Dictionary Of The English Language "T"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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T is the twentieth letter of the English alphabet, is a nonvocal consonant. With the letter h it forms the digraph th, which has two distinct sounds, as in thin, then. The letter derives its name and form from the Latin, the form of the Latin letter being further derived through the Greek from the Phoenician. The ultimate origin is probably Egyptian. It is etymologically most nearly related to d, s, th; as in tag, duke; two, dual, L. duo; resin, L. resina, Gr. pnrivn, tent; tense, a., tenuous, thin; noatril, thrill.
Table
v. t.
• To form into a table or catalogue; to tabulate; as, to table fines.
• To delineate, as on a table; to represent, as in a picture.
• To supply with food; to feed.
(Carp.) To insert, as one piece of timber into another, by alternate scores or projections from the middle, to prevent slipping; to scarf.
• To lay or place on a table, as money.
• In parliamentary usage, to lay on the table; to postpone, by a formal vote, the consideration of (a bill, motion, or the like) till called for, or indefinitely.
• To enter upon the docket; as, to table charges against some one.
(Naut.) To make board hems in the skirts and bottoms of (sails) in order to strengthen them in the part attached to the boltrope.
v. i.
• To live at the table of another; to board; to eat.
Tableau
n.
• A striking and vivid representation; a picture.
• A representation of some scene by means of persons grouped in the proper manner, placed in appropriate postures, and remaining silent and motionless.
Tablebook
n.
• A tablet; a notebook.
Tablecloth
n.
• A cloth for covering a table, especially one with which a table is covered before the dishes, etc., are set on for meals.
Tableman
n.
• A man at draughts; a piece used in playing games at tables. See Table, n., 10.
Tablement
n.
(Arch.) A table.
Tabler
n.
• One who boards.
• One who boards others for hire.
Tablespoon
n.
• A spoon of the largest size commonly used at the table; — distinguished from teaspoon, dessert spoon, etc.
Tablespoonful
n.
• As much as a tablespoon will hold; enough to fill a tablespoon. It is usually reckoned as one half of a fluid ounce, or four fluid drams.
Tablet
n.
• A small table or flat surface.
• A flat piece of any material on which to write, paint, draw, or engrave; also, such a piece containing an inscription or a picture.
• Hence, a small picture; a miniature.
• A kind of pocket memorandum book.
• A flattish cake or piece; as, tablets of arsenic were formerly worn as a preservative against the plague.
(Pharm.) A solid kind of electuary or confection, commonly made of dry ingredients with sugar, and usually formed into little flat squares; — called also lozenge, and troche, especially when of a round or rounded form.
Tableware
n.
• Ware, or articles collectively, for table use.
Tabling
n.
• A forming into tables; a setting down in order.
(Carp.) The letting of one timber into another by alternate scores or projections, as in shipbuilding.
(Naut.) A broad hem on the edge of a sail.
• Board; support.
• Act of playing at tables. See Table, n., 10.
Taboo
n.
• A total prohibition of intercourse with, use of, or approach to, a given person or thing under pain of death, — an interdict of religious origin and authority, formerly common in the islands of Polynesia; interdiction.
v. t.
• To put under taboo; to forbid, or to forbid the use of; to interdict approach to, or use of; as, to taboo the ground set apart as a sanctuary for criminals.
Tabor
n.
(Mus.) A small drum used as an accompaniment to a pipe or fife, both being played by the same person.
v. i.
• To play on a tabor, or little drum.
• To strike lightly and frequently.
v. t.
• To make (a sound) with a tabor.
Taborer
n.
• One who plays on the tabor.
Taboret
n.
(Mus.) A small tabor.
Taborine
n.
(Mus.) A small, shallow drum; a tabor.
Taborite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who suffered persecution in the fifteenth century; — so called from Tabor, a hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their struggles.
Tabour
n. & v.
• See Tabor.
Tabouret
n.
• Same as Taboret.
• A seat without arms or back, cushioned and stuffed: a high stool; — so called from its resemblance to a drum.
• An embroidery frame.
Tabrere
n.
• A taborer.
Tabret
n.
• A taboret.
Tabu
n. & v.
• See Taboo.
Tabula
n.
• A table; a tablet.
(Zool.) One of the transverse plants found in the calicles of certain corals and hydroids.
Tabular
a.
• Having the form of, or pertaining to, a table (in any of the uses of the word).
• Having a flat surface; as, a tabular rock.
• Formed into a succession of flakes; laminated.
• Set in squares.
• Arranged in a schedule; as, tabular statistics.
• Derived from, or computed by, the use of tables; as, tabular right ascension.
Tabularization
n.
• The act of tabularizing, or the state of being tabularized; formation into tables; tabulation.
Tabularize
v. t.
• To tabulate.
Tabulata
n. pl.
(Zool.) An artificial group of stony corals including those which have transverse septa in the calicles. The genera Pocillopora and Favosites are examples.
Tabulate
v. t.
• To form into a table or tables; to reduce to tables or synopses.
• To shape with a flat surface.
Tabulation
n.
• The act of forming into a table or tables; as, the tabulation of statistics.
Tac
n.
(O. Eng. Law) A kind of customary payment by a tenant; — a word used in old records.
Tacaud
n.
(Zool.) The bib, or whiting pout.
Tace
n.
• The cross, or church, of St. Antony. See Illust. (6), under Cross, n.
n.
• See Tasse.
Tacet
v.impers.
(Mus.) It is silent; — a direction for a vocal or instrumental part to be silent during a whole movement.
Tache
n.
• Something used for taking hold or holding; a catch; a loop; a button.
n.
• A spot, stain, or blemish.
Tachhydrite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous chloride of calcium and magnesium occurring in yellowish masses which rapidly deliquesce upon exposure. It is found in the salt mines at Stassfurt.
Tachina
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of Diptera belonging to Tachina and allied genera. Their larvae are external parasites of other insects.
Tachometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the velocity, or indicating changes in the velocity, of a moving body or substance.
• An instrument for measuring the velocity of running water in a river or canal, consisting of a wheel with inclined vanes, which is turned by the current. The rotations of the wheel are recorded by clockwork.
• An instrument for showing at any moment the speed of a revolving shaft, consisting of a delicate revolving conical pendulum which is driven by the shaft, and the action of which by change of speed moves a pointer which indicates the speed on a graduated dial.
(Physiol.) An instrument for measuring the velocity of the blood; a haematachometer.
Tachydidaxy
n.
• A short or rapid method of instructing.
Tachyglossa
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of monotremes which comprises the spiny ant-eaters of Australia and New Guinea. See Illust. under Echidna.
Tachygraphy
n.
• The art or practice of rapid writing; shorthand writing; stenography.
Tachylyte
n.
(Min.) A vitreous form of basalt; — so called because decompposable by acids and readily fusible.
Tacit
a.
• Done or made in silence; implied, but not expressed; silent; as, tacit consent is consent by silence, or by not interposing an objection.
Taciturn
a.
• Habitually silent; not given to converse; not apt to talk or speak.
Taciturnity
n.
• Habilual silence, or reserve in speaking.
Tack
n.
• A stain; a tache.
• A peculiar flavor or taint; as, a musty tack.
n.
• A small, short, sharp-pointed nail, usually having a broad, flat head.
• That which is attached; a supplement; an appendix. See Tack, v. t., 3.
(Naut.) A rope used to hold in place the foremost lower corners of the courses when the vessel is closehauled (see Illust. of Ship); also, a rope employed to pull the lower corner of a studding sail to the boom.
• The part of a sail to which the tack is usually fastened; the foremost lower corner of fore-and-aft sails, as of schooners (see Illust. of Sail).
• The direction of a vessel in regard to the trim of her sails; as, the starboard tack, or port tack; — the former when she is closehauled with the wind on her starboard side; hence, the run of a vessel on one tack; also, a change of direction.
(Scots Law) A contract by which the use of a thing is set, or let, for hire; a lease.
• Confidence; reliance.
v. t.
• To fasten or attach.
• Especially, to attach or secure in a slight or hasty manner, as by stitching or nailing; as, to tack together the sheets of a book; to tack one piece of cloth to another; to tack on a board or shingle; to tack one piece of metal to another by drops of solder.
• In parliamentary usage, to add (a supplement) to a bill; to append; — often with on or to.
(Naut.) To change the direction of (a vessel) when sailing closehauled, by putting the helm alee and shifting the tacks and sails so that she will proceed to windward nearly at right angles to her former course.
v. i.
(Naut.) To change the direction of a vessel by shifting the position of the helm and sails; also (as said of a vessel), to have her direction changed through the shifting of the helm and sails. See Tack, v. t., 4.
Tacker
n.
• One who tacks.
Tacket
n.
• A small, broad-headed nail.
Tackey
a. & n.
• See Tacky.
Tacking
n.
(Law) A union of securities given at different times, all of which must be redeemed before an intermediate purchaser can interpose his claim.
Tackle
n.
• Apparatus for raising or lowering heavy weights, consisting of a rope and pulley blocks; sometimes, the rope and attachments, as distinct from the block.
• Any instruments of action; an apparatus by which an object is moved or operated; gear; as, fishing tackle, hunting tackle; formerly, specifically, weapons.
(Naut.) The rigging and apparatus of a ship; also, any purchase where more than one block is used.
v. t.
• To supply with tackle.
• To fasten or attach, as with a tackle; to harness; as, to tackle a horse into a coach or wagon.
• To seize; to lay hold of; to grapple; as, a wrestler tackles his antagonist; a dog tackles the game.
• To begin to deal with; as, to tackle the problem.
Tackled
a.
• Made of ropes tacked together.
Tackling
n.
(Naut.) Furniture of the masts and yards of a vessel, as cordage, sails, etc.
• Instruments of action; as, fishing tackling.
• The straps and fixures adjusted to an animal, by which he draws a carriage, or the like; harness.
Tacksman
n.
(Scots Law) One who holds a tack or lease from another; a tenant, or lessee.
Tacky
a.
• Sticky; adhesive; raw; — said of paint, varnish, etc., when not well dried.
Taconic
a.
(Geol.) Designating, or pertaining to, the series of rocks forming the Taconic mountains in Western New England. They were once supposed to be older than the Cambrian, but later proved to belong to the Lower Silurian and Cambrian.
Tact
n.
• The sense of touch; feeling.
(Mus.) The stroke in beating time.
• Sensitive mental touch; peculiar skill or faculty; nice perception or discernment; ready power of appreciating and doing what is required by circumstances.
Tactable
a.
• Capable of being touched; tangible.
Tactic
n.
• See Tactics.
Tactician
n.
• One versed in tactics; hence, a skillful maneuverer; an adroit manager.
Tactics
n.
• The science and art of disposing military and naval forces in order for battle, and performing military and naval evolutions. It is divided into grand tactics, or the tactics of battles, and elementary tactics, or the tactics of instruction.
• Hence, any system or method of procedure.
Tactile
a.
• Of or pertaining to the organs, or the sense, of touch; perceiving, or perceptible, by the touch; capable of being touched; as, tactile corpuscles; tactile sensations.
Tactility
n.
• The quality or state of being tactile; perceptibility by touch; tangibleness.
Taction
n.
• The act of touching; touch; contact; tangency.
Tactless
a.
• Destitute of tact.
Tactual
a.
(Physiol.) Of or pertaining to the sense, or the organs, of touch; derived from touch.
Tadpole
n.
(Zool.) The young aquatic larva of any amphibian. In this stage it breathes by means of external or internal gills, is at first destitute of legs, and has a finlike tail. Called also polliwig, polliwog, porwiggle, or purwiggy.
(Zool.) The hooded merganser.
Taedium
n.
• See Tedium.
Tael
n.
• A denomination of money, in China, worth nearly six shillings sterling, or about a dollar and forty cents; also, a weight of one ounce and a third.
Taenia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of intestinal worms which includes the common tapeworms of man. See Tapeworm.
(Anat.) A band; a structural line; — applied to several bands and lines of nervous matter in the brain.
(Arch.) The fillet, or band, at the bottom of a Doric frieze, separating it from the architrave.
Taeniada
n. pl.
(Zool.) Same as Taenioidea.
Taeniata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Ctenophora including those which have a long, ribbonlike body. The Venus's girdle is the most familiar example.
Taenidium
n.
(Zool.) The chitinous fiber forming the spiral thread of the tracheae of insects. See Illust. of Trachea.
Taenioglossa
n. pl.
(Zool.) An extensive division of gastropod mollusks in which the odontophore is long and narrow, and usually bears seven rows of teeth. It includes a large number of families both marine and fresh-water.
Taenioglossate
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Taenioglossa.
Taenioid
a.
• Ribbonlike; shaped like a ribbon.
(Zool.) Like or pertaining to Taenia.
Taenioidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of cestode worms which comprises the tapeworms. See Tapeworm.
Taeniola
n.
(Zool.) One of the radial partitions which separate the internal cavities of certain medusae.
Taeniosomi
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of fishes remarkable for their long and compressed form. The ribbon fishes are examples. See Ribbon fish, under Ribbon.
Tafferer
n.
(Naut.) See Taffrail.
Taffrail
n.
(Naut.) The upper part of a ship's stern, which is flat like a table on the top, and sometimes ornamented with carved work; the rail around a ship's stern.
Taffy
n.
• A kind of candy made of molasses or brown sugar boiled down and poured out in shallow pans.
• Flattery; soft phrases.
Tafia
n.
• A variety of rum.
Tag
n.
• Any slight appendage, as to an article of dress; something slight hanging loosely; specifically, a direction card, or label.
• A metallic binding, tube, or point, at the end of a string, or lace, to stiffen it.
• The end, or catchword, of an actor's speech; cue.
• Something mean and paltry; the rabble.
• A sheep of the first year.
• A sale of usually used items (such as furniture, clothing, household items or bric-a-brac), conducted by one or a small group of individuals, at a location which is not a normal retail establishment.
v. t.
• To fit with, or as with, a tag or tags.
• To join; to fasten; to attach.
• To follow closely after; esp., to follow and touch in the game of tag. See Tag, a play.
v. i.
• To follow closely, as it were an appendage; — often with after; as, to tag after a person.
n.
• A child's play in which one runs after and touches another, and then runs away to avoid being touched.
Tagbelt
n.
(Far.) Same as Tagsore.
Tagger
n.
• One who, or that which, appends or joins one thing to another.
• That which is pointed like a tag.
• Sheets of tin or other plate which run below the gauge.
• A device for removing taglocks from sheep.
Taglet
n.
• A little tag.
Taglia
n.
(Mech.) A peculiar combination of pulleys.
Tagliacotain
a.
(Surg.) Of or pertaining to Tagliacozzi, a Venetian surgeon; as, the Tagliacotian operation, a method of rhinoplasty described by him.
Taglioni
n.
• A kind of outer coat, or overcoat; — said to be so named after a celebrated Italian family of professional dancers.
Taglock
n.
• An entangled lock, as of hair or wool.
Tagnicate
n.
(Zool.) The white-lipped peccary.
Tagsore
n.
(Far.) Adhesion of the tail of a sheep to the wool from excoriation produced by contact with the feces; — called also tagbelt.
Tagtail
n.
• A worm which has its tail conspicuously colored.
• A person who attaches himself to another against the will of the latter; a hanger-on.
Taguan
n.
(Zool.) A large flying squirrel (Pteromys petuarista). Its body becomes two feet long, with a large bushy tail nearly as long.
Taguicati
n.
(Zool.) The white-lipped peccary.
Taha
n.
• The African rufous-necked weaver bird (Hyphantornis texor).
Tahaleb
n.
(Zool.) A fox (Vulpes Niloticus) of Northern Africa.
Tahitian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Tahiti, an island in the Pacific Ocean.
n.
• A native inhabitant of Tahiti.
Tahr
n.
(Zool.) Same as Thar.
Tail
n.
(Law) Limitation; abridgment.
a.
(Law) Limited; abridged; reduced; curtailed; as, estate tail.
n.
(Zool.) The terminal, and usually flexible, posterior appendage of an animal.
• Any long, flexible terminal appendage; whatever resembles, in shape or position, the tail of an animal, as a catkin.
• Hence, the back, last, lower, or inferior part of anything, — as opposed to the head, or the superior part.
• A train or company of attendants; a retinue.
• The side of a coin opposite to that which bears the head, effigy, or date; the reverse; — rarely used except in the expression "heads or tails," employed when a coin is thrown up for the purpose of deciding some point by its fall.
(Anat.) The distal tendon of a muscle.
(Bot.) A downy or feathery appendage to certain achens. It is formed of the permanent elongated style.
(Surg.) A portion of an incision, at its beginning or end, which does not go through the whole thickness of the skin, and is more painful than a complete incision; — called also tailing.
• One of the strips at the end of a bandage formed by splitting the bandage one or more times.
(Naut.) A rope spliced to the strap of a block, by which it may be lashed to anything.
(Mus.) The part of a note which runs perpendicularly upward or downward from the head; the stem.
• Same as Tailing, 4.
(Arch.) The bottom or lower portion of a member or part, as a slate or tile.
(Mining) See Tailing, n., 5.
v. t.
• To follow or hang to, like a tail; to be attached closely to, as that which can not be evaded.
• To pull or draw by the tail.
v. i.
(Arch.) To hold by the end; — said of a timber when it rests upon a wall or other support; — with in or into.
(Naut.) To swing with the stern in a certain direction; — said of a vessel at anchor; as, this vessel tails down stream.
Tailage
n.
(O. Eng. Law) See Tallage.
Tailblock
n.
(Naut.) A block with a tail. See Tail, 9.
Tailboard
n.
• The board at the rear end of a cart or wagon, which can be removed or let down, for convenience in loading or unloading.
Tailed
a.
• Having a tail; having (such) a tail or (so many) tails; — chiefly used in composition; as, bobtailed, longtailed, etc.
Tailing
n.
(Arch.) The part of a projecting stone or brick inserted in a wall.
(Surg.) Same as Tail, n., 8 (a).
• Sexual intercourse.
• The lighter parts of grain separated from the seed threshing and winnowing; chaff.
(Mining) The refuse part of stamped ore, thrown behind the tail of the buddle or washing apparatus. It is dressed over again to secure whatever metal may exist in it. Called also tails.
Taille
n.
• A tally; an account scored on a piece of wood.
(O. F. Law) Any imposition levied by the king, or any other lord, upon his subjects.
(Mus.) The French name for the tenor voice or part; also, for the tenor viol or viola.
Tailless
a.
• Having no tail.
Taillie
n.
(Scots Law) Same as Tailzie.
Tailor
n.
• One whose occupation is to cut out and make men's garments; also, one who cuts out and makes ladies' outer garments.
(Zool.) The mattowacca; — called also tailor herring.
• The silversides.
(Zool.) The goldfish.
v. i.
• To practice making men's clothes; to follow the business of a tailor.
Tailoress
n.
• A female tailor.
Tailoring
adv.
• The business or the work of a tailor or a tailoress.
Tailpiece
n.
• A piece at the end; an appendage.
(Arch.) One of the timbers which tail into a header, in floor framing. See Illust. of Header.
(Print.) An ornament placed at the bottom of a short page to fill up the space, or at the end of a book.
• A piece of ebony or other material attached to the lower end of a violin or similar instrument, to which the strings are fastened.
Tailpin
n.
(Mach.) The center in the spindle of a turning lathe.
Tailrace
n.
• See Race, n., 6.
(Mining) The channel in which tailings, suspended in water, are conducted away.
Tailstock
n.
• The sliding block or support, in a lathe, which carries the dead spindle, or adjustable center. The headstock supports the live spindle.
Tailzie
n.
(Scots Law) An entailment or deed whereby the legal course of succession is cut off, and an arbitrary one substituted.
Tain
n.
• Thin tin plate; also, tin foil for mirrors.
Taint
n.
• A thrust with a lance, which fails of its intended effect.
• An injury done to a lance in an encounter, without its being broken; also, a breaking of a lance in an encounter in a dishonorable or unscientific manner.
v. i.
• To thrust ineffectually with a lance.
v. t.
• To injure, as a lance, without breaking it; also, to break, as a lance, but usually in an unknightly or unscientific manner.
• To hit or touch lightly, in tilting.
v. t.
• To imbue or impregnate with something extraneous, especially with something odious, noxious, or poisonous; hence, to corrupt; to infect; to poison; as, putrid substance taint the air.
• Fig.: To stain; to sully; to tarnish.
v. i.
• To be infected or corrupted; to be touched with something corrupting.
• To be affected with incipient putrefaction; as, meat soon taints in warm weather.
n.
• Tincture; hue; color; tinge.
• Infection; corruption; deprivation.
• A blemish on reputation; stain; spot; disgrace.
Taintless
a.
• Free from taint or infection; pure.
Taintlessly
adv.
• In a taintless manner.
Tainture
n.
• Taint; tinge; difilement; stain; spot.
Taintworm
n.
(Zool.) A destructive parasitic worm or insect larva.
Taira
n.
(Zool.) Same as Tayra.
Tairn
n.
• See Tarn.
Tait
n.
(Zool.) A small nocturnal and arboreal Australian marsupial (Tarsipes rostratus) about the size of a mouse. It has a long muzzle, a long tongue, and very few teeth, and feeds upon honey and insects. Called also noolbenger.
Take
p. p.
• Taken.
v. t.
• In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the hands, or otherwise; to grasp; to get into one's hold or possession; to procure; to seize and carry away; to convey.
• To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection to one's power or will; to capture; to seize; to make prisoner; as, to take am army, a city, or a ship; also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack; to seize; — said of a disease, misfortune, or the like.
• To gain or secure the interest or affection of; to captivate; to engage; to interest; to charm.
• To make selection of; to choose; also, to turn to; to have recourse to; as, to take the road to the right.
• To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to require; as, it takes so much cloth to make a coat.
• To form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to picture; as, to take picture of a person.
• To draw; to deduce; to derive.
• To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit to one's self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to; to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest, revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a resolution; — used in general senses, limited by a following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as, to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say.
• To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child to church.
• To carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand over; as, he took the book to the bindery.
• To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; — with from; as, to take the breath from one; to take two from four.
• In a somewhat passive sense, to receive; to bear; to endure; to acknowledge; to accept.
• To accept, as something offered; to receive; not to refuse or reject; to admit.
• To receive as something to be eaten or dronk; to partake of; to swallow; as, to take food or wine.
• Not to refuse or balk at; to undertake readily; to clear; as, to take a hedge or fence.
• To bear without ill humor or resentment; to submit to; to tolerate; to endure; as, to take a joke; he will take an affront from no man.
• To admit, as, something presented to the mind; not to dispute; to allow; to accept; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion; to understand; to interpret; to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as, to take a thing for granted; this I take to be man's motive; to take men for spies.
• To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept; to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with; — used in general senses; as, to take a form or shape.
v. i.
• To take hold; to fix upon anything; to have the natural or intended effect; to accomplish a purpose; as, he was inoculated, but the virus did not take.
• To please; to gain reception; to succeed.
• To move or direct the course; to resort; to betake one's self; to proceed; to go; — usually with to; as, the fox, being hard pressed, took to the hedge.
• To admit of being pictured, as in a photograph; as, his face does not take well.
n.
• That which is taken; especially, the quantity of fish captured at one haul or catch.
(Print.) The quantity or copy given to a compositor at one time.
Taken
• p. p. of Take.
Taker
n.
• One who takes or receives; one who catches or apprehended.
Taking
a.
• Apt to take; alluring; attracting.
• Infectious; contageous.
n.
• The act of gaining possession; a seizing; seizure; apprehension.
• Agitation; excitement; distress of mind.
• Malign influence; infection.
Talapoin
n.
(Zool.) A small African monkey (Cercopithecus, or Miopithecus, talapoin) — called also melarhine.
Talaria
n. pl.
(Class. Myth.) Small wings or winged shoes represented as fastened to the ankles, — chiefly used as an attribute of Mercury.
Talbot
n.
• A sort of dog, noted for quick scent and eager pursuit of game.
Talbotype
n.
(Photog.) Same as Calotype.
Talc
n.
(Min.) A soft mineral of a soapy feel and a greenish, whitish, or grayish color, usually occurring in foliated masses. It is hydrous silicate of magnesia. Steatite, or soapstone, is a compact granular variety.
Tale
n.
• See Tael.
n.
• That which is told; an oral relation or recital; any rehearsal of what has occured; narrative; discourse; statement; history; story.
• A number told or counted off; a reckoning by count; an enumeration; a count, in distinction from measure or weight; a number reckoned or stated.
(Law) A count or declaration.
v. i.
• To tell stories.
Talebearer
n.
• One who officiously tells tales; one who impertinently or maliciously communicates intelligence, scandal, etc., and makes mischief.
Talebearing
a.
• Telling tales officiously.
n.
• The act of informing officiously; communication of sectrts, scandal, etc., maliciously.
Taled
n.
(Jewish Antiq.) A kind of quadrangular piece of cloth put on by the Jews when repeating prayers in the synagogues.
Taleful
a.
• Full of stories.
Talegalla
n.
(Zool.) A genus of Australian birds which includes the brush turkey. See Brush turkey.
Talent
n.
• Among the ancient Greeks, a weight and a denomination of money equal to 60 minae or 6,000 drachmae. The Attic talent, as a weight, was about 57 lbs. avoirdupois; as a denomination of silver money, its value was \'9c243 15s. sterling, or about $1,180.
• Among the Hebrews, a weight and denomination of money. For silver it was equivalent to 3,000 shekels, and in weight was equal to about 93 lbs. avoirdupois; as a denomination of silver, it has been variously estimated at from \'9c340 to \'9c396 sterling, or about $1,645 to $1,916. For gold it was equal to 10,000 gold shekels.
• Inclination; will; disposition; desire.
• Intellectual ability, natural or acquired; mental endowment or capacity; skill in accomplishing; a special gift, particularly in business, art, or the like; faculty; a use of the word probably originating in the Scripture parable of the talents (Matt. xxv. 14-30).
Talented
a.
• Furnished with talents; possessing skill or talent; mentally gifted.
Tales
n.
(Law) Persons added to a jury, commonly from those in or about the courthouse, to make up any deficiency in the number of jurors regularly summoned, being like, or such as, the latter.
syntactically sing.
• The writ by which such persons are summoned.
Talesman
n.
(Law) A person called to make up a deficiency in the number of jurors when a tales is awarded.
Taleteller
n.
• One who tells tales or stories, especially in a mischievous or officious manner; a talebearer; a telltale; a tattler.
Talewise
adv.
• In a way of a tale or story.
Taliacotian
a.
• See Tagliacotian.
Taliation
n.
• Retaliation.
Talion
n.
• Retaliation.
Talipes
n.
(Surg.) The deformity called clubfoot. See Clubfoot.
Talipot
n.
(Bot.) A beautiful tropical palm tree (Corypha umbraculifera), a native of Ceylon and the Malabar coast. It has a trunk sixty or seventy feet high, bearing a crown of gigantic fan-shaped leaves which are used as umbrellas and as fans in ceremonial processions, and, when cut into strips, as a substitute for writing paper.
Talisman
n.
• A magical figure cut or engraved under certain superstitious observances of the configuration of the heavens, to which wonderful effects are ascribed; the seal, figure, character, or image, of a heavenly sign, constellation, or planet, engraved on a sympathetic stone, or on a metal corresponding to the star, in order to receive its influence.
• Hence, something that produces extraordinary effects, esp. in averting or repelling evil; an amulet; a charm; as, a talisman to avert diseases.
Talk
v. i.
• To utter words; esp., to converse familiarly; to speak, as in familiar discourse, when two or more persons interchange thoughts.
• To confer; to reason; to consult.
• To prate; to speak impertinently.
v. t.
• To speak freely; to use for conversing or communicating; as, to talk French.
• To deliver in talking; to speak; to utter; to make a subject of conversation; as, to talk nonsense; to talk politics.
• To consume or spend in talking; — often followed by away; as, to talk away an evening.
• To cause to be or become by talking.
n.
• The act of talking; especially, familiar converse; mutual discourse; that which is uttered, especially in familiar conversation, or the mutual converse of two or more.
• Report; rumor; as, to hear talk of war.
• Subject of discourse; as, his achievment is the talk of the town.
Talkative
a.
• Given to much talking.
Talker
n.
• One who talks; especially, one who is noted for his power of conversing readily or agreeably; a conversationist.
• A loquacious person, male or female; a prattler; a babbler; also, a boaster; a braggart; — used in contempt or reproach.
Talking
a.
• That talks; able to utter words; as, a talking parrot.
• Given to talk; loquacious.
Tall
a.
• High in stature; having a considerable, or an unusual, extension upward; long and comparatively slender; having the diameter or lateral extent small in proportion to the height; as, a tall person, tree, or mast.
• Brave; bold; courageous.
• Fine; splendid; excellent; also, extravagant; excessive.
Tallage
v. t.
• To lay an impost upon; to cause to pay tallage.
Tallier
n.
• One who keeps tally.
Tallness
n.
• The quality or state of being tall; height of stature.
Tallow
n.
• The suet or fat of animals of the sheep and ox kinds, separated from membranous and fibrous matter by melting.
• The fat of some other animals, or the fat obtained from certain plants, or from other sources, resembling the fat of animals of the sheep and ox kinds.
v. t.
• To grease or smear with tallow.
• To cause to have a large quantity of tallow; to fatten; as, tallow sheep.
Tallower
n.
• An animal which produces tallow.
Tallowing
n.
• The act, or art, of causing animals to produce tallow; also, the property in animals of producing tallow.
Tallowish
a.
• Having the qualities of tallow.
Tallowy
a.
• Of the nature of tallow; resembling tallow; greasy.
Tallwood
n.
• Firewood cut into billets of a certain length.
Tally
n.
• Originally, a piece of wood on which notches or scores were cut, as the marks of number; later, one of two books, sheets of paper, etc., on which corresponding accounts were kept.
• Hence, any account or score kept by notches or marks, whether on wood or paper, or in a book; especially, one kept in duplicate.
• One thing made to suit another; a match; a mate.
• A notch, mark, or score made on or in a tally; as, to make or earn a tally in a game.
• A tally shop. See Tally shop, below.
v. t.
• To score with correspondent notches; hence, to make to correspond; to cause to fit or suit.
(Naut.) To check off, as parcels of freight going inboard or outboard.
v. i.
• To be fitted; to suit; to correspond; to match.
• To make a tally; to score; as, to tally in a game.
adv.
• Stoutly; with spirit.
Tallyho
interj. & n.
• The huntsman's cry to incite or urge on his hounds.
• A tallyho coach.
Tallyman
n.
• One who keeps the tally, or marks the sticks.
• One who keeps a tally shop, or conducts his business as tally trade.
Talma
n.
• A kind of large cape, or short, full cloak, forming part of the dress of ladies.
• A similar garment worn formerly by gentlemen.
Talmud
n.
• The body of the Jewish civil and canonical law not comprised in the Pentateuch.
Talmudist
n.
• One versed in the Talmud; one who adheres to the teachings of the Talmud.
Talmudistic
a.
• Resembling the Talmud; Talmudic.
Talon
n.
• The claw of a predaceous bird or animal, especially the claw of a bird of prey.
(Zool.) One of certain small prominences on the hind part of the face of an elephant's tooth.
(Arch.) A kind of molding, concave at the bottom and convex at the top; — usually called an ogee.
• The shoulder of the bolt of a lock on which the key acts to shoot the bolt.
Talpa
n.
(Zool.) A genus of small insectivores including the common European mole.
Talus
n.
(Anat.) The astragalus.
(Surg.) A variety of clubfoot (Talipes calcaneus). See the Note under Talipes.
n.
(Fort.) A slope; the inclination of the face of a work.
(Geol.) A sloping heap of fragments of rock lying at the foot of a precipice.
Tamability
n.
• The quality or state of being tamable; tamableness.
Tamable
a.
• Capable of being tamed, subdued, or reclaimed from wildness or savage ferociousness.
Tamandu
n.
(Zool.) A small ant-eater (Tamandua tetradactyla) native of the tropical parts of South America.
Tamanoir
n.
(Zool.) The ant-bear.
Tamarack
n.
(Bot.) The American larch; also, the larch of Oregon and British Columbia (Larix occidentalis). See Hackmatack, and Larch.
• The black pine (Pinus Murrayana) of Alaska, California, etc. It is a small tree with fine-grained wood.
Tamaric
n.
• A shrub or tree supposed to be the tamarisk, or perhaps some kind of heath.
Tamarin
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of small squirrel-like South American monkeys of the genus Midas, especially M. ursulus.
Tamarind
n.
(Bot.) A leguminous tree (Tamarindus Indica) cultivated both the Indies, and the other tropical countries, for the sake of its shade, and for its fruit. The trunk of the tree is lofty and large, with wide-spreading branches; the flowers are in racemes at the ends of the branches. The leaves are small and finely pinnated.
• One of the preserved seed pods of the tamarind, which contain an acid pulp, and are used medicinally and for preparing a pleasant drink.
Tamarisk
n.
(Bot.) Any shrub or tree of the genus Tamarix, the species of which are European and Asiatic. They have minute scalelike leaves, and small flowers in spikes. An Arabian species (T. mannifera) is the source of one kind of manna.
Tambac
n.
(Metal.) See Tombac.
Tambour
n.
(Mus.) A kind of small flat drum; a tambourine.
• A small frame, commonly circular, and somewhat resembling a tambourine, used for stretching, and firmly holding, a portion of cloth that is to be embroidered; also, the embroidery done upon such a frame; — called also, in the latter sense, tambour work.
(Arch.) Same as Drum, n., 2(d).
(Fort.) A work usually in the form of a redan, to inclose a space before a door or staircase, or at the gorge of a larger work. It is arranged like a stockade.
(Physiol.) A shallow metallic cup or drum, with a thin elastic membrane supporting a writing lever. Two or more of these are connected by an India rubber tube, and used to transmit and register the movements of the pulse or of any pulsating artery.
v. t.
• To embroider on a tambour.
Tambourin
n.
• A tambourine.
(Mus.) An old Provencal dance of a lively character, common on the stage.
Tambourine
n.
• A small drum, especially a shallow drum with only one skin, played on with the hand, and having bells at the sides; a timbrel.
Tambreet
n.
(Zool.) The duck mole.
Tamburin
n.
• See Tambourine.
Tame
v. t.
• To broach or enter upon; to taste, as a liquor; to divide; to distribute; to deal out.
a.
• Reduced from a state of native wildness and shyness; accustomed to man; domesticated; domestic; as, a tame deer, a tame bird.
• Crushed; subdued; depressed; spiritless.
• Deficient in spirit or animation; spiritless; dull; flat; insipid; as, a tame poem; tame scenery.
v. t.
• To reduce from a wild to a domestic state; to make gentle and familiar; to reclaim; to domesticate; as, to tame a wild beast.
• To subdue; to conquer; to repress; as, to tame the pride or passions of youth.
Tameable
a.
• Tamable.
Tameless
a.
• Incapable of being tamed; wild; untamed; untamable.
Tamely
adv.
• In a tame manner.
Tameness
n.
• The quality or state of being tame.
Tamer
n.
• One who tames or subdues.
Tamias
n.
(Zool.) A genus of ground squirrels, including the chipmunk.
Tamil
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Tamils, or to their language.
n.
(Ethnol.) One of a Dravidian race of men native of Northern Ceylon and Southern India.
• The Tamil language, the most important of the Dravidian languages. See Dravidian, a.
Tamilian
a. & n.
• Tamil.
Tamis
n.
• A sieve, or strainer, made of a kind of woolen cloth.
• The cloth itself; tammy.
Tamkin
n.
• A tampion.
Tammy
n.
• A kind of woolen, or woolen and cotton, cloth, often highly glazed, — used for curtains, sieves, strainers, etc.
• A sieve, or strainer, made of this material; a tamis.
Tamp
v. t.
• In blasting, to plug up with clay, earth, dry sand, sod, or other material, as a hole bored in a rock, in order to prevent the force of the explosion from being misdirected.
• To drive in or down by frequent gentle strokes; as, to tamp earth so as to make a smooth place.
Tampan
n.
(Zool.) A venomous South African tick.
Tampeon
n.
• See Tampion.
Tamper
n.
• One who tamps; specifically, one who prepares for blasting, by filling the hole in which the charge is placed.
• An instrument used in tamping; a tamping iron.
v. i.
• To meddle; to be busy; to try little experiments; as, to tamper with a disease.
• To meddle so as to alter, injure, or vitiate a thing.
• To deal unfairly; to practice secretly; to use bribery.
Tamperer
n.
• One who tampers; one who deals unfairly.
Tamping
n.
• The act of one who tamps; specifically, the act of filling up a hole in a rock, or the branch of a mine, for the purpose of blasting the rock or exploding the mine.
• The material used in tamping. See Tamp, v. t., 1.
Tampion
n.
• A wooden stopper, or plug, as for a cannon or other piece of ordnance, when not in use.
(Mus.) A plug for upper end of an organ pipe.
Tampoe
n.
(Bot.) The edible fruit of an East Indian tree (Baccaurea Malayana) of the Spurge family. It somewhat resembles an apple.
Tampon
n.
(Surg.) A plug introduced into a natural or artificial cavity of the body in order to arrest hemorrhage, or for the application of medicine.
v. t.
(Surg.) To plug with a tampon.
Tampoon
n.
• The stopper of a barrel; a bung.
Tamul
a. & n.
• Tamil.
Tan
n.
• See Picul.
n.
• The bark of the oak, and some other trees, bruised and broken by a mill, for tanning hides; — so called both before and after it has been used. Called also tan bark.
• A yellowish-brown color, like that of tan.
• A brown color imparted to the skin by exposure to the sun; as, hands covered with tan.
a.
• Of the color of tan; yellowish-brown.
v. t.
• To convert (the skin of an animal) into leather, as by usual process of steeping it in an infusion of oak or some other bark, whereby it is impregnated with tannin, or tannic acid (which exists in several species of bark), and is thus rendered firm, durable, and in some degree impervious to water.
• To make brown; to imbrown, as by exposure to the rays of the sun; as, to tan the skin.
v. i.
• To get or become tanned.
Tana
n.
(Zool.) Same as Banxring.
Tanager
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of bright-colored singing birds belonging to Tanagra, Piranga, and allied genera. The scarlet tanager (Piranga erythromelas) and the summer redbird (Piranga rubra) are common species of the United States.
Tanagrine
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the tanagers.
Tanagroid
a.
(Zool.) Tanagrine.
Tanate
n.
(Zool.) An Asiatic wild dog (Canis procyonoides), native of Japan and adjacent countries. It has a short, bushy tail. Called also raccoon dog.
Tandem
adv. & a.
• One after another; — said especially of horses harnessed and driven one before another, instead of abreast.
n.
• A team of horses harnessed one before the other.
Tang
n.
(Bot.) A coarse blackish seaweed (Fuscus nodosus).
n.
• A strong or offensive taste; especially, a taste of something extraneous to the thing itself; as, wine or cider has a tang of the cask.
• Fig.: A sharp, specific flavor or tinge. Cf. Tang a twang.
• A projecting part of an object by means of which it is secured to a handle, or to some other part; anything resembling a tongue in form or position.
• The part of a knife, fork, file, or other small instrument, which is inserted into the handle.
• The projecting part of the breech of a musket barrel, by which the barrel is secured to the stock.
• The part of a sword blade to which the handle is fastened.
• The tongue of a buckle.
n.
• A sharp, twanging sound; an unpleasant tone; a twang.
v. t.
• To cause to ring or sound loudly; to ring.
v. i.
• To make a ringing sound; to ring.
Tangalung
n.
(Zool.) An East Indian civet (Viverra tangalunga).
Tangence
n.
• Tangency.
Tangency
n.
• The quality or state of being tangent; a contact or touching.
Tangent
n.
(Geom.) A tangent line curve, or surface; specifically, that portion of the straight line tangent to a curve that is between the point of tangency and a given line, the given line being, for example, the axis of abscissas, or a radius of a circle produced. See Trigonometrical function, under Function.
a.
• Touching; touching at a single point
(Geom.) meeting a curve or surface at a point and having at that point the same direction as the curve or surface; — said of a straight line, curve, or surface; as, a line tangent to a curve; a curve tangent to a surface; tangent surfaces.
Tangental
a.
(Geom.) Tangential.
Tangential
a.
