Dictionary Of The English Language "W"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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W is the twenty-third letter of the English alphabet, is usually a consonant, but sometimes it is a vowel, forming the second element of certain diphthongs, as in few, how. It takes its written form and its name from the repetition of a V, this being the original form of the Roman capital letter which we call U. Etymologically it is most related to v and u. See V, and U. Some of the uneducated classes in England, especially in London, confuse w and v, substituting the one for the other, as weal for veal, and veal for weal; wine for vine, and vine for wine, etc.
Waag
n.
(Zool.) The grivet.
Waahoo
n.
(Bot.) The burning bush; — said to be called after a quack medicine made from it.
Wabble
v. i.
• To move staggeringly or unsteadily from one side to the other; to vacillate; to move the manner of a rotating disk when the axis of rotation is inclined to that of the disk; — said of a turning or whirling body; as, a top wabbles; a buzz saw wabbles.
n.
• A hobbling, unequal motion, as of a wheel unevenly hung; a staggering to and fro.
Wabbly
a.
• Inclined to wabble; wabbling.
Wad
n.
• Woad.
n.
• A little mass, tuft, or bundle, as of hay or tow.
• Specifically: A little mass of some soft or flexible material, such as hay, straw, tow, paper, or old rope yarn, used for retaining a charge of powder in a gun, or for keeping the powder and shot close; also, to diminish or avoid the effects of windage. Also, by extension, a dusk of felt, pasteboard, etc., serving a similar purpose.
• A soft mass, especially of some loose, fibrous substance, used for various purposes, as for stopping an aperture, padding a garment, etc.
v. t.
• To form into a mass, or wad, or into wadding; as, to wad tow or cotton.
• To insert or crowd a wad into; as, to wad a gun; also, to stuff or line with some soft substance, or wadding, like cotton; as, to wad a cloak.
Wadding
n.
• A wad, or the materials for wads; any pliable substance of which wads may be made.
• Any soft stuff of loose texture, used for stuffing or padding garments; esp., sheets of carded cotton prepared for the purpose.
Waddle
v. i.
• To walk with short steps, swaying the body from one side to the other, like a duck or very fat person; to move clumsily and totteringly along; to toddle; to stumble; as, a child waddles when he begins to walk; a goose waddles.
v. t.
• To trample or tread down, as high grass, by walking through it.
Waddler
n.
• One who, or that which, waddles.
Waddlingly
adv.
• In a waddling manner.
Wade
n.
• Woad.
v. i.
• To go; to move forward.
• To walk in a substance that yields to the feet; to move, sinking at each step, as in water, mud, sand, etc.
• Hence, to move with difficulty or labor; to proceed lowly among objects or circumstances that constantly inder or embarrass; as, to wade through a dull book.
v. t.
• To pass or cross by wading; as, he waded he rivers and swamps.
n.
• The act of wading.
Wader
n.
• One who, or that which, wades.
(Zool.) Any long-legged bird that wades in the water in search of food, especially any species of limicoline or grallatorial birds; — called also wading bird. See Illust. g, under Aves.
Wading
• a. & n. from Wade, v.
Wadmol
n.
• A coarse, hairy, woolen cloth, formerly used for garments by the poor, and for various other purposes.
Wadset
n.
(Scots Law) A kind of pledge or mortgage.
Wadsetter
n.
• One who holds by a wadset.
Wady
n.
• A ravine through which a brook flows; the channel of a water course, which is dry except in the rainy season.
Wae
n.
• A wave.
Waeg
n.
(Zool.) The kittiwake.
Wafer
n.
(Cookery) A thin cake made of flour and other ingredients.
(Eccl.) A thin cake or piece of bread (commonly unleavened, circular, and stamped with a crucifix or with the sacred monogram) used in the Eucharist, as in the Roman Catholic Church.
• An adhesive disk of dried paste, made of flour, gelatin, isinglass, or the like, and coloring matter, — used in sealing letters and other documents.
v. t.
• To seal or close with a wafer.
Waferer
n.
• A dealer in the cakes called wafers; a confectioner.
Waffle
n.
• A thin cake baked and then rolled; a wafer.
• A soft indented cake cooked in a waffle iron.
Waft
v. t.
• To give notice to by waving something; to wave the hand to; to beckon.
• To cause to move or go in a wavy manner, or by the impulse of waves, as of water or air; to bear along on a buoyant medium; as, a balloon was wafted over the channel.
• To cause to float; to keep from sinking; to buoy.
v. i.
• To be moved, or to pass, on a buoyant medium; to float.
n.
• A wave or current of wind.
• A signal made by waving something, as a flag, in the air.
• An unpleasant flavor.
(Naut.) A knot, or stop, in the middle of a flag.
Waftage
n.
• Conveyance on a buoyant medium, as air or water.
Wafter
n.
• One who, or that which, wafts.
• A boat for passage.
Wafture
n.
• The act of waving; a wavelike motion; a waft.
Wag
v. t.
• To move one way and the other with quick turns; to shake to and fro; to move vibratingly; to cause to vibrate, as a part of the body; as, to wag the head.
v. i.
• To move one way and the other; to be shaken to and fro; to vibrate.
• To be in action or motion; to move; to get along; to progress; to stir.
• To go; to depart; to pack oft.
n.
• The act of wagging; a shake; as, a wag of the head.
• A man full of sport and humor; a ludicrous fellow; a humorist; a wit; a joker.
Wagati
n.
(Zool.) A small East Indian wild cat (Felis wagati), regarded by some as a variety of the leopard cat.
Wage
v. t.
• To pledge; to hazard on the event of a contest; to stake; to bet, to lay; to wager; as, to wage a dollar.
• To expose one's self to, as a risk; to incur, as a danger; to venture; to hazard.
• To engage in, as a contest, as if by previous gage or pledge; to carry on, as a war.
• To adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; to hire out.
• To put upon wages; to hire; to employ; to pay wages to.
(O. Eng. Law) To give security for the performance of.
v. i.
• To bind one's self; to engage.
n.
• That which is staked or ventured; that for which one incurs risk or danger; prize; gage.
• That for which one labors; meed; reward; stipulated payment for service performed; hire; pay; compensation; — at present generally used in the plural. See Wages.
Wagel
n.
(Zool.) See Waggel.
Wagenboom
n.
(Bot.) A south African proteaceous tree (Protea grandiflora); also, its tough wood, used for making wagon wheels.
Wager
n.
• Something deposited, laid, or hazarded on the event of a contest or an unsettled question; a bet; a stake; a pledge.
(Law) A contract by which two parties or more agree that a certain sum of money, or other thing, shall be paid or delivered to one of them, on the happening or not happening of an uncertain event.
• That on which bets are laid; the subject of a bet.
v. t.
• To hazard on the issue of a contest, or on some question that is to be decided, or on some casualty; to lay; to stake; to bet.
v. i.
• To make a bet; to lay a wager.
Wagerer
n.
• One who wagers, or lays a bet.
Wagering
a.
• Hazarding; pertaining to the act of one who wagers.
Wages
n. plural
• A compensation given to a hired person for services; price paid for labor; recompense; hire. See Wage, n., 2.
Waggel
n.
(Zool.) The young of the great black-backed gull (Larus marinus), formerly considered a distinct species.
Waggery
n.
• The manner or action of a wag; mischievous merriment; sportive trick or gayety; good-humored sarcasm; pleasantry; jocularity; as, the waggery of a schoolboy.
Waggie
n.
• The pied wagtail.
Waggle
v. i.
• To reel, sway, or move from side to side; to move with a wagging motion; to waddle.
v. t.
• To move frequently one way and the other; to wag; as, a bird waggles his tail.
Wagnerite
n.
(Min.) A fluophosphate of magnesia, occurring in yellowish crystals, and also in massive forms.
Wagon
n.
• A wheeled carriage; a vehicle on four wheels, and usually drawn by horses; especially, one used for carrying freight or merchandise.
• A freight car on a railway.
• A chariot
(Astron.) The Dipper, or Charles's Wain.
v. t.
• To transport in a wagon or wagons; as, goods are wagoned from city to city.
v. i.
• To wagon goods as a business; as, the man wagons between Philadelphia and its suburbs.
Wagonage
n.
• Money paid for carriage or conveyance in wagon.
• A collection of wagons; wagons, collectively.
Wagoner
n.
• One who conducts a wagon; one whose business it is to drive a wagon.
(Astron.) The constellation Charles's Wain, or Ursa Major. See Ursa major, under Ursa.
Wagonette
n.
• A kind of pleasure wagon, uncovered and with seats extended along the sides, designed to carry six or eight persons besides the driver.
Wagonful
n.
• As much as a wagon will hold; enough to fill a wagon; a wagonload.
Wagonload
n.
• Same as Wagonful.
Wagonry
n.
• Conveyance by means of a wagon or wagons.
Wagonwright
n.
• One who makes wagons.
Wagtail
n.
(Zool.) Any one of many species of Old World singing birds belonging to Motacilla and several allied genera of the family Motacillidae. They have the habit of constantly jerking their long tails up and down, whence the name.
Wah
n.
(Zool.) The panda.
Wahabee
n.
• A follower of Abdel Wahab (b. 1691; d. 1787), a reformer of Mohammedanism. His doctrines prevail particularly among the Bedouins, and the sect, though checked in its influence, extends to most parts of Arabia, and also into India.
Waid
a.
• Oppressed with weight; crushed; weighed down.
Waif
n.
(Eng. Law.) Goods found of which the owner is not known; originally, such goods as a pursued thief threw away to prevent being apprehended, which belonged to the king unless the owner made pursuit of the felon, took him, and brought him to justice.
• Hence, anything found, or without an owner; that which comes along, as it were, by chance.
• A wanderer; a castaway; a stray; a homeless child.
Waift
n.
• A waif.
Wail
v. t.
• To choose; to select.
v. t.
• To lament; to bewail; to grieve over; as, to wail one's death.
v. i.
• To express sorrow audibly; to make mournful outcry; to weep.
n.
• Loud weeping; violent lamentation; wailing.
Wailer
n.
• One who wails or laments.
Waileress
n.
• A woman who wails.
Wailful
a.
• Sorrowful; mournful.
Wailingly
adv.
• In a wailing manner.
Wailment
n.
• Lamentation; loud weeping; wailing.
Waiment
v. & n.
• See Wayment.
Wain
n.
• A four-wheeled vehicle for the transportation of goods, produce, etc.; a wagon.
• A chariot.
Wainable
a.
• Capable of being plowed or cultivated; arable; tillable.
Wainage
n.
• A finding of carriages, carts, etc., for the transportation of goods, produce, etc.
n.
(O. Eng. Law) See Gainage, a.
Wainbote
n.
(O. Eng. Law) See Cartbote. See also the Note under Bote.
Wainscot
n.
• Oaken timber or boarding.
(Arch.) A wooden lining or boarding of the walls of apartments, usually made in panels.
Wainscot
v. t.
• To line with boards or panelwork, or as if with panelwork; as, to wainscot a hall.
Wainscoting
n.
• The act or occupation of covering or lining with boards in panel.
• The material used to wainscot a house, or the wainscot as a whole; panelwork.
Wainwright
n.
• Same as Wagonwright.
Wair
n.
(Carp.) A piece of plank two yard long and a foot broad.
Waist
n.
• That part of the human body which is immediately below the ribs or thorax; the small part of the body between the thorax and hips.
• Hence, the middle part of other bodies; especially (Naut.), that part of a vessel's deck, bulwarks, etc., which is between the quarter-deck and the forecastle; the middle part of the ship.
• A garment, or part of a garment, which covers the body from the neck or shoulders to the waist line.
• A girdle or belt for the waist.
Waistband
n.
• The band which encompasses the waist; esp., one on the upper part of breeches, trousers, pantaloons, skirts, or the like.
• A sash worn by women around the waist.
Waistcloth
n.
• A cloth or wrapper worn about the waist; by extension, such a garment worn about the hips and passing between the thighs.
(Naut.) A covering of canvas or tarpaulin for the hammocks, stowed on the nettings, between the quarterdeck and the forecastle.
Waistcoat
n.
• A short, sleeveless coat or garment for men, worn under the coat, extending no lower than the hips, and covering the waist; a vest.
• A garment occasionally worn by women as a part of fashionable costume.
Waistcoateer
n.
• One wearing a waistcoat; esp., a woman wearing one uncovered, or thought fit for such a habit; hence, a loose woman; strumpet.
Waistcoating
n.
• A fabric designed for waistcoats; esp., one in which there is a pattern, differently colored yarns being used.
Waister
n.
(Naut.) A seaman, usually a green hand or a broken-down man, stationed in the waist of a vessel of war.
Wait
v. i.
• To watch; to observe; to take notice.
• To stay or rest in expectation; to stop or remain stationary till the arrival of some person or event; to rest in patience; to stay; not to depart.
v. t.
• To stay for; to rest or remain stationary in expectation of; to await; as, to wait orders.
• To attend as a consequence; to follow upon; to accompany; to await.
• To attend on; to accompany; especially, to attend with ceremony or respect.
• To cause to wait; to defer; to postpone; — said of a meal; as, to wait dinner.
n.
• The act of waiting; a delay; a halt.
• Ambush.
• One who watches; a watchman.
• Hautboys, or oboes, played by town musicians; not used in the singular.
• Musicians who sing or play at night or in the early morning, especially at Christmas time; serenaders; musical watchmen.
Waiter
n.
• One who, or that which, waits; an attendant; a servant in attendance, esp. at table.
• A vessel or tray on which something is carried, as dishes, etc.; a salver.
Waiting
• a. & n. from Wait, v.
Waitingly
adv.
• By waiting.
Waitress
n.
• A female waiter or attendant; a waiting maid or waiting woman.
Waive
n.
• A waif; a castaway.
(O. Eng. Law) A woman put out of the protection of the law. See Waive, v. t., 3 (b), and the Note.
v. t.
• To relinquish; to give up claim to; not to insist on or claim; to refuse; to forego.
• To throw away; to cast off; to reject; to desert.
(Law) To throw away; to relinquish voluntarily, as a right which one may enforce if he chooses.
(O. Eng. Law) To desert; to abandon.
v. i.
• To turn aside; to recede.
Waiver
n.
(Law) The act of waiving, or not insisting on, some right, claim, or privilege.
Waivure
n.
• See Waiver.
Waiwode
n.
• See Waywode.
Wake
n.
• The track left by a vessel in the water; by extension, any track; as, the wake of an army.
v. i.
• To be or to continue awake; to watch; not to sleep.
• To sit up late festive purposes; to hold a night revel.
• To be excited or roused from sleep; to awake; to be awakened; to cease to sleep; — often with up.
• To be exited or roused up; to be stirred up from a dormant, torpid, or inactive state; to be active.
v. t.
• To rouse from sleep; to awake.
• To put in motion or action; to arouse; to excite.
• To bring to life again, as if from the sleep of death; to reanimate; to revive.
• To watch, or sit up with, at night, as a dead body.
n.
• The act of waking, or being awaked; also, the state of being awake.
• The state of forbearing sleep, especially for solemn or festive purposes; a vigil.
(Ch. of Eng.) An annual parish festival formerly held in commemoration of the dedication of a church. Originally, prayers were said on the evening preceding, and hymns were sung during the night, in the church; subsequently, these vigils were discontinued, and the day itself, often with succeeding days, was occupied in rural pastimes and exercises, attended by eating and drinking, often to excess.
• The sitting up of persons with a dead body, often attended with a degree of festivity, chiefly among the Irish.
Wakeful
a.
• Not sleeping; indisposed to sleep; watchful; vigilant.
Waken
v. i.
• To wake; to cease to sleep; to be awakened.
v. t.
• To excite or rouse from sleep; to wake; to awake; to awaken.
• To excite; to rouse; to move to action; to awaken.
Wakener
n.
• One who wakens.
Wakening
n.
• The act of one who wakens; esp., the act of ceasing to sleep; an awakening.
(Scots Law) The revival of an action.
Waker
n.
• One who wakes.
Waketime
n.
• Time during which one is awake.
Waking
n.
• The act of waking, or the state or period of being awake.
• A watch; a watching.
Walaway
interj.
• See Welaway.
Wald
n.
• A forest; — used as a termination of names. See Weald.
Waldenses
n. pl.
(Eccl. Hist.) A sect of dissenters from the ecclesiastical system of the Roman Catholic Church, who in the 13th century were driven by persecution to the valleys of Piedmont, where the sect survives. They profess substantially Protestant principles.
Waldensian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Waldenses.
n.
• One Holding the Waldensian doctrines.
Waldgrave
n.
• In the old German empire, the head forest keeper.
Waldheimia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of brachiopods of which many species are found in the fossil state. A few still exist in the deep sea.
Wale
n.
• A streak or mark made on the skin by a rod or whip; a stripe; a wheal. See Wheal.
• A ridge or streak rising above the surface, as of cloth; hence, the texture of cloth.
(Carp.) A timber bolted to a row of piles to secure them together and in position.
(Naut.) Certain sets or strakes of the outside planking of a vessel; as, the main wales, or the strakes of planking under the port sills of the gun deck; channel wales, or those along the spar deck, etc.
• A wale knot, or wall knot.
v. t.
• To mark with wales, or stripes.
• To choose; to select; specifically (Mining), to pick out the refuse of (coal) by hand, in order to clean it.
Walhalla
n.
• See Valhalla.
Waling
n.
(Naut.) Same as Wale, n., 4.
Walk
v. i.
• To move along on foot; to advance by steps; to go on at a moderate pace; specifically, of two-legged creatures, to proceed at a slower or faster rate, but without running, or lifting one foot entirely before the other touches the ground.
• To move or go on the feet for exercise or amusement; to take one's exercise; to ramble.
• To be stirring; to be abroad; to go restlessly about; — said of things or persons expected to remain quiet, as a sleeping person, or the spirit of a dead person; to go about as a somnambulist or a specter.
• To be in motion; to act; to move; to wag.
• To behave; to pursue a course of life; to conduct one's self.
• To move off; to depart.
v. t.
• To pass through, over, or upon; to traverse; to perambulate; as, to walk the streets.
• To cause to walk; to lead, drive, or ride with a slow pace; as to walk one's horses.
• To subject, as cloth or yarn, to the fulling process; to full.
n.
• The act of walking, or moving on the feet with a slow pace; advance without running or leaping.
• The act of walking for recreation or exercise; as, a morning walk; an evening walk.
• Manner of walking; gait; step; as, we often know a person at a distance by his walk.
• That in or through which one walks; place or distance walked over; a place for walking; a path or avenue prepared for foot passengers, or for taking air and exercise; way; road; hence, a place or region in which animals may graze; place of wandering; range; as, a sheep walk.
• A frequented track; habitual place of action; sphere; as, the walk of the historian.
• Conduct; course of action; behavior.
• The route or district regularly served by a vender; as, a milkman's walk.
Walkable
a.
• Fit to be walked on; capable of being walked on or over.
Walker
n.
• One who walks; a pedestrian.
• That with which one walks; a foot.
(Law) A forest officer appointed to walk over a certain space for inspection; a forester.
• A fuller of cloth.
(Zool.) Any ambulatorial orthopterous insect, as a stick insect.
Walking
• a. & n. from Walk, v.
Walkyr
n.
(Scand. Myth.) See Valkyria.
Wall
n.
(Naut.) A kind of knot often used at the end of a rope; a wall knot; a wale.
n.
• A work or structure of stone, brick, or other materials, raised to some height, and intended for defense or security, solid and permanent inclosing fence, as around a field, a park, a town, etc., also, one of the upright inclosing parts of a building or a room.
• A defense; a rampart; a means of protection; in the plural, fortifications, in general; works for defense.
• An inclosing part of a receptacle or vessel; as, the walls of a steam-engine cylinder.
(Mining) The side of a level or drift.
• The country rock bounding a vein laterally.
v. t.
• To inclose with a wall, or as with a wall.
• To defend by walls, or as if by walls; to fortify.
• To close or fill with a wall, as a doorway.
Wallaba
n.
(Bot.) A leguminous tree (Eperua falcata) of Demerara, with pinnate leaves and clusters of red flowers. The reddish brown wood is used for palings and shingles.
Wallaby
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of kangaroos belonging to the genus Halmaturus, native of Australia and Tasmania, especially the smaller species, as the brush kangaroo (H. Bennettii) and the pademelon (H. thetidis). The wallabies chiefly inhabit the wooded district and bushy plains.
Wallah
n.
(Zool.) A black variety of the jaguar; — called also tapir tiger.
Wallaroo
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of kangaroos of the genus Macropus, especially M. robustus, sometimes called the great wallaroo.
Wallbird
n.
(Zool.) The spotted flycatcher.
Waller
n.
• One who builds walls.
n.
(Zool.) The wels.
Wallet
n.
• A bag or sack for carrying about the person, as a bag for carrying the necessaries for a journey; a knapsack; a beggar's receptacle for charity; a peddler's pack.
• A pocketbook for keeping money about the person.
• Anything protuberant and swagging.
Walleteer
n.
• One who carries a wallet; a foot traveler; a tramping beggar.
Wallflower
n.
(Bot.) A perennial, cruciferous plant (Cheiranthus Cheiri), with sweet-scented flowers varying in color from yellow to orange and deep red. In Europe it very common on old walls.
• A lady at a ball, who, either from choice, or because not asked to dance, remains a spectator.
Wallhick
n.
(Zool.) The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dryobates minor).
Walling
n.
• The act of making a wall or walls.
• Walls, in general; material for walls.
Walloons
n. pl.
• A Romanic people inhabiting that part of Belgium which comprises the provinces of Hainaut, Namur, Liege, and Luxembourg, and about one third of Brabant; also, the language spoken by this people. Used also adjectively.
Wallop
v. i.
• To move quickly, but with great effort; to gallop.
n.
• A quick, rolling movement; a gallop.
v. i.
• To boil with a continued bubbling or heaving and rolling, with noise.
• To move in a rolling, cumbersome manner; to waddle.
• To be slatternly.
v. t.
• To beat soundly; to flog; to whip.
• To wrap up temporarily.
• To throw or tumble over.
n.
• A thick piece of fat.
• A blow.
Wallow
v. i.
• To roll one's self about, as in mire; to tumble and roll about; to move lazily or heavily in any medium; to flounder; as, swine wallow in the mire.
• To live in filth or gross vice; to disport one's self in a beastly and unworthy manner.
• To wither; to fade.
v. t.
• To roll; esp., to roll in anything defiling or unclean.
n.
• A kind of rolling walk.
Wallower
n.
• One who, or that which, wallows.
(Mach.) A lantern wheel; a trundle.
Wallowish
a.
• Flat; insipid.
Wallwort
n.
(Bot.) The dwarf elder, or danewort (Sambucus Ebulus).
Walm
v. i.
• To roll; to spout; to boil up.
Walnut
n.
(Bot.) The fruit or nut of any tree of the genus Juglans; also, the tree, and its timber. The seven or eight known species are all natives of the north temperate zone.
Walrus
n.
(Zool.) A very large marine mammal (Trichecus rosmarus) of the Seal family, native of the Arctic Ocean. The male has long and powerful tusks descending from the upper jaw. It uses these in procuring food and in fighting. It is hunted for its oil, ivory, and skin. It feeds largely on mollusks. Called also morse.
Walter
v. i.
• To roll or wallow; to welter.
Waltron
n.
• A walrus.
Walty
a.
• Liable to roll over; crank; as, a walty ship.
Waltz
n.
• A dance performed by two persons in circular figures with a whirling motion; also, a piece of music composed in triple measure for this kind of dance.
v. i.
• To dance a waltz.
Waltzer
n.
• A person who waltzes.
Walwe
v.
• To wallow.
Waly
interj.
• An exclamation of grief.
Wamble
v. i.
• To heave; to be disturbed by nausea; — said of the stomach.
• To move irregularly to and fro; to roll.
n.
• Disturbance of the stomach; a feeling of nausea.
Wammel
v. i.
• To move irregularly or awkwardly; to wamble, or wabble.
Wamp
n.
(Zool.) The common American eider.
Wampee
n.
(Bot.) A tree (Cookia punctata) of the Orange family, growing in China and the East Indies; also, its fruit, which is about the size of a large grape, and has a hard rind and a peculiar flavor.
• The pickerel weed.
Wampum
n.
• Beads made of shells, used by the North American Indians as money, and also wrought into belts, etc., as an ornament.
Wan
imp.
• Won.
a.
• Having a pale or sickly hue; languid of look; pale; pallid.
n.
• The quality of being wan; wanness.
v. i.
• To grow wan; to become pale or sickly in looks.
Wand
n.
• A small stick; a rod; a verge.
• A staff of authority.
• A rod used by conjurers, diviners, magicians, etc.
Wander
v. i.
• To ramble here and there without any certain course or with no definite object in view; to range about; to stroll; to rove; as, to wander over the fields.
• To go away; to depart; to stray off; to deviate; to go astray; as, a writer wanders from his subject.
• To be delirious; not to be under the guidance of reason; to rave; as, the mind wanders.
v. t.
• To travel over without a certain course; to traverse; to stroll through.
Wanderer
n.
• One who wanders; a rambler; one who roves; hence, one who deviates from duty.
Wandering
• a. & n. from Wander, v.
Wanderingly
adv.
• In a wandering manner.
Wanderment
n.
• The act of wandering, or roaming.
Wanderoo
n.
(Zool.) A large monkey (Macacus silenus) native of Malabar. It is black, or nearly so, but has a long white or gray beard encircling the face. Called also maha, silenus, neelbhunder, lion-tailed baboon, and great wanderoo.
Wandy
a.
• Long and flexible, like a wand.
Wane
v. i.
• To be diminished; to decrease; — contrasted with wax, and especially applied to the illuminated part of the moon.
• To decline; to fail; to sink.
v. t.
• To cause to decrease.
n.
• The decrease of the illuminated part of the moon to the eye of a spectator.
• Decline; failure; diminution; decrease; declension.
• An inequality in a board.
Waney
n.
• A sharp or uneven edge on a board that is cut from a log not perfectly squared, or that is made in the process of squaring. See Wany, a.
Wang
n.
• The jaw, jawbone, or cheek bone.
• A slap; a blow.
n.
• See Whang.
Wangan
n.
• A boat for conveying provisions, tools, etc.; — so called by Maine lumbermen.
Wanger
n.
• A pillow for the cheek; a pillow.
Wanghee
n.
(Bot.) The Chinese name of one or two species of bamboo, or jointed cane, of the genus Phyllostachys. The slender stems are much used for walking sticks.
Wango
n.
• A boomerang.
Wanhope
n.
• Want of hope; despair; also, faint or delusive hope; delusion. Piers Plowman.
Wanhorn
n.
(Bot.) An East Indian plant (Kaempferia Galanga) of the Ginger family. See Galanga.
Waniand
n.
• The wane of the moon.
Waning
n.
• The act or process of waning, or decreasing.
Wanion
n.
• A word of uncertain signification, used only in the phrase with a wanion, apparently equivalent to with a vengeance, with a plague, or with misfortune.
Wankle
a.
• Not to be depended on; weak; unstable.
Wanly
adv.
• In a wan, or pale, manner.
Wanned
a.
• Made wan, or pale.
Wanness
n.
• The quality or state of being wan; a sallow, dead, pale color; paleness; pallor; as, the wanness of the cheeks after a fever.
Wannish
a.
• Somewhat wan; of a pale hue.
Want
n.
• The state of not having; the condition of being without anything; absence or scarcity of what is needed or desired; deficiency; lack; as, a want of power or knowledge for any purpose; want of food and clothing.
• Specifically, absence or lack of necessaries; destitution; poverty; penury; indigence; need.
• That which is needed or desired; a thing of which the loss is felt; what is not possessed, and is necessary for use or pleasure.
(Mining) A depression in coal strata, hollowed out before the subsequent deposition took place.
v. t.
• To be without; to be destitute of, or deficient in; not to have; to lack; as, to want knowledge; to want judgment; to want learning; to want food and clothing.
• To have occasion for, as useful, proper, or requisite; to require; to need; as, in winter we want a fire; in summer we want cooling breezes.
• To feel need of; to wish or long for; to desire; to crave.
v. i.
• To be absent; to be deficient or lacking; to fail; not to be sufficient; to fall or come short; to lack; — often used impersonally with of; as, it wants ten minutes of four.
• To be in a state of destitution; to be needy; to lack.
Wantage
n.
• That which is wanting; deficiency.
Wanting
a.
• Absent; lacking; missing; also, deficient; destitute; needy; as, one of the twelve is wanting; I shall not be wanting in exertion.
Wantless
a.
• Having no want; abundant; fruitful.
Wanton
a.
• Untrained; undisciplined; unrestrained; hence, loose; free; luxuriant; roving; sportive.
• Wandering from moral rectitude; perverse; dissolute.
• Specifically: Deviating from the rules of chastity; lewd; lustful; lascivious; libidinous; lecherous.
• Reckless; heedless; as, wanton mischief.
n.
• A roving, frolicsome thing; a trifler; — used rarely as a term of endearment.
• One brought up without restraint; a pampered pet.
• A lewd person; a lascivious man or woman.
v. i.
• To rove and ramble without restraint, rule, or limit; to revel; to play loosely; to frolic.
• To sport in lewdness; to play the wanton; to play lasciviously.
v. t.
• To cause to become wanton; also, to waste in wantonness.
Wantonize
v. i.
• To behave wantonly; to frolic; to wanton.
Wantonly
adv.
• In a wanton manner; without regularity or restraint; loosely; sportively; gayly; playfully; recklessly; lasciviously.
• Unintentionally; accidentally.
Wantonness
n.
• The quality or state of being wanton; negligence of restraint; sportiveness; recklessness; lasciviousness.
Wantrust
n.
• Failing or diminishing trust; want of trust or confidence; distrust.
Wantwit
n.
• One destitute of wit or sense; a blockhead; a fool.
Wanty
n.
• A surcingle, or strap of leather, used for binding a load upon the back of a beast; also, a leather tie; a short wagon rope.
Wany
v. i.
• To wane.
a.
• Waning or diminished in some parts; not of uniform size throughout; — said especially of sawed boards or timber when tapering or uneven, from being cut too near the outside of the log.
• Spoiled by wet; — said of timber.
Wanze
v. i.
• To wane; to wither.
Wap
v. t. & i.
• To beat; to whap.
n.
• A blow or beating; a whap.
Wapacut
n.
(Zool.) The American hawk owl. See under Hawk.
Wapatoo
n.
(Bot.) The edible tuber of a species of arrowhead (Sagittaria variabilis); — so called by the Indians of Oregon.
Waped
a.
• Cast down; crushed by misery; dejected.
Wapentake
n.
• In some northern counties of England, a division, or district, answering to the hundred in other counties. Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, and Nottinghamshire are divided into wapentakes, instead of hundreds.
Wapinschaw
n.
• An exhibition of arms. according to the rank of the individual, by all persons bearing arms; — formerly made at certain seasons in each district.
Wapiti
n.
(Zool.) The American elk (Cervus Canadensis). It is closely related to the European red deer, which it somewhat exceeds in size.
Wapp
n.
(Naut.) A fair-leader.
• A rope with wall knots in it with which the shrouds are set taut.
Wappato
n.
(Bot.) See Wapatoo.
Wappened
a.
• A word of doubtful meaning used once by Shakespeare.
Wapper
v. t. & i.
• To cause to shake; to tremble; to move tremulously, as from weakness; to totter.
n.
(Zool.) A gudgeon.
Wappet
n.
• A small yelping cur.
Wapping
n.
• Yelping.
War
a.
• Ware; aware.
n.
• A contest between nations or states, carried on by force, whether for defence, for revenging insults and redressing wrongs, for the extension of commerce, for the acquisition of territory, for obtaining and establishing the superiority and dominion of one over the other, or for any other purpose; armed conflict of sovereign powers; declared and open hostilities.
(Law) A condition of belligerency to be maintained by physical force. In this sense, levying war against the sovereign authority is treason.
• Instruments of war.
• Forces; army.
• The profession of arms; the art of war.
• a state of opposition or contest; an act of opposition; an inimical contest, act, or action; enmity; hostility.
v. i.
War
v. t.
• To make war upon; to fight.
• To carry on, as a contest; to wage.
Warble
n.
(Far.) A small, hard tumor which is produced on the back of a horse by the heat or pressure of the saddle in traveling.
• A small tumor produced by the larvae of the gadfly in the backs of horses, cattle, etc. Called also warblet, warbeetle, warnles.
(Zool.) See Wormil.
v. t.
• To sing in a trilling, quavering, or vibratory manner; to modulate with turns or variations; to trill; as, certain birds are remarkable for warbling their songs.
• To utter musically; to modulate; to carol.
• To cause to quaver or vibrate.
v. i.
• To be quavered or modulated; to be uttered melodiously.
• To sing in a trilling manner, or with many turns and variations.
• To sing with sudden changes from chest to head tones; to yodel.
n.
• A quavering modulation of the voice; a musical trill; a song.
Warbler
n.
• One who, or that which, warbles; a singer; a songster; — applied chiefly to birds.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small Old World singing birds belonging to the family Sylviidae, many of which are noted songsters. The bluethroat, blackcap, reed warbler (see under Reed), and sedge warbler (see under Sedge) are well-known species.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small, often bright colored, American singing birds of the family or subfamily Mniotiltidae, or Sylvicolinae. They are allied to the Old World warblers, but most of them are not particularly musical.
Warblingly
adv.
• In a warbling manner.
Ward
n.
• The act of guarding; watch; guard; guardianship; specifically, a guarding during the day. See the Note under Watch, n., 1.
• One who, or that which, guards; garrison; defender; protector; means of guarding; defense; protection.
• The state of being under guard or guardianship; confinement under guard; the condition of a child under a guardian; custody.
• A guarding or defensive motion or position, as in fencing; guard.
• One who, or that which, is guarded.
• A minor or person under the care of a guardian; as, a ward in chancery.
• A division of a county.
• A division, district, or quarter of a town or city.
• A division of a forest.
• A division of a hospital; as, a fever ward.
• A projecting ridge of metal in the interior of a lock, to prevent the use of any key which has not a corresponding notch for passing it.
• A notch or slit in a key corresponding to a ridge in the lock which it fits; a ward notch.
v. t.
• To keep in safety; to watch; to guard; formerly, in a specific sense, to guard during the day time.
• To defend; to protect.
• To defend by walls, fortifications, etc.
• To fend off; to repel; to turn aside, as anything mischievous that approaches; — usually followed by off.
v. i.
• To be vigilant; to keep guard.
• To act on the defensive with a weapon.
Wardcorps
n.
• Guardian; one set to watch over another.
Warden
n.
• A keeper; a guardian; a watchman.
• An officer who keeps or guards; a keeper; as, the warden of a prison.
