Dictionary Of The English Language "M"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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M is the thirteenth letter of the English alphabet, is a vocal consonant, and, from the manner of its formation, is called the labio-nasal consonant. The letter M came into English from the Greek, through the Latin, the form of the Greek letter being further derived from the Phoenician, and ultimately, it is believed, from the Egyptian. Etymologically M is related to re, as in lime, linden; emmet, ant; also to b. M is readily followed by b and p, the position of the lips in the formation of both letters being the same. The relation of b and p to m is the same as that of d and t to n, and that of g and k to ng.
Macco
n.
• A gambling game in vogue in the eighteenth century.
Mace
n.
• A money of account in China equal to one tenth of a tael; also, a weight of 57.98 grains.
n.
(Bot.) A kind of spice; the aril which partly covers nutmegs.
n.
• A heavy staff or club of metal; a spiked club; — used as weapon in war before the general use of firearms, especially in the Middle Ages, for breaking metal armor.
• Hence: A staff borne by, or carried before, a magistrate as an ensign of his authority.
• An officer who carries a mace as an emblem of authority.
• A knobbed mallet used by curriers in dressing leather to make it supple.
(Billiards) A rod for playing billiards, having one end suited to resting on the table and pushed with one hand.
Macedonian
a.
(Geog.) Belonging, or relating, to Macedonia.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Macedonia.
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a certain religious sect, followers of Macedonius, Bishop of Constantinople, in the fourth century, who held that the Holy Ghost was a creature, like the angels, and a servant of the Father and the Son.
Macedonianism
n.
• The doctrines of Macedonius.
Macer
n.
• A mace bearer; an officer of a court.
Macerate
v. t.
• To make lean; to cause to waste away.
• To subdue the appetites of by poor and scanty diet; to mortify.
• To soften by steeping in a liquid, with or without heat; to wear away or separate the parts of by steeping; as, to macerate animal or vegetable fiber.
Macerater
n.
• One who, or that which, macerates; an apparatus for converting paper or fibrous matter into pulp.
Maceration
n.
• The act or process of macerating.
Macher
n.
• One who marches.
Machete
n.
• A large heavy knife resembling a broadsword, often two or three feet in length, — used by the inhabitants of Spanish America as a hatchet to cut their way through thickets, and for various other purposes.
Machiavelian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Machiavel, or to his supposed principles; politically cunning; characterized by duplicity or bad faith; crafty.
n.
• One who adopts the principles of Machiavel; a cunning and unprincipled politician.
Machicolated
a.
• Having machicolations.
Machicolation
n.
(Mil. Arh.) An opening between the corbels which support a projecting parapet, or in the floor of a gallery or the roof of a portal, shooting or dropping missiles upen assailants attacking the base of the walls. Also, the construction of such defenses, in general, when of this character.
• The act of discharging missiles or pouring burning or melted substances upon assailants through such apertures.
Machicoulis
n.
(Mil. Arch.) Same as Machicolation.
Machinal
a.
• Of or pertaining to machines.
Machinate
v. i.
• To plan; to contrive; esp., to form a scheme with the purpose of doing harm; to contrive artfully; to plot.
v. t.
• To contrive, as a plot; to plot; as, to machinate evil.
Machination
n.
• The act of machinating.
• That which is devised; a device; a hostile or treacherous scheme; an artful design or plot.
Machinator
n.
• One who machinates, or forms a scheme with evil designs; a plotter or artful schemer.
Machine
n.
• In general, any combination of bodies so connected that their relative motions are constrained, and by means of which force and motion may be transmitted and modified, as a screw and its nut, or a lever arranged to turn about a fulcrum or a pulley about its pivot, etc.; especially, a construction, more or less complex, consisting of a combination of moving parts, or simple mechanical elements, as wheels, levers, cams, etc., with their supports and connecting framework, calculated to constitute a prime mover, or to receive force and motion from a prime mover or from another machine, and transmit, modify, and apply them to the production of some desired mechanical effect or work, as weaving by a loom, or the excitation of electricity by an electrical machine.
• Any mechanical contrivance, as the wooden horse with which the Greeks entered Troy; a coach; a bicycle.
• A person who acts mechanically or at will of another.
• A combination of persons acting together for a common purpose, with the agencies which they use; as, the social machine.
• A political organization arranged and controlled by one or more leaders for selfish, private or partisan ends.
• Supernatural agency in a poem, or a superhuman being introduced to perform some exploit.
v. t.
• To subject to the action of machinery; to effect by aid of machinery; to print with a printing machine.
Machiner
n.
• One who or operates a machine; a machinist.
Machinery
n.
• Machines, in general, or collectively.
• The working parts of a machine, engine, or instrument; as, the machinery of a watch.
• The supernatural means by which the action of a poetic or fictitious work is carried on and brought to a catastrophe; in an extended sense, the contrivances by which the crises and conclusion of a fictitious narrative, in prose or verse, are effected.
• The means and appliances by which anything is kept in action or a desired result is obtained; a complex system of parts adapted to a purpose.
Machining
a.
• Of or pertaining to the machinery of a poem; acting or used as a machine.
Machinist
n.
• A constrictor of machines and engines; one versed in the principles of machines.
• One skilled in the use of machine tools.
• A person employed to shift scenery in a theater.
Macho
n.
(Zool.) The striped mullet of California (Mugil cephalus, or Mexicanus).
Macilency
n.
• Leanness.
Macilent
a.
• Lean; thin.
Macintosh
n.
• Same as Mackintosh.
Mackerel
n.
• A pimp; also, a bawd.
n.
(Zool.) Any species of the genus Scomber, and of several related genera. They are finely formed and very active oceanic fishes. Most of them are highly prized for food.
Mackintosh
n.
• A waterproof outer garment; — so called from the name of the inventor.
Mackle
n.
• Same Macule.
v. t. & i.
• To blur, or be blurred, in printing, as if there were a double impression.
Macle
n.
(Min.) Chiastolite; — so called from the tessellated appearance of a cross section.
• A crystal having a similar tessellated appearance.
• A twin crystal.
Macled
a.
(Min.) Marked like macle (chiastolite).
• Having a twin structure.
Maclurea
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of spiral gastropod shells, often of large size, characteristic of the lower Silurian rocks.
Macrobiotic
a.
• Long-lived.
Macrobiotics
n.
(Physiol.) The art of prolonging life.
Macrocephalous
a.
• Having a large head.
(Bot.) Having the cotyledons of a dicotyledonous embryo confluent, and forming a large mass compared with the rest of the body.
Macrochires
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of birds including the swifts and humming birds. So called from the length of the distal part of the wing.
Macrocosm
n.
• The great world; that part of the universe which is exterior to man; — contrasted with microcosm, or man.
Macrocosmic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the macrocosm.
Macrocystis
n.
(Bot.) An immensely long blackish seaweed of the Pacific (Macrocystis pyrifera), having numerous almond-shaped air vessels.
Macrodactyl
n.
(Zool.) One of a group of wading birds (Macrodactyli) having very long toes.
Macrodiagonal
n.
(Crystallog.) The longer of two diagonals, as of a rhombic prism.
Macrodome
n.
(Crystallog.) A dome parallel to the longer lateral axis of an orthorhombic crystal.
Macrodont
a.
(Zool.) Having large teeth.
n.
• A macrodont animal.
Macroglossia
n.
(Med.) Enlargement or hypertrophy of the tongue.
Macrognathic
a.
(Anthropol.) Long-jawed.
Macrology
n.
• Long and tedious talk without much substance; superfluity of words.
Macrometer
n.
• An instrument for determining the size or distance of inaccessible objects by means of two reflectors on a common sextant.
Macron
n.
(Pron.) A short, straight, horizontal mark [-], placed over vowels to denote that they are to be pronounced with a long sound; as, a, in dame; &emac;, in s&emac;am, etc.
Macropetalous
a.
(Bot.) Having long or large petals.
Macrophyllous
a.
(Bot.) Having long or large leaves.
Macropinacoid
n.
(Crystallog.) One of the two planes of an orthorhombic crystal which are parallel to the vertical and longer lateral (macrodiagonal) axes.
Macropod
n.
(Zool.) Any one of a group of maioid crabs remarkable for the length of their legs; — called also spider crab.
Macropodal
a.
• Having long or large feet, or a long stem.
Macropodian
n.
• A macropod.
Macropodous
a.
(Zool.) Having long legs or feet.
Macroprism
n.
(Crystallog.) A prism of an orthorhombic crystal between the macropinacoid and the unit prism; the corresponding pyramids are called macropyramids.
Macropteres
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of birds; the Longipennes.
Macropterous
a.
(Zool.) Having long wings.
Macropus
n.
(Zool.) genus of marsupials including the common kangaroo.
Macrosporangium
n.
(Bot.) A sporangium or conceptacle containing only large spores; — opposed to microsporangium. Both are found in the genera Selaginella, Isoctes, and Marsilia, plants remotely allied to ferns.
Macrospore
n.
(Bot.) One of the specially large spores of certain flowerless plants, as Selaginella, etc.
Macrosporic
a.
(Bot.) Of or pertaining to macrospores.
Macrotone
n.
(Pron.) Same as Macron.
Macrotous
a.
(Zool.) Large-eared.
Macrozoospore
n.
(Bot.) A large motile spore having four vibratile cilia; — found in certain green algae.
Macrura
n. pl.
(Zool.) A subdivision of decapod Crustacea, having the abdomen largely developed. It includes the lobster, prawn, shrimp, and many similar forms. Cf. Decapoda.
Macrural
a.
(Zool.) Same as Macrurous.
Macruran
n.
(Zool.) One of the Macrura.
Macruroid
a.
(Zool.) Like or pertaining to the Macrura.
Macrurous
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Macrura; having a long tail.
Mactation
n.
• The act of killing a victim for sacrifice.
Mactra
n.
(Zool.) Any marine bivalve shell of the genus Mactra, and allied genera. Many species are known. Some of them are used as food, as Mactra stultorum, of Europe.
Macula
n.
• A spot, as on the skin, or on the surface of the sun or of some other luminous orb.
(Zool.) A rather large spot or blotch of color.
Maculate
v. t.
• To spot; to stain; to blur.
a.
• Marked with spots or maculae; blotched; hence, defiled; impure; as, most maculate thoughts.
Maculated
a.
• Having spots or blotches; maculate.
Maculation
n.
• The act of spotting; a spot; a blemish.
Maculatory
a.
• Causing a spot or stain.
Maculature
n
• , Blotting paper.
Macule
n.
• A spot.
(Print.) A blur, or an appearance of a double impression, as when the paper slips a little; a mackle.
v. t.
• To blur; especially (Print.), to blur or double an impression from type.
Maculose
a.
• Of or pertaining to spots upon a surface; spotted; maculate.
Mad
obs. p. p.
• of Made.
a.
• Disordered in intellect; crazy; insane.
• Excited beyond self-control or the restraint of reason; inflamed by violent or uncontrollable desire, passion, or appetite; as, to be mad with terror, lust, or hatred; mad against political reform.
• Proceeding from, or indicating, madness; expressing distraction; prompted by infatuation, fury, or extreme rashness.
• Extravagant; immoderate.
• Furious with rage, terror, or disease; — said of the lower animals; as, a mad bull; esp., having hydrophobia; rabid; as, a mad dog.
• Angry; out of patience; vexed; as, to get mad at a person.
• Having impaired polarity; — applied to a compass needle.
v. t.
• To make mad or furious; to madden.
v. i.
• To be mad; to go mad; to rave.
n.
(Zool.) An earthworm.
Madam
n.
• A gentlewoman; — an appellation or courteous form of address given to a lady, especially an elderly or a married lady; — much used in the address, at the beginning of a letter, to a woman. The corresponding word in addressing a man is Sir.
Madame
n.
• My lady; — a French title formerly given to ladies of quality; now, in France, given to all married women.
Madbrain
a.
• Hot-headed; rash.
n.
• A rash or hot-headed person
Madbrained
a.
• Disordered in mind; hot-headed.
Madcap
a.
• Inclined to wild sports; delighting in rash, absurd, or dangerous amusements.
• lord." Shak. 2. Wild; reckless.
n.
• A person of wild behavior; an excitable, rash, violent person.
Madden
v. t.
• To make mad; to drive to madness; to craze; to excite violently with passion; to make very angry; to enrage.
v. i.
• To become mad; to act as if mad.
Madder
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the Rubia (R. tinctorum). The root is much used in dyeing red, and formerly was used in medicine. It is cultivated in France and Holland.
Madderwort
n.
(Bot.) A name proposed for any plant of the same natural order (Rubiaceae) as the madder.
Madding
a.
• Affected with madness; raging; furious.
Maddish
a.
• Somewhat mad.
Made
imp. & p. p.
• of Make.
a.
• Artificially produced; pieced together; formed by filling in; as, made ground; a made mast, in distinction from one consisting of a single spar.
Madecassee
a.
• Of or pertaining to Madagascar or its inhabitants.
Madefy
v. t.
• To make wet or moist.
Madeira
n.
• A rich wine made on the Island of Madeira.
Mademoiselle
n.
• A French title of courtesy given to a girl or an unmarried lady, equivalent to the English Miss.
(Zool.) A marine food fish (Sciaena chrysura), of the Southern United States; — called also yellowtail, and silver perch.
Madge
n.
(Zool.) The barn owl.
• The magpie.
Madhouse
n.
• A house where insane persons are confined; an insane asylum; a bedlam.
Madia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of composite plants, of which one species (Madia sativa) is cultivated for the oil yielded from its seeds by pressure. This oil is sometimes used instead of olive oil for the table.
Madid
a.
• Wet; moist; as, a madid eye.
Madisterium
n.
(Surg.) An instrument to extract hairs.
Madjoun
n.
• An intoxicating confection from the hemp plant; — used by the Turks and Hindoos.
Madly
adv.
• In a mad manner; without reason or understanding; wildly.
Madman
n.
• A man who is mad; lunatic; a crazy person.
Madnep
n.
(Bot.) The masterwort (Peucedanum Ostruthium).
Madness
n.
• The condition of being mad; insanity; lunacy.
• Frenzy; ungovernable rage; extreme folly.
Madonna
n.
• My lady; — a term of address in Italian formerly used as the equivalent of Madame, but for which Signora is now substituted. Sometimes introduced into English.
• A picture of the Virgin Mary (usually with the babe).
Madoqua
n.
(Zool.) A small Abyssinian antelope (Neotragus Saltiana), about the size of a hare.
Madrague
n.
• A large fish pound used for the capture of the tunny in the Mediterranean; also applied to the seines used for the same purpose.
Madreperl
n.
• Mother-of-pearl.
Madrepora
n.
(Zool.) A genus of reef corals abundant in tropical seas. It includes than one hundred and fifty species, most of which are elegantly branched.
Madreporaria
n. pl.
(Zool.) An extensive division of Anthozoa, including most of the species that produce stony corals.
Madrepore
n.
(Zool.) Any coral of the genus Madrepora; formerly, often applied to any stony coral.
Madreporiform
a.
(Zool.) Resembling a madreporian coral in form or structure.
Madreporite
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil coral.
(Zool.) The madreporic plate of echinoderms.
Madrier
n.
• A thick plank, used for several mechanical purposes
• A plank to receive the mouth of a petard, with which it is applied to anything intended to be broken down.
• A plank or beam used for supporting the earth in mines or fortifications.
Madrigal
n.
• A little amorous poem, sometimes called a pastoral poem, containing some tender and delicate, though simple, thought.
(Mus.) An unaccompanied polyphonic song, in four, five, or more parts, set to secular words, but full of counterpoint and imitation, and adhering to the old church modes. Unlike the freer glee, it is best sung with several voices on a part.
Madrigaler
n.
• A madrigalist.
Madrigalist
n.
• A composer of madrigals.
Madrilenian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Madrid in Spain, or to its inhabitants.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Madrid.
Madrina
n.
• An animal (usually an old mare), wearing a bell and acting as the leader of a troop of pack mules.
Madrona
n.
(Bot.) A small evergreen tree or shrub (Arbutus Menziesii), of California, having a smooth bark, thick shining leaves, and edible red berries, which are often called madrona apples.
Madwort
n.
(Bot.) A genus of cruciferous plants (Alyssum) with white or yellow flowers and rounded pods. A. maritimum is the commonly cultivated sweet alyssum, a fragrant white-flowered annual.
Maelstrom
n.
• A celebrated whirlpool on the coast of Norway.
• Also Fig. ; as, a maelstrom of vice.
Maenad
n.
• A Bacchante; a priestess or votary of Bacchus.
• A frantic or frenzied woman.
Maestoso
a. & adv.
(Mus.) Majestic or majestically; — a direction to perform a passage or piece of music in a dignified manner.
Maestro
n.
• A master in any art, especially in music; a composer.
Maffle
v. i.
• To stammer.
Maffler
n.
• A stammerer.
Magazine
n.
• A receptacle in which anything is stored, especially military stores, as ammunition, arms, provisions, etc.
• The building or room in which the supply of powder is kept in a fortification or a ship.
• A chamber in a gun for holding a number of cartridges to be fed automatically to the piece.
• A pamphlet published periodically containing miscellaneous papers or compositions.
v. t.
• To store in, or as in, a magazine; to store up for use.
Magaziner
n.
• One who edits or writes for a magazine.
Magazining
n.
• The act of editing, or writing for, a magazine.
Magazinist
n.
• One who edits or writes for a magazine.
Magdala
a.
• Designating an orange-red dyestuff obtained from naphthylamine, and called magdala red, naphthalene red, etc.
Magdalen
n.
• A reformed prostitute.
Magdaleon
n.
(Med.) A medicine in the form of a roll, a esp. a roll of plaster.
Magdeburg
n.
• A city of Saxony.
Mage
n.
• A magician.
Magellanic
a.
• Of or pertaining to, or named from, Magellan, the navigator.
Magenta
n.
(Chem.) An aniline dye obtained as an amorphous substance having a green bronze surface color, which dissolves to a shade of red; also, the color; — so called from Magenta, in Italy, in allusion to the battle fought there about the time the dye was discovered. Called also fuchsine, roseine, etc.
Magged
a.
(Naut.) Worn; fretted; as, a magged brace.
Maggiore
a.
(Mus.) Greater, in respect to scales, intervals, etc., when used in opposition to minor; major.
Maggot
n.
(Zool.) The footless larva of any fly.
• A whim; an odd fancy.
Maggotiness
n.
• State of being maggoty.
Maggotish
a.
• Full of whims or fancies; maggoty.
Maggoty
a.
• Infested with maggots.
• Full of whims; capricious.
Maghet
n.
(Bot.) A name for daisies and camomiles of several kinds.
Magi
n. pl.
• A caste of priests, philosophers, and magicians, among the ancient Persians; hence, any holy men or sages of the East.
Magian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Magi.
n.
• One of the Magi, or priests of the Zoroastrian religion in Persia; an adherent of the Zoroastrian religion.
Magic
n.
• A comprehensive name for all of the pretended arts which claim to produce effects by the assistance of supernatural beings, or departed spirits, or by a mastery of secret forces in nature attained by a study of occult science, including enchantment, conjuration, witchcraft, sorcery, necromancy, incantation, etc.
Magically
adv.
• In a magical manner; by magic, or as if by magic.
Magician
n.
• One skilled in magic; one who practices the black art; an enchanter; a necromancer; a sorcerer or sorceress; a conjurer.
Magister
n.
• Master; sir; — a title of the Middle Ages, given to a person in authority, or to one having a license from a university to teach philosophy and the liberal arts.
Magisterial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a master or magistrate, or one in authority; having the manner of a magister; official; commanding; authoritative. Hence: Overbearing; dictatorial; dogmatic.
(Alchem. & Old Chem.) Pertaining to, produced by, or of the nature of, magistery.
Magisteriality
n.
• Magisterialness; authoritativeness.
Magisterially
adv.
• In a magisterial manner.
Magisterialness
n.
• The quality or state of being magisterial.
Magistery
n.
• Mastery; powerful medical influence; renowned efficacy; a sovereign remedy.
• A magisterial injunction.
(Chem.) A precipitate; a fine substance deposited by precipitation; — applied in old chemistry to certain white precipitates from metallic solutions; as, magistery of bismuth.
Magistracy
n.
• The office or dignity of a magistrate.
• The collective body of magistrates.
Magistral
a.
• Pertaining to a master; magisterial; authoritative; dogmatic.
• Commanded or prescribed by a magister, esp. by a doctor; hence, effectual; sovereign; as, a magistral sirup.
(Pharmacy) Formulated extemporaneously, or for a special case; — opposed to officinal, and said of prescriptions and medicines.
n.
(Med.) A sovereign medicine or remedy.
(Fort.) A magistral line.
(Metal.) Powdered copper pyrites used in the amalgamation of ores of silver, as at the Spanish mines of Mexico and South America.
Magistrality
n.
• Magisterialness; arbitrary dogmatism.
Magistrally
adv.
• In a magistral manner.
Magistrate
n.
• A person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it.
Magistrature
n.
• Magistracy.
Magma
n.
• Any crude mixture of mineral or organic matters in the state of a thin paste.
(Med.) A thick residuum obtained from certain substances after the fluid parts are expressed from them; the grounds which remain after treating a substance with any menstruum, as water or alcohol.
• A salve or confection of thick consistency.
(Geol.) The molten matter within the earth, the source of the material of lava flows, dikes of eruptive rocks, etc.
• The glassy base of an eruptive rock.
(Chem.) The amorphous or homogenous matrix or ground mass, as distinguished from well-defined crystals; as, the magma of porphyry.
Magnality
n.
• A great act or event; a great attainment.
Magnanimity
n.
• The quality of being magnanimous; greatness of mind; elevation or dignity of soul; that quality or combination of qualities, in character, which enables one to encounter danger and trouble with tranquility and firmness, to disdain injustice, meanness and revenge, and to act and sacrifice for noble objects.
Magnanimous
a.
• Great of mind; elevated in soul or in sentiment; raised above what is low, mean, or ungenerous; of lofty and courageous spirit; as, a magnanimous character; a magnanimous conqueror.
• Dictated by or exhibiting nobleness of soul; honorable; noble; not selfish.
Magnanimously
adv.
• In a magnanimous manner; with greatness of mind.
Magnate
• A person of rank; a noble or grandee; a person of influence or distinction in any sphere.
• One of the nobility, or certain high officers of state belonging to the noble estate in the national representation of Hungary, and formerly of Poland.
Magnes
n.
• Magnet.
Magnesia
n.
(Chem.) A light earthy white substance, consisting of magnesium oxide, and obtained by heating magnesium hydrate or carbonate, or by burning magnesium. It has a slightly alkaline reaction, and is used in medicine as a mild antacid laxative.
Magnesian
a.
• Pertaining to, characterized by, or containing, magnesia or magnesium.
Magnesic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or containing, magnesium; as, magnesic oxide.
Magnesite
n.
(Min.) Native magnesium carbonate occurring in white compact or granular masses, and also in rhombohedral crystals.
Magnesium
n.
(Chem.) A light silver-white metallic element, malleable and ductile, quite permanent in dry air but tarnishing in moist air. It burns, forming (the oxide) magnesia, with the production of a blinding light (the so-called magnesium light) which is used in signaling, in pyrotechny, or in photography where a strong actinic illuminant is required. Its compounds occur abundantly, as in dolomite, talc, meerschaum, etc. Symbol Mg. Atomic weight, 24.4. Specific gravity, 1.75.
Magnet
n.
• The loadstone; a species of iron ore (the ferrosoferric or magnetic ore, Fe3O4) which has the property of attracting iron and some of its ores, and, when freely suspended, of pointing to the poles; — called also natural magnet.
(Physics) A bar or mass of steel or iron to which the peculiar properties of the loadstone have been imparted; — called, in distinction from the loadstone, an artificial magnet.
Magnetic
n.
• A magnet.
• Any metal, as iron, nickel, cobalt, etc., which may receive, by any means, the properties of the loadstone, and which then, when suspended, fixes itself in the direction of a magnetic meridian.
Magnetically
adv.
• By or as by, magnetism.
Magneticalness
n.
• Quality of being magnetic.
Magnetician
n.
• One versed in the science of magnetism; a magnetist.
Magnetics
n.
• The science of magnetism.
Magnetiferous
a.
• Producing or conducting magnetism.
Magnetism
n.
• The property, quality, or state, of being magnetic; the manifestation of the force in nature which is seen in a magnet.
• The science which treats of magnetic phenomena.
• Power of attraction; power to excite the feelings and to gain the affections.
Magnetist
n.
• One versed in magnetism.
Magnetite
n.
(Min.) An oxide of iron (Fe3O4) occurring in isometric crystals, also massive, of a black color and metallic luster. It is readily attracted by a magnet and sometimes possesses polarity, being then called loadstone. It is an important iron ore. Called also magnetic iron.
Magnetizable
a.
• Capable of magnetized.
Magnetization
n.
• The act of magnetizing, or the state of being magnetized.
Magnetize
v. t.
• To communicate magnetic properties to; as, to magnetize a needle.
• To attract as a magnet attracts, or like a magnet; to move; to influence.
• To bring under the influence of animal magnetism.
Magnetizee
n.
• A person subjected to the influence of animal magnetism.
Magnetizer
n.
• One who, or that which, imparts magnetism.
Magnetograph
n.
(Physics) An automatic instrument for registering, by photography or otherwise, the states and variations of any of the terrestrial magnetic elements.
Magnetometer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for measuring the intensity of magnetic forces; also, less frequently, an instrument for determining any of the terrestrial magnetic elements, as the dip and declination.
Magnetometric
a.
• Pertaining to, or employed in, the measurement of magnetic forces; obtained by means of a magnetometer; as, magnetometric instruments; magnetometric measurements.
Magnetomotor
n.
• A voltaic series of two or more large plates, producing a great quantity of electricity of low tension, and hence adapted to the exhibition of electro-magnetic phenomena.
Magnetotherapy
n.
(Med.) The treatment of disease by the application of magnets to the surface of the body.
Magnifiable
a.
• Such as can be magnified, or extolled.
Magnificat
n.
• The song of the Virgin Mary, Luke i. 46; — so called because it commences with this word in the Vulgate.
Magnificate
v. t.
• To magnify or extol.
Magnification
n.
• The act of magnifying; enlargement; exaggeration.
Magnificence
n.
• The act of doing what magnificent; the state or quality of being magnificent.
Magnificent
a.
• Doing grand things; admirable in action; displaying great power or opulence, especially in building, way of living, and munificence.
• Grand in appearance; exhibiting grandeur or splendor; splendid' pompous.
Magnificently
adv.
• In a Magnificent manner.
Magnifico
n.
• A grandee or nobleman of Venice; — so called in courtesy.
• A rector of a German university.
Magnifier
n.
• One who, or that which, magnifies.
Magnify
v. t.
• To make great, or greater; to increase the dimensions of; to amplify; to enlarge, either in fact or in appearance; as, the microscope magnifies the object by a thousand diameters.
• To increase the importance of; to augment the esteem or respect in which one is held.
• To praise highly; to land; to extol.
• To exaggerate; as, to magnify a loss or a difficulty.
v. i.
• To have the power of causing objects to appear larger than they really are; to increase the apparent dimensions of objects; as, some lenses magnify but little.
• To have effect; to be of importance or significance.
Magniloquence
n.
• The quality of being magniloquent; pompous discourse; grandiloquence.
Magniloquent
a.
• Speaking pompously; using swelling discourse; bombastic; tumid in style; grandiloquent.
Magniloquous
a.
• Magniloquent.
Magnitude
n.
• Extent of dimensions; size; — applied to things that have length, breath, and thickness.
(Geom.) That which has one or more of the three dimensions, length, breadth, and thickness.
• Anything of which greater or less can be predicated, as time, weight, force, and the like.
• Greatness; grandeur.
• Greatness, in reference to influence or effect; importance; as, an affair of magnitude.
Magnolia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of American and Asiatic trees, with aromatic bark and large sweet-scented whitish or reddish flowers.
Magnoliaceous
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining to a natural order (Magnoliaceae) of trees of which the magnolia, the tulip tree, and the star anise are examples.
Magnum
n.
• A large wine bottle.
(Anat.) A bone of the carpus at the base of the third metacarpal bone.
Magot
n.
(Zool.) The Barbary ape.
Magpie
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of the genus Pica and related genera, allied to the jays, but having a long graduated tail.
Maguari
n.
(Zool.) A South American stork (Euxenara maguari), having a forked tail.
Maguey
n.
(Bot.) The century plant, a species of Agave (A. Americana).
Magyar
n.
(Ethnol.) One of the dominant people of Hungary, allied to the Finns; a Hungarian.
• The language of the Magyars.
Maha
n.
(Zool.) A kind of baboon; the wanderoo.
Mahaled
n.
(Bot.) A cherry tree (Prunus Mahaleb) of Southern Europe. The wood is prized by cabinetmakers, the twigs are used for pipe stems, the flowers and leaves yield a perfume, and from the fruit a violet dye and a fermented liquor (like kirschwasser) are prepared.
Maharajah
n.
• A sovereign prince in India; — a title given also to other persons of high rank.
Maharif
n.
(Zool.) An African antelope (Hippotragus Bakeri). Its face is striped with black and white.
Maharmah
n.
• A muslin wrapper for the head and the lower part of the face, worn by Turkish and Armenian women when they go abroad.
Mahdi
n.
• Among Mohammedans, the last imam or leader of the faithful. The Sunni, the largest sect of the Mohammedans, believe that he is yet to appear.
Mahoe
n.
(Bot.) A name given to several malvaceous trees (species of Hibiscus, Ochroma, etc.), and to their strong fibrous inner bark, which is used for strings and cordage.
Mahogany
n.
(Bot.) A large tree of the genus Swietenia (S. Mahogoni), found in tropical America.
• The wood of the Swietenia Mahogoni. It is of a reddish brown color, beautifully veined, very hard, and susceptible of a fine polish. It is used in the manufacture of furniture.
• A table made of mahogany wood.
Maholi
n.
(Zool.) A South African lemur (Galago maholi), having very large ears.
Mahometanize
v. t.
• To convert to the religion of Mohammed; to Mohammedanize.
Mahometist
n.
• A Mohammedan.
Mahometry
n.
• Mohammedanism.
Mahone
n.
• A large Turkish ship.
Mahonia
n.
(Bot.) The Oregon grape, a species of barberry (Berberis Aquifolium), often cultivated for its hollylike foliage.
Mahoohoo
n.
(Zool.) The African white two-horned rhinoceros (Atelodus simus).
Mahori
n.
(Ethnol.) One of the dark race inhabiting principally the islands of Eastern Polynesia. Also used adjectively.
Mahound
n.
• A contemptuous name for Mohammed; hence, an evil spirit; a devil.
Mahout
n.
• The keeper and driver of an elephant.
Mahovo
n.
(Mach.) A device for saving power in stopping and starting a railroad car, by means of a heavy fly wheel.
Mahrati
n.
• The language of the Mahrattas; the language spoken in the Deccan and Concan.
Mahratta
n.
• One of a numerous people inhabiting the southwestern part of India. Also, the language of the Mahrattas; Mahrati. It is closely allied to Sanskrit.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Mahrattas.
Maia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of spider crabs, including the common European species (Maia squinado).
• A beautiful American bombycid moth (Eucronia maia).
Maian
n.
(Zool.) Any spider crab of the genus Maia, or family Maiadae.
Maid
n.
• An unmarried woman; usually, a young unmarried woman; esp., a girl; a virgin; a maiden.
• A man who has not had sexual intercourse.
• A female servant.
(Zool.) The female of a ray or skate, esp. of the gray skate (Raia batis), and of the thornback (R. clavata).
Maiden
n.
• An unmarried woman; a girl or woman who has not experienced sexual intercourse; a virgin; a maid.
• A female servant.
• An instrument resembling the guillotine, formerly used in Scotland for beheading criminals.
• A machine for washing linen.
a.
• Of or pertaining to a maiden, or to maidens; suitable to, or characteristic of, a virgin; as, maiden innocence.
• Never having been married; not having had sexual intercourse; virgin; — said usually of the woman, but sometimes of the man; as, a maiden aunt.
• Fresh; innocent; unpolluted; pure; hitherto unused. "Maiden flowers.'
• Used of a fortress, signifying that it has never been captured, or violated.
v. t.
• To act coyly like a maiden; — with it as an indefinite object.
Maidenhair
n.
(Bot.) A fern of the genus Adiantum (A. pedatum), having very slender graceful stalks. It is common in the United States, and is sometimes used in medicine. The name is also applied to other species of the same genus, as to the Venus-hair.
Maidenhead
n.
• The state of being a maiden; maidenhood; virginity.
• The state of being unused or uncontaminated; freshness; purity.
• The hymen, or virginal membrane.
Maidenhood
n.
• The state of being a maid or a virgin; virginity.
• Newness; freshness; uncontaminated state.
Maidenlike
a.
• Like a maiden; modest; coy.
Maidenliness
n.
• The quality of being maidenly; the behavior that becomes a maid; modesty; gentleness.
Maidenly
a.
• Like a maid; suiting a maid; maiden-like; gentle, modest, reserved.
adv.
• In a maidenlike manner.
Maidenship
n.
• Maidenhood.
Maidhood
n.
• Maidenhood.
Maidmarian
n.
• The lady of the May games; one of the characters in a morris dance; a May queen. Afterward, a grotesque character personated in sports and buffoonery by a man in woman's clothes.
• A kind of dance.
Maidpale
a.
• Pale, like a sick girl.
Maidservant
n.
• A female servant.
Maieutics
n.
• The art of giving birth (i. e., clearness and conviction) to ideas, which are conceived as struggling for birth.
Maiger
n.
(Zool.) The meagre.
Maigre
a.
• Belonging to a fast day or fast; as, a maigre day.
Maikel
n.
(Zool.) A South American carnivore of the genus Conepatus, allied to the skunk, but larger, and having a longer snout. The tail is not bushy.
Maikong
n.
(Zool.) A South American wild dog (Canis cancrivorus); the crab-eating dog.
Mail
n.
• A spot.
n.
• A small piece of money; especially, an English silver half-penny of the time of Henry V.
• Rent; tribute.
n.
• A flexible fabric made of metal rings interlinked. It was used especially for defensive armor.
• Hence generally, armor, or any defensive covering.
(Naut.) A contrivance of interlinked rings, for rubbing off the loose hemp on lines and white cordage.
(Zool.) Any hard protective covering of an animal, as the scales and plates of reptiles, shell of a lobster, etc.
v. t.
• To arm with mail.
• To pinion.
n.
• A bag; a wallet.
• The bag or bags with the letters, papers, papers, or other matter contained therein, conveyed under public authority from one post office to another; the whole system of appliances used by government in the conveyance and delivery of mail matter.
• That which comes in the mail; letters, etc., received through the post office.
• A trunk, box, or bag, in which clothing, etc., may be carried.
v. t.
• To deliver into the custody of the postoffice officials, or place in a government letter box, for transmission by mail; to post; as, to mail a letter.
Mailable
a.
• Admissible lawfully into the mail.
Mailclad
a.
• Protected by a coat of mail; clad in armor.
Mailed
a.
(Zool.) Protected by an external coat, or covering, of scales or plates.
a.
• Spotted; speckled.
Mailing
n.
• A farm.
Maim
v. t.
• To deprive of the use of a limb, so as to render a person on fighting less able either to defend himself or to annoy his adversary.
• To mutilate; to cripple; to injure; to disable; to impair.
n.
• The privation of the use of a limb or member of the body, by which one is rendered less able to defend himself or to annoy his adversary.
• The privation of any necessary part; a crippling; mutilation; injury; deprivation of something essential.
Maimedly
adv.
• In a maimed manner.
Maimedness
n.
• State of being maimed.
Main
n.
• A hand or match at dice.
• A stake played for at dice.
• The largest throw in a match at dice; a throw at dice within given limits, as in the game of hazard.
• A match at cockfighting.
• A main-hamper.
n.
• Strength; force; might; violent effort.
• The chief or principal part; the main or most important thing.
• The great sea, as distinguished from an arm, bay, etc. ; the high sea; the ocean.
• The continent, as distinguished from an island; the mainland.
• principal duct or pipe, as distinguished from lesser ones; esp. (Engin.), a principal pipe leading to or from a reservoir; as, a fire main.
a.
• Very or extremely strong.
• Vast; huge.
• Unqualified; absolute; entire; sheer.
• Principal; chief; first in size, rank, importance, etc.
• Important; necessary.(Steam Engine)(Naut.)(Mech.)(Naut.)(Steam Engine)(Arch.)(Naut.)(Naut.)
adv.
• Very extremely; as, main heavy.
Maine
n.
• One of the New England States.
Mainland
n.
• The continent; the principal land; — opposed to island, or peninsula.
Mainly
adv.
• Very strongly; mightily; to a great degree.
adv.
• Principally; chiefly.
Mainmast
n.
(Naut.) The principal mast in a ship or other vessel.
Mainor
n.
(O. Eng. Law) A thing stolen found on the person of the thief.
Mainpernable
a.
(Law) Capable of being admitted to give surety by mainpernors; able to be mainprised.
Mainpernor
n.
(Law) A surety, under the old writ of mainprise, for a prisoner's appearance in court at a day.
Mainpin
n.
(Vehicles) A kingbolt.
Mainprise
n.
(Law) A writ directed to the sheriff, commanding him to take sureties, called mainpernors, for the prisoner's appearance, and to let him go at large. This writ is now obsolete.
• Deliverance of a prisoner on security for his appearance at a day.
v. t.
(Law) To suffer to go at large, on his finding sureties, or mainpernors, for his appearance at a day; — said of a prisoner.
Mains
n.
• The farm attached to a mansion house.
Mainsail
n.
(Naut.) The principal sail in a ship or other vessel.
Mainsheet
n.
(Naut.) One of the ropes by which the mainsail is hauled aft and trimmed.
Mainspring
n.
• The principal or most important spring in a piece of mechanism, especially the moving spring of a watch or clock or the spring in a gunlock which impels the hammer. Hence: The chief or most powerful motive; the efficient cause of action.
Mainstay
n.
(Naut.) The stay extending from the foot of the foremast to the maintop.
• Main support; principal dependence.
Mainswear
v. i.