(Geom.) Of or pertaining to a tangent; in the direction of a tangent.
Tangentially
adv.
• In the direction of a tangent.
Tangerine
n.
(Bot.) A kind of orange, much like the mandarin, but of deeper color and higher flavor. It is said to have been produced in America from the mandarin.
Tangfish
n.
(Zool.) The common harbor seal.
Tanghinia
n.
(Bot.) The ordeal tree. See under Ordeal.
Tangibility
n.
• The quality or state of being tangible.
Tangible
a.
• Perceptible to the touch; tactile; palpable.
• Capable of being possessed or realized; readily apprehensible by the mind; real; substantial; evident.
Tangle
v. t.
• To unite or knit together confusedly; to interweave or interlock, as threads, so as to make it difficult to unravel the knot; to entangle; to ravel.
• To involve; to insnare; to entrap; as, to be tangled in lies.
v. i.
• To be entangled or united confusedly; to get in a tangle.
n.
(Bot.) Any large blackish seaweed, especially the Laminaria saccharina. See Kelp.
• A knot of threads, or other thing, united confusedly, or so interwoven as not to be easily disengaged; a snarl; as, hair or yarn in tangles; a tangle of vines and briers. Used also figuratively.
• An instrument consisting essentiallly of an iron bar to which are attached swabs, or bundles of frayed rope, or other similar substances, — used to capture starfishes, sea urchins, and other similar creatures living at the bottom of the sea.
Tanglefish
n.
(Zool.) The sea adder, or great pipefish of Europe.
Tanglingly
adv.
• In a tangling manner.
Tangly
a.
• Entangled; intricate.
• Covered with tangle, or seaweed.
Tangram
n.
• A Chinese toy made by cutting a square of thin wood, or other suitable material, into seven pieces, as shown in the cut, these pieces being capable of combination in various ways, so as to form a great number of different figures. It is now often used in primary schools as a means of instruction.
Tangue
n.
(Zool.) The tenrec.
Tangun
n.
(Zool.) A piebald variety of the horse, native of Thibet.
Tangwhaup
n.
(Zool.) The whimbrel.
Tanier
n.
(Bot.) An aroid plant (Caladium sagittaefolium), the leaves of which are boiled and eaten in the West Indies.
Tanist
n.
• In Ireland, a lord or proprietor of a tract of land or of a castle, elected by a family, under the system of tanistry.
Tanistry
n.
• In Ireland, a tenure of family lands by which the proprietor had only a life estate, to which he was admitted by election.
Tanite
n.
• A firm composition of emery and a certain kind of cement, used for making grinding wheels, slabs, etc.
Tank
n.
• A small Indian dry measure, averaging 240 grains in weight; also, a Bombay weight of 72 grains, for pearls.
n.
• A large basin or cistern; an artificial receptacle for liquids.
Tanka
n.
(Naut.) A kind of boat used in Canton. It is about 25 feet long and is often rowed by women. Called also tankia.
Tankard
n.
• A large drinking vessel, especially one with a cover.
Tankia
n.
(Naut.) See Tanka.
Tankling
n.
• A tinkling.
Tanling
n.
• One tanned by the sun.
Tannable
a.
• That may be tanned.
Tannage
n.
• A tanning; the act, operation, or result of tanning.
Tannate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of tannic acid.
Tanner
n.
• One whose occupation is to tan hides, or convert them into leather by the use of tan.
Tannery
n.
• A place where the work of tanning is carried on.
• The art or process of tanning.
Tannic
a.
• Of or pertaining to tan; derived from, or resembling, tan; as, tannic acid.
Tannier
n.
(Bot.) See Tanier.
Tannin
n.
(Chem.) Same as Tannic acid, under Tannic.
Tanning
n.
• The art or process of converting skins into leather. See Tan, v. t., 1.
Tanrec
n.
(Zool.) Same as Tenrec.
Tansy
n.
(Bot.) Any plant of the composite genus Tanacetum. The common tansy (T. vulgare) has finely divided leaves, a strong aromatic odor, and a very bitter taste. It is used for medicinal and culinary purposes.
• A dish common in the seventeenth century, made of eggs, sugar, rose water, cream, and the juice of herbs, baked with butter in a shallow dish.
Tant
n.
(Zool.) A small scarlet arachnid.
Tantalate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of tantalic acid.
Tantalic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to tantalum; derived from, or containing, tantalum; specifically, designating any one of a series of acids analogous to nitric acid and the polyacid compounds of phosphorus.
Tantalism
n.
• A punishment like that of Tantalus; a teasing or tormenting by the hope or near approach of good which is not attainable; tantalization.
Tantalite
n.
(Min.) A heavy mineral of an iron-black color and submetallic luster. It is essentially a tantalate of iron.
Tantalization
n.
• The act of tantalizing, or state of being tantalized.
Tantalize
v. t.
• To tease or torment by presenting some good to the view and exciting desire, but continually frustrating the expectations by keeping that good out of reach; to tease; to torment.
Tantalizer
n.
• One who tantalizes.
Tantalizingly
adv.
• In a tantalizing or teasing manner.
Tantalum
n.
(Chem.) A rare nonmetallic element found in certain minerals, as tantalite, samarskite, and fergusonite, and isolated as a dark powder which becomes steel-gray by burnishing. Symbol Ta. Atomic weight 182.0. Formerly called also tantalium.
Tantalus
n.
(Gr. Myth.) A Phrygian king who was punished in the lower world by being placed in the midst of a lake whose waters reached to his chin but receded whenever he attempted to allay his thirst, while over his head hung branches laden with choice fruit which likewise receded whenever he stretched out his hand to grasp them.
(Zool.) A genus of wading birds comprising the wood ibises.
Tantamount
a.
• Equivalent in value, signification, or effect.
v. i.
• To be tantamount or equivalent; to amount.
Tantivy
adv.
• Swiftly; speedily; rapidly; — a fox-hunting term; as, to ride tantivy.
n.
• A rapid, violent gallop; an impetulous rush.
v. i.
• To go away in haste.
Tantrum
n.
• A whim, or burst of ill-humor; an affected air.
Tanyard
n.
• An inclosure where the tanning of leather is carried on; a tannery.
Tanystomata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of dipterous insects in which the proboscis is large and contains lancelike mandibles and maxillae. The horseflies and robber flies are examples.
Taoism
n.
• One of the popular religions of China, sanctioned by the state.
Tap
v. t.
• To strike with a slight or gentle blow; to touch gently; to rap lightly; to pat; as, to tap one with the hand or a cane.
• To put a new sole or heel on; as, to tap shoes.
n.
• A gentle or slight blow; a light rap; a pat.
• A piece of leather fastened upon the bottom of a boot or shoe in repairing or renewing the sole or heel.
(Mil.) A signal, by drum or trumpet, for extinguishing all lights in soldiers' quarters and retiring to bed, — usually given about a quarter of an hour after tattoo.
v. i.
• To strike a gentle blow.
n.
• A hole or pipe through which liquor is drawn.
• A plug or spile for stopping a hole pierced in a cask, or the like; a faucet.
• Liquor drawn through a tap; hence, a certain kind or quality of liquor; as, a liquor of the same tap.
• A place where liquor is drawn for drinking; a taproom; a bar.
(Mech.) A tool for forming an internal screw, as in a nut, consisting of a hardened steel male screw grooved longitudinally so as to have cutting edges.
v. t.
• To pierce so as to let out, or draw off, a fluid; as, to tap a cask, a tree, a tumor, etc.
• Hence, to draw from (anything) in any analogous way; as, to tap telegraph wires for the purpose of intercepting information; to tap the treasury.
• To draw, or cause to flow, by piercing.
(Mech.) To form an internal screw in (anything) by means of a tool called a tap; as, to tap a nut.
Tapa
n.
• A kind of cloth prepared by the Polynesians from the inner bark of the paper mulberry; — sometimes called also kapa.
Tapayaxin
n.
(Zool.) A Mexican spinous lizard (Phrynosoma orbiculare) having a head somewhat like that of a toad; — called also horned toad.
Tape
n.
• A narrow fillet or band of cotton or linen; a narrow woven fabric used for strings and the like; as, curtains tied with tape.
• A tapeline; also, a metallic ribbon so marked as to serve as a tapeline; as, a steel tape.
Tapeline
n.
• A painted tape, marked with linear dimensions, as inches, feet, etc., and often inclosed in a case, — used for measuring.
Taper
n.
• A small wax candle; a small lighted wax candle; hence, a small light.
• A tapering form; gradual diminution of thickness in an elongated object; as, the taper of a spire.
a.
• Regularly narrowed toward the point; becoming small toward one end; conical; pyramidical; as, taper fingers.
v. i.
• To become gradually smaller toward one end; as, a sugar loaf tapers toward one end.
v. t.
• To make or cause to taper.
Tapered
a.
• Lighted with a taper or tapers; as, a tapered choir.
Tapering
a.
• Becoming gradually smaller toward one end.
Taperness
n.
• The quality or state of being taper; tapering form; taper.
Tapestry
n.
• A fabric, usually of worsted, worked upon a warp of linen or other thread by hand, the designs being usually more or less pictorial and the stuff employed for wall hangings and the like. The term is also applied to different kinds of embroidery.
v. t.
• To adorn with tapestry, or as with tapestry.
Tapet
n.
• Worked or figured stuff; tapestry.
Tapeti
n.
(Zool.) A small South American hare (Lepus Braziliensis).
Tapetum
n.
(Anat.) An area in the pigmented layer of the choroid coat of the eye in many animals, which has an iridescent or metallic luster and helps to make the eye visible in the dark. Sometimes applied to the whole layer of pigmented epithelium of the choroid.
Tapeworm
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of cestode worms belonging to Taenia and many allied genera. The body is long, flat, and composed of numerous segments or proglottids varying in shape, those toward the end of the body being much larger and longer than the anterior ones, and containing the fully developed sexual organs. The head is small, destitute of a mouth, but furnished with two or more suckers (which vary greatly in shape in different genera), and sometimes, also, with hooks for adhesion to the walls of the intestines of the animals in which they are parasitic. The larvae (see Cysticercus) live in the flesh of various creatures, and when swallowed by another animal of the right species develop into the mature tapeworm in its intestine. See Illustration in Appendix.
Taphouse
n.
• A house where liquors are retailed.
Taphrenchyma
n.
(Bot.) Same as Bothrenchyma.
Tapinage
n.
• A lurking or skulking.
Tapioca
n.
• A coarsely granular substance obtained by heating, and thus partly changing, the moistened starch obtained from the roots of the cassava. It is much used in puddings and as a thickening for soups. See Cassava.
Tapir
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of large odd-toed ungulates belonging to Tapirus, Elasmognathus, and allied genera. They have a long prehensile upper lip, short ears, short and stout legs, a short, thick tail, and short, close hair. They have three toes on the hind feet, and four toes on the fore feet, but the outermost toe is of little use.
Tapiroid
a.
(Zool.) Allied to the tapir, or the Tapir family.
Tapis
n.
• Tapestry; formerly, the cover of a council table.
v. t.
• To cover or work with figures like tapestry.
Tapiser
n.
• A maker of tapestry; an upholsterer.
Tapish
v. i.
• To lie close to the ground, so as to be concealed; to squat; to crouch; hence, to hide one's self.
Taplash
n.
• Bad small beer; also, the refuse or dregs of liquor.
Taplings
n. pl.
• The strong double leathers by which the two parts of a flail are united.
Tappen
n.
• An obstruction, or indigestible mass, found in the intestine of bears and other animals during hibernation.
Tapper
n.
(Zool.) The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopus minor); — called also tapperer, tabberer, little wood pie, barred woodpecker, wood tapper, hickwall, and pump borer.
Tappester
n.
• A female tapster.
Tappet
n.
(Mach.) A lever or projection moved by some other piece, as a cam, or intended to tap or touch something else, with a view to produce change or regulate motion.
Taproom
n.
• A room where liquors are kept on tap; a barroom.
Taproot
n.
(Bot.) The root of a plant which penetrates the earth directly downward to a considerable depth without dividing.
Tapster
n.
• One whose business is to tap or draw ale or other liquor.
Tar
n.
• A sailor; a seaman.
n.
• A thick, black, viscous liquid obtained by the distillation of wood, coal, etc., and having a varied composition according to the temperature and material employed in obtaining it.
v. t.
• To smear with tar, or as with tar; as, to tar ropes; to tar cloth.
Taranis
n.
(Myth.) A Celtic divinity, regarded as the evil principle, but confounded by the Romans with Jupiter.
Tarantass
n.
• A low four-wheeled carriage used in Russia. The carriage box rests on two long, springy poles which run from the fore to the hind axletree. When snow falls, the wheels are taken off, and the body is mounted on a sledge.
Tarantella
n.
(Mus.) A rapid and delirious sort of Neapolitan dance in 6-8 time, which moves in whirling triplets; — so called from a popular notion of its being a remedy against the poisonous bite of the tarantula. Some derive its name from Taranto in Apulia.
• Music suited to such a dance.
Tarantism
n.
(Med.) A nervous affection producing melancholy, stupor, and an uncontrollable desire to dance. It was supposed to be produced by the bite of the tarantula, and considered to be incapable of cure except by protraced dancing to appropriate music.
Tarantula
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of large spiders, popularly supposed to be very venomous, especially the European species (Tarantula apuliae). The tarantulas of Texas and adjacent countries are large species of Mygale.
Tarantulated
a.
• Bitten by a tarantula; affected with tarantism.
Tarbogan
n. & v.
• See Toboggan.
Tarboosh
n.
• A red cap worn by Turks and other Eastern nations, sometimes alone and sometimes swathed with linen or other stuff to make a turban. See Fez.
Tardation
n.
• The act of retarding, or delaying; retardation.
Tardigrada
n. pl.
(Zool.) A tribe of edentates comprising the sloths. They are noted for the slowness of their movements when on the ground. See Sloth, 3.
(Zool.) An order of minute aquatic arachnids; — called also bear animalcules, sloth animalcules, and water bears.
Tardigrade
a.
• Moving or stepping slowly; slow-paced.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Tardigrada.
n.
(Zool.) One of the Tardigrada.
Tardigradous
a.
• Moving slowly; slow-paced.
Tardily
adv.
• In a tardy manner; slowly.
Tardiness
n.
• The quality or state of being tardy.
Tarditation
n.
• Tardiness.
Tardity
n.
• Slowness; tardiness.
Tardo
a.
(Mus.) Slow; — a direction to perform a passage slowly.
n.
(Zool.) A sloth.
Tardy
a.
• Moving with a slow pace or motion; slow; not swift.
• Not being inseason; late; dilatory; — opposed to prompt; as, to be tardy in one's payments.
• Unwary; unready.
• Criminal; guilty.
v. t.
• To make tardy.
Tare
imp.
• Tore.
n.
• A weed that grows among wheat and other grain; — alleged by modern naturalists to be the Lolium temulentum, or darnel.
(Bot.) A name of several climbing or diffuse leguminous herbs of the genus Vicia; especially, the V. sativa, sometimes grown for fodder.
n.
(Com.) Deficientcy in the weight or quantity of goods by reason of the weight of the cask, bag, or whatever contains the commodity, and is weighed with it; hence, the allowance or abatement of a certain weight or quantity which the seller makes to the buyer on account of the weight of such cask, bag, etc.
v. t.
• To ascertain or mark the tare of (goods).
Tared
a.
(Chem.) Weighed; determined; reduced to equal or standard weight; as, tared filter papers, used in weighing precipitates.
Tarente
n.
(Zool.) A harmless lizard of the Gecko family (Platydactylus Mauritianicus) found in Southern Europe and adjacent countries, especially among old walls and ruins.
Tarentism
n.
• See Tarantism.
Tarentula
n.
• See Tarantula.
Targe
n.
• A shield or target.
Target
n.
• A kind of small shield or buckler, used as a defensive weapon in war.
• A butt or mark to shoot at, as for practice, or to test the accuracy of a firearm, or the force of a projectile.
• The pattern or arrangement of a series of hits made by a marksman on a butt or mark; as, he made a good target.
(Surveying) The sliding crosspiece, or vane, on a leveling staff.
(Railroad) A conspicuous disk attached to a switch lever to show its position, or for use as a signal.
Targeted
a.
• Furnished, armed, or protected, with a target.
Targeteer
n.
• One who is armed with a target or shield.
Targum
n.
• A translation or paraphrase of some portion of the Old Testament Scriptures in the Chaldee or Aramaic language or dialect.
Targumist
n.
• The writer of a Targum; one versed in the Targums.
Tariff
n.
• A schedule, system, or scheme of duties imposed by the government of a country upon goods imported or exported; as, a revenue tariff; a protective tariff; Clay's compromise tariff. (U.S. 1833).
• The duty, or rate of duty, so imposed; as, the tariff on wool; a tariff of two cents a pound.
• Any schedule or system of rates, changes, etc.; as, a tariff of fees, or of railroad fares.
v. t.
• To make a list of duties on, as goods.
Tarin
n.
(Zool.) The siskin.
Taring
n.
(Zool.) The common tern; — called also tarret, and tarrock.
Tarlatan
n.
• A kind of thin, transparent muslin, used for dresses.
Tarn
n.
• A mountain lake or pool.
Tarnish
v. t.
• To soil, or change the appearance of, especially by an alternation induced by the air, or by dust, or the like; to diminish, dull, or destroy the luster of; to sully; as, to tarnish a metal; to tarnish gilding; to tarnish the purity of color.
v. i.
• To lose luster; to become dull; as, gilding will tarnish in a foul air.
n.
• The quality or state of being tarnished; stain; soil; blemish.
(Min.) A thin film on the surface of a metal, usually due to a slight alteration of the original color; as, the steel tarnish in columbite.
Tarnisher
n.
• One who, or that which, tarnishes.
Taro
n.
(Bot.) A name for several aroid plants (Colocasia antiquorum, var. esculenta, Colocasia macrorhiza, etc.), and their rootstocks. They have large ovate-sagittate leaves and large fleshy rootstocks, which are cooked and used for food in tropical countries.
Tarot
n.
• A game of cards; — called also taroc.
Tarpan
n.
(Zool.) A wild horse found in the region of the Caspian Sea.
Tarpaulin
n.
• A piece of canvas covered with tar or a waterproof composition, used for covering the hatches of a ship, hammocks, boats, etc.
• A hat made of, or covered with, painted or tarred cloth, worn by sailors and others.
• Hence, a sailor; a seaman; a tar.
Tarpon
n.
(Zool.) Same as Tarpum.
Tarpum
n.
(Zool.) A very large marine fish (Megapolis Atlanticus) of the Southern United States and the West Indies. It often becomes six or more feet in length, and has large silvery scales. The scales are a staple article of trade, and are used in fancywork. Called also tarpon, sabalo, savanilla, silverfish, and jewfish.
Tarquinish
a.
• Like a Tarquin, a king of ancient Rome; proud; haughty; overbearing.
Tarrace
n.
• See Trass.
Tarragon
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Artemisa (A. dracunculus), much used in France for flavoring vinegar.
Tarras
n.
• See Trass.
Tarre
v. t.
• To set on, as a dog; to incite.
Tarriance
n.
• The act or time of tarrying; delay; lateness.
Tarrier
n.
• One who, or that which, tarries.
n.
(Zool.) A kind of dig; a terrier.
Tarrock
n.
(Zool.) The young of the kittiwake gull before the first molt.
• The common guillemot.
• The common tern.
Tarry
a.
• Consisting of, or covered with, tar; like tar.
v. i.
• To stay or remain behind; to wait.
• To delay; to put off going or coming; to loiter.
• To stay; to abide; to continue; to lodge.
v. t.
• To delay; to defer; to put off.
• To wait for; to stay or stop for.
n.
• Stay; stop; delay.
Tarsal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the tarsus (either of the foot or eye).
n.
• A tarsal bone or cartilage; a tarsale.
n.
(Zool.) Same as Tercel.
Tarsale
n.
(Anat.) One of the bones or cartilages of the tarsus; esp., one of the series articulating with the metatarsals.
Tarse
n.
(Falconry) The male falcon.
n.
(Anat.) tarsus.
Tarsectomy
n.
(Surg.) The operation of excising one or more of the bones of the tarsus.
Tarsel
n.
• A male hawk. See Tercel.
Tarsi
n.
• pl. of Tarsus.
Tarsier
n.
• See Tarsius.
Tarsius
n.
(Zool.) A genus of nocturnal lemurine mammals having very large eyes and ears, a long tail, and very long proximal tarsal bones; — called also malmag, spectral lemur, podji, and tarsier.
Tarsometatarsal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the tarsus and metatarsus; as, the tarsometatarsal articulations.
• Of or pertaining to the tarsometatarsus.
Tarsometatarsus
n.
(Anat.) The large bone next the foot in the leg of a bird. It is formed by the union of the distal part of the tarsus with the metatarsus.
Tarsorrhaphy
n.
(Surg.) An operation to diminish the size of the opening between eyelids when enlarged by surrounding cicatrices.
Tarsotomy
n.
(Surg.) The operation of cutting or removing the tarsal cartilages.
Tarsus
n.
(Anat.) The ankle; the bones or cartilages of the part of the foot between the metatarsus and the leg, consisting in man of seven short bones.
• A plate of dense connective tissue or cartilage in the eyelid of man and many animals; — called also tarsal cartilage, and tarsal plate.
(Zool.) The foot of an insect or a crustacean. It usually consists of form two to five joints.
Tart
a.
• Sharp to the taste; acid; sour; as, a tart apple.
• Fig.: Sharp; keen; severe; as, a tart reply; tart language; a tart rebuke.
n.
• A species of small open pie, or piece of pastry, containing jelly or conserve; a sort of fruit pie.
Tartan
n.
• Woolen cloth, checkered or crossbarred with narrow bands of various colors, much worn in the Highlands of Scotland; hence, any pattern of tartan; also, other material of a similar pattern.
n.
(Naut.) A small coasting vessel, used in the Mediterranean, having one mast carrying large leteen sail, and a bowsprit with staysail or jib.
Tartar
n.
(Chem.) A reddish crust or sediment in wine casks, consisting essentially of crude cream of tartar, and used in marking pure cream of tartar, tartaric acid, potassium carbonate, black flux, etc., and, in dyeing, as a mordant for woolen goods; — called also argol, wine stone, etc.
• A correction which often incrusts the teeth, consisting of salivary mucus, animal matter, and phosphate of lime.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Tartary in Asia; a member of any one of numerous tribes, chiefly Moslem, of Turkish origin, inhabiting the Russian Europe; — written also, more correctly but less usually, Tatar.
• A person of a keen, irritable temper.
a.
• Of or pertaining to Tartary in Asia, or the Tartars.
n.
• See Tartarus.
Tartarated
a.
(Chem.) Tartrated.
Tartareous
a.
• Consisting of tartar; of the nature of tartar.
(Bot.) Having the surface rough and crumbling; as, many lichens are tartareous.
Tartarian
n.
(Bot.) The name of some kinds of cherries, as the Black Tartarian, or the White Tartarian.
Tartaric
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to tartar; derived from, or resembling, tartar.
Tartarine
n.
(Old Chem.) Potassium carbonate, obtained by the incineration of tartar.
Tartarize
v. t.
(Chem.) To impregnate with, or subject to the action of, tartar.
v. t.
• To cause to resemble the Tartars and their civilization, as by conquest.
Tartarous
a.
• Containing tartar; consisting of tartar, or partaking of its qualities; tartareous.
a.
• Resembling, or characteristic of, a Tartar; ill-natured; irritable.
Tartarum
n.
(Chem.) See 1st Tartar.
Tartarus
n.
(Class. Myth.) The infernal regions, described in the Iliad as situated as far below Hades as heaven is above the earth, and by later writers as the place of punishment for the spirits of the wicked. By the later poets, also, the name is often used synonymously with Hades, or the Lower World in general.
Tartary
n.
• Tartarus.
Tartish
a.
• Somewhat tart.
Tartlet
n.
• A small tart.
Tartly
adv.
• In a tart manner; with acidity.
Tartness
n.
• The quality or state of being tart.
Tartralic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained as a white amorphous deliquescent substance, C8H10O11; — called also ditartaric, tartrilic, or tartrylic acid.
Tartramate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of tartramic acid.
Tartramic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid which is the primary acid amide derivative of tartaric acid.
Tartramide
n.
(Chem.) An acid amide derivative of tartaric acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance.
Tartrate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of tartaric acid.
Tartrated
a.
(Med. Chem.) Containing, or derived from, tartar; combined with tartaric acid.
Tartrazine
n.
(Chem.) An artificial dyestuff obtained as an orange-yellow powder, and regarded as a phenyl hydrazine derivative of tartaric and sulphonic acids.
Tartrelic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an anhydride, C4H4O5, of tartaric acid, obtained as a white crystalline deliquescent substance.
Tartronate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of tartronic acid.
Tartronic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid (called also hydroxy malonic acid) obtained, by reducing mesoxalic acid, as a white crystalline substance.
Tartronyl
n.
(Chem.) A hypothetical radical constituting the characteristic residue of tartronic acid and certain of its derivatives.
Tartrovinic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a certain acid composed of tartaric acid in combination with ethyl, and now called ethyltartaric acid.
Tarweed
n.
(Bot.) A name given to several resinous-glandular composite plants of California, esp. to the species of Grindelia, Hemizonia, and Madia.
Tas
n.
• A heap.
v. t.
• To tassel.
Tasco
n.
• A kind of clay for making melting pots.
Tasimer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for detecting or measuring minute extension or movements of solid bodies. It consists essentially of a small rod, disk, or button of carbon, forming part of an electrical circuit, the resistance of which, being varied by the changes of pressure produced by the movements of the object to be measured, causes variations in the strength of the current, which variations are indicated by a sensitive galvanometer. It is also used for measuring minute changes of temperature.
Task
n.
• Labor or study imposed by another, often in a definite quantity or amount.
• Business; employment; undertaking; labor.
v. t.
• To impose a task upon; to assign a definite amount of business, labor, or duty to.
• To oppress with severe or excessive burdens; to tax.
• To charge; to tax; as with a fault.
Tasker
n.
• One who imposes a task.
• One who performs a task, as a day-laborer.
• A laborer who receives his wages in kind.
Taskmaster
n.
• One who imposes a task, or burdens another with labor; one whose duty is to assign tasks; an overseer.
Taskwork
n.
• Work done as a task; also, work done by the job; piecework.
Taslet
n.
• A piece of armor formerly worn to guard the things; a tasse.
Tasmanian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Tasmania, or Van Diemen's Land. — n. A native or inhabitant of Tasmania; specifically (Ethnol.), in the plural, the race of men that formerly inhabited Tasmania, but is now extinct.
Tasse
n.
• A piece of armor for the thighs, forming an appendage to the ancient corselet.
Tassel
n.
(Falconry) A male hawk. See Tercel.
n.
• A kind of bur used in dressing cloth; a teasel.
n.
• A pendent ornament, attached to the corners of cushions, to curtains, and the like, ending in a tuft of loose threads or cords.
• The flower or head of some plants, esp. when pendent.
• A narrow silk ribbon, or the like, sewed to a book to be put between the leaves.
(Arch.) A piece of board that is laid upon a wall as a sort of plate, to give a level surface to the ends of floor timbers; — rarely used in the United States.
v. i.
• To put forth a tassel or flower; as, maize tassels.
v. t.
• To adorn with tassels.
Tasset
n.
• A defense for the front of the thigh, consisting of one or more iron plates hanging from the belt on the lower edge of the corselet.
Tastable
a.
• Capable of worthy of being tasted; savory; relishing.
Taste
v. t.
• To try by the touch; to handle; as, to taste a bow.
• To try by the touch of the tongue; to perceive the relish or flavor of (anything) by taking a small quantity into a mouth. Also used figuratively.
• To try by eating a little; to eat a small quantity of.
• To become acquainted with by actual trial; to essay; to experience; to undergo.
• To partake of; to participate in; — usually with an implied sense of relish or pleasure.
v. i.
• To try food with the mouth; to eat or drink a little only; to try the flavor of anything; as, to taste of each kind of wine.
• To have a smack; to excite a particular sensation, by which the specific quality or flavor is distinguished; to have a particular quality or character; as, this water tastes brackish; the milk tastes of garlic.
• To take sparingly.
• To have perception, experience, or enjoyment; to partake; as, to taste of nature's bounty.
n.
• The act of tasting; gustation.
• A particular sensation excited by the application of a substance to the tongue; the quality or savor of any substance as perceived by means of the tongue; flavor; as, the taste of an orange or an apple; a bitter taste; an acid taste; a sweet taste.
(Physiol.) The one of the five senses by which certain properties of bodies (called their taste, savor, flavor) are ascertained by contact with the organs of taste.
• Intellectual relish; liking; fondness; — formerly with of, now with for; as, he had no taste for study.
• The power of perceiving and relishing excellence in human performances; the faculty of discerning beauty, order, congruity, proportion, symmetry, or whatever constitutes excellence, particularly in the fine arts and belles-letters; critical judgment; discernment.
• Manner, with respect to what is pleasing, refined, or in accordance with good usage; style; as, music composed in good taste; an epitaph in bad taste.
• Essay; trial; experience; experiment.
• A small portion given as a specimen; a little piece tastted of eaten; a bit.
• A kind of narrow and thin silk ribbon.
Tasteful
a.
• Having a high relish; savory.
• Having or exhibiting good taste; in accordance with good taste; tasty; as, a tasteful drapery.
Tasteless
a.
• Having no taste; insipid; flat; as, tasteless fruit.
• Destitute of the sense of taste; or of good taste; as, a tasteless age.
• Not in accordance with good taste; as, a tasteless arrangement of drapery.
Taster
n.
• One who tastes; especially, one who first tastes food or drink to ascertain its quality.
• That in which, or by which, anything is tasted, as, a dram cup, a cheese taster, or the like.
(Zool.) One of a peculiar kind of zooids situated on the polyp-stem of certain Siphonophora. They somewhat resemble the feeding zooids, but are destitute of mouths. See Siphonophora.
Tastily
adv.
• In a tasty manner.
Tasting
n.
• The act of perceiving or tasting by the organs of taste; the faculty or sense by which we perceive or distinguish savors.
Tasto
n.
(Mus.) A key or thing touched to produce a tone.
Tasty
a.
• Having a good taste; — applied to persons; as, a tasty woman. See Taste, n., 5.
• Being in conformity to the principles of good taste; elegant; as, tasty furniture; a tasty dress.
Tat
n.
• Gunny cloth made from the fiber of the Corchorus olitorius, or jute.
n.
(Zool.) A pony.
Tataupa
n.
(Zool.) A South American tinamou (Crypturus tataupa).
Tatch
n.
• A spot or stain; also, a trick.
Tath
obs.
• 3d pers. sing. pres. of Ta, to take.
n.
• Dung, or droppings of cattle.
• The luxuriant grass growing about the droppings of cattle in a pasture.
v. t.
• To manure (land) by pasturing cattle on it, or causing them to lie upon it.
Tatou
n.
(Zool.) The giant armadillo (Priodontes gigas) of tropical South America. It becomes nearly five feet long including the tail. It is noted for its burrowing powers, feeds largely upon dead animals, and sometimes invades human graves.
Tatouay
n.
(Zool.) An armadillo (Xenurus unicinctus), native of the tropical parts of South America. It has about thirteen movable bands composed of small, nearly square, scales. The head is long; the tail is round and tapered, and nearly destitute of scales; the claws of the fore feet are very large. Called also tatouary, and broad-banded armadillo.
Tatouhou
n.
(Zool.) The peba.
Tatt
v. t. & i.
• To make (anything) by tatting; to work at tatting; as, tatted edging.
Tatta
n.
• A bamboo frame or trellis hung at a door or window of a house, over which water is suffered to trickle, in order to moisten and cool the air as it enters.
Tatter
n.
• One who makes tatting.
n.
• A rag, or a part torn and hanging; — chiefly used in the plural.
v. t.
• To rend or tear into rags; — used chiefly in the past participle as an adjective.
Tatterdemalion
n.
• A ragged fellow; a ragamuffin.
Tatting
n.
• A kind of lace made from common sewing thread, with a peculiar stitch.
Tattle
v. i.
• To prate; to talk idly; to use many words with little meaning; to chat.
• To tell tales; to communicate secrets; to be a talebearer; as, a tattling girl.
n.
• Idle talk or chat; trifling talk; prate.
Tattler
n.
• One who tattles; an idle talker; one who tells tales.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of large, long-legged sandpipers belonging to the genus Totanus.
Tattlery
n.
• Idle talk or chat; tittle-tattle.
Tattling
a.
• Given to idle talk; apt to tell tales.
Tattoo
n.
(Mil.) A beat of drum, or sound of a trumpet or bugle, at night, giving notice to soldiers to retreat, or to repair to their quarters in garrison, or to their tents in camp.
v. t.
• To color, as the flesh, by pricking in coloring matter, so as to form marks or figures which can not be washed out.
n.
• An indelible mark or figure made by puncturing the skin and introducing some pigment into the punctures; — a mode of ornamentation practiced by various barbarous races, both in ancient and modern times, and also by some among civilized nations, especially by sailors.
Tatu
n.
(Zool.) Same as Tatou.
Tatusiid
n.
(Zool.) Any armadillo of the family Tatusiidae, of which the peba and mule armadillo are examples. Also used adjectively.
Tau
n.
(Zool.) The common American toadfish; — so called from a marking resembling the Greek letter tau (τ).
Taught
a.
• See Taut.
• imp. & p. p. of Teach.
Taunt
a.
(Naut.) Very high or tall; as, a ship with taunt masts.
v. t.
• To reproach with severe or insulting words; to revile; to upbraid; to jeer at; to flout.
n.
• Upbraiding language; bitter or sarcastic reproach; insulting invective.
Taunter
n.
• One who taunts.
Taunting
a. & n.
• from Taunt, v.
Tauntingly
adv.
• In a taunting manner.
Tauntress
n.
• A woman who taunts.
Taur
n.
• The constellation Taurus.
Tauricornous
a.
(Zool.) Having horns like those of a bull.
Tauridor
n.
• A bullfighter; a toreador.
Tauriform
a.
• Having the form of a bull.
Taurine
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the genus Taurus, or cattle.
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A body occurring in small quantity in the juices of muscle, in the lungs, and elsewhere, but especially in the bile, where it is found as a component part of taurocholic acid, from which it can be prepared by decomposition of the acid. It crystallizes in colorless, regular six-sided prisms, and is especially characterized by containing both nitrogen and sulphur, being chemically amido-isethionic acid, CHNSO.
Taurocholate
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A salt of taurocholic acid; as, sodium taurocholate, which occurs in human bile.
Taurocholic
a.
(Physiol. Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a conjugate acid (called taurocholic acid) composed of taurine and cholic acid, present abundantly in human bile and in that of carnivora. It is exceedingly deliquescent, and hence appears generally as a thick, gummy mass, easily soluble in water and alcohol. It has a bitter taste.
Tauromachian
a.
• Of or pertaining to bullfights.
n.
• A bullfighter.
Tauromachy
n.
• Bullfighting.
Taurus
n.
(Astron.) The Bull; the second in order of the twelve signs of the zodiac, which the sun enters about the 20th of April; — marked thus [&taurus;] in almanacs.
• A zodiacal constellation, containing the well-known clusters called the Pleiades and the Hyades, in the latter of which is situated the remarkably bright Aldebaran.
(Zool.) A genus of ruminants comprising the common domestic cattle.
Taurylic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid found of a urine of neat cattle, and probably identical with cresol.
Taut
a.
(Naut.) Tight; stretched; not slack; — said esp. of a rope that is tightly strained.
• Sung; close; firm; secure.
Tautegorical
a.
• Expressing the same thing with different words; — opposed to allegorical.
Tautochrone
n.
(Math.) A curved line, such that a heavy body, descending along it by the action of gravity, will always arrive at the lowest point in the same time, wherever in the curve it may begin to fall; as, an inverted cycloid with its base horizontal is a tautochrone.
Tautochronous
a.
(Math.) Occupying the same time; pertaining to, or having the properties of, a tautochrone.
Tautog
n.
(Zool.) An edible labroid fish (Haitula onitis, or Tautoga onitis) of the Atlantic coast of the United States. When adult it is nearly black, more or less irregularly barred, with greenish gray. Called also blackfish, oyster fish, salt-water chub, and moll.
Tautologic
a.
• Tautological.
Tautological
a.
• Involving tautology; having the same signification; as, tautological expression.
Tautologist
n.
• One who uses tautological words or phrases.
Tautologize
v. i.
• To repeat the same thing in different words.
Tautologous
a.
• Repeating the same thing in different words; tautological.
Tautology
n.
(Rhet.) A repetition of the same meaning in different words; needless repetition of an idea in different words or phrases; a representation of anything as the cause, condition, or consequence of itself, as in the following lines: —
Tautomeric
a.
(Chem.) Relating to, or characterized by, tautomerism.
Tautomerism
n.
(Chem.) The condition, quality, or relation of metameric substances, or their respective derivatives, which are more or less interchangeable, according as one form or the other is the more stable. It is a special case of metamerism; thus, the lactam and the lactim compounds exhibit tautomerism.
Tautophonical
a.
• Pertaining to, or characterized by, tautophony; repeating the same sound.
Tautophony
n.
• Repetition of the same sound.
Tautozonal
a.
(Crystallog.) Belonging to the same zone; as, tautozonal planes.
Tavern
n.
• A public house where travelers and other transient guests are accomodated with rooms and meals; an inn; a hotel; especially, in modern times, a public house licensed to sell liquor in small quantities.
Taverner
n.
• One who keeps a tavern.
Taverning
n.
• A feasting at taverns.
Tavernman
n.
• The keeper of a tavern; also, a tippler.
Taw
n.
• Tow.
v. t.
• To push; to tug; to tow.
v. t.
• To prepare or dress, as hemp, by beating; to tew; hence, to beat; to scourge.
• To dress and prepare, as the skins of sheep, lambs, goats, and kids, for gloves, and the like, by imbuing them with alum, salt, and other agents, for softening and bleaching them.
n.
• A large marble to be played with; also, a game at marbles.
• A line or mark from which the players begin a game of marbles.
Tawdrily
adv.
• In a tawdry manner.
Tawdriness
n.
• Quality or state of being tawdry.
Tawdry
a.
• Bought at the festival of St. Audrey.
• Very fine and showy in colors, without taste or elegance; having an excess of showy ornaments without grace; cheap and gaudy; as, a tawdry dress; tawdry feathers; tawdry colors.
n.
• A necklace of a rural fashion, bought at St. Audrey's fair; hence, a necklace in general.
Tawer
n.
• One who taws; a dresser of white leather.
Tawery
n.
• A place where skins are tawed.
Tawniness
n.
• The quality or state of being tawny.
Tawny
a.
• Of a dull yellowish brown color, like things tanned, or persons who are sunburnt; as, tawny Moor or Spaniard; the tawny lion.
Taws
n.
• A leather lash, or other instrument of punishment, used by a schoolmaster.
Tax
n.
• A charge, especially a pecuniary burden which is imposed by authority.
• A charge or burden laid upon persons or property for the support of a government.
• Especially, the sum laid upon specific things, as upon polls, lands, houses, income, etc.; as, a land tax; a window tax; a tax on carriages, and the like. (c) A sum imposed or levied upon the members of a society to defray its expenses.
• A task exacted from one who is under control; a contribution or service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.
• A disagreeable or burdensome duty or charge; as, a heavy tax on time or health.
• Charge; censure.
• A lesson to be learned; a task.
v. t.
• To subject to the payment of a tax or taxes; to impose a tax upon; to lay a burden upon; especially, to exact money from for the support of government.
(Law) To assess, fix, or determine judicially, the amount of; as, to tax the cost of an action in court.
• To charge; to accuse; also, to censure; — often followed by with, rarely by of before an indirect object; as, to tax a man with pride.
Taxability
n.
• The quality or state of being taxable; taxableness.
Taxable
a.
• Capable of being taxed; liable by law to the assessment of taxes; as, taxable estate; taxable commodities.
(Law) That may be legally charged by a court against the plaintiff of defendant in a suit; as, taxable costs.
Taxaspidean
a.
(Zool.) Having the posterior tarsal scales, or scutella, rectangular and arranged in regular rows; — said of certain birds.
Taxation
n.
