
• Pertaining to fields, or lands, or their tenure; esp., relating to am equal or equitable division of lands; as, the agrarian laws of Rome, which distributed the conquered and other public lands among citizens.
(Bot.) Wild; — said of plants growing in the fields.
n.
• One in favor of an equal division of landed property.
• An agrarian law.
Agrarianism
n.
• An equal or equitable division of landed property; the principles or acts of those who favor a redistribution of land.
Agrarianize
v. t.
• To distribute according to, or to imbue with, the principles of agrarianism.
Agree
v. i.
• To harmonize in opinion, statement, or action; to be in unison or concord; to be or become united or consistent; to concur; as, all parties agree in the expediency of the law.
• To yield assent; to accede; — followed by to; as, to agree to an offer, or to opinion.
• To make a stipulation by way of settling differences or determining a price; to exchange promises; to come to terms or to a common resolve; to promise.
• To be conformable; to resemble; to coincide; to correspond; as, the picture does not agree with the original; the two scales agree exactly.
• To suit or be adapted in its effects; to do well; as, the same food does not agree with every constitution.
(Gram.) To correspond in gender, number, case, or person.
v. t.
• To make harmonious; to reconcile or make friends.
• To admit, or come to one mind concerning; to settle; to arrange; as, to agree the fact; to agree differences.
Agreeability
n.
• Easiness of disposition.
• The quality of being, or making one's self, agreeable; agreeableness.
Agreeable
a.
• Pleasing, either to the mind or senses; pleasant; grateful; as, agreeable manners or remarks; an agreeable person; fruit agreeable to the taste.
• Willing; ready to agree or consent.
• Agreeing or suitable; conformable; correspondent; concordant; adapted; — followed by to, rarely by with.
• In pursuance, conformity, or accordance; — in this sense used adverbially for agreeably; as, agreeable to the order of the day, the House took up the report.
Agreeableness
n.
• The quality of being agreeable or pleasing; that quality which gives satisfaction or moderate pleasure to the mind or senses.
• The quality of being agreeable or suitable; suitableness or conformity; consistency.
• Resemblance; concordance; harmony; — with to or between.
Agreeably
adv.
• In an agreeably manner; in a manner to give pleasure; pleasingly.
• In accordance; suitably; consistently; conformably; — followed by to and rarely by with.
• Alike; similarly.
Agreeingly
adv.
• In an agreeing manner (to); correspondingly; agreeably.
Agreement
n.
• State of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character; concurrence; concord; conformity; as, a good agreement subsists among the members of the council.
(Gram.) Concord or correspondence of one word with another in gender, number, case, or person.
(Law) A concurrence in an engagement that something shall be done or omitted; an exchange of promises; mutual understanding, arrangement, or stipulation; a contract.
• The language, oral or written, embodying reciprocal promises.
Agreer
n.
• One who agrees.
Agrestic
a.
• Pertaining to fields or the country, in opposition to the city; rural; rustic; unpolished; uncouth.
Agrestical
a.
• Agrestic.
Agricolation
n.
• Agriculture.
Agricolist
n.
• A cultivator of the soil; an agriculturist.
Agricultor
n.
• An agriculturist; a farmer.
Agricultural
a.
• Of or pertaining to agriculture; connected with, or engaged in, tillage; as, the agricultural class; agricultural implements, wages, etc.
Agriculturalist
n.
• An agriculturist (which is the preferred form.)
Agriculture
n.
• The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of live stock; tillage; husbandry; farming.
Agriculturism
n.
• Agriculture.
Agriculturist
n.
• One engaged or skilled in agriculture; a husbandman.
Agrief
adv.
• In grief; amiss.
Agrimony
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of the Rose family.
• The name is also given to various other plants; as, hemp agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum); water agrimony (Bidens).
Agrin
adv. & a.
• In the act of grinning.
Agriologist
n.
• One versed or engaged in agriology.
Agriology
n.
• Description or comparative study of the customs of savage or uncivilized tribes.
Agrise
v. i.
• To shudder with terror; to tremble with fear.
v. t.
• To shudder at; to abhor; to dread; to loathe.
• To terrify; to affright.
Agrom
n.
(Med.) A disease occurring in Bengal and other parts of the East Indies, in which the tongue chaps and cleaves.
Agronomics
n.
• The science of the distribution and management of land.
Agronomist
n.
• One versed in agronomy; a student of agronomy.
Agronomy
n.
• The management of land; rural economy; agriculture.
Agrope
adv. & a.
• In the act of groping.
Agrostis
n.
• A genus of grasses, including species called in common language bent grass. Some of them, as redtop (Agrostis vulgaris), are valuable pasture grasses.
Agrostography
n.
• A description of the grasses.
Agrostologist
n.
• One skilled in agrostology.
Agrostology
n.
• That part of botany which treats of the grasses.
Agrotat
n.
(Camb. Univ.) A medical certificate that a student is ill.
Aground
adv. & a.
• On the ground; stranded; — a nautical term applied to a ship when its bottom lodges on the ground.
Agrypnotic
n.
• Anything which prevents sleep, or produces wakefulness, as strong tea or coffee.
Aguardiente
n.
• A inferior brandy of Spain and Portugal.
• A strong alcoholic drink, especially pulque.
Ague
n.
• An acute fever.
(Med.) An intermittent fever, attended by alternate cold and hot fits.
• The cold fit or rigor of the intermittent fever; as, fever and ague.
• A chill, or state of shaking, as with cold.
v. t.
• To strike with an ague, or with a cold fit.
Aguilt
v. t.
• To be guilty of; to offend; to sin against; to wrong.
Aguise
n.
• Dress.
v. t.
• To dress; to attire; to adorn.
Aguish
a.
• Having the qualities of an ague; somewhat cold or shivering; chilly; shaky.
• Productive of, or affected by, ague; as, the aguish districts of England.
Agush
adv. & a.
• In a gushing state.
Agynous
a.
(Bot.) Without female organs; male.
Ah
interj.
• An exclamation, expressive of surprise, pity, complaint, entreaty, contempt, threatening, delight, triumph, etc., according to the manner of utterance.
Aha
interj.
• An exclamation expressing, by different intonations, triumph, mixed with derision or irony, or simple surprise.
n.
• A sunk fence.
Ahead
adv.
• In or to the front; in advance; onward.
• Headlong; without restraint.
Aheap
adv.
• In a heap; huddled together.
Aheight
adv.
• Aloft; on high.
Ahem
interj.
• An exclamation to call one's attention; hem.
Ahey
interj.
• Hey; ho.
Ahigh
adv.
• On high.
Ahold
adv.
• Near the wind; as, to lay a ship ahold.
Ahorseback
adv.
• On horseback.
Ahoy
interj.
(Naut.) A term used in hailing; as, "Ship ahoy."
Ahriman
n.
• The Evil Principle or Being of the ancient Persians; the Prince of Darkness as opposer to Ormuzd, the King of Light.
Ahu
n.
(Zool.) The Asiatic gazelle.
Ahull
adv.
(Naut.) With the sails furled, and the helm lashed alee; — applied to ships in a storm.
Ahungered
a.
• Pinched with hunger; very hungry.
Ai
n.
(Zool.) The three-toed sloth (Bradypus tridactylus) of South America.
Aid
v. t.
• To support, either by furnishing strength or means in cooperation to effect a purpose, or to prevent or to remove evil; to help; to assist.
n.
• Help; succor; assistance; relief.
• The person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; a helper; an assistant.
(Eng. Hist.) A subsidy granted to the king by Parliament; also, an exchequer loan.
(Feudal Law) A pecuniary tribute paid by a vassal to his lord on special occasions.
• An aid-de-camp, so called by abbreviation; as, a general's aid.
Aidance
n.
• Aid.
Aidant
a.
• Helping; helpful; supplying aid.
Aider
n.
• One who, or that which, aids.
Aidful
a.
• Helpful.
Aidless
a.
• Helpless; without aid.
Aiglet
n.
• Same as Aglet.
Aigre
a.
• Sour.
Aigremore
n.
• Charcoal prepared for making powder.
Aiguille
n.
• A needle-shaped peak.
• An instrument for boring holes, used in blasting.
Aiguillette
n.
• A point or tag at the end of a fringe or lace; an aglet.
• One of the ornamental tags, cords, or loops on some military and naval uniforms.
Ail
v. t.
• To affect with pain or uneasiness, either physical or mental; to trouble; to be the matter with; — used to express some uneasiness or affection, whose cause is unknown; as, what ails the man? I know not what ails him.
v. i.
• To be affected with pain or uneasiness of any sort; to be ill or indisposed or in trouble.
n.
• Indisposition or morbid affection.
Ailanthus
n.
• Same as Ailantus.
Ailantus
n.
(Bot.) A genus of beautiful trees, natives of the East Indies. The tree imperfectly dicious, and the staminate or male plant is very offensive when blossom.
Ailette
n.
• A small square shield, formerly worn on the shoulders of knights, — being the prototype of the modern epaulet.
Ailment
n.
• Indisposition; morbid affection of the body; — not applied ordinarily to acute diseases.
Ailuroidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of the Carnivora, which includes the cats, civets, and hyenas.
Aim
v. i.
• To point or direct a missile weapon, or a weapon which propels as missile, towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it; as, to aim at a fox, or at a target.
• To direct the indention or purpose; to attempt the accomplishment of a purpose; to try to gain; to endeavor; — followed by at, or by an infinitive; as, to aim at distinction; to aim to do well.
• To guess or conjecture.
v. t.
• To direct or point, as a weapon, at a particular object; to direct, as a missile, an act, or a proceeding, at, to, or against an object; as, to aim a musket or an arrow, the fist or a blow (at something); to aim a satire or a reflection (at some person or vice).
n.
• The pointing of a weapon, as a gun, a dart, or an arrow, in the line of direction with the object intended to be struck; the line of fire; the direction of anything, as a spear, a blow, a discourse, a remark, towards a particular point or object, with a view to strike or affect it.
• The point intended to be hit, or object intended to be attained or affected.
• Intention; purpose; design; scheme.
• Conjecture; guess.
Aimer
n.
• One who aims, directs, or points.
Aimless
a.
• Without aim or purpose; as, an aimless life.
Ain't
• A contraction for are not and am not; also used for is not.
Aino
n.
• One of a peculiar race inhabiting Yesso, the Kooril Islands etc., in the northern part of the empire of Japan, by some supposed to have been the progenitors of the Japanese. The Ainos are stout and short, with hairy bodies.
Air
n.
• The fluid which we breathe, and which surrounds the earth; the atmosphere. It is invisible, inodorous, insipid, transparent, compressible, elastic, and ponderable.
• Symbolically: Something unsubstantial, light, or volatile.
• A particular state of the atmosphere, as respects heat, cold, moisture, etc., or as affecting the sensations; as, a smoky air, a damp air, the morning air, etc.
• Any aeriform body; a gas; as, oxygen was formerly called vital air.
• Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind.
• Odoriferous or contaminated air.
• That which surrounds and influences.
• Utterance abroad; publicity; vent.
• Intelligence; information.
(Mus.) A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in consecutive single tones, so as to form a symmetrical and balanced whole, which may be sung by a single voice to the stanzas of a hymn or song, or even to plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody; a tune; an aria.
• In harmonized chorals, psalmody, part songs, etc., the part which bears the tune or melody — in modern harmony usually the upper part — is sometimes called the air.
• The peculiar look, appearance, and bearing of a person; mien; demeanor; as, the air of a youth; a heavy air; a lofty air.
• Peculiar appearance; apparent character; semblance; manner; style.
• An artificial or affected manner; show of pride or vanity; haughtiness; as, it is said of a person, he puts on airs.
(Paint.) The representation or reproduction of the effect of the atmospheric medium through which every object in nature is viewed.
• Carriage; attitude; action; movement; as, the head of that portrait has a good air.
(Man.) The artificial motion or carriage of a horse.
v. t.
• To expose to the air for the purpose of cooling, refreshing, or purifying; to ventilate; as, to air a room.
• To expose for the sake of public notice; to display ostentatiously; as, to air one's opinion.
• To expose to heat, for the purpose of expelling dampness, or of warming; as, to air linen; to air liquors.
Airer
n.
• One who exposes to the air.
• A frame on which clothes are aired or dried.
Airily
adv.
• In an airy manner; lightly; gaily; jauntily; fippantly.
Airiness
n.
• The state or quality of being airy; openness or exposure to the air; as, the airiness of a country seat.
• Lightness of spirits; gayety; levity; as, the airiness of young persons.
Airing
n.
• A walk or a ride in the open air; a short excursion for health's sake.
• An exposure to air, or to a fire, for warming, drying, etc.; as, the airing of linen, or of a room.
Airless
a.
• Not open to a free current of air; wanting fresh air, or communication with the open air.
Airlike
a.
• Resembling air.
Airling
n.
• A thoughtless, gay person.
Airometer
n.
• A hollow cylinder to contain air. It is closed above and open below, and has its open end plunged into water.
Airy
a.
• Consisting of air; as, an airy substance; the airy parts of bodies.
• Relating or belonging to air; high in air; aerial; as, an airy flight.
• Open to a free current of air; exposed to the air; breezy; as, an airy situation.
• Resembling air; thin; unsubstantial; not material; airlike.
• Relating to the spirit or soul; delicate; graceful; as, airy music.
• Without reality; having no solid foundation; empty; trifling; visionary.
• Light of heart; vivacious; sprightly; flippant; superficial.
• Having an affected manner; being in the habit of putting on airs; affectedly grand.
(Paint.) Having the light and aerial tints true to nature.
Aisle
n.
(Arch.) A lateral division of a building, separated from the middle part, called the nave, by a row of columns or piers, which support the roof or an upper wall containing windows, called the clearstory wall.
• Improperly used also for the have; — as in the phrases, a church with three aisles, the middle aisle.
• Also (perhaps from confusion with alley), a passage into which the pews of a church open.
Aisled
a.
• Furnished with an aisle or aisles.
Aisless
a.
• Without an aisle.
Ait
n.
• An islet, or little isle, in a river or lake; an eyot.
n.
• Oat.
Aitch
n.
• The letter h or H.
Aitchbone
n.
• The bone of the rump; also, the cut of beef surrounding this bone.
Ajar
adv.
• Slightly turned or opened; as, the door was standing ajar.
adv.
• In a state of discord; out of harmony; as, he is ajar with the world.
Ajog
adv.
• On the jog.
Ajutage
n.
• A tube through which is water is discharged; an efflux tube; as, the ajutage of a fountain.
Akene
n.
(Bot.) Same as Achene.
Akimbo
a.
• With a crook or bend; with the hand on the hip and elbow turned outward.
Akin
a.
• Of the same kin; related by blood; — used of persons; as, the two families are near akin.
• Allied by nature; partaking of the same properties; of the same kind.
Akinesia
n.
(Med.) Paralysis of the motor nerves; loss of movement.
Akinesic
a.
(med.) Pertaining to akinesia.
Aknee
adv.
• On the knee.
Aknow
• Earlier form of Acknow.
Al
a.
• All.
conj.
• Although; if.
Ala
n.
(Biol.) A winglike organ, or part.
Alabaster
n.
(Min.) A compact variety or sulphate of lime, or gypsum, of fine texture, and usually white and translucent, but sometimes yellow, red, or gray. It is carved into vases, mantel ornaments, etc.
• A hard, compact variety of carbonate of lime, somewhat translucent, or of banded shades of color; stalagmite. The name is used in this sense by Pliny. It is sometimes distinguished as oriental alabaster.
• A box or vessel for holding odoriferous ointments, etc.; — so called from the stone of which it was originally made.
Alabastrian
a.
• Alabastrine.
Alabastrine
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or like, alabaster; as alabastrine limbs.
Alabastrum
n.
(Bot.) A flower bud.
Alack
interj.
• An exclamation expressive of sorrow.
Alackaday
interj.
• An exclamation expressing sorrow.
Alacrify
v. t.
• To rouse to action; to inspirit.
Alacrious
a.
• Brisk; joyously active; lively.
Alacriously
adv.
• With alacrity; briskly.
Alacriousness
n.
• Alacrity.
Alacrity
n.