• A head official; as, the warden of a college; specifically (Eccl.), a churchwarden.
• A large, hard pear, chiefly used for baking and roasting.
Warder
n.
• One who wards or keeps; a keeper; a guard.
• A truncheon or staff carried by a king or a commander in chief, and used in signaling his will.
Wardian
a.
• Designating, or pertaining to, a kind of glass inclosure for keeping ferns, mosses, etc., or for transporting growing plants from a distance; as, a Wardian case of plants; — so named from the inventor, Nathaniel B. Ward, an Englishman.
Wardmote
n.
• Anciently, a meeting of the inhabitants of a ward; also, a court formerly held in each ward of London for trying defaults in matters relating to the watch, police, and the like.
Wardrobe
n.
• A room or apartment where clothes are kept, or wearing apparel is stored; a portable closet for hanging up clothes.
• Wearing apparel, in general; articles of dress or personal decoration.
• A privy.
Wardroom
n.
(Naut.) A room occupied as a messroom by the commissioned officers of a war vessel. See Gunroom.
• A room used by the citizens of a city ward, for meetings, political caucuses, elections, etc.
Wardship
n.
• The office of a ward or keeper; care and protection of a ward; guardianship; right of guardianship.
• The state of begin under a guardian; pupilage.
Wardsman
n.
• A man who keeps ward; a guard.
Ware
imp.
• Wore.
v. t.
(Naut.) To wear, or veer. See Wear.
n.
(Bot.) Seaweed.
n.
• Articles of merchandise; the sum of articles of a particular kind or class; style or class of manufactures; especially, in the plural, goods; commodities; merchandise.
a.
• A ware; taking notice; hence, wary; cautious; on one's guard. See Beware.
n.
• The state of being ware or aware; heed.
v. t.
• To make ware; to warn; to take heed of; to beware of; to guard against.
Wareful
a.
• Wary; watchful; cautious.
Warefulness
n.
• Wariness; cautiousness.
Warehouse
n.
• A storehouse for wares, or goods.
v. t.
• To deposit or secure in a warehouse.
• To place in the warehouse of the government or customhouse stores, to be kept until duties are paid.
Warehouseman
n.
• One who keeps a warehouse; the owner or keeper of a dock warehouse or wharf store.
• One who keeps a wholesale shop or store for Manchester or woolen goods.
Warehousing
n.
• The act of placing goods in a warehouse, or in a customhouse store.
Wareless
a.
• Unwary; incautious; unheeding; careless; unaware.
Warely
adv.
• Cautiously; warily.
Warence
n.
(Bot.) Madder.
Wareroom
n.
• A room in which goods are stored or exhibited for sale.
Wares
n. pl.
• See 4th Ware.
Warfare
n.
• Military service; military life; contest carried on by enemies; hostilities; war.
• Contest; struggle.
v. i.
• To lead a military life; to carry on continual wars.
Warfarer
n.
• One engaged in warfare; a military man; a soldier; a warrior.
Warhable
a.
• Fit for war.
Wariangle
n.
(Zool.) The red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio); — called also wurger, worrier, and throttler.
Warily
adv.
• In a wary manner.
Wariment
n.
• Wariness.
Warine
n.
(Zool.) A South American monkey, one of the sapajous.
Wariness
n.
• The quality or state of being wary; care to foresee and guard against evil; cautiousness.
Warish
v. t.
• To protect from the effects of; hence, to cure; to heal.
v. i.
• To be cured; to recover.
Warison
n.
• Preparation; protection; provision; supply.
• Reward; requital; guerdon.
Wark
n.
• Work; a building.
Warkloom
n.
• A tool; an implement.
Warlike
a.
• Fit for war; disposed for war; as, a warlike state; a warlike disposition.
• Belonging or relating to war; military; martial.
Warlikeness
n.
• Quality of being warlike.
Warling
n.
• One often quarreled with; — word coined, perhaps, to rhyme with darling.
Warlock
n.
• A male witch; a wizard; a sprite; an imp.
a.
• Of or pertaining to a warlock or warlock; impish.
Warlockry
n.
• Impishness; magic.
Warly
a.
• Warlike.
Warm
a.
• Having heat in a moderate degree; not cold as, warm milk.
• Having a sensation of heat, esp. of gentle heat; glowing.
• Subject to heat; having prevalence of heat, or little or no cold weather; as, the warm climate of Egypt.
• Fig.: Not cool, indifferent, lukewarm, or the like, in spirit or temper; zealous; ardent; fervent; excited; sprightly; irritable; excitable.
• Violent; vehement; furious; excited; passionate; as, a warm contest; a warm debate.
• Being well off as to property, or in good circumstances; forehanded; rich.
• In children's games, being near the object sought for; hence, being close to the discovery of some person, thing, or fact concealed.
(Paint.) Having yellow or red for a basis, or in their composition; — said of colors, and opposed to cold which is of blue and its compounds.
v. t.
• To communicate a moderate degree of heat to; to render warm; to supply or furnish heat to; as, a stove warms an apartment.
• To make engaged or earnest; to interest; to engage; to excite ardor or zeal; to enliven.
v. i.
• To become warm, or moderately heated; as, the earth soon warms in a clear day summer.
• To become ardent or animated; as, the speake warms as he proceeds.
n.
• The act of warming, or the state of being warmed; a warming; a heating.
Warmer
n.
• One who, or that which, warms.
Warmful
a.
• Abounding in capacity to warm; giving warmth; as, a warmful garment.
Warming
• a. & n. from Warm, v.
Warmly
adv.
• In a warm manner; ardently.
Warmness
n.
• Warmth.
Warmonger
n.
• One who makes ar a trade or business; a mercenary.
Warmouth
n.
(Zool.) An American freshwater bream, or sunfish (Chaenobryttus gulosus); — called also red-eyed bream.
Warmth
n.
• The quality or state of being warm; gentle heat; as, the warmth of the sun; the warmth of the blood; vital warmth.
• A state of lively and excited interest; zeal; ardor; fervor; passion; enthusiasm; earnestness; as, the warmth of love or piety; he replied with much warmth.
(Paint.) The glowing effect which arises from the use of warm colors; hence, any similar appearance or effect in a painting, or work of color.
Warmthless
a.
• Being without warmth; not communicating warmth; cold.
Warn
v. t.
• To refuse.
v. t.
• To make ware or aware; to give previous information to; to give notice to; to notify; to admonish; hence, to notify or summon by authority; as, to warn a town meeting; to warn a tenant to quit a house.
• To give notice to, of approaching or probable danger or evil; to caution against anything that may prove injurious.
• To ward off.
Warner
n.
• One who warns; an admonisher.
n.
• A warrener.
Warning
a.
• Giving previous notice; cautioning; admonishing; as, a warning voice.
n.
• Previous notice.
• Caution against danger, or against faults or evil practices which incur danger; admonition; monition.
Warningly
adv.
• In a warning manner.
Warnstore
v. t.
• To furnish.
Warp
v. t.
• To throw; hence, to send forth, or throw out, as words; to utter.
• To turn or twist out of shape; esp., to twist or bend out of a flat plane by contraction or otherwise.
• To turn aside from the true direction; to cause to bend or incline; to pervert.
• To weave; to fabricate.
(Naut.) To tow or move, as a vessel, with a line, or warp, attached to a buoy, anchor, or other fixed object.
• To cast prematurely, as young; — said of cattle, sheep, etc.
(Agric.) To let the tide or other water in upon (lowlying land), for the purpose of fertilization, by a deposit of warp, or slimy substance.
(Rope Making) To run off the reel into hauls to be tarred, as yarns.
(Weaving) To arrange (yarns) on a warp beam.
v. i.
• To turn, twist, or be twisted out of shape; esp., to be twisted or bent out of a flat plane; as, a board warps in seasoning or shrinking.
• to turn or incline from a straight, true, or proper course; to deviate; to swerve.
• To fly with a bending or waving motion; to turn and wave, like a flock of birds or insects.
• To cast the young prematurely; to slink; — said of cattle, sheep, etc.
(Weaving) To wind yarn off bobbins for forming the warp of a web; to wind a warp on a warp beam.
n.
(Weaving) The threads which are extended lengthwise in the loom, and crossed by the woof.
(Naut.) A rope used in hauling or moving a vessel, usually with one end attached to an anchor, a post, or other fixed object; a towing line; a warping hawser.
(Agric.) A slimy substance deposited on land by tides, etc., by which a rich alluvial soil is formed.
• A premature casting of young; — said of cattle, sheep, etc.
• Four; esp., four herrings; a cast. See Cast, n., 17.
• The state of being warped or twisted; as, the warp of a board.
Warpage
n.
• The act of warping; also, a charge per ton made on shipping in some harbors.
Warpath
n.
• The route taken by a party of Indians going on a warlike expedition.
Warper
n.
• One who, or that which, warps or twists out of shape.
• One who, or that which, forms yarn or thread into warps or webs for the loom.
Warping
n.
• The act or process of one who, or that which, warps.
• The art or occupation of preparing warp or webs for the weaver.
Warproof
n.
• Valor tried by war.
Warragal
n.
(Zool.) The dingo.
Warrandice
n.
(Scots Law) The obligation by which a person, conveying a subject or a right, is bound to uphold that subject or right against every claim, challenge, or burden arising from circumstances prior to the conveyance; warranty.
Warrant
n.
• That which warrants or authorizes; a commission giving authority, or justifying the doing of anything; an act, instrument, or obligation, by which one person authorizes another to do something which he has not otherwise a right to do; an act or instrument investing one with a right or authority, and thus securing him from loss or damage; commission; authority.
• A writing which authorizes a person to receive money or other thing.
(Law) A precept issued by a magistrate authorizing an officer to make an arrest, a seizure, or a search, or do other acts incident to the administration of justice.
(Mil. & Nav.) An official certificate of appointment issued to an officer of lower rank than a commissioned officer. See Warrant officer, below. 2. That which vouches or insures for anything; guaranty; security.
• That which attests or proves; a voucher.
• Right; legality; allowance.
v. t.
• To make secure; to give assurance against harm; to guarantee safety to; to give authority or power to do, or forbear to do, anything by which the person authorized is secured, or saved harmless, from any loss or damage by his action.
• To support by authority or proof; to justify; to maintain; to sanction; as, reason warrants it.
• To give a warrant or warranty to; to assure as if by giving a warrant to.
(Law) To secure to, as a grantee, an estate granted; to assure.
• To secure to, as a purchaser of goods, the title to the same; to indemnify against loss.
• To secure to, as a purchaser, the quality or quantity of the goods sold, as represented. See Warranty, n., 2.
• To assure, as a thing sold, to the purchaser; that is, to engage that the thing is what it appears, or is represented, to be, which implies a covenant to make good any defect or loss incurred by it.
Warrantable
a.
• Authorized by commission, precept, or right; justifiable; defensible; as, the seizure of a thief is always warrantable by law and justice; falsehood is never warrantable.
Warrantee
n.
(Law) The person to whom a warrant or warranty is made.
Warranter
n.
• One who warrants, gives authority, or legally empowers.
(Law) One who assures, or covenants to assure; one who contracts to secure another in a right, or to make good any defect of title or quality; one who gives a warranty; a guarantor; as, the warranter of a horse.
Warrantise
n.
• Authority; security; warranty.
v. t.
• To warrant.
Warrantor
n.
(Law) One who warrants.
Warranty
n.
(Anc. Law) A covenant real, whereby the grantor of an estate of freehold and his heirs were bound to warrant and defend the title, and, in case of eviction by title paramount, to yield other lands of equal value in recompense. This warranty has long singe become obsolete, and its place supplied by personal covenants for title. Among these is the covenant of warranty, which runs with the land, and is in the nature of a real covenant.
(Modern Law) An engagement or undertaking, express or implied, that a certain fact regarding the subject of a contract is, or shall be, as it is expressly or impliedly declared or promised to be. In sales of goods by persons in possession, there is an implied warranty of title, but, as to the quality of goods, the rule of every sale is, Caveat emptor.
(Insurance Law) A stipulation or engagement by a party insured, that certain things, relating to the subject of insurance, or affecting the risk, exist, or shall exist, or have been done, or shall be done. These warranties, when express, should appear in the policy; but there are certain implied warranties.
• Justificatory mandate or precept; authority; warrant.
• Security; warrant; guaranty.
v. t.
• To warrant; to guarantee.
Warray
v. t.
• To make war upon. Fairfax.
Warre
a.
• Worse.
Warren
n.
(Eng Law) A place privileged, by prescription or grant the king, for keeping certain animals (as hares, conies, partridges, pheasants, etc.) called beasts and fowls of warren.
• A privilege which one has in his lands, by royal grant or prescription, of hunting and taking wild beasts and birds of warren, to the exclusion of any other person not entering by his permission.
• A piece of ground for the breeding of rabbits.
• A place for keeping flash, in a river.
Warrener
n.
• The keeper of a warren.
Warriangle
n.
(Zool.) See Wariangle.
Warrie
v. t.
• See Warye.
Warrin
n.
(Zool.) An Australian lorikeet (Trichoglossus multicolor) remarkable for the variety and brilliancy of its colors; — called also blue-bellied lorikeet, and blue-bellied parrot.
Warrior
n.
• A man engaged or experienced in war, or in the military life; a soldier; a champion.
Warrioress
n.
• A female warrior.
Warry
v. t.
• See Warye.
Warsaw
n.
(Zool.) The black grouper (Epinephelus nigritus) of the southern coasts of the United States.
• The jewfish; — called also guasa.
Wart
n.
(Med.) A small, usually hard, tumor on the skin formed by enlargement of its vascular papillae, and thickening of the epidermis which covers them.
• An excrescence or protuberance more or less resembling a true wart; specifically (Bot.), a glandular excrescence or hardened protuberance on plants.
Warted
a.
(Bot.) Having little knobs on the surface; verrucose; as, a warted capsule.
Wartless
a.
• Having no wart.
Wartweed
n.
(Bot.) Same as Wartwort.
Wartwort
n.
(Bot.) A name given to several plants because they were thought to be a cure for warts, as a kind of spurge (Euphorbia Helioscopia), and the nipplewort (Lampsana communis).
Warty
a.
• Having warts; full of warts; overgrow with warts; as, a warty leaf.
• Of the nature of warts; as, a warty excrescence.
Warwickite
n.
(Min.) A dark brown or black mineral, occurring in prismatic crystals imbedded in limestone near Warwick, New York. It consists of the borate and titanate of magnesia and iron.
Warworn
a.
• Worn with military service; as, a warworn soldier; a warworn coat.
Wary
a.
• Cautious of danger; carefully watching and guarding against deception, artifices, and dangers; timorously or suspiciously prudent; circumspect; scrupulous; careful.
• Characterized by caution; guarded; careful.
Warye
v. t.
• To curse; to curse; to execrate; to condemn; also, to vex.
Was
• The first and third persons singular of the verb be, in the indicative mood, preterit (imperfect) tense; as, I was; he was.
Wase
n.
• A bundle of straw, or other material, to relieve the pressure of burdens carried upon the head.
Wash
v. t.
• To cleanse by ablution, or dipping or rubbing in water; to apply water or other liquid to for the purpose of cleansing; to scrub with water, etc., or as with water; as, to wash the hands or body; to wash garments; to wash sheep or wool; to wash the pavement or floor; to wash the bark of trees.
• To cover with water or any liquid; to wet; to fall on and moisten; hence, to overflow or dash against; as, waves wash the shore.
• To waste or abrade by the force of water in motion; as, heavy rains wash a road or an embankment.
• To remove by washing to take away by, or as by, the action of water; to drag or draw off as by the tide; — often with away, off, out, etc.; as, to wash dirt from the hands.
• To cover with a thin or watery coat of color; to tint lightly and thinly.
• To overlay with a thin coat of metal; as, steel washed with silver.
v. i.
• To perform the act of ablution.
• To clean anything by rubbing or dipping it in water; to perform the business of cleansing clothes, ore, etc., in water.
• To bear without injury the operation of being washed; as, some calicoes do not wash.
• To be wasted or worn away by the action of water, as by a running or overflowing stream, or by the dashing of the sea; — said of road, a beach, etc.
n.
• The act of washing; an ablution; a cleansing, wetting, or dashing with water; hence, a quantity, as of clothes, washed at once.
• A piece of ground washed by the action of a sea or river, or sometimes covered and sometimes left dry; the shallowest part of a river, or arm of the sea; also, a bog; a marsh; a fen; as, the washes in Lincolnshire.
• Substances collected and deposited by the action of water; as, the wash of a sewer, of a river, etc.
• Waste liquid, the refuse of food, the collection from washed dishes, etc., from a kitchen, often used as food for pigs.
(Distilling) The fermented wort before the spirit is extracted.
• A mixture of dunder, molasses, water, and scummings, used in the West Indies for distillation.
• That with which anything is washed, or wetted, smeared, tinted, etc., upon the surface.
• A liquid cosmetic for the complexion.
• A liquid dentifrice.
• A liquid preparation for the hair; as, a hair wash.
• A medical preparation in a liquid form for external application; a lotion.
(Painting) A thin coat of color, esp.
(Naut.) The blade of an oar, or the thin part which enters the water.
• The backward current or disturbed water caused by the action of oars, or of a steamer's screw or paddles, etc.
• The flow, swash, or breaking of a body of water, as a wave; also, the sound of it.
• Ten strikes, or bushels, of oysters.
a.
• Washy; weak.
• Capable of being washed without injury; washable; as, wash goods.
Washable
a.
• Capable of being washed without damage to fabric or color.
Washboard
n.
• A fluted, or ribbed, board on which clothes are rubbed in washing them.
• A board running round, and serving as a facing for, the walls of a room, next to the floor; a mopboard.
(Naut.) A broad, thin plank, fixed along the gunwale of boat to keep the sea from breaking inboard; also, a plank on the sill of a lower deck port, for the same purpose; — called also wasteboard.
Washbowl
n.
• A basin, or bowl, to hold water for washing one's hands, face, etc.
Washdish
n.
• A washbowl.
(Zool.) Same as Washerwoman, 2.
Washed
a.
(Zool.) Appearing as if overlaid with a thin layer of different color; — said of the colors of certain birds and insects.
Washen
• p. p. of Wash.
Washer
n.
• One who, or that which, washes.
• A ring of metal, leather, or other material, or a perforated plate, used for various purposes, as around a bolt or screw to form a seat for the head or nut, or around a wagon axle to prevent endwise motion of the hub of the wheel and relieve friction, or in a joint to form a packing, etc.
(Plumbing) A fitting, usually having a plug, applied to a cistern, tub, sink, or the like, and forming the outlet opening.
(Zool.) The common raccoon.
(Zool.) Same as Washerwoman, 2.
Washerman
n.
• A man who washes clothes, esp. for hire, or for others.
Washerwoman
n.
• A woman who washes clothes, especially for hire, or for others.
(Zool.) The pied wagtail; — so called in allusion to its beating the water with its tail while tripping along the leaves of water plants.
Washhouse
n.
• An outbuilding for washing, esp. one for washing clothes; a laundry.
Washiness
n.
• The quality or state of being washy, watery, or weak.
Washing
n.
• The act of one who washes; the act of cleansing with water; ablution.
• The clothes washed, esp. at one time; a wash.
Washingtonian
a.
• Pertaining to, or characteristic of, George Washington; as, a Washingtonian policy.
• Designating, or pertaining to, a temperance society and movement started in Baltimore in 1840 on the principle of total abstinence.
n.
• A member of the Washingtonian Society.
Washout
n.
• The washing out or away of earth, etc., especially of a portion of the bed of a road or railroad by a fall of rain or a freshet; also, a place, especially in the bed of a road or railroad, where the earth has been washed away.
Washpot
n.
• A pot or vessel in which anything is washed.
(Tin-Plate Manuf.) A pot containing melted tin into which the plates are dipped to be coated.
Washstand
n.
• A piece of furniture holding the ewer or pitcher, basin, and other requisites for washing the person.
Washtub
n.
• A tub in which clothes are washed.
Washy
a.
• Watery; damp; soft.
• Lacking substance or strength; weak; thin; dilute; feeble; as, washy tea; washy resolutions.
• Not firm or hardy; liable to sweat profusely with labor; as, a washy horse.
Wasite
n.
(Min.) A variety of allanite from Sweden supposed to contain wasium.
Wasium
n.
(Chem.) A rare element supposed by Bahr to have been extracted from wasite, but now identified with thorium.
Wasp
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of stinging hymenopterous insects, esp. any of the numerous species of the genus Vespa, which includes the true, or social, wasps, some of which are called yellow jackets.
Waspish
a.
• Resembling a wasp in form; having a slender waist, like a wasp.
• Quick to resent a trifling affront; characterized by snappishness; irritable; irascible; petulant; snappish.
Wassail
n.
• An ancient expression of good wishes on a festive occasion, especially in drinking to some one.
• An occasion on which such good wishes are expressed in drinking; a drinking bout; a carouse.
• The liquor used for a wassail; esp., a beverage formerly much used in England at Christmas and other festivals, made of ale (or wine) flavored with spices, sugar, toast, roasted apples, etc.; — called also lamb's wool.
• A festive or drinking song or glee.
a.
• Of or pertaining to wassail, or to a wassail; convivial; as, a wassail bowl.
v. i.
• To hold a wassail; to carouse.
Wassailer
n.
• One who drinks wassail; one who engages in festivity, especially in drinking; a reveler.
Wast
• The second person singular of the verb be, in the indicative mood, imperfect tense; — now used only in solemn or poetical style. See Was.
Wastage
n.
• Loss by use, decay, evaporation, leakage, or the like; waste.
Waste
a.
• Desolate; devastated; stripped; bare; hence, dreary; dismal; gloomy; cheerless.
• Lying unused; unproductive; worthless; valueless; refuse; rejected; as, waste land; waste paper.
• Lost for want of occupiers or use; superfluous.
v. t.
• To bring to ruin; to devastate; to desolate; to destroy.
• To wear away by degrees; to impair gradually; to diminish by constant loss; to use up; to consume; to spend; to wear out.
• To spend unnecessarily or carelessly; to employ prodigally; to expend without valuable result; to apply to useless purposes; to lavish vainly; to squander; to cause to be lost; to destroy by scattering or injury.
(Law) To damage, impair, or injure, as an estate, voluntarily, or by suffering the buildings, fences, etc., to go to decay.
v. i.
• To be diminished; to lose bulk, substance, strength, value, or the like, gradually; to be consumed; to dwindle; to grow less.
(Sporting) To procure or sustain a reduction of flesh; — said of a jockey in preparation for a race, etc.
n.
• The act of wasting, or the state of being wasted; a squandering; needless destruction; useless consumption or expenditure; devastation; loss without equivalent gain; gradual loss or decrease, by use, wear, or decay; as, a waste of property, time, labor, words, etc.
• That which is wasted or desolate; a devastated, uncultivated, or wild country; a deserted region; an unoccupied or unemployed space; a dreary void; a desert; a wilderness.
• That which is of no value; worthless remnants; refuse. Specifically: Remnants of cops, or other refuse resulting from the working of cotton, wool, hemp, and the like, used for wiping machinery, absorbing oil in the axle boxes of railway cars, etc.
(Law) Spoil, destruction, or injury, done to houses, woods, fences, lands, etc., by a tenant for life or for years, to the prejudice of the heir, or of him in reversion or remainder.
(Mining) Old or abandoned workings, whether left as vacant space or filled with refuse.
Wastebasket
n.
• A basket used in offices, libraries, etc., as a receptacle for waste paper.
Wasteboard
n.
(Naut.) See Washboard, 3.
Wastebook
n.
(Com.) A book in which rough entries of transactions are made, previous to their being carried into the journal.
Wasteful
c.
• Full of waste; destructive to property; ruinous; as; wasteful practices or negligence; wasteful expenses.
• Expending, or tending to expend, property, or that which is valuable, in a needless or useless manner; lavish; prodigal; as, a wasteful person; a wasteful disposition.
• Waste; desolate; unoccupied; untilled.
Wastel
n.
• A kind of white and fine bread or cake; — called also wastel bread, and wastel cake.
Wasteness
n.
• The quality or state of being waste; a desolate state or condition; desolation.
• That which is waste; a desert; a waste.
Waster
n.
• One who, or that which, wastes; one who squanders; one who consumes or expends extravagantly; a spendthrift; a prodigal.
• An imperfection in the wick of a candle, causing it to waste; — called also a thief.
• A kind of cudgel; also, a blunt-edged sword used as a foil.
Wastethrift
n.
• A spendthrift.
Wasteweir
n.
• An overfall, or weir, for the escape, or overflow, of superfluous water from a canal, reservoir, pond, or the like.
Wasting
a.
• Causing waste; also, undergoing waste; diminishing; as, a wasting disease; a wasting fortune.
Wastor
n.
• A waster; a thief.
Wastorel
n.
• See Wastrel.
Wastrel
n.
• Any waste thing or substance
• Waste land or common land.
• A profligate.
• A neglected child; a street Arab.
• Anything cast away as bad or useless, as imperfect bricks, china, etc.
Watch
n.
• The act of watching; forbearance of sleep; vigil; wakeful, vigilant, or constantly observant attention; close observation; guard; preservative or preventive vigilance; formerly, a watching or guarding by night.
• One who watches, or those who watch; a watchman, or a body of watchmen; a sentry; a guard.
• The post or office of a watchman; also, the place where a watchman is posted, or where a guard is kept.
• The period of the night during which a person does duty as a sentinel, or guard; the time from the placing of a sentinel till his relief; hence, a division of the night.
• A small timepiece, or chronometer, to be carried about the person, the machinery of which is moved by a spring.
(Naut.) An allotted portion of time, usually four hour for standing watch, or being on deck ready for duty. Cf. Dogwatch.
• That part, usually one half, of the officers and crew, who together attend to the working of a vessel for an allotted time, usually four hours. The watches are designated as the port watch, and the starboard watch.
v. i.
• To be awake; to be or continue without sleep; to wake; to keep vigil.
• To be attentive or vigilant; to give heed; to be on the lookout; to keep guard; to act as sentinel.
• To be expectant; to look with expectation; to wait; to seek opportunity.
• To remain awake with any one as nurse or attendant; to attend on the sick during the night; as, to watch with a man in a fever.
(Naut.) To serve the purpose of a watchman by floating properly in its place; — said of a buoy.
v. t.
• To give heed to; to observe the actions or motions of, for any purpose; to keep in view; not to lose from sight and observation; as, to watch the progress of a bill in the legislature.
• To tend; to guard; to have in keeping.
Watchdog
n.
• A dog kept to watch and guard premises or property, and to give notice of the approach of intruders.
Watcher
n.
• One who watches; one who sits up or continues; a diligent observer; specifically, one who attends upon the sick during the night.
Watches
n. pl.
(Bot.) The leaves of Saraceia flava. See Trumpets.
Watchful
a.
• Full of watch; vigilant; attentive; careful to observe closely; observant; cautious; — with of before the thing to be regulated or guarded; as, to be watchful of one's behavior; and with against before the thing to be avoided; as, to be watchful against the growth of vicious habits.
Watchhouse
n.
• A house in which a watch or guard is placed.
• A place where persons under temporary arrest by the police of a city are kept; a police station; a lockup.
Watchmaker
n.
• One whose occupation is to make and repair watches.
Watchman
n.
• One set to watch; a person who keeps guard; a guard; a sentinel.
• Specifically, one who guards a building, or the streets of a city, by night.
Watchtower
n.
• A tower in which a sentinel is placed to watch for enemies, the approach of danger, or the like.
Watchword
n.
• A word given to sentinels, and to such as have occasion to visit the guards, used as a signal by which a friend is known from an enemy, or a person who has a right to pass the watch from one who has not; a countersign; a password.
• A sentiment or motto; esp., one used as a rallying cry or a signal for action.
Water
n.
• The fluid which descends from the clouds in rain, and which forms rivers, lakes, seas, etc.
• A body of water, standing or flowing; a lake, river, or other collection of water.
• Any liquid secretion, humor, or the like, resembling water; esp., the urine.
(Pharm.) A solution in water of a gaseous or readily volatile substance; as, ammonia water.
• The limpidity and luster of a precious stone, especially a diamond; as, a diamond of the first water, that is, perfectly pure and transparent. Hence, of the first water, that is, of the first excellence.
• A wavy, lustrous pattern or decoration such as is imparted to linen, silk, metals, etc. See Water, v. t., 3, Damask, v. t., and Damaskeen.
• An addition to the shares representing the capital of a stock company so that the aggregate par value of the shares is increased while their value for investment is diminished, or "diluted."
v. t.
• To wet or supply with water; to moisten; to overflow with water; to irrigate; as, to water land; to water flowers.
• To supply with water for drink; to cause or allow to drink; as, to water cattle and horses.
• To wet and calender, as cloth, so as to impart to it a lustrous appearance in wavy lines; to diversify with wavelike lines; as, to water silk. Cf. Water, n., 6.
• To add water to (anything), thereby extending the quantity or bulk while reducing the strength or quality; to extend; to dilute; to weaken.
v. i.
• To shed, secrete, or fill with, water or liquid matter; as, his eyes began to water.
• To get or take in water; as, the ship put into port to water.
Waterage
n.
• Money paid for transportation of goods, etc., by water.
Waterboard
n.
• A board set up to windward in a boat, to keep out water.
Waterbok
n.
(Zool.) A water buck.
Waterer
n.
• One who, or that which, waters.
Waterfall
n.
• A fall, or perpendicular descent, of the water of a river or stream, or a descent nearly perpendicular; a cascade; a cataract.
(Hairdressing) An arrangement of a woman's back hair over a cushion or frame in some resemblance to a waterfall.
• A certain kind of neck scarf.
Waterflood
n.
• A flood of water; an inundation.
Waterfowl
n.
• Any bird that frequents the water, or lives about rivers, lakes, etc., or on or near the sea; an aquatic fowl; — used also collectively.
Waterhorse
n.
• A pile of salted fish heaped up to drain.
Waterie
n.
(Zool.) The pied wagtail; — so called because it frequents ponds.
Wateriness
n.
• The quality or state of being watery; moisture; humidity.
Watering
• a. & n. from Water, v.
Waterish
a.
• Resembling water; thin; watery.
• Somewhat watery; moist; as, waterish land.
Waterishness
n.
• The quality of being waterish.
Waterleaf
n.
(Bot.) Any plant of the American genus Hydrophyllum, herbs having white or pale blue bell-shaped flowers.
Waterless
a.
• Destitute of water; dry.
Waterman
n.
• A man who plies for hire on rivers, lakes, or canals, or in harbors, in distinction from a seaman who is engaged on the high seas; a man who manages fresh-water craft; a boatman; a ferryman.
• An attendant on cab stands, etc., who supplies water to the horses.
• A water demon.
Watermark
n.
• A mark indicating the height to which water has risen, or at which it has stood; the usual limit of high or low water.
• A letter, device, or the like, wrought into paper during the process of manufacture.
(Naut.) See Water line, 2.
Watermelon
n.
(Bot.) The very large ovoid or roundish fruit of a cucurbitaceous plant (Citrullus vulgaris) of many varieties; also, the plant itself. The fruit sometimes weighs many pounds; its pulp is usually pink in color, and full of a sweet watery juice. It is a native of tropical Africa, but is now cultivated in many countries. See Illust. of Melon.
Waterpot
n.
• A vessel for holding or conveying water, or for sprinkling water on cloth, plants, etc.
Waterproof
a.
• Proof against penetration or permeation by water; impervious to water; as, a waterproof garment; a waterproof roof.
n.
• A substance or preparation for rendering cloth, leather, etc., impervious to water.
• Cloth made waterproof, or any article made of such cloth, or of other waterproof material, as rubber; esp., an outer garment made of such material.
v. t.
• To render impervious to water, as cloth, leather, etc.
Waterproofing
n.
• The act or process of making waterproof.
• Same as Waterproof, n., 1.
Waterscape
n.
• A sea view; — distinguished from landscape.
Watershed
n.
• The whole region or extent of country which contributes to the supply of a river or lake.
• The line of division between two adjacent rivers or lakes with respect to the flow of water by natural channels into them; the natural boundary of a basin.
Watershoot
n.
• A sprig or shoot from the root or stock of a tree.
(Arch.) That which serves to guard from falling water; a drip or dripstone.
• A trough for discharging water.
Waterspout
n.
• A remarkable meteorological phenomenon, of the nature of a tornado or whirlwind, usually observed over the sea, but sometimes over the land.
Watertath
n.
• A kind of coarse grass growing in wet grounds, and supposed to be injurious to sheep.
Waterway
n.
(Naut.) Heavy plank or timber extending fore and aft the whole length of a vessel's deck at the line of junction with the sides, forming a channel to the scuppers, which are cut through it. In iron vessels the waterway is variously constructed.
Waterweed
n.
(Bot.) See Anacharis.
Waterwork
n.
(Paint.) Painting executed in size or distemper, on canvas or walls, — formerly, frequently taking the place of tapestry.
• An hydraulic apparatus, or a system of works or fixtures, by which a supply of water is furnished for useful or ornamental purposes, including dams, sluices, pumps, aqueducts, distributing pipes, fountains, etc.; — used chiefly in the plural.
Waterworn
a.
• Worn, smoothed, or polished by the action of water; as, waterworn stones.
Waterwort
n.
(Bot.) Any plant of the natural order Elatineae, consisting of two genera (Elatine, and Bergia), mostly small annual herbs growing in the edges of ponds. Some have a peppery or acrid taste.
Watery
a.
• Of or pertaining to water; consisting of water.
• Abounding with water; wet; hence, tearful.
• Resembling water; thin or transparent, as a liquid; as, watery humors.
• Hence, abounding in thin, tasteless, or insipid fluid; tasteless; insipid; vapid; spiritless.
Watt
n.
(Physics) A unit of power or activity equal to 107 C.G.S. units of power, or to work done at the rate of one joule a second. An English horse power is approximately equal to 746 watts.
Wattle
n.
• A twig or flexible rod; hence, a hurdle made of such rods.
• A rod laid on a roof to support the thatch.
(Zool.) A naked fleshy, and usually wrinkled and highly colored, process of the skin hanging from the chin or throat of a bird or reptile.
• Barbel of a fish.
• The astringent bark of several Australian trees of the genus Acacia, used in tanning; — called also wattle bark.
(Bot.) The trees from which the bark is obtained. See Savanna wattle, under Savanna.
v. t.
• To bind with twigs.
• To twist or interweave, one with another, as twigs; to form a network with; to plat; as, to wattle branches.
• To form, by interweaving or platting twigs.
Wattlebird
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of honey eaters belonging to Anthochaera and allied genera of the family Meliphagidae. These birds usually have a large and conspicuous wattle of naked skin hanging down below each ear. They are natives of Australia and adjacent islands.
(Zool.) The Australian brush turkey.
