Dictionary Of The English Language "D"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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D is the fourth letter of the English alphabet, and a vocal consonent. The English letter is from Latin, which is from Greek, which took it from Phoenician, the probable ultimate origin being Egyptian. It is related most nearly to t and th; as, Eng. deep, G. tief; Eng. daughter, G. tochter, Gr. Ονγáτηρ, Skr. duhitr.
Dab
n.
• A skillful hand; a dabster; an expert.
n.
(Zool.) A name given to several species of ounders, esp. to the European spesies, Pleuronectes imanda. TheAmerican rough dab is Hippoglossoides platessoides.
v. i.
• To strike or touch gently, as with a soft or moist substance; to tap; hence, to besmear with a dabber.
• To strike by a thrust; to hit with a sudden blow or thrust.
n.
• A gentle blow with the hand or some soft substance; a sudden blow or hit; a peck.
• A small mass of anything soft or moist.
Dabb
n.
(Zool.) A large, spine-tailed lizard (Uromastix spinipes), found in Egypt, Arabia, and Palestine; — called also dhobb, and dhabb.
Dabber
n.
• That with which one dabs; hence, a pad or other device used by printers, engravers, etc., as for dabbing type or engraved plates with ink.
Dabble
v. t.
• To wet by little dips or strokes; to spatter; to sprinkle; to moisten; to wet.
Dabbler
n.
• One who dabbles.
• One who dips slightly into anything; a superficial meddler.
Dabblingly
adv.
• In a dabbling manner.
Dabchick
n.
(Zool.) A small water bird (Podilymbus podiceps), allied to the grebes, remarkable for its quickness in diving; — called also dapchick, dobchick, dipchick, didapper, dobber, devil-diver, hell-diver, and pied-billed grebe.
Dable
v. i.
• To play in water, as with the hands; to paddle or splash in mud or water.
• To work in slight or superficial manner; to do in a small way; to tamper; to meddle.
Daboia
n.
(Zool.) A large and highly venomous Asiatic viper (Daboia xanthica).
Dabster
n.
• One who is skilled; a master of his business; a proficient; an adept.
Dacapo
(Mus.) From the beginning; a direction to return to, and end with, the first strain; — indicated by the letters D. C. Also, the strain so repeated.
Dace
n.
(Zool.) A small European cyprinoid fish (Squalius leuciscus or Leuciscus vulgaris); — called also dare.
Dachshund
n.
(Zool.) One of a breed of small dogs with short crooked legs, and long body; — called also badger dog. There are two kinds, the rough-haired and the smooth-haired.
Dacian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Dacia or the Dacians.
n.
• A native of ancient Dacia.
Dacoity
n.
• The practice of gang robbery in India; robbery committed by dacoits.
Dacotahs
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) Same as Dacotas.
Dactyl
n.
(Pros.) A poetical foot of three sylables (\'f5 \'de \'de), one long followed by two short, or one accented followed by two unaccented; as, L. tegm&icr;n&ecr;, E. mer"ciful; — so called from the similarity of its arrangement to that of the joints of a finger.
(Zool.) A finger or toe; a digit.
• The claw or terminal joint of a leg of an insect or crustacean.
Dactylar
a.
• Pertaining to dactyl; dactylic.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to a finger or toe, or to the claw of an insect crustacean.
Dactylet
n.
• A dactyl.
Dactylic
a.
• Pertaining to, consisting chiefly or wholly of, dactyls; as, dactylic verses.
n.
• A line consisting chiefly or wholly of dactyls; as, these lines are dactylics.
• Dactylic meters.
Dactylioglyphi
n.
• The art or process of gem engraving.
Dactyliography
n.
(Fine Arts) The art of writing or engraving upon gems.
• In general, the literature or history of the art.
Dactyliomancy
n.
• Divination by means of finger rings.
Dactylist
n.
• A writer of dactylic verse.
Dactylitis
n.
(Med.) An inflammatory affection of the fingers.
n.
• The art of communicating ideas by certai movement and positions of the fingers; — a method of conversing practiced by the deaf and dumb.
Dactylomancy
n.
• Dactylio mancy.
Dactylonomy
n.
• The art of numbering or counting by the fingers.
Dactylopterous
a.
(Zool.) Having the inferior rays of the pectoral fins partially or entirely free, as in the gurnards.
Dactylotheca
n.
(Zool.) The scaly covering of the toes, as in birds.
Dactylozooid
n.
(Zool.) A kind of zooid of Siphonophora which has an elongated or even vermiform body, with one tentacle, but no mouth.
Dad
n.
• Father; — a word sometimes used by children.
Daddock
n.
• The rotten body of a tree.
Daddy
n.
• Diminutive of Dad.
Dade
v. t.
• To hold up by leading strings or by the hand, as a child while he toddles.
v. i.
• To walk unsteadily, as a child in leading strings, or just learning to walk; to move slowly.
Dadle
v. i.
• To toddle; to walk unsteadily, like a child or an old man; hence, to do anything slowly or feebly.
Dado
n.
(Arch.) That part of a pedestal included between the base and the cornice (or surbase); the die.
• In any wall, that part of the basement included between the base and the base course.
• In interior decoration, the lower part of the wall of an apartment when adorned with moldings, or otherwise specially decorated.
Daedalous
a.
(Bot.) Having a variously cut or incised margin; — said of leaves.
Daff
v. t.
• To cast aside; to put off; to doff.
n.
• A stupid, blockish fellow; a numskull.
v. i.
• To act foolishly; to be foolish or sportive; to toy.
v. t.
• To daunt.
Daffodil
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Asphodelus.
• A plant of the genus Narcissus (N. Pseudo-narcissus). It has a bulbous root and beautiful flowers, usually of a yellow hue. Called also daffodilly, daffadilly, daffadowndilly, daffydowndilly, etc.
Daft
a.
• Stupid; folish; idiotic; also, delirious; insance; as, he has gone daft.
• Gay; playful; frolicsome.
Daftness
n.
• The quality of being daft.
Dag
n.
• A dagger; a poniard.
• A large pistol formerly used.
(Zool.) The unbrunched antler of a young deer.
n.
• A misty shower; dew.
n.
• A loose end; a dangling shred.
v. t.
• To daggle or bemire.
• To cut into jags or points; to slash; as, to dag a garment.
v. i.
• To be misty; to drizzle.
Dagger
n.
• A short weapon used for stabbing. This is the general term: cf. Poniard, Stiletto, Bowie knife, Dirk, Misericorde, Anlace.
(Print.) A mark of reference in the form of a dagger [†]. It is the second in order when more than one reference occurs on a page; — called also obelisk.
v. t.
• To pierce with a dagger; to stab.
n.
• A timber placed diagonally in a ship's frame.
Dagges
n. pl.
• An ornamental cutting of the edges of garments, introduced about a. d. 1346, according to the Chronicles of St Albans.
Daggle
v. t.
• To trail, so as to wet or befoul; to make wet and limp; to moisten.
v. i.
• To run, go, or trail one's self through water, mud, or slush; to draggle.
Daglock
n.
• A dirty or clotted lock of wool on a sheep; a taglock.
Dago
n.
• A nickname given to a person of Spanish (or, by extension, Portuguese or Italian) descent.
Dagoba
n.
• A dome-shaped structure built over relics of Buddha or some Buddhist saint.
Dagon
• The national god of the Philistines, represented with the face and hands and upper part of a man, and the tail of a fish.
n.
• A slip or piece.
Dagswain
n.
• Acoarse woolen fabric made of daglocks, or the refuse of wool.
Daguerreotype
n.
• An early variety of photograph, produced on a silver plate, or copper plate covered with silver, and rendered sensitive by the action of iodine, or iodine and bromine, on which, after exposure in the camera, the latent image is developed by the vapor of mercury.
• The process of taking such pictures.
v. t.
• To produce or represent by the daguerreotype process, as a picture.
• To impress with great distinctness; to imprint; to imitate exactly.
Daguerreotypy
n.
• The art or process of producing pictures by method of Daguerre.
Dahabeah
n.
• A nile boat tructed on the model of a floating house, having large sails.
Dahlia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants native to Mexico and Central America, of the order Compositae; also, any plant or flower of the genus. The numerous varieties of cultivated dahlias bear conspicuous flowers which differ in color.
Dahlin
n.
(Chem.) A variety of starch extracted from the dahlia; — called also inulin.
Dailer
n.
• One Who fondles; a trifler; as, dalliers with pleasant words.
Dailiness
n.
• Daily occurence.
Daily
a.
• Happening, or belonging to, each successive day; diurnal; as, daily labor; a daily bulletin.
n.
• A publication which appears regularly every day; as, the morning dailies.
adv.
• Every day; day by day; as, a thing happens daily.
Daimio
n.
• The title of the feudal nobles of Japan.
Daint
n.
• Something of exquisite taste; a dainty.
a.
• Dainty.
Daintify
v. t.
• To render dainty, delicate, or fastidious.
Daintily
adv.
• In a dainty manner; nicely; scrupulously; fastidiously; deliciously; prettily.
Daintiness
n.
• The quality of being dainty; nicety; niceness; elegance; delicacy; deliciousness; fastidiousness; squeamishness.
Daintrel
n.
• Adelicacy.
Dainty
n.
• Value; estimation; the gratification or pleasure taken in anything.
• That which is delicious or delicate; a delicacy.
• A term of fondness.
a.
• Rare; valuable; costly.
• Delicious to the palate; toothsome.
• Nice; delicate;elegant, in form, manner, or breeding; well-formed; neat; tender.
• Requirinig daintles. Hence; Overnice; hard to please; fastidious; sqrupulous; ceremonious.
Dairy
n.
• The place, room, or house where milk is kept, and converted into butter or cheese.
• That department of farming which is concerned in the production of milk, and its conversion into butter and cheese.
• A dairy farm.
Dairying
n.
• The business of conducting a dairy.
Dairymaid
n.
• A female servant whose business is the care of the dairy.
Dairyman
n.
• A man who keeps or takes care of a dairy.
Dairywoman
n.
• A woman who attends to a dairy.
Dais
n.
• The high or principal table, at the end of a hall, at which the chief guests were seated; also, the chief seat at the high table.
• A platform slightly raised above the floor of a hall or large room, giving distinction to the table and seats placed upon it for the chief guests.
• A canopy over the seat of a person of dignity.
Daisied
a.
• Full of daisies; adorned with daisies.
Daisy
n.
(Bot.) A genus of low herbs (Bellis), belonging to the family Compositae. The common English and classical daisy is B. prennis, which has a yellow disk and white or pinkish rays.
• The whiteweed (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum), the plant commonly called daisy in North America; — called also oxeye daisy.
Dak
n.
• Post; mail; also, the mail or postal arrangements; — spelt also dawk, and dauk.
Dakotas
n. pl
(Ethnol.) An extensive race or stock of Indians, including many tribes, mostly dwelling west of the Mississippi River; — also, in part, called Sioux.
Dal
n.
• Split pulse, esp. of Cajanus Indicus.
Dale
n.
• A low place between hills; a vle or valley.
• A trough or spout to carry off water, as from a pump.
Dalesman
n.
• One living in a dale; — a term applied particularly to the inhabitants of the valleys in the north of England, Norway, etc.
Dalf
• imp. of Delve.
Dalliance
n.
• The act of dallying, trifling, or fondling; interchange of caresses; wanton play.
• Delay or procrastination.
• Entertaining discourse.
Dallop
n.
• A tuft or clump.
Dally
v. i.
• To waste time in effeminate or voluptuous pleasures, or in idleness; to fool away time; to delay unnecessarily; to tarry; to trifle.
• To interchange caresses, especially with one of the opposite sex; to use fondling; to wanton; to sport.
v. t.
• To delay unnecessarily; to while away.
Dalmania
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of trilobites, of many species, common in the Upper Silurian and Devonian rocks.
Dalmanites
n.
• Same as Dalmania.
Dalmatian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Dalmatia.
Daltonian
n.
• One afflicted with color blindness.
Daltonism
n.
• Inability to perceive or distinguish certain colors, esp. red; color blindness. It has various forms and degrees. So called from the chemist Dalton, who had this infirmity.
Dam1bonite
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline, sugary substance obtained from an African caotchouc.
Dam
n.
• A female parent; — used of beasts, especially of quadrupeds; sometimes applied in contempt to a human mother.
• A kind or crowned piece in the game of draughts.
n.
• A barrier to prevent the flow of a liquid; esp., a bank of earth, or wall of any kind, as of masonry or wood, built across a water course, to confine and keep back flowing water.
(Metal.) A firebrick wall, or a stone, which forms the front of the hearth of a blast furnace.
v. t.
• To obstruct or restrain the flow of, by a dam; to confine by constructing a dam, as a stream of water; — generally used with in or up.
• To shut up; to stop up; to close; to restrain.
Damage
n.
• Injury or harm to person, property, or reputation; an inflicted loss of value; detriment; hurt; mischief.
(Law) The estimated reparation in money for detriment or injury sustained; a compensation, recompense, or satisfaction to one party, for a wrong or injury actually done to him by another.
v. t.
• To ocassion damage to the soudness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair.
v. i.
• To receive damage or harm; to be injured or impaired in soudness or value; as. some colors in oth damage in sunlight.
Damageable
a.
• Capable of being injured or impaired; liable to, or susceptible of, damage; as, a damageable cargo.
• Hurtful; pernicious.
Daman
n.
(Zool.) A small herbivorous mammal of the genus Hyrax. The species found in Palestine and Syria is Hyrax Syriacus; that of Northern Africa is H. Brucei; — called also ashkoko, dassy, and rock rabbit.
Damascene
a.
• Of or relating to Damascus.
n.
• A kind of plume, now called damson.
v. t.
• Same as Damask, or Damaskeen, v. t.
Damascus
n.
• A city of Syria.
Damask
n.
• Damask silk; silk woven with an elaborate pattern of flowers and the like.
• Linen so woven that a pattern in produced by the different directions of the thread, without contrast of color.
• A heavy woolen or worsted stuff with a pattern woven in the same way as the linen damask; — made for furniture covering and hangings.
• Damask or Damascus steel; also, the peculiar markings or "water" of such steel.
• A deep pink or rose color.
a.
• Pertaining to, or originating at, the city of Damascus; resembling the products or manufactures of Damascus.
• Having the color of the damask rose.
v. t.
• To decorate in a way peculiar to Damascus or attributed to Damascus; particularly: (a) with flowers and rich designs, as silk; (b) with inlaid lines of gold, etc., or with a peculiar marking or "water," as metal.
Damaskin
n.
• A sword of Damask steel.
Damasse
a.
• Woven like damask.
n.
• A damasse fabric, esp. one of linen.
Damassin
n.
• A kind of modified damask or blocade.
Dambose
n.
(Chem.) A crystalline vari ety of fruit sugar obtained from dambonite.
Dame
n.
• A mistress of a family, who is a lady; a womam in authority; especially, a lady.
• The mistress of a family in common life, or the mistress of a common school; as, a dame's school.
• A woman in general, esp. an elderly woman.
• A mother; — applied to human beings and quadrupeds.
Damewort
n.
(Bot.) A cruciferrous plant (Hesperis matronalis), remarkable for its fragrance, especially toward the close of the day; — called also rocket and dame's violet.
Damiana
n.
(Med.) A Mexican drug, used as an aphrodisiac.
Damianist
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Damian, patriarch of Alexandria in the 6th century, who held heretical opinions on the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.
Dammara
n.
(Bot.) A large tree of the order Coniferae, indigenous to the East Indies and Australasia; — called also Agathis. There are several species.
Damn
v. t.
• To condemn; to declare guilty; to doom; to adjudge to punishment; to sentence; to censhure.
(Theol.) To doom to punishment in the future world; to consign to perdition; to curse.
• To condemn as bad or displeasing, by open expression, as by denuciation, hissing, hooting, etc.
v. i.
• To invoke damnation; to curse. 'While I inwardly damn." Goldsmith.
Damnability
n.
• The quality of being damnable; damnableness.
Damnable
a.
• Liable to damnation; deserving, or for which one deserves, to be damned; of a damning nature.
• Odious; pernicious; detestable.
Damnableness
n.
• The state or quality of deserving damnation; execrableness.
Damnably
adv.
• In a manner to incur sever censure, condemnation, or punishment.
• Odiously; detestably; excessively.
Damnation
n.
• The state of being damned; condemnation; openly expressed disapprobation.
(Theol.) Condemnation to everlasting punishment in the future state, or the punishment itself.
• A sin daserving of everlasting punishment.
Damned
a.
• Sentenced to punishment in a future state; condemned; consigned to perdition.
• Hateful; detestable; abominable.
Damnific
a.
• Procuring or causing loss; mischievous; injurious.
Damnification
n.
• That which causes damage or loss.
Damnify
v. t.
• To cause loss or damage to; to injure; to imparir.
Damning
a.
• That damns; damnable; as, damning evidence of guilt.
Damningness
n.
• Tendency to bring damnation.
Damnum
n.
(law) Harm; detriment, either to character or property.
Damourite
n.
(Min.) A kind of Muscovite, or potash mica, containing water.
Damp
n.
• Moisture; humidity; fog; fogginess; vapor.
• Dejection; depression; cloud of the mind.
(Mining) A gaseous prodact, formed in coal mines, old wells, pints, etc.
a.
• Being in a state between dry and wet; moderately wet; moist; humid.
• Dejected; depressed; sunk.
v. i.
• To render damp; to moisten; to make humid, or moderately wet; to dampen; as, to damp cloth.
• To put out, as fire; to depress or deject; to deaden; to cloud; to check or restrain, as action or vigor; to make dull; to weaken; to discourage.
Dampen
v. t.
• To make damp or moist; to make slightly wet.
• To depress; to check; to make dull; to lessen.
v. i.
• To become damp; to deaden.
Damper
n.
• That which damps or checks; as: (a) A valve or movable plate in the flue or other part of a stove, furnace, etc., used to check or regulate the draught of air. (b) A contrivance, as in a pianoforte, to deaden vibrations; or, as in other pieces of mechanism, to check some action at a particular time.
Dampish
a.
• Moderately damp or moist.
Dampne
v. t.
• To damn.
Dampness
n.
• Moderate humidity; moisture; fogginess; moistness.
Dampy
a.
• Somewhat damp.
• Dejected; gloomy; sorrowful.
Damsel
n.
• A young person, either male or female, of noble or gentle extraction; as, Damsel Pepin; Damsel Richard, Prince of Wales.
• A young unmarried woman; a gerl; a maiden.
(Milling) An attachment to a millstone spindle for shaking the hoppe.
Damson
n.
• A small oval plum of a blue color, the fruit of a variety of the Prunus domestica; — called also damask plum.
Dan
n.
• A title of honor equivalent to master, or sir.
n.
(Mining) A small truck or sledge used in coal mines.
Danaide
n.
(Mach.) A water wheel having a vertical axis, and an inner and outer tapering shell, between which are vanes or floats attached usually to both shells, but sometimes only to one.
Danaite
n.
(Min.) A cobaltiferous variety of arsenopyrite.
Danalite
n.
(Min.) A mineral occuring in octahedral crystals, also massive, of a reddish color. It is a silicate of iron, zinc manganese, and glicinum, containing sulphur.
Danburite
n.
(Min.) A borosilicate of lime, first found at Danbury, Conn. It is near the topaz in form.
Dance
v. i.
• To move with measured steps, or to a musical accompaniment; to go through, either alone or in company with others, with a regulated succession of movements, (commonly) to the sound of music; to trip or leap rhytmically.
• To move nimbly or merrily; to express pleasure by motion; to caper; to frisk; to skip about.
v. t.
• To cause to dance, or move nimbly or merrily about, or up and down; to dandle.
n.
• The leaping, tripping, or measured stepping of one who dances; an amusement, in which the movements of the persons are regulated by art, in figures and in accord with music.
(Mus.) A tune by which dancing is regulated, as the minuet, the waltz, the cotillon, etc.
Dancer
n.
• One who dances or who practices dancing.
Danceress
n.
• A female dancer.
Dancette
a.
(Her.) Deeply indented; having large teeth; thus, a fess dancette has only three teeth in the whole width of the escutcheon.
Dancing
p. a. & vb. n.
• from Dance.
Dancy
a.
(Her.) Same as Dancette.
Dandelion
n.
(Bot.) A well-known plant of the genus Taraxacum (T. officinale, formerly called T. Dens-leonis and Leontodos Taraxacum) bearing large, yellow, compound flowers, and deeply notched leaves.
Dander
n.
• Dandruff or scurf on the head.
• Anger or vexation; rage
v. i.
• To wander about; to saunter; to talk incoherently.
Dandi
n.
• A boatman; an oarsman.
Dandie
n.
(Zool.) One of a breed of small terriers; — called also Dandie Dinmont.
Dandified
a.
• Made up like a dandy; having the dress or manners of a dandy; buckish.
Dandify
v. t.
• To cause to resemble a dandy; to make dandyish.
Dandiprat
n.
• A little fellow; — in sport or contempt.
• A small coin.
Dandle
v. t.
• To move up and down on one's knee or in one's arms, in affectionate play, as an infant.
• To treat with fondness, as if a child; to fondle; to toy with; to pet.
• To play with; to put off or delay by trifles; to wheedle.
Dandler
n.
• One who dandles or fondles.
Dandruff
n.
• A scurf which forms on the head, and comes off in small or particles.
Dandy
n.
• One who affects special finery or gives undue attention to dress; a fop; a coxcomb.
(Naut.) A sloop or cutter with a jigger on which a lugsail is set.
• A small sail carried at or near the stern of small boats; — called also jigger, and mizzen.
• A dandy roller.
Dandyise
v. t. & i.
• To make, or to act, like a dandy; to dandify.
Dandyish
a.
• Like a dandy.
Dandyism
n.
• The manners and dress of a dandy; foppishness.
Dandyling
n.
• A little or insignificant dandy; a contemptible fop.
Dane
n.
• A native, or a naturalized inhabitant, of Denmark.
Danewort
n.
(Bot.) A fetid European species of elder (Sambucus Ebulus); dwarf elder; wallwort; elderwort; — called also Daneweed, Dane's weed, and Dane's-blood.
Dang
• imp. of Ding.
v. t.
• To dash.
Danger
n.
• Authority; jurisdiction; control.
• Power to harm; subjection or liability to penalty.
• Exposure to injury, loss, pain, or other evil; peril; risk; insecurity.
• Difficulty; sparingness.
• Coyness; disdainful behavior.
v. t.
• To endanger.
Dangerful
a.
• Full of danger; dangerous.
Dangerless
a.
• Free from danger.
Dangerous
a.
• Attended or beset with danger; full of risk; perilous; hazardous; unsafe.
• Causing danger; ready to do harm or injury.
• In a condition of danger, as from illness; threatened with death.
• Hard to suit; difficult to please.
• Reserved; not affable.
Dangle
v. i.
• To hang loosely, or with a swinging or jerking motion.
v. t.
• To cause to dangle; to swing, as something suspended loosely; as, to dangle the feet.
Dangleberry
n.
(Bot.) A dark blue, edible berry with a white bloom, and its shrub (Gaylussacia frondosa) closely allied to the common huckleberry. The bush is also called blue tangle, and is found from New England to Kentucky, and southward.
Dangler
n.
• One who dangles about or after others, especially after women; a trifler.
Daniel
n.
• A Hebrew prophet distinguished for sagacity and ripeness of judgment in youth; hence, a sagacious and upright judge.
Danish
a.
• Belonging to the Danes, or to their language or country.
n.
• The language of the Danes.
Danite
n.
• A descendant of Dan; an Israelite of the tribe of Dan.
• One of a secret association of Mormons, bound by an oath to obey the heads of the church in all things.
Dank
a.
• Damp; moist; humid; wet.
n.
• Moisture; humidity; water.
n.
• A small silver coin current in Persia.
Dankish
a.
• Somewhat dank.
Dannatory
a.
• Dooing to damnation; condemnatory.
Dannebrog
n.
• The ancient battle standard of Denmark, bearing figures of cross and crown.
Danseuse
n.
• a professional female dancer; a woman who dances at a public exhibition as in a ballet.
Dansk
a.
• Danish.
Dansker
n.
• A Dane.
Dantean
a.
• Relatingto, emanating from or resembling, the poet Dante or his writings.
Dantesque
a.
• Dantelike; Dantean.
Danubian
a.
• Pertainingto, or bordering on, the river Danube.
Dap
v. i.
(Angling) To drop the bait gently on the surface of the water.
Dapatical
a.
• Sumptuous in cheer.
Daphne
n.
(Bot.) A genus of diminutive Shrubs, mostly evergreen, and with fragrant blossoms.
(Myth.) A nymph of Diana, fabled to have been changed into a laurel tree.
Daphnetin
n.
(Chem.) A colorless crystalline substance, C9H6O4, extracted from daphnin.
Daphnia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of the genus Daphnia.
Daphnin
n.
(Chem.) A dark green bitter resin extracted from the mezereon (Daphne mezereum) and regarded as the essential principle of the plant.
• A white, crystalline, bitter substance, regarded as a glucoside, and extracted from Daphne mezereum and D. alpina.
Daphnomancy
n.
• Divination by means of the laurel.
Dapifer
n.
• One who brings meat to the table; hence, in some countries, the official title of the grand master or steward of the king's or a nobleman's household.
Dapper
a.
• Little and active; spruce; trim; smart; neat in dress or appearance; lively.
Dapperling
n.
• A dwarf; a dandiprat.
Dapple
n.
• One of the spots on a dappled animal.
v. t.
• To variegate with spots; to spot.
Darbies
n. pl.
• Manacles; handcuffs.
Darby
n.
• A plasterer's float, having two handles; — used in smoothing ceilings, etc.
Darbyite
n.
• One of the Plymouth Brethren, or of a sect among them; — so called from John N. Darby, one of the leaders of the Brethren.
Dardanian
a. & n.
• Trojan.
Dare
v. i.
• To have adequate or sufficient courage for any purpose; to be bold or venturesome; not to be afraid; to venture.
v. y.
• To have courage for; to attempt courageously; to venture to do or to undertake.
• To challenge; to provoke; to defy.
n.
• The quality of daring; venturesomeness; boldness; dash.
• Defiance; challenge.
v. i.
• To lurk; to lie hid.
v. t.
• To terrify; to daunt.
n.
(Zool.) A small fish; the dace.
Dareful
a.
• Full af daring or of defiance; adveturous.
Darer
n.
• One who dares or defies.
Daric
n.
(Antiq.) A gold coin of ancient Persia, weighing usually a little more than 128 grains, and bearing on one side of the figure of an archer
• A silver coin of about 86 grains, having the figure of an archer, and hence, in modern times, called a daric.
• Any very pure gold coin.
Daring
n.
• Boldness; fearlessness; adventurousness; also, a daring act.
a.
• Bold; fearless; adventurous; as, daring spirits.
Dark
a.
• Destitute, or partially destitute, of light; not receiving, reflecting, or radiating light; wholly or partially black, or of some deep shade of color; not light-colored; as, a dark room; a dark day; dark cloth; dark paint; a dark complexion.
• Not clear to the understanding; not easily through; obscure; mysterious; hidden.
• Destitute of knowledge and culture; in moral or intellectual darkness; unrefined; ignorant.
• Evincing blaxk or foul traits of character; vile; wicked; atrocious; as, a dark villain; a dark deed.
• Foreboding evil; gloomy; jealous; suspicious.
• Deprived of sight; blind.
n.
• Absence of light; darkness; obscurity; a place where there is little or no light.
• The condition of ignorance; gloom; secrecy.
(Fine Arts) A dark shade or dark passage in a painting, engraving, or the like; as, the light and darks are well contrasted
v. t.
• To darken to obscure.
Darken
v. t.
• To make dark or black; to deprite of light; to obscure; as, a darkened room.
• To render dim; to deprive of vision.
• To cloud, obscure, or perplex; to render less clear or intelligible.
• To cast a gloom upon.
• To make foul; to sully; to tarnish.
v. i.
• To grow or darker.
Darkener
n.
• One who, or that which, darkens.
Darkening
n.
• Twilight; gloaming.
Darkful
a.
• Full of darkness.
Darkish
a.
• Somewhat dark; dusky.
Darkle
v. i.
• To grow dark; to show indistinctly.
Darkling
adv.
• In the dark.
p. pr. & a.
• Becoming dark or gloomy; frowing.
• Dark; gloomy.
Darkly
adv.
• With imperfect light, clearness, or knowledge; obscurely; dimly; blindly; uncertainly.
• With a dark, gloomy, cruel, or menacing look.
Darkness
n.
• The absence of light; blackness; obscurity; gloom.
• A state of privacy; secrecy.
• A state of ignorance or error, especially on moral or religious subjects; hence, wickedness; impurity.
• Want of clearness or perspicuity; obscurity; as, the darkness of a subject, or of a discussion.
• A state of distress or trouble.
Darksome
a.
• Dark; gloomy; obscure; shaded; cheerless.
Darky
n.
• A negro.
Darling
n.
• One dearly beloved; a favorite.
a.
• Dearly beloved; regarded with especial kindness and tenderness; favorite. "Some darling science." I. Watts. "Darling sin." Macaulay.
Darlingtonia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of California pitcher plants consisting of a single species. The long tubular leaves are hooded at the top, and frequently contain many insects drowned in the secretion of the leaves.
Darn
v. t.
• To mend as a rent or hole, with interlacing stitches of yarn or thread by means of a needle; to sew together with yarn or thread.
n.
• A place mended by darning.
v. t.
• A colloquial euphemism for Damn.
Darnel
n.
(Bot.) Any grass of the genus Lolium, esp. the Lolium temulentum (bearded darnel), the grains of which have been reputed poisonous. Other species, as Lolium perenne (rye grass or ray grass), and its variety L. Italicum (Italian rye grass), are highly esteemed for pasture and for making hay.
Darner
n.
• One who mends by darning.
Daroo
n.
(Bot.) The Egyptian sycamore (Ficus Sycamorus).
Darr
n.
(Zool.) The European black tern.
Darrein
a.
(Law) Last; as, darrein continuance, the last continuance.
Dart
n.
• A pointed missile weapon, intended to be thrown by the hand; a short lance; a javelin; hence, any sharp-pointed missile weapon, as an arrow.