• To swear falsely.
Maintain
v. t.
• To hold or keep in any particular state or condition; to support; to sustain; to uphold; to keep up; not to suffer to fail or decline; as, to maintain a certain degree of heat in a furnace; to maintain a fence or a railroad; to maintain the digestive process or powers of the stomach; to maintain the fertility of soil; to maintain present reputation.
• To keep possession of; to hold and defend; not to surrender or relinquish.
• To continue; not to suffer to cease or fail.
• To bear the expense of; to support; to keep up; to supply with what is needed.
• To affirm; to support or defend by argument.
Maintainable
a.
• That maybe maintained.
Maintainer
n.
• One who maintains.
Maintainor
n.
(Crim. Law) One who, not being interested, maintains a cause depending between others, by furnishing money, etc., to either party.
Maintenance
n.
• The act of maintaining; sustenance; support; defense; vindication.
• That which maintains or supports; means of sustenance; supply of necessaries and conveniences.
(Crim. Law) An officious or unlawful intermeddling in a cause depending between others, by assisting either party with money or means to carry it on.
Maintop
n.
(Naut.) The platform about the head of the mainmast in square-rigged vessels.
Maioid
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the genus Maia, or family Maiadeae.
Maister
n.
• Master.
a.
• Principal; chief.
Maistress
n.
• Mistress.
Maithes
n.
(Bot.) Same as Maghet.
Maize
n.
(Bot.) A large species of American grass of the genus Zea (Z. Mays), widely cultivated as a forage and food plant; Indian corn. Also, its seed, growing on cobs, and used as food for men animals.
Majestic
a.
• Possessing or exhibiting majesty; of august dignity, stateliness, or imposing grandeur; lofty; noble; grand. "The majestic world." Shak.
Majestical
a.
• Majestic.
Majesticness
n.
• The quality or state of being majestic.
Majesty
n.
• The dignity and authority of sovereign power; quality or state which inspires awe or reverence; grandeur; exalted dignity, whether proceeding from rank, character, or bearing; imposing loftiness; stateliness; — usually applied to the rank and dignity of sovereigns.
• Hence, used with the possessive pronoun, the title of an emperor, king or queen; — in this sense taking a plural; as, their majesties attended the concert.
• Dignity; elevation of manner or style.
Majolica
n.
• A kind of pottery, with opaque glazing and showy, which reached its greatest perfection in Italy in the 16th century.
Major
• Greater in number, quantity, or extent; as, the major part of the assembly; the major part of the revenue; the major part of the territory.
• Of greater dignity; more important.
• Of full legal age.
(Mus.) Greater by a semitone, either in interval or in difference of pitch from another tone.
n.
(Mil.) An officer next in rank above a captain and next below a lieutenant colonel; the lowest field officer.
(Law) A person of full age.
(Logic) That premise which contains the major term. It its the first proposition of a regular syllogism; as: No unholy person is qualified for happiness in heaven [the major]. Every man in his natural state is unholy [minor]. Therefore, no man in his natural state is qualified for happiness in heaven [conclusion or inference].
• A mayor.
Majorat
n.
• The right of succession to property according to age; — so termed in some of the countries of continental Europe.
(French Law) Property, landed or funded, so attached to a title of honor as to descend with it.
Majorate
n.
• The office or rank of a major.
v. t.
• To augment; to increase.
Majoration
n.
• Increase; enlargement.
Majorcan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Majorca.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Majorca.
Majority
n.
• The quality or condition of being major or greater; superiority.
• The military rank of a major
• The condition of being of full age, or authorized by law to manage one's own affairs.
• The greater number; more than half; as, a majority of mankind; a majority of the votes cast.
• Ancestors; ancestry.
• The amount or number by which one aggregate exceeds all other aggregates with which it is contrasted; especially, the number by which the votes for a successful candidate exceed those for all other candidates; as, he is elected by a majority of five hundred votes.
Majorship
n.
• The office of major.
Majusculae
n. pl.
(Palaeography) Capital letters, as found in manuscripts of the sixth century and earlier.
Majuscule
n.
• A capital letter; especially, one used in ancient manuscripts.
Makable
a.
• Capable of being made.
Make
n.
• A companion; a mate; often, a husband or a wife.
v. t.
• To cause to exist; to bring into being; to form; to produce; to frame; to fashion; to create.
• To form of materials; to cause to exist in a certain form; to construct; to fabricate.
• To produce, as something artificial, unnatural, or false; — often with up; as, to make up a story
• To bring about; to bring forward; to be the cause or agent of; to effect, do, perform, or execute; — often used with a noun to form a phrase equivalent to the simple verb that corresponds to such noun; as, to make complaint, for to complain; to make record of, for to record; to make abode, for to abide, etc.
• To execute with the requisite formalities; as, to make a bill, note, will, deed, etc.
• To gain, as the result of one's efforts; to get, as profit; to make acquisition of; to have accrue or happen to one; as, to make a large profit; to make an error; to make a loss; to make money
• To find, as the result of calculation or computation; to ascertain by enumeration; to find the number or amount of, by reckoning, weighing, measurement, and the like; as, he made the distance of; to travel over; as, the ship makes ten knots an hour; he made the distance in one day
• To put a desired or desirable condition; to cause to thrive
• To cause to be or become; to put into a given state verb, or adjective; to constitute; as, to make known; to make public; to make fast.
• To cause to appear to be; to constitute subjectively; to esteem, suppose, or represent.
• To require; to constrain; to compel; to force; to cause; to occasion; — followed by a noun or pronoun and infinitive.
• To become; to be, or to be capable of being, changed or fashioned into; to do the part or office of; to furnish the material for; as, he will make a good musician; sweet cider makes sour vinegar; wool makes warm clothing.
• To compose, as parts, ingredients, or materials; to constitute; to form; to amount to.
• To be engaged or concerned in.
• To reach; to attain; to arrive at or in sight of.
v. i.
• To act in a certain manner; to have to do; to manage; to interfere; to be active; — often in the phrase to meddle or make.
• To proceed; to tend; to move; to go; as, he made toward home; the tiger made at the sportsmen.
• To tend; to contribute; to have effect; — with for or against; as, it makes for his advantage.
• To increase; to augment; to accrue.
• To compose verses; to write poetry; to versify.
n.
• Structure, texture, constitution of parts; construction; shape; form.
Makebate
n.
• One who excites contentions and quarrels.
Maked
p. p.
• Made.
Makeless
a.
• Matchless.
• Without a mate.
Maker
n.
• One who makes, forms, or molds; a manufacturer; specifically, the Creator.
(Law) The person who makes a promissory note.
• One who writes verses; a poet.
Makeshift
n.
• That with which one makes shift; a temporary expedient.
Makeweight
n.
• That which is thrown into a scale to make weight; something of little account added to supply a deficiency or fill a gap.
Maki
n.
(Zool.) A lemur.
Making
n.
• The act of one who makes; workmanship; fabrication; construction; as, this is cloth of your own making; the making of peace or war was in his power.
• Composition, or structure.
• a poem.
• That which establishes or places in a desirable state or condition; the material of which something may be made; as, early misfortune was the making of him.
• External appearance; from.
Mala
n.
• Evils; wrongs; offenses against right and law.
Malabar
n.
• A region in the western part of the Peninsula of India, between the mountains and the sea.
Malacca
n.
• A town and district upon the seacoast of the Malay Peninsula.
Malachite
n.
(Min.) Native hydrous carbonate of copper, usually occurring in green mammillary masses with concentric fibrous structure.
Malacissant
a.
• Softening; relaxing.
Malacissation
n.
• The act of making soft or supple.
Malacobdella
n.
(Zool.) A genus of nemertean worms, parasitic in the gill cavity of clams and other bivalves. They have a large posterior sucker, like that of a leech.
Malacoderm
n.
(Zool.) One of a tribe of beetles (Malacodermata), with a soft and flexible body, as the fireflies.
Malacolite
n.
(Min.) A variety of pyroxene.
Malacologist
n.
• One versed in the science of malacology.
Malacology
n.
• The science which relates to the structure and habits of mollusks.
Malacopoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) A class of air-breathing Arthropoda; — called also Protracheata, and Onychophora.
Malacopterygian
n.
(Zool.) One of the Malacopterygii.
Malacopterygii
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of fishes in which the fin rays, except the anterior ray of the pectoral and dorsal fins, are closely jointed, and not spiny. It includes the carp, pike, salmon, shad, etc. Called also Malacopteri.
Malacopterygious
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to the Malacopterygii.
Malacosteon
n.
(Med.) A peculiar disease of the bones, in consequence of which they become softened and capable of being bent without breaking.
Malacostomous
a.
(Zool.) Having soft jaws without teeth, as certain fishes.
Malacostraca
n. pl.
(Zool.) A subclass of Crustacea, including Arthrostraca and Thoracostraca, or all those higher than the Entomostraca.
Malacostracan
n.
(Zool.) One of the Malacostraca.
Malacostracology
n.
• That branch of zoological science which relates to the crustaceans; — called also carcinology.
Malacostracous
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to the Malacostraca.
Malacozoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) An extensive group of Invertebrata, including the Mollusca, Brachiopoda, and Bryozoa. Called also Malacozoaria.
Malacozoic
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Malacozoa.
Maladdress
n.
• Bad address; an awkward, tactless, or offensive way of accosting one or talking with one.
Maladjustment
n.
• A bad adjustment.
Maladministration
n.
• Bad administration; bad management of any business, especially of public affairs.
Maladroit
a.
• Of a quality opposed to adroitness; clumsy; awkward; unskillful.
Malady
n.
• Any disease of the human body; a distemper, disorder, or indisposition, proceeding from impaired, defective, or morbid organic functions; especially, a lingering or deep-seated disorder.
• A moral or mental defect or disorder.
Malaga
n.
• A city and a province of Spain, on the Mediterranean. Hence, Malaga grapes, Malaga raisins, Malaga wines.
Malagash
n.
• Same as Malagasy.
Malagasy
n. sing. & pl.
• A native or natives of Madagascar; also (sing.), the language.
Malaise
n.
(Med.) An indefinite feeling of uneasiness, or of being sick or ill at ease.
Malamate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of malamic acid.
Malambo
n.
• A yellowish aromatic bark, used in medicine and perfumery, said to be from the South American shrub Croton Malambo.
Malamethane
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline substance forming the ethyl salt of malamic acid.
Malamic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining an acid intermediate between malic acid and malamide, and known only by its salts.
Malamide
n.
(Chem.) The acid amide derived from malic acid, as a white crystalline substance metameric with asparagine.
Malanders
n. pl.
(Far.) A scurfy eruption in the bend of the knee of the fore leg of a horse.
Malapert
a.
• Bold; forward; impudent; saucy; pert. Shak.
n.
• A malapert person.
Malapropism
n.
• A grotesque misuse of a word; a word so used.
Malapropos
a. & adv.
• Unseasonable or unseasonably; unsuitable or unsuitably.
Malapterurus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of African siluroid fishes, including the electric catfishes.
Malar
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the region of the cheek bone, or to the malar bone; jugal.
n.
(Anat.) The cheek bone, which forms a part of the lower edge of the orbit.
Malaria
n.
• Air infected with some noxious substance capable of engendering disease; esp., an unhealthy exhalation from certain soils, as marshy or wet lands, producing fevers; miasma.
(Med.) A morbid condition produced by exhalations from decaying vegetable matter in contact with moisture, giving rise to fever and ague and many other symptoms characterized by their tendency to recur at definite and usually uniform intervals.
Malashaganay
n.
(Zool.) The fresh-water drumfish (Haploidonotus grunniens).
Malassimilation
n.
(Physiol.) Imperfect digestion of the several leading constituents of the food.
• An imperfect elaboration by the tissues of the materials brought to them by the blood.
Malate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of malic acid.
Malaxation
n.
• The act of softening by mixing with a thinner substance; the formation of ingredients into a mass for pills or plasters.
Malaxator
n.
• One who, or that which, malaxates; esp., a machine for grinding, kneading, or stirring into a pasty or doughy mass.
Malay
n.
• One of a race of a brown or copper complexion in the Malay Peninsula and the western islands of the Indian Archipelago.
Malayalam
n.
• The name given to one the cultivated Dravidian languages, closely related to the Tamil.
Malbrouck
n.
(Zool.) A West African arboreal monkey (Cercopithecus cynosurus).
Malconformation
n.
• Imperfect, disproportionate, or abnormal formation; ill form; disproportion of parts.
Malcontent
a.
• discontented; uneasy; dissatisfied; especially, dissatisfied with the government.
n.
• One who discontented; especially, a discontented subject of a government; one who express his discontent by words or overt acts.
Malcontented
a.
• Malcontent.
Maldanian
n.
(Zool.) Any species of marine annelids of the genus Maldane, or family Maldanidae. They have a slender, round body, and make tubes in the sand or mud.
Male
a.
• Evil; wicked; bad.
n.
• Same as Mail, a bag.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the sex that begets or procreates young, or (in a wider sense) to the sex that produces spermatozoa, by which the ova are fertilized; not female; as, male organs.
(Bot.) Capable of producing fertilization, but not of bearing fruit; — said of stamens and antheridia, and of the plants, or parts of plants, which bear them.
• Suitable to the male sex; characteristic or suggestive of a male; masculine; as, male courage.
• Consisting of males; as, a male choir.
(Mech.) Adapted for entering another corresponding piece (the female piece) which is hollow and which it fits; as, a male gauge, for gauging the size or shape of a hole; a male screw, etc.
n.
• An animal of the male sex.
(Bot.) A plant bearing only staminate flowers.
Maleate
n.
• A salt of maleic acid.
Malebranchism
n.
• The philosophical system of Malebranche, an eminent French metaphysician. The fundamental doctrine of his system is that the mind can not have knowledge of anything external to itself except in its relation to God.
Maleconformation
n.
• Malconformation.
Malecontent
a.
• Malcontent.
Maledicency
n.
• Evil speaking.
Maledicent
a.
• Speaking reproachfully; slanderous.
Maledict
a.
• Accursed; abominable.
Malediction
n.
• A proclaiming of evil against some one; a cursing; imprecation; a curse or execration; — opposed to benediction.
Malefaction
n.
• A crime; an offense; an evil deed.
Malefactor
n.
• An evil doer; one who commits a crime; one subject to public prosecution and punishment; a criminal.
• One who does wrong by injuring another, although not a criminal.
Malefactress
n.
• A female malefactor.
Malefic
a.
• Doing mischief; causing harm or evil; nefarious; hurtful.
Malefice
n.
• An evil deed; artifice; enchantment.
Maleficence
n.
• Evil doing, esp. to others.
Maleficent
a.
• Doing evil to others; harmful; mischievous.
Maleficial
a.
• Injurious.
Maleficiate
v. t.
• To bewitch; to harm.
Maleficiation
n.
• A bewitching.
Maleficience
n.
• The doing of evil, harm, or mischief.
Maleficient
a.
• Doing evil, harm, or mischief.
Maleic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of the ethylene series, metameric with fumaric acid and obtained by heating malic acid.
Malengine
n.
• Evil machination; guile; deceit.
Maleo
n.
(Zool.) A bird of Celebes (megacephalon maleo), allied to the brush turkey. It makes mounds in which to lay its eggs.
Malet
n.
• A little bag or budget.
Malevolence
n.
• The quality or state of being malevolent; evil disposition toward another; inclination to injure others; ill will.
Malevolent
a.
• Wishing evil; disposed to injure others; rejoicing in another's misfortune.
Malevolently
adv.
• In a malevolent manner.
Malevolous
a.
• Malevolent.
Malexecution
n.
• Bad execution.
Maleyl
n.
(Chem.) A hypothetical radical derived from maleic acid.
Malfeasance
n.
(Law) The doing of an act which a person ought not to do; evil conduct; an illegal deed.
Malformation
n.
• Ill formation; irregular or anomalous formation; abnormal or wrong conformation or structure.
Malgracious
a.
• Not graceful; displeasing.
Malic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, apples; as, malic acid.
Malice
n.
• Enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; a spirit delighting in harm or misfortune to another; a disposition to injure another; a malignant design of evil.
(Law) Any wicked or mischievous intention of the mind; a depraved inclination to mischief; an intention to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or to do a wrongful act without just cause or cause or excuse; a wanton disregard of the rights or safety of others; willfulness.
v. t.
• To regard with extreme ill will.
Malicho
n.
• Mischief.
Malicious
a.
• Indulging or exercising malice; harboring ill will or enmity.
• Proceeding from hatred or ill will; dictated by malice; as, a malicious report; malicious mischief.
(Law) With wicked or mischievous intentions or motives; wrongful and done intentionally without just cause or excuse; as, a malicious act.
Malign
a.
• Having an evil disposition toward others; harboring violent enmity; malevolent; malicious; spiteful; — opposed to benign.
• Unfavorable; unpropitious; pernicious; tending to injure; as, a malign aspect of planets.
• Malignant; as, a malign ulcer.
v. t.
• To treat with malice; to show hatred toward; to abuse; to wrong; to injure
• To speak great evil of; to traduce; to defame; to slander; to vilify; to asperse.
v. i.
• To entertain malice.
Malignant
a.
• Disposed to do harm, inflict suffering, or cause distress; actuated by extreme malevolence or enmity; virulently inimical; bent on evil; malicious.
• Characterized or caused by evil intentions; pernicious.
(Med.) Tending to produce death; threatening a fatal issue; virulent; as, malignant diphtheria.
n.
• A man of extrems enmity or evil intentions.
(Eng. Hist.) One of the adherents of Charles L. or Charles LL.; — so called by the opposite party.
Malignantly
adv.
• In a malignant manner.
Maligner
n.
• One who maligns.
Malignify
v. t.
• To make malign or malignant.
Malignity
n.
• The state or quality of being malignant; disposition to do evil; virulent enmity; malignancy; malice; spite.
• Virulence; deadly quality.
• Extreme evilness of nature or influence; perniciousness; heinousness; as, the malignity of fraud.
Malignly
adv.
• In a malign manner; with malignity.
Malinger
v. i.
• To act the part of a malingerer; to feign illness or inability.
Malingerer
n.
• In the army, a soldier who feigns himself sick, or who induces or protracts an illness, in order to avoid doing his duty; hence, in general, one who shirks his duty by pretending illness or inability.
Malingery
n.
• The spirit or practices of a malingerer; malingering.
Malison
n.
• Malediction; curse; execration.
Malkin
n.
• Originally, a kitchenmaid; a slattern.
• A mop made of clouts, used by the kitchen servant.
• A scarecrow.
(Mil.) A mop or sponge attached to a jointed staff for swabbing out a cannon.
Mall
n.
• A large heavy wooden beetle; a mallet for driving anything with force; a maul.
• A heavy blow.
• An old game played with malls or mallets and balls.
• A place where the game of mall was played. Hence: A public walk; a level shaded walk.
v. t.
• To beat with a mall; to beat with something heavy; to bruise; to maul.
n.
• Formerly, among Teutonic nations, a meeting of the notables of a state for the transaction of public business, such meeting being a modification of the ancient popular assembly
• A court of justice
• A place where justice is administered
• A place where public meetings are held.
Mallard
n.
(Zool.) A drake; the male of Anas boschas.
(Zool.) A large wild duck (Anas boschas) inhabiting both America and Europe. The domestic duck has descended from this species. Called also greenhead.
Malleability
n.
• The quality or state of being malleable; — opposed to friability and brittleness.
Malleable
a.
• Capable of being extended or shaped by beating with a hammer, or by the pressure of rollers; — applied to metals.
Malleableize
v. t.
• To make malleable.
Malleableness
n.
• Quality of being malleable.
Malleal
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the malleus.
Malleate
v. t.
• To hammer; to beat into a plate or leaf.
Malleation
n.
• The act or process of beating into a plate, sheet, or leaf, as a metal; extension by beating.
Mallecho
n.
• Same as Malicho.
Mallenders
n. pl.
(Far.) Same as Malanders.
Malleolar
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the malleolus; in the region of the malleoli of the ankle joint.
Malleolus
n.
(Anat.) A projection at the distal end of each bone of the leg at the ankle joint. The malleolus of the tibia is the internal projection, that of the fibula the external.
• " A layer, " a shoot partly buried in the ground, and there cut halfway through.
Mallet
n.
• A small maul with a short handle, — used esp. for driving a tool, as a chisel or the like; also, a light beetle with a long handle, — used in playing croquet.
Malleus
n.
(Anat.) The outermost of the three small auditory bones, ossicles; the hammer. It is attached to the tympanic membrane by a long process, the handle or manubrium.
(Zool.) One of the hard lateral pieces of the mastax of Rotifera.
(Zool.) A genus of bivalve shells; the hammer shell.
Mallophaga
n. pl.
(Zool.) An extensive group of insects which are parasitic on birds and mammals, and feed on the feathers and hair; — called also bird lice.
Mallotus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of small Arctic fishes. One American species, the capelin (Mallotus villosus), is extensively used as bait for cod.
Mallowwort
n.
(Bot.) Any plant of the order Malvaceae.
Malma
n.
(Zool.) A spotted trout (Salvelinus malma), inhabiting Northern America, west of the Rocky Mountains; — called also Dolly Varden trout, bull trout, red-spotted trout, and golet.
Malmag
n.
(Zool.) The tarsius, or spectral lemur.
Malmsey
n.
• A kind of sweet wine from Crete, the Canary Islands, etc.
Malnutrition
n.
(Physiol.) Faulty or imperfect nutrition.
Malobservation
n.
• Erroneous observation.
Malodor
n.
• An Offensive to the sense of smell; ill-smelling.
Malonate
a.
(Chem.) At salt of malonic acid.
Malonic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid produced artifically as a white crystalline substance, CH2.(CO2H)2, and so called because obtained by the oxidation of malic acid.
Malonyl
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, CH2.(CO)2, from malonic acid.
Malpighia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of tropical American shrubs with opposite leaves and small white or reddish flowers. The drupes of Malpighia urens are eaten under the name of Barbadoes cherries.
Malpighiaceous
a.
(Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of tropical trees and shrubs (Malpighiaceae), some of them climbing plants, and their stems forming many of the curious lianes of South American forests.
Malpighian
a.
(Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Marcello Malpighi, an Italian anatomist of the 17th century.
Malposition
n.
• A wrong position.
Malpractice
n.
• Evil practice; illegal or immoral conduct; practice contrary to established rules; specifically, the treatment of a case by a surgeon or physician in a manner which is contrary to accepted rules and productive of unfavorable results.
Malt
n.
• Barley or other grain, steeped in water and dried in a kiln, thus forcing germination until the saccharine principle has been evolved. It is used in brewing and in the distillation of whisky.
a.
• Relating to, containing, or made with, malt.
v. t.
• To make into malt; as, to malt barley.
v. i.
• To become malt; also, to make grain into malt.
Maltalent
n.
• Ill will; malice.
Maltese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Malta or to its inhabitants.
n. sing. & pl.
• A native or inhabitant of Malta; the people of Malta.
Maltha
n.
• A variety of bitumen, viscid and tenacious, like pitch, unctuous to the touch, and exhaling a bituminous odor.
• Mortar.
Malthusian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the political economist, the Rev. T. R. Malthus, or conforming to his views; as, Malthusian theories.
Malthusianism
n.
• The system of Malthusian doctrines relating to population.
Malting
n.
• The process of making, or of becoming malt.
Maltman
n.
• A man whose occupation is to make malt.
Maltonic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, maltose; specif., designating an acid called also gluconic or dextronic acid.
Maltose
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A crystalline sugar formed from starch by the action of distance of malt, and the amylolytic ferment of saliva and pancreatic juice. It resembles dextrose, but rotates the plane of polarized light further to the right and possesses a lower cupric oxide reducing power.
Maltreament
n.
• Ill treatment; ill usage; abuse.
Maltreat
v. t.
• To treat ill; to abuse; to treat roughly.
Maltster
n.
• A maltman.
Maltworm
n.
• A tippler.
Malty
a.
• Consisting, or like, malt.
Malum
n.
• An evil.
Malvaceous
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Malvaceae), of which the mallow is the type. The cotton plant, hollyhock, and abutilon are of this order, and the baobab and the silk-cotton trees are now referred to it.
Malversation
n.
• Evil conduct; fraudulent practices; misbehavior, corruption, or extortion in office.
Malvesie
n.
• Malmsey wine.
Mamaluke
n.
• Same as Mameluke.
Mamelon
n.
• A rounded hillock; a rounded elevation or protuberance.
Mameluco
n.
• A child born of a white father and Indian mother.
Mameluke
n.
• One of a body of mounted soldiers recruited from slaves converted to Mohammedanism, who, during several centuries, had more or less control of the government of Egypt, until exterminated or dispersed by Mehemet Ali in 1811.
Mamgabey
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several African monkeys of the genus Cercocebus, as the sooty mangabey (C. fuliginosus), which is sooty black.
Mamma
n.
• Mother; — word of tenderness and familiarity.
n.
(Anat.) A glandular organ for secreting milk, characteristic of all mammals, but usually rudimentary in the male; a mammary gland; a breast; under; bag.
Mammal
n.
(Zool.) One of the Mammalia.
Mammalia
n. pl.
(Zool.) The highest class of Vertebrata. The young are nourished for a time by milk, or an analogous fluid, secreted by the mammary glands of the mother.
Mammalian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Mammalia or mammals.
Mammaliferous
a.
(Geol.) Containing mammalian remains; — said of certain strata.
Mammalogical
a.
• Of or pertaining to mammalogy.
Mammalogist
n.
• One versed in mammalogy.
Mammalogy
n.
• The science which relates to mammals or the Mammalia.
Mammary
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mammae or breasts; as, the mammary arteries and veins.
Mammee
n.
(Bot.) A fruit tree of tropical America, belonging to the genus Mammea (M. Americana); also, its fruit. The latter is large, covered with a thick, tough ring, and contains a bright yellow pulp of a pleasant taste and fragrant scent. It is often called mammee apple.
Mammer
v. i.
• To hesitate; to mutter doubtfully.
Mammet
n.
• An idol; a puppet; a doll.
Mammifer
n.
(Zool.) A mammal.
Mammiferous
a.
• Having breasts; of, pertaining to, or derived from, the Mammalia.
Mammiform
a.
• Having the form of a mamma (breast) or mammae.
Mammilla
n.
(Anat.) The nipple.
Mammillary
a.
• Of or pertaining to the mammilla, or nipple, or to the breast; resembling a mammilla; mammilloid.
(Min.) Composed of convex convex concretions, somewhat resembling the breasts in form; studded with small mammiform protuberances.
Mammilliform
a.
• Having the form of a mammilla.
Mammilloid
a.
• Like a mammilla or nipple; mammilliform.
Mammock
n.
• A shapeless piece; a fragment.
v. t.
• To tear to pieces.
Mammodis
n.
• Coarse plain India muslins.
Mammology
n.
• Mastology.
Mammon
n.
• Riches; wealth; the god of riches; riches, personified.
Mammonish
a.
• Actuated or prompted by a devotion to money getting or the service of Mammon.
Mammonism
n.
• Devotion to the pursuit of wealth; worldliness.
Mammonist
n.
• A mammonite.
Mammonite
n.
• One devoted to the acquisition of wealth or the service of Mammon.
Mammonization
n.
• The process of making mammonish; the state of being under the influence of mammonism.
Mammonize
v. t.
• To make mammonish.
Mammose
a.
(Bot.) Having the form of the breast; breast-shaped.
Mammoth
n.
(Zool.) An extinct, hairy, maned elephant (Elephas primigenius), of enormous size, remains of which are found in the northern parts of both continents. The last of the race, in Europe, were coeval with prehistoric man.
a.
• Resembling the mammoth in size; very large; gigantic; as, a mammoth ox.
Mammothrept
n.
• A child brought up by its grandmother; a spoiled child.
Mammy
n.
• A child's name for mamma, mother.
Mamzer
n.
• A person born of relations between whom marriage was forbidden by the Mosaic law; a bastard.
Man
n.
• A human being; — opposed tobeast.
• Especially: An adult male person; a grown-up male person, as distinguished from a woman or a child.
• The human race; mankind.
• The male portion of the human race.
• One possessing in a high degree the distinctive qualities of manhood; one having manly excellence of any kind.
• An adult male servant; also, a vassal; a subject.
• A term of familiar address often implying on the part of the speaker some degree of authority, impatience, or haste; as, Come, man, we 've no time to lose !
• A married man; a husband; — correlative to wife
• One, or any one, indefinitely; — a modified survival of the Saxon use of man, or mon, as an indefinite pronoun.
• One of the piece with which certain games, as chess or draughts, are played.
v. t.
• To supply with men; to furnish with a sufficient force or complement of men, as for management, service, defense, or the like; to guard; as, to man a ship, boat, or fort.
• To furnish with strength for action; to prepare for efficiency; to fortify.
• To tame, as a hawk.
• To furnish with a servants.
• To wait on as a manservant.
Man
n.
• Mamma.
Manable
a.
• Marriageable.
Manace
n. & v.
• Same as Menace.
Manacle
n.
• A handcuff; a shackle for the hand or wrist; — usually in the plural.
v. t.
• To put handcuffs or other fastening upon, for confining the hands; to shackle; to confine; to restrain from the use of the limbs or natural powers.
Manage
n.
• The handling or government of anything, but esp. of a horse; management; administration.
v. t.
• To have under control and direction; to conduct; to guide; to administer; to treat; to handle.
• Hence: Esp., to guide by careful or delicate treatment; to wield with address; to make subservient by artful conduct; to bring around cunningly to one's plans.
• To train in the manege, as a horse; to exercise in graceful or artful action.
• To treat with care; to husband.
• To bring about; to contrive.
v. i.
• To direct affairs; to carry on business or affairs; to administer.
Manageability
n.
• The state or quality of being manageable; manageableness.
Manageable
a.
• Such as can be managed or used; suffering control; governable; tractable; subservient; as, a manageable horse.
Manageless
a.
• Unmanageable.
Management
n.
• The act or art of managing; the manner of treating, directing, carrying on, or using, for a purpose; conduct; administration; guidance; control; as, the management of a family or of a farm; the management of state affairs.
• Business dealing; negotiation; arrangement.
• Judicious use of means to accomplish an end; conduct directed by art or address; skillful treatment; cunning practice; — often in a bad sense.
• The collective body of those who manage or direct any enterprise or interest; the board of managers.
Manager
n.
• One who manages; a conductor or director; as, the manager of a theater.
• A person who conducts business or household affairs with economy and frugality; a good economist.
• A contriver; an intriguer.
Managerial
a.
• Of or pertaining to management or a manager; as, managerial qualities.
Managership
n.
• The office or position of a manager.
Managery
n.
• Management; manner of using; conduct; direction.
• Husbandry; economy; frugality.
Manakin
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous small birds belonging to Pipra, Manacus, and other genera of the family Pipridae. They are mostly natives of Central and South America. some are bright-colored, and others have the wings and tail curiously ornamented. The name is sometimes applied to related birds of other families.
n.
• A dwarf.
Manatee
n.
(Zool.) Any species of Trichechus, a genus of sirenians; — called alsosea cow.
Manation
n.
• The act of issuing or flowing out.
Manbote
n.
(Anglo-Saxon Law) A sum paid to a lord as a pecuniary compensation for killing his man (that is, his vassal, servant, or tenant).
Manche
n.
• A sleeve.
Manchet
n.
• Fine white bread; a loaf of fine bread.
Manchineel
n.
(Bot.) A euphorbiaceous tree (Hippomane Mancinella) of tropical America, having a poisonous and blistering milky juice, and poisonous acrid fruit somewhat resembling an apple.
Manchu
a.
• Of or pertaining to Manchuria or its inhabitants.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Manchuria; also, the language spoken by the Manchus.
Mancipate
v. t.
• To enslave; to bind; to restrict.
Mancipation
n.
• Slavery; involuntary servitude.
Manciple
n.
• A steward; a purveyor, particularly of a college or Inn of Court.
Mancus
n.
• An old Anglo Saxon coin both of gold and silver, and of variously estimated values. The silver mancus was equal to about one shilling of modern English money.
Mand
n.
• A demand.
Mandamus
n.
(Law) A writ issued by a superior court and directed to some inferior tribunal, or to some corporation or person exercising authority, commanding the performance of some specified duty.
Mandarin
n.
• A Chinese public officer or nobleman; a civil or military official in China and Annam.
(Bot.) A small orange, with easily separable rind. It is thought to be of Chinese origin, and is counted a distinct species (Citrus nobilis)mandarin orange; tangerine —>.
Mandarinate
n.
• The collective body of officials or persons of rank in China.
Mandarinic
a.
• Appropriate or peculiar to a mandarin.
Mandarining
n.
(Dyeing) The process of giving an orange color to goods formed of animal tissue, as silk or wool, not by coloring matter, but by producing a certain change in the fiber by the action of dilute nitric acid.
Mandarinism
n.
• A government mandarins; character or spirit of the mandarins.
Mandatary
n.
• One to whom a command or charge is given; hence, specifically, a person to whom the pope has, by his prerogative, given a mandate or order for his benefice.
(Law) One who undertakes to discharge a specific business commission; a mandatory.
Mandate
n.
• An official or authoritative command; an order or injunction; a commission; a judicial precept.
(Canon Law) A rescript of the pope, commanding an ordinary collator to put the person therein named in possession of the first vacant benefice in his collation.
(Scots Law) A contract by which one employs another to manage any business for him. By the Roman law, it must have been gratuitous.
Mandator
n.
• A director; one who gives a mandate or order.
(Rom. Law) The person who employs another to perform a mandate.
Mandatory
a.
• Containing a command; preceptive; directory.
n.
• Same as Mandatary.
Mandelate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of mandelic acid.
Mandelic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to an acid first obtained from benzoic aldehyde (oil of better almonds), as a white crystalline substance; — called also phenyl glycolic acid.
Manderil
n.
• A mandrel.
Mandible
n.
(Anat.) The bone, or principal bone, of the lower jaw; the inferior maxilla; — also applied to either the upper or the lower jaw in the beak of birds.
(Zool.) The anterior pair of mouth organs of insects, crustaceaus, and related animals, whether adapted for biting or not.
Mandibular
a.
• Of or pertaining to a mandible; like a mandible.
n.
• The principal mandibular bone; the mandible.
Mandibulate
n.
(Zool.) An insect having mandibles.
Mandibuliform
a.
(Zool.) Having the form of a mandible; — said especially of the maxillae of an insect when hard and adapted for biting.
Mandibulohyoid
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining both to the mandibular and the hyoid arch, or situated between them.
Mandil
n.
• A loose outer garment worn the 16th and 17th centuries.
Mandingos
n. pl.
• ; sing. Mandingo. (Ethnol.) An extensive and powerful tribe of West African negroes.
Mandlestone
n.
(Min.) Amygdaloid.
Mandment
n.
• Commandment.
Mandore
n.
(Mus.) A kind of four-stringed lute.
Mandragora
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants; the mandrake.
Mandragorite
n.
• One who habitually intoxicates himself with a narcotic obtained from mandrake.
Mandrake
n.
(Bot.) A low plant (Mandragora officinarum) of the Nightshade family, having a fleshy root, often forked, and supposed to resemble a man. It was therefore supposed to have animal life, and to cry out when pulled up. All parts of the plant are strongly narcotic. It is found in the Mediterranean region.
(Bot.) The May apple (Podophyllum peltatum).
Mandrel
n.
(Mach.) A bar of metal inserted in the work to shape it, or to hold it, as in a lathe, during the process of manufacture; an arbor.
• The live spindle of a turning lathe; the revolving arbor of a circular saw. It is usually driven by a pulley.
Mandrill
n.
(Zool.) a large West African baboon (Cynocephalus, or Papio, mormon). The adult male has, on the sides of the nose, large, naked, grooved swellings, conspicuously striped with blue and red.
Manducable
a.
• Such as can be chewed; fit to be eaten.
Manducate
v. t.
• To masticate; to chew; to eat.
Manducation
n.
• The act of chewing.
Manducatory
a.
• Pertaining to, or employed in, chewing.
Manductor
n.
(Mus.) A conductor; an officer in the ancient church who gave the signal for the choir to sing, and who beat time with the hand, and regulated the music.
Manducus
n.
(Gr. & Rom. Antiq.) A grotesque mask, representing a person chewing or grimacing, worn in processions and by comic actors on the stage.
Mane
n.
• The long and heavy hair growing on the upper side of, or about, the neck of some quadrupedal animals, as the horse, the lion, etc.
Maned
a.
• Having a mane.
Manege
n.
• Art of horsemanship, or of training horses
• A school for teaching horsemanship, and for training horses.
Maneh
n.
• A Hebrew weight for gold or silver, being one hundred shekels of gold and sixty shekels of silver.
Maneless
a.
• Having no mane.
Manequin
n.
• An artist's model of wood or other material.
Manes
n. pl.
(Rom. Antiq.) The benevolent spirits of the dead, especially of dead ancestors, regarded as family deities and protectors.
Manesheet
n.
• A covering placed over the upper part of a horse's head.
Maneticness
n.
• Magneticalness.
Manful
a.
• Showing manliness, or manly spirit; hence, brave, courageous, resolute, noble.
Manganate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of manganic acid.
Manganesate
n.
(Chem.) A manganate.
Manganese
n.
(Chem.) An element obtained by reduction of its oxide, as a hard, grayish white metal, fusible with difficulty, but easily oxidized. Its ores occur abundantly in nature as the minerals pyrolusite, manganite, etc. Symbol Mn. Atomic weight 54.8.
Manganesian
a.
(Chem.) Manganic.
Manganesic
a.
(Chem.) Manganic.
Manganesious
a.
(Chem.) Manganous.
Manganesium
n.
• Manganese.
Manganesous
a.
(Chem.) Manganous.
Manganic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to resembling, or containing, manganese; specif., designating compounds in which manganese has a higher valence as contrasted with manganous compounds. Cf. Manganous.
Manganiferous
a.
• Containing manganese.
Manganite
n.
(Min.) One of the oxides of manganese; — called also gray manganese ore. It occurs in brilliant steel-gray or iron-black crystals, also massive.
(Chem.) A compound of manganese dioxide with a metallic oxide; so called as though derived from the hypothetical manganous acid.
Manganium
n.