• A cheerful readiness, willingness, or promptitude; joyous activity; briskness; sprightliness; as, the soldiers advanced with alacrity to meet the enemy.
Aladinist
n.
• One of a sect of freethinkers among the Mohammedans.
Alamire
n.
• The lowest note but one in Guido Aretino's scale of music.
Alamodality
n.
• The quality of being a la mode; conformity to the mode or fashion; fashionableness.
Alamode
adv. & a.
• According to the fashion or prevailing mode.
n.
• A thin, black silk for hoods, scarfs, etc.; — often called simply mode.
Alamort
a.
• To the death; mortally.
Alan
n.
• A wolfhound.
Aland
adv.
• On land; to the land; ashore.
Alanine
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline base, C3H7NO2, derived from aldehyde ammonia.
Alar
a.
• Pertaining to, or having, wings.
(Bot.) Axillary; in the fork or axil.
Alarm
n.
• A summons to arms, as on the approach of an enemy.
• Any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger; a warming sound to arouse attention; a warning of danger.
• A sudden attack; disturbance; broil.
• Sudden surprise with fear or terror excited by apprehension of danger; in the military use, commonly, sudden apprehension of being attacked by surprise.
• A mechanical contrivance for awaking persons from sleep, or rousing their attention; an alarum.
v. t.
• To call to arms for defense; to give notice to (any one) of approaching danger; to rouse to vigilance and action; to put on the alert.
• To keep in excitement; to disturb.
• To surprise with apprehension of danger; to fill with anxiety in regard to threatening evil; to excite with sudden fear.
Alarmable
a.
• Easily alarmed or disturbed.
Alarmed
a.
• Aroused to vigilance; excited by fear of approaching danger; agitated; disturbed; as, an alarmed neighborhood; an alarmed modesty.
Alarmedly
adv.
• In an alarmed manner.
Alarming
a.
• Exciting, or calculated to excite, alarm; causing apprehension of danger; as, an alarming crisis or report.
Alarmist
n.
• One prone to sound or excite alarms, especially, needless alarms.
Alary
a.
• Of or pertaining to wings; also, wing-shaped.
Alas
interj.
• An exclamation expressive of sorrow, pity, or apprehension of evil; — in old writers, sometimes followed by day or white; alas the day, like alack a day, or alas the white.
Alate
adv.
• Lately; of late.
Alation
n.
• The state of being winged.
Alb
n.
• A vestment of white linen, reaching to the feet, an enveloping the person; — in the Roman Catholic church, worn by those in holy orders when officiating at mass. It was formerly worn, at least by clerics, in daily life.
Alban
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline resinous substance extracted from gutta-percha by the action of alcohol or ether.
Albanian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Albania, a province of Turkey.
n.
• A native of Albania.
Albata
n.
• A white metallic alloy; which is made into spoons, forks, teapots, etc. British plate or German silver.
Albatross
n.
(Zool.) A web-footed bird, of the genus Diomedea, of which there are several species. They are the largest of sea birds, capable of long-continued flight, and are often seen at great distances from the land. They are found chiefly in the southern hemisphere.
Albedo
n.
• Whiteness. Specifically: (Astron.) The ratio which the light reflected from an unpolished surface bears to the total light falling upon that surface.
Albeit
conj.
• Even though; although; notwithstanding.
Albertite
n.
(Min.) A bituminous mineral resembling asphaltum, found in the county of A. bert, New Brunswick.
Albertype
n.
• A picture printed from a kind of gelatine plate produced by means of a photographic negative.
Albescence
n.
• The act of becoming white; whitishness.
Albescent
a.
• Becoming white or whitish; moderately white.
Albicant
a.
• Growing or becoming white.
Albication
n.
• The process of becoming white, or developing white patches, or streaks.
Albicore
n.
(Zool.) A name applied to several large fishes of the Mackerel family, esp. Orcynus alalonga. One species (Orcynus thynnus), common in the Mediterranean and Atlantic, is called in New England the horse mackerel; the tunny.
Albification
n.
• The act or process of making white.
Albigensian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Albigenses.
Albiness
n.
• A female albino.
Albinism
n.
• The state or condition of being an albino: abinoism; leucopathy.
Albinistic
a.
• Affected with albinism.
Albino
n.
• A person, whether negro, Indian, or white, in whom by some defect of organization the substance which gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes is deficient or in a morbid state. An albino has a skin of a milky hue, with hair of the same color, and eyes with deep red pupil and pink or blue iris. The term is also used of the lower animals, as white mice, elephants, etc.; and of plants in a whitish condition from the absence of chlorophyll.
Albinoism
n.
• The state or condition of being an albino; albinism.
Albinotic
a.
• Affected with albinism.
Albion
n.
• An ancient name of England, still retained in poetry.
Albite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of the feldspar family, triclinic in crystallization, and in composition a silicate of alumina and soda. It is a common constituent of granite and of various igneous rocks.
Albolith
n.
• A kind of plastic cement, or artificial stone, consisting chiefly of magnesia and silica; — called also albolite.
Alborak
n.
• The imaginary milk-white animal on which Mohammed was said to have been carried up to heaven; a white mule.
Albugineous
a.
• Of the nature of, or resembling, the white of the eye, or of an egg; albuminous; — a term applied to textures, humors, etc., which are perfectly white.
Albugo
n.
(Med.) Same as Leucoma.
Album
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) A white tablet on which anything was inscribed, as a list of names, etc.
• A register for visitors' names; a visitors' book.
• A blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing of friends, photographs, etc.
Albumen
n.
• The white of an egg.
(Bot.) Nourishing matter stored up within the integuments of the seed in many plants, but not incorporated in the embryo. It is the floury part in corn, wheat, and like grains, the oily part in poppy seeds, the fleshy part in the cocoanut, etc.
(Chem.) Same as Albumin.
Albumenize
v. t.
• To cover or saturate with albumen; to coat or treat with an albuminous solution; as, to albuminize paper.
Albumin
n.
(Chem.) A thick, viscous nitrogenous substance, which is the chief and characteristic constituent of white of eggs and of the serum of blood, and is found in other animal substances, both fluid and solid, also in many plants. It is soluble in water is coagulated by heat ad by certain chemical reagents.
Albuminate
n.
(Chem.) A substance produced by the action of an alkali upon albumin, and resembling casein in its properties; also, a compound formed by the union of albumin with another substance.
Albuminiferous
a.
• Supplying albumen.
Albuminimeter
n.
• An instrument for ascertaining the quantity of albumen in a liquid.
Albuminin
n.
(Chem.) The substance of the cells which inclose the white of birds' eggs.
Albuminiparous
a.
• Producing albumin.
Albuminoid
a.
(Chem.) Resembling albumin.
n.
• One of a class of organic principles (called also proteids) which form the main part of organized tissues.
Albuminoidal
a.
(Chem.) Of the nature of an albuminoid.
Albuminose
n.
(Chem.) A diffusible substance formed from albumin by the action of natural or artificial gastric juice.
Albuminuria
n.
(Med.) A morbid condition in which albumin is present in the urine.
Albumose
n.
(Chem.) A compound or class of compounds formed from albumin by dilute acids or by an acid solution of pepsin. Used also in combination, as antialbumose, hemialbumose.
Alburn
n.
(Zool.) The bleak, a small European fish having scales of a peculiarly silvery color which are used in making artificial pearls.
Alburnous
a.
• Of or pertaining to alburnum; of the alburnum; as, alburnous substances.
Alburnum
n.
(Bot.) The white and softer part of wood, between the inner bark and the hard wood or duramen; sapwood.
Albyn
n.
• Scotland; esp. the Highlands of Scotland.
Alcade
n.
• Same as Alcaid.
Alcahest
n.
• Same as Alkahest.
Alcaic
a.
• Pertaining to Alcaeus, a lyric poet of Mitylene, about 6000 b. c. — n. A kind of verse, so called from Alcaeus. One variety consists of five feet, a spondee or iambic, an iambic, a long syllable, and two dactyls.
Alcalde
n.
• A magistrate or judge in Spain and in Spanish America, etc.
Alcanna
n.
(Bot.) An oriental shrub (Lawsonia inermis) from which henna is obtained.
Alcarraza
n.
• A vessel of porous earthenware, used for cooling liquids by evaporation from the exterior surface.
Alcayde
n.
• Same as Alcaid.
Alcazar
n.
• A fortress; also, a royal palace.
Alcedo
n.
(Zool.) A genus of perching birds, including the European kingfisher (Alcedo ispida).
Alchemically
adv.
• In the manner of alchemy.
Alchemist
n.
• One who practices alchemy.
Alchemistry
n.
• Alchemy.
Alchemize
v. t.
• To change by alchemy; to transmute.
Alchemy
n.
• An imaginary art which aimed to transmute the baser metals into gold, to find the panacea, or universal remedy for diseases, etc. It led the way to modern chemistry.
• A mixed metal composed mainly of brass, formerly used for various utensils; hence, a trumpet.
• Miraculous power of transmuting something common into something precious.
Alco
n.
• A small South American dog, domesticated by the aborigines.
Alcohol
n.
• An impalpable powder.
• The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation.
• Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also ethyl alcohol); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation.
(Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH); methyl forms methyl alcohol (CH3.OH) or wood spirit; amyl forms amyl alcohol (C5H11.OH) or fusel oil, etc.
Alcoholate
n.
(Chem.) A crystallizable compound of a salt with alcohol, in which the latter plays a part analogous to that of water of crystallization.
Alcoholature
n.
(Med.) An alcoholic tincture prepared with fresh plants.
Alcoholic
a.
• Of or pertaining to alcohol, or partaking of its qualities; derived from, or caused by, alcohol; containing alcohol; as, alcoholic mixtures; alcoholic gastritis; alcoholic odor.
n.
• A person given to the use of alcoholic liquors.
• Alcoholic liquors.
Alcoholism
n.
(Med.) A diseased condition of the system, brought about by the continued use of alcoholic liquors.
Alcoholization
n.
• The act of reducing a substance to a fine or impalpable powder.
• The act rectifying spirit.
• Saturation with alcohol; putting the animal system under the influence of alcoholic liquor.
Alcoholize
v. t.
• To reduce to a fine powder.
• To convert into alcohol; to rectify; also, to saturate with alcohol.
Alcoholometry
n.
• The process or method of ascertaining the proportion of pure alcohol which spirituous liquors contain.
Alcoran
n.
• The Mohammedan Scriptures; the Koran (now the usual form).
Alcoranic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Koran.
Alcoranist
n.
• One who adheres to the letter of the Koran, rejecting all traditions.
Alcove
n.
(Arch.) A recessed portion of a room, or a small room opening into a larger one; especially, a recess to contain a bed; a lateral recess in a library.
• A small ornamental building with seats, or an arched seat, in a pleasure ground; a garden bower.
• Any natural recess analogous to an alcove or recess in an apartment.
Alcyonacea
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of soft-bodied Alcyonaria, of which Alcyonium is the type.
Alcyonaria
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the orders of Anthozoa. It includes the Alcyonacea, Pennatulacea, and Gorgonacea.
Alcyones
n. pl.
(Zool.) The kingfishers.
Alcyonic
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Alcyonaria.
Alcyonium
n.
(Zool.) A genus of fleshy Alcyonaria, its polyps somewhat resembling flowers with eight fringed rays. The term was also formerly used for certain species of sponges.
Alcyonoid
a.
(Zool.) Like or pertaining to the Alcyonaria.
n.
• A zoophyte of the order Alcyonaria.
Alday
adv.
• Continually.
Aldebaran
n.
(Astron.) A red star of the first magnitude, situated in the eye of Taurus; the Bull's Eye. It is the bright star in the group called the Hyades.
Aldehyde
n.
(Chem.) A colorless, mobile, and very volatile liquid obtained from alcohol by certain of oxidation.
Aldehydic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to aldehyde; as, aldehydic acid.
Alder
n.
(Bot.) A tree, usually growing in moist land, and belonging to the genus Alnus. The wood is used by turners, etc.; the bark by dyers and tanners. In the U. S. the species of alder are usually shrubs or small trees.
Alderman
n.
• A senior or superior; a person of rank or dignity.
• One of a board or body of municipal officers next in order to the mayor and having a legislative function. They may, in some cases, individually exercise some magisterial and administrative functions.
Aldermancy
n.
• The office of an alderman.
Aldermanic
a.
• Relating to, becoming to, or like, an alderman; characteristic of an alderman.
Aldermanity
n.
• Aldermen collectively; the body of aldermen.
• The state of being an alderman.
Aldermanlike
a.
• Like or suited to an alderman.
Aldermanly
a.
• Pertaining to, or like, an alderman.
a.
• Pertaining to, or like, an alderman.
Aldermanry
n.
• The district or ward of an alderman.
• The office or rank of an alderman.
Aldermanship
n.
• The condition, position, or office of an alderman.
Aldern
a.
• Made of alder.
Alderney
n.
• One of a breed of cattle raised in Alderney, one of the Channel Islands. Alderneys are of a dun or tawny color and are often called Jersey cattle.
Aldine
a.
(Bibliog.) An epithet applied to editions (chiefly of the classics) which proceeded from the press of Aldus Manitius, and his family, of Venice, for the most part in the 16th century and known by the sign of the anchor and the dolphin. The term has also been applied to certain elegant editions of English works.
Ale
n.
• An intoxicating liquor made from an infusion of malt by fermentation and the addition of a bitter, usually hops.
• A festival in English country places, so called from the liquor drunk.
Aleak
adv. & a.
• In a leaking condition.
Aleatory
a.
(Law) Depending on some uncertain contingency; as, an aleatory contract.
Alebench
n.
• A bench in or before an alehouse.
Aleberry
n.
• A beverage, formerly made by boiling ale with spice, sugar, and sops of bread.
Alecithal
a.
(Biol.) Applied to those ova which segment uniformly, and which have little or no food yelk embedded in their protoplasm.
Aleconner
n.
• Orig., an officer appointed to look to the goodness of ale and beer; also, one of the officers chosen by the liverymen of London to inspect the measures used in public houses. But the office is a sinecure. [Also called aletaster.]
Alecost
n.
(Bot.) The plant costmary, which was formerly much used for flavoring ale.
Alectorides
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of birds including the common fowl and the pheasants.
Alectoromachy
n.
• Cockfighting.
Alectryom'achy
n.
• Cockfighting.
Alectryomancy
n.
• Divination by means of a cock and grains of corn placed on the letters of the alphabet, the letters being put together in the order in which the grains were eaten.
Alee
adv.
(Naut.) On or toward the lee, or the side away from the wind; the opposite of aweather. The helm of a ship is alee when pressed close to the lee side.
Alegar
n.
• Sour ale; vinegar made of ale.
Aleger
a.
• Gay; cheerful; sprightly.
Alegge
v. t.
• To allay or alleviate; to lighten.
Alehoof
n.
• Ground ivy (Nepeta Glechoma).
Alehouse
n.
• A house where ale is retailed; hence, a tippling house.
Alemannic
a.
• Belonging to the Alemanni, a confederacy of warlike German tribes.
n.
• The language of the Alemanni.
Alembic
n.
• An apparatus formerly used in distillation, usually made of glass or metal. It has mostly given place to the retort and worm still.
Alembroth
n.
• The salt of wisdom of the alchemists, a double salt composed of the chlorides of ammonium and mercury. It was formerly used as a stimulant.
Alength
adv.
• At full length; lenghtwise.
Alepidote
a.
(Zool.) Not having scales.
n.
• A fish without scales.
Alepole
n.
• A pole set up as the sign of an alehouse.
Alert
a.
• Watchful; vigilant; active in vigilance.
• Brisk; nimble; moving with celerity.
n.
(Mil.) An alarm from a real or threatened attack; a sudden attack; also, a bugle sound to give warning.
Alertly
adv.
• In an alert manner; nimbly.
Alertness
n.
• The quality of being alert or on the alert; briskness; nimbleness; activity.
Alestake
n.
• A stake or pole projecting from, or set up before, an alehouse, as a sign; an alepole. At the end was commonly suspended a garland, a bunch of leaves, or a "bush."
Alethiology
n.
• The science which treats of the nature of truth and evidence.