• Anything resembling a dart; anything that pierces or wounds like a dart.
• A spear set as a prize in running.
(Zool.) A fish; the dace.
v. t.
• To throw with a sudden effort or thrust, as a dart or other missile weapon; to hurl or launch.
• To throw suddenly or rapidly; to send forth; to emit; to shoot; as, the sun darts forth his beams.
v. i.
• To fly or pass swiftly, as a dart.
• To start and run with velocity; to shoot rapidly along; as, the deer darted from the thicket.
Dartars
n.
• A kind of scab or ulceration on the skin of lambs.
Darter
n.
• One who darts, or who throw darts; that which darts.
(Zool.) The snakebird, a water bird of the genus Plotus; — so called because it darts out its long, snakelike neck at its prey.
(Zool.) A small fresh-water etheostomoid fish. The group includes numerous genera and species, all of them American.
Dartingly
adv.
• Like a dart; rapidly.
Dartle
v. t. & i.
• To pierce or shoot through; to dart repeatedly: — frequentative of dart.
Dartoic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the dartos.
Dartoid
a.
(Anat.) Like the dartos; dartoic; as, dartoid tissue.
Dartos
n.
(Anat.) A thin layer of peculiar contractile tissue directly beneath the skin of the scrotum.
Dartrous
a.
(Med.) Relating to, or partaking of the nature of, the disease called tetter; herpetic.
Darwinian
a.
• Pertaining to Darwin; as, the Darwinian theory, a theory of the manner and cause of the supposed development of living things from certain original forms or elements.
n.
• An advocate of Darwinism.
Darwinianism
n.
• Darwinism.
Darwinism
n.
(Biol.) The theory or doctrines put forth by Darwin.
Dasewe
v. i.
• To become dim-sighted; to become dazed or dazzled.
Dash
v. t.
• To throw with violence or haste; to cause to strike violently or hastily; — often used with against.
• To break, as by throwing or by collision; to shatter; to crust; to frustrate; to ruin.
• To put to shame; to confound; to confuse; to abash; to depress.
• To throw in or on in a rapid, careless manner; to mix, reduce, or adulterate, by throwing in something of an inferior quality; to overspread partially; to bespatter; to touch here and there; as, to dash wine with water; to dash paint upon a picture.
• To form or sketch rapidly or carelessly; to execute rapidly, or with careless haste; — with off; as, to dash off a review or sermon.
• To erase by a stroke; to strike out; knock out; — with out; as, to dash out a word.
v. i.
• To rust with violence; to move impetuously; to strike violently; as, the waves dash upon rocks.
n.
• Violent striking together of two bodies; collision; crash.
• A sudden check; abashment; frustration; ruin; as, his hopes received a dash.
• A slight admixture, infusion, or adulteration; a partial overspreading; as, wine with a dash of water; red with a dash of purple.
• A rapid movement, esp. one of short duration; a quick stroke or blow; a sudden onset or rush; as, a bold dash at the enemy; a dash of rain.
• Energy in style or action; animation; spirit.
• A vain show; a blustering parade; a flourish; as, to make or cut a great dash.
(Punctuation) A mark or line [—], in writing or printing, denoting a sudden break, stop, or transition in a sentence, or an abrupt change in its construction, a long or significant pause, or an unexpected or epigrammatic turn of sentiment. Dashes are also sometimes used instead of marks or parenthesis.
(Mus.) The sign of staccato, a small mark [] denoting that the note over which it is placed is to be performed in a short, distinct manner
• The line drawn through a figure in the thorough bass, as a direction to raise the interval a semitone.
(Racing) A short, spirited effort or trial of speed upon a race course; — used in horse racing, when a single trial constitutes the race.
Dashboard
n.
• A board placed on the fore part of a carriage, sleigh, or other vechicle, to intercept water, mud, or snow, thrown up by the heels of the horses; — in England commonly called splashboard.
(Naut.) The float of a paddle wheel.
• A screen at the bow af a steam launch to keep off the spray; — called also sprayboard.
Dasher
n.
• That which dashes or agitates; as, the dasher of a churn.
• A dashboard or splashboard.
• One who makes an ostentatious parade.
Dashing
a.
• Bold; spirited; showy.
Dashingly
adv.
• Conspicuously; showily.
Dashism
n.
• The character of making ostentatious or blustering parade or show.
Dashpot
n.
(Mach.) A pneumatic or hydraulic cushion for a falling weight, as in the valve gear of a steam engine, to prevent shock.
Dashy
a.
• Calculated to arrest attention; ostentatiously fashionable; showy.
Dastard
n.
• One who meanly shrinks from danger; an arrant coward; a poltroon.
a.
• Meanly shrinking from danger; cowardly; dastardly.
v. t.
• To dastardize.
Dastardize
v. t.
• To make cowardly; to intimidate; to dispirit; as, to dastardize my courage.
Dastardliness
n.
• The quality of being dastardly; cowardice; base fear.
Dastardly
a.
• Meanly timid; cowardly; base; as, a dastardly outrage.
Dastardness
n.
• Dastardliness.
Dastardy
n.
• Base timidity; cowardliness.
Dasymeter
n.
(Physics) An instrument for testing the density of gases, consisting of a thin glass globe, which is weighed in the gas or gases, and then in an atmosphere of known density.
Dasypaedal
a.
(Zool.) Dasypaedic.
Dasypaedes
n. pl.
(Zool.) Those birds whose young are covered with down when hatched.
Dasypaedic
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the Dasypaedes; ptilopaedic.
Dasyure
n.
(Zool.) A carnivorous marsupial quadruped of Australia, belonging to the genus Dasyurus. There are several species.
Dasyurine
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to, or like, the dasyures.
Data
n. pl.
• See Datum.
Datable
a.
• That may be dated; having a known or ascertainable date.
Dataria
n.
(R. C. Ch.) Formerly, a part of the Roman chancery; now, a separate office from which are sent graces or favors, cognizable in foro externo, such as appointments to benefices. The name is derived from the word datum, given or dated (with the indications of the time and place of granting the gift or favor).
Datary
n.
(R. C. Ch.) An officer in the pope's court, having charge of the Dataria.
• The office or employment of a datary.
Date
n.
(Bot.) The fruit of the date palm; also, the date palm itself.
n.
• That addition to a writing, inscription, coin, etc., which specifies the time (as day, month, and year) when the writing or inscription was given, or executed, or made; as, the date of a letter, of a will, of a deed, of a coin. etc.
• The point of time at which a transaction or event takes place, or is appointed to take place; a given point of time; epoch; as, the date of a battle.
• Assigned end; conclusion.
• Given or assigned length of life; dyration.
v. t.
• To note the time of writing or executing; to express in an instrument the time of its execution; as, to date a letter, a bond, a deed, or a charter.
• To note or fix the time of, as of an event; to give the date of; as, to date the building of the pyramids.
v. i.
• To have beginning; to begin; to be dated or reckoned; — with from.
Dateless
a.
• Without date; having no fixed time.
Dater
n.
• One who dates.
Datiscin
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline glucoside extracted from the bastard hemp (Datisca cannabina).
Dative
a.
(Gram.) Noting the case of a noun which expresses the remoter object, and is generally indicated in English by to or for with the objective.
(Law) In one's gift; capable of being disposed of at will and pleasure, as an office.
• Removable, as distinguished from perpetual; — said of an officer.
• Given by a magistrate, as distinguished from being cast upon a party by the law.
n.
• The dative case.
Datively
adv.
• As a gift.
Datolite
n.
(Min.) A borosilicate of lime commonly occuring in glassy,, greenish crystals.
Datum
n.
• Something given or admitted; a fact or principle granted; that upon which an inference or an argument is based; — used chiefly in the plural.
(Math.) The quantities or relations which are assumed to be given in any problem.
Datura
n.
(Bot.) A genus of solanaceous plants, with large funnel-shaped flowers and a four-celled, capsular fruit.
Daturine
n.
(Chem.) Atropine; — called also daturia and daturina.
Daub
v. t.
• To smear with soft, adhesive matter, as pitch, slime, mud, etc.; to plaster; to bedaub; to besmear.
• To paint in a coarse or unskillful manner.
• To cover with a specious or deceitful exterior; to disguise; to conceal.
• To flatter excessively or glossy.
• To put on without taste; to deck gaudily.
v. i.
• To smear; to play the flatterer.
n.
• A viscous, sticky application; a spot smeared or dabed; a smear.
(Paint.) A picture coarsely executed.
Dauber
n.
• One who, or that which, daubs; especially, a coarse, unskillful painter.
(Copperplate Print.) A pad or ball of rags, covered over with canvas, for inking plates; a dabber.
• A low and gross flattere.
(Zool.) The mud wasp; the mud dauber.
Daubing
n.
• The act of one who daubs; that which is daubed.
• A rough coat of mortar put upon a wall to give it the appearance of stone; rough-cast.
• In currying, a mixture of fish oil and tallow worked into leather; — called also dubbing.
Daubreelite
n.
(Min.) A sulphide of chromium observed in some meteoric irons.
Dauby
a.
• Smeary; viscous; glutinous; adhesive.
Daughter
n.
• The female offspring of the human species; a female child of any age; — applied also to the lower animals.
• A female descendant; a woman.
• A son's wife; a daughter-in-law.
• A term of adress indicating parental interest.
Daughterliness
n.
• The state of a daughter, or the conduct becoming a daughter.
Daughterly
a.
• Becoming a daughter; filial.
Daun
n.
• A variant of Dan, a title of honor.
Daunt
v. t.
• To overcome; to conquer.
• To repress or subdue the courage of; to check by fear of danger; to cow; to intimidate; to dishearten.
Daunter
n.
• One who daunts.
Dauntless
a.
• Incapable of being daunted; undaunted; bold; fearless; intrepid.
Dauphin
n.
• The title of the eldest son of the king of France, and heir to the crown. Since the revolution of 1830, the title has been discontinued.
Dauw
n.
(Zool.) The striped quagga, or Burchell's zebra, of South Africa (Asinus Burchellii); — called also peechi, or peetsi.
Davenport
n.
• A kind of small writing table, generally somewhat ornamental, and forming a piece of furniture for the parlor or boudoir.
Davidic
a.
• Of or pertaining to David, the king and psalmist of Israel, or to his family.
Davit
n.
(Naut.) A spar formerly used on board of ships, as a crane to hoist the flukes of the anchor to the top of the bow, without injuring the sides of the ship; — called also the fish davit.
• Curved arms of timber or iron, projecting over a ship's side of stern, having tackle to raise or lower a boat, swing it in on deck, rig it out for lowering, etc.; — called also boat davits.
Davyne
n.
(Min.) A variety of nephelite from Vesuvius.
Davyum
n.
(Chem.) A rare metallic element found in platinum ore. It is a white malleable substance. Symbol Da. Atomic weight 154.
Daw
n.
(Zool.) A European bird of the Crow family (Corvus monedula), often nesting in church towers and ruins; a jackdaw.
v. i.
• To dawn.
v. t.
• To rouse.
• To daunt; to terrify.
Dawdle
v. i.
• To waste time in trifling employment; to trifle; to saunter.
v. t.
• To waste by trifling; as, to dawdle away a whole morning.
n.
• A dawdler.
Dawdler
n.
• One who wastes time in trifling employments; an idler; a trifler.
Dawe
n.
• Day.
Dawish
a.
• Like a daw.
Dawk
v. t.
• To cut or mark with an incision; to gash.
n.
• A hollow, crack, or cut, in timber.
Dawn
v. i.
• To begin to grow light in the morning; to grow light; to break, or begin to appear; as, the day dawns; the morning dawns.
• To began to give promise; to begin to appear or to expand.
n.
• The break of day; the first appeareance of light in the morning; show of approaching sunrise.
• First opening or expansion; first appearance; beginning; rise.
Dawsonite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous carbonate of alumina and soda, occuring in white, bladed crustals.
Day
n.
• The time of light, or interval between one night and the next; the time between sunrise and sunset, or from dawn to darkness; hence, the light; sunshine.
• The period of the earth's revolution on its axis. — ordinarily divided into twenty-four hours. It is measured by the interval between two successive transits of a celestial body over the same meridian, and takes a specific name from that of the body. Thus, if this is the sun, the day (the interval between two successive transits of the sun's center over the same meridian) is called a solar day; if it is a star, a sidereal day; if it is the moon, a lunar day.
• Those hours, or the daily recurring period, allotted by usage or law for work.
• A specified time or period; time, considered with reference to the existence or prominence of a person or thing; age; time.
(Preceded by the) Some day in particular, as some day of contest, some anniversary, etc.
Daybook
n.
• A journal of accounts; a primary record book in which are recorded the debts and credits, or accounts of the day, in their order, and from which they are transferred to the journal.
Daybreak
n.
• The time of the first appearance of light in the morning.
Daydream
n.
• A vain fancy speculation; a reverie; a castle in the air; unfounded hope.
Daydreamer
n.
• One given to draydreams.
Dayflower
n.
(Bot.) A genus consisting mostly of tropical perennial herbs (Commelina), having ephemeral flowers.
Dayfly
n.
(Zool.) A neuropterous insect of the genus Ephemera and related genera, of many species, and inhabiting fresh water in the larval state; the ephemeral fly; — so called because it commonly lives but one day in the winged or adult state.
Daylight
n.
• The light of day as opposed to the darkness of night; the light of the sun, as opposed to that of the moon or to artificial light.
• The eyes.
Daymaid
n.
• A dairymaid.
Daymare
n.
(Med.) A kind of incubus which occurs during wakefulness, attended by the peculiar pressure on the chest which characterizes nightmare.
Daysman
n.
• An umpire or arbiter; a mediator.
Dayspring
n.
• The beginning of the day, or first appearance of light; the dawn; hence, the beginning.
Daytime
n.
• The time during which there is daylight, as distinguished from the night.
Daywoman
n.
• A dairymaid.
Daze
v. t.
• To stupefy with excess of light; with a blow, with cold, or with fear; to confuse; to benumb.
n.
• The state of being dazed; as, he was in a daze.
(Mining) A glittering stone.
Dazzle
v. t.
• To overpower with light; to confuse the sight of by brilliance of light.
• To bewilder or surprise with brilliancy or display of any kind.
v. i.
• To be overpoweringly or intensely bright; to excite admiration by brilliancy.
• To be overpowered by light; to be confused by excess of brightness.
n.
• A light of dazzling brilliancy.
Dazzlement
n.
• Dazzling flash, glare, or burst of light.
Dazzlingly
adv.
• In a dazzling manner.
Deacon
n.
(Eccl.) An officer in Christian churches appointed to perform certain subordinate duties varying in different communions. In the Roman Catholic and Episcopal churches, a person admitted to the lowest order in the ministry, subordinate to the bishops and priests. In Presbyterian churches, he is subordinate to the minister and elders, and has charge of certain duties connected with the communion service and the care of the poor. In Congregational churches, he is subordinate to the pastor, and has duties as in the Presbyterian church.
• The chairman of an incorporated company.
v. t.
• To read aloud each line of (a psalm or hymn) before singing it, — usually with off.
v. t.
Deaconess
n.
(Eccl.) A female deacon
(Primitive Ch.) One of an order of women whose duties resembled those of deacons.
(Ch. of Eng. and Prot. Epis. Ch.) A woman set apart for church work by a bishop.
• A woman chosen as a helper in church work, as among the Congregationalists.
Deaconhood
n.
• The state of being a deacon; office of a deacon; deaconship.
Deaconship
n.
• The office or ministry of a deacon or deaconess.
Dead
a.
• Deprived of life; — opposed to alive and living; reduced to that state of a being in which the organs of motion and life have irrevocably ceased to perform their functions; as, a dead tree; a dead man.
• Destitute of life; inanimate; as, dead matter.
• Resembling death in appearance or quality; without show of life; deathlike; as, a dead sleep.
• Still as death; motionless; inactive; useless; as, dead calm; a dead load or weight.
• So constructed as not to transmit sound; soundless; as, a dead floor.
• Unproductive; bringing no gain; unprofitable; as, dead capital; dead stock in trade.
• Lacking spirit; dull; lusterless; cheerless; as, dead eye; dead fire; dead color, etc.
• Monotonous or unvaried; as, a dead level or pain; a dead wall.
• Sure as death; unerring; fixed; complete; as, a dead shot; a dead certainty.
• Bringing death; deadly.
• Wanting in religious spirit and vitality; as, dead faith; dead works.
(Paint.) Flat; without gloss; — said of painting which has been applied purposely to have this effect.
• Not brilliant; not rich; thus, brown is a dead color, as compared with crimson.
(Law) Cut off from the rights of a citizen; deprived of the power of enjoying the rights of property; as, one banished or becoming a monk is civilly dead.
(Mach.) Not imparting motion or power; as, the dead spindle of a lathe, etc.
adv.
• To a degree resembling death; to the last degree; completely; wholly.
n.
• The most quiet or deathlike time; the period of profoundest repose, inertness, or gloom; as, the dead of winter.
• One who is dead; — commonly used collectively.
v. t.
• To make dead; to deaden; to deprive of life, force, or vigor.
v. i.
• To die; to lose life or force.
Deadbeat
a.
(Physics) Making a beat without recoil; giving indications by a single beat or excursion; — said of galvanometers and other instruments in which the needle or index moves to the extent of its deflection and stops with little or no further oscillation.
Deadborn
a.
• Stillborn.
Deaden
v. t.
• To make as dead; to impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation; to lessen the force or acuteness of; to blunt; as, to deaden the natural powers or feelings; to deaden a sound.
• To lessen the velocity or momentum of; to retard; as, to deaden a ship's headway.
• To make vapid or spiritless; as, to deaden wine.
• To deprive of gloss or brilliancy; to obscure; as, to deaden gilding by a coat of size.
Deadener
n.
• One who, or that which, deadens or checks.
Deadhead
n.
• One who receives free tickets for theaters, public conveyances, etc.
(Naut.) A buoy.
Deadhearted
a.
• Having a dull, faint heart; spiritless; listless.
Deadhouse
n.
• A morgue; a place for the temporary reception and exposure of dead bodies.
Deadish
a.
• Somewhat dead, dull, or lifeless; deathlike.
Deadlatch
n.
• A kind of latch whose bolt may be so locked by a detent that it can not be opened from the inside by the handle, or from the outside by the latch key.
Deadlight
n.
(Naut.) A strong shutter, made to fit open ports and keep out water in a storm.
Deadlihood
n.
• State of the dead.
Deadliness
n.
• The quality of being deadly.
Deadlock
n.
• A lock which is not self-latching, but requires a key to throw the bolt forward.
• A counteraction of things, which produces an entire stoppage; a complete obstruction of action.
Deadly
a.
• Capable of causing death; mortal; fatal; destructive; certain or likely to cause death; as, a deadly blow or wound.
• Aiming or willing to destroy; implacable; desperately hostile; flagitious; as, deadly enemies.
• Subject to death; mortal.
adv.
• In a manner resembling, or as if produced by, death.
• In a manner to occasion death; mortally.
• In an implacable manner; destructively.
• Extremely.
Deadness
n.
• The state of being destitute of life, vigor, spirit, activity, etc.; dullness; inertness; languor; coldness; vapidness; indifference; as, the deadness of a limb, a body, or a tree; the deadness of an eye; deadness of the affections; the deadness of beer or cider; deadness to the world, and the like.
Deads
n. pl.
(Mining) The substances which inclose the ore on every side.
Deadwood
n.
(Naut.) A mass of timbers built into the bow and stern of a vessel to give solidity.
• Dead trees or branches; useless material.
Deadworks
n. pl.
(Naut.) The parts of a ship above the water when she is laden.
Deaf
a.
• Wanting the sense of hearing, either wholly or in part; unable to perceive sounds; hard of hearing; as, a deaf man.
• Unwilling to hear or listen; determinedly inattentive; regardless; not to be persuaded as to facts, argument, or exhortation; — with to; as, deaf to reason.
• Deprived of the power of hearing; deafened.
• Obscurely heard; stifled; deadened.
• Decayed; tasteless; dead; as, a deaf nut; deaf corn.
v. t.
• To deafen.
Deafen
v. t.
• To make deaf; to deprive of the power of hearing; to render incapable of perceiving sounds distinctly.
(Arch.) To render impervious to sound, as a partition or floor, by filling the space within with mortar, by lining with paper, etc.
Deafening
n.
• The act or process of rendering impervious to sound, as a floor or wall; also, the material with which the spaces are filled in this process; pugging.
Deafly
adv.
• Without sense of sounds; obscurely.
a.
• Lonely; solitary.
Deafness
n.
• Incapacity of perceiving sounds; the state of the organs which prevents the impression which constitute hearing; want of the sense of hearing.
• Unwillingness to hear; voluntary rejection of what is addressed to the understanding.
Deal
n.
• A part or portion; a share; hence, an indefinite quantity, degree, or extent, degree, or extent; as, a deal of time and trouble; a deal of cold.
• The process of dealing cards to the players; also, the portion disturbed.
• Distribution; apportionment.
• An arrangement to attain a desired result by a combination of interested parties; — applied to stock speculations and political bargains.
• The division of a piece of timber made by sawing; a board or plank; particularly, a board or plank of fir or pine above seven inches in width, and exceeding six feet in length. If narrower than this, it is called a batten; if shorter, a deal end.
• Wood of the pine or fir; as, a floor of deal.
v. t.
• To divide; to separate in portions; hence, to give in portions; to distribute; to bestow successively; — sometimes with out.
• Specifically: To distribute, as cards, to the players at the commencement of a game; as, to deal the cards; to deal one a jack.
v. i.
• To make distribution; to share out in portions, as cards to the players.
• To do a distributing or retailing business, as distinguished from that of a manufacturer or producer; to traffic; to trade; to do business; as, he deals in flour.
• To act as an intermediary in business or any affairs; to manage; to make arrangements; — followed by between or with.
• To conduct one's self; to behave or act in any affair or towards any one; to treat.
• To contend (with); to treat (with), by way of opposition, check, or correction; as, he has turbulent passions to deal with.
Dealbate
v. t.
• To whiten.
Dealbation
n.
• Act of bleaching; a whitening.
Dealer
n.
• One who deals; one who has to do, or has concern, with others; esp., a trader, a trafficker, a shopkeeper, a broker, or a merchant; as, a dealer in dry goods; a dealer in stocks; a retail dealer.
• One who distributes cards to the players.
Dealfish
n.
(Zool.) A long, thin fish of the arctic seas (Trachypterus arcticus).
Dealing
n.
• The act of one who deals; distribution of anything, as of cards to the players; method of business; traffic; intercourse; transaction; as, to have dealings with a person.
Dealth
n.
• Share dealt.
Deambulate
v. i.
• To walk abroad.
Deambulation
n.
• A walking abroad; a promenading.
Deambulatory
a.
• Going about from place to place; wandering; of or pertaining to a deambulatory.
n.
• A covered place in which to walk; an ambulatory.
Dean
n.
• A dignitary or presiding officer in certain ecclesiastical and lay bodies; esp., an ecclesiastical dignitary, subordinate to a bishop.
• The collegiate officer in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, England, who, besides other duties, has regard to the moral condition of the college.
• The head or presiding officer in the faculty of some colleges or universities.
• A registrar or secretary of the faculty in a department of a college, as in a medical, or theological, or scientific department.
• The chief or senior of a company on occasion of ceremony; as, the dean of the diplomatic corps; — so called by courtesy.
Deanery
n.
• The office or the revenue of a dean.
• The residence of a dean.
• The territorial jurisdiction of a dean.
Deanship
n.
• The office of a dean.
Dear
a.
• Bearing a high price; high-priced; costly; expensive.
• Marked by scarcity or dearth, and exorbitance of price; as, a dear year.
• Highly valued; greatly beloved; cherished; precious.
• Hence, close to the heart; heartfelt; present in mind; engaging the attention
n.
• A dear one; lover; sweetheart.
adv.
• Dearly; at a high price.
v. t.
• To endear.
Dearborn
n.
• A four-wheeled carriage, with curtained sides.
Deare
• variant of Dere, v. t. & n.
Dearie
n.
• Same as Deary.
Dearling
n.
• A darling.
Dearly
adv.
• In a dear manner; with affection; heartily; earnestly; as, to love one dearly.
• At a high rate or price; grievously.
• Exquisitely.
Dearn
a.
• Secret; lonely; solitary; dreadful.
v. t.
• Same as Darn.
Dearness
n.
• The quality or state of being dear; costliness; excess of price.
• Fondness; preciousness; love; tenderness.
Dearth
n.
• Scarcity which renders dear; want; lack; specifically, lack of food on account of failure of crops; famine.
Dearticulate
v. t.
• To disjoint.
Dearworth
a.
• Precious.
Deary
n.
• A dear; a darling.
Death
n.
• The cessation of all vital phenomena without capability of resuscitation, either in animals or plants.
• Total privation or loss; extinction; cessation; as, the death of memory.
• Manner of dying; act or state of passing from life.
• Cause of loss of life.
• Personified: The destroyer of life, — conventionally represented as a skeleton with a scythe.
• Danger of death.
• Murder; murderous character.
(Theol.) Loss of spiritual life.
• Anything so dreadful as to be like death.
Deathbed
n.
• The bed in which a person dies; hence, the closing hours of life of one who dies by sickness or the like; the last sickness.
Deathbird
n.
(Zool.) Tengmalm's or Richardson's owl (Nyctale Tengmalmi); — so called from a superstition of the North American Indians that its note presages death.
Deathblow
n.
• A mortal or crushing blow; a stroke or event which kills or destroys.
Deathful
a.
• Full of death or slaughter; murderous; destructive; bloody.
• Liable to undergo death; mortal.
Deathfulness
n.
• Appearance of death.
Deathless
a.
• Not subject to death, destruction, or extinction; immortal; undying; imperishable; as, deathless beings; deathless fame.
Deathlike
a.
• Resembling death.
• Deadly.
Deathliness
n.
• The quality of being deathly; deadliness.
Deathly
a.
• Deadly; fatal; mortal; destructive.
adv.
• Deadly; as, deathly pale or sick.
Deathsman
n.
• An executioner; a headsman or hangman.
Deathward
adv.
• Toward death.
Deathwatch
n.
(Zool.) A small beetle (Anobium tessellatum and other allied species). By forcibly striking its head against woodwork it makes a ticking sound, which is a call of the sexes to each other, but has been imagined by superstitious people to presage death.
• A small wingless insect, of the family Psocidae, which makes a similar but fainter sound; — called also deathtick.
• The guard set over a criminal before his execution.
Deaurate
a.
• Gilded.
v. t.
• To gild.
Deauration
n.
• Act of gilding.
Deave
v. t.
• To stun or stupefy with noise; to deafen.
Debacchate
v. i.
• To rave as a bacchanal.
Debacchation
n.
• Wild raving or debauchery.
Debacle
n.
(Geol.) A breaking or bursting forth; a violent rush or flood of waters which breaks down opposing barriers, and hurls forward and disperses blocks of stone and other debris.
Debar
v. t.
• To cut off from entrance, as if by a bar or barrier; to preclude; to hinder from approach, entry, or enjoyment; to shut out or exclude; to deny or refuse; — with from, and sometimes with of.
Debarb
v. t.
• To deprive of the beard.
Debark
v. t. & i.
• To go ashore from a ship or boat; to disembark; to put ashore.
Debarkation
n.
• Disembarkation.
Debarment
n.
• Hindrance from approach; exclusion.
Debarrass
v. t.
• To disembarrass; to relieve.
Debase
v. t.
• To reduce from a higher to a lower state or grade of worth, dignity, purity, station, etc.; to degrade; to lower; to deteriorate; to abase; as, to debase the character by crime; to debase the mind by frivolity; to debase style by vulgar words.
Debased
a.
(Her.) Turned upside down from its proper position; inverted; reversed.
Debasement
n.
• The act of debasing or the state of being debased.
Debaser
n.
• One who, or that which, debases.
Debasingly
adv.
• In a manner to debase.
Debatable
a.
• Liable to be debated; disputable; subject to controversy or contention; open to question or dispute; as, a debatable question.
Debate
v. t.
• To engage in combat for; to strive for.
• To contend for in words or arguments; to strive to maintain by reasoning; to dispute; to contest; to discuss; to argue for and against.
v. i.
• To engage in strife or combat; to fight.
• To contend in words; to dispute; hence, to deliberate; to consider; to discuss or examine different arguments in the mind; — often followed by on or upon.
n.
• A fight or fighting; contest; strife.
• Contention in words or arguments; discussion for the purpose of elucidating truth or influencing action; strife in argument; controversy; as, the debates in Parliament or in Congress.
• Subject of discussion.
Debateful
a.
• Full of contention; contentious; quarrelsome.
Debatefully
adv.
• With contention.
Debatement
n.
• Controversy; deliberation; debate.
Debater
n.
• One who debates; one given to argument; a disputant; a controvertist.
Debating
n.
• The act of discussing or arguing; discussion.
Debatingly
adv.
• In the manner of a debate.
Debauch
v. t. & i.
• To lead away from purity or excellence; to corrupt in character or principles; to mar; to vitiate; to pollute; to seduce; as, to debauch one's self by intemperance; to debauch a woman; to debauch an army.
n.
• Excess in eating or drinking; intemperance; drunkenness; lewdness; debauchery.
• An act or occasion of debauchery.
Debauched
a.
• Dissolute; dissipated.
Debauchedly
adv.
• In a profligate manner.
Debauchedness
n.
• The state of being debauched; intemperance.
Debauchee
n.
• One who is given to intemperance or bacchanalian excesses; a man habitually lewd; a libertine.
Debaucher
n.
• One who debauches or corrupts others; especially, a seducer to lewdness.
Debauchery
n.
• Corruption of fidelity; seduction from virtue, duty, or allegiance.
• Excessive indulgence of the appetites; especially, excessive indulgence of lust; intemperance; sensuality; habitual lewdness.
Debauchment
n.
• The act of corrupting; the act of seducing from virtue or duty.
Debauchness
n.
• Debauchedness.
Debeige
n.
• A kind of woolen or mixed dress goods.
Debel
v. t.
• To conquer.
Debellate
v. t.
• To subdue; to conquer in war.
Debellation
n.
• The act of conquering or subduing.
Debenture
n.