• Manganese.
Manganous
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, designating, those compounds of manganese in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with manganic compounds; as, manganous oxide.
Mangcorn
n.
• A mixture of wheat and rye, or other species of grain.
Mange
n.
(Vet.) The scab or itch in cattle, dogs, and other beasts.
Manger
n.
• A trough or open box in which fodder is placed for horses or cattle to eat.
(Naut.) The fore part of the deck, having a bulkhead athwart ships high enough to prevent water which enters the hawse holes from running over it.
Mangily
adv.
• In a mangy manner; scabbily.
Manginess
n.
• The condition or quality of being mangy.
Mangle
v. t.
• To cut or bruise with repeated blows or strokes, making a ragged or torn wound, or covering with wounds; to tear in cutting; to cut in a bungling manner; to lacerate; to mutilate.
• To mutilate or injure, in making, doing, or pertaining; as, to mangle a piece of music or a recitation.
n.
• A machine for smoothing linen or cotton cloth, as sheets, tablecloths, napkins, and clothing, by roller pressure.
v. t.
• To smooth with a mangle, as damp linen or cloth.
Mangler
n.
• One who mangles or tears in cutting; one who mutilates any work in doing it.
n.
• One who smooths with a mangle.
Mango
n.
• The fruit of the mango tree. It is rather larger than an apple, and of an ovoid shape. Some varieties are fleshy and luscious, and others tough and tasting of turpentine. The green fruit is pickled for market.
• A green muskmelon stuffed and pickled.
Mangonel
n.
• A military engine formerly used for throwing stones and javelins.
Mangonism
n.
• The art of mangonizing, or setting off to advantage.
Mangonist
n.
• One who mangonizes. (Zool.)
• A slave dealer; also, a strumpet.
Mangonize
v. t.
• To furbish up for sale; to set off to advantage.
Mangrove
n.
(Bot.) The name of one or two trees of the genus Rhizophora (R. Mangle, and R. mucronata, the last doubtfully distinct) inhabiting muddy shores of tropical regions, where they spread by emitting aerial roots, which fasten in the saline mire and eventually become new stems. The seeds also send down a strong root while yet attached to the parent plant.
(Zool.) The mango fish.
Mangue
n.
(Zool.) The kusimanse.
Mangy
a.
• Infected with the mange; scabby.
Manhead
n.
• Manhood.
Manhole
n.
• A hole through which a man may descend or creep into a drain, sewer, steam boiler, parts of machinery, etc., for cleaning or repairing.
Manhood
n.
• The state of being man as a human being, or man as distinguished from a child or a woman.
• Manly quality; courage; bravery; resolution.
Mania
n.
• Violent derangement of mind; madness; insanity. Cf. Delirium.
• Excessive or unreasonable desire; insane passion affecting one or many people; as, the tulip mania.
Maniable
a.
• Manageable.
Maniac
a.
• Raving with madness; raging with disordered intellect; affected with mania; mad.
n.
• A raving lunatic; a madman.
Maniacal
a.
• Affected with, or characterized by, madness; maniac.
Manicate
a.
(Bot.) Covered with hairs or pubescence so platted together and interwoven as to form a mass easily removed.
Manicheist
n.
• Manichaean.
Manicure
n.
• A person who makes a business of taking care of people's hands, especially their nails.
Manid
n.
(Zool.) Any species of the genus Manis, or family Manidae.
Manie
n.
• Mania; insanity.
Manifest
a.
• Evident to the senses, esp. to the sight; apparent; distinctly perceived; hence, obvious to the understanding; apparent to the mind; easily apprehensible; plain; not obscure or hidden.
• Detected; convicted; — with of.
n.
• A public declaration; an open statement; a manifesto.
• A list or invoice of a ship's cargo, containing a description by marks, numbers, etc., of each package of goods, to be exhibited at the customhouse.
v. t.
• To show plainly; to make to appear distinctly, — usually to the mind; to put beyond question or doubt; to display; to exhibit.
• To exhibit the manifests or prepared invoices of; to declare at the customhouse.
Manifestable
a.
• Such as can be manifested.
Manifestation
n.
• The act of manifesting or disclosing, or the state of being manifested; discovery to the eye or to the understanding; also, that which manifests; exhibition; display; revelation; as, the manifestation of God's power in creation.
Manifestible
a.
• Manifestable.
Manifestly
adv.
• In a manifest manner.
Manifestness
n.
• The quality or state of being manifest; obviousness.
Manifesto
n.
• A public declaration, usually of a prince, sovereign, or other person claiming large powers, showing his intentions, or proclaiming his opinions and motives in reference to some act done or contemplated by him; as, a manifesto declaring the purpose of a prince to begin war, and explaining his motives.
Manifold
a.
• Various in kind or quality; many in number; numerous; multiplied; complicated.
• Exhibited at divers times or in various ways; — used to qualify nouns in the singular number.
n.
• A copy of a writing made by the manifold process.
(Mech.) A cylindrical pipe fitting, having a number of lateral outlets, for connecting one pipe with several others.
• The third stomach of a ruminant animal.
v. t.
• To take copies of by the process of manifold writing; as, to manifold a letter.
Manifolded
a.
• Having many folds, layers, or plates; as, a manifolded shield.
Manifoldly
adv.
• In a manifold manner.
Manifoldness
n.
• Multiplicity.
(Math.) A generalized concept of magnitude.
Maniform
a.
• Shaped like the hand.
Maniglion
n.
(Gun.) Either one of two handles on the back of a piece of ordnance.
Manikin
n.
• A little man; a dwarf; a pygmy; a manakin.
• A model of the human body, made of papier-mache or other material, commonly in detachable pieces, for exhibiting the different parts and organs, their relative position, etc.
Manilla
n.
• A ring worn upon the arm or leg as an ornament, especially among the tribes of Africa.
• A piece of copper of the shape of a horseshoe, used as money by certain tribes of the west coast of Africa.
a.
• Same as Manila.
Manioc
n.
(Bot.) The tropical plants (Manihot utilissima, and M. Aipi), from which cassava and tapioca are prepared; also, cassava
Maniple
n.
• A handful
• A division of the Roman army numbering sixty men exclusive of officers, any small body of soldiers; a company.
• Originally, a napkin; later, an ornamental band or scarf worn upon the left arm as a part of the vestments of a priest in the Roman Catholic Church. It is sometimes worn in the English Church service.
Manipular
a.
• Of or pertaining to the maniple, or company.
• Manipulatory; as, manipular operations.
Manipulate
v. t.
• To treat, work, or operate with the hands, especially when knowledge and dexterity are required; to manage in hand work; to handle; as, to manipulate scientific apparatus.
• To control the action of, by management; as, to manipulate a convention of delegates; to manipulate the stock market; also, to manage artfully or fraudulently; as, to manipulate accounts, or election returns.
v. i.
• To use the hands in dexterous operations; to do hand work; specifically, to manage the apparatus or instruments used in scientific work, or in artistic or mechanical processes; also, specifically, to use the hand in mesmeric operations.
Manipulation
n.
• The act or process of manipulating, or the state of being manipulated; the act of handling work by hand; use of the hands, in an artistic or skillful manner, in science or art.
• The use of the hands in mesmeric operations.
• Artful management; as, the manipulation of political bodies; sometimes, a management or treatment for purposes of deception or fraud.
Manipulative
a.
• Of or pertaining to manipulation; performed by manipulation.
Manipulator
n.
• One who manipulates
Manipulatory
a.
• Of or pertaining to manipulation.
Manis
n.
(Zool.) A genus of edentates, covered with large, hard, triangular scales, with sharp edges that overlap each other like tiles on a roof. They inhabit the warmest parts of Asia and Africa, and feed on ants. Called also Scaly anteater.
Manitrunk
n.
(Zool.) The anterior segment of the thorax in insects.
Mankind
n.
• The human race; man, taken collectively.
• Men, as distinguished from women; the male portion of human race.
• Human feelings; humanity.
a.
• Manlike; not womanly; masculine; bold; cruel.
Manks
a.
• Of or pertaining to the language or people of the of Man.
n.
• The language spoken in the Isle of Man.
Manless
a.
• Destitute of men.
• Unmanly; inhuman.
Manlessly
adv.
• Inhumanly.
Manlike
a.
• Like man, or like a man, in form or nature; having the qualities of a man, esp. the nobler qualities; manly.
Manliness
n.
• The quality or state of being manly.
Manling
n.
• A little man.
Manly
a.
• Having qualities becoming to a man; not childish or womanish; manlike, esp. brave, courageous, resolute, noble.
adv.
• In a manly manner; with the courage and fortitude of a manly man; as, to act manly.
Manna
n.
(Script.) The food supplied to the Israelites in their journey through the wilderness of Arabia; hence, divinely supplied food.
(Bot.) A name given to lichens of the genus Lecanora, sometimes blown into heaps in the deserts of Arabia and Africa, and gathered and used as food.
(Bot. & Med.) A sweetish exudation in the form of pale yellow friable flakes, coming from several trees and shrubs and used in medicine as a gentle laxative, as the secretion of Fraxinus Ornus, and F. rotundifolia, the manna ashes of Southern Europe.
Manner
n.
• Mode of action; way of performing or effecting anything; method; style; form; fashion.
• Characteristic mode of acting, conducting, carrying one's self, or the like; bearing; habitual style.
• Customary method of acting; habit
• Carriage; behavior; deportment; also, becoming behavior; well-bred carriage and address
• The style of writing or thought of an author; characteristic peculiarity of an artist
• Certain degree or measure; as, it is in a manner done already.
• Sort; kind; style; — in this application sometimes having the sense of a plural, sorts or kinds.
Mannered
a.
• Having a certain way, esp a. polite way, of carrying and conducting one's self.
• Affected with mannerism; marked by excess of some characteristic peculiarity.
Mannerism
n.
• Adherence to a peculiar style or manner; a characteristic mode of action, bearing, or treatment, carried to excess, especially in literature or art.
Mannerist
n.
• One addicted to mannerism; a person who, in action, bearing, or treatment, carries characteristic peculiarities to excess.
Mannerliness
n.
• The quality or state of being mannerly; civility; complaisance.
Mannerly
a.
• Showing good manners; civil; respectful; complaisant.
adv.
• With good manners.
Mannide
n.
(Chem.) A white amorphous or crystalline substance, obtained by dehydration of mannite, and distinct from, but convertible into, mannitan.
Mannish
a.
• Resembling a human being in form or nature; human.
• Resembling, suitable to, or characteristic of, a man, manlike, masculine.
• Fond of men; — said of a woman.
Mannitan
n.
(Chem.) A white amorphous or crystalline substance obtained by the partial dehydration of mannite.
Mannitate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of mannitic acid.
Mannite
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline substance of a sweet taste obtained from a so-called manna, the dried sap of the flowering ash (Fraxinus ornus); — called also mannitol, and hydroxy hexane. Cf. Dulcite.
(Bot.) A sweet white efflorescence from dried fronds of kelp, especially from those of the Laminaria saccharina, or devil's apron.
Mannitic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, resembling, or derived from, mannite.
Mannitol
n.
(Chem.) The technical name of mannite.
Mannitose
n.
(Chem.) A variety of sugar obtained by the partial oxidation of mannite, and closely resembling levulose.
Manofwar
n
• A government vessel employed for the purposes of war, esp. one of large size; a ship of war.
Manometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the tension or elastic force of gases, steam, etc., constructed usually on the principle of allowing the gas to exert its elastic force in raising a column of mercury in an open tube, or in compressing a portion of air or other gas in a closed tube with mercury or other liquid intervening, or in bending a metallic or other spring so as to set in motion an index; a pressure gauge.
Manor
n.
(Eng. Law) The land belonging to a lord or nobleman, or so much land as a lord or great personage kept in his own hands, for the use and subsistence of his family.
(American Law) A tract of land occupied by tenants who pay a free-farm rent to the proprietor, sometimes in kind, and sometimes by performing certain stipulated services.
Manorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a manor.
Manoscope
n.
• Same as Manometer.
Manoscopy
n.
• The science of the determination of the density of vapors and gases.
Manovery
n.
(Eng. Law) A contrivance or maneuvering to catch game illegally.
Manqueller
n.
• A killer of men; a manslayer.
Manrope
n.
(Naut.) One of the side ropes to the gangway of a ship.
Manse
n.
• A dwelling house, generally with land attached.
• The parsonage; a clergyman's house.
Manservant
n.
• A male servant.
Mansion
n.
• A dwelling place, — whether a part or whole of a house or other shelter.
• The house of the lord of a manor; a manor house; hence: Any house of considerable size or pretension.
(Astrol.) A twelfth part of the heavens; a house.
• The place in the heavens occupied each day by the moon in its monthly revolution.
v. i.
• To dwell; to reside.
Mansionary
a.
• Resident; residentiary; as, mansionary canons.
Mansionry
n.
• The state of dwelling or residing; occupancy as a dwelling place.
Manslaughter
n.
• The slaying of a human being; destruction of men.
(Law) The unlawful killing of a man, either in negligenc or incidentally to the commission of some unlawful act, but without specific malice, or upon a sudden excitement of anger.
Manslayer
n.
• One who kills a human being; one who commits manslaughter.
Manstealer
n.
• A person who steals or kidnaps a human being or beings.
Manstealing
n.
• The act or business of stealing or kidnaping human beings, especially with a view to eslave them.
Mansuete
a.
• Tame; gentle; kind.
Mansuetude
n.
• Tameness; gentleness; mildness.
Manswear
v. i.
• To swear falsely. Same as Mainswear.
Mantchoo
a. & n.
• Same as Manchu.
Manteau
n.
• A woman's cloak or mantle.
• A gown worn by women.
Mantel
n.
(Arch.) The finish around a fireplace, covering the chimney-breast in front and sometimes on both sides; especially, a shelf above the fireplace, and its supports.
Mantelet
n.
• A short cloak formerly worn by knights.
• A short cloak or mantle worn by women.
(Fort.) A musket-proof shield of rope, wood, or metal, which is sometimes used for the protection of sappers or riflemen while attacking a fortress, or of gunners at embrasures; — now commonly written mantlet.
Mantelpiece
n.
• Same as Mantel.
Mantelshelf
n.
• The shelf of a mantel.
Manteltree
n.
(Arch.) The lintel of a fireplace when of wood, as frequently in early houses.
Mantic
a.
• Of or pertaining to divination, or to the condition of one inspired, or supposed to be inspired, by a deity; prophetic.
Mantilla
n.
• A lady's light cloak of cape of silk, velvet, lace, or the like.
• A kind of veil, covering the head and falling down upon the shoulders; — worn in Spain, Mexico, etc.
Mantis
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of voracious orthopterous insects of the genus Mantis, and allied genera. They are remarkable for their slender grotesque forms, and for holding their stout anterior legs in a manner suggesting hands folded in prayer. The common American species is M. Carolina.
Mantispid
n.
(Zool.) Any neuropterous insect of the genus Mantispa, and allied genera. The larvae feed on plant lice. Also used adjectively.
Mantissa
n.
(Math.) The decimal part of a logarithm, as distinguished from the integral part, or characteristic.
Mantle
n.
• A loose garment to be worn over other garments; an enveloping robe; a cloak. Hence, figuratively, a covering or concealing envelope.
(Her.) Same as Mantling.
(Zool.) The external fold, or folds, of the soft, exterior membrane of the body of a mollusk. It usually forms a cavity inclosing the gills.
• Any free, outer membrane.
• The back of a bird together with the folded wings.
(Arch.) A mantel.
• The outer wall and casing of a blast furnace, above the hearth.
(Hydraulic Engin.) A penstock for a water wheel.
v. t.
• To cover or envelop, as with a mantle; to cloak; to hide; to disguise.
v. i.
• To unfold and spread out the wings, like a mantle; — said of hawks. Also used figuratively.
• To spread out; — said of wings.
• To spread over the surface as a covering; to overspread; as, the scum mantled on the pool.
• To gather, assume, or take on, a covering, as froth, scum, etc.
Mantling
n.
(Her.) The representation of a mantle, or the drapery behind and around a coat of arms: — called also lambrequin.
Mantologist
n.
• One who is skilled in mantology; a diviner.
Mantology
n.
• The act or art of divination.
Mantra
n.
• A prayer; an invocation; a religious formula; a charm.
Mantrap
n.
• A trap for catching trespassers.
• A dangerous place, as an open hatch, into which one may fall.
Mantua
n.
• A superior kind of rich silk formerly exported from Mantua in Italy.
• A woman's cloak or mantle; also, a woman's gown.
Mantuamaker
n.
• One who makes dresses, cloaks, etc., for women; a dressmaker.
Mantuan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Mantua.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Mantua.
Manu
n.
(Hind. Myth.) One of a series of progenitors of human beings, and authors of human wisdom.
Manual
a.
• Of or pertaining to the hand; done or made by the hand; as, manual labor; the king's sign manual.
n.
• A small book, such as may be carried in the hand, or conveniently handled; a handbook; specifically, the service book of the Roman Catholic Church.
(Mus.) A keyboard of an organ or harmonium for the fingers, as distinguished from the pedals; a clavier, or set of keys.
(Mil.) A prescribed exercise in the systematic handing of a weapon; as, the manual of arms; the manual of the sword; the manual of the piece (cannon, mortar, etc.).
Manualist
n.
• One who works wih the hands; an artificer.
Manually
adv.
• By hand.
Manuary
a.
• Manual.
n.
• An artificer.
Manubial
a.
• Belonging to spoils; taken in war.
Manubrial
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to a manubrium; shaped like a manubrium; handlelike.
Manubrium
n.
(Anat.) A handlelike process or part; esp., the anterior segment of the sternum, or presternum, and the handlelike process of the malleus.
(Zool.) The proboscis of a jellyfish; — called also hypostoma.
Manucode
n.
(Zool.) Any bird of the genus Manucodia, of Australia and New Guinea. They are related to the bird of paradise.
Manuducent
n.
• One who leads by the hand; a manuductor.
Manuduction
n.
• Guidance by the hand.
Manufactory
n.
• Manufacture.
• A building or place where anything is manufactured; a factory.
a.
• Pertaining to manufacturing.
Manufactural
a.
• Of or pertaining to manufactures.
Manufacture
n.
• The operation of making wares or any products by hand, by machinery, or by other agency.
• Anything made from raw materials by the hand, by machinery, or by art, as cloths, iron utensils, shoes, machinery, saddlery, etc.
v. t.
• To make (wares or other products) by hand, by machinery, or by other agency; as, to manufacture cloth, nails, glass, etc.
• To work, as raw or partly wrought materials, into suitable forms for use; as, to manufacture wool, cotton, silk, or iron.
v. i.
• To be employed in manufacturing something.
Manufacturer
n.
• One who manufactures.
Manufacturing
a.
• Employed, or chiefly employed, in manufacture; as, a manufacturing community; a manufacturing town.
• Pertaining to manufacture; as, manufacturing projects.
Manul
n.
(Zool.) A wild cat (Felis manul), having long, soft, light-colored fur. It is found in the mountains of Central Asia, and dwells among rocks.
Manumise
v. t.
• To manumit.
Manumission
n.
• The act of manumitting, or of liberating a slave from bondage.
Manumit
v. t.
• To release from slavery; to liberate from personal bondage or servitude; to free, as a slave.
Manumotive
a.
• Movable by hand.
Manumotor
n.
• A small wheel carriage, so constructed that a person sitting in it may move it.
Manurable
a.
• Capable of cultivation
• Capable of receiving a fertilizing substance.
Manurage
n.
• Cultivation.
Manurance
n.
• Cultivation.
Manure
v. t.
• To cultivate by manual labor; to till; hence, to develop by culture.
• To apply manure to; to enrich, as land, by the application of a fertilizing substance.
n.
• Any matter which makes land productive; a fertilizing substance, as the contents of stables and barnyards, dung, decaying animal or vegetable substances, etc.
Manurement
n.
• Cultivation.
Manurer
n.
• One who manures land.
Manurial
a.
• Relating to manures.
Manuring
n.
• The act of process of applying manure; also, the manure applied.
Manus
n.
(Anat.) The distal segment of the fore limb, including the carpus and fore foot or hand.
Manuscript
a.
• Written with or by the hand; not printed; as, a manuscript volume.
n.
• A literary or musical composition written with the hand, as distinguished from a printed copy.
• Writing, as opposed to print; as, the book exists only in manuscript.
Manuscriptal
a.
• Manuscript.
Manutenency
n.
• Maintenance.
Manway
n.
• A small passageway, as in a mine, that a man may pass through.
Manx
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Isle of Man, or its inhabitants; as, the Manx language.
n.
• The language of the inhabitants of the Isle of Man, a dialect of the Celtic.
Many
n.
• A retinue of servants; a household.
a. or pron.
• Consisting of a great number; numerous; not few.
n.
• The populace; the common people; the majority of people, or of a community.
• A large or considerable number.
Manyplies
n.
(Anat.) The third division, or that between the reticulum, or honeycomb stomach, and the abomasum, or rennet stomach, in the stomach of ruminants; the omasum; the psalterium. So called from the numerous folds in its mucous membrane.
Manzanita
n.
(Bot.) A name given to several species of Arctostaphylos, but mostly to A. glauca and A. pungens, shrubs of California, Oregon, etc., with reddish smooth bark, ovate or oval coriaceous evergreen leaves, and bearing clusters of red berries, which are said to be a favorite food of the grizzly bear.
Maori
n.
(Ethnol.) One of the aboriginal inhabitants of New Zealand; also, the original language of New Zealand.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Maoris or to their language.
Map
n.
• A representation of the surface of the earth, or of some portion of it, showing the relative position of the parts represented; — usually on a flat surface. Also, such a representation of the celestial sphere, or of some part of it.
• Anything which represents graphically a succession of events, states, or acts; as, an historical map.
v. t.
• To represent by a map; — often with out; as, to survey and map, or map out, a county. Hence, figuratively: To represent or indicate systematically and clearly; to sketch; to plan; as, to map, or map out, a journey; to map out business.
Mapach
n.
• The raccoon.
Maple
n.
(Bot.) A tree of the genus Acer, including about fifty species. A. saccharinum is the rock maple, or sugar maple, from the sap of which sugar is made, in the United States, in great quantities, by evaporation; the red or swamp maple is A. rubrum; the silver maple, A. dasycarpum, having fruit wooly when young; the striped maple, A. Pennsylvanium, called also moosewood. The common maple of Europe is A. campestre, the sycamore maple is A. Pseudo-platanus, and the Norway maple is A. platanoides.
Maplike
a.
• Having or consisting of lines resembling a map; as, the maplike figures in which certain lichens grow.
Mappery
n.
• The making, or study, of maps.
Maqui
n.
(Bot.) A Chilian shrub (Aristotelia Maqui). Its bark furnishes strings for musical instruments, and a medicinal wine is made from its berries.
Mar
n.
• A small lake.
v. t.
• To make defective; to do injury to, esp. by cutting off or defacing a part; to impair; to disfigure; to deface.
• To spoil; to ruin.
n.
• A mark or blemish made by bruising, scratching, or the like; a disfigurement.
Mara
n.
(Hind. Myth.) The principal or ruling evil spirit.
n.
(Norse Myth.) A female demon who torments people in sleep by crouching on their chests or stomachs, or by causing terrifying visions.
n.
(Zool.) The Patagonian cavy (Dolichotis Patagonicus.)
Marabou
n.
(Zool.) A large stork of the genus Leptoptilos (formerly Ciconia), esp. the African species (L. crumenifer), which furnishes plumes worn as ornaments. The Asiatic species (L. dubius, or L. argala) is the adjutant.
• One having five eighths negro blood; the offspring of a mulatto and a griffe.
Marabout
n.
• A Mohammedan saint; especially, one who claims to work cures supernaturally.
Maracan
n.
(Zool.) A macaw.
Marai
n.
• A sacred inclosure or temple; — so called by the islanders of the Pacific Ocean.
Maranatha
n.
• "Our Lord cometh;" — an expression used by St. Paul at the conclusion of his first Epistle to the Corinthians (xvi. 22). This word has been used in anathematizing persons for great crimes; as much as to say, "May the Lord come quickly to take vengeance of thy crimes."
Maranta
n.
(Bot.) A genus of endogenous plants found in tropical America, and some species also in India. They have tuberous roots containing a large amount of starch, and from one species (Maranta arundinacea) arrowroot is obtained. Many kinds are cultivated for ornament.
Maraschino
n.
• A liqueur distilled from fermented cherry juice, and flavored with the pit of a variety of cherry which grows in Dalmatia.
Marasmus
n.
(Med.) A wasting of flesh without fever or apparent disease; a kind of consumption; atrophy; phthisis.
Marasritaceous
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, pearl; pearly.
Maraud
v. i.
• To rove in quest of plunder; to make an excursion for booty; to plunder.
n.
• An excursion for plundering.
Marauder
n.
• A rover in quest of booty or plunder; a plunderer; one who pillages.
Maravedi
n.
(Numis.) A small copper coin of Spain, equal to three mils American money, less than a farthing sterling. Also, an ancient Spanish gold coin.
Marble
n.
• A massive, compact limestone; a variety of calcite, capable of being polished and used for architectural and ornamental purposes. The color varies from white to black, being sometimes yellow, red, and green, and frequently beautifully veined or clouded. The name is also given to other rocks of like use and appearance, as serpentine or verd antique marble, and less properly to polished porphyry, granite, etc.
• A thing made of, or resembling, marble, as a work of art, or record, in marble; or, in the plural, a collection of such works; as, the Arundel or Arundelian marbles; the Elgin marbles.
• A little ball of marble, or of some other hard substance, used as a plaything by children; or, in the plural, a child's game played with marbles.
a.
• Made of, or resembling, marble; as, a marble mantel; marble paper.
• Cold; hard; unfeeling; as, a marble breast or heart.
v. t.
• To stain or vein like marble; to variegate in color; as, to marble the edges of a book, or the surface of paper.
Marbled
a.
• Made of, or faced with, marble.
• Made to resemble marble; veined or spotted like marble.
(zool.) Varied with irregular markings, or witch a confused blending of irregular spots and streaks.
Marbleize
v. t.
• To stain or grain in imitation of marble; to cover with a surface resembling marble; as, to marbleize slate, wood, or iron.
Marbler
n.
• One who works upon marble or other stone.
• One who colors or stains in imitation of marble.
Marbling
n.
• The art or practice of variegating in color, in imitation of marble.
• An intermixture of fat and lean in meat, giving it a marbled appearance.
(Zool.) Distinct markings resembling the variegations of marble, as on birds and insects.
Marbly
a.
• Containing, or resembling, marble.
Marbrinus
n.
• A cloth woven so as to imitate the appearance of marble; — much used in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Marc
n.
• The refuse matter which remains after the pressure of fruit, particularly of grapes.
n.
• A weight of various commodities, esp. of gold and silver, used in different European countries. In France and Holland it was equal to eight ounces.
• A coin formerly current in England and Scotland, equal to thirteen shillings and four pence.
• A German coin and money of account.
Marcantant
n.
• A merchant.
Marcasite
n.
(Min.) A sulphide of iron resembling pyrite or common iron pyrites in composition, but differing in form; white iron pyrites.
Marcassin
n.
(Her.) A young wild boar.
Marcato
a.
(Mus.) In a marked emphatic manner; — used adverbially as a direction.
Marceline
n.
• A thin silk fabric used for linings, etc., in ladies' dresses.
Marcescent
a.
(Bot.) Withering without falling off; fading; decaying.
Marcescible
a.
• Lible to wither or decay.
March
n.
• The third month of the year, containing thirty-one days.
n.
• A territorial border or frontier; a region adjacent to a boundary line; a confine; — used chiefly in the plural, and in English history applied especially to the border land on the frontiers between England and Scotland, and England and Wales.
v. i.
• To border; to be contiguous; to lie side by side.
v. i.
• To move with regular steps, as a soldier; to walk in a grave, deliberate, or stately manner; to advance steadily.
• To proceed by walking in a body or in military order; as, the German army marched into France.
v. t.
• TO cause to move with regular steps in the manner of a soldier; to cause to move in military array, or in a body, as troops; to cause to advance in a steady, regular, or stately manner; to cause to go by peremptory command, or by force.
n.
• The act of marching; a movement of soldiers from one stopping place to another; military progress; advance of troops.
• Hence: Measured and regular advance or movement, like that of soldiers moving in order; stately or deliberate walk; steady onward movement.
• The distance passed over in marching; as, an hour's march; a march of twenty miles.
• A piece of music designed or fitted to accompany and guide the movement of troops; a piece of music in the march form.
Marcher
n.
• The lord or officer who defended the marches or borders of a territory.
Marching
a. & n.
• ,fr. March, v.
Marchman
n.
• A person living in the marches between England and Scotland or Wales.
Marchpane
n.
• A kind of sweet bread or biscuit; a cake of pounded almonds and sugar.
Marcian
a.
• Under the influence of Mars; courageous; bold.
Marcid
a.
• Pining; lean; withered.
• Characterized by emaciation, as a fever.
Marcionite
n.
(Eccl. Hist) A follower of Marcion, a Gnostic of the second century, who adopted the Oriental notion of the two conflicting principles, and imagined that between them there existed a third power, neither wholly good nor evil, the Creator of the world and of man, and the God of the Jewish dispensation.
Marcobrunner
n.
• A celebrated Rhine wine.
Marcor
n.
• A wasting away of flesh; decay.
Marcosian
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a Gnostic sect of the second century, so called from Marcus, an Egyptian, who was reputed to be a margician.
Mare
n.
• The female of the horse and other equine quadrupeds.
n.
(Med.) Sighing, suffocative panting, intercepted utterance, with a sense of pressure across the chest, occurring during sleep; the incubus; — obsolete, except in the compound nightmare.
Mareis
n.
• A Marsh.
Marena
n.
(Zool.) A European whitefish of the genus Coregonus.
Mareschal
n.
• A military officer of high rank; a marshal.
Margarate
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A compound of the so-called margaric acid with a base.
Margaric
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, pearl; pearly.
Margarin
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A fatty substance, extracted from animal fats and certain vegetable oils, formerly supposed to be a definite compound of glycerin and margaric acid, but now known to be simply a mixture or combination of tristearin and teipalmitin.
Margarite
n.
• A pearl.
(Min.) A mineral related to the micas, but low in silica and yielding brittle folia with pearly luster.
Margaritic
a.
(Physiol. Chem.) Margaric.
Margaritiferous
a.
• Producing pearls.
Margarodite
n.
(Min.) A hidrous potash mica related to muscovite.
Margarone
n.
(Chem.) The ketone of margaric acid.
Margarous
a.
(Chem.) Margaric; — formerly designating a supposed acid.
Margay
n.
(Zool.) An American wild cat (Felis tigrina), ranging from Mexico to Brazil. It is spotted with black. Called also long-tailed cat.
Marge
n.
• Border; margin; edge; verge.
Margent
n.
• A margin; border; brink; edge.
v. t.
• To enter or note down upon the margin of a page; to margin.
Margin
n.
• A border; edge; brink; verge; as, the margin of a river or lake.
• Specifically: The part of a page at the edge left uncovered in writing or printing.
(Com.) The difference between the cost and the selling price of an article.
• Something allowed, or reserved, for that which can not be foreseen or known with certainty.
(Brokerage) Collateral security deposited with a broker to secure him from loss on contracts entered into by him on behalf of his principial, as in the speculative buying and selling of stocks, wheat, etc.
v. t.
• To furnish with a margin.
• To enter in the margin of a page.
Marginal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a margin.
• Written or printed in the margin; as, a marginal note or gloss.
Marginalia
n. pl.
• Marginal notes.
Marginally
adv.
• In the margin of a book.
Marginate
a.
• Having a margin distinct in appearance or structure.
v. t.
• To furnish with a distinct margin; to margin.
Marginated
a.
• Same as Marginate, a.
Margined
a.
• Having a margin.
(Zool.) Bordered with a distinct line of color.
Marginella
n.
(Zool.) A genus of small, polished, marine univalve shells, native of all warm seas.
Marginicidal
a.
(Bot.) Dehiscent by the separation of united carpels; — said of fruits.
Margosa
n.
(Bot.) A large tree of genus Melia (M. Azadirachta) found in India. Its bark is bitter, and used as a tonic. A valuable oil is expressed from its seeds, and a tenacious gum exudes from its trunk. The M. Azedarach is a much more showy tree, and is cultivated in the Southern United States, where it is known as Pride of India, Pride of China, or bead tree. Various parts of the tree are considered anthelmintic.
Margrave
n.
• Originally, a lord or keeper of the borders or marches in Germany.
• The English equivalent of the German title of nobility, markgraf; a marquis.
Margravine
n.
• The wife of a margrave.
Marguerite
n.
(Bot.) The daisy (Bellis perennis). The name is often applied also to the ox-eye daisy and to the China aster.
Marian
a.
• Pertaining to the Virgin Mary, or sometimes to Mary, Queen of England, daughter of Henry VIII.
Marie
interj.
• Marry.
Mariet
n.
(Bot.) A kind of bellflower, Companula Trachelium, once called Viola Mariana; but it is not a violet.
Marigenous
a.
• Produced in or by the sea.
Marigold
n.
(Bot.) A name for several plants with golden yellow blossoms, especially the Calendula officinalis (see Calendula), and the cultivated species of Tagetes.
Marikina
n.
(Zool) A small marmoset (Midas rosalia); the silky tamarin.
Marimba
n.
• A musical istrument of percussion, consisting of bars yielding musical tones when struck.
Marimonda
n.
(Zool.) A spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth) of Central and South America.
Marinade
n.
(Cookery) A brine or pickle containing wine and spices, for enriching the flavor of meat and fish.
Marinate
v. t.
• To salt or pickle, as fish, and then preserve in oil or vinegar; to prepare by the use of marinade.
Marine
a.
• Of or pertaining to the sea; having to do with the ocean, or with navigation or naval affairs; nautical; as, marine productions or bodies; marine shells; a marine engine.
(Geol.) Formed by the action of the currents or waves of the sea; as, marine deposits.
n.
• A solider serving on shipboard; a sea soldier; one of a body of troops trained to do duty in the navy.
• The sum of naval affairs; naval economy; the department of navigation and sea forces; the collective shipping of a country; as, the mercantile marine.
• A picture representing some marine subject.
Marined
a.
(Her.) Having the lower part of the body like a fish.
Mariner
n.
• One whose occupation is to assist in navigating ships; a seaman or sailor.
Marinership
n.
• Seamanship.
Marinorama
n.
• A representation of a sea view.
Mariolater
n.
• One who worships the Virgin Mary.
Mariolatry
n.
• The worship of the Virgin Mary.
Marionette
n.
• A puppet moved by strings, as in a puppet show.
(Zool.) The buffel duck.
Mariput
n.
(Zool.) A species of civet; the zoril.
Marish
n.
• Low, wet ground; a marsh; a fen; a bog; a moor.
a.
• Moory; fenny; boggy.
• Growing in marshes.
Marital
a.
• Of or pertaining to a husband; as, marital rights, duties, authority.
Maritated
a.
• Having a husband; married.
Maritime
a.
• Bordering on, or situated near, the ocean; connected with the sea by site, interest, or power; having shipping and commerce or a navy; as, maritime states.
• Of or pertaining to the ocean; marine; pertaining to navigation and naval affairs, or to shipping and commerce by sea.
Marjoram
n.
(Bot.) A genus of mintlike plants (Origanum) comprising about twenty-five species. The sweet marjoram (O. Majorana) is pecularly aromatic and fragrant, and much used in cookery. The wild marjoram of Europe and America is O. vulgare, far less fragrant than the other.
Mark
n.
• A license of reprisals.
n.
• An old weight and coin.
• The unit of monetary account of the German Empire, equal to 23.8 cents of United States money; the equivalent of one hundred pfennigs. Also, a silver coin of this value.
n.
• A visible sign or impression made or left upon anything; esp., a line, point, stamp, figure, or the like, drawn or impressed, so as to attract the attention and convey some information or intimation; a token; a trace.
• A character or device put on an article of merchandise by the maker to show by whom it was made; a trade-mark.
• A character (usually a cross) made as a substitute for a signature by one who can not write.
• A fixed object serving for guidance, as of a ship, a traveler, a surveyor, etc.; as, a seamark, a landmark.
• A trace, dot, line, imprint, or discoloration, although not regarded as a token or sign; a scratch, scar, stain, etc.; as, this pencil makes a fine mark.
• An evidence of presence, agency, or influence; a significative token; a symptom; a trace; specifically, a permanent impression of one's activity or character.
• That toward which a missile is directed; a thing aimed at; what one seeks to hit or reach.
• Attention, regard, or respect.
• Limit or standard of action or fact; as, to be within the mark; to come up to the mark.
• Badge or sign of honor, rank, or official station.
• Preeminence; high position; as, particians of mark; a fellow of no mark.
(Logic) A characteristic or essential attribute; a differential.
• A number or other character used in registring; as, examination marks; a mark for tardiness.
• Image; likeness; hence, those formed in one's image; children; descendants.
(Naut.) One of the bits of leather or colored bunting which are placed upon a sounding line at intervals of from two to five fathoms. The unmarked fathoms are called "deeps."
v. t.
• To put a mark upon; to affix a significant mark to; to make recognizable by a mark; as, to mark a box or bale of merchandise; to mark clothing.
• To be a mark upon; to designate; to indicate; — used literally and figuratively; as, this monument marks the spot where Wolfe died; his courage and energy marked him for a leader.
• To leave a trace, scratch, scar, or other mark, upon, or any evidence of action; as, a pencil marks paper; his hobnails marked the floor.
• To keep account of; to enumerate and register; as, to mark the points in a game of billiards or cards.
• To notice or observe; to give attention to; to take note of; to remark; to heed; to regard.
v. i.
• To take particular notice; to observe critically; to note; to remark.
Markable
a.
• Remarkable.
Marked
a.
• Designated or distinguished by, or as by, a mark; hence; noticeable; conspicuous; as, a marked card; a marked coin; a marked instance.
Marker
n.
• One who or that which marks
• One who keeps account of a game played, as of billiards.
• A counter used in card playing and other games.
(Mil.) The soldier who forms the pilot of a wheeling column, or marks the direction of an alignment.