Alethoscope
n.
• An instrument for viewing pictures by means of a lens, so as to present them in their natural proportions and relations.
Aleuromancy
n.
• Divination by means of flour.
Aleurometer
n.
• An instrument for determining the expansive properties, or quality, of gluten in flour.
Aleurone
n.
(Bot.) An albuminoid substance which occurs in minute grains ("protein granules") in maturing seeds and tubers; — supposed to be a modification of protoplasm.
Aleuronic
a.
(Bot.) Having the nature of aleurone.
Alevin
n.
• Young fish; fry.
Alew
n.
• Halloo.
Alewife
n.
• A woman who keeps an alehouse.
n.
(Zool.) A North American fish (Clupea vernalis) of the Herring family. It is called also ellwife, ellwhop, branch herring. The name is locally applied to other related species.
Alexandrian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Alexandria in Egypt; as, the Alexandrian library.
• Applied to a kind of heroic verse.
Alexandrine
a.
• Belonging to Alexandria; Alexandrian.
n.
• A kind of verse consisting in English of twelve syllables.
Alexipharmic
n.
(Med.) An antidote against poison or infection; a counterpoison.
Alexipyretic
a.
(Med.) Serving to drive off fever; antifebrile.
n.
• A febrifuge.
Alexiteric
n.
(Med.) A preservative against contagious and infectious diseases, and the effects of poison in general.
Alfalfa
n.
(Bot.) The lucern (Medicago sativa); — so called in California, Texas, etc.
Alfenide
n.
(Metal.) An alloy of nickel and silver electroplated with silver.
Alferes
n.
• An ensign; a standard bearer.
Alfet
n.
• A caldron of boiling water into which an accused person plunged his forearm as a test of innocence or guilt.
Alfilaria
n.
(Bot.) The pin grass (Erodium cicutarium), a weed in California.
Alfione
n.
(Zool.) An edible marine fish of California (Rhacochilus toxotes).
Alfresco
adv. & a.
• In the open-air.
Alga
n.
(Bot.) A kind of seaweed; pl. the class of cellular cryptogamic plants which includes the black, red, and green seaweeds, as kelp, dulse, sea lettuce, also marine and fresh water confervae, etc.
Algal
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining to, or like, algae.
Algaroba
n.
(Bot.) The Carob, a leguminous tree of the Mediterranean region; also, its edible beans or pods, called St. John's bread.
• The Honey mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), a small tree found from California to Buenos Ayres; also, its sweet, pulpy pods. A valuable gum, resembling gum arabic, is collected from the tree in Texas and Mexico.
Algarovilla
n.
• The agglutinated seeds and husks of the legumes of a South American tree (Inga Marthae). It is valuable for tanning leather, and as a dye.
Algazel
n.
(Zool.) The true gazelle.
Algebra
n.
(Math.) That branch of mathematics which treats of the relations and properties of quantity by means of letters and other symbols. It is applicable to those relations that are true of every kind of magnitude.
• A treatise on this science.
Algebraically
adv.
• By algebraic process.
Algebraist
n.
• One versed in algebra.
Algebraize
v. t.
• To perform by algebra; to reduce to algebraic form.
Algerian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Algeria.
n.
• A native of Algeria.
Algerine
a.
• Of or pertaining to Algiers or Algeria.
n.
• A native or one of the people of Algiers or Algeria. Also, a pirate.
Algid
a.
• Cold; chilly.
Algidity
n.
• Chilliness; coldness
(Med.) coldness and collapse.
Algidness
n.
• Algidity.
Algific
a.
• Producing cold.
Algoid
a.
• Of the nature of, or resembling, an alga.
Algol
n.
(Astron.) A fixed star, in Medusa's head, in the constellation Perseus, remarkable for its periodic variation in brightness.
Algological
a.
• Of or pertaining to algology; as, algological specimens.
Algologist
n.
• One learned about algae; a student of algology.
Algology
n.
(Bot.) The study or science of algae or seaweeds.
Algor
n.
(Med.) Cold; chilliness.
Algous
a.
• Of or pertaining to the algae, or seaweeds; abounding with, or like, seaweed.
Alguazil
n.
• An inferior officer of justice in Spain; a warrant officer; a constable.
Algum
n.
• Same as Almug (and etymologically preferable).
Alhambra
n.
• The palace of the Moorish kings at Granada.
Alias
adv.
(Law) Otherwise; otherwise called; — a term used in legal proceedings to connect the different names of any one who has gone by two or more, and whose true name is for any cause doubtful; as, Smith, alias Simpson.
• At another time.
n.
(Law) A second or further writ which is issued after a first writ has expired without effect.
• Another name; an assumed name.
Alibi
n.
(Law) The plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove that he was in another place when the alleged act was committed; as, to set up an alibi; to prove an alibi.
Alibility
n.
• Quality of being alible.
Alible
a.
• Nutritive; nourishing.
Alicant
n.
• A kind of wine, formerly much esteemed; — said to have been made near Alicant, in Spain.
Alidade
n.
• The portion of a graduated instrument, as a quadrant or astrolabe, carrying the sights or telescope, and showing the degrees cut off on the arc of the instrument
Alien
a.
• Not belonging to the same country, land, or government, or to the citizens or subjects thereof; foreign; as, alien subjects, enemies, property, shores.
• Wholly different in nature; foreign; adverse; inconsistent (with); incongruous; — followed by from or sometimes by to; as, principles alien from our religion.
n.
• A foreigner; one owing allegiance, or belonging, to another country; a foreign-born resident of a country in which he does not posses the privileges of a citizen. Hence, a stranger.
• One excluded from certain privileges; one alienated or estranged; as, aliens from God's mercies.
v. t.
• To alienate; to estrange; to transfer, as property or ownership.
Alienability
n.
• Capability of being alienated.
Alienable
a.
• Capable of being alienated, sold, or transferred to another; as, land is alienable according to the laws of the state.
Alienage
n.
• The state or legal condition of being an alien.
• The state of being alienated or transferred to another.
Alienate
a.
• Estranged; withdrawn in affection; foreign; — with from.
v. t.
• To convey or transfer to another, as title, property, or right; to part voluntarily with ownership of.
• To withdraw, as the affections; to make indifferent of averse, where love or friendship before subsisted; to estrange; to wean; — with from.
n.
• A stranger; an alien.
Alienation
n.
• The act of alienating, or the state of being alienated.
(Law) A transfer of title, or a legal conveyance of property to another.
• A withdrawing or estrangement, as of the affections.
• Mental alienation; derangement of the mental faculties; insanity; as, alienation of mind.
Alienator
n.
• One who alienates.
Aliene
v. t.
• To alien or alienate; to transfer, as title or property; as, to aliene an estate.
Alienee
n.
(Law) One to whom the title of property is transferred; — opposed to alienor.
Alienism
n.
• The status or legal condition of an alien; alienage.
• The study or treatment of diseases of the mind.
Alienist
n.
• One who treats diseases of the mind.
Alienor
n.
• One who alienates or transfers property to another.
Alife
adv.
• On my life; dearly.
Aliferous
a.
• Having wings, winged; aligerous.
Aliform
a.
• Wing-shaped; winglike.
Aligerous
a.
• Having wings; winged.
Alight
v. i.
• To spring down, get down, or descend, as from on horseback or from a carriage; to dismount.
• To descend and settle, lodge, rest, or stop; as, a flying bird alights on a tree; snow alights on a roof.
• To come or chance (upon).
a.
• Lighted; lighted up; in a flame.
Align
v. t.
• To adjust or form to a line; to range or form in line; to bring into line; to aline.
v. t.
• To form in line; to fall into line.
Alignment
n.
• The act of adjusting to a line; arrangement in a line or lines; the state of being so adjusted; a formation in a straight line; also, the line of adjustment; esp., an imaginary line to regulate the formation of troops or of a squadron.
(Engin.) The ground-plan of a railway or other road, in distinction from the grades or profile.
Alike
a.
• Having resemblance or similitude; similar; without difference. [Now used only predicatively.]
adv.
• In the same manner, form, or degree; in common; equally; as, we are all alike concerne in religion.
Aliment
n.
• That which nourishes; food; nutriment; anything which feeds or adds to a substance in natural growth. Hence: The necessaries of life generally: sustenance; means of support.
• An allowance for maintenance.
v. t.
• To nourish; to support.
• To provide for the maintenance of.
Alimental
a.
• Supplying food; having the quality of nourishing; furnishing the materials for natural growth; as, alimental sap.
Alimentally
adv.
• So as to serve for nourishment or food; nourishing quality.
Alimentariness
n.
• The quality of being alimentary; nourishing quality.
Alimentary
a.
• Pertaining to aliment or food, or to the function of nutrition; nutritious; alimental; as, alimentary substances.
Alimentation
n.
• The act or process of affording nutriment; the function of the alimentary canal.
• State or mode of being nourished.
Alimentiveness
n.
• The instinct or faculty of appetite for food.
Alimonious
a.
• Affording food; nourishing.
Alimony
n.
• Maintenance; means of living.
(Law) An allowance made to a wife out of her husband's estate or income for her support, upon her divorce or legal separation from him, or during a suit for the same.
Alinasal
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to expansions of the nasal bone or cartilage.
Aline
v. t.
• To range or place in a line; to bring into line; to align.
Aliner
n.
• One who adjusts things to a line or lines or brings them into line.
Alioth
n.
(Astron.) A star in the tail of the Great Bear, the one next the bowl in the Dipper.
Aliped
a.
(Zool.) Wing-footed, as the bat.
n.
• An animal whose toes are connected by a membrane, serving for a wing, as the bat.
Aliquant
a.
(Math.) An aliquant part of a number or quantity is one which does not divide it without leaving a remainder; thus, 5 is an aliquant part of 16. Opposed to aliquot.
Aliquot
a.
(Math.) An aliquot part of a number or quantity is one which will divide it without a remainder; thus, 5 is an aliquot part of 15. Opposed to aliquant.
Aliseptal
a.
(Anat.) Relating to expansions of the nasal septum.
Alish
a.
• Like ale; as, an alish taste.
Alisphenoid
n.
(Anat.) The alisphenoid bone.
Alitrunk
n.
(Zool.) The segment of the body of an insect to which the wings are attached; the thorax.
Aliturgical
a.
(Eccl.) Applied to those days when the holy sacrifice is not offered.
Aliunde
adv. & a.
(Law) From another source; from elsewhere; as, a case proved aliunde; evidence aliunde.
Alive
a.
• Having life, in opposition to dead; living; being in a state in which the organs perform their functions; as, an animal or a plant which is alive.
• In a state of action; in force or operation; unextinguished; unexpired; existent; as, to keep the fire alive; to keep the affections alive.
• Exhibiting the activity and motion of many living beings; swarming; thronged.
• Sprightly; lively; brisk.
• Having susceptibility; easily impressed; having lively feelings, as opposed to apathy; sensitive.
• Of all living (by way of emphasis).
Alizari
n.
(Com.) The madder of the Levant.
Alizarin
n.
(Chem.) A coloring principle, C14H6O2(OH)2, found in madder, and now produced artificially from anthracene. It produces the Turkish reds.
Alkahest
n.
• The fabled "universal solvent" of the alchemists; a menstruum capable of dissolving all bodies.
Alkalamide
n.
(Chem.) One of a series of compounds that may be regarded as ammonia in which a part of the hydrogen has been replaced by basic, and another part by acid, atoms or radicals.
Alkalescent
a.
• Tending to the properties of an alkali; slightly alkaline.
Alkali
n.
• Soda ash; caustic soda, caustic potash, etc.
(Chem.) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda, potash, ammoma, and lithia, whose distinguishing peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue.
Alkalifiable
a.
• Capable of being alkalified, or converted into an alkali.
Alkalify
v. t.
• To convert into an alkali; to give alkaline properties to.
v. i.
• To become changed into an alkali.
Alkalimeter
n.
• An instrument to ascertain the strength of alkalies, or the quantity of alkali in a mixture.
Alkalimetry
n.
(Chem.) The art or process of ascertaining the strength of alkalies, or the quantity present in alkaline mixtures.
Alkaline
a.
• Of or pertaining to an alkali or to alkalies; having the properties of an alkali.
Alkalinity
n.
• The quality which constitutes an alkali; alkaline property.
Alkalious
a.
• Alkaline.
Alkalizate
a.
• Alkaline.
v. t.
• To alkalizate.
Alkalization
n.
• The act rendering alkaline by impregnating with an alkali; a conferring of alkaline qualities.
Alkalize
v. t.
• To render alkaline; to communicate the properties of an alkali to.
Alkaloid
n.
(Chem.) An organic base, especially one of a class of substances occurring ready formed in the tissues of plants and the bodies of animals.
Alkanet
n.
(Chem.) A dyeing matter extracted from the roots of Alkanna tinctoria, which gives a fine deep red color.
(Bot.) A boraginaceous herb (Alkanna tinctoria) yielding the dye; orchanet.
• The similar plant Anchusa officinalis; bugloss; also, the American puccoon.
Alkargen
n.
(Chem.) Same as Cacodylic acid.
Alkarsin
n.
(Chem.) A spontaneously inflammable liquid, having a repulsive odor, and consisting of cacodyl and its oxidation products; — called also Cadel's fuming liquid.
Alkekengi
n.
(Bot.) An herbaceous plant of the nightshade family (Physalis alkekengi) and its fruit, which is a well flavored berry, the size of a cherry, loosely inclosed in a enlarged leafy calyx; — also called winter cherry, ground cherry, and strawberry tomato.
Alkermes
n.
(Old Pharmacy) A compound cordial, in the form of a confection, deriving its name from the kermes insect, its principal ingredient.
Alkoran
n.
• The Mohammedan Scriptures. Same as Alcoran and Koran.
Alkoranic
a.
• Same as Alcoranic.
Alkoranist
n.
• Same as Alcoranist.
All
a.
• The whole quantity, extent, duration, amount, quality, or degree of; the whole; the whole number of; any whatever; every; as, all the wheat; all the land; all the year; all the strength; all happiness; all abundance; loss of all power; beyond all doubt; you will see us all (or all of us).
• Any.
• Only; alone; nothing but.
adv.
• Wholly; completely; altogether; entirely; quite; very; as, all bedewed; my friend is all for amusement.
• Even; just.
n.
• The whole number, quantity, or amount; the entire thing; everything included or concerned; the aggregate; the whole; totality; everything or every person; as, our all is at stake.
conj.
• Although; albeit.
Allah
n.
• The name of the Supreme Being, in use among the Arabs and the Mohammedans generally.
Allanite
n.
(min.) A silicate containing a large amount of cerium. It is usually black in color, opaque, and is related to epidote in form and composition.
Allantoic
a.
• Pertaining to, or contained in, the allantois.
Allantoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of Vertebrata in which the embryo develops an allantois. It includes reptiles, birds, and mammals.
Allantoin
n.
(Chem.) A crystalline, transparent, colorless substance found in the allantoic liquid of the fetal calf; — formerly called allantoic acid and amniotic acid.
Allatrate
v. i.
• To bark as a dog.
Allay
v. t.
• To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm; as, to allay popular excitement; to allay the tumult of the passions.
• To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate; as, to allay the severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity.
v. t.
• To diminish in strength; to abate; to subside.
n.
• Alleviation; abatement; check.
n.
• Alloy.
v. t.
• To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.
Allayer
n.
• One who, or that which, allays.
Allayment
n.
• An allaying; that which allays; mitigation.
Allecret
n.
• A kind of light armor used in the sixteenth century, esp. by the Swiss.
Allect
v. t.
• To allure; to entice.
Allectation
n.
• Enticement; allurement.
Allective
a.
• Alluring.
n.
• Allurement.
Allegation
n.
• The act of alleging or positively asserting.
• That which is alleged, asserted, or declared; positive assertion; formal averment
(Law) A statement by a party of what he undertakes to prove, — usually applied to each separate averment; the charge or matter undertaken to be proved.
Allege
v. t.
• To bring forward with positiveness; to declare; to affirm; to assert; as, to allege a fact.
• To cite or quote; as, to allege the authority of a judge.
• To produce or urge as a reason, plea, or excuse; as, he refused to lend, alleging a resolution against lending.
v. t.