• A writing acknowledging a debt; a writing or certificate signed by a public officer, as evidence of a debt due to some person; the sum thus due.
• A customhouse certificate entitling an exporter of imported goods to a drawback of duties paid on their importation.
Debentured
a.
• Entitled to drawback or debenture; as, debentured goods.
Debile
a.
• Weak.
Debilitant
a.
(Med.) Diminishing the energy of organs; reducing excitement; as, a debilitant drug.
Debilitate
v. t.
• To impair the strength of; to weaken; to enfeeble; as, to debilitate the body by intemperance.
Debilitation
n.
• The act or process of debilitating, or the condition of one who is debilitated; weakness.
Debility
n.
• The state of being weak; weakness; feebleness; languor.
Debit
n.
• A debt; an entry on the debtor (Dr.) side of an account; — mostly used adjectively; as, the debit side of an account.
v. t.
• To charge with debt; — the opposite of, and correlative to, credit; as, to debit a purchaser for the goods sold.
(Bookkeeping) To enter on the debtor (Dr.) side of an account; as, to debit the amount of goods sold.
Debitor
n.
• A debtor.
Debituminization
n.
• The act of depriving of bitumen.
Debituminize
v. t.
• To deprive of bitumen.
Deblai
n.
(Fort.) The cavity from which the earth for parapets, etc. (remblai), is taken.
Debonair
a.
• Characterized by courteousness, affability, or gentleness; of good appearance and manners; graceful; complaisant.
Debonairity
n.
• Debonairness.
Debonairly
adv.
• Courteously; elegantly.
Debonairness
n.
• The quality of being debonair; good humor; gentleness; courtesy.
Debosh
v. t.
• To debauch.
Deboshment
n.
• Debauchment.
Debouch
v. i.
• To march out from a wood, defile, or other confined spot, into open ground; to issue.
Debouche
n.
• A place for exit; an outlet; hence, a market for goods.
Debouchure
n.
• The outward opening of a river, of a valley, or of a strait.
Debris
n.
(Geol.) Broken and detached fragments, taken collectively; especially, fragments detached from a rock or mountain, and piled up at the base.
• Rubbish, especially such as results from the destruction of anything; remains; ruins.
Debruised
a.
(Her.) Surmounted by an ordinary; as, a lion is debruised when a bend or other ordinary is placed over it, as in the cut.
Debt
n.
• That which is due from one person to another, whether money, goods, or services; that which one person is bound to pay to another, or to perform for his benefit; thing owed; obligation; liability.
• A duty neglected or violated; a fault; a sin; a trespass.
(Law) An action at law to recover a certain specified sum of money alleged to be due.
Debted
p. a.
• Indebted; obliged to.
Debtee
n.
(Law) One to whom a debt is due; creditor; — correlative to debtor.
Debtless
a.
• Free from debt.
Debtor
n.
• One who owes a debt; one who is indebted; — correlative to creditor.
Debulition
n.
• A bubbling or boiling over.
Debulliate
v. i.
• To boil over.
Deburse
v. t. & i.
• To disburse.
Debuscope
n.
(Opt.) A modification of the kaleidoscope; — used to reflect images so as to form beautiful designs.
Debut
n.
• A beginning or first attempt; hence, a first appearance before the public, as of an actor or public speaker.
Decacerata
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of Cephalopoda which includes the squids, cuttlefishes, and others having ten arms or tentacles; — called also Decapoda.
Decad
n.
• A decade.
Decadal
a.
• Pertaining to ten; consisting of tens.
Decade
n.
• A group or division of ten; esp., a period of ten years; a decennium; as, a decade of years or days; a decade of soldiers; the second decade of Livy.
Decadent
a.
• Decaying; deteriorating.
Decadist
n.
• A writer of a book divided into decades; as, Livy was a decadist.
Decagon
n.
(Geom.) A plane figure having ten sides and ten angles; any figure having ten angles. A regular decagon is one that has all its sides and angles equal.
Decagonal
a.
• Pertaining to a decagon; having ten sides.
Decagynia
n. pl.
(Bot.) A Linnaean order of plants characterized by having ten styles.
Decahedral
a.
• Having ten sides.
Decahedron
n.
(Geom.) A solid figure or body inclosed by ten plane surfaces.
Decalcification
n.
• The removal of calcareous matter.
Decalcify
v. t.
• To deprive of calcareous matter; thus, to decalcify bones is to remove the stony part, and leave only the gelatin.
Decalog
n.
• Decalogue.
Decalogist
n.
• One who explains the decalogue.
Decalogue
n.
• The Ten Commandments or precepts given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai, and originally written on two tables of stone.
Decameron
n.
• A celebrated collection of tales, supposed to be related in ten days; — written in the 14th century, by Boccaccio, an Italian.
Decamp
v. i.
• To break up a camp; to move away from a camping ground, usually by night or secretly.
• Hence, to depart suddenly; to run away; — generally used disparagingly.
Decampment
n.
• Departure from a camp; a marching off.
Decanal
a.
• Pertaining to a dean or deanery.
Decandria
n. pl.
(Bot.) A Linnaean class of plants characterized by having ten stamens.
Decane
n.
(Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C10H22, of the paraffin series, including several isomeric modifications.
Decangular
a.
• Having ten angles.
Decani
a.
• Used of the side of the choir on which the dean's stall is placed; decanal; — correlative to cantoris; as, the decanal, or decani, side.
Decant
v. t.
• To pour off gently, as liquor, so as not to disturb the sediment; or to pour from one vessel into another; as, to decant wine.
Decantate
v. t.
• To decant.
Decantation
n.
• The act of pouring off a clear liquor gently from its lees or sediment, or from one vessel into another.
Decanter
n.
• A vessel used to decant liquors, or for receiving decanted liquors; a kind of glass bottle used for holding wine or other liquors, from which drinking glasses are filled.
• One who decants liquors.
Decaphyllous
a.
(Bot.) Having ten leaves.
Decapitate
v. t.
• To cut off the head of; to behead.
• To remove summarily from office.
Decapitation
n.
• The act of beheading; beheading.
Decapod
n.
(Zool.) A crustacean with ten feet or legs, as a crab; one of the Decapoda. Also used adjectively.
Decapoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) The order of Crustacea which includes the shrimps, lobsters, crabs, etc.
(Zool.) A division of the dibranchiate cephalopods including the cuttlefishes and squids.
Decarbonate
v. t.
• To deprive of carbonic acid.
Decarbonization
n.
• The action or process of depriving a substance of carbon.
Decarbonize
v. t.
• To deprive of carbon; as, to decarbonize steel; to decarbonize the blood.
Decarbonizer
n.
• He who, or that which, decarbonizes a substance.
Decarbuize
v. t.
• To deprive of carbon; to remove the carbon from.
Decarburization
n.
• The act, process, or result of decarburizing.
Decard
v. t.
• To discard.
Decardinalize
v. t.
• To depose from the rank of cardinal.
Decastere
n.
(Metric System) A measure of capacity, equal to ten steres, or ten cubic meters.
Decastich
n.
• A poem consisting of ten lines.
Decastyle
a.
(Arch.) Having ten columns in front; — said of a portico, temple, etc.
n.
• A portico having ten pillars or columns in front.
Decasyllabic
a.
• Having, or consisting of, ten syllables.
Decatoic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, decane.
Decay
v. i.
• To pass gradually from a sound, prosperous, or perfect state, to one of imperfection, adversity, or dissolution; to waste away; to decline; to fail; to become weak, corrupt, or disintegrated; to rot; to perish; as, a tree decays; fortunes decay; hopes decay.
v. t.
• To cause to decay; to impair.
• To destroy.
n.
• Gradual failure of health, strength, soundness, prosperity, or of any species of excellence or perfection; tendency toward dissolution or extinction; corruption; rottenness; decline; deterioration; as, the decay of the body; the decay of virtue; the decay of the Roman empire; a castle in decay.
• Destruction; death.
• Cause of decay.
Decayed
a.
• Fallen, as to physical or social condition; affected with decay; rotten; as, decayed vegetation or vegetables; a decayed fortune or gentleman.
Decayer
n.
• A causer of decay.
Decease
n.
• Departure, especially departure from this life; death.
v. i.
• To depart from this life; to die; to pass away.
Deceased
a.
• Passed away; dead; gone.
Decede
v. i.
• To withdraw.
Decedent
a.
• Removing; departing.
n.
• A deceased person.
Deceit
n.
• An attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration, artifice, or practice, which misleads another, or causes him to believe what is false; a contrivance to entrap; deception; a wily device; fraud.
(Law) Any trick, collusion, contrivance, false representation, or underhand practice, used to defraud another. When injury is thereby effected, an action of deceit, as it called, lies for compensation.
Deceitful
a.
• Full of, or characterized by, deceit; serving to mislead or insnare; trickish; fraudulent; cheating; insincere.
Deceitfully
adv.
• With intent to deceive.
Deceitfulness
n.
• The disposition to deceive; as, a man's deceitfulness may be habitual.
• The quality of being deceitful; as, the deceitfulness of a man's practices.
• Tendency to mislead or deceive.
Deceitless
a.
• Free from deceit.
Deceivable
a.
• Fitted to deceive; deceitful.
• Subject to deceit; capable of being misled.
Deceivableness
n.
• Capability of deceiving.
• Liability to be deceived or misled; as, the deceivableness of a child.
Deceivably
adv.
• In a deceivable manner.
Deceive
v. t.
• To lead into error; to cause to believe what is false, or disbelieve what is true; to impose upon; to mislead; to cheat; to disappoint; to delude; to insnare.
• To beguile; to amuse, so as to divert the attention; to while away; to take away as if by deception.
• To deprive by fraud or stealth; to defraud.
Deceiver
n.
• One who deceives; one who leads into error; a cheat; an impostor.
December
n.
• The twelfth and last month of the year, containing thirty-one days. During this month occurs the winter solstice.
• Fig.: With reference to the end of the year and to the winter season; as, the December of his life.
Decemdentate
a.
• Having ten points or teeth.
Decemfid
a.
(Bot.) Cleft into ten parts.
Decemlocular
a.
(Bot.) Having ten cells for seeds.
Decempedal
a.
• Ten feet in length.
(Zool.) Having ten feet; decapodal.
Decemvir
n.
• One of a body of ten magistrates in ancient Rome.
• A member of any body of ten men in authority.
Decemviral
a.
• Pertaining to the decemvirs in Rome.
Decemvirate
n.
• The office or term of office of the decemvirs in Rome.
• A body of ten men in authority.
Decemvirship
n.
• The office of a decemvir.
Decence
n.
• Decency.
Decency
n.
• The quality or state of being decent, suitable, or becoming, in words or behavior; propriety of form in social intercourse, in actions, or in discourse; proper formality; becoming ceremony; seemliness; hence, freedom from obscenity or indecorum; modesty.
• That which is proper or becoming.
Decene
n.
(Chem.) One of the higher hydrocarbons, C10H20, of the ethylene series.
Decennary
n.
• A period of ten years.
(O. Eng. Law) A tithing consisting of ten neighboring families.
Decennial
a.
• Consisting of ten years; happening every ten years; as, a decennial period; decennial games.
n.
• A tenth year or tenth anniversary.
Decennium
n.
• A period of ten years.
Decent
a.
• Suitable in words, behavior, dress, or ceremony; becoming; fit; decorous; proper; seemly; as, decent conduct; decent language.
• Free from immodesty or obscenity; modest.
• Comely; shapely; well-formed.
• Moderate, but competent; sufficient; hence, respectable; fairly good; reasonably comfortable or satisfying; as, a decent fortune; a decent person.
Decentralization
n.
• The action of decentralizing, or the state of being decentralized.
Decentralize
v. t.
• To prevent from centralizing; to cause to withdraw from the center or place of concentration; to divide and distribute (what has been united or concentrated); — esp. said of authority, or the administration of public affairs.
Deceptible
a.
• Capable of being deceived; deceivable.
Deception
n.
• The act of deceiving or misleading.
• The state of being deceived or misled.
• That which deceives or is intended to deceive; false representation; artifice; cheat; fraud.
Deceptious
a.
• Tending deceive; delusive.
Deceptive
a.
• Tending to deceive; having power to mislead, or impress with false opinions; as, a deceptive countenance or appearance.
Deceptively
adv.
• In a manner to deceive.
Deceptiveness
n.
• The power or habit of deceiving; tendency or aptness to deceive.
Deceptivity
n.
• Deceptiveness; a deception; a sham.
Deceptory
a.
• Deceptive.
Decern
v. t.
• To perceive, discern, or decide.
(Scots Law) To decree; to adjudge.
Decerniture
n.
(Scots Law) A decree or sentence of a court.
Decerp
v. t.
• To pluck off; to crop; to gather.
Decerpt
a.
• Plucked off or away.
Decerptible
a.
• That may be plucked off, cropped, or torn away.
Decerption
n.
• The act of plucking off; a cropping.
• That which is plucked off or rent away; a fragment; a piece.
Decertation
n.
• Contest for mastery; contention; strife.
Decession
n.
• Departure; decrease; — opposed to accesion.
Decharm
v. t.
• To free from a charm; to disenchant.
Dechristianize
v. t.
• To turn from, or divest of, Christianity.
Decidable
a.
• Capable of being decided; determinable.
Decide
v. t.
• To cut off; to separate.
• To bring to a termination, as a question, controversy, struggle, by giving the victory to one side or party; to render judgment concerning; to determine; to settle.
v. i.
• To determine; to form a definite opinion; to come to a conclusion; to give decision; as, the court decided in favor of the defendant.
Decided
a.
• Free from ambiguity; unequivocal; unmistakable; unquestionable; clear; evident; as, a decided advantage.
• Free from doubt or wavering; determined; of fixed purpose; fully settled; positive; resolute; as, a decided opinion or purpose.
Decidedly
adv.
• In a decided manner; indisputably; clearly; thoroughly.
Decidement
n.
• Means of forming a decision.
Decidence
n.
• A falling off.
Decider
n.
• One who decides.
Decidua
n.
(Anat.) The inner layer of the wall of the uterus, which envelops the embryo, forms a part of the placenta, and is discharged with it.
Deciduata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Mammalia in which a decidua is thrown off with, or after, the fetus, as in the human species.
Deciduate
a.
(Anat.) Possessed of, or characterized by, a decidua.
Deciduity
n.
• Deciduousness.
Deciduous
a.
(Biol.) Falling off, or subject to fall or be shed, at a certain season, or a certain stage or interval of growth, as leaves (except of evergreens) in autumn, or as parts of animals, such as hair, teeth, antlers, etc.; also, shedding leaves or parts at certain seasons, stages, or intervals; as, deciduous trees; the deciduous membrane.
Deciduousness
n.
• The quality or state of being deciduous.
Decillion
n.
• According to the English notation, a million involved to the tenth power, or a unit with sixty ciphers annexed; according to the French and American notation, a thousand involved to the eleventh power, or a unit with thirty-three ciphers annexed. [See the Note under Numeration.]
Decillionth
a.
• Pertaining to a decillion, or to the quotient of unity divided by a decillion.
n.
• The quotient of unity divided by a decillion.
• One of a decillion equal parts.
Decimal
a.
• Of or pertaining to decimals; numbered or proceeding by tens; having a tenfold increase or decrease, each unit being ten times the unit next smaller; as, decimal notation; a decimal coinage.
n.
• A number expressed in the scale of tens; specifically, and almost exclusively, used as synonymous with a decimal fraction.
Decimalism
n.
• The system of a decimal currency, decimal weights, measures, etc.
Decimalize
v. t.
• To reduce to a decimal system; as, to decimalize the currency.
Decimally
adv.
• By tens; by means of decimals.
Decimate
v. t.
• To take the tenth part of; to tithe.
• To select by lot and punish with death every tenth man of; as, to decimate a regiment as a punishment for mutiny.
• To destroy a considerable part of; as, to decimate an army in battle; to decimate a people by disease.
Decimation
n.
• A tithing.
• A selection of every tenth person by lot, as for punishment.
• The destruction of any large proportion, as of people by pestilence or war.
Decimator
n.
• One who decimates.
Decime
n.
• A French coin, the tenth part of a franc, equal to about two cents.
Decimosexto
n.
• A book consisting of sheets, each of which is folded into sixteen leaves; hence, indicating, more or less definitely, a size of book; — usually written 16mo or 16°.
a.
• Having sixteen leaves to a sheet; as, a decimosexto form, book, leaf, size.
Decine
n.
(Chem.) One of the higher hydrocarbons, C10H15, of the acetylene series; — called also decenylene.
Decipher
v. t.
• To translate from secret characters or ciphers into intelligible terms; as, to decipher a letter written in secret characters.
• To find out, so as to be able to make known the meaning of; to make out or read, as words badly written or partly obliterated; to detect; to reveal; to unfold.
• To stamp; to detect; to discover.
Decipherable
a.
• Capable of being deciphered; as, old writings not decipherable.
Decipherer
n.
• One who deciphers.
Decipheress
n.
• A woman who deciphers.
Decipherment
n.
• The act of deciphering.
Decipiency
n.
• State of being deceived; hallucination.
Decipium
n.
(Chem.) A supposed rare element, said to be associated with cerium, yttrium, etc., in the mineral samarskite, and more recently called samarium. Symbol Dp.
Decision
n.
• Cutting off; division; detachment of a part.
• The act of deciding; act of settling or terminating, as a controversy, by giving judgment on the matter at issue; determination, as of a question or doubt; settlement; conclusion.
• An account or report of a conclusion, especially of a legal adjudication or judicial determination of a question or cause; as, a decision of arbitrators; a decision of the Supreme Court.
• The quality of being decided; prompt and fixed determination; unwavering firmness; as, to manifest great decision.
Decisive
a.
• Having the power or quality of deciding a question or controversy; putting an end to contest or controversy; final; conclusive. "A decisive, irrevocable doom." Bates. "Decisive campaign." Macaulay.
• Marked by promptness and decision.
Decisory
a.
• Able to decide or determine; having a tendency to decide.
Decistere
n.
(Metric System) The tenth part of the stere or cubic meter, equal to 3.531 cubic feet.
Decitizenize
v. t.
• To deprive of the rights of citizenship.
Decivilize
v. t.
• To reduce from civilization to a savage state.
Deck
v. t.
• To cover; to overspread.
• To dress, as the person; to clothe; especially, to clothe with more than ordinary elegance; to array; to adorn; to embellish.
• To furnish with a deck, as a vessel.
n.
• The floorlike covering of the horizontal sections, or compartments, of a ship. Small vessels have only one deck; larger ships have two or three decks.
(arch.) The upper part or top of a mansard roof or curb roof when made nearly flat.
(Railroad) The roof of a passenger car.
• A pack or set of playing cards.
• A heap or store.
Deckel
n.
(Paper Making) Same as Deckle.
Decker
n.
• One who, or that which, decks or adorns; a coverer; as, a table decker.
• A vessel which has a deck or decks; — used esp. in composition; as, a single-decker; a three-decker.
Deckle
n.
(Paper Making) A separate thin wooden frame used to form the border of a hand mold, or a curb of India rubber or other material which rests on, and forms the edge of, the mold in a paper machine and determines the width of the paper.
Declaim
v. i.
• To speak rhetorically; to make a formal speech or oration; to harangue; specifically, to recite a speech, poem, etc., in public as a rhetorical exercise; to practice public speaking; as, the students declaim twice a week.
• To speak for rhetorical display; to speak pompously, noisily, or theatrically; to make an empty speech; to rehearse trite arguments in debate; to rant.
v. t.
• To utter in public; to deliver in a rhetorical or set manner.
• To defend by declamation; to advocate loudly.
Declaimant
n.
• A declaimer.
Declaimer
n.
• One who declaims; an haranguer.
Declamation
n.
• The act or art of declaiming; rhetorical delivery; haranguing; loud speaking in public; especially, the public recitation of speeches as an exercise in schools and colleges; as, the practice declamation by students.
• A set or harangue; declamatory discourse.
• Pretentious rhetorical display, with more sound than sense; as, mere declamation.
Declamator
n.
• A declaimer.
Declamatory
a.
• Pertaining to declamation; treated in the manner of a rhetorician; as, a declamatory theme.
• Characterized by rhetorical display; pretentiously rhetorical; without solid sense or argument; bombastic; noisy; as, a declamatory way or style.
Declarable
a.
• Capable of being declared.
Declarant
n.
(Law) One who declares.
Declaration
n.
• The act of declaring, or publicly announcing; explicit asserting; undisguised token of a ground or side taken on any subject; proclamation; exposition; as, the declaration of an opinion; a declaration of war, etc.
• That which is declared or proclaimed; announcement; distinct statement; formal expression; avowal.
• The document or instrument containing such statement or proclamation; as, the Declaration of Independence (now preserved in Washington).
(Law) That part of the process in which the plaintiff sets forth in order and at large his cause of complaint; the narration of the plaintiff's case containing the count, or counts.
Declarative
a.
• Making declaration, proclamation, or publication; explanatory; assertive; declaratory.
Declaratively
adv.
• By distinct assertion; not impliedly; in the form of a declaration.
Declarator
n.
(Scots Law) A form of action by which some right or interest is sought to be judicially declared.
Declaratorily
adv.
• In a declaratory manner.
Declaratory
a.
• Making declaration, explanation, or exhibition; making clear or manifest; affirmative; expressive; as, a clause declaratory of the will of the legislature.
Declare
• To make clear; to free from obscurity.
• To make known by language; to communicate or manifest explicitly and plainly in any way; to exhibit; to publish; to proclaim; to announce.
• To make declaration of; to assert; to affirm; to set forth; to avow; as, he declares the story to be false.
(Com.) To make full statement of, as goods, etc., for the purpose of paying taxes, duties, etc.
v. i.
• To make a declaration, or an open and explicit avowal; to proclaim one's self; — often with for or against; as, victory declares against the allies.
(Law) To state the plaintiff's cause of action at law in a legal form; as, the plaintiff declares in trespass.
Declaredly
adv.
• Avowedly; explicitly.
Declaredness
n.
• The state of being declared.
Declarement
n.
• Declaration.
Declarer
n.
• One who makes known or proclaims; that which exhibits.
Declension
n.
• The act or the state of declining; declination; descent; slope.
• A falling off towards a worse state; a downward tendency; deterioration; decay; as, the declension of virtue, of science, of a state, etc.
• Act of courteously refusing; act of declining; a declinature; refusal; as, the declension of a nomination.
(Gram.) Inflection of nouns, adjectives, etc., according to the grammatical cases.
• The form of the inflection of a word declined by cases; as, the first or the second declension of nouns, adjectives, etc.
• Rehearsing a word as declined.
Declensional
a.
• Belonging to declension.
Declinable
a.
• Capable of being declined; admitting of declension or inflection; as, declinable parts of speech.
Declinal
a.
• Declining; sloping.
Declinate
a.
• Bent downward or aside; (Bot.) bending downward in a curve; declined.
Declination
n.
• The act or state of bending downward; inclination; as, declination of the head.
• The act or state of falling off or declining from excellence or perfection; deterioration; decay; decline.
• The act of deviating or turning aside; oblique motion; obliquity; withdrawal.
• The act or state of declining or refusing; withdrawal; refusal; averseness.
(Astron.) The angular distance of any object from the celestial equator, either northward or southward.
(Dialing) The arc of the horizon, contained between the vertical plane and the prime vertical circle, if reckoned from the east or west, or between the meridian and the plane, reckoned from the north or south.
(Gram.) The act of inflecting a word; declension.
Declinator
n.
• An instrument for taking the declination or angle which a plane makes with the horizontal plane.
• A dissentient.
Declinatory
a.
• Containing or involving a declination or refusal, as of submission to a charge or sentence.
Declinature
n.
• The act of declining or refusing; as, the declinature of an office.
Decline
v. i.
• To bend, or lean downward; to take a downward direction; to bend over or hang down, as from weakness, weariness, despondency, etc.; to condescend.
• To tend or draw towards a close, decay, or extinction; to tend to a less perfect state; to become diminished or impaired; to fail; to sink; to diminish; to lessen; as, the day declines; virtue declines; religion declines; business declines.
• To turn or bend aside; to deviate; to stray; to withdraw; as, a line that declines from straightness; conduct that declines from sound morals.
• To turn away; to shun; to refuse; — the opposite of accept or consent; as, he declined, upon principle.
v. t.
• To bend downward; to bring down; to depress; to cause to bend, or fall.
• To cause to decrease or diminish.
• To put or turn aside; to turn off or away from; to refuse to undertake or comply with; reject; to shun; to avoid; as, to decline an offer; to decline a contest; he declined any participation with them.
(Gram.) To inflect, or rehearse in order the changes of grammatical form of; as, to decline a noun or an adjective.
• To run through from first to last; to repeat like a schoolboy declining a noun.
n.
• A falling off; a tendency to a worse state; diminution or decay; deterioration; also, the period when a thing is tending toward extinction or a less perfect state; as, the decline of life; the decline of strength; the decline of virtue and religion.
(Med.) That period of a disorder or paroxysm when the symptoms begin to abate in violence; as, the decline of a fever.
• A gradual sinking and wasting away of the physical faculties; any wasting disease, esp. pulmonary consumption; as, to die of a decline.
Declined
a.
• Declinate.
Decliner
n.
• He who declines or rejects.
Declinometer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for measuring the declination of the magnetic needle.
Declinous
a.
• Declinate.
Declivity
n.
• Deviation from a horizontal line; gradual descent of surface; inclination downward; slope; — opposed to acclivity, or ascent; the same slope, considered as descending, being a declivity, which, considered as ascending, is an acclivity.
• A descending surface; a sloping place.
Decoct
v. t.
• To prepare by boiling; to digest in hot or boiling water; to extract the strength or flavor of by boiling; to make an infusion of.
• To prepare by the heat of the stomach for assimilation; to digest; to concoct.
• To warm, strengthen, or invigorate, as if by boiling.
Decoctible
a.
• Capable of being boiled or digested.
Decoction
n.
• The act or process of boiling anything in a watery fluid to extract its virtues.
• An extract got from a body by boiling it in water.
Decocture
n.
• A decoction.
Decollate
v. t.
• To sever from the neck; to behead; to decapitate.
Decollated
a.
(Zool.) Decapitated; worn or cast off in the process of growth, as the apex of certain univalve shells.
Decollation
n.
• The act of beheading or state of one beheaded; — especially used of the execution of St. John the Baptist.
• A painting representing the beheading of a saint or martyr, esp. of St. John the Baptist.
Decollete
a.
• Leaving the neck and shoulders uncovered; cut low in the neck, or low-necked, as a dress.
Decolling
n.
• Beheading.
Decolor
v. t.
• To deprive of color; to bleach.
Decolorant
n.
• A substance which removes color, or bleaches.
Decolorate
a.
• Deprived of color.
v. t.
• To decolor.
Decoloration
n.
• The removal or absence of color.
Decolorize
v. t.
• To deprive of color; to whiten.
Decomplex
a.
• Repeatedly compound; made up of complex constituents.
Decomposable
a.
• Capable of being resolved into constituent elements.
Decompose
v. t.
• To separate the constituent parts of; to resolve into original elements; to set free from previously existing forms of chemical combination; to bring to dissolution; to rot or decay.
v. i.
• To become resolved or returned from existing combinations; to undergo dissolution; to decay; to rot.
Decomposed
a.
(Zool.) Separated or broken up; — said of the crest of birds when the feathers are divergent.
Decomposite
a.
• Compounded more than once; compounded with things already composite.
n.
• Anything decompounded.
Decomposition
n.
• The act or process of resolving the constituent parts of a compound body or substance into its elementary parts; separation into constituent part; analysis; the decay or dissolution consequent on the removal or alteration of some of the ingredients of a compound; disintegration; as, the decomposition of wood, rocks, etc.
• The state of being reduced into original elements.
• Repeated composition; a combination of compounds.
Decompound
v. t.
• To compound or mix with that is already compound; to compound a second time.
• To reduce to constituent parts; to decompose.
a.
• Compound of what is already compounded; compounded a second time.
(Bot.) Several times compounded or divided, as a leaf or stem; decomposite.
n.
• A decomposite.
Decompoundable
a.
• Capable of being decompounded.
Deconcentrate
v. t.
• To withdraw from concentration; to decentralize.
Deconcentration
n.
• Act of deconcentrating.
Deconcoct
v. t.
• To decompose.
Deconsecrate
v. t.
• To deprive of sacredness; to secularize.
Decorament
n.
• Ornament.
Decorate
v. t.
• To deck with that which is becoming, ornamental, or honorary; to adorn; to beautify; to embellish; as, to decorate the person; to decorate an edifice; to decorate a lawn with flowers; to decorate the mind with moral beauties; to decorate a hero with honors.
Decoration
n.
• The act of adorning, embellishing, or honoring; ornamentation.
• That which adorns, enriches, or beautifies; something added by way of embellishment; ornament.
• Specifically, any mark of honor to be worn upon the person, as a medal, cross, or ribbon of an order of knighthood, bestowed for services in war, great achievements in literature, art, etc.
Decorative
a.
• Suited to decorate or embellish; adorning.
Decorator
n.
• One who decorates, adorns, or embellishes; specifically, an artisan whose business is the decoration of houses, esp. their interior decoration.
Decore
v. t.
• To decorate; to beautify.
Decorement
n.
• Ornament.
Decorous
a.
• Suitable to a character, or to the time, place, and occasion; marked with decorum; becoming; proper; seemly; befitting; as, a decorous speech; decorous behavior; a decorous dress for a judge.
Decorticate
v. t.
• To divest of the bark, husk, or exterior coating; to husk; to peel; to hull.
Decortication
n.
• The act of stripping off the bark, rind, hull, or outer coat.
Decorticator
n.
• A machine for decorticating wood, hulling grain, etc.; also, an instrument for removing surplus bark or moss from fruit trees.
Decorum
n.
• Propriety of manner or conduct; grace arising from suitableness of speech and behavior to one's own character, or to the place and occasion; decency of conduct; seemliness; that which is seemly or suitable.
Decoy
v. t.
• To lead into danger by artifice; to lure into a net or snare; to entrap; to insnare; to allure; to entice; as, to decoy troops into an ambush; to decoy ducks into a net.
n.
• Anything intended to lead into a snare; a lure that deceives and misleads into danger, or into the power of an enemy; a bait.