• The act of laying a tax, or of imposing taxes, as on the subjects of a state, by government, or on the members of a corporation or company, by the proper authority; the raising of revenue; also, a system of raising revenue.
(Law) The act of taxing, or assessing a bill of cost.
• Tax; sum imposed.
• Charge; accusation.
Taxel
n.
(Zool.) The American badger.
Taxeopoda
n. pl.
(Paleon.) An order of extinct Mammalia found in the Tertiary formations.
Taxer
n.
• One who taxes.
• One of two officers chosen yearly to regulate the assize of bread, and to see the true gauge of weights and measures is observed.
Taxgatherer
n.
• One who collects taxes or revenues.
Taxiarch
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) An Athenian military officer commanding a certain division of an army.
Taxicorn
n.
(Zool.) One of a family of beetles (Taxicornes) whose antennae are largest at the tip. Also used adjectively.
Taxidermic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the art of preparing and preserving the skins of animals.
Taxidermist
n.
• A person skilled in taxidermy.
Taxidermy
n.
• The art of preparing, preserving, and mounting the skins of animals so as to represent their natural appearance, as for cabinets.
Taxine
n.
(Chem.) A poisonous alkaloid of bitter taste extracted from the leaves and seeds of the European yew (Taxus baccata). Called also taxia.
Taxis
n.
(Surg.) Manipulation applied to a hernial tumor, or to an intestinal obstruction, for the purpose of reducing it.
Taxless
a.
• Free from taxation.
Taxology
n.
(Biol.) Same as Taxonomy.
Taxonomic
a.
• Pertaining to, or involving, taxonomy, or the laws and principles of classification; classificatory.
Taxonomist
n.
• One skilled in taxonomy.
Taxonomy
n.
• That division of the natural sciences which treats of the classification of animals and plants; the laws or principles of classification.
Taxor
n.
• Same as Taxer, n., 2.
Taxpayer
n.
• One who is assessed and pays a tax.
Tayra
n.
(Zool.) A South American carnivore (Galera barbara) allied to the grison. The tail is long and thick. The length, including the tail, is about three feet.
Tazel
n.
(Bot.) The teasel.
Tazza
n.
• An ornamental cup or vase with a large, flat, shallow bowl, resting on a pedestal and often having handles.
Tchawytcha
n.
(Zool.) The quinnat salmon.
Tea
n.
• The prepared leaves of a shrub, or small tree (Thea, or Camellia, Chinensis). The shrub is a native of China, but has been introduced to some extent into some other countries.
• A decoction or infusion of tea leaves in boiling water; as, tea is a common beverage.
• Any infusion or decoction, especially when made of the dried leaves of plants; as, sage tea; chamomile tea; catnip tea.
• The evening meal, at which tea is usually served; supper.
v. i.
• To take or drink tea.
Teaberry
n.
(Bot.) The checkerberry.
Teach
v. t.
• To impart the knowledge of; to give intelligence concerning; to impart, as knowledge before unknown, or rules for practice; to inculcate as true or important; to exhibit impressively; as, to teach arithmetic, dancing, music, or the like; to teach morals.
• To direct, as an instructor; to manage, as a preceptor; to guide the studies of; to instruct; to inform; to conduct through a course of studies; as, to teach a child or a class.
• To accustom; to guide; to show; to admonish.
v. i.
• To give instruction; to follow the business, or to perform the duties, of a preceptor.
Teachable
a.
• Capable of being taught; apt to learn; also, willing to receive instruction; docile.
Teachableness
n.
• Willingness to be taught.
Teache
n.
(Sugar Works) One of the series of boilers in which the cane juice is treated in making sugar; especially, the last boiler of the series.
Teacher
n.
• One who teaches or instructs; one whose business or occupation is to instruct others; an instructor; a tutor.
• One who instructs others in religion; a preacher; a minister of the gospel; sometimes, one who preaches without regular ordination.
Teaching
n.
• The act or business of instructing; also, that which is taught; instruction.
Teachless
a.
• Not teachable.
Teacup
n.
• A small cup from which to drink tea.
Teacupful
n.
• As much as a teacup can hold; enough to fill a teacup.
Teagle
n.
• A hoisting apparatus; an elevator; a crane; a lift.
Teague
n.
• An Irishman; — a term used in contempt.
Teak
n.
(Bot.) A tree of East Indies (Tectona grandis) which furnishes an extremely strong and durable timber highly valued for shipbuilding and other purposes; also, the timber of the tree.
Teakettle
n.
• A kettle in which water is boiled for making tea, coffee, etc.
Teal
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of small fresh-water ducks of the genus Anas and the subgenera Querquedula and Nettion. The male is handsomely colored, and has a bright green or blue speculum on the wings.
Team
n.
• A group of young animals, especially of young ducks; a brood; a litter.
• Hence, a number of animals moving together.
• Two or more horses, oxen, or other beasts harnessed to the same vehicle for drawing, as to a coach, wagon, sled, or the like.
• A number of persons associated together in any work; a gang; especially, a number of persons selected to contend on one side in a match, or a series of matches, in a cricket, football, rowing, etc.
(Zool.) A flock of wild ducks.
(O. Eng. Law) A royalty or privilege granted by royal charter to a lord of a manor, of having, keeping, and judging in his court, his bondmen, neifes, and villains, and their offspring, or suit, that is, goods and chattels, and appurtenances thereto.
v. i.
• To engage in the occupation of driving a team of horses, cattle, or the like, as in conveying or hauling lumber, goods, etc.; to be a teamster.
v. t.
• To convey or haul with a team; as, to team lumber.
Teamed
a.
• Yoked in, or as in, a team.
Teaming
n.
• The act or occupation of driving a team, or of hauling or carrying, as logs, goods, or the like, with a team.
(Manuf.) Contract work.
Teamster
n.
• One who drives a team.
Teamwork
n.
• Work done by a team, as distinguished from that done by personal labor.
Teapot
n.
• A vessel with a spout, in which tea is made, and from which it is poured into teacups.
Teapoy
n.
• An ornamental stand, usually with three legs, having caddies for holding tea.
Tear
n.
(Physiol.) A drop of the limpid, saline fluid secreted, normally in small amount, by the lachrymal gland, and diffused between the eye and the eyelids to moisten the parts and facilitate their motion. Ordinarily the secretion passes through the lachrymal duct into the nose, but when it is increased by emotion or other causes, it overflows the lids.
• Something in the form of a transparent drop of fluid matter; also, a solid, transparent, tear-shaped drop, as of some balsams or resins.
• That which causes or accompanies tears; a lament; a dirge.
v. t.
• To separate by violence; to pull apart by force; to rend; to lacerate; as, to tear cloth; to tear a garment; to tear the skin or flesh.
• Hence, to divide by violent measures; to disrupt; to rend; as, a party or government torn by factions.
• To rend away; to force away; to remove by force; to sunder; as, a child torn from its home.
• To pull with violence; as, to tear the hair.
• To move violently; to agitate.
v. i.
• To divide or separate on being pulled; to be rent; as, this cloth tears easily.
• To move and act with turbulent violence; to rush with violence; hence, to rage; to rave.
n.
• The act of tearing, or the state of being torn; a rent; a fissure.
Tearer
n.
• One who tears or rends anything; also, one who rages or raves with violence.
Tearful
a.
• Abounding with tears; weeping; shedding tears; as, tearful eyes.
Tearless
a.
• Shedding no tears; free from tears; unfeeling.
Tearpit
n.
(Anat.) A cavity or pouch beneath the lower eyelid of most deer and antelope; the lachrymal sinus; larmier. It is capable of being opened at pleasure and secretes a waxy substance.
Teary
a.
• Wet with tears; tearful.
• Consisting of tears, or drops like tears.
Tease
v. t.
• To comb or card, as wool or flax.
• To stratch, as cloth, for the purpose of raising a nap; teasel.
(Anat.) To tear or separate into minute shreds, as with needles or similar instruments.
• To vex with importunity or impertinence; to harass, annoy, disturb, or irritate by petty requests, or by jests and raillery; to plague.
n.
• One who teases or plagues.
Teasel
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Dipsacus, of which one species (D. fullonum) bears a large flower head covered with stiff, prickly, hooked bracts. This flower head, when dried, is used for raising a nap on woolen cloth.
• A bur of this plant.
• Any contrivance intended as a substitute for teasels in dressing cloth.
v. t.
• To subject, as woolen cloth, to the action of teasels, or any substitute for them which has an effect to raise a nap.
Teaseler
n.
• One who uses teasels for raising a nap on cloth.
Teaseling
n.
• The cutting and gathering of teasels; the use of teasels.
Teaser
n.
• One who teases or vexes.
(Zool.) A jager gull.
Teasle
n. & v. t.
• See Teasel.
Teaspoon
n.
• A small spoon used in stirring and sipping tea, coffee, etc., and for other purposes.
Teaspoonful
n.
• As much as teaspoon will hold; enough to fill a teaspoon; — usually reckoned at a fluid dram or one quarter of a tablespoonful.
Teat
n.
• The protuberance through which milk is drawn from the udder or breast of a mammal; a nipple; a pap; a mammilla; a dug; a tit.
(Mach.) A small protuberance or nozzle resembling the teat of an animal.
Teated
a.
• Having protuberances resembling the teat of an animal.
Teathe
n. & v.
• See Tath.
Teatish
a.
• Peevish; tettish; fretful; — said of a child. See Tettish.
Teazel
n. & v. t.
• See Teasel.
Teazer
n.
• The stoker or fireman of a furnace, as in glass works.
Teazle
n. & v. t.
• See Teasel.
Tebeth
n.
• The tenth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, answering to a part of December with a part of January.
Techily
adv.
• In a techy manner.
Techiness
n.
• The quality or state of being techy.
Technic
a.
• Technical.
n.
• The method of performance in any art; technical skill; artistic execution; technique.
• Technical terms or objects; things pertaining to the practice of an art or science.
Technical
a.
• Of or pertaining to the useful or mechanic arts, or to any science, business, or the like; specially appropriate to any art, science, or business; as, the words of an indictment must be technical.
Technicality
n.
• The quality or state of being technical; technicalness.
• That which is technical, or peculiar to any trade, profession, sect, or the like.
Technically
adv.
• In a technical manner; according to the signification of terms as used in any art, business, or profession.
Technicalness
n.
• The quality or state of being technical; technicality.
Technicals
n. pl.
• Those things which pertain to the practical part of an art, science, or profession; technical terms; technics.
Technicist
n.
• One skilled to technics or in one or more of the practical arts.
Technicological
a.
• Technological; technical.
Technicology
n.
• Technology.
Technics
n.
• The doctrine of arts in general; such branches of learning as respect the arts.
Technique
n.
• Same as Technic, n.
Technism
n.
• Technicality.
Technologic
a.
• Technological.
Technological
a.
• Of or pertaining to technology.
Technologist
n.
• One skilled in technology; one who treats of arts, or of the terms of arts.
Technology
n.
• Industrial science; the science of systematic knowledge of the industrial arts, especially of the more important manufactures, as spinning, weaving, metallurgy, etc.
Techy
a.
• Peevish; fretful; irritable.
Tectibranch
n.
(Zool.) One of the Tectibranchiata. Also used adjectively.
Tectibranchia
n. pl.
• Same as Tectibranchiata.
Tectibranchiata
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order, or suborder, of gastropod Mollusca in which the gills are usually situated on one side of the back, and protected by a fold of the mantle. When there is a shell, it is usually thin and delicate and often rudimentary. The aplysias and the bubble shells are examples.
Tectibranchiate
a.
(Zool.) Having the gills covered by the mantle; of or pertaining to the Tectibranchiata.
n.
• A tectibranchiate mollusk.
Tectly
adv.
• Covertly; privately; secretly.
Tectology
n.
(Biol.) A division of morphology created by Haeckel; the science of organic individuality constituting the purely structural portion of morphology, in which the organism is regarded as composed of organic individuals of different orders, each organ being considered an individual. See Promorphology, and Morphon.
Tectonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to building or construction; architectural.
Tectonics
n.
• The science, or the art, by which implements, vessels, dwellings, or other edifices, are constructed, both agreeably to the end for which they are designed, and in conformity with artistic sentiments and ideas.
Tectorial
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to covering; — applied to a membrane immediately over the organ of Corti in the internal ear.
Tectrices
n. pl.
(Zool.) The wing coverts of a bird. See Covert, and Illust. of Bird.
Tecum
n.
(Bot.) See Tucum.
Ted
v. t.
• To spread, or turn from the swath, and scatter for drying, as new-mowed grass; — chiefly used in the past participle.
Tedder
n.
• A machine for stirring and spreading hay, to expedite its drying.
n.
• Same as Tether.
v. t.
• Same as Tether.
Tedge
n.
(Founding) The gate of a mold, through which the melted metal is poured; runner, geat.
Tediosity
n.
• Tediousness.
Tedious
a.
• Involving tedium; tiresome from continuance, prolixity, slowness, or the like; wearisome.
Tedium
n.
• Irksomeness; wearisomeness; tediousness.
Tee
n.
• The mark aimed at in curling and in quoits.
• The nodule of earth from which the ball is struck in golf.
n.
• A short piece of pipe having a lateral outlet, used to connect a line of pipe with a pipe at a right angle with the line; — so called because it resembles the letter T in shape.
Teek
n.
(Bot.) See Teak.
Teel
n.
• Sesame.
Teelseed
n.
• The seed of sesame.
Teem
v. t.
• To pour; — commonly followed by out; as, to teem out ale.
(Steel Manuf.) To pour, as steel, from a melting pot; to fill, as a mold, with molten metal.
v. t.
• To think fit.
v. i.
• To bring forth young, as an animal; to produce fruit, as a plant; to bear; to be pregnant; to conceive; to multiply.
• To be full, or ready to bring forth; to be stocked to overflowing; to be prolific; to abound.
v. t.
• To produce; to bring forth.
Teemer
n.
• One who teems, or brings forth.
Teemful
a.
• Pregnant; prolific.
• Brimful.
Teeming
a.
• Prolific; productive.
Teemless
a.
• Not fruitful or prolific; barren; as, a teemless earth.
Teen
n.
• Grief; sorrow; affiction; pain.
v. t.
• To excite; to provoke; to vex; to affict; to injure.
v. t.
• To hedge or fence in; to inclose.
Teenage
n.
• The longer wood for making or mending fences.
Teend
v. t. & i.
• To kindle; to burn.
Teenful
a.
• Full of teen; harmful; grievous; grieving; afflicted.
Teens
n. pl.
• The years of one's age having the termination -teen, beginning with thirteen and ending with nineteen; as, a girl in her teens.
Teeny
a.
• Very small; tiny.
a.
• Fretful; peevish; pettish; cross.
Teeong
n.
(Zool.) The mino bird.
Teest
n.
• A tinsmith's stake, or small anvil.
Teetan
n.
(Zool.) A pipit.
Teetee
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of small, soft-furred South American monkeys belonging to Callithrix, Chrysothrix, and allied genera; as, the collared teetee (Callithrix torquatus), and the squirrel teetee (Chrysothrix sciurea). Called also pinche, titi, and saimiri. See Squirrel monkey, under Squirrel.
(Zool.) A diving petrel of Australia (Halodroma wrinatrix).
Teeter
v. i. & t.
• To move up and down on the ends of a balanced plank, or the like, as children do for sport; to seesaw; to titter; to titter-totter.
Teeth
n.
• pl. of Tooth.
v. i.
• To breed, or grow, teeth.
Teething
n.
• The process of the first growth of teeth, or the phenomena attending their issue through the gums; dentition.
Teetotal
a.
• Entire; total.
Teetotaler
n.
• One pledged to entire abstinence from all intoxicating drinks.
Teetotalism
n.
• The principle or practice of entire abstinence, esp. from intoxicating drinks.
Teetotally
adv.
• Entirely; totally.
Teetotum
n.
• A child's toy, somewhat resembling a top, and twirled by the fingers.
Teetuck
n.
• The rock pipit.
Teeuck
n.
• The lapwing.
Teewit
n.
(Zool.) The pewit.
Teg
n.
• A sheep in its second year; also, a doe in its second year.
Tegmen
n.
• A tegument or covering.
(Bot.) The inner layer of the coating of a seed, usually thin and delicate; the endopleura.
(Zool.) One of the elytra of an insect, especially of certain Orthoptera.
(Zool.) Same as Tectrices.
Tegmental
a.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to a tegument or tegmentum; as, the tegmental layer of the epiblast; the tegmental cells of the taste buds.
Tegmentum
n.
(Anat.) A covering; — applied especially to the bundles of longitudinal fibers in the upper part of the crura of the cerebrum.
Teguexin
n.
(Zool.) A large South American lizard (Tejus teguexin). It becomes three or four feet long, and is blackish above, marked with yellowish spots of various sizes. It feeds upon fruits, insects, reptiles, young birds, and birds' eggs. The closely allied species Tejus rufescens is called red teguexin.
Tegula
n.
(Zool.) A small appendage situated above the base of the wings of Hymenoptera and attached to the mesonotum.
Tegular
a.
• Of or pertaining to a tile; resembling a tile, or arranged like tiles; consisting of tiles; as, a tegular pavement.
Tegulated
a.
• Composed of small plates, as of horn or metal, overlapping like tiles; — said of a kind of ancient armor.
Tegument
n.
• A cover or covering; an integument.
• Especially, the covering of a living body, or of some part or organ of such a body; skin; hide.
Tegumentary
a.
• Of or pertaining to a tegument or teguments; consisting of teguments; serving as a tegument or covering.
Teil
n.
(Bot.) The lime tree, or linden; — called also teil tree.
Teind
n.
• A tithe.
Teine
n.
• See Teyne.
Teinland
n.
(O. Eng. Law) Land granted by the crown to a thane or lord.
Teinoscope
n.
(Physics) An instrument formed by combining prisms so as to correct the chromatic aberration of the light while linear dimensions of objects seen through the prisms are increased or diminished; — called also prism telescope.
Teint
n.
• Tint; color; tinge, See Tint.
Teinture
n.
• Color; tinge; tincture.
Tek
n.
(Zool.) A Siberian ibex.
Telamones
n. pl.
(Arch.) Same as Atlantes.
Telangiectasis
n.
(Med.) Dilatation of the capillary vessels.
Telangiectasy
n.
(Med.) Telangiectasis.
Telarly
adv.
• In a weblike manner.
Telary
a.
• Of or pertaining to a web; hence, spinning webs; retiary.
Teledu
n.
(Zool.) An East Indian carnivore (Mydaus meliceps) allied to the badger, and noted for the very offensive odor that it emits, somewhat resembling that of a skunk. It is a native of the high mountains of Java and Sumatra, and has long, silky fur. Called also stinking badger, and stinkard.
Telegram
n.
• A message sent by telegraph; a telegraphic dispatch.
Telegrammic
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, a telegram; laconic; concise; brief.
Telegraph
n.
• An apparatus, or a process, for communicating intelligence rapidly between distant points, especially by means of preconcerted visible or audible signals representing words or ideas, or by means of words and signs, transmitted by electrical action.
v. t.
• To convey or announce by telegraph.
Telegrapher
n.
• One who sends telegraphic messages; a telegraphic operator; a telegraphist.
Telegraphic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the telegraph; made or communicated by a telegraph; as, telegraphic signals; telegraphic art; telegraphic intelligence.
Telegraphical
a.
• Telegraphic.
Telegraphist
n.
• One skilled in telegraphy; a telegrapher.
Telegraphy
n.
• The science or art of constructing, or of communicating by means of, telegraphs; as, submarine telegraphy.
Telemeter
n.
• An instrument used for measuring the distance of an object from an observer; as, a telescope with a micrometer for measuring the apparent diameter of an object whose real dimensions are known.
Teleocephial
n. pl.
(Zool.) An extensive order of bony fishes including most of the common market species, as bass, salmon, cod, perch, etc.
Teleological
a.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to teleology, or the doctrine of design.
Teleologist
n.
(Biol.) One versed in teleology.
Teleology
n.
• The doctrine of the final causes of things
(Biol.) the doctrine of design, which assumes that the phenomena of organic life, particularly those of evolution, are explicable only by purposive causes, and that they in no way admit of a mechanical explanation or one based entirely on biological science; the doctrine of adaptation to purpose.
Teleophore
n.
(Zool.) Same as Gonotheca.
Teleorganic
a.
(Physiol.) Vital; as, teleorganic functions.
Teleosaur
n.
(Paleon.) Any one of several species of fossil suarians belonging to Teleosaurus and allied genera. These reptiles are related to the crocodiles, but have biconcave vertebrae.
Teleosaurus
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of extinct crocodilian reptiles of the Jurassic period, having a long and slender snout.
Teleost
n.
(Zool.) One of the Teleosti. Also used adjectively.
Teleostean
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the teleosts.
n.
• A teleostean fish.
Teleostei
n. pl.
(Zool.) A subclass of fishes including all the ordinary bony fishes as distinguished from the ganoids.
Teleostomi
n. pl.
(Zool.) An extensive division of fishes including the ordinary fishes (Teleostei) and the ganoids.
Teleozoic
a.
(Zool.) Having tissued composed of cells.
Teleozoon
n.
(Zool.) A metazoan.
Telepathy
n.
• The sympathetic affection of one mind by the thoughts, feelings, or emotions of another at a distance, without communication through the ordinary channels of sensation.
Telepheme
n.
• A message by a telephone.
Telephone
n.
(Physics) An instrument for reproducing sounds, especially articulate speech, at a distance.
v. t.
• To convey or announce by telephone.
Telephonic
a.
• Conveying sound to a great distance.
• Of or pertaining to the telephone; by the telephone.
Telephonically
adv.
• By telephonic means or processes; by the use of the telephone.
Telephony
n.
• The art or process of reproducing sounds at a distance, as with the telephone.
Telepolariscope
n.
(Opt.) A polariscope arranged to be attached to a telescope.
Telerythin
n.
(Chem.) A red crystalline compound related to, or produced from, erythrin. So called because regarded as the end of the series of erythrin compounds.
Telescope
n.
• An optical instrument used in viewing distant objects, as the heavenly bodies.
a.
• To slide or pass one within another, after the manner of the sections of a small telescope or spyglass; to come into collision, as railway cars, in such a manner that one runs into another.
v. t.
• To cause to come into collision, so as to telescope.
Telescopically
adv.
• In a telescopical manner; by or with the telescope.
Telescopist
n.
• One who uses a telescope.
Telescopy
n.
• The art or practice of using or making telescopes.
Telesm
n.
• A kind of amulet or magical charm.
Telespectroscope
n.
(Astron.) A spectroscope arranged to be attached to a telescope for observation of distant objects, as the sun or stars.
Telestereoscope
n.
(Opt.) A stereoscope adapted to view distant natural objects or landscapes; a telescopic stereoscope.
Telestic
a.
• Tending or relating to a purpose or an end.
Telestich
n.
• A poem in which the final letters of the lines, taken consequently, make a name. Cf. Acrostic.
Telethermometer
n.
(Physics) An apparatus for determining the temperature of a distant point, as by a thermoelectric circuit or otherwise.
Teleutospore
n.
(Bot.) The thick-celled winter or resting spore of the rusts (order Uredinales), produced in late summer. See Illust. of Uredospore.
Telic
a.
(Gram.) Denoting the final end or purpose, as distinguished from ecbatic. See Ecbatic.
Tell
v. t.
• To mention one by one, or piece by piece; to recount; to enumerate; to reckon; to number; to count; as, to tell money.
• To utter or recite in detail; to give an account of; to narrate.
• To make known; to publish; to disclose; to divulge.
• To give instruction to; to make report to; to acquaint; to teach; to inform.
• To order; to request; to command.
• To discern so as to report; to ascertain by observing; to find out; to discover; as, I can not tell where one color ends and the other begins.
• To make account of; to regard; to reckon; to value; to estimate.
v. i.
• To give an account; to make report.
• To take effect; to produce a marked effect; as, every shot tells; every expression tells.
n.
• That which is told; tale; account.
n.
• A hill or mound.
Tellable
a.
• Capable of being told.
Tellen
n.
(Zool.) Any species of Tellina.
Teller
n.
• One who tells, relates, or communicates; an informer, narrator, or describer.
• One of four officers of the English Exchequer, formerly appointed to receive moneys due to the king and to pay moneys payable by the king.
• An officer of a bank who receives and counts over money paid in, and pays money out on checks.
• One who is appointed to count the votes given in a legislative body, public meeting, assembly, etc.
Tellership
n.
• The office or employment of a teller.
Tellina
n.
(Zool.) A genus of marine bivalve mollusks having thin, delicate, and often handsomely colored shells.
Telling
a.
• Operating with great effect; effective; as, a telling speech.
Telltale
a.
• Telling tales; babbling.
n.
• One who officiously communicates information of the private concerns of others; one who tells that which prudence should suppress.
(Mus.) A movable piece of ivory, lead, or other material, connected with the bellows of an organ, that gives notice, by its position, when the wind is exhausted.
(Naut.) A mechanical attachment to the steering wheel, which, in the absence of a tiller, shows the position of the helm.
• A compass in the cabin of a vessel, usually placed where the captain can see it at all hours, and thus inform himself of the vessel's course.
(Mach.) A machine or contrivance for indicating or recording something, particularly for keeping a check upon employees, as factory hands, watchmen, drivers, check takers, and the like, by revealing to their employers what they have done or omitted.
(Zool.) The tattler. See Tattler.
Tellural
a.
• Of or pertaining to the earth.
Tellurate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of telluric acid.
Telluret
n.
(Chem.) A telluride.
Tellureted
n.
(Chem.) Combined or impregnated with tellurium; tellurized.
Tellurhydric
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, hydrogen telluride, which is regarded as an acid, especially when in solution.
Tellurian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the earth.
n.
• A dweller on the earth.
• An instrument for showing the operation of the causes which produce the succession of day and night, and the changes of the seasons.
Telluric
a.
• Of or pertaining to the earth; proceeding from the earth.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to tellurium; derived from, or resembling, tellurium; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with tellurous compounds; as, telluric acid, which is analogous to sulphuric acid.
Telluride
n.
(Chem.) A compound of tellurium with a more positive element or radical; — formerly called telluret.
Tellurism
n.
• An hypothesis of animal magnetism propounded by Dr. Keiser, in Germany, in which the phenomena are ascribed to the agency of a telluric spirit or influence.
Tellurite
n.
(Chem.) A salt of tellurous acid.
(Min.) Oxide of tellurium. It occurs sparingly in tufts of white or yellowish crystals.
Tellurium
n.
(Chem.) A rare nonmetallic element, analogous to sulphur and selenium, occasionally found native as a substance of a silver-white metallic luster, but usually combined with metals, as with gold and silver in the mineral sylvanite, with mercury in Coloradoite, etc. Symbol Te. Atomic weight 125.2.
Tellurize
v. t.
(Chem.) To impregnate with, or to subject to the action of, tellurium; — chiefly used adjectively in the past participle; as, tellurized ores.
Tellurous
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to tellurium; derived from, or containing, tellurium; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with telluric compounds; as, tellurous acid, which is analogous to sulphurous acid.
Telodynamic
a.
• Relating to a system for transmitting power to a distance by means of swiftly moving ropes or cables driving grooved pulleys of large diameter.
Teloogoo
n.
• See Telugu.
Telotrocha
n.
(Zool.) An annelid larva having telotrochal bands of cilia.
Telotype
n.
• An electric telegraph which prints the messages in letters and not in signs.
Telpher
n.
(Elec.) A contrivance for the conveyance of vehicles or loads by means of electricity.
Telpherage
n.
• The conveyance of vehicles or loads by means of electricity.
Telson
n.
(Zool.) The terminal joint or movable piece at the end of the abdomen of Crustacea and other articulates. See Thoracostraca.
Telugu
n.
• A Darvidian language spoken in the northern parts of the Madras presidency. In extent of use it is the next language after Hindustani (in its various forms) and Bengali.
• One of the people speaking the Telugu language.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Telugu language, or the Telugus.
Temerarious
a.
• Unreasonably adventurous; despising danger; rash; headstrong; audacious; reckless; heedless.
Temeration
n.
• Temerity.
Temerity
n.
• Unreasonable contempt of danger; extreme venturesomeness; rashness; as, the temerity of a commander in war.
Temerous
a.
• Temerarious.
Tempean
a.
• Of or pertaining to Temple, a valley in Thessaly, celebrated by Greek poets on account of its beautiful scenery; resembling Temple; hence, beautiful; delightful; charming.
Temper
v. t.
• To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage; to soothe; to calm.
• To fit together; to adjust; to accomodate.
(Metal.) To bring to a proper degree of hardness; as, to temper iron or steel.
• To govern; to manage.
• To moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as clay for making brick, loam for molding, etc.
(Mus.) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
n.
• The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar.
• Constitution of body; temperament; in old writers, the mixture or relative proportion of the four humors, blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
• Disposition of mind; the constitution of the mind, particularly with regard to the passions and affections; as, a calm temper; a hasty temper; a fretful temper.
• Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as, to keep one's temper.
• Heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger; — in a reproachful sense.
• The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling; as, the temper of iron or steel.
• Middle state or course; mean; medium.
(Sugar Works) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
v. i.
• To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity.
• To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable.
Tempera
n.
(Paint.) A mode or process of painting; distemper.
Temperable
a.
• Capable of being tempered.
Temperament
n.
• Internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities, or constituent parts.
• Due mixture of qualities; a condition brought about by mutual compromises or concessions.
• The act of tempering or modifying; adjustment, as of clashing rules, interests, passions, or the like; also, the means by which such adjustment is effected.
• Condition with regard to heat or cold; temperature.
(Mus.) A system of compromises in the tuning of organs, pianofortes, and the like, whereby the tones generated with the vibrations of a ground tone are mutually modified and in part canceled, until their number reduced to the actual practicable scale of twelve tones to the octave. This scale, although in so far artificial, is yet closely suggestive of its origin in nature, and this system of tuning, although not mathematically true, yet satisfies the ear, while it has the convenience that the same twelve fixed tones answer for every key or scale, C♯ becoming identical with D♭, and so on.
(Physiol.) The peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament, sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament.
Temperamental
a.
• Of or pertaining to temperament; constitutional.
Temperance
n.
• Habitual moderation in regard to the indulgence of the natural appetites and passions; restrained or moderate indulgence; moderation; as, temperance in eating and drinking; temperance in the indulgence of joy or mirth; specifically, moderation, and sometimes abstinence, in respect to using intoxicating liquors.
• Moderation of passion; patience; calmness; sedateness.
• State with regard to heat or cold; temperature.
Temperancy
n.
• Temperance.
Temperate
a.
• Moderate; not excessive; as, temperate heat; a temperate climate.
• Not marked with passion; not violent; cool; calm; as, temperate language.
• Moderate in the indulgence of the natural appetites or passions; as, temperate in eating and drinking.
• Proceeding from temperance.
v. t.
• To render temperate; to moderate; to soften; to temper.
Temperately
adv.
• In a temperate manner.
Temperateness
n.
• The quality or state of being temperate; moderateness; temperance.
Temperative
a.
• Having power to temper.
Temperature
n.
• Constitution; state; degree of any quality.
• Freedom from passion; moderation.
(Physics) Condition with respect to heat or cold, especially as indicated by the sensation produced, or by the thermometer or pyrometer; degree of heat or cold; as, the temperature of the air; high temperature; low temperature; temperature of freezing or of boiling.
• Mixture; compound.
Tempered
a.
• Brought to a proper temper; as, tempered steel; having (such) a temper; — chiefly used in composition; as, a good-tempered or bad-tempered man; a well-tempered sword.
Temperer
n.
• One who, or that which, tempers; specifically, a machine in which lime, cement, stone, etc., are mixed with water.
Tempering
n.
(Metal.) The process of giving the requisite degree of hardness or softness to a substance, as iron and steel; especially, the process of giving to steel the degree of hardness required for various purposes, consisting usually in first plunging the article, when heated to redness, in cold water or other liquid, to give an excess of hardness, and then reheating it gradually until the hardness is reduced or drawn down to the degree required, as indicated by the color produced on a polished portion, or by the burning of oil.
Tempest
n.
• An extensive current of wind, rushing with great velocity and violence, and commonly attended with rain, hail, or snow; a furious storm.
• Fig.: Any violent tumult or commotion; as, a political tempest; a tempest of war, or of the passions.
• A fashionable assembly; a drum. See the Note under Drum, n., 4.
v. t.
• To disturb as by a tempest.
v. i.
• To storm.
Tempestive
a.
• Seasonable; timely; as, tempestive showers.
Tempestivily
n.
• The quality, or state, of being tempestive; seasonableness.
Tempestuous
a.
• Of or pertaining to a tempest; involving or resembling a tempest; turbulent; violent; stormy; as, tempestuous weather; a tempestuous night; a tempestuous debate.
Templar
n.
• One of a religious and military order first established at Jerusalem, in the early part of the 12th century, for the protection of pilgrims and of the Holy Sepulcher. These Knights Templars, or Knights of the Temple, were so named because they occupied an apartment of the palace of Bladwin II. in Jerusalem, near the Temple.
• A student of law, so called from having apartments in the Temple at London, the original buildings having belonged to the Knights Templars. See Inner Temple, and Middle Temple, under Temple.
• One belonged to a certain order or degree among the Freemasons, called Knights Templars. Also, one of an order among temperance men, styled Good Templars.
a.
• Of or pertaining to a temple.
Template
n.
• Same as Templet.
Temple
n.
(Weaving) A contrivence used in a loom for keeping the web stretched transversely.
n.
(Anat.) The space, on either side of the head, back of the eye and forehead, above the zygomatic arch and in front of the ear.
• One of the side bars of a pair of spectacles, jointed to the bows, and passing one on either side of the head to hold the spectacles in place.
n.
• A place or edifice dedicated to the worship of some deity; as, the temple of Jupiter at Athens, or of Juggernaut in India.
(Jewish Antiq.) The edifice erected at Jerusalem for the worship of Jehovah.
• Hence, among Christians, an edifice erected as a place of public worship; a church.
• Fig.: Any place in which the divine presence specially resides.
v. t.
• To build a temple for; to appropriate a temple to; as, to temple a god.
Templed
a.
• Supplied with a temple or temples, or with churches; inclosed in a temple.
Templet
n.
• A gauge, pattern, or mold, commonly a thin plate or board, used as a guide to the form of the work to be executed; as, a mason's or a wheelwright's templet.
(Arch.) A short piece of timber, iron, or stone, placed in a wall under a girder or other beam, to distribute the weight or pressure.
Tempo
n.
(Mus.) The rate or degree of movement in time.
Temporal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the temple or temples; as, the temporal bone; a temporal artery.
a.
• Of or pertaining to time, that is, to the present life, or this world; secular, as distinguished from sacred or eternal.
• Civil or political, as distinguished from ecclesiastical; as, temporal power; temporal courts.
n.
• Anything temporal or secular; a temporality; — used chiefly in the plural.
Temporality
n.
• The state or quality of being temporary; — opposed to perpetuity.
• The laity; temporality.
• That which pertains to temporal welfare; material interests; especially, the revenue of an ecclesiastic proceeding from lands, tenements, or lay fees, tithes, and the like; — chiefly used in the plural.
Temporally
adv.
• In a temporal manner; secularly.
Temporalness
n.
• Worldliness.
Temporalty
n.
• The laity; secular people.
• A secular possession; a temporality.
Temporaneous
a.
• Temporarity.
Temporarily
adv.
• In a temporary manner; for a time.
Temporariness
n.
• The quality or state of being temporary; — opposed to perpetuity.
Temporary
a.
• Lasting for a time only; existing or continuing for a limited time; not permanent; as, the patient has obtained temporary relief.
Temporist
n.
• A temporizer.
Temporization
n.
• The act of temporizing.
Temporize
v. t.
• To comply with the time or occasion; to humor, or yield to, the current of opinion or circumstances; also, to trim, as between two parties.
• To delay; to procrastinate.
• To comply; to agree.
Temporizer
n.
• One who temporizes; one who yields to the time, or complies with the prevailing opinions, fashions, or occasions; a trimmer.
Temporizingly
adv.
• In a temporizing or yielding manner.
Temporofacial
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the temple and the face.
Temporomalar
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the temple and the region of the malar bone; as, the temporomalar nerve.
Temporomaxillary
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the temple or the temporal bone and the maxilla.
Temps
n.
• Time.
Tempse
n.
• See Temse.
Tempt
v. t.
• To put to trial; to prove; to test; to try.
• To lead, or endeavor to lead, into evil; to entice to what is wrong; to seduce.
• To endeavor to persuade; to induce; to invite; to incite; to provoke; to instigate.
• To endeavor to accomplish or reach; to attempt.
Temptability
n.
• The quality or state of being temptable; lability to temptation.
Temptable
a.
• Capable of being tempted; liable to be tempted.
Temptation
n.
• The act of tempting, or enticing to evil; seduction.
• The state of being tempted, or enticed to evil.
• That which tempts; an inducement; an allurement, especially to something evil.
Temptationless
a.
• Having no temptation or motive; as, a temptationless sin.
Temptatious
a.
• Tempting.
Tempter
n.
• One who tempts or entices; especially, Satan, or the Devil, regarded as the great enticer to evil.
Tempting
a.
• Adapted to entice or allure; attractive; alluring; seductive; enticing; as, tempting pleasures.
Temptress
n.
• A woman who entices.
Temse
n.
• A sieve.
Temulent
a.
• Intoxicated; drunken.
Temulentive
a.
• Somewhat temulent; addicted to drink.
Ten
a.
• One more than nine; twice five.
n.
• The number greater by one than nine; the sum of five and five; ten units of objects.
• A symbol representing ten units, as 10, x, or X.
Tenability
n.
• The quality or state of being tenable; tenableness.
Tenable
a.
• Capable of being held, naintained, or defended, as against an assailant or objector, or againts attempts to take or process; as, a tenable fortress, a tenable argument.
Tenableness
n.
• Same as Tenability.
Tenace
n.
(Whist) The holding by the fourth hand of the best and third best cards of a suit led; also, sometimes, the combination of best with third best card of a suit in any hand.
Tenacious
a.
• Holding fast, or inclined to hold fast; inclined to retain what is in possession; as, men tenacious of their just rights.
• Apt to retain; retentive; as, a tenacious memory.
• Having parts apt to adhere to each other; cohesive; tough; as, steel is a tenacious metal; tar is more tenacious than oil.
• Apt to adhere to another substance; glutinous; viscous; sticking; adhesive.
• Niggardly; closefisted; miserly.
• Holding stoutly to one's opinion or purpose; obstinate; stubborn.
Tenacity
n.
• The quality or state of being tenacious; as, tenacity, or retentiveness, of memory; tenacity, or persistency, of purpose.
• That quality of bodies which keeps them from parting without considerable force; cohesiveness; the effect of attraction; — as distinguished from brittleness, fragility, mobility, etc.
• That quality of bodies which makes them adhere to other bodies; adhesiveness; viscosity.
(Physics) The greatest longitudinal stress a substance can bear without tearing asunder, — usually expressed with reference to a unit area of the cross section of the substance, as the number of pounds per square inch, or kilograms per square centimeter, necessary to produce rupture.
Tenaculum
n.
(Surg.) An instrument consisting of a fine, sharp hook attached to a handle, and used mainly for taking up arteries, and the like.
Tenacy
n.
• Tenaciousness; obstinacy.
Tenaille
n.
(Fort.) An outwork in the main ditch, in front of the curtain, between two bastions. See Illust. of Ravelin.
Tenaillon
n.
(Fort.) A work constructed on each side of the ravelins, to increase their strength, procure additional ground beyond the ditch, or cover the shoulders of the bastions.
Tenancy
n.
(Law) A holding, or a mode of holding, an estate; tenure; the temporary possession of what belongs to another.
(O. Eng. Law) A house for habitation, or place to live in, held of another.
Tenant
n.
(Law) One who holds or possesses lands, or other real estate, by any kind of right, whether in fee simple, in common, in severalty, for life, for years, or at will; also, one who has the occupation or temporary possession of lands or tenements the title of which is in another; — correlative to landlord. See Citation from Blackstone, under Tenement, 2.
• One who has possession of any place; a dweller; an occupant.
v. t.
• To hold, occupy, or possess as a tenant.
Tenantable
a.