Wattled
a.
• Furnished with wattles, or pendent fleshy processes at the chin or throat.
Wattling
n.
• The act or process of binding or platting with twigs; also, the network so formed.
Wattmeter
n.
(Physics) An instrument for measuring power in watts, — much used in measuring the energy of an electric current.
Waul
v. i.
• To cry as a cat; to squall; to wail.
Waur
a.
• Worse.
Wave
n.
• Woe.
Wave
v. t.
• See Wave.
v. i.
• To play loosely; to move like a wave, one way and the other; to float; to flutter; to undulate.
• To be moved to and fro as a signal.
• To fluctuate; to waver; to be in an unsettled state; to vacillate.
v. t.
• To move one way and the other; to brandish.
• To raise into inequalities of surface; to give an undulating form a surface to.
• To move like a wave, or by floating; to waft.
• To call attention to, or give a direction or command to, by a waving motion, as of the hand; to signify by waving; to beckon; to signal; to indicate.
n.
• An advancing ridge or swell on the surface of a liquid, as of the sea, resulting from the oscillatory motion of the particles composing it when disturbed by any force their position of rest; an undulation.
(Physics) A vibration propagated from particle to particle through a body or elastic medium, as in the transmission of sound; an assemblage of vibrating molecules in all phases of a vibration, with no phase repeated; a wave of vibration; an undulation. See Undulation.
• Water; a body of water.
• Unevenness; inequality of surface.
• A waving or undulating motion; a signal made with the hand, a flag, etc.
• The undulating line or streak of luster on cloth watered, or calendered, or on damask steel.
• Fig.: A swelling or excitement of thought, feeling, or energy; a tide; as, waves of enthusiasm.
Waved
a.
• Exhibiting a wavelike form or outline; undulating; intended; wavy; as, waved edge.
• Having a wavelike appearance; marked with wavelike lines of color; as, waved, or watered, silk.
(Her.) Having undulations like waves; — said of one of the lines in heraldry which serve as outlines to the ordinaries, etc.
Waveless
a.
• Free from waves; undisturbed; not agitated; as, the waveless sea.
Wavelet
n.
• A little wave; a ripple.
Wavellite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous phosphate of alumina, occurring usually in hemispherical radiated forms varying in color from white to yellow, green, or black.
Waver
v. i.
• To play or move to and fro; to move one way and the other; hence, to totter; to reel; to swing; to flutter.
• To be unsettled in opinion; to vacillate; to be undetermined; to fluctuate; as, to water in judgment.
n.
• A sapling left standing in a fallen wood.
Waverer
n.
• One who wavers; one who is unsettled in doctrine, faith, opinion, or the like.
Waveringly
adv.
• In a wavering manner.
Waveringness
n.
• The quality or state of wavering.
Waveson
n.
(O. Eng. Law) Goods which, after shipwreck, appear floating on the waves, or sea.
Waveworn
a.
• Worn by the waves.
Wavey
n.
(Zool.) The snow goose.
Waviness
n.
• The quality or state of being wavy.
Wavure
n.
• See Waivure.
Wavy
a.
• Rising or swelling in waves; full of waves.
• Playing to and fro; undulating; as, wavy flames.
(Bot.) Undulating on the border or surface; waved.
Wawaskeesh
n.
(Zool.) The wapiti, or wapiti, or American elk.
Wawe
n.
• A wave.
Wawl
v. i.
• See Waul.
Wax
v. i.
• To increase in size; to grow bigger; to become larger or fuller; — opposed to wane.
• To pass from one state to another; to become; to grow; as, to wax strong; to wax warmer or colder; to wax feeble; to wax old; to wax worse and worse.
n.
• A fatty, solid substance, produced by bees, and employed by them in the construction of their comb; — usually called beeswax. It is first excreted, from a row of pouches along their sides, in the form of scales, which, being masticated and mixed with saliva, become whitened and tenacious. Its natural color is pale or dull yellow.
• Hence, any substance resembling beeswax in consistency or appearance.
(Physiol.) Cerumen, or earwax.
• A waxlike composition used for uniting surfaces, for excluding air, and for other purposes; as, sealing wax, grafting wax, etching wax, etc.
• A waxlike composition used by shoemakers for rubbing their thread.
(Zool.) A substance similar to beeswax, secreted by several species of scale insects, as the Chinese wax. See Wax insect, below.
(Bot.) A waxlike product secreted by certain plants. See Vegetable wax, under Vegetable.
(Min.) A substance, somewhat resembling wax, found in connection with certain deposits of rock salt and coal; — called also mineral wax, and ozocerite.
• Thick sirup made by boiling down the sap of the sugar maple, and then cooling.
v. t.
• To smear or rub with wax; to treat with wax; as, to wax a thread or a table.
Waxberry
n.
(Bot.) The wax-covered fruit of the wax myrtle, or bayberry. See Bayberry, and Candleberry tree.
Waxbill
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of finchlike birds belonging to Estrelda and allied genera, native of Asia, Africa, and Australia. The bill is large, conical, and usually red in color, resembling sealing wax. Several of the species are often kept as cage birds.
Waxbird
(Zool.) The waxwing.
Waxen
a.
• Made of wax.
• Covered with wax; waxed; as, a waxen tablet.
• Resembling wax; waxy; hence, soft; yielding.
Waxiness
n.
• Quality or state of being waxy.
Waxwing
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of small birds of the genus Ampelis, in which some of the secondary quills are usually tipped with small horny ornaments resembling red sealing wax. The Bohemian waxwing (see under Bohemian) and the cedar bird are examples. Called also waxbird.
Waxwork
n.
• Work made of wax; especially, a figure or figures formed or partly of wax, in imitation of real beings.
(Bot.) An American climbing shrub (Celastrus scandens). It bears a profusion of yellow berrylike pods, which open in the autumn, and display the scarlet coverings of the seeds.
Waxworker
n.
• One who works in wax; one who makes waxwork.
• A bee that makes or produces wax.
Waxy
a.
• Resembling wax in appearance or consistency; viscid; adhesive; soft; hence, yielding; pliable; impressible.
Way
adv.
• Away.
n.
• That by, upon, or along, which one passes or processes; opportunity or room to pass; place of passing; passage; road, street, track, or path of any kind; as, they built a way to the mine.
• Length of space; distance; interval; as, a great way; a long way.
• A moving; passage; procession; journey.
• Course or direction of motion or process; tendency of action; advance.
• The means by which anything is reached, or anything is accomplished; scheme; device; plan.
• Manner; method; mode; fashion; style; as, the way of expressing one's ideas.
• Regular course; habitual method of life or action; plan of conduct; mode of dealing.
• Sphere or scope of observation.
• Determined course; resolved mode of action or conduct; as, to have one's way.
(Naut.) Progress; as, a ship has way.
• The timbers on which a ship is launched.
(Mach.) The longitudinal guides, or guiding surfaces, on the bed of a planer, lathe, or the like, along which a table or carriage moves.
(Law) Right of way. See below.
v. t.
• To go or travel to; to go in, as a way or path.
v. i.
• To move; to progress; to go.
Waybill
n.
• A list of passengers in a public vehicle, or of the baggage or gods transported by a common carrier on a land route. When the goods are transported by water, the list is called a bill of lading.
Waybread
n.
(Bot.) The common dooryard plantain (Plantago major).
Waybung
n.
(Zool.) An Australian insessorial bird (Corcorax melanorhamphus) noted for the curious actions of the male during the breeding season. It is black with a white patch on each wing.
Wayed
a.
• Used to the way; broken.
Wayfare
v. i.
• To journey; to travel; to go to and fro.
n.
• The act of journeying; travel; passage.
Wayfarer
n.
• One who travels; a traveler; a passenger.
Wayfaring
a.
• Traveling; passing; being on a journey.
Waygate
n.
• The tailrace of a mill.
Wayk
a.
• Weak.
Waylay
v. t.
• To lie in wait for; to meet or encounter in the way; especially, to watch for the passing of, with a view to seize, rob, or slay; to beset in ambush.
Waylayer
n.
• One who waylays another.
Wayless
a.
• Having no road or path; pathless.
Wayleway
interj.
• See Welaway.
Waymaker
n.
• One who makes a way; a precursor.
Waymark
n.
• A mark to guide in traveling.
Wayment
v. i.
• To lament; to grieve; to wail.
n.
• Grief; lamentation; mourning.
Wayside
n.
• The side of the way; the edge or border of a road or path.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the wayside; as, wayside flowers.
Wayward
a.
• Taking one's own way; disobedient; froward; perverse; willful.
Waywiser
n.
• An instrument for measuring the distance which one has traveled on the road; an odometer, pedometer, or perambulator.
Waywode
n.
• Originally, the title of a military commander in various Slavonic countries; afterwards applied to governors of towns or provinces. It was assumed for a time by the rulers of Moldavia and Wallachia, who were afterwards called hospodars, and has also been given to some inferior Turkish officers.
Waywodeship
n.
• The office, province, or jurisdiction of a waywode.
Wayworn
a.
• Wearied by traveling.
We'll
• Contraction for we will or we shall.
We
pron.
pl.
• The plural nominative case of the pronoun of the first person; the word with which a person in speaking or writing denotes a number or company of which he is one, as the subject of an action expressed by a verb.
Weak
a.
• Wanting physical strength.
• Deficient in strength of body; feeble; infirm; sickly; debilitated; enfeebled; exhausted.
• Not able to sustain a great weight, pressure, or strain; as, a weak timber; a weak rope.
• Not firmly united or adhesive; easily broken or separated into pieces; not compact; as, a weak ship.
• Not stiff; pliant; frail; soft; as, the weak stalk of a plant.
• Not able to resist external force or onset; easily subdued or overcome; as, a weak barrier; as, a weak fortress.
• Lacking force of utterance or sound; not sonorous; low; small; feeble; faint.
• Not thoroughly or abundantly impregnated with the usual or required ingredients, or with stimulating and nourishing substances; of less than the usual strength; as, weak tea, broth, or liquor; a weak decoction or solution; a weak dose of medicine.
• Lacking ability for an appropriate function or office; as, weak eyes; a weak stomach; a weak magistrate; a weak regiment, or army.
• Not possessing or manifesting intellectual, logical, moral, or political strength, vigor, etc.
• Feeble of mind; wanting discernment; lacking vigor; spiritless; as, a weak king or magistrate.
• Resulting from, or indicating, lack of judgment, discernment, or firmness; unwise; hence, foolish.
• Not having full confidence or conviction; not decided or confirmed; vacillating; wavering.
• Not able to withstand temptation, urgency, persuasion, etc.; easily impressed, moved, or overcome; accessible; vulnerable; as, weak resolutions; weak virtue.
• Wanting in power to influence or bind; as, weak ties; a weak sense of honor of duty.
• Not having power to convince; not supported by force of reason or truth; unsustained; as, a weak argument or case.
• Wanting in point or vigor of expression; as, a weak sentence; a weak style.
• Not prevalent or effective, or not felt to be prevalent; not potent; feeble.
• Lacking in elements of political strength; not wielding or having authority or energy; deficient in the resources that are essential to a ruler or nation; as, a weak monarch; a weak government or state.
(Stock Exchange) Tending towards lower prices; as, a weak market.
(Gram.) Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its preterit (imperfect) and past participle by adding to the present the suffix -ed, -d, or the variant form -t; as in the verbs abash, abashed; abate, abated; deny, denied; feel, felt. See Strong, 19 (a).
• Pertaining to, or designating, a noun in Anglo-Saxon, etc., the stem of which ends in -n. See Strong, 19 (b).
v. t. & i.
• To make or become weak; to weaken.
Weaken
v. t.
• To make weak; to lessen the strength of; to deprive of strength; to debilitate; to enfeeble; to enervate; as, to weaken the body or the mind; to weaken the hands of a magistrate; to weaken the force of an objection or an argument.
• To reduce in quality, strength, or spirit; as, to weaken tea; to weaken any solution or decoction.
v. i.
• To become weak or weaker; to lose strength, spirit, or determination; to become less positive or resolute; as, the patient weakened; the witness weakened on cross-examination.
Weakener
n.
• One who, or that which, weakens.
Weakfish
n.
(Zool.) Any fish of the genus Cynoscion; a squeteague; — so called from its tender mouth. See Squeteague.
Weakish
a.
• Somewhat weak; rather weak.
Weakishness
n.
• Quality or state of being weakish.
Weakling
n.
• A weak or feeble creature.
a.
• Weak; feeble.
Weakly
adv.
• In a weak manner; with little strength or vigor; feebly.
a.
• Not strong of constitution; infirm; feeble; as, a weakly woman; a man of a weakly constitution.
Weakness
n.
• The quality or state of being weak; want of strength or firmness; lack of vigor; want of resolution or of moral strength; feebleness.
• That which is a mark of lack of strength or resolution; a fault; a defect.
Weal
n.
• The mark of a stripe. See Wale.
v. t.
• To mark with stripes. See Wale.
n.
• A sound, healthy, or prosperous state of a person or thing; prosperity; happiness; welfare.
• The body politic; the state; common wealth.
v. t.
• To promote the weal of; to cause to be prosperous.
Weald
n.
• A wood or forest; a wooded land or region; also, an open country; — often used in place names.
Wealden
a.
(Geol.) Of or pertaining to the lowest division of the Cretaceous formation in England and on the Continent, which overlies the Oolitic series.
n.
(Geol.) The Wealden group or strata.
Wealdish
a.
• Of or pertaining to a weald, esp. to the weald in the county of Kent, England.
Wealful
a.
• Weleful.
Wealsman
n.
• A statesman; a politician.
Wealth
n.
• Weal; welfare; prosperity; good.
• Large possessions; a comparative abundance of things which are objects of human desire; esp., abundance of worldly estate; affluence; opulence; riches.
Wealthful
a.
• Full of wealth; wealthy; prosperous.
Wealthily
adv.
• In a wealthy manner; richly.
Wealthiness
n.
• The quality or state of being wealthy, or rich; richness; opulence.
Wealthy
a.
• Having wealth; having large possessions, or larger than most men, as lands, goods, money, or securities; opulent; affluent; rich.
• Hence, ample; full; satisfactory; abundant.
Wean
v. t.
• To accustom and reconcile, as a child or other young animal, to a want or deprivation of mother's milk; to take from the breast or udder; to cause to cease to depend on the mother nourishment.
• Hence, to detach or alienate the affections of, from any object of desire; to reconcile to the want or loss of anything.
n.
• A weanling; a young child.
Weanedness
n.
• Quality or state of being weaned.
Weanel
n.
• A weanling.
Weanling
• a. & n. from Wean, v.
n.
• A child or animal newly weaned; a wean.
a.
• Recently weaned.
Weapon
n.
• An instrument of offensive of defensive combat; something to fight with; anything used, or designed to be used, in destroying, defeating, or injuring an enemy, as a gun, a sword, etc.
• Fig.: The means or instrument with which one contends against another; as, argument was his only weapon.
(Bot.) A thorn, prickle, or sting with which many plants are furnished.
Weaponed
a.
• Furnished with weapons, or arms; armed; equipped.
Weaponless
a.
• Having no weapon.
Weaponry
n.
• Weapons, collectively; as, an array of weaponry.
Wear
n.
• Same as Weir.
v. t.
(Naut.) To cause to go about, as a vessel, by putting the helm up, instead of alee as in tacking, so that the vessel's bow is turned away from, and her stern is presented to, the wind, and, as she turns still farther, her sails fill on the other side; to veer.
v. t.
• To carry or bear upon the person; to bear upon one's self, as an article of clothing, decoration, warfare, bondage, etc.; to have appendant to one's body; to have on; as, to wear a coat; to wear a shackle.
• To have or exhibit an appearance of, as an aspect or manner; to bear; as, she wears a smile on her countenance.
• To use up by carrying or having upon one's self; hence, to consume by use; to waste; to use up; as, to wear clothes rapidly.
• To impair, waste, or diminish, by continual attrition, scraping, percussion, on the like; to consume gradually; to cause to lower or disappear; to spend.
• To cause or make by friction or wasting; as, to wear a channel; to wear a hole.
• To form or shape by, or as by, attrition.
v. i.
• To endure or suffer use; to last under employment; to bear the consequences of use, as waste, consumption, or attrition; as, a coat wears well or ill; — hence, sometimes applied to character, qualifications, etc.; as, a man wears well as an acquaintance.
• To be wasted, consumed, or diminished, by being used; to suffer injury, loss, or extinction by use or time; to decay, or be spent, gradually.
n.
• The act of wearing, or the state of being worn; consumption by use; diminution by friction; as, the wear of a garment.
• The thing worn; style of dress; the fashion.
Wearable
a.
• Capable of being worn; suitable to be worn.
Wearer
n.
• One who wears or carries as appendant to the body; as, the wearer of a cloak, a sword, a crown, a shackle, etc.
• That which wastes or diminishes.
Weariable
a.
• That may be wearied.
Weariful
a.
• Abounding in qualities which cause weariness; wearisome.
Weariless
a.
• Incapable of being wearied.
Wearily
adv.
• In a weary manner.
Weariness
n.
• The quality or state of being weary or tried; lassitude; exhaustion of strength; fatigue.
Wearing
n.
• The act of one who wears; the manner in which a thing wears; use; conduct; consumption.
• That which is worn; clothes; garments.
a.
• Pertaining to, or designed for, wear; as, wearing apparel.
Wearish
a.
• Weak; withered; shrunk.
• Insipid; tasteless; unsavory.
Wearisome
a.
• Causing weariness; tiresome; tedious; weariful; as, a wearisome march; a wearisome day's work; a wearisome book.
Weary
a.
• Having the strength exhausted by toil or exertion; worn out in respect to strength, endurance, etc.; tired; fatigued.
• Causing weariness; tiresome.
• Having one's patience, relish, or contentment exhausted; tired; sick; — with of before the cause; as, weary of marching, or of confinement; weary of study.
v. t.
• To reduce or exhaust the physical strength or endurance of; to tire; to fatigue; as, to weary one's self with labor or traveling.
• To make weary of anything; to exhaust the patience of, as by continuance.
• To harass by anything irksome.
v. i.
• To grow tired; to become exhausted or impatient; as, to weary of an undertaking.
Weasand
n.
• The windpipe; — called also, formerly, wesil.
Weasel
n.
(Zool.) Any one of various species of small carnivores belonging to the genus Putorius, as the ermine and ferret. They have a slender, elongated body, and are noted for the quickness of their movements and for their bloodthirsty habit in destroying poultry, rats, etc. The ermine and some other species are brown in summer, and turn white in winter; others are brown at all seasons.
Weaser
n.
(Zool.) The American merganser; — called also weaser sheldrake.
Weasiness
n.
• Quality or state of being weasy; full feeding; sensual indulgence.
Weasy
a.
• Given to sensual indulgence; gluttonous.
Weather
n.
• The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather, etc.
• Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation of the state of the air.
• Storm; tempest.
• A light rain; a shower.
v. t.
• To expose to the air; to air; to season by exposure to air.
• Hence, to sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to sustain; to endure; to resist; as, to weather the storm.
(Naut.) To sail or pass to the windward of; as, to weather a cape; to weather another ship.
(Falconry) To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.
v. i.
• To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter, under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.
a.
(Naut.) Being toward the wind, or windward — opposed to lee; as, weather bow, weather braces, weather gauge, weather lifts, weather quarter, weather shrouds, etc.
Weatherbit
v. t.
(Naut.) To take another turn with, as a cable around a windlass.
Weatherboard
n.
(Naut.) That side of a vessel which is toward the wind; the windward side.
• A piece of plank placed in a porthole, or other opening, to keep out water.
(Arch.) A board extending from the ridge to the eaves along the slope of the gable, and forming a close junction between the shingling of a roof and the side of the building beneath.
• A clapboard or feather-edged board used in weatherboarding.
Weatherboarding
n.
(Arch.) The covering or siding of a building, formed of boards lapping over one another, to exclude rain, snow, etc.
• Boards adapted or intended for such use.
Weathercock
n.
• A vane, or weather vane; — so called because originally often in the figure of a cock, turning on the top of a spire with the wind, and showing its direction.
• Hence, any thing or person that turns easily and frequently; one who veers with every change of current opinion; a fickle, inconstant person.
v. t.
• To supply with a weathercock; to serve as a weathercock for.
Weathered
a.
(Arch.) Made sloping, so as to throw off water; as, a weathered cornice or window sill.
(Geol.) Having the surface altered in color, texture, or composition, or the edges rounded off by exposure to the elements.
Weatherglass
n.
• An instrument to indicate the state of the atmosphere, especially changes of atmospheric pressure, and hence changes of weather, as a barometer or baroscope.
Weathering
n.
(Geol.) The action of the elements on a rock in altering its color, texture, or composition, or in rounding off its edges.
Weatherliness
n.
(Naut.) The quality of being weatherly.
Weatherly
a.
(Naut.) Working, or able to sail, close to the wind; as, a weatherly ship.
Weathermost
a.
(Naut.) Being farthest to the windward.
Weatherproof
a.
• Proof against rough weather.
Weatherwise
a.
• Skillful in forecasting the changes of the weather.
Weatherwiser
n.
• Something that foreshows the weather.
Weatherworn
a.
• Worn by the action of, or by exposure to, the weather.
Weave
v. t.
• To unite, as threads of any kind, in such a manner as to form a texture; to entwine or interlace into a fabric; as, to weave wool, silk, etc.; hence, to unite by close connection or intermixture; to unite intimately.
• To form, as cloth, by interlacing threads; to compose, as a texture of any kind, by putting together textile materials; as, to weave broadcloth; to weave a carpet; hence, to form into a fabric; to compose; to fabricate; as, to weave the plot of a story.
v. i.
• To practice weaving; to work with a loom.
• To become woven or interwoven.
n.
• A particular method or pattern of weaving; as, the cassimere weave.
Weaver
n.
• One who weaves, or whose occupation is to weave.
(Zool.) A weaver bird.
(Zool.) An aquatic beetle of the genus Gyrinus. See Whirling.
Weaverfish
n.
(Zool.) See Weever.
Weaving
n.
• The act of one who, or that which, weaves; the act or art of forming cloth in a loom by the union or intertexture of threads.
(Far.) An incessant motion of a horse's head, neck, and body, from side to side, fancied to resemble the motion of a hand weaver in throwing the shuttle.
Weazand
n.
• See Weasand.
Weazen
a.
• Thin; sharp; withered; wizened; as, a weazen face.
Weazeny
a.
• Somewhat weazen; shriveled.
Web
n.
• A weaver.
n.
• That which is woven; a texture; textile fabric; esp., something woven in a loom.
• A whole piece of linen cloth as woven.
• The texture of very fine thread spun by a spider for catching insects at its prey; a cobweb.
• Fig.: Tissue; texture; complicated fabrication.
(Carriages) A band of webbing used to regulate the extension of the hood.
• A thin metal sheet, plate, or strip, as of lead.
• The blade of a sword.
• The blade of a saw.
• The thin, sharp part of a colter.
• The bit of a key.
(Mach. & Engin.) A plate or thin portion, continuous or perforated, connecting stiffening ribs or flanges, or other parts of an object.
• The thin vertical plate or portion connecting the upper and lower flanges of an lower flanges of an iron girder, rolled beam, or railroad rail.
• A disk or solid construction serving, instead of spokes, for connecting the rim and hub, in some kinds of car wheels, sheaves, etc.
• The arm of a crank between the shaft and the wrist.
• The part of a blackmith's anvil between the face and the foot.
(Med.) Pterygium; — called also webeye.
(Anat.) The membrane which unites the fingers or toes, either at their bases, as in man, or for a greater part of their length, as in many water birds and amphibians.
(Zool.) The series of barbs implanted on each side of the shaft of a feather, whether stiff and united together by barbules, as in ordinary feathers, or soft and separate, as in downy feathers. See Feather.
v. t.
• To unite or surround with a web, or as if with a web; to envelop; to entangle.
Webbed
a.
• Provided with a web.
(Zool.) Having the toes united by a membrane, or web; as, the webbed feet of aquatic fowls.
Webber
n.
• One who forms webs; a weaver; a webster.
Webbing
n.
• A woven band of cotton or flax, used for reins, girths, bed bottoms, etc.
Webby
a.
• Of or pertaining to a web or webs; like a web; filled or covered with webs.
Weber
n.
(Elec.) The standard unit of electrical quantity, and also of current. See Coulomb, and Ampre.
Webeye
n.
(Med.) See Web, n., 8.
Webfoot
n.
• A foot the toes of which are connected by a membrane.
(Zool.) Any web-footed bird.
Webform
n.
(Zool.) Any one of various species of moths whose gregarious larvae eat the leaves of trees, and construct a large web to which they retreat when not feeding.
Webster
n.
• A weaver; originally, a female weaver.
Websterite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous sulphate of alumina occurring in white reniform masses.
Wed
n.
• A pledge; a pawn.
v. t.
• To take for husband or for wife by a formal ceremony; to marry; to espouse.
• To join in marriage; to give in wedlock.
• Fig.: To unite as if by the affections or the bond of marriage; to attach firmly or indissolubly.
• To take to one's self and support; to espouse.
v. i.
• To contact matrimony; to marry.
Weddahs
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) See Veddahs.
Wedded
a.
• Joined in wedlock; married.
• Of or pertaining to wedlock, or marriage.
Wedder
n.
• See Wether.
Wedding
n.
• Nuptial ceremony; nuptial festivities; marriage; nuptials.
Weder
n.
• Weather.
Wedge
n.
• A piece of metal, or other hard material, thick at one end, and tapering to a thin edge at the other, used in splitting wood, rocks, etc., in raising heavy bodies, and the like. It is one of the six elementary machines called the mechanical powers. See Illust. of Mechanical powers, under Mechanical.
(Geom.) A solid of five sides, having a rectangular base, two rectangular or trapezoidal sides meeting in an edge, and two triangular ends.
• A mass of metal, especially when of a wedgelike form.
• Anything in the form of a wedge, as a body of troops drawn up in such a form.
• The person whose name stands lowest on the list of the classical tripos; — so called after a person (Wedgewood) who occupied this position on the first list of 1828.
v. t.
• To cleave or separate with a wedge or wedges, or as with a wedge; to rive.
• To force or drive as a wedge is driven.
• To force by crowding and pushing as a wedge does; as, to wedge one's way.
• To press closely; to fix, or make fast, in the manner of a wedge that is driven into something.
• To fasten with a wedge, or with wedges; as, to wedge a scythe on the snath; to wedge a rail or a piece of timber in its place.
(Pottery) To cut, as clay, into wedgelike masses, and work by dashing together, in order to expel air bubbles, etc.
Wedgebill
n.
(Zool.) An Australian crested insessorial bird (Sphenostoma cristatum) having a wedge-shaped bill. Its color is dull brown, like the earth of the plains where it lives.
Wedgewise
adv.
• In the manner of a wedge.
Wedgy
a.
• Like a wedge; wedge-shaped.
Wedlock
n.
• The ceremony, or the state, of marriage; matrimony.
• A wife; a married woman.
v. t.
• To marry; to unite in marriage; to wed.
Wednesday
n.
• The fourth day of the week; the next day after Tuesday.
Wee
n.
• A little; a bit, as of space, time, or distance.
a.
• Very small; little.
Weed
n.
• A garment; clothing; especially, an upper or outer garment.
• An article of dress worn in token of grief; a mourning garment or badge; as, he wore a weed on his hat; especially, in the plural, mourning garb, as of a woman; as, a widow's weeds.
n.
• A sudden illness or relapse, often attended with fever, which attacks women in childbed.
n.
• Underbrush; low shrubs.
• Any plant growing in cultivated ground to the injury of the crop or desired vegetation, or to the disfigurement of the place; an unsightly, useless, or injurious plant.
• Fig.: Something unprofitable or troublesome; anything useless.
(Stock Breeding) An animal unfit to breed from.
• Tobacco, or a cigar.
v. t.
• To free from noxious plants; to clear of weeds; as, to weed corn or onions; to weed a garden.
• To take away, as noxious plants; to remove, as something hurtful; to extirpate.
• To free from anything hurtful or offensive.
(Stock Breeding) To reject as unfit for breeding purposes.
Weeder
n.
• One who, or that which, weeds, or frees from anything noxious.
Weedery
n.
• Weeds, collectively; also, a place full of weeds or for growing weeds.
Weeding
• a. & n. from Weed, v.
Weedless
a.
• Free from weeds or noxious matter.
Weedy
a.
• Of or pertaining to weeds; consisting of weeds.
• Abounding with weeds; as, weedy grounds; a weedy garden; weedy corn.
• Scraggy; ill-shaped; ungainly; — said of colts or horses, and also of persons.
a.
• Dressed in weeds, or mourning garments.
Week
n.
• A period of seven days, usually that reckoned from one Sabbath or Sunday to the next.
Weekly
a.
• Of or pertaining to a week, or week days; as, weekly labor.
• Coming, happening, or done once a week; hebdomadary; as, a weekly payment; a weekly gazette.
n.
• A publication issued once in seven days, or appearing once a week.
adv.
• Once a week; by hebdomadal periods; as, each performs service weekly.
Weekwam
n.
• See Wigwam.
Weel
a. & adv.
• Well.
n.
• A whirlpool.
Ween
v. i.
• To think; to imagine; to fancy.
Weep
n.
(Zool.) The lapwing; the wipe; — so called from its cry.
• imp. of Weep, for wept.
v. i.
• Formerly, to express sorrow, grief, or anguish, by outcry, or by other manifest signs; in modern use, to show grief or other passions by shedding tears; to shed tears; to cry.
• To lament; to complain.
• To flow in drops; to run in drops.
• To drop water, or the like; to drip; to be soaked.
• To hang the branches, as if in sorrow; to be pendent; to droop; — said of a plant or its branches.
v. t.
• To lament; to bewail; to bemoan.
• To shed, or pour forth, as tears; to shed drop by drop, as if tears; as, to weep tears of joy.
Weeper
n.
• One who weeps; esp., one who sheds tears.
• A white band or border worn on the sleeve as a badge of mourning.
(Zool.) The capuchin. See Capuchin, 3 (a).
Weepful
a.
• Full of weeping or lamentation; grieving.
Weeping
n.
• The act of one who weeps; lamentation with tears; shedding of tears.
a.
• Grieving; lamenting; shedding tears.
• Discharging water, or other liquid, in drops or very slowly; surcharged with water.
• Having slender, pendent branches; — said of trees; as, weeping willow; a weeping ash.
• Pertaining to lamentation, or those who weep.
Weepingly
adv.
• In a weeping manner.
Weerish
a.
• See Wearish.
Weesel
n.
(Zool.) See Weasel.
Weet
a. & n.
• Wet.
v. i.
• To know; to wit.
Weetingly
adv.
• Knowingly.
Weetless
a.
• Unknowing; also, unknown; unmeaning.
Weever
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of edible marine fishes belonging to the genus Trachinus, of the family Trachinidae. They have a broad spinose head, with the eyes looking upward. The long dorsal fin is supported by numerous strong, sharp spines which cause painful wounds.
Weevil
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of snout beetles, or Rhynchophora, in which the head is elongated and usually curved downward. Many of the species are very injurious to cultivated plants. The larvae of some of the species live in nuts, fruit, and grain by eating out the interior, as the plum weevil, or curculio, the nut weevils, and the grain weevil (see under Plum, Nut, and Grain). The larvae of other species bore under the bark and into the pith of trees and various other plants, as the pine weevils (see under Pine). See also Pea weevil, Rice weevil, Seed weevil, under Pea, Rice, and Seed.
Weeviled
a.
• Infested by weevils; as, weeviled grain.
Weevily
a.
• Having weevils; weeviled.
Weezel
n.
(Zool.) See Weasel.
Weft
• imp. & p. p. of Wave.
n.
• A thing waved, waived, or cast away; a waif.
n.
• The woof of cloth; the threads that cross the warp from selvage to selvage; the thread carried by the shuttle in weaving.
• A web; a thing woven.
Weftage
n.
• Texture.
Wegotism
n.
• Excessive use of the pronoun we; — called also weism.
Wehrwolf
n.
• See Werewolf.
Weigh
n.
(Naut.) A corruption of Way, used only in the phrase under weigh.
v. t.
• To bear up; to raise; to lift into the air; to swing up; as, to weigh anchor.
• To examine by the balance; to ascertain the weight of, that is, the force with which a thing tends to the center of the earth; to determine the heaviness, or quantity of matter of; as, to weigh sugar; to weigh gold.
• To be equivalent to in weight; to counterbalance; to have the heaviness of.
• To pay, allot, take, or give by weight.
• To examine or test as if by the balance; to ponder in the mind; to consider or examine for the purpose of forming an opinion or coming to a conclusion; to estimate deliberately and maturely; to balance.
• To consider as worthy of notice; to regard.
v. i.
• To have weight; to be heavy.
• To be considered as important; to have weight in the intellectual balance.
• To bear heavily; to press hard.
• To judge; to estimate.
n.
• A certain quantity estimated by weight; an English measure of weight. See Wey.
Weighable
a.
• Capable of being weighed.
Weighage
n.
• A duty or toil paid for weighing merchandise.
Weighbeam
n.
• A kind of large steelyard for weighing merchandise; — also called weighmaster's beam.
Weighboard
n.
(Mining) Clay intersecting a vein.
Weighbridge
n.
• A weighing machine on which loaded carts may be weighed; platform scales.
Weigher
n.
• One who weighs; specifically, an officer whose duty it is to weigh commodities.
Weighhouse
n.
• A building at or within which goods, and the like, are weighed.
Weighing
• a. & n. from Weigh, v.
Weighlock
n.
• A lock, as on a canal, in which boats are weighed and their tonnage is settled.
Weighmaster
n.
• One whose business it is to weigh ore, hay, merchandise, etc.; one licensed as a public weigher.
Weight
n.
• The quality of being heavy; that property of bodies by which they tend toward the center of the earth; the effect of gravitative force, especially when expressed in certain units or standards, as pounds, grams, etc.
• The quantity of heaviness; comparative tendency to the center of the earth; the quantity of matter as estimated by the balance, or expressed numerically with reference to some standard unit; as, a mass of stone having the weight of five hundred pounds.
• Hence, pressure; burden; as, the weight of care or business.
• Importance; power; influence; efficacy; consequence; moment; impressiveness; as, a consideration of vast weight.
• A scale, or graduated standard, of heaviness; a mode of estimating weight; as, avoirdupois weight; troy weight; apothecaries' weight.
• A ponderous mass; something heavy; as, a clock weight; a paper weight.
• A definite mass of iron, lead, brass, or other metal, to be used for ascertaining the weight of other bodies; as, an ounce weight.
(Mech.) The resistance against which a machine acts, as opposed to the power which moves it.
v. t.