• To alleviate; to lighten, as a burden or a trouble.
Allegeable
a.
• Capable of being alleged or affirmed.
Allegeance
n.
• Allegation.
Allegement
n.
• Allegation.
Alleger
n.
• One who affirms or declares.
Allegiance
n.
• The tie or obligation, implied or expressed, which a subject owes to his sovereign or government; the duty of fidelity to one's king, government, or state.
• Devotion; loyalty; as, allegiance to science.
Allegiant
a.
• Loyal.
Allegorist
n.
• One who allegorizes; a writer of allegory.
Allegorization
n.
• The act of turning into allegory, or of understanding in an allegorical sense.
Allegorize
v. t.
• To form or turn into allegory; as, to allegorize the history of a people.
• To treat as allegorical; to understand in an allegorical sense; as, when a passage in a writer may understood literally or figuratively, he who gives it a figurative sense is said to allegorize it.
v. t.
• To use allegory.
Allegorizer
n.
• One who allegorizes, or turns things into allegory; an allegorist.
Allegory
n.
• A figurative sentence or discourse, in which the principal subject is described by another subject resembling it in its properties and circumstances. The real subject is thus kept out of view, and we are left to collect the intentions of the writer or speaker by the resemblance of the secondary to the primary subject.
• Anything which represents by suggestive resemblance; an emblem.
(Paint. & Sculpt.) A figure representation which has a meaning beyond notion directly conveyed by the object painted or sculptured.
Allegresse
n.
• Joy; gladsomeness.
Allegretto
a.
(Mus.) Quicker than andante, but not so quick as allegro.
n.
• A movement in this time.
Allegro
a.
(Mus.) Brisk, lively.
n.
• An allegro movement; a quick, sprightly strain or piece.
Allemande
n.
(Mus.) A dance in moderate twofold time, invented by the French in the reign of Louis XIV.; — now mostly found in suites of pieces, like those of Bach and Handel.
• A figure in dancing.
Allenarly
adv.
• Solely; only.
Aller
a.
• Same as Alder, of all.
Allerion
n.
(Her.) Am eagle without beak or feet, with expanded wings.
Alleviate
v. t.
• To lighten or lessen the force or weight of.
• To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate sorrow, pain, care, etc. ; — opposed to aggravate.
• To extenuate; to palliate.
Alleviation
n.
• The act of alleviating; a lightening of weight or severity; mitigation; relief.
• That which mitigates, or makes more tolerable.
Alleviative
a.
• Tending to alleviate.
n.
• That which alleviates.
Alleviator
n.
• One who, or that which, alleviaties.
Alleviatory
a.
• Alleviative.
Alley
n.
• A narrow passage; especially a walk or passage in a garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes; a bordered way.
• A narrow passage or way in a city, as distinct from a public street.
• A passageway between rows of pews in a church.
(Persp.) Any passage having the entrance represented as wider than the exit, so as to give the appearance of length.
• The space between two rows of compositors' stands in a printing office.
n.
• A choice taw or marble.
Alleyed
a.
• Furnished with alleys; forming an alley.
Alleyway
n.
• An alley.
Allfours
• A game at cards, called "High, Low, Jack, and the Game."
Allhallond
n.
• Allhallows.
Allhallow
• The evening before Allhallows. See Halloween.
Allhallowmas
n.
• The feast of All Saints.
Allhallown
a.
• Of or pertaining to the time of Allhallows.
Allhallowtide
n.
• The time at or near All Saints, or November 1st.
Allheal
n.
• A name popularly given to the officinal valerian, and to some other plants.
Alliable
a.
• Able to enter into alliance.
Alliaceous
a.
• Of or pertaining to the genus Allium, or garlic, onions, leeks, etc.; having the smell or taste of garlic or onions.
Alliance
n.
• The state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties, etc., especially between families by marriage and states by compact, treaty, or league; as, matrimonial alliances; an alliance between church and state; an alliance between France and England.
• Any union resembling that of families or states; union by relationship in qualities; affinity.
• The persons or parties allied.
v. t.
• To connect by alliance; to ally.
Alliant
n.
• An ally; a confederate.
Alliciency
n.
• Attractive power; attractiveness.
Allicient
a.
• That attracts; attracting.
n.
• That attracts.
Allied
a.
• United; joined; leagued; akin; related.
Alligate
v. t.
• To tie; to unite by some tie.
Alligation
n.
• The act of tying together or attaching by some bond, or the state of being attached.
(Arith.) A rule relating to the solution of questions concerning the compounding or mixing of different ingredients, or ingredients of different qualities or values.
Alligator
n.
(Zool.) A large carnivorous reptile of the Crocodile family, peculiar to America. It has a shorter and broader snout than the crocodile, and the large teeth of the lower jaw shut into pits in the upper jaw, which has no marginal notches. Besides the common species of the southern United States, there are allied species in South America.
(Mech.) Any machine with strong jaws, one of which opens like the movable jaw of an alligator.
(Metal Working) a form of squeezer for the puddle ball.
(Mining) a rock breaker.
(Printing) a kind of job press, called also alligator press.
Allineate
v. t.
• To align.
Allision
n.
• The act of dashing against, or striking upon.
Alliteral
a.
• Pertaining to, or characterized by alliteration.
Alliterate
v. t.
• To employ or place so as to make alliteration.
v. i.
• To compose alliteratively; also, to constitute alliteration.
Alliteration
n.
• The repetition of the same letter at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other, or at short intervals; as in the following lines: -
Alliterative
a.
• Pertaining to, or characterized by, alliteration; as, alliterative poetry.
Alliterator
n.
• One who alliterates.
Allium
n.
(bot.) A genus of plants, including the onion, garlic, leek, chive, etc.
Allmouth
n.
(Zool.) The angler.
Allness
n.
• Totality; completeness.
Allnight
n.
• Light, fuel, or food for the whole night.
Allocate
v. t.
• To distribute or assign; to allot.
• To localize.
Allocation
n.
• The act of putting one thing to another; a placing; disposition; arrangement.
• An allotment or apportionment; as, an allocation of shares in a company.
• The admission of an item in an account, or an allowance made upon an account; — a term used in the English exchequer.
Allocatur
n.
(Law) "Allowed." The word allocatur expresses the allowance of a proceeding, writ, order, etc., by a court, judge, or judicial officer.
Allochroic
a.
• Changeable in color.
Allochroous
a.
• Changing color.
Allocution
n.
• The act or manner of speaking to, or of addressing in words.
• An address; a hortatory or authoritative address as of a pope to his clergy.
Allodial
a.
(Law) Pertaining to allodium; freehold; free of rent or service; held independent of a lord paramount; — opposed to feudal; as, allodial lands; allodial system.
a.
• Anything held allodially.
Allodialism
n.
• The allodial system.
Allodialist
n.
• One who holds allodial land.
Allodially
adv.
• By allodial tenure.
Allodiary
n.
• One who holds an allodium.
Allodium
n.
(Law) Freehold estate; land which is the absolute property of the owner; real estate held in absolute independence, without being subject to any rent, service, or acknowledgment to a superior. It is thus opposed to feud.
Allogamous
a.
(Bot.) Characterized by allogamy.
Allogamy
n.
(Bot.) Fertilization of the pistil of a plant by pollen from another of the same species; cross-fertilization.
Allogeneous
a.
• Different in nature or kind.
Allograph
n.
• A writing or signature made by some person other than any of the parties thereto; — opposed to autograph.
Allomerism
n.
(Chem.) Variability in chemical constitution without variation in crystalline form.
Allomerous
a.
(Chem.) Characterized by allomerism.
Allomorph
n.
(Min.) Any one of two or more distinct crystalline forms of the same substance; or the substance having such forms; — as, carbonate of lime occurs in the allomorphs calcite and aragonite.
• A variety of pseudomorph which has undergone partial or complete change or substitution of material; — thus limonite is frequently an allomorph after pyrite.
Allomorphic
a.
(Min.) Of or pertaining to allomorphism.
Allomorphism
n.
(Min.) The property which constitutes an allomorph; the change involved in becoming an allomorph.
Allonge
n.
(Fencing) A thrust or pass; a lunge.
• A slip of paper attached to a bill of exchange for receiving indorsements, when the back of the bill itself is already full; a rider.
v. i.
• To thrust with a sword; to lunge.
Allonym
n.
• The name of another person assumed by the author of a work.
• A work published under the name of some one other than the author.
Allonymous
a.
• Published under the name of some one other than the author.
Alloo
v. t.
i
• To incite dogs by a call; to halloo.
Allopath
n.
• An allopathist.
Allopathic
a.
• Of or pertaining to allopathy.
Allopathically
adv.
• In a manner conformable to allopathy; by allopathic methods.
Allopathist
n.
• One who practices allopathy; one who professes allopathy.
Allopathy
n.
• That system of medical practice which aims to combat disease by the use of remedies which produce effects different from those produced by the special disease treated; — a term invented by Hahnemann to designate the ordinary practice, as opposed to homeopathy.
Alloquy
n.
• A speaking to another; an address.
Allot
v. t.
• To distribute by lot.
• To distribute, or parcel out in parts or portions; or to distribute to each individual concerned; to assign as a share or lot; to set apart as one's share; to bestow on; to grant; to appoint; as, let every man be contented with that which Providence allots him.
Allotheism
n.
• The worship of strange gods.
Allotment
n.
• The act of allotting; assignment.
• That which is allotted; a share, part, or portion granted or distributed; that which is assigned by lot, or by the act of God; anything set apart for a special use or to a distinct party.
(law) The allowance of a specific amount of scrip or of a particular thing to a particular person.
Allotriophagy
n.
(Med.) A depraved appetite; a desire for improper food.
Allotropicity
n.
• Allotropic property or nature.
Allotropize
v. t.
• To change in physical properties but not in substance.
Allottable
a.
• Capable of being allotted.
Allottee
n.
• One to whom anything is allotted; one to whom an allotment is made.
Allotter
n.
• One who allots.
Allottery
n.
• Allotment.
Allow
v. t.
• To praise; to approve of; hence, to sanction.
• To like; to be suited or pleased with.
• To sanction; to invest; to intrust.
• To grant, give, admit, accord, afford, or yield; to let one have; as, to allow a servant his liberty; to allow a free passage; to allow one day for rest.
• To own or acknowledge; to accept as true; to concede; to accede to an opinion; as, to allow a right; to allow a claim; to allow the truth of a proposition.
• To grant (something) as a deduction or an addition; esp. to abate or deduct; as, to allow a sum for leakage.
• To grant license to; to permit; to consent to; as, to allow a son to be absent.
v. i.
• To admit; to concede; to make allowance or abatement.
Allowable
a.
• Praiseworthy; laudable.
• Proper to be, or capable of being, allowed; permissible; admissible; not forbidden; not unlawful or improper; as, a certain degree of freedom is allowable among friends.
Allowableness
n.
• The quality of being allowable; permissibleness; lawfulness; exemption from prohibition or impropriety.
Allowably
adv.
• In an allowable manner.
Allowance
n.
• Approval; approbation.
• The act of allowing, granting, conceding, or admitting; authorization; permission; sanction; tolerance.
• Acknowledgment.
• License; indulgence.
• That which is allowed; a share or portion allotted or granted; a sum granted as a reimbursement, a bounty, or as appropriate for any purpose; a stated quantity, as of food or drink; hence, a limited quantity of meat and drink, when provisions fall short.
• Abatement; deduction; the taking into account of mitigating circumstances; as, to make allowance for the inexperience of youth.
(com.) A customary deduction from the gross weight of goods, different in different countries, such as tare and tret.
v. t.
• To put upon a fixed allowance (esp. of provisions and drink); to supply in a fixed and limited quantity; as, the captain was obliged to allowance his crew; our provisions were allowanced.
Allowedly
adv.
• By allowance; admittedly.
Allower
n.
• An approver or abettor.
• One who allows or permits.
Alloxan
n.
(Chem.) An oxidation product of uric acid. It is of a pale reddish color, readily soluble in water or alcohol.
Alloxanate
n.
(Chem.) A combination of alloxanic acid and a base or base or positive radical.
Alloxanic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to alloxan; — applied to an acid obtained by the action of soluble alkalies on alloxan.
Alloxantin
n.
(Chem.) A substance produced by acting upon uric with warm and very dilute nitric acid.
Alloy
n.
• Any combination or compound of metals fused together; a mixture of metals; for example, brass, which is an alloy of copper and zinc. But when mercury is one of the metals, the compound is called an amalgam.
• The quality, or comparative purity, of gold or silver; fineness.
• A baser metal mixed with a finer.
• Admixture of anything which lessens the value or detracts from; as, no happiness is without alloy.
v. t.
• To reduce the purity of by mixing with a less valuable substance; as, to alloy gold with silver or copper, or silver with copper.
• To mix, as metals, so as to form a compound.
• To abate, impair, or debase by mixture; to allay; as, to alloy pleasure with misfortunes.
v. t.
• To form a metallic compound.
Alloyage
n.
• The act or art of alloying metals; also, the combination or alloy.
Allspice
n.
• The berry of the pimento (Eugenia pimenta), a tree of the West Indies; a spice of a mildly pungent taste, and agreeably aromatic; Jamaica pepper; pimento. It has been supposed to combine the flavor of cinnamon, nutmegs, and cloves; and hence the name. The name is also given to other aromatic shrubs; as, the Carolina allspice (Calycanthus floridus); wild allspice (Lindera benzoin), called also spicebush, spicewood, and feverbush.
Allthing
adv.
• Altogether.
Allude
v. i.
• To refer to something indirectly or by suggestion; to have reference to a subject not specifically and plainly mentioned; — followed by to; as, the story alludes to a recent transaction.
v. t.
• To compare allusively; to refer (something) as applicable.
Allumette
n.
• A match for lighting candles, lamps, etc.
Alluminor
n.
• An illuminator of manuscripts and books; a limner.
Allurance
n.
• Allurement.
Allure
v. t.
• To attempt to draw; to tempt by a lure or bait, that is, by the offer of some good, real or apparent; to invite by something flattering or acceptable; to entice; to attract.
n.
• Allurement.
n.
• Gait; bearing.
Allurement
n.
• The act alluring; temptation; enticement.
• That which allures; any real or apparent good held forth, or operating, as a motive to action; as, the allurements of pleasure, or of honor.
Allurer
n.
• One who, or that which, allures.
Alluring
a.
• That allures; attracting; charming; tempting.
Allusion
n.
• A figurative or symbolical reference.
• A reference to something supposed to be known, but not explicitly mentioned; a covert indication; indirect reference; a hint.
Allusive
a.
• Figurative; symbolical.
• Having reference to something not fully expressed; containing an allusion.
Allusively
adv.
• Figuratively; by way of allusion; by implication, suggestion, or insinuation.
Allusiveness
n.
• The quality of being allusive.
Allusory
a.
• Allusive.
Alluvial
a.
• Pertaining to, contained in, or composed of, alluvium; relating to the deposits made by flowing water; washed away from one place and deposited in another; as, alluvial soil, mud, accumulations, deposits.
Alluvion
n.
• Wash or flow of water against the shore or bank.
• An overflowing; an inundation; a flood.
• Matter deposited by an inundation or the action of flowing water; alluvium.
(Law) An accession of land gradually washed to the shore or bank by the flowing of water.
Alluvious
n.
• Alluvial.
Alluvium
n.
(Geol.) Deposits of earth, sand, gravel, and other transported matter, made by rivers, floods, or other causes, upon land not permanently submerged beneath the waters of lakes or seas.
Allwhere
adv.
• Everywhere.
Allwork
n.
• Domestic or other work of all kinds; as, a maid of allwork, that is, a general servant.
Ally
v. t.
• To unite, or form a connection between, as between families by marriage, or between princes and states by treaty, league, or confederacy; — often followed by to or with.
• To connect or form a relation between by similitude, resemblance, friendship, or love.
n.
• A relative; a kinsman.
• One united to another by treaty or league; — usually applied to sovereigns or states; a confederate.
• Anything associated with another as a helper; an auxiliary.
• Anything akin to another by structure, etc.
n.
• A marble or taw.
Allyl
n.