• Fit to be rented; in a condition suitable for a tenant.
Tenantless
a.
• Having no tenants; unoccupied; as, a tenantless mansion.
Tenantry
n.
• The body of tenants; as, the tenantry of a manor or a kingdom.
• Tenancy.
Tench
n.
(Zool.) A European fresh-water fish (Tinca tinca, or T. vulgaris) allied to the carp. It is noted for its tenacity of life.
Tend
v. t.
(O. Eng. Law) To make a tender of; to offer or tender.
v. t.
• To accompany as an assistant or protector; to care for the wants of; to look after; to watch; to guard; as, shepherds tend their flocks.
• To be attentive to; to note carefully; to attend to.
v. i.
• To wait, as attendants or servants; to serve; to attend; — with on or upon.
• To await; to expect.
v. i.
• To move in a certain direction; — usually with to or towards.
• To be directed, as to any end, object, or purpose; to aim; to have or give a leaning; to exert activity or influence; to serve as a means; to contribute; as, our petitions, if granted, might tend to our destruction.
Tendance
n.
• The act of attending or waiting; attendance.
• Persons in attendance; attendants.
Tendence
n.
• Tendency.
Tendency
n.
• Direction or course toward any place, object, effect, or result; drift; causal or efficient influence to bring about an effect or result.
Tender
n.
• One who tends; one who takes care of any person or thing; a nurse.
(Naut.) A vessel employed to attend other vessels, to supply them with provisions and other stores, to convey intelligence, or the like.
• A car attached to a locomotive, for carrying a supply of fuel and water.
v. t.
(Law) To offer in payment or satisfaction of a demand, in order to save a penalty or forfeiture; as, to tender the amount of rent or debt.
• To offer in words; to present for acceptance.
n.
(Law) An offer, either of money to pay a debt, or of service to be performed, in order to save a penalty or forfeiture, which would be incurred by nonpayment or nonperformance; as, the tender of rent due, or of the amount of a note, with interest.
• Any offer or proposal made for acceptance; as, a tender of a loan, of service, or of friendship; a tender of a bid for a contract.
• The thing offered; especially, money offered in payment of an obligation.
a.
• Easily impressed, broken, bruised, or injured; not firm or hard; delicate; as, tender plants; tender flesh; tender fruit.
• Sensible to impression and pain; easily pained.
• Physically weak; not hardly or able to endure hardship; immature; effeminate.
• Susceptible of the softer passions, as love, compassion, kindness; compassionate; pitiful; anxious for another's good; easily excited to pity, forgiveness, or favor; sympathetic.
• Exciting kind concern; dear; precious.
• Careful to save inviolate, or not to injure; — with of.
• Unwilling to cause pain; gentle; mild.
• Adapted to excite feeling or sympathy; expressive of the softer passions; pathetic; as, tender expressions; tender expostulations; a tender strain.
• Apt to give pain; causing grief or pain; delicate; as, a tender subject.
(Naut.) Heeling over too easily when under sail; — said of a vessel.
n.
• Regard; care; kind concern.
v. t.
• To have a care of; to be tender toward; hence, to regard; to esteem; to value.
Tenderfoot
n.
• A delicate person; one not inured to the hardship and rudeness of pioneer life.
Tenderling
n.
• One made tender by too much kindness; a fondling.
(Zool.) One of the first antlers of a deer.
Tenderloin
n.
• A strip of tender flesh on either side of the vertebral column under the short ribs, in the hind quarter of beef and pork. It consists of the psoas muscles.
Tenderly
adv.
• In a tender manner; with tenderness; mildly; gently; softly; in a manner not to injure or give pain; with pity or affection; kindly.
Tenderness
n.
• The quality or state of being tender (in any sense of the adjective).
Tendinous
a.
• Pertaining to a tendon; of the nature of tendon.
• Full of tendons; sinewy; as, nervous and tendinous parts of the body.
Tendment
n.
• Attendance; care.
Tendon
n.
(Anat.) A tough insensible cord, bundle, or band of fibrous connective tissue uniting a muscle with some other part; a sinew.
Tendonous
a.
• Tendinous.
Tendosynovitis
n.
• See Tenosynovitis.
Tendrac
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of small insectivores of the family Centetidae, belonging to Ericulus, Echinope, and related genera, native of Madagascar. They are more or less spinose and resemble the hedgehog in habits. The rice tendrac (Oryzorictes hora) is very injurious to rice crops. Some of the species are called also tenrec.
Tendril
n.
(Bot.) A slender, leafless portion of a plant by which it becomes attached to a supporting body, after which the tendril usually contracts by coiling spirally.
a.
• Clasping; climbing as a tendril.
Tendron
n.
• A tendril.
Tendry
n.
• A tender; an offer.
Tene
n. & v.
• See 1st and 2d Teen.
Tenebrae
n.
(R. C. Ch.) The matins and lauds for the last three days of Holy Week, commemorating the sufferings and death of Christ, — usually sung on the afternoon or evening of Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, instead of on the following days.
Tenebricose
a.
• Tenebrous; dark; gloomy.
Tenebrific
a.
• Rendering dark or gloomy; tenebrous; gloomy.
Tenebrificous
a.
• Tenebrific.
Tenebrious
a.
• Tenebrous.
Tenebrose
a.
• Characterized by darkness or gloom; tenebrous.
Tenebrosity
n.
• The quality or state of being tenebrous; tenebrousness.
Tenebrous
a.
• Dark; gloomy; dusky; tenebrious.
Tenement
n.
(Feud. Law) That which is held of another by service; property which one holds of a lord or proprietor in consideration of some military or pecuniary service; fief; fee.
(Common Law) Any species of permanent property that may be held, so as to create a tenancy, as lands, houses, rents, commons, an office, an advowson, a franchise, a right of common, a peerage, and the like; — called also free or frank tenements.
• A dwelling house; a building for a habitation; also, an apartment, or suite of rooms, in a building, used by one family; often, a house erected to be rented.
• Fig.: Dwelling; abode; habitation.
Tenemental
a.
• Of or pertaining to a tenement; capable of being held by tenants.
Tenementary
a.
• Capable of being leased; held by tenants.
Tenent
n.
• A tenet.
Teneral
a.
(Zool.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a condition assumed by the imago of certain Neuroptera, after exclusion from the pupa. In this state the insect is soft, and has not fully attained its mature coloring.
Teneriffe
n.
• A white wine resembling Madeira in taste, but more tart, produced in Teneriffe, one of the Canary Islands; — called also Vidonia.
Tenerity
n.
• Tenderness.
Tenesmic
a.
(Med.) Of or pertaining to tenesmus; characterized by tenesmus.
Tenesmus
n.
(Med.) An urgent and distressing sensation, as if a discharge from the intestines must take place, although none can be effected; — always referred to the lower extremity of the rectum.
Tenet
n.
• Any opinion, principle, dogma, belief, or doctrine, which a person holds or maintains as true; as, the tenets of Plato or of Cicero.
Tenfold
a. & adv.
• In tens; consisting of ten in one; ten times repeated.
Tenia
n.
• See Taenia.
Tenioid
a.
• See Taenoid.
Tennantite
n.
(Min.) A blackish lead-gray mineral, closely related to tetrahedrite. It is essentially a sulphide of arsenic and copper.
Tenne
n.
(Her.) A tincture, rarely employed, which is considered as an orange color or bright brown. It is represented by diagonal lines from sinister to dexter, crossed by vertical lines.
Tennis
n.
• A play in which a ball is driven to and fro, or kept in motion by striking it with a racket or with the open hand.
v. t.
• To drive backward and forward, as a ball in playing tennis.
Tennu
n.
(Zool.) The tapir.
Tenon
n.
(Carp. & Join.) A projecting member left by cutting away the wood around it, and made to insert into a mortise, and in this way secure together the parts of a frame; especially, such a member when it passes entirely through the thickness of the piece in which the mortise is cut, and shows on the other side. Cf. Tooth, Tusk.
v. t.
• To cut or fit for insertion into a mortise, as the end of a piece of timber.
Tenonian
a.
(Anat.) Discovered or described by M. Tenon, a French anatomist.
Tenor
n.
• A state of holding on in a continuous course; manner of continuity; constant mode; general tendency; course; career.
• That course of thought which holds on through a discourse; the general drift or course of thought; purport; intent; meaning; understanding.
• Stamp; character; nature.
(Law) An exact copy of a writing, set forth in the words and figures of it. It differs from purport, which is only the substance or general import of the instrument.
(Mus.) The higher of the two kinds of voices usually belonging to adult males; hence, the part in the harmony adapted to this voice; the second of the four parts in the scale of sounds, reckoning from the base, and originally the air, to which the other parts were auxillary.
• A person who sings the tenor, or the instrument that play it.
Tenosynovitis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the synovial sheath enveloping a tendon.
Tenotome
n.
(Surg.) A slender knife for use in the operation of tenotomy.
Tenotomy
n.
(Surg.) The division of a tendon, or the act of dividing a tendon.
Tenpenny
a.
• Valued or sold at ten pence; as, a tenpenny cake. See 2d Penny, n.
a.
• Denoting a size of nails. See 1st Penny.
Tenpins
n.
• A game resembling ninepins, but played with ten pins. See Ninepins.
Tenrec
n.
(Zool.) A small insectivore (Centetes ecaudatus), native of Madagascar, but introduced also into the islands of Bourbon and Mauritius; — called also tanrec. The name is applied to other allied genera. See Tendrac.
Tense
n.
(Gram.) One of the forms which a verb takes by inflection or by adding auxiliary words, so as to indicate the time of the action or event signified; the modification which verbs undergo for the indication of time.
a.
• Stretched tightly; strained to stiffness; rigid; not lax; as, a tense fiber.
Tensibility
n.
• The quality or state of being tensible; tensility.
Tensible
a.
• Capable of being extended or drawn out; ductile; tensible.
Tensile
a.
• Of or pertaining to extension; as, tensile strength.
• Capable of extension; ductile; tensible.
Tensiled
a.
• Made tensile.
Tensility
n.
• The quality or state of being tensile, or capable of extension; tensibility; as, the tensility of the muscles.
Tension
n.
• The act of stretching or straining; the state of being stretched or strained to stiffness; the state of being bent strained; as, the tension of the muscles, tension of the larynx.
• Fig.: Extreme strain of mind or excitement of feeling; intense effort.
• The degree of stretching to which a wire, cord, piece of timber, or the like, is strained by drawing it in the direction of its length; strain.
(Mech.) The force by which a part is pulled when forming part of any system in equilibrium or in motion; as, the tension of a srting supporting a weight equals that weight.
• A device for checking the delivery of the thread in a sewing machine, so as to give the stitch the required degree of tightness.
(Physics) Expansive force; the force with which the particles of a body, as a gas, tend to recede from each other and occupy a larger space; elastic force; elasticity; as, the tension of vapor; the tension of air.
(Elec.) The quality in consequence of which an electric charge tends to discharge itself, as into the air by a spark, or to pass from a body of greater to one of less electrical potential. It varies as the quantity of electricity upon a given area.
Tensioned
a.
• Extended or drawn out; subjected to tension.
Tensity
n.
• The quality or state of being tense, or strained to stiffness; tension; tenseness.
Tensive
a.
• Giving the sensation of tension, stiffness, or contraction.
Tensor
n.
(Anat.) A muscle that stretches a part, or renders it tense.
(Geom.) The ratio of one vector to another in length, no regard being had to the direction of the two vectors; — so called because considered as a stretching factor in changing one vector into another. See Versor.
Tensure
n.
• Tension.
Tent
n.
• A kind of wine of a deep red color, chiefly from Galicia or Malaga in Spain; — called also tent wine, and tinta.
n.
• Attention; regard, care.
• Intention; design.
v. t.
• To attend to; to heed; hence, to guard; to hinder.
v. t.
• To probe or to search with a tent; to keep open with a tent; as, to tent a wound. Used also figuratively.
n.
(Surg.) A roll of lint or linen, or a conical or cylindrical piece of sponge or other absorbent, used chiefly to dilate a natural canal, to keep open the orifice of a wound, or to absorb discharges.
• A probe for searching a wound.
n.
• A pavilion or portable lodge consisting of skins, canvas, or some strong cloth, stretched and sustained by poles, — used for sheltering persons from the weather, especially soldiers in camp.
(Her.) The representation of a tent used as a bearing.
v. i.
• To lodge as a tent; to tabernacle.
Tentacle
n.
(Zool.) A more or less elongated process or organ, simple or branched, proceeding from the head or cephalic region of invertebrate animals, being either an organ of sense, prehension, or motion.
Tentacled
a.
(Zool.) Having tentacles.
Tentacular
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to a tentacle or tentacles.
Tentaculata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Ctenophora including those which have two long tentacles.
Tentaculifera
n. pl.
(Zool.) Same as Suctoria, 1.
Tentaculiferous
a.
(Zool.) Producing or bearing tentacles.
Tentaculiform
a.
(Zool.) Shaped like a tentacle.
Tentaculite
n.
(Paleon.) Any one of numerous species of small, conical fossil shells found in Paleozoic rocks. They are supposed to be pteropods.
Tentaculocyst
n.
(Zool.) One of the auditory organs of certain medusae; — called also auditory tentacle.
Tentaculum
n.
(Zool.) A tentacle.
(Anat.) One of the stiff hairs situated about the mouth, or on the face, of many animals, and supposed to be tactile organs; a tactile hair.
Tentage
n.
• A collection of tents; an encampment.
Tentation
n.
• Trial; temptation.
(Mech.) A mode of adjusting or operating by repeated trials or experiments.
Tentative
a.
• Of or pertaining to a trial or trials; essaying; experimental.
n.
• An essay; a trial; an experiment.
Tented
a.
• Covered with tents.
Tenter
n.
• One who takes care of, or tends, machines in a factory; a kind of assistant foreman.
(Mach.) A kind of governor.
n.
• A machine or frame for stretching cloth by means of hooks, called tenter-hooks, so that it may dry even and square.
v. i.
• To admit extension.
v. t.
• To hang or stretch on, or as on, tenters.
Tentful
n.
• As much, or as many, as a tent will hold.
Tenth
a.
• Next in order after the ninth; coming after nine others.
• Constituting or being one of ten equal parts into which anything is divided.
n.
• The next in order after the ninth; one coming after nine others.
• The quotient of a unit divided by ten; one of ten equal parts into which anything is divided.
• The tenth part of annual produce, income, increase, or the like; a tithe.
(Mus.) The interval between any tone and the tone represented on the tenth degree of the staff above it, as between one of the scale and three of the octave above; the octave of the third.
(Eng. Law) A temporary aid issuing out of personal property, and granted to the king by Parliament; formerly, the real tenth part of all the movables belonging to the subject.
(Eccl. Law) The tenth part of the annual profit of every living in the kingdom, formerly paid to the pope, but afterward transferred to the crown. It now forms a part of the fund called Queen Anne's Bounty.
Tenthly
adv.
• In a tenth manner.
Tenthredinides
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Hymneoptera comprising the sawflies.
Tentif
a.
• Attentive.
Tentifly
adv.
• Attentively.
Tentiginous
a.
• Stiff; stretched; strained.
• Lustful, or pertaining to lust.
Tentmaker
n.
• One whose occupation it is to make tents.
Tentorium
n.
(Anat.) A fold of the dura mater which separates the cerebellum from the cerebrum and often incloses a process or plate of the skull called the bony tentorium.
Tentory
n.
• The awning or covering of a tent.
Tentwort
n.
(Bot.) A kind of small fern, the wall rue. See under Wall.
Tenuate
v. t.
• To make thin; to attenuate.
Tenuifolious
a.
(Bot.) Having thin or narrow leaves.
Tenuious
a.
• Rare or subtile; tenuous; — opposed to dense.
Tenuiroster
n.
(Zool.) One of the Tenuirostres.
Tenuirostral
a.
(Zool.) Thin-billed; — applied to birds with a slender bill, as the humming birds.
Tenuirostres
n. pl.
(Zool.) An artificial group of passerine birds having slender bills, as the humming birds.
Tenuis
n.
(Gr. Gram.) One of the three surd mutes κ, π, τ; — so called in relation to their respective middle letters, or medials, γ, β, δ, and their aspirates, χ, φ, θ. The term is also applied to the corresponding letters and articulate elements in other languages.
Tenuity
n.
• The quality or state of being tenuous; thinness, applied to a broad substance; slenderness, applied to anything that is long; as, the tenuity of a leaf; the tenuity of a hair.
• Rarily; rareness; thinness, as of a fluid; as, the tenuity of the air; the tenuity of the blood.
• Poverty; indigence.
• Refinement; delicacy.
Tenuous
a.
• Thin; slender; small; minute.
• Rare; subtile; not dense; — said of fluids.
• Lacking substance, as a tenuous argument.
Tenure
n.
• The act or right of holding, as property, especially real estate.
(Eng. Law) The manner of holding lands and tenements of a superior.
• The consideration, condition, or service which the occupier of land gives to his lord or superior for the use of his land.
• Manner of holding, in general; as, in absolute governments, men hold their rights by a precarious tenure.
Teocalli
n.
• Literally, God's house; a temple, usually of pyramidal form, such as were built by the aborigines of Mexico, Yucatan, etc.
Teosinte
n.
(Bot.) A large grass (Euchlaena luxurians) closely related to maize. It is native of Mexico and Central America, but is now cultivated for fodder in the Southern United States and in many warm countries. Called also Guatemala grass.
Tepal
n.
(Bot.) A division of a perianth.
Tepee
n.
• An Indian wigwam or tent.
Tepefaction
n.
• Act of tepefying.
Tepefy
v. t. & i.
• To make or become tepid, or moderately warm.
Tephramancy
n.
• Divination by the ashes of the altar on which a victim had been consumed in sacrifice.
Tephrite
n.
(Geol.) An igneous rock consisting essentially of plagioclase and either leucite or nephelite, or both.
Tephroite
n.
(Min.) A silicate of manganese of an ash-gray color.
Tephrosia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of leguminous shrubby plants and herbs, mostly found in tropical countries, a few herbaceous species being North American. The foliage is often ashy-pubescent, whence the name.
Tepid
a.
• Moderately warm; lukewarm; as, a tepid bath; tepid rays; tepid vapors.
Tepidity
n.
• The quality or state of being tepid; moderate warmth; lukewarmness; tepidness.
Tepor
n.
• Gentle heat; moderate warmth; tepidness.
Tequila
n.
• An intoxicating liquor made from the maguey in the district of Tequila, Mexico.
Teraconic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained by the distillation of terebic acid, and homologous with citraconic acid.
Teracrylic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid of the acrylic series, obtained by the distillation of terpenylic acid, as an only substance having a peculiar cheesy odor.
Teraph
n.
• See Teraphim.
Teraphim
n. pl.
• Images connected with the magical rites used by those Israelites who added corrupt practices to the patriarchal religion. Teraphim were consulted by the Israelites for oracular answers.
Terapin
n.
(Zool.) See Terrapin.
Teratical
a.
• Wonderful; ominous; prodigious.
Teratogeny
n.
(Med.) The formation of monsters.
Teratoid
a.
• Resembling a monster; abnormal; of a pathological growth, exceedingly complex or highly organized.
Teratological
a.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to teratology; as, teratological changes.
Teratology
n.
• That branch of biological science which treats of monstrosities, malformations, or deviations from the normal type of structure, either in plants or animals.
• Affectation of sublimity; bombast.
Teratoma
n.
(Med.) A tumor, sometimes found in newborn children, which is made up of a heterigenous mixture of tissues, as of bone, cartilage and muscle.
Terbic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, terbium; also, designating certain of its compounds.
Terbium
n.
(Chem.) A rare metallic element, of uncertain identification, supposed to exist in certain minerals, as gadolinite and samarskite, with other rare ytterbium earth. Symbol Tr or Tb. Atomic weight 150.
Terce
n.
• See Tierce.
Tercel
n.
• See Tiercel. Called also tarsel, tassel.
Tercelet
n.
(Zool.) A male hawk or eagle; a tiercelet.
Tercellene
n.
(Zool.) A small male hawk.
Tercentenary
a.
• Including, or relating to, an interval of three hundred years.
n.
• The three hundredth anniversary of any event; also, a celebration of such an anniversary.
Tercet
n.
(Mus.) A triplet.
(Poetry) A triplet; a group of three lines.
Tercine
n.
(Bot.) A cellular layer derived from the nucleus of an ovule and surrounding the embryo sac. Cf. Quintine.
Terebate
n.
• A salt of terebic acid.
Terebene
n.
(Chem.) A polymeric modification of terpene, obtained as a white crystalline camphorlike substance; — called also camphene. By extension, any one of a group of related substances.
Terebenthene
n.
(Chem.) Oil of turpentine. See Turpentine.
Terebic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, terbenthene (oil of turpentine); specifically, designating an acid, C7H10O4, obtained by the oxidation of terbenthene with nitric acid, as a white crystalline substance.
Terebilenic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a complex acid, C7H8O4, obtained as a white crystalline substance by a modified oxidation of terebic acid.
Terebinth
n.
(Bot.) The turpentine tree.
Terebinthic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to turpentine; resembling turpentine; terbinthine; as, terbinthic qualities.
Terebinthinate
a.
• Impregnating with the qualities of turpentine; terbinthine.
Terebinthine
a.
• Of or pertaining to turpentine; consisting of turpentine, or partaking of its qualities.
Terebra
n.
(Zool.) A genus of marine gastropods having a long, tapering spire. They belong to the Toxoglossa. Called also auger shell.
(Zool.) The boring ovipositor of a hymenopterous insect.
Terebrant
a.
(Zool.) Boring, or adapted for boring; — said of certain Hymenoptera, as the sawflies.
Terebrantia
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Hymenoptera including those which have an ovipositor adapted for perforating plants. It includes the sawflies.
Terebrate
v. t.
• To perforate; to bore; to pierce.
Terebrating
a.
(Zool.) Boring; perforating; — applied to molluskas which form holes in rocks, wood, etc.
(Med.) Boring; piercing; — applied to certain kinds of pain, especially to those of locomotor ataxia.
Terebration
n.
• The act of terebrating, or boring.
Terebratula
n.
(Zool.) A genus of brachiopods which includes many living and some fossil species. The larger valve has a perforated beak, through which projects a short peduncle for attachment. Called also lamp shell.
Terebratulid
n.
(Zool.) Any species of Terebratula or allied genera. Used also adjectively.
Terebratuliform
a.
(Zool.) Having the general form of a terebratula shell.
Teredine
n.
(Zool.) A borer; the teredo.
Teredo
n.
(Zool.) A genus of long, slender, wormlike bivalve mollusks which bore into submerged wood, such as the piles of wharves, bottoms of ships, etc.; — called also shipworm. See Shipworm. See Illust. in App.
Terephthalate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of terephthalic acid.
Terephthalic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a dibasic acid of the aromatic series, metameric with phthalic acid, and obtained, as a tasteless white crystalline powder, by the oxidation of oil of turpentine; — called also paraphthalic acid. Cf. Phthalic.
Teret
a.
• Round; terete.
Terete
a.
• Cylindrical and slightly tapering; columnar, as some stems of plants.
Teretial
a.
(Anat.) Rounded; as, the teretial tracts in the floor of the fourth ventricle of the brain of some fishes.
Teretous
a.
• Terete.
Tergal
a.
(Anat. & Zool.) Of or pertaining to back, or tergum. See Dorsal.
Tergant
a.
(Her.) Showing the back; as, the eagle tergant.
Tergeminous
a.
• Threefold; thrice-paired.
Tergiferous
a.
• Carrying or bearing upon the back.
Tergite
n.
(Zool.) The dorsal portion of an arthromere or somite of an articulate animal. See Illust. under Coleoptera.
Tergiversate
v. i.
• To shift; to practice evasion; to use subterfuges; to shuffle.
Tergiversation
n.
• The act of tergiversating; a shifting; shift; subterfuge; evasion.
• Fickleness of conduct; inconstancy; change.
Tergiversator
n.
• One who tergiversates; one who suffles, or practices evasion.
Tergum
n.
(Zool.) The back of an animal.
• The dorsal piece of a somite of an articulate animal.
• One of the dorsal plates of the operculum of a cirriped.
Terin
n.
(Zool.) A small yellow singing bird, with an ash-colored head; the European siskin. Called also tarin.
Term
n.
• That which limits the extent of anything; limit; extremity; bound; boundary.
• The time for which anything lasts; any limited time; as, a term of five years; the term of life.
• In universities, schools, etc., a definite continuous period during which instruction is regularly given to students; as, the school year is divided into three terms.
(Geom.) A point, line, or superficies, that limits; as, a line is the term of a superficies, and a superficies is the term of a solid.
(Law) A fixed period of time; a prescribed duration
• The limitation of an estate; or rather, the whole time for which an estate is granted, as for the term of a life or lives, or for a term of years.
• A space of time granted to a debtor for discharging his obligation.
• The time in which a court is held or is open for the trial of causes.
(Logic) The subject or the predicate of a proposition; one of the three component parts of a syllogism, each one of which is used twice.
• A word or expression; specifically, one that has a precisely limited meaning in certain relations and uses, or is peculiar to a science, art, profession, or the like; as, a technical term.
(Arch.) A quadrangular pillar, adorned on the top with the figure of a head, as of a man, woman, or satyr; — called also terminal figure. See Terminus, n., 2 and 3.
(Alg.) A member of a compound quantity; as, a or b in a + b; ab or cd in ab - cd.
(Med.) The menses.
(Law) Propositions or promises, as in contracts, which, when assented to or accepted by another, settle the contract and bind the parties; conditions.
(Law) In Scotland, the time fixed for the payment of rents.
(Naut.) A piece of carved work placed under each end of the taffrail.
v. t.
• To apply a term to; to name; to call; to denominate.
Terma
n.
(Anat.) The terminal lamina, or thin ventral part, of the anterior wall of the third ventricle of the brain.
Termagancy
n.
• The quality or state of being termagant; turbulence; tumultuousness; as, a violent termagancy of temper.
Termagant
n.
• An imaginary being supposed by the Christians to be a Mohammedan deity or false god. He is represented in the ancient moralities, farces, and puppet shows as extremely vociferous and tumultous.
• A boisterous, brawling, turbulent person; — formerly applied to both sexes, now only to women.
a.
• Tumultuous; turbulent; boisterous; furious; quarrelsome; scolding.
Termatarium
n.
(Zool.) Any nest or dwelling of termes, or white ants.
Termatary
n.
(Zool.) Same as Termatarium.
Termer
n.
• One who resorted to London during the law term only, in order to practice tricks, to carry on intrigues, or the like.
(Law) One who has an estate for a term of years or for life.
Termes
n.
(Zool.) A genus of Pseudoneuroptera including the white ants, or termites. See Termite.
Terminable
a.
• Capable of being terminated or bounded; limitable.
Terminal
a.
• Of or pertaining to the end or extremity; forming the extremity; as, a terminal edge.
(Bot.) Growing at the end of a branch or stem; terminating; as, a terminal bud, flower, or spike.
n.
• That which terminates or ends; termination; extremity.
(Eccl.) Either of the ends of the conducting circuit of an electrical apparatus, as an inductorium, dynamo, or electric motor, usually provided with binding screws for the attachment of wires by which a current may be conveyed into or from the machine; a pole.
Terminalia
n. pl.
(Rom. Antiq.) A festival celebrated annually by the Romans on February 23 in honor of Terminus, the god of boundaries.
Terminant
n.
• Termination; ending.
Terminate
v. t.
• To set a term or limit to; to form the extreme point or side of; to bound; to limit; as, to terminate a surface by a line.
• To put an end to; to make to cease; as, to terminate an effort, or a controversy.
• Hence, to put the finishing touch to; to bring to completion; to perfect.
v. i.
• To be limited in space by a point, line, or surface; to stop short; to end; to cease; as, the torrid zone terminates at the tropics.
• To come to a limit in time; to end; to close.
Termination
n.
• The act of terminating, or of limiting or setting bounds; the act of ending or concluding; as, a voluntary termination of hostilities.
• That which ends or bounds; limit in space or extent; bound; end; as, the termination of a line.
• End in time or existence; as, the termination of the year, or of life; the termination of happiness.
• End; conclusion; result.
• Last purpose of design.
• A word; a term.
(Gram.) The ending of a word; a final syllable or letter; the part added to a stem in inflection.
Terminational
a.
• Of or pertaining to termination; forming a termination.
Terminative
a.
• Tending or serving to terminate; terminating; determining; definitive.
Terminator
n.
• One who, or that which, terminates.
(Astron.) The dividing line between the illuminated and the unilluminated part of the moon.
Terminatory
a.
• Terminative.
Termine
v. t.
• To terminate.
Terminer
n.
(Law) A determining; as, in oyer and terminer. See Oyer.
Terminism
n.
• The doctrine held by the Terminists.
Terminist
n.
(Theol.) One of a class of theologians who maintain that God has fixed a certain term for the probation of individual persons, during which period, and no longer, they have the offer to grace.
Terminological
a.
• Of or pertaining to terminology.
Terminology
n.
• The doctrine of terms; a theory of terms or appellations; a treatise on terms.
• The terms actually used in any business, art, science, or the like; nomenclature; technical terms; as, the terminology of chemistry.
Terminus
n.
• Literally, a boundary; a border; a limit.
(Myth.) The Roman divinity who presided over boundaries, whose statue was properly a short pillar terminating in the bust of a man, woman, satyr, or the like, but often merely a post or stone stuck in the ground on a boundary line.
• Hence, any post or stone marking a boundary; a term. See Term, 8.
• Either end of a railroad line; also, the station house, or the town or city, at that place.
Termite
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of pseudoneoropterous insects belonging to Termes and allied genera; — called also white ant. See Illust. of White ant.
Termless
a.
• Having no term or end; unlimited; boundless; unending; as, termless
• Inexpressible; indescribable.
Termly
a.
• Occurring every term; as, a termly fee.
adv.
• Term by term; every term.
Termonology
n.
• Terminology.
Termor
n.
(Law) Same as Termer, 2.
Tern
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of long-winged aquatic birds, allied to the gulls, and belonging to Sterna and various allied genera.
a.
• Threefold; triple; consisting of three; ternate.
n.
• That which consists of, or pertains to, three things or numbers together; especially, a prize in a lottery resulting from the favorable combination of three numbers in the drawing; also, the three numbers themselves.
Ternary
a.
• Proceeding by threes; consisting of three; as, the ternary number was anciently esteemed a symbol of perfection, and held in great veneration.
(Chem.) Containing, or consisting of, three different parts, as elements, atoms, groups, or radicals, which are regarded as having different functions or relations in the molecule; thus, sodic hydroxide, NaOH, is a ternary compound.
n.
• A ternion; the number three; three things taken together; a triad.
Ternate
a.
• Having the parts arranged by threes; as, ternate branches, leaves, or flowers.
Terneplate
n.
• Thin iron sheets coated with an alloy of lead and tin; — so called because made up of three metals.
Ternion
n.
• The number three; three things together; a ternary.
Terpene
n.
(Chem.) Any one of a series of isomeric hydrocarbons of pleasant aromatic odor, occurring especially in coniferous plants and represented by oil of turpentine, but including also certain hydrocarbons found in some essential oils.
Terpentic
a.
(Chem.) Terpenylic.
Terpenylic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid, C8H12O4 (called also terpentic acid), homologous with terebic acid, and obtained as a white crystalline substance by the oxidation of oil of turpentine with chromic acid.
Terpilene
n.
(Chem.) A polymeric form of terpene, resembling terbene.
Terpin
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline substance regarded as a hydrate of oil of turpentine.
Terpinol
n.
(Chem.) Any oil substance having a hyacinthine odor, obtained by the action of acids on terpin, and regarded as a related hydrate.
Terpsichore
n.
(Gr. Myth.) The Muse who presided over the choral song and the dance, especially the latter.
Terpsichorean
a.
• Of or pertaining to Terpsichore; of or pertaining to dancing.
Terra
n.
• The earth; earth.
Terrace
n.
• A raised level space, shelf, or platform of earth, supported on one or more sides by a wall, a bank of tuft, or the like, whether designed for use or pleasure.
• A balcony, especially a large and uncovered one.
• A flat roof to a house; as, the buildings of the Oriental nations are covered with terraces.
• A street, or a row of houses, on a bank or the side of a hill; hence, any street, or row of houses.
(Geol.) A level plain, usually with a steep front, bordering a river, a lake, or sometimes the sea.
v. t.
• To form into a terrace or terraces; to furnish with a terrace or terraces, as, to terrace a garden, or a building.
Terraculture
n.
• Cultivation on the earth; agriculture.
Terrane
n.
(Geol.) A group of rocks having a common age or origin; — nearly equivalent to formation, but used somewhat less comprehensively.
Terrapin
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of tortoises living in fresh and brackish waters. Many of them are valued for food.
Terraqueous
a.
• Consisting of land and water; as, the earth is a terraqueous globe.
Terrar
n.
(O. Eng. Law) See 2d Terrier, 2.
Terras
n.
(Min.) See rass.
Terrasyllable
n.
• A word consisting of four syllables; a quadrisyllable.
Terreen
n.
• See Turren.
Terreity
n.
• Quality of being earthy; earthiness.
Terrel
n.
• A spherical magnet so placed that its poles, equator, etc., correspond to those of the earth.
Terremote
n.
• An earthquake.
Terrene
n.
• A tureen.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the earth; earthy; as, terrene substance.
• Earthy; terrestrial.
n.
• The earth's surface; the earth.
(Surv.) The surface of the ground.
Terrenity
n.
• Earthiness; worldliness.
Terreous
a.
• Consisting of earth; earthy; as, terreous substances; terreous particles.
Terreplein
n.
(Fort.) The top, platform, or horizontal surface, of a rampart, on which the cannon are placed. See Illust. of Casemate.
Terrestre
a.
• Terrestrial; earthly.
Terrestrial
a.
• Of or pertaining to the earth; existing on the earth; earthly; as, terrestrial animals.
• Representing, or consisting of, the earth; as, a terrestrial globe.
• Of or pertaining to the world, or to the present state; sublunary; mundane.
• Consisting of land, in distinction from water; belonging to, or inhabiting, the land or ground, in distinction from trees, water, or the like; as, terrestrial serpents.
• Adapted for the observation of objects on land and on the earth; as, a terrestrial telescope, in distinction from an astronomical telescope.
n.
• An inhabitant of the earth.
Terrestrify
v. t.
• To convert or reduce into a condition like that of the earth; to make earthy.
Terrestrious
a.
• Terrestrial.
Terret
n.
• One of the rings on the top of the saddle of a harness, through which the reins pass.
Terrible
a.
• Adapted or likely to excite terror, awe, or dread; dreadful; formidable.
• Excessive; extreme; severe.
Terricolae
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of annelids including the common earthworms and allied species.
Terrienniak
n.
(Zool.) The arctic fox.
Terrier
n.
• An auger or borer.
n.
(Zool.) One of a breed of small dogs, which includes several distinct subbreeds, some of which, such as the Skye terrier and Yorkshire terrier, have long hair and drooping ears, while others, at the English and the black-and-tan terriers, have short, close, smooth hair and upright ears.
(Law) Formerly, a collection of acknowledgments of the vassals or tenants of a lordship, containing the rents and services they owed to the lord, and the like.
• In modern usage, a book or roll in which the lands of private persons or corporations are described by their site, boundaries, number of acres, or the like.
Terrific
a.
• Causing terror; adapted to excite great fear or dread; terrible; as, a terrific form; a terrific sight.
Terrifical
a.
• Terrific.
Terrifically
adv.
• In a terrific manner.
Terrify
v. t.
• To make terrible.
• To alarm or shock with fear; to frighten.
Terrigenous
a.
• Earthborn; produced by the earth.
Territored
a.
• Possessed of territory.
Territorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to territory or land; as, territorial limits; territorial jurisdiction.
• Limited to a certain district; as, right may be personal or territorial.
• Of or pertaining to all or any of the Territories of the United States, or to any district similarly organized elsewhere; as, Territorial governments.
Territorialize
v. t.
• To enlarge by extension of territory.
• To reduce to the condition of a territory.
Territorially
adv.
• In regard to territory; by means of territory.
Territory
n.
• A large extent or tract of land; a region; a country; a district.
• The extent of land belonging to, or under the dominion of, a prince, state, or other form of government; often, a tract of land lying at a distance from the parent country or from the seat of government; as, the territory of a State; the territories of the East India Company.
• In the United States, a portion of the country not included within the limits of any State, and not yet admitted as a State into the Union, but organized with a separate legislature, under a Territorial governor and other officers appointed by the President and Senate of the United States. In Canada, a similarly organized portion of the country not yet formed into a Province.
Terror
n.
• Extreme fear; fear that agitates body and mind; violent dread; fright.
• That which excites dread; a cause of extreme fear.
Terrorism
n.
• The act of terrorizing, or state of being terrorized; a mode of government by terror or intimidation.
• The practise of coercing governments to accede to political demands by committing violence on civilian targets; any similar use of violence to achieve goals.
Terrorist
n.
• One who governs by terrorism or intimidation; specifically, an agent or partisan of the revolutionary tribunal during the Reign of Terror in France.
Terrorize
v. t.
• To impress with terror; to coerce by intimidation.
Terrorless
a.
• Free from terror.
Terry
n.
• A kind of heavy colored fabric, either all silk, or silk and worsted, or silk and cotton, often called terry velvet, used for upholstery and trimmings.
Tersanctus
n.
(Eccl.) An ancient ascription of praise (containing the word "Holy" — in its Latin form, "Sanctus" — thrice repeated), used in the Mass of the Roman Catholic Church and before the prayer of consecration in the communion service of the Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal Church. Cf. Trisagion.
Terse
a.
• Appearing as if rubbed or wiped off; rubbed; smooth; polished.
• Refined; accomplished; — said of persons.
• Elegantly concise; free of superfluous words; polished to smoothness; as, terse language; a terse style.
Tersulphide
n.
(Chem.) A trisulphide.
Tersulphuret
n.
(Chem.) A trisulphide.
Tertial
a. & n.
(Zool.) Same as Tertiary.
Tertian
a.
(Med.) Occurring every third day; as, a tertian fever.
n.
(Med.) A disease, especially an intermittent fever, which returns every third day, reckoning inclusively, or in which the intermission lasts one day.
• A liquid measure formerly used for wine, equal to seventy imperial, or eighty-four wine, gallons, being one third of a tun.
Tertiary
a.
• Being of the third formation, order, or rank; third; as, a tertiary use of a word.
(Chem.) Possessing some quality in the third degree; having been subjected to the substitution of three atoms or radicals; as, a tertiary alcohol, amine, or salt. Cf. Primary, and Secondary.
(Geol.) Later than, or subsequent to, the Secondary.
(Zool.) Growing on the innermost joint of a bird's wing; tertial; — said of quills.
n.
(R. C. Ch.) A member of the Third Order in any monastic system; as, the Franciscan tertiaries; the Dominican tertiaries; the Carmelite tertiaries. See Third Order, under Third.
(Geol.) The Tertiary era, period, or formation.
(Zool.) One of the quill feathers which are borne upon the basal joint of the wing of a bird. See Illust. of Bird.
Tertiate
v. t.
• To do or perform for the third time.
(Gun.) To examine, as the thickness of the metal at the muzzle of a gun; or, in general, to examine the thickness of, as ordnance, in order to ascertain its strength.
Terutero
n.
(Zool.) The South American lapwing (Vanellus Cayennensis). Its wings are furnished with short spurs. Called also Cayenne lapwing.
Terzetto
n.
(Mus.) A composition in three voice parts; a vocal (rarely an instrumental) trio.
Tesselar
a.
• Formed of tesserae, as a mosaic.
Tessellata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Crinoidea including numerous fossil species in which the body is covered with tessellated plates.
Tessellate
v. t.
• To form into squares or checkers; to lay with checkered work.
a.
• Tessellated.
Tessellated
a.
• Formed of little squares, as mosaic work; checkered; as, a tessellated pavement.
(Bot. & Zool.) Marked like a checkerboard; as, a tessellated leaf.
Tessellation
n.
• The act of tessellating; also, the mosaic work so formed.
Tessera
n.