• To load with a weight or weights; to load down; to make heavy; to attach weights to; as, to weight a horse or a jockey at a race; to weight a whip handle.
(Astron. & Physics) To assign a weight to; to express by a number the probable accuracy of, as an observation. See Weight of observations, under Weight.
Weightily
adv.
• In a weighty manner.
Weightiness
n.
• The quality or state of being weighty; weight; force; importance; impressiveness.
Weightless
a.
• Having no weight; imponderable; hence, light.
Weighty
a.
• Having weight; heavy; ponderous; as, a weighty body.
• Adapted to turn the balance in the mind, or to convince; important; forcible; serious; momentous.
• Rigorous; severe; afflictive.
Weird
n.
• Fate; destiny; one of the Fates, or Norns; also, a prediction.
• A spell or charm.
a.
• Of or pertaining to fate; concerned with destiny.
• Of or pertaining to witchcraft; caused by, or suggesting, magical influence; supernatural; unearthly; wild; as, a weird appearance, look, sound, etc.
v. t.
• To foretell the fate of; to predict; to destine to.
Weirdness
n.
• The quality or state of being weird.
Weism
n.
• Same as Wegotism.
Weive
v. t.
• See Waive.
Weka
n.
(Zool.) A New Zealand rail (Ocydromus australis) which has wings so short as to be incapable of flight.
Wekau
n.
(Zool.) A small New Zealand owl (Sceloglaux albifacies). It has short wings and long legs, and lives chiefly on the ground.
Wekeen
n.
(Zool.) The meadow pipit.
Welaway
interj.
• Alas!
Welch
a.
• See Welsh.
Welcher
n.
• See Welsher.
Welchman
n.
• See Welshman.
Welcome
a.
• Received with gladness; admitted willingly to the house, entertainment, or company; as, a welcome visitor.
• Producing gladness; grateful; as, a welcome present; welcome news.
• Free to have or enjoy gratuitously; as, you are welcome to the use of my library.
n.
• Salutation to a newcomer.
• Kind reception of a guest or newcomer; as, we entered the house and found a ready welcome.
v. t.
• To salute with kindness, as a newcomer; to receive and entertain hospitably and cheerfully; as, to welcome a visitor; to welcome a new idea.
Welcomely
adv.
• In a welcome manner.
Welcomeness
n.
• The quality or state of being welcome; gratefulness; agreeableness; kind reception.
Welcomer
n.
• One who welcomes; one who salutes, or receives kindly, a newcomer.
Weld
v. t.
• To wield.
n.
(Bot.) An herb (Reseda luteola) related to mignonette, growing in Europe, and to some extent in America; dyer's broom; dyer's rocket; dyer's weed; wild woad. It is used by dyers to give a yellow color.
• Coloring matter or dye extracted from this plant.
v. t.
• To press or beat into intimate and permanent union, as two pieces of iron when heated almost to fusion.
• Fig.: To unite closely or intimately.
n.
• The state of being welded; the joint made by welding.
Weldable
a.
• Capable of being welded.
Welder
n.
• One who welds, or unites pieces of iron, etc., by welding.
n.
• One who welds, or wields.
• A manager; an actual occupant.
Wele
n.
• Prosperity; happiness; well-being; weal.
Weleful
a.
• Producing prosperity or happiness; blessed.
Welew
v. t.
• To welk, or wither.
Welfare
n.
• Well-doing or well-being in any respect; the enjoyment of health and the common blessings of life; exemption from any evil or calamity; prosperity; happiness.
Welfaring
a.
• Faring well; prosperous; thriving.
Welk
v. i.
• To wither; to fade; also, to decay; to decline; to wane.
v. t.
• To cause to wither; to wilt.
• To contract; to shorten.
• To soak; also, to beat severely.
n.
• A pustule. See 2d Whelk.
n.
(Zool.) A whelk.
Welked
v. t.
• See Whelked.
Welkin
n.
• The visible regions of the air; the vault of heaven; the sky.
Well
n.
• An issue of water from the earth; a spring; a fountain.
• A pit or hole sunk into the earth to such a depth as to reach a supply of water, generally of a cylindrical form, and often walled with stone or bricks to prevent the earth from caving in.
• A shaft made in the earth to obtain oil or brine.
• Fig.: A source of supply; fountain; wellspring.
(Naut.) An inclosure in the middle of a vessel's hold, around the pumps, from the bottom to the lower deck, to preserve the pumps from damage and facilitate their inspection.
• A compartment in the middle of the hold of a fishing vessel, made tight at the sides, but having holes perforated in the bottom to let in water for the preservation of fish alive while they are transported to market.
• A vertical passage in the stern into which an auxiliary screw propeller may be drawn up out of water.
• A depressed space in the after part of the deck; — often called the cockpit.
(Mil.) A hole or excavation in the earth, in mining, from which run branches or galleries.
(Arch.) An opening through the floors of a building, as for a staircase or an elevator; a wellhole.
(Metal.) The lower part of a furnace, into which the metal falls.
v. i.
• To issue forth, as water from the earth; to flow; to spring.
v. t.
• To pour forth, as from a well.
adv.
• In a good or proper manner; justly; rightly; not ill or wickedly.
• Suitably to one's condition, to the occasion, or to a proposed end or use; suitably; abundantly; fully; adequately; thoroughly.
• Fully or about; — used with numbers.
• In such manner as is desirable; so as one could wish; satisfactorily; favorably; advantageously; conveniently.
• Considerably; not a little; far.
a.
• Good in condition or circumstances; desirable, either in a natural or moral sense; fortunate; convenient; advantageous; happy; as, it is well for the country that the crops did not fail; it is well that the mistake was discovered.
• Being in health; sound in body; not ailing, diseased, or sick; healthy; as, a well man; the patient is perfectly well.
• Being in favor; favored; fortunate.
(Marine Insurance) Safe; as, a chip warranted well at a certain day and place.
Welladay
interj.
• Alas! Welaway!
Wellat
n.
(Zool.) The king parrakeet See under King.
Welldoer
n.
• One who does well; one who does good to another; a benefactor.
Welldoing
n.
• A doing well; right performance of duties. Also used adjectively.
Welldrain
v. t.
• To drain, as land; by means of wells, or pits, which receive the water, and from which it is discharged by machinery.
Wellfare
n.
• See Welfare.
Wellhead
n.
• A source, spring, or fountain.
Wellhole
n.
(Arch.) The open space in a floor, to accommodate a staircase.
• The open space left beyond the ends of the steps of a staircase.
• A cavity which receives a counterbalancing weight in certain mechanical contrivances, and is adapted also for other purposes.
Wellingtenia
n.
(Bot.) A name given to the "big trees" (Sequoia gigantea) of California, and still used in England. See Sequoia.
Wellingtons
n. pl.
• A kind of long boots for men.
Wellspring
n.
• A fountain; a spring; a source of continual supply.
Wellwisher
n.
• One who wishes another well; one who is benevolently or friendlily inclined.
Wels
n.
(Zool.) The sheatfish; — called also waller.
Welsh
a.
• Of or pertaining to Wales, or its inhabitants.
n.
• The language of Wales, or of the Welsh people.
• The natives or inhabitants of Wales.
Welsher
n.
• One who cheats at a horse race; one who bets, without a chance of being able to pay; one who receives money to back certain horses and absconds with it.
Welshman
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Wales; one of the Welsh.
(Zool.) A squirrel fish.
• The large-mouthed black bass. See Black bass.
Welsome
a.
• Prosperous; well.
Welt
n.
• That which, being sewed or otherwise fastened to an edge or border, serves to guard, strengthen, or adorn it
• A small cord covered with cloth and sewed on a seam or border to strengthen it; an edge of cloth folded on itself, usually over a cord, and sewed down.
• A hem, border, or fringe.
• In shoemaking, a narrow strip of leather around a shoe, between the upper leather and sole.
• In steam boilers and sheet-iron work, a strip riveted upon the edges of plates that form a butt joint.
• In carpentry, a strip of wood fastened over a flush seam or joint, or an angle, to strengthen it.
• In machine-made stockings, a strip, or flap, of which the heel is formed.
(Her.) A narrow border, as of an ordinary, but not extending around the ends.
v. t.
• To furnish with a welt; to sew or fasten a welt on; as, to welt a boot or a shoe; to welt a sleeve.
v. t.
• To wilt.
Welte
• imp. of Weld, to wield.
Welter
v. i.
• To roll, as the body of an animal; to tumble about, especially in anything foul or defiling; to wallow.
• To rise and fall, as waves; to tumble over, as billows.
v. t.
• To wither; to wilt.
a.
(Horse Racing) Of, pertaining to, or designating, the most heavily weighted race in a meeting; as, a welter race; the welter stakes.
n.
• That in which any person or thing welters, or wallows; filth; mire; slough.
• A rising or falling, as of waves; as, the welter of the billows; the welter of a tempest.
Welwitschia
n.
(Bot.) An African plant (Welwitschia mirabilis) belonging to the order Gnetaceae. It consists of a short, woody, topshaped stem, and never more than two leaves, which are the cotyledons enormously developed, and at length split into diverging segments.
Wem
n.
(Med.) An indolent, encysted tumor of the skin; especially, a sebaceous cyst.
Wem
n.
• The abdomen; the uterus; the womb.
n.
• Spot; blemish; harm; hurt.
v. t.
• To stain; to blemish; to harm; to corrupt.
Wemless
a.
• Having no wem, or blemish; spotless.
Wench
n.
• A young woman; a girl; a maiden.
• A low, vicious young woman; a drab; a strumpet.
• A colored woman; a negress.
v. i.
• To frequent the company of wenches, or women of ill fame.
Wencher
n.
• One who wenches; a lewd man.
Wenchless
a.
• Being without a wench.
Wend
• p. p. of Wene.
v. i.
• To go; to pass; to betake one's self.
• To turn round.
v. t.
• To direct; to betake;- used chiefly in the phrase to wend one's way. Also used reflexively.
n.
(O. Eng. Law) A large extent of ground; a perambulation; a circuit.
Wende
• imp. of Wene.
Wendic
n.
• The language of the Wends.
Wends
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A Slavic tribe which once occupied the northern and eastern parts of Germany, of which a small remnant exists.
Wene
v. i.
• To ween.
Wennel
n.
• See Weanel.
Wenona
n.
(Zool.) A sand snake (Charina plumbea) of Western North America, of the family Erycidae.
Went
• imp. & p. p. of Wend; — now obsolete except as the imperfect of go, with which it has no etymological connection. See Go.
n.
• Course; way; path; journey; direction.
Wentletrap
n.
• Any one of numerous species of elegant, usually white, marine shells of the genus Scalaria, especially Scalaria pretiosa, which was formerly highly valued; — called also staircase shell. See Scalaria.
Wep
• imp. of Weep.
Wepen
n.
• Weapon.
Wept
• imp. & p. p. of Weep.
Werche
v. t. & i.
• To work.
Were
v. t. & i.
• To wear. See 3d Wear.
n.
• A weir. See Weir.
v. t.
• To guard; to protect.
• The imperfect indicative plural, and imperfect subjunctive singular and plural, of the verb be. See Be.
n.
• A man.
• A fine for slaying a man; the money value set upon a man's life; weregild.
Weregild
n.
(O. Eng. Law) The price of a man's head; a compensation paid of a man killed, partly to the king for the loss of a subject, partly to the lord of a vassal, and partly to the next of kin. It was paid by the murderer.
Werewolf
n.
• A person transformed into a wolf in form and appetite, either temporarily or permanently, whether by supernatural influences, by witchcraft, or voluntarily; a lycanthrope. Belief in werewolves, formerly general, is not now extinct.
Wern
v. t.
• To refuse.
Wernerian
a.
• Of or pertaining to A. G. Werner, The German mineralogist and geologist, who classified minerals according to their external characters, and advocated the theory that the strata of the earth's crust were formed by depositions from water; designating, or according to, Werner's system.
Wernerite
n.
(Min.) The common grayish or white variety of soapolite.
Weroole
n.
(Zool.) An Australian lorikeet (Ptilosclera versicolor) noted for the variety of its colors; — called also varied lorikeet.
Werre
n.
• War.
Werrey
v. t.
• To warray.
Werst
n.
• See Verst.
Wert
• , The second person singular, indicative and subjunctive moods, imperfect tense, of the verb be. It is formed from were, with the ending -t, after the analogy of wast. Now used only in solemn or poetic style.
n.
• A wart.
Weryangle
n.
• See Wariangle.
Wesand
n.
• See Weasand.
Wesh
imp.
• Washed.
Wesil
n.
• See Weasand.
Wesleyan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Wesley or Wesleyanism.
n.
(Eccl.) One who adopts the principles of Wesleyanism; a Methodist.
Wesleyanism
n.
(Eccl.) The system of doctrines and church polity inculcated by John Wesley (b. 1703; d. 1791), the founder of the religious sect called Methodist; Methodism. See Methodist, n., 2.
West
n.
• The point in the heavens where the sun is seen to set at the equinox; or, the corresponding point on the earth; that one of the four cardinal points of the compass which is in a direction at right angles to that of north and south, and on the left hand of a person facing north; the point directly opposite to east.
• A country, or region of country, which, with regard to some other country or region, is situated in the direction toward the west.
• The Westen hemisphere, or the New World so called, it having been discovered by sailing westward from Europe; the Occident.
(U. S. Hist. & Geog.) Formerly, that part of the United States west of the Alleghany mountains; now, commonly, the whole region west of the Mississippi river; esp., that part which is north of the Indian Territory, New Mexico, etc. Usually with the definite article.
a.
• Lying toward the west; situated at the west, or in a western direction from the point of observation or reckoning; proceeding toward the west, or coming from the west; as, a west course is one toward the west; an east and west line; a west wind blows from the west.
adv.
• Westward.
v. i.
• To pass to the west; to set, as the sun.
• To turn or move toward the west; to veer from the north or south toward the west.
Westering
a.
• Passing to the west.
Westerly
a.
• Of or pertaining to the west; toward the west; coming from the west; western.
adv.
• Toward the west; westward.
Western
a.
• Of or pertaining to the west; situated in the west, or in the region nearly in the direction of west; being in that quarter where the sun sets; as, the western shore of France; the western ocean.
• Moving toward the west; as, a ship makes a western course; coming from the west; as, a western breeze.
Westerner
n.
• A native or inhabitant of the west.
Westernmost
a.
• Situated the farthest towards the west; most western.
Westing
n.
(Naut. & Surv.) The distance, reckoned toward the west, between the two meridians passing through the extremities of a course, or portion of a ship's path; the departure of a course which lies to the west of north.
Westling
n.
• A westerner.
Westmost
a.
• Lying farthest to the west; westernmost.
Westness
n.
• The quality or state of being wet; moisture; humidity; as, the wetness of land; the wetness of a cloth.
• A watery or moist state of the atmosphere; a state of being rainy, foggy, or misty; as, the wetness of weather or the season.
Westward
a.
• Lying toward the west.
n.
• The western region or countries; the west.
Westwardly
adv.
• In a westward direction.
Westy
a.
• Dizzy; giddy.
Wet
a.
• Containing, or consisting of, water or other liquid; moist; soaked with a liquid; having water or other liquid upon the surface; as, wet land; a wet cloth; a wet table.
• Very damp; rainy; as, wet weather; a wet season.
(Chem.) Employing, or done by means of, water or some other liquid; as, the wet extraction of copper, in distinction from dry extraction in which dry heat or fusion is employed.
• Refreshed with liquor; drunk.
n.
• Water or wetness; moisture or humidity in considerable degree.
• Rainy weather; foggy or misty weather.
• A dram; a drink.
v. t.
• To fill or moisten with water or other liquid; to sprinkle; to cause to have water or other fluid adherent to the surface; to dip or soak in a liquid; as, to wet a sponge; to wet the hands; to wet cloth.
Wetbird
n.
(Zool.) The chaffinch, whose cry is thought to foretell rain.
Wether
n.
• A castrated ram.
Wettish
a.
• Somewhat wet; moist; humid.
Wevil
n.
• See Weevil.
Wex
v. t. & i.
• To grow; to wax.
imp.
• Waxed.
n.
• Wax.
Wey
n.
• Way; road; path.
v. t. & i.
• To weigh.
n.
• A certain measure of weight.
Weyle
v. t. & i.
• To wail.
Weyleway
interj.
• See Welaway.
Weyve
v. t.
• To waive.
Wezand
n.
• See Weasand.
Whaap
n.
(Zool.) The European curlew; — called also awp, whaup, great whaup, and stock whaup.
• The whimbrel; — called also May whaup, little whaup, and tang whaup.
Whack
v. t.
• To strike; to beat; to give a heavy or resounding blow to; to thrash; to make with whacks.
v. i.
• To strike anything with a smart blow.
n.
• A smart resounding blow.
Whacker
n.
• One who whacks.
• Anything very large; specif., a great lie; a whapper.
Whacking
a.
• Very large; whapping.
Whahoo
n.
(Bot.) An American tree, the winged elm. (Ulmus alata).
Whala
v. t.
• To lash with stripes; to wale; to thrash; to drub.
Whale
n.
(Zool.) Any aquatic mammal of the order Cetacea, especially any one of the large species, some of which become nearly one hundred feet long. Whales are hunted chiefly for their oil and baleen, or whalebone.
Whaleboat
n.
(Naut.) A long, narrow boat, sharp at both ends, used by whalemen.
Whalebone
n.
• A firm, elastic substance resembling horn, taken from the upper jaw of the right whale; baleen. It is used as a stiffening in stays, fans, screens, and for various other purposes. See Baleen.
Whaleman
n.
• A man employed in the whale fishery.
Whaler
n.
• A vessel or person employed in the whale fishery.
n.
• One who whales, or beats; a big, strong fellow; hence, anything of great or unusual size.
Whaling
n.
• The hunting of whales.
a.
• Pertaining to, or employed in, the pursuit of whales; as, a whaling voyage; a whaling vessel.
Whall
n.
• A light color of the iris in horses; wall-eye.
Whally
a.
• Having the iris of light color; — said of horses.
Whame
n.
(Zool.) A breeze fly.
Whammel
v. t.
• To turn over.
Whan
adv.
• When.
Whang
n.
• A leather thong.
v. t.
• To beat.
Whanghee
n.
(Bot.) See Wanghee.
Wharf
n.
• A structure or platform of timber, masonry, iron, earth, or other material, built on the shore of a harbor, river, canal, or the like, and usually extending from the shore to deep water, so that vessels may lie close alongside to receive and discharge cargo, passengers, etc.; a quay; a pier.
• The bank of a river, or the shore of the sea.
v. t.
• To guard or secure by a firm wall of timber or stone constructed like a wharf; to furnish with a wharf or wharfs.
• To place upon a wharf; to bring to a wharf.
Wharfage
n.
• The fee or duty paid for the privilege of using a wharf for loading or unloading goods; pierage, collectively; quayage.
• A wharf or wharfs, collectively; wharfing.
Wharfing
n.
• Wharfs, collectively.
(Hydraul. Engin.) A mode of facing sea walls and embankments with planks driven as piles and secured by ties.
Wharfinger
n.
• A man who owns, or has the care of, a wharf.
Wharp
n.
• A kind of fine sand from the banks of the Trent, used as a polishing powder.
What
pron., a., & adv.
• As an interrogative pronoun, used in asking questions regarding either persons or things; as, what is this? what did you say? what poem is this? what child is lost?
• As an exclamatory word: — (a) Used absolutely or independently; — often with a question following.
• Used adjectively, meaning how remarkable, or how great; as, what folly! what eloquence! what courage!
• Sometimes prefixed to adjectives in an adverbial sense, as nearly equivalent to how; as, what happy boys!
• As a relative pronoun
• Used substantively with the antecedent suppressed, equivalent to that which, or those [persons] who, or those [things] which; — called a compound relative. (b) Used adjectively, equivalent to the . . . which; the sort or kind of . . . which; rarely, the . . . on, or at, which.
• Used adverbially in a sense corresponding to the adjectival use; as, he picked what good fruit he saw.
• Whatever; whatsoever; what thing soever; — used indefinitely.
• Used adverbially, in part; partly; somewhat; — with a following preposition, especially, with, and commonly with repetition.
n.
• Something; thing; stuff.
interrog. adv.
• Why? For what purpose? On what account?
Whate'er
pron.
• A contraction of what-ever; — used in poetry.
Whatever
pron.
• Anything soever which; the thing or things of any kind; being this or that; of one nature or another; one thing or another; anything that may be; all that; the whole that; all particulars that; — used both substantively and adjectively.
Whatnot
n.
• A kind of stand, or piece of furniture, having shelves for books, ornaments, etc.; an etagere.
Whatso
indef. pron.
• Whatsoever; whosoever; whatever; anything that.
Whatsoe'er
pron.
• A contraction of whatsoever; — used in poetry.
Whatsoever
pron. & a.
• Whatever.
Whaul
n.
• Same as Whall.
Whaup
n.
(Zool.) See Whaap.
Wheal
n.
• A pustule; a whelk.
n.
• A more or less elongated mark raised by a stroke; also, a similar mark made by any cause; a weal; a wale.
• Specifically (Med.), a flat, burning or itching eminence on the skin, such as is produced by a mosquito bite, or in urticaria.
n.
(Mining) A mine.
Whealworm
n.
(Zool.) The harvest mite; — so called from the wheals, caused by its bite.
Wheat
n.
(Bot.) A cereal grass (Triticum vulgare) and its grain, which furnishes a white flour for bread, and, next to rice, is the grain most largely used by the human race.
Wheatbird
n.
(Zool.) A bird that feeds on wheat, especially the chaffinch.
Wheatear
n.
(Zool.) A small European singing bird (Saxicola &oe;nanthe). The male is white beneath, bluish gray above, with black wings and a black stripe through each eye. The tail is black at the tip and in the middle, but white at the base and on each side. Called also checkbird, chickell, dykehopper, fallow chat, fallow finch, stonechat, and whitetail.
Wheaten
a.
• Made of wheat; as, wheaten bread.
Wheatworm
n.
(Zool.) A small nematode worm (Anguillula tritici) which attacks the grains of wheat in the ear. It is found in wheat affected with smut, each of the diseased grains containing a large number of the minute young of the worm.
Wheder
pron. & conj.
• Whether.
Wheedle
v. t.
• To entice by soft words; to cajole; to flatter; to coax.
• To grain, or get away, by flattery.
v. i.
• To flatter; to coax; to cajole.
Wheel
n.
• A circular frame turning about an axis; a rotating disk, whether solid, or a frame composed of an outer rim, spokes or radii, and a central hub or nave, in which is inserted the axle, — used for supporting and conveying vehicles, in machinery, and for various purposes; as, the wheel of a wagon, of a locomotive, of a mill, of a watch, etc.
• Any instrument having the form of, or chiefly consisting of, a wheel.
• A spinning wheel. See under Spinning.
• An instrument of torture formerly used.
(Naut.) A circular frame having handles on the periphery, and an axle which is so connected with the tiller as to form a means of controlling the rudder for the purpose of steering.
(Pottery) A potter's wheel. See under Potter.
(Pyrotechny) A firework which, while burning, is caused to revolve on an axis by the reaction of the escaping gases.
(Poetry) The burden or refrain of a song.
• A bicycle or a tricycle; a velocipede.
• A rolling or revolving body; anything of a circular form; a disk; an orb.
• A turn revolution; rotation; compass.
v. t.
• To convey on wheels, or in a wheeled vehicle; as, to wheel a load of hay or wood.
• To put into a rotatory motion; to cause to turn or revolve; to cause to gyrate; to make or perform in a circle.
v. i.
• To turn on an axis, or as on an axis; to revolve; to more about; to rotate; to gyrate.
• To change direction, as if revolving upon an axis or pivot; to turn; as, the troops wheeled to the right.
• To go round in a circuit; to fetch a compass.
• To roll forward.
Wheelband
n.
• The tire of a wheel.
Wheelbarrow
n.
• A light vehicle for conveying small loads. It has two handles and one wheel, and is rolled by a single person.
Wheelbird
n.
(Zool.) The European goatsucker.
Wheeled
a.
• Having wheels; — used chiefly in composition; as, a four-wheeled carriage.
Wheeler
n.
• One who wheels, or turns.
• A maker of wheels; a wheelwright.
• A wheel horse. See under Wheel.
(Naut.) A steam vessel propelled by a paddle wheel or by paddle wheels; — used chiefly in the terms side-wheeler and stern-wheeler.
• A worker on sewed muslin.
(Zool.) The European goatsucker.
Wheelhouse
n.
(Naut.) A small house on or above a vessel's deck, containing the steering wheel.
• A paddle box. See under Paddle.
Wheeling
n.
• The act of conveying anything, or traveling, on wheels, or in a wheeled vehicle.
• The act or practice of using a cycle; cycling.
• Condition of a road or roads, which admits of passing on wheels; as, it is good wheeling, or bad wheeling.
• A turning, or circular movement.
Wheelman
n.
• One who rides a bicycle or tricycle; a cycler, or cyclist.
Wheelswarf
n.
• See Swarf.
Wheelwork
n.
(Mach.) A combination of wheels, and their connection, in a machine or mechanism.
Wheelwright
n.
• A man whose occupation is to make or repair wheels and wheeled vehicles, as carts, wagons, and the like.
Wheely
a.
• Circular; suitable to rotation.
Wheen
n.
• A quantity; a goodly number.
Wheeze
v. i.
• To breathe hard, and with an audible piping or whistling sound, as persons affected with asthma.
n.
• A piping or whistling sound caused by difficult respiration.
(Phon.) An ordinary whisper exaggerated so as to produce the hoarse sound known as the "stage whisper." It is a forcible whisper with some admixture of tone.
Wheezy
a.
• Breathing with difficulty and with a wheeze; wheezing. Used also figuratively.
Wheft
n.
(Naut.) See Waft, n., 4.
Whelk
n.
(Zool.) Any one numerous species of large marine gastropods belonging to Buccinum and allied genera; especially, Buccinum undatum, common on the coasts both of Europe and North America, and much used as food in Europe.
n.
• A papule; a pustule; acne.
• A stripe or mark; a ridge; a wale.
Whelked
a.
• Having whelks; whelky; as, whelked horns.
Whelky
a.
• Having whelks, ridges, or protuberances; hence, streaked; striated.
• Shelly.
Whelm
v. t.
• To cover with water or other fluid; to cover by immersion in something that envelops on all sides; to overwhelm; to ingulf.
• Fig.: To cover completely, as if with water; to immerse; to overcome; as, to whelm one in sorrows.
• To throw (something) over a thing so as to cover it.
Whelp
n.
• One of the young of a dog or a beast of prey; a puppy; a cub; as, a lion's whelps.
• A child; a youth; — jocosely or in contempt.
(Naut.) One of the longitudinal ribs or ridges on the barrel of a capstan or a windless; — usually in the plural; as, the whelps of a windlass.
• One of the teeth of a sprocket wheel.
v. i.
• To bring forth young; — said of the female of the dog and some beasts of prey.
v. t.
• To bring forth, as cubs or young; to give birth to.
When
adv.
• At what time; — used interrogatively.
• At what time; at, during, or after the time that; at or just after, the moment that; — used relatively.
• While; whereas; although; — used in the manner of a conjunction to introduce a dependent adverbial sentence or clause, having a causal, conditional, or adversative relation to the principal proposition; as, he chose to turn highwayman when he might have continued an honest man; he removed the tree when it was the best in the grounds.
• Which time; then; — used elliptically as a noun.
Whenas
conj.
• Whereas; while
Whence
adv.
• From what place; hence, from what or which source, origin, antecedent, premise, or the like; how; — used interrogatively.
• From what or which place, source, material, cause, etc.; the place, source, etc., from which; — used relatively.
Whenceever
adv. & conj.
• Whencesoever.
Whenceforth
adv.
• From, or forth from, what or which place; whence.
Whencesoever
adv. & conj.
• From what place soever; from what cause or source soever.
Whene'er
adv. & conj.
• Whenever.
Whenever
adv. & conj.
• At whatever time.
Whennes
adv.
• Whence.
Whensoever
adv. & conj.
• At what time soever; at whatever time; whenever.
Where'er
adv.
• Wherever; — a contracted and poetical form.
Where
adv.
• At or in what place; hence, in what situation, position, or circumstances; — used interrogatively.
• At or in which place; at the place in which; hence, in the case or instance in which; — used relatively.
• To what or which place; hence, to what goal, result, or issue; whither; — used interrogatively and relatively; as, where are you going?
conj.
• Whereas.
n.
• Place; situation.
Whereas
adv.
• At which place; where.
conj.
• Considering that; it being the case that; since; — used to introduce a preamble which is the basis of declarations, affirmations, commands, requests, or like, that follow.
• When in fact; while on the contrary; the case being in truth that; although; — implying opposition to something that precedes; or implying recognition of facts, sometimes followed by a different statement, and sometimes by inferences or something consequent.
Whereat
adv.
• At which; upon which; whereupon; — used relatively.
• At what; — used interrogatively; as, whereat are you offended?
Whereby
adv.
• By which; — used relatively.
• By what; how; — used interrogatively.
Wherefore
adv.& conj.
• For which reason; so; — used relatively.
• For what reason; why; — used interrogatively.
n.
• the reason why.
Whereform
adv.
• From which; from which or what place.
Wherein
adv.
• In which; in which place, thing, time, respect, or the like; — used relatively.
• In what; — used interrogatively.
Whereinto
adv.
• Into which; — used relatively.
• Into what; — used interrogatively.
Wheremaster
n.
• A man who practices lewdness; a lecher; a whoremonger.
• One keeps or procures whores for others; a pimp; a procurer.
Whereness
n.
• The quality or state of having a place; ubiety; situation; position.
Whereof
adv.
• Of which; of whom; formerly, also, with which; — used relatively.
• Of what; — used interrogatively.
Whereon
adv.
• On which; — used relatively; as, the earth whereon we live.
• On what; — used interrogatively; as, whereon do we stand?
Whereout
adv.
• Out of which.
Whereret
v. t.
• To hurry; to trouble; to tease.
• To box (one) on the ear; to strike or box. (the ear); as, to wherret a child.
Whereso
adv.
• Wheresoever.
Wheresoe'er
adv.
• Wheresoever.
Wheresoever
adv.
• In what place soever; in whatever place; wherever.
Wherethrough
adv.
• Through which.
Whereto
adv.
• To which; — used relatively.
• To what; to what end; — used interrogatively.
Whereunto
adv.
• Same as Whereto.
Whereupon
adv.
• Upon which; in consequence of which; after which.
Wherever
adv.
• At or in whatever place; wheresoever.
Wherewith
adv.
• With which; — used relatively.
• With what; — used interrogatively.
n.
• The necessary means or instrument.
Wherewithal
adv. & n.
• Wherewith.
Wherret
n.
• A box on the ear.
Wherry
n.
(Naut.) A passenger barge or lighter plying on rivers; also, a kind of light, half-decked vessel used in fishing.
• A long, narrow, light boat, sharp at both ends, for fast rowing or sailing; esp., a racing boat rowed by one person with sculls.
n.
• A liquor made from the pulp of crab apples after the verjuice is expressed; — sometimes called crab wherry.
Wherso
adv.
• Wheresoever.
Whet
v. t.
• To rub or on with some substance, as a piece of stone, for the purpose of sharpening; to sharpen by attrition; as, to whet a knife.
• To make sharp, keen, or eager; to excite; to stimulate; as, to whet the appetite or the courage.
n.
• The act of whetting.
• That which whets or sharpens; esp., an appetizer.
Whether
pron.
• Which (of two); which one (of two); — used interrogatively and relatively.
conj.
• In case; if; — used to introduce the first or two or more alternative clauses, the other or others being connected by or, or by or whether. When the second of two alternatives is the simple negative of the first it is sometimes only indicated by the particle not or no after the correlative, and sometimes it is omitted entirely as being distinctly implied in the whether of the first.
Whethering
n.
• The retention of the afterbirth in cows.
Whetile
n.
(Zool.) The green woodpecker, or yaffle. See Yaffle.
Whetstone
n.
• A piece of stone, natural or artificial, used for whetting, or sharpening, edge tools.
Whetter
n.
• One who, or that which, whets, sharpens, or stimulates.
• A tippler; one who drinks whets.
Whettlebones
n. pl.
• The vertebrae of the back.
Whew
n. & interj.
• A sound like a half-formed whistle, expressing astonishment, scorn, or dislike.
v. i.
• To whistle with a shrill pipe, like a plover.
Whewellite
n.
(Min.) Calcium oxalate, occurring in colorless or white monoclinic crystals.
Whewer
n.
(Zool.) The European widgeon.
Whey
n.
• The serum, or watery part, of milk, separated from the more thick or coagulable part, esp. in the process of making cheese. In this process, the thick part is called curd, and the thin part whey.
Wheyey
a.
• Of the nature of, or containing, whey; resembling whey; wheyish.
Wheyface
n.
• One who is pale, as from fear.
Wheyish
a.
• Somewhat like whey; wheyey.
Which
pron.
• Of what sort or kind; what; what a; who.
• A interrogative pronoun, used both substantively and adjectively, and in direct and indirect questions, to ask for, or refer to, an individual person or thing among several of a class; as, which man is it? which woman was it? which is the house? he asked which route he should take; which is best, to live or to die? See the Note under What, pron., 1.
• A relative pronoun, used esp. in referring to an antecedent noun or clause, but sometimes with reference to what is specified or implied in a sentence, or to a following noun or clause (generally involving a reference, however, to something which has preceded). It is used in all numbers and genders, and was formerly used of persons.
• A compound relative or indefinite pronoun, standing for any one which, whichever, that which, those which, the . . . which, and the like; as, take which you will.
Whider
adv.
• Whither.
Whiff
n.
• A sudden expulsion of air from the mouth; a quick puff or slight gust, as of air or smoke.
• A glimpse; a hasty view.
(Zool.) The marysole, or sail fluke.
v. t.
• To throw out in whiffs; to consume in whiffs; to puff.
• To carry or convey by a whiff, or as by a whiff; to puff or blow away.
v. i.
• To emit whiffs, as of smoke; to puff.
Whiffet
n.
• A little whiff or puff.
Whiffing
n.
• The act of one who, or that which, whiffs.
• A mode of fishing with a hand line for pollack, mackerel, and the like.
Whiffle
v. i.
• To waver, or shake, as if moved by gusts of wind; to shift, turn, or veer about.
• To change from one opinion or course to another; to use evasions; to prevaricate; to be fickle.
v. t.
• To disperse with, or as with, a whiff, or puff; to scatter.
• To wave or shake quickly; to cause to whiffle.
n.
• A fife or small flute.
Whiffler
n.
• One who whiffles, or frequently changes his opinion or course; one who uses shifts and evasions in argument; hence, a trifler.