(Chem.) An organic radical, C3H5, existing especially in oils of garlic and mustard.
Allylene
n.
(Chem.) A gaseous hydrocarbon, C3H4, homologous with acetylene; propine.
Almacantar
n.
(Astron.) Same as Almucantar.
• A recently invented instrument for observing the heavenly bodies as they cross a given almacantar circle.
Almagest
n.
• The celebrated work of Ptolemy of Alexandria, which contains nearly all that is known of the astronomical observations and theories of the ancients. The name was extended to other similar works.
Almagra
n.
• A fine, deep red ocher, somewhat purplish, found in Spain. It is the sil atticum of the ancients. Under the name of Indian red it is used for polishing glass and silver.
Almanac
n.
• A book or table, containing a calendar of days, and months, to which astronomical data and various statistics are often added, such as the times of the rising and setting of the sun and moon, eclipses, hours of full tide, stated festivals of churches, terms of courts, etc.
Almandine
n.
(Min.) The common red variety of garnet.
Almendron
n.
• The lofty Brazil-nut tree.
Almightily
adv.
• With almighty power.
Almightiness
n.
• Omnipotence; infinite or boundless power; unlimited might.
Almighty
a.
• Unlimited in might; omnipotent; all-powerful; irresistible.
• Great; extreme; terrible.
Almner
n.
• An almoner.
Almond
n.
• The fruit of the almond tree.
• The tree bears the fruit; almond tree.
(Anat.) One of the tonsils.
Almoner
n.
• One who distributes alms, esp. the doles and alms of religious houses, almshouses, etc.; also, one who dispenses alms for another, as the almoner of a prince, bishop, etc.
Almonership
n.
• The office of an almoner.
Almonry
n.
• The place where an almoner resides, or where alms are distributed.
Almose
n.
• Alms.
Almost
adv.
• Nearly; well nigh; all but; for the greatest part.
Alms
n. sing. & pl.
• Anything given gratuitously to relieve the poor, as money, food, or clothing; a gift of charity.
Almsdeed
n.
• An act of charity.
Almsfolk
n.
• Persons supported by alms; almsmen.
Almsgiver
n.
• A giver of alms.
Almsgiving
n.
• The giving of alms.
Almshouse
n.
• A house appropriated for the use of the poor; a poorhouse.
Almsman
n.
• A recipient of alms.
• A giver of alms.
Almucantar
n.
(Astron.) A small circle of the sphere parallel to the horizon; a circle or parallel of altitude. Two stars which have the same almucantar have the same altitude.
Almuce
n.
• Same as Amice, a hood or cape.
Almude
n.
• A measure for liquids in several countries. In Portugal the Lisbon almude is about 4.4, and the Oporto almude about 6.6, gallons U. S. measure. In Turkey the "almud" is about 1.4 gallons.
Alnage
n.
(O. Eng. Law) Measurement (of cloth) by the ell; also, a duty for such measurement.
Alnager
n.
• A measure by the ell; formerly a sworn officer in England, whose duty was to inspect act measure woolen cloth, and fix upon it a seal.
Aloe
n.
• The wood of the agalloch.
(Bot.) A genus of succulent plants, some classed as trees, others as shrubs, but the greater number having the habit and appearance of evergreen herbaceous plants; from some of which are prepared articles for medicine and the arts. They are natives of warm countries.
(Med.) The inspissated juice of several species of aloe, used as a purgative.
Aloetic
a.
• Consisting chiefly of aloes; of the nature of aloes.
n.
• A medicine containing chiefly aloes.
Aloft
adv.
• On high; in the air; high above the ground.
(Naut.) In the top; at the mast head, or on the higher yards or rigging; overhead; hence (Fig. and Colloq.), in or to heaven.
prep.
• Above; on top of.
Alogian
n.
(Eccl.) One of an ancient sect who rejected St. John's Gospel and the Apocalypse, which speak of Christ as the Logos.
Alogy
n.
• Unreasonableness; absurdity.
Aloin
n.
(Chem.) A bitter purgative principle in aloes.
Alomancy
n.
• Divination by means of salt.
Alone
a.
• Quite by one's self; apart from, or exclusive of, others; single; solitary; — applied to a person or thing.
• Of or by itself; by themselves; without any thing more or any one else; without a sharer; only.
• Sole; only; exclusive.
• Hence; Unique; rare; matchless.
adv.
• Solely; simply; exclusively.
Alonely
adv.
• Only; merely; singly.
a.
• Exclusive.
Aloneness
n.
• A state of being alone, or without company; solitariness.
Along
adv.
• By the length; in a line with the length; lengthwise.
• In a line, or with a progressive motion; onward; forward.
• In company; together.
prep.
• By the length of, as distinguished from across.
• (Now heard only in the prep. phrase along of.)
Alongshore
adv.
• Along the shore or coast.
Alongside
adv.
• Along or by the side; side by side with; — often with of; as, bring the boat alongside; alongside of him; alongside of the tree.
Alongst
prep. & adv.
• Along.
Aloof
n.
(Zool.) Same as Alewife.
adv.
• At or from a distance, but within view, or at a small distance; apart; away.
• Without sympathy; unfavorably.
prep.
• Away from; clear from.
Aloofness
n.
• State of being aloof.
Alopecist
n.
• A practitioner who tries to prevent or cure baldness.
Alose
v. t.
• To praise.
n.
(Zool.) The European shad (Clupea alosa); — called also allice shad or allis shad. The name is sometimes applied to the American shad (Clupea sapidissima).
Alouatte
n.
(Zool.) One of the several species of howling monkeys of South America.
Aloud
adv.
• With a loud voice, or great noise; loudly; audibly.
Alow
adv.
• Below; in a lower part.
Alp
n.
• A very high mountain. Specifically, in the plural, the highest chain of mountains in Europe, containing the lofty mountains of Switzerland, etc.
• Fig.: Something lofty, or massive, or very hard to be surmounted.
n.
• A bullfinch.
Alpaca
n.
(Zool.) An animal of Peru (Lama paco), having long, fine, wooly hair, supposed by some to be a domesticated variety of the llama.
• Wool of the alpaca.
• A thin kind of cloth made of the wooly hair of the alpaca, often mixed with silk or with cotton.
Alpen
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Alps.
Alpenstock
n.
• A long staff, pointed with iron, used in climbing the Alps.
Alpestrine
a.
• Pertaining to the Alps, or other high mountains; as, Alpestrine diseases, etc.
Alpha
n.
• The first letter in the Greek alphabet, answering to A, and hence used to denote the beginning.
Alphabet
n.
• The letters of a language arranged in the customary order; the series of letters or signs which form the elements of written language.
• The simplest rudiments; elements.
v. t.
• To designate by the letters of the alphabet; to arrange alphabetically.
Alphabetarian
n.
• A learner of the alphabet; an abecedarian.
Alphabetically
adv.
• In an alphabetic manner; in the customary order of the letters.
Alphabetics
n.
• The science of representing spoken sounds by letters.
Alphabetism
n.
• The expression of spoken sounds by an alphabet.
Alphabetize
v. t.
• To arrange alphabetically; as, to alphabetize a list of words.
• To furnish with an alphabet.
Alphonsine
a.
• Of or relating to Alphonso X., the Wise, King of Castile (1252-1284).
Alpigene
a.
• Growing in Alpine regions.
Alpine
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Alps, or to any lofty mountain; as, Alpine snows; Alpine plants.
• Like the Alps; lofty.
Alpinist
n.
• A climber of the Alps.
Alquifou
n.
• A lead ore found in Cornwall, England, and used by potters to give a green glaze to their wares; potter's ore.
Already
adv.
• Prior to some specified time, either past, present, or future; by this time; previously.
Als
adv.
• Also.
• As.
Alsatian
a.
• Pertaining to Alsatia.
n.
• An inhabitant of Alsatia or Alsace in Germany, or of Alsatia or White Friars (a resort of debtors and criminals) in London.
Alsike
n.
• A species of clover with pinkish or white flowers; Trifolium hybridum.
Also
adv. & conj.
• In like manner; likewise.
• In addition; besides; as well; further; too.
• Even as; as; so.
Alt
a. & n.
(Mus.) The higher part of the scale. See Alto.
Altar
n.
• A raised structure (as a square or oblong erection of stone or wood) on which sacrifices are offered or incense burned to a deity.
• In the Christian church, a construction of stone, wood, or other material for the celebration of the Holy Eucharist; the communion table.
Altarage
n.
• The offerings made upon the altar, or to a church.
• The profit which accrues to the priest, by reason of the altar, from the small tithes.
Altarist
n.
(Old Law) A chaplain.
• A vicar of a church.
Altarpiece
n.
• The painting or piece of sculpture above and behind the altar; reredos.
Altarwise
adv.
• In the proper position of an altar, that is, at the east of a church with its ends towards the north and south.
Altazimuth
n.
(Astron.) An instrument for taking azimuths and altitudes simultaneously.
Alter
v. t.
• To make otherwise; to change in some respect, either partially or wholly; to vary; to modify.
• To agitate; to affect mentally.
• To geld.
v. i.
• To become, in some respects, different; to vary; to change; as, the weather alters almost daily; rocks or minerals alter by exposure.
Alterability
n.
• The quality of being alterable; alterableness.
Alterable
a.
• Capable of being altered.
Alterableness
n.
• The quality of being alterable; variableness; alterability.
Alterably
adv.
• In an alterable manner.
Alterant
a.
• Altering; gradually changing.
n.
• An alterative.
Alteration
n.
• The act of altering or making different.
• The state of being altered; a change made in the form or nature of a thing; changed condition.
Alterative
a.
• Causing ateration.
• Gradually changing, or tending to change, a morbid state of the functions into one of health.
n.
• A medicine or treatment which gradually induces a change, and restores healthy functions without sensible evacuations.
Altercate
v. i.
• The contend in words; to dispute with zeal, heat, or anger; to wrangle.
Altercation
n.
• Warm contention in words; dispute carried on with heat or anger; controversy; wrangle; wordy contest.
Altercative
a.
• Characterized by wrangling; scolding.
Alterity
n.
• The state or quality of being other; a being otherwise.
Altern
a.
• Acting by turns; alternate.
Alternacy
n.
• Alternateness; alternation.
Alternant
a.
(Geol.) Composed of alternate layers, as some rocks.
Alternate
a.
• Being or succeeding by turns; one following the other in succession of time or place; by turns first one and then the other; hence, reciprocal.
• Designating the members in a series, which regularly intervene between the members of another series, as the odd or even numbers of the numerals; every other; every second; as, the alternate members 1, 3, 5, 7, etc. ; read every alternate line.
(Bot.) Distributed, as leaves, singly at different heights of the stem, and at equal intervals as respects angular divergence.
n.
• That which alternates with something else; vicissitude.
• A substitute; one designated to take the place of another, if necessary, in performing some duty.
(Math.) A proportion derived from another proportion by interchanging the means.
v. t.
• To perform by turns, or in succession; to cause to succeed by turns; to interchange regularly.
v. i.
• To happen, succeed, or act by turns; to follow reciprocally in place or time; — followed by with; as, the flood and ebb tides alternate with each other.
• To vary by turns; as, the land alternates between rocky hills and sandy plains.
Alternately
adv.
• In reciprocal succession; succeeding by turns; in alternate order.
(Math.) By alternation; when, in a proportion, the antecedent term is compared with antecedent, and consequent.
Alternateness
n.
• The quality of being alternate, or of following by turns.
Alternation
n.
• The reciprocal succession of things in time or place; the act of following and being followed by turns; alternate succession, performance, or occurrence; as, the alternation of day and night, cold and heat, summer and winter, hope and fear.
(Math.) Permutation.
• The response of the congregation speaking alternately with the minister.
Alternative
a.
• Offering a choice of two things.
• Disjunctive; as, an alternative conjunction.
• Alternate; reciprocal.
n.
• An offer of two things, one of which may be chosen, but not both; a choice between two things, so that if one is taken, the other must be left.
• Either of two things or propositions offered to one's choice. Thus when two things offer a choice of one only, the two things are called alternatives.
• The course of action or the thing offered in place of another.
• A choice between more than two things; one of several things offered to choose among.
Alternatively
adv.
• In the manner of alternatives, or that admits the choice of one out of two things.
Alternativeness
n.
• The quality of being alternative, or of offering a choice between two.
Alternity
n.
• Succession by turns; alternation.
Altheine
n.
(Chem.) Asparagine.
Altho
conj.
• Although.
n.
(Mus.) An instrument of the saxhorn family, used exclusively in military music, often replacing the French horn.
Although
conj.
• Grant all this; be it that; supposing that; notwithstanding; though.
Altiloquence
n.
• Lofty speech; pompous language.
Altiloquent
a.
• High-sounding; pompous in speech.
Altimeter
n.
• An instrument for taking altitudes, as a quadrant, sextant, etc.
Altimetry
n.
• The art of measuring altitudes, or heights.
Altiscope
n.
• An arrangement of lenses and mirrors which enables a person to see an object in spite of intervening objects.
Altisonant
a.
• High-sounding; lofty or pompous.
Altisonous
a.
• Altisonant.
Altissimo
n.
(Mus.) The part or notes situated above F in alt.
Altitude
n.
• Space extended upward; height; the perpendicular elevation of an object above its foundation, above the ground, or above a given level, or of one object above another; as, the altitude of a mountain, or of a bird above the top of a tree.
(Astron.) The elevation of a point, or star, or other celestial object, above the horizon, measured by the arc of a vertical circle intercepted between such point and the horizon. It is either true or apparent; true when measured from the rational or real horizon, apparent when from the sensible or apparent horizon.
(Geom.) The perpendicular distance from the base of a figure to the summit, or to the side parallel to the base; as, the altitude of a triangle, pyramid, parallelogram, frustum, etc.
• Height of degree; highest point or degree.
• Height of rank or excellence; superiority.
• Elevation of spirits; heroics; haughty airs.
Altitudinal
a.
• Of or pertaining to height; as, altitudinal measurements.
Altitudinarian
a.
• Lofty in doctrine, aims, etc.
Altivolant
a.
• Flying high.
Alto
n.
(Mus.) Formerly the part sung by the highest male, or counter-tenor, voices; now the part sung by the lowest female, or contralto, voices, between in tenor and soprano. In instrumental music it now signifies the tenor.
• An alto singer.
Altogether
adv.
• All together; conjointly.
• Without exception; wholly; completely.
Altometer
n.
• A theodolite.
Altrical
a.
(Zool.) Like the articles.
Altrices
n. pl.
(Zool.) Nursers, — a term applied to those birds whose young are hatched in a very immature and helpless condition, so as to require the care of their parents for some time; — opposed to praecoces.
Altruism
n.
• Regard for others, both natural and moral; devotion to the interests of others; brotherly kindness; — opposed to egoism or selfishness.
Altruist
n.
• One imbued with altruism; — opposed to egoist.
Altruistic
a.
• Regardful of others; beneficent; unselfish; — opposed to egoistic or selfish.
Aludel
n.
(Chem.) One of the pear-shaped pots open at both ends, and so formed as to be fitted together, the neck of one into the bottom of another in succession; — used in the process of sublimation.
Alula
n.
(Zool.) A false or bastard wing.
Alular
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the alula.
Alum
n.
(Chem.) A double sulphate formed of aluminium and some other element (esp. an alkali metal) or of aluminium. It has twenty-four molecules of water of crystallization.
v. t.
• To steep in, or otherwise impregnate with, a solution of alum; to treat with alum.
Alumen
n.
(Chem.) Alum.
Alumina
n.
(Chem.) One of the earths, consisting of two parts of aluminium and three of oxygen, Al2O3.
Aluminate
n.
(Chem.) A compound formed from the hydrate of aluminium by the substitution of a metal for the hydrogen.
Aluminated
a.
• Combined with alumina.
Alumine
n.
• Alumina.
Aluminic
a.
• Of or containing aluminium; as, aluminic phosphate.
Aluminiferous
a.
• Containing alum.
Aluminiform
a.
• pertaining the form of alumina.
Aluminium
n.