• A fowl, or the likeness of one, used by sportsmen to entice other fowl into a net or within shot.
• A place into which wild fowl, esp. ducks, are enticed in order to take or shoot them.
• A person employed by officers of justice, or parties exposed to injury, to induce a suspected person to commit an offense under circumstances that will lead to his detection.
Decoyer
n.
• One who decoys another.
Decrease
v. i.
• To grow less, — opposed to increase; to be diminished gradually, in size, degree, number, duration, etc., or in strength, quality, or excellence; as, they days decrease in length from June to December.
v. t.
• To cause to grow less; to diminish gradually; as, extravagance decreases one's means.
n.
• A becoming less; gradual diminution; decay; as, a decrease of revenue or of strength.
• The wane of the moon.
Decreaseless
a.
• Suffering no decrease.
Decreasing
a.
• Becoming less and less; diminishing.
Decreation
n.
• Destruction; — opposed to creation.
Decree
n.
• An order from one having authority, deciding what is to be done by a subordinate; also, a determination by one having power, deciding what is to be done or to take place; edict, law; authoritative ru decision.
(Law) A decision, order, or sentence, given in a cause by a court of equity or admiralty.
• A determination or judgment of an umpire on a case submitted to him.
(Eccl.) An edict or law made by a council for regulating any business within their jurisdiction; as, the decrees of ecclesiastical councils.
v. t.
• To determine judicially by authority, or by decree; to constitute by edict; to appoint by decree or law; to determine; to order; to ordain; as, a court decrees a restoration of property.
• To ordain by fate.
v. i.
• To make decrees; — used absolutely.
Decreeable
a.
• Capable of being decreed.
Decreer
n.
• One who decrees.
Decreet
n.
(Scots Law) The final judgment of the Court of Session, or of an inferior court, by which the question at issue is decided.
Decrement
n.
• The state of becoming gradually less; decrease; diminution; waste; loss.
• The quantity lost by gradual diminution or waste; — opposed to increment.
(Crystallog.) A name given by Hauy to the successive diminution of the layers of molecules, applied to the faces of the primitive form, by which he supposed the secondary forms to be produced.
(Math.) The quantity by which a variable is diminished.
Decrepit
a.
• Broken down with age; wasted and enfeebled by the infirmities of old age; feeble; worn out.
Decrepitate
v. t.
• To roast or calcine so as to cause a crackling noise; as, to decrepitate salt.
v. i.
• To crackle, as salt in roasting.
Decrepitation
n.
• The act of decrepitating; a crackling noise, such as salt makes when roasting.
Decrepitness
n.
• Decrepitude.
Decrepitude
n.
• The broken state produced by decay and the infirmities of age; infirm old age.
Decrescendo
a. & adv.
(Mus.) With decreasing volume of sound; — a direction to performers, either written upon the staff (abbreviated Dec., or Decresc.), or indicated by the sign.
Decrescent
a.
• Becoming less by gradual diminution; decreasing; as, a decrescent moon.
n.
(Her.) A crescent with the horns directed towards the sinister.
Decretal
a.
• Appertaining to a decree; containing a decree; as, a decretal epistle.
n.
(R. C. Ch.) An authoritative order or decree; especially, a letter of the pope, determining some point or question in ecclesiastical law. The decretals form the second part of the canon law.
(Canon Law) The collection of ecclesiastical decrees and decisions made, by order of Gregory IX., in 1234, by St. Raymond of Pennafort.
Decrete
n.
• A decree.
Decretion
n.
• A decrease.
Decretist
n.
• One who studies, or professes the knowledge of, the decretals.
Decretive
a.
• Having the force of a decree; determining.
Decretorial
a.
• Decretory; authoritative.
Decretorily
adv.
• In a decretory or definitive manner; by decree.
Decretory
a.
• Established by a decree; definitive; settled.
• Serving to determine; critical.
Decrew
v. i.
• To decrease.
Decrial
n.
• A crying down; a clamorous censure; condemnation by censure.
Decrier
n.
• One who decries.
Decrown
v. t.
• To deprive of a crown; to discrown.
Decrustation
n.
• The removal of a crust.
Decry
v. t.
• To cry down; to censure as faulty, mean, or worthless; to clamor against; to blame clamorously; to discredit; to disparage.
Decubation
n.
• Act of lying down; decumbence.
Decubitus
n.
(Med.) An attitude assumed in lying down; as, the dorsal decubitus.
Decucuminated
a.
• Having the point or top cut off.
Decuman
a.
• Large; chief; — applied to an extraordinary billow, supposed by some to be every tenth in order. Also used substantively.
Decumbent
a.
• Lying down; prostrate; recumbent.
(Bot.) Reclining on the ground, as if too weak to stand, and tending to rise at the summit or apex; as, a decumbent stem.
Decumbently
adv.
• In a decumbent posture.
Decumbiture
n.
• Confinement to a sick bed, or time of taking to one's bed from sickness.
(Astrol.) Aspect of the heavens at the time of taking to one's sick bed, by which the prognostics of recovery or death were made.
Decuple
a.
• Tenfold.
n.
• A number ten times repeated.
v. t.
• To make tenfold; to multiply by ten.
Decurion
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) A head or chief over ten; especially, an officer who commanded a division of ten soldiers.
Decurionate
n.
• The office of a decurion.
Decurrence
n.
• The act of running down; a lapse.
Decurrent
a.
(Bot.) Extending downward; — said of a leaf whose base extends downward and forms a wing along the stem.
Decursion
n.
• A flowing; also, a hostile incursion.
Decursive
a.
• Running down; decurrent.
Decursively
adv.
• In a decursive manner.
Decurt
v. t.
• To cut short; to curtail.
Decurtation
n.
• Act of cutting short.
Decury
n.
• A set or squad of ten men under a decurion.
Decussate
v. t.
• To cross at an acute angle; to cut or divide in the form of X; to intersect; — said of lines in geometrical figures, rays of light, nerves, etc.
Decussately
adv.
• In a decussate manner.
Decussation
n.
• Act of crossing at an acute angle, or state of being thus crossed; an intersection in the form of an X; as, the decussation of lines, nerves, etc.
Decussative
a.
• Intersecting at acute angles.
Decussatively
adv.
• Crosswise; in the form of an X.
Decyl
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, C10H21, never existing alone, but regarded as the characteristic constituent of a number of compounds of the paraffin series.
Decylic
a.
(Chem.) Allied to, or containing, the radical decyl.
Dedans
n.
(Court Tennis) A division, at one end of a tennis court, for spectators.
Dede
a.
• Dead.
Dedecorate
v. t.
• To bring to shame; to disgrace.
Dedecoration
n.
• Disgrace; dishonor.
Dedecorous
a.
• Disgraceful; unbecoming.
Dedentition
n.
• The shedding of teeth.
Dedicate
p. a.
• Dedicated; set apart; devoted; consecrated.
v. t.
• To set apart and consecrate, as to a divinity, or for sacred uses; to devote formally and solemnly; as, to dedicate vessels, treasures, a temple, or a church, to a religious use.
• To devote, set apart, or give up, as one's self, to a duty or service.
• To inscribe or address, as to a patron.
Dedicatee
n.
• One to whom a thing is dedicated; — correlative to dedicator.
Dedication
n.
• The act of setting apart or consecrating to a divine Being, or to a sacred use, often with religious solemnities; solemn appropriation; as, the dedication of Solomon's temple.
• A devoting or setting aside for any particular purpose; as, a dedication of lands to public use.
• An address to a patron or friend, prefixed to a book, testifying respect, and often recommending the work to his special protection and favor.
Dedicator
n.
• One who dedicates; more especially, one who inscribes a book to the favor of a patron, or to one whom he desires to compliment.
Dedicatorial
a.
• Dedicatory.
Dedicatory
a.
• Constituting or serving as a dedication; complimental.
n.
• Dedication.
Dedimus
n.
(Law) A writ to commission private persons to do some act in place of a judge, as to examine a witness, etc.
Dedition
n.
• The act of yielding; surrender.
Dedolent
a.
• Feeling no compunction; apathetic.
Deduce
v. t.
• To lead forth.
• To take away; to deduct; to subtract; as, to deduce a part from the whole.
• To derive or draw; to derive by logical process; to obtain or arrive at as the result of reasoning; to gather, as a truth or opinion, from what precedes or from premises; to infer; — with from or out of.
Deducement
n.
• Inference; deduction; thing deduced.
Deducibility
n.
• Deducibleness.
Deducible
a.
• Capable of being deduced or inferred; derivable by reasoning, as a result or consequence.
• Capable of being brought down.
Deducibleness
n.
• The quality of being deducible; deducibility.
Deducibly
adv.
• By deduction.
Deducive
a.
• That deduces; inferential.
Deduct
v. t.
• To lead forth or out.
• To take away, separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or calculating; to subtract; — often with from or out of.
• To reduce; to diminish.
Deductible
a.
• Capable of being deducted, taken away, or withdrawn.
• Deducible; consequential.
Deduction
n.
• Act or process of deducing or inferring.
• Act of deducting or taking away; subtraction; as, the deduction of the subtrahend from the minuend.
• That which is deduced or drawn from premises by a process of reasoning; an inference; a conclusion.
• That which is deducted; the part taken away; abatement; as, a deduction from the yearly rent.
Deductive
a.
• Of or pertaining to deduction; capable of being deduced from premises; deducible.
Deductively
adv.
• By deduction; by way of inference; by consequence.
Deductor
n.
(Zool.) The pilot whale or blackfish.
Deduit
n.
• Delight; pleasure.
Deduplication
n.
(Biol.) The division of that which is morphologically one organ into two or more, as the division of an organ of a plant into a pair or cluster.
Deed
a.
• Dead.
n.
• That which is done or effected by a responsible agent; an act; an action; a thing done; — a word of extensive application, including, whatever is done, good or bad, great or small.
• Illustrious act; achievement; exploit.
• Power of action; agency; efficiency.
• Fact; reality; — whence we have indeed.
(Law) A sealed instrument in writing, on paper or parchment, duly executed and delivered, containing some transfer, bargain, or contract.
• Performance; — followed by of.
v. t.
• To convey or transfer by deed; as, he deeded all his estate to his eldest son.
Deedful
a.
• Full of deeds or exploits; active; stirring.
Deedless
a.
• Not performing, or not having performed, deeds or exploits; inactive.
Deedy
a.
• Industrious; active.
Deem
v. t.
• To decide; to judge; to sentence; to condemn.
• To account; to esteem; to think; to judge; to hold in opinion; to regard.
v. i.
• To be of opinion; to think; to estimate; to opine; to suppose.
• To pass judgment.
n.
• Opinion; judgment.
Deemster
n.
• A judge in the Isle of Man who decides controversies without process.
Deep
a.
• Extending far below the surface; of great perpendicular dimension (measured from the surface downward, and distinguished from high, which is measured upward); far to the bottom; having a certain depth; as, a deep sea.
• Extending far back from the front or outer part; of great horizontal dimension (measured backward from the front or nearer part, mouth, etc.); as, a deep cave or recess or wound; a gallery ten seats deep; a company of soldiers six files deep.
• Low in situation; lying far below the general surface; as, a deep valley.
• Hard to penetrate or comprehend; profound; — opposed to shallow or superficial; intricate; mysterious; not obvious; obscure; as, a deep subject or plot.
• Of penetrating or far-reaching intellect; not superficial; thoroughly skilled; sagacious; cunning.
• Profound; thorough; complete; unmixed; intense; heavy; heartfelt; as, deep distress; deep melancholy; deep horror.
• Strongly colored; dark; intense; not light or thin; as, deep blue or crimson.
• Of low tone; full-toned; not high or sharp; grave; heavy.
• Muddy; boggy; sandy; — said of roads.
adv.
• To a great depth; with depth; far down; profoundly; deeply.
n.
• That which is deep, especially deep water, as the sea or ocean; an abyss; a great depth.
• That which is profound, not easily fathomed, or incomprehensible; a moral or spiritual depth or abyss.
Deepen
v. t.
• To make deep or deeper; to increase the depth of; to sink lower; as, to deepen a well or a channel.
• To make darker or more intense; to darken; as, the event deepened the prevailing gloom.
• To make more poignant or affecting; to increase in degree; as, to deepen grief or sorrow.
• To make more grave or low in tone; as, to deepen the tones of an organ.
v. i.
• To become deeper; as, the water deepens at every cast of the lead; the plot deepens.
Deeply
adv.
• At or to a great depth; far below the surface; as, to sink deeply.
• Profoundly; thoroughly; not superficially; in a high degree; intensely; as, deeply skilled in ethics.
• Very; with a tendency to darkness of color.
• Gravely; with low or deep tone; as, a deeply toned instrument.
• With profound skill; with art or intricacy; as, a deeply laid plot or intrigue.
Deepness
n.
• The state or quality of being deep, profound, mysterious, secretive, etc.; depth; profundity; — opposed to shallowness.
• Craft; insidiousness.
Deer
n. sing. & pl.
• Any animal; especially, a wild animal.
(Zool.) A ruminant of the genus Cervus, of many species, and of related genera of the family Cervidae. The males, and in some species the females, have solid antlers, often much branched, which are shed annually. Their flesh, for which they are hunted, is called venison.
Deerberry
n.
(Bot.) A shrub of the blueberry group (Vaccinium stamineum); also, its bitter, greenish white berry; — called also squaw huckleberry.
Deergrass
n.
(Bot.) An American genus (Rhexia) of perennial herbs, with opposite leaves, and showy flowers (usually bright purple), with four petals and eight stamens, — the only genus of the order Melastomaceae inhabiting a temperate clime.
Deerhound
n.
(Zool.) One of a large and fleet breed of hounds used in hunting deer; a staghound.
Deerlet
n.
(Zool.) A chevrotain.
Deerskin
n.
• The skin of a deer, or the leather which is made from it.
Deerstalker
n.
• One who practices deerstalking.
Deerstalking
n.
• The hunting of deer on foot, by stealing upon them unawares.
Dees
n. pl.
• Dice.
n.
• A dais.
Deesis
n.
(Rhet.) An invocation of, or address to, the Supreme Being.
Deess
n.
• A goddess.
Deface
v. t.
• To destroy or mar the face or external appearance of; to disfigure; to injure, spoil, or mar, by effacing or obliterating important features or portions of; as, to deface a monument; to deface an edifice; to deface writing; to deface a note, deed, or bond; to deface a record.
• To destroy; to make null.
Defacement
n.
• The act of defacing, or the condition of being defaced; injury to the surface or exterior; obliteration.
• That which mars or disfigures.
Defacer
n.
• One who, or that which, defaces or disfigures.
Defail
v. t.
• To cause fail.
Defailance
n.
• Failure; miscarriage.
Defailure
n.
• Failure.
Defalcate
v. t.
• To cut off; to take away or deduct a part of; — used chiefly of money, accounts, rents, income, etc.
v. i.
• To commit defalcation; to embezzle money held in trust.
Defalcation
n.
• A lopping off; a diminution; abatement; deficit. Specifically: Reduction of a claim by deducting a counterclaim; set-off.
• That which is lopped off, diminished, or abated.
• An abstraction of money, etc., by an officer or agent having it in trust; an embezzlement.
Defalcator
n.
• A defaulter or embezzler.
Defalk
v. t.
• To lop off; to bate.
Defamation
n.
• Act of injuring another's reputation by any slanderous communication, written or oral; the wrong of maliciously injuring the good name of another; slander; detraction; calumny; aspersion.
Defamatory
a.
• Containing defamation; injurious to reputation; calumnious; slanderous; as, defamatory words; defamatory writings.
Defame
v. t.
• To harm or destroy the good fame or reputation of; to disgrace; especially, to speak evil of maliciously; to dishonor by slanderous reports; to calumniate; to asperse.
• To render infamous; to bring into disrepute.
• To charge; to accuse.
n.
• Dishonor.
Defamer
n.
• One who defames; a slanderer; a detractor; a calumniator.
Defamingly
adv.
• In a defamatory manner.
Defamous
a.
• Defamatory.
Defatigable
a.
• Capable of being wearied or tired out.
Defatigate
v. t.
• To weary or tire out; to fatigue.
Defatigation
n.
• Weariness; fatigue.
Default
n.
• A failing or failure; omission of that which ought to be done; neglect to do whaduty or law requires; as, this evil has happened through the governor's default.
• Fault; offense; ill deed; wrong act; failure in virtue or wisdom.
(Law) A neglect of, or failure to take, some step necessary to secure the benefit of law, as a failure to appear in court at a day assigned, especially of the defendant in a suit when called to make answer; also of jurors, witnesses, etc.
v. i.
• To fail in duty; to offend.
• To fail in fulfilling a contract, agreement, or duty.
• To fail to appear in court; to let a case go by default.
v. t.
• To fail to perform or pay; to be guilty of neglect of; to omit; as, to default a dividend.
(Law) To call a defendant or other party whose duty it is to be present in court, and make entry of his default, if he fails to appear; to enter a default against.
• To leave out of account; to omit.
Defaulter
n.
• One who makes default; one who fails to appear in court when court when called.
• One who fails to perform a duty; a delinquent; particularly, one who fails to account for public money intrusted to his care; a peculator; a defalcator.
Defeasance
n.
• A defeat; an overthrow.
• A rendering null or void.
(Law) A condition, relating to a deed, which being performed, the deed is defeated or rendered void; or a collateral deed, made at the same time with a feoffment, or other conveyance, containing conditions, on the performance of which the estate then created may be defeated.
Defeasanced
a.
(Law) Liable to defeasance; capable of being made void or forfeited.
Defeasible
a.
• Capable of being annulled or made void; as, a defeasible title.
Defeat
v. t.
• To undo; to disfigure; to destroy.
• To render null and void, as a title; to frustrate, as hope; to deprive, as of an estate.
• To overcome or vanquish, as an army; to check, disperse, or ruin by victory; to overthrow.
• To resist with success; as, to defeat an assault.
n.
• An undoing or annulling; destruction.
• Frustration by rendering null and void, or by prevention of success; as, the defeat of a plan or design.
• An overthrow, as of an army in battle; loss of a battle; repulse suffered; discomfiture; — opposed to victory.
Defeature
n.
• Overthrow; defeat.
• Disfigurement; deformity.
Defeatured
p. p.
• Changed in features; deformed.
Defecate
a.
• Freed from anything that can pollute, as dregs, lees, etc.; refined; purified.
v. t.
• To clear from impurities, as lees, dregs, etc.; to clarify; to purify; to refine.
• To free from extraneous or polluting matter; to clear; to purify, as from that which materializes.
v. i.
• To become clear, pure, or free.
• To void excrement.
Defecation
n.
• The act of separating from impurities, as lees or dregs; purification.
(Physiol.) The act or process of voiding excrement.
Defecator
n.
• That which cleanses or purifies; esp., an apparatus for removing the feculencies of juices and sirups.
Defect
n.
• Want or absence of something necessary for completeness or perfection; deficiency; — opposed to superfluity.
• Failing; fault; imperfection, whether physical or moral; blemish; as, a defect in the ear or eye; a defect in timber or iron; a defect of memory or judgment.
v. i.
• To fail; to become deficient.
v. t.
• To injure; to damage.
Defectibility
n.
• Deficiency; imperfection.
Defectible
a.
• Liable to defect; imperfect.
Defection
n.
• Act of abandoning a person or cause to which one is bound by allegiance or duty, or to which one has attached himself; desertion; failure in duty; a falling away; apostasy; backsliding.
Defectionist
n.
• One who advocates or encourages defection.
Defectious
a.
• Having defects; imperfect.
Defective
a.
• Wanting in something; incomplete; lacking a part; deficient; imperfect; faulty; — applied either to natural or moral qualities; as, a defective limb; defective timber; a defective copy or account; a defective character; defective rules.
(Gram.) Lacking some of the usual forms of declension or conjugation; as, a defective noun or verb.
Defectuosity
n.
• Great imperfection.
Defectuous
a.
• Full of defects; imperfect.
Defedation
n.
• The act of making foul; pollution.
Defend
v. t.
• To ward or fend off; to drive back or away; to repel.
• To prohibit; to forbid.
• To repel danger or harm from; to protect; to secure against; attack; to maintain against force or argument; to uphold; to guard; as, to defend a town; to defend a cause; to defend character; to defend the absent; — sometimes followed by from or against; as, to defend one's self from, or against, one's enemies.
(Law.) To deny the right of the plaintiff in regard to (the suit, or the wrong charged); to oppose or resist, as a claim at law; to contest, as a suit.
Defendable
a.
• Capable of being defended; defensible.
Defendant
a.
• Serving, or suitable, for defense; defensive.
• Making defense.
n.
• One who defends; a defender.
(Law) A person required to make answer in an action or suit; — opposed to plaintiff.
Defendee
n.
• One who is defended.
Defender
n.
• One who defends; one who maintains, supports, protects, or vindicates; a champion; an advocate; a vindicator.
Defendress
n.
• A female defender.
Defensative
n.
• That which serves to protect or defend.
Defense
v. t.
• To furnish with defenses; to fortify.
Defenseless
a.
• Destitute of defense; unprepared to resist attack; unable to oppose; unprotected.
Defenser
n.
• Defender.
Defensibility
n.
• Capability of being defended.
Defensible
a.
• Capable of being defended; as, a defensible city, or a defensible cause.
• Capable of offering defense.
Defensibleness
n.
• Capability of being defended; defensibility.
Defensive
a.
• Serving to defend or protect; proper for defense; opposed to offensive; as, defensive armor.
• Carried on by resisting attack or aggression; — opposed to offensive; as, defensive war.
• In a state or posture of defense.
n.
• That which defends; a safeguard.
Defensively
adv.
• On the defensive.
Defensor
n.
• A defender.
(Law) A defender or an advocate in court; a guardian or protector.
(Eccl.) The patron of a church; an officer having charge of the temporal affairs of a church.
Defensory
a.
• Tending to defend; defensive; as, defensory preparations.
Defer
v. t.
• To put off; to postpone to a future time; to delay the execution of; to delay; to withhold.
v. i.
• To put off; to delay to act; to wait.
v. t.
• To render or offer.
• To lay before; to submit in a respectful manner; to refer; — with to.
v. i.
• To yield deference to the wishes of another; to submit to the opinion of another, or to authority; — with to.
Deference
n.
• A yielding of judgment or preference from respect to the wishes or opinion of another; submission in opinion; regard; respect; complaisance.
Deferent
a.
• Serving to carry; bearing.
n.
• That which carries or conveys.
(Ptolemaic Astron.) An imaginary circle surrounding the earth, in whose periphery either the heavenly body or the center of the heavenly body's epicycle was supposed to be carried round.
Deferential
a.
• Expressing deference; accustomed to defer.
Deferentially
adv.
• With deference.
Deferment
n.
• The act of delaying; postponement.
Deferrer
n.
• One who defers or puts off.
Defeudalize
v. t.
• To deprive of the feudal character or form.
Defiance
n.
• The act of defying, putting in opposition, or provoking to combat; a challenge; a provocation; a summons to combat.
• A state of opposition; willingness to flight; disposition to resist; contempt of opposition.
• A casting aside; renunciation; rejection.
Defiant
a.
• Full of defiance; bold; insolent; as, a defiant spirit or act.
Defiatory
a.
• Bidding or manifesting defiance.
Defibrinate
v. t.
• To deprive of fibrin, as fresh blood or lymph by stirring with twigs.
Defibrination
n.
• The act or process of depriving of fibrin.
Defibrinize
v. t.
• To defibrinate.
Deficience
n.
• Same as Deficiency.
Deficiency
n.
• The state of being deficient; inadequacy; want; failure; imperfection; shortcoming; defect.
Deficient
a.
• Wanting, to make up completeness; wanting, as regards a requirement; not sufficient; inadequate; defective; imperfect; incomplete; lacking; as, deficient parts; deficient estate; deficient strength; deficient in judgment.
Deficit
n.
• Deficiency in amount or quality; a falling short; lack; as, a deficit in taxes, revenue, etc.
Defier
n.
• One who dares and defies; a contemner; as, a defier of the laws.
Defiguration
n.
• Disfiguration; mutilation.
Defigure
v. t.
• To delineate.
Defilade
v. t.
(Mil.) To raise, as a rampart, so as to shelter interior works commanded from some higher point.
Defilading
n.
(Mil.) The art or act of determining the directions and heights of the lines of rampart with reference to the protection of the interior from exposure to an enemy's fire from any point within range, or from any works which may be erected.
Defile
v. i.
• To march off in a line, file by file; to file off.
v. t.
(Mil.) Same as Defilade.
n.
• Any narrow passage or gorge in which troops can march only in a file, or with a narrow front; a long, narrow pass between hills, rocks, etc.
(Mil.) The act of defilading a fortress, or of raising the exterior works in order to protect the interior.
v. t.
• To make foul or impure; to make filthy; to dirty; to befoul; to pollute.
• To soil or sully; to tarnish, as reputation; to taint.
• To injure in purity of character; to corrupt.
• To corrupt the chastity of; to debauch; to violate.
• To make ceremonially unclean; to pollute.
Defilement
n.
(Mil.) The protection of the interior walls of a fortification from an enfilading fire, as by covering them, or by a high parapet on the exposed side.
n.
• The act of defiling, or state of being defiled, whether physically or morally; pollution; foulness; dirtiness; uncleanness.
Defiler
n.
• One who defiles; one who corrupts or violates; that which pollutes.
Defiliation
n.
• Abstraction of a child from its parents.
Definable
a.
• Capable of being defined, limited, or explained; determinable; describable by definition; ascertainable; as, definable limits; definable distinctions or regulations; definable words.
Define
v. t.
• To fix the bounds of; to bring to a termination; to end.
• To determine or clearly exhibit the boundaries of; to mark the limits of; as, to define the extent of a kingdom or country.
• To determine with precision; to mark out with distinctness; to ascertain or exhibit clearly; as, the defining power of an optical instrument.
• To determine the precise signification of; to fix the meaning of; to describe accurately; to explain; to expound or interpret; as, to define a word, a phrase, or a scientific term.
v. i.
• To determine; to decide.
Definement
n.
• The act of defining; definition; description.
Definer
n.
• One who defines or explains.
Definite
a.
• Having certain or distinct; determinate in extent or greatness; limited; fixed; as, definite dimensions; a definite measure; a definite period or interval.
• Having certain limits in signification; determinate; certain; precise; fixed; exact; clear; as, a definite word, term, or expression.
• Determined; resolved.
• Serving to define or restrict; limiting; determining; as, the definite article.
n.
• A thing defined or determined.
Definitely
adv.
• In a definite manner; with precision; precisely; determinately.
Definiteness
n.
• The state of being definite; determinateness; precision; certainty.
Definition
n.
• The act of defining; determination of the limits; as, the telescope accurate in definition.
• Act of ascertaining and explaining the signification; a description of a thing by its properties; an explanation of the meaning of a word or term; as, the definition of "circle;" the definition of "wit;" an exact definition; a loose definition.
• Description; sort.
(Logic) An exact enunciation of the constituents which make up the logical essence.
(Opt.) Distinctness or clearness, as of an image formed by an optical instrument; precision in detail.
Definitional
a.
• Relating to definition; of the nature of a definition; employed in defining.
Definitive
a.
• Determinate; positive; final; conclusive; unconditional; express.
• Limiting; determining; as, a definitive word.
• Determined; resolved.
n.
(Gram.) A word used to define or limit the extent of the signification of a common noun, such as the definite article, and some pronouns.
Definitively
adv.
• In a definitive manner.
Definitiveness
n.
• The quality of being definitive.
Definitude
n.
• Definiteness.
Defix
v. t.
• To fix; to fasten; to establish.
Deflagrability
n.
(Chem.) The state or quality of being deflagrable.
Deflagrable
a.
(Chem.) Burning with a sudden and sparkling combustion, as niter; hence, slightly explosive; liable to snap and crackle when heated, as salt.
Deflagrate
v. i.
(Chem.) To burn with a sudden and sparkling combustion, as niter; also, to snap and crackle with slight explosions when heated, as salt.
v. t.
(Chem.) To cause to burn with sudden and sparkling combustion, as by the action of intense heat; to burn or vaporize suddenly; as, to deflagrate refractory metals in the oxyhydrogen flame.
Deflagration
n.
• A burning up; conflagration.
(Chem.) The act or process of deflagrating.
Deflagrator
n.
(Chem.) A form of the voltaic battery having large plates, used for producing rapid and powerful combustion.
Deflate
v. t.
• To reduce from an inflated condition.
Deflect
v. t.
• To cause to turn aside; to bend; as, rays of light are often deflected.
v. i.
• To turn aside; to deviate from a right or a horizontal line, or from a proper position, course or direction; to swerve.
Deflectable
a.
• Capable of being deflected.
Deflected
a.
• Turned aside; deviating from a direct line or course.
• Bent downward; deflexed.
Deflection
n.
• The act of turning aside, or state of being turned aside; a turning from a right line or proper course; a bending, esp. downward; deviation.
(Gunnery) The deviation of a shot or ball from its true course.
(Opt.) A deviation of the rays of light toward the surface of an opaque body; inflection; diffraction.
(Engin.) The bending which a beam or girder undergoes from its own weight or by reason of a load.
Deflectionization
n.
• The act of freeing from inflections.
Deflectionize
v. t.
• To free from inflections.
Deflective
a.
• Causing deflection.
Deflector
n.
(Mech.) That which deflects, as a diaphragm in a furnace, or a come in a lamp (to deflect and mingle air and gases and help combustion).
Deflexed
a.
• Bent abruptly downward.
Deflexure
n.
• A bending or turning aside; deflection.
Deflorate
a.
(Bot.) Past the flowering state; having shed its pollen.
Defloration
n.
• The act of deflouring; as, the defloration if a virgin.
• That which is chosen as the flower or choicest part; careful culling or selection.
Deflour
v. t.
• To deprive of flowers.
• To take away the prime beauty and grace of; to rob of the choicest ornament.
• To deprive of virginity, as a woman; to violate; to ravish; also, to seduce.
Deflourer
n.
• One who deflours; a ravisher.
Deflow
v. i.
• To flow down.
Deflower
v. t.
• Same as Deflour.
Defluous
a.
• Flowing down; falling off.