• One who plays on a whiffle; a fifer or piper.
• An officer who went before procession to clear the way by blowing a horn, or otherwise; hence, any person who marched at the head of a procession; a harbinger.
(Zool) The golden-eye.
Whiffletree
n.
• Same as Whippletree.
Whig
n.
• Acidulated whey, sometimes mixed with buttermilk and sweet herbs, used as a cooling beverage.
n.
(Eng. Politics) One of a political party which grew up in England in the seventeenth century, in the reigns of Charles I. and II., when great contests existed respecting the royal prerogatives and the rights of the people. Those who supported the king in his high claims were called Tories, and the advocates of popular rights, of parliamentary power over the crown, and of toleration to Dissenters, were, after 1679, called Whigs. The terms Liberal and Radical have now generally superseded Whig in English politics. See the note under Tory.
(Amer. Hist.) A friend and supporter of the American Revolution; — opposed to Tory, and Royalist.
• One of the political party in the United States from about 1829 to 1856, opposed in politics to the Democratic party.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Whigs.
Whiggamore
n.
• A Whig; — a cant term applied in contempt to Scotch Presbyterians.
Whiggarchy
n.
• Government by Whigs.
Whiggery
n.
• The principles or practices of the Whigs; Whiggism.
Whiggish
a.
• Of or pertaining to Whigs; partaking of, or characterized by, the principles of Whigs.
Whiggishly
adv.
• In a Whiggish manner.
Whiggism
n.
• The principles of the Whigs.
Whigling
n.
• A petty or inferior Whig; — used in contempt.
While
n.
• Space of time, or continued duration, esp. when short; a time; as, one while we thought him innocent.
• That which requires time; labor; pains.
v. t.
• To cause to pass away pleasantly or without irksomeness or disgust; to spend or pass; — usually followed by away.
v. i.
• To loiter.
conj.
• During the time that; as long as; whilst; at the same time that; as, while I write, you sleep.
• Hence, under which circumstances; in which case; though; whereas.
prep.
• Until; till.
Whilere
adv.
• A little while ago; recently; just now; erewhile.
Whiles
adv.
• Meanwhile; meantime.
• sometimes; at times.
conj.
• During the time that; while.
Whilk
n.
(Zool.) A kind of mollusk, a whelk.
(Zool.) The scoter.
pron.
• Which.
Whilom
adv.
• Formerly; once; of old; erewhile; at times.
Whilst
adv.
• While.
Whim
n.
(Zool.) The European widgeon.
n.
• A sudden turn or start of the mind; a temporary eccentricity; a freak; a fancy; a capricious notion; a humor; a caprice.
(Mining) A large capstan or vertical drum turned by horse power or steam power, for raising ore or water, etc., from mines, or for other purposes; — called also whim gin, and whimsey.
v. i.
• To be subject to, or indulge in, whims; to be whimsical, giddy, or freakish.
Whimbrel
n.
(Zool) Any one of several species of small curlews, especially the European species (Numenius phaeopus), called also Jack curlew, half curlew, stone curlew, and tang whaup. See Illustration in Appendix.
Whimling
n.
• One given to whims; hence, a weak, childish person; a child.
Whimmy
a.
• Full of whims; whimsical.
Whimper
v. i.
• To cry with a low, whining, broken voice; to whine; to complain; as, a child whimpers.
v. t.
• To utter in alow, whining tone.
n.
• A low, whining, broken cry; a low, whining sound, expressive of complaint or grief.
Whimperer
n.
• One who whimpers.
Whimple
v. t.
• See Wimple.
v. i.
• To whiffle; to veer.
Whimsey
v. t.
• To fill with whimseys, or whims; to make fantastic; to craze.
Whimsical
a.
• Full of, or characterized by, whims; actuated by a whim; having peculiar notions; queer; strange; freakish.
• Odd or fantastic in appearance; quaintly devised; fantastic.
Whimsicality
n.
• The quality or state of being whimsical; whimsicalness.
Whimsically
adv.
• In a whimsical manner; freakishly.
Whimsicalness
n.
• The quality or state of being whimsical; freakishness; whimsical disposition.
Whimsy
n.
• A whimsey.
Whimwham
n.
• A whimsical thing; an odd device; a trifle; a trinket; a gimcrack.
• A whim, or whimsey; a freak.
Whin
n.
(Bot.) Gorse; furze. See Furze.
• Woad-waxed.
• Same as Whinstone.
Whinberry
n.
(Bot.) The English bilberry; — so called because it grows on moors among the whins, or furze.
Whinchat
n.
(Zool.) A small warbler (Pratincola rubetra) common in Europe; — called also whinchacker, whincheck, whin-clocharet.
Whine
v. i.
• To utter a plaintive cry, as some animals; to mean with a childish noise; to complain, or to tell of sorrow, distress, or the like, in a plaintive, nasal tone; hence, to complain or to beg in a mean, unmanly way; to moan basely.
v. t.
• To utter or express plaintively, or in a mean, unmanly way; as, to whine out an excuse.
n.
• A plaintive tone; the nasal, childish tone of mean complaint; mean or affected complaint.
Whiner
n.
• One who, or that which, whines.
Whinge
v. i.
• To whine.
Whinger
n.
• A kind of hanger or sword used as a knife at meals and as a weapon.
Whiningly
adv.
• In a whining manner; in a tone of mean complaint.
Whinner
v. i.
• To whinny.
Whinny
v. i.
• To utter the ordinary call or cry of a horse; to neigh.
n.
• The ordinary cry or call of a horse; a neigh.
a.
• Abounding in whin, gorse, or furze.
Whinock
n.
• The small pig of a litter.
Whinstone
n.
• A provincial name given in England to basaltic rocks, and applied by miners to other kind of dark-colored unstratified rocks which resist the point of the pick. — for example, to masses of chert. Whin-dikes, and whin-sills, are names sometimes given to veins or beds of basalt.
Whinyard
n.
• A sword, or hanger.
(Zool) The shoveler.
• The poachard.
Whip
v. t.
• To strike with a lash, a cord, a rod, or anything slender and lithe; to lash; to beat; as, to whip a horse, or a carpet.
• To drive with lashes or strokes of a whip; to cause to rotate by lashing with a cord; as, to whip a top.
• To punish with a whip, scourge, or rod; to flog; to beat; as, to whip a vagrant; to whip one with thirty nine lashes; to whip a perverse boy.
• To apply that which hurts keenly to; to lash, as with sarcasm, abuse, or the like; to apply cutting language to.
• To thrash; to beat out, as grain, by striking; as, to whip wheat.
• To beat (eggs, cream, or the like) into a froth, as with a whisk, fork, or the like.
• To conquer; to defeat, as in a contest or game; to beat; to surpass.
• To overlay (a cord, rope, or the like) with other cords going round and round it; to overcast, as the edge of a seam; to wrap; — often with about, around, or over.
• To sew lightly; specifically, to form (a fabric) into gathers by loosely overcasting the rolled edge and drawing up the thread; as, to whip a ruffle.
• To take or move by a sudden motion; to jerk; to snatch; — with into, out, up, off, and the like.
(Naut.) To hoist or purchase by means of a whip.
• To secure the end of (a rope, or the like) from untwisting by overcasting it with small stuff.
• To fish (a body of water) with a rod and artificial fly, the motion being that employed in using a whip.
v. i.
• To move nimbly; to start or turn suddenly and do something; to whisk; as, he whipped around the corner.
n.
• An instrument or driving horses or other animals, or for correction, consisting usually of a lash attached to a handle, or of a handle and lash so combined as to form a flexible rod.
• A coachman; a driver of a carriage; as, a good whip.
(Mach.) One of the arms or frames of a windmill, on which the sails are spread.
• The length of the arm reckoned from the shaft.
(Naut.) A small tackle with a single rope, used to hoist light bodies.
• The long pennant. See Pennant (a)
• A huntsman who whips in the hounds; whipper-in.
(Eng. Politics) A person (as a member of Parliament) appointed to enforce party discipline, and secure the attendance of the members of a Parliament party at any important session, especially when their votes are needed.
• A call made upon members of a Parliament party to be in their places at a given time, as when a vote is to be taken.
Whipcord
n.
• A kind of hard-twisted or braided cord, sometimes used for making whiplashes.
Whipgraft
v. t.
• To graft by cutting the scion and stock in a certain manner. See Whip grafting, under Grafting.
Whiplash
n.
• The lash of a whip, — usually made of thongs of leather, or of cords, braided or twisted.
Whipparee
n.
(Zool.) A large sting ray (Dasybatis, or Trygon, Sayi) native of the Southern United States. It is destitute of large spines on the body and tail.
• A large sting ray (Rhinoptera bonasus, or R. quadriloba) of the Atlantic coast of the United States. Its snout appears to be four-lobed when viewed in front, whence it is also called cow-nosed ray.
Whipper
n.
• One who whips; especially, an officer who inflicts the penalty of legal whipping.
• One who raises coal or merchandise with a tackle from a chip's hold.
(Spinning) A kind of simple willow.
Whipperin
n.
• A huntsman who keeps the hounds from wandering, and whips them in, if necessary, to the of chase.
• Hence, one who enforces the discipline of a party, and urges the attendance and support of the members on all necessary occasions.
Whippersnapper
n.
• A diminutive, insignificant, or presumptuous person.
Whipping
• a & n. from Whip, v.
Whippletree
n.
• The pivoted or swinging bar to which the traces, or tugs, of a harness are fastened, and by which a carriage, a plow, or other implement or vehicle, is drawn; a whiffletree; a swingletree; a singletree. See Singletree.
(Bot.) The cornel tree.
Whipsaw
n.
• A saw for dividing timber lengthwise, usually set in a frame, and worked by two persons; also, a fret saw.
Whipstaff
n.
(Naut.) A bar attached to the tiller, for convenience in steering.
Whipstalk
n.
• A whipstock.
Whipster
n.
• A nimble little fellow; a whippersnapper.
Whipstick
n.
• Whip handle; whipstock.
Whipstitch
n.
• A tailor; — so called in contempt.
• Anything hastily put or stitched together; hence, a hasty composition.
(Agric.) The act or process of whipstitching.
v. t.
(Agric.) To rafter; to plow in ridges, as land.
Whipstock
n.
• The rod or handle to which the lash of a whip is fastened.
Whipt
imp. & p. p.
• Whipped.
Whipworm
n.
(Zool.) A nematode worm (Trichocephalus dispar) often found parasitic in the human intestine. Its body is thickened posteriorly, but is very long and threadlike anteriorly.
Whir
v. i.
• To whirl round, or revolve, with a whizzing noise; to fly or more quickly with a buzzing or whizzing sound; to whiz.
v. t.
• To hurry a long with a whizzing sound.
n.
• A buzzing or whizzing sound produced by rapid or whirling motion; as, the whir of a partridge; the whir of a spinning wheel.
Whirl
v. t.
• To turn round rapidly; to cause to rotate with velocity; to make to revolve.
• To remove or carry quickly with, or as with, a revolving motion; to snatch; to harry.
v. i.
• To be turned round rapidly; to move round with velocity; to revolve or rotate with great speed; to gyrate.
• To move hastily or swiftly.
n.
• A turning with rapidity or velocity; rapid rotation or circumvolution; quick gyration; rapid or confusing motion; as, the whirl of a top; the whirl of a wheel.
• Anything that moves with a whirling motion.
• A revolving hook used in twisting, as the hooked spindle of a rope machine, to which the threads to be twisted are attached.
(Bot. & Zool.) A whorl. See Whorl.
Whirlabout
n.
• Something that whirls or turns about in a rapid manner; a whirligig.
Whirlbat
n.
• Anything moved with a whirl, as preparatory for a blow, or to augment the force of it; — applied by poets to the cestus of ancient boxers.
Whirlbone
n.
(Anat.) The huckle bone.
• The patella, or kneepan.
Whirler
n.
• One who, or that which, whirls.
Whirlicote
n.
• An open car or chariot.
Whirligig
n.
• A child's toy, spun or whirled around like a wheel upon an axis, or like a top.
• Anything which whirls around, or in which persons or things are whirled about, as a frame with seats or wooden horses.
• A mediaeval instrument for punishing petty offenders, being a kind of wooden cage turning on a pivot, in which the offender was whirled round with great velocity.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of beetles belonging to Gyrinus and allied genera. The body is firm, oval or boatlike in form, and usually dark colored with a bronzelike luster. These beetles live mostly on the surface of water, and move about with great celerity in a gyrating, or circular, manner, but they are also able to dive and swim rapidly. The larva is aquatic. Called also weaver, whirlwig, and whirlwig beetle.
Whirling
• a. & n. from Whirl, v. t.
Whirlpit
n.
• A whirlpool.
Whirlpool
n.
• An eddy or vortex of water; a place in a body of water where the water moves round in a circle so as to produce a depression or cavity in the center, into which floating objects may be drawn; any body of water having a more or less circular motion caused by its flowing in an irregular channel, by the coming together of opposing currents, or the like.
• A sea monster of the whale kind.
Whirlwig
n.
(Zool.) A whirligig.
Whirlwind
n.
• A violent windstorm of limited extent, as the tornado, characterized by an inward spiral motion of the air with an upward current in the center; a vortex of air. It usually has a rapid progressive motion.
• Fig.: A body of objects sweeping violently onward.
Whirry
v. i.
• To whir.
Whirtle
n.
(Mech.) A perforated steel die through which wires or tubes are drawn to form them.
Whisk
n.
• A game at cards; whist.
n.
• The act of whisking; a rapid, sweeping motion, as of something light; a sudden motion or quick puff.
• A small bunch of grass, straw, twigs, hair, or the like, used for a brush; hence, a brush or small besom, as of broom corn.
• A small culinary instrument made of wire, or the like, for whisking or beating eggs, cream, etc.
• A kind of cape, forming part of a woman's dress.
• An impertinent fellow.
• A plane used by coopers for evening chines.
v. t.
• To sweep, brush, or agitate, with a light, rapid motion; as, to whisk dust from a table; to whisk the white of eggs into a froth.
• To move with a quick, sweeping motion.
v. i.
• To move nimbly at with velocity; to make a sudden agile movement.
Whisker
n.
• One who, or that which, whisks, or moves with a quick, sweeping motion.
• Formerly, the hair of the upper lip; a mustache; — usually in the plural.
• That part of the beard which grows upon the sides of the face, or upon the chin, or upon both; as, side whiskers; chin whiskers.
• A hair of the beard.
• One of the long, projecting hairs growing at the sides of the mouth of a cat, or other animal.
(Naut.) Iron rods extending on either side of the bowsprit, to spread, or guy out, the stays, etc.
Whiskered
a.
• Formed into whiskers; furnished with whiskers; having or wearing whiskers.
(Zool.) Having elongated hairs, feathers, or bristles on the cheeks.
Whiskerless
a.
• Being without whiskers.
Whisket
n.
• A basket; esp., a straw provender basket.
(Mach.) A small lathe for turning wooden pins.
Whiskey
n.
• Same as Whisky, a liquor.
Whiskin
n.
• A shallow drinking bowl.
Whisking
a.
• Sweeping along lightly.
• Large; great.
Whisp
n.
• See Wisp.
n.
(Zool.) A flock of snipe.
Whisper
v. i.
• To speak softly, or under the breath, so as to be heard only by one near at hand; to utter words without sonant breath; to talk without that vibration in the larynx which gives sonorous, or vocal, sound. See Whisper, n.
• To make a low, sibilant sound or noise.
• To speak with suspicion, or timorous caution; to converse in whispers, as in secret plotting.
v. t.
• To utter in a low and nonvocal tone; to say under the breath; hence, to mention privately and confidentially, or in a whisper.
• To address in a whisper, or low voice.
• To prompt secretly or cautiously; to inform privately.
n.
• A low, soft, sibilant voice or utterance, which can be heard only by those near at hand; voice or utterance that employs only breath sound without tone, friction against the edges of the vocal cords and arytenoid cartilages taking the place of the vibration of the cords that produces tone; sometimes, in a limited sense, the sound produced by such friction as distinguished from breath sound made by friction against parts of the mouth. See Voice, n., 2, and Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 5, 153, 154.
• A cautious or timorous speech.
• Something communicated in secret or by whispering; a suggestion or insinuation.
• A low, sibilant sound.
Whisperer
n.
• One who whispers.
• A tattler; one who tells secrets; a conveyer of intelligence secretly; hence; a backbiter; one who slanders secretly.
Whispering
• a. & n. from Whisper. v. t.
Whisperingly
adv.
• In a whisper, or low voice; in a whispering manner; with whispers.
Whisperously
adv.
• Whisperingly.
Whist
interj.
• Be silent; be still; hush; silence.
n.
• A certain game at cards; — so called because it requires silence and close attention. It is played by four persons (those who sit opposite each other being partners) with a complete pack of fifty-two cards. Each player has thirteen cards, and when these are played out, he hand is finished, and the cards are again shuffled and distributed.
v. t.
• To hush or silence.
v. i.
• To be or become silent or still; to be hushed or mute.
a.
• Not speaking; not making a noise; silent; mute; still; quiet.
Whistle
v. i.
• To make a kind of musical sound, or series of sounds, by forcing the breath through a small orifice formed by contracting the lips; also, to emit a similar sound, or series of notes, from the mouth or beak, as birds.
• To make a shrill sound with a wind or steam instrument, somewhat like that made with the lips; to blow a sharp, shrill tone.
• To sound shrill, or like a pipe; to make a sharp, shrill sound; as, a bullet whistles through the air.
v. t.
• To form, utter, or modulate by whistling; as, to whistle a tune or an air.
• To send, signal, or call by a whistle.
n.
• A sharp, shrill, more or less musical sound, made by forcing the breath through a small orifice of the lips, or through or instrument which gives a similar sound; the sound used by a sportsman in calling his dogs; the shrill note of a bird; as, the sharp whistle of a boy, or of a boatswain's pipe; the blackbird's mellow whistle.
• The shrill sound made by wind passing among trees or through crevices, or that made by bullet, or the like, passing rapidly through the air; the shrill noise (much used as a signal, etc.) made by steam or gas escaping through a small orifice, or impinging against the edge of a metallic bell or cup.
• An instrument in which gas or steam forced into a cavity, or against a thin edge, produces a sound more or less like that made by one who whistles through the compressed lips; as, a child's whistle; a boatswain's whistle; a steam whistle (see Steam whistle, under Steam).
• The mouth and throat; — so called as being the organs of whistling.
Whistlefish
n.
(Zool.) A gossat, or rockling; — called also whistler, three-bearded rockling, sea loach, and sorghe.
Whistler
n.
• One who, or that which, whistles, or produces or a whistling sound.
(Zool.) The ring ousel.
• The widgeon.
• The golden-eye.
• The golden plover and the gray plover.
(Zool.) The hoary, or northern, marmot (Arctomys pruinosus).
(Zool.) The whistlefish.
Whistlewing
n.
(Zool.) The American golden-eye.
Whistlewood
n.
(Bot.) The moosewood, or striped maple. See Maple.
Whistling
• a. & n. from Whistle, v.
Whistlingly
adv.
• In a whistling manner; shrilly.
Whistly
adv.
• In a whist manner; silently.
Whit
n.
• The smallest part or particle imaginable; a bit; a jot; an iota; — generally used in an adverbial phrase in a negative sentence.
White
a.
• Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; — the opposite of black or dark; as, white paper; a white skin.
• Destitute of color, as in the cheeks, or of the tinge of blood color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear.
• Having the color of purity; free from spot or blemish, or from guilt or pollution; innocent; pure.
• Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary.
• Characterized by freedom from that which disturbs, and the like; fortunate; happy; favorable.
• Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling.
n.
• The color of pure snow; one of the natural colors of bodies, yet not strictly a color, but a composition of all colors; the opposite of black; whiteness. See the Note under Color, n., 1.
• Something having the color of snow; something white, or nearly so; as, the white of the eye.
• Specifically, the central part of the butt in archery, which was formerly painted white; the center of a mark at which a missile is shot.
• A person with a white skin; a member of the white, or Caucasian, races of men.
• A white pigment; as, Venice white.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to Pieris, and allied genera in which the color is usually white. See Cabbage butterfly, under Cabbage.
v. t.
• To make white; to whiten; to whitewash; to bleach.
Whiteback
n.
(Zool.) The canvasback.
Whitebait
n.
(Zool.) The young of several species of herrings, especially of the common herring, esteemed a great delicacy by epicures in England.
• A small translucent fish (Salanx Chinensis) abundant at certain seasons on the coasts of China and Japan, and used in the same manner as the European whitebait.
Whitebeam
n.
(Bot.) The common beam tree of England (Pyrus Aria); — so called from the white, woolly under surface of the leaves.
Whitebeard
n.
• An old man; a graybeard.
Whitebelly
n.
(Zool.) The American widgeon, or baldpate.
• The prairie chicken.
Whitebill
n.
(Zool.) The American coot.
Whiteblow
n.
(Bot.) Same as Whitlow grass, under Whitlow.
Whiteboy
n.
• A favorite.
a.
• One of an association of poor Roman catholics which arose in Ireland about 1760, ostensibly to resist the collection of tithes, the members of which were so called from the white shirts they wore in their nocturnal raids.
Whiteboyism
n.
• The conduct or principle of the Whiteboys.
Whitecap
n.
(Zool.) The European redstart; — so called from its white forehead.
• The whitethroat; — so called from its gray head.
• The European tree sparrow.
• A wave whose crest breaks into white foam, as when the wind is freshening.
Whitecoat
n.
• The skin of a newborn seal; also, the seal itself.
Whitefish
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of Coregonus, a genus of excellent food fishes allied to the salmons. They inhabit the lakes of the colder parts of North America, Asia, and Europe. The largest and most important American species (C. clupeiformis) is abundant in the Great Lakes, and in other lakes farther north. Called also lake whitefish, and Oswego bass.
• The menhaden.
• The beluga, or white whale.
Whiteflaw
n.
(Med.) A whitlow.
Whitehead
n.
(Zool.) The blue-winged snow goose.
• The surf scoter.
Whitely
a.
• Like, or coming near to, white.
Whiten
v. i.
• To grow white; to turn or become white or whiter; as, the hair whitens with age; the sea whitens with foam; the trees in spring whiten with blossoms.
v. t.
• To make white; to bleach; to blanch; to whitewash; as, to whiten a wall; to whiten cloth.
Whitener
n.
• One who, or that which, whitens; a bleacher; a blancher; a whitewasher.
Whiteness
n.
• The quality or state of being white; white color, or freedom from darkness or obscurity on the surface.
• Want of a sanguineous tinge; paleness; as from terror, grief, etc.
• Freedom from stain or blemish; purity; cleanness.
• Nakedness.
(Zool.) A flock of swans.
Whitening
n.
• The act or process of making or becoming white.
• That which is used to render white; whiting.
Whiterump
n.
(Zool.) The American black-tailed godwit.
Whites
n. pl.
(Med.) Leucorrha.
• The finest flour made from white wheat.
• Cloth or garments of a plain white color.
Whiteside
n.
(Zool.) The golden-eye.
Whitesmith
n.
• One who works in tinned or galvanized iron, or white iron; a tinsmith.
• A worker in iron who finishes or polishes the work, in distinction from one who forges it.
Whitester
n.
• A bleacher of lines; a whitener; a whitster.
Whitetail
n.
(Zool.) The Virginia deer.
(Zool.) The wheatear.
Whitethorn
n.
(Bot.) The hawthorn.
Whitethroat
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of Old World warblers, esp. the common European species (Sylvia cinerea), called also strawsmear, nettlebird, muff, and whitecap, the garden whitethroat, or golden warbler (S. hortensis), and the lesser whitethroat (S. curruca).
Whitetop
n.
(Bot.) Fiorin.
Whitewall
n.
(Zool.) The spotted flycatcher; — so called from the white color of the under parts.
Whitewash
n.
• Any wash or liquid composition for whitening something, as a wash for making the skin fair.
• A composition of line and water, or of whiting size, and water, or the like, used for whitening walls, ceilings, etc.; milk of lime.
v. t.
• To apply a white liquid composition to; to whiten with whitewash.
• To make white; to give a fair external appearance to; to clear from imputations or disgrace; hence, to clear (a bankrupt) from obligation to pay debts.
Whitewasher
n.
• One who whitewashes.
Whiteweed
n.
(Bot.) A perennial composite herb (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum) with conspicuous white rays and a yellow disk, a common weed in grass lands and pastures; — called also oxeye daisy.
Whitewing
n.
(Zool.) The chaffinch; — so called from the white bands on the wing.
• The velvet duck.
Whitewood
n.
• The soft and easily-worked wood of the tulip tree (Liriodendron). It is much used in cabinetwork, carriage building, etc.
Whitewort
n.
(Bot.) Wild camomile.
• A kind of Solomon's seal (Polygonum officinale).
Whitflaw
n.
• Whitlow.
Whither
adv.
• To what place; — used interrogatively; as, whither goest thou?
• To what or which place; — used relatively.
• To what point, degree, end, conclusion, or design; whereunto; whereto; — used in a sense not physical.
Whithersoever
adv.
• To whatever place; to what place soever; wheresoever; as, I will go whithersoever you lead.
Whitherward
adv.
• In what direction; toward what or which place.
Whitile
n.
(Zool.) The yaffle.
Whiting
n.
(Zool.) A common European food fish (Melangus vulgaris) of the Codfish family; — called also fittin.
• A North American fish (Merlucius vulgaris) allied to the preceding; — called also silver hake.
• Any one of several species of North American marine sciaenoid food fishes belonging to genus Menticirrhus, especially M. Americanus, found from Maryland to Brazil, and M. littoralis, common from Virginia to Texas; — called also silver whiting, and surf whiting.
• Chalk prepared in an impalpable powder by pulverizing and repeated washing, used as a pigment, as an ingredient in putty, for cleaning silver, etc.
Whitish
a.
• Somewhat white; approaching white; white in a moderate degree.
(Bot.) Covered with an opaque white powder.
Whitishness
n.
• The quality or state of being whitish or somewhat white.
Whitleather
n.
• Leather dressed or tawed with alum, salt, etc., remarkable for its pliability and toughness; white leather.
(Anat.) The paxwax. See Paxwax.
Whitling
n.
(Zool.) A young full trout during its second season.
Whitlow
n.
(Med.) An inflammation of the fingers or toes, generally of the last phalanx, terminating usually in suppuration. The inflammation may occupy any seat between the skin and the bone, but is usually applied to a felon or inflammation of the periosteal structures of the bone.
(Far.) An inflammatory disease of the feet. It occurs round the hoof, where an acrid matter is collected.
Whitmonday
n.
(Eccl.) The day following Whitsunday; — called also Whitsun Monday.
Whitneyite
n.
(Min.) an arsenide of copper from Lake Superior.
Whitson
a.
• See Whitsun.
Whitsour
n.
(Bot.) A sort of apple.
Whitster
n.
• A whitener; a bleacher; a whitester.
Whitsun
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or observed at, Whitsuntide; as, Whitsun week; Whitsun Tuesday; Whitsun pastorals.
Whitsunday
n.
(Eccl.) The seventh Sunday, and the fiftieth day, after Easter; a festival of the church in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost; Pentecost; — so called, it is said, because, in the primitive church, those who had been newly baptized appeared at church between Easter and Pentecost in white garments.
(Scots Law) See the Note under Term, n., 12.
Whitsuntide
n.
• The week commencing with Whitsunday, esp. the first three days — Whitsunday, Whitsun Monday, and Whitsun Tuesday; the time of Pentecost.
Whitterick
n.
• The curlew.
Whittle
n.
• A grayish, coarse double blanket worn by countrywomen, in the west of England, over the shoulders, like a cloak or shawl.
• Same as Whittle shawl, below.
n.
• A knife; esp., a pocket, sheath, or clasp knife.
v. t.
• To pare or cut off the surface of with a small knife; to cut or shape, as a piece of wood held in the hand, with a clasp knife or pocketknife.
• To edge; to sharpen; to render eager or excited; esp., to excite with liquor; to inebriate.
v. i.
• To cut or shape a piece of wood with am small knife; to cut up a piece of wood with a knife.
Whittlings
n. pl.
• Chips made by one who whittles; shavings cut from a stick with a knife.
Whittret
n.
(Zool.) A weasel.
Whittuesday
n.
(Eccl.) The day following Whitmonday; — called also Whitsun Tuesday.
Whitwall
n.
(Zool.) Same as Whetile.
Whiz
v. i.
• To make a humming or hissing sound, like an arrow or ball flying through the air; to fly or move swiftly with a sharp hissing or whistling sound.
n.
• A hissing and humming sound.
Whizzingly
adv.
• With a whizzing sound.
Who
pron.
• Originally, an interrogative pronoun, later, a relative pronoun also; — used always substantively, and either as singular or plural. See the Note under What, pron., 1. As interrogative pronouns, who and whom ask the question: What or which person or persons? Who and whom, as relative pronouns (in the sense of that), are properly used of persons (corresponding to which, as applied to things), but are sometimes, less properly and now rarely, used of animals, plants, etc. Who and whom, as compound relatives, are also used especially of persons, meaning the person that; the persons that; the one that; whosoever.
• One; any; one.
Whoa
interj.
• Stop; stand; hold. See Ho, 2.
Whobub
n.
• Hubbub.
Whoever
pron.
• Whatever person; any person who; be or she who; any one who; as, he shall be punished, whoever he may be.
Whole
a.
• Containing the total amount, number, etc.; comprising all the parts; free from deficiency; all; total; entire; as, the whole earth; the whole solar system; the whole army; the whole nation.
• Complete; entire; not defective or imperfect; not broken or fractured; unimpaired; uninjured; integral; as, a whole orange; the egg is whole; the vessel is whole.
• Possessing, or being in a state of, heath and soundness; healthy; sound; well.
n.
• The entire thing; the entire assemblage of parts; totality; all of a thing, without defect or exception; a thing complete in itself.
• A regular combination of parts; a system.
Wholeness
n.
• The quality or state of being whole, entire, or sound; entireness; totality; completeness.
Wholesale
n.
• Sale of goods by the piece or large quantity, as distinguished from retail.
a.
• Pertaining to, or engaged in, trade by the piece or large quantity; selling to retailers or jobbers rather than to consumers; as, a wholesale merchant; the wholesale price.
• Extensive and indiscriminate; as, wholesale slaughter.
Wholesome
a.
• Tending to promote health; favoring health; salubrious; salutary.
• Contributing to the health of the mind; favorable to morals, religion, or prosperity; conducive to good; salutary; sound; as, wholesome advice; wholesome doctrines; wholesome truths; wholesome laws.
• Sound; healthy.
Wholly
adv.
• In a whole or complete manner; entirely; completely; perfectly.
• To the exclusion of other things; totally; fully.
Whom
pron.
• The objective case of who. See Who.
Whomsoever
pron.
• The objective of whosoever. See Whosoever.
Whoobub
n.
• Hubbub.
Whoop
n.
(Zool.) The hoopoe.
v. i.
• To utter a whoop, or loud cry, as eagerness, enthusiasm, or enjoyment; to cry out; to shout; to halloo; to utter a war whoop; to hoot, as an owl.
• To cough or breathe with a sonorous inspiration, as in whooping cough.
v. t.
• To insult with shouts; to chase with derision.
n.
• A shout of pursuit or of war; a very of eagerness, enthusiasm, enjoyment, vengeance, terror, or the like; an halloo; a hoot, or cry, as of an owl.
• A loud, shrill, prolonged sound or sonorous inspiration, as in whooping cough.
Whooper
n.
• One who, or that which, whooops.
Whooping
• a. & n. from Whoop, v. t.
Whoot
v. i.
• To hoot.
Whop
v. t.
• Same as Whap.
n.
• Same as Whap.
Whopper
n.
• One who, or that which, whops.
• Same as Whapper.
Whore
n.
• A woman who practices unlawful sexual commerce with men, especially one who prostitutes her body for hire; a prostitute; a harlot.
v. i.
• To have unlawful sexual intercourse; to practice lewdness.
(Script.) To worship false and impure gods.
v. t.
• To corrupt by lewd intercourse; to make a whore of; to debauch.
Whoredom
n.
• The practice of unlawful intercourse with the other sex; fornication; lewdness.
(Script.) The sin of worshiping idols; idolatry.
Whoremasterly
a.
• Having the character of a whoremaster; lecherous; libidinous.
Whoremonger
n.
• A whoremaster; a lecher; a man who frequents the society of whores.
Whoreson
n.
• A bastard; colloquially, a low, scurvy fellow; — used generally in contempt, or in coarse humor. Also used adjectively.
Whorish
a.
• Resembling a whore in character or conduct; addicted to unlawful pleasures; incontinent; lewd; unchaste.
Whorl
n.
(Bot.) A circle of two or more leaves, flowers, or other organs, about the same part or joint of a stem.
(Zool.) A volution, or turn, of the spire of a univalve shell.
(Spinning) The fly of a spindle.
Whorled
a.
• Furnished with whorls; arranged in the form of a whorl or whorls; verticillate; as, whorled leaves.
Whorler
n.
• A potter's wheel.
Whort
n.
(Bot.) The whortleberry, or bilberry. See Whortleberry (a).
Whortle
n.
(Bot.) The whortleberry, or bilberry.
Whortleberry
n.
(Bot.) In England, the fruit of Vaccinium Myrtillus; also, the plant itself. See Bilberry, 1.
• The fruit of several shrubby plants of the genus Gaylussacia; also, any one of these plants. See Huckleberry.
Whose
pron.
• The possessive case of who or which. See Who, and Which.
Whosesoever
pron.
• The possessive of whosoever. See Whosoever.
Whoso
pron.
• Whosoever.
Whot
a.
• Hot.
Whur
v. i.
• To make a rough, humming sound, like one who pronounces the letter r with too much force; to whir; to birr.
• To snarl or growl, as a dog.
n.
• A humming or whirring sound, like that of a body moving through the air with velocity; a whir.
Whurry
v. t.
• To whisk along quickly; to hurry.
Whurt
n.
(Bot.) See Whort.
Why
adv.
• For what cause, reason, or purpose; on what account; wherefore; — used interrogatively. See the Note under What, pron., 1.
• For which; on account of which; — used relatively.
• The reason or cause for which; that on account of which; on what account; as, I know not why he left town so suddenly; — used as a compound relative.
n.
• A young heifer.
Wich
n.
• A variant of 1st Wick.
Wichitas
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians native of the region between the Arkansas and Red rivers. They are related to the Pawnees. See Pawnees.
Wick
n.
• A bundle of fibers, or a loosely twisted or braided cord, tape, or tube, usually made of soft spun cotton threads, which by capillary attraction draws up a steady supply of the oil in lamps, the melted tallow or wax in candles, or other material used for illumination, in small successive portions, to be burned.
v. i.