(Chem.) The metallic base of alumina. This metal is white, but with a bluish tinge, and is remarkable for its resistance to oxidation, and for its lightness, pertaining a specific gravity of about 2.6. Atomic weight 27.08. Symbol Al.
Aluminize
v. t.
• To treat impregnate with alum; to alum.
Aluminous
a.
• Pertaining to or containing alum, or alumina; as, aluminous minerals, aluminous solution.
Aluminum
n.
• See Aluminium.
Alumish
a.
• Somewhat like alum.
Alumna
n. fem.
• A female pupil; especially, a graduate of a school or college.
Alumnus
n.
• A pupil; especially, a graduate of a college or other seminary of learning.
Alunite
n.
(Min.) Alum stone.
Alunogen
n.
(Min.) A white fibrous mineral frequently found on the walls of mines and quarries, chiefly hydrous sulphate of alumina; — also called feather alum, and hair salt.
Alure
n.
• A walk or passage; — applied to passages of various kinds.
Alutaceous
a.
• Leathery.
• Of a pale brown color; leather-yellow.
Alutation
n.
• The tanning or dressing of leather.
Alveary
n.
• A beehive, or something resembling a beehive.
(Anat.) The hollow of the external ear.
Alveated
a.
• Formed or vaulted like a beehive.
Alveolar
a.
(Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, alveoli or little cells, sacs, or sockets.
Alveolary
a.
• Alveolar.
Alveolate
a.
(Bot.) Deeply pitted, like a honeycomb.
Alveole
n.
• Same as Alveolus.
Alveoliform
a.
• Having the form of alveoli, or little sockets, cells, or cavities.
Alveolus
n.
• A cell in a honeycomb.
(Zool.) A small cavity in a coral, shell, or fossil
(Anat.) A small depression, sac, or vesicle, as the socket of a tooth, the air cells of the lungs, the ultimate saccules of glands, etc.
Alveus
n.
• The channel of a river.
Alvine
a.
• Of, from, in, or pertaining to, the belly or the intestines; as, alvine discharges; alvine concretions.
Alway
adv.
• Always.
Always
adv.
• At all times; ever; perpetually; throughout all time; continually; as, God is always the same.
• Constancy during a certain period, or regularly at stated intervals; invariably; uniformly; — opposed to sometimes or occasionally.
Alyssum
n.
(Bot.) A genus of cruciferous plants; madwort. The sweet alyssum (A. maritimum), cultivated for bouquets, bears small, white, sweet-scented flowers.
Am
• The first person singular of the verb be, in the indicative mode, present tense.
Amability
n.
• Lovableness.
Amacratic
a.
(Photog.) Amasthenic.
Amadavat
n.
(Zool.) The strawberry finch, a small Indian song bird (Estrelda amandava), commonly caged and kept for fighting. The female is olive brown; the male, in summer, mostly crimson; — called also red waxbill.
Amadou
n.
• A spongy, combustible substance, prepared from fungus (Boletus and Polyporus) which grows on old trees; German tinder; punk. It has been employed as a styptic by surgeons, but its common use is as tinder, for which purpose it is prepared by soaking it in a strong solution of niter.
Amain
adv.
• With might; with full force; vigorously; violently; exceedingly.
• At full speed; in great haste; also, at once.
v. t.
(Naut.) To lower, as a sail, a yard, etc.
v. i.
(Naut.) To lower the topsail, in token of surrender; to yield.
Amalgam
n.
• An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals; as, an amalgam of tin, bismuth, etc.
• A mixture or compound of different things.
(Min.) A native compound of mercury and silver.
v. t. i.
• To amalgamate.
Amalgama
n.
• Same as Amalgam.
Amalgamate
v. t.
• To compound or mix, as quicksilver, with another metal; to unite, combine, or alloy with mercury.
• To mix, so as to make a uniform compound; to unite or combine; as, to amalgamate two races; to amalgamate one race with another.
v. i.
• To unite in an amalgam; to blend with another metal, as quicksilver.
• To coalesce, as a result of growth; to combine into a uniform whole; to blend; as, two organs or parts amalgamate.
Amalgamation
n.
• The act or operation of compounding mercury with another metal; — applied particularly to the process of separating gold and silver from their ores by mixing them with mercury.
• The mixing or blending of different elements, races, societies, etc.; also, the result of such combination or blending; a homogeneous union.
Amalgamative
a.
• Characterized by amalgamation.
Amalgamator
n.
• One who, or that which, amalgamates. Specifically: A machine for separating precious metals from earthy particles by bringing them in contact with a body of mercury with which they form an amalgam.
Amalgamize
v. t.
• To amalgamate.
Amandine
n.
• The vegetable casein of almonds.
• A kind of cold cream prepared from almonds, for chapped hands, etc.
Amanitine
n.
• The poisonous principle of some fungi.
Amanuensis
n.
• A person whose employment is to write what another dictates, or to copy what another has written.
Amaracus
n.
• A fragrant flower.
Amarant
n.
• Amaranth, 1.
Amarantaceous
a.
(Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the amaranth is the type.
Amaranth
n.
• An imaginary flower supposed never to fade.
(Bot.) A genus of ornamental annual plants (Amaranthus) of many species, with green, purplish, or crimson flowers.
• A color inclining to purple.
Amaranthine
a.
• Of or pertaining to amaranth.
• Unfading, as the poetic amaranth; undying.
• Of a purplish color.
Amarine
n.
(Chem.) A characteristic crystalline substance, obtained from oil of bitter almonds.
Amaritude
n.
• Bitterness.
Amaryllis
n.
• A pastoral sweetheart.
(bot.) A family of plants much esteemed for their beauty, including the narcissus, jonquil, daffodil, agave, and others.
• A genus of the same family, including the Belladonna lily.
Amass
v. t.
• To collect into a mass or heap; to gather a great quantity of; to accumulate; as, to amass a treasure or a fortune; to amass words or phrases.
n.
• A mass; a heap.
Amassable
a.
• Capable of being amassed.
Amasser
n.
• One who amasses.
Amassette
n.
• An instrument of horn used for collecting painters' colors on the stone in the process of grinding.
Amassment
n.
• An amassing; a heap collected; a large quantity or number brought together; an accumulation.
Amasthenic
a.
(Photog.) Uniting the chemical rays of light into one focus, as a certain kind of lens; amacratic.
Amate
v. t.
• To dismay; to dishearten; to daunt.
v. t.
• To be a mate to; to match.
Amateur
n.
• A person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or science as to music or painting; esp. one who cultivates any study or art, from taste or attachment, without pursuing it professionally.
Amateurish
a.
• In the style of an amateur; superficial or defective like the work of an amateur.
adv.
n.
Amateurism
n.
• The practice, habit, or work of an amateur.
Amateurship
n.
• The quality or character of an amateur.
Amative
a.
• Full of love; amatory.
Amativeness
n.
(Phren.) The faculty supposed to influence sexual desire; propensity to love.
Amatorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a lover or to love making; amatory; as, amatorial verses.
Amatorially
adv.
• In an amatorial manner.
Amatorian
a.
• Amatory.
Amatorious
a.
• Amatory.
Amatory
a.
• Pertaining to, producing, or expressing, sexual love; as, amatory potions.
Amaurosis
n.
(Med.) A loss or decay of sight, from loss of power in the optic nerve, without any perceptible external change in the eye; — called also gutta serena, the "drop serene" of Milton.
Amaurotic
a.
• Affected with amaurosis; having the characteristics of amaurosis.
Amaze
v. t.
• To bewilder; to stupefy; to bring into a maze.
• To confound, as by fear, wonder, extreme surprise; to overwhelm with wonder; to astound; to astonish greatly.
v. i.
• To be astounded.
v. t.
• Bewilderment, arising from fear, surprise, or wonder; amazement.
Amazedly
adv.
• In amazement; with confusion or astonishment.
Amazedness
n.
• The state of being amazed, or confounded with fear, surprise, or wonder.
Amazeful
a.
• Full of amazement.
Amazement
n.
• The condition of being amazed; bewilderment; overwhelming wonder, as from surprise, sudden fear, horror, or admiration.
• Frenzy; madness.
Amazing
a.
• Causing amazement; very wonderful; as, amazing grace.
Amazon
n.
• One of a fabulous race of female warriors in Scythia; hence, a female warrior.
• A tall, strong, masculine woman; a virago.
(Zool.) A name numerous species of South American parrots of the genus Chrysotis
Amazonian
a.
• Pertaining to or resembling an Amazon; of masculine manners; warlike.
• Of or pertaining to the river Amazon in South America, or to its valley.
Ambages
n. pl.
• A circuit; a winding. Hence: Circuitous way or proceeding; quibble; circumlocution; indirect mode of speech.
Ambaginous
a.
• Ambagious.
Ambagious
a.
• Circumlocutory; circuitous.
Ambagitory
a.
• Ambagious.
Ambassadorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to an ambassador.
Ambassadorship
n.
• The state, office, or functions of an ambassador.
Ambassadress
n.
• A female ambassador; also, the wife of an ambassador.
Ambassage
n.
• Same as Embassage.
Amber
n.
(Min.) A yellowish translucent resin resembling copal, found as a fossil in alluvial soils, with beds of lignite, or on the seashore in many places. It takes a fine polish, and is used for pipe mouthpieces, beads, etc., and as a basis for a fine varnish. By friction, it becomes strongly electric.
• Amber color, or anything amber-colored; a clear light yellow; as, the amber of the sky.
• Ambergris.
• The balsam, liquidambar.
a.
• Consisting of amber; made of amber.
• Resembling amber, especially in color; amber-colored.
v. t.
• To scent or flavor with ambergris; as, ambered wine.
• To preserve in amber; as, an ambered fly.
Ambergris
n.
• A substance of the consistence of wax, found floating in the Indian Ocean and other parts of the tropics, and also as a morbid secretion in the intestines of the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), which is believed to be in all cases its true origin. In color it is white, ash-gray, yellow, or black, and often variegated like marble. The floating masses are sometimes from sixty to two hundred and twenty-five pounds in weight. It is wholly volatilized as a white vapor at 212° Fahrenheit, and is highly valued in perfumery.
Ambidexter
a.
• Using both hands with equal ease.
n.
• A person who uses both hands with equal facility.
• Hence; A double-dealer; one equally ready to act on either side in party disputes.
(Law) A juror who takes money from both parties for giving his verdict.
Ambidexterity
n.
• The quality of being ambidexrous; the faculty of using both hands with equal facility. Hence: Versatility; general readiness; as, ambidexterity of argumentation.
• Double-dealing
(Law) A juror's taking of money from the both parties for a verdict.
Ambidextral
a.
• Pertaining equally to the right-hand side and the left-hand side.
Ambidextrous
a.
• Pertaining the faculty of using both hands with equal ease.
• Practicing or siding with both parties.
Ambidextrously
adv.
• In an ambidextrous manner; cunningly.
Ambidextrousness
n.
• The quality of being ambidextrous; ambidexterity.
Ambient
a.
• Encompassing on all sides; circumfused; investing.
n.
• Something that surrounds or invests; as, air . . . being a perpetual ambient.
Ambigenous
a.
• Of two kinds.
(Bot.) Partaking of two natures, as the perianth of some endogenous plants, where the outer surface is calycine, and the inner petaloid.
Ambigu
n.
• An entertainment at which a medley of dishes is set on at the same time.
Ambiguity
n.
• The quality or state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty, particularly as to the signification of language, arising from its admitting of more than one meaning; an equivocal word or expression.
Ambiguous
a.
• Doubtful or uncertain, particularly in respect to signification; capable of being understood in either of two or more possible senses; equivocal; as, an ambiguous course; an ambiguous expression.
Ambiguously
adv.
• In an ambiguous manner; with doubtful meaning.
Ambiguousness
n.
• Ambiguity.
Ambilevous
a.
• Left-handed on both sides; clumsy; — opposed to ambidexter.
Ambiloquy
n.
• Doubtful or ambiguous language.
Ambiparous
a.
(Bot.) Characterized by containing the rudiments of both flowers and leaves; — applied to a bud.
Ambit
n.
• Circuit or compass.
Ambition
n.
• The act of going about to solicit or obtain an office, or any other object of desire; canvassing.
• An eager, and sometimes an inordinate, desire for preferment, honor, superiority, power, or the attainment of something.
v. t.
• To seek after ambitiously or eagerly; to covet.
Ambitionist
n.
• One excessively ambitious.
Ambitionless
a.
• Devoid of ambition.
Ambitious
a.
• Possessing, or controlled by, ambition; greatly or inordinately desirous of power, honor, office, superiority, or distinction.
• Strongly desirous; — followed by of or the infinitive; as, ambitious to be or to do something.
• Springing from, characterized by, or indicating, ambition; showy; aspiring; as, an ambitious style.
Ambitiously
adv.
• In an ambitious manner.
Ambitiousness
n.
• The quality of being ambitious; ambition; pretentiousness.
Ambitus
n.
• The exterior edge or border of a thing, as the border of a leaf, or the outline of a bivalve shell.
(Rom. Antiq.) A canvassing for votes.
Amble
v. i.
• To go at the easy gait called an amble; — applied to the horse or to its rider.
• To move somewhat like an ambling horse; to go easily or without hard shocks.
n.
• A peculiar gait of a horse, in which both legs on the same side are moved at the same time, alternating with the legs on the other side.
• A movement like the amble of a horse.
Ambler
n.
• A horse or a person that ambles.
Amblingly
adv.
• With an ambling gait.
Amblotic
a.
• Tending to cause abortion.
Amblygon
n.
(Geom.) An obtuse-angled figure, esp. and obtuse-angled triangle.
Amblygonal
a.
• Obtuse-angled.
Amblyopic
a.
(Med.) Of or pertaining to amblyopy.
Amblypoda
n. pl.
(Paleon.) A group of large, extinct, herbivorous mammals, common in the Tertiary formation of the United States.
Ambo
n.
• A large pulpit or reading desk, in the early Christian churches.
Ambon
n.
• Same as Ambo.
Ambreate
n.
(Chem.) A salt formed by the combination of ambreic acid with a base or positive radical.
Ambreic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to ambrein; — said of a certain acid produced by digesting ambrein in nitric acid.
Ambrein
n.
(Chem.) A fragrant substance which is the chief constituent of ambergris.
Ambrite
n.
• A fossil resin occurring in large masses in New Zealand.
Ambrose
n.
• A sweet-scented herb; ambrosia.
Ambrosia
n.
(Myth.) The fabled food of the gods (as nectar was their drink), which conferred immortality upon those who partook of it.
• An unguent of the gods.
• A perfumed unguent, salve, or draught; something very pleasing to the taste or smell.
• Formerly, a kind of fragrant plant; now (Bot.), a genus of plants, including some coarse and worthless weeds, called ragweed, hogweed, etc.
Ambrosiac
a.
• Having the qualities of ambrosia; delicious.
Ambrosial
a.
• Consisting of, or partaking of the nature of, ambrosia; delighting the taste or smell; delicious.
• Divinely excellent or beautiful.
Ambrosially
adv.
• After the manner of ambrosia; delightfully.
Ambrosian
a.
• Ambrosial.
a.
• Of or pertaining to St. Ambrose; as, the Ambrosian office, or ritual, a formula of worship in the church of Milan, instituted by St. Ambrose.
Ambrosin
n.
• An early coin struck by the dukes of Milan, and bearing the figure of St. Ambrose on horseback.
Ambrotype
n.
(Photog.) A picture taken on a place of prepared glass, in which the lights are represented in silver, and the shades are produced by a dark background visible through the unsilvered portions of the glass.
Ambry
n.
• In churches, a kind of closet, niche, cupboard, or locker for utensils, vestments, etc.
• A store closet, as a pantry, cupboard, etc.
• Almonry.
Ambulacral
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to ambulacra; avenuelike; as, the ambulacral ossicles, plates, spines, and suckers of echinoderms.
Ambulacriform
a.
(Zool.) Having the form of ambulacra.
Ambulacrum
n.
(Zool.) One of the radical zones of echinoderms, along which run the principal nerves, blood vessels, and water tubes. These zones usually bear rows of locomotive suckers or tentacles, which protrude from regular pores. In star fishes they occupy the grooves along the under side of the rays.
• One of the suckers on the feet of mites.
Ambulance
n.