Deflux
n.
• Downward flow.
Defluxion
n.
(Med.) A discharge or flowing of humors or fluid matter, as from the nose in catarrh; — sometimes used synonymously with inflammation.
Defly
adv.
• Deftly.
Defoedation
n.
• Defedation.
Defoliation
n.
• The separation of ripened leaves from a branch or stem; the falling or shedding of the leaves.
Deforce
v. t.
(Law) To keep from the rightful owner; to withhold wrongfully the possession of, as of lands or a freehold.
(Scots Law) To resist the execution of the law; to oppose by force, as an officer in the execution of his duty.
Deforcement
n.
(Law) A keeping out by force or wrong; a wrongful withholding, as of lands or tenements, to which another has a right.
(Scots Law) Resistance to an officer in the execution of law.
Deforceor
n.
• Same as Deforciant.
Deforciant
n.
(Eng. Law) One who keeps out of possession the rightful owner of an estate.
• One against whom a fictitious action of fine was brought.
Deforciation
n.
(Law) Same as Deforcement, n.
Deforest
v. t.
• To clear of forests; to disorest.
Deform
v. t.
• To spoil the form of; to mar in form; to misshape; to disfigure.
• To render displeasing; to deprive of comeliness, grace, or perfection; to dishonor.
a.
• Deformed; misshapen; shapeless; horrid.
Deformation
n.
• The act of deforming, or state of anything deformed.
• Transformation; change of shape.
Deformed
a.
• Unnatural or distorted in form; having a deformity; misshapen; disfigured; as, a deformed person; a deformed head.
Deformer
n.
• One who deforms.
Deformity
n.
• The state of being deformed; want of proper form or symmetry; any unnatural form or shape; distortion; irregularity of shape or features; ugliness.
• Anything that destroys beauty, grace, or propriety; irregularity; absurdity; gross deviation from other or the established laws of propriety; as, deformity in an edifice; deformity of character.
Deforser
n.
• A deforciant.
Defoul
v. t.
• To tread down.
• To make foul; to defile.
Defraud
v. t.
• To deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device; to withhold from wrongfully; to injure by embezzlement; to cheat; to overreach; as, to defraud a servant, or a creditor, or the state; — with of before the thing taken or withheld.
Defraudation
n.
• The act of defrauding; a taking by fraud.
Defrauder
n.
• One who defrauds; a cheat; an embezzler; a peculator.
Defraudment
n.
• Privation by fraud; defrauding.
Defray
v. t.
• To pay or discharge; to serve in payment of; to provide for, as a charge, debt, expenses, costs, etc.
• To avert or appease, as by paying off; to satisfy; as, to defray wrath.
Defrayal
n.
• The act of defraying; payment; as, the defrayal of necessary costs.
Defrayer
n.
• One who pays off expenses.
Defrayment
n.
• Payment of charges.
Deft
a.
• Apt; fit; dexterous; clever; handy; spruce; neat. "The deftest way." Shak.
Deftly
adv.
• Aptly; fitly; dexterously; neatly.
Deftness
n.
• The quality of being deft.
Defunct
a.
• Having finished the course of life; dead; deceased.
n.
• A dead person; one deceased.
Defunction
n.
• Death.
Defunctive
a.
• Funereal.
Defuse
v. t.
• To disorder; to make shapeless.
Defy
v. t.
• To renounce or dissolve all bonds of affiance, faith, or obligation with; to reject, refuse, or renounce.
• To provoke to combat or strife; to call out to combat; to challenge; to dare; to brave; to set at defiance; to treat with contempt; as, to defy an enemy; to defy the power of a magistrate; to defy the arguments of an opponent; to defy public opinion.
n.
• A challenge.
Degarnish
v. t.
• To strip or deprive of entirely, as of furniture, ornaments, etc.; to disgarnish; as, to degarnish a house, etc.
• To deprive of a garrison, or of troops necessary for defense; as, to degarnish a city or fort.
Degarnishment
n.
• The act of depriving, as of furniture, apparatus, or a garrison.
Degeneracy
n.
• The act of becoming degenerate; a growing worse.
• The state of having become degenerate; decline in good qualities; deterioration; meanness.
Degenerate
a.
• Having become worse than one's kind, or one's former state; having declined in worth; having lost in goodness; deteriorated; degraded; unworthy; base; low.
v. i.
• To be or grow worse than one's kind, or than one was originally; hence, to be inferior; to grow poorer, meaner, or more vicious; to decline in good qualities; to deteriorate.
(Biol.) To fall off from the normal quality or the healthy structure of its kind; to become of a lower type.
Degenerately
adv.
• In a degenerate manner; unworthily.
Degenerateness
n.
• Degeneracy.
Degeneration
n.
• The act or state of growing worse, or the state of having become worse; decline; degradation; debasement; degeneracy; deterioration.
(Physiol.) That condition of a tissue or an organ in which its vitality has become either diminished or perverted; a substitution of a lower for a higher form of structure; as, fatty degeneration of the liver.
(Biol.) A gradual deterioration, from natural causes, of any class of animals or plants or any particular or organs; hereditary degradation of type.
• The thing degenerated.
Degenerationist
n.
(Biol.) A believer in the theory of degeneration, or hereditary degradation of type; as, the degenerationists hold that savagery is the result of degeneration from a superior state.
Degenerative
a.
• Undergoing or producing degeneration; tending to degenerate.
Degenerous
a.
• Degenerate; base.
Degenerously
adv.
• Basely.
Deglazing
n.
• The process of giving a dull or ground surface to glass by acid or by mechanical means.
Degloried
a.
• Deprived of glory; dishonored.
Deglutinate
v. t.
• To loosen or separate by dissolving the glue which unties; to unglue.
Deglutination
n.
• The act of ungluing.
Deglutition
n.
• The act or process of swallowing food; the power of swallowing.
Deglutitious
a.
• Pertaining to deglutition.
Deglutitory
a.
• Serving for, or aiding in, deglutition.
Degradation
n.
• The act of reducing in rank, character, or reputation, or of abasing; a lowering from one's standing or rank in office or society; diminution; as, the degradation of a peer, a knight, a general, or a bishop.
• The state of being reduced in rank, character, or reputation; baseness; moral, physical, or intellectual degeneracy; disgrace; abasement; debasement.
• Diminution or reduction of strength, efficacy, or value; degeneration; deterioration.
(Geol.) A gradual wearing down or wasting, as of rocks and banks, by the action of water, fro etc.
(Biol.) The state or condition of a species or group which exhibits degraded forms; degeneration.
(Physiol.) Arrest of development, or degeneration of any organ, or of the body as a whole.
Degrade
v. t.
• To reduce from a higher to a lower rank or degree; to lower in rank' to deprive of office or dignity; to strip of honors; as, to degrade a nobleman, or a general officer.
• To reduce in estimation, character, or reputation; to lessen the value of; to lower the physical, moral, or intellectual character of; to debase; to bring shame or contempt upon; to disgrace; as, vice degrades a man.
(Geol.) To reduce in altitude or magnitude, as hills and mountains; to wear down.
v. i.
(Biol.) To degenerate; to pass from a higher to a lower type of structure; as, a family of plants or animals degrades through this or that genus or group of genera.
Degraded
a.
• Reduced in rank, character, or reputation; debased; sunken; low; base.
(Biol.) Having the typical characters or organs in a partially developed condition, or lacking certain parts.
(Her.) Having steps; — said of a cross each of whose extremities finishes in steps growing larger as they leave the center; — termed also on degrees.
Degradement
n.
• Deprivation of rank or office; degradation.
Degradingly
adv.
• In a degrading manner.
Degravation
n.
• The act of making heavy.
Degree
n.
• A step, stair, or staircase.
• One of a series of progressive steps upward or downward, in quality, rank, acquirement, and the like; a stage in progression; grade; gradation; as, degrees of vice and virtue; to advance by slow degrees; degree of comparison.
• The point or step of progression to which a person has arrived; rank or station in life; position.
• Measure of advancement; quality; extent; as, tastes differ in kind as well as in degree.
• Grade or rank to which scholars are admitted by a college or university, in recognition of their attainments; as, the degree of bachelor of arts, master, doctor, etc.
(Genealogy) A certain distance or remove in the line of descent, determining the proximity of blood; one remove in the chain of relationship; as, a relation in the third or fourth degree.
(Arith.) Three figures taken together in numeration; thus, 140 is one degree, 222,140 two degrees.
(Algebra) State as indicated by sum of exponents; more particularly, the degree of a term is indicated by the sum of the exponents of its literal factors; thus, a2b2c is a term of the sixth degree. The degree of a power, or radical, is denoted by its index, that of an equation by the greatest sum of the exponents of the unknown quantities in any term; thus, ax4 + bx2 = c, and mx2y2 + nyx = p, are both equations of the fourth degree.
(Trig.) A 360th part of the circumference of a circle, which part is taken as the principal unit of measure for arcs and angles. The degree is divided into 60 minutes and the minute into 60 seconds.
• A division, space, or interval, marked on a mathematical or other instrument, as on a thermometer.
(Mus.) A line or space of the staff.
Degu
n.
(Zool.) A small South American rodent (Octodon Cumingii), of the family Octodontidae.
Degust
v. t.
• To taste.
Degustation
n.
(Physiol.) Tasting; the appreciation of sapid qualities by the taste organs.
Dehisce
v. i.
• To gape; to open by dehiscence.
Dehiscence
n.
• The act of gaping.
(Biol.) A gaping or bursting open along a definite line of attachment or suture, without tearing, as in the opening of pods, or the bursting of capsules at maturity so as to emit seeds, etc.; also, the bursting open of follicles, as in the ovaries of animals, for the expulsion of their contents.
Dehiscent
a.
• Characterized by dehiscence; opening in some definite way, as the capsule of a plant.
Dehonestate
v. t.
• To disparage.
Dehonestation
n.
• A dishonoring; disgracing.
Dehorn
v. t.
• To deprive of horns; to prevent the growth or the horns of (cattle) by burning their ends soon after they start.
Dehors
prep.
(Law) Out of; without; foreign to; out of the agreement, record, will, or other instrument.
n.
(Mil.) All sorts of outworks in general, at a distance from the main works; any advanced works for protection or cover.
Dehort
v. t.
• To urge to abstain or refrain; to dissuade.
Dehortation
n.
• Dissuasion; advice against something.
Dehortative
a.
• Dissuasive.
Dehortatory
a.
• Fitted or designed to dehort or dissuade.
Dehorter
n.
• A dissuader; an adviser to the contrary.
Dehumanize
v. t.
• To divest of human qualities, such as pity, tenderness, etc.; as, dehumanizing influences.
Dehusk
v. t.
• To remove the husk from.
Dehydrate
v. t.
(Chem.) To deprive of water; to render free from water; as, to dehydrate alcohol.
Dehydration
n.
(Chem.) The act or process of freeing from water; also, the condition of a body from which the water has been removed.
Dehydrogenate
v. t.
(Chem.) To deprive of, or free from, hydrogen.
Dehydrogenation
n.
(Chem.) The act or process or freeing from hydrogen; also, the condition resulting from the removal of hydrogen.
Deicide
n.
• The act of killing a being of a divine nature; particularly, the putting to death of Jesus Christ.
• One concerned in putting Christ to death.
Deictic
a.
(Logic) Direct; proving directly; — applied to reasoning, and opposed to elenchtic or refutative.
Deictically
adv.
• In a manner to show or point out; directly; absolutely; definitely.
Deification
n.
• The act of deifying; exaltation to divine honors; apotheosis; excessive praise.
Deified
a.
• Honored or worshiped as a deity; treated with supreme regard; godlike.
Deifier
n.
• One who deifies.
Deiform
a.
• Godlike, or of a godlike form.
• Conformable to the will of God.
Deiformity
n.
• Likeness to deity.
Deify
v. t.
• To make a god of; to exalt to the rank of a deity; to enroll among the deities; to apotheosize; as, Julius Caesar was deified.
• To praise or revere as a deity; to treat as an object of supreme regard; as, to deify money.
• To render godlike.
Deign
v. t.
• To esteem worthy; to consider worth notice; — opposed to disdain.
• To condescend to give or bestow; to stoop to furnish; to vouchsafe; to allow; to grant.
v. i.
• To think worthy; to vouchsafe; to condescend; — followed by an infinitive.
Deignous
a.
• Haughty; disdainful.
Deil
n.
• Devil; — spelt also deel.
Deintegrate
v. t.
• To disintegrate.
Deiparous
a.
• Bearing or bringing forth a god; — said of the Virgin Mary.
Deipnosophist
n.
• One of an ancient sect of philosophers, who cultivated learned conversation at meals.
Deism
n.
• The doctrine or creed of a deist; the belief or system of those who acknowledge the existence of one God, but deny revelation.
Deist
n.
• One who believes in the existence of a God, but denies revealed religion; a freethinker.
Deistically
adv.
• After the manner of deists.
Deisticalness
n.
• State of being deistical.
Deitate
a.
• Deified.
Deity
n.
• The collection of attributes which make up the nature of a god; divinity; godhead; as, the deity of the Supreme Being is seen in his works.
• A god or goddess; a heathen god.
Deject
v. t.
• To cast down.
• To cast down the spirits of; to dispirit; to discourage; to dishearten.
a.
• Dejected.
Dejecta
n. pl.
• Excrements; as, the dejecta of the sick.
Dejected
a.
• Cast down; afflicted; low-spirited; sad; as, a dejected look or countenance.
Dejecter
n.
• One who casts down, or dejects.
Dejection
n.
• A casting down; depression.
• The act of humbling or abasing one's self.
• Lowness of spirits occasioned by grief or misfortune; mental depression; melancholy.
• A low condition; weakness; inability.
(Physiol.) The discharge of excrement.
• Faeces; excrement.
Dejectly
adv.
• Dejectedly.
Dejectory
a.
• Having power, or tending, to cast down.
• Promoting evacuations by stool.
Dejecture
n.
• That which is voided; excrements.
Dejerate
v. i.
• To swear solemnly; to take an oath.
Dejeration
n.
• The act of swearing solemnly.
Dejeune
n.
• A dejeuner.
Dejeuner
n.
• A breakfast; sometimes, also, a lunch or collation.
Dekagram
n.
• Same as Decagram.
Dekaliter
n.
• Same as Decaliter.
Dekameter
n.
• Same as Decameter.
Dekastere
n.
• Same as Decastere.
Del
n.
• Share; portion; part.
Delaceration
n.
• A tearing in pieces.
Delacrymation
n.
• An involuntary discharge of watery humors from the eyes; wateriness of the eyes.
Delactation
n.
• The act of weaning.
Delaine
n.
• A kind of fabric for women's dresses.
Delamination
n.
(Biol.) Formation and separation of laminae or layers; one of the methods by which the various blastodermic layers of the ovum are differentiated.
Delapse
v. i.
• To pass down by inheritance; to lapse.
Delapsion
n.
• A falling down, or out of place; prolapsion.
Delassation
n.
• Fatigue.
Delate
v. t.
• To carry; to convey.
• To carry abroad; to spread; to make public.
• To carry or bring against, as a charge; to inform against; to accuse; to denounce.
• To carry on; to conduct.
v. i.
• To dilate.
Delation
n.
• Conveyance.
(Law) Accusation by an informer.
Delator
n.
• An accuser; an informer.
Delaware
n.
(Bot.) An American grape, with compact bunches of small, amber-colored berries, sweet and of a good flavor.
Delawares
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting the valley of the Delaware River, but now mostly located in the Indian Territory.
Delay
n.
• A putting off or deferring; procrastination; lingering inactivity; stop; detention; hindrance.
v. t.
• To put off; to defer; to procrastinate; to prolong the time of or before.
• To retard; to stop, detain, or hinder, for a time; to retard the motion, or time of arrival, of; as, the mail is delayed by a heavy fall of snow.
• To allay; to temper.
v. i.
• To move slowly; to stop for a time; to linger; to tarry.
Delayer
n.
• One who delays; one who lingers.
Delayingly
adv.
• By delays.
Delayment
n.
• Hindrance.
Dele
imperative sing.
(Print.) Erase; remove; — a direction to cancel something which has been put in type; usually expressed by a peculiar form of d, thus: &dele;.
v. t.
(Print.) To erase; to cancel; to delete; to mark for omission.
v. t.
• To deal; to divide; to distribute.
Deleble
a.
• Capable of being blotted out or erased.
Delectable
a.
• Highly pleasing; delightful.
Delectate
v. t.
• To delight; to charm.
Delectation
n.
• Great pleasure; delight.
Delectus
n.
• A name given to an elementary book for learners of Latin or Greek.
Delegacy
n.
• The act of delegating, or state of being delegated; deputed power.
• A body of delegates or commissioners; a delegation.
Delegate
n.
• Any one sent and empowered to act for another; one deputed to represent; a chosen deputy; a representative; a commissioner; a vicar.
• One elected by the people of a territory to represent them in Congress, where he has the right of debating, but not of voting
• One sent by any constituency to act as its representative in a convention; as, a delegate to a convention for nominating officers, or for forming or altering a constitution.
a.
• Sent to act for a represent another; deputed; as, a delegate judge.
v. t.
• To send as one's representative; to empower as an ambassador; to send with power to transact business; to commission; to depute; to authorize.
• To intrust to the care or management of another; to transfer; to assign; to commit.
Delegation
n.
• The act of delegating, or investing with authority to act for another; the appointment of a delegate or delegates.
• One or more persons appointed or chosen, and commissioned to represent others, as in a convention, in Congress, etc.; the collective body of delegates; as, the delegation from Massachusetts; a deputation.
(Rom. Law) A kind of novation by which a debtor, to be liberated from his creditor, gives him a third person, who becomes obliged in his stead to the creditor, or to the person appointed by him.
Delegatory
a.
• Holding a delegated position.
Delenda
n. pl.
• Things to be erased or blotted out.
Delenifical
a.
• Assuaging pain.
Delete
v. t.
• To blot out; to erase; to expunge; to dele; to omit.
Deleterious
a.
• Hurtful; noxious; destructive; pernicious; as, a deleterious plant or quality; a deleterious example.
Deletery
a.
• Destructive; poisonous.
n.
• That which destroys.
Deletion
n.
• Act of deleting, blotting out, or erasing; destruction.
Deletitious
a.
• Of such a nature that anything may be erased from it; — said of paper.
Deletive
a.
• Adapted to destroy or obliterate.
Deletory
n.
• That which blots out.
Delf
n.
• A mine; a quarry; a pit dug; a ditch.
n.
• Same as Delftware.
Delft
n.
• Same as Delftware.
Delftware
n.
• Pottery made at the city of Delft in Holland; hence:
• Earthenware made in imitation of the above; any glazed earthenware made for table use, and the like.
Delibate
v. t.
• To taste; to take a sip of; to dabble in.
Delibation
n.
• Act of tasting; a slight trial.
Deliber
v. t. & i.
• To deliberate.
Deliberate
a.
• Weighing facts and arguments with a view a choice or decision; carefully considering the probable consequences of a step; circumspect; slow in determining; — applied to persons; as, a deliberate judge or counselor.
• Formed with deliberation; well-advised; carefully considered; not sudden or rash; as, a deliberate opinion; a deliberate measure or result.
• Not hasty or sudden; slow.
v. t.
• To weigh in the mind; to consider the reasons for and against; to consider maturely; to reflect upon; to ponder; as, to deliberate a question.
v. i.
• To take counsel with one's self; to weigh the arguments for and against a proposed course of action; to reflect; to consider; to hesitate in deciding; — sometimes with on, upon, concerning.
Deliberately
adv.
• With careful consideration, or deliberation; circumspectly; warily; not hastily or rashly; slowly; as, a purpose deliberately formed.
Deliberateness
n.
• The quality of being deliberate; calm consideration; circumspection.
Deliberation
n.
• The act of deliberating, or of weighing and examining the reasons for and against a choice or measure; careful consideration; mature reflection.
• Careful discussion and examination of the reasons for and against a measure; as, the deliberations of a legislative body or council.
Deliberative
a.
• Pertaining to deliberation; proceeding or acting by deliberation, or by discussion and examination; deliberating; as, a deliberative body.
n.
• A discourse in which a question is discussed, or weighed and examined.
• A kind of rhetoric employed in proving a thing and convincing others of its truth, in order to persuade them to adopt it.
Deliberatively
adv.
• In a deliberative manner; circumspectly; considerately.
Deliberator
n.
• One who deliberates.
Delibrate
v. t.
• To strip off the bark; to peel.
Delibration
n.
• The act of stripping off the bark.
Delicacy
n.
• The state or condition of being delicate; agreeableness to the senses; delightfulness; as, delicacy of flavor, of odor, and the like.
• Nicety or fineness of form, texture, or constitution; softness; elegance; smoothness; tenderness; and hence, frailty or weakness; as, the delicacy of a fiber or a thread; delicacy of a hand or of the human form; delicacy of the skin; delicacy of frame.
• Nice propriety of manners or conduct; susceptibility or tenderness of feeling; refinement; fastidiousness; and hence, in an exaggerated sense, effeminacy; as, great delicacy of behavior; delicacy in doing a kindness; delicacy of character that unfits for earnest action.
• Addiction to pleasure; luxury; daintiness; indulgence; luxurious or voluptuous treatment.
• Nice and refined perception and discrimination; critical niceness; fastidious accuracy.
• The state of being affected by slight causes; sensitiveness; as, the delicacy of a chemist's balance.
• That which is alluring, delicate, or refined; a luxury or pleasure; something pleasant to the senses, especially to the sense of taste; a dainty; as, delicacies of the table.
• Pleasure; gratification; delight.
Delicate
a.
• Addicted to pleasure; luxurious; voluptuous; alluring.
• Pleasing to the senses; refinedly; hence, adapted to please a nice or cultivated taste; nice; fine; elegant; as, a delicate dish; delicate flavor.
• Slight and shapely; lovely; graceful; as, "a delicate creature."
• Fine or slender; minute; not coarse; — said of a thread, or the like; as, delicate cotton.
• Slight or smooth; light and yielding; — said of texture; as, delicate lace or silk.
• Soft and fair; — said of the skin or a surface; as, a delicate cheek; a delicate complexion.
• Light, or softly tinted; — said of a color; as; as, a delicate blue.
• Refined; gentle; scrupulous not to trespass or offend; considerate; — said of manners, conduct, or feelings; as, delicate behavior; delicate attentions; delicate thoughtfulness.
• Tender; not able to endure hardship; feeble; frail; effeminate; — said of constitution, health, etc.; as, a delicate child; delicate health.
• Requiring careful handling; not to be rudely or hastily dealt with; nice; critical; as, a delicate subject or question.
• Of exacting tastes and habits; dainty; fastidious.
• Nicely discriminating or perceptive; refinedly critical; sensitive; exquisite; as, a delicate taste; a delicate ear for music.
• Affected by slight causes; showing slight changes; as, a delicate thermometer.
n.
• A choice dainty; a delicacy.
• A delicate, luxurious, or effeminate person.
Delicately
adv.
• In a delicate manner.
Delicateness
n.
• The quality of being delicate.
Delices
n. pl.
• Delicacies; delights.
Deliciate
v. t.
• To delight one's self; to indulge in feasting; to revel.
Delicious
a.
• Affording exquisite pleasure; delightful; most sweet or grateful to the senses, especially to the taste; charming.
• Addicted to pleasure; seeking enjoyment; luxurious; effeminate.
Deliciously
adv.
• Delightfully; as, to feed deliciously; to be deliciously entertained.
Deliciousness
n.
• The quality of being delicious; as, the deliciousness of a repast.
• Luxury.
Delict
n.
(Law) An offense or transgression against law; (Scots Law) an offense of a lesser degree; a misdemeanor.
Deligate
v. t.
(Surg.) To bind up; to bandage.
Deligation
n.
(Surg.) A binding up; a bandaging.
Delight
n.
• A high degree of gratification of mind; a high-wrought state of pleasurable feeling; lively pleasure; extreme satisfaction; joy.
• That which gives great pleasure or delight.
• Licentious pleasure; lust.
v. t.
• To give delight to; to affect with great pleasure; to please highly; as, a beautiful landscape delights the eye; harmony delights the ear.
v. i.
• To have or take great delight or pleasure; to be greatly pleased or rejoiced; — followed by an infinitive, or by in.
Delightable
a.
• Capable of delighting; delightful.
Delighted
a.
• Endowed with delight.
Delightedly
adv.
• With delight; gladly.
Delighter
n.
• One who gives or takes delight.
Delightful
a.
• Highly pleasing; affording great pleasure and satisfaction. "Delightful bowers." Spenser.
Delighting
a.
• Giving delight; gladdening.
Delightless
a.
• Void of delight.
Delightous
a.
• Delightful.
Delightsome
a.
• Very pleasing; delightful.
Delilah
n.
• The mistress of Samson, who betrayed him (Judges xvi.); hence, a harlot; a temptress.
Delimit
v. t.
• To fix the limits of; to demarcate; to bound.
Delimitation
n.
• The act or process of fixing limits or boundaries; limitation.
Deline
v. t.
• To delineate.
• To mark out.
Delineable
a.
• Capable of being, or liable to be, delineated.
Delineament
.
• Delineation; sketch.
Delineate
a.
• Delineated; portrayed.
v. t.
• To indicate by lines drawn in the form or figure of; to represent by sketch, design, or diagram; to sketch out; to portray; to picture; in drawing and engraving, to represent in lines, as with the pen, pencil, or graver; hence, to represent with accuracy and minuteness.
• To portray to the mind or understanding by words; to set forth; to describe.
Delineation
n.
• The act of representing, portraying, or describing, as by lines, diagrams, sketches, etc.; drawing an outline; as, the delineation of a scene or face; in drawing and engraving, representation by means of lines, as distinguished from representation by means of tints shades; accurate and minute representation, as distinguished from art that is careless of details, or subordinates them excessively.
• A delineated picture; representation; sketch; description in words.
Delineator
n.
• One who, or that which, delineates; a sketcher.
(Surv.) A perambulator which records distances and delineates a profile, as of a road.
Delineatory
a.
• That delineates; descriptive; drawing the outline; delineating.
Delineature
n.
• Delineation.
Delinition
n.
• A smearing.
Delinquency
n.
• Failure or omission of duty; a fault; a misdeed; an offense; a misdemeanor; a crime.
Delinquent
a.
• Failing in duty; offending by neglect of duty.
n.
• One who fails or neglects to perform his duty; an offender or transgressor; one who commits a fault or a crime; a culprit.
Delinquently
adv.
• So as to fail in duty.
Deliquate
v. i.
• To melt or be dissolved; to deliquesce.
v. t.
• To cause to melt away; to dissolve; to consume; to waste.
Deliquation
n.
• A melting.
Deliquesce
v. i.
(Chem.) To dissolve gradually and become liquid by attracting and absorbing moisture from the air, as certain salts, acids, and alkalies.
Deliquescence
n.
• The act of deliquescing or liquefying; process by which anything deliquesces; tendency to melt.
Deliquescent
a.
• Dissolving; liquefying by contact with the air; capable of attracting moisture from the atmosphere and becoming liquid; as, deliquescent salts.
(Bot.) Branching so that the stem is lost in branches, as in most deciduous trees.
Deliquiate
v. i.
• To melt and become liquid by absorbing water from the air; to deliquesce.
Deliquiation
n.
• The act of deliquating.
Deliquium
n.
(Chem.) A melting or dissolution in the air, or in a moist place; a liquid condition; as, a salt falls into a deliquium.
• A sinking away; a swooning.
• A melting or maudlin mood.
Deliracy
n.
• Delirium.
Delirament
n.
• A wandering of the mind; a crazy fancy.
Delirancy
n.
• Delirium.
Delirant
a.
• Delirious.
Delirate
v. t. & i.
• To madden; to rave.
Deliration
n.
• Aberration of mind; delirium.
Deliriant
n.
(Med.) A poison which occasions a persistent delirium, or mental aberration (as belladonna).
Delirifacient
a.
(Med.) Producing, or tending to produce, delirium.
n.
• Any substance which tends to cause delirium.
Delirious
a.
• Having a delirium; wandering in mind; light-headed; insane; raving; wild; as, a delirious patient; delirious fancies.
Delirium
n.
(Med.) A state in which the thoughts, expressions, and actions are wild, irregular, and incoherent; mental aberration; a roving or wandering of the mind, — usually dependent on a fever or some other disease, and so distinguished from mania, or madness.
• Strong excitement; wild enthusiasm; madness.
Delit
n.
• Delight.
Delitable
a.
• Delightful; delectable.
Delitescence
n.
• Concealment; seclusion; retirement.
(Med.) The sudden disappearance of inflammation.
Delitescency
n.
• Concealment; seclusion.
Delitescent
a.
• Lying hid; concealed.
Delitigate
v. i.
• To chide; to rail heartily.
Delitigation
n.
• Chiding; brawl.
Deliver
v. t.
• To set free from restraint; to set at liberty; to release; to liberate, as from control; to give up; to free; to save; to rescue from evil actual or feared; — often with from or out of; as, to deliver one from captivity, or from fear of death.
• To give or transfer; to yield possession or control of; to part with (to); to make over; to commit; to surrender; to resign; — often with up or over, to or into.
• To make over to the knowledge of another; to communicate; to utter; to speak; to impart.
• To give forth in action or exercise; to discharge; as, to deliver a blow; to deliver a broadside, or a ball.
• To free from, or disburden of, young; to relieve of a child in childbirth; to bring forth; — often with of.
• To discover; to show.
• To deliberate.
• To admit; to allow to pass.
a.
• Free; nimble; sprightly; active.
Deliverable
a.
• Capable of being, or about to be, delivered; necessary to be delivered.
Deliverance
n.
• The act of delivering or freeing from restraint, captivity, peril, and the like; rescue; as, the deliverance of a captive.
• Act of bringing forth children.
• Act of speaking; utterance.
• The state of being delivered, or freed from restraint.
• Anything delivered or communicated; esp., an opinion or decision expressed publicly.
(Metaph.) Any fact or truth which is decisively attested or intuitively known as a psychological or philosophical datum; as, the deliverance of consciousness.
Deliverer
n.
• One who delivers or rescues; a preserver.
• One who relates or communicates.
Deliveress
n.
• A female de.