• A small piece of marble, glass, earthenware, or the like, having a square, or nearly square, face, used by the ancients for mosaic, as for making pavements, for ornamenting walls, and like purposes; also, a similar piece of ivory, bone, wood, etc., used as a ticket of admission to theaters, or as a certificate for successful gladiators, and as a token for various other purposes.
Tesseraic
a.
• Diversified by squares; done in mosaic; tessellated.
Tesseral
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or containing, tesserae.
(Crystallog.) Isometric.
Tessular
a.
(Crystallog.) Tesseral.
Test
n.
(Metal.) A cupel or cupelling hearth in which precious metals are melted for trial and refinement.
• Examination or trial by the cupel; hence, any critical examination or decisive trial; as, to put a man's assertions to a test.
• Means of trial; as, absence is a test of love.
• That with which anything is compared for proof of its genuineness; a touchstone; a standard.
• Discriminative characteristic; standard of judgment; ground of admission or exclusion.
• Judgment; distinction; discrimination.
(Chem.) A reaction employed to recognize or distinguish any particular substance or constituent of a compound, as the production of some characteristic precipitate; also, the reagent employed to produce such reaction; thus, the ordinary test for sulphuric acid is the production of a white insoluble precipitate of barium sulphate by means of some soluble barium salt.
v. t.
(Metal.) To refine, as gold or silver, in a test, or cupel; to subject to cupellation.
• To put to the proof; to prove the truth, genuineness, or quality of by experiment, or by some principle or standard; to try; as, to test the soundness of a principle; to test the validity of an argument.
(Chem.) To examine or try, as by the use of some reagent; as, to test a solution by litmus paper.
n.
• A witness.
v. i.
• To make a testament, or will.
Testable
a.
• Capable of being tested or proved.
• Capable of being devised, or given by will.
Testacea
n. pl.
(Zool.) Invertebrate animals covered with shells, especially mollusks; shellfish.
Testacean
n.
(Zool.) Onr of the Testacea.
Testaceography
n.
• The science which treats of testaceans, or shellfish; the description of shellfish.
Testaceology
n.
• The science of testaceous mollusks; conchology.
Testaceous
a.
• Of or pertaining to shells; consisted of a hard shell, or having a hard shell.
(Bot. & Zool.) Having a dull red brick color or a brownish yellow color.
Testacy
n.
(Law) The state or circumstance of being testate, or of leaving a valid will, or testament, at death.
Testament
n.
(Law) A solemn, authentic instrument in writing, by which a person declares his will as to disposal of his estate and effects after his death.
• One of the two distinct revelations of God's purposes toward man; a covenant; also, one of the two general divisions of the canonical books of the sacred Scriptures, in which the covenants are respectively revealed; as, the Old Testament; the New Testament; — often limited, in colloquial language, to the latter.
Testamental
a.
• Of or pertaining to a testament; testamentary.
Testamentary
a.
• Of or pertaining to a will, or testament; as, letters testamentary.
• Bequeathed by will; given by testament.
• Done, appointed by, or founded on, a testament, or will; as, a testamentary guardian of a minor, who may be appointed by the will of a father to act in that capacity until the child becomes of age.
Testamentation
n.
• The act or power of giving by testament, or will.
Testamentize
v. i.
• To make a will.
Testamur
n.
(Eng. Universities) A certificate of merit or proficiency; — so called from the Latin words, Ita testamur, with which it commences.
Testate
a.
(Law) Having made and left a will; as, a person is said to die testate.
n.
(Law) One who leaves a valid will at death; a testate person.
Testation
n.
• A witnessing or witness.
Testator
n.
(Law) A man who makes and leaves a will, or testament, at death.
Testatrix
n.
(Law) A woman who makes and leaves a will at death; a female testator.
Teste
n.
(Law) A witness.
• The witnessing or concluding clause, duty attached; — said of a writ, deed, or the like.
Tester
n.
• A headpiece; a helmet.
• A flat canopy, as over a pulpit or tomb.
• A canopy over a bed, supported by the bedposts.
n.
• An old French silver coin, originally of the value of about eighteen pence, subsequently reduced to ninepence, and later to sixpence, sterling. Hence, in modern English slang, a sixpence; — often contracted to tizzy. Called also teston.
Testern
n.
• A sixpence; a tester.
v. t.
• To present with a tester.
Testes
n.
• pl. of Teste, or of Testis.
Testicardines
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of brachiopods including those which have a calcareous shell furnished with a hinge and hinge teeth. Terebratula and Spirifer are examples.
Testicle
n.
(Anat.) One of the essential male genital glands which secrete the semen.
Testicond
a.
(Zool.) Having the testicles naturally concealed, as in the case of the cetaceans.
Testicular
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the testicle.
Testiculate
a.
(Bot.) Shaped like a testicle, ovate and solid.
• Having two tubers resembling testicles in form, as some species of orchis.
Testiere
n.
• A piece of plate armor for the head of a war horse; a tester.
Testif
a.
• Testy; headstrong; obstinate.
Testification
n.
• The act of testifying, or giving testimony or evidence; as, a direct testification of our homage to God.
Testificator
n.
• A testifier.
Testifier
n.
• One who testifies; one who gives testimony, or bears witness to prove anything; a witness.
Testify
v. i.
• To make a solemn declaration, verbal or written, to establish some fact; to give testimony for the purpose of communicating to others a knowledge of something not known to them.
(Law) To make a solemn declaration under oath or affirmation, for the purpose of establishing, or making proof of, some fact to a court; to give testimony in a cause depending before a tribunal.
• To declare a charge; to protest; to give information; to bear witness; — with against.
v. t.
• To bear witness to; to support the truth of by testimony; to affirm or declare solemny.
(Law) To affirm or declare under oath or affirmation before a tribunal, in order to prove some fact.
adv.
• In a testy manner; fretfully; peevishly; with petulance.
Testimonial
n.
• A writing or certificate which bears testimony in favor of one's character, good conduct, ability, etc., or of the value of a thing.
• Something, as money or plate, presented to a preson as a token of respect, or of obligation for services rendered.
a.
• Relating to, or containing, testimony.
Testimony
n.
• A solemn declaration or affirmation made for the purpose of establishing or proving some fact.
• Affirmation; declaration; as, these doctrines are supported by the uniform testimony of the fathers; the belief of past facts must depend on the evidence of human testimony, or the testimony of historians.
• Open attestation; profession.
• Witness; evidence; proof of some fact.
(Jewish Antiq.) The two tables of the law.
• Hence, the whole divine revelation; the sacre Scriptures.
v. t.
• To witness; to attest; to prove by testimony.
Testiness
n.
• The quality or state of being testy; fretfulness; petulance.
Testing
n.
• The act of testing or proving; trial; proof.
(Metal.) The operation of refining gold or silver in a test, or cupel; cupellation.
Testis
n.
(Anat.) A testicle.
Teston
n.
• A tester; a sixpence.
Testone
n.
• A silver coin of Portugal, worth about sixpence sterling, or about eleven cents.
Testoon
n.
• An Italian silver coin. The testoon of Rome is worth 1s. 3d. sterling, or about thirty cents.
Testudinal
a.
(Zool.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a tortoise.
Testudinarious
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the shell of a tortoise; resembling a tortoise shell; having the color or markings of a tortoise shell.
Testudinata
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of reptiles which includes the turtles and tortoises. The body is covered by a shell consisting of an upper or dorsal shell, called the carapace, and a lower or ventral shell, called the plastron, each of which consists of several plates.
Testudineous
a.
• Resembling the shell of a tortoise.
Testudo
n.
(Zool.) A genus of tortoises which formerly included a large number of diverse forms, but is now restricted to certain terrestrial species, such as the European land tortoise (Testudo Graeca) and the gopher of the Southern United States.
(Rom. Antiq.) A cover or screen which a body of troops formed with their shields or targets, by holding them over their heads when standing close to each other. This cover resembled the back of a tortoise, and served to shelter the men from darts, stones, and other missiles. A similar defense was sometimes formed of boards, and moved on wheels.
(Mus.) A kind of musical instrument. a species of lyre; — so called in allusion to the lyre of Mercury, fabled to have been made of the shell of a tortoise.
Testy
a.
• Fretful; peevish; petulant; easily irritated.
Tetanic
a.
(Physiol.) Of or pertaining to tetanus; having the character of tetanus; as, a tetanic state; tetanic contraction.
(Physiol. & Med.) Producing, or tending to produce, tetanus, or tonic contraction of the muscles; as, a tetanic remedy. See Tetanic, n.
n.
(Physiol. & Med.) A substance (notably nux vomica, strychnine, and brucine) which, either as a remedy or a poison, acts primarily on the spinal cord, and which, when taken in comparatively large quantity, produces tetanic spasms or convulsions.
Tetanin
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A poisonous base (ptomaine) formed in meat broth through the agency of a peculiar microbe from the wound of a person who has died of tetanus; — so called because it produces tetanus as one of its prominent effects.
Tetanization
n.
(Physiol.) The production or condition of tetanus.
Tetanize
v. t.
(Physiol.) To throw, as a muscle, into a state of permanent contraction; to cause tetanus in. See Tetanus, n., 2.
Tetanoid
a.
(Med. & Physiol.) Resembling tetanus.
Tetanomotor
n.
(Physiol.) An instrument from tetanizing a muscle by irritating its nerve by successive mechanical shocks.
Tetanus
n.
(Med.) A painful and usually fatal disease, resulting generally from a wound, and having as its principal symptom persistent spasm of the voluntary muscles. When the muscles of the lower jaw are affected, it is called locked-jaw, or lickjaw, and it takes various names from the various incurvations of the body resulting from the spasm.
(Physiol.) That condition of a muscle in which it is in a state of continued vibratory contraction, as when stimulated by a series of induction shocks.
Tetany
n.
(Med.) A morbid condition resembling tetanus, but distinguished from it by being less severe and having intermittent spasms.
Tetard
n.
(Zool.) A gobioid fish (Eleotris gyrinus) of the Southern United States; — called also sleeper.
Tetartohedral
a.
(Crystallog.) Having one fourth the number of planes which are requisite to complete symmetry.
Tetartohedrism
n.
(Crystallog.) The property of being tetartohedral.
Tetaug
n.
(Zool.) See Tautog.
Tetchiness
n.
• See Techiness.
Tetchy
a.
• See Techy.
Tete
n.
• A kind of wig; false hair.
Tetel
n.
(Zool.) A large African antelope (Alcejaphus tora). It has widely divergent, strongly ringed horns.
Tether
n.
• A long rope or chain by which an animal is fastened, as to a stake, so that it can range or feed only within certain limits.
v. t.
• To confine, as an animal, with a long rope or chain, as for feeding within certain limits.
Tethydan
n.
(Zool.) A tunicate.
Tethyodea
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Tunicata including the common attached ascidians, both simple and compound. Called also Tethioidea.
Tethys
n.
(Zool.) A genus of a large naked mollusks having a very large, broad, fringed cephalic disk, and branched dorsal gills. Some of the species become a foot long and are brilliantly colored.
Tetrabasic
a.
(Chem.) Capable of neutralizing four molecules of a monacid base; having four hydrogen atoms capable of replacement by bases; quadribasic; — said of certain acids; thus, normal silicic acid, Si(OH)4, is a tetrabasic acid.
Tetraboric
a.
(Chem.) Same as Pyroboric.
Tetrabranchiata
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of Cephalopoda having four gills. Among living species it includes only the pearly nautilus. Numerous genera and species are found in the fossil state, such as Ammonites, Baculites, Orthoceras, etc.
Tetrabranchiate
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Tetrabranchiata.
n.
• One of the Tetrabranchiata.
Tetracarpel
a.
(Bot.) Composed of four carpels.
Tetrachord
n.
(Anc. Mus.) A scale series of four sounds, of which the extremes, or first and last, constituted a fourth. These extremes were immutable; the two middle sounds were changeable.
Tetrachotomous
a.
(Bot.) Having a division by fours; separated into four parts or series, or into series of fours.
Tetracid
a.
(Chem.) Capable of neutralizing four molecules of a monobasic acid; having four hydrogen atoms capable of replacement ba acids or acid atoms; — said of certain bases; thus, erythrine, C4H6(OH)4, is a tetracid alcohol.
Tetracoccous
a.
(Bot.) Having four cocci, or carpels.
Tetracolon
n.
(Pros.) A stanza or division in lyric poetry, consisting of four verses or lines.
Tetracoralla
n. pl.
(Paleon.) Same as Rugosa.
Tetractinellid
n.
(Zool.) Any species of sponge of the division Tetractinellida. Also used adjectively.
Tetractinellida
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Spongiae in which the spicules are siliceous and have four branches diverging at right angles. Called also Tetractinellinae.
Tetrad
n.
• The number four; a collection of four things; a quaternion.
(Chem.) A tetravalent or quadrivalent atom or radical; as, carbon is a tetrad.
Tetradactylous
a.
(Zool.) Having, or characterized by, four digits to the foot or hand.
Tetradecane
n.
(Chem.) A light oily hydrocarbon, C14H30, of the marsh-gas series; — so called from the fourteen carbon atoms in the molecule.
Tetradecapoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) Same as Arthrostraca.
Tetradic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to a tetrad; possessing or having the characteristics of a tetrad; as, a carbon is a tetradic element.
Tetradite
n.
• A person in some way remarkable with regard to the number four, as one born on the fourth day of the month, or one who reverenced four persons in the Godhead.
Tetradon
n.
(Zool.) See Tetrodon.
Tetradont
a. & n.
(Zool.) See Tetrodont.
Tetradymite
n.
(Min.) A telluride of bismuth. It is of a pale steel-gray color and metallic luster, and usually occurs in foliated masses. Calles also telluric bismuth.
Tetradynamia
n. pl.
(Bot.) A Linnaean class of plants having six stamens, four of which are longer than the others.
Tetradynamian
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the order Tetradynamia.
Tetragon
n.
(Geom.) A plane figure having four sides and angles; a quadrangle, as a square, a rhombus, etc.
(Astrol.) An aspect of two planets with regard to the earth when they are distant from each other ninety degrees, or the fourth of a circle.
Tetragonal
a.
(Geom.) Of or pertaining to a tetragon; having four angles or sides; thus, the square, the parallelogram, the rhombus, and the trapezium are tetragonal fingers.
(Bot.) Having four prominent longitudinal angles.
(Crystallog.) Designating, or belonging to, a certain system of crystallization; dimetric. See Tetragonal system, under Crystallization.
Tetragrammaton
n.
• The mystic number four, which was often symbolized to represent the Deity, whose name was expressed by four letters among some ancient nations; as, the Hebrew JeHoVaH, Greek qeo`s, Latin deus, etc.
Tetragynia
n. pl.
(Bot.) A Linnaean order of plants having four styles.
Tetrahedral
a.
• Having, or composed of, four sides.
(Crystallog.) Having the form of the regular tetrahedron.
• Pertaining or related to a tetrahedron, or to the system of hemihedral forms to which the tetrahedron belongs.
Tetrahedrally
adv.
• In a tetrahedral manner.
Tetrahedrite
n.
(Min.) A sulphide of antimony and copper, with small quantities of other metals. It is a very common ore of copper, and some varieties yield a considerable presentage of silver. Called also gray copper ore, fahlore, and panabase.
Tetrahedron
n.
(Geom.) A solid figure inclosed or bounded by four triangles.
Tetrahexahedral
a.
(Crystallog.) Pertaining to a tetrahexahedron.
Tetrahexahedron
n.
(Crystallog.) A solid in the isometric system, bounded by twenty-four equal triangular faces, four corresponding to each face of the cube.
Tetrakishexahedron
n.
(Crystallog.) A tetrahexahedron.
Tetrakosane
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon, C24H50, resembling paraffin, and like it belonging to the marsh-gas series; — so called from having twenty-four atoms of carbon in the molecule.
Tetralogy
n.
(Gr. Drama) A group or series of four dramatic pieces, three tragedies and one satyric, or comic, piece (or sometimes four tragedies), represented consequently on the Attic stage at the Dionysiac festival.
Tetramera
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Coleoptera having, apparently, only four tarsal joints, one joint being rudimentary.
Tetramerous
a.
(Bot.) Having the parts arranged in sets of four; as, a tetramerous flower.
(Zool.) Having four joints in each of the tarsi; — said of certain insects.
Tetrameter
n.
(GR. & Latin Pros.) A verse or line consisting of four measures, that is, in iambic, trochaic, and anapestic verse, of eight feet; in other kinds of verse, of four feet.
Tetramethylene
n.
(Chem.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon, C4H8, analogous to trimethylene, and regarded as the base of well-known series or derivatives.
• Sometimes, an isomeric radical used to designate certain compounds which are really related to butylene.
Tetramorph
n.
(Christian Art) The union of the four attributes of the Evangelists in one figure, which is represented as winged, and standing on winged fiery wheels, the wings being covered with eyes. The representations of it are evidently suggested by the vision of Ezekiel (ch. i.)
Tetrandria
n. pl.
(Bot.) A Linnaean class of plants having four stamens.
Tetraneumona
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Arachnida including those spiders which have four lungs, or pulmonary sacs. It includes the bird spiders (Mygale) and the trapdoor spiders. See Mygale.
Tetraonid
n.
(Zool.) A bird belonging to the tribe of which the genus Tetrao is the type, as the grouse, partridge, quail, and the like. Used also adjectively.
Tetrapetalous
a.
(Bot.) Containing four distinct petals, or flower leaves; as, a tetrapetalous corolla.
Tetraphenol
n.
(Chem.) Furfuran.
Tetraphyllous
a.
(Bot.) Having four leaves; consisting of four distinct leaves or leaflets.
Tetrapla
n.
• A Bible consisting of four different Greek versions arranged in four columns by Origen; hence, any version in four languages or four columns.
Tetrapnuemonian
n.
(Zool.) One of the Tetrapneumona.
Tetrapod
n.
(Zool.) An insect characterized by having but four perfect legs, as certain of the butterflies.
Tetrapody
n.
• A set of four feet; a measure or distance of four feet.
Tetrapteran
n.
(Zool.) An insect having four wings.
Tetrapterous
a.
(Zool.) Having four wings.
Tetraptote
n.
(Gram.) A noun that has four cases only.
Tetrarch
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) A Roman governor of the fourth part of a province; hence, any subordinate or dependent prince; also, a petty king or sovereign.
a.
• Four.
Tetrarchate
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) A tetrarchy.
Tetrarchical
a.
• Of or pertaining to a tetrarch or tetrarchy.
Tetrarchy
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) The district under a Roman tetrarch; the office or jurisdiction of a tetrarch; a tetrarchate.
Tetraschistic
a.
(Biol.) Characterized by division into four parts.
Tetrasepalous
a.
(Bot.) Having four sepals.
Tetraspaston
n.
(Mach.) A machine in which four pulleys act together.
Tetraspermous
a.
(Bot.) Having four seeds.
Tetraspore
n.
(Bot.) A nonsexual spore, one of a group of four regularly occurring in red seaweeds.
Tetrastich
n.
• A stanza, epigram, or poem, consisting of four verses or lines.
Tetrastyle
a.
(Arch.) Having four columns in front; — said of a temple, portico, or colonnade.
n.
• A tetrastyle building.
Tetrathecal
a.
(Bot.) Having four loculaments, or thecae.
Tetrathionate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of tetrathionic acid.
Tetrathionic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a thionic derivative, HSO, of sulphuric acid, obtained as a colorless, odorless liquid.
Tetratomic
a.
(Chem.) Consisting of four atoms; having four atoms in the molecule, as phosphorus and arsenic.
• Having a valence of four; quadrivalent; tetravalent; sometimes, in a specific sense, having four hydroxyl groups, whether acid or basic.
Tetravalence
n.
(Chem.) The quality or state of being tetravalent; quadrivalence.
Tetravalent
a.
(Chem.) Having a valence of four; tetratomic; quadrivalent.
Tetraxile
a.
(Zool.) Having four branches diverging at right angles; — said of certain spicules of sponges.
Tetrazone
n.
(Chem.) Any one of a certain series of basic compounds containing a chain of four nitrogen atoms; for example, ethyl tetrazone, (C2H5)2N.N2.N(C2H5)2, a colorless liquid having an odor of leeks.
Tetricity
n.
• Crabbedness; perverseness.
Tetricous
a.
• Tetric.
Tetrinic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a complex ketonic acid, C5H6O3, obtained as a white crystalline substance; — so called because once supposed to contain a peculiar radical of four carbon atoms. Called also acetyl-acrylic acid.
Tetrodon
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of plectognath fishes belonging to Tetrodon and allied genera. Each jaw is furnished with two large, thick, beaklike, bony teeth.
Tetrodont
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the tetrodons.
n.
• A tetrodon.
Tetrol
n.
(Chem.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon, C4H4, analogous to benzene; — so called from the four carbon atoms in the molecule.
Tetrolic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid, C3H3.CO2H, of the acetylene series, homologous with propiolic acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance.
Tetroxide
n.
(Chem.) An oxide having four atoms of oxygen in the molecule; a quadroxide; as, osmium tetroxide, OsO.
Tetryl
n.
(Chem.) Butyl; — so called from the four carbon atoms in the molecule.
Tetrylene
n.
(Chem.) Butylene; — so called from the four carbon atoms in the molecule.
Tetter
n.
(Med.) A vesicular disease of the skin; herpes. See Herpes.
v. t.
• To affect with tetter.
Tetterous
a.
• Having the character of, or pertaining to, tetter.
Tetterwort
n.
(Bot.) A plant used as a remedy for tetter, — in England the calendine, in America the bloodroot.
Tettigonian
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of Hemiptera belonging to Tettigonia and allied genera; a leaf hopper.
Tettish
a.
• Captious; testy.
Tettix
n.
(Zool.) The cicada.
(Zool.) A genus of small grasshoppers.
Tetty
a.
• Testy; irritable.
Teufit
n.
(Zool.) The lapwing; — called also teuchit.
Teuk
n.
(Zool.) The redshank.
Teuton
n.
• One of an ancient German tribe; later, a name applied to any member of the Germanic race in Europe; now used to designate a German, Dutchman, Scandinavian, etc., in distinction from a Celt or one of a Latin race.
• A member of the Teutonic branch of the Indo-European, or Aryan, family.
Teutonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Teutons, esp. the ancient Teutons; Germanic.
• Of or pertaining to any of the Teutonic languages, or the peoples who speak these languages.
n.
• The language of the ancient Germans; the Teutonic languages, collectively.
Teutonicism
n.
• A mode of speech peculiar to the Teutons; a Teutonic idiom, phrase, or expression; a Teutonic mode or custom; a Germanism.
Tew
v. t.
• To prepare by beating or working, as leather or hemp; to taw.
• Hence, to beat; to scourge; also, to pull about; to maul; to tease; to vex.
v. i.
• To work hard; to strive; to fuse.
v. t.
• To tow along, as a vessel.
n.
• A rope or chain for towing a boat; also, a cord; a string.
Tewan
n.
(Ethnol.) A tribe of American Indians including many of the Pueblos of New Mexico and adjacent regions.
Tewed
a.
• Fatigued; worn with labor or hardship.
Tewel
n.
• A pipe, funnel, or chimney, as for smoke.
• The tuyere of a furnace.
Tewhit
n.
(Zool.) The lapwing; — called also teewheep.
Tewtaw
v. t.
• To beat; to break, as flax or hemp.
Texas
n.
• A structure on the hurricane deck of a steamer, containing the pilot house, officers' cabins, etc.
Text
n.
• A discourse or composition on which a note or commentary is written; the original words of an author, in distinction from a paraphrase, annotation, or commentary.
(O. Eng. Law) The four Gospels, by way of distinction or eminence.
• A verse or passage of Scripture, especially one chosen as the subject of a sermon, or in proof of a doctrine.
• Hence, anything chosen as the subject of an argument, literary composition, or the like; topic; theme.
• A style of writing in large characters; text-hand also, a kind of type used in printing; as, German text.
v. t.
• To write in large characters, as in text hand.
Textile
a.
• Pertaining to weaving or to woven fabrics; as, textile arts; woven, capable of being woven; formed by weaving; as, textile fabrics.
n.
• That which is, or may be, woven; a fabric made by weaving.
Textman
n.
• One ready in quoting texts.
Textorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to weaving.
Textrine
a.
• Of or pertaining to weaving, textorial; as, the textrine art.
Textual
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or contained in, the text; as, textual criticism; a textual reading.
• Serving for, or depending on, texts.
• Familiar with texts or authorities so as to cite them accurately.
Textualist
n.
• A textman; a textuary.
Textually
adv.
• In a textual manner; in the text or body of a work; in accordance with the text.
Textuarist
n.
• A textuary.
Textuary
a.
• Contained in the text; textual.
• Serving as a text; authoritative.
n.
• One who is well versed in the Scriptures; a textman.
• One who adheres strictly or rigidly to the text.
Textuel
a.
• Textual.
Textuist
n.
• A textualist; a textman.
Textural
a.
• Of or pertaining to texture.
Texture
n.
• The act or art of weaving.
• That which woven; a woven fabric; a web.
• The disposition or connection of threads, filaments, or other slender bodies, interwoven; as, the texture of cloth or of a spider's web.
• The disposition of the several parts of any body in connection with each other, or the manner in which the constituent parts are united; structure; as, the texture of earthy substances or minerals; the texture of a plant or a bone; the texture of paper; a loose or compact texture.
(Biol.) A tissue. See Tissue.
v. t.
• To form a texture of or with; to interweave.
Textury
n.
• The art or process of weaving; texture.
Teyne
n.
• A thin plate of metal.
Th
• In Old English, the article the, when the following word began with a vowel, was often written with elision as if a part of the word. Thus in Chaucer, the forms thabsence, tharray, thegle, thend, thingot, etc., are found for the absence, the array, the eagle, the end, etc.
Thak
v. t.
• To thwack.
Thalamencephalon
n.
(Anat.) The segment of the brain next in front of the midbrain, including the thalami, pineal gland, and pituitary body; the diencephalon; the interbrain.
Thalamic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to a thalamus or to thalami.
Thalamocoele
n.
(Anat.) The cavity or ventricle of the thalamencephalon; the third ventricle.
Thalamophora
n. pl.
(Zool.) Same as Foraminifera.
Thalamus
n.
(Anat.) A mass of nervous matter on either side of the third ventricle of the brain; — called also optic thalamus.
(Bot.) Same as Thallus.
• The receptacle of a flower; a torus.
Thalassian
n.
(Zool.) Any sea tortoise.
Thalassic
a.
(Geol.) Of or pertaining to the sea; — sometimes applied to rocks formed from sediments deposited upon the sea bottom.
Thalassinian
n.
(Zool.) Any species of Thalaassinidae, a family of burrowing macrurous Crustacea, having a long and soft abdomen.
Thalassography
n.
• The study or science of the life of marine organisms.
Thaler
n.
• A German silver coin worth about three shillings sterling, or about 73 cents.
Thalia
n.
(Class. Myth.) That one of the nine Muses who presided over comedy.
• One of the three Graces.
• One of the Nereids.
Thaliacea
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Tunicata comprising the free-swimming species, such as Salpa and Doliolum.
Thalian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thalia; hence, of or pertaining to comedy; comic.
Thallate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of a hypothetical thallic acid.
Thallene
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon obtained from coal-tar residues, and remarkable for its intense yellowish green fluorescence.
Thallic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to thallium; derived from, or containing, thallium; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with the thallous compounds; as, thallic oxide.
Thalline
a.
(Bot.) Consisting of a thallus.
n.
(Chem.) An artificial alkaloid of the quinoline series, obtained as a white crystalline substance, C10H13NO, whose salts are valuable as antipyretics; — so called from the green color produced in its solution by certain oxidizing agents.
Thallious
a.
(Chem.) See Thallous.
Thallium
n.
(Chem.) A rare metallic element of the aluminium group found in some minerals, as certain pyrites, and also in the lead-chamber deposit in the manufacture of sulphuric acid. It is isolated as a heavy, soft, bluish white metal, easily oxidized in moist air, but preserved by keeping under water. Symbol Tl. Atomic weight 203.7.
Thallogen
n.
(Bot.) One of a large class or division of the vegetable kingdom, which includes those flowerless plants, such as fungi, algae, and lichens, that consist of a thallus only, composed of cellular tissue, or of a congeries of cells, or even of separate cells, and never show a distinction into root, stem, and leaf.
Thalloid
a.
(Bot.) Resembling, or consisting of, thallus.
Thallophyte
n.
(Bot.) Same as Thallogen.
Thallous
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to thallium; derived from, or containing, thallium; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with the thallic compounds.
Thallus
n.
(Bot.) A solid mass of cellular tissue, consisting of one or more layers, usually in the form of a flat stratum or expansion, but sometimes erect or pendulous, and elongated and branching, and forming the substance of the thallogens.
Thamnophile
n.
(Zool.) A bush shrike.
Thamyn
n.
(Zool.) An Asiatic deer (Rucervus Eldi) resembling the swamp deer; — called also Eld's deer.
Than
conj.
• A particle expressing comparison, used after certain adjectives and adverbs which express comparison or diversity, as more, better, other, otherwise, and the like. It is usually followed by the object compared in the nominative case. Sometimes, however, the object compared is placed in the objective case, and than is then considered by some grammarians as a preposition. Sometimes the object is expressed in a sentence, usually introduced by that; as, I would rather suffer than that you should want.
adv.
• Then. See Then.
Thanage
n.
• The district in which a thane anciently had jurisdiction; thanedom.
Thanatoid
a.
• Deathlike; resembling death.
Thanatology
n.
• A description, or the doctrine, of death.
Thanatopsis
n.
• A view of death; a meditation on the subject of death.
Thane
n.
• A dignitary under the Anglo-Saxons and Danes in England. Of these there were two orders, the king's thanes, who attended the kings in their courts and held lands immediately of them, and the ordinary thanes, who were lords of manors and who had particular jurisdiction within their limits. After the Conquest, this title was disused, and baron took its place.
Thanedom
n.
• The property or jurisdiction of a thane; thanage.
Thanehood
n.
• The character or dignity of a thane; also, thanes, collectively.
Thaneship
n.
• The state or dignity of a thane; thanehood; also, the seignioralty of a thane.
Thank
n.
• A expression of gratitude; an acknowledgment expressive of a sense of favor or kindness received; obligation, claim, or desert, or gratitude; — now generally used in the plural.
v. t.
• To express gratitude to (anyone) for a favor; to make acknowledgments to (anyone) for kindness bestowed; — used also ironically for blame.
Thankful
a.
• Obtaining or deserving thanks; thankworthy.
• Impressed with a sense of kindness received, and ready to acknowledge it; grateful.
Thankless
a.
• Not acknowledging favors; not expressing thankfulness; unthankful; ungrateful.
• Not obtaining or deserving thanks; unacceptable; as, a thankless task.
Thankly
adv.
• Thankfully.
Thanksgive
v. t.
• To give or dedicate in token of thanks.
Thanksgiver
n.
• One who gives thanks, or acknowledges a kindness.
Thanksgiving
n.
• The act of rending thanks, or expressing gratitude for favors or mercies.
• A public acknowledgment or celebration of divine goodness; also, a day set apart for religious services, specially to acknowledge the goodness of God, either in any remarkable deliverance from calamities or danger, or in the ordinary dispensation of his bounties.
Thankworthiness
n.
• The quality or state of being thankworthy.
Thankworthy
a.
• Deserving thanks; worthy of gratitude; mreitorious.
Thar
n.
(Zool.) A goatlike animal (Capra Jemlaica) native of the Himalayas. It has small, flattened horns, curved directly backward. The hair of the neck, shoulders, and chest of the male is very long, reaching to the knees. Called also serow, and imo.
v. impersonal, pres.
• It needs; need.
Tharms
n. pl.
• Twisted guts.
Tharos
n.
(Zool.) A small American butterfly (Phycoides tharos) having the upper surface of the wings variegated with orange and black, the outer margins black with small white crescents; — called also pearl crescent.
That
pron., a., conj., & adv.
• As a demonstrative pronoun (pl. Those), that usually points out, or refers to, a person or thing previously mentioned, or supposed to be understood. That, as a demonstrative, may precede the noun to which it refers; as, that which he has said is true; those in the basket are good apples.
• As an adjective, that has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun.
• As a relative pronoun, that is equivalent to who or which, serving to point out, and make definite, a person or thing spoken of, or alluded to, before, and may be either singular or plural.
• As a conjunction, that retains much of its force as a demonstrative pronoun.
• To introduce a clause employed as the object of the preceding verb, or as the subject or predicate nominative of a verb.
• To introduce, a reason or cause; — equivalent to for that, in that, for the reason that, because.
• To introduce a purpose; — usually followed by may, or might, and frequently preceded by so, in order, to the end, etc.
• To introduce a consequence, result, or effect; — usually preceded by so or such, sometimes by that.
• In an elliptical sentence to introduce a dependent sentence expressing a wish, or a cause of surprise, indignation, or the like.
• As adverb: To such a degree; so; as, he was that frightened he could say nothing.
Thatch
n.
• Straw, rushes, or the like, used for making or covering the roofs of buildings, or of stacks of hay or grain.
(Bot.) A name in the West Indies for several kinds of palm, the leaves of which are used for thatching.
v. t.
• To cover with, or with a roof of, straw, reeds, or some similar substance; as, to thatch a roof, a stable, or a stack of grain.
Thatcher
n.
• One who thatches.
Thatching
n.
• The act or art of covering buildings with thatch; so as to keep out rain, snow, etc.
• The materials used for this purpose; thatch.
Thaught
n.
(Naut.) See Thwart.
Thaumatolatry
n.
• Worship or undue admiration of wonderful or miraculous things.
Thaumatrope
n.
(Opt.) An optical instrument or toy for showing the presistence of an impression upon the eyes after the luminous object is withdrawn.
Thaumaturge
n.
• A magician; a wonder worker.
Thaumaturgics
n.
• Feats of legerdemain, or magical performances.
Thaumaturgist
n.
• One who deals in wonders, or believes in them; a wonder worker.
Thaumaturgus
n.
• A miracle worker; — a title given by the Roman Catholics to some saints.
Thaumaturgy
n.
• The act or art of performing something wonderful; magic; legerdemain.
Thave
n.
• Same as Theave.
Thaw
v. i.
• To melt, dissolve, or become fluid; to soften; — said of that which is frozen; as, the ice thaws.
• To become so warm as to melt ice and snow; — said in reference to the weather, and used impersonally.
• Fig.: To grow gentle or genial.
v. t.
• To cause (frozen things, as earth, snow, ice) to melt, soften, or dissolve.
n.
• The melting of ice, snow, or other congealed matter; the resolution of ice, or the like, into the state of a fluid; liquefaction by heat of anything congealed by frost; also, a warmth of weather sufficient to melt that which is congealed.
Thawy
a.
• Liquefying by heat after having been frozen; thawing; melting.
The
v. i.
• See Thee.
definite article.
• A word placed before nouns to limit or individualize their meaning.
adv.
• By that; by how much; by so much; on that account; — used before comparatives; as, the longer we continue in sin, the more difficult it is to reform.
Thea
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants found in China and Japan; the tea plant.
Theandric
a.
• Relating to, or existing by, the union of divine and human operation in Christ, or the joint agency of the divine and human nature.
Theanthropism
n.
• A state of being God and man.
• The ascription of human atributes to the Deity, or to a polytheistic deity; anthropomorphism.
Theanthropist
n.
• One who advocates, or believes in, theanthropism.
Theanthropy
n.
• Theanthropism.
Thearchic
a.
• Divinely sovereign or supreme.
Thearchy
n.
• Government by God; divine sovereignty; theocracy.
Theatral
a.
• Of or pertaining to a theater; theatrical.
Theatric
a.
• Theatrical.
Theatrical
a.
• Of or pertaining to a theater, or to the scenic representations; resembling the manner of dramatic performers; histrionic; hence, artificial; as, theatrical performances; theatrical gestures.
Theatricals
n. pl.
• Dramatic performances; especially, those produced by amateurs.
Theave
n.
• A ewe lamb of the first year; also, a sheep three years old.
Thebaic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thebes in Egypt; specifically, designating a version of the Bible preserved by the Copts, and esteemed of great value by biblical scholars. This version is also called the Sahidic version.
Thebaid
n.
• A Latin epic poem by Statius about Thebes in Boeotia.
Thebaine
n.
(Chem.) A poisonous alkaloid, C19H21NO3, found in opium in small quantities, having a sharp, astringent taste, and a tetanic action resembling that of strychnine.
Theban
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thebes.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Thebes; also, a wise man.
Theca
n.
• A sheath; a case; as, the theca, or cell, of an anther; the theca, or spore case, of a fungus; the theca of the spinal cord.
(Zool.) The chitinous cup which protects the hydranths of certain hydroids.
• The more or less cuplike calicle of a coral.
• The wall forming a calicle of a coral.
Thecal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a theca; as, a thecal abscess.
Thecaphore
n.
(Bot.) A surface or organ bearing a theca, or covered with thecae.
• See Basigynium.
Thecasporous
a.
(Bot.) Having the spores in thecae, or cases.
Thecata
n. pl.
(Zool.) Same as Thecophora.
Thecla
n.
• Any one of many species of small delicately colored butterflies belonging to Thecla and allied genera; — called also hairstreak, and elfin.
Thecodactyl
n.
(Zool.) Any one of a group of lizards of the Gecko tribe, having the toes broad, and furnished with a groove in which the claws can be concealed.
Thecodont
a.
(Anat.) Having the teeth inserted in sockets in the alveoli of the jaws.
(Paleon.) Of or pertaining to the thecodonts.
n.
(Paleon.) One of the Thecodontia.
Thecodontia
n. pl.
(Paleon.) A group of fossil saurians having biconcave vertebrae and the teeth implanted in sockets.
Thecophora
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of hydroids comprising those which have the hydranths in thecae and the gonophores in capsules. The campanularians and sertularians are examples. Called also Thecata. See Illust. under Hydroidea.
Thecosomata
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of Pteropoda comprising those species which have a shell. See Pteropoda.
Thedom
n.
• Success; fortune; luck; chance.
Thee
v. i.
• To thrive; to prosper.
pron.
• The objective case of thou. See Thou.
Theft
n.
(Law) The act of stealing; specifically, the felonious taking and removing of personal property, with an intent to deprive the rightful owner of the same; larceny.
• The thing stolen.
Theftbote
n.
(Law) The receiving of a man's goods again from a thief, or a compensation for them, by way of composition, with the intent that the thief shall escape punishment.
Thegn
n.
• Thane. See Thane.
Thegnhood
n.
• Thanehood.
Theiform
a.
• Having the form of tea.
Theine
n.
(Chem.) See Caffeine. Called also theina.
Their
pron. & a.
• The possessive case of the personal pronoun they; as, their houses; their country.
Theism
n.
• The belief or acknowledgment of the existence of a God, as opposed to atheism, pantheism, or polytheism.
Theist
n.
• One who believes in the existence of a God; especially, one who believes in a personal God; — opposed to atheist.
Thelphusian
n.
(Zool.) One of a tribe of fresh-water crabs which live in or on the banks of rivers in tropical countries.
Thelytokous
a.
(Zool.) Producing females only; — said of certain female insects.
Them
pron.
• The objective case of they. See They.
Thematic
a.
(Gram.) Of or pertaining to the theme of a word. See Theme, n., 4.
(Mus.) Of or pertaining to a theme, or subject.
Theme
n.
• A subject or topic on which a person writes or speaks; a proposition for discussion or argument; a text.
• Discourse on a certain subject.
• A composition or essay required of a pupil.
(Gram.) A noun or verb, not modified by inflections; also, that part of a noun or verb which remains unchanged (except by euphonic variations) in declension or conjugation; stem.
• That by means of which a thing is done; means; instrument.
(Mus.) The leading subject of a composition or a movement.
Themis
n.
(Gr. Myth.) The goddess of law and order; the patroness of existing rights.
Themselves
pron.
• The plural of himself, herself, and itself. See Himself, Herself, Itself.
Then
adv.
• At that time (referring to a time specified, either past or future).
• Soon afterward, or immediately; next; afterward.
• At another time; later; again.
conj.
• Than.
• In that case; in consequence; as a consequence; therefore; for this reason.
Thenadays
adv.
• At that time; then; in those days; — correlative to nowadays.
Thenar
n.
(Anat.) The palm of the hand.