• An attachment to a sewing machine for marking a line on the fabric by creasing it.
Market
n.
• A meeting together of people, at a stated time and place, for the purpose of traffic (as in cattle, provisions, wares, etc.) by private purchase and sale, and not by auction; as, a market is held in the town every week.
• A public place (as an open space in a town) or a large building, where a market is held; a market place or market house; esp., a place where provisions are sold.
• An opportunity for selling anything; demand, as shown by price offered or obtainable; a town, region, or country, where the demand exists; as, to find a market for one's wares; there is no market for woolen cloths in that region; India is a market for English goods.
• Exchange, or purchase and sale; traffic; as, a dull market; a slow market.
• The price for which a thing is sold in a market; market price. Hence: Value; worth.
(Eng. Law) The privelege granted to a town of having a public market.
v. i.
• To deal in a market; to buy or sell; to make bargains for provisions or goods.
v. t.
• To expose for sale in a market; to traffic in; to sell in a market, and in an extended sense, to sell in any manner; as, most of the farmes have marketed their crops.
Marketable
a.
• Fit to be offered for sale in a market; such as may be justly and lawfully sold; as, dacaye provisions are not marketable.
• Current in market; as, marketable value.
• Wanted by purchasers; salable; as, furs are not marketable in that country.
Marketableness
n.
• Quality of being marketable.
Marketer
n.
• One who attends a market to buy or sell; one who carries goods to market.
Marketing
n.
• The act of selling or of purchasing in, or as in, a market.
• Articles in, or from, a market; supplies.
Marketstead
n.
• A market place.
Markhoor
n.
(Zool.) A large wild goat (Capra megaceros), having huge flattened spiral horns. It inhabits the mountains of Northern India and Cashmere.
Marking
n.
• The act of one who, or that which, marks; the mark or marks made; arrangement or disposition of marks or coloring; as, the marking of a bird's plumage.
Markis
n.
• A marquis.
Markisesse
n.
• A marchioness.
Markman
n.
• A marksman.
Marksman
n.
• One skillful to hit a mark with a missile; one who shoots well.
(Law) One who makes his mark, instead of writing his name, in signing documents.
Marksmanship
n.
• Skill of a marksman.
Marl
v. t.
(Naut.) To cover, as part of a rope, with marline, marking a pecular hitch at each turn to prevent unwinding.
n.
• A mixed earthy substance, consisting of carbonate of lime, clay, and sand, in very varivble proportions, and accordingly designated as calcareous, clayey, or sandy.
v. t.
• To overspread or manure with marl; as, to marl a field.
Marlaceous
a.
• Resembling marl; partaking of the qualities of marl.
Marlin
n.
(Zool.) The American great marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa). Applied also to the red-breasted godwit (Limosa haematica).
Marline
n.
(Naut.) A small line composed of two strands a little twisted, used for winding around ropes and cables, to prevent their being weakened by fretting.
v. t.
(Naut.) To wind marline around; as, to marline a rope.
Marlite
n.
(Min.) A variety of marl.
Marlitic
a.
• Partaking of the qualites of marlite.
Marlpit
n.
• Apit where marl is dug.
Marlstone
n.
(Geol.) A sandy calcareous straum, containing, or impregnated with, iron, and lying between the upper and lower Lias of England.
Marly
a.
• Consisting or partaking of marl; resembling marl; abounding with marl.
Marmalade
n.
• A preserve or confection made of the pulp of fruit, as the quince, pear, apple, orange, etc., boiled with sugar, and brought to a jamlike consistence.
Marmatite
n.
(Min.) A ferruginous variety of shalerite or zinc blende, nearly black in color.
Marmolite
n.
(Min.) A thin, laminated variety of serpentine, usually of a pale green color.
Marmoraceous
a.
• Pertaining to, or like, marble.
Marmoration
n.
• A covering or incrusting with marble; a casing of marble; a variegating so as to resemble marble.
Marmorosis
n.
(Geol.) The metamorphism of limestone, that is, its conversion into marble.
Marmose
n.
(Zool.) A species of small opossum (Didelphus murina) ranging from Mexico to Brazil.
Marmoset
n.
(Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small South American monkeys of the genera Hapale and Midas, family Hapalidae. They have long soft fur, and a hairy, nonprehensile tail. They are often kept as pets. Called also squirrel monkey.
Marmot
n.
(Zool.) Any rodent of the genus Arctomys. The common European marmot (A. marmotta) is about the size of a rabbit, and inhabits the higher regions of the Alps and Pyrenees. The bobac is another European species. The common American species (A. monax) is the woodchuck.
• Any one of several species of ground squirrels or gophers of the genus Spermophilus; also, the prairie dog.
Maronite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a body of nominal Christians, who speak the Arabic language, and reside on Mount Lebanon and in different parts of Syria. They take their name from one Maron of the 6th century.
Maroon
n.
• In the West Indies and Guiana, a fugitive slave, or a free negro, living in the mountains.
v. t.
• To put (a person) ashore on a desolate island or coast and leave him to his fate.
a.
• Having the color called maroon.
n.
• A brownish or dull red of any description, esp. of a scarlet cast rather than approaching crimson or purple.
• An explosive shell.
Marplot
n.
• One who, by his officious nterference, mars or frustrates a design or plot.
Marque
n.
(Law) A license to pass the limits of a jurisdiction, or boundary of a country, for the purpose of making reprisals.
Marquee
n.
• A large field tent; esp., one adapted to the use of an officer of high rank.
Marquess
n.
• A marquis.
Marquetry
n.
• Inlaid work; work inlaid with pieces of wood, shells, ivory, and the like, of several colors.
Marquis
n.
• A nobleman in England, France, and Germany, of a rank next below that of duke. Originally, the marquis was an officer whose duty was to guard the marches or frontiers of the kingdom. The office has ceased, and the name is now a mere title conferred by patent.
Marquisate
n.
• The seigniory, dignity, or lordship of a marquis; the territory governed by a marquis.
Marquisdom
n.
• A marquisate.
Marquise
n.
• The wife of a marquis; a marchioness.
Marquisship
n.
• A marquisate.
Marram
n.
(Bot.) A coarse grass found on sandy beaches (Ammophila arundinacea).
Marrer
n.
• One who mars or injures.
Marriable
a.
• Marriageable.
Marriage
n.
• The act of marrying, or the state of being married; legal union of a man and a woman for life, as husband and wife; wedlock; matrimony.
• The marriage vow or contract.
• A feast made on the occasion of a marriage.
• Any intimate or close union.
Marriageability
n.
• The quality or state of being marriageable.
Marriageable
a.
• Fit for, or capable of, marriage; of an age at which marriage is allowable.
Marrier
n.
• One who marries.
Marron
n.
• A large chestnut.
• A chestnut color; maroon.
(Pyrotechny & Mil.) A paper or pasteboard box or shell, wound about with strong twine, filled with an explosive, and ignited with a fuse, — used to make a noise like a cannon.
Marroon
n. & a.
• Same as 1st Maroon.
Marrot
n.
(Zool.) The razor-billed auk.
• The common guillemot.
• The puffin.
Marrow
n.
(Anat.) The tissue which fills the cavities of most bones; the medulla. In the larger cavities it is commonly very fatty, but in the smaller cavities it is much less fatty, and red or reddish in color.
• The essence; the best part.
• One of a pair; a match; a companion; an intimate associate.
v. t.
• To fill with, or as with, marrow of fat; to glut.
Marrowbone
n.
• A bone containing marrow; pl. ludicrously, knee bones or knees; as, to get down on one's marrowbones, i. e., to kneel.
Marrowfat
n.
• A rich but late variety of pea.
Marrowish
a.
• Of the nature of, or like, marrow.
Marrowless
a.
• Destitute of marrow.
Marrowy
a.
• Full of marrow; pithy.
Marrried
a.
• Being in the state of matrimony; wedded; as, a married man or woman.
• Of or pertaining to marriage; connubial; as, the married state.
Marrubium
n.
(Bot.) A genus of bitter aromatic plants, sometimes used in medicine; hoarhound.
Marry
v. t.
• To unite in wedlock or matrimony; to perform the ceremony of joining, as a man and a woman, for life; to constitute (a man and a woman) husband and wife according to the laws or customs of the place.
• To join according to law, (a man) to a woman as his wife, or (a woman) to a man as her husband.
• To dispose of in wedlock; to give away as wife.
• To take for husband or wife.
• Figuratively, to unite in the closest and most endearing relation.
v. i.
• To enter into the conjugal or connubial state; to take a husband or a wife.
interj.
• Indeed ! in truth ! — a term of asseveration said to have been derived from the practice of swearing by the Virgin Mary.
Mars
n.
(Rom. Myth.) The god of war and husbandry.
(Astron.) One of the planets of the solar system, the fourth in order from the sun, or the next beyond the earth, having a diameter of about 4,200 miles, a period of 687 days, and a mean distance of 141,000,000 miles. It is conspicuous for the redness of its light.
(Alchemy) The metallic element iron, the symbol of which ♂ was the same as that of the planet Mars.
Marsala
n.
• A kind of wine exported from Marsala in Sicily.
Marsdenia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of the Milkweed family, mostly woody climbers with fragrant flowers, several species of which furnish valuable fiber, and one species (Marsdenia tinctoria) affords indigo.
Marseilles
n.
• A general term for certain kinds of fabrics, which are formed of two series of threads interlacing each other, thus forming double cloth, quilted in the loom; — so named because first made in Marseilles, France.
Marsh
n.
• A tract of soft wet land, commonly covered partially or wholly with water; a fen; a swamp; a morass.
Marshal
n.
• Originally, an officer who had the care of horses; a groom.
• An officer of high rank, charged with the arrangement of ceremonies, the conduct of operations, or the like
• One who goes before a prince to declare his coming and provide entertainment; a harbinger; a pursuivant
• One who regulates rank and order at a feast or any other assembly, directs the order of procession, and the like
• The chief officer of arms, whose duty it was, in ancient times, to regulate combats in the lists
(France) The highest military officer
(Am. Law) A ministerial officer, appointed for each judicial district of the United States, to execute the process of the courts of the United States, and perform various duties, similar to those of a sheriff. The name is also sometimes applied to certain police officers of a city.
v. t.
• To dispose in order; to arrange in a suitable manner; as, to marshal troops or an army.
• To direct, guide, or lead.
(Her.) To dispose in due order, as the different quarterings on an escutcheon, or the different crests when several belong to an achievement.
Marshaler
n.
• One who marshals.
Marshaling
n.
• The act of arranging in due order.
(Her.) The arrangement of an escutcheon to exhibit the alliances of the owner.
Marshalsea
n.
• The court or seat of a marshal; hence, the prison in Southwark, belonging to the marshal of the king's household.
Marshalship
n.
• The office of a marshal.
Marshiness
n.
• The state or condition of being marshy.
Marshy
a.
• Resembling a marsh; wet; boggy; fenny.
• Pertaining to, or produced in, marshes; as, a marshy weed.
Marsipobranch
n.
(Zool.) One of the Marsipobranchia.
Marsipobranchia
n. pl.
(Zool.) A class of Vertebrata, lower than fishes, characterized by their purselike gill cavities, cartilaginous skeletons, absence of limbs, and a suckerlike mouth destitute of jaws. It includes the lampreys and hagfishes.
Marsupial
a.
(Zool.) Having a pouch for carrying the immature young; of or pertaining to the Marsupialia.
(Anat. & Zool.) Of or pertaining to a marsupium; as, the marsupial bones.
n.
(Zool.) One of the Marsupialia.
Marsupialia
n. pl.
(Zool.) A subclass of Mammalia, including nearly all the mammals of Australia and the adjacent islands, together with the opossums of America. They differ from ordinary mammals in having the corpus callosum very small, in being implacental, and in having their young born while very immature. The female generally carries the young for some time after birth in an external pouch, or marsupium. Called also Marsupiata.
Marsupiate
a.
(Zool.) Related to or resembling the marsupials; furnished with a pouch for the young, as the marsupials, and also some fishes and Crustacea.
Marsupion
n.
• Same as Marsupium.
Marsupite
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil crinoid of the genus Marsupites, resembling a purse in form.
Marsupium
n.
(Anat. & Zool.) The pouch, formed by a fold of the skin of the abdomen, in which marsupials carry their young; also, a pouch for similar use in other animals, as certain Crustacea.
• The pecten in the eye of birds and reptiles.
Mart
n.
• A market.
• A bargain.
v. t.
• To buy or sell in, or as in, a mart.
v. t.
• To traffic.
n.
• The god Mars.
• Battle; contest.
Martagon
n.
(Bot.) A lily (Lilium Martagon) with purplish red flowers, found in Europe and Asia.
Martel
v. i.
• To make a blow with, or as with, a hammer.
Marteline
n.
• A small hammer used by marble workers and sculptors.
Marten
n.
(Zool.) A bird.
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several fur-bearing carnivores of the genus Mustela, closely allied to the sable. Among the more important species are the European beech, or stone, marten (Mustela foina); the pine marten (M. martes); and the American marten, or sable (M. Americana), which some zoologists consider only a variety of the Russian sable.
• The fur of the marten, used for hats, muffs, etc.
Martern
n.
(Zool.) Same as Marten.
Martial
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or suited for, war; military; as, martial music; a martial appearance.
• Practiced in, or inclined to, war; warlike; brave.
• Belonging to war, or to an army and navy; — opposed to civil; as, martial law; a court-martial.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, the god, or the planet, Mars.
(Old Chem. & Old Med.) Pertaining to, or containing, iron; chalybeate; as, martial preparations.
Martialism
n.
• The quality of being warlike; exercises suitable for war.
Martialist
n.
• A warrior.
Martialize
v. t.
• To render warlike; as, to martialize a people.
Martially
adv.
• In a martial manner.
Martialness
n.
• The quality of being martial.
Martin
n.
(Stone Working) A perforated stone-faced runner for grinding.
n.
(Zool.) One of several species of swallows, usually having the tail less deeply forked than the tail of the common swallows.
Martinet
n.
• In military language, a strict disciplinarian; in general, one who lays stress on a rigid adherence to the details of discipline, or to forms and fixed methods.
n.
(Zool.) The martin.
Martineta
n.
(Zool.) A species of tinamou (Calopezus elegans), having a long slender crest.
Martinetism
n.
• The principles or practices of a martinet; rigid adherence to discipline, etc.
Martinmas
n.
(Eccl.) The feast of St. Martin, the eleventh of November; — often called martlemans.
Martite
n.
(Min.) Iron sesquioxide in isometric form, probably a pseudomorph after magnetite.
Martlet
n.
(Zool.) The European house martin.
(Her.) A bird without beak or feet; — generally assumed to represent a martin. As a mark of cadency it denotes the fourth son.
Martyr
n.
• One who, by his death, bears witness to the truth of the gospel; one who is put to death for his religion; as, Stephen was the first Christian martyr.
• Hence, one who sacrifices his life, his station, or what is of great value to him, for the sake of principle, or to sustain a cause.
v. t.
• To put to death for adhering to some belief, esp. Christianity; to sacrifice on account of faith or profession.
• To persecute; to torment; to torture.
Martyrdom
n.
• The condition of a martyr; the death of a martyr; the suffering of death on account of adherence to the Christian faith, or to any cause.
• Affliction; torment; torture.
Martyrization
n.
• Act of martyrizing, or state of being martyrized; torture.
Martyrize
v. t.
• To make a martyr of.
Martyrly
adv.
• In the manner of a martyr.
Martyrologe
n.
• A martyrology.
Martyrologist
n.
• A writer of martyrology; an historian of martyrs.
Martyrology
n.
• A history or account of martyrs; a register of martyrs.
Martyrship
n.
• Martyrdom.
Marvel
n.
• That which causes wonder; a prodigy; a miracle.
• Wonder.
v. i.
• To be struck with surprise, astonishment, or wonder; to wonder.
v. t.
• To marvel at.
• To cause to marvel, or be surprised; — used impersonally.
Marvelous
a.
• Exciting wonder or surprise; astonishing; wonderful.
• Partaking of the character of miracle, or supernaural power; incredible.
Marvelously
adv.
• In a marvelous manner; wonderfully; strangely.
Marvelousness
n.
• The quality or state of being marvelous; wonderfulness; strangeness.
Marver
n.
(Glass Marking) A stone, or cast-iron plate, or former, on which hot glass is rolled to give it shape.
Maryolatry
n.
• Mariolatry.
Marysole
n.
(Zool.) A large British fluke, or flounder (Rhombus megastoma); — called also carter, and whiff.
Mascle
n.
(Her.) A lozenge voided.
Mascled
a.
• Composed of, or covered with, lozenge-shaped scales; having lozenge-shaped divisions.
Masculate
v. t.
• To make strong.
Masculine
a.
• Of the male sex; not female.
• Having the qualities of a man; suitable to, or characteristic of, a man; virile; not feminine or effeminate; strong; robust.
• Belonging to males; appropriated to, or used by, males.
(Gram.) Having the inflections of, or construed with, words pertaining especially to male beings, as distinguished from feminine and neuter.
Masculinity
n.
• The state or quality of being masculine; masculineness.
Maselyn
n.
• A drinking cup.
Maser
n.
• Same as Mazer.
Mash
n.
• A mesh.
n.
• A mass of mixed ingredients reduced to a soft pulpy state by beating or pressure; a mass of anything in a soft pulpy state. Specifically (Brewing), ground or bruised malt, or meal of rye, wheat, corn, or other grain (or a mixture of malt and meal) steeped and stirred in hot water for making the wort.
• A mixture of meal or bran and water fed to animals.
• A mess; trouble.
v. t.
• To convert into a mash; to reduce to a soft pulpy state by beating or pressure; to bruise; to crush; as, to mash apples in a mill, or potatoes with a pestle. Specifically (Brewing), to convert, as malt, or malt and meal, into the mash which makes wort.
Masher
n.
• One who, or that which, mashes; also (Brewing), a machine for making mash.
• A charmer of women.
Mashy
a.
• Produced by crushing or bruising; resembling, or consisting of, a mash.
Mask
n.
• A cover, or partial cover, for the face, used for disguise or protection; as, a dancer's mask; a fencer's mask; a ball player's mask.
• That which disguises; a pretext or subterfuge.
• A festive entertainment of dancing or other diversions, where all wear masks; a masquerade; hence, a revel; a frolic; a delusive show.
• A dramatic performance, formerly in vogue, in which the actors wore masks and represented mythical or allegorical characters.
(Arch.) A grotesque head or face, used to adorn keystones and other prominent parts, to spout water in fountains, and the like; — called also mascaron.
(Fort.) In a permanent fortification, a redoubt which protects the caponiere.
• A screen for a battery.
(Zool.) The lower lip of the larva of a dragon fly, modified so as to form a prehensile organ.
v. t.
• To cover, as the face, by way of concealment or defense against injury; to conceal with a mask or visor.
• To disguise; to cover; to hide.
(Mil.) To conceal; also, to intervene in the line of.
• To cover or keep in check; as, to mask a body of troops or a fortess by a superior force, while some hostile evolution is being carried out.
v. i.
• To take part as a masker in a masquerade.
• To wear a mask; to be disguised in any way.
Masked
a.
• Wearing a mask or masks; characterized by masks; cincealed; hidden.
(Bot.) Same as Personate.
(Zool.) Having the anterior part of the head differing decidedly in color from the rest of the plumage; — said of birds.
Masker
n.
• One who wears a mask; one who appears in disguise at a masquerade.
v. t.
• To confuse; to stupefy.
Maskery
n.
• The dress or disguise of a maske; masquerade.
Maskinonge
n.
• The muskellunge.
Maslach
n.
(Med.) An excitant containing opium, much used by the Turks.
Maslin
n.
• A mixture composed of different materials
• A mixture of metals resembling brass
• A mixture of different sorts of grain, as wheat and rye
• A vessel made of maslin, 1 (a).
a.
• Composed of different sorts; as, maslin bread, which is made of rye mixed with a little wheat.
Mason
n.
• One whose occupation is to build with stone or brick; also, one who prepares stone for building purposes.
• A member of the fraternity of Freemasons.
v. t.
• To build stonework or brickwork about, under, in, over, etc.; to construct by masons; — with a prepositional suffix; as, to mason up a well or terrace; to mason in a kettle or boiler.
Masonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Freemasons or to their craft or mysteries.
Masonry
n.
• The art or occupation of a mason.
• The work or performance of a mason; as, good or bad masonry; skillful masonry.
• That which is built by a mason; anything constructed of the materials used by masons, such as stone, brick, tiles, or the like. Dry masonry is applied to structures made without mortar.
• The craft, institution, or mysteries of Freemasons; freemasonry.
Masora
n.
• A Jewish critical work on the text of the Hebrew Scriptures, composed by several learned rabbis of the school of Tiberias, in the eighth and ninth centuries.
Masoret
n.
• A Masorite.
Masorite
n.
• One of the writers of the Masora.
Masque
n.
• A mask; a masquerade.
Masquerade
n.
• An assembly of persons wearing masks, and amusing themselves with dancing, conversation, or other diversions.
• A dramatic performance by actors in masks; a mask.
• Acting or living under false pretenses; concealment of something by a false or unreal show; pretentious show; disguise.
• A Spanish diversion on horseback.
v. i.
• To assemble in masks; to take part in a masquerade.
• To frolic or disport in disquise; to make a pretentious show of being what one is not.
v. t.
• To conceal with masks; to disguise.
Masquerader
n.
• One who masquerades; a person wearing a mask; one disguised.
Mass
n.
(R. C. Ch.) The sacrifice in the sacrament of the Eucharist, or the consecration and oblation of the host.
(Mus.) The portions of the Mass usually set to music, considered as a musical composition; — namely, the Kyrie, the Gloria, the Credo, the Sanctus, and the Agnus Dei, besides sometimes an Offertory and the Benedictus.
v. i.
• To celebrate Mass.
n.
• A quantity of matter cohering together so as to make one body, or an aggregation of particles or things which collectively make one body or quantity, usually of considerable size; as, a mass of ore, metal, sand, or water.
(Phar.) A medicinal substance made into a cohesive, homogeneous lump, of consistency suitable for making pills; as, blue mass.
• A large quantity; a sum.
• Bulk; magnitude; body; size.
• The principal part; the main body.
(Physics) The quantity of matter which a body contains, irrespective of its bulk or volume.
v. t.
• To form or collect into a mass; to form into a collective body; to bring together into masses; to assemble.
Massacre
n.
• The killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or cruelty, or contrary to the usages of civilized people; as, the massacre on St. Bartholomew's Day.
• Murder.
v. t.
• To kill in considerable numbers where much resistance can not be made; to kill with indiscriminate violence, without necessity, and contrary to the usages of nations; to butcher; to slaughter; — limited to the killing of human beings.
Massacrer
n.
• One who massacres.
Massage
n.
• A rubbing or kneading of the body, especially when performed as a hygienic or remedial measure.
Massasauga
n.
(Zool.) The black rattlesnake (Crotalus, or Caudisona, tergemina), found in the Mississippi Valley.
Masser
n.
• A priest who celebrates Mass.
Masseter
n.
(Anat.) The large muscle which raises the under jaw, and assists in mastication.
Masseteric
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the masseter.
Masseterine
a.
(Anat.) Masseteric.
Massicot
n.
(Chem.) Lead protoxide, PbO, obtained as a yellow amorphous powder, the fused and crystalline form of which is called litharge; lead ocher. It is used as a pigment.
Massiness
n.
• The state or quality of being massy; ponderousness.
Massive
a.
• Forming, or consisting of, a large mass; compacted; weighty; heavy; massy.
(Min.) In mass; not necessarily without a crystalline structure, but having no regular form; as, a mineral occurs massive.
Massively
adv.
• In a heavy mass.
Massiveness
n.
• The state or quality of being massive; massiness.
Massora
n.
• Same as Masora.
Massoret
n.
• Same as Masorite.
Massy
a.
• Compacted into, or consisting of, a mass; having bulk and weight ot substance; ponderous; bulky and heavy; weight; heavy; as, a massy shield; a massy rock.
Mast
n.
• The fruit of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts; acorns.
n.
(Naut.) A pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, or spar, set upright in a boat or vessel, to sustain the sails, yards, rigging, etc. A mast may also consist of several pieces of timber united by iron bands, or of a hollow pillar of iron or steel.
(Mach.) The vertical post of a derrick or crane.
v. t.
• To furnish with a mast or masts; to put the masts of in position; as, to mast a ship.
Mastax
n.
(Zool.) The pharynx of a rotifer. It usually contains four horny pieces. The two central ones form the incus, against which the mallei, or lateral ones, work so as to crush the food.
• The lore of a bird.
Masted
a.
• Furnished with a mast or masts; — chiefly in composition; as, a three-masted schooner.
Master
n.
(Naut.) A vessel having (so many) masts; — used only in compounds; as, a two-master.
n.
• A male person having another living being so far subject to his will, that he can, in the main, control his or its actions; — formerly used with much more extensive application than now. (a) The employer of a servant. (b) The owner of a slave. (c) The person to whom an apprentice is articled. (d) A sovereign, prince, or feudal noble; a chief, or one exercising similar authority. (e) The head of a household. (f) The male head of a school or college. (g) A male teacher. (h) The director of a number of persons performing a ceremony or sharing a feast. (i) The owner of a docile brute, — especially a dog or horse. (j) The controller of a familiar spirit or other supernatural being.
• One who uses, or controls at will, anything inanimate; as, to be master of one's time.
• One who has attained great skill in the use or application of anything; as, a master of oratorical art.
• A title given by courtesy, now commonly pronounced m\'ccster, except when given to boys; — sometimes written Mister, but usually abbreviated to Mr.
• A young gentleman; a lad, or small boy.
(Naut.) The commander of a merchant vessel; — usually called captain. Also, a commissioned officer in the navy ranking next above ensign and below lieutenant; formerly, an officer on a man-of-war who had immediate charge, under the commander, of sailing the vessel.
• A person holding an office of authority among the Freemasons, esp. the presiding officer; also, a person holding a similar office in other civic societies.
v. t.
• To become the master of; to subject to one's will, control, or authority; to conquer; to overpower; to subdue.
• To gain the command of, so as to understand or apply; to become an adept in; as, to master a science.
• To own; to posses.
v. i.
• To be skillful; to excel.
Masterdom
n.
• Dominion; rule; command.
Masterful
a.
• Inclined to play the master; domineering; imperious; arbitrary.
• Having the skill or power of a master; indicating or expressing power or mastery.
Masterfully
adv.
• In a masterful manner; imperiously.
Masterhood
n.
• The state of being a master; hence, disposition to command or hector.
Masterless
a.
• Destitute of a master or owner; ungoverned or ungovernable.
Masterliness
n.
• The quality or state of being masterly; ability to control wisely or skillfully.
Masterly
a.
• Suitable to, or characteristic of, a master; indicating thorough knowledge or superior skill and power; showing a master's hand; as, a masterly design; a masterly performance; a masterly policy.
• Imperious; domineering; arbitrary.
adv.
• With the skill of a master.
Masterous
a.
• Masterly.
Masterpiece
n.
• Anything done or made with extraordinary skill; a capital performance; a chef-d'oeuvre; a supreme achievement.
Mastership
n.
• The state or office of a master.
• Mastery; dominion; superior skill; superiority.
• Chief work; masterpiece.
• An ironical title of respect.
Mastersinger
n.
• One of a class of poets which flourished in Nuremberg and some other cities of Germany in the 15th and 16th centuries. They bound themselves to observe certain arbitrary laws of rhythm.
Masterwort
n.
(Bot.) A tall and coarse European umbelliferous plant (Peucedanum Ostruthium, formerly Imperatoria).
• The Astrantia major, a European umbelliferous plant with a showy colored involucre.
• Improperly, the cow parsnip (Heracleum lanatum).
Mastery
n.
• The position or authority of a master; dominion; command; supremacy; superiority.
• Superiority in war or competition; victory; triumph; preeminence.
• Contest for superiority.
• A masterly operation; a feat.
• Specifically, the philosopher's stone.
• The act process of mastering; the state of having mastered.
Mastful
a.
• Abounding in mast; producing mast in abundance; as, the mastful forest; a mastful chestnut.
Masthead
n.
(Naut.) The top or head of a mast; the part of a mast above the hounds.
v. t.
(Naut.) To cause to go to the masthead as a punishment.
Masthouse
n.
• A building in which vessels' masts are shaped, fitted, etc.
Mastic
n.
(Bot.) A low shrubby tree of the genus Pistacia (P. Lentiscus), growing upon the islands and coasts of the Mediterranean, and producing a valuable resin; — called also, mastic tree.
• A resin exuding from the mastic tree, and obtained by incision. The best is in yellowish white, semitransparent tears, of a faint smell, and is used as an astringent and an aromatic, also as an ingredient in varnishes.
• A kind of cement composed of burnt clay, litharge, and linseed oil, used for plastering walls, etc.
Masticable
a.
• Capable of being masticated.
Masticador
n.
(Man.) A part of a bridle, the slavering bit.
Masticate
v. t.
• To grind or crush with, or as with, the teeth and prepare for swallowing and digestion; to chew; as, to masticate food.
Masticater
n.
• One who masticates.
Mastication
n.
• The act or operation of masticating; chewing, as of food.
Masticator
n.
• One who masticates.
• A machine for cutting meat into fine pieces for toothless people; also, a machine for cutting leather, India rubber, or similar tough substances, into fine pieces, in some processes of manufacture.
Masticatory
a.
• Chewing; adapted to perform the office o chewing food.
n.
(Med.) A substance to be chewed to increase the saliva.
Masticin
n.
(Chem.) A white, amorphous, tenacious substance resembling caoutchouc, and obtained as an insoluble residue of mastic.
Masticot
n.
(Chem.) Massicot.
Mastiff
n.
(Zool.) A breed of large dogs noted for strength and courage. There are various strains, differing in form and color, and characteristic of different countries.
Mastigopod
n.
(Zool.) One of the Mastigopoda.
Mastigopoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) The Infusoria.
Mastigure
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several large spiny-tailed lizards of the genus Uromastix. They inhabit Southern Asia and North Africa.
Masting
n.
(Naut.) The act or process of putting a mast or masts into a vessel; also, the scientific principles which determine the position of masts, and the mechanical methods of placing them.
Mastitis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the breast.
Mastless
a.
• Bearing no mast; as, a mastless oak or beech.
a.
• Having no mast; as, a mastless vessel.
Mastodon
n.
(Paleon.) An extinct genus of mammals closely allied to the elephant, but having less complex molar teeth, and often a pair of lower, as well as upper, tusks, which are incisor teeth. The species were mostly larger than elephants, and their romains occur in nearly all parts of the world in deposits ranging from Miocene to late Quaternary time.
Mastodonsaurus
n.
(Paleon.) A large extinct genus of labyrinthodonts, found in the European Triassic rocks.
Mastodontic
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, a mastodon; as, mastodontic dimensions.
Mastoid
a.
(Anat.) Resembling the nipple or the breast; — applied specifically to a process of the temporal bone behind the ear.
• Pertaining to, or in the region of, the mastoid process; mastoidal.
Mastoidal
a.
• Same as Mastoid.
Mastology
n.
• The natural history of Mammalia.
Mastress
n.
• Mistress.
Masturbation
n.
• Onanism; self-pollution.
Masty
a.
• Full of mast; abounding in acorns, etc.
Mat
n.
• A name given by coppersmiths to an alloy of copper, tin, iron, etc., usually called white metal.
a.
• Cast down; dejected; overthrown; slain.
n.
• A fabric of sedge, rushes, flags, husks, straw, hemp, or similar material, used for wiping and cleaning shoes at the door, for covering the floor of a hall or room, and for other purposes.
• Any similar fabric for various uses, as for covering plant houses, putting beneath dishes or lamps on a table, securing rigging from friction, and the like.
• Anything growing thickly, or closely interwoven, so as to resemble a mat in form or texture; as, a mat of weeds; a mat of hair.
• An ornamental border made of paper, pasterboard, metal, etc., put under the glass which covers a framed picture; as, the mat of a daguerreotype.
v. t.
• To cover or lay with mats.
• To twist, twine, or felt together; to interweave into, or like, a mat; to entangle.
v. i.
• To grow thick together; to become interwoven or felted together like a mat.
Matachin
n.
• An old dance with swords and bucklers; a sword dance.
Mataco
n.
(Zool.) The three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutis tricinctus).
Matagasse
n.
(Zool.) A shrike or butcher bird; — called also mattages.
Matamata
n.
(Zool.) The bearded tortoise (Chelys fimbriata) of South American rivers.
Matanza
n.
• A place where animals are slaughtered for their hides and tallow.
Match
n.
• Anything used for catching and retaining or communicating fire, made of some substance which takes fire readily, or remains burning some time; esp., a small strip or splint of wood dipped at one end in a substance which can be easily ignited by friction, as a preparation of phosphorus or chlorate of potassium.
n.
• A person or thing equal or similar to another; one able to mate or cope with another; an equal; a mate.
• A bringing together of two parties suited to one another, as for a union, a trial of skill or force, a contest, or the like
• A contest to try strength or skill, or to determine superiority; an emulous struggle.
• A matrimonial union; a marriage.
• An agreement, compact, etc.
• A candidate for matrimony; one to be gained in marriage.
• Equality of conditions in contest or competition.
• Suitable combination or bringing together; that which corresponds or harmonizes with something else; as, the carpet and curtains are a match.
(Founding) A perforated board, block of plaster, hardened sand, etc., in which a pattern is partly imbedded when a mold is made, for giving shape to the surfaces of separation between the parts of the mold.
v. t.
• To be a mate or match for; to be able to complete with; to rival successfully; to equal.
• To furnish with its match; to bring a match, or equal, against; to show an equal competitor to; to set something in competition with, or in opposition to, as equal.
• To oppose as equal; to contend successfully against.
• To make or procure the equal of, or that which is exactly similar to, or corresponds with; as, to match a vase or a horse; to match cloth.
• To make equal, proportionate, or suitable; to adapt, fit, or suit (one thing to another).
• To marry; to give in marriage.
• To fit together, or make suitable for fitting together; specifically, to furnish with a tongue and a groove, at the edges; as, to match boards.
v. i.
• To be united in marriage; to mate.
• To be of equal, or similar, size, figure, color, or quality; to tally; to suit; to correspond; as, these vases match.
Matchable
a.
• Capable of being matched; comparable on equal conditions; adapted to being joined together; correspondent.
Matcher
n.
• One who, or that which, matches; a matching machine.
Matchless
a.
• Having no equal; unequaled.
• Unlike each other; unequal; unsuited.
Matchlock
n.
• An old form of gunlock containing a match for firing the priming; hence, a musket fired by means of a match.
Matchmaker
n.
• One who makes matches for burning or kinding.
• One who tries to bring about marriages.
Matchmaking
n.
• The act or process of making matches for kindling or burning.
• The act or process of trying to bring about a marriage for others.
a.
• Busy in making or contriving marriages; as, a matchmaking woman.
Mate
n.
• The Paraguay tea, being the dried leaf of the Brazilian holly (Ilex Paraguensis). The infusion has a pleasant odor, with an agreeable bitter taste, and is much used for tea in South America.
n.
(Chess) Same as Checkmate.
v. t.
• To confuse; to confound.
• To checkmate.
n.
• One who customarily associates with another; a companion; an associate; any object which is associated or combined with a similar object.
• Hence, specifically, a husband or wife; and among the lower animals, one of a pair associated for propagation and the care of their young.
• A suitable companion; a match; an equal.
(Naut.) An officer in a merchant vessel ranking next below the captain. If there are more than one bearing the title, they are called, respectively, first mate, second mate, third mate, etc. In the navy, a subordinate officer or assistant; as, master's mate; surgeon's mate.
v. t.
• To match; to marry.
• To match one's self against; to oppose as equal; to compete with.
v. i.
• To be or become a mate or mates, especially in sexual companionship; as, some birds mate for life; this bird will not mate with that one.
Mateless
a.
• Having no mate.
Matelote
n.
• A dish of food composed of many kings of fish.
Mateology
n.
• A vain, unprofitable discourse or inquiry.
Mateotechny
n.
• Any unprofitable science.
Material
a.
• Consisting of matter; not spiritual; corporeal; physical; as, material substance or bodies.
• Hence: Pertaining to, or affecting, the physical nature of man, as distinguished from the mental or moral nature; relating to the bodily wants, interests, and comforts.
• Of solid or weighty character; not insubstantial; of cinsequence; not be dispensed with; important.
(Logic.) Pertaining to the matter, as opposed to the form, of a thing.
n.
• The substance or matter of which anything is made or may be made.
v. t.
• To form from matter; to materialize.
Materialism
n.
• The doctrine of materialists; materialistic views and tenets.
• The tendency to give undue importance to material interests; devotion to the material nature and its wants.
• Material substances in the aggregate; matter.
Materialist
n.
• One who denies the existence of spiritual substances or agents, and maintains that spiritual phenomena, so called, are the result of some peculiar organization of matter.
• One who holds to the existence of matter, as distinguished from the idealist, who denies it.
Materiality
n.
• The quality or state of being material; material existence; corporeity.
• Importance; as, the materiality of facts.
Materialization
n.
• The act of materializing, or the state of being materialized.
Materialize
v. t.
• To invest wich material characteristics; to make perceptible to the senses; hence, to present to the mind through the medium of material objects.
• To regard as matter; to consider or explain by the laws or principles which are appropriate to matter.
• To cause to assume a character appropriate to material things; to occupy with material interests; as, to materialize thought.
(Spiritualism) To make visable in, or as in, a material form; — said of spirits.
v. i.
• To appear as a material form; to take substantial shape.
Materially
adv.
• In the state of matter.
• In its essence; substantially.
• In an important manner or degree; essentaily; as, it materially concern us to know the real motives of our actions.
Materialness
n.
• The state of being material.
Materiation
n.
• Act of forming matter.
Materiel
n.
• That in a complex system which constitutes the materials, or instruments employed, in distinction from the personnel, or men; as, the baggage, munitions, provisions, etc., of an army; or the buildings, libraries, and apparatus of a college, in distinction from its officers.
Maternal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a mother; becoming to a mother; motherly; as, maternal love; maternal tenderness.
Maternally
adv.
• In a motherly manner.