Deliverly
adv.
• Actively; quickly; nimbly.
Deliverness
n.
• Nimbleness; agility.
Delivery
n.
• The act of delivering from restraint; rescue; release; liberation; as, the delivery of a captive from his dungeon.
• The act of delivering up or over; surrender; transfer of the body or substance of a thing; distribution; as, the delivery of a fort, of hostages, of a criminal, of goods, of letters.
• The act or style of utterance; manner of speaking; as, a good delivery; a clear delivery.
• The act of giving birth; parturition; the expulsion or extraction of a fetus and its membranes.
• The act of exerting one's strength or limbs.
• The act or manner of delivering a ball; as, the pitcher has a swift delivery.
Dell
n.
• A small, retired valley; a ravine.
• A young woman; a wench.
Dellacruscan
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Accademia della Crusca in Florence.
Deloo
n.
(Zool.) The duykerbok.
Deloul
n.
(Zool.) A special breed of the dromedary used for rapid traveling; the swift camel; — called also herire, and maharik.
Delph
n.
• Delftware.
n.
(Hydraul. Engin.) The drain on the land side of a sea embankment.
Delphian
a.
• Delphic.
Delphic
a.
(Gr. Antiq.) Of or relating to Delphi, or to the famous oracle of that place.
• Ambiguous; mysterious.
Delphin
n.
(Chem.) A fatty substance contained in the oil of the dolphin and the porpoise; — called also phocenin.
Delphine
a.
• Pertaining to the dolphin, a genus of fishes.
Delphinic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the dolphin; phocenic.
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the larkspur; specifically, relating to the stavesacre (Delphinium staphisagria).
Delphinine
n.
(Chem.) A poisonous alkaloid extracted from the stavesacre (Delphinium staphisagria), as a colorless amorphous powder.
Delphinoid
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the dolphin.
Delphinoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of Cetacea which comprises the dolphins, porpoises, and related forms.
Delphinus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of Cetacea, including the dolphin.
(Astron.) The Dolphin, a constellation near the equator and east of Aquila.
Delta
n.
• A tract of land shaped like the letter delta (as, the delta of the Ganges, of the Nile, or of the Mississippi.
Deltafication
n.
• The formation of a delta or of deltas.
Deltaic
a.
• Relating to, or like, a delta.
Delthyris
n.
(Zool.) A name formerly given to certain Silurian brachiopod shells of the genus Spirifer.
Deltic
a.
• Deltaic.
Deltidium
n.
(Zool.) The triangular space under the beak of many brachiopod shells.
Deltohedron
n.
(Crystallog.) A solid bounded by twelve quadrilateral faces. It is a hemihedral form of the isometric system, allied to the tetrahedron.
Deltoid
a.
• Shaped like the Greek (delta); delta-shaped; triangular.
Deludable
a.
• Capable of being deluded; liable to be imposed on gullible.
Delude
v. t.
• To lead from truth or into error; to mislead the mind or judgment of to beguile; to impose on; to dupe; to make a fool of.
• To frustrate or disappoint.
Deluder
n.
• One who deludes; a deceiver; an impostor.
Deluge
n.
• A washing away; an overflowing of the land by water; an inundation; a flood; specifically, The Deluge, the great flood in the days of Noah (Gen. vii.).
• Fig.: Anything which overwhelms, or causes great destruction.
v. t.
• To overflow with water; to inundate; to overwhelm.
• To overwhelm, as with a deluge; to cover; to overspread; to overpower; to submerge; to destroy; as, the northern nations deluged the Roman empire with their armies; the land is deluged with woe.
Delundung
n.
(Zool.) An East Indian carnivorous mammal (Prionodon gracilis), resembling the civets, but without scent pouches. It is handsomely spotted.
Delusion
n.
• The act of deluding; deception; a misleading of the mind.
• The state of being deluded or misled.
• That which is falsely or delusively believed or propagated; false belief; error in belief.
Delusional
a.
• Of or pertaining to delusions; as, delusional monomania.
Delusive
a.
• Apt or fitted to delude; tending to mislead the mind; deceptive; beguiling; delusory; as, delusive arts; a delusive dream.
Delusory
a.
• Delusive; fallacious.
Delve
v. t.
• To dig; to open (the ground) as with a spade.
• To dig into; to penetrate; to trace out; to fathom.
v. i.
• To dig or labor with a spade, or as with a spade; to labor as a drudge.
n.
• A place dug; a pit; a ditch; a den; a cave.
Delver
n.
• One who digs, as with a spade.
Demagnetize
v. t.
• To deprive of magnetic properties.
• To free from mesmeric influence; to demesmerize.
Demagog
n.
• Demagogue.
Demagogism
n.
• The practices of a demagogue.
Demagogue
n.
• A leader of the rabble; one who attempts to control the multitude by specious or deceitful arts; an unprincipled and factious mob orator or political leader.
Demagogy
n.
• Demagogism.
Demain
n.
• Rule; management.
Demand
v. t.
• To ask or call for with authority; to claim or seek from, as by authority or right; to claim, as something due; to call for urgently or peremptorily; as, to demand a debt; to demand obedience.
• To inquire authoritatively or earnestly; to ask, esp. in a peremptory manner; to question.
• To require as necessary or useful; to be in urgent need of; hence, to call for; as, the case demands care.
(Law) To call into court; to summon.
v. i.
• To make a demand; to inquire.
n.
• The act of demanding; an asking with authority; a peremptory urging of a claim; a claiming or challenging as due; requisition; as, the demand of a creditor; a note payable on demand.
• Earnest inquiry; question; query.
• A diligent seeking or search; manifested want; desire to posses; request; as, a demand for certain goods; a person's company is in great demand.
• That which one demands or has a right to demand; thing claimed as due; claim; as, demands on an estate.
(Law) The asking or seeking for what is due or claimed as due
• The right or title in virtue of which anything may be claimed; as, to hold a demand against a person
• A thing or amount claimed to be due.
Demandable
a.
• That may be demanded or claimed.
Demandant
n.
• One who demands; the plaintiff in a real action; any plaintiff.
Demander
n.
• One who demands.
Demandress
n.
• A woman who demands.
Demantoid
n.
(Min.) A yellow-green, transparent variety of garnet found in the Urals. It is valued as a gem because of its brilliancy of luster, whence the name.
Demarcate
v. t.
• To mark by bounds; to set the limits of; to separate; to discriminate.
Demarcation
n.
• The act of marking, or of ascertaining and setting a limit; separation; distinction.
Demarch
n.
• March; walk; gait.
n.
• A chief or ruler of a deme or district in Greece.
Demarkation
n.
• Same as Demarcation.
Dematerialize
v. t.
• To deprive of material or physical qualities or characteristics.
Deme
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) A territorial subdivision of Attica (also of modern Greece), corresponding to a township.
(Biol.) An undifferentiated aggregate of cells or plastids.
Demean
v. t.
• To manage; to conduct; to treat.
• To conduct; to behave; to comport; — followed by the reflexive pronoun.
• To debase; to lower; to degrade; — followed by the reflexive pronoun.
n.
• Management; treatment.
• Behavior; conduct; bearing; demeanor.
n.
• Demesne.
• Resources; means.
Demeanance
n.
• Demeanor.
Demeanor
n.
• Management; treatment; conduct.
• Behavior; deportment; carriage; bearing; mien.
Demeanure
n.
• Behavior.
Demency
n.
• Dementia; loss of mental powers.
Dement
v. t.
• To deprive of reason; to make mad.
a.
• Demented; dementate.
Dementate
a.
• Deprived of reason.
v. t.
• To deprive of reason; to dement.
Dementation
n.
• The act of depriving of reason; madness.
Demented
a.
• Insane; mad; of unsound mind.
Dementia
n.
• Insanity; madness; esp. that form which consists in weakness or total loss of thought and reason; mental imbecility; idiocy.
Demephitize
v. t.
• To purify from mephitic.
Demerge
v. t.
• To plunge down into; to sink; to immerse.
Demerit
n.
• That which one merits or deserves, either of good or ill; desert.
• That which deserves blame; ill desert; a fault; a vice; misconduct; — the opposite of merit.
• The state of one who deserves ill.
v. t.
• To deserve; — said in reference to both praise and blame.
• To depreciate or cry down.
v. i.
• To deserve praise or blame.
Demerse
v. t.
• To immerse.
Demersed
a.
(Bot.) Situated or growing under water, as leaves; submersed.
Demersion
n.
• The act of plunging into a fluid; a drowning.
• The state of being overwhelmed in water, or as if in water.
Demesmerize
v. t.
• To relieve from mesmeric influence.
Demesne
n.
(Law) A lord's chief manor place, with that part of the lands belonging thereto which has not been granted out in tenancy; a house, and the land adjoining, kept for the proprietor's own use.
Demesnial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a demesne; of the nature of a demesne.
Demibastion
n.
(Fort.) A half bastion, or that part of a bastion consisting of one face and one flank.
Demibrigade
n.
• A half brigade.
Demicadence
n.
(Mus.) An imperfect or half cadence, falling on the dominant instead of on the key note.
Demicannon
n.
(Mil. Antiq.) A kind of ordnance, carrying a ball weighing from thirty to thirty-six pounds.
Demicircle
n.
• An instrument for measuring angles, in surveying, etc. It resembles protractor, but has an alidade, sights, and a compass.
Demiculverin
n.
(Mil. Antiq.) A kind of ordnance, carrying a ball weighing from nine to thirteen pounds.
Demideify
v. t.
• To deify in part.
Demidevil
n.
• A half devil.
Demigod
n.
• A half god, or an inferior deity; a fabulous hero, the offspring of a deity and a mortal.
Demigoddess
n.
• A female demigod.
Demigorge
n.
(Fort.) Half the gorge, or entrance into a bastion, taken from the angle of the flank to the center of the bastion.
Demigrate
v. i.
• To emigrate.
Demigration
n.
• Emigration.
Demigroat
n.
• A half groat.
Demijohn
n.
• A glass vessel or bottle with a large body and small neck, inclosed in wickerwork.
Demilance
n.
• A light lance; a short spear; a half pike; also, a demilancer.
Demilancer
n.
• A soldier of light cavalry of the 16th century, who carried a demilance.
Demilune
n.
(Fort.) A work constructed beyond the main ditch of a fortress, and in front of the curtain between two bastions, intended to defend the curtain; a ravelin.
(Physiol.) A crescentic mass of granular protoplasm present in the salivary glands.
Demiman
n.
• A half man.
Demimonde
n.
• Persons of doubtful reputation; esp., women who are kept as mistresses, though not public prostitutes; demireps.
Deminatured
a.
• Having half the nature of another.
Demiquaver
n.
(Mus.) A note of half the length of the quaver; a semiquaver.
Demisability
n.
(Law) The state of being demisable.
Demisable
a.
(Law) Capable of being leased; as, a demisable estate.
Demise
n.
• Transmission by formal act or conveyance to an heir or successor; transference; especially, the transfer or transmission of the crown or royal authority to a successor.
• The decease of a royal or princely person; hence, also, the death of any illustrious person.
(Law) The conveyance or transfer of an estate, either in fee for life or for years, most commonly the latter.
v. t.
• To transfer or transmit by succession or inheritance; to grant or bestow by will; to bequeath.
• To convey; to give.
(Law) To convey, as an estate, be lease; to lease.
Demisemiquaver
. n.
(Mus.) A short note, equal in time to the half of a semiquaver, or the thirty-second part of a whole note.
Demiss
a.
• Cast down; humble; submissive.
Demission
n.
• The act of demitting, or the state of being demitted; a letting down; a lowering; dejection.
• Resignation of an office.
Demissionary
a.
• Pertaining to transfer or conveyance; as, a demissionary deed.
• Tending to lower, depress, or degrade.
Demissive
a.
• Downcast; submissive; humble.
Demissly
adv.
• In a humble manner.
Demisuit
n.
(Mil. Antiq.) A suit of light armor covering less than the whole body, as having no protection for the legs below the things, no vizor to the helmet, and the like.
Demit
v. t.
• To let fall; to depress.
• To yield or submit; to humble; to lower; as, to demit one's self to humble duties.
• To lay down, as an office; to resign.
Demitint
n.
(Fine Arts) That part of a painting, engraving, or the like, which is neither in full darkness nor full light
• The shade itself; neither the darkest nor the lightest in a composition. Also called half tint.
Demitone
n.
(Mus.) Semitone.
Demiurge
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) The chief magistrate in some of the Greek states.
• God, as the Maker of the world.
• According to the Gnostics, an agent or one employed by the Supreme Being to create the material universe and man.
Demiurgic
a.
• Pertaining to a demiurge; formative; creative.
Demivolt
n.
(Man.) A half vault; one of the seven artificial motions of a horse, in which he raises his fore legs in a particular manner.
Demiwolf
n.
• A half wolf; a mongrel dog, between a dog and a wolf.
Demobilization
n.
(Mil.) The disorganization or disarming of troops which have previously been mobilized or called into active service; the change from a war footing to a peace footing.
Demobilize
v. t.
(Mil.) To disorganize, or disband and send home, as troops which have been mobilized.
Democracy
n.
• Government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is retained and directly exercised by the people.
• Government by popular representation; a form of government in which the supreme power is retained by the people, but is indirectly exercised through a system of representation and delegated authority periodically renewed; a constitutional representative government; a republic.
• Collectively, the people, regarded as the source of government.
• The principles and policy of the Democratic party, so called.
Democrat
n.
• One who is an adherent or advocate of democracy, or government by the people.
• A member of the Democratic party.
Democratic
a.
• Pertaining to democracy; favoring democracy, or constructed upon the principle of government by the people.
• Relating to a political party so called.
• Befitting the common people; — opposed to aristocratic.
Democratical
a.
• Democratic.
Democratically
adv.
• In a democratic manner.
Democratism
n.
• The principles or spirit of a democracy.
Democratist
n.
• A democrat.
Democratize
v. t.
• To render democratic.
Democraty
n.
• Democracy.
Demogorgon
n.
• , A mysterious, terrible, and evil divinity, regarded by some as the author of creation, by others as a great magician who was supposed to command the spirits of the lower world.
Demography
n.
• The study of races, as to births, marriages, mortality, health, etc.
Demoiselle
n.
• A young lady; a damsel; a lady's maid.
(Zool.) The Numidian crane (Antropoides virgo); — so called on account of the grace and symmetry of its form and movements.
(Zool.) A beautiful, small dragon fly of the genus Agrion.
Demolish
v. t.
• To throw or pull down; to raze; to destroy the fabric of; to pull to pieces; to ruin; as, to demolish an edifice, or a wall.
Demolisher
n.
• One who, or that which, demolishes; as, a demolisher of towns.
Demolishment
n.
• Demolition.
Demolition
n.
• The act of overthrowing, pulling down, or destroying a pile or structure; destruction by violence; utter overthrow; — opposed to construction; as, the demolition of a house, of military works, of a town, or of hopes.
Demolitionist
n.
• A demolisher.
Demon
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) A spirit, or immaterial being, holding a middle place between men and deities in pagan mythology.
• One's genius; a tutelary spirit or internal voice; as, the demon of Socrates.
• An evil spirit; a devil.
Demoness
n.
• A female demon.
Demonetization
n.
• The act of demonetizing, or the condition of being demonetized.
Demonetize
v. t.
• To deprive of current value; to withdraw from use, as money.
Demoniac
n.
• A human being possessed by a demon or evil spirit; one whose faculties are directly controlled by a demon.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of Anabaptists who maintain that the demons or devils will finally be saved.
Demoniacally
adv.
• In a demoniacal manner.
Demoniacism
n.
• The state of being demoniac, or the practices of demoniacs.
Demonial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a demon.
Demonian
a.
• Relating to, or having the nature of, a demon.
Demonianism
n.
• The state of being possessed by a demon or by demons.
Demonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a demon or to demons; demoniac.
Demonism
n.
• The belief in demons or false gods.
Demonist
n.
• A believer in, or worshiper of, demons.
Demonize
v. t.
• To convert into a demon; to infuse the principles or fury of a demon into.
• To control or possess by a demon.
Demonocracy
n.
• The power or government of demons.
Demonographer
n.
• A demonologist.
Demonolatry
n.
• The worship of demons.
Demonologer
n.
• One versed in demonology.
Demonologist
n.
• One who writes on, or is versed in, demonology.
Demonology
n.
• A treatise on demons; a supposititious science which treats of demons and their manifestations.
Demonomagy
n.
• Magic in which the aid of demons is invoked; black or infernal magic.
Demonomania
n.
• A form of madness in which the patient conceives himself possessed of devils.
Demonomist
n.
• One in subjection to a demon, or to demons.
Demonomy
n.
• The dominion of demons.
Demonry
n.
• Demoniacal influence or possession.
Demonship
n.
• The state of a demon.
Demonstrability
n.
• The quality of being demonstrable; demonstrableness.
Demonstrable
a.
• Capable of being demonstrated; that can be proved beyond doubt or question.
• Proved; apparent.
Demonstrableness
n.
• The quality of being demonstrable; demonstrability.
Demonstrably
adv.
• In a demonstrable manner; incontrovertibly; clearly.
Demonstrance
n.
• Demonstration; proof.
Demonstrate
v. t.
• To point out; to show; to exhibit; to make evident.
• To show, or make evident, by reasoning or proof; to prove by deduction; to establish so as to exclude the possibility of doubt or denial.
(Anat.) To exhibit and explain (a dissection or other anatomical preparation).
Demonstration
n.
• The act of demonstrating; an exhibition; proof; especially, proof beyond the possibility of doubt; indubitable evidence, to the senses or reason.
• An expression, as of the feelings, by outward signs; a manifestation; a show.
(Anat.) The exhibition and explanation of a dissection or other anatomical preparation.
(Mil.) a decisive exhibition of force, or a movement indicating an attack.
(Logic) The act of proving by the syllogistic process, or the proof itself.
(Math.) A course of reasoning showing that a certain result is a necessary consequence of assumed premises; — these premises being definitions, axioms, and previously established propositions.
Demonstrative
a.
• Having the nature of demonstration; tending to demonstrate; making evident; exhibiting clearly or conclusively.
• Expressing, or apt to express, much; displaying feeling or sentiment; as, her nature was demonstrative.
• Consisting of eulogy or of invective.
n.
(Gram.) A demonstrative pronoun; as, "this" and "that" are demonstratives.
Demonstratively
adv.
• In a manner fitted to demonstrate; clearly; convincingly; forcibly.
Demonstrativeness
n.
• The state or quality of being demonstrative.
Demonstrator
n.
• One who demonstrates; one who proves anything with certainty, or establishes it by indubitable evidence.
(Anat.) A teacher of practical anatomy.
Demonstratory
a.
• Tending to demonstrate; demonstrative.
Demorage
n.
• Demurrage.
Demoralization
n.
• The act of corrupting or subverting morals. Especially: The act of corrupting or subverting discipline, courage, hope, etc., or the state of being corrupted or subverted in discipline, courage, etc.; as, the demoralization of an army or navy.
Demoralize
v. t.
• To corrupt or undermine in morals; to destroy or lessen the effect of moral principles on; to render corrupt or untrustworthy in morals, in discipline, in courage, spirit, etc.; to weaken in spirit or efficiency.
Demosthenic
a.
• Pertaining to, or in the style of, Demosthenes, the Grecian orator.
Demotic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the people; popular; common.
Demount
v. i.
• To dismount.
Dempne
v. t.
• To damn; to condemn.
Demrep
n.
• A woman of doubtful reputation or suspected character; an adventuress.
Demulce
v. t.
• To soothe; to mollify; to pacify; to soften.
Demulcent
a.
• Softening; mollifying; soothing; assuasive; as, oil is demulcent.
n.
(Med.) A substance, usually of a mucilaginous or oily nature, supposed to be capable of soothing an inflamed nervous membrane, or protecting i from irritation. Gum Arabic, glycerin, olive oil, etc., are demulcents.
Demulsion
n.
• The act of soothing; that which soothes.
Demur
v. i.
• To linger; to stay; to tarry.
• To delay; to pause; to suspend proceedings or judgment in view of a doubt or difficulty; to hesitate; to put off the determination or conclusion of an affair.
• To scruple or object; to take exception; as, I demur to that statement.
(Law) To interpose a demurrer.
v. t.
• To suspend judgment concerning; to doubt of or hesitate about.
• To cause delay to; to put off.
n.
• Stop; pause; hesitation as to proceeding; suspense of decision or action; scruple.
Demure
a.
• Of sober or serious mien; composed and decorous in bearing; of modest look; staid; grave.
• Affectedly modest, decorous, or serious; making a show of gravity.
v. i.
• To look demurely.
Demurely
adv.
• In a demure manner; soberly; gravely; — now, commonly, with a mere show of gravity or modesty.
Demureness
n.
• The state of being demure; gravity; the show of gravity or modesty.
Demurity
n.
• Demureness; also, one who is demure.
Demurrable
a.
• That may be demurred to.
Demurrage
n.
(Law) The detention of a vessel by the freighter beyond the time allowed in her charter party for loading, unloading, or sailing.
• The allowance made to the master or owner of the ship for such delay or detention.
Demurral
n.
• Demur; delay in acting or deciding.
Demurrer
n.
• One who demurs.
(Law) A stop or pause by a party to an action, for the judgment of the court on the question, whether, assuming the truth of the matter alleged by the opposite party, it is sufficient in law to sustain the action or defense, and hence whether the party resting is bound to answer or proceed further.
Demvill
n.
(Old Law) A half -vill, consisting of five freemen or frankpledges.
Demy
n.
• A printing and a writing paper of particular sizes.
• A half fellow at Magdalen College, Oxford.
a.
• Pertaining to, or made of, the size of paper called demy; as, a demy book.
Den
n.
• A small cavern or hollow place in the side of a hill, or among rocks; esp., a cave used by a wild beast for shelter or concealment; as, a lion's den; a den of robbers.
• A squalid place of resort; a wretched dwelling place; a haunt; as, a den of vice.
• Any snug or close retreat where one goes to be alone.
• A narrow glen; a ravine; a dell.
v. i.
• To live in, or as in, a den.
Denarcotize
v. t.
• To deprive of narcotine; as, to denarcotize opium.
Denarius
n.
• A Roman silver coin of the value of about fourteen cents; the "penny" of the New Testament; — so called from being worth originally ten of the pieces called as.
Denary
a.
• Containing ten; tenfold; proceeding by tens; as, the denary, or decimal, scale.
n.
• The number ten; a division into ten.
• A coin; the Anglicized form of denarius.
Denationalization
n.
• The or process of denationalizing.
Denationalize
v. t.
• To divest or deprive of national character or rights.
Denaturalize
v. t.
• To render unnatural; to alienate from nature.
• To renounce the natural rights and duties of; to deprive of citizenship; to denationalize.
Denay
v. t.
• To deny.
n.
• Denial; refusal.
Dendrachate
n.
(Min.) Arborescent or dendritic agate.
Dendriform
a.
• Resembling in structure a tree or shrub.
Dendrite
n.
(Min.) A stone or mineral on or in which are branching figures resembling shrubs or trees, produced by a foreign mineral, usually an oxide of manganese, as in the moss agate; also, a crystallized mineral having an arborescent form, e. g., gold or silver; an arborization.
Dendrolite
n.
(Paleon.) A petrified or fossil shrub, plant, or part of a plant.
Dendrologist
n.
• One versed in the natural history of trees.
Dendrologous
a.
• Relating to dendrology.
Dendrology
n.
• A discourse or treatise on trees; the natural history of trees.
Dendrometer
n.
• An instrument to measure the height and diameter of trees.
Denegate
v. t.
• To deny.
Denegation
n.
• Denial.
Dengue
n.
(Med.) A specific epidemic disease attended with high fever, cutaneous eruption, and severe pains in the head and limbs, resembling those of rheumatism; — called also breakbone fever. It occurs in India, Egypt, the West Indies, etc., is of short duration, and rarely fatal.
Deniable
a.
• Capable of being, or liable to be, denied.
Denial
n.
• The act of gainsaying, refusing, or disowning; negation; — the contrary of affirmation.
• A refusal to admit the truth of a statement, charge, imputation, etc.; assertion of the untruth of a thing stated or maintained; a contradiction.
• A refusal to grant; rejection of a request.
• A refusal to acknowledge; disclaimer of connection with; disavowal; — the contrary of confession; as, the denial of a fault charged on one; a denial of God.
Deniance
n.
• Denial.
Denier
n.
• One who denies; as, a denier of a fact, or of the faith, or of Christ.
n.
• A small copper coin of insignificant value.
Denigrate
v. t.
• To blacken thoroughly; to make very black.
• Fig.: To blacken or sully; to defame.
Denigration
n.
• The act of making black.
• Fig.: A blackening; defamation.
Denigrator
n.
• One who, or that which, blackens.
Denim
n.
• A coarse cotton drilling used for overalls, etc.
Denitration
n.
• A disengaging, or removal, of nitric acid.
Denitrification
n.
• The act or process of freeing from nitrogen; also, the condition resulting from the removal of nitrogen.
Denitrify
v. t.
• To deprive of, or free from, nitrogen.
Denization
n.
• The act of making one a denizen or adopted citizen; naturalization.
Denize
v. t.
• To make a denizen; to confer the rights of citizenship upon; to naturalize.
Denizen
n.
• A dweller; an inhabitant.
• One who is admitted by favor to all or a part of the rights of citizenship, where he did not possess them by birth; an adopted or naturalized citizen.
• One admitted to residence in a foreign country.
v. t.
• To constitute (one) a denizen; to admit to residence, with certain rights and privileges.
• To provide with denizens; to populate with adopted or naturalized occupants.
Denizenation
n.
• Denization; denizening.
Denizenize
v. t.
• To constitute (one) a denizen; to denizen.
Denizenship
n.
• State of being a denizen.
Dennet
n.
• A light, open, two-wheeled carriage for one horse; a kind of gig. ("The term and vehicle common about 1825." Latham.)
Denominable
a.
• Capable of being denominated or named.
Denominate
v. t.
• To give a name to; to characterize by an epithet; to entitle; to name; to designate.
a.
• Having a specific name or denomination; specified in the concrete as opposed to abstract; thus, 7 feet is a denominate quantity, while 7 is mere abstract quantity or number.
Denomination
n.
• The act of naming or designating.
• That by which anything is denominated or styled; an epithet; a name, designation, or title; especially, a general name indicating a class of like individuals; a category; as, the denomination of units, or of thousands, or of fourths, or of shillings, or of tons.
• A class, or society of individuals, called by the same name; a sect; as, a denomination of Christians.
Denominational
a.
• Pertaining to a denomination, especially to a sect or society.
Denominationalism
n.
• A denominational or class spirit or policy; devotion to the interests of a sect or denomination.
Denominationalist
n.
• One imbued with a denominational spirit.
Denominationally
adv.
• In a denominational manner; by denomination or sect.
Denominative
a.
• Conferring a denomination or name.
(Logic) Connotative; as, a denominative name.
• Possessing, or capable of possessing, a distinct denomination or designation; denominable.
(Gram.) Derived from a substantive or an adjective; as, a denominative verb.
n.
• A denominative name or term; denominative verb.
Denominatively
adv.
• By denomination.
Denominator
n.
• One who, or that which, gives a name; origin or source of a name.
(Arith.) That number placed below the line in vulgar fractions which shows into how many parts the integer or unit is divided.
(Alg.) That part of any expression under a fractional form which is situated below the horizontal line signifying division.
Denotable
a.
• Capable of being denoted or marked.
Denotate
v. t.
• To mark off; to denote.
Denotation
n.
• The marking off or separation of anything.
Denotative
a.
• Having power to denote; designating or marking off.
Denote
v. t.
• To mark out plainly; to signify by a visible sign; to serve as the sign or name of; to indicate; to point out; as, the hands of the clock denote the hour.
• To be the sign of; to betoken; to signify; to mean.
Denotement
n.
• Sign; indication.
Denotive
a.
• Serving to denote.
Denouement
n.
• The unraveling or discovery of a plot; the catastrophe, especially of a drama or a romance.
• The solution of a mystery; issue; outcome.
Denounce
v. t.
• To make known in a solemn or official manner; to declare; to proclaim (especially an evil).
• To proclaim in a threatening manner; to threaten by some outward sign or expression.
• To point out as deserving of reprehension or punishment, etc.; to accuse in a threatening manner; to invoke censure upon; to stigmatize.
Denouncement
n.
• Solemn, official, or menacing announcement; denunciation.
Denouncer
n.
• One who denounces, or declares, as a menace.
Dense
a.
• Having the constituent parts massed or crowded together; close; compact; thick; containing much matter in a small space; heavy; opaque; as, a dense crowd; a dense forest; a dense fog.
• Stupid; gross; crass; as, dense ignorance.
Denseless
n.
• The quality of being dense; density.
Densely
adv.
• In a dense, compact manner.
Densimeter
n.
• An instrument for ascertaining the specific gravity or density of a substance.
Density
n.
• The quality of being dense, close, or thick; compactness; — opposed to rarity.
(Physics) The ratio of mass, or quantity of matter, to bulk or volume, esp. as compared with the mass and volume of a portion of some substance used as a standard.
(Photog.) Depth of shade.
Dent
n.
• A stroke; a blow.
• A slight depression, or small notch or hollow, made by a blow or by pressure; an indentation.
v. t.
• To make a dent upon; to indent.
n.
(Mach.) A tooth, as of a card, a gear wheel, etc.
Dental
a.
• Of or pertaining to the teeth or to dentistry; as, dental surgery.
(Phon.) Formed by the aid of the teeth; — said of certain articulations and the letters representing them; as, d t are dental letters.
n.
• An articulation or letter formed by the aid of the teeth.
(Zool.) A marine mollusk of the genus Dentalium, with a curved conical shell resembling a tooth.
Dentalism
n.
• The quality of being formed by the aid of the teeth.
Dentalium
n.
(Zool.) A genus of marine mollusks belonging to the Scaphopoda, having a tubular conical shell.
Dentary
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, or bearing, teeth.
n.
• The distal bone of the lower jaw in many animals, which may or may not bear teeth.
Dentately
adv.
• In a dentate or toothed manner; as, dentately ciliated, etc.
Dentation
n.
• Formation of teeth; toothed form.
Dented
a.