(Curling) To strike a stone in an oblique direction.
Wicke
a.
• Wicked.
Wicked
a.
• Having a wick; — used chiefly in composition; as, a two-wicked lamp.
a.
• Evil in principle or practice; deviating from morality; contrary to the moral or divine law; addicted to vice or sin; sinful; immoral; profligate; — said of persons and things; as, a wicked king; a wicked woman; a wicked deed; wicked designs.
• Cursed; baneful; hurtful; bad; pernicious; dangerous.
• Ludicrously or sportively mischievous; disposed to mischief; roguish.
Wickedly
adv.
• In a wicked manner; in a manner, or with motives and designs, contrary to the divine law or the law of morality; viciously; corruptly; immorally.
Wickedness
n.
• The quality or state of being wicked; departure from the rules of the divine or the moral law; evil disposition or practices; immorality; depravity; sinfulness.
• A wicked thing or act; crime; sin; iniquity.
Wicker
n.
• A small pliant twig or osier; a rod for making basketwork and the like; a withe.
• Wickerwork; a piece of wickerwork, esp. a basket.
• Same as 1st Wike.
a.
• Made of, or covered with, twigs or osiers, or wickerwork.
Wickered
a.
• Made of, secured by, or covered with, wickers or wickerwork.
Wickerwork
n.
• A texture of osiers, twigs, or rods; articles made of such a texture.
Wicket
n.
• A small gate or door, especially one forming part of, or placed near, a larger door or gate; a narrow opening or entrance cut in or beside a door or gate, or the door which is used to close such entrance or aperture. Piers Plowman.
• A small gate by which the chamber of canal locks is emptied, or by which the amount of water passing to a water wheel is regulated.
(Cricket) A small framework at which the ball is bowled. It consists of three rods, or stumps, set vertically in the ground, with one or two short rods, called bails, lying horizontally across the top.
• The ground on which the wickets are set.
• A place of shelter made of the boughs of trees, — used by lumbermen, etc.
(Mining) The space between the pillars, in postand-stall working.
Wicking
n.
• the material of which wicks are made; esp., a loosely braided or twisted cord or tape of cotton.
Wicopy
n.
(Bot.) See Leatherwood.
Widdy
n.
• A rope or halter made of flexible twigs, or withes, as of birch.
Wide
a.
• Having considerable distance or extent between the sides; spacious across; much extended in a direction at right angles to that of length; not narrow; broad; as, wide cloth; a wide table; a wide highway; a wide bed; a wide hall or entry.
• Having a great extent every way; extended; spacious; broad; vast; extensive; as, a wide plain; the wide ocean; a wide difference.
• Of large scope; comprehensive; liberal; broad; as, wide views; a wide understanding.
• Of a certain measure between the sides; measuring in a direction at right angles to that of length; as, a table three feet wide.
• Remote; distant; far.
• Far from truth, from propriety, from necessity, or the like.
• On one side or the other of the mark; too far side-wise from the mark, the wicket, the batsman, etc.
(Phon.) Made, as a vowel, with a less tense, and more open and relaxed, condition of the mouth organs; — opposed to primary as used by Mr. Bell, and to narrow as used by Mr. Sweet. The effect, as explained by Mr. Bell, is due to the relaxation or tension of the pharynx; as explained by Mr. Sweet and others, it is due to the action of the tongue. The wide of &emac; (&emac;ve) is &icr; (&icr;ll); of a (ate) is &ecr; (&ecr;nd), etc. See Guide to Pronunciation, § 13-15.
adv.
• To a distance; far; widely; to a great distance or extent; as, his fame was spread wide.
• So as to leave or have a great space between the sides; so as to form a large opening.
• So as to be or strike far from, or on one side of, an object or purpose; aside; astray.
n.
• That which is wide; wide space; width; extent.
• That which goes wide, or to one side of the mark.
Widegap
n.
(Zool.) The angler; — called also widegab, and widegut.
Widely
adv.
• In a wide manner; to a wide degree or extent; far; extensively; as, the gospel was widely disseminated by the apostles.
• Very much; to a great degree or extent; as, to differ widely in opinion.
Widen
v. t.
• To make wide or wider; to extend in breadth; to increase the width of; as, to widen a field; to widen a breach; to widen a stocking.
v. i.
• To grow wide or wider; to enlarge; to spread; to extend.
Wideness
n.
• The quality or state of being wide; breadth; width; great extent from side to side; as, the wideness of a room.
• Large extent in all directions; broadness; greatness; as, the wideness of the sea or ocean.
Widespread
a.
• Spread to a great distance; widely extended; extending far and wide; as, widespread wings; a widespread movement.
Widewhere
adv.
• Widely; far and wide.
Widgeon
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of fresh-water ducks, especially those belonging to the subgenus Mareca, of the genus Anas. The common European widgeon (Anas penelope) and the American widgeon (A. Americana) are the most important species. The latter is called also baldhead, baldpate, baldface, baldcrown, smoking duck, wheat, duck, and whitebelly.
Widish
a.
• Moderately wide.
Widow
n.
• A woman who has lost her husband by death, and has not married again; one living bereaved of a husband.
a.
• Widowed.
v. t.
• To reduce to the condition of a widow; to bereave of a husband; — rarely used except in the past participle.
• To deprive of one who is loved; to strip of anything beloved or highly esteemed; to make desolate or bare; to bereave.
• To endow with a widow's right.
• To become, or survive as, the widow of.
Widower
n.
• A man who has lost his wife by death, and has not married again.
Widowerhood
n.
• The state of being a widower.
Widowhood
n.
• The state of being a widow; the time during which a woman is widow; also, rarely, the state of being a widower.
• Estate settled on a widow.
Widowly
a.
• Becoming or like a widow.
Width
n.
• The quality of being wide; extent from side to side; breadth; wideness; as, the width of cloth; the width of a door.
Widual
a.
• Of or pertaining to a widow; vidual.
Widwe
n.
• A widow.
Wield
v. t.
• To govern; to rule; to keep, or have in charge; also, to possess.
• To direct or regulate by influence or authority; to manage; to control; to sway.
• To use with full command or power, as a thing not too heavy for the holder; to manage; to handle; hence, to use or employ; as, to wield a sword; to wield the scepter.
Wieldable
a.
• Capable of being wielded.
Wieldance
n.
• The act or power of wielding.
Wielder
n.
• One who wields or employs; a manager; a controller.
Wielding
n.
• Power; authority; rule.
Wieldless
a.
• Not to be wielded; unmanageable; unwieldy.
Wieldsome
a.
• Admitting of being easily wielded or managed.
Wieldy
a.
• Capable of being wielded; manageable; wieldable; — opposed to unwieldy.
Wier
n.
• Same as Weir.
Wierangle
n.
(Zool.) Same as Wariangle.
Wiery
a.
• Wet; moist; marshy.
a.
• Wiry.
Wife
n.
• A woman; an adult female; — now used in literature only in certain compounds and phrases, as alewife, fishwife, goodwife, and the like.
• The lawful consort of a man; a woman who is united to a man in wedlock; a woman who has a husband; a married woman; — correlative of husband.
Wifehood
n.
• Womanhood.
• The state of being a wife; the character of a wife.
Wifeless
a.
• Without a wife; unmarried.
Wifelike
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or like, a wife or a woman.
Wifely
a.
• Becoming or life; of or pertaining to a wife.
Wig
n.
• A covering for the head, consisting of hair interwoven or united by a kind of network, either in imitation of the natural growth, or in abundant and flowing curls, worn to supply a deficiency of natural hair, or for ornament, or according to traditional usage, as a part of an official or professional dress, the latter especially in England by judges and barristers.
• An old seal; — so called by fishermen.
v. t.
• To censure or rebuke; to hold up to reprobation; to scold.
Wigan
n.
• A kind of canvaslike cotton fabric, used to stiffen and protect the lower part of trousers and of the skirts of women's dresses, etc.; — so called from Wigan, the name of a town in Lancashire, England.
Wigeon
n.
(Zool.) A widgeon.
Wigged
• , a. Having the head covered with a wig; wearing a wig.
Wiggery
n.
• A wig or wigs; false hair.
• Any cover or screen, as red-tapism.
Wiggle
v. t. & i.
• To move to and fro with a quick, jerking motion; to bend rapidly, or with a wavering motion, from side to side; to wag; to squirm; to wriggle; as, the dog wiggles his tail; the tadpole wiggles in the water.
n.
• Act of wiggling; a wriggle.
Wiggler
n.
(Zool.) The young, either larva or pupa, of the mosquito; — called also wiggletail.
Wigher
v. i.
• To neigh; to whinny.
Wight
n.
• Weight.
n.
• A whit; a bit; a jot.
• A supernatural being.
• A human being; a person, either male or female; — now used chiefly in irony or burlesque, or in humorous language.
a.
• Swift; nimble; agile; strong and active.
Wightly
adv.
• Swiftly; nimbly; quickly.
Wigless
a.
• Having or wearing no wig.
Wigwag
v. i.
(Naut.) To signal by means of a flag waved from side to side according to a code adopted for the purpose.
Wigwam
n.
• An Indian cabin or hut, usually of a conical form, and made of a framework of poles covered with hides, bark, or mats; — called also tepee.
Wike
n.
• A temporary mark or boundary, as a bough of a tree set up in marking out or dividing anything, as tithes, swaths to be mowed in common ground, etc.; — called also wicker.
n.
• A home; a dwelling.
Wikke
a.
• Wicked.
Wild
a.
• Living in a state of nature; inhabiting natural haunts, as the forest or open field; not familiar with, or not easily approached by, man; not tamed or domesticated; as, a wild boar; a wild ox; a wild cat.
• Growing or produced without culture; growing or prepared without the aid and care of man; native; not cultivated; brought forth by unassisted nature or by animals not domesticated; as, wild parsnip, wild camomile, wild strawberry, wild honey.
• Desert; not inhabited or cultivated; as, wild land.
• Savage; uncivilized; not refined by culture; ferocious; rude; as, wild natives of Africa or America.
• Not submitted to restraint, training, or regulation; turbulent; tempestuous; violent; ungoverned; licentious; inordinate; disorderly; irregular; fanciful; imaginary; visionary; crazy.
• Exposed to the wind and sea; unsheltered; as, a wild roadstead.
• Indicating strong emotion, intense excitement, or ewilderment; as, a wild look.
(Naut.) Hard to steer; — said of a vessel.
n.
• An uninhabited and uncultivated tract or region; a forest or desert; a wilderness; a waste; as, the wilds of America; the wilds of Africa.
adv.
• Wildly; as, to talk wild.
Wildebeest
n.
(Zool.) The gnu.
Wilded
a.
• Become wild.
Wilder
v. t.
• To bewilder; to perplex.
Wildering
n.
(Bot.) A plant growing in a state of nature; especially, one which has run wild, or escaped from cultivation.
Wilderment
n.
• The state of being bewildered; confusion; bewilderment.
Wilderness
n.
• A tract of land, or a region, uncultivated and uninhabited by human beings, whether a forest or a wide, barren plain; a wild; a waste; a desert; a pathless waste of any kind.
• A disorderly or neglected place.
• Quality or state of being wild; wildness.
Wildfire
n.
• A composition of inflammable materials, which, kindled, is very hard to quench; Greek fire.
(Med.) An old name for erysipelas.
• A disease of sheep, attended with inflammation of the skin.
• A sort of lightning unaccompanied by thunder.
Wildgrave
n.
• A waldgrave, or head forest keeper. See Waldgrave.
Wilding
n.
(Bot.) A wild or uncultivated plant; especially, a wild apple tree or crab apple; also, the fruit of such a plant.
a.
• Not tame, domesticated, or cultivated; wild.
Wildish
a.
• Somewhat wild; rather wild.
Wildly
adv.
• In a wild manner; without cultivation; with disorder; rudely; distractedly; extravagantly.
Wildness
n.
• The quality or state of being wild; an uncultivated or untamed state; disposition to rove or go unrestrained; rudeness; savageness; irregularity; distraction.
Wildwood
n.
• A wild or unfrequented wood. Also used adjectively; as, wildwood flowers; wildwood echoes.
Wile
n.
• A trick or stratagem practiced for insnaring or deception; a sly, insidious; artifice; a beguilement; an allurement.
v. t.
• To practice artifice upon; to deceive; to beguile; to allure.
• To draw or turn away, as by diversion; to while or while away; to cause to pass pleasantly.
Wileful
a.
• Full of wiles; trickish; deceitful.
Wiliness
n.
• The quality or state of being wily; craftiness; cunning; guile.
Wilk
n.
(Zool.) See Whelk.
Will
n.
• The power of choosing; the faculty or endowment of the soul by which it is capable of choosing; the faculty or power of the mind by which we decide to do or not to do; the power or faculty of preferring or selecting one of two or more objects.
• The choice which is made; a determination or preference which results from the act or exercise of the power of choice; a volition.
• The choice or determination of one who has authority; a decree; a command; discretionary pleasure.
• Strong wish or inclination; desire; purpose.
• That which is strongly wished or desired.
• Arbitrary disposal; power to control, dispose, or determine.
Will
v. t. & auxiliary.
• To wish; to desire; to incline to have.
• As an auxiliary, will is used to denote futurity dependent on the verb. Thus, in first person, "I will" denotes willingness, consent, promise; and when "will" is emphasized, it denotes determination or fixed purpose; as, I will go if you wish; I will go at all hazards. In the second and third persons, the idea of distinct volition, wish, or purpose is evanescent, and simple certainty is appropriately expressed; as, "You will go," or "He will go," describes a future event as a fact only. To emphasize will denotes (according to the tone or context) certain futurity or fixed determination.
v. i.
• To be willing; to be inclined or disposed; to be pleased; to wish; to desire.
v. t.
• To form a distinct volition of; to determine by an act of choice; to ordain; to decree.
• To enjoin or command, as that which is determined by an act of volition; to direct; to order.
• To give or direct the disposal of by testament; to bequeath; to devise; as, to will one's estate to a child; also, to order or direct by testament; as, he willed that his nephew should have his watch.
v. i.
• To exercise an act of volition; to choose; to decide; to determine; to decree.
Willemite
n.
(Min.) A silicate of zinc, usually occurring massive and of a greenish yellow color, also in reddish crystals (troostite) containing manganese.
Willer
n.
• One who wills.
Willet
n.
(Zool.) A large North American snipe (Symphemia semipalmata); — called also pill-willet, will-willet, semipalmated tattler, or snipe, duck snipe, and stone curlew.
Willful
a.
• Of set purpose; self-determined; voluntary; as, willful murder.
• Governed by the will without yielding to reason; obstinate; perverse; inflexible; stubborn; refractory; as, a willful man or horse.
Willier
n.
• One who works at a willying machine.
Willing
a.
• Free to do or to grant; having the mind inclined; not opposed in mind; not choosing to refuse; disposed; not averse; desirous; consenting; complying; ready.
• Received of choice, or without reluctance; submitted to voluntarily; chosen; desired.
• Spontaneous; self-moved.
Willingly
adv.
• In a willing manner; with free will; without reluctance; cheerfully.
Willingness
n.
• The quality or state of being willing; free choice or consent of the will; freedom from reluctance; readiness of the mind to do or forbear.
Willock
n.
(Zool.) The common guillemot.
• The puffin.
Willow
n.
(Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus Salix, including many species, most of which are characterized often used as an emblem of sorrow, desolation, or desertion. "A wreath of willow to show my forsaken plight." Sir W. Scott. Hence, a lover forsaken by, or having lost, the person beloved, is said to wear the willow.
(Textile Manuf.) A machine in which cotton or wool is opened and cleansed by the action of long spikes projecting from a drum which revolves within a box studded with similar spikes; — probably so called from having been originally a cylindrical cage made of willow rods, though some derive the term from winnow, as denoting the winnowing, or cleansing, action of the machine. Called also willy, twilly, twilly devil, and devil.
v. t.
• To open and cleanse, as cotton, flax, or wool, by means of a willow. See Willow, n., 2.
Willowed
a.
• Abounding with willows; containing willows; covered or overgrown with willows.
Willower
n.
• A willow. See Willow, n., 2.
Willowish
a.
• Having the color of the willow; resembling the willow; willowy.
Willowy
a.
• Abounding with willows.
• Resembling a willow; pliant; flexible; pendent; drooping; graceful.
Willsome
a.
• Willful; obstinate.
• Fat; indolent.
• Doubtful; uncertain.
Willy
n.
• A large wicker basket.
(Textile Manuf.) Same as 1st Willow, 2.
Willying
n.
• The process of cleansing wool, cotton, or the like, with a willy, or willow.
Wilne
v. t.
• To wish; to desire.
Wilt
• 2d pers. sing. of Will.
v. i.
• To begin to wither; to lose freshness and become flaccid, as a plant when exposed when exposed to drought, or to great heat in a dry day, or when separated from its root; to droop;. to wither.
v. t.
• To cause to begin to wither; to make flaccid, as a green plant.
• Hence, to cause to languish; to depress or destroy the vigor and energy of.
Wilwe
n.
• Willow.
Wily
a.
• Full of wiles, tricks, or stratagems; using craft or stratagem to accomplish a purpose; mischievously artful; subtle.
Wimble
n.
• An instrument for boring holes, turned by a handle.
• A gimlet.
• A stonecutter's brace for boring holes in stone.
• An auger used for boring in earth.
v. t.
• To bore or pierce, as with a wimble.
a.
• Active; nimble.
Wimbrel
n.
(Zool.) The whimbrel.
Wimple
n.
• A covering of silk, linen, or other material, for the neck and chin, formerly worn by women as an outdoor protection, and still retained in the dress of nuns.
• A flag or streamer.
v. t.
• To clothe with a wimple; to cover, as with a veil; hence, to hoodwink.
• To draw down, as a veil; to lay in folds or plaits, as a veil.
• To cause to appear as if laid in folds or plaits; to cause to ripple or undulate; as, the wind wimples the surface of water.
v. i.
• To lie in folds; also, to appear as if laid in folds or plaits; to ripple; to undulate.
Win
v. t.
• To gain by superiority in competition or contest; to obtain by victory over competitors or rivals; as, to win the prize in a gate; to win money; to win a battle, or to win a country.
• To allure to kindness; to bring to compliance; to gain or obtain, as by solicitation or courtship.
• To gain over to one's side or party; to obtain the favor, friendship, or support of; to render friendly or approving; as, to win an enemy; to win a jury.
• To come to by toil or effort; to reach; to overtake.
(Mining) To extract, as ore or coal.
v. i.
• To gain the victory; to be successful; to triumph; to prevail.
Wince
v. i.
• To shrink, as from a blow, or from pain; to flinch; to start back.
• To kick or flounce when unsteady, or impatient at a rider; as, a horse winces.
n.
• The act of one who winces.
n.
(Dyeing & Calico Printing) A reel used in dyeing, steeping, or washing cloth; a winch. It is placed over the division wall between two wince pits so as to allow the cloth to descend into either compartment. at will.
Wincer
n.
• One who, or that which, winces, shrinks, or kicks.
Wincey
n.
• Linsey-woolsey.
Winch
v. i.
• To wince; to shrink; to kick with impatience or uneasiness.
n.
• A kick, as of a beast, from impatience or uneasiness.
n.
• A crank with a handle, for giving motion to a machine, a grindstone, etc.
• An instrument with which to turn or strain something forcibly.
• An axle or drum turned by a crank with a handle, or by power, for raising weights, as from the hold of a ship, from mines, etc.; a windlass.
• A wince.
Wincing
n.
• The act of washing cloth, dipping it in dye, etc., with a wince.
Wincopipe
n.
(Bot.) A little red flower, no doubt the pimpernel, which, when it opens in the morning, is supposed to bode a fair day. See Pimpernel.
Wind
v. t.
• To turn completely, or with repeated turns; especially, to turn about something fixed; to cause to form convolutions about anything; to coil; to twine; to twist; to wreathe; as, to wind thread on a spool or into a ball.
• To entwist; to infold; to encircle.
• To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's pleasure; to vary or alter or will; to regulate; to govern.
• To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate.
• To cover or surround with something coiled about; as, to wind a rope with twine.
v. i.
• To turn completely or repeatedly; to become coiled about anything; to assume a convolved or spiral form; as, vines wind round a pole.
• To have a circular course or direction; to crook; to bend; to meander; as, to wind in and out among trees.
• To go to the one side or the other; to move this way and that; to double on one's course; as, a hare pursued turns and winds.
n.
• The act of winding or turning; a turn; a bend; a twist; a winding.
n.
• Air naturally in motion with any degree of velocity; a current of air.
• Air artificially put in motion by any force or action; as, the wind of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows.
• Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or by an instrument.
• Power of respiration; breath.
• Air or gas generated in the stomach or bowels; flatulence; as, to be troubled with wind.
• Air impregnated with an odor or scent.
• A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are often called the four winds.
(Far.) A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended with air, or rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
• Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
(Zool.) The dotterel.
v. t.
• To expose to the wind; to winnow; to ventilate.
• To perceive or follow by the scent; to scent; to nose; as, the hounds winded the game.
• To drive hard, or force to violent exertion, as a horse, so as to render scant of wind; to put out of breath.
• To rest, as a horse, in order to allow the breath to be recovered; to breathe.
v. t.
• To blow; to sound by blowing; esp., to sound with prolonged and mutually involved notes.
Windage
n.
(Gun.) The difference between the diameter of the bore of a gun and that of the shot fired from it.
• The sudden compression of the air caused by a projectile in passing close to another body.
Windas
n.
• See 3d Windlass.
Windbore
n.
• The lower, or bottom, pipe in a lift of pumps in a mine.
Windbound
a.
(Naut.) prevented from sailing, by a contrary wind. See Weatherbound.
Winder
n.
• One who, or that which, winds; hence, a creeping or winding plant.
• An apparatus used for winding silk, cotton, etc., on spools, bobbins, reels, or the like.
(Arch.) One in a flight of steps which are curved in plan, so that each tread is broader at one end than at the other; — distinguished from flyer.
v. t. & i.
• To fan; to clean grain with a fan.
n.
• A blow taking away the breath.
v. i.
• To wither; to fail.
Windfall
n.
• Anything blown down or off by the wind, as fruit from a tree, or the tree itself, or a portion of a forest prostrated by a violent wind, etc.
• An unexpected legacy, or other gain.
Windfallen
a.
• Blown down by the wind.
Windflower
n.
(Bot.) The anemone; — so called because formerly supposed to open only when the wind was blowing. See Anemone.
Windgall
n.
(Far.) A soft tumor or synovial swelling on the fetlock joint of a horse; — so called from having formerly been supposed to contain air.
Windhover
n.
(Zool.) The kestrel; — called also windbibber, windcuffer, windfanner.
Windiness
n.
• The quality or state of being windy or tempestuous; as, the windiness of the weather or the season.
• Fullness of wind; flatulence.
• Tendency to generate wind or gas; tendency to produce flatulence; as, the windiness of vegetables.
• Tumor; puffiness.
Winding
n.
(Naut.) A call by the boatswain's whistle.
a.
• Twisting from a direct line or an even surface; circuitous.
n.
• A turn or turning; a bend; a curve; flexure; meander; as, the windings of a road or stream.
• A line- or ribbon-shaped material (as wire, string, or bandaging) wound around an object; as, the windings (conducting wires) wound around the armature of an electric motor or generator.
Windingly
adv.
• In a winding manner.
Windlace
n. & v.
• See Windlass.
Windlass
n.
• A winding and circuitous way; a roundabout course; a shift.
v. i.
• To take a roundabout course; to work warily or by indirect means.
n.
• A machine for raising weights, consisting of a horizontal cylinder or roller moving on its axis, and turned by a crank, lever, or similar means, so as to wind up a rope or chain attached to the weight. In vessels the windlass is often used instead of the capstan for raising the anchor. It is usually set upon the forecastle, and is worked by hand or steam.
• An apparatus resembling a winch or windlass, for bending the bow of an arblast, or crossbow.
v. t. & i.
• To raise with, or as with, a windlass; to use a windlass.
Windle
n.
• A spindle; a kind of reel; a winch.
(Zool.) The redwing.
Windless
a.
• Having no wind; calm.
• Wanting wind; out of breath.
Windmill
n.
• A mill operated by the power of the wind, usually by the action of the wind upon oblique vanes or sails which radiate from a horizontal shaft.
Windore
n.
• A window.
Window
n.
• An opening in the wall of a building for the admission of light and air, usually closed by casements or sashes containing some transparent material, as glass, and capable of being opened and shut at pleasure.
(Arch.) The shutter, casement, sash with its fittings, or other framework, which closes a window opening.
• A figure formed of lines crossing each other.
v. t.
• To furnish with windows.
• To place at or in a window.
Windowed
a.
• Having windows or openings.
Windowless
a.
• Destitute of a window.
Windowpane
n.
(Arch.) See Pane, n., (3) b.
(Zool.) A thin, spotted American turbot (Pleuronectes maculatus) remarkable for its translucency. It is not valued as a food fish. Called also spotted turbot, daylight, spotted sand flounder, and water flounder.
Windowy
a.
• Having little crossings or openings like the sashes of a window.
Windpipe
n.
(Anat.) The passage for the breath from the larynx to the lungs; the trachea; the weasand. See Illust. under Lung.
Windrow
n.
• A row or line of hay raked together for the purpose of being rolled into cocks or heaps.
• Sheaves of grain set up in a row, one against another, that the wind may blow between them.
• The green border of a field, dug up in order to carry the earth on other land to mend it.
v. t.
• To arrange in lines or windrows, as hay when newly made.
Windsor
n.
• A town in Berkshire, England.
Windstorm
n.
• A storm characterized by high wind with little or no rain.
Windtight
a.
• So tight as to prevent the passing through of wind.
Windward
n.
• The point or side from which the wind blows; as, to ply to the windward; — opposed to leeward.
a.
• Situated toward the point from which the wind blows; as, the Windward Islands.
adv.
• Toward the wind; in the direction from which the wind blows.
Windy
a.
• Consisting of wind; accompanied or characterized by wind; exposed to wind.
• Next the wind; windward.
• Tempestuous; boisterous; as, windy weather.
• Serving to occasion wind or gas in the intestines; flatulent; as, windy food.
• Attended or caused by wind, or gas, in the intestines.
• Fig.: Empty; airy.
Wine
n.
• The expressed juice of grapes, esp. when fermented; a beverage or liquor prepared from grapes by squeezing out their juice, and (usually) allowing it to ferment.
• A liquor or beverage prepared from the juice of any fruit or plant by a process similar to that for grape wine; as, currant wine; gooseberry wine; palm wine.
• The effect of drinking wine in excess; intoxication.
Wineberry
n.
(Bot.) The red currant.
• The bilberry.
• A peculiar New Zealand shrub (Coriaria ruscifolia), in which the petals ripen and afford an abundant purple juice from which a kind of wine is made. The plant also grows in Chili.
Winebibber
n.
• One who drinks much wine.
Wineglass
n.
• A small glass from to drink wine.
Wineglassful
• As much as a wineglass will hold; enough to fill a wineglass. It is usually reckoned at two fluid ounces, or four tablespoonfuls.
Wineless
a.
• destitute of wine; as, wineless life.
Winery
n.
• A place where grapes are converted into wine.
Wing
n.
• One of the two anterior limbs of a bird, pterodactyl, or bat. They correspond to the arms of man, and are usually modified for flight, but in the case of a few species of birds, as the ostrich, auk, etc., the wings are used only as an assistance in running or swimming.
• Any similar member or instrument used for the purpose of flying.
(Zool.) One of the two pairs of upper thoracic appendages of most hexapod insects. They are broad, fanlike organs formed of a double membrane and strengthened by chitinous veins or nervures.
• One of the large pectoral fins of the flying fishes.
• Passage by flying; flight; as, to take wing.
• Motive or instrument of flight; means of flight or of rapid motion.
• Anything which agitates the air as a wing does, or which is put in winglike motion by the action of the air, as a fan or vane for winnowing grain, the vane or sail of a windmill, etc.
• An ornament worn on the shoulder; a small epaulet or shoulder knot.
• Any appendage resembling the wing of a bird or insect in shape or appearance.
(Zool.) One of the broad, thin, anterior lobes of the foot of a pteropod, used as an organ in swimming.
(Bot.) Any membranaceous expansion, as that along the sides of certain stems, or of a fruit of the kind called samara.
(Bot.) Either of the two side petals of a papilionaceous flower.
• One of two corresponding appendages attached; a sidepiece.
(Arch.) A side building, less than the main edifice; as, one of the wings of a palace.
(Fort.) The longer side of crownworks, etc., connecting them with the main work.
(Hort.) A side shoot of a tree or plant; a branch growing up by the side of another.
(Mil.) The right or left division of an army, regiment, etc.
(Naut.) That part of the hold or orlop of a vessel which is nearest the sides. In a fleet, one of the extremities when the ships are drawn up in line, or when forming the two sides of a triangle.
• One of the sides of the stags in a theater.
v. t.
• To furnish with wings; to enable to fly, or to move with celerity.
• To supply with wings or sidepieces.
• To transport by flight; to cause to fly.
• To move through in flight; to fly through.
• To cut off the wings of; to wound in the wing; to disable a wing of; as, to wing a bird.
Winged
a.
• Furnished with wings; transported by flying; having winglike expansions.
• Soaring with wings, or as if with wings; hence, elevated; lofty; sublime.
• Swift; rapid.
• Wounded or hurt in the wing.
(Bot.) Furnished with a leaflike appendage, as the fruit of the elm and the ash, or the stem in certain plants; alate.
(Her.) Represented with wings, or having wings, of a different tincture from the body.
• Fanned with wings; swarming with birds.
Winger
n.
(Naut.) One of the casks stowed in the wings of a vessel's hold, being smaller than such as are stowed more amidships.
Wingfish
n.
(Zool.) A sea robin having large, winglike pectoral fins. See Sea robin, under Robin.
Wingless
a.
• Having no wings; not able to ascend or fly.
Winglet
n.
• A little wing; a very small wing.
(Zool.) A bastard wing, or alula.
Wingmanship
n.
• Power or skill in flying.
Wingy
a.
• Having wings; rapid.
• Soaring with wings, or as if with wings; volatile airy.
Wink
v. i.
• To nod; to sleep; to nap.
• To shut the eyes quickly; to close the eyelids with a quick motion.
• To close and open the eyelids quickly; to nictitate; to blink.
• To give a hint by a motion of the eyelids, often those of one eye only.
• To avoid taking notice, as if by shutting the eyes; to connive at anything; to be tolerant; — generally with at.
• To be dim and flicker; as, the light winks.
v. t.
• To cause (the eyes) to wink.
n.
• The act of closing, or closing and opening, the eyelids quickly; hence, the time necessary for such an act; a moment.
• A hint given by shutting the eye with a significant cast.
Winker
n.
• One who winks.
• A horse's blinder; a blinker.
Winkingly
adv.
• In a winking manner; with the eye almost closed.
Winkle
n.
(Zool.) Any periwinkle.
• Any one of various marine spiral gastropods, esp., in the United States, either of two species of Fulgar (F. canaliculata, and F. carica).
Winnebagoes
n.
(Ethnol.) A tribe of North American Indians who originally occupied the region about Green Bay, Lake Michigan, but were driven back from the lake and nearly exterminated in 1640 by the IIlinnois.
Winner
n.
• One who wins, or gains by success in competition, contest, or gaming.
Winnew
v. t.
• To separate, and drive off, the chaff from by means of wind; to fan; as, to winnow grain.
• To sift, as for the purpose of separating falsehood from truth; to separate, as had from good.
• To beat with wings, or as with wings.
Winning
a.
• Attracting; adapted to gain favor; charming; as, a winning address.
n.
• The act of obtaining something, as in a contest or by competition.
• The money, etc., gained by success in competition or contest, esp, in gambling; — usually in the plural.
(Mining) A new opening.
• The portion of a coal field out for working.
Winningly
adv.
• In a winning manner.
Winningness
n.
• The quality or state of being winning.
Winninish
n.
(Zool.) The land-locked variety of the common salmon.
Winnow
v. i.
• To separate chaff from grain.
Winnower
n.
• One who, or that which, winnows; specifically, a winnowing machine.
Winnowing
n.
• The act of one who, or that which, winnows.
Winrow
n.
• A windrow.
Winsing
a.
• Winsome.
Winsome
a.
• Cheerful; merry; gay; light-hearted.
• Causing joy or pleasure; gladsome; pleasant.
Winsomeness
n.
• The characteristic of being winsome; attractiveness of manner.
Winter
n.
• The season of the year in which the sun shines most obliquely upon any region; the coldest season of the year.
• The period of decay, old age, death, or the like.
v. i.
• To pass the winter; to hibernate; as, to winter in Florida.
v. i.
• To keep, feed or manage, during the winter; as, to winter young cattle on straw.
Wintergreen
n.
(Bot.) A plant which keeps its leaves green through the winter.
Winterkill
v. t.
• To kill by the cold, or exposure to the inclemency of winter; as, the wheat was winterkilled.
Winterly
a.
• Like winter; wintry; cold; hence, disagreeable, cheerless; as, winterly news.
Wintertide
n.
• Winter time.
Winterweed
n.
(Bot.) A kind of speedwell (Veronica hederifolia) which spreads chiefly in winter.
Wintery
a.
• Wintry.
Wintry
a.
• Suitable to winter; resembling winter, or what belongs to winter; brumal; hyemal; cold; stormy; wintery.
Winy
a.
• Having the taste or qualities of wine; vinous; as, grapes of a winy taste.
Winze
n.
(Mining.) A small shaft sunk from one level to another, as for the purpose of ventilation.
Wipe
n.
(Zool.) The lapwing.
v. t.
• To rub with something soft for cleaning; to clean or dry by rubbing; as, to wipe the hands or face with a towel.
• To remove by rubbing; to rub off; to obliterate; — usually followed by away, off or out. Also used figuratively.
• To cheat; to defraud; to trick; — usually followed by out.
n.
• Act of rubbing, esp. in order to clean.
• A blow; a stroke; a hit; a swipe.
• A gibe; a jeer; a severe sarcasm.
• A handkerchief.
• Stain; brand.
Wiper
n.
• One who, or that which, wipes.
• Something used for wiping, as a towel or rag.
(Mach.) A piece generally projecting from a rotating or swinging piece, as an axle or rock shaft, for the purpose of raising stampers, lifting rods, or the like, and leaving them to fall by their own weight; a kind of cam.
(Firearms) A rod, or an attachment for a rod, for holding a rag with which to wipe out the bore of the barrel.
Wirble
v. i.
• To whirl; to eddy.
Wirche
v. i. & t.
• To work
Wire
n.
• A thread or slender rod of metal; a metallic substance formed to an even thread by being passed between grooved rollers, or drawn through holes in a plate of steel.