Maternity
n.
• The state of being a mother; the character or relation of a mother.
Matfelon
n.
(Bot.) The knapweed (Centaurea nigra).
Math
n.
• A mowing, or that which is gathered by mowing; — chiefly used in composition; as, an aftermath.
Mathematical
a.
• Of or pertaining to mathematics; according to mathematics; hence, theoretically precise; accurate; as, mathematical geography; mathematical instruments; mathematical exactness.
Mathematician
n.
• One versed in mathematics.
Mathematics
n.
• That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of the methods by which, in accordance with these relations, quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative relations.
Mathes
n.
(Bot.) The mayweed. Cf. Maghet.
Mathesis
n.
• Learning; especially, mathematics.
Mathusian
n.
• A follower of Malthus.
Matico
n.
(Bot.) A Peruvian plant (Piper, or Artanthe, elongatum), allied to the pepper, the leaves of which are used as a styptic and astringent.
Matie
n.
(Zool.) A fat herring with undeveloped roe.
Matin
n.
• Morning.
• Morning worship or service; morning prayers or songs.
• Time of morning service; the first canonical hour in the Roman Catholic Church.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the morning, or to matins; used in the morning; matutinal.
Matinal
a.
• Relating to the morning, or to matins; matutinal.
Matinee
n.
• A reception, or a musical or dramatic entertainment, held in the daytime.
Matrass
n.
(Chem.) A round-bottomed glass flask having a long neck; a bolthead.
Matriarch
n.
• The mother and ruler of a family or of her descendants; a ruler by maternal right.
Matriarchal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a matriarch; governed by a matriarch.
Matriarchate
n.
• The office or jurisdiction of a matriarch; a matriarchal form of government.
Matricidal
a.
• Of or pertaining to matricide.
Matricide
n.
• The murder of a mother by her son or daughter.
• One who murders one's own mother.
Matriculate
v. t.
• To enroll; to enter in a register; specifically, to enter or admit to membership in a body or society, particularly in a college or university, by enrolling the name in a register.
v. i.
• To go though the process of admission to membership, as by examination and enrollment, in a society or college.
a.
• Matriculated.
n.
• One who is matriculated.
Matriculation
n.
• The act or process of matriculating; the state of being matriculated.
Matrimoine
n.
• Matrimony.
Matrimonial
a.
• Of or pertaining to marriage; derived from marriage; connubial; nuptial; hymeneal; as, matrimonial rights or duties.
Matrimonially
adv.
• In a matrimonial manner.
Matrimonious
a.
• Matrimonial.
Matrimony
n.
• The union of man and woman as husband and wife; the nuptial state; marriage; wedlock.
• A kind of game at cards played by several persons.
Matrix
n.
(Anat.) The womb.
• Hence, that which gives form or origin to anything
(Mech.) The cavity in which anything is formed, and which gives it shape; a die; a mold, as for the face of a type.
(Min.) The earthy or stony substance in which metallic ores or crystallized minerals are found; the gangue.
(Dyeing) The five simple colors, black, white, blue, red, and yellow, of which all the rest are composed.
(Biol.) The lifeless portion of tissue, either animal or vegetable, situated between the cells; the intercellular substance.
(Math.) A rectangular arrangement of symbols in rows and columns. The symbols may express quantities or operations.
Matron
n.
• A wife or a widow, especially, one who has borne children; a woman of staid or motherly manners.
• A housekeeper; esp., a woman who manages the domestic economy of a public instution; a head nurse in a hospital; as, the matron of a school or hospital.
Matronage
n.
• The state of a matron.
• The collective body of matrons.
Matronal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a matron; suitable to an elderly lady or to a married woman; grave; motherly.
Matronhood
n.
• The state of being a matron.
Matronize
v. t.
• To make a matron of; to make matronlike.
• To act the part of a marton toward; to superintend; to chaperone; as, to matronize an assembly.
Matronlike
a.
• Like a matron; sedate; grave; matronly.
Matronly
a.
• Advanced in years; elderly.
• Like, or befitting, a matron; grave; sedate.
Matross
n.
(Mil.) Formerly, in the British service, a gunner or a gunner's mate; one of the soldiers in a train of artillery, who assisted the gunners in loading, firing, and sponging the guns.
Mattages
n.
(Zool.) A shrike or butcher bird; — written also matagasse.
Mattamore
n.
• A subterranean repository for wheat.
Matte
n.
(Metallurgy) A partly reduced copper sulphide, obtained by alternately roasting and melting copper ore in separating the metal from associated iron ores, and called coarse metal, fine metal, etc., according to the grade of fineness. On the exterior it is dark brown or black, but on a fresh surface is yellow or bronzy in color.
• A dead or dull finish, as in gilding where the gold leaf is not burnished, or in painting where the surface is purposely deprived of gloss.
Matted
a.
• Having a dull surface; unburnished; as, matted gold leaf or gilding.
a.
• Covered with a mat or mats; as, a matted floor.
• Tangled closely together; having its parts adhering closely together; as, matted hair.
Matter
n.
• That of which anything is composed; constituent substance; material; the material or substantial part of anything; the constituent elements of conception; that into which a notion may be analyzed; the essence; the pith; the embodiment.
• That of which the sensible universe and all existent bodies are composed; anything which has extension, occupies space, or is perceptible by the senses; body; substance.
• That with regard to, or about which, anything takes place or is done; the thing aimed at, treated of, or treated; subject of action, discussion, consideration, feeling, complaint, legal action, or the like; theme.
• That which one has to treat, or with which one has to do; concern; affair; business.
• Affair worthy of account; thing of consequence; importance; significance; moment; — chiefly in the phrases what matter ? no matter, and the like.
• Inducing cause or occasion, especially of anything disagreeable or distressing; difficulty; trouble.
• Amount; quantity; portion; space; — often indefinite.
• Substance excreted from living animal bodies; that which is thrown out or discharged in a tumor, boil, or abscess; pus; purulent substance.
(Metaph.) That which is permanent, or is supposed to be given, and in or upon which changes are effected by psychological or physical processes and relations; — opposed to form.
(Print.) Written manuscript, or anything to be set in type; copy; also, type set up and ready to be used, or which has been used, in printing.
v. i.
• To be of importance; to import; to signify.
• To form pus or matter, as an abscess; to maturate.
v. t.
• To regard as important; to take account of; to care for.
Matterless
a.
• Not being, or having, matter; as, matterless spirits.
• Unimportant; immaterial.
Mattery
a.
• Generating or containing pus; purulent.
• Full of substance or matter; important.
Matting
n.
• The act of interweaving or tangling together so as to make a mat; the process of becoming matted.
• Mats, in general, or collectively; mat work; a matlike fabric, for use in covering floors, packing articles, and the like; a kind of carpeting made of straw, etc.
• Materials for mats.
• An ornamental border.
n.
• A dull, lusterless surface in certain of the arts, as gilding, metal work, glassmaking, etc.
Mattock
n.
• An implement for digging and grubbing. The head has two long steel blades, one like an adz and the other like a narrow ax or the point of a pickax.
Mattowacca
n.
(Zool.) An American clupeoid fish (Clupea mediocris), similar to the shad in habits and appearance, but smaller and less esteemed for food; — called also hickory shad, tailor shad, fall herring, and shad herring.
Mattress
n.
• A quilted bed; a bed stuffed with hair, moss, or other suitable material, and quilted or otherwise fastened.
(Hydraulic Engin.) A mass of interwoven brush, poles, etc., to protect a bank from being worn away by currents or waves.
Maturant
n.
(Med.) A medicine, or application, which promotes suppuration.
Maturate
v. t.
• To bring to ripeness or maturity; to ripen.
• To promote the perfect suppuration of (an abscess).
v. i.
• To ripen; to become mature; specifcally, to suppurate.
Maturation
n.
• The process of bringing, or of coming, to maturity; hence, specifically, the process of suppurating perfectly; the formation of pus or matter.
Maturative
a.
• Conducing to ripeness or maturity; hence, conducing to suppuration.
n.
(Med.) A remedy promoting maturation; a maturant.
Mature
a.
• Brought by natural process to completeness of growth and development; fitted by growth and development for any function, action, or state, appropriate to its kind; full-grown; ripe.
• Completely worked out; fully digested or prepared; ready for action; made ready for destined application or use; perfected; as, a mature plan.
• Of or pertaining to a condition of full development; as, a man of mature years.
• Come to, or in a state of, completed suppuration.
v. t.
• To bring or hasten to maturity; to promote ripeness in; to ripen; to complete; as, to mature one's plans.
v. i.
• To advance toward maturity; to become ripe; as, wine matures by age; the judgment matures by age and experience.
• Hence, to become due, as a note.
Maturely
adv.
• In a mature manner; with ripeness; completely.
• With caution; deliberately.
• Early; soon.
Matureness
n.
• The state or quality of being mature; maturity.
Maturer
n.
• One who brings to maturity.
Maturescent
a.
• Approaching maturity.
Maturing
a.
• Approaching maturity; as, maturing fruits; maturing notes of hand.
Maturity
n.
• The state or quality of being mature; ripeness; full development; as, the maturity of corn or of grass; maturity of judgment; the maturity of a plan.
• Arrival of the time fixed for payment; a becoming due; termination of the period a note, etc., has to run.
Matutinal
a.
• Of or pertaining to the morning; early.
Matutinary
a.
• Matutinal.
Matutine
a.
• Matutinal.
Matweed
n.
(Bot.) A name of several maritime grasses, as the sea sand-reed (Ammophila arundinacea) which is used in Holland to bind the sand of the seacoast dikes (see Beach grass, under Beach); also, the Lygeum Spartum, a Mediterranean grass of similar habit.
Maty
n.
• A native house servant in India.
Matzoth
n.
• A cake of unleavened bread eaten by the Jews at the feast of the Passover.
Maucaco
n.
(Zool.) A lemur; — applied to several species, as the White-fronted, the ruffed, and the ring-tailed lemurs.
Maud
n.
• A gray plaid; — used by shepherds in Scotland.
Maudle
v. t.
• To throw onto confusion or disorder; to render maudlin.
Maudlin
a.
• Tearful; easily moved to tears; exciting to tears; excessively sentimental; weak and silly.
• Drunk, or somewhat drunk; fuddled; given to drunkenness.
Maudlinwort
n.
(Bot.) The oxeye daisy.
Maugre
v. t.
• To defy.
Maukin
n.
(Zool.) A hare.
Maul
n.
• A heavy wooden hammer or beetle.
v. t.
• To beat and bruise with a heavy stick or cudgel; to wound in a coarse manner.
• To injure greatly; to do much harm to.
Maule
n.
(Bot.) The common mallow.
Mauling
n.
• A severe beating with a stick, cudgel, or the fist.
Maunch
v. t.
• To munch.
Maund
n.
• A hand basket.
n.
• An East Indian weight, varying in different localities from 25 to about 82 pounds avoirdupois.
Maunder
v. t.
• To utter in a grumbling manner; to mutter.
n.
• A beggar.
Maunderer
n.
• One who maunders.
Maundril
n.
(Coa Mining) A pick with two prongs, to pry with.
Maungy
a.
• Mangy.
Maurist
n.
• A member of the Congregation of Saint Maur, an offshoot of the Benedictines, originating in France in the early part of the seventeenth century. The Maurists have been distinguished for their interest in literature.
Mausolean
a.
• Pertaining to a mausoleum; monumental.
Mausoleum
n.
• A magnificent tomb, or stately sepulchral monument.
Mauther
n.
• A girl; esp., a great, awkward girl; a wench.
Mauve
n.
• A color of a delicate purple, violet, or lilac.
Mauveine
n.
(Chem.) An artificial organic base, obtained by oxidizing a mixture of aniline and toluidine, and valuable for the dyestuffs it forms.
Mauvine
a.
• Mauve-colored.
Maverick
n.
• In the southwestern part of the united States, a bullock or heifer that has not been branded, and is unclaimed or wild; — said to be from Maverick, the name of a cattle owner in Texas who naglected to brand his cattle.
Mavis
n.
(Zool.) The European throstle or song thrush (Turdus musicus).
Maw
n.
(Zool.) A gull.
n.
• A stomach; the receptacle into which food is taken by swallowing; in birds, the craw; — now used only of the lower animals, exept humorously or in contempt.
• Appetite; inclination.
n.
• An old game at cards.
Mawk
n.
• A maggot.
• A slattern; a mawks.
Mawkingly
adv.
• Slatternly.
Mawkish
a.
• Apt to cause satiety or loathing; nauseous; disgusting.
• Easily disgusted; squeamish; sentimentally fastidious.
Mawkishly
adv.
• In a mawkish way.
Mawkishness
n.
• The quality or state of being mawkish.
Mawks
n.
• A slattern; a mawk.
Mawky
a.
• Maggoty.
Mawmet
n.
• A puppet; a doll; originally, an idol, because in the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Mohammedans worshiped images representing Mohammed.
Mawmetry
n.
• The religion of Mohammed; also, idolatry.
Mawmish
a.
• Nauseous.
Mawseed
n.
(Bot.) The seed of the opium poppy.
Mawworm
n.
(Zool.) Any intestinal worm found in the stomach, esp. the common round worm (Ascaris lumbricoides), and allied species.
• One of the larvae of botflies of horses; a bot.
Maxilla
n.
(Anat.) The bone of either the upper or the under jaw.
• The bone, or principal bone, of the upper jaw, the bone of the lower jaw being the mandible.
(Zool.) One of the lower or outer jaws of arthropods.
Maxilliform
a.
• Having the form, or structure, of a maxilla.
Maxilliped
n.
(Zool.) One of the mouth appendages of Crustacea, situated next behind the maxillae. Crabs have three pairs, but many of the lower Crustacea have but one pair of them. Called also jawfoot, and foot jaw.
Maxilloturbinal
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the maxillary and turbinal regions of the skull.
n.
• The maxillo-turbinal, or inferior turbinate, bone.
Maxim
n.
• An established principle or proposition; a condensed proposition of important practical truth; an axiom of practical wisdom; an adage; a proverb; an aphorism.
(Mus.) The longest note formerly used, equal to two longs, or four breves; a large.
Maximilian
n.
• A gold coin of Bavaria, of the value of about 13s. 6d. sterling, or about three dollars and a quarter.
Maximization
n.
• The act or process of increasing to the highest degree.
Maximize
v. t.
• To increase to the highest degree.
Maximum
n.
• The greatest quantity or value attainable in a given case; or, the greatest value attained by a quantity which first increases and then begins to decrease; the highest point or degree; — opposed to minimum.
a.
• Greatest in quantity or highest in degree attainable or attained; as, a maximum consumption of fuel; maximum pressure; maximum heat.
May
v.
• An auxiliary verb qualifyng the meaning of another verb, by expressing: (a) Ability, competency, or possibility; — now oftener expressed by can.
n.
• A maiden.
n.
• The fifth month of the year, containing thirty-one days.
• The early part or springtime of life.
(Bot.) The flowers of the hawthorn; — so called from their time of blossoming; also, the hawthorn.
• The merrymaking of May Day.
Maya
n.
(Hindoo Philos.) The name for the doctrine of the unreality of matter, called, in English, idealism; hence, nothingness; vanity; illusion.
Maybe
adv.
• Perhaps; possibly; peradventure.
a.
• Possible; probable, but not sure.
n.
• Possibility; uncertainty.
Maybird
n.
(Zool.) The whimbrel; — called also May fowl, May curlew, and May whaap.
• The knot.
• The bobolink.
Maybloom
n.
(Bot.) The hawthorn.
Maybush
n.
(Bot.) The hawthorn.
Mayduke
n.
• A large dark-red cherry of excellent quality.
Mayfish
n.
(Zool.) A common American minnow (Fundulus majalis).
Mayflower
n.
(Bot.) In England, the hawthorn; in New England, the trailing arbutus (see Arbutus); also, the blossom of these plants.
Mayhap
adv.
• Perhaps; peradventure.
Mayhem
n.
(Law) The maiming of a person by depriving him of the use of any of his members which are necessary for defense or protection.
Maying
n.
• The celebrating of May Day.
Mayonnaise
n.
• A sauce compounded of raw yolks of eggs beaten up with olive oil to the consistency of a sirup, and seasoned with vinegar, pepper, salt, etc.; — used in dressing salads, fish, etc. Also, a dish dressed with this sauce.
Mayor
n.
• The chief magistrate of a city or borough; the chief officer of a municipal corporation. In some American cities there is a city court of which the major is chief judge.
Mayoral
n.
• The conductir of a mule team; also, a head shepherd.
Mayoralty
n.
• The office, or the term of office, of a mayor.
Mayoress
n.
• The wife of a mayor.
Mayorship
n.
• The office of a mayor.
Maypole
n.
• A tall pole erected in an open place and wreathed with flowers, about which the rustic May-day sports were had.
Maypop
n.
(Bot.) The edible fruit of a passion flower, especially that of the North American Passiflora incarnata, an oval yellowish berry as large as a small apple.
Mayweed
n.
(Bot.) A composite plant (Anthemis Cotula), having a strong odor; dog's fennel. It is a native of Europe, now common by the roadsides in the United States.
• The feverfew.
Mazard
n.
(Bot.) A kind of small black cherry.
n.
• The jaw; the head or skull.
v. t.
• To knock on the head.
Mazarine
a.
• Of or pertaining to Cardinal Mazarin, prime minister of France, 1643-1661.
n.
• Mazarine blue.
Mazdean
a.
• Of or pertaining to Ahura-Mazda, or Ormuzd, the beneficent deity in the Zoroastrian dualistic system; hence, Zoroastrian.
Mazdeism
n.
• The Zoroastrian religion.
Maze
n.
• A wild fancy; a confused notion.
• Confusion of thought; perplexity; uncertainty; state of bewilderment.
• A confusing and baffling network, as of paths or passages; an intricacy; a labyrinth.
v. t.
• To perplex greatly; to bewilder; to astonish and confuse; to amaze.
v. i.
• To be bewildered.
Mazedness
n.
• The condition of being mazed; confusion; astonishment.
Mazeful
a.
• Mazy.
Mazer
n.
• A large drinking bowl; — originally made of maple.
Mazily
adv.
• In a mazy manner.
Maziness
n.
• The state or quality of being mazy.
Mazological
a.
• Of or pertaining to mazology.
Mazologist
n.
• One versed in mazology or mastology.
Mazology
n.
• Same as Mastology.
Mazy
a.
• Perplexed with turns and windings; winding; intricate; confusing; perplexing; embarrassing; as, mazy error.
Me
pron.
• One.
pers. pron.
• The person speaking, regarded as an object; myself; a pronoun of the first person used as the objective and dative case of the pronoum I; as, he struck me; he gave me the money, or he gave the money to me; he got me a hat, or he got a hat for me.
Meach
v. i.
• To skulk; to cower.
Meacock
n.
• An uxorious, effeminate, or spiritless man.
Mead
n.
• A fermented drink made of water and honey with malt, yeast, etc.; metheglin; hydromel.
• A drink composed of sirup of sarsaparilla or other flavoring extract, and water. It is sometimes charged with carbonic acid gas.
n.
• A meadow.
Meadow
n.
• A tract of low or level land producing grass which is mown for hay; any field on which grass is grown for hay.
• Low land covered with coarse grass or rank herbage near rives and in marshy places by the sea; as, the salt meadows near Newark Bay.
a.
• Of or pertaining to a meadow; of the nature of a meadow; produced, growing, or living in, a meadow.
Meadowy
a.
• Of or pertaining to meadows; resembling, or consisting of, meadow.
Meagre
n.
(Zool.) A large European sciaenoid fish (Sciaena umbra or S. aquila), having white bloodless flesh. It is valued as a food fish.
Meak
n.
• A hook with a long handle.
Meaking
n.
(Naut.) The process of picking out the oakum from the seams of a vessel which is to be recalked.
Meal
n.
• A part; a fragment; a portion.
n.
• The portion of food taken at a particular time for the satisfaction of appetite; the quantity usually taken at one time with the purpose of satisfying hunger; a repast; the ac or time of eating a meal; as, the traveler has not eaten a good meal for a week; there was silence during the meal.
n.
• Grain (esp. maize, rye, or oats) that is coarsely ground and unbolted; also, a kind of flour made from beans, pease, etc.; sometimes, any flour, esp. if coarse.
• Any substance that is coarsely pulverized like meal, but not granulated.
v. t.
• To sprinkle with, or as with, meal.
• To pulverize; as, mealed powder.
Mealies
n. pl.
(Bot.) Maize or Indian corn; — the common name in South Africa.
Mealiness
n.
• The quality or state of being mealy.
Mealtime
n.
• The usual time of eating a meal.
Mealy
a.
• Having the qualities of meal; resembling meal; soft, dry, and friable; easily reduced to a condition resembling meal; as, a mealy potato.
• Overspread with something that resembles meal; as, the mealy wings of an insect.
Mean
v. t.
• To have in the mind, as a purpose, intention, etc.; to intend; to purpose; to design; as, what do you mean to do ?
• To signify; to indicate; to import; to denote.
v. i.
• To have a purpose or intention.
a.
• Destitute of distinction or eminence; common; low; vulgar; humble.
• Wanting dignity of mind; low-minded; base; destitute of honor; spiritless; as, a mean motive.
• Of little value or account; worthy of little or no regard; contemptible; despicable.
• Of poor quality; as, mean fare.
• Penurious; stingy; close-fisted; illiberal; as, mean hospitality.
a.
• Occupying a middle position; middle; being about midway between extremes.
• Intermediate in excellence of any kind.
(Math.) Average; having an intermediate value between two extremes, or between the several successive values of a variable quantity during one cycle of variation; as, mean distance; mean motion; mean solar day.
n.
• That which is mean, or intermediate, between two extremes of place, time, or number; the middle point or place; middle rate or degree; mediocrity; medium; absence of extremes or excess; moderation; measure.
(Math.) A quantity having an intermediate value between several others, from which it is derived, and of which it expresses the resultant value; usually, unless otherwise specified, it is the simple average, formed by adding the quantities together and dividing by their number, which is called an arithmetical mean. A geometrical mean is the square root of the product of the quantities.
• That through which, or by the help of which, an end is attained; something tending to an object desired; intermediate agency or measure; necessary condition or coagent; instrument.
• Hence: Resources; property, revenue, or the like, considered as the condition of easy livelihood, or an instrumentality at command for effecting any purpose; disposable force or substance.
(Mus.) A part, whether alto or tenor, intermediate between the soprano and base; a middle part.
• Meantime; meanwhile.
• A mediator; a go-between.
Meander
n.
• A winding, crooked, or involved course; as, the meanders of the veins and arteries.
• A tortuous or intricate movement.
(Arch.) Fretwork.
v. t.
• To wind, turn, or twist; to make flexuous.
v. i.
• To wind or turn in a course or passage; to be intricate.
Meandrian
a.
• Winding; having many turns.
Meandrina
n.
(Zool.) A genus of corals with meandering grooves and ridges, including the brain corals.
Meaning
n.
• That which is meant or intended; intent; purpose; aim; object; as, a mischievous meaning was apparent.
• That which is signified, whether by act lanquage; signification; sence; import; as, the meaning of a hint.
• Sense; power of thinking.
Meanly
adv.
• Moderately.
adv.
• In a mean manner; unworthily; basely; poorly; ungenerously.
Meanness
n.
• The condition, or quality, of being mean; want of excellence; poorness; lowness; baseness; sordidness; stinginess.
• A mean act; as, to be guilty of meanness.
Meant
imp. & p. p.
• of Mean.
Mear
n.
• A boundary.
Mease
n.
• Five hundred; as, a mease of herrings.
Measelry
n.
• Leprosy.
Measle
n.
• A leper.
n.
(Zool.) A tapeworm larva.
Measled
a.
• Infected or spotted with measles, as pork.
Measles
n.
• Leprosy; also, a leper.
n.
(Med.) A contagious febrile disorder commencing with catarrhal symptoms, and marked by the appearance on the third day of an eruption of distinct red circular spots, which coalesce in a crescentic form, are slightly raised above the surface, and after the fourth day of the eruption gradually decline; rubeola.
(Veter. Med.) A disease of cattle and swine in which the flesh is filled with the embryos of different varieties of the tapeworm.
• A disease of trees.
(Zool.) The larvae of any tapeworm (Taenia) in the cysticerus stage, when contained in meat. Called also bladder worms.
Measly
a.
• Infected with measles.
(Zool.) Containing larval tapeworms; — said of pork and beef.
Measurable
a.
• Capable of being measured; susceptible of mensuration or computation.
• Moderate; temperate; not excessive.
Measure
n.
• A standard of dimension; a fixed unit of quantity or extent; an extent or quantity in the fractions or multiples of which anything is estimated and stated; hence, a rule by which anything is adjusted or judged.
• An instrument by means of which size or quantity is measured, as a graduated line, rod, vessel, or the like.
• The dimensions or capacity of anything, reckoned according to some standard; size or extent, determined and stated; estimated extent; as, to take one's measure for a coat.
• The contents of a vessel by which quantity is measured; a quantity determined by a standard; a stated or limited quantity or amount.
• Extent or degree not excessive or beyong bounds; moderation; due restraint; esp. in the phrases, in measure; with measure; without or beyond measure.
• Determined extent, not to be exceeded; limit; allotted share, as of action, influence, ability, or the like; due proportion.
• The quantity determined by measuring, especially in buying and selling; as, to give good or full measure.
• Undefined quantity; extent; degree.
• Regulated division of movement
(Dancing) A regulated movement corresponding to the time in which the accompanying music is performed; but, especially, a slow and stately dane, like the minuet
(Mus.) The group or grouping of beats, caused by the regular recurrence of accented beats
• The space between two bars
a.
(Poetry) The manner of ordering and combining the quantities, or long and short syllables; meter; rhythm; hence, a foot; as, a poem in iambic measure.
(Arith.) A number which is contained in a given number a number of times without a remainder; as in the phrases, the common measure, the greatest common measure, etc., of two or more numbers.
• A step or definite part of a progressive course or policy; a means to an end; an act designed for the accomplishment of an object; as, political measures; prudent measures; an inefficient measure.
• The act of measuring; measurement.
(Geol.) Beds or strata; as, coal measures; lead measures.
v. t.
• To ascertain by use of a measuring instrument; to compute or ascertain the extent, quantity, dimensions, or capacity of, by a certain rule or standard; to take the dimensions of; hence, to estimate; to judge of; to value; to appraise.
• To serve as the measure of; as, the thermometer measures changes of temperature.
• To pass throught or over in journeying, as if laying off and determining the distance.
• To adjust by a rule or standard.
• To allot or distribute by measure; to set off or apart by measure; — often with out or off.
v. i.
• To make a measurement or measurements.
• To result, or turn out, on measuring; as, the grain measures well; the pieces measure unequally.
• To be of a certain size or quantity, or to have a certain length, breadth, or thickness, or a certain capacity according to a standard measure; as, cloth measures three fourths of a yard; a tree measures three feet in diameter.
Measured
a.
• Regulated or determined by a standard; hence, equal; uniform; graduated; limited; moderated; as, he walked with measured steps; he expressed himself in no measured terms.
Measureless
a.
• Without measure; unlimited; immeasurable.
Measurement
n.
• The act or result of measuring; mensuration; as, measurement is required.
• The extent, size, capacity, amount. or quantity ascertained by measuring; as, its measurement is five acres.
Measurer
n.
• One who measures; one whose occupation or duty is to measure commondities in market.
Measuring
a.
• Used in, or adapted for, ascertaining measurements, or dividing by measure.
Meat
n.
• Food, in general; anything eaten for nourishment, either by man or beast. Hence, the edible part of anything; as, the meat of a lobster, a nut, or an egg.
• The flesh of animals used as food; esp., animal muscle; as, a breakfast of bread and fruit without meat.
• Specifically, dinner; the chief meal.
v. t.
• To supply with food.
Meatal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a meatus; resembling a meatus.
Meated
a.
• Fed; fattened.
• Having (such) meat; — used chiefly in composition; as, thick-meated.
Meatiness
n.
• Quality of being meaty.
Meatless
a.
• Having no meat; without food.
Meatoscope
n.
(Med.) A speculum for examining a natural passage, as the urethra.
Meatotome
n.
(Surg.) An instrument for cutting into the urethra so as to enlarge its orifice.
Meatus
n. sing. & pl.
(Anat.) A natural passage or canal; as, the external auditory meatus.
Meaty
a.
• Abounding in meat.
Meaw
n.
• The sea mew.
Meazling
a.
• Falling in small drops; mistling; mizzing.
Mecate
n.
• A rope of hair or of maguey fiber, for tying horses, etc.
Meccawee
a.
• Of or pertaining to Mecca, in Arabia.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Mecca.
Mechanic
n.
• The art of the application of the laws of motion or force to construction.
• A mechanician; an artisan; an artificer; one who practices any mechanic art; one skilled or employed in shaping and uniting materials, as wood, metal, etc., into any kind of structure, machine, or other object, requiring the use of tools, or instruments.
a.
• Having to do woth the application of the laws of motion in the art of constructing or making things; of or pertaining to mechanics; mechanical; as, the mechanic arts.
• Of or pertaining to a mechanic or artificer, or to the class of artisans; hence, rude; common; vulgar.
• Base.
Mechanical
a.
• Pertaining to, governed by, or in accordance with, mechanics, or the laws of motion; pertaining to the quantitative relations of force and matter, as distinguished from mental, vital, chemical, etc.; as, mechanical principles; a mechanical theory; mechanical deposits.
• Of or pertaining to a machine or to machinery or tools; made or formed by a machine or with tools; as, mechanical precision; mechanical products.
• Done as if by a machine; uninfluenced by will or emotion; proceeding automatically, or by habit, without special intention or reflection; as, mechanical singing; mechanical verses; mechanical service.
• Made and operated by interaction of forces without a directing intelligence; as, a mechanical universe.
• Obtained by trial, by measurements, etc.; approximate; empirical.
n.
• A mechanic.
Mechanicalize
v. t.
• To cause to become mechanical.
Mechanically
adv.
• In a mechanical manner.
Mechanicalness
n.
• The state or quality of being mechanical.
Mechanician
n.
• One skilled in the theory or construction of machines; a machinist.
Mechanics
n.
• That science, or branch of applied mathematics, which treats of the action of forces on bodies.
Mechanism
n.
• The arrangement or relation of the parts of a machine; the parts of a machine, taken collectively; the arrangement or relation of the parts of anything as adapted to produce an effect; as, the mechanism of a watch; the mechanism of a sewing machine; the mechanism of a seed pod.
• Mechanical operation or action.
(Kinematics) An ideal machine; a combination of movable bodies constituting a machine, but considered only with regard to relative movements.
Mechanist
n.
• A maker of machines; one skilled in mechanics.
• One who regards the phenomena of nature as the effects of forces merely mechanical.
Mechanize
v. t.
• To cause to be mechanical.
Mechanograph
n.
• One of a number of copies of anything multiplied mechanically.
Mechanographic
a.
• Treating of mechanics.
• Written, copied, or recorded by machinery; produced by mechanography; as, a mechanographic record of changes of temperature; mechanographic prints.
Mechanographist
n.
• An artist who, by mechanical means, multiplies copies of works of art.
Mechanography
n.
• The art of mechanically multiplying copies of a writing, or any work of art.
Mechanurgy
n.
• That branch of science which treats of moving machines.
Mechitarist
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a religious congregation of the Roman Catholic Church devoted to the improvement of Armenians.
Mechlin
n.
• A kind of lace made at, or originating in, Mechlin, in Belgium.
Mechoacan
n.
• A species of jalap, of very feeble properties, said to be obtained from the root of a species of Convolvulus (C. Mechoacan); — so called from Michoacan, in Mexico, whence it is obtained.
Meckelian
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, or discovered by, J. F. Meckel, a German anatomist.
Meconate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of meconic acid.
Meconic
a.
• Pertaining to, or obtained from, the poppy or opium; specif. (Chem.), designating an acid related to aconitic acid, found in opium and extracted as a white crystalline substance.
Meconidine
n.
(Chem) An alkaloid found in opium, and extracted as a yellow amorphous substance which is easily decomposed.
Meconidium
n.
(Zool.) A kind of gonophore produced by hydroids of the genus Gonothyraea. It has tentacles, and otherwise resembles a free medusa, but remains attached by a pedicel.
Meconin
n.
(Chem.) A substance regarded as an anhydride of meconinic acid, existing in opium and extracted as a white crystalline substance. Also erroneously called meconina, meconia, etc., as though it were an alkaloid.
Meconinic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid which occurs in opium, and which may be obtained by oxidizing narcotine.
Meconium
n.
(Med.) Opium.
• The contents of the fetal intestine; hence, first excrement.
Medal
n.
• A piece of metal in the form of a coin, struck with a device, and intended to preserve the remembrance of a notable event or an illustrious person, or to serve as a reward.
v. t.
• To honor or reward with a medal.
Medalet
n.
• A small medal.
Medalist
n.
• A person that is skilled or curious in medals; a collector of medals.
• A designer of medals.
• One who has gained a medal as the reward of merit.
Medallic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a medal, or to medals.
Medallion
n.
• A large medal or memorial coin.
• A circular or oval (or, sometimes, square) tablet bearing a figure or figures represented in relief.
Medalurgy
n.
• The art of making and striking medals and coins.
Meddle
v. i.
• To mix; to mingle.
• To interest or engage one's self; to have to do; — a good sense.
• To interest or engage one's self unnecessarily or impertinently, to interfere or busy one's self improperly with another's affairs; specifically, to handle or distrub another's property without permission; — often followed by with or in.
v. t.
• To mix; to mingle.
Meddler
n.
• One who meddles; one who interferes or busies himself with things in which he has no concern; an officious person; a busybody.
Meddlesome
a.
• Given to meddling; apt to interpose in the affairs of others; officiously intrusive.
Meddling
a.
• Meddlesome.
Meddlingly
adv.
• In a meddling manner.
Mede
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Media in Asia.
Media
n.
• pl. of Medium.
n.
(Phonetics) One of the sonant mutes β, δ, γ (b, d, g), in Greek, or of their equivalents in other languages, so named as intermediate between the tenues, π, τ, κ (p, t, k), and the aspiratae (aspirates) φ, θ, χ (ph or f, th, ch). Also called middle mute, or medial, and sometimes soft mute.
Mediacy
n.
• The state or quality of being mediate.
Mediaeval
a.
• Of or relating to the Middle Ages; as, mediaeval architecture.
Mediaevalism
n.
• The method or spirit of the Middle Ages; devotion to the institutions and practices of the Middle Ages; a survival from the Middle Ages.
Mediaevalist
n.
• One who has a taste for, or is versed in, the history of the Middle Ages; one in sympathy with the spirit or forms of the Middle Ages.
Mediaevally
adv.
• In the manner of the Middle Ages; in accordance with mediaevalism.
Mediaevals
n. pl.
• The people who lived in the Middle Ages.
Medial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a mean or average; mean; as, medial alligation.
Median
a.
• Being in the middle; running through the middle; as, a median groove.
(Zool.) Situated in the middle; lying in a plane dividing a bilateral animal into right and left halves; — said of unpaired organs and parts; as, median coverts.
n.
(Geom.) A median line or point.
Mediant
n.
(Mus.) The third above the keynote; — so called because it divides the interval between the tonic and dominant into two thirds.
Mediastinal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to a mediastinum.
Mediate
a.
• Being between the two extremes; middle; interposed; intervening; intermediate.
• Acting by means, or by an intervening cause or instrument; not direct or immediate; acting or suffering through an intervening agent or condition.
• Gained or effected by a medium or condition.
v. i.
• To be in the middle, or between two; to intervene.
• To interpose between parties, as the equal friend of each, esp. for the purpose of effecting a reconciliation or agreement; as, to mediate between nations.
v. t.
• To effect by mediation or interposition; to bring about as a mediator, instrument, or means; as, to mediate a peace.
• To divide into two equal parts.
Mediately
adv.
• In a mediate manner; by a secondary cause or agent; not directly or primarily; by means; — opposed to immediately.
Mediateness
n.
• The state of being mediate.
Mediation
n.
• The act of mediating; action or relation of anything interposed; action as a necessary condition, means, or instrument; interposition; intervention.
• Hence, specifically, agency between parties at variance, with a view to reconcile them; entreaty for another; intercession.
Mediative
a.
• Pertaining to mediation; used in mediation; as, mediative efforts.
Mediatization
n.
• The act of mediatizing.
Mediatize
v. t.
• To cause to act through an agent or to hold a subordinate position; to annex; — specifically applied to the annexation during the former German empire of a smaller German state to a larger, while allowing it a nominal sovereignty, and its prince his rank.
Mediator
n.
• One who mediates; especially, one who interposes between parties at variance for the purpose of reconciling them; hence, an intercessor.
Mediatorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a mediator, or to mediation; mediatory; as, a mediatorial office.
Mediatorship
n.
• The office or character of a mediator.
Mediatory
a.
• Mediatorial.
Medic
n.
(Bot.) A leguminous plant of the genus Medicago. The black medic is the Medicago lupulina; the purple medic, or lucern, is M. sativa.
a.
• Medical.
Medicable
a.
• Capable of being medicated; admitting of being cured or healed.
Medical
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or having to do with, the art of healing disease, or the science of medicine; as, the medical profession; medical services; a medical dictionary; medical jurisprudence.
• Containing medicine; used in medicine; medicinal; as, the medical properties of a plant.
Medically
adv.
• In a medical manner; with reference to healing, or to the principles of the healing art.
Medicament
n.
• Anything used for healing diseases or wounds; a medicine; a healing application.
Medicamental
a.
• Of or pertaining to medicaments or healing applications; having the qualities of medicaments.
Medicaster
n.
• A quack.
Medicate
v. t.
• To tincture or impregnate with anything medicinal; to drug.
• To treat with medicine.
Medication
• The act or process of medicating.
Medicative
a.
• Medicinal; acting like a medicine.
Medicean
a.
• Of or relating to the Medici, a noted Italian family; as, the Medicean Venus.
Medicinable
a.
• Medicinal; having the power of healing.
Medicinal
a.
• Having curative or palliative properties; used for the cure or alleviation of bodily disorders; as, medicinal tinctures, plants, or springs.
• Of or pertaining to medicine; medical.