• The prominence of the palm above the base of the thumb; the thenar eminence; the ball of the thumb. Sometimes applied to the corresponding part of the foot.
Thenardite
n.
(Min.) Anhydrous sodium sulphate, a mineral of a white or brown color and vitreous luster.
Thence
adv.
• From that place.
• From that time; thenceforth; thereafter.
• For that reason; therefore.
• Not there; elsewhere; absent.
Thenceforth
adv.
• From that time; thereafter.
Thenceforward
adv.
• From that time onward; thenceforth.
Thencefrom
adv.
• From that place.
Theobroma
n.
(Bot.) A genus of small trees. See Cacao.
Theobromic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid extracted from cacao butter (from the Theobroma Cacao), peanut oil (from Arachis hypogaea), etc., as a white waxy crystalline substance.
Theobromine
n.
(Chem.) An alkaloidal ureide, C7H8N4O2, homologous with and resembling caffeine, produced artificially, and also extracted from cacao and chocolate (from Theobroma Cacao) as a bitter white crystalline substance; — called also dimethyl xanthine.
Theochristic
a.
• Anointed by God.
Theocracy
n.
• Government of a state by the immediate direction or administration of God; hence, the exercise of political authority by priests as representing the Deity.
• The state thus governed, as the Hebrew commonwealth before it became a kingdom.
Theocrasy
n.
• A mixture of the worship of different gods, as of Jehovah and idols.
(Philos.) An intimate union of the soul with God in contemplation, — an ideal of the Neoplatonists and of some Oriental mystics.
Theocrat
n.
• One who lives under a theocratic form of government; one who in civil affairs conforms to divine law.
Theodicy
n.
• A vindication of the justice of God in ordaining or permitting natural and moral evil.
• That department of philosophy which treats of the being, perfections, and government of God, and the immortality of the soul.
Theodolite
n.
• An instrument used, especially in trigonometrical surveying, for the accurate measurement of horizontal angles, and also usually of vertical angles. It is variously constructed.
Theodolitic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a theodolite; made by means of a theodolite; as, theodolitic observations.
Theogonic
a.
• Of or relating to theogony.
Theogonism
n.
• Theogony.
Theogonist
n.
• A writer on theogony.
Theogony
n.
• The generation or genealogy of the gods; that branch of heathen theology which deals with the origin and descent of the deities; also, a poem treating of such genealogies; as, the Theogony of Hesiod.
Theologaster
n.
• A pretender or quack in theology.
Theologer
n.
• A theologian.
Theologian
n.
• A person well versed in theology; a professor of theology or divinity; a divine.
Theologic
a.
• Theological.
Theological
a.
• Of or pertaining to theology, or the science of God and of divine things; as, a theological treatise.
Theologics
n.
• Theology.
Theologist
n.
• A theologian.
Theologize
v. t.
• To render theological; to apply to divinity; to reduce to a system of theology.
v. i.
• To frame a system of theology; to theorize or speculate upon theological subjects.
Theologizer
n.
• One who theologizes; a theologian.
Theologue
n.
• A theologian.
• A student in a theological seminary.
Theology
n.
• The science of God or of religion; the science which treats of the existence, character, and attributes of God, his laws and government, the doctrines we are to believe, and the duties we are to practice; divinity; (as more commonly understood) "the knowledge derivable from the Scriptures, the systematic exhibition of revealed truth, the science of Christian faith and life."
Theomachist
n.
• One who fights against the gods; one who resists God of the divine will.
Theomachy
n.
• A fighting against the gods, as the battle of the gaints with the gods.
• A battle or strife among the gods.
• Opposition to God or the divine will.
Theomancy
n.
• A kind of divination drawn from the responses of oracles among heathen nations.
Theopathy
n.
• Capacity for religious affections or worship.
Theophanic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a theopany; appearing to man, as a god.
Theophany
n.
• A manifestation of God to man by actual appearance, usually as an incarnation.
Theophilanthropic
a.
• Pertaining to theophilanthropy or the theophilanthropists.
Theophilanthropism
n.
• The doctrine of the theophilanthropists; theophilanthropy.
Theophilanthropist
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A member of a deistical society established at Paris during the French revolution.
Theophilanthropy
n.
• Theophilanthropism.
Theophilosophic
a.
• Combining theism and philosophy, or pertaining to the combination of theism and philosophy.
Theopneusted
a.
• Divinely inspired; theopneustic.
Theopneustic
a.
• Given by the inspiration of the Spirit of God.
Theopneusty
n.
• Divine inspiration; the supernatural influence of the Divine Spirit in qualifying men to receive and communicate revealed truth.
Theorbist
n.
(Mus.) One who plays on a theorbo.
Theorbo
n.
(Mus.) An instrument made like large lute, but having two necks, with two sets of pegs, the lower set holding the strings governed by frets, while to the upper set were attached the long bass strings used as open notes.
Theorem
n.
• That which is considered and established as a principle; hence, sometimes, a rule.
(Math.) A statement of a principle to be demonstrated.
v. t.
• To formulate into a theorem.
Theorematist
n.
• One who constructs theorems.
Theoremic
a.
• Theorematic.
Theoretics
n.
• The speculative part of a science; speculation.
Theoric
a.
• Of or pertaining to the theorica.
• Relating to, or skilled in, theory; theoretically skilled.
n.
• Speculation; theory.
Theorica
n. pl.
(Gr. Antiq.) Public moneys expended at Athens on festivals, sacrifices, and public entertainments (especially theatrical performances), and in gifts to the people; — also called theoric fund.
Theorical
a.
• Theoretic.
Theorically
adv.
• In a theoretic manner.
Theorist
n.
• One who forms theories; one given to theory and speculation; a speculatist.
Theorization
n.
• The act or product of theorizing; the formation of a theory or theories; speculation.
Theorize
v. i.
• To form a theory or theories; to form opinions solely by theory; to speculate.
Theorizer
n.
• One who theorizes or speculates; a theorist.
Theory
n.
• A doctrine, or scheme of things, which terminates in speculation or contemplation, without a view to practice; hypothesis; speculation.
• An exposition of the general or abstract principles of any science; as, the theory of music.
• The science, as distinguished from the art; as, the theory and practice of medicine.
• The philosophical explanation of phenomena, either physical or moral; as, Lavoisier's theory of combustion; Adam Smith's theory of moral sentiments.
Theosophism
n.
• Belief in theosophy.
Theosophist
n.
• One addicted to theosophy.
Theosophistical
a.
• Of or pertaining to theosophy; theosophical.
Theosophize
v. i.
• To practice theosophy.
Theosophy
n.
• Any system of philosophy or mysticism which proposes to attain intercourse with God and superior spirits, and consequent superhuman knowledge, by physical processes, as by the theurgic operations of some ancient Platonists, or by the chemical processes of the German fire philosophers; also, a direct, as distinguished from a revealed, knowledge of God, supposed to be attained by extraordinary illumination; especially, a direct insight into the processes of the divine mind, and the interior relations of the divine nature.
Therapeutae
n. pl.
(Eccl. Hist.) A name given to certain ascetics said to have anciently dwelt in the neighborhood of Alexandria. They are described in a work attributed to Philo, the genuineness and credibility of which are now much discredited.
Therapeutic
n.
• One of the Therapeutae.
Therapeutics
n.
• That part of medical science which treats of the discovery and application of remedies for diseases.
Therapeutist
n.
• One versed in therapeutics, or the discovery and application of remedies.
Therapy
n.
• Therapeutics.
There
adv.
• In or at that place.
• In that matter, relation, etc.; at that point, stage, etc., regarded as a distinct place; as, he did not stop there, but continued his speech.
• To or into that place; thither.
Thereafter
adv.
• After that; afterward.
• According to that; accordingly.
• Of that sort.
Thereagain
adv.
• In opposition; against one's course.
Thereat
adv.
• At that place; there.
• At that occurrence or event; on that account.
Thereby
adv.
• By that; by that means; in consequence of that.
• Annexed to that.
• Thereabout; — said of place, number, etc.
Therefor
adv.
• For that, or this; for it.
Therefore
conj. & adv.
• For that or this reason, referring to something previously stated; for that.
• Consequently; by consequence.
Therefrom
adv.
• From this or that.
Therein
adv.
• In that or this place, time, or thing; in that particular or respect.
Thereinto
adv.
• Into that or this, or into that place.
Thereof
adv.
• Of that or this.
Thereology
n.
• Therapeutios.
Thereon
adv.
• On that or this.
Thereout
adv.
• Out of that or this.
• On the outside; out of doors.
Thereto
adv.
• To that or this.
• Besides; moreover.
Theretofore
adv.
• Up to that time; before then; — correlative with heretofore.
Thereunder
adv.
• Under that or this.
Thereunto
adv.
• Unto that or this; thereto; besides.
Thereupon
adv.
• Upon that or this; thereon.
• On account, or in consequence, of that; therefore.
• Immediately; at once; without delay.
Therewhile
adv.
• At that time; at the same time.
Therewith
adv.
• With that or this.
• In addition; besides; moreover.
• At the same time; forthwith.
Therewithal
adv.
• Over and above; besides; moreover.
• With that or this; therewith; at the same time.
Therf
a.
• Not fermented; unleavened; — said of bread, loaves, etc.
Therial
a.
• Theriac.
Theriodont
n.
(Paleon.) One of the Theriodontia. Used also adjectively.
Theriodonta
n. pl.
(Paleon.) Same as Theriodontia.
Theriodontia
n. pl.
(Paleon.) An extinct order of reptiles found in the Permian and Triassic formations in South Africa. In some respects they resembled carnivorous mammals. Called also Theromorpha.
Theriotomy
n.
• Zootomy.
Thermae
n. pl.
• Springs or baths of warm or hot water.
Thermal
a.
• Of or pertaining to heat; warm; hot; as, the thermal unit; thermal waters.
Thermally
adv.
• In a thermal manner.
Thermetograph
n.
• A self-registering thermometer, especially one that registers the maximum and minimum during long periods.
Thermic
a.
• Of or pertaining to heat; due to heat; thermal; as, thermic lines.
Thermidor
n.
• The eleventh month of the French republican calendar, — commencing July 19, and ending August 17. See the Note under Vendemiaire.
Thermifugine
n.
(Chem.) An artificial alkaloid of complex composition, resembling thalline and used as an antipyretic, — whence its name.
Thermobarometer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for determining altitudes by the boiling point of water.
Thermobattery
n.
• A thermoelectric battery; a thermopile.
Thermocautery
n.
(Surg.) Cautery by the application of heat.
Thermochemistry
n.
• That branch of chemical science which includes the investigation of the various relations existing between chemical action and that manifestation of force termed heat, or the determination of the heat evolved by, or employed in, chemical actions.
Thermochrosy
n.
(Physics) The property possessed by heat of being composed, like light, of rays of different degrees of refrangibility, which are unequal in rate or degree of transmission through diathermic substances.
Thermocurrent
n.
(Physics) A current, as of electricity, developed, or set in motion, by the action of heat.
Thermodynamic
a.
(Physics) Relating to thermodynamics; caused or operated by force due to the application of heat.
Thermodynamics
n.
• The science which treats of the mechanical action or relations of heat.
Thermoelectric
a.
(Physics) Pertaining to thermoelectricity; as, thermoelectric currents.
Thermoelectricity
n.
(Physics) Electricity developed in the action of heat. See the Note under Electricity.
Thermoelectrometer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for measuring the strength of an electric current in the heat which it produces, or for determining the heat developed by such a current.
Thermogen
n.
(Old Chem.) Caloric; heat; regarded as a material but imponderable substance.
Thermogenic
a.
(Physiol.) Relating to heat, or to the production of heat; producing heat; thermogenous; as, the thermogenic tissues.
Thermogenous
a.
(Physiol.) Producing heat; thermogenic.
Thermograph
n.
(Physics) An instrument for automatically recording indications of the variation of temperature.
Thermology
n.
• A discourse on, or an account of, heat.
Thermolysis
n.
(Chem.) The resolution of a compound into parts by heat; dissociation by heat.
Thermolyze
v. t.
(Chem.) To subject to thermolysis; to dissociate by heat.
Thermomagnetism
n.
• Magnetism as affected or caused by the action of heat; the relation of heat to magnetism.
Thermometer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for measuring temperature, founded on the principle that changes of temperature in bodies are accompained by proportional changes in their volumes or dimensions.
Thermometrically
adv.
• In a thermometrical manner; by means of a thermometer.
Thermometrograph
n.
(Physics) An instrument for recording graphically the variations of temperature, or the indications of a thermometer.
Thermometry
n.
• The estimation of temperature by the use of a thermometric apparatus.
Thermomultiplier
n.
• Same as Thermopile.
Thermopile
n.
(Physics) An instrument of extreme sensibility, used to determine slight differences and degrees of heat. It is composed of alternate bars of antimony and bismuth, or any two metals having different capacities for the conduction of heat, connected with an astatic galvanometer, which is very sensibly affected by the electric current induced in the system of bars when exposed even to the feeblest degrees of heat.
Thermoscope
n.
(Physics) An instrument for indicating changes of temperature without indicating the degree of heat by which it is affected; especially, an instrument contrived by Count Rumford which, as modified by Professor Leslie, was afterward called the differential thermometer.
Thermoscopic
a.
(Physics) Of or pertaining to the thermoscope; made by means of the thermoscope; as, thermoscopic observations.
Thermostat
n.
(Physics) A self-acting apparatus for regulating temperature by the unequal expansion of different metals, liquids, or gases by heat, as in opening or closing the damper of a stove, or the like, as the heat becomes greater or less than is desired.
Thermostatic
a.
(Physics) Of or pertaining to the thermostat; made or effected by means of the thermostat.
Thermosystaltic
a.
(Physiol.) Influenced in its contraction by heat or cold; — said of a muscle.
Thermotaxic
a.
(Physiol.) Pertaining to, or connected with, the regulation of temperature in the animal body; as, the thermotaxic nervous system.
Thermotension
n.
• A process of increasing the strength of wrought iron by heating it to a determinate temperature, and giving to it, while in that state, a mechanical strain or tension in the direction in which the strength is afterward to be exerted.
Thermotics
n.
• The science of heat.
Thermotropic
a.
(Bot.) Manifesting thermotropism.
Thermotropism
n.
(Bot.) The phenomenon of turning towards a source of warmth, seen in the growing parts of some plants.
Thermotype
n.
• A picture (as of a slice of wood) obtained by first wetting the object slightly with hydrochloric or dilute sulphuric acid, then taking an impression with a press, and next strongly heating this impression.
Thermotypy
n.
• The art or process of obtaining thermotypes.
Thermovoltaic
a.
(Physics) Of or relating to heat and electricity; especially, relating to thermal effects produced by voltaic action.
Theromorpha
n. pl.
(Paleon.) See Theriodonta.
Theropoda
n. pl.
(Paleon.) An order of carnivorous dinosaurs in which the feet are less birdlike, and hence more like those of an ordinary quadruped, than in the Ornithopoda. It includes the repacious genera Megalosaurus, Creosaurus, and their allies.
Thesaurus
n.
• A treasury or storehouse; hence, a repository, especially of knowledge; — often applied to a comprehensive work, like a dictionary or cyclopedia.
These
pron.
• The plural of this. See This.
Thesicle
n.
• A little or subordinate thesis; a proposition.
Thesis
n.
• A position or proposition which a person advances and offers to maintain, or which is actually maintained by argument.
• Hence, an essay or dissertation written upon specific or definite theme; especially, an essay presented by a candidate for a diploma or degree.
(Logic) An affirmation, or distinction from a supposition or hypothesis.
(Mus.) The accented part of the measure, expressed by the downward beat; — the opposite of arsis.
(Pros.) The depression of the voice in pronouncing the syllables of a word.
• The part of the foot upon which such a depression falls.
Thesmothete
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) A lawgiver; a legislator; one of the six junior archons at Athens.
Thespian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thespis; hence, relating to the drama; dramatic; as, the Thespian art.
n.
• An actor.
Thessalian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thessaly in Greece.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Thessaly.
Thessalonian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thessalonica, a city of Macedonia.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Thessalonica.
Theta
n.
• A letter of the Greek alphabet corresponding to th in English; — sometimes called the unlucky letter, from being used by the judges on their ballots in passing condemnation on a prisoner, it being the first letter of the Greek qa`natos, death.
Thetical
a.
• Laid down; absolute or positive, as a law.
Thetine
n.
(Chem.) Any one of a series of complex basic sulphur compounds analogous to the sulphines.
Theurgist
n.
• One who pretends to, or is addicted to, theurgy.
Theurgy
n.
• A divine work; a miracle; hence, magic; sorcery.
• A kind of magical science or art developed in Alexandria among the Neoplatonists, and supposed to enable man to influence the will of the gods by means of purification and other sacramental rites.
• In later or modern magic, that species of magic in which effects are claimed to be produced by supernatural agency, in distinction from natural magic.
Thew
n.
• Manner; custom; habit; form of behavior; qualities of mind; disposition; specifically, good qualities; virtues.
• Muscle or strength; nerve; brawn; sinew.
Thewed
a.
• Furnished with thews or muscles; as, a well-thewed limb.
• Accustomed; mannered.
Thewy
a.
• Having strong or large thews or muscles; muscular; sinewy; strong.
They
pron. pl.
• The plural of he, she, or it. They is never used adjectively, but always as a pronoun proper, and sometimes refers to persons without an antecedent expressed.
Thialdine
n.
(Chem.) A weak nitrogenous sulphur base, C6H13NS2.
Thialol
n.
(Chem.) A colorless oily liquid, (C2H5)2S2, having a strong garlic odor; — called also ethyl disulphide. By extension, any one of the series of related compounds.
Thibetan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thibet.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Thibet.
Thibetian
a. & n.
• Same as Thibetan.
Thible
n.
• A slice; a skimmer; a spatula; a pudding stick.
Thick
a.
• Measuring in the third dimension other than length and breadth, or in general dimension other than length; — said of a solid body; as, a timber seven inches thick.
• Having more depth or extent from one surface to its opposite than usual; not thin or slender; as, a thick plank; thick cloth; thick paper; thick neck.
• Dense; not thin; inspissated; as, thick vapors. Also used figuratively; as, thick darkness.
• Not transparent or clear; hence, turbid, muddy, or misty; as, the water of a river is apt to be thick after a rain.
• Abundant, close, or crowded in space; closely set; following in quick succession; frequently recurring.
• Not having due distinction of syllables, or good articulation; indistinct; as, a thick utterance.
• Deep; profound; as, thick sleep.
• Dull; not quick; as, thick of fearing.
• Intimate; very friendly; familiar.
n.
• The thickest part, or the time when anything is thickest.
• A thicket; as, gloomy thicks.
adv.
• Frequently; fast; quick.
• Closely; as, a plat of ground thick sown.
• To a great depth, or to a greater depth than usual; as, land covered thick with manure.
v. t. & i.
• To thicken.
Thickbill
n.
• The bullfinch.
Thicken
v. t.
• To make thick (in any sense of the word).
• To render dense; to inspissate; as, to thicken paint.
• To make close; to fill up interstices in; as, to thicken cloth; to thicken ranks of trees or men.
• To strengthen; to confirm.
• To make more frequent; as, to thicken blows.
v. i.
• To become thick.
Thickening
n.
• Something put into a liquid or mass to make it thicker.
Thicket
n.
• A wood or a collection of trees, shrubs, etc., closely set; as, a ram caught in a thicket.
Thickhead
n.
• A thick-headed or stupid person.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of Australian singing birds of the genus Pachycephala. The males of some of the species are bright-colored. Some of the species are popularly called thrushes.
Thickish
a.
• Somewhat thick.
Thickly
adv.
• In a thick manner; deeply; closely.
Thickness
n.
• The quality or state of being thick (in any of the senses of the adjective).
Thickset
a.
• Close planted; as, a thickset wood; a thickset hedge.
• Having a short, thick body; stout.
n.
• A close or thick hedge.
• A stout, twilled cotton cloth; a fustian corduroy, or velveteen.
Thickskin
n.
• A coarse, gross person; a person void of sensibility or sinsitiveness; a dullard.
Thickskull
n.
• A dullard, or dull person; a blockhead; a numskull.
Thider
adv.
• Thither.
Thiderward
adv.
• Thitherward.
Thief
n.
• One who steals; one who commits theft or larceny. See Theft.
• A waster in the snuff of a candle.
Thiefly
a. & adv.
• Like a thief; thievish; thievishly.
Thienone
n.
(Chem.) A ketone derivative of thiophene obtained as a white crystalline substance, (C4H3S)2.CO, by the action of aluminium chloride and carbonyl chloride on thiophene.
Thienyl
n.
(Chem.) The hypothetical radical C4H3S, regarded as the essential residue of thiophene and certain of its derivatives.
Thieve
v. t. & i.
• To practice theft; to steal.
Thievery
n.
• The practice of stealing; theft; thievishness.
• That which is stolen.
Thievish
a.
• Given to stealing; addicted to theft; as, a thievish boy, a thievish magpie.
• Like a thief; acting by stealth; sly; secret.
• Partaking of the nature of theft; accomplished by stealing; dishonest; as, a thievish practice.
Thigh
n.
(Anat.) The proximal segment of the hind limb between the knee and the trunk. See Femur.
(Zool.) The coxa, or femur, of an insect.
Thilk
pron.
• That same; this; that.
Thill
n.
• One of the two long pieces of wood, extending before a vehicle, between which a horse is hitched; a shaft.
(Mining) The floor of a coal mine.
Thiller
n.
• The horse which goes between the thills, or shafts, and supports them; also, the last horse in a team; — called also thill horse.
Thimble
n.
• A kind of cap or cover, or sometimes a broad ring, for the end of the finger, used in sewing to protect the finger when pushing the needle through the material. It is usually made of metal, and has upon the outer surface numerous small pits to catch the head of the needle.
(Mech.) Any thimble-shaped appendage or fixure.
• A tubular piece, generally a strut, through which a bolt or pin passes.
• A fixed or movable ring, tube, or lining placed in a hole.
• A tubular cone for expanding a flue; — called ferrule in England.
(Naut.) A ring of thin metal formed with a grooved circumference so as to fit within an eye-spice, or the like, and protect it from chafing.
Thimbleberry
n.
(Bot.) A kind of black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis), common in America.
Thimbleeye
n.
(Zool.) The chub mackerel. See under Chub.
Thimbleful
n.
• As much as a thimble will hold; a very small quantity.
Thimblerig
n.
• A sleight-of-hand trick played with three small cups, shaped like thimbles, and a small ball or little pea.
v. t.
• To swindle by means of small cups or thimbles, and a pea or small ball placed under one of them and quickly shifted to another, the victim laying a wager that he knows under which cup it is; hence, to cheat by any trick.
Thimblerigger
n.
• One who cheats by thimblerigging, or tricks of legerdemain.
Thimbleweed
n.
(Bot.) Any plant of the composite genus Rudbeckia, coarse herbs somewhat resembling the sunflower; — so called from their conical receptacles.
Thin
a.
• Having little thickness or extent from one surface to its opposite; as, a thin plate of metal; thin paper; a thin board; a thin covering.
• Rare; not dense or thick; — applied to fluids or soft mixtures; as, thin blood; thin broth; thin air.
• Not close; not crowded; not filling the space; not having the individuals of which the thing is composed in a close or compact state; hence, not abundant; as, the trees of a forest are thin; the corn or grass is thin.
• Not full or well grown; wanting in plumpness.
• Not stout; slim; slender; lean; gaunt; as, a person becomes thin by disease.
• Wanting in body or volume; small; feeble; not full.
• Slight; small; slender; flimsy; wanting substance or depth or force; superficial; inadequate; not sufficient for a covering; as, a thin disguise.
adv.
• Not thickly or closely; in a seattered state; as, seed sown thin.
v. t.
• To make thin (in any of the senses of the adjective).
v. i.
• To grow or become thin; — used with some adverbs, as out, away, etc.; as, geological strata thin out, i. e., gradually diminish in thickness until they disappear.
Thine
pron. & a.
• A form of the possessive case of the pronoun thou, now superseded in common discourse by your, the possessive of you, but maintaining a place in solemn discourse, in poetry, and in the usual language of the Friends, or Quakers.
Thing
n.
• Whatever exists, or is conceived to exist, as a separate entity, whether animate or inanimate; any separable or distinguishable object of thought.
• An inanimate object, in distinction from a living being; any lifeless material.
• A transaction or occurrence; an event; a deed.
• A portion or part; something.
• A diminutive or slighted object; any object viewed as merely existing; — often used in pity or contempt.
• Clothes; furniture; appurtenances; luggage; as, to pack or store one's things.
(Law) Whatever may be possessed or owned; a property; — distinguished from person.

• In Scandinavian countries, a legislative or judicial assembly.
Think
v. t.
• To seem or appear; — used chiefly in the expressions methinketh or methinks, and methought.
• To employ any of the intellectual powers except that of simple perception through the senses; to exercise the higher intellectual faculties.
• To call anything to mind; to remember; as, I would have sent the books, but I did not think of it.
• To reflect upon any subject; to muse; to meditate; to ponder; to consider; to deliberate.
• To form an opinion by reasoning; to judge; to conclude; to believe; as, I think it will rain to-morrow.
• To purpose; to intend; to design; to mean.
• To presume; to venture.
v. t.
• To conceive; to imagine.
• To plan or design; to plot; to compass.
• To believe; to consider; to esteem.
Thinkable
a.
• Capable of being thought or conceived; cogitable.
Thinker
n.
• One who thinks; especially and chiefly, one who thinks in a particular manner; as, a close thinker; a deep thinker; a coherent thinker.
Thinking
a.
• Having the faculty of thought; cogitative; capable of a regular train of ideas; as, man is a thinking being.
n.
• The act of thinking; mode of thinking; imagination; cogitation; judgment.
Thinly
a.
• In a thin manner; in a loose, scattered manner; scantily; not thickly; as, ground thinly planted with trees; a country thinly inhabited.
Thinner
n.
• One who thins, or makes thinner.
Thinness
n.
• The quality or state of being thin (in any of the senses of the word).
Thinnish
a.
• Somewhat thin.
Thinolite
n.
(Min.) A calcareous tufa, in part crystalline, occurring on a large scale as a shore deposit about the Quaternary lake basins of Nevada.
Thiocarbonate
n.
(Chem.) A sulphocarbonate.
Thiocarbonic
a.
(Chem.) Same as Sulphocarbonic.
Thiocyanate
n.
(Chem.) Same as Sulphocyanate.
Thiocyanic
a.
(Chem.) Same as Sulphocyanic.
Thionaphthene
n.
(Chem.) A double benzene and thiophene nucleus, C8H6S, analogous to naphthalene, and like it the base of a large series of derivatives.
Thionic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to sulphur; containing or resembling sulphur; specifically, designating certain of the thio compounds; as, the thionic acids. Cf. Dithionic, Trithionic, Tetrathionic, etc.
Thionine
n.
(Chem.) An artificial red or violet dyestuff consisting of a complex sulphur derivative of certain aromatic diamines, and obtained as a dark crystalline powder; — called also phenylene violet.
Thionol
n.
(Chem.) A red or violet dyestuff having a greenish metallic luster. It is produced artificially, by the chemical dehydration of thionine, as a brown amorphous powder.
Thionoline
n.
(Chem.) A beautiful fluorescent crystalline substance, intermediate in composition between thionol and thionine.
Thionyl
n.
(Chem.) The hypothetical radical SO, regarded as an essential constituent of certain sulphurous compounds; as, thionyl chloride.
Thiophene
n.
(Chem.) A sulphur hydrocarbon, C4H4S, analogous to furfuran and benzene, and acting as the base of a large number of substances which closely resemble the corresponding aromatic derivatives.
Thiophenic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, thiophene; specifically, designating a certain acid analogous to benzoic acid.
Thiophenol
n.
(Chem.) A colorless mobile liquid, C6H5.SH, of an offensive odor, and analogous to phenol; — called also phenyl sulphydrate.
Thiophthene
n.
(Chem.) A double thiophene nucleus, C6H4S2, analogous to thionaphthene, and the base of a large series of compounds.
Thiosulphate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of thiosulphuric acid; — formerly called hyposulphite.
Thiosulphuric
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an unstable acid, H2S2O3, analogous to sulphuric acid, and formerly called hyposulphurous acid.
Thiotolene
n.
(Chem.) A colorless oily liquid, C4H3S.CH3, analogous to, and resembling, toluene; — called also methyl thiophene.
Thioxene
n.
(Chem.) Any one of three possible metameric substances, which are dimethyl derivatives of thiophene, like the xylenes from benzene.
Third
a.
• Next after the second; coming after two others; — the ordinal of three; as, the thirdhour in the day.
• Constituting or being one of three equal parts into which anything is divided; as, the third part of a day.
n.
• The quotient of a unit divided by three; one of three equal parts into which anything is divided.
• The sixtieth part of a second of time.
(Mus.) The third tone of the scale; the mediant.
(Law) The third part of the estate of a deseased husband, which, by some local laws, the widow is entitled to enjoy during her life.
Thirdings
n. pl.
(Eng. Law) The third part of the corn or grain growing on the ground at the tenant's death, due to the lord for a heriot, as within the manor of Turfat in Herefordshire.
Thirdly
adv.
• In the third place.
Thirl
v. t.
• To bore; to drill or thrill. See Thrill.
Thirlage
n.
(Scots Law) The right which the owner of a mill possesses, by contract or law, to compel the tenants of a certain district, or of his sucken, to bring all their grain to his mill for grinding.
Thirst
n.
• A sensation of dryness in the throat associated with a craving for liquids, produced by deprivation of drink, or by some other cause (as fear, excitement, etc.) which arrests the secretion of the pharyngeal mucous membrane; hence, the condition producing this sensation.
• Fig.: A want and eager desire after anything; a craving or longing; — usually with for, of, or after; as, the thirst for gold.
v. t.
• To feel thirst; to experience a painful or uneasy sensation of the throat or fauces, as for want of drink.
• To have a vehement desire.
v. t.
• To have a thirst for.
Thirster
n.
• One who thirsts.
Thirstily
adv.
• In a thirsty manner.
Thirstiness
n.
• The state of being thirsty; thirst.
Thirstle
n.
• The throstle.
Thirsty
a.
• Feeling thirst; having a painful or distressing sensation from want of drink; hence, having an eager desire.
• Deficient in moisture; dry; parched.
Thirteen
a.
• One more than twelve; ten and three; as, thirteen ounces or pounds.
n.
• The number greater by one than twelve; the sum of ten and three; thirteen units or objects.
• A symbol representing thirteen units, as 13 or xiii.
Thirteenth
a.
• Next in order after the twelfth; the third after the tenth; — the ordinal of thirteen; as, the thirteenth day of the month.
• Constituting or being one of thirteen equal parts into which anything is divided.
n.
• The quotient of a unit divided by thirteen; one of thirteen equal parts into which anything is divided.
• The next in order after the twelfth.
(Mus.) The interval comprising an octave and a sixth.
Thirtieth
a.
• Next in order after the twenty-ninth; the tenth after the twentieth; — the ordinal of thirty; as, the thirtieth day of the month.
• Constituting or being one of thirty equal parts into which anything is divided.
n.
• The quotient of a unit divided by thirty; one of thirty equal parts.
Thirty
a.
• Being three times ten; consisting of one more than twenty-nine; twenty and ten; as, the month of June consists of thirty days.
n.
• The sum of three tens, or twenty and ten; thirty units or objects.
• A symbol expressing thirty, as 30, or XXX.
This
pron. & a.
• As a demonstrative pronoun, this denotes something that is present or near in place or time, or something just mentioned, or that is just about to be mentioned.
• As an adjective, this has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun; as, this book; this way to town.
Thistle
n.
(Bot.) Any one of several prickly composite plants, especially those of the genera Cnicus, Craduus, and Onopordon. The name is often also applied to other prickly plants.
Thistly
a.
• Overgrown with thistles; as, thistly ground.
• Fig.: Resembling a thistle or thistles; sharp; pricking.
Thither
adv.
• To that place; — opposed to hither.
• To that point, end, or result; as, the argument tended thither.
a.
• Being on the farther side from the person speaking; farther; — a correlative of hither; as, on the thither side of the water.
• Applied to time: On the thither side of, older than; of more years than. See Hither, a.
Thitherto
adv.
• To that point; so far.
Thitherward
adv.
• To ward that place; in that direction.
Thitsee
n.
(Bot.) The varnish tree of Burmah (Melanorrhoea usitatissima).
• A black varnish obtained from the tree.
Thlipsis
n.
(Med.) Compression, especially constriction of vessels by an external cause.
Tho
def. art.
• The.
pron. pl.
• Those.
adv.
• Then.
conj.
• Though.
Thole
n.
• A wooden or metal pin, set in the gunwale of a boat, to serve as a fulcrum for the oar in rowing.
• The pin, or handle, of a scythe snath.
v. t.
• To bear; to endure; to undergo.
v. i.
• To wait.
Thomist
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Thomas Aquinas. See Scotist.
Thomite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A Thomaean.
Thomsenolite
n.
(Min.) A fluoride of aluminium, calcium, and sodium occurring with the cryolite of Greenland.
Thomsonian
a.
(Med.) Of or pertaining to Thomsonianism.
n.
• A believer in Thomsonianism; one who practices Thomsonianism.
Thomsonianism
n.
(Med.) An empirical system which assumes that the human body is composed of four elements, earth, air, fire, and water, and that vegetable medicines alone should be used; — from the founder, Dr. Samuel Thomson, of Massachusetts.
Thomsonite
n.
(Min.) A zeolitic mineral, occurring generally in masses of a radiated structure. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia, lime, and soda. Called also mesole, and comptonite.
Thong
n.
• A strap of leather; especially, one used for fastening anything.
Thooid
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to a group of carnivores, including the wovels and the dogs.
Thor
n.
(Scand. Myth.) The god of thunder, and son of Odin.
Thoracentesis
n.
(Surg.) The operation of puncturing the chest wall so as to let out liquids contained in the cavity of the chest.
Thoracic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the thorax, or chest.
n.
(Zool.) One of a group of fishes having the ventral fins placed beneath the thorax or beneath the pectorial fins.
Thoracica
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of cirripeds including those which have six thoracic segments, usually bearing six pairs of cirri. The common barnacles are examples.
Thoracometer
n.
(Physiol.) Same as Stethometer.
Thoracoplasty
n.
(Med.) A remodeling or reshaping of the thorax; especially, the operation of removing the ribs, so as to obliterate the pleural cavity in cases of empyema.
Thoracostraca
n. pl.
(Zool.) An extensive division of Crustacea, having a dorsal shield or carapec niting all, or nearly all, of the thoracic somites to the head. It includes the crabs, lobsters, shrimps, and similar species.
Thoracotomy
n.
(Surg.) The operation of opening the pleural cavity by incision.
Thoral
a.
• Of or pertaining to a bed.
Thorax
n.
(Anat.) The part of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen, containing that part of the body cavity the walls of which are supported by the dorsal vertebrae, the ribs, and the sternum, and which the heart and lungs are situated; the chest.
(Zool.) The middle region of the body of an insect, or that region which bears the legs and wings. It is composed of three united somites, each of which is composed of several distinct parts. See Illust. in Appendix. and Illust. of Coleoptera.
• The second, or middle, region of the body of a crustacean, arachnid, or other articulate animal. In the case of decapod Crustacea, some writers include under the term thorax only the three segments bearing the maxillipeds; others include also the five segments bearing the legs. See Illust. in Appendix.
(Antiq.) A breastplate, cuirass, or corselet; especially, the breastplate worn by the ancient Greeks.
Thoria
n.
(Chem.) A rare white earthy substance, consisting of the oxide of thorium; — formerly called also thorina.
Thoric
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to thorium; designating the compounds of thorium.
Thorite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of a brown to black color, or, as in the variety orangite, orange-yellow. It is essentially a silicate of thorium.
Thorium
n.
(Chem.) A metallic element found in certain rare minerals, as thorite, pyrochlore, monazite, etc., and isolated as an infusible gray metallic powder which burns in the air and forms thoria; — formerly called also thorinum. Symbol Th. Atomic weight 232.0.
Thorn
n.
• A hard and sharp-pointed projection from a woody stem; usually, a branch so transformed; a spine.
(Bot.) Any shrub or small tree which bears thorns; especially, any species of the genus Crataegus, as the hawthorn, whitethorn, cockspur thorn.
• Fig.: That which pricks or annoys as a thorn; anything troublesome; trouble; care.
• The name of the Anglo-Saxon letter , capital form . It was used to represent both of the sounds of English th, as in thin, then. So called because it was the initial letter of thorn, a spine.
v. t.
• To prick, as with a thorn.
Thornback
n.
(Zool.) A European skate (Raia clavata) having thornlike spines on its back.
(Zool.) The large European spider crab or king crab (Maia squinado).
Thornbill
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of small, brilliantly colored American birds of the genus Rhamphomicron. They have a long, slender, sharp bill, and feed upon honey, insects, and the juice of the sugar cane.
Thornbird
n.
(Zool.) A small South American bird (Anumbius anumbii) allied to the ovenbirds of the genus Furnarius). It builds a very large and complex nest of twigs and thorns in a bush or tree.
Thornbut
n.
(Zool.) The turbot.
Thornless
a.
• Destitute of, or free from, thorns.
Thornset
a.
• Set with thorns.
Thorntail
n.
(Zool.) A beautiful South American humming bird (Gouldia Popelairii), having the six outer tail feathers long, slender, and pointed. The head is ornamented with a long, pointed crest.
Thorny
a.
• Full of thorns or spines; rough with thorns; spiny; as, a thorny wood; a thorny tree; a thorny crown.
• Like a thorn or thorns; hence, figuratively, troublesome; vexatious; harassing; perplexing.
Thoro
a.
• Thorough.
Thorough
prep.
• Through.
a.
• Passing through; as, thorough lights in a house.
• Passing through or to the end; hence, complete; perfect; as, a thorough reformation; thorough work; a thorough translator; a thorough poet.
adv.
• Thoroughly.
• Through.
n.
• A furrow between two ridges, to drain off the surface water.
Thoroughbred
a.
• Bred from the best blood through a long line; pure-blooded; — said of stock, as horses. Hence, having the characteristics of such breeding; mettlesome; courageous; of elegant form, or the like.
n.
• A thoroughbred animal, especially a horse.
Thoroughfare
n.
• A passage through; a passage from one street or opening to another; an unobstructed way open to the public; a public road; hence, a frequented street.
• A passing or going through; passage.
Thoroughgoing
a.
• Going through, or to the end or bottom; very thorough; complete.
• Going all lengths; extreme; thoroughplaced; — less common in this sense.
Thoroughly
adv.
• In a thorough manner; fully; entirely; completely.
Thoroughness
n.
• The quality or state of being thorough; completeness.
Thoroughpaced
a.
• Perfect in what is undertaken; complete; going all lengths; as, a thoroughplaced Tory or Whig.
Thoroughpin
n.
(Far.) A disease of the hock (sometimes of the knee) of a horse, caused by inflammation of the synovial membrane and a consequent excessive secretion of the synovial fluid; — probably so called because there is usually an oval swelling on each side of the leg, appearing somewhat as if a pin had been thrust through.
Thoroughsped
a.
• Fully accomplished; thoroughplaced.
Thoroughstitch
adv.
• So as to go the whole length of any business; fully; completely.
Thoroughwax
n.
(Bot.) An umbelliferous plant (Bupleurum rotundifolium) with perfoliate leaves.
• Thoroughwort.
Thoroughwort
n.
• Same as Boneset.
Thorow
prep.
• Through.
a.
• Thorough.
Those
pron.
• The plural of that. See That.
Thoth
n.
(Myth.) The god of eloquence and letters among the ancient Egyptians, and supposed to be the inventor of writing and philosophy. He corresponded to the Mercury of the Romans, and was usually represented as a human figure with the head of an ibis or a lamb.
(Zool.) The Egyptian sacred baboon.
Thou
pron.
• The second personal pronoun, in the singular number, denoting the person addressed; thyself; the pronoun which is used in addressing persons in the solemn or poetical style.
v. t.
• To address as thou, esp. to do so in order to treat with insolent familiarity or contempt.
v. i.
• To use the words thou and thee in discourse after the manner of the Friends.
Though
conj.
• Granting, admitting, or supposing that; notwithstanding that; if.
adv.