(Mil.) A field hospital, so organized as to follow an army in its movements, and intended to succor the wounded as soon as possible. Often used adjectively; as, an ambulance wagon; ambulance stretcher; ambulance corps.
• An ambulance wagon or cart for conveying the wounded from the field, or to a hospital.
Ambulant
a.
• Walking; moving from place to place.
Ambulate
v. i.
• To walk; to move about.
Ambulation
n.
• The act of walking.
Ambulative
a.
• Walking.
Ambulator
n.
• One who walks about; a walker.
(Zool.) A beetle of the genus Lamia.
• A genus of birds, or one of this genus.
• An instrument for measuring distances; — called also perambulator.
Ambulatorial
a.
• Ambulatory; fitted for walking.
Ambulatory
a.
• Of or pertaining to walking; having the faculty of walking; formed or fitted for walking; as, an ambulatory animal.
• Accustomed to move from place to place; not stationary; movable; as, an ambulatory court, which exercises its jurisdiction in different places.
• Pertaining to a walk.
(Law) Not yet fixed legally, or settled past alteration; alterable; as, the dispositions of a will are ambulatory until the death of the testator.
n.
(Arch.) A place to walk in, whether in the open air, as the gallery of a cloister, or within a building.
Amburry
n.
• Same as Anbury.
Ambuscade
n.
• A lying in a wood, concealed, for the purpose of attacking an enemy by surprise. Hence: A lying in wait, and concealed in any situation, for a like purpose; a snare laid for an enemy; an ambush.
• A place in which troops lie hid, to attack an enemy unexpectedly.
(Mil.) The body of troops lying in ambush.
v. t.
• To post or conceal in ambush; to ambush.
• To lie in wait for, or to attack from a covert or lurking place; to waylay.
v. i.
• To lie in ambush.
Ambuscado
n.
• Ambuscade.
Ambuscadoed
p. p.
• Posted in ambush; ambuscaded.
Ambush
n.
• A disposition or arrangement of troops for attacking an enemy unexpectedly from a concealed station. Hence: Unseen peril; a device to entrap; a snare.
• A concealed station, where troops or enemies lie in wait to attack by surprise.
• The troops posted in a concealed place, for attacking by surprise; liers in wait.
v. t.
• To station in ambush with a view to surprise an enemy.
• To attack by ambush; to waylay.
v. i.
• To lie in wait, for the purpose of attacking by surprise; to lurk.
Ambusher
n.
• One lying in ambush.
Ambushment
n.
• An ambush.
Ambustion
n.
(Med.) A burn or scald.
Amel
n.
• Enamel.
v. t.
• To enamel.
Amelcorn
n.
• A variety of wheat from which starch is produced; — called also French rice.
Ameliorable
a.
• Capable of being ameliorated.
Ameliorate
v. t.
• To make better; to improve; to meliorate.
v. i.
• To grow better; to meliorate; as, wine ameliorates by age.
Amelioration
n.
• The act of ameliorating, or the state of being ameliorated; making or becoming better; improvement; melioration.
Ameliorative
a.
• Tending to ameliorate; producing amelioration or improvement; as, ameliorative remedies, efforts.
Ameliorator
n.
• One who ameliorates.
Amen
interj.
adv.
n.
• An expression used at the end of prayers, and meaning, So be it. At the end of a creed, it is a solemn asseveration of belief. When it introduces a declaration, it is equivalent to truly, verily. It is used as a noun, to demote: (a) concurrence in belief, or in a statement; assent; (b) the final word or act; (c) Christ as being one who is true and faithful.
v. t.
• To say Amen to; to sanction fully.
Amenability
n.
• The quality of being amenable; amenableness.
Amenable
a.
(Old Law) Easy to be led; governable, as a woman by her husband.
• Liable to be brought to account or punishment; answerable; responsible; accountable; as, amenable to law.
• Liable to punishment, a charge, a claim, etc.
• Willing to yield or submit; responsive; tractable.
Amenableness
n.
• The quality or state of being amenable; liability to answer charges; answerableness.
Amenably
adv.
• In an amenable manner.
Amenage
v. t.
• To manage.
Amenance
n.
• Behavior; bearing.
Amend
v. t.
• To change or modify in any way for the better
• by simply removing what is erroneous, corrupt, superfluous, faulty, and the like;
• by supplying deficiencies;
• by substituting something else in the place of what is removed; to rectify.
v. i.
• To grow better by rectifying something wrong in manners or morals; to improve.
Amendable
a.
• Capable of being amended; as, an amendable writ or error.
Amendatory
a.
• Supplying amendment; corrective; emendatory.
Amende
n.
• A pecuniary punishment or fine; a reparation or recantation.
Amender
n.
• One who amends.
Amendful
a.
• Much improving.
Amendment
n.
• An alteration or change for the better; correction of a fault or of faults; reformation of life by quitting vices.
• In public bodies; Any alternation made or proposed to be made in a bill or motion by adding, changing, substituting, or omitting.
(Law) Correction of an error in a writ or process.
Amends
n. sing. & pl.
• Compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation.
Amenity
n.
• The quality of being pleasant or agreeable, whether in respect to situation, climate, manners, or disposition; pleasantness; civility; suavity; gentleness.
Amenorrhoea
n.
(Med.) Retention or suppression of the menstrual discharge.
Amenorrhoeal
a.
• Pertaining to amenorrhoea.
Ament
n.
(Bot.) A species of inflorescence; a catkin.
Amentaceous
a.
(Bot.) Resembling, or consisting of, an ament or aments; as, the chestnut has an amentaceous inflorescence.
• Bearing aments; having flowers arranged in aments; as, amentaceous plants.
Amentia
n.
(Med.) Imbecility; total want of understanding.
Amentiferous
a.
(Bot.) Bearing catkins.
Amentiform
a.
(Bot.) Shaped like a catkin.
Amentum
n.
• Same as Ament.
Amenuse
v. t.
• To lessen.
Amerce
v. t.
• To punish by a pecuniary penalty, the amount of which is not fixed by law, but left to the discretion of the court; as, the amerced the criminal in the sum on the hundred dollars.
• To punish, in general; to mulct.
Amerceable
a.
• Liable to be amerced.
Amercement
n.
• The infliction of a penalty at the discretion of the court; also, a mulct or penalty thus imposed. It differs from a fine,in that the latter is, or was originally, a fixed and certain sum prescribed by statue for an offense; but an amercement is arbitrary. Hence, the act or practice of affeering. [See Affeer.]
Amercer
n.
• One who amerces.
Amerciament
n.
• Same as Amercement.
American
a.
• Of or pertaining to America; as, the American continent: American Indians.
• Of or pertaining to the United States.
n.
• A native of America; — originally applied to the aboriginal inhabitants, but now applied to the descendants of Europeans born in America, and especially to the citizens of the United States.
Americanism
n.
• Attachment to the United States.
• A custom peculiar to the United States or to America; an American characteristic or idea.
• A word or phrase peculiar to the United States.
Americanization
n.
• The process of Americanizing.
Americanize
v. t.
• To render American; to assimilate to the Americans in customs, ideas, etc.; to stamp with American characteristics.
Amess
n.
(Eccl.) Amice, a hood or cape.
Ametabola
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of insects which do not undergo any metamorphosis.
Ametabolian
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to insects that do undergo any metamorphosis.
Amethodist
n.
• One without method; a quack.
Amethyst
(Min.) A variety of crystallized quartz, of a purple or bluish violet color, of different shades. It is much used as a jeweler's stone.
(Her.) A purple color in a nobleman's escutcheon, or coat of arms.
Amethystine
a.
• Resembling amethyst, especially in color; bluish violet.
• Composed of, or containing, amethyst.
Ametropia
n.
(Med.) Any abnormal condition of the refracting powers of the eye.
Amharic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Amhara, a division of Abyssinia; as, the Amharic language is closely allied to the Ethiopic.
n.
• The Amharic language (now the chief language of Abyssinia).
Amia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of fresh-water ganoid fishes, exclusively confined to North America; called bowfin in Lake Champlain, dogfish in Lake Erie, and mudfish in South Carolina, etc.
Amiability
n.
• The quality of being amiable; amiableness; sweetness of disposition.
Amiable
a.
• Lovable; lovely; pleasing.
• Friendly; kindly; sweet; gracious; as, an amiable temper or mood; amiable ideas.
• Possessing sweetness of disposition; having sweetness of temper, kind-heartedness, etc., which causes one to be liked; as, an amiable woman.
• Done out of love.
Amiableness
n.
• The quality of being amiable; amiability.
Amiably
adv.
• In an amiable manner.
Amianthiform
a.
• Resembling amianthus in form.
Amianthoid
a.
• Resembling amianthus.
Amianthus
n.
(Min.) Earth flax, or mountain flax; a soft silky variety of asbestus.
Amic
a.
(Chem.) Related to, or derived, ammonia; — used chiefly as a suffix; as, amic acid; phosphamic acid.
Amicability
n.
• The quality of being amicable; friendliness; amicableness.
Amicable
a.
• Friendly; proceeding from, or exhibiting, friendliness; after the manner of friends; peaceable; as, an amicable disposition, or arrangement.
Amicableness
n.
• The quality of being amicable; amicability.
Amicably
adv.
• In an amicable manner.
Amice
n.
• A square of white linen worn at first on the head, but now about the neck and shoulders, by priests of the Roman Catholic Church while saying Mass.
n.
(Eccl.) A hood, or cape with a hood, made of lined with gray fur, formerly worn by the clergy; — written also amess, amyss, and almuce.
Amid
prep.
• See Amidst.
Amide
n.
(Chem.) A compound formed by the union of amidogen with an acid element or radical. It may also be regarded as ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by an acid atom or radical.
Amidin
n.
(Chem.) Start modified by heat so as to become a transparent mass, like horn. It is soluble in cold water.
Amido
a.
(Chem.) Containing, or derived from, amidogen.
Amidogen
n.
(Chem.) A compound radical, NH2, not yet obtained in a separate state, which may be regarded as ammonia from the molecule of which one of its hydrogen atoms has been removed; — called also the amido group, and in composition represented by the form amido.
Amidships
adv.
(Naut.) In the middle of a ship, with regard to her length, and sometimes also her breadth.
Amine
n.
(Chem.) One of a class of strongly basic substances derived from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by a basic atom or radical.
Amioid
a.
(Zool.) Like or pertaining to the Amioidei.
n.
• One of the Amioidei.
Amioidei
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of ganoid fishes of which Amis is type.
Amir
n.
• Same as Ameer.
Amiss
adv.
• Astray; faultily; improperly; wrongly; ill.
a.
• Wrong; faulty; out of order; improper; as, it may not be amiss to ask advice.
n.
• A fault, wrong, or mistake.
Amissibility
• The quality of being amissible; possibility of being lost.
Amissible
a.
• Liable to be lost.
Amission
n.
• Deprivation; loss.
Amit
v. t.
• To lose.
Amity
n.
• Friendship, in a general sense, between individuals, societies, or nations; friendly relations; good understanding; as, a treaty of amity and commerce; the amity of the Whigs and Tories.
Amma
n.
• An abbes or spiritual mother.
Ammeter
n.
(Physics) A contraction of amperometer or amperemeter.
Ammiral
n.
• An obsolete form of admiral.
Ammite
n.
(Geol.) Oolite or roestone; — written also hammite.
Ammodyte
n.
(Zool.) One of a genus of fishes; the sand eel.
• A kind of viper in southern Europe.
Ammonia
n.
(Chem.) A gaseous compound of hydrogen and nitrogen, NH3, with a pungent smell and taste: — often called volatile alkali, and spirits of hartshorn.
Ammoniated
a.
(Chem.) Combined or impregnated with ammonia.
Ammonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to ammonia.
Ammonite
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil cephalopod shell related to the nautilus. There are many genera and species, and all are extinct, the typical forms having existed only in the Mesozoic age, when they were exceedingly numerous. They differ from the nautili in having the margins of the septa very much lobed or plaited, and the siphuncle dorsal. Also called serpent stone, snake stone, and cornu Ammonis.
Ammonitiferous
a.
• Containing fossil ammonites.
Ammonitoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) An extensive group of fossil cephalopods often very abundant in Mesozoic rocks.
Ammonium
n.
(Chem.) A compound radical, NH4, having the chemical relations of a strongly basic element like the alkali metals.
Ammunition
n.
• Military stores, or provisions of all kinds for attack or defense.
• Articles used in charging firearms and ordnance of all kinds; as powder, balls, shot, shells, percussion caps, rockets, etc.
• Any stock of missiles, literal or figurative.
v. t.
• To provide with ammunition.
Amnesia
n.
(Med.) Forgetfulness; also, a defect of speech, from cerebral disease, in which the patient substitutes wrong words or names in the place of those he wishes to employ.
Amnesic
a.
(Med.) Of or pertaining to amnesia.
Amnestic
a.
• Causing loss of memory.
Amnesty
n.
• Forgetfulness; cessation of remembrance of wrong; oblivion.
• An act of the sovereign power granting oblivion, or a general pardon, for a past offense, as to subjects concerned in an insurrection.
v. t.
• To grant amnesty to.
Amnicolist
n.
• One who lives near a river.
Amnigenous
a.
• Born or bred in, of, or near a river.
Amnion
n.
(Anat.) A thin membrane surrounding the embryos of mammals, birds, and reptiles.
Amnios
n.
• Same as Amnion.
Amniota
n. pl.
(Zool.) That group of vertebrates which develops in its embryonic life the envelope called the amnion. It comprises the reptiles, the birds, and the mammals.
Amniotic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the amnion; characterized by an amnion; as, the amniotic fluid; the amniotic sac.
Amoeba
n
(Zool.) A rhizopod. common in fresh water, capable of undergoing many changes of form at will.
Amoebaeum
n.
• A poem in which persons are represented at speaking alternately; as the third and seventh eclogues of Virgil.
Amoebea
n. pl.
(Zool.) That division of the Rhizopoda which includes the amoeba and similar forms.
Amoebean
a.
• Alternately answering.
Amoebian
n.
(Zool.) One of the Amoebea.
Amoebous
a.
• Like an amoeba in structure.
Amolition
n.
• Removal; a putting away.
Amomum
n.
(Bot.) A genus of aromatic plants. It includes species which bear cardamoms, and grains of paradise.
Amoneste
v. t.
• To admonish.
Amontillado
n.
• A dry kind of cherry, of a light color.
Amoret
n.
• An amorous girl or woman; a wanton.
• A love knot, love token, or love song. (pl.) Love glances or love tricks.
• A petty love affair or amour.
Amorette
n.
• An amoret.
Amorist
n.
• A lover; a gallant.
Amorosa
n.
• A wanton woman; a courtesan.
Amorosity
n.
• The quality of being amorous; lovingness.
Amoroso
n.
• A lover; a man enamored.
adv.
(Mus.) In a soft, tender, amatory style.
Amorous
a.
• Inclined to love; having a propensity to love, or to sexual enjoyment; loving; fond; affectionate; as, an amorous disposition.
• Affected with love; in love; enamored; — usually with of; formerly with on.
• Of or relating to, or produced by, love.
Amorously
adv.
• In an amorous manner; fondly.
Amorousness
n.
• The quality of being amorous, or inclined to sexual love; lovingness.
Amorpha
n.
(Bot.) A genus of leguminous shrubs, having long clusters of purple flowers; false or bastard indigo.
Amorphism
n.
• A state of being amorphous; esp. a state of being without crystallization even in the minutest particles, as in glass, opal, etc.
Amorphous
a.
• Having no determinate form; of irregular; shapeless.
• Without crystallization in the ultimate texture of a solid substance; uncrystallized.
• Of no particular kind or character; anomalous.
Amorphozoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) Animals without a mouth or regular internal organs, as the sponges.
Amorphozoic
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Amorphozoa.
Amorphy
n.
• Shapelessness.
Amort
a.
• As if dead; lifeless; spiritless; dejected; depressed.
Amortizable
a.
• Capable of being cleared off, as a debt.
Amortization
n.
(Law) The act or right of alienating lands to a corporation, which was considered formerly as transferring them to dead hands, or in mortmain.