Medicinally
adv.
• In a medicinal manner.
Medicine
n.
• The science which relates to the prevention, cure, or alleviation of disease.
• Any substance administered in the treatment of disease; a remedial agent; a remedy; physic.
• A philter or love potion.
• A physician.
v. t.
• To give medicine to; to affect as a medicine does; to remedy; to cure.
Medicommissure
n.
(Anat.) A large transverse commissure in the third ventricle of the brain; the middle or soft commissure.
Medicornu
n.
(Anat.) The middle or inferior horn of each lateral ventricle of the brain.
Medics
n.
• Science of medicine.
Mediety
n.
• The middle part; half; moiety.
Medino
n.
• Same as Para.
Mediocral
a.
• Mediocre.
Mediocre
a.
• Of a middle quality; of but a moderate or low degree of excellence; indifferent; ordinary.
n.
• A mediocre person.
• A young monk who was excused from performing a portion of a monk's duties.
Mediocrist
n.
• A mediocre person.
Mediocrity
n.
• The quality of being mediocre; a middle state or degree; a moderate degree or rate.
• Moderation; temperance.
Mediostapedial
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to that part of the columella of the ear which, in some animals, connects the stapes with the other parts of the columella.
n.
• The mediostapedial part of the columella.
Medioxumous
a.
• Intermediate.
Meditance
n.
• Meditation.
Meditate
v. i.
• To keep the mind in a state of contemplation; to dwell on anything in thought; to think seriously; to muse; to cogitate; to reflect.
v. t.
• To contemplate; to keep the mind fixed upon; to study.
• To purpose; to intend; to design; to plan by revolving in the mind; as, to meditate a war.
Meditation
n.
• The act of meditating; close or continued thought; the turning or revolving of a subject in the mind; serious contemplation; reflection; musing.
• Thought; — without regard to kind.
Meditatist
n.
• One who is given to meditation.
Meditative
a.
• Disposed to meditate, or to meditation; as, a meditative man; a meditative mood.
Mediterranean
a.
• Inclosed, or nearly inclosed, with land; as, the Mediterranean Sea, between Europe and Africa.
• Inland; remote from the ocean.
• Of or pertaining to the Mediterranean Sea; as, Mediterranean trade; a Mediterranean voyage.
Mediterraneous
a.
• Inland.
Medium
n.
• That which lies in the middle, or between other things; intervening body or quantity. Hence, specifically: (a) Middle place or degree; mean.
(Math.)Mean.
(Logic) The mean or middle term of a syllogism; that by which the extremes are brought into connection
• A substance through which an effect is transmitted from one thing to another; as, air is the common medium of sound. Hence: The condition upon which any event or action occurs; necessary means of motion or action; that through or by which anything is accomplished, conveyed, or carried on; specifically, in animal magnetism, spiritualism, etc., a person through whom the action of another being is said to be manifested and transmitted.
• An average.
• A trade name for printing and writing paper of certain sizes.
(Paint.) The liquid vehicle with which dry colors are ground and prepared for application.
a.
• Having a middle position or degree; mean; intermediate; medial; as, a horse of medium size; a decoction of medium strength.
Medius
n.
(Anat.) The third or middle finger; the third digit, or that which corresponds to it.
Medlar
n.
• A tree of the genus Mespilus (M. Germanica); also, the fruit of the tree. The fruit is something like a small apple, but has a bony endocarp. When first gathered the flesh is hard and austere, and it is not eaten until it has begun to decay.
Medle
v. t.
• To mix; to mingle; to meddle.
Medley
n.
• A mixture; a mingled and confused mass of ingredients, usually inharmonious; a jumble; a hodgepodge; — often used contemptuously.
• The confusion of a hand to hand battle; a brisk, hand to hand engagement; a melee.
(Mus.) A composition of passages detached from several different compositions; a potpourri.
• A cloth of mixed colors.
a.
• Mixed; of mixed material or color.
• Mingled; confused.
Medoc
n.
• A class of claret wines, including several varieties, from the district of Medoc in the department of Gironde.
Medrick
n.
(Zool.) A species of gull or tern.
Medulla
n.
• Marrow; pith; hence, essence.
(Anat.) The marrow of bones; the deep or inner portion of an organ or part; as, the medulla, or medullary substance, of the kidney; specifically, the medula oblongata.
(Bot.) A soft tissue, occupying the center of the stem or branch of a plant; pith.
Medullary
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling, marrow or medulla.
• Pertaining to the medula oblongata.
(Bot.) Filled with spongy pith; pithy.
Medullated
a.
(Anat.) Furnished with a medulla or marrow, or with a medullary sheath; as, a medullated nerve fiber.
Medullin
n.
(Bot. Chem.) A variety of lignin or cellulose found in the medulla, or pith, of certain plants. Cf. Lignin, and Cellulose.
Medusa
n.
(Class. Myth.) The Gorgon; or one of the Gorgons whose hair was changed into serpents, after which all who looked upon her were turned into stone.
(Zool.) Any free swimming acaleph; a jellyfish.
Medusian
n.
(Zool.) A medusa.
Medusiform
a.
(Zool.) Resembling a medusa in shape or structure.
Medusoid
a.
(Zool.) Like a medusa; having the fundamental structure of a medusa, but without a locomotive disk; — said of the sessile gonophores of hydroids.
n.
• A sessile gonophore.
Meed
n.
• That which is bestowed or rendered in consideration of merit; reward; recompense.
• Merit or desert; worth.
• A gift; also, a bride.
v. t.
• To reward; to repay.
• To deserve; to merit.
Meedful
a.
• Worthy of meed, reward, or recompense; meritorious.
Meedfully
adv.
• According to merit; suitably.
Meek
a.
• Mild of temper; not easily provoked or orritated; patient under injuries; not vain, or haughty, or resentful; forbearing; submissive.
• Evincing mildness of temper, or patience; characterized by mildness or patience; as, a meek answer; a meek face.
Meekly
adv.
• In a meek manner.
Meekness
n.
• The quality or state of being meek.
Meer
a.
• Simple; unmixed.
n.
• A boundary.
Meerkat
n.
(Zool.) A South African carnivore (Cynictis penicillata), allied to the ichneumons.
Meerschaum
n.
(Min.) A fine white claylike mineral, soft, and light enough when in dry masses to float in water. It is a hydrous silicate of magnesia, and is obtained chiefly in Asia Minor. It is manufacturd into tobacco pipes, cigar holders, etc. Also called sepiolite.
• A tobacco pipe made of this mineral.
Meet
v. t.
• To join, or come in contact with; esp., to come in contact with by approach from an opposite direction; to come upon or against, front to front, as distinguished from contact by following and overtaking.
• To come in collision with; to confront in conflict; to encounter hostilely; as, they met the enemy and defeated them; the ship met opposing winds and currents.
• To come into the presence of without contact; to come close to; to intercept; to come within the perception, influence, or recognition of; as, to meet a train at a junction; to meet carriages or persons in the street; to meet friends at a party; sweet sounds met the ear.
• To perceive; to come to a knowledge of; to have personal acquaintance with; to experience; to suffer; as, the eye met a horrid sight; he met his fate.
• To come up to; to be even with; to equal; to match; to satisfy; to ansver; as, to meet one's expectations; the supply meets the demand.
v. t.
• To come together by mutual approach; esp., to come in contact, or into proximity, by approach from opposite directions; to join; to come face to face; to come in close relationship; as, we met in the street; two lines meet so as to form an angle.
• To come together with hostile purpose; to have an encounter or conflict.
• To assemble together; to congregate; as, Congress meets on the first Monday of December.
• To come together by mutual concessions; hence, to agree; to harmonize; to unite.
n.
• An assembling together; esp., the assembling of huntsmen for the hunt; also, the persons who so assemble, and the place of meeting.
a.
• Suitable; fit; proper; appropriate; qualified; convenient.
adv.
• Meetly.
Meeten
v. t.
• To render fit.
Meeter
n.
• One who meets.
Meeth
• Mead.
Meeting
n.
• A coming together; an assembling; as, the meeting of Congress.
• A junction, crossing, or union; as, the meeting of the roads or of two rivers.
• A congregation; a collection of people; a convention; as, a large meeting; an harmonius meeting.
• An assembly for worship; as, to attend meeting on Sunday; — in England, applied distinctively and disparagingly to the worshiping assemblies of Dissenters.
Meetinghouse
n.
• A house used as a place of worship; a church; — in England, applied only to a house so used by Dissenters.
Meetly
adv.
• Fitly; suitably; properly.
Meetness
n.
• Fitness; suitableness; propriety.
Megaceros
n.
(Paleon.) The Irish elk.
Megachile
n.
(Zool.) A leaf-cutting bee of the genus Megachilus.
Megacoulomb
n.
(Elec.) A million coulombs.
Megaderm
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of Old World blood-sucking bats of the genus Megaderma.
Megadyne
n.
(Physics) One of the larger measures of force, amounting to one million dynes.
Megafarad
n.
(Elec.) One of the larger measures of electrical capacity, amounting to one million farads; a macrofarad.
Megalerg
n.
(Physics) A million ergs; a megerg.
Megalesian
a.
• Pertaining to, or in honor of, Cybele; as, the Megalesian games at Rome.
Megalethoscope
n.
• An optical apparatus in which pictures are viewed through a large lens with stereoptical effects. It is often combined with the stereoscope.
Megalith
n.
• A large stone; especially, a large stone used in ancient building.
Megalocyte
n.
(Physiol.) A large, flattened corpuscle, twice the diameter of the ordinary red corpuscle, found in considerable numbers in the blood in profound anaemia.
Megalomania
n.
(Pathol.) A form of mental alienation in which the patient has grandiose delusions.
Megalonyx
n.
(Paleon.) An extinct quaternary mammal, of great size, allied to the sloth.
Megalophonous
a.
• Having a loud voice.
Megalopolis
n.
• A chief city; a metropolis.
Megalops
n.
(Zool.) A larva, in a stage following the zoea, in the development of most crabs. In this stage the legs and abdominal appendages have appeared, the abdomen is relatively long, and the eyes are large. Also used adjectively.
• A large fish; the tarpum.
Megalopsychy
n.
• Greatness of soul.
Megameter
n.
(Physics) An instrument for determining longitude by observation of the stars.
• A micrometer.
Megampere
n.
(Elec.) A million amperes.
Megaphone
n.
• A device to magnify sound, or direct it in a given direction in a greater volume, as a very large funnel used as an ear trumpet or as a speaking trumpet.
Megaphyton
n.
(Paleon.) An extinct genus of tree ferns with large, two-ranked leaves, or fronds.
Megapode
n.
(Zool.) Any one of several species of large-footed, gallinaceous birds of the genera Megapodius and Leipoa, inhabiting Australia and other Pacific islands.
Megapolis
n.
• A metropolis.
Megascope
n.
• A modification of the magic lantern, used esp. for throwing a magnified image of an opaque object on a screen, solar or artificial light being used.
Megaseme
a.
(Anat.) Having the orbital index relatively large; having the orbits narrow transversely; — opposed to microseme.
Megasthene
n.
(Zool.) One of a group which includes the higher orders of mammals, having a large size as a typical characteristic.
Megasthenic
a.
(Zool.) Having a typically large size; belonging to the megasthenes.
Megastome
n.
(Zool.) One of a group of univalve shells, having a large aperture or mouth.
Megatheroid
n.
(Paleon.) One of a family of extinct edentates found in America. The family includes the megatherium, the megalonyx, etc.
Megavolt
n.
(Elec.) One of the larger measures of electro-motive force, amounting to one million volts.
Megaweber
n.
(Elec.) A million webers.
Megerg
n.
(Physics) One of the larger measures of work, amounting to one million ergs; — called also megalerg.
Megohm
n.
(Elec.) One of the larger measures of electrical resistance, amounting to one million ohms.
Megrim
n.
• A kind of sick or nevrous headache, usually periodical and confined to one side of the head.
• A fancy; a whim; a freak; a humor; esp., in the plural, lowness of spirits.
(Far.) A sudden vertigo in a horse, succeeded sometimes by unconsciousness, produced by an excess of blood in the brain; a mild form of apoplexy.
n.
(Zool.) The British smooth sole, or scaldfish (Psetta arnoglossa).
Meibomian
a.
(Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Meibomius.
Meionite
n.
(Min.) A member of the scapolite, group, occuring in glassy crystals on Monte Somma, near Naples.
Meiosis
n.
(Rhet.) Diminution; a species of hyperbole, representing a thing as being less than it really is.
Melaconite
n.
(Min.) An earthy black oxide of copper, arising from the decomposition of other ores.
Melaena
n.
(Med.) A discharge from the bowels of black matter, consisting of altered blood.
Melain
n.
• The dark coloring matter of the liquid of the cuttlefish.
Melam
n.
(Chem.) A white or buff-colored granular powder, , obtained by heating ammonium sulphocyanate.
Melamine
n.
(Chem.) A strong nitrogenous base, C3H6N6, produced from several cyanogen compounds, and obtained as a white crystalline substance, — formerly supposed to be produced by the decomposition of melam. Called also cyanuramide.
Melampode
n.
• The black hellebore.
Melanaemia
n.
(Med.) A morbid condition in which the blood contains black pigment either floating freely or imbedded in the white blood corpuscles.
Melanagogue
n.
(Med.) A medicine supposed to expel black bile or choler.
Melancholia
n.
(Med.) A kind of mental unsoundness characterized by extreme depression of spirits, ill-grounded fears, delusions, and brooding over one particular subject or train of ideas.
Melancholian
n.
• A person affected with melancholy; a melancholic.
Melancholic
a.
• Given to melancholy; depressed; melancholy; dejected; unhappy.
n.
• One affected with a gloomy state of mind.
• A gloomy state of mind; melancholy.
Melancholily
adv.
• In a melancholy manner.
Melancholiness
n.
• The state or quality of being melancholy.
Melancholious
a.
• Melancholy.
Melancholist
n.
• One affected with melancholy or dejection.
Melancholize
v. i.
• To become gloomy or dejected in mind.
v. t.
• To make melancholy.
Melancholy
n.
• Depression of spirits; a gloomy state continuing a considerable time; deep dejection; gloominess.
• Great and continued depression of spirits, amounting to mental unsoundness; melancholia.
• Pensive maditation; serious thoughtfulness.
• Ill nature.
a.
• Depressed in spirits; dejected; gloomy dismal.
• Producing great evil and grief; causing dejection; calamitous; afflictive; as, a melancholy event.
• Somewhat deranged in mind; having the jugment impaired.
• Favorable to meditation; somber.
Melanesian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Melanesia.
Melange
n.
• A mixture; a medley.
Melanian
n.
(Zool.) One of a family of fresh-water pectinibranchiate mollusks, having a turret-shaped shell.
Melanic
a.
• Melanotic.
(Ethnol.) Of or pertaining to the black-haired races.
Melaniline
n.
(Chem.) A complex nitrogenous hydrocarbon obtained artificially (as by the action of cyanogen chloride on aniline) as a white, crystalline substance; — called also diphenyl guanidin.
Melanin
n.
(Physiol.) A black pigment found in the pigment-bearing cells of the skin (particularly in the skin of the negro), in the epithelial cells of the external layer of the retina (then called fuscin), in the outer layer of the choroid, and elsewhere. It is supposed to be derived from the decomposition of hemoglobin.
Melanism
n.
• An indue development of dark-colored pigment in the skin or its appendages; — the opposite of albinism.
(Med.) A disease; black jaundice.
Melanistic
a.
• Affected with melanism; of the nature of melanism.
Melanite
n.
(Min.) A black variety of garnet.
Melanochroi
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A group of the human race, including the dark whites.
Melanochroic
a.
• Having a dark complexion; of or pertaining to the Melanochroi.
Melanochroite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of a red, or brownish or yellowish red color. It is a chromate of lead; — called also phoenicocroite.
Melanocomous
a.
• Having very dark or black hair; black-haired.
Melanorrhoea
n.
(Bot.) An East Indian genus of large trees. Melanorrh&oe;a usitatissima is the lignum-vitae of Peru, and yelds a valuable black varnish.
Melanoscope
n.
(Opt.) An instrument containing a combination of colored glasses such that they transmit only red light, so that objects of other colors, as green leaves, appear black when seen through it. It is used for viewing colored flames, to detect the presence of potassium, lithium, etc., by the red light which they emit.
Melanosis
(Med.) The morbid deposition of black matter, often of a malignant character, causing pigmented tumors.
Melanosperm
n.
(Bot.) An alga of any kind that produces blackish spores, or seed dust. The melanosperms include the rockweeds and all kinds of kelp.
Melanotic
• , Melanistic.
Melanotype
n.
(Photog.) A positive picture produced with sensitized collodion on a smooth surface of black varnish, coating a thin plate of iron; also, the process of making such a picture.
Melanterite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous sulphate of iron of a green color and vitreous luster; iron vitriol.
Melanure
n.
(Zool.) A small fish of the Mediterranean; a gilthead.
Melanuric
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid obtained by decomposition of melam, or of urea, as a white crystalline powder; — called also melanurenic acid.
Melaphyre
n.
(Min.) Any one of several dark-colored augitic, eruptive rocks allied to basalt.
Melasma
n.
(Med.) A dark discoloration of the skin, usually local; as, Addison's melasma, or Addison's disease.
Melassic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained from molasses or glucose, and probably identical with saccharic acid.
Melastoma
n.
(Bot.) A genus of evergreen tropical shrubs; — so called from the black berries of some species, which stain the mouth.
Melastomaceous
a.
(Bot.) Belonging to the order of which Melastoma is the type.
Melchite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect, chiefly in Syria and Egypt, which acknowledges the authority of the pope, but adheres to the liturgy and ceremonies of the Eastern Church.
Meleagrine
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the genus Meleagris.
Meleagris
n.
(Zool.) A genus of American gallinaceous birds, including the common and the wild turkeys.
Melee
n.
• A fight in which the combatants are mingledin one confused mass; a hand to hand conflict; an affray.
Melene
n.
(Chem.) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, C30H60, of the ethylene series, obtained from beeswax as a white, scaly, crystalline wax; — called also melissene, and melissylene.
Melenite
n.
• An explosive of great destructive power; — so called from its color, which resembles honey.
Melezitose
n.
(Chem.) A variety of sugar, isomeric with sucrose, extracted from the manna of the larch (Larix).
Meliaceous
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining to a natural order (Meliacae) of plants of which the genus Melia is the type. It includes the mahogany and the Spanish cedar.
Melic
• Of or pertaining to song; lyric; tuneful.
Melicerous
a.
(Med.) Consisting of or containing matter like honey; — said of certain encysted tumors.
Melicratory
n.
• A meadlike drink.
Melilite
n.
(Min.) A mineral occurring in small yellow crystals, found in the lavas (melilite basalt) of Vesuvius, and elsewhere.
Melilot
n.
(Bot.) Any species of Melilotus, a genus of leguminous herbs having a vanillalike odor; sweet clover; hart's clover. The blue melilot (Melilotus caerulea) is used in Switzerland to give color and flavor to sapsago cheese.
Melilotic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, sweet clover or meliot; specifically, designating an acid of the aromatic series, obtained from melilot as a white crystalline substance.
Meliorate
v. t.
• To make better; to improve; to ameliorate; to soften; to make more tolerable.
v. i.
• To grow better.
Meliorater
n.
• Same as Meliorator.
Melioration
n.
• The act or operation of meliorating, or the state of being meliorated; improvement.
Meliorator
n.
• One who meliorates.
Meliorism
n.
• The doctrine that there is a tendency throughout nature toward improvement.
Meliority
n.
• The state or quality of being better; melioration.
Meliphagan
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to the genus Meliphaga.
n.
(Zool.) Any bird of the genus Meliphaga and allied genera; a honey eater; — called also meliphagidan.
Meliphagous
a.
(Zool.) Eating, or feeding upon, honey.
Melisma
n.
(Mus.) A piece of melody; a song or tune, — as opposed to recitative or musical declamation.
• A grace or embellishment.
Melissa
n.
(Bot.) A genus of labiate herbs, including the balm, or bee balm (Melissa officinalis).
Melissic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, beeswax; specif., denoting an acid obtained by oxidation of myricin.
Melitose
n.
(Chem.) A variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, extracted from cotton seeds and from the so-called Australian manna (a secretion of certain species of Eucalyptus).
Mell
v. i. & t.
• To mix; to meddle.
n.
• Honey.
n.
• A mill.
Mellate
n.
(Chem.) A mellitate.
Mellay
n.
• A melee; a conflict.
Melliferous
a.
• Producing honey.
Mellific
a.
• Producing honey.
Mellification
n.
• The making or production of honey.
Mellifluence
n.
• A flow of sweetness, or a sweet, smooth flow.
Mellifluent
a.
• Flowing as with honey; smooth; mellifluous.
Mellifluently
adv.
• In a mellifluent manner.
Mellifluous
a.
• Flowing as with honey; smooth; flowing sweetly or smoothly; as, a mellifluous voice.
Melligenous
a.
• Having the qualities of honey.
Melligo
n.
• Honeydew.
Melliloquent
a.
• Speaking sweetly or harmoniously.
Mellitate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of mellitic acid.
Mellite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of a honey color, found in brown coal, and partly the result of vegetable decomposition; honeystone. It is a mellitate of alumina.
Mellitic
a.
(Chem.) Containing saccharine matter; marked by saccharine secretions; as, mellitic diabetes.
• Pertaining to, or derived from, the mineral mellite.
Mellone
n.
(Chem.) A yellow powder, C6H3N9, obtained from certain sulphocyanates. It has acid properties and forms compounds called mellonides.
Mellow
a.
• Soft or tender by reason of ripeness; having a tender pulp; as, a mellow apple.
• Easily worked or penetrated; not hard or rigid; as, a mellow soil.
• Not coarse, rough, or harsh; subdued; soft; rich; delicate; — said of sound, color, flavor, style, etc.
• Well matured; softened by years; genial; jovial.
• Warmed by liquor; slightly intoxicated.
v. t.
• To make mellow.
v. i.
• To become mellow; as, ripe fruit soon mellows.
Mellowly
adv.
• In a mellow manner.
Mellowness
n.
• Quality or state of being mellow.
Mellowy
a.
• Soft; unctuous.
Melluco
n.
(Bot.) A climbing plant (Ullucus officinalis) of the Andes, having tuberous roots which are used as a substitute for potatoes.
Melne
n.
• A mill.
Melodeon
n.
(Mus.) A kind of small reed organ; — a portable form of the seraphine.
• A music hall.
Melodic
a.
• Of the nature of melody; relating to, containing, or made up of, melody; melodious.
Melodics
n.
• The department of musical science which treats of the pitch of tones, and of the laws of melody.
Melodiograph
n.
• A contrivance for preserving a record of music, by recording the action of the keys of a musical instrument when played upon.
Melodious
a.
• Containing, or producing, melody; musical; agreeable to the ear by a sweet succession of sounds; as, a melodious voice.
Melodist
n.
• A composer or singer of melodies.
Melodize
v. t.
• To make melodious; to form into, or set to, melody.
v. i.
• To make melody; to compose melodies; to harmonize.
Melodrama
n.
• Formerly, a kind of drama having a musical accompaniment to intensify the effect of certain scenes. Now, a drama abounding in romantic sentiment and agonizing situations, with a musical accompaniment only in parts which are especially thrilling or pathetic. In opera, a passage in which the orchestra plays a somewhat descriptive accompaniment, while the actor speaks; as, the melodrama in the gravedigging scene of Beethoven's "Fidelio".
Melodramatic
a.
• Of or pertaining to melodrama; like or suitable to a melodrama; unnatural in situation or action.
Melodramatist
n.
• One who acts in, or writes, melodramas.
Melodrame
n.
• Melodrama.
Melody
n.
• A sweet or agreeable succession of sounds.
(Mus.) A rhythmical succession of single tones, ranging for the most part within a given key, and so related together as to form a musical whole, having the unity of what is technically called a musical thought, at once pleasing to the ear and characteristic in expression.
• The air or tune of a musical piece.
Meloe
(Zool.) A genus of beetles without wings, but having short oval elytra; the oil beetles. These beetles are sometimes used instead of cantharides for raising blisters.
Melograph
n.
• Same as Melodiograph.
Melolonthidian
n.
(Zool.) A beetle of the genus Melolontha, and allied genera.
Melon
n.
(Bot.) The juicy fruit of certain cucurbitaceous plants, as the muskmelon, watermelon, and citron melon; also, the plant that produces the fruit.
(Zool.) A large, ornamental, marine, univalve shell of the genus Melo.
Melopiano
n.
• A piano having a mechanical attachment which enables the player to prolong the notes at will.
Meloplastic
a.
• Of or pertaining to meloplasty, or the artificial formation of a new cheek.
Meloplasty
n.
(Surg.) The process of restoring a cheek which has been destroyed wholly or in part.
Melostemonous
a.
(Bot.) Having fever stamens than the parts of the corolla.
Melotype
n.
(Photog.) A picture produced by a process in which development after exposure may be deferred indefinitely, so as to permit transportation of exposed plates; also, the process itself.
Melpomene
n.
(Class. Myth.) The Muse of tragedy.
(Astron.) The eighteenth asteroid.
Melrose
n.
• Honey of roses.
Melt
v. t.
• To reduce from a solid to a liquid state, as by heat; to liquefy; as, to mell wax, tallow, or lead; to melt ice or snow.
• Hence: To soften, as by a warming or kindly influence; to relax; to render gentle or susceptible to mild influences; sometimes, in a bad sense, to take away the firmness of; to weaken.
v. i.
• To be changed from a solid to a liquid state under the influence of heat; as, butter and wax melt at moderate temperatures.
• To dissolve; as, sugar melts in the mouth.
• Hence: To be softened; to become tender, mild, or gentle; also, to be weakened or subdued, as by fear.
• To lose distinct form or outline; to blend.
• To disappear by being dispersed or dissipated; as, the fog melts away.
Meltable
a.
• Capable of being melted.
Melter
• , One who, or that which, melts.
Melting
n.
• Liquefaction; the act of causing (something) to melt, or the process of becoming melted.
a.
• Causing to melt; becoming melted; — used literally or figuratively; as, a melting heat; a melting appeal; a melting mood.
Melton
• A kind of stout woolen cloth with unfinished face and without raised nap. A commoner variety has a cotton warp.
Member
v. t.
• To remember; to cause to remember; to mention.
n.
(Anat.) A part of an animal capable of performing a distinct office; an organ; a limb.
• Hence, a part of a whole; an independent constituent of a body
• A part of a discourse or of a period or sentence; a clause; a part of a verse.
(Math.) Either of the two parts of an algebraic equation, connected by the sign of equality.
(Engin.) Any essential part, as a post, tie rod, strut, etc., of a framed structure, as a bridge truss.
(Arch.) Any part of a building, whether constructional, as a pier, column, lintel, or the like, or decorative, as a molding, or group of moldings.
• One of the persons composing a society, community, or the like; an individual forming part of an association; as, a member of the society of Friends.
Membered
a.
• Having limbs; — chiefly used in composition.
(Her.) Having legs of a different tincture from that of the body; — said of a bird in heraldic representations.
Membership
n.
• The state of being a member.
• The collective body of members, as of a society.
Membral
a.
(Anat.) Relating to a member.
Membranaceous
a.
• Same as Membranous.
(Bot.) Thin and rather soft or pliable, as the leaves of the rose, peach tree, and aspen poplar.
Membrane
n.
(Anat.) A thin layer or fold of tissue, usually supported by a fibrous network, serving to cover or line some part or organ, and often secreting or absorbing certain fluids.
Membraniferous
a.
• Having or producing membranes.
Membraniform
a.
• Having the form of a membrane or of parchment.
Membranology
n.
• The science which treats of membranes.
Membranous
a.
• Pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling, membrane; as, a membranous covering or lining.
(Bot.) Membranaceous.
Memento
n.
• A hint, suggestion, token, or memorial, to awaken memory; that which reminds or recalls to memory; a souvenir.
Meminna
n.
(Zool.) A small deerlet, or chevrotain, of India.
Memnon
n.
(Antiq.) A celebrated Egyptian statue near Thebes, said to have the property of emitting a harplike sound at sunrise.
Memoirist
n.
• A writer of memoirs.
Memorabilia
n. pl.
• Things remarkable and worthy of remembrance or record; also, the record of them.
Memorability
n.
• The quality or state of being memorable.
Memorable
a.
• Worthy to be remembered; very important or remarkable.
Memorandum
n.
• A record of something which it is desired to remember; a note to help the memory.
(Law) A brief or informal note in writing of some transaction, or an outline of an intended instrument; an instrument drawn up in a brief and compendious form.
Memorate
v. t.
• To commemorate.
Memorative
a.
• Commemorative.
Memoria
n.
• Memory.
Memorial
a.
• Serving to preserve remembrance; commemorative; as, a memorial building.
• Mnemonic; assisting the memory.
n.
• Anything intended to preserve the memory of a person or event; something which serves to keep something else in remembrance; a monument.
• A memorandum; a record.
• A written representation of facts, addressed to the government, or to some branch of it, or to a society, etc., — often accompanied with a petition.
• Memory; remembrance.
(Diplomacy) A species of informal state paper, much used in negotiation.
Memorialist
n.
• One who writes or signs a memorial.
Memorialize
v. t.
• To address or petition by a memorial; to present a memorial to; as, to memorialize the legislature.
Memorializer
n.
• One who petitions by a memorial.
Memorist
n.
• One who, or that which, causes to be remembered.
Memoriter
adv.
• By, or from, memory.
Memorize
v. t.
• To cause to be remembered ; hence, to record.
• To commit to memory; to learn by heart.
Memory
n.
• The faculty of the mind by which it retains the knowledge of previous thoughts, impressions, or events.
• The reach and positiveness with which a person can remember; the strength and trustworthiness of one's power to reach and represent or to recall the past; as, his memory was never wrong.
• The actual and distinct retention and recognition of past ideas in the mind; remembrance; as, in memory of youth; memories of foreign lands.
• The time within which past events can be or are remembered; as, within the memory of man.
• Something, or an aggregate of things, remembered; hence, character, conduct, etc., as preserved in remembrance, history, or tradition; posthumous fame; as, the war became only a memory.
• A memorial.
Memphian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the ancient city of Memphis in Egypt; hence, Egyptian; as, Memphian darkness.
Men
n.
• pl. of Man.
pron.
• A man; one; — used with a verb in the singular, and corresponding to the present indefinite one or they.
Menaccanite
n.
(Min.) An iron-black or steel-gray mineral, consisting chiefly of the oxides of iron and titanium. It is commonly massive, but occurs also in rhombohedral crystals. Called also titanic iron ore, and ilmenite.
Menace
n.
• The show of an intention to inflict evil; a threat or threatening; indication of a probable evil or catastrophe to come.
v. t.
• To express or show an intention to inflict, or to hold out a prospect of inflicting, evil or injury upon; to threaten; — usually followed by with before the harm threatened; as, to menace a country with war.
• To threaten, as an evil to be inflicted.
v. i.
• To act in threatening manner; to wear a threatening aspect.
Menacer
n.
• One who menaces.
Menacingly
adv.
• In a threatening manner.
Menage
n.
• A collection of animals; a menagerie.
Menagerie
n.
• A piace where animals are kept and trained.
• A collection of wild or exotic animals, kept for exhibition.
Menagogue
n.
(Med.) Emmenagogue.
Menaion
n.
(Eccl.) A work of twelve volumes, each containing the offices in the Greek Church for a month; also, each volume of the same.
Mend
v. t.
• To repair, as anything that is torn, broken, defaced, decayed, or the like; to restore from partial decay, injury, or defacement; to patch up; to put in shape or order again; to re-create; as, to mend a garment or a machine.
• To alter for the better; to set right; to reform; hence, to quicken; as, to mend one's manners or pace.
• To help, to advance, to further; to add to.
v. i.
• To grow better; to advance to a better state; to become improved.
Mendable
a.
• Capable of being mended.
Mendacious
a.
• Given to deception or falsehood; lying; as, a mendacious person.
• False; counterfeit; containing falsehood; as, a mendacious statement.
Mendacity
n.
• The quality or state of being mendacious; a habit of lying.
• A falsehood; a lie.
Mender
n.
• One who mends or repairs.
Mendicancy
n.
• The condition of being mendicant; beggary; begging.
Mendicant
a.
• Practicing beggary; begging; living on alms; as, mendicant friars.
n.
• A beggar; esp., one who makes a business of begging; specifically, a begging friar.
Mendicate
v. t.& i.
• To beg.
Mendication
n.
• The act or practice of begging; beggary; mendicancy.
Mendicity
n.
• The practice of begging; the life of a beggar; mendicancy.
Mendinant
n.
• A mendicant or begging friar.
Mendment
n.
• Amendment.
Mendole
n.
(Zool.) The cackerel.
Mendregal
n.
(Zool.) Medregal.
Menge
v. i.
• To mix.
Menhaden
n.
(Zool.) An American marine fish of the Herring familt (Brevoortia tyrannus), chiefly valuable for its oil and as a component of fertilizers; — called also mossbunker, bony fish, chebog, pogy, hardhead, whitefish, etc.
Menhir
n.
• A large stone set upright in olden times as a memorial or monument. Many, of unknown date, are found in Brittany and throughout Northern Europe.
Menial
a.
• Belonging to a retinue or train of servants; performing servile office; serving.
• Pertaining to servants, esp. domestic servants; servile; low; mean.
n.
• A domestic servant or retainer, esp. one of humble rank; one employed in low or servile offices.
• A person of a servile character or disposition.
Meningeal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the meninges.
Meninges
n. pl.
(Anat.) The three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord; the pia mater, dura mater, and arachnoid membrane.
Meningitis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord.
Meniscal
a.
• Pertaining to, or having the form of, a meniscus.
Meniscoid
a.
• Concavo-convex, like a meniscus.
Meniscus
n.
• A crescent.
(Opt.) A lens convex on one side and concave on the other.
(Anat.) An interarticular synovial cartilage or membrane; esp., one of the intervertebral synovial disks in some parts of the vertebral column of birds.
Menispermaceous
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining to a natural order (Menispermace&ae;) of climbing plants of which moonseed (Menispermum) is the type.
Menispermic
a.
• Pertaining to, or obtained from, moonseed (Menispermum), or other plants of the same family, as the Anamirta Cocculus
Menispermine
n.
(Chem.) An alkaloid distinct from picrotoxin and obtained from the cocculus indicus (the fruit of Anamirta Cocculus, formerly Menispermum Cocculus) as a white, crystalline, tasteless powder; — called also menispermina.
Meniver
n.
• Same as Miniver.
Menopause
n.
(Med.) The period of natural cessation of menstruation.
Menorrhagia
n.
(Med.) Profuse menstruation.
• Any profuse bleeding from the uterus; Metrorrhagia.
Menostasis
n.
(Med.) Stoppage of the mences.
Menostation
n.
(Med.) Same as Menostasis.
Menow
n.
(Zool.) A minnow.
Mensal
a.
• Belonging to the table; transacted at table; as, mensa conversation.
a.
• Occurring once in a month; monthly.
Mense
n.
• Manliness; dignity; comeliness; civility.
v. t.
• To grace.
Menses
n. pl.
(Med.) The catamenial or menstrual discharge, a periodic flow of blood or bloody fluid from the uterus or female generative organs.
Menstrual
a.
• Recurring once a month; monthly; gone through in a month; as, the menstrual revolution of the moon; pertaining to monthly changes; as, the menstrual equation of the sun's place.
• Of or pertaining to the menses; as, menstrual discharges; the menstrual period.
• Of or pertaining to a menstruum.
Menstruant
a.
• Subject to monthly flowing or menses.
Menstruate
a.
• Menstruous.
v. i.
• To discharge the menses; to have the catamenial flow.
Menstruation
n.
• The discharge of the menses; also, the state or the period of menstruating.
Menstrue
n.
• The menstrual flux; menses.
Menstruous
a.
• Having the monthly flow or discharge; menstruating.
• Of or pertaining tj the monthly flow; catamenial.
Menstruum
n.
• Any substance which dissolves a solid body; a solvent.
Mensurability
n.
• The quality of being mensurable.
Mensurable
a.
• Capable of being measured; measurable.
Mensurableness
n.
• The quality or state of being mensurable; measurableness.
Mensural
a.
• Of or pertaining to measure.
Mensurate
v. t.
• To measure.
Mensuration
n.
• The act, process, or art, of measuring.
• That branch of applied geometry which gives rules for finding the length of lines, the areas of surfaces, or the volumes of solids, from certain simple data of lines and angles.
Ment
p. p.
• of Menge.
Mentagra
n.
(Med.) Sycosis.
Mental
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the chin; genian; as, the mental nerve; the mental region.
n.
(Zool.) A plate or scale covering the mentum or chin of a fish or reptile.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the mind; intellectual; as, mental faculties; mental operations, conditions, or exercise.
Mentality
n.
• Quality or state of mind.
Mentally
adv.
• In the mind; in thought or meditation; intellectually; in idea.
Mentha
n.
(Bot.) A widely distributed genus of fragrant herbs, including the peppermint, spearmint, etc. The plants have small flowers, usually arranged in dense axillary clusters.
Menthene
n.
(Chem.) A colorless liquid hydrocarbon resembling oil of turpentine, obtained by dehydrating menthol. It has an agreeable odor and a cooling taste.
Menthol
n.
(Chem.) A white, crystalline, aromatic substance resembling camphor, extracted from oil of peppermint (Mentha); — called also mint camphor or peppermint camphor.
Menthyl
n.
(Chem.) A compound radical forming the base of menthol.
Menticultural
a.
• Of or pertaining to mental culture; serving to improve or strengthen the mind.
Mention
n.
• A speaking or notice of anything, — usually in a brief or cursory manner. Used especially in the phrase to make mention of.
v. t.
• To make mention of; to speak briefly of; to name.
Mentionable
a.
• Fit to be mentioned.
Mentomeckelian
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the chin and lower jaw.
n.
• The bone or cartilage forming the anterior extremity of the lower jaw in some adult animals and the young of others.
Mentor
n.
• A wise and faithful counselor or monitor.
Mentorial
a.
• Containing advice or admonition.
Mentum
n.