• A telegraph wire or cable; hence, an electric telegraph; as, to send a message by wire.
v. t.
• To bind with wire; to attach with wires; to apply wire to; as, to wire corks in bottling liquors.
• To put upon a wire; as, to wire beads.
• To snare by means of a wire or wires.
• To send (a message) by telegraph.
v. i.
• To pass like a wire; to flow in a wirelike form, or in a tenuous stream.
• To send a telegraphic message.
Wiredraw
v. t.
• To form (a piece of metal) into wire, by drawing it through a hole in a plate of steel.
• Hence, to draw by art or violence.
• Hence, also, to draw or spin out to great length and tenuity; as, to wiredraw an argument.
(Steam Engine) To pass, or to draw off, (as steam) through narrow ports, or the like, thus reducing its pressure or force by friction.
Wirework
n.
• Work, especially openwork, formed of wires.
Wireworm
n.
(Zool.) One of the larvae of various species of snapping beetles, or elaters; — so called from their slenderness and the uncommon hardness of the integument. Wireworms are sometimes very destructive to the roots of plants. Called also wire grub.
• A galleyworm.
Wiriness
n.
• The quality of being wiry.
Wiry
a.
• Made of wire; like wire; drawn out like wire.
• Capable of endurance; tough; sinewy; as, a wiry frame or constitution.
Wis
adv.
• Certainly; really; indeed.
v. t.
• To think; to suppose; to imagine; — used chiefly in the first person sing. present tense, I wis. See the Note under Ywis.
Wisard
n.
• See Wizard.
Wisdom
n.
• The quality of being wise; knowledge, and the capacity to make due use of it; knowledge of the best ends and the best means; discernment and judgment; discretion; sagacity; skill; dexterity.
• The results of wise judgments; scientific or practical truth; acquired knowledge; erudition.
Wise
a.
• Having knowledge; knowing; enlightened; of extensive information; erudite; learned.
• Hence, especially, making due use of knowledge; discerning and judging soundly concerning what is true or false, proper or improper; choosing the best ends and the best means for accomplishing them; sagacious.
• Versed in art or science; skillful; dexterous; specifically, skilled in divination.
• Hence, prudent; calculating; shrewd; wary; subtle; crafty.
• Dictated or guided by wisdom; containing or exhibiting wisdom; well adapted to produce good effects; judicious; discreet; as, a wise saying; a wise scheme or plan; wise conduct or management; a wise determination.
a.
• Way of being or acting; manner; mode; fashion.
Wiseacre
n.
• A learned or wise man.
• One who makes undue pretensions to wisdom; a would-be-wise person; hence, in contempt, a simpleton; a dunce.
Wiseling
n.
• One who pretends to be wise; a wiseacre; a witling.
Wisely
adv.
• In a wise manner; prudently; judiciously; discreetly; with wisdom.
Wiseness
n.
• Wisdom.
Wish
v. i.
• To have a desire or yearning; to long; to hanker.
v. t.
• To desire; to long for; to hanker after; to have a mind or disposition toward.
• To frame or express desires concerning; to invoke in favor of, or against, any one; to attribute, or cal down, in desire; to invoke; to imprecate.
• To recommend; to seek confidence or favor in behalf of.
n.
• Desire; eager desire; longing.
• Expression of desire; request; petition; hence, invocation or imprecation.
• A thing desired; an object of desire.
Wishable
a.
• Capable or worthy of being wished for; desirable.
Wishbone
n.
• The forked bone in front of the breastbone in birds; — called also merrythought, and wishing bone. See Merrythought, and Furculum.
Wishedly
adv.
• According to wish; conformably to desire.
Wisher
n.
• One who wishes or desires; one who expresses a wish.
Wishful
a.
• Having desire, or ardent desire; longing.
• Showing desire; as, wishful eyes.
• Desirable; exciting wishes.
Wishing
• a. & n. from Wish, v. t.
Wishly
adv.
• According to desire; longingly; with wishes.
Wishtonwish
n.
(Zool.) The prairie dog.
Wisket
n.
• A whisket, or basket.
Wisly
adv.
• Certainly.
Wisp
n.
• A small bundle, as of straw or other like substance.
• A whisk, or small broom.
• A Will-o'-the-wisp; an ignis fatuus.
v. t.
• To brush or dress, an with a wisp.
• To rumple.
Wispen
a.
• Formed of a wisp, or of wisp; as, a wispen broom.
Wisse
v. t.
• To show; to teach; to inform; to guide; to direct.
Wist
imp. & p. p.
v.
• Knew.
Wistaria
n.
(Bot.) A genus of climbing leguminous plants bearing long, pendulous clusters of pale bluish flowers.
Wistful
a.
• Longing; wishful; desirous.
• Full of thought; eagerly attentive; meditative; musing; pensive; contemplative.
Wistit
n.
(Zool.) A small South American monkey; a marmoset.
Wistly
adv.
• Attentively; observingly.
Wistonwish
n.
(Zool.) See Wishtonwish.
Wit
v. t. & i.
• To know; to learn.
n.
• Mind; intellect; understanding; sense.
• A mental faculty, or power of the mind; — used in this sense chiefly in the plural, and in certain phrases; as, to lose one's wits; at one's wits' end, and the like.
• Felicitous association of objects not usually connected, so as to produce a pleasant surprise; also. the power of readily combining objects in such a manner.
• A person of eminent sense or knowledge; a man of genius, fancy, or humor; one distinguished for bright or amusing sayings, for repartee, and the like.
Witch
n.
• A cone of paper which is placed in a vessel of lard or other fat, and used as a taper.
n.
• One who practices the black art, or magic; one regarded as possessing supernatural or magical power by compact with an evil spirit, esp. with the Devil; a sorcerer or sorceress; — now applied chiefly or only to women, but formerly used of men as well.
• An ugly old woman; a hag.
• One who exercises more than common power of attraction; a charming or bewitching person; also, one given to mischief; — said especially of a woman or child.
(Geom.) A certain curve of the third order, described by Maria Agnesi under the name versiera.
(Zool.) The stormy petrel.
v. t.
• To bewitch; to fascinate; to enchant.
Witchcraft
n.
• The practices or art of witches; sorcery; enchantments; intercourse with evil spirits.
• Power more than natural; irresistible influence.
Witchery
n
• Sorcery; enchantment; witchcraft.
• Fascination; irresistible influence; enchantment.
Witching
a.
• That witches or enchants; suited to enchantment or witchcraft; bewitching.
Witchuck
n.
(Zool.) The sand martin, or bank swallow.
Witcraft
n.
• Art or skill of the mind; contrivance; invention; wit.
• The art of reasoning; logic.
Wite
v. t.
• To reproach; to blame; to censure; also, to impute as blame.
n.
• Blame; reproach.
Witeless
a.
• Blameless.
Witen
• pl. pres. of Wit.
Witenagemote
n.
(AS. Hist.) A meeting of wise men; the national council, or legislature, of England in the days of the Anglo-Saxons, before the Norman Conquest.
Witfish
n.
(Zool.) The ladyfish (a).
Witful
a.
• Wise; sensible.
With
n.
• See Withe.
prep.
• With denotes or expresses some situation or relation of nearness, proximity, association, connection, or the like.
• To denote a close or direct relation of opposition or hostility; — equivalent to against.
• To denote association in respect of situation or environment; hence, among; in the company of.
• To denote a connection of friendship, support, alliance, assistance, countenance, etc.; hence, on the side of.
• To denote the accomplishment of cause, means, instrument, etc; — sometimes equivalent to by.
• To denote association in thought, as for comparison or contrast.
• To denote simultaneous happening, or immediate succession or consequence.
• To denote having as a possession or an appendage; as, the firmament with its stars; a bride with a large fortune.
Withal
adv.
• With this; with that.
• Together with this; likewise; at the same time; in addition; also.
prep.
• With; — put after its object, at the end of sentence or clause in which it stands.
Withdraw
v. t.
• To take back or away, as what has been bestowed or enjoyed; to draw back; to cause to move away or retire; as, to withdraw aid, favor, capital, or the like.
• To take back; to recall or retract; as, to withdraw false charges.
v. i.
• To retire; to retreat; to quit a company or place; to go away; as, he withdrew from the company. "When the sea withdrew." King Horn.
Withdrawal
n.
• The act of withdrawing; withdrawment; retreat; retraction.
Withdrawer
n.
• One who withdraws; one who takes back, or retracts.
Withdrawment
n.
• The act of withdrawing; withdrawal.
Withe
n.
• A flexible, slender twig or branch used as a band; a willow or osier twig; a withy.
• A band consisting of a twig twisted.
(Naut.) An iron attachment on one end of a mast or boom, with a ring, through which another mast or boom is rigged out and secured; a wythe.
(Arch.) A partition between flues in a chimney.
v. t.
• To bind or fasten with withes.
Wither
v. i.
• To fade; to lose freshness; to become sapless; to become sapless; to dry or shrivel up.
• To lose or want animal moisture; to waste; to pin away, as animal bodies.
• To lose vigor or power; to languish; to pass away.
v. t.
• To cause to fade, and become dry.
• To cause to shrink, wrinkle, or decay, for want of animal moisture.
• To cause to languish, perish, or pass away; to blight; as, a reputation withered by calumny.
Witherband
n.
(Far.) A piece of iron in a saddle near a horse's withers, to strengthen the bow.
Withered
a.
• Faded; dried up; shriveled; wilted; wasted; wasted away.
Withering
a.
• Tending to wither; causing to shrink or fade.
Witherite
n.
(Min.) Barium carbonate occurring in white or gray six-sided twin crystals, and also in columnar or granular masses.
Witherling
n.
• A withered person; one who is decrepit.
Withernam
n.
(Law) A second or reciprocal distress of other goods in lieu of goods which were taken by a first distress and have been eloigned; a taking by way of reprisal; — chiefly used in the expression capias in withernam, which is the name of a writ used in connection with the action of replevin (sometimes called a writ of reprisal), which issues to a defendant in replevin when he has obtained judgment for a return of the chattels replevied, and fails to obtain them on the writ of return.
Withers
n. pl.
• The ridge between the shoulder bones of a horse, at the base of the neck. See Illust. of Horse.
Withhold
v. t.
• To hold back; to restrain; to keep from action.
• To retain; to keep back; not to grant; as, to withhold assent to a proposition.
• To keep; to maintain; to retain.
Withholder
n.
• One who withholds.
Withholdment
n.
• The act of withholding.
Within
prep.
• In the inner or interior part of; inside of; not without; as, within doors.
• In the limits or compass of; not further in length than; as, within five miles; not longer in time than; as, within an hour; not exceeding in quantity; as, expenses kept within one's income.
• Hence, inside the limits, reach, or influence of; not going outside of; not beyond, overstepping, exceeding, or the like.
adv.
• In the inner part; inwardly; internally.
• In the house; in doors; as, the master is within.
Withinforth
adv.
• Within; inside; inwardly.
Withinside
adv.
• In the inner parts; inside.
Without
prep.
• On or at the outside of; out of; not within; as, without doors.
• Out of the limits of; out of reach of; beyond.
• Not with; otherwise than with; in absence of, separation from, or destitution of; not with use or employment of; independently of; exclusively of; with omission; as, without labor; without damage.
conj.
• Unless; except; — introducing a clause.
adv.
• On or art the outside; not on the inside; not within; outwardly; externally.
• Outside of the house; out of doors.
Withouten
prep.
• Without.
Withoutforth
adv.
• Without; outside' outwardly. Cf. Withinforth.
Withsay
v. t.
• To contradict; to gainsay; to deny; to renounce.
Withset
v. t.
• To set against; to oppose.
Withstand
v. t.
• To stand against; to oppose; to resist, either with physical or moral force; as, to withstand an attack of troops; to withstand eloquence or arguments.
Withstander
n.
• One who withstands, or opposes; an opponent; a resisting power.
Withstood
imp. & p. p.
• o Withstand.
Withvine
n.
(Bot.) Quitch grass.
Withwind
n.
(Bot.) A kind of bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis).
Withwine
n.
(Bot.) Same as Withvine.
Withy
n.
(Bot.) The osier willow (Salix viminalis). See Osier, n. (a).
• A withe. See Withe, 1.
a.
• Made of withes; like a withe; flexible and tough; also, abounding in withes.
Witily
adv.
• In a witty manner; wisely; ingeniously; artfully; with it; with a delicate turn or phrase, or with an ingenious association of ideas.
Witing
n.
• Knowledge.
Witless
a.
• Destitute of wit or understanding; wanting thought; hence, indiscreet; not under the guidance of judgment.
Witling
n.
• A person who has little wit or understanding; a pretender to wit or smartness.
Witness
n.
• Attestation of a fact or an event; testimony.
• That which furnishes evidence or proof.
• One who is cognizant; a person who beholds, or otherwise has personal knowledge of, anything; as, an eyewitness; an earwitness.
(Law) One who testifies in a cause, or gives evidence before a judicial tribunal; as, the witness in court agreed in all essential facts.
• One who sees the execution of an instrument, and subscribes it for the purpose of confirming its authenticity by his testimony; one who witnesses a will, a deed, a marriage, or the like.
v. t.
• To see or know by personal presence; to have direct cognizance of.
• To give testimony to; to testify to; to attest.
(Law) To see the execution of, as an instrument, and subscribe it for the purpose of establishing its authenticity; as, to witness a bond or a deed.
v. i.
• To bear testimony; to give evidence; to testify.
Witnesser
n.
• One who witness.
Witted
a.
• Having (such) a wit or understanding; as, a quick-witted boy.
Witticaster
n.
• A witling.
Witticism
n.
• A witty saying; a sentence or phrase which is affectedly witty; an attempt at wit; a conceit.
Wittified
a.
• Possessed of wit; witty.
Wittiness
n.
• The quality of being witty.
Wittingly
adv.
• Knowingly; with knowledge; by design.
Wittol
n.
(Zool.) The wheatear.
• A man who knows his wife's infidelity and submits to it; a tame cuckold; — so called because the cuckoo lays its eggs in the wittol's nest.
Wittolly
a.
• Like a wittol; cuckoldly.
Witts
n.
(Mining) Tin ore freed from earthy matter by stamping.
Witty
a.
• Possessed of wit; knowing; wise; skillful; judicious; clever; cunning.
• Especially, possessing wit or humor; good at repartee; droll; facetious; sometimes, sarcastic; as, a witty remark, poem, and the like.
Witworm
n.
• One who, or that which, feeds on or destroys wit.
Wive
v. i.
• To marry, as a man; to take a wife.
v. t.
• To match to a wife; to provide with a wife.
• To take for a wife; to marry.
Wivehood
n.
• Wifehood.
Wiveless
a.
• Wifeless.
Wively
a.
• Wifely.
Wives
n.
• , pl of Wife.
Wizard
n.
• A wise man; a sage.
• One devoted to the black art; a magician; a conjurer; a sorcerer; an enchanter.
a.
• Enchanting; charming.
• Haunted by wizards.
Wizardly
a.
• Resembling or becoming a wizard; wizardlike; weird.
Wizardry
n.
• The character or practices o wizards; sorcery; magic.
Wizen
v. i.
• To wither; to dry.
a.
• Wizened; thin; weazen; withered.
n.
• The weasand.
Wizened
a.
• Dried; shriveled; withered; shrunken; weazen; as, a wizened old man.
Wlatsome
a.
• Loathsome; disgusting; hateful.
Wo
n. & a.
• See Woe.
Woad
n.
(Bot.) An herbaceous cruciferous plant (Isatis tinctoria). It was formerly cultivated for the blue coloring matter derived from its leaves.
• A blue dyestuff, or coloring matter, consisting of the powdered and fermented leaves of the Isatis tinctoria. It is now superseded by indigo, but is somewhat used with indigo as a ferment in dyeing.
Woaded
a.
• Colored or stained with woad.
Woald
n.
• See Weld.
Wobble
v. i.
• See Wabble.
Wode
a.
• Mad. See Wood, a.
n.
• Wood.
Wodegeld
n.
(O. Eng. Law) A geld, or payment, for wood.
Woden
n.
(Northern Myth.) A deity corresponding to Odin, the supreme deity of the Scandinavians. Wednesday is named for him. See Odin.
Woe
n.
• Grief; sorrow; misery; heavy calamity.
• A curse; a malediction.
a.
• Woeful; sorrowful.
Woesome
a.
• Woeful.
Woke
imp. & p. p.
• Wake.
Wol
v. t. & i.
• See 2d Will.
Wold
n.
• A wood; a forest.
• A plain, or low hill; a country without wood, whether hilly or not.
n.
• See Weld.
Wolde
• imp. of Will. See Would.
Wolf
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of wild and savage carnivores belonging to the genus Canis and closely allied to the common dog. The best-known and most destructive species are the European wolf (Canis lupus), the American gray, or timber, wolf (C. occidentalis), and the prairie wolf, or coyote. Wolves often hunt in packs, and may thus attack large animals and even man.
(Zool.) One of the destructive, and usually hairy, larvae of several species of beetles and grain moths; as, the bee wolf.
• Fig.: Any very ravenous, rapacious, or destructive person or thing; especially, want; starvation; as, they toiled hard to keep the wolf from the door.
• A white worm, or maggot, which infests granaries.
• An eating ulcer or sore. Cf. Lupus.
(Mus.) The harsh, howling sound of some of the chords on an organ or piano tuned by unequal temperament.
• In bowed instruments, a harshness due to defective vibration in certain notes of the scale.
(Textile Manuf.) A willying machine.
Wolfberry
n.
(Bot.) An American shrub (Symphoricarpus occidentalis) which bears soft white berries.
Wolffian
a
(Anat.) Discovered, or first described, by Caspar Friedrich Wolff (1733-1794), the founder of modern embryology.
Wolfish
a.
• Like a wolf; having the qualities or form of a wolf; as, a wolfish visage; wolfish designs.
Wolfkin
n.
• A little or young wolf.
Wolfling
n.
• A young wolf.
Wolfram
n.
(Min.) Same as Wolframite.
Wolframate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of wolframic acid; a tungstate.
Wolframic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to wolframium. See Tungstic.
Wolframite
n.
(Min.) Tungstate of iron and manganese, generally of a brownish or grayish black color, submetallic luster, and high specific gravity. It occurs in cleavable masses, and also crystallized. Called also wolfram.
Wolframium
n.
(Chem.) The technical name of the element tungsten. See Tungsten.
Wolfsbane
n.
(Bot.) A poisonous plant (Aconitum Lycoctonum), a kind of monkshood; also, by extension, any plant or species of the genus Aconitum. See Aconite.
Woll
v. t. & i.
• See 2d Will.
Wollastonite
n.
(Min.) A silicate of lime of a white to gray, red, or yellow color, occurring generally in cleavable masses, rarely in tabular crystals; tabular spar.
Wolle
n.
• Wool.
Wolves
n.
• pl. of Wolf.
Wolvish
a.
• Wolfish.
Woman
n.
• An adult female person; a grown-up female person, as distinguished from a man or a child; sometimes, any female person.
• The female part of the human race; womankind.
• A female attendant or servant.
v. t.
• To act the part of a woman in; — with indefinite it.
• To make effeminate or womanish.
• To furnish with, or unite to, a woman.
Womanhood
n.
• The state of being a woman; the distinguishing character or qualities of a woman, or of womankind.
• Women, collectively; womankind.
Womanish
a.
• Suitable to a woman, having the qualities of a woman; effeminate; not becoming a man; — usually in a reproachful sense. See the Note under Effeminate.
Womanize
v. t.
• To make like a woman; to make effeminate.
Womankind
n.
• The females of the human race; women, collectively.
Womanless
a.
• Without a woman or women.
Womanlike
a.
• Like a woman; womanly.
Womanliness
n.
• The quality or state of being womanly.
Womanly
a.
• Becoming a woman; feminine; as, womanly behavior.
adv.
• In the manner of a woman; with the grace, tenderness, or affection of a woman.
Womb
n.
• The belly; the abdomen.
(Anat.) The uterus. See Uterus.
• The place where anything is generated or produced.
• Any cavity containing and enveloping anything.
v. t.
• To inclose in a womb, or as in a womb; to breed or hold in secret.
Wombat
n.
(Zool.) Any one of three species of Australian burrowing marsupials of the genus Phascolomys, especially the common species (P. ursinus). They are nocturnal in their habits, and feed mostly on roots.
Womby
a.
• Capacious.
Women
n.
• pl. of Woman.
Won't
• A colloquial contraction of woll not. Will not. See Will.
Won
• imp. & p. p. of Win.
v. i.
• To dwell or abide.
n.
• Dwelling; wone.
Wonder
n.
• That emotion which is excited by novelty, or the presentation to the sight or mind of something new, unusual, strange, great, extraordinary, or not well understood; surprise; astonishment; admiration; amazement.
• A cause of wonder; that which excites surprise; a strange thing; a prodigy; a miracle.
v. i.
• To be affected with surprise or admiration; to be struck with astonishment; to be amazed; to marvel.
• To feel doubt and curiosity; to wait with uncertain expectation; to query in the mind; as, he wondered why they came.
a.
• Wonderful.
adv.
• Wonderfully.
Wondered
a.
• Having performed wonders; able to perform wonderful things.
Wonderer
n.
• One who wonders.
Wonderful
a.
• Adapted to excite wonder or admiration; surprising; strange; astonishing.
Wonderingly
adv.
• In a wondering manner.
Wonderland
n.
• A land full of wonders, or marvels.
Wonderly
adv.
• Wonderfully; wondrously.
Wonderment
n.
• Surprise; astonishment; a wonderful appearance; a wonder.
Wonderous
a.
• Same as Wondrous.
Wonders
adv.
• See Wondrous.
Wonderstruck
a.
• Struck with wonder, admiration, or surprise.
Wonderwork
n.
• A wonderful work or act; a prodigy; a miracle.
Wondrous
adv.
• In a wonderful or surprising manner or degree; wonderfully.
a.
• Wonderful; astonishing; admirable; marvelous; such as excite surprise and astonishment; strange.
Wone
v. i.
• To dwell; to abide.
n.
• Dwelling; habitation; abode.
• Custom; habit; wont; use; usage.
Wong
n.
• A field.
Wonger
n.
• See Wanger.
Woning
n.
• Dwelling.
Wont
a.
• Using or doing customarily; accustomed; habituated; used.
n.
• Custom; habit; use; usage.
v. i.
• To be accustomed or habituated; to be used.
v. t.
• To accustom; — used reflexively.
Wonted
a.
• Accustomed; customary; usual.
Wontedness
n.
• The quality or state of being accustomed.
Wontless
a.
• Unaccustomed.
Woo
v. t.
• To solicit in love; to court.
• To court solicitously; to invite with importunity.
v. i.
• To court; to make love.
Wood
a.
• Mad; insane; possessed; rabid; furious; frantic.
v. i.
• To grow mad; to act like a madman; to mad.
n.
• A large and thick collection of trees; a forest or grove; — frequently used in the plural.
• The substance of trees and the like; the hard fibrous substance which composes the body of a tree and its branches, and which is covered by the bark; timber.
(Bot.) The fibrous material which makes up the greater part of the stems and branches of trees and shrubby plants, and is found to a less extent in herbaceous stems. It consists of elongated tubular or needle-shaped cells of various kinds, usually interwoven with the shinning bands called silver grain.
• Trees cut or sawed for the fire or other uses.
v. t.
• To supply with wood, or get supplies of wood for; as, to wood a steamboat or a locomotive.
v. i.
• To take or get a supply of wood.
Woodbind
n.
• Woodbine.
Woodbine
n.
(Bot.) A climbing plant having flowers of great fragrance (Lonicera Periclymenum); the honeysuckle.
• The Virginia creeper. See Virginia creeper, under Virginia.
Woodchat
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of Asiatic singing birds belonging to the genera Ianthia and Larvivora. They are closely allied to the European robin. The males are usually bright blue above, and more or less red or rufous beneath.
• A European shrike (Enneoctonus rufus). In the male the head and nape are rufous red; the back, wings, and tail are black, varied with white.
Woodchuck
n.
(Zool.) A common large North American marmot (Arctomys monax). It is usually reddish brown, more or less grizzled with gray. It makes extensive burrows, and is often injurious to growing crops. Called also ground hog.
(Zool.) The yaffle, or green woodpecker.
Woodcock
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of long-billed limicoline birds belonging to the genera Scolopax and Philohela. They are mostly nocturnal in their habits, and are highly esteemed as game birds.
• Fig.: A simpleton.
Woodcracker
n.
(Zool.) The nuthatch.
Woodcraft
n.
• Skill and practice in anything pertaining to the woods, especially in shooting, and other sports in the woods.
Woodcut
n.
• An engraving on wood; also, a print from it. Same as Wood cut, under Wood.
Woodcutter
n.
• A person who cuts wood.
• An engraver on wood.
Woodcutting
n.
• The act or employment of cutting wood or timber.
• The act or art of engraving on wood.
Wooded
a.
• Supplied or covered with wood, or trees; as, land wooded and watered.
Wooden
a.
• Made or consisting of wood; pertaining to, or resembling, wood; as, a wooden box; a wooden leg; a wooden wedding.
• Clumsy; awkward; ungainly; stiff; spiritless.
Woodenly
adv.
• Clumsily; stupidly; blockishly.
Woodenness
n.
• Quality of being wooden; clumsiness; stupidity; blockishness.
Woodhole
n.
• A place where wood is stored.
Woodhouse
n.
• A house or shed in which wood is stored, and sheltered from the weather.
Woodiness
n.
• The quality or state of being woody.
Woodknacker
n.
(Zool.) The yaffle.
Woodland
n.
• Land covered with wood or trees; forest; land on which trees are suffered to grow, either for fuel or timber.
a.
• Of or pertaining to woods or woodland; living in the forest; sylvan.
Woodlander
n.
• A dweller in a woodland.
Woodless
a.
• Having no wood; destitute of wood.
Woodly
adv.
• In a wood, mad, or raving manner; madly; furiously.
Woodman
n.
• A forest officer appointed to take care of the king's woods; a forester.
• A sportsman; a hunter.
• One who cuts down trees; a woodcutter.
• One who dwells in the woods or forest; a bushman.
Woodmeil
n.
• See Wadmol.
Woodmonger
n.
• A wood seller.
Woodness
n.
• Anger; madness; insanity; rage.
Woodnewer
n.
(Zool.) A woodpecker.
Woodpeck
n.
(Zool.) A woodpecker.
Woodpecker
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of scansorial birds belonging to Picus and many allied genera of the family Picidae.
Woodrock
n.
(Min.) A compact woodlike variety of asbestus.
Woodsman
n.
• A woodman; especially, one who lives in the forest.
Woodstone
n.
(Min.) A striped variety of hornstone, resembling wood in appearance.
Woodsy
a.
• Of or pertaining to the woods or forest.
Woodwall
n.
(Zool.) The yaffle.
Woodward
n.
(Eng. Forest Law) An officer of the forest, whose duty it was to guard the woods.
Woodwardia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of ferns, one species of which (Woodwardia radicans) is a showy plant in California, the Azores, etc.
Woodwork
n.
• Work made of wood; that part of any structure which is wrought of wood.
Woodworm
n.
(Zool.) See Wood worm, under Wood.
Woody
a.
• Abounding with wood or woods; as, woody land.
• Consisting of, or containing, wood or woody fiber; ligneous; as, the woody parts of plants.
• Of or pertaining to woods; sylvan.
Wooer
n.
• One who wooes; one who courts or solicits in love; a suitor.
Woof
n.
• The threads that cross the warp in a woven fabric; the weft; the filling; the thread usually carried by the shuttle in weaving.
• Texture; cloth; as, a pall of softest woof.
Woofell
n.
(Zool.) The European blackbird.
Woofy
a.
• Having a close texture; dense; as, a woofy cloud.
Woohoo
n.
(Zool.) The sailfish.
Wooingly
adv.
• In a wooing manner; enticingly; with persuasiveness.
Wook
imp.
• Woke.
Wool
n.
• The soft and curled, or crisped, species of hair which grows on sheep and some other animals, and which in fineness sometimes approaches to fur; — chiefly applied to the fleecy coat of the sheep, which constitutes a most essential material of clothing in all cold and temperate climates.
• Short, thick hair, especially when crisped or curled.
(Bot.) A sort of pubescence, or a clothing of dense, curling hairs on the surface of certain plants.
Woold
v. t.
(Naut.) To wind, or wrap; especially, to wind a rope round, as a mast or yard made of two or more pieces, at the place where it has been fished or scarfed, in order to strengthen it.
Woolder
n.
(Naut.) A stick used to tighten the rope in woolding.
(Rope Making) One of the handles of the top, formed by a wooden pin passing through it. See 1st Top, 2.
Woolding
n.
(Naut.) The act of winding or wrapping anything with a rope, as a mast.
• A rope used for binding masts and spars.
Wooled
a.
• Having (such) wool; as, a fine-wooled sheep.
Woolen
a.
• Made of wool; consisting of wool; as, woolen goods.
• Of or pertaining to wool or woolen cloths; as, woolen manufactures; a woolen mill; a woolen draper.
n.
• Cloth made of wool; woollen goods.
Woolenet
n.
• A thin, light fabric of wool.
Woolert
n.
(Zool.) The barn owl.
Woolfell
n.
• A skin with the wool; a skin from which the wool has not been sheared or pulled.
Woolgathering
a.
• Indulging in a vagrant or idle exercise of the imagination; roaming upon a fruitless quest; idly fanciful.
n.
• Indulgence in idle imagination; a foolish or useless pursuit or design.
Woolgrower
n.
• One who raises sheep for the production of wool.
Woolhead
n.
(Zool.) The buffel duck.
Woolliness
n.
• The quality or state of being woolly.
Woolly
a.
• Consisting of wool; as, a woolly covering; a woolly fleece.
• Resembling wool; of the nature of wool.
• Clothed with wool.
(Bot.) Clothed with a fine, curly pubescence resembling wool.
Woolman
n.
• One who deals in wool.
Woolpack
n.
• A pack or bag of wool weighing two hundred and forty pounds.
Woolsack
n.
• A sack or bag of wool; specifically, the seat of the lord chancellor of England in the House of Lords, being a large, square sack of wool resembling a divan in form.
Woolsey
n.
• Linsey-woolsey.
Woolstock
n.
• A heavy wooden hammer for milling cloth.
Woolward
adv.
• In wool; with woolen raiment next the skin.
Woon
n.
• Dwelling. See Wone.
Woorali
n.
• Same as Curare.
Woosy
a.
• Oozy; wet.
Wootz
n.
• A species of steel imported from the East Indies, valued for making edge tools; Indian steel. It has in combination a minute portion of alumina and silica.
Wooyen
n.
(Zool.) See Yuen.
Wopen
p. p.
• Wept.
Worble
n.
(Zool.) See Wormil.
Word
n.
• The spoken sign of a conception or an idea; an articulate or vocal sound, or a combination of articulate and vocal sounds, uttered by the human voice, and by custom expressing an idea or ideas; a single component part of human speech or language; a constituent part of a sentence; a term; a vocable.
• Hence, the written or printed character, or combination of characters, expressing such a term; as, the words on a page.
• Talk; discourse; speech; language.
• Account; tidings; message; communication; information; — used only in the singular.
• Signal; order; command; direction.
• Language considered as implying the faith or authority of the person who utters it; statement; affirmation; declaration; promise.
• Verbal contention; dispute.
• A brief remark or observation; an expression; a phrase, clause, or short sentence.
v. i.
• To use words, as in discussion; to argue; to dispute.
v. t.
• To express in words; to phrase.
• To ply with words; also, to cause to be by the use of a word or words.
• To flatter with words; to cajole.
Wordbook
n.
• A collection of words; a vocabulary; a dictionary; a lexicon.
Worder
n.
• A speaker.
Wordily
adv.
• In a wordy manner.
Wordiness
n.
• The quality or state of being wordy, or abounding with words; verboseness.
Wording
n.
• The act or manner of expressing in words; style of expression; phrasing.
Wordish
a.
• Respecting words; full of words; wordy.
Wordle
n.
• One of several pivoted pieces forming the throat of an adjustable die used in drawing wire, lead pipe, etc.
Wordless
a.
• Not using words; not speaking; silent; speechless.
Wordsman
n.
• One who deals in words, or in mere words; a verbalist.
Wordy
a.
• Of or pertaining to words; consisting of words; verbal; as, a wordy war.
• Using many words; verbose; as, a wordy speaker.
• Containing many words; full of words.
Wore
• imp. of Wear.
• imp. of Ware.
Work
n.
• Exertion of strength or faculties; physical or intellectual effort directed to an end; industrial activity; toil; employment; sometimes, specifically, physically labor.
• The matter on which one is at work; that upon which one spends labor; material for working upon; subject of exertion; the thing occupying one; business; duty; as, to take up one's work; to drop one's work.
• That which is produced as the result of labor; anything accomplished by exertion or toil; product; performance; fabric; manufacture; in a more general sense, act, deed, service, effect, result, achievement, feat.
• Specifically: (a) That which is produced by mental labor; a composition; a book; as, a work, or the works, of Addison. (b) Flowers, figures, or the like, wrought with the needle; embroidery.
• Structures in civil, military, or naval engineering, as docks, bridges, embankments, trenches, fortifications, and the like; also, the structures and grounds of a manufacturing establishment; as, iron works; locomotive works; gas works.
• The moving parts of a mechanism; as, the works of a watch.
• Manner of working; management; treatment; as, unskillful work spoiled the effect.
(Mech.) The causing of motion against a resisting force. The amount of work is proportioned to, and is measured by, the product of the force into the amount of motion along the direction of the force. See Conservation of energy, under Conservation, Unit of work, under Unit, also Foot pound, Horse power, Poundal, and Erg.
(Mining) Ore before it is dressed.
(Script.) Performance of moral duties; righteous conduct.
v. i.
• To exert one's self for a purpose; to put forth effort for the attainment of an object; to labor; to be engaged in the performance of a task, a duty, or the like.
• Hence, in a general sense, to operate; to act; to perform; as, a machine works well.
• Hence, figuratively, to be effective; to have effect or influence; to conduce.
• To carry on business; to be engaged or employed customarily; to perform the part of a laborer; to labor; to toil.
• To be in a state of severe exertion, or as if in such a state; to be tossed or agitated; to move heavily; to strain; to labor; as, a ship works in a heavy sea.
• To make one's way slowly and with difficulty; to move or penetrate laboriously; to proceed with effort; — with a following preposition, as down, out, into, up, through, and the like; as, scheme works out by degrees; to work into the earth.
• To ferment, as a liquid.
• To act or operate on the stomach and bowels, as a cathartic.
v. t.
• To labor or operate upon; to give exertion and effort to; to prepare for use, or to utilize, by labor.