• The extinction of a debt, usually by means of a sinking fund; also, the money thus paid.
Amortize
v. t.
• To make as if dead; to destroy.
(Law) To alienate in mortmain, that is, to convey to a corporation.
• To clear off or extinguish, as a debt, usually by means of a sinking fund.
Amortizement
n.
• Same as Amortization.
Amorwe
adv.
• In the morning.
• On the following morning.
Amotion
n.
• Removal; ousting; especially, the removal of a corporate officer from his office.
• Deprivation of possession.
Amotus
a.
(Zool.) Elevated, — as a toe, when raised so high that the tip does not touch the ground.
Amount
v. i.
• To go up; to ascend.
• To rise or reach by an accumulation of particular sums or quantities; to come (to) in the aggregate or whole; — with to or unto.
• To rise, reach, or extend in effect, substance, or influence; to be equivalent; to come practically (to); as, the testimony amounts to very little.
v. t.
• To signify; to amount to.
n.
• The sum total of two or more sums or quantities; the aggregate; the whole quantity; a totality; as, the amount of 7 and 9 is 16; the amount of a bill; the amount of this year's revenue.
• The effect, substance, value, significance, or result; the sum; as, the amount of the testimony is this.
Amour
n.
• Love; affection.
• Love making; a love affair; usually, an unlawful connection in love; a love intrigue; an illicit love affair.
Amovability
n.
• Liability to be removed or dismissed from office.
Amovable
a.
• Removable.
Amove
v. t.
• To remove, as a person or thing, from a position.
(Law) To dismiss from an office or station.
v. t. & i.
• To move or be moved; to excite.
Ampelite
n.
(Min.) An earth abounding in pyrites, used by the ancients to kill insects, etc., on vines; — applied by Brongniart to a carbonaceous alum schist.
Ampersand
n.
• A word used to describe the character , , or &.
Amphiarthrodial
a.
• Characterized by amphiarthrosis.
Amphiarthrosis
n.
(Anat.) A form of articulation in which the bones are connected by intervening substance admitting slight motion; symphysis.
Amphiaster
n.
(Biol.) The achromatic figure, formed in mitotic cell-division, consisting of two asters connected by a spindle-shaped bundle of rodlike fibers diverging from each aster, and called the spindle.
Amphibia
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the classes of vertebrates.
Amphibial
a. & n.
• Amphibian.
Amphibian
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Amphibia; as, amphibian reptiles.
n.
(Zool.) One of the Amphibia.
Amphibiological
a.
• Pertaining to amphibiology.
Amphibiology
n.
• A treatise on amphibious animals; the department of natural history which treats of the Amphibia.
Amphibiotica
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of insects having aquatic larvae.
Amphibious
a.
• Having the ability to live both on land and in water, as frogs, crocodiles, beavers, and some plants.
• Pertaining to, adapted for, or connected with, both land and water.
• Of a mixed nature; partaking of two natures.
Amphibiously
adv.
• Like an amphibious being.
Amphibium
n.
• An amphibian.
Amphiblastic
a.
(Biol.) Segmenting unequally; — said of telolecithal ova with complete segmentation.
Amphibole
n.
(Min.) A common mineral embracing many varieties varying in color and in composition. It occurs in monoclinic crystals; also massive, generally with fibrous or columnar structure. The color varies from white to gray, green, brown, and black. It is a silicate of magnesium and calcium, with usually aluminium and iron. Some common varieties are tremolite, actinolite, asbestus, edenite, hornblende (the last name being also used as a general term for the whole species). Amphibole is a constituent of many crystalline rocks, as syenite, diorite, most varieties of trachyte, etc.
Amphibolic
a.
• Of or pertaining to amphiboly; ambiguous; equivocal.
• Of or resembling the mineral amphibole.
Amphibological
a.
• Of doubtful meaning; ambiguous.
Amphibology
n.
• A phrase, discourse, or proposition, susceptible of two interpretations; and hence, of uncertain meaning. It differs from equivocation, which arises from the twofold sense of a single term.
Amphibolous
a.
• Ambiguous; doubtful.
(Logic) Capable of two meanings.
Amphiboly
n.
• Ambiguous discourse; amphibology.
Amphibranch
n.
(Anc. Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the middle one long, the first and last short ( — ); as, hb\'c7r. In modern prosody the accented syllable takes the place of the long and the unaccented of the short; as, pro-phet\'b6ic.
Amphichroic
a.
(Chem.) Exhibiting or producing two colors, as substances which in the color test may change red litmus to blue and blue litmus to red.
Amphicome
n.
• A kind of figured stone, rugged and beset with eminences, anciently used in divination.
Amphictyonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Amphictyons or their League or Council; as, an Amphictyonic town or state; the Amphictyonic body.
Amphictyons
n. pl.
(Grecian Hist.) Deputies from the confederated states of ancient Greece to a congress or council. They considered both political and religious matters.
Amphictyony
n.
(Grecian Hist.) A league of states of ancient Greece; esp. the celebrated confederation known as the Amphictyonic Council. Its object was to maintain the common interests of Greece.
Amphid
n.
(Chem.) A salt of the class formed by the combination of an acid and a base, or by the union of two oxides, two sulphides, selenides, or tellurides, as distinguished from a haloid compound.
Amphidisc
n.
(Zool.) A peculiar small siliceous spicule having a denticulated wheel at each end; — found in freshwater sponges.
Amphidromical
a.
• Pertaining to an Attic festival at the naming of a child; — so called because the friends of the parents carried the child around the hearth and then named it.
Amphigamous
a.
(Bot.) Having a structure entirely cellular, and no distinct sexual organs; — a term applied by De Candolle to the lowest order of plants.
Amphigean
a.
• Extending over all the zones, from the tropics to the polar zones inclusive.
Amphigen
n.
(Chem.) An element that in combination produces amphid salt; — applied by Berzelius to oxygen, sulphur, selenium, and tellurium.
Amphigene
n.
(Min.) Leucite.
Amphigenesis
n.
(Biol.) Sexual generation; amphigony.
Amphigenous
a.
(Bot.) Increasing in size by growth on all sides, as the lichens.
Amphigonic
a.
• Pertaining to amphigony; sexual; as, amphigonic propagation.
Amphigonous
a.
• Relating to both parents.
Amphigony
n.
• Sexual propagation.
Amphigoric
a.
• Nonsensical; absurd; pertaining to an amphigory.
Amphigory
n.
• A nonsense verse; a rigmarole, with apparent meaning, which on further attention proves to be meaningless.
Amphimacer
n.
(Anc. Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the middle one short and the others long, as in casttas.
Amphineura
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Mollusca remarkable for the bilateral symmetry of the organs and the arrangement of the nerves.
Amphioxus
n.
(Zool.) A fishlike creature (Amphioxus lanceolatus), two or three inches long, found in temperature seas; — also called the lancelet. Its body is pointed at both ends. It is the lowest and most generalized of the vertebrates, having neither brain, skull, vertebrae, nor red blood. It forms the type of the group Acrania, Leptocardia, etc.
Amphipneust
n.
(Zool.) One of a tribe of Amphibia, which have both lungs and gills at the same time, as the proteus and siren.
Amphipod
n.
(Zool.) One of the Amphipoda.
Amphipoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) A numerous group of fourteen — footed Crustacea, inhabiting both fresh and salt water. The body is usually compressed laterally, and the anterior pairs or legs are directed downward and forward, but the posterior legs are usually turned upward and backward. The beach flea is an example.
Amphipodous
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Amphipoda.
Amphiprostyle
a.
(Arch.) Doubly prostyle; having columns at each end, but not at the sides.
n.
• An amphiprostyle temple or edifice.
Amphirhina
n. pl.
(Zool.) A name applied to the elasmobranch fishes, because the nasal sac is double.
Amphisbaena
n.
• A fabled serpent with a head at each end, moving either way.
(Zool.) A genus of harmless lizards, serpentlike in form, without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either way.
Amphisbaenoid
a.
(Zool.) Like or pertaining to the lizards of the genus Amphisbaena.
Amphistomous
a.
(Zool.) Having a sucker at each extremity, as certain entozoa, by means of which they adhere.
Amphistylic
a.
(Anat.) Having the mandibular arch articulated with the hyoid arch and the cranium, as in the cestraciont sharks; — said of a skull.
Amphitheatral
a.
• Amphitheatrical; resembling an amphitheater.
Amphitheatrically
adv.
• In the form or manner of an amphitheater.
Amphitrocha
n.
(Zool.) A kind of annelid larva having both a dorsal and a ventral circle of special cilia.
Amphiuma
n.
(Zool.) A genus of amphibians, inhabiting the Southern United States, having a serpentlike form, but with four minute limbs and two persistent gill openings; the Congo snake.
Amphopeptone
n.
(Physiol.) A product of gastric digestion, a mixture of hemipeptone and antipeptone.
Amphora
n.
• Among the ancients, a two-handled vessel, tapering at the bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc.
Amphoral
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, an amphora.
Amphoric
a.
(Med.) Produced by, or indicating, a cavity in the lungs, not filled, and giving a sound like that produced by blowing into an empty decanter; as, amphoric respiration or resonance.
Amphoteric
a.
• Partly one and partly the other; neither acid nor alkaline; neutral.
Ample
a.
• Large; great in size, extent, capacity, or bulk; spacious; roomy; widely extended.
• Fully sufficient; abundant; liberal; copious; as, an ample fortune; ample justice.
• Not contracted of brief; not concise; extended; diffusive; as, an ample narrative.
Amplectant
a.
(Bot.) Clasping a support; as, amplectant tendrils.
Ampleness
n.
• The state or quality of being ample; largeness; fullness; completeness.
Amplexation
n.
• An embrace.
Amplexicaul
a.
(Bot.) Clasping or embracing a stem, as the base of some leaves.
Ampliate
v. t.
• To enlarge.
a.
(Zool.) Having the outer edge prominent; said of the wings of insects.
Ampliation
n.
• Enlargement; amplification.
(Civil Law) A postponement of the decision of a cause, for further consideration or re-argument.
Ampliative
a.
(Logic) Enlarging a conception by adding to that which is already known or received.
Amplificate
v. t.
• To amplify.
Amplification
n.
• The act of amplifying or enlarging in dimensions; enlargement; extension.
(Rhet.) The enlarging of a simple statement by particularity of description, the use of epithets, etc., for rhetorical effect; diffuse narrative or description, or a dilating upon all the particulars of a subject.
• The matter by which a statement is amplified; as, the subject was presented without amplifications.
Amplificative
a.
• Amplificatory.
Amplificatory
a.
• Serving to amplify or enlarge; amplificative.
Amplifier
n.
• One who or that which amplifies.
Amplify
v. t.
• To render larger, more extended, or more intense, and the like; — used especially of telescopes, microscopes, etc.
(Rhet.) To enlarge by addition or discussion; to treat copiously by adding particulars, illustrations, etc.; to expand; to make much of.
v. i.
• To become larger.
• To speak largely or copiously; to be diffuse in argument or description; to dilate; to expatiate; — often with on or upon.
Amplitude
n.
• State of being ample; extent of surface or space; largeness of dimensions; size.
• Largeness, in a figurative sense; breadth; abundance; fullness.
• Of extent of capacity or intellectual powers.
• Of extent of means or resources.
(Astron.) The arc of the horizon between the true east or west point and the center of the sun, or a star, at its rising or setting. At the rising, the amplitude is eastern or ortive: at the setting, it is western, occiduous, or occasive. It is also northern or southern, when north or south of the equator.
• The arc of the horizon between the true east or west point and the foot of the vertical circle passing through any star or object.
(Gun.) The horizontal line which measures the distance to which a projectile is thrown; the range.
(Physics) The extent of a movement measured from the starting point or position of equilibrium; — applied especially to vibratory movements.
(math.) An angle upon which the value of some function depends; — a term used more especially in connection with elliptic functions.
Amply
adv.
• In an ample manner.
Ampul
n.
• Same as Ampulla, 2.
Ampulla
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) A narrow-necked vessel having two handles and bellying out like a jug.
(Eccl.) A cruet for the wine and water at Mass.
• The vase in which the holy oil for chrism, unction, or coronation is kept.
(Biol.) Any membranous bag shaped like a leathern bottle, as the dilated end of a vessel or duct; especially the dilations of the semicircular canals of the ear.
Ampullaceous
a.
• Like a bottle or inflated bladder; bottle-shaped; swelling.
Ampulliform
a.
• Flask-shaped; dilated.
Amputate
v. t.
• To prune or lop off, as branches or tendrils.
(Surg.) To cut off (a limb or projecting part (of the body)
Amputation
n.
• The act amputating; esp. the operation of cutting of a limb or projecting part of the body.
Amputator
n.
• One who amputates.
Ampyx
n.
(Greek Antiq.) A woman's headband (sometimes of metal), for binding the front hair.
Amrita
n.
(Hind. Myth.) Immorality; also, the nectar conferring immortality. — a. Ambrosial; immortal.
Amuck
a. & adv.
• In a frenzied and reckless.
Amulet
n.
• An ornament, gem, or scroll, or a package containing a relic, etc., worn as a charm or preservative against evils or mischief, such as diseases and witchcraft, and generally inscribed with mystic forms or characters.
Amuletic
a.
• Of or pertaining to an amulet; operating as a charm.
Amurcous
a.
• Full off dregs; foul.
Amusable
a.
• Capable of being amused.
Amuse
v. t.
• To occupy or engage the attention of; to lose in deep thought; to absorb; also, to distract; to bewilder.
• To entertain or occupy in a pleasant manner; to stir with pleasing or mirthful emotions; to divert.
• To keep in extraction; to beguile; to delude.
v. i.
• To muse; to mediate.
Amused
a.
• Diverted.
• Expressing amusement; as, an amused look.
Amusement
n.
• Deep thought; muse.
• The state of being amused; pleasurable excitement; that which amuses; diversion.
Amuser
n.
• One who amuses.
Amusette
n.
• A light field cannon, or stocked gun mounted on a swivel.
Amusing
a.
• Giving amusement; diverting; as, an amusing story.
Amusive
a.
• Having power to amuse or entertain the mind; fitted to excite mirth.
Amy
n.
• A friend.
Amyelous
a.
(Med.) Wanting the spinal cord.
Amygdalaceous
a.
(Bot.) Akin to, or derived from, the almond.
Amygdalate
a.
• Pertaining to, resembling, or made of, almonds.
n.
(Med.) An emulsion made of almonds; milk of almonds.
(Chem.) A salt amygdalic acid.
Amygdalic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to almonds; derived from amygdalin; as, amygdalic acid.
Amygdaliferous
a.
• Almond-bearing.
Amygdalin
n.
(Chem.) A glucoside extracted from bitter almonds as a white, crystalline substance.
Amygdaline
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, almonds.
Amygdaloid
n.
(Min.) A variety of trap or basaltic rock, containing small cavities, occupied, wholly or in part, by nodules or geodes of different minerals, esp. agates, quartz, calcite, and the zeolites. When the imbedded minerals are detached or removed by decomposition, it is porous, like lava.
Amyl
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, C5H11, of the paraffine series found in amyl alcohol or fusel oil, etc.
Amylaceous
a.
• Pertaining to starch; of the nature of starch; starchy.
Amylate
n.
(Chem.) A compound of the radical amyl with oxygen and a positive atom or radical.
Amylene
n.
(Chem.) One of a group of metameric hydrocarbons, C5H10, of the ethylene series. The colorless, volatile, mobile liquid commonly called amylene is a mixture of different members of the group.
Amylic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, amyl; as, amylic ether.
Amylobacter
n.
(Biol.) A microorganism (Bacillus amylobacter) which develops in vegetable tissue during putrefaction.
Amyloid
n.
• A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance.
(Med.) The substance deposited in the organs in amyloid degeneration.
Amylolytic
a.
(Physiol.) Effecting the conversion of starch into soluble dextrin and sugar; as, an amylolytic ferment.
Amylose
n.
(Chem.) One of the starch group (C6H10O5)n of the carbohydrates; as, starch, arabin, dextrin, cellulose, etc.
Amyous
a.
(Med.) Wanting in muscle; without flesh.
Amyss
n.
• Same as Amice, a hood or cape.

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