(Zool.) The front median plate of the labium in insects.
Menu
n.
• The details of a banquet; a bill of fare.
Mephistophelian
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, the devil Mephistopheles, "a crafty, scoffing, relentless fiend;" devilish; crafty.
Mephitis
n.
• Noxious, pestilential, or foul exhalations from decomposing substances, filth, or other source.
(Zool.) A genus of mammals, including the skunks.
Mephitism
n.
• Same as Mephitis, 1.
Meracious
a.
• Being without mixture or adulteration; hence, strong; racy.
Mercable
a.
• Capable of being bought or sold.
Mercantile
a.
• Of or pertaining to merchants, or the business of merchants; having to do with trade, or the buying and selling of commodities; commercial.
Mercaptal
n.
(Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds of mercaptans with aldehydes.
Mercaptan
n.
(Chem.) Any one of series of compounds, hydrosulphides of alcohol radicals, in composition resembling the alcohols, but containing sulphur in place of oxygen, and hence called also the sulphur alcohols. In general, they are colorless liquids having a strong, repulsive, garlic odor. The name is specifically applied to ethyl mercaptan, C2H5SH. So called from its avidity for mercury, and other metals.
Mercaptide
n.
(Chem.) A compound of mercaptan formed by replacing its sulphur hydrogen by a metal; as, potassium mercaptide, C2H5SK.
Mercat
n.
• Market; trade.
Mercatante
n.
• A foreign trader.
Mercature
n.
• Commerce; traffic; trade.
Merce
v. t.
• To subject to fine or amercement; to mulct; to amerce.
Mercenaria
n.
(Zool.) The quahog.
Mercenarian
n.
• A mercenary.
Mercenarily
adv.
• In a mercenary manner.
Mercenariness
n.
• The quality or state of being mercenary; venality.
Mercenary
a.
• Acting for reward; serving for pay; paid; hired; hireling; venal; as, mercenary soldiers.
• Hence: Moved by considerations of pay or profit; greedy of gain; sordid; selfish.
n.
• One who is hired; a hireling; especially, a soldier hired into foreign service.
Mercer
n.
• Originally, a dealer in any kind of goods or wares; now restricted to a dealer in textile fabrics, as silks or woolens.
Mercership
n.
• The business of a mercer.
Mercery
n.
• The trade of mercers; the goods in which a mercer deals.
Merchand
v. i.
• To traffic.
Merchandisable
a.
• Such as can be used or transferred as merchandise.
Merchandise
n.
• The objects of commerce; whatever is usually bought or sold in trade, or market, or by merchants; wares; goods; commodities.
• The act or business of trading; trade; traffic.
v. i.
• To trade; to carry on commerce.
v. t.
• To make merchandise of; to buy and sell.
Merchandiser
n.
• A trader.
Merchandry
n.
• Trade; commerce.
Merchant
n.
• One who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; a trafficker; a trader.
• A trading vessel; a merchantman.
• One who keeps a store or shop for the sale of goods; a shopkeeper.
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or employed in, trade or merchandise; as, the merchant service.
v. i.
• To be a merchant; to trade.
Merchantable
a.
• Fit for market; such as is usually sold in market, or such as will bring the ordinary price; as, merchantable wheat; sometimes, a technical designation for a particular kind or class.
Merchantly
a.
• Merchantlike; suitable to the character or business of a merchant.
Merchantman
n.
• A merchant.
• A trading vessel; a ship employed in the transportation of goods, as, distinguished from a man-of-war.
Merchantry
n.
• The body of merchants taken collectively; as, the merchantry of a country.
• The business of a merchant; merchandise.
Merciable
a.
• Merciful.
Merciful
a.
• Full of mercy; having or exercising mercy; disposed to pity and spare offenders; unwilling to punish.
• Unwilling to give pain; compassionate.
Mercify
v. t.
• To pity.
Merciless
a.
• Destitute of mercy; cruel; unsparing; — said of animate beings, and also, figuratively, of things; as, a merciless tyrant; merciless waves.
Mercurammonium
n.
(Chem.) A radical regarded as derived from ammonium by the substitution of mercury for a portion of the hydrogen.
Mercurial
a.
• Having the qualities fabled to belong to the god Mercury; swift; active; sprightly; fickle; volatile; changeable; as, a mercurial youth; a mercurial temperament.
• Having the form or image of Mercury; — applied to ancient guideposts.
• Of or pertaining to Mercury as the god of trade; hence, money-making; crafty.
• Of or pertaining to, or containing, mercury; as, mercurial preparations, barometer.
(Med.) Caused by the use of mercury; as, mercurial sore mouth.
n.
• A person having mercurial qualities.
(Med.) A preparation containing mercury.
Mercurialist
n.
• One under the influence of Mercury; one resembling Mercury in character.
(Med.) A physician who uses much mercury, in any of its forms, in his practice.
Mercurialize
v. t.
(Med.) To affect with mercury.
(Photography) To treat with mercury; to expose to the vapor of mercury.
v. i.
• To be sprightly, fantastic, or capricious.
Mercurially
adv.
• In a mercurial manner.
Mercuric
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, mercury; containing mercury; — said of those compounds of mercury into which this element enters in its lowest proportion.
Mercurification
n.
(Metal.) The process or operation of obtaining the mercury, in its fluid form, from mercuric minerals.
(Chem.) The act or process of compounding, or the state of being compounded, with mercury.
Mercurify
v. t.
• To obtain mercury from, as mercuric minerals, which may be done by any application of intense heat that expels the mercury in fumes, which are afterward condensed.
• To combine or mingle mercury with; to impregnate with mercury; to mercurialize.
Mercurism
n.
• A communication of news; an announcement.
Mercurous
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, mercury; containing mercury; — said of those compounds of mercury in which it is present in its highest proportion.
Mercury
n.
(Rom. Myth.) A Latin god of commerce and gain; — treated by the poets as identical with the Greek Hermes, messenger of the gods, conductor of souls to the lower world, and god of eloquence.
(Chem.) A metallic element mostly obtained by reduction from cinnabar, one of its ores. It is a heavy, opaque, glistening liquid (commonly called quicksilver), and is used in barometers, thermometers, ect. Specific gravity 13.6. Symbol Hg (Hydrargyrum). Atomic weight 199.8. Mercury has a molecule which consists of only one atom. It was named by the alchemists after the god Mercury, and designated by his symbol, &mercury;.
(Astron.) One of the planets of the solar system, being the one nearest the sun, from which its mean distance is about 36,000,000 miles. Its period is 88 days, and its diameter 3,000 miles.
• A carrier of tidings; a newsboy; a messenger; hence, also, a newspaper.
• Sprightly or mercurial quality; spirit; mutability; fickleness.
(Bot.) A plant (Mercurialis annua), of the Spurge family, the leaves of which are sometimes used for spinach, in Europe.
v. t.
• To wash with a preparation of mercury.
Mercy
n.
• Forbearance to inflict harm under circumstances of provocation, when one has the power to inflict it; compassionate treatment of an offender or adversary; clemency.
• Compassionate treatment of the unfortunate and helpless; sometimes, favor, beneficence.
• Disposition to exercise compassion or favor; pity; compassion; willingness to spare or to help.
• A blessing regarded as a manifestation of compassion or favor.
Merd
n.
• Ordure; dung.
Mere
n.
• A pool or lake.
n.
• A boundary.
v. t.
• To divide, limit, or bound.
n.
• A mare.
a.
• Unmixed; pure; entire; absolute; unqualified.
• Only this, and nothing else; such, and no more; simple; bare; as, a mere boy; a mere form.
Merely
adv.
• Purely; unmixedly; absolutely.
• Not otherwise than; simply; barely; only.
Merenchyma
n.
(Bot.) Tissue composed of spheroidal cells.
Meresman
n.
• An officer who ascertains meres or boundaries.
Merestead
n.
• The land within the boundaries of a farm; a farmstead or farm.
Merestone
n.
• A stone designating a limit or boundary; a landmark.
Meretricious
a.
• Of or pertaining to prostitutes; having to do with harlots; lustful; as, meretricious traffic.
• Resembling the arts of a harlot; alluring by false show; gaudily and deceitfully ornamental; tawdry; as, meretricious dress or ornaments.
Merganser
n.
(Zool.) Any bird of the genus Merganser, and allied genera. They are allied to the ducks, but have a sharply serrated bill.
Merge
v. t.
• To cause to be swallowed up; to immerse; to sink; to absorb.
v. i.
• To be sunk, swallowed up, or lost.
Merger
n.
• One who, or that which, merges.
(Law) An absorption of one estate, or one contract, in another, or of a minor offense in a greater.
Mericarp
n.
(Bot.) One carpel of an umbelliferous fruit.
Meride
n.
(Biol.) A permanent colony of cells or plastids which may remain isolated, like Rotifer, or may multiply by gemmation to form higher aggregates, termed zoides.
Meridian
a.
• Being at, or pertaining to, midday; belonging to, or passing through, the highest point attained by the sun in his diurnal course.
• Pertaining to the highest point or culmination; as, meridian splendor.
n.
• Midday; noon.
• Hence: The highest point, as of success, prosperity, or the like; culmination.
(Astron.) A great circle of the sphere passing through the poles of the heavens and the zenith of a given place. It is crossed by the sun at midday.
(Geog.) A great circle on the surface of the earth, passing through the poles and any given place; also, the half of such a circle included between the poles.
Meridional
a.
• Of or pertaining to the meridian.
• Having a southern aspect; southern; southerly.
Meridionality
n.
• The state of being in the meridian.
• Position in the south; aspect toward the south.
Meridionally
adv.
• In the direction of the meridian.
Merils
n.
• A boy's play, called also fivepenny morris.
Meringue
n.
• A delicate pastry made of powdered sugar and the whites of eggs whipped up, — with jam or cream added.
Merino
a.
• Of or pertaining to a variety of sheep with very fine wool, originally bred in Spain.
• Made of the wool of the merino sheep.
n.
(Zool.) A breed of sheep originally from Spain, noted for the fineness of its wool.
• A fine fabric of merino wool.
Merismatic
a.
(Biol.) Dividing into cells or segments; characterized by separation into two or more parts or sections by the formation of internal partitions; as, merismatic growth, where one cell divides into many.
Meristem
n.
(Bot.) A tissue of growing cells, or cells capable of further division.
Merit
n.
• The quality or state of deserving well or ill; desert.
• Esp. in a good sense: The quality or state of deserving well; worth; excellence.
• Reward deserved; any mark or token of excellence or approbation; as, his teacher gave him ten merits.
v. t.
• To earn by service or performance; to have a right to claim as reward; to deserve; sometimes, to deserve in a bad sense; as, to merit punishment.
• To reward.
v. i.
• To acquire desert; to gain value; to receive benefit; to profit.
Meritable
a.
• Deserving of reward.
Meritedly
adv.
• By merit; deservedly.
Meritmonger
n.
• One who depends on merit for salvation.
Meritorious
a.
• Possessing merit; deserving of reward or honor; worthy of recompense; valuable.
Meritory
a.
• Meritorious.
Meritot
n.
• A play of children, in swinging on ropes, or the like, till they are dizzy.
Merk
n.
• An old Scotch silver coin; a mark or marc.
n.
• A mark; a sign.
Merke
a.
• Murky.
Merkin
n.
• Originally, a wig; afterwards, a mop for cleaning cannon.
Merlin
n.
(Zool.) A small European falcon (Falco lithofalco, or F. aesalon).
Merling
n.
(Zool.) The European whiting.
Merlon
n.
(Fort.) One of the solid parts of a battlemented parapet; a battlement.
Merluce
n.
(Zool.) The European hake; — called also herring hake and sea pike.
Mermaid
n.
• A fabled marine creature, typically represented as having the upper part like that of a woman, and the lower like a fish; a sea nymph, sea woman, or woman fish.
Merman
n.
• The male corresponding to mermaid; a sea man, or man fish.
Meroblast
n.
(Biol.) An ovum, as that of a mammal, only partially composed of germinal matter, that is, consisting of both a germinal portion and an albuminous or nutritive one; — opposed to holoblast.
Meroblastic
a.
(Biol.) Consisting only in part of germinal matter; characterized by partial segmentation only; as, meroblastic ova, in which a portion of the yolk only undergoes fission; meroblastic segmentation; — opposed to holoblastic.
Merocele
n.
(Med.) Hernia in the thigh; femoral hernia .
Meroistic
a.
(Zool.) Applied to the ovaries of insects when they secrete vitelligenous cells, as well as ova.
Meropidan
n.
(Zool.) One of a family of birds (Meropidae), including the bee-eaters.
Meropodite
n.
(Zool.) The fourth joint of a typical appendage of Crustacea.
Merorganization
n.
• Organization in part.
Meros
n.
(Arch.) The plain surface between the channels of a triglyph.
n.
(Anat.) The proximal segment of the hind limb; the thigh.
Merosome
n.
(Zool.) One of the serial segments, or metameres, of which the bodies of vertebrate and articulate animals are composed.
Merostomata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A class of Arthropoda, allied to the Crustacea. It includes the trilobites, Eurypteroidea, and Limuloidea. All are extinct except the horseshoe crabs of the last group.
Merovingian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the first Frankish dynasty in Gaul or France.
n.
• One of the kings of this dynasty.
Merrily
adv.
• In a merry manner; with mirth; with gayety and laughter; jovially.
Merriment
n.
• Gayety, with laughter; mirth; frolic.
Merriness
n.
• The quality or state of being merry; merriment; mirth; gayety, with laughter.
Merry
a.
• Laughingly gay; overflowing with good humor and good spirits; jovial; inclined to laughter or play ; sportive.
• Cheerful; joyous; not sad; happy.
• Causing laughter, mirth, gladness, or delight; as, merry jest.
n.
(Bot.) A kind of wild red cherry.
Merrymake
n.
• Mirth; frolic; a meeting for mirth; a festival.
v. i.
• To make merry; to be jolly; to feast.
Merrymaker
n.
• One who makes merriment or indulges in conviviality; a jovial comrade.
Merrymaking
a.
• Making or producing mirth; convivial; jolly.
n.
• The act of making merry; conviviality; merriment; jollity.
Merrymeeting
n.
• A meeting for mirth.
Merrythought
n.
• The forked bone of a fowl's breast; — called also wishbone.
Mersion
n.
• Immersion
Merulidan
n.
(Zool.) A bird of the Thrush family.
Mervaille
n.
• Marvel.
Mesa
.
• A high tableland; a plateau on a hill.
Mesaconate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of mesaconic acid.
Mesaconic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, one of several isomeric acids obtained from citric acid.
Mesad
adv.
• Same as Mesiad.
Mesal
a.
• Same as Mesial.
Mesalliance
n.
• A marriage with a person of inferior social position; a misalliance.
Mesally
adv.
• Same as Mesially.
Mesaraic
a.
(Anat.) Mesenteric.
Mesaticephalic
a.
(Anat.) Having the ratio of the length to the breadth of the cranium a medium one; neither brachycephalic nor dolichocephalic.
Mesaticephalous
a.
(Anat.) Mesaticephalic.
Mescal
n.
• A distilled liquor prepared in Mexico from a species of agave.
Mesdames
n.
• pl. of Madame and Madam.
Meseems
v. impers.
• It seems to me.
Mesel
n.
• A leper.
Meselry
n.
• Leprosy.
Mesembryanthemum
n.
(Bot.) A genus of herbaceous or suffruticose plants, chiefly natives of South Africa. The leaves are opposite, thick, and feshy. The flowers usually open about midday, whence the name.
Mesencephalic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesencephalon or midbrain.
Mesencephalon
n.
(Anat.) The middle segment of the brain; the midbrain. Sometimes abbreviated to mesen.
Mesenchyma
n.
(Biol.) The part of the mesoblast which gives rise to the connective tissues and blood.
Mesenteric
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to a mesentery; mesaraic.
Mesenteron
n.
(Anat.) All that part of the alimentary canal which is developed from the primitive enteron and is lined with hypoblast. It is distinguished from the stomodum, a part at the anterior end of the canal, including the cavity of the mouth, and the proctodum, a part at the posterior end, which are formed by invagination and are lined with epiblast.
Mesentery
n.
(Anat.) The membranes, or one of the membranes (consisting of a fold of the peritoneum and inclosed tissues), which connect the intestines and their appendages with the dorsal wall of the abdominal cavity. The mesentery proper is connected with the jejunum and ilium, the other mesenteries being called mesoccum, mesocolon, mesorectum, etc.
(Zool.) One of the vertical muscular radiating partitions which divide the body cavity of Anthozoa into chambers.
Meseraic
a.
(Anat.) Mesaraic.
Mesethmoid
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the middle of the ethmoid region or ethmoid bone.
n.
(Anat.) The median vertical plate, or median element, of the ethmoid bone.
Mesh
n.
• The opening or space inclosed by the threads of a net between knot and knot, or the threads inclosing such a space; network; a net.
(Gearing) The engagement of the teeth of wheels, or of a wheel and rack.
v. t.
• To catch in a mesh.
v. i.
(Gearing) To engage with each other, as the teeth of wheels.
Meshed
a.
• Mashed; brewed.
Meshy
a.
• Formed with meshes; netted.
Mesiad
adv.
(Anat.) Toward, or on the side toward, the mesial plane; mesially; — opposed to laterad.
Mesial
a.
(Anat.) Middle; median; in, or in the region of, the mesial plane; internal; — opposed to lateral.
Mesially
adv.
(Anat.) In, near, or toward, the mesial plane; mesiad.
Mesityl
n.
(Chem.) A hypothetical radical formerly supposed to exist in mesityl oxide.
Mesitylenate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of mesitylenic acid.
Mesitylene
n.
(Chem.) A colorless, fragrant liquid, C6H3(CH3)3, of the benzene series of hydrocarbons, obtained by distilling acetone with sulphuric acid.
Mesitylol
n.
(Chem.) A crystalline substance obtained from mesitylene.
Mesmeree
n.
• A person subjected to mesmeric influence; one who is mesmerized.
Mesmerism
n.
• The art of inducing an extraordinary or abnormal state of the nervous system, in which the actor claims to control the actions, and communicate directly with the mind, of the recipient.
Mesmerist
n.
• One who practices, or believes in, mesmerism.
Mesmerization
n.
• The act of mesmerizing; the state of being mesmerized.
Mesmerize
v. t.
• To bring into a state of mesmeric sleep.
Mesmerizer
n.
• One who mesmerizes.
Mesne
a.
(Law) Middle; intervening; as, a mesne lord, that is, a lord who holds land of a superior, but grants a part of it to another person, in which case he is a tenant to the superior, but lord or superior to the second grantee, and hence is called the mesne lord.
Mesoarium
n.
(Anat.) The fold of peritoneum which suspends the ovary from the dorsal wall of the body cavity.
Mesoblast
n.
(Biol.) The mesoderm.
• The cell nucleus; mesoplast.
Mesoblastic
a.
(Biol.) Relating to the mesoblast; as, the mesoblastic layer.
Mesobranchial
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to a region of the carapace of a crab covering the middle branchial region.
Mesobronchium
n.
(Anat.) The main bronchus of each lung.
Mesocaecum
n.
(Anat.) The fold of peritoneum attached to the caecum.
Mesocarp
n.
(Bot.) The middle layer of a pericarp which consists of three distinct or dissimilar layers.
Mesocephalic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to, or in the region of, the middle of the head; as, the mesocephalic flexure.
• Having the cranial cavity of medium capacity; neither megacephalic nor microcephalic.
• Having the ratio of the length to the breadth of the cranium a medium one; mesaticephalic.
Mesocephalon
n.
(Anat.) The pons Varolii.
Mesocephalous
a.
(Anat.) Mesocephalic.
Mesocolon
n.
(Anat.) The fold of peritoneum, or mesentery, attached to the colon.
Mesocoracoid
n.
(Anat.) A process from the middle of the coracoid in some animals.
Mesoderm
n.
(Biol.) The layer of the blastoderm, between the ectoderm and endoderm; mesoblast.
• The middle body layer in some invertebrates.
• The middle layer of tissue in some vegetable structures.
Mesodermal
a.
(Biol.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the mesoderm; as, mesodermal tissues.
Mesodermic
a.
• Same as Mesodermal.
Mesodont
a.
(Anat.) Having teeth of moderate size.
Mesogaster
n.
(Anat.) The fold of peritoneum connecting the stomach with the dorsal wall of the abdominal cavity; the mesogastrium.
Mesogastric
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the middle region of the abdomen, or of the stomach.
• Of or pertaining to the mesogaster.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the middle gastric lobe of the carapace of a crab.
Mesogastrium
n.
(Anat.) The umbilical region.
• The mesogaster.
Mesognathous
a.
(Anat.) Having the jaws slightly projecting; between prognathous and orthognathous.
Mesohepar
n.
(Anat.) A fold of the peritoneum connecting the liver with the dorsal wall of the abdominal cavity.
Mesohippus
n.
(Paleon.) An extinct mammal of the Horse family, but not larger than a sheep, and having three toes on each foot.
Mesolabe
n.
• An instrument of the ancients for finding two mean proportionals between two given lines, required in solving the problem of the duplication of the cube.
Mesole
n.
(Min.) Same as Thomsonite.
Mesolite
n.
(Min.) A zeolitic mineral, grayish white or yellowish, occuring in delicate groups of crystals, also fibrous massive. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina, lime, and soda.
Mesologarithm
n.
(Math.) A logarithm of the cosine or cotangent.
Mesometrium
n.
(Anat.) The fold of the peritoneum supporting the oviduct.
Mesomyodian
n.
(Zool.) A bird having a mesomyodous larynx.
Mesomyodous
a.
(Zool.) Having the intrinsic muscles of the larynx attached to the middle of the semirings.
Meson
n.
(Anat.) The mesial plane dividing the body of an animal into similar right and left halves. The line in which it meets the dorsal surface has been called the dorsimeson, and the corresponding ventral edge the ventrimeson.
Mesonasal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the middle portion of the nasal region.
Mesonephric
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesonephros; as, the mesonephric, or Wolffian, duct.
Mesonephros
n.
(Anat.) The middle one of the three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in most vertebrates; the Wolffian body.
Mesonotum
n.
(Zool.) The dorsal portion of the mesothorax of insects.
Mesophyllum
n.
(Bot.) The parenchyma of a leaf between the skin of the two surfaces.
Mesoplast
n.
(Biol.) The nucleus of a cell; mesoblast.
Mesopodial
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesopodialia or to the parts of the limbs to which they belong.
Mesopodiale
n.
(Anat.) One of the bones of either the carpus or tarsus.
Mesopodium
n.
(Zool.) The middle portion of the foot in the Gastropoda and Pteropoda.
Mesopterygium
n.
(Anat.) The middle one of the three principal basal cartilages in the fins of fishes.
Mesorchium
n.
(Anat.) The fold of peritoneum which attaches the testis to the dorsal wall of the body cavity or scrotal sac.
Mesorectum
n.
(Anat.) The fold of peritoneum, or mesentery, attached to the rectum.
Mesorhine
a.
(Anat.) Having the nose of medium width; between leptorhine and platyrhine.
Mesosauria
n.
• Same as Mosasauria.
Mesoscapula
n.
(Anat.) A process from the middle of the scapula in some animals; the spine of the scapula.
Mesoscapular
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesoscapula.
Mesoscutum
n.
(Zool.) The scutum or dorsal plate of the middle thoracic segment of an insect.
Mesoseme
a.
(Anat.) Having a medium orbital index; having orbits neither broad nor narrow; between megaseme and microseme.
Mesosperm
n.
(Bot.) A membrane of a seed.
Mesostate
n.
(Physiol.) A product of metabolic action.
Mesosternal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesosternum.
Mesosternum
n.
(Anat.) The middle portion, or body, of the sternum.
(Zool.) The ventral piece of the middle segment of the thorax in insects.
Mesotartaric
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid called also inactive tartaric acid.
Mesotheca
n.
(Zool.) The middle layer of the gonophore in the Hydrozoa.
Mesothelium
n.
(Biol.) Epithelial mesoderm; a layer of cuboidal epithelium cells, formed from a portion of the mesoderm during the differetiation of the germ layers. It constitutes the boundary of the c&oe;lum.
Mesothoracic
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the mesothorax.
Mesothorax
n.
(Zool.) The middle segment of the thorax in insects.
Mesotrochal
a.
(Zool.) Having the middle of the body surrounded by bands of cilia; — said of the larvae of certain marine annelids.
Mesotype
n.
(Min.) An old term covering natrolite or soda mesolite, scolecite or lime mesotype, and mesolite or lime-soda mesotype.
Mesovarium
n.
(Anat.) The fold of peritoneum connecting the ovary with the wall of the abdominal cavity.
Mesoxalate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of mesoxalic acid.
Mesoxalic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid, CH2O2(CO2H)2, obtained from amido malonic acid.
Mesozoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of very lowly organized, wormlike parasites, including the Dicyemata. They are found in cephalopods.
Mesozoic
a.
(Geol.) Belonging, or relating, to the secondary or reptilian age, or the era between the Paleozoic and Cenozoic.
n.
• The Mesozoic age or formation.
Mesprise
n.
• Contempt; scorn.
• Misadventure; ill-success.
Mess
n.
• Mass; church service.
n.
• A quantity of food set on a table at one time; provision of food for a person or party for one meal; as, a mess of pottage; also, the food given to a beast at one time.
• A number of persons who eat together, and for whom food is prepared in common; especially, persons in the military or naval service who eat at the same table; as, the wardroom mess.
• A set of four; — from the old practice of dividing companies into sets of four at dinner.
• The milk given by a cow at one milking.
• A disagreeable mixture or confusion of things; hence, a situation resulting from blundering or from misunderstanding; as, he made a mess of it.
v. i.
• To take meals with a mess; to belong to a mess; to eat (with others); as, I mess with the wardroom officers.
v. t.
• To supply with a mess.
Message
n.
• Any notice, word, or communication, written or verbal, sent from one person to another.
• Hence, specifically, an official communication, not made in person, but delivered by a messenger; as, the President's message.
v. t.
• To bear as a message.
n.
• A messenger.
Messager
n.
• A messenger.
Messenger
n.
• One who bears a message; the bearer of a verbal or written communication, notice, or invitation, from one person to another, or to a public body; specifically, an office servant who bears messages.
• One who, or that which, foreshows, or foretells.
(Naut.) A hawser passed round the capstan, and having its two ends lashed together to form an endless rope or chain; — formerly used for heaving in the cable.
(Law) A person appointed to perform certain ministerial duties under bankrupt and insolvent laws, such as to take charge og the estate of the bankrupt or insolvent.
Messet
n.
• A dog.
Messiad
n.
• A German epic poem on the Messiah, by Klopstock.
Messiah
n.
• The expected king and deliverer of the Hebrews; the Savior; Christ.
Messiahship
n.
• The state or office of the Messiah.
Messianic
a.
• Of or relating to the Messiah; as, the Messianic office or character.
Messias
n.
• The Messiah.
Messidor
n.
• The tenth month of the French republican calendar dating from September 22, 1792. It began June 19, and ended July 18.
Messieurs
n. pl.
• Sirs; gentlemen; — abbreviated to Messrs., which is used as the plural of Mr.
Messinese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Messina, or its inhabitans.
Messmate
n.
• An associate in a mess.
Messuage
n.
(Law) A dwelling house, with the adjacent buildings and curtilage, and the adjoining lands appropriated to the use of the household.
Mest
a.
• Most.
Mestee
n.
• The offspring of a white person and a quadroon; — so called in the West Indies.
Mestizo
n.
• The offspring of an Indian or a negro and a European or person of European stock.
Mestling
n.
• A kind of brass.
Mesymnicum
n.
(Anc. Poetry) A repetition at the end of a stanza.
Met
imp. & p. p.
• of Meet.
obs. imp. & p. p.
• of Mete, to measure.
obs. p. p.
• of Mete, to dream.
Metabasis
n.
(Rhet.) A transition from one subject to another.
(Med.) Same as Metabola.
Metabolian
n.
(Zool.) An insect which undergoes a metamorphosis.
Metabolic
a.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to metamorphosis; pertaining to, or involving, change.
(Physiol.) Of or pertaining to metabolism; as, metabolic activity; metabolic force.
Metabolisis
n.
• Metabolism.
Metabolism
n.
(Physiol.) The act or process, by which living tissues or cells take up and convert into their own proper substance the nutritive material brought to them by the blood, or by which they transform their cell protoplasm into simpler substances, which are fitted either for excretion or for some special purpose, as in the manufacture of the digestive ferments. Hence, metabolism may be either constructive (anabolism), or destructive (katabolism).
Metabolite
n.
(Physiol Chem.) A product of metabolism; a substance produced by metabolic action, as urea.
Metabolize
v. t. & i.
(Physiol.) To change by a metabolic process.
Metabranchial
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the lobe of the carapace of crabs covering the posterior branchiae.
Metacarpal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metacarpus.
n.
• A metacarpal bone.
Metacarpus
n.
(Anat.) That part of the skeleton of the hand or forefoot between the carpus and phalanges. In man it consists of five bones.
Metacetone
n.
(Chem.) A colorless liquid of an agreeable odor, C6H10O, obtained by distilling a mixture of sugar and lime; — so called because formerly regarded as a polymeric modification of acetone.
Metachloral
n.
(Chem.) A white, amorphous, insoluble substance regarded as a polymeric variety of chloral.
Metachronism
n.
• An error committed in chronology by placing an event after its real time.
Metachrosis
n.
(Biol.) The power og changing color at will by the expansion of special pigment cells, under nerve influence, as seen in many reptiles, fishes, etc.
Metacinnabarite
n.
(Min.) Sulphide of mercury in isometric form and black in color.
Metacism
n.
• A defect in pronouncing the letter m, or a too frequent use of it.
Metacrolein
n.
(Chem.) A polymeric modification of acrolein obtained by heating it with caustic potash. It is a crystalline substance having an aromatic odor.
Metacromion
n.
(Anat.) A process projecting backward and downward from the acromion of the scapula of some mammals.
Metadiscoidal
a.
(Anat.) Discoidal by derivation; — applied especially to the placenta of man and apes, because it is supposed to have been derived from a diffused placenta.
Metagastric
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the two posterior gastric lobes of the carapace of crabs.
Metage
n.
• Measurement, especially of coal.
• Charge for, or price of, measuring.
Metagenesis
n.
(Biol.) The change of form which one animal species undergoes in a series of successively produced individuals, extending from the one developed from the ovum to the final perfected individual. Hence, metagenesis involves the production of sexual individuals by nonsexual means, either directly or through intervening sexless generations. Opposed to monogenesis.
(Biol.) Alternation of sexual and asexual or gemmiparous generations; — in distinction from heterogamy.
Metagenetic
a.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to metagenesis.
Metagenic
a.
(Biol.) Metagenetic.
Metagnathous
a.
(Zool.) Cross-billed; — said of certain birds, as the crossbill.
Metagrammatism
n.
• Anagrammatism.
Metagraphic
a.
• By or pertaining to metagraphy.
Metagraphy
n.
• The art or act of rendering the letters of the alphabet of one language into the possible equivalents of another; transliteration.
Metal
n.
(Chem.) An elementary substance, as sodium, calcium, or copper, whose oxide or hydroxide has basic rather than acid properties, as contrasted with the nonmetals, or metalloids. No sharp line can be drawn between the metals and nonmetals, and certain elements partake of both acid and basic qualities, as chromium, manganese, bismuth, etc.
• Ore from which a metal is derived; — so called by miners.
• A mine from which ores are taken.
• The substance of which anything is made; material; hence, constitutional disposition; character; temper.
• Courage; spirit; mettle.
• The broken stone used in macadamizing roads and ballasting railroads.
• The effective power or caliber of guns carried by a vessel of war.
• Glass in a state of fusion.
• The rails of a railroad.
v. t.
• To cover with metal; as, to metal a ship's bottom; to metal a road.
Metalammonium
n.
(Chem.) A hypothetical radical derived from ammonium by the substitution of metallic atoms in place of hydrogen.
Metalbumin
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A form of albumin found in ascitic and certain serous fluids. It is sometimes regarded as a mixture of albumin and mucin.
Metaldehyde
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline substance isomeric with, and obtained from, acetic aldehyde by polymerization, and reconvertible into the same.
Metalepsis
n.
(Rhet.) The continuation of a trope in one word through a succession of significations, or the union of two or more tropes of a different kind in one word.
Metalepsy
n.
(Chem.) Exchange; replacement; substitution; metathesis.
Metaleptic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a metalepsis.
• Transverse; as, the metaleptic motion of a muscle.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, concerned in, or occurring by, metalepsy.
Metaleptical
a.
• Metaleptic.
Metallic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a metal; of the nature of metal; resembling metal; as, a metallic appearance; a metallic alloy.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or characterized by, the essential and implied properties of a metal, as contrasted with a nonmetal or metalloid; basic; antacid; positive.
Metallicly
adv.
• In a metallic manner; by metallic means.
Metallifacture
n.
• The production and working or manufacture of metals.
Metalliferous
a.
• Producing metals; yielding metals.
Metalliform
a.
• Having the form or structure of a metal.
Metalline
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a metal; metallic; as, metalline properties.
• Impregnated with metallic salts; chalybeate; as, metalline water.
n.
(Chem.) A substance of variable composition, but resembling a soft, dark-colored metal, used in the bearings of machines for obviating friction, and as a substitute for lubricants.
Metallist
n.
• A worker in metals, or one skilled in metals.
Metallization
n.
• The act or process of metallizing.
Metallize
v. t.
• To impart metallic properties to; to impregnate with a metal.
Metallochrome
n.
• A coloring produced by the deposition of some metallic compound; specifically, the prismatic tints produced by depositing a film of peroxide of lead on polished steel by electricity.
Metallochromy
n.
• The art or process of coloring metals.
Metallograph
n.
• A print made by metallography.
Metallographic
a.
• Pertaining to, or by means of, metallography.
Metallographist
n.
• One who writes on the subject of metals.
Metallography
n.
• The science or art of metals and metal working; also, a treatise on metals.
• A method of transferring impressions of the grain of wood to metallic surfaces by chemical action.
• A substitute for lithography, in which metallic plates are used instead of stone.
Metalloid
n.
• Formerly, the metallic base of a fixed alkali, or alkaline earth; — applied by Sir H. Davy to sodium, potassium, and some other metallic substances whose metallic character was supposed to be not well defined.
• Now, one of several elementary substances which in the free state are unlike metals, and whose compounds possess or produce acid, rather than basic, properties; a nonmetal; as, boron, carbon, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine, etc., are metalloids.
a.
• Having the appearance of a metal.
(Chem.) Having the properties of a nonmetal; nonmetallic; acid; negative.
Metalloidal
a.
• Metalloid.
Metallorganic
a.
• Metalorganic.
Metallotherapy
n.
(Med.) Treatment of disease by applying metallic plates to the surface of the body.
Metallurgist
n.
• One who works in metals, or prepares them for use; one who is skilled in metallurgy.
Metallurgy
n.
• The art of working metals, comprehending the whole process of separating them from other matters in the ore, smelting, refining, and parting them; sometimes, in a narrower sense, only the process of extracting metals from their ores.
Metalman
n.
• A worker in metals.
Metalogical
a.
• Beyond the scope or province of logic.
Metalorganic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or denoting, any one of a series of compounds of certain metallic elements with organic radicals; as, zinc methyl, sodium ethyl, etc.
Metamer
n.
(Chem.) Any one of several metameric forms of the same substance, or of different substances having the same composition; as, xylene has three metamers, viz., orthoxylene, metaxylene, and paraxylene.
Metamere
n.
(Biol.) One of successive or homodynamous parts in animals and plants; one of a series of similar parts that follow one another in a vertebrate or articulate animal, as in an earthworm; a segment; a somite.
Metameric
a.
(Chem.) Having the same elements united in the same proportion by weight, and with the same molecular weight, but possessing a different structure and different properties; as, methyl ether and ethyl alcohol are metameric compounds.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to a metamere or its formation; as, metameric segmentation.
Metamerically
adv.
• In a metameric manner.
Metamerism
n.
(Biol.) The symmetry of a metameric structure; serial symmetry; the state of being made up of metameres.
(Chem.) The state or quality of being metameric; also, the relation or condition of metameric compounds.
Metamorphic
a.
• Subject to change; changeable; variable.
• Causing a change of structure.
(Geol.) Pertaining to, produced by, or exhibiting, certain changes which minerals or rocks may have undergone since their original deposition; — especially applied to the recrystallization which sedimentary rocks have undergone through the influence of heat and pressure, after which they are called metamorphic rocks.
Metamorphism
n.
(Geol.) The state or quality of being metamorphic; the process by which the material of rock masses has been more or less recrystallized by heat, pressure, etc., as in the change of sedimentary limestone to marble.
Metamorphist
n.
(Eccl.) One who believes that the body of Christ was merged into the Deity when he ascended.
Metamorphize
v. t.
• To metamorphose.
Metamorphose
v. t.
• To change into a different form; to transform; to transmute.
n.
• Same as Metamorphosis.
Metamorphoser
n.
• One who metamorphoses.
Metamorphosic
a.
• Changing the form; transforming.
Metamorphosis
n.
• Change of form, or structure; transformation.
(Biol.) A change in the form or function of a living organism, by a natural process of growth or development; as, the metamorphosis of the yolk into the embryo, of a tadpole into a frog, or of a bud into a blossom. Especially, that form of sexual reproduction in which an embryo undergoes a series of marked changes of external form, as the chrysalis stage, pupa stage, etc., in insects. In these intermediate stages sexual reproduction is usually impossible, but they ultimately pass into final and sexually developed forms, from the union of which organisms are produced which pass through the same cycle of changes.
(Physiol.) The change of material of one kind into another through the agency of the living organism; metabolism.
Metanauplius
n.
(Zool.) A larval crustacean in a stage following the nauplius, and having about seven pairs of appendages.
Metanephritic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metanephros.
Metanephros
n.
(Anat.) The most posterior of the three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in many vertebrates.
Metanotum
n.
(Zool.) The dorsal portion of the metaphorax of insects.
Metantimonate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of metantimonic acid.
Metantimonic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid (formerly called antimonic acid) analogous to metaphosphoric acid, and obtained as a white amorphous insoluble substance, (HSbO3).