• Indented; impressed with little hollows.
Dentel
n.
• Same as Dentil.
Dentelle
n.
(Bookbinding) An ornamental tooling like lace.
Dentelli
n. pl.
• Modillions.
Dentex
n.
(Zool.) An edible European marine fish (Sparus dentex, or Dentex vulgaris) of the family Percidae.
Dential
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to dentine.
Denticete
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of Cetacea in which the teeth are developed, including the sperm whale, dolphins, etc.
Denticle
n.
• A small tooth or projecting point.
Denticulation
n.
• The state of being set with small notches or teeth.
(Bot. & Zool.) A diminutive tooth; a denticle.
Dentiferous
a.
• Bearing teeth; dentigerous.
Dentiform
a.
• Having the form of a tooth or of teeth; tooth-shaped.
Dentifrice
n.
• A powder or other substance to be used in cleaning the teeth; tooth powder.
Dentigerous
a.
• Bearing teeth or toothlike structures.
Dentil
n.
(Arch.) A small square block or projection in cornices, a number of which are ranged in an ornamental band; — used particularly in the Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite orders.
Dentilabial
a.
• Formed by the teeth and the lips, or representing a sound so formed.
n.
• A dentilabial sound or letter.
Dentilated
a.
• Toothed.
Dentilation
n.
• Dentition.
Dentilave
n.
• A wash for cleaning the teeth.
Dentile
n.
(Zool.) A small tooth, like that of a saw.
Dentilingual
a.
• Produced by applying the tongue to the teeth or to the gums; or representing a sound so formed.
n.
• A dentilingual sound or letter.
Dentiloquist
n.
• One who speaks through the teeth, that is, with the teeth closed.
Dentiloquy
n.
• The habit or practice of speaking through the teeth, or with them closed.
Dentine
n.
(Anat.) The dense calcified substance of which teeth are largely composed. It contains less animal matter than bone, and in the teeth of man is situated beneath the enamel.
Dentiphone
n.
• An instrument which, placed against the teeth, conveys sound to the auditory nerve; an audiphone.
Dentiroster
n.
(Zool.) A dentirostral bird.
Dentirostral
a.
(Zool.) Having a toothed bill; — applied to a group of passerine birds, having the bill notched, and feeding chiefly on insects, as the shrikes and vireos.
Dentirostrate
a.
• Dentirostral.
Dentiscalp
n.
• An instrument for scraping the teeth.
Dentist
n.
• One whose business it is to clean, extract, or repair natural teeth, and to make and insert artificial ones; a dental surgeon.
Dentistry
n.
• The art or profession of a dentist; dental surgery.
Dentition
n.
• The development and cutting of teeth; teething.
(Zool.) The system of teeth peculiar to an animal.
Dentize
v. t. & i.
• To breed or cut new teeth.
Dentoid
a.
• Shaped like a tooth; tooth-shaped.
Dentolingual
a.
• Dentilingual.
Denture
n.
(Dentistry) An artificial tooth, block, or set of teeth.
Denudate
v. t.
• To denude.
Denudation
n.
• The act of stripping off covering, or removing the surface; a making bare.
(Geol.) The laying bare of rocks by the washing away of the overlying earth, etc.; or the excavation and removal of them by the action of running water.
Denude
v. t.
• To divest of all covering; to make bare or naked; to strip; to divest; as, to denude one of clothing, or lands.
Denunciate
v. t.
• To denounce; to condemn publicly or solemnly.
Denunciation
n.
• Proclamation; announcement; a publishing.
• The act of denouncing; public menace or accusation; the act of inveighing against, stigmatizing, or publicly arraigning; arraignment.
• That by which anything is denounced; threat of evil; public menace or accusation; arraignment.
Denunciative
a.
• Same as Denunciatory.
Denunciator
n.
• One who denounces, publishes, or proclaims, especially intended or coming evil; one who threatens or accuses.
Denunciatory
a.
• Characterized by or containing a denunciation; minatory; accusing; threatening; as, severe and denunciatory language.
Denutrition
n.
(Physiol.) The opposition of nutrition; the failure of nutrition causing the breaking down of tissue.
Deny
v. t.
• To declare not to be true; to gainsay; to contradict; — opposed to affirm, allow, or admit.
• To refuse (to do something or to accept something); to reject; to decline; to renounce.
• To refuse to grant; to withhold; to refuse to gratify or yield to; as, to deny a request.
• To disclaim connection with, responsibility for, and the like; to refuse to acknowledge; to disown; to abjure; to disavow.
v. i.
• To answer in negative; to declare an assertion not to be true.
Denyingly
adv.
• In the manner of one denies a request.
Deobstruct
v. t.
• To remove obstructions or impediments in; to clear from anything that hinders the passage of fluids; as, to deobstruct the pores or lacteals.
Deobstruent
a.
(Med.) Removing obstructions; having power to clear or open the natural ducts of the fluids and secretions of the body; aperient.
n.
(Med.) A medicine which removes obstructions; an aperient.
Deodand
n.
(Old Eng. Law) A personal chattel which had caused the death of a person, and for that reason was given to God, that is, forfeited to the crown, to be applied to pious uses, and distributed in alms by the high almoner. Thus, if a cart ran over a man and killed him, it was forfeited as a deodand.
Deodar
n.
(Bot.) A kind of cedar (Cedrus Deodara), growing in India, highly valued for its size and beauty as well as for its timber, and also grown in England as an ornamental tree.
Deodate
n.
• A gift or offering to God.
Deodorant
n.
• A deodorizer.
Deodorization
n.
• The act of depriving of odor, especially of offensive odors resulting from impurities.
Deodorize
v. t.
• To deprive of odor, especially of such as results from impurities.
Deodorizer
n.
• He who, or that which, deodorizes; esp., an agent that destroys offensive odors.
Deonerate
v. t.
• To unload; to disburden.
Deontological
a.
• Pertaining to deontology.
Deontologist
n.
• One versed in deontology.
Deontology
n.
• The science relat to duty or moral obligation.
Deoperculate
a.
(Bot.) Having the lid removed; — said of the capsules of mosses.
Deoppilate
v. t.
• To free from obstructions; to clear a passage through.
Deoppilation
n.
• Removal of whatever stops up the passages.
Deoppilative
a. & n.
(Med.) Deobstruent; aperient.
Deordination
n.
• Disorder; dissoluteness.
Deosculate
v. t.
• To kiss warmly.
Deoxidate
v. t.
(Chem.) To deoxidize.
Deoxidation
n.
(Chem.) The act or process of reducing from the state of an oxide.
Deoxidization
n.
(Chem.) Deoxidation.
Deoxidize
v. t.
(Chem.) To deprive of oxygen; to reduce from the state of an oxide.
Deoxidizer
n.
(Chem.) That which removes oxygen; hence, a reducing agent; as, nascent hydrogen is a deoxidizer.
Deoxygenate
v. t.
(Chem.) To deoxidize.
Deoxygenation
n.
(Chem.) The act or operation of depriving of oxygen.
Deoxygenize
v. t.
(Chem.) To deoxidize.
Depaint
p. p.
• Painted.
v. t.
• To paint; to picture; hence, to describe; to delineate in words; to depict.
• To mark with, or as with, color; to color.
Depainter
n.
• One who depaints.
Depardieux
interj.
• In God's name; certainly.
Depart
v. i.
• To part; to divide; to separate.
• To go forth or away; to quit, leave, or separate, as from a place or a person; to withdraw; — opposed to arrive; — often with from before the place, person, or thing left, and for or to before the destination.
• To forsake; to abandon; to desist or deviate (from); not to adhere to; — with from; as, we can not depart from our rules; to depart from a title or defense in legal pleading.
• To pass away; to perish.
• To quit this world; to die.
v. t.
• To part thoroughly; to dispart; to divide; to separate.
• To divide in order to share; to apportion.
• To leave; to depart from.
n.
• Division; separation, as of compound substances into their ingredients.
• A going away; departure; hence, death.
Departable
a.
• Divisible.
Departer
n.
• One who refines metals by separation.
• One who departs.
Department
n.
• Act of departing; departure.
• A part, portion, or subdivision.
• A distinct course of life, action, study, or the like; appointed sphere or walk; province.
• Subdivision of business or official duty; especially, one of the principal divisions of executive government; as, the treasury department; the war department; also, in a university, one of the divisions of instructions; as, the medical department; the department of physics.
• A territorial division; a district; esp., in France, one of the districts composed of several arrondissements into which the country is divided for governmental purposes; as, the Department of the Loire.
• A military subdivision of a country; as, the Department of the Potomac.
Departmental
a.
• Pertaining to a department or division.
Departure
n.
• Division; separation; putting away.
• Separation or removal from a place; the act or process of departing or going away.
• Removal from the present life; death; decease.
• Deviation or abandonment, as from or of a rule or course of action, a plan, or a purpose.
(Law) The desertion by a party to any pleading of the ground taken by him in his last antecedent pleading, and the adoption of another.
(Nav. & Surv.) The distance due east or west which a person or ship passes over in going along an oblique line.
Depascent
a.
• Feeding.
Depasture
v. t. & i.
• To pasture; to feed; to graze; also, to use for pasture.
Depatriate
v. t. & i.
• To withdraw, or cause to withdraw, from one's country; to banish.
Depauperate
v. t. & i.
• To make poor; to impoverish.
a.
(Bot.) Falling short of the natural size, from being impoverished or starved.
Depauperize
v. t.
• To free from paupers; to rescue from poverty.
Depeach
v. t.
• To discharge.
Depectible
a.
• Tough; thick; capable of extension.
Depeculation
n.
• A robbing or embezzlement.
Depeinct
v. t.
• To paint.
Depend
v. i.
• To hang down; to be sustained by being fastened or attached to something above.
• To hang in suspense; to be pending; to be undetermined or undecided; as, a cause depending in court.
• To rely for support; to be conditioned or contingent; to be connected with anything, as a cause of existence, or as a necessary condition; — followed by on or upon, formerly by of.
• To trust; to rest with confidence; to rely; to confide; to be certain; — with on or upon; as, we depend on the word or assurance of our friends; we depend on the mail at the usual hour.
• To serve; to attend; to act as a dependent or retainer.
• To impend.
Dependable
a.
• Worthy of being depended on; trustworthy.
Dependence
n.
• The act or state of depending; state of being dependent; a hanging down or from; suspension from a support.
• The state of being influenced and determined by something; subjection (as of an effect to its cause).
• Mutu onnection and support; concatenation; systematic er relation.
• Subjection to the direction or disposal of another; inability to help or provide for one's self.
• A resting with confidence; reliance; trust.
• That on which one depends or relies; as, he was her sole dependence.
• That which depends; anything dependent or suspended; anything attached a subordinate to, or contingent on, something else.
• A matter depending, or in suspense, and still to be determined; ground of controversy or quarrel.
Dependency
n.
• State of being dependent; dependence; state of being subordinate; subordination; concatenation; connection; reliance; trust.
• A thing hanging down; a dependence.
• That which is attached to something else as its consequence, subordinate, satellite, and the like.
• A territory remote from the kingdom or state to which it belongs, but subject to its dominion; a colony; as, Great Britain has its dependencies in Asia, Africa, and America.
Dependent
a.
• Hanging down; as, a dependent bough or leaf.
• Relying on, or subject to, something else for support; not able to exist, or sustain itself, or to perform anything, without the will, power, or aid of something else; not self-sustaining; contingent or conditioned; subordinate; — often with on or upon; as, dependent on God; dependent upon friends.
n.
• One who depends; one who is sustained by another, or who relies on another for support of favor; a hanger-on; a retainer; as, a numerous train of dependents.
• That which depends; corollary; consequence.
Dependently
adv.
• In a dependent manner.
Depender
n.
• One who depends; a dependent.
Dependingly
adv.
• As having dependence.
Depeople
v. t.
• To depopulate.
Deperdit
n.
• That which is lost or destroyed.
Deperditely
• , adv. Hopelessly; despairingly; in the manner of one ruined; as, deperditely wicked.
Deperdition
n.
• Loss; destruction.
Depertible
a.
• Divisible.
Dephlegm
v. t.
(O. Chem.) To rid of phlegm or water; to dephlegmate.
Dephlegmate
v. t.
(Chem.) To deprive of superabundant water, as by evaporation or distillation; to clear of aqueous matter; to rectify; — used of spirits and acids.
Dephlegmation
n.
(Chem.) The operation of separating water from spirits and acids, by evaporation or repeated distillation; — called also concentration, especially when acids are the subject of it.
Dephlegmator
n.
• An instrument or apparatus in which water is separated by evaporation or distillation; the part of a distilling apparatus in which the separation of the vapors is effected.
Dephlegmatory
a.
• Pertaining to, or producing, dephlegmation.
Dephlegmedness
n.
• A state of being freed from water.
Dephlogisticcate
v. t.
(O. Chem.) To deprive of phlogiston, or the supposed principle of inflammability.
Dephosphorization
n.
• The act of freeing from phosphorous.
Depict
p. p.
• Depicted.
p. p.
• Depicted.
v. t.
• To form a colored likeness of; to represent by a picture; to paint; to portray.
• To represent in words; to describe vividly.
Depiction
n.
• A painting or depicting; a representation.
Depicture
v. t.
• To make a picture of; to paint; to picture; to depict.
Depilate
v. t.
• To strip of hair; to husk.
Depilation
n.
• Act of pulling out or removing the hair; unhairing.
Depilatory
a.
• Having the quality or power of removing hair.
n.
• An application used to take off hair.
Depilous
a.
• Hairless.
Deplanate
a.
(Bot.) Flattened; made level or even.
Deplant
v. t.
• To take up (plants); to transplant.
Deplantation
n.
• Act of taking up plants from beds.
Deplete
v. t.
(Med.) To empty or unload, as the vessels of human system, by bloodletting or by medicine.
• To reduce by destroying or consuming the vital powers of; to exhaust, as a country of its strength or resources, a treasury of money, etc.
Depletion
n.
• The act of depleting or emptying.
(Med.) the act or process of diminishing the quantity of fluid in the vessels by bloodletting or otherwise; also excessive evacuation, as in severe diarrhea.
Depletive
a.
• Able or fitted to deplete.
n.
• A substance used to deplete.
Depletory
a.
• Serving to deplete.
Deplication
n.
• An unfolding, untwisting, or unplaiting.
Deploitation
n.
• Same as Exploitation.
Deplorability
n.
• Deplorableness.
Deplorable
a.
• Worthy of being deplored or lamented; lamentable; causing grief; hence, sad; calamitous; grievous; wretched; as, life's evils are deplorable.
Deplorableness
n.
• State of being deplorable.
Deplorably
adv.
• In a deplorable manner.
Deplorate
a.
• Deplorable.
Deploration
n.
• The act of deploring or lamenting; lamentation.
Deplore
v. t.
• To feel or to express deep and poignant grief for; to bewail; to lament; to mourn; to sorrow over.
• To complain of.
• To regard as hopeless; to give up.
v. i.
• To lament.
Deploredly
adv.
• Lamentably.
Deploredness
n.
• The state of being deplored or deplorable.
Deplorement
n.
• Deploration.
Deploringly
adv.
• In a deploring manner.
Deplorre
n.
• One who deplores.
Deploy
v. t. & i.
(Mil.) To open out; to unfold; to spread out (a body of troops) in such a way that they shall display a wider front and less depth; — the reverse of ploy; as, to deploy a column of troops into line of battle.
Deplumate
a.
(Zool.) Destitute or deprived of features; deplumed.
Deplumation
n.
• The stripping or falling off of plumes or feathers.
(Med.) A disease of the eyelids, attended with loss of the eyelashes.
Deplume
v. t.
• To strip or pluck off the feather of; to deprive of of plumage.
• To lay bare; to expose.
Depoitum
n.
• Deposit.
Depoiture
n.
• The act of depositing; deposition.
Depolarization
n.
• The act of depriving of polarity, or the result of such action; reduction to an unpolarized condition.
Depolarize
v. t.
(Opt.) To deprive of polarity; to reduce to an unpolarized condition.
(Elec.) To free from polarization, as the negative plate of the voltaic battery.
Depolarizer
n.
(Elec.) A substance used to prevent polarization, as upon the negative plate of a voltaic battery.
Depolish
v. t.
• To remove the polish or glaze from.
Depolishing
n.
(Ceramics) The process of removing the vitreous glaze from porcelain, leaving the dull luster of the surface of ivory porcelian.
Depone
v. t.
• To lay, as a stake; to wager.
• To lay down.
• To assert under oath; to depose.
v. i.
• To testify under oath; to depose; to bear witness.
Deponent
n.
(Law) One who deposes or testifies under oath; one who gives evidence; usually, one who testifies in writing.
(Gr. & Lat. Gram.) A deponent verb.
a.
(Gram.) Having a passive form with an active meaning, as certain latin and Greek verbs.
Depopulacy
n.
• Depopulation; destruction of population.
Depopulate
v. t.
• To deprive of inhabitants, whether by death or by expulsion; to reduce greatly the populousness of; to dispeople; to unpeople.
v. i.
• To become dispeopled.
Depopulation
n.
• The act of depopulating, or condition of being depopulated; destruction or explusion of inhabitants.
Depopulator
n.
• One who depopulates; a dispeopler.
Deport
v. t.
• To transport; to carry away; to exile; to send into banishment.
• To carry or demean; to conduct; to behave; — followed by the reflexive pronoun.
n.
• Behavior; carrige; demeanor; deportment.
Deportation
n.
• The act of deporting or exiling, or the state of being deported; banishment; transportation.
Deportment
n.
• Manner of deporting or demeaning one's self; manner of acting; conduct; carrige; especially, manner of acting with respect to the courtesies and duties of life; behavior; demeanor; bearing.
Deporture
n.
• Deportment.
Deposable
a.
• Capable of being deposed or deprived of office.
Deposal
n.
• The act of deposing from office; a removal from the throne.
Depose
v. t.
• To lay down; to divest one's self of; to lay aside.
• To let fall; to deposit.
• To remove from a throne or other high station; to dethrone; to divest or deprive of office.
• To testify under oath; to bear testimony to; — now usually said of bearing testimony which is officially written down for future use.
• To put under oath.
v. i.
• To bear witness; to testify under oath; to make deposition.
Deposer
n.
• One who deposes or degrades from office.
• One who testifies or deposes; a deponent.
Deposit
v. t.
• To lay down; to place; to put; to let fall or throw down (as sediment); as, a crocodile deposits her eggs in the sand; the waters deposited a rich alluvium.
• To lay up or away for safekeeping; to put up; to store; as, to deposit goods in a warehouse.
• To lodge in some one's hands for sale keeping; to commit to the custody of another; to intrust; esp., to place in a bank, as a sum of money subject to order.
• To lay aside; to rid one's self of.
n.
• That is deposited, or laid or thrown down; as, a deposit in a flue; especially, matter precipitated from a solution (as the siliceous deposits of hot springs), or that which is mechanically deposited (as the mud, gravel, etc., deposits of a river).
(Mining) A natural occurrence of a useful mineral under the conditions to invite exploitation.
• That which is placed anywhere, or in any one's hands, for safe keeping; somthing intrusted to the care of another; esp., money lodged with a bank or banker, subject to order; anything given as pledge or security.
(Law) A bailment of money or goods to be kept gratuitously for the bailor.
• Money lodged with a party as earnest or security for the performance of a duty assumed by the person depositing.
• A place of deposit; a depository.
Depositary
n.
• One with whom anything is lodged in the trust; one who receives a deposit; — the correlative of depositor.
• A storehouse; a depository.
(Law) One to whom goods are bailed, to be kept for the bailor without a recompense.
Deposition
n.
• The act of depositing or deposing; the act of laying down or thrown down; precipitation.
• The act of bringing before the mind; presentation.
• The act of setting aside a sovereign or a public officer; deprivation of authority and dignity; displacement; removal.
• That which is deposited; matter laid or thrown down; sediment; alluvial matter; as, banks are sometimes depositions of alluvial matter.
• An opinion, example, or statement, laid down or asserted; a declaration.
(Law) The act of laying down one's testimony in writing; also, testimony laid or taken down in writting, under oath or affirmation, befor some competent officer, and in reply to interrogatories and cross-interrogatories.
Depositor
n.
• One who makes a deposit, especially of money in bank; — the correlative of depository.
Depository
n.
• A place where anything is deposited for sale or keeping; as, warehouse is a depository for goods; a clerk's office is a depository for records.
• One with whom something is deposited; a depositary.
Depot
n.
• A place of deposit storing of goods; a warehouse; a storehouse.
(Mil.) A military station where stores and provisions are kept, or where recruits are assembled and drilled.
(Eng. & France) The headquarters of a regiment, where all supplies are recieved and distributed, recruits are assembled and instructed, infirm or disabled soldiers are taken care of, and all the wants of the regiment are provided for.
• A railway station; a building for the accommodation and protection of railway passenges or freight.
Depper
a.
• Deeper.
Depravation
n.
• Detraction; depreciation.
• The act of depraving, or making anything bad; the act of corrupting.
• The state of being depraved or degenerated; degeneracy; depravity.
(Med.) Change for the worse; deterioration; morbid perversion.
Deprave
n. t.
• To speak ill of; to depreciate; to malign; to revile.
• To make bad or worse; to vitiate; to corrupt.
Depravedly
adv.
• In a depraved manner.
Depravedness
n.
• Depravity.
Depravement
n.
• Depravity. Milton.
Depraver
n.
• One who deprave or corrupts.
Depravingly
adv.
• In a depraving manner.
Depravity
n.
• The stae of being depraved or corrupted; a vitiated state of moral character; general badness of character; wickedness of mind or heart; absence of religious feeling and principle.
Deprecable
a.
• That may or should be deprecated.
Deprecate
v. t.
• To pray against, as an evil; to seek to avert by player; to desire the removal of; to seek deliverance from; to express deep regret for; to disapprove of strongly.
Deprecating
adv.
• In a deprecating manner.
Deprecation
n.
• The act of deprecating; a praying against evil; prayer that an evil may be removed or prevented; strong expression of disapprobation.
• Entreaty for pardon; petitioning.
• An imprecation or curse.
Deprecative
a.
• Serving to deprecate; deprecatory.
Deprecator
n.
• One who deprecates.
Deprecatory
a.
• Serving to deprecate; tending to remove or avert evil by prayer; apologetic.
Depreciate
v. t.
• To lessen in price or estimated value; to lower the worth of; to represent as of little value or claim to esteem; to undervalue.
v. i.
• To fall in value; to become of less worth; to sink in estimation; as, a paper currency will depreciate, unless it is convertible into specie.
Depreciation
n.
• The act of lessening, or seeking to lessen, price, value, or reputation.
• The falling of value; reduction of worth.
• the state of being depreciated.
Depreciative
a.
• Tending, or intended, to depreciate; expressing depreciation; undervaluing.
Depreciator
n.
• One who depreciates.
Depreciatory
a.
• Tending to depreciate; undervaluing; depreciative.
Depredable
a.
• Liable to depredation.
Depredate
v. t.
• To subject to plunder and pillage; to despoil; to lay waste; to prey upon.
v. i.
• To take plunder or prey; to commit waste; as, the troops depredated on the country.
Depredation
n.
• The act of depredating, or the state of being depredated; the act of despoiling or making inroads; as, the sea often makes depredation on the land.
Depredator
n.
• One who plunders or pillages; a spoiler; a robber.
Depredatory
a.
• Tending or designed to depredate; characterized by depredation; plundering; as, a depredatory incursion.
Deprehend
v. t.
• To take unwares or by surprise; to seize, as a person commiting an unlawful act; to catch; to apprehend.
• To detect; to discover; to find out.
Deprehensible
a.
• That may be caught or discovered; apprehensible.
Deprehension
n.
• A catching; discovery.
Depreicate
v. t.
• To proclaim; to celebrate.
Depress
v. t.
• To press down; to cause to sink; to let fall; to lower; as, to depress the muzzle of a gun; to depress the eyes.
• To bring down or humble; to abase, as pride.
• To cast a gloom upon; to sadden; as, his spirits were depressed.
• To lessen the activity of; to make dull; embarrass, as trade, commerce, etc.
• To lessen in price; to cause to decline in value; to cheapen; to depreciate.
(Math.) To reduce (an equation) in a lower degree.
a.
• Having the middle lower than the border; concave.
Depressant
n.
(Med.) An agent or remedy which lowers the vital powers.
Depressed
a.
• Pressed or forced down; lowed; sunk; dejected; dispirited; sad; humbled.
(Bot.) Concave on the upper side; — said of a leaf whose disk is lower than the border.
• Lying flat; — said of a stem or leaf which lies close to the ground.
(Zool.) Having the vertical diameter shorter than the horizontal or transverse; — said of the bodies of animals, or of parts of the bodies.
Depressingly
adv.
• In a depressing manner.
Depression
n.
• The act of depressing.
• The state of being depressed; a sinking.
• A falling in of the surface; a sinking below its true place; a cavity or hollow; as, roughness consists in little protuberances and depressions.
• Humiliation; abasement, as of pride.
• Dejection; despondency; lowness.
• Diminution, as of trade, etc.; inactivity; dullness.
(Astron.) The angular distance of a celestial object below the horizon.
(Math.) The operation of reducing to a lower degree; — said of equations.
(Surg.) A method of operating for cataract; couching.
Depressive
a.
• Able or tending to depress or cast down.
Depressomotor
a.
(Med.) Depressing or diminishing the capacity for movement, as depressomotor nerves, which lower or inhibit muscular activity.
n.
• Any agent that depresses the activity of the motor centers, as bromides, etc.
Depressor
n.
• One who, or that which, presses down; an oppressor.
(Anat.) A muscle that depresses or tends to draw down a part.
Depriment
a.
• Serving to depress.
Deprisure
n.
• Low estimation; disesteem; contempt.
Deprivable
a.
• Capable of being, or liable to be, deprived; liable to be deposed.
Deprivation
n.
• The act of depriving, dispossessing, or bereaving; the act of deposing or divesting of some dignity.
• The state of being deprived; privation; loss; want; bereavement.
(Eccl. Law) the taking away from a clergyman his benefice, or other spiritual promotion or dignity.
Deprive
v. t.
• To take away; to put an end; to destroy.
• To dispossess; to bereave; to divest; to hinder from possessing; to debar; to shut out from; — with a remoter object, usually preceded by of.
• To divest of office; to depose; to dispossess of dignity, especially ecclesiastical.
Deprivement
n.
• Deprivation.
Depriver
n.
• One who, or that which, deprives.
Deprostrate
a.
• Fully prostrate; humble; low; rude.
Deprovincialize
v. t.
• To divest of provincial quality or characteristics.
Depth
n.
• The quality of being deep; deepness; perpendicular measurement downward from the surface,or horizontal measurement backward from the front; as, the depth of a river; the depth of a body of troops.
• Profoundness; extent or degree of intensity; abundance; completeness; as, depth of knowledge, or color.
• Lowness; as, depth of sound.
• That which is deep; a deep, or the deepest, part or place; the deep; the middle part; as, the depth of night, or of winter.
(Logic) The number of simple elements which an abstract conception or notion includes; the comprehension or content.
(Horology) A pair of toothed wheels which work together.
Depthen
v. t.
• To deepen.
Depthless
a.
• Having no depth; shallow.
• Of measureless depth; unfathomable.
Depucelate
v. t.
• To deflour; to deprive of virginity.
Depudicate
v. t.
• To deflour; to dishonor.
Depulse
v. t.
• To drive away.
Depulsion
n.
• A driving or thrusting away.
Depulsory
a.
• Driving or thrusting away; averting.
Depurant
a. & n.
(Med.) Depurative.
Depurate
a.
• Depurated; cleansed; freed from impurities.
v. t.
• To free from impurities, heterogeneous matter, or feculence; to purify; to cleanse.
Depuration
n.
• The act or process of depurating or freeing from foreign or impure matter, as a liquid or wound.
Depurative
a.
(Med.) Purifying the blood or the humors; depuratory.
n.
• A depurative remedy or agent; or a disease which is believed to be depurative.
Depurator
n.
• One who, or that which, cleanses.
Depuratory
a.
• Depurating; tending to depurate or cleanse; depurative.
Depure
v. t.
• To depurate; to purify.
Depurgatory
a.
• Serving to purge; tending to cleanse or purify.
Deputable
a.
• Fit to be deputed; suitable to act as a deputy.
Deputation
n.
• The act of deputing, or of appointing or commissioning a deputy or representative; office of a deputy or delegate; vicegerency.
• The person or persons deputed or commissioned by another person, party, or public body to act in his or its behalf; delegation; as, the general sent a deputation to the enemy to propose a truce.
Deputator
n.
• One who deputes, or makes a deputation.
Depute
v. t.
• To appoint as deputy or agent; to commission to act in one's place; to delegate.
• To appoint; to assign; to choose.
n.
• A person deputed; a deputy.
Deputize
v. t.
• To appoint as one's deputy; to empower to act in one's stead; to depute.
Deputy
n.
• One appointed as the substitue of another, and empowered to act for him, in his name or his behalf; a substitute in office; a lieutenant; a representative; a delegate; a vicegerent; as, the deputy of a prince, of a sheriff, of a township, etc.
• A member of the Chamber of Deputies.
Dequantitate
v. t.
• To diminish the quantity of; to disquantity.
Deracinate
v. t.
• To pluck up by the roots; to extirpate.
Derail
v. t.
• To cause to run off from the rails of a railroad, as a locomotive.
Derailment
n.
• The act of going off, or the state of being off, the rails of a railroad.
Deraination
n.
• The act of pulling up by the roots; eradication.
Derange
v. t.
• To put out of place, order, or rank; to disturb the proper arrangement or order of; to throw into disorder, confusion, or embarrassment; to disorder; to disarrange; as, to derange the plans of a commander, or the affairs of a nation.
• To disturb in action or function, as a part or organ, or the whole of a machine or organism.
• To disturb in the orderly or normal action of the intellect; to render insane.
Deranged
a.
• Disordered; especially, disordered in mind; crazy; insane.
Derangement
n.
• The act of deranging or putting out of order, or the state of being deranged; disarrangement; disorder; confusion; especially, mental disorder; insanity.
Deranger
n.
• One who deranges.
Deray
n.
• Disorder; merriment.