• To produce or form by labor; to bring forth by exertion or toil; to accomplish; to originate; to effect; as, to work wood or iron into a form desired, or into a utensil; to work cotton or wool into cloth.
• To produce by slow degrees, or as if laboriously; to bring gradually into any state by action or motion.
• To influence by acting upon; to prevail upon; to manage; to lead.
• To form with a needle and thread or yarn; especially, to embroider; as, to work muslin.
• To set in motion or action; to direct the action of; to keep at work; to govern; to manage; as, to work a machine.
• To cause to ferment, as liquor.
Workable
a.
• Capable of being worked, or worth working; as, a workable mine; workable clay.
Workaday
n.
• See Workyday.
Workbag
n.
• A bag for holding implements or materials for work; especially, a reticule, or bag for holding needlework, and the like.
Workbasket
n.
• A basket for holding materials for needlework, or the like.
Workbench
n.
• A bench on which work is performed, as in a carpenter's shop.
Workbox
n.
• A box for holding instruments or materials for work.
Workday
n. & a.
• A day on which work is performed, as distinguished from Sunday, festivals, etc., a working day.
Worker
n.
• One who, or that which, works; a laborer; a performer; as, a worker in brass.
(Zool.) One of the neuter, or sterile, individuals of the social ants, bees, and white ants. The workers are generally females having the sexual organs imperfectly developed. See Ant, and White ant, under White.
Workfellow
n.
• One engaged in the same work with another; a companion in work.
Workfolk
n.
• People that labor.
Workful
a.
• Full of work; diligent.
Workhouse
n.
• A house where any manufacture is carried on; a workshop.
• A house in which idle and vicious persons are confined to labor.
• A house where the town poor are maintained at public expense, and provided with labor; a poorhouse.
Working
• a & n. from Work.
Workingman
n.
• A laboring man; a man who earns his daily support by manual labor.
Workless
a.
• Without work; not laboring; as, many people were still workless.
• Not carried out in practice; not exemplified in fact; as, workless faith.
Workman
n.
• A man employed in labor, whether in tillage or manufactures; a worker.
• Hence, especially, a skillful artificer or laborer.
Workmanlike
a.
• Becoming a workman, especially a skillful one; skillful; well performed.
Workmanly
a.
• Becoming a skillful workman; skillful; well performed; workmanlike.
adv.
• In a skillful manner; in a manner becoming a skillful workman.
Workmanship
n.
• The art or skill of a workman; the execution or manner of making anything.
• That which is effected, made, or produced; manufacture, something made by manual labor.
Workmaster
n.
• The performer of any work; a master workman.
Workroom
n.
• Any room or apartment used especially for labor.
Workship
n.
• Workmanship.
Workshop
n.
• A shop where any manufacture or handiwork is carried on.
Worktable
n.
• A table for holding working materials and implements; esp., a small table with drawers and other conveniences for needlework, etc.
Workwoman
n.
n.
• A woman who performs any work; especially, a woman skilled in needlework.
Workyday
n.
• A week day or working day, as distinguished from Sunday or a holiday. Also used adjectively.
World
n.
• The earth and the surrounding heavens; the creation; the system of created things; existent creation; the universe.
• Any planet or heavenly body, especially when considered as inhabited, and as the scene of interests analogous with human interests; as, a plurality of worlds.
• The earth and its inhabitants, with their concerns; the sum of human affairs and interests.
• In a more restricted sense, that part of the earth and its concerns which is known to any one, or contemplated by any one; a division of the globe, or of its inhabitants; human affairs as seen from a certain position, or from a given point of view; also, state of existence; scene of life and action; as, the Old World; the New World; the religious world; the Catholic world; the upper world; the future world; the heathen world.
• The customs, practices, and interests of men; general affairs of life; human society; public affairs and occupations; as, a knowledge of the world.
• Individual experience of, or concern with, life; course of life; sum of the affairs which affect the individual; as, to begin the world with no property; to lose all, and begin the world anew.
• The inhabitants of the earth; the human race; people in general; the public; mankind.
• The earth and its affairs as distinguished from heaven; concerns of this life as distinguished from those of the life to come; the present existence and its interests; hence, secular affairs; engrossment or absorption in the affairs of this life; worldly corruption; the ungodly or wicked part of mankind.
• As an emblem of immensity, a great multitude or quantity; a large number.
Worldliness
n.
• The quality of being worldly; a predominant passion for obtaining the good things of this life; covetousness; addictedness to gain and temporal enjoyments; worldly-mindedness.
Worldling
• A person whose soul is set upon gaining temporal possessions; one devoted to this world and its enjoyments.
Worldly
a.
• Relating to the world; human; common; as, worldly maxims; worldly actions.
• Pertaining to this world or life, in contradistinction from the life to come; secular; temporal; devoted to this life and its enjoyments; bent on gain; as, worldly pleasures, affections, honor, lusts, men.
• Lay, as opposed to clerical.
adv.
• With relation to this life; in a worldly manner.
Worldlywise
a.
• Wise in regard to things of this world.
Worm
n.
• A creeping or a crawling animal of any kind or size, as a serpent, caterpillar, snail, or the like.
• Any small creeping animal or reptile, either entirely without feet, or with very short ones, including a great variety of animals; as, an earthworm; the blindworm.
(Zool.) Any helminth; an entozoon.
• Any annelid.
• An insect larva.
• Same as Vermes.
• An internal tormentor; something that gnaws or afflicts one's mind with remorse.
• A being debased and despised.
• Anything spiral, vermiculated, or resembling a worm
• The thread of a screw.
• A spiral instrument or screw, often like a double corkscrew, used for drawing balls from firearms.
(Anat.) A certain muscular band in the tongue of some animals, as the dog; the lytta. See Lytta.
• The condensing tube of a still, often curved and wound to economize space. See Illust. of Still.
(Mach.) A short revolving screw, the threads of which drive, or are driven by, a worm wheel by gearing into its teeth or cogs. See Illust. of Worm gearing, below.
v. i.
• To work slowly, gradually, and secretly.
v. t.
• To effect, remove, drive, draw, or the like, by slow and secret means; — often followed by out.
• To clean by means of a worm; to draw a wad or cartridge from, as a firearm. See Worm, n. 5 (b).
• To cut the worm, or lytta, from under the tongue of, as a dog, for the purpose of checking a disposition to gnaw. The operation was formerly supposed to guard against canine madness.
(Naut.) To wind rope, yarn, or other material, spirally round, between the strands of, as a cable; to wind with spun yarn, as a small rope.
Wormal
n.
(Zool.) See Wormil.
Wormed
a.
• Penetrated by worms; injured by worms; worm-eaten; as, wormed timber.
Wormhole
n.
• A burrow made by a worm.
Wormian
a.
(Anat.) Discovered or described by Olanus Wormius, a Danish anatomist.
Wormil
n.
(Zool.) Any botfly larva which burrows in or beneath the skin of domestic and wild animals, thus producing sores. They belong to various species of Hypoderma and allied genera. Domestic cattle are often infested by a large species. See Gadfly. Called also warble, and worble.
(Far.) See 1st Warble, 1 (b).
Wormling
n.
• A little worm.
Wormseed
n.
(Bot.) Any one of several plants, as Artemisia santonica, and Chenopodium anthelminticum, whose seeds have the property of expelling worms from the stomach and intestines.
Wormul
n.
(Zool.) See Wornil.
Wormwood
n.
(Bot.) A composite plant (Artemisia Absinthium), having a bitter and slightly aromatic taste, formerly used as a tonic and a vermifuge, and to protect woolen garments from moths. It gives the peculiar flavor to the cordial called absinthe. The volatile oil is a narcotic poison. The term is often extended to other species of the same genus.
• Anything very bitter or grievous; bitterness.
Wormy
a.
• Containing a worm; abounding with worms.
• Like or pertaining to a worm; earthy; groveling.
Worn
• p. p. of Wear.
Wornil
n.
(Zool.) See Wormil.
Worrier
n.
• One who worries.
Worriment
n.
• Trouble; anxiety; worry.
Worrisome
a.
• Inclined to worry or fret; also, causing worry or annoyance.
Worrit
v. t.
• To worry; to annoy.
n.
• Worry; anxiety.
Worry
v. t.
• To harass by pursuit and barking; to attack repeatedly; also, to tear or mangle with the teeth.
• To harass or beset with importunity, or with care an anxiety; to vex; to annoy; to torment; to tease; to fret; to trouble; to plague.
• To harass with labor; to fatigue.
v. i.
• To feel or express undue care and anxiety; to manifest disquietude or pain; to be fretful; to chafe; as, the child worries; the horse worries.
n.
• A state of undue solicitude; a state of disturbance from care and anxiety; vexation; anxiety; fret; as, to be in a worry.
Worryingly
adv.
• In a worrying manner.
Worse
a.
compar.
• Bad, ill, evil, or corrupt, in a greater degree; more bad or evil; less good; specifically, in poorer health; more sick; — used both in a physical and moral sense.
n.
• Loss; disadvantage; defeat.
• That which is worse; something less good; as, think not the worse of him for his enterprise.
adv.
• In a worse degree; in a manner more evil or bad.
v. t.
• To make worse; to put disadvantage; to discomfit; to worst. See Worst, v.
Worsen
v. t.
• To make worse; to deteriorate; to impair.
• To get the better of; to worst.
v. i.
• To grow or become worse.
Worser
a.
• Worse.
Worship
n.
• Excellence of character; dignity; worth; worthiness.
• Honor; respect; civil deference.
• Hence, a title of honor, used in addresses to certain magistrates and others of rank or station.
• The act of paying divine honors to the Supreme Being; religious reverence and homage; adoration, or acts of reverence, paid to God, or a being viewed as God.
• Obsequious or submissive respect; extravagant admiration; adoration.
• An object of worship.
v. t.
• To respect; to honor; to treat with civil reverence.
• To pay divine honors to; to reverence with supreme respect and veneration; to perform religious exercises in honor of; to adore; to venerate.
• To honor with extravagant love and extreme submission, as a lover; to adore; to idolize.
v. i.
• To perform acts of homage or adoration; esp., to perform religious service.
Worshipability
n.
• The quality of being worthy to be worshiped.
Worshipable
a.
• Capable of being worshiped; worthy of worship.
Worshiper
n.
• One who worships; one who pays divine honors to any being or thing; one who adores.
Worshipful
a.
• Entitled to worship, reverence, or high respect; claiming respect; worthy of honor; — often used as a term of respect, sometimes ironically.
Worst
a.
superl.
• Bad, evil, or pernicious, in the highest degree, whether in a physical or moral sense. See Worse.
n.
• That which is most bad or evil; the most severe, pernicious, calamitous, or wicked state or degree.
v. t.
• To gain advantage over, in contest or competition; to get the better of; to defeat; to overthrow; to discomfit.
v. i.
• To grow worse; to deteriorate.
Worsted
n.
• Well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool which has been combed to lay the fibers parallel, used for carpets, cloth, hosiery, gloves, and the like.
• Fine and soft woolen yarn, untwisted or lightly twisted, used in knitting and embroidery.
Wort
n.
(Bot.) A plant of any kind.
• Cabbages.
n.
• An infusion of malt which is unfermented, or is in the act of fermentation; the sweet infusion of malt, which ferments and forms beer; hence, any similar liquid in a state of incipient fermentation.
Worth
v. i.
• To be; to become; to betide; — now used only in the phrases, woe worth the day, woe worth the man, etc., in which the verb is in the imperative, and the nouns day, man, etc., are in the dative. Woe be to the day, woe be to the man, etc., are equivalent phrases.
a.
• Valuable; of worthy; estimable; also, worth while.
• Equal in value to; furnishing an equivalent for; proper to be exchanged for.
• Deserving of; — in a good or bad sense, but chiefly in a good sense.
• Having possessions equal to; having wealth or estate to the value of.
n.
• That quality of a thing which renders it valuable or useful; sum of valuable qualities which render anything useful and sought; value; hence, often, value as expressed in a standard, as money; equivalent in exchange; price.
• Value in respect of moral or personal qualities; excellence; virtue; eminence; desert; merit; usefulness; as, a man or magistrate of great worth.
Worthful
a.
• Full of worth; worthy; deserving.
Worthily
adv.
• In a worthy manner; excellently; deservedly; according to merit; justly; suitably; becomingly.
Worthiness
n.
• The quality or state of being worthy; desert; merit; excellence; dignity; virtue; worth.
Worthless
a.
• Destitute of worth; having no value, virtue, excellence, dignity, or the like; undeserving; valueless; useless; vile; mean; as, a worthless garment; a worthless ship; a worthless man or woman; a worthless magistrate.
Worthy
a.
• Having worth or excellence; possessing merit; valuable; deserving; estimable; excellent; virtuous.
• Having suitable, adapted, or equivalent qualities or value; — usually with of before the thing compared or the object; more rarely, with a following infinitive instead of of, or with that; as, worthy of, equal in excellence, value, or dignity to; entitled to; meriting; — usually in a good sense, but sometimes in a bad one.
• Of high station; of high social position.
n.
• A man of eminent worth or value; one distinguished for useful and estimable qualities; a person of conspicuous desert; — much used in the plural; as, the worthies of the church; political worthies; military worthies.
v. t.
• To render worthy; to exalt into a hero.
Wost
• 2d pers. sing. pres. of Wit, to know.
Wot
• 1st & 3d pers. sing. pres. of Wit, to know. See the Note under Wit, v.
Woul
v. i.
• To howl.
Would
imp.
• Commonly used as an auxiliary verb, either in the past tense or in the conditional or optative present. See 2d & 3d Will.
n.
• See 2d Weld.
Woulding
n.
• Emotion of desire; inclination; velleity.
Wouldingness
n.
• Willingness; desire.
Wound
• imp. & p. p. of Wind to twist, and Wind to sound by blowing.
n.
• A hurt or injury caused by violence; specifically, a breach of the skin and flesh of an animal, or in the substance of any creature or living thing; a cut, stab, rent, or the like.
• Fig.: An injury, hurt, damage, detriment, or the like, to feeling, faculty, reputation, etc.
(Criminal Law) An injury to the person by which the skin is divided, or its continuity broken; a lesion of the body, involving some solution of continuity.
v. t.
• To hurt by violence; to produce a breach, or separation of parts, in, as by a cut, stab, blow, or the like.
• To hurt the feelings of; to pain by disrespect, ingratitude, or the like; to cause injury to.
Woundable
a.
• Capable of being wounded; vulnerable.
Wounder
n.
• One who, or that which, wounds.
Woundily
adv.
• In a woundy manner; excessively; woundy.
Woundless
a.
• Free from wound or hurt; exempt from being wounded; invulnerable.
Woundwort
n.
(Bot.) Any one of certain plants whose soft, downy leaves have been used for dressing wounds, as the kidney vetch, and several species of the labiate genus Stachys.
Woundy
a.
• Excessive.
adv.
• Excessively; extremely.
Wourali
n.
• Same as Curare.
Wove
• p. pr. & rare vb. n. of Weave.
Woven
• p. p. of Weave.
Wowe
v. t. & i.
• To woo.
Wowf
a.
• Disordered or unsettled in intellect; deranged.
Wowke
n.
• Week.
Wox
• imp. of Wax.
Woxen
• p. p. of Wax.
Wrack
n.
• A thin, flying cloud; a rack.
v. t.
• To rack; to torment.
n.
• Wreck; ruin; destruction.
• Any marine vegetation cast up on the shore, especially plants of the genera Fucus, Laminaria, and Zostera, which are most abundant on northern shores.
(Bot.) Coarse seaweed of any kind.
v. t.
• To wreck.
Wrackful
a.
• Ruinous; destructive.
Wraith
n.
• An apparition of a person in his exact likeness, seen before death, or a little after; hence, an apparition; a specter; a vision; an unreal image.
• Sometimes, improperly, a spirit thought to preside over the waters; — called also water wraith.
Wrangle
v. i.
• To argue; to debate; to dispute.
• To dispute angrily; to quarrel peevishly and noisily; to brawl; to altercate.
v. t.
• To involve in a quarrel or dispute; to embroil.
n.
• An angry dispute; a noisy quarrel; a squabble; an altercation.
Wrangler
n.
• An angry disputant; one who disputes with heat or peevishness.
• One of those who stand in the first rank of honors in the University of Cambridge, England. They are called, according to their rank, senior wrangler, second wrangler, third wrangler, etc. Cf. Optime.
Wranglership
n.
• The honor or position of being a wrangler at the University of Cambridge, England.
Wranglesome
a.
• Contentious; quarrelsome.
Wrap
v. t.
• To snatch up; transport; — chiefly used in the p. p. wrapt.
v. t.
• To wind or fold together; to arrange in folds.
• To cover by winding or folding; to envelop completely; to involve; to infold; — often with up.
• To conceal by enveloping or infolding; to hide; hence, to involve, as an effect or consequence; to be followed by.
n.
• A wrapper; — often used in the plural for blankets, furs, shawls, etc., used in riding or traveling.
Wrappage
n.
• The act of wrapping.
• That which wraps; envelope; covering.
Wrapper
n.
• One who, or that which, wraps.
• That in which anything is wrapped, or inclosed; envelope; covering.
• Specifically, a loose outer garment; an article of dress intended to be wrapped round the person; as, a morning wrapper; a gentleman's wrapper.
Wraprascal
n.
• A kind of coarse upper coat, or overcoat, formerly worn.
Wrasse
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous edible, marine, spiny-finned fishes of the genus Labrus, of which several species are found in the Mediterranean and on the Atlantic coast of Europe. Many of the species are bright-colored.
Wrastle
v. i.
• To wrestle.
Wrath
n.
• Violent anger; vehement exasperation; indignation; rage; fury; ire.
• The effects of anger or indignation; the just punishment of an offense or a crime.
a.
• See Wroth.
v. t.
• To anger; to enrage; — also used impersonally.
Wrathful
a.
• Full of wrath; very angry; greatly incensed; ireful; passionate; as, a wrathful man.
• Springing from, or expressing, wrath; as, a wrathful countenance.
Wrathily
adv.
• In a wrathy manner; very angrily; wrathfully.
Wrathless
a.
• Free from anger or wrath.
Wrathy
a.
• Very angry.
Wraw
a.
• Angry; vexed; wrathful.
Wrawful
a.
• Ill-tempered.
Wrawl
v. i.
• To cry, as a cat; to waul.
Wrawness
n.
• Peevishness; ill temper; anger.
Wray
v. t.
• To reveal; to disclose.
Wreak
v. i.
• To reck; to care.
v. t.
• To revenge; to avenge.
• To execute in vengeance or passion; to inflict; to hurl or drive; as, to wreak vengeance on an enemy.
n.
• Revenge; vengeance; furious passion; resentment.
Wreaken
• p. p. of Wreak.
Wreaker
n.
• Avenger.
Wreakful
a.
• Revengeful; angry; furious.
Wreakless
a.
• Unrevengeful; weak.
Wreath
n.
• Something twisted, intertwined, or curled; as, a wreath of smoke; a wreath of flowers.
• A garland; a chaplet, esp. one given to a victor.
(Her.) An appendage to the shield, placed above it, and supporting the crest (see Illust. of Crest). It generally represents a twist of two cords of silk, one tinctured like the principal metal, the other like the principal color in the arms.
Wreathe
v. t.
• To cause to revolve or writhe; to twist about; to turn.
• To twist; to convolve; to wind one about another; to entwine.
• To surround with anything twisted or convolved; to encircle; to infold.
• To twine or twist about; to surround; to encircle.
v. i.
• To be intewoven or entwined; to twine together; as, a bower of wreathing trees.
Wreathen
a.
• Twisted; made into a wreath.
Wreathless
a.
• Destitute of a wreath.
Wreathy
a.
• Wreathed; twisted; curled; spiral; also, full of wreaths.
Wrecche
n.
• A wretch.
a.
• Wretched.
Wreche
n.
• Wreak.
Wreck
v. t. & n.
• See 2d & 3d Wreak.
n.
• The destruction or injury of a vessel by being cast on shore, or on rocks, or by being disabled or sunk by the force of winds or waves; shipwreck.
• Destruction or injury of anything, especially by violence; ruin; as, the wreck of a railroad train.
• The ruins of a ship stranded; a ship dashed against rocks or land, and broken, or otherwise rendered useless, by violence and fracture; as, they burned the wreck.
• The remain of anything ruined or fatally injured.
(Law) Goods, etc., which, after a shipwreck, are cast upon the land by the sea.
v. t.
• To destroy, disable, or seriously damage, as a vessel, by driving it against the shore or on rocks, by causing it to become unseaworthy, to founder, or the like; to shipwreck.
• To bring wreck or ruin upon by any kind of violence; to destroy, as a railroad train.
• To involve in a wreck; hence, to cause to suffer ruin; to balk of success, and bring disaster on.
v. i.
• To suffer wreck or ruin.
• To work upon a wreck, as in saving property or lives, or in plundering.
Wreckage
n.
• The act of wrecking, or state of being wrecked.
• That which has been wrecked; remains of a wreck.
Wrecker
n.
• One who causes a wreck, as by false lights, and the like.
• One who searches fro, or works upon, the wrecks of vessels, etc. Specifically: (a) One who visits a wreck for the purpose of plunder. (b) One who is employed in saving property or lives from a wrecked vessel, or in saving the vessel; as, the wreckers of Key West.
• A vessel employed by wreckers.
Wreckfish
n.
(Zool.) A stone bass.
Wreckful
a.
• Causing wreck; involving ruin; destructive.
Wrecking
• a. & n. from Wreck, v.
Wren
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small singing birds belonging to Troglodytes and numerous allied of the family Troglodytidae.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small singing birds more or less resembling the true wrens in size and habits.
Wrench
n.
• Trick; deceit; fraud; stratagem.
• A violent twist, or a pull with twisting.
• A sprain; an injury by twisting, as in a joint.
• Means; contrivance.
• An instrument, often a simple bar or lever with jaws or an angular orifice either at the end or between the ends, for exerting a twisting strain, as in turning bolts, nuts, screw taps, etc.; a screw key. Many wrenches have adjustable jaws for grasping nuts, etc., of different sizes.
(Mech.) The system made up of a force and a couple of forces in a plane perpendicular to that force. Any number of forces acting at any points upon a rigid body may be compounded so as to be equivalent to a wrench.
v. t.
• To pull with a twist; to wrest, twist, or force by violence.
• To strain; to sprain; hence, to distort; to pervert.
Wrest
v. t.
• To turn; to twist; esp., to twist or extort by violence; to pull of force away by, or as if by, violent wringing or twisting.
• To turn from truth; to twist from its natural or proper use or meaning by violence; to pervert; to distort.
• To tune with a wrest, or key.
n.
• The act of wresting; a wrench; a violent twist; hence, distortion; perversion.
• Active or moving power.
• A key to tune a stringed instrument of music.
• A partition in a water wheel, by which the form of the buckets is determined.
Wrester
n.
• One who wrests.
Wrestle
v. i.
• To contend, by grappling with, and striving to trip or throw down, an opponent; as, they wrestled skillfully.
• Hence, to struggle; to strive earnestly; to contend.
v. t.
• To wrestle with; to seek to throw down as in wrestling.
n.
• A struggle between two persons to see which will throw the other down; a bout at wrestling; a wrestling match; a struggle.
Wrestler
n.
• One who wrestles; one who is skillful in wrestling.
Wretch
n.
• A miserable person; one profoundly unhappy.
• One sunk in vice or degradation; a base, despicable person; a vile knave; as, a profligate wretch.
Wretched
a.
• Very miserable; sunk in, or accompanied by, deep affliction or distress, as from want, anxiety, or grief; calamitous; woeful; very afflicting.
Wretchedly
adv.
• In a wretched manner; miserably; despicable.
Wretchedness
n.
• The quality or state of being wretched; utter misery.
• A wretched object; anything despicably.
Wretchful
a.
• Wretched.
Wretchless
a.
• Reckless; hence, disregarded.
Wrey
v. t.
• See Wray.
Wrie
a. & v.
• See Wry.
Wrig
v. i.
• To wriggle.
Wriggle
v. i.
• To move the body to and fro with short, writhing motions, like a worm; to squirm; to twist uneasily or quickly about.
v. t.
• To move with short, quick contortions; to move by twisting and squirming; like a worm.
a.
• Wriggling; frisky; pliant; flexible.
Wriggler
n.
• One who, or that which, wriggles.
Wright
n.
• One who is engaged in a mechanical or manufacturing business; an artificer; a workman; a manufacturer; a mechanic; esp., a worker in wood; — now chiefly used in compounds, as in millwright, wheelwright, etc.
Wrightine
n.
(Chem.) A rare alkaloid found in the bark of an East Indian apocynaceous tree (Wrightia antidysenterica), and extracted as a bitter white crystalline substance. It was formerly used as a remedy for diarrh&oe;a. Called also conessine, and neriine.
Wring
v. t.
• To twist and compress; to turn and strain with violence; to writhe; to squeeze hard; to pinch; as, to wring clothes in washing.
• Hence, to pain; to distress; to torment; to torture.
• To distort; to pervert; to wrest.
• To extract or obtain by twisting and compressing; to squeeze or press (out); hence, to extort; to draw forth by violence, or against resistance or repugnance; — usually with out or form.
• To subject to extortion; to afflict, or oppress, in order to enforce compliance.
(Naut.) To bend or strain out of its position; as, to wring a mast.
v. i.
• To writhe; to twist, as with anguish.
n.
• A writhing, as in anguish; a twisting; a griping.
Wringbolt
n.
(Shipbuilding) A bolt used by shipwrights, to bend and secure the planks against the timbers till they are fastened by bolts, spikes, or treenails; — not to be confounded with ringbolt.
Wringer
n.
• One who, or that which, wrings; hence, an extortioner.
• A machine for pressing water out of anything, particularly from clothes after they have been washed.
Wringing
• a. & n. from Wring, v.
Wringstaff
n.
(Shipbuilding) A strong piece of plank used in applying wringbolts.
Wrinkle
n.
• A winkle.
n.
• A small ridge, prominence, or furrow formed by the shrinking or contraction of any smooth substance; a corrugation; a crease; a slight fold; as, wrinkle in the skin; a wrinkle in cloth.
• hence, any roughness; unevenness.
• A notion or fancy; a whim; as, to have a new wrinkle.
v. t.
• To contract into furrows and prominences; to make a wrinkle or wrinkles in; to corrugate; as, wrinkle the skin or the brow.
• Hence, to make rough or uneven in any way.
v. i.
• To shrink into furrows and ridges.
Wrinkly
a.
• Full of wrinkles; having a tendency to be wrinkled; corrugated; puckered.
Wrist
n.
(Anat.) The joint, or the region of the joint, between the hand and the arm; the carpus. See Carpus.
(Mach.) A stud or pin which forms a journal; — also called wrist pin.
Wristband
n.
• The band of the sleeve of a shirt, or other garment, which covers the wrist.
Wrister
n.
• A covering for the wrist.
Wristlet
n.
• An elastic band worn around the wrist, as for the purpose of securing the upper part of a glove.
Writ
obs.
• 3d pers. sing. pres. of Write, for writeth.
• imp. & p. p. of Write.
n.
• That which is written; writing; scripture; — applied especially to the Scriptures, or the books of the Old and New testaments; as, sacred writ.
(Law) An instrument in writing, under seal, in an epistolary form, issued from the proper authority, commanding the performance or nonperformance of some act by the person to whom it is directed; as, a writ of entry, of error, of execution, of injunction, of mandamus, of return, of summons, and the like.
Writability
n.
• Ability or capacity to write.
Writable
a.
• Capable of, or suitable for, being written down.
Writative
a.
• Inclined to much writing; — correlative to talkative.
Write
v. t.
• To set down, as legible characters; to form the conveyance of meaning; to inscribe on any material by a suitable instrument; as, to write the characters called letters; to write figures.
• To set down for reading; to express in legible or intelligible characters; to inscribe; as, to write a deed; to write a bill of divorcement; hence, specifically, to set down in an epistle; to communicate by letter.
• Hence, to compose or produce, as an author.
• To impress durably; to imprint; to engrave; as, truth written on the heart.
• To make known by writing; to record; to prove by one's own written testimony; — often used reflexively.
v. i.
• To form characters, letters, or figures, as representative of sounds or ideas; to express words and sentences by written signs.
• To be regularly employed or occupied in writing, copying, or accounting; to act as clerk or amanuensis; as, he writes in one of the public offices.
• To frame or combine ideas, and express them in written words; to play the author; to recite or relate in books; to compose.
• To compose or send letters.
Writer
n.
• One who writes, or has written; a scribe; a clerk.
• One who is engaged in literary composition as a profession; an author; as, a writer of novels.
• A clerk of a certain rank in the service of the late East India Company, who, after serving a certain number of years, became a factor.
Writership
n.
• The office of a writer.
Writhe
v. t.
• To twist; to turn; now, usually, to twist or turn so as to distort; to wring.
• To wrest; to distort; to pervert.
• To extort; to wring; to wrest.
v. i.
• To twist or contort the body; to be distorted; as, to writhe with agony. Also used figuratively.
Writhen
a.
• Having a twisted distorted from.
Writhle
v. t.
• To wrinkle.
Writing
n.
• The act or art of forming letters and characters on paper, wood, stone, or other material, for the purpose of recording the ideas which characters and words express, or of communicating them to others by visible signs.
• Anything written or printed; anything expressed in characters or letters
• Any legal instrument, as a deed, a receipt, a bond, an agreement, or the like.
• Any written composition; a pamphlet; a work; a literary production; a book; as, the writings of Addison.
• An inscription.
• Handwriting; chirography.
Written
• p. p. of Write, v.
Wrizzle
v. t.
• To wrinkle.
Wroken
• p. p. of Wreak.
Wrong
• imp. of Wring. Wrung.
a.
• Twisted; wry; as, a wrong nose.
• Not according to the laws of good morals, whether divine or human; not suitable to the highest and best end; not morally right; deviating from rectitude or duty; not just or equitable; not true; not legal; as, a wrong practice; wrong ideas; wrong inclinations and desires.
• Not fit or suitable to an end or object; not appropriate for an intended use; not according to rule; unsuitable; improper; incorrect; as, to hold a book with the wrong end uppermost; to take the wrong way.
• Not according to truth; not conforming to fact or intent; not right; mistaken; erroneous; as, a wrong statement.
• Designed to be worn or placed inward; as, the wrong side of a garment or of a piece of cloth.
adv.
• In a wrong manner; not rightly; amiss; morally ill; erroneously; wrongly.
n.
• That which is not right.
• Nonconformity or disobedience to lawful authority, divine or human; deviation from duty; — the opposite of moral right.
• Deviation or departure from truth or fact; state of falsity; error; as, to be in the wrong.
• Whatever deviates from moral rectitude; usually, an act that involves evil consequences, as one which inflicts injury on a person; any injury done to, or received from; another; a trespass; a violation of right.
v. t.
• To treat with injustice; to deprive of some right, or to withhold some act of justice from; to do undeserved harm to; to deal unjustly with; to injure.
• To impute evil to unjustly; as, if you suppose me capable of a base act, you wrong me.
Wrongdoer
n.
• One who injures another, or who does wrong.
(Law) One who commits a tort or trespass; a trespasser; a tort feasor.
Wrongdoing
n.
• Evil or wicked behavior or action.
Wronger
n.
• One who wrongs or injures another.
Wrongful
a.
• Full of wrong; injurious; unjust; unfair; as, a wrongful taking of property; wrongful dealing.
Wronghead
n.
• A person of a perverse understanding or obstinate character.
a.
• Wrongheaded.
Wrongheaded
a.
• Wrong in opinion or principle; having a perverse understanding; perverse.
Wrongless
a.
• Not wrong; void or free from wrong.
Wrongly
adv.
• In a wrong manner; unjustly; erroneously; wrong; amiss; as, he judges wrongly of my motives.
Wrongness
n.
• The quality or state of being wrong; wrongfulness; error; fault.
Wrongous
a.
• Constituting, or of the nature of, a wrong; unjust; wrongful.
(Scots Law) Not right; illegal; as, wrongous imprisonment.
Wroot
• imp. of Write. Wrote.
Wrote
v. i.
• To root with the snout. See 1st Root.
• imp. & archaic p. p. of Write.
Wroth
a.
• Full of wrath; angry; incensed; much exasperated; wrathful.
Wrought
• imp. & p. p. of Work.
a.
• Worked; elaborated; not rough or crude.
Wrung
• imp. & p. p. of Wring.
Wry
v. t.
• To cover.
a.
• Turned to one side; twisted; distorted; as, a wry mouth.
• Hence, deviating from the right direction; misdirected; out of place; as, wry words.
• Wrested; perverted.
v. i.
• To twist; to writhe; to bend or wind.
• To deviate from the right way; to go away or astray; to turn side; to swerve.
v. t.
• To twist; to distort; to writhe; to wrest; to vex.
Wrybill
n.
(Zool.) See Crookbill.
Wrymouth
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of large, elongated, marine fishes of the genus Cryptacanthodes, especially C. maculatus of the American coast. A whitish variety is called ghostfish.
Wryneck
n.
(Med.) A twisted or distorted neck; a deformity in which the neck is drawn to one side by a rigid contraction of one of the muscles of the neck; torticollis.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of Old World birds of the genus Jynx, allied to the woodpeckers; especially, the common European species (J. torguilla); — so called from its habit of turning the neck around in different directions. Called also cuckoo's mate, snakebird, summer bird, tonguebird, and writheneck.
Wrynecked
a.
• Having a distorted neck; having the deformity called wryneck.
Wryness
n.
• The quality or state of being wry, or distorted.
Wrythen
p. p.
• Writhen.
Wulfenite
n.
(Min.) Native lead molybdate occurring in tetragonal crystals, usually tabular, and of a bright orange-yellow to red, gray, or brown color; — also called yellow lead ore.
Wull
v. t. & i.
• See 2d Will.
Wurbagool
n.
(Zool.) A fruit bat (Pteropus medius) native of India. It is similar to the flying fox, but smaller.
Wurmal
n.
(Zool.) See Wormil.
Wurraluh
n.
(Zool.) The Australian white-quilled honey eater (Entomyza albipennis).
Wyandots
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) Same as Hurons.
Wyd
a.
• Wide.
Wye
n.
• The letter Y.
• A kind of crotch. See Y, n. (a).
Wyke
n.
• Week.
Wyla
n.
(Zool.) A helmeted Australian cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus funereus); — called also funeral cockatoo.
Wynd
n.
• A narrow lane or alley.
Wynkernel
n.
(Zool.) The European moor hen.
Wynn
n.
• A kind of timber truck, or carriage.
Wype
n.
• The wipe, or lapwing.
Wys
a.
• Wise.
Wythe
n.
(Naut.) Same as Withe, n., 4.
Wyvern
n.
(Her.) Same as Wiver.

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