• However; nevertheless; notwithstanding; — used in familiar language, and in the middle or at the end of a sentence.
Thought
• imp. & p. p. of Think.
n.
• The act of thinking; the exercise of the mind in any of its higher forms; reflection; cogitation.
• Meditation; serious consideration.
• That which is thought; an idea; a mental conception, whether an opinion, judgment, fancy, purpose, or intention.
• Solicitude; anxious care; concern.
• A small degree or quantity; a trifle; as, a thought longer; a thought better.
Thoughtful
a.
• Full of thought; employed in meditation; contemplative; as, a man of thoughtful mind.
• Attentive; careful; exercising the judgment; having the mind directed to an object; as, thoughtful of gain; thoughtful in seeking truth.
• Anxious; solicitous; concerned.
Thoughtless
adv.
• Lacking thought; careless; inconsiderate; rash; as, a thoughtless person, or act.
• Giddy; gay; dissipated.
• Deficient in reasoning power; stupid; dull.
Thousand
n.
• The number of ten hundred; a collection or sum consisting of ten times one hundred units or objects.
• Hence, indefinitely, a great number.
• A symbol representing one thousand units; as, 1,000, M or CI.
a.
• Consisting of ten hundred; being ten times one hundred.
• Hence, consisting of a great number indefinitely.
Thousandfold
a.
• Multiplied by a thousand.
Thousandth
a.
• Next in order after nine hundred and ninty-nine; coming last of a thousand successive individuals or units; — the ordinal of thousand; as, the thousandth part of a thing.
• Constituting, or being one of, a thousand equal parts into which anything is divided; the tenth of a hundredth.
• Occurring as being one of, or the last one of, a very great number; very small; minute; — used hyperbolically; as, to do a thing for the thousandth time.
n.
• The quotient of a unit divided by a thousand; one of a thousand equal parts into which a unit is divided.
Thracian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thrace, or its people.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Thrace.
Thrack
v. t.
• To load or burden; as, to thrack a man with property.
Thrackscat
n.
• Metal still in the mine.
Thraldom
n.
• The condition of a thrall; slavery; bondage; state of servitude.
Thrall
n.
• A slave; a bondman.
• Slavery; bondage; servitude; thraldom.
• A shelf; a stand for barrels, etc.
a.
• Of or pertaining to a thrall; in the condition of a thrall; bond; enslaved.
v. t.
• To enslave.
Thralldom
n.
• Thraldom.
Thranite
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) One of the rowers on the topmost of the three benches in a trireme.
Thrapple
n.
• Windpipe; throttle.
Thrashel
n.
• An instrument to thrash with; a flail.
Thrashing
• a. & n. from Thrash, v.
Thrasonical
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thraso; like, or becoming to, Thraso; bragging; boastful; vainglorious.
Thraste
v. t.
• To thrust.
Thrave
n.
• Twenty-four (in some places, twelve) sheaves of wheat; a shock, or stook.
• The number of two dozen; also, an indefinite number; a bunch; a company; a throng.
Thraw
n. & v.
• See Throse.
Thread
n.
• A very small twist of flax, wool, cotton, silk, or other fibrous substance, drawn out to considerable length; a compound cord consisting of two or more single yarns doubled, or joined together, and twisted.
• A filament, as of a flower, or of any fibrous substance, as of bark; also, a line of gold or silver.
• The prominent part of the spiral of a screw or nut; the rib. See Screw, n., 1.
• Fig.: Something continued in a long course or tenor; a,s the thread of life, or of a discourse.
• Fig.: Composition; quality; fineness.
v. t.
• To pass a thread through the eye of; as, to thread a needle.
• To pass or pierce through as a narrow way; also, to effect or make, as one's way, through or between obstacles; to thrid.
• To form a thread, or spiral rib, on or in; as, to thread a screw or nut.
Threadbare
a.
• Worn to the naked thread; having the nap worn off; threadbare clothes.
• Fig.: Worn out; as, a threadbare subject; stale topics and threadbare quotations.
Threadbareness
n.
• The state of being threadbare.
Threaden
a.
• Made of thread; as, threaden sails; a threaden fillet.
Threader
n.
• A device for assisting in threading a needle.
• A tool or machine for forming a thread on a screw or in a nut.
Threadfin
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of fishes belonging to Polynemus and allied genera. They have numerous long pectoral filaments.
Threadfish
n.
(Zool.) The cutlass fish.
• A carangoid fish (Caranx gallus, or C. crinitus) having the anterior rays of the soft dorsal and anal fins prolonged in the form of long threads.
Threadiness
n.
• Quality of being thready.
Threadworm
n.
(Zool.) Any long, slender nematode worm, especially the pinworm and filaria.
Thready
a.
• Like thread or filaments; slender; as, the thready roots of a shrub.
• Containing, or consisting of, thread.
Threap
v. t.
• To call; to name.
• To maintain obstinately against denial or contradiction; also, to contend or argue against (another) with obstinacy; to chide; as, he threaped me down that it was so.
• To beat, or thrash.
• To cozen, or cheat.
v. i.
• To contend obstinately; to be pertinacious.
n.
• An obstinate decision or determination; a pertinacious affirmation.
Threat
n.
• The expression of an intention to inflict evil or injury on another; the declaration of an evil, loss, or pain to come; meance; threatening; denunciation.
v. t. & i.
• To threaten.
Threaten
v. t.
• To utter threats against; to menace; to inspire with apprehension; to alarm, or attempt to alarm, as with the promise of something evil or disagreeable; to warn.
• To exhibit the appearance of (something evil or unpleasant) as approaching; to indicate as impending; to announce the conditional infliction of; as, to threaten war; to threaten death.
v. i.
• To use threats, or menaces; also, to have a threatening appearance.
Threatener
n.
• One who threatens.
Threatening
• a. & n. from Threaten, v.
Threatful
a.
• Full of threats; having a menacing appearance.
Threave
n.
• Same as Thrave.
Three
a.
• One more than two; two and one.
n.
• The number greater by a unit than two; three units or objects.
• A symbol representing three units, as 3 or iii.
Threefold
a.
• Consisting of three, or thrice repeated; triple; as, threefold justice.
Threepence
n.
• A small silver coin of three times the value of a penny.
Threepenny
a.
• Costing or worth three pence; hence, worth but little; poor; mean.
Threne
n.
• Lamentation; threnody; a dirge.
Threnode
n.
• A threne, or threnody; a dirge; a funeral song.
Threnodist
n.
• One who composes, delivers, or utters, a threnode, or threnody.
Threnody
n.
• A song of lamentation; a threnode.
Threpe
v. t.
• To call; to term.
Threpsology
n.
(Med.) The doctrine of nutrition; a treatise on nutrition.
Thresh
v. t. & i.
• Same as Thrash.
Thresher
n.
• Same as Thrasher.
Threshold
n.
• The plank, stone, or piece of timber, which lies under a door, especially of a dwelling house, church, temple, or the like; the doorsill; hence, entrance; gate; door.
• Fig.: The place or point of entering or beginning, entrance; outset; as, the threshold of life.
Threshwold
n.
• Threshold.
Threste
v. t.
• To thrust.
Thretteen
a.
• Thirteen.
Thretty
a.
• Thirty.
Threw
• imp. of Throw.
Thribble
a.
• Triple; treble; threefold.
Thrice
adv.
• Three times.
• In a threefold manner or degree; repeatedly; very.
Thricecock
n.
(Zool.) The missel thrush.
Thrid
a.
• Third.
v. t.
• To pass through in the manner of a thread or a needle; to make or find a course through; to thread.
• To make or effect (a way or course) through something; as, to thrid one's way through a wood.
n.
• Thread; continuous line.
Thrifallow
v. t.
• See Thryfallow, and Trifallow.
Thrift
n.
• A thriving state; good husbandry; economical management in regard to property; frugality.
• Success and advance in the acquisition of property; increase of worldly goods; gain; prosperity.
• Vigorous growth, as of a plant.
(Bot.) One of several species of flowering plants of the genera Statice and Armeria.
Thriftiness
n.
• The quality or state of being thrifty; thrift.
Thriftity
adv.
• In a thrifty manner.
• Carefully; properly; becomingly.
Thriftless
a.
• Without thrift; not prudent or prosperous in money affairs.
Thrifty
a.
• Given to, or evincing, thrift; characterized by economy and good menegement of property; sparing; frugal.
• Thriving by industry and frugality; prosperous in the acquisition of worldly goods; increasing in wealth; as, a thrifty farmer or mechanic.
• Growing rapidly or vigorously; thriving; as, a thrifty plant or colt.
• Secured by thrift; well husbanded.
• Well appearing; looking or being in good condition; becoming.
Thrill
n.
• A warbling; a trill.
n.
• A breathing place or hole; a nostril, as of a bird.
v. t.
• To perforate by a pointed instrument; to bore; to transfix; to drill.
• Hence, to affect, as if by something that pierces or pricks; to cause to have a shivering, throbbing, tingling, or exquisite sensation; to pierce; to penetrate.
• To hurl; to throw; to cast.
v. i.
• To pierce, as something sharp; to penetrate; especially, to cause a tingling sensation that runs through the system with a slight shivering; as, a sharp sound thrills through the whole frame.
• To feel a sharp, shivering, tingling, or exquisite sensation, running through the body.
n.
• A drill. See 3d Drill, 1.
• A sensation as of being thrilled; a tremulous excitement; as, a thrill of horror; a thrill of joy.
Thrillant
a.
• Piercing; sharp; thrilling.
Thrilling
a.
• Causing a thrill; causing tremulous excitement; deeply moving; as, a thrilling romance.
Thring
v. t. & i.
• To press, crowd, or throng.
Thrips
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous small species of Thysanoptera, especially those which attack useful plants, as the grain thrips (Thrips cerealium).
Thrist
n.
• Thrist.
Thrittene
a.
• Thirteen.
Thrive
v. i.
• To posper by industry, economy, and good management of property; to increase in goods and estate; as, a farmer thrives by good husbandry.
• To prosper in any business; to have increase or success.
• To increase in bulk or stature; to grow vigorously or luxuriantly, as a plant; to flourish; as, young cattle thrive in rich pastures; trees thrive in a good soil.
Thriven
• p. p. of Thrive.
Thriver
n.
• One who thrives, or prospers.
Thrivingly
adv.
• In a thriving manner.
Thrivingness
n.
• The quality or condition of one who thrives; prosperity; growth; increase.
Thro'
• A contraction of Through.
Throat
n.
(Anat.) The part of the neck in front of, or ventral to, the vertebral column.
• Hence, the passage through it to the stomach and lungs; the pharynx; — sometimes restricted to the fauces.
• A contracted portion of a vessel, or of a passage way; as, the throat of a pitcher or vase.
(Arch.) The part of a chimney between the gathering, or portion of the funnel which contracts in ascending, and the flue.
(Naut.) The upper fore corner of a boom-and-gaff sail, or of a staysail.
• That end of a gaff which is next the mast.
• The angle where the arm of an anchor is joined to the shank.
(Shipbuilding) The inside of a timber knee.
(Bot.) The orifice of a tubular organ; the outer end of the tube of a monopetalous corolla; the faux, or fauces.
v. t.
• To utter in the throat; to mutter; as, to throat threats.
• To mow, as beans, in a direction against their bending.
Throatband
n.
• Same as Throatlatch.
Throatboll
n.
• The Adam's apple in the neck.
Throating
n.
(Arch.) A drip, or drip molding.
Throatlatch
n.
• A strap of a bridle, halter, or the like, passing under a horse's throat.
Throatwort
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Campanula Trachelium) formerly considered a remedy for sore throats because of its throat-shaped corolla.
Throaty
a.
• Guttural; hoarse; having a guttural voice.
Throb
v. i.
• To beat, or pulsate, with more than usual force or rapidity; to beat in consequence of agitation; to palpitate; — said of the heart, pulse, etc.
n.
• A beat, or strong pulsation, as of the heart and arteries; a violent beating; a papitation:
Throdden
v. i.
• To grow; to thrive.
Throe
n.
• Extreme pain; violent pang; anguish; agony; especially, one of the pangs of travail in childbirth, or purturition.
• A tool for splitting wood into shingles; a frow.
v. i.
• To struggle in extreme pain; to be in agony; to agonize.
v. t.
• To put in agony.
Thrombosis
n.
(Med.) The obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot formed at the site of obstruction; — distinguished from embolism, which is produced by a clot or foreign body brought from a distance.
Thrombus
n.
(Med.) A clot of blood formed of a passage of a vessel and remaining at the site of coagulation.
• A tumor produced by the escape of blood into the subcutaneous cellular tissue.
Throne
n.
• A chair of state, commonly a royal seat, but sometimes the seat of a prince, bishop, or other high dignitary.
• Hence, sovereign power and dignity; also, the one who occupies a throne, or is invested with sovereign authority; an exalted or dignified personage.
• A high order of angels in the celestial hierarchy; — a meaning given by the schoolmen.
v. t.
• To place on a royal seat; to enthrone.
• To place in an elevated position; to give sovereignty or dominion to; to exalt.
v. i.
• To be in, or sit upon, a throne; to be placed as if upon a throne.
Throneless
a.
• Having no throne.
Throng
n.
• A multitude of persons or of living beings pressing or pressed into a close body or assemblage; a crowd.
• A great multitude; as, the heavenly throng.
v. i.
• To crowd together; to press together into a close body, as a multitude of persons; to gather or move in multitudes.
v. t.
• To crowd, or press, as persons; to oppress or annoy with a crowd of living beings.
• To crowd into; to fill closely by crowding or pressing into, as a hall or a street.
a.
• Thronged; crowded; also, much occupied; busy.
Throngly
adv.
• In throngs or crowds.
Throp
n.
• A thorp.
Thropple
n.
• The windpipe.
v. t.
• To throttle.
Throstle
n.
(Zool.) The song thrush. See under Song.
• A machine for spinning wool, cotton, etc., from the rove, consisting of a set of drawing rollers with bobbins and flyers, and differing from the mule in having the twisting apparatus stationary and the processes continuous; — so called because it makes a singing noise.
Throstling
n.
• A disease of bovine cattle, consisting of a swelling under the throat, which, unless checked, causes strangulation.
Throttle
n.
• The windpipe, or trachea; the weasand.
(Steam Engine) The throttle valve.
v. t.
• To compress the throat of; to choke; to strangle.
• To utter with breaks and interruption, in the manner of a person half suffocated.
• To shut off, or reduce flow of, as steam to an engine.
v. i.
• To have the throat obstructed so as to be in danger of suffocation; to choke; to suffocate.
• To breathe hard, as when nearly suffocated.
Throttler
n.
• One who, or that which, throttles, or chokes.
(Zool.) See Flasher, 3 (b).
Through
prep.
• From end to end of, or from side to side of; from one surface or limit of, to the opposite; into and out of at the opposite, or at another, point; as, to bore through a piece of timber, or through a board; a ball passes through the side of a ship.
• Between the sides or walls of; within; as, to pass through a door; to go through an avenue.
• By means of; by the agency of.
• Over the whole surface or extent of; as, to ride through the country; to look through an account.
• Among or in the midst of; — used to denote passage; as, a fish swims through the water; the light glimmers through a thicket.
• From the beginning to the end of; to the end or conclusion of; as, through life; through the year.
adv.
• From one end or side to the other; as, to pierce a thing through.
• From beginning to end; as, to read a letter through.
• To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose; as, to carry a project through.
a.
• Going or extending through; going, extending, or serving from the beginning to the end; thorough; complete; as, a through line; a through ticket; a through train. Also, admitting of passage through; as, a through bridge.
Throughly
adv.
• Thoroughly.
Throughout
prep.
• Quite through; from one extremity to the other of; also, every part of; as, to search throughout the house.
adv.
• In every part; as, the cloth was of a piece throughout.
Throve
• imp. of Thrive.
Throw
n.
• Pain; especially, pain of travail; throe.
n.
• Time; while; space of time; moment; trice.
v. t.
• To fling, cast, or hurl with a certain whirling motion of the arm, to throw a ball; — distinguished from to toss, or to bowl.
• To fling or cast in any manner; to drive to a distance from the hand or from an engine; to propel; to send; as, to throw stones or dust with the hand; a cannon throws a ball; a fire engine throws a stream of water to extinguish flames.
• To drive by violence; as, a vessel or sailors may be thrown upon a rock.
(Mil.) To cause to take a strategic position; as, he threw a detachment of his army across the river.
• To overturn; to prostrate in wrestling; as, a man throws his antagonist.
• To cast, as dice; to venture at dice.
• To put on hastily; to spread carelessly.
• To divest or strip one's self of; to put off.
(Pottery) To form or shape roughly on a throwing engine, or potter's wheel, as earthen vessels.
• To give forcible utterance to; to cast; to vent.
• To bring forth; to produce, as young; to bear; — said especially of rabbits.
• To twist two or more filaments of, as silk, so as to form one thread; to twist together, as singles, in a direction contrary to the twist of the singles themselves; — sometimes applied to the whole class of operations by which silk is prepared for the weaver.
v. i.
• To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast; specifically, to cast dice.
n.
• The act of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling from the hand or an engine; a cast.
• A stroke; a blow.
• The distance which a missile is, or may be, thrown; as, a stone's throw.
• A cast of dice; the manner in which dice fall when cast; as, a good throw.
• An effort; a violent sally.
(Mach.) The extreme movement given to a sliding or vibrating reciprocating piece by a cam, crank, eccentric, or the like; travel; stroke; as, the throw of a slide valve. Also, frequently, the length of the radius of a crank, or the eccentricity of an eccentric; as, the throw of the crank of a steam engine is equal to half the stroke of the piston.
(Pottery) A potter's wheel or table; a jigger. See 2d Jigger, 2 (a).
• A turner's lathe; a throwe.
(Mining) The amount of vertical displacement produced by a fault; — according to the direction it is designated as an upthrow, or a downthrow.
Throwe
n.
• A turning lathe.
Thrower
n.
• One who throws. Specifically: (a) One who throws or twists silk; a throwster. (b) One who shapes vessels on a throwing engine.
Throwing
• a. & n. from Throw, v.
Thrown
• a. & p. p. from Throw, v.
Throwster
n.
• One who throws or twists silk; a thrower.
Thru
prep., adv. & a.
• Through.
Thrum
n.
• One of the ends of weaver's threads; hence, any soft, short threads or tufts resembling these.
• Any coarse yarn; an unraveled strand of rope.
(Bot.) A threadlike part of a flower; a stamen.
(Mining) A shove out of place; a small displacement or fault along a seam.
(Naut.) A mat made of canvas and tufts of yarn.
v. t.
• To furnish with thrums; to insert tufts in; to fringe.
(Naut.) To insert short pieces of rope-yarn or spun yarn in; as, to thrum a piece of canvas, or a mat, thus making a rough or tufted surface.
v. i.
• To play rudely or monotonously on a stringed instrument with the fingers; to strum.
• Hence, to make a monotonous drumming noise; as, to thrum on a table.
v. t.
• To play, as a stringed instrument, in a rude or monotonous manner.
• Hence, to drum on; to strike in a monotonous manner; to thrum the table.
Thrummy
a.
• Like thrums; made of, furnished with, or characterized by, thrums.
Thrumwort
n.
(Bot.) A kind of amaranth (Amarantus caudatus).
Thruout
• Throughout.
Thrush
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of singing birds belonging to Turdus and allied genera. They are noted for the sweetness of their songs.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of singing birds more or less resembling the true thrushes in appearance or habits; as the thunderbird and the American brown thrush (or thrasher). See Brown thrush.
n.
(Med.) An affection of the mouth, fauces, etc., common in newly born children, characterized by minute ulcers called aphthae. See Aphthae.
(Far.) An inflammatory and suppurative affection of the feet in certain animals. In the horse it is in the frog.
Thrushel
n.
• The song thrush.
Thrusher
n.
• The song thrush.
Thrust
n. & v.
• Thrist.
v. t.
• To push or drive with force; to drive, force, or impel; to shove; as, to thrust anything with the hand or foot, or with an instrument.
• To stab; to pierce; — usually with through.
v. i.
• To make a push; to attack with a pointed weapon; as, a fencer thrusts at his antagonist.
• To enter by pushing; to squeeze in.
• To push forward; to come with force; to press on; to intrude.
n.
• A violent push or driving, as with a pointed weapon moved in the direction of its length, or with the hand or foot, or with any instrument; a stab; — a word much used as a term of fencing.
• An attack; an assault.
(Mech.) The force or pressure of one part of a construction against other parts; especially (Arch.), a horizontal or diagonal outward pressure, as of an arch against its abutments, or of rafters against the wall which support them.
(Mining) The breaking down of the roof of a gallery under its superincumbent weight.
Thruster
n.
• One who thrusts or stabs.
Thrusting
n.
• The act of pushing with force.
(Dairies) The act of squeezing curd with the hand, to expel the whey.
• The white whey, or that which is last pressed out of the curd by the hand, and of which butter is sometimes made.
Thrustle
n.
(Zool.) The throstle, or song thrust.
Thryes
a.
• Thrice.
Thryfallow
v. t.
• To plow for the third time in summer; to trifallow.
Thud
n.
• A dull sound without resonance, like that produced by striking with, or striking against, some comparatively soft substance; also, the stroke or blow producing such sound; as, the thrud of a cannon ball striking the earth.
Thug
n.
• One of an association of robbers and murderers in India who practiced murder by stealthy approaches, and from religious motives. They have been nearly exterminated by the British government.
Thuggee
n.
• The practice of secret or stealthy murder by Thugs.
Thuja
n.
(Bot.) A genus of evergreen trees, thickly branched, remarkable for the distichous arrangement of their branches, and having scalelike, closely imbricated, or compressed leaves.
Thule
n.
• The name given by ancient geographers to the northernmost part of the habitable world. According to some, this land was Norway, according to others, Iceland, or more probably Mainland, the largest of the Shetland islands; hence, the Latin phrase ultima Thule, farthest Thule.
Thulia
n.
(Chem.) Oxide of thulium.
Thulium
n.
(Chem.) A rare metallic element of uncertain properties and identity, said to have been found in the mineral gadolinite.
Thumb
n.
• The short, thick first digit of the human hand, differing from the other fingers in having but two phalanges; the pollex. See Pollex.
v. t.
• To handle awkwardly.
• To play with the thumbs, or with the thumbs and fingers; as, to thumb over a tune.
• To soil or wear with the thumb or the fingers; to soil, or wear out, by frequent handling; also, to cover with the thumb; as, to thumb the touch-hole of a cannon.
v. i.
• To play with the thumb or thumbs; to play clumsily; to thrum.
Thumbbird
n.
• The goldcrest.
Thumbed
a.
• Having thumbs.
• Soiled by handling.
Thumbkin
n.
• An instrument of torture for compressing the thumb; a thumbscrew.
Thumbless
a.
• Without a thumb.
Thumbscrew
n.
• A screw having a flat-sided or knurled head, so that it may be turned by the thumb and forefinger.
• An old instrument of torture for compressing the thumb by a screw; a thumbkin.
Thummie
n.
• The chiff-chaff.
Thummim
n. pl.
• A mysterious part or decoration of the breastplate of the Jewish high priest. See the note under Urim.
Thump
n.
• The sound made by the sudden fall or blow of a heavy body, as of a hammer, or the like.
• A blow or knock, as with something blunt or heavy; a heavy fall.
v. t.
• To strike or beat with something thick or heavy, or so as to cause a dull sound.
v. i.
• To give a thump or thumps; to strike or fall with a heavy blow; to pound.
Thumper
n.
• One who, or that which, thumps.
Thumping
a.
• Heavy; large.
Thunder
n.
• The sound which follows a flash of lightning; the report of a discharge of atmospheric electricity.
• The discharge of electricity; a thunderbolt.
• Any loud noise; as, the thunder of cannon.
• An alarming or statrling threat or denunciation.
v. i.
• To produce thunder; to sound, rattle, or roar, as a discharge of atmospheric electricity; — often used impersonally; as, it thundered continuously.
• Fig.: To make a loud noise; esp. a heavy sound, of some continuance.
• To utter violent denunciation.
v. t.
• To emit with noise and terror; to utter vehemently; to publish, as a threat or denunciation.
Thunderbird
n.
(Zool.) An Australian insectivorous singing bird (Pachycephala gutturalis). The male is conspicuously marked with black and yellow, and has a black crescent on the breast. Called also white-throated thickhead, orange-breasted thrust, black-crowned thrush, guttural thrush, and black-breasted flycatcher.
Thunderbolt
n.
• A shaft of lightning; a brilliant stream of electricity passing from one part of the heavens to another, or from the clouds to the earth.
• Something resembling lightning in suddenness and effectiveness.
• Vehement threatening or censure; especially, ecclesiastical denunciation; fulmination.
(Paleon.) A belemnite, or thunderstone.
Thunderburst
n.
• A burst of thunder.
Thunderclap
n.
• A sharp burst of thunder; a sudden report of a discharge of atmospheric electricity.
Thundercloud
n.
• A cloud charged with electricity, and producing lightning and thunder.
Thunderer
n.
• One who thunders; — used especially as a translation of L. tonans, an epithet applied by the Romans to several of their gods, esp. to Jupiter.
Thunderfish
n.
(Zool.) A large European loach (Misgurnus fossilis).
Thunderhead
n.
• A rounded mass of cloud, with shining white edges; a cumulus, — often appearing before a thunderstorm.
Thundering
a.
• Emitting thunder.
• Very great; — often adverbially.
n.
• Thunder.
Thunderless
a.
• Without thunder or noise.
Thunderous
a.
• Producing thunder.
• Making a noise like thunder; sounding loud and deep; sonorous.
Thunderproof
a.
• Secure against the effects of thunder or lightning.
Thundershower
n.
• A shower accompanied with lightning and thunder.
Thunderstone
n.
• A thunderbolt, — formerly believed to be a stone.
(Paleon.) A belemnite. See Belemnite.
Thunderstorm
n.
• A storm accompanied with lightning and thunder.
Thunderstrike
v. t.
• To strike, blast, or injure by, or as by, lightning.
• To astonish, or strike dumb, as with something terrible; — rarely used except in the past participle.
Thunderworm
n.
(Zool.) A small, footless, burrowing, snakelike lizard (Rhineura Floridana) allied to Amphisbaena, native of Florida; — so called because it leaves its burrows after a thundershower.
Thundery
a.
• Accompanied with thunder; thunderous.
Thundrous
a.
• Thunderous; sonorous.
Thunny
n.
(Zool.) The tunny.
Thurgh
prep.
• Through.
Thurghfare
n.
• Thoroughfare.
Thurible
n.
(R. C. Ch.) A censer of metal, for burning incense, having various forms, held in the hand or suspended by chains; — used especially at mass, vespers, and other solemn services.
Thuriferous
a.
• Producing or bearing frankincense.
Thurification
n.
• The act of fuming with incense, or the act of burning incense.
Thuringian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Thuringia, a country in Germany, or its people.
n.
• A native, or inhabitant of Thuringia.
Thuringite
n.
(Min.) A mineral occurring as an aggregation of minute scales having an olive-green color and pearly luster. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia and iron.
Thurl
n.
• A hole; an aperture.
(Mining) A short communication between adits in a mine.
• A long adit in a coalpit.
v. t.
• To cut through; to pierce.
(Mining) To cut through, as a partition between one working and another.
Thurling
n.
(Mining) Same as Thurl, n., 2 (a).
Thurrok
n.
• The hold of a ship; a sink.
Thursday
n.
• The fifth day of the week, following Wednesday and preceding Friday.
Thurst
n.
(Coal Mining) The ruins of the fallen roof resulting from the removal of the pillars and stalls.
Thus
n.
• The commoner kind of frankincense, or that obtained from the Norway spruce, the long-leaved pine, and other conifers.
adv.
• In this or that manner; on this wise.
• To this degree or extent; so far; so; as, thus wise; thus peaceble; thus bold.
Thussock
n.
• See Tussock.
Thuya
n.
(Bot.) Same as Thuja.
Thuyin
n.
(Chem.) A substance extracted from trees of the genus Thuja, or Thuya, and probably identical with quercitrin.
Thwack
v. t.
• To strike with something flat or heavy; to bang, or thrash: to thump.
• To fill to overflow.
n.
• A heavy blow with something flat or heavy; a thump.
Thwaite
n.
(Zool.) The twaite.
n.
• Forest land cleared, and converted to tillage; an assart.
Thwart
a.
• Situated or placed across something else; transverse; oblique.
• Fig.: Perverse; crossgrained.
adv.
• Thwartly; obliquely; transversely; athwart.
prep.
• Across; athwart.
n.
(Naut.) A seat in an open boat reaching from one side to the other, or athwart the boat.
v. t.
• To move across or counter to; to cross; as, an arrow thwarts the air.
• To cross, as a purpose; to oppose; to run counter to; to contravene; hence, to frustrate or defeat.
v. i.
• To move or go in an oblique or crosswise manner.
• Hence, to be in opposition; to clash.
Thwarter
n.
(Far.) A disease in sheep, indicated by shaking, trembling, or convulsive motions.
Thwartingly
adv.
• In a thwarting or obstructing manner; so as to thwart.
Thwartly
adv.
• Transversely; obliquely.
Thwartness
n.
• The quality or state of being thwart; obliquity; perverseness.
Thwite
v. t.
• To cut or clip with a knife; to whittle.
Thwittle
v. t.
• To cut or whittle.
n.
• A small knife; a whittle.
Thy
pron.
• Of thee, or belonging to thee; the more common form of thine, possessive case of thou; — used always attributively, and chiefly in the solemn or grave style, and in poetry. Thine is used in the predicate; as, the knife is thine. See Thine.
Thylacine
n.
(Zool.) The zebra wolf. See under Wolf.
Thymate
n.
(Chem.) A compound of thymol analogous to a salt; as, sodium thymate.
Thyme
n.
(Bot.) Any plant of the labiate genus Thymus. The garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is a warm, pungent aromatic, much used to give a relish to seasoning and soups.
Thymene
n.
(Chem.) A liquid terpene obtained from oil of thyme.
Thymiatechny
n.
(Med.) The art of employing perfumes in medicine.
Thymic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the thymus gland.
a.
(Med. Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, thyme; as, thymic acid.
Thymol
n.
(Chem.) A phenol derivative of cymene, C10H13.OH, isomeric with carvacrol, found in oil of thyme, and extracted as a white crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor and strong antiseptic properties; — called also hydroxy cymene.
Thymus
a.
(Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, the thymus gland.
n.
• The thymus gland.
Thymy
a.
• Abounding with thyme; fragrant; as, a thymy vale.
Thyroarytenoid
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the thyroid and arytenoid cartilages of the larynx.
Thyrohyal
n.
(Anat.) One of the lower segments in the hyoid arch, often consolidated with the body of the hyoid bone and forming one of its great horns, as in man.
Thyrohyoid
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the thyroid cartilage of the larynx and the hyoid arch.
Thyroid
a.
• Shaped like an oblong shield; shield-shaped; as, the thyroid cartilage.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the thyroid body, thyroid cartilage, or thyroid artery; thyroideal.
Thyroideal
a.
(Anat.) Thyroid.
Thyrotomy
n.
(Surg.) The operation of cutting into the thyroid cartilage.
Thyrse
n.
• A thyrsus.
Thyrsus
n.
• A staff entwined with ivy, and surmounted by a pine cone, or by a bunch of vine or ivy leaves with grapes or berries. It is an attribute of Bacchus, and of the satyrs and others engaging in Bacchic rites.
(Bot.) A species of inflorescence; a dense panicle, as in the lilac and horse-chestnut.
Thysanopter
n.
(Zool.) One of the Thysanoptera.
Thysanoptera
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of insects, considered by some writers a distinct order, but regarded by others as belonging to the Hemiptera. They are all of small size, and have narrow, broadly fringed wings with rudimentary nervures. Most of the species feed upon the juices of plants, and some, as those which attack grain, are very injurious to crops. Called also Physopoda. See Thrips.
Thysanopteran
n.
(Zool.) One of the Thysanoptera.
Thysanopterous
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Thysanoptera.
Thysanura
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of wingless hexapod insects which have setiform caudal appendages, either bent beneath the body to form a spring, or projecting as bristles. It comprises the Cinura, or bristletails, and the Collembola, or springtails. Called also Thysanoura. See Lepisma, and Podura.
Thysanuran
n.
(Zool.) One of the Thysanura. Also used adjectively.
Thysanurous
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Thysanura.
Thysbe
n.
(Zool.) A common clearwing moth (Hemaris thysbe).
Thyself
pron.
• An emphasized form of the personal pronoun of the second person; — used as a subject commonly with thou; as, thou thyself shalt go; that is, thou shalt go, and no other. It is sometimes used, especially in the predicate, without thou, and in the nominative as well as in the objective case.
Tiar
n.
• A tiara.
Tiara
n.
• A form of headdress worn by the ancient Persians. According to Xenophon, the royal tiara was encircled with a diadem, and was high and erect, while those of the people were flexible, or had rims turned over.
• The pope's triple crown. It was at first a round, high cap, but was afterward encompassed with a crown, subsequently with a second, and finally with a third. Fig.: The papal dignity.
Tiaraed
a.
• Adorned with, or wearing, a tiara.
Tibia
n.
(Anat.) The inner, or preaxial, and usually the larger, of the two bones of the leg or hind limb below the knee.
(Zool.) The fourth joint of the leg of an insect. See Illust. under Coleoptera, and under Hexapoda.
(Antiq.) A musical instrument of the flute kind, originally made of the leg bone of an animal.
Tibial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a tibia.
• Of or pertaining to a pipe or flute.
n.
(Anat.) A tibial bone; a tibiale.
Tibiale
n.
(Anat.) The bone or cartilage of the tarsus which articulates with the tibia and corresponds to a part of the astragalus in man and most mammals.
Tibicinate
v. i.
• To play on a tibia, or pipe.
Tibiotarsal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to both to the tibia and the tarsus; as, the tibiotarsal articulation.
• Of or pertaining to the tibiotarsus.
Tibiotarsus
n.
(Anat.) The large bone between the femur and tarsometatarsus in the leg of a bird. It is formed by the union of the proximal part of the tarsus with the tibia.
Tibrie
n.
(Zool.) The pollack.
Tic
n.
(Med.) A local and habitual convulsive motion of certain muscles; especially, such a motion of some of the muscles of the face; twitching; velication; — called also spasmodic tic.
Tical
n.
• A bean-shaped coin of Siam, worth about sixty cents; also, a weight equal to 236 grains troy.
• A money of account in China, reckoning at about $1.60; also, a weight of about four ounces avoirdupois.
Tice
v. t.
• To entice.
n.
(Cricket) A ball bowled to strike the ground about a bat's length in front of the wicket.
Ticement
n.
• Enticement.
Tichorrhine
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil rhinoceros with a vertical bony medial septum supporting the nose; the hairy rhinoceros.
Tick
n.
• Credit; trust; as, to buy on, or upon, tick.
v. i.
• To go on trust, or credit.
• To give tick; to trust.
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of large parasitic mites which attach themselves to, and suck the blood of, cattle, dogs, and many other animals. When filled with blood they become ovate, much swollen, and usually livid red in color. Some of the species often attach themselves to the human body. The young are active and have at first but six legs.
• Any one of several species of dipterous insects having a flattened and usually wingless body, as the bird ticks (see under Bird) and sheep tick (see under Sheep).
n.
• The cover, or case, of a bed, mattress, etc., which contains the straw, feathers, hair, or other filling.
• Ticking. See Ticking, n.
v. i.
• To make a small or repeating noise by beating or otherwise, as a watch does; to beat.
• To strike gently; to pat.
n.
• A quick, audible beat, as of a clock.
• Any small mark intended to direct attention to something, or to serve as a check.
(Zool.) The whinchat; — so called from its note.
v. t.
• To check off by means of a tick or any small mark; to score.
Ticken
n.
• See Ticking.
Ticker
n.
• One who, or that which, ticks, or produces a ticking sound, as a watch or clock, a telegraphic sounder, etc.
Ticket
n.
• A small piece of paper, cardboard, or the like, serving as a notice, certificate, or distinguishing token of something.
• A little note or notice.
• A tradesman's bill or account.
• A certificate or token of right of admission to a place of assembly, or of passage in a public conveyance; as, a theater ticket; a railroad or steamboat ticket.
• A label to show the character or price of goods.
• A certificate or token of a share in a lottery or other scheme for distributing money, goods, or the like.
(Politics) A printed list of candidates to be voted for at an election; a set of nominations by one party for election; a ballot.
v. t.
• To distinguish by a ticket; to put a ticket on; as, to ticket goods.
• To furnish with a tickets; to book; as, to ticket passengers to California.
Ticketing
n.
• A periodical sale of ore in the English mining districts; — so called from the tickets upon which are written the bids of the buyers.
Ticking
n.
• A strong, closely woven linen or cotton fabric, of which ticks for beds are made. It is usually twilled, and woven in stripes of different colors, as white and blue; — called also ticken.
Tickle
v. t.
• To touch lightly, so as to produce a peculiar thrilling sensation, which commonly causes laughter, and a kind of spasm which become dengerous if too long protracted.
• To please; to gratify; to make joyous.
v. i.
• To feel titillation.
• To excite the sensation of titillation.
a.
• Ticklish; easily tickled.
• Liable to change; uncertain; inconstant.
• Wavering, or liable to waver and fall at the slightest touch; unstable; easily overthrown.
Ticklenburg
n.
• A coarse, mixed linen fabric made to be sold in the West Indies.
Tickleness
n.
• Unsteadiness.
Tickler
n.
• One who, or that which, tickles.
• Something puzzling or difficult.
• A book containing a memorandum of notes and debts arranged in the order of their maturity.
• A prong used by coopers to extract bungs from casks.
Ticklish
a.
• Sensible to slight touches; easily tickled; as, the sole of the foot is very ticklish; the hardened palm of the hand is not ticklish.
• Standing so as to be liable to totter and fall at the slightest touch; unfixed; easily affected; unstable.
• Difficult; nice; critical; as, a ticklish business.
Tickseed
n.
• A seed or fruit resembling in shape an insect, as that of certain plants.
(Bot.) Same as Coreopsis.
• Any plant of the genus Corispermum, plants of the Goosefoot family.
Ticktack
n.
• A noise like that made by a clock or a watch.
• A kind of backgammon played both with men and pegs; tricktrack.
adv.
• With a ticking noise, like that of a watch.
Ticpolonga
n.
(Zool.) A very venomous viper (Daboia Russellii), native of Ceylon and India; — called also cobra monil.
Tid
a.
• Tender; soft; nice; — now only used in tidbit.
Tidal
a.
• Of or pertaining to tides; caused by tides; having tides; periodically rising and falling, or following and ebbing; as, tidal waters.
Tidbit
n.
• A delicate or tender piece of anything eatable; a delicious morsel.
Tidde
obs.
• imp. of Tide, v. i.
Tide
n.
• Time; period; season.
• The alternate rising and falling of the waters of the ocean, and of bays, rivers, etc., connected therewith. The tide ebbs and flows twice in each lunar day, or the space of a little more than twenty-four hours. It is occasioned by the attraction of the sun and moon (the influence of the latter being three times that of the former), acting unequally on the waters in different parts of the earth, thus disturbing their equilibrium. A high tide upon one side of the earth is accompanied by a high tide upon the opposite side. Hence, when the sun and moon are in conjunction or opposition, as at new moon and full moon, their action is such as to produce a greater than the usual tide, called the spring tide, as represented in the cut. When the moon is in the first or third quarter, the sun's attraction in part counteracts the effect of the moon's attraction, thus producing under the moon a smaller tide than usual, called the neap tide.
• A stream; current; flood; as, a tide of blood.
• Tendency or direction of causes, influences, or events; course; current.
• Violent confluence.
(Mining) The period of twelve hours.
v. t.
• To cause to float with the tide; to drive or carry with the tide or stream.
v. i.
• To betide; to happen.
• To pour a tide or flood.
(Naut.) To work into or out of a river or harbor by drifting with the tide and anchoring when it becomes adverse.
Tided
a.
• Affected by the tide; having a tide.
Tideless
a.
• Having no tide.
Tidesman
n.
• A customhouse officer who goes on board of a merchant ship to secure payment of the duties; a tidewaiter.