• Formerly, designating an acid, which is now properly called pyroantimonic acid, and analogous to pyrophosphoric acid.
Metapectic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a supposed acid obtained from pectin.
Metapectin
n.
(Chem.) A substance obtained from, and resembling, pectin, and occurring in overripe fruits.
Metapeptone
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) An intermediate product formed in the gastric digestion of albuminous matter.
Metaphor
n.
(Rhet.) The transference of the relation between one set of objects to another set for the purpose of brief explanation; a compressed simile; e. g., the ship plows the sea.
Metaphorist
n.
• One who makes metaphors.
Metaphosphate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of metaphosphoric acid.
Metaphosphoric
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a monobasic acid, HPO3, analogous to nitric acid, and, by heating phosphoric acid, obtained as a crystalline substance, commonly called glacial phosphoric acid.
Metaphrase
n.
• A verbal translation; a version or translation from one language into another, word for word; — opposed to paraphrase.
• An answering phrase; repartee.
Metaphrased
a.
• Translated literally.
Metaphrasis
n.
• Metaphrase.
Metaphrast
n.
• A literal translator.
Metaphysic
a.
• Metaphysical.
Metaphysical
a.
• Of or pertaining to metaphysics.
• According to rules or principles of metaphysics; as, metaphysical reasoning.
• Preternatural or supernatural.
Metaphysically
adv.
• In the manner of metaphysical science, or of a metaphysician.
Metaphysician
n.
• One who is versed in metaphysics.
Metaphysics
n.
• The science of real as distinguished from phenomenal being; ontology; also, the science of being, with reference to its abstract and universal conditions, as distinguished from the science of determined or concrete being; the science of the conceptions and relations which are necessarily implied as true of every kind of being; phylosophy in general; first principles, or the science of first principles.
• Hence: The scientific knowledge of mental phenomena; mental philosophy; psychology.
Metaphysis
n.
• Change of form; transformation.
Metaplasm
n.
(Gram.) A change in the letters or syllables of a word.
Metaplast
n.
(Gram.) A word having more than one form of the root.
Metapode
n.
(Zool.) The posterior division of the foot in the Gastropoda and Pteropoda.
Metapodial
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metapodialia, or to the parts of the limbs to which they belong.
Metapodiale
n.
(Anat.) One of the bones of either the metacarpus or metatarsus.
Metapodium
n.
(Zool.) Same as Metapode.
Metapophysis
n.
(Anat.) A tubercle projecting from the anterior articular processes of some vertebr&ae;; a mammillary process.
Metapterygium
n.
(Anat.) The posterior of the three principal basal cartilages in the fins of fishes.
Metasilicate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of metasilicic acid.
Metasilicic
a.
(Chem.) Designating an acid derived from silicic acid by the removal of water; of or pertaining to such an acid.
Metasomatism
n.
(Geol.) An alteration in a mineral or rock mass when involving a chemical change of the substance, as of chrysolite to serpentine; — opposed to ordinary metamorphism, as implying simply a recrystallization.
Metasome
n.
(Zool.) One of the component segments of the body of an animal.
Metastannate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of metastannic acid.
Metastannic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a compound of tin (metastannic acid), obtained, as an isomeric modification of stannic acid, in the form of a white amorphous substance.
Metastasis
n.
(Theol.) A spiritual change, as during baptism.
(Med.) A change in the location of a disease, as from one part to another.
(Physiol.) The act or process by which matter is taken up by cells or tissues and is transformed into other matter; in plants, the act or process by which are produced all of those chemical changes in the constituents of the plant which are not accompanied by a production of organic matter; metabolism.
Metastatic
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or caused by, metastasis; as, a metastatic abscess; the metastatic processes of growth.
Metasternal
a.
• Of or pertaining to the metasternum.
Metasternum
n.
(Anat.) The most posterior element of the sternum; the ensiform process; xiphisternum.
(Zool.) The ventral plate of the third or last segment of the thorax of insects.
Metatarsal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metatarsus.
n.
• A metatarsal bone.
Metatarse
n.
(Anat.) Metatarsus.
Metatarsus
n.
(Anat.) That part of the skeleton of the hind or lower limb between the tarsus and phalanges; metatarse. It consists, in the human foot, of five bones.
Metathesis
n.
(Gram.) Transposition, as of the letters or syllables of a word; as, pistris for pristis; meagre for meager.
(Med.) A mere change in place of a morbid substance, without removal from the body.
(Chem.) The act, process, or result of exchange, substitution, or replacement of atoms and radicals; thus, by metathesis an acid gives up all or part of its hydrogen, takes on an equivalent amount of a metal or base, and forms a salt.
Metathoracic
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the metathorax.
Metathorax
n.
(Zool.) The last or posterior segment of the thorax in insects.
Metatitanic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid of titanium analogous to metasilicic acid.
Metatungstate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of metatungstic acid.
Metatungstic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid known only in its salts (the metatungstates) and properly called polytungstic, or pyrotungstic, acid.
Metavanadate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of metavanadic acid.
Metavanadic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a vanadic acid analogous to metaphosphoric acid.
Metaxylene
n.
(Chem.) That variety of xylene, or dimethyl benzene, in which the two methyl groups occupy the meta position with reference to each other. It is a colorless infammable liquid.
Metayage
n.
• A system of farming on halves.
Metayer
n.
• One who cultivates land for a share (usually one half) of its yield, receiving stock, tools, and seed from the landlord.
Metazoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) Those animals in which the protoplasmic mass, constituting the egg, is converted into a multitude of cells, which are metamorphosed into the tissues of the body. A central cavity is commonly developed, and the cells around it are at first arranged in two layers, — the ectoderm and endoderm. The group comprises nearly all animals except the Protozoa.
Metazoan
n.
(Zool.) One of the Metazoa.
Metazoic
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Metazoa.
Metazoon
n.
(Zool.) One of the Metazoa.
Mete
n.
• Meat.
v. t. & i.
• To meet.
v. i. & t.
• To dream; also impersonally; as, me mette
v. t.
• To find the quantity, dimensions, or capacity of, by any rule or standard; to measure.
v. i.
• To measure.
n.
• Measure; limit; boundary; — used chiefly in the plural, and in the phrase metes and bounds.
Metecorn
n.
• A quantity of corn formerly given by the lord to his customary tenants, as an encouragement to, or reward for, labor and faithful service.
Metely
a.
• According to measure or proportion; proportionable; proportionate.
Metempiricism
n.
• The science that is concerned with metempirics.
Metempirics
n.
• The concepts and relations which are conceived as beyond, and yet as related to, the knowledge gained by experience.
Metempsychose
v. t.
• To translate or transfer, as the soul, from one body to another.
Metempsychosis
n.
• The passage of the soul, as an immortal essence, at the death of the animal body it had inhabited, into another living body, whether of a brute or a human being; transmigration of souls.
Metemptosis
n.
(Chron.) The suppression of a day in the calendar to prevent the date of the new moon being set a day too late, or the suppression of the bissextile day once in 134 years. The opposite to this is the proemptosis, or the addition of a day every 330 years, and another every 2,400 years.
Metencephalon
n.
(Anat.) The posterior part of the brain, including the medulla; the afterbrain. Sometimes abbreviated to meten.
Metensomatosis
n.
(Biol.) The assimilation by one body or organism of the elements of another.
Meteor
n.
• Any phenomenon or appearance in the atmosphere, as clouds, rain, hail, snow, etc.
• Specif.: A transient luminous body or appearance seen in the atmosphere, or in a more elevated region.
Meteoric
a.
• Of or pertaining to a meteor, or to meteors; atmospheric, as, meteoric phenomena; meteoric stones.
• Influenced by the weather; as, meteoric conditions.
• Flashing; brilliant; transient; like a meteor; as, meteoric fame.
Meteorical
a.
• Meteoric.
Meteorism
n.
(Med.) Flatulent distention of the abdomen; tympanites.
Meteorite
n.
(Min.) A mass of stone or iron which has fallen to the earth from space; an aerolite.
Meteorize
v. i.
• To ascend in vapors; to take the form of a meteor.
Meteorograph
n.
• An instrument which registers meteorologic phases or conditions.
Meteorographic
a.
• Of or pertaining to meteorography.
Meteorography
n.
• The registration of meteorological phenomena.
Meteoroid
n.
(Astron.) A small body moving through space, or revolving about the sun, which on entering the earth's atmosphere would be deflagrated and appear as a meteor.
Meteoroidal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a meteoroid or to meteoroids.
Meteorolite
n.
• A meteoric stone; an aerolite; a meteorite.
Meteorologist
n.
• A person skilled in meteorology.
Meteorology
n.
• The science which treats of the atmosphere and its phenomena, particularly of its variations of heat and moisture, of its winds, storms, etc.
Meteoromancy
n.
• A species of divination by meteors, chiefly by thunder and lightning, which was held in high estimation by the Romans.
Meteorometer
n.
• An apparatus which transmits automatically to a central station atmospheric changes as marked by the anemometer, barometer, thermometer, etc.
Meteoroscope
n.
(Astron.) An astrolabe; a planisphere.
• An instrument for measuring the position, length, and direction, of the apparent path of a shooting star.
Meteorous
a.
• Of the nature or appearance of a meteor.
Meter
n.
• One who, or that which, metes or measures.
• An instrument for measuring, and usually for recording automatically, the quantity measured.
n.
• A line above or below a hanging net, to which the net is attached in order to strengthen it.
Meterage
n.
• The act of measuring, or the cost of measuring.
Metergram
n.
(Mech.) A measure of energy or work done; the power exerted in raising one gram through the distance of one meter against gravitation.
Metewand
n.
• A measuring rod.
Meteyard
n.
• A yard, staff, or rod, used as a measure.
Methaemoglobin
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A stable crystalline compound obtained by the decomposition of hemoglobin. It is found in old blood stains.
Methal
n.
(Chem.) A white waxy substance, found in small quantities in spermaceti as an ethereal salt of several fatty acids, and regarded as an alcohol of the methane series.
Methane
n.
(Chem.) A light, colorless, gaseous, inflammable hydrocarbon, CH4; marsh gas.
Metheglin
n.
• A fermented beverage made of honey and water; mead.
Methenyl
n.
(Chem.) The hypothetical hydrocarbon radical CH, regarded as an essential residue of certain organic compounds.
Methide
n.
(Chem.) A binary compound of methyl with some element; as, aluminium methide, Al2(CH3)6.
Methinks
v. impers.
• It seems to me; I think.
Methionate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of methionic acid.
Methionic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sulphonic (thionic) acid derivative of methane, obtained as a stable white crystalline substance, CH2.(SO3H)2, which forms well defined salts.
Method
n.
• An orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything; hence, manner; way; mode; as, a method of teaching languages; a method of improving the mind.
• Orderly arrangement, elucidation, development, or classification; clear and lucid exhibition; systematic arrangement peculiar to an individual.
(Nat. Hist.) Classification; a mode or system of classifying natural objects according to certain common characteristics; as, the method of Theophrastus; the method of Ray; the Linnaean method.
Methodios
n.
• The art and principles of method.
Methodism
n.
(Eccl.) The system of doctrines, polity, and worship, of the sect called Methodists.
Methodist
n.
• One who observes method.
• One of an ancient school of physicians who rejected observation and founded their practice on reasoning and theory.
(Theol.) One of a sect of Christians, the outgrowth of a small association called the "Holy Club," formed at Oxford University, A.D. 1729, of which the most conspicuous members were John Wesley and his brother Charles; — originally so called from the methodical strictness of members of the club in all religious duties.
• A person of strict piety; one who lives in the exact observance of religious duties; — sometimes so called in contempt or ridicule.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the sect of Methodists; as, Methodist hymns; a Methodist elder.
Methodization
n.
• The act or process of methodizing, or the state of being methodized.
Methodize
v. t.
• To reduce to method; to dispose in due order; to arrange in a convenient manner; as, to methodize one's work or thoughts.
Methodizer
n.
• One who methodizes.
Methodological
a.
• Of or pertaining to methodology.
Methodology
n.
• The science of method or arrangement; a treatise on method.
Methol
n.
(Chem.) The technical name of methyl alcohol or wood spirit; also, by extension, the class name of any of the series of alcohols of the methane series of which methol proper is the type.
Methought
imp.
• of Methinks.
Methoxyl
n.
(Chem.) A hypothetical radical, CH3O, analogous to hydroxyl.
Methyl
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, CH3, not existing alone but regarded as an essential residue of methane, and appearing as a component part of many derivatives; as, methyl alcohol, methyl ether, methyl amine, etc.
Methylal
n.
(Chem.) A light, volatile liquid, H2C(OCH3)2, regarded as a complex ether, and having a pleasant ethereal odor. It is obtained by the partial oxidation of methyl alcohol. Called also formal.
Methylate
n.
(Chem.) An alcoholate of methyl alcohol in which the hydroxyl hydrogen is replaced by a metal, after the analogy of a hydrate; as, sodium methylate, CH3ONa.
v. t.
• To impregnate or mix with methyl or methyl alcohol.
Methylated
a.
(Chem.) Impregnated with, or containing, methyl alcohol or wood spirit; as, methylated spirits.
Methylene
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, CH2, not known in the free state, but regarded as an essential residue and component of certain derivatives of methane; as, methylene bromide, CH2Br2; — formerly called also methene.
Methylic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, methyl; specifically, designating methyl alcohol.
Methysticin
n.
(Chem.) A white, silky, crystalline substance extracted from the thick rootstock of a species of pepper (Piper methysticum) of the South Sea Islands; — called also kanakin.
Metic
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) A sojourner; an immigrant; an alien resident in a Grecian city, but not a citizen.
Meticulous
a.
• Timid; fearful.
Metoche
n.
(Arch.) The space between two dentils.
• The space between two triglyphs.
Metonic
a.
• Pertaining to, or discovered by, Meton, the Athenian.
Metonymy
n.
(Rhet.) A trope in which one word is put for another that suggests it; as, we say, a man keeps a good table instead of good provisions; we read Virgil, that is, his poems; a man has a warm heart, that is, warm affections.
Metope
n.
(Arch.) The space between two triglyphs of the Doric frieze, which, among the ancients, was often adorned with carved work.
(Zool.) The face of a crab.
Metopic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the forehead or frontal bones; frontal; as, the metopic suture.
Metopomancy
n.
• Fortune telling by physiognomy.
Metoposcopist
n.
• One versed in metoposcopy.
Metoposcopy
n.
• The study of physiognomy; the art of discovering the character of persons by their features, or the lines of the face.
Metosteon
n.
(Anat.) The postero-lateral ossification in the sternum of birds; also, the part resulting from such ossification.
Metric
a.
• Relating to measurement; involving, or proceeding by, measurement.
• Of or pertaining to the meter as a standard of measurement; of or pertaining to the decimal system of measurement of which a meter is the unit; as, the metric system; a metric measurement.
Metrical
a.
• Of or pertaining to the meter; arranged in meter; consisting of verses; as, metrical compositions.
• Of or pertaining to measurement; as, the inch, foot, yard, etc., are metrical terms; esp., of or pertaining to the metric system.
Metrically
adv.
• In a metrical manner.
Metrician
n.
• A composer of verses.
Metrification
n.
• Composition in metrical form; versification.
Metrify
v. i.
• To make verse.
Metrist
n.
• A maker of verses.
Metritis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the womb.
Metrochrome
n.
• An instrument for measuring colors.
Metrograph
n.
• An instrument attached to a locomotive for recording its speed and the number and duration of its stops.
Metrological
a.
• Of or pertaining to metrology.
Metrology
n.
• The science of, or a system of, weights and measures; also, a treatise on the subject.
Metromania
n.
• A mania for writing verses.
Metromaniac
n.
• One who has metromania.
Metrometer
n.
(Med.) An instrument for measuring the size of the womb.
Metronome
n.
• An instrument consisting of a short pendulum with a sliding weight. It is set in motion by clockwork, and serves to measure time in music.
Metronomy
n.
• Measurement of time by an instrument.
Metronymic
a.
• Derived from the name of one's mother, or other female ancestor; as, a metronymic name or appellation. — A metronymic appellation.
Metropole
n.
• A metropolis.
Metropolis
n.
• The mother city; the chief city of a kingdom, state, or country.
(Eccl.) The seat, or see, of the metropolitan, or highest church dignitary.
Metropolitan
a.
• Of or pertaining to the capital or principal city of a country; as, metropolitan luxury.
(Eccl.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a metropolitan or the presiding bishop of a country or province, his office, or his dignity; as, metropolitan authority.
n.
• The superior or presiding bishop of a country or province.
(Lat. Church.) An archbishop.
(Gr. Church) A bishop whose see is civil metropolis. His rank is intermediate between that of an archbishop and a patriarch.
Metropolitanate
n.
• The see of a metropolitan bishop.
Metropolite
n.
• A metropolitan.
Metropolitical
a.
• Of or pertaining to a metropolis; being a metropolis; metropolitan; as, the metropolitical chair.
Metrorrhagia
n.
(Med.) Profuse bleeding from the womb, esp. such as does not occur at the menstrual period.
Metroscope
n.
• A modification of the stethoscope, for directly auscultating the uterus from the vagina.
Metrosideros
n.
(Bot.) A myrtaceous genus of trees or shrubs, found in Australia and the South Sea Islands, and having very hard wood. Metrosideros vera is the true ironwood.
Metrotome
n.
(Surg.) An instrument for cutting or scarifying the uterus or the neck of the uterus.
Metrotomy
n.
(Surg.) The operation of cutting into the uterus; hysterotomy; the Caesarean section.
Mette
obs. imp.
• of Mete, to dream. Chaucer.
Mettle
n.
• Substance or quality of temperament; spirit, esp. as regards honor, courage, fortitude, ardor, etc.; disposition; — usually in a good sense.
Mettled
a.
• Having mettle; high-spirited; ardent; full of fire.
Mettlesome
a.
• Full of spirit; possessing constitutional ardor; fiery; as, a mettlesome horse.
Meute
n.
• A cage for hawks; a mew.
Meve
v. t. & i.
• To move.
Mew
n.
(Zool.) A gull, esp. the common British species (Larus canus); called also sea mew, maa, mar, mow, and cobb.
v. t.
• To shed or cast; to change; to molt; as, the hawk mewed his feathers.
v. i.
• To cast the feathers; to molt; hence, to change; to put on a new appearance.
n.
• A cage for hawks while mewing; a coop for fattening fowls; hence, any inclosure; a place of confinement or shelter; — in the latter sense usually in the plural.
• A stable or range of stables for horses; — compound used in the plural, and so called from the royal stables in London, built on the site of the king's mews for hawks.
v. t.
• To shut up; to inclose; to confine, as in a cage or other inclosure.
v. i.
• To cry as a cat.
n.
• The common cry of a cat.
Mewl
v. i.
• To cry, as a young child; to squall.
Mewler
n.
• One that mewls.
Mews
n. sing. & pl.
• An alley where there are stables; a narrow passage; a confined place.
Mexican
a.
• Of or pertaining to Mexico or its people.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Mexico.
Mexicanize
v. t.
• To cause to be like the Mexicans, or their country, esp. in respect of frequent revolutions of government.
v. i.
• To become like the Mexicans, or their country or government.
Mezcal
n.
• Same as Mescal.
Mezereon
n.
(Bot.) A small European shrub (Daphne Mezereum), whose acrid bark is used in medicine.
Mezquita
n.
• A mosque.
Mezuzoth
n.
• A piece of parchment bearing the Decalogue and attached to the doorpost; — in use among orthodox Hebrews.
Mezzanine
n.
(Arch.) Same as Entresol.
• A partial story which is not on the same level with the story of the main part of the edifice, as of a back building, where the floors are on a level with landings of the staircase of the main house.
Mezzo
a.
(Mus.) Mean; not extreme.
Mezzotint
n.
• A manner of engraving on copper or steel by drawing upon a surface previously roughened, and then removing the roughness in places by scraping, burnishing, etc., so as to produce the requisite light and shade. Also, an engraving so produced.
v. t.
• To engrave in mezzotint.
Mezzotinter
n.
• One who engraves in mezzotint.
Mezzotinto
n.
• Mezzotint.
v. t.
• To engrave in mezzotint; to represent by mezzotint.
Mi
n.
(Mus.) A syllable applied to the third tone of the scale of C, i. e., to E, in European solmization, but to the third tone of any scale in the American system.
Miamis
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians that formerly occupied the country between the Wabash and Maumee rivers.
Miargyrite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of an iron-black color, and very sectile, consisting principally of sulphur, antimony, and silver.
Mias
n.
• The orang-outang.
Miascite
n.
(Min.) A granitoid rock containing feldspar, biotite, elaeolite, and sodalite.
Miasm
n.
• Miasma.
Miasma
n.
• Infectious particles or germs floating in the air; air made noxious by the presence of such particles or germs; noxious effluvia; malaria.
Miasmal
a.
• Containing miasma; miasmatic.
Miasmatist
n.
• One who has made a special study of miasma.
Miasmology
n.
• That department of medical science which treats of miasma.
Miaul
v. i.
• To cry as a cat; to mew; to caterwaul.
n.
• The crying of a cat.
Mica
n.
(Min.) The name of a group of minerals characterized by highly perfect cleavage, so that they readily separate into very thin leaves, more or less elastic. They differ widely in composition, and vary in color from pale brown or yellow to green or black. The transparent forms are used in lanterns, the doors of stoves, etc., being popularly called isinglass. Formerly called also cat-silver, and glimmer.
Micaceous
a.
• Pertaining to, or containing, mica; splitting into laminae or leaves like mica.
Mice
n.
• pl of Mouse.
Micella
n.
(Biol.) A theoretical aggregation of molecules constituting a structural particle of protoplasm, capable of increase or diminution without change in chemical nature.
Michaelmas
n.
• The feat of the archangel Michael, a church festival, celebrated on the 29th of September. Hence, colloquially, autumn.
Micher
n.
• One who skulks, or keeps out of sight; hence, a truant; an idler; a thief, etc.
Michery
n.
• Theft; cheating.
Miching
a.
• Hiding; skulking; cowardly.
Mickle
a.
• Much; great.
Micmacs
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians inhabiting Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
Mico
n.
(Zool.) A small South American monkey (Mico melanurus), allied to the marmoset. The name was originally applied to an albino variety.
Micracoustic
a.
• Same as Microustic.
Micraster
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of sea urchins, similar to Spatangus, abounding in the chalk formation; — from the starlike disposal of the ambulacral furrows.
Micrencephalous
• Having a small brain.
Microampere
n.
(Elec.) One of the smaller measures of electrical currents; the millionth part of one ampere.
Microbacteria
n. pl.
(Biol.) In the classification of Cohn, one of the four tribes of Bacteria.
Microbian
a.
(Biol.) Of, pertaining to, or caused by, microbes; as, the microbian theory; a microbian disease.
Microbic
a.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to a microbe.
Microbicide
n.
(Biol.) Any agent detrimental to, or destructive of, the life of microbes or bacterial organisms.
Microchronometer
n.
• A chronoscope.
Microcline
n.
(Min.) A mineral of the feldspar group, like orthoclase or common feldspar in composition, but triclinic in form.
Micrococcal
a.
• Of or pertaining to micrococci; caused by micrococci.
Micrococcus
n.
(Biol.) A genus of Spherobacteria, in the form of very small globular or oval cells, forming, by transverse division, filaments, or chains of cells, or in some cases single organisms shaped like dumb-bells (Diplococcus), all without the power of motion.
Microcosm
n.
• A little world; a miniature universe. Hence (so called by Paracelsus), a man, as a supposed epitome of the exterior universe or great world. Opposed to macrocosm.
Microcosmography
n.
• Description of man as a microcosm.
Microcoulomb
n.
(Elec.) A measure of electrical quantity; the millionth part of one coulomb.
Microcoustic
a.
• Pertaining, or suited, to the audition of small sounds; fitted to assist hearing.
n.
• An instrument for making faint sounds audible, as to a partially deaf person.
Microcrith
n.
(Chem.) The weight of the half hydrogen molecule, or of the hydrogen atom, taken as the standard in comparing the atomic weights of the elements; thus, an atom of oxygen weighs sixteen microcriths.
Microcrystalline
a.
(Crystallog.) Crystalline on a fine, or microscopic, scale; consisting of fine crystals; as, the ground mass of certain porphyrics is microcrystalline.
Microcyte
n.
(Physiol.) One of the elementary granules found in blood. They are much smaller than an ordinary corpuscle, and are particularly noticeable in disease, as in anaemia.
Microdont
a.
(Anat.) Having small teeth.
Microfarad
n.
(Elec.) The millionth part of a farad.
Microform
n.
(Biol.) A microscopic form of life; an animal or vegetable organism microscopic size.
Micrograph
n.
• An instrument for executing minute writing or engraving.
Micrographic
a.
• Of or pertaining to micrography.
Micrography
n.
• The description of microscopic objects.
Microhm
n.
(Elec.) The millionth part of an ohm.
Microlepidoptera
n. pl.
(Zool.) A tribe of Lepidoptera, including a vast number of minute species, as the plume moth, clothes moth, etc.
Microlestes
n.
(Paleon.) An extinct genus of small Triassic mammals, the oldest yet found in European strata.
Microlite
n.
(Min.) A rare mineral of resinous luster and high specific gravity. It is a tantalate of calcium, and occurs in octahedral crystals usually very minute.
(Min.) A minute inclosed crystal, often observed when minerals or rocks are examined in thin sections under the microscope.
Microlith
n.
(Min.) Same as Microlite, 2.
Microlithic
a.
• Formed of small stones.
Micrology
n.
• That part of science which treats of microscopic objects, or depends on microscopic observation.
• Attention to petty items or differences.
Micromere
n.
(Biol.) One of the smaller cells, or blastomeres, resulting from the complete segmentation of a telolecithal ovum.
Micrometer
n.
• An instrument, used with a telescope or microscope, for measuring minute distances, or the apparent diameters of objects which subtend minute angles. The measurement given directly is that of the image of the object formed at the focus of the object glass.
Micrometry
n.
• The art of measuring with a micrometer.
Micromillimeter
n.
• The millionth part of a meter.
Micron
n.
(Physics) A measure of length; the thousandth part of one millimeter; the millionth part of a meter.
Micronesian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Micronesia, a collective designation of the islands in the western part of the Pacific Ocean, embracing the Marshall and Gilbert groups, the Ladrones, the Carolines, etc.
Micronesians
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A dark race inhabiting the Micronesian Islands. They are supposed to be a mixed race, derived from Polynesians and Papuans.
Micronometer
n.
• An instrument for noting minute portions of time.
Microomist
n.
• One who is skilled in or practices microtomy.
Microomy
n.
• The art of using the microtome; investigation carried on with the microtome.
Microorganism
n.
(Biol.) Any microscopic form of life; — particularly applied to bacteria and similar organisms, esp. such are supposed to cause infectious diseases.
Micropantograph
n.
• A kind of pantograph which produces copies microscopically minute.
Micropegmatite
n.
(Min.) A rock showing under the microscope the structure of a graphic granite (pegmatite).
Microphone
n.
(Physics) An instrument for intensifying and making audible very feeble sounds. It produces its effects by the changes of intensity in an electric current, occasioned by the variations in the contact resistance of conducting bodies, especially of imperfect conductors, under the action of acoustic vibrations.
Microphonics
n.
• The science which treats of the means of increasing the intensity of low or weak sounds, or of the microphone.
Microphonous
a.
• Serving to augment the intensity of weak sounds; microcoustic.
Microphotograph
n.
• A microscopically small photograph of a picture, writing, printed page, etc.
• An enlarged representation of a microscopic object, produced by throwing upon a sensitive plate the magnified image of an object formed by a microscope or other suitable combination of lenses.
Microphotography
n.
• The art of making microphotographs.
Microphyllous
a.
(Bot.) Small-leaved.
Microphytal
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, microphytes.
Microphyte
n.
(Bot.) A very minute plant, one of certain unicellular algae, such as the germs of various infectious diseases are believed to be.
Micropyle
n.
(Biol.) An opening in the membranes surrounding the ovum, by which nutrition is assisted and the entrance of the spermatozoa permitted.
• An opening in the outer coat of a seed, through which the fecundating pollen enters the ovule.
Microscopal
a.
• Pertaining to microscopy, or to the use of the microscope.
Microscope
n.
• An optical instrument, consisting of a lens, or combination of lenses, for making an enlarged image of an object which is too minute to be viewed by the naked eye.
Microscopial
a.
• Microscopic.
Microscopically
adv.
• By the microscope; with minute inspection; in a microscopic manner.
Microscopist
n.
• One skilled in, or given to, microscopy.
Microscopy
n.
• The use of the microscope; investigation with the microscope.
Microseme
a.
(Anat.) Having the orbital index relatively small; having the orbits broad transversely; — opposed to megaseme.
Microspectroscope
n.
(Physics) A spectroscope arranged for attachment to a microscope, for observation of the spectrum of light from minute portions of any substance.
Microsporangium
n.
(Bot.) A sporangium or conceptacle containing only very minute spores. Cf. Macrosporangium.
Microspore
n.
(Bot.) One of the exceedingly minute spores found in certain flowerless plants, as Selaginella and Isoetes, which bear two kinds of spores, one very much smaller than the other. Cf. Macrospore.
Microsporic
a.
(Bot.) Of or pertaining to microspores.
Microsthene
n.
(Zool.) One of a group of mammals having a small size as a typical characteristic. It includes the lower orders, as the Insectivora, Cheiroptera, Rodentia, and Edentata.
Microsthenic
a.
(Zool.) Having a typically small size; of or pertaining to the microsthenes.
Microtasimeter
n.
(Physics) A tasimeter, especially when arranged for measuring very small extensions.
Microtome
n.
• An instrument for making very thin sections for microscopical examination.
Microvolt
n.
(Elec.) A measure of electro-motive force; the millionth part of one volt.
Microweber
n.
(Elec.) The millionth part of one weber.
Microzoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) The Infusoria.
Microzoospore
n.
(Bot.) A small motile spore furnished with two vibratile cilia, found in certain green algae.
Microzyme
n.
(Biol.) A microorganism which is supposed to act like a ferment in causing or propagating certain infectious or contagious diseases; a pathogenic bacterial organism.
Micturition
n.
• The act of voiding urine; also, a morbidly frequent passing of the urine, in consequence of disease.
Mid
a.
• Denoting the middle part; as, in mid ocean.
• Occupying a middle position; middle; as, the mid finger; the mid hour of night.
(Phon.) Made with a somewhat elevated position of some certain part of the tongue, in relation to the palate; midway between the high and the low; — said of certain vowel sounds; as, ā (āle), ē (ēll), ō (ōld).
n.
• Middle.
Mida
n.
(Zool.) The larva of the bean fly.
Midas
n.
(Zool.) A genus of longeared South American monkeys, including numerous species of marmosets.
Midbrain
n.
(Anat.) The middle segment of the brain; the mesencephalon.
Midday
n.
• The middle part of the day; noon.
a.
• Of or pertaining to noon; meridional; as, the midday sun.
Midden
n.
• A dunghill.
• An accumulation of refuse about a dwelling place; especially, an accumulation of shells or of cinders, bones, and other refuse on the supposed site of the dwelling places of prehistoric tribes, — as on the shores of the Baltic Sea and in many other places.
Middest
a.
superl.
• Situated most nearly in the middle; middlemost; midmost.
n.
• Midst; middle.
Midding
n.
• Same as Midden.
Middle
a.
• Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of things or of one thing; mean; medial; as, the middle house in a row; a middle rank or station in life; flowers of middle summer; men of middle age.
• Intermediate; intervening.
n.
• The point or part equally distant from the extremities or exterior limits, as of a line, a surface, or a solid; an intervening point or part in space, time, or order of series; the midst; central portion; specif., the waist.
Middleman
n.
• An agent between two parties; a broker; a go-between; any dealer between the producer and the consumer; in Ireland, one who takes land of the proprietors in large tracts, and then rents it out in small portions to the peasantry.
• A person of intermediate rank; a commoner.
(Mil.) The man who occupies a central position in a file of soldiers.
Middlemost
a.
• Being in the middle, or nearest the middle; midmost.
Middler
n.
• One of a middle or intermediate class in some schools and seminaries.
Middling
a.
• Of middle rank, state, size, or quality; about equally distant from the extremes; medium; moderate; mediocre; ordinary.
Middlings
n. pl.
• A combination of the coarser parts of ground wheat the finest bran, separated from the fine flour and coarse bran in bolting; — formerly regarded as valuable only for feed; but now, after separation of the bran, used for making the best quality of flour. Middlings contain a large proportion of gluten.
• In the southern and western parts of the United States, the portion of the hog between the ham and the shoulder; bacon; — called also middles.
Middy
n.
• A colloquial abbreviation of midshipman.
Midfeather
n.
(Steam Boilers) A vertical water space in a fire box or combustion chamber.
(Mining) A support for the center of a tunnel.
Midgard
n.
(Scand. Myth.) The middle space or region between heaven and hell; the abode of human beings; the earth.
Midge
n.
(Zool.) Any one of many small, delicate, long-legged flies of the Chironomus, and allied genera, which do not bite. Their larvae are usually aquatic.
• A very small fly, abundant in many parts of the United States and Canada, noted for the irritating quality of its bite.
Midget
n.
(Zool.) A minute bloodsucking fly.
• A very diminutive person.
Midgut
n.
(Anat.) The middle part of the alimentary canal from the stomach, or entrance of the bile duct, to, or including, the large intestine.
Midheaven
n.
• The midst or middle of heaven or the sky.
(Astron.) The meridian, or middle line of the heavens; the point of the ecliptic on the meridian.
Midland
a.
• Being in the interior country; distant from the coast or seashore; as, midland towns or inhabitants.
• Surrounded by the land; mediterranean.
n.
• The interior or central region of a country; — usually in the plural.
Midmain
n.
• The middle part of the main or sea.
Midmost
a.
• Middle; middlemost.
Midnight
n.
• The middle of the night; twelve o'clock at night.
a.
• Being in, or characteristic of, the middle of the night; as, midnight studies; midnight gloom.
Midrash
n.
• A talmudic exposition of the Hebrew law, or of some part of it.
Midrib
n.
(Bot.) A continuation of the petiole, extending from the base to the apex of the lamina of a leaf.
Midship
a.
• Of or pertaining to, or being in, the middle of a ship.
Midshipman
n.
• Formerly, a kind of naval cadet, in a ship of war, whose business was to carry orders, messages, reports, etc., between the officers of the quarter-deck and those of the forecastle, and render other services as required.
• In the English naval service, the second rank attained by a combatant officer after a term of service as naval cadet. Having served three and a half years in this rank, and passed an examination, he is eligible to promotion to the rank of lieutenant.
• In the United States navy, the lowest grade of officers in line of promotion, being graduates of the Naval Academy awaiting promotion to the rank of ensign.
(Zool.) An American marine fish of the genus Porichthys, allied to the toadfish.
Midships
adv.
(Naut.) In the middle of a ship; — properly amidships.
n. pl.
(Naut.) The timbers at the broadest part of the vessel.
Midst
n.
• The interior or central part or place; the middle; — used chiefly in the objective case after in; as, in the midst of the forest.
• Hence, figuratively, the condition of being surrounded or beset; the press; the burden; as, in the midst of official duties; in the midst of secular affairs.
prep.
• In the midst of; amidst.
adv.
• In the middle.
Midsummer
n.
• The middle of summer.
Midward
a.
• Situated in the middle.
adv.
• In or toward the midst.
Midway
n.
• The middle of the way or distance; a middle way or course.
a.
• Being in the middle of the way or distance; as, the midway air.
adv.
• In the middle of the way or distance; half way.
Midweek
n.
• The middle of the week. Also used adjectively.
Midwife
n.
• A woman who assists other women in childbirth; a female practitioner of the obstetric art.
v. t.
• To assist in childbirth.
v. i.
• To perform the office of midwife.
Midwifery
n.
• The art or practice of assisting women in childbirth; obstetrics.
• Assistance at childbirth; help or cooperation in production.
Midwinter
n.
• The middle of winter.
Midwive
v. t.
• To midwife.
Mien
n.
• Aspect; air; manner; demeanor; carriage; bearing.
Miff
n.
• A petty falling out; a tiff; a quarrel; offense.
v. t.
• To offend slightly.
Might
• imp. of May.
n.
• Force or power of any kind, whether of body or mind; energy or intensity of purpose, feeling, or action; means or resources to effect an object; strength; force; power; ability; capacity.
Mightful
a.
• Mighty.
Mightily
adv.
• In a mighty manner; with might; with great earnestness; vigorously; powerfully.
• To a great degree; very much.
Mightiness
n.
• The quality of being mighty; possession of might; power; greatness; high dignity.
• Highness; excellency; — with a possessive pronoun, a title of dignity; as, their high mightinesses.
Mightless
a.
• Without; weak.
Mighty
a.
• Possessing might; having great power or authority.
• Accomplished by might; hence, extraordinary; wonderful.
• Denoting and extraordinary degree or quality in respect of size, character, importance, consequences, etc.
n.
• A warrior of great force and courage
adv.
• In a great degree; very.
Migniard
a.
• Soft; dainty.
Migniardise
n.
• Delicate fondling.
Mignon
v. t.
• To flatter.
Mignonette
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Reseda odorata) having greenish flowers with orange-colored stamens, and exhaling a delicious fragrance. In Africa it is a low shrub, but further north it is usually an annual herb.
Migo
v. i.
• To go astray.
Migraine
n.
• Same as Megrim.
Migrant
a.
• Migratory.
n.
• A migratory bird or other animal.
Migrate
v. i.
• To remove from one country or region to another, with a view to residence; to change one's place of residence; to remove; as, the Moors who migrated from Africa into Spain; to migrate to the West.
• To pass periodically from one region or climate to another for feeding or breeding; — said of certain birds, fishes, and quadrupeds.
Migration
n.
• The act of migrating.
Migratory
a.
• Removing regularly or occasionally from one region or climate to another; as, migratory birds.
• Hence, roving; wandering; nomad; as, migratory habits; a migratory life.
Mikado
n.
• The popular designation of the hereditary sovereign of Japan.
Mikmaks
n.
• Same as Micmacs.

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