Tidewaiter
n.
• A customhouse officer who watches the landing of goods from merchant vessels, in order to secure payment of duties.
Tideway
n.
• Channel in which the tide sets.
Tidife
n.
• The blue titmouse.
Tidily
adv.
• In a tidy manner.
Tidiness
n.
• The quality or state of being tidy.
Tiding
n.
• Tidings.
Tidings
n. pl.
• Account of what has taken place, and was not before known; news.
Tidley
n.
(Zool.) The wren.
• The goldcrest.
Tidology
n.
• A discourse or treatise upon the tides; that part of science which treats of tides.
Tidy
n.
(Zool.) The wren; — called also tiddy.
a.
• Being in proper time; timely; seasonable; favorable; as, tidy weather.
• Arranged in good order; orderly; appropriate; neat; kept in proper and becoming neatness, or habitually keeping things so; as, a tidy lass; their dress is tidy; the apartments are well furnished and tidy.
n.
• A cover, often of tatting, drawn work, or other ornamental work, for the back of a chair, the arms of a sofa, or the like.
• A child's pinafore.
v. t.
• To put in proper order; to make neat; as, to tidy a room; to tidy one's dress.
v. i.
• To make things tidy.
Tidytips
n.
(Bot.) A California composite plant (Layia platyglossa), the flower of which has yellow rays tipped with white.
Tie
n.
• A knot; a fastening.
• A bond; an obligation, moral or legal; as, the sacred ties of friendship or of duty; the ties of allegiance.
• A knot of hair, as at the back of a wig.
• An equality in numbers, as of votes, scores, etc., which prevents either party from being victorious; equality in any contest, as a race.
(Arch. & Engin.) A beam or rod for holding two parts together; in railways, one of the transverse timbers which support the track and keep it in place.
(Mus.) A line, usually straight, drawn across the stems of notes, or a curved line written over or under the notes, signifying that they are to be slurred, or closely united in the performance, or that two notes of the same pitch are to be sounded as one; a bind; a ligature.
• Low shoes fastened with lacings.
v. t.
• To fasten with a band or cord and knot; to bind.
• To form, as a knot, by interlacing or complicating a cord; also, to interlace, or form a knot in; as, to tie a cord to a tree; to knit; to knot.
• To unite firmly; to fasten; to hold.
• To hold or constrain by authority or moral influence, as by knotted cords; to oblige; to constrain; to restrain; to confine.
(Mus.) To unite, as notes, by a cross line, or by a curved line, or slur, drawn over or under them.
• To make an equal score with, in a contest; to be even with.
v. i.
• To make a tie; to make an equal score.
Tiebar
n.
• A flat bar used as a tie.
Tiebeam
n.
(Arch.) A beam acting as a tie, as at the bottom of a pair of principal rafters, to prevent them from thrusting out the wall. See Illust. of Timbers, under Roof.
Tier
n.
• One who, or that which, ties.
n.
• A chold's apron covering the upper part of the body, and tied with tape or cord; a pinafore.
n.
• A row or rank, especially one of two or more rows placed one above, or higher than, another; as, a tier of seats in a theater.
Tierce
a.
(Her.) Divided into three equal parts of three different tinctures; — said of an escutcheon.
Tierce
n.
• A cask whose content is one third of a pipe; that is, forty-two wine gallons; also, a liquid measure of forty-two wine, or thirty-five imperial, gallons.
• A cask larger than a barrel, and smaller than a hogshead or a puncheon, in which salt provisions, rice, etc., are packed for shipment.
(Mus.) The third tone of the scale. See Mediant.
• A sequence of three playing cards of the same suit. Tierce of ace, king, queen, is called tierce-major.
(Fencing) A position in thrusting or parrying in which the wrist and nails are turned downward.
(R. C. Ch.) The third hour of the day, or nine a.m.; one of the canonical hours; also, the service appointed for that hour.
Tiercet
n.
(Pros.) A triplet; three lines, or three lines rhyming together.
Tietick
n.
• The meadow pipit.
Tiewig
n.
• A wig having a tie or ties, or one having some of the curls tied up; also, a wig tied upon the head.
Tiff
n.
• Liquor; especially, a small draught of liquor.
• A fit of anger or peevishness; a slight altercation or contention. See Tift.
v. i.
• To be in a pet.
v. t.
• To deck out; to dress.
Tiffany
n.
• A species of gause, or very silk.
Tiffin
n.
• A lunch, or slight repast between breakfast and dinner; — originally, a Provincial English word, but introduced into India, and brought back to England in a special sense.
Tiffish
a.
• Inclined to tiffs; peevish; petulant.
Tift
n.
• A fit of pettishness, or slight anger; a tiff.
Tig
n.
• A game among children. See Tag.
• A capacious, flat-bottomed drinking cup, generally with four handles, formerly used for passing around the table at convivial entertainment.
Tigella
n.
(Bot.) That part of an embryo which represents the young stem; the caulicle or radicle.
Tigelle
n.
(Bot.) Same as Tigella.
Tiger
n.
• A very large and powerful carnivore (Felis tigris) native of Southern Asia and the East Indies. Its back and sides are tawny or rufous yellow, transversely striped with black, the tail is ringed with black, the throat and belly are nearly white. When full grown, it equals or exceeds the lion in size and strength. Called also royal tiger, and Bengal tiger.
• Fig.: A ferocious, bloodthirsty person.
• A servant in livery, who rids with his master or mistress.
• A kind of growl or screech, after cheering; as, three cheers and a tiger.
• A pneumatic box or pan used in refining sugar.
Tigerine
a.
• Tigerish; tigrine.
Tigerish
a.
• Like a tiger; tigrish.
Tigh
n.
• A close, or inclosure; a croft.
Tight
• p. p. of Tie.
a.
• Firmly held together; compact; not loose or open; as, tight cloth; a tight knot.
• Close, so as not to admit the passage of a liquid or other fluid; not leaky; as, a tight ship; a tight cask; a tight room; — often used in this sense as the second member of a compound; as, water-tight; air-tight.
• Fitting close, or too close, to the body; as, a tight coat or other garment.
• Not ragged; whole; neat; tidy.
• Close; parsimonious; saving; as, a man tight in his dealings.
• Not slack or loose; firmly stretched; taut; — applied to a rope, chain, or the like, extended or stretched out.
• Handy; adroit; brisk.
• Somewhat intoxicated; tipsy.
(Com.) Pressing; stringent; not easy; firmly held; dear; — said of money or the money market. Cf. Easy, 7.
v. t.
• To tighten.
Tighten
v. t.
• To draw tighter; to straiten; to make more close in any manner.
Tightener
n.
• That which tightens; specifically (Mach.), a tightening pulley.
Tighter
n.
• A ribbon or string used to draw clothes closer.
Tightly
adv.
• In a tight manner; closely; nearly.
Tightness
n.
• The quality or condition of being tight.
Tights
n. pl.
• Close-fitting garments, especially for the lower part of the body and the legs.
Tiglic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid, C4H7CO2H (called also methyl crotonic acid), homologous with crotonic acid, and obtained from croton oil (from Croton Tiglium) as a white crystalline substance.
Tigress
n.
(Zool.) The female of the tiger.
Tigrine
a.
• Of or pertaining to a tiger; like a tiger.
(Zool.) Resembling the tiger in color; as, the tigrine cat (Felis tigrina) of South America.
Tigrish
a.
• Resembling a tiger; tigerish.
Tike
n.
(Zool.) A tick. See 2d Tick.
n.
• A dog; a cur.
• A countryman or clown; a boorish person.
Tikus
n.
(Zool.) The bulau.
Til
prep. & conj.
• See Till.
Tilbury
n.
• A kind of gig or two-wheeled carriage, without a top or cover.
Tilde
n.
• The accentual mark placed over n, and sometimes over l, in Spanish words [thus, n, <il;], indicating that, in pronunciation, the sound of the following vowel is to be preceded by that of the initial, or consonantal, y.
Tile
v. t.
• To protect from the intrusion of the uninitiated; as, to tile a Masonic lodge.
n.
• A plate, or thin piece, of baked clay, used for covering the roofs of buildings, for floors, for drains, and often for ornamental mantel works.
(Arch.) A small slab of marble or other material used for flooring.
• A plate of metal used for roofing.
(Metal.) A small, flat piece of dried earth or earthenware, used to cover vessels in which metals are fused.
• A draintile.
• A stiff hat.
v. t.
• To cover with tiles; as, to tile a house.
• Fig.: To cover, as if with tiles.
Tilefish
n.
(Zool.) A large, edible, deep-water food fish (Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps) more or less thickly covered with large, round, yellow spots.
Tiler
n.
• A man whose occupation is to cover buildings with tiles.
n.
• A doorkeeper or attendant at a lodge of Freemasons.
Tilery
n.
• A place where tiles are made or burned; a tile kiln.
Tilestone
n.
(Geol.) A kind of laminated shale or sandstone belonging to some of the layers of the Upper Silurian.
• A tile of stone.
Tiliaceous
a.
(Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Tiliaceae) of which the linden (Tilia) is the type. The order includes many plants which furnish a valuable fiber, as the jute.
Tiling
n.
• A surface covered with tiles, or composed of tiles.
• Tiles, collectively.
Till
n.
• A vetch; a tare.
n.
• A drawer. Specifically: (a) A tray or drawer in a chest. (b) A money drawer in a shop or store.
n.
(Geol.) A deposit of clay, sand, and gravel, without lamination, formed in a glacier valley by means of the waters derived from the melting glaciers; — sometimes applied to alluvium of an upper river terrace, when not laminated, and appearing as if formed in the same manner.
• A kind of coarse, obdurate land.
prep.
• To; unto; up to; as far as; until; — now used only in respect to time, but formerly, also, of place, degree, etc., and still so used in Scotland and in parts of England and Ireland; as, I worked till four o'clock; I will wait till next week.
conj.
• As far as; up to the place or degree that; especially, up to the time that; that is, to the time specified in the sentence or clause following; until.
v. t.
• To plow and prepare for seed, and to sow, dress, raise crops from, etc., to cultivate; as, to till the earth, a field, a farm.
• To prepare; to get.
v. i.
• To cultivate land.
Tillable
a.
• Capable of being tilled; fit for the plow; arable.
Tillage
n.
• The operation, practice, or art of tilling or preparing land for seed, and keeping the ground in a proper state for the growth of crops.
• A place tilled or cultivated; cultivated land.
Tillandsia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of epiphytic endogenous plants found in the Southern United States and in tropical America. Tillandsia usneoides, called long moss, black moss, Spanish moss, and Florida moss, has a very slender pendulous branching stem, and forms great hanging tufts on the branches of trees. It is often used for stuffing mattresses.
Tiller
n.
• One who tills; a husbandman; a cultivator; a plowman.
n.
(Bot.) A shoot of a plant, springing from the root or bottom of the original stalk; a sucker.
• A sprout or young tree that springs from a root or stump.
• A young timber tree.
v. i.
• To put forth new shoots from the root, or round the bottom of the original stalk; as, wheat or rye tillers; some spread plants by tillering.
n.
(Naut.) A lever of wood or metal fitted to the rudder head and used for turning side to side in steering. In small boats hand power is used; in large vessels, the tiller is moved by means of mechanical appliances. See Illust. of Rudder. Cf. 2d Helm, 1.
• The stalk, or handle, of a crossbow; also, sometimes, the bow itself.
• The handle of anything.
• A small drawer; a till.
Tillet
n.
• A bag made of thin glazed muslin, used as a wrapper for dress goods.
Tillman
n.
• A man who tills the earth; a husbandman.
Tillodont
n.
• One of the Tillodontia.
Tillodontia
n. pl.
(Paleon.) An extinct group of Mammalia found fossil in the Eocene formation. The species are related to the carnivores, ungulates, and rodents. Called also Tillodonta.
Tillow
v. i.
• See 3d Tiller.
Tilmus
n.
(Med.) Floccillation.
Tilt
n.
• A covering overhead; especially, a tent.
• The cloth covering of a cart or a wagon.
(Naut.) A cloth cover of a boat; a small canopy or awning extended over the sternsheets of a boat.
v. t.
• To cover with a tilt, or awning.
v. t.
• To incline; to tip; to raise one end of for discharging liquor; as, to tilt a barrel.
• To point or thrust, as a lance.
• To point or thrust a weapon at.
• To hammer or forge with a tilt hammer; as, to tilt steel in order to render it more ductile.
v. i.
• To run or ride, and thrust with a lance; to practice the military game or exercise of thrusting with a lance, as a combatant on horseback; to joust; also, figuratively, to engage in any combat or movement resembling that of horsemen tilting with lances.
• To lean; to fall partly over; to tip.
n.
• A thrust, as with a lance.
• A military exercise on horseback, in which the combatants attacked each other with lances; a tournament.
• See Tilt hammer, in the Vocabulary.
• Inclination forward; as, the tilt of a cask.
Tilter
n.
• One who tilts, or jousts; hence, one who fights.
• One who operates a tilt hammer.
Tilth
n.
• The state of being tilled, or prepared for a crop; culture; as, land is good tilth.
• That which is tilled; tillage ground.
Tilting
n.
• The act of one who tilts; a tilt.
• The process by which blister steel is rendered ductile by being forged with a tilt hammer.
Timal
n.
(Zool.) The blue titmouse.
Timaline
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the genus Timalus or family Timalidae, which includes the babblers thrushes, and bulbuls.
Timbal
n.
• A kettledrum. See Tymbal.
Timber
n.
(Com.) A certain quantity of fur skins, as of martens, ermines, sables, etc., packed between boards; being in some cases forty skins, in others one hundred and twenty; — called also timmer.
n.
(Her.) The crest on a coat of arms.
v. t.
• To surmount as a timber does.
n.
• That sort of wood which is proper for buildings or for tools, utensils, furniture, carriages, fences, ships, and the like; — usually said of felled trees, but sometimes of those standing. Cf. Lumber, 3.
• The body, stem, or trunk of a tree.
• Fig.: Material for any structure.
• A single piece or squared stick of wood intended for building, or already framed; collectively, the larger pieces or sticks of wood, forming the framework of a house, ship, or other structure, in distinction from the covering or boarding.
• Woods or forest; wooden land.
(Shipbuilding) A rib, or a curving piece of wood, branching outward from the keel and bending upward in a vertical direction. One timber is composed of several pieces united.
v. t.
• To furnish with timber; — chiefly used in the past participle.
v. i.
• To light on a tree.
(Falconry) To make a nest.
Timbered
a.
• Furnished with timber; — often compounded; as, a well-timbered house; a low-timbered house.
• Built; formed; contrived.
• Massive, like timber.
• Covered with growth timber; wooden; as, well-timbered land.
Timberhead
n.
(Naut.) The top end of a timber, rising above the gunwale, and serving for belaying ropes, etc.; — called also kevel head.
Timbering
n.
• The act of furnishing with timber; also, timbers, collectively; timberwork; timber.
Timberling
n.
• A small tree.
Timberman
n.
(Mining) A man employed in placing supports of timber in a mine.
Timberwork
n.
• Work made of timbers.
Timbre
n.
• See 1st Timber.
n.
(Her.) The crest on a coat of arms.
(Mus.) The quality or tone distinguishing voices or instruments; tone color; clang tint; as, the timbre of the voice; the timbre of a violin. See Tone, and Partial tones, under Partial.
Timbrel
n.
(Mus.) A kind of drum, tabor, or tabret, in use from the highest antiquity.
Timburine
n.
• A tambourine.
Time
n.
• Duration, considered independently of any system of measurement or any employment of terms which designate limited portions thereof.
• A particular period or part of duration, whether past, present, or future; a point or portion of duration; as, the time was, or has been; the time is, or will be.
• The period at which any definite event occurred, or person lived; age; period; era; as, the Spanish Armada was destroyed in the time of Queen Elizabeth; — often in the plural; as, ancient times; modern times.
• The duration of one's life; the hours and days which a person has at his disposal.
• A proper time; a season; an opportunity.
• Hour of travail, delivery, or parturition.
• Performance or occurrence of an action or event, considered with reference to repetition; addition of a number to itself; repetition; as, to double cloth four times; four times four, or sixteen.
• The present life; existence in this world as contrasted with immortal life; definite, as contrasted with infinite, duration.
(Gram.) Tense.
(Mus.) The measured duration of sounds; measure; tempo; rate of movement; rhythmical division; as, common or triple time; the musician keeps good time.
v. t.
• To appoint the time for; to bring, begin, or perform at the proper season or time; as, he timed his appearance rightly.
• To regulate as to time; to accompany, or agree with, in time of movement.
• To ascertain or record the time, duration, or rate of; as, to time the speed of horses, or hours for workmen.
• To measure, as in music or harmony.
v. i.
• To keep or beat time; to proceed or move in time.
• To pass time; to delay.
Timeful
a.
• Seasonable; timely; sufficiently early.
Timekeeper
n.
• A clock, watch, or other chronometer; a timepiece.
• A person who keeps, marks, regulates, or determines the time.
• A person who keeps a record of the time spent by workmen at their work.
• One who gives the time for the departure of conveyances.
• One who marks the time in musical performances.
• One appointed to mark and declare the time of participants in races or other contests.
Timeless
a.
• Done at an improper time; unseasonable; untimely.
• Done or occurring before the proper time; premature; immature; as, a timeless grave.
• Having no end; interminable; unending.
Timelessly
adv.
• In a timeless manner; unseasonably.
Timeliness
n.
• The quality or state of being timely; seasonableness; opportuneness.
Timeling
n.
• A timeserver.
Timely
a.
• Being or occurring in good time; sufficiently early; seasonable.
• Keeping time or measure.
adv.
• Early; soon; in good season.
Timenoguy
n.
(Naut.) A rope carried taut between or over obstacles likely to engage or foul the running rigging in working a ship.
Timeous
a.
• Timely; seasonable.
Timepiece
n.
• A clock, watch, or other instrument, to measure or show the progress of time; a chronometer.
Timepleaser
n.
• One who complies with prevailing opinions, whatever they may be; a timeserver.
Timer
n.
• A timekeeper; especially, a watch by which small intervals of time can be measured; a kind of stop watch. It is used for timing the speed of horses, machinery, etc.
Timesaving
a.
• Saving time; as, a timesaving expedient.
Timeserver
n.
• One who adapts his opinions and manners to the times; one who obsequiously compiles with the ruling power; — now used only in a bad sense.
Timeserving
a.
• Obsequiously complying with the spirit of the times, or the humors of those in power.
n.
• An obsequious compliance with the spirit of the times, or the humors of those in power, which implies a surrender of one's independence, and sometimes of one's integrity.
Timid
a.
• Wanting courage to meet danger; easily frightened; timorous; not bold; fearful; shy.
Timidity
n.
• The quality or state of being timid; timorousness; timidness.
Timidous
a.
• Timid.
Timist
n.
(Mus.) A performer who keeps good time.
• A timeserver.
Timmer
n.
• Same as 1st Timber.
Timocracy
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) A state in which the love of honor is the ruling motive.
• A state in which honors are distributed according to a rating of property.
Timocratic
a.
• Belonging to, or constituted by, timocracy.
Timoneer
n.
• A helmsman.
Timorous
a.
• Fearful of danger; timid; deficient in courage.
• Indicating, or caused by, fear; as, timorous doubts.
Timorsome
a.
• Easily frightened; timorous.
Timous
a.
• Timely; seasonable.
Timpano
n.
(Mus.) See Tympano.
Tin
n.
(Chem.) An elementary substance found as an oxide in the mineral cassiterite, and reduced as a soft white crystalline metal, malleable at ordinary temperatures, but brittle when heated. It is not easily oxidized in the air, and is used chiefly to coat iron to protect it from rusting, in the form of tin foil with mercury to form the reflective surface of mirrors, and in solder, bronze, speculum metal, and other alloys. Its compounds are designated as stannous, or stannic. Symbol Sn (Stannum). Atomic weight 117.4.
• Thin plates of iron covered with tin; tin plate.
• Money.
v. t.
• To cover with tin or tinned iron, or to overlay with tin foil.
Tinamides
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of struthious birds, including the tinamous.
Tinamou
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of South American birds belonging to Tinamus and allied genera.
Tincal
n.
(Chem.) Crude native borax, formerly imported from Thibet. It was once the chief source of boric compounds. Cf. Borax.
Tinchel
n.
• A circle of sportsmen, who, by surrounding an extensive space and gradually closing in, bring a number of deer and game within a narrow compass.
Tinct
a.
• Tined; tinged.
n.
• Color; tinge; tincture; tint.
v. t.
• To color or stain; to imblue; to tint.
Tinctorial
a.
• Of or relating to color or colors; imparting a color; as, tinctorial matter.
Tincture
n.
• A tinge or shade of color; a tint; as, a tincture of red.
(Her.) One of the metals, colors, or furs used in armory.
• The finer and more volatile parts of a substance, separated by a solvent; an extract of a part of the substance of a body communicated to the solvent.
(Med.) A solution (commonly colored) of medicinal substance in alcohol, usually more or less diluted; spirit containing medicinal substances in solution.
• A slight taste superadded to any substance; as, a tincture of orange peel.
• A slight quality added to anything; a tinge; as, a tincture of French manners.
v. t.
• To communicate a slight foreign color to; to tinge; to impregnate with some extraneous matter.
• To imbue the mind of; to communicate a portion of anything foreign to; to tinge.
Tind
v. t.
• To kindle.
Tindal
n.
• A petty officer among lascars, or native East Indian sailors; a boatswain's mate; a cockswain.
• An attendant on an army.
Tinder
n.
• Something very inflammable, used for kindling fire from a spark, as scorched linen.
Tine
n.
• Trouble; distress; teen.
v. t.
• To kindle; to set on fire. See Tind.
v. i.
• To kindle; to rage; to smart.
v. t.
• To shut in, or inclose.
n.
• A tooth, or spike, as of a fork; a prong, as of an antler.
Tinea
n.
(Med.) A name applied to various skin diseases, but especially to ringworm. See Ringworm, and Sycosis.
(Zool.) A genus of small Lepidoptera, including the clothes moths and carpet moths.
Tinean
n.
(Zool.) Any species of Tinea, or of the family Tineidae, which includes numerous small moths, many of which are injurious to woolen and fur goods and to cultivated plants. Also used adjectively.
Tined
a.
• Furnished with tines; as, a three-tined fork.
Tineid
n.
(Zool.) Same as Tinean.
Tineman
n.
(O. Eng. Forest Law) An officer of the forest who had the care of vert and venison by night.
Tinet
n.
• Brushwood and thorns for making and repairing hedges.
Ting
n.
• A sharp sound, as of a bell; a tinkling.
v. i.
• To sound or ring, as a bell; to tinkle.
n.
• The apartment in a Chinese temple where the idol is kept.
Tinge
v. t.
• To imbue or impregnate with something different or foreign; as, to tinge a decoction with a bitter taste; to affect in some degree with the qualities of another substance, either by mixture, or by application to the surface; especially, to color slightly; to stain; as, to tinge a blue color with red; an infusion tinged with a yellow color by saffron.
n.
• A degree, usually a slight degree, of some color, taste, or something foreign, infused into another substance or mixture, or added to it; tincture; color; dye; hue; shade; taste.
Tingent
a.
• Having the power to tinge.
Tinger
n.
• One who, or that which, tinges.
Tingid
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the genus Tingis.
Tingis
n.
(Zool.) A genus of small hemipterous insects which injure trees by sucking the sap from the leaves. See Illustration in Appendix.
Tingle
v. i.
• To feel a kind of thrilling sensation, as in hearing a shrill sound.
• To feel a sharp, thrilling pain.
• To have, or to cause, a sharp, thrilling sensation, or a slight pricking sensation.
Tink
v. i.
• To make a sharp, shrill noise; to tinkle.
n.
• A sharp, quick sound; a tinkle.
Tinker
n.
• A mender of brass kettles, pans, and other metal ware.
• One skilled in a variety of small mechanical work.
(Ordnance) A small mortar on the end of a staff.
(Zool.) A young mackerel about two years old.
• The chub mackerel.
• The silversides.
• A skate.
(Zool.) The razor-billed auk.
v. t.
• To mend or solder, as metal wares; hence, more generally, to mend.
v. i.
• To busy one's self in mending old kettles, pans, etc.; to play the tinker; to be occupied with small mechanical works.
Tinkering
n.
• The act or work of a tinker.
Tinkerly
a.
• After the manner of a tinker.
Tinkle
v. i.
• To make, or give forth, small, quick, sharp sounds, as a piece of metal does when struck; to clink.
• To hear, or resound with, a small, sharp sound.
v. t.
• To cause to clonk, or make small, sharp, quick sounds.
n.
• A small, sharp, quick sound, as that made by striking metal.
Tinkler
n.
• A tinker.
Tinkling
n.
• A tinkle, or succession of tinkles.
(Zool.) A grackle (Quiscalus crassirostris) native of Jamaica. It often associates with domestic cattle, and rids them of insects.
Tinman
n.
• A manufacturer of tin vessels; a dealer in tinware.
Tinmouth
n.
(Zool.) The crappie.
Tinned
a.
• Covered, or plated, with tin; as, a tinned roof; tinned iron.
• Packed in tin cases; canned; as, tinned meats.
Tinnen
a.
• Made or consisting of tin.
Tinner
n.
• One who works in a tin mine.
• One who makes, or works in, tinware; a tinman.
Tinnient
a.
• Emitting a clear sound.
Tinning
n.
• The act, art, or process of covering or coating anything with melted tin, or with tin foil, as kitchen utensils, locks, and the like.
• The covering or lining of tin thus put on.
Tinnitus
n.
(Med.) A ringing, whistling, or other imaginary noise perceived in the ears; — called also tinnitus aurium.
Tinnock
n.
(Zool.) The blue titmouse.
Tinny
a.
• Pertaining to, abounding with, or resembling, tin.
Tinsel
n.
• A shining material used for ornamental purposes; especially, a very thin, gauzelike cloth with much gold or silver woven into it; also, very thin metal overlaid with a thin coating of gold or silver, brass foil, or the like.
• Something shining and gaudy; something superficially shining and showy, or having a false luster, and more gay than valuable.
a.
• Showy to excess; gaudy; specious; superficial.
v. t.
• To adorn with tinsel; to deck out with cheap but showy ornaments; to make gaudy.
Tinselly
a.
• Like tinsel; gaudy; showy, but cheap.
adv.
• In a showy and cheap manner.
Tinsmith
n.
• One who works in tin; a tinner.
Tinstone
n.
(Min.) Cassiterite.
Tint
n.
• A slight coloring.
• A pale or faint tinge of any color.
• A color considered with reference to other very similar colors; as, red and blue are different colors, but two shades of scarlet are different tints.
(Engraving) A shaded effect produced by the juxtaposition of many fine parallel lines.
v. t.
• To give a slight coloring to; to tinge.
Tintamar
n.
• A hideous or confused noise; an uproar.
Tinternell
n.
• A certain old dance.
Tintinnabulation
n.
• A tinkling sound, as of a bell or bells.
Tintinnabulous
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the tinkling of a bell; having a tinkling sound; tintinnabular.
Tintle
n.
(Zool.) The wren.
Tinto
n.
• A red Madeira wine, wanting the high aroma of the white sorts, and, when old, resembling tawny port.
Tintype
n.
• Same as Ferrotype.
Tinware
n.
• Articles made of tinned iron.
Tiny
a.
• Very small; little; puny.
Tip
n.
• The point or extremity of anything; a pointed or somewhat sharply rounded end; the end; as, the tip of the finger; the tip of a spear.
• An end piece or part; a piece, as a cap, nozzle, ferrule, or point, applied to the extreme end of anything; as, a tip for an umbrella, a shoe, a gas burner, etc.
(Hat Manuf.) A piece of stiffened lining pasted on the inside of a hat crown.
• A thin, boarded brush made of camel's hair, used by gilders in lifting gold leaf.
• Rubbish thrown from a quarry.
v. t.
• To form a point upon; to cover the tip, top, or end of; as, to tip anything with gold or silver.
v. t.
• To strike slightly; to tap.
• To bestow a gift, or douceur, upon; to give a present to; as, to tip a servant.
• To lower one end of, or to throw upon the end; to tilt; as, to tip a cask; to tip a cart.
v. i.
• To fall on, or incline to, one side.
n.
• A light touch or blow; a tap.
• A gift; a douceur; a fee.
• A hint, or secret intimation, as to the chances in a horse race, or the like.
Tipcart
n.
• A cart so constructed that the body can be easily tipped, in order to dump the load.
Tipcat
n.
• A game in which a small piece of wood pointed at both ends, called a cat, is tipped, or struck with a stick or bat, so as to fly into the air.
Tipper
n.
• A kind of ale brewed with brackish water obtained from a particular well; — so called from the first brewer of it, one Thomas Tipper.
Tippet
n.
• A cape, or scarflike garment for covering the neck, or the neck and shoulders, — usually made of fur, cloth, or other warm material.
• A length of twisted hair or gut in a fish line.
• A handful of straw bound together at one end, and used for thatching.
Tipping
n.
(Mus.) A distinct articulation given in playing quick notes on the flute, by striking the tongue against the roof of the mouth; double-tonguing.
Tipple
v. i.
• To drink spirituous or strong liquors habitually; to indulge in the frequent and improper used of spirituous liquors; especially, to drink frequently in small quantities, but without absolute drunkeness.
v. t.
• To drink, as strong liquors, frequently or in excess.
• To put up in bundles in order to dry, as hay.
n.
• Liquor taken in tippling; drink.
Tippled
a.
• Intoxicated; inebriated; tipsy; drunk.
Tippler
n.
• One who keeps a tippling-house.
• One who habitually indulges in the excessive use of spirituous liquors, whether he becomes intoxicated or not.
Tipsify
v. t.
• To make tipsy.
Tipsily
adv.
• In a tipsy manner; like one tipsy.
Tipsiness
n.
• The state of being tipsy.
Tipstaff
n.
• A staff tipped with metal.
• An officer who bears a staff tipped with metal; a constable.
Tipsy
a.
• Being under the influence of strong drink; rendered weak or foolish by liquor, but not absolutely or completely drunk; fuddled; intoxicated.
• Staggering, as if from intoxication; reeling.
Tiptoe
n.
• The end, or tip, of the toe.
a.
• Being on tiptoe, or as on tiptoe; hence, raised as high as possible; lifted up; exalted; also, alert.
• Noiseless; stealthy.
v. i.
• To step or walk on tiptoe.
Tiptop
n.
• The highest or utmost degree; the best of anything.
a.
• Very excellent; most excellent; perfect.
Tipula
n.
(Zool.) Any one of many species of long-legged dipterous insects belonging to Tipula and allied genera. They have long and slender bodies. See Crane fly, under Crane.
Tipulary
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the tipulas.
Tirade
n.
• A declamatory strain or flight of censure or abuse; a rambling invective; an oration or harangue abounding in censorious and bitter language.
Tirailleur
n.
(Mil.) Formerly, a member of an independent body of marksmen in the French army. They were used sometimes in front of the army to annoy the enemy, sometimes in the rear to check his pursuit. The term is now applied to all troops acting as skirmishers.
Tire
n.
• A tier, row, or rank. See Tier.
n.
• Attire; apparel.
• A covering for the head; a headdress.
• A child's apron, covering the breast and having no sleeves; a pinafore; a tier.
• Furniture; apparatus; equipment.
• A hoop or band, as of metal, on the circumference of the wheel of a vehicle, to impart strength and receive the wear.
v. t.
• To adorn; to attire; to dress.
v. i.
• To seize, pull, and tear prey, as a hawk does.
• To seize, rend, or tear something as prey; to be fixed upon, or engaged with, anything.
v. i.
• To become weary; to be fatigued; to have the strength fail; to have the patience exhausted; as, a feeble person soon tires.
v. t.
• To exhaust the strength of, as by toil or labor; to exhaust the patience of; to wear out (one's interest, attention, or the like); to weary; to fatigue; to jade.
Tired
a.
• Weary; fatigued; exhausted.
Tiredness
n.
• The state of being tired, or weary.
Tireless
a.
• Untiring.
Tireling
a.
• Tired; fatigued.
Tiresome
a.
• Fitted or tending to tire; exhausted; wearisome; fatiguing; tedious; as, a tiresome journey; a tiresome discourse.
Tirma
n.
• The oyster catcher.
Tiro
n.
• Same as Tyro.
Tironian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Tiro, or a system of shorthand said to have been introduced by him into ancient Rome.
Tirralirra
n.
• A verbal imitation of a musical sound, as of the note of a lark or a horn.
Tirrit
n.
• A word from the vocabulary of Mrs. Quickly, the hostess in Shakespeare's Henry IV., probably meaning terror.
Tirwit
n.
(Zool.) The lapwing.
Tisane
n.
(Med.) See Ptisan.
Tisar
n.
(Glass Manuf.) The fireplace at the side of an annealing oven.
Tisic
n.
• Consumption; phthisis. See Phthisis.
Tisicky
a.
• Consumptive, phthisical.
Tisri
n.
• The seventh month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, answering to a part of September with a part of October.
Tissue
n.
• A woven fabric.
• A fine transparent silk stuff, used for veils, etc.; specifically, cloth interwoven with gold or silver threads, or embossed with figures.
(Biol.) One of the elementary materials or fibres, having a uniform structure and a specialized function, of which ordinary animals and plants are composed; a texture; as, epithelial tissue; connective tissue.
• Fig.: Web; texture; complicated fabrication; connected series; as, a tissue of forgeries, or of falsehood.
v. t.
• To form tissue of; to interweave.
Tissued
a.
• Clothed in, or adorned with, tissue; also, variegated; as, tissued flowers.
Tit
n.
• A small horse.
• A woman; — used in contempt.
• A morsel; a bit.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small singing birds belonging to the families Paridae and Leiotrichidae; a titmouse.
• The European meadow pipit; a titlark.
Titan
a.
• Titanic.
Titanate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of titanic acid.
Titanic
a.
• Of or relating to Titans, or fabled giants of ancient mythology; hence, enormous in size or strength; as, Titanic structures.
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to titanium; derived from, or containing, titanium; specifically, designating those compounds of titanium in which it has a higher valence as contrasted with the titanous compounds.
Titaniferous
a.
• Containing or affording titanium; as, titaniferous magnetite.
Titanite
n.
(Min.) See Sphene.
Titanitic
a.
• Pertaining to, or containing, titanium; as, a titanitic mineral.
Titanium
n.
(Chem.) An elementary substance found combined in the minerals manaccanite, rutile, sphene, etc., and isolated as an infusible iron-gray amorphous powder, having a metallic luster. It burns when heated in the air. Symbol Ti. Atomic weight 48.1.
Titanotherium
n.
(Paleon.) A large American Miocene mammal, allied to the rhinoceros, and more nearly to the extinct Brontotherium.
Titanous
a.
• Designating certain compounds of titanium in which that element has a lower valence as contrasted with titanic compounds.
Titbit
n.
• Same as Tidbit.
Tith
a.
• Tight; nimble.
Tithable
a.
• Subject to the payment of tithes; as, tithable lands.
Tithe
n.
• A tenth; the tenth part of anything; specifically, the tenthpart of the increase arising from the profits of land and stock, allotted to the clergy for their support, as in England, or devoted to religious or charitable uses. Almost all the tithes of England and Wales are commuted by law into rent charges.
• Hence, a small part or proportion.
a.
• Tenth.
v. t.
• To levy a tenth part on; to tax to the amount of a tenth; to pay tithes on.
v. i.
• Tp pay tithes.
Tither
n.
• One who collects tithes.
• One who pays tithes.
Tithing
n.
• The act of levying or taking tithes; that which is taken as tithe; a tithe.
(O. Eng. Law) A number or company of ten householders who, dwelling near each other, were sureties or frankpledges to the king for the good behavior of each other; a decennary.
Tithingman
n.
(O. Eng. Law) The chief man of a tithing; a headborough; one elected to preside over the tithing.
(Law) A peace officer; an under constable.
• A parish officer elected annually to preserve good order in the church during divine service, to make complaint of any disorderly conduct, and to enforce the observance of the Sabbath.
Tithly
a.
• Tightly; nimbly.
Tithonic
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or denoting, those rays of light which produce chemical effects; actinic.
Tithonicity
n.
(Chem. & Physics) The state or property of being tithonic; actinism.
Tithonographic
a.
• Of, relating to, or produced by, the chemical action of rays of light; photographic.
Tithonometer
n.
• An instrument or apparatus for measuring or detecting tithonicity; an actinometer.
Tithymal
n.
(Bot.) Any kind of spurge, esp. Euphorbia Cyparissias.
Titi
n.
(Zool.) Same as Teetee.
Titillate
v. t. & i.
• To tickle; as, to titillate the nose with a feather.
Titillation
n.
• The act of tickling, or the state of being tickled; a tickling sensation.
• Any pleasurable sensation.
Titillative
a.
• Tending or serving to titillate, or tickle; tickling.
Titlark
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous small spring birds belonging to Anthus, Corydalla, and allied genera, which resemble the true larks in color and in having a very long hind claw; especially, the European meadow pipit (Anthus pratensis).
Title
n.
• An inscription put over or upon anything as a name by which it is known.
• The inscription in the beginning of a book, usually containing the subject of the work, the author's and publisher's names, the date, etc.
(Bookbindng) The panel for the name, between the bands of the back of a book.
• A section or division of a subject, as of a law, a book, specif. (Roman & Canon Laws), a chapter or division of a law book.
• An appellation of dignity, distinction, or preeminence (hereditary or acquired), given to persons, as duke marquis, honorable, esquire, etc.
• A name; an appellation; a designation.
(Law) That which constitutes a just cause of exclusive possession; that which is the foundation of ownership of property, real or personal; a right; as, a good title to an estate, or an imperfect title.
• The instrument which is evidence of a right.
(Canon Law) That by which a beneficiary holds a benefice.
(Anc. Church Records) A church to which a priest was ordained, and where he was to reside.
v. t.
• To call by a title; to name; to entitle.
Titled
a.
• Having or bearing a title.
Titleless
a.
• Not having a title or name; without legitimate title.
Titler
n.
• A large truncated cone of refined sugar.
Titling
n.
(Zool.) The hedge sparrow; — called also titlene. Its nest often chosen by the cuckoo as a place for depositing its own eggs.
• The meadow pipit.
• Stockfish; — formerly so called in customhouses.
Titmal
n.
• The blue titmouse.
Titmouse
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small insectivorous singing birds belonging to Parus and allied genera; — called also tit, and tomtit.
Titrate
v. t.
(Chem.) To analyse, or determine the strength of, by means of standard solutions. Cf. Standardized solution, under Solution.
Titrated
a.
(Chem.) Standardized; determined or analyzed by titration; as, titrated solutions.
Titration
n.
(Chem.) The act or process of titrating; a substance obtained by titrating.
Titter
v. t.
• To laugh with the tongue striking against the root of the upper teeth; to laugh with restraint, or without much noise; to giggle.
n.
• A restrained laugh.
v. i.
• To seesaw. See Teeter.
Titterel
n.
• The whimbrel.
Tittimouse
n.
(Zool.) Titmouse.
Tittle
n.
• A particle; a minute part; a jot; an iota.
Tittlebat
n.
(Zool.) The three-spined stickleback.
Titty
n.
• A little teat; a nipple.
Titubate
v. i.
• To stumble.
• To rock or roll, as a curved body on a plane.
Titubation
n.
• The act of stumbling, rocking, or rolling; a reeling.
Titular
a.
• Existing in title or name only; nominal; having the title to an office or dignity without discharging its appropriate duties; as, a titular prince.
n.
• A titulary.
Titularity
n.
• The quality or state of being titular.
Titularly
adv.
• In a titular manner; nominally; by title only.
Titulary
n.
• A person invested with a title, in virtue of which he holds an office or benefice, whether he performs the duties of it or not.
a.
• Consisting in a title; titular.
• Of or pertaining to a title.
Tituled
a.
• Having a title.
Tiver
n.
• A kind of ocher which is used in some parts of England in marking sheep.
v. t.
• To mark with tiver.
Tivy
adv.
• With great speed; — a huntsman's word or sound.
Tiza
n.
(Chem.) See Ulexite.
Tmesis
n.
(Gram.) The separation of the parts of a compound word by the intervention of one or more words; as, in what place soever, for whatsoever place.

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