Derbio
n.
(Zool.) A large European food fish (Lichia glauca).
Derby
n.
• A race for three-old horses, run annually at Epsom (near London), for the Derby stakes. It was instituted by the 12th Earl of Derby, in 1780.
• A stiff felt hat with a dome-shaped crown.
Derdoing
a.
• Doing daring or chivalrous deeds.
Dere
v. t.
• To hurt; to harm; to injure.
n.
• Harm.
Derelict
a.
• Given up or forsaken by the natural owner or guardian; left and abandoned; as, derelict lands.
n.
(Law) A thing voluntary abandoned or willfully cast away by its proper owner, especially a ship abandoned at sea
• A tract of land left dry by the sea, and fit for cultivation or use.
Dereliction
n.
• The act of leaving with an intention not to reclaim or resume; an utter forsaking abandonment.
• A neglect or omission as if by willful abandonment.
• The state of being left or abandoned.
(Law) A retiring of the sea, occasioning a change of high-water mark, whereby land is gained.
Dereligionize
v. t.
• To make irreligious; to turn from religion.
Dereling
n.
• Darling.
n.
• Darling.
Derf
a.
• Strong; powerful; fierce.
Deride
v. t.
• To laugh at with contempt; to laugh to scorn; to turn to ridicule or make sport of; to mock; to scoff at.
Derider
n.
• One who derides, or laughs at, another in contempt; a mocker; a scoffer.
Deridingly
adv.
• By way of derision or mockery.
Derision
n.
• The act of deriding, or the state of being derided; mockery; scornful or contemptuous treatment which holds one up to ridicule.
• An object of derision or scorn; a laughing-stock.
Derisive
a.
• Expressing, serving for, or characterized by, derision.
Derisory
a.
• Derisive; mocking.
Derivable
a.
• That can be derived; obtainable by transmission; capable of being known by inference, as from premises or data; capable of being traced, as from a radical; as, income is derivable from various sources.
Derivably
adv.
• By derivation.
Derival
n.
• Derivation.
Derivate
a.
• Derived; derivative.
n.
• A thing derived; a derivative.
v. t.
• To derive.
Derivation
n.
• A leading or drawing off of water from a stream or source.
• The act of receiving anything from a source; the act of procuring an effect from a cause, means, or condition, as profits from capital, conclusions or opinions from evidence.
• The act of tracing origin or descent, as in grammar or genealogy; as, the derivation of a word from an Aryan root.
• The state or method of being derived; the relation of origin when established or asserted.
• That from which a thing is derived.
• That which is derived; a derivative; a deduction.
(Math.) The operation of deducing one function from another according to some fixed law, called the law of derivation, as the of differentiation or of integration.
(Med.) A drawing of humors or fluids from one part of the body to another, to relieve or lessen a morbid process.
Derivational
a.
• Relating to derivation.
Derivative
a.
• Obtained by derivation; derived; not radical, original, or fundamental; originating, deduced, or formed from something else; secondary; as, a derivative conveyance; a derivative word.
n.
• That which is derived; anything obtained or deduced from another.
(Gram.) A word formed from another word, by a prefix or suffix, an internal modification, or some other change; a word which takes its origin from a root.
(Mus.) A chord, not fundamental, but obtained from another by inversion; or, vice versa, a ground tone or root implied in its harmonics in an actual chord.
(Med.) An agent which is adapted to produce a derivation (in the medical sense).
(Math.) A derived function; a function obtained from a given function by a certain algebraic process.
(Chem.) A substance so related to another substance by modification or partial substitution as to be regarded as derived from it; thus, the amido compounds are derivatives of ammonia, and the hydrocarbons are derivatives of methane, benzene, etc.
Derive
v. t.
• To turn the course of, as water; to divert and distribute into subordinate channels; to diffuse; to communicate; to transmit; — followed by to, into, on, upon.
• To receive, as from a source or origin; to obtain by descent or by transmission; to draw; to deduce; — followed by from.
• To trace the origin, descent, or derivation of; to recognize transmission of; as, he derives this word from the Anglo-Saxon.
(Chem.) To obtain one substance from another by actual or theoretical substitution; as, to derive an organic acid from its corresponding hydrocarbon.
v. i.
• To flow; to have origin; to descend; to proceed; to be deduced.
Derivement
n.
• That which is derived; deduction; inference.
Deriver
n.
• One who derives.
Derk
a.
• Dark.
Dermal
a.
• Pertaining to the integument or skin of animals; dermic; as, the dermal secretions.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the dermis or true skin.
Dermatitis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the skin.
Dermatogen
n.
(Bot.) Nascent epidermis, or external cuticle of plants in a forming condition.
n.
(Bot.) Nascent epidermis, or external cuticle of plants in a forming condition.
Dermatography
n.
• An anatomical description of, or treatise on, the skin.
Dermatoid
a.
• Resembling kin; skinlike.
Dermatologist
n.
• One who discourses on the skin and its diseases; one versed in dermatology.
Dermatology
n.
• The science which treats of the skin, its structure, functions, and diseases.
Dermatopathic
a.
(Med.) Of or pertaining to skin diseases, or their cure.
Dermatophyte
n.
(Med.) A vegetable parasite, infesting the skin.
Dermestes
n.
(Zool.) A genus of coleopterous insects, the larvae of which feed animal substances. They are very destructive to dries meats, skins, woolens, and furs. The most common species is D. lardarius, known as the bacon beetle.
Dermestoid
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to or resembling the genus Dermestes.
Dermic
a.
• Relating to the derm or skin.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the dermis; dermal.
Dermis
n.
(Anat.) The deep sensitive layer of the skin beneath the scarfskin or epidermis; — called also true skin, derm, derma, corium, cutis, and enderon.
Dermobranchiata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of nudibranch mollusks without special gills.
Dermobranchiate
a.
(Zool.) Having the skin modified to serve as a gill.
Dermohaemal
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, or in relation with, both dermal and haemal structures; as, the dermohaemal spines or ventral fin rays of fishes.
Dermoid
a.
• Same as Dermatoid.
Dermoneural
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, or in relation with, both dermal and neural structures; as, the dermoneural spines or dorsal fin rays of fishes.
Dermopathic
a.
(Med.) Dermatopathic.
Dermophyte
n.
• A dermatophyte.
Dermoptera
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of insects which includes the earwigs (Forticulidae).
(Zool.) A group of lemuroid mammals having a parachutelike web of skin between the fore and hind legs, of which the colugo (Galeopithecus) is the type.
(Zool.) An order of Mammalia; the Cheiroptera.
Dermopteran
n.
(Zool.) An insect which has the anterior pair of wings coriaceous, and does not use them in flight, as the earwig.
Dermopteri
n. pl.
(Zool.) Same as Dermopterygii.
Dermopterygii
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of fishlike animals including the Marsipobranchiata and Leptocardia.
Dermostosis
n.
(Physiol.) Ossification of the dermis.
Dern
n.
• A gatepost or doorpost.
a.
• Hidden; concealed; secret.
• Solitary; sad.
Derne
v. t. & i.
• To hide; to skulk.
Dernful
a.
• Secret; hence, lonely; sad; mournful.
Dernier
a.
• Last; final.
Dernly
adv.
• Secretly; grievously; mournfully.
Derogant
a.
• Derogatory.
Derogate
v. t.
• To annul in part; to repeal partly; to restrict; to limit the action of; — said of a law.
• To lessen; to detract from; to disparage; to depreciate; — said of a person or thing.
v. i.
• To take away; to detract; to withdraw; — usually with from.
• To act beneath one-s rank, place, birth, or character; to degenerate.
n.
• Diminished in value; dishonored; degraded.
Derogately
adv.
• In a derogatory manner.
Derogation
n.
• The act of derogating, partly repealing, or lessening in value; disparagement; detraction; depreciation; — followed by of, from, or to.
(Stock Exch.) An alteration of, or subtraction from, a contract for a sale of stocks.
Derogative
a.
• Derogatory.
Derogator
n.
• A detractor.
Derogatorily
adv.
• In a derogatory manner; disparagingly.
Derogatoriness
n.
• Quality of being derogatory.
Derogatory
a.
• Tending to derogate, or lessen in value; expressing derogation; detracting; injurious; — with from to, or unto.
Derotremata
n. pl.
(Zool.) The tribe of aquatic Amphibia which includes Amphiuma, Menopoma, etc. They have permanent gill openings, but no external gills; — called also Cryptobranchiata.
Derre
a.
• Dearer.
Derrick
n.
• A mast, spar, or tall frame, supported at the top by stays or guys, with suitable tackle for hoisting heavy weights, as stones in building.
Derring
a.
• Daring or warlike.
Derringer
n.
• A kind of short-barreled pocket pistol, of very large caliber, often carrying a half-ounce ball.
Derth
n.
• Dearth; scarcity.
Dertrotheca
n.
(Zool.) The horny covering of the end of the bill of birds.
Derworth
a.
• Precious.
Descant
n.
(Mus.) Originally, a double song; a melody or counterpoint sung above the plain song of the tenor; a variation of an air; a variation by ornament of the main subject or plain song.
• The upper voice in part music.
• The canto, cantus, or soprano voice; the treble.
• A discourse formed on its theme, like variations on a musical air; a comment or comments.
v. i.
• To sing a variation or accomplishment.
• To comment freely; to discourse with fullness and particularity; to discourse at large.
Descanter
n.
• One who descants.
Descend
v. i.
• To pass from a higher to a lower place; to move downwards; to come or go down in any way, as by falling, flowing, walking, etc.; to plunge; to fall; to incline downward; — the opposite of ascend.
• To enter mentally; to retire.
• To make an attack, or incursion, as if from a vantage ground; to come suddenly and with violence; — with on or upon.
• To come down to a lower, less fortunate, humbler, less virtuous, or worse, state or station; to lower or abase one's self; as, he descended from his high estate.
• To pass from the more general or important to the particular or less important matters to be considered.
• To come down, as from a source, original, or stock; to be derived; to proceed by generation or by transmission; to fall or pass by inheritance; as, the beggar may descend from a prince; a crown descends to the heir.
(Anat.) To move toward the south, or to the southward.
(Mus.) To fall in pitch; to pass from a higher to a lower tone.
v. t.
• To go down upon or along; to pass from a higher to a lower part of; as, they descended the river in boats; to descend a ladder.
Descendant
a.
• Descendent.
n.
• One who descends, as offspring, however remotely; — correlative to ancestor or ascendant.
Descendent
a.
• Descending; falling; proceeding from an ancestor or source.
Descender
n.
• One who descends.
Descendibility
n.
• The quality of being descendible; capability of being transmitted from ancestors; as, the descendibility of an estate.
Descendible
a.
• Admitting descent; capable of being descended.
• That may descend from an ancestor to an heir.
Descending
a.
• Of or pertaining to descent; moving downwards.
Descendingly
adv.
• In a descending manner.
Descension
n.
• The act of going downward; descent; falling or sinking; declension; degradation.
Descensional
a.
• Pertaining to descension.
Descensive
a.
• Tending to descend; tending downwards; descending.
Descensory
n.
• A vessel used in alchemy to extract oils.
Descent
n.
• The act of descending, or passing downward; change of place from higher to lower.
• Incursion; sudden attack; especially, hostile invasion from sea; — often followed by upon or on; as, to make a descent upon the enemy.
• Progress downward, as in station, virtue, as in station, virtue, and the like, from a higher to a lower state, from a higher to a lower state, from the more to the less important, from the better to the worse, etc.
• Derivation, as from an ancestor; procedure by generation; lineage; birth; extraction.
(Law) Transmission of an estate by inheritance, usually, but not necessarily, in the descending line; title to inherit an estate by reason of consanguinity.
• Inclination downward; a descending way; inclined or sloping surface; declivity; slope; as, a steep descent.
• That which is descended; descendants; issue.
• A step or remove downward in any scale of gradation; a degree in the scale of genealogy; a generation.
• Lowest place; extreme downward place.
(Mus.) A passing from a higher to a lower tone.
Describable
a.
• That can be described; capable of description.
Describe
v. t.
• To represent by drawing; to draw a plan of; to delineate; to trace or mark out; as, to describe a circle by the compasses; a torch waved about the head in such a way as to describe a circle.
• To represent by words written or spoken; to give an account of; to make known to others by words or signs; as, the geographer describes countries and cities.
• To distribute into parts, groups, or classes; to mark off; to class.
v. i.
• To use the faculty of describing; to give a description; as, Milton describes with uncommon force and beauty.
Describent
n.
(Geom.) Same as Generatrix.
Describer
n.
• One who describes.
Descrier
n.
• One who descries.
Description
n.
• The act of describing; a delineation by marks or signs.
• A sketch or account of anything in words; a portraiture or representation in language; an enumeration of the essential qualities of a thing or species.
• A class to which a certain representation is applicable; kind; sort.
Descriptive
a.
• Tending to describe; having the quality of representing; containing description; as, a descriptive figure; a descriptive phrase; a descriptive narration; a story descriptive of the age.
Descrive
v. t.
• To describe.
Descry
v. t.
• To spy out or discover by the eye, as objects distant or obscure; to espy; to recognize; to discern; to discover.
• To discover; to disclose; to reveal.
• , Discovery or view, as of an army seen at a distance.
Desecate
v. t.
• To cut, as with a scythe; to mow.
Desecrate
v. t.
• To divest of a sacred character or office; to divert from a sacred purpose; to violate the sanctity of; to profane; to put to an unworthy use; — the opposite of consecrate.
Desecrater
n.
• One who desecrates; a profaner.
Desecration
n.
• The act of desecrating; profanation; condition of anything desecrated.
Desecrator
n.
• One who desecrates.
Desegmentation
n.
(Anat.) The loss or obliteration of division into segments; as, a desegmentation of the body.
Desert
n.
• That which is deserved; the reward or the punishment justly due; claim to recompense, usually in a good sense; right to reward; merit.
n.
• A deserted or forsaken region; a barren tract incapable of supporting population, as the vast sand plains of Asia and Africa are destitute and vegetation.
• A tract, which may be capable of sustaining a population, but has been left unoccupied and uncultivated; a wilderness; a solitary place.
a.
• Of or pertaining to a desert; forsaken; without life or cultivation; unproductive; waste; barren; wild; desolate; solitary; as, they landed on a desert island.
v. t.
• To leave (especially something which one should stay by and support); to leave in the lurch; to abandon; to forsake; — implying blame, except sometimes when used of localities; as, to desert a friend, a principle, a cause, one's country.
(Mil.) To abandon (the service) without leave; to forsake in violation of duty; to abscond from; as, to desert the army; to desert one's colors.
v. i.
• To abandon a service without leave; to quit military service without permission, before the expiration of one's term; to abscond.
Deserter()
n.
• One who forsakes a duty, a cause or a party, a friend, or any one to whom he owes service; especially, a soldier or a seaman who abandons the service without leave; one guilty of desertion.
Desertful
a.
• Meritorious.
Desertion
n.
• The act of deserting or forsaking; abandonment of a service, a cause, a party, a friend, or any post of duty; the quitting of one's duties willfully and without right; esp., an absconding from military or naval service.
• The state of being forsaken; desolation; as, the king in his desertion.
• Abandonment by God; spiritual despondency.
Desertless
a.
• Without desert.
Desertlessly
adv.
• Undeservedly.
Desertness
n.
• A deserted condition.
Deserve
v. t.
• To earn by service; to be worthy of (something due, either good or evil); to merit; to be entitled to; as, the laborer deserves his wages; a work of value deserves praise.
• To serve; to treat; to benefit.
v. i.
• To be worthy of recompense; — usually with ill or with well.
Deservedly
adv.
• According to desert (whether good or evil); justly.
Deservedness
n.
• Meritoriousness.
Deserver
n.
• One who deserves.
Deserving
n.
• Desert; merit.
a.
• Meritorious; worthy; as, a deserving or act.
Deshabille
n.
• An undress; a careless toilet.
Desiccant
a.
• Drying; desiccative.
n.
(Med.) A medicine or application for drying up a sore.
Desiccate
v. t.
• To dry up; to deprive or exhaust of moisture; to preserve by drying; as, to desiccate fish or fruit.
v. i.
• To become dry.
Desiccation
n.
• The act of desiccating, or the state of being desiccated.
Desiccative
a.
• Drying; tending to dry.
n.
(Med.) An application for drying up secretions.
Desiccator
n.
• One who, or that which, desiccates.
(Chem.) A short glass jar fitted with an air-tight cover, and containing some desiccating agent, as sulphuric acid or calcium chloride, above which is suspended the material to be dried, or preserved from moisture.
Desiccatory
a.
• Desiccative.
Desiderable
a.
• Desirable.
Desiderate
v. t.
• To desire; to feel the want of; to lack; to miss; to want.
Desideration
n.
• Act of desiderating; also, the thing desired.
Desiderative
a.
• Denoting desire; as, desiderative verbs.
n.
• An object of desire.
(Gram.) A verb formed from another verb by a change of termination, and expressing the desire of doing that which is indicated by the primitive verb.
Desideratum
n.
• Anything desired; that of which the lack is felt; a want generally felt and acknowledge.
Desidiousness
n.
• The state or quality of being desidiose, or indolent.
Desight
n.
• An unsightly object.
Desightment
n.
• The act of making unsightly; disfigurement.
Design
v. t.
• To draw preliminary outline or main features of; to sketch for a pattern or model; to delineate; to trace out; to draw.
• To mark out and exhibit; to designate; to indicate; to show; to point out; to appoint.
• To create or produce, as a work of art; to form a plan or scheme of; to form in idea; to invent; to project; to lay out in the mind; as, a man designs an essay, a poem, a statue, or a cathedral.
• To intend or purpose; — usually with for before the remote object, but sometimes with to.
v. i.
• To form a design or designs; to plan.
n.
• A preliminary sketch; an outline or pattern of the main features of something to be executed, as of a picture, a building, or a decoration; a delineation; a plan.
• A plan or scheme formed in the mind of something to be done; preliminary conception; idea intended to be expressed in a visible form or carried into action; intention; purpose; — often used in a bad sense for evil intention or purpose; scheme; plot.
• Specifically, intention or purpose as revealed or inferred from the adaptation of means to an end; as, the argument from design.
• The realization of an inventive or decorative plan; esp., a work of decorative art considered as a new creation; conception or plan shown in completed work; as, this carved panel is a fine design, or of a fine design.
(Mus.) The invention and conduct of the subject; the disposition of every part, and the general order of the whole.
Designable
a.
• Capable of being designated or distinctly marked out; distinguishable.
Designate
a.
• Designated; appointed; chosen.
v. t.
• To mark out and make known; to point out; to name; to indicate; to show; to distinguish by marks or description; to specify; as, to designate the boundaries of a country; to designate the rioters who are to be arrested.
• To call by a distinctive title; to name.
• To indicate or set apart for a purpose or duty; — with to or for; to designate an officer for or to the command of a post or station.
Designation
n.
• The act of designating; a pointing out or showing; indication.
• Selection and appointment for a purpose; allotment; direction.
• That which designates; a distinguishing mark or name; distinctive title; appellation.
• Use or application; import; intention; signification, as of a word or phrase.
Designative
a.
• Serving to designate or indicate; pointing out.
Designator
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) An officer who assigned to each his rank and place in public shows and ceremonies.
• One who designates.
Designatory
a.
• Serving to designate; designative; indicating.
Designedly
adv.
• By design; purposely; intentionally; — opposed to accidentally, ignorantly, or inadvertently.
Designer
n.
• One who designs, marks out, or plans; a contriver.
(Fine Arts) One who produces or creates original works of art or decoration.
• A plotter; a schemer; — used in a bad sense.
Designful
a.
• Full of design; scheming.
Designing
a.
• Intriguing; artful; scheming; as, a designing man.
n.
• The act of making designs or sketches; the act of forming designs or plans.
Designless
a.
• Without design.
Designment
n.
• Delineation; sketch; design; ideal; invention.
• Design; purpose; scheme.
Desilver
v. t.
• To deprive of silver; as, to desilver lead.
Desilverization
n.
• The act or the process of freeing from silver; also, the condition resulting from the removal of silver.
Desilverize
v. t.
• To deprive, or free from, silver; to remove silver from.
Desinence
n.
• Termination; ending.
Desinent
a.
• Ending; forming an end; lowermost.
Desinential
a.
• Terminal.
Desipient
a.
• Foolish; silly; trifling.
Desirability
n.
• The state or quality of being desirable; desirableness.
Desirable
a.
• Worthy of desire or longing; fitted to excite desire or a wish to possess; pleasing; agreeable.
Desirableness
n.
• The quality of being desirable.
Desirably
adv.
• In a desirable manner.
Desire
v. t.
• To long for; to wish for earnestly; to covet.
• To express a wish for; to entreat; to request.
• To require; to demand; to claim.
• To miss; to regret.
n.
• The natural longing that is excited by the enjoyment or the thought of any good, and impels to action or effort its continuance or possession; an eager wish to obtain or enjoy.
• An expressed wish; a request; petition.
• Anything which is desired; an object of longing.
• Excessive or morbid longing; lust; appetite.
• Grief; regret.
Desireful
a.
• Filled with desire; eager.
Desirefulness
n.
• The state of being desireful; eagerness to obtain and possess.
Desireless
a.
• Free from desire.
Desirer
n.
• One who desires, asks, or wishes.
Desirous
a.
• Feeling desire; eagerly wishing; solicitous; eager to obtain; covetous.
Desirously
adv.
• With desire; eagerly.
Desirousness
n.
• The state of being desirous.
Desist
v. i.
• To cease to proceed or act; to stop; to forbear; — often with from.
Desistance
n.
• The act or state of desisting; cessation.
Desistive
a.
• Final; conclusive; ending.
Desition
n.
• An end or ending.
Desitive
a.
• Final; serving to complete; conclusive.
n.
(Logic) A proposition relating to or expressing an end or conclusion.
Desk
n.
• A table, frame, or case, usually with sloping top, but often with flat top, for the use writers and readers. It often has a drawer or repository underneath.
• A reading table or lectern to support the book from which the liturgical service is read, differing from the pulpit from which the sermon is preached; also (esp. in the United States), a pulpit. Hence, used symbolically for "the clerical profession."
v. t.
• To shut up, as in a desk; to treasure.
Deskwork
n.
• Work done at a desk, as by a clerk or writer.
Desman
n.
(Zool.) An amphibious, insectivorous mammal found in Russia (Myogale moschata). It is allied to the moles, but is called muscrat by some English writers.
Desmine
n.
(Min.) Same as Stilbite. It commonly occurs in bundles or tufts of crystals.
Desmodont
n.
(Zool.) A member of a group of South American blood-sucking bats, of the genera Desmodus and Diphylla.
Desmognathous
a.
(Zool.) Having the maxillo-palatine bones united; — applied to a group of carinate birds (Desmognathae), including various wading and swimming birds, as the ducks and herons, and also raptorial and other kinds.
Desmoid
a.
(Anat.) Resembling, or having the characteristics of, a ligament; ligamentous.
Desmology
n.
• The science which treats of the ligaments.
Desmomyaria
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of Tunicata which includes the Salpae.
Desolate
a.
• Destitute or deprived of inhabitants; deserted; uninhabited; hence, gloomy; as, a desolate isle; a desolate wilderness; a desolate house.
• Laid waste; in a ruinous condition; neglected; destroyed; as, desolate altars.
• Left alone; forsaken; lonely; comfortless.
• Lost to shame; dissolute.
• Destitute of; lacking in.
v. t.
• To make desolate; to leave alone; to deprive of inhabitants; as, the earth was nearly desolated by the flood.
• To lay waste; to ruin; to ravage; as, a fire desolates a city.
Desolately
adv.
• In a desolate manner.
Desolateness
n.
• The state of being desolate.
Desolater
n.
• One who, or that which, desolates or lays waste.
Desolation
n.
• The act of desolating or laying waste; destruction of inhabitants; depopulation.
• The state of being desolated or laid waste; ruin; solitariness; destitution; gloominess.
• A place or country wasted and forsaken.
Desolator
n.
• Same as Desolater.
Desolatory
a.
• Causing desolation.
Desophisticate
v. t.
• To clear from sophism or error.
Desoxalic
a.
(Chem.) Made or derived from oxalic acid; as, desoxalic acid.
Despair
v. i.
• To be hopeless; to have no hope; to give up all hope or expectation; — often with of.
v. t.
• To give up as beyond hope or expectation; to despair of.
• To cause to despair.
n.
• Loss of hope; utter hopelessness; complete despondency.
• That which is despaired of.
Despairer
n.
• One who despairs.
Despairful
a.
• Hopeless.
Despairing
a.
• Feeling or expressing despair; hopeless.
Desparple
v. t. & i.
• To scatter; to disparkle.
Despatch
n. & v.
• Same as Dispatch.
Despecfication
n.
• Discrimination.
Despecificate
v. t.
• To discriminate; to separate according to specific signification or qualities; to specificate; to desynonymize.
Despect
n.
• Contempt.
Despection
n.
• A looking down; a despising.
Despeed
v. t.
• To send hastily.
Despend
v. t.
• To spend; to squander.
Desperado
n.
• A reckless, furious man; a person urged by furious passions, and regardless of consequence; a wild ruffian.
Desperate
a.
• Without hope; given to despair; hopeless.
• Beyond hope; causing despair; extremely perilous; irretrievable; past cure, or, at least, extremely dangerous; as, a desperate disease; desperate fortune.
• Proceeding from, or suggested by, despair; without regard to danger or safety; reckless; furious; as, a desperate effort.
• Extreme, in a bad sense; outrageous; — used to mark the extreme predominance of a bad quality.
n.
• One desperate or hopeless.
Desperately
adv.
• In a desperate manner; without regard to danger or safety; recklessly; extremely; as, the troops fought desperately.
Desperateness
n.
• Desperation; virulence.
Desperation
n.
• The act of despairing or becoming desperate; a giving up of hope.
• A state of despair, or utter hopeless; abandonment of hope; extreme recklessness; reckless fury.
Despicability
n.
• Despicableness.
Despicable
a.
• Fit or deserving to be despised; contemptible; mean; vile; worthless; as, a despicable man; despicable company; a despicable gift.
Despicableness
n.
• The quality of being despicable; meanness; vileness; worthlessness.
Despicably
adv.
• In a despicable or mean manner; contemptibly; as, despicably stingy.
Despiciency
n.
• A looking down; despection.
Despisable
a.
• Despicable; contemptible.
Despisal
n.
• A despising; contempt.
Despise
v. t.
• To look down upon with disfavor or contempt; to contemn; to scorn; to disdain; to have a low opinion or contemptuous dislike of.
Despisedness
n.
• The state of being despised.
Despisement
n.
• A despising.
Despiser
n.
• One who despises; a contemner; a scorner.
Despisingly
adv.
• Contemptuously.
Despite
n.
• Malice; malignity; spite; malicious anger; contemptuous hate.
• An act of malice, hatred, or defiance; contemptuous defiance; a deed of contempt.
v. t.
• To vex; to annoy; to offend contemptuously.
prep.
• In spite of; against, or in defiance of; notwithstanding; as, despite his prejudices.
Despiteful
a.
• Full of despite; expressing malice or contemptuous hate; malicious.
Despiteous
a.
• Feeling or showing despite; malicious; angry to excess; cruel; contemptuous.
Despiteously
adv.
• Despitefully.
Despitous
a.
• Despiteous; very angry; cruel.
Despoil
v. t.
• To strip, as of clothing; to divest or unclothe.
• To deprive for spoil; to plunder; to rob; to pillage; to strip; to divest; — usually followed by of.
n.
• Spoil.
Despoiler
n.
• One who despoils.
Despoilment
n.
• Despoliation.
Despoliation
n.
• A stripping or plundering; spoliation.
Despond
v. i.
• To give up, the will, courage, or spirit; to be thoroughly disheartened; to lose all courage; to become dispirited or depressed; to take an unhopeful view.
n.
• Despondency.
Despondence
n.
• Despondency.
Despondency
n.
• The state of desponding; loss of hope and cessation of effort; discouragement; depression or dejection of the mind.
Despondent
a.
• Marked by despondence; given to despondence; low-spirited; as, a despondent manner; a despondent prisoner.
Desponder
n.
• One who desponds.
Despondingly
adv.
• In a desponding manner.
Desponsage
n.
• Betrothal.
Desponsate
v. t.
• To betroth.
Desponsation
n.
• A betrothing; betrothal.
Desponsory
n.
• A written pledge of marriage.
Despot
n.
• A master; a lord; especially, an absolute or irresponsible ruler or sovereign.
• One who rules regardless of a constitution or laws; a tyrant.
Despotat
n.
• The station or government of a despot; also, the domain of a despot.
Despotism
n.
• The power, spirit, or principles of a despot; absolute control over others; tyrannical sway; tyranny.
• A government which is directed by a despot; a despotic monarchy; absolutism; autocracy.
Despotist
n.
• A supporter of despotism.
Despotize
v. t.
• To act the despot.
Despumate
v. t. & i.
• To throw off impurities in spume; to work off in foam or scum; to foam.
Despumation
n.
• The act of throwing up froth or scum; separation of the scum or impurities from liquids; scumming; clarification.
Despume
v. t.
• To free from spume or scum.
Desquamate
v. i.
(Med.) To peel off in the form of scales; to scale off, as the skin in certain diseases.
Desquamation
n.
(Med.) The separation or shedding of the cuticle or epidermis in the form of flakes or scales; exfoliation, as of bones.
Desquamatory
n.
(Surg.) An instrument formerly used in removing the laminae of exfoliated bones.
Dess
n.
• Dais.
Dessert
n.
• A service of pastry, fruits, or sweetmeats, at the close of a feast or entertainment; pastry, fruits, etc., forming the last course at dinner.
Destemper
n.
• A kind of painting.
Destin
n.
• Destiny.
Destinable
a.
• Determined by destiny; fated.
Destinably
adv.
• In a destinable manner.
Destinal
a.
• Determined by destiny; fated.
Destinate
a.
• Destined.
v. t.
• To destine, design, or choose.
Destination
n.
• The act of destining or appointing.
• Purpose for which anything is destined; predetermined end, object, or use; ultimate design.
• The place set for the end of a journey, or to which something is sent; place or point aimed at.
Destine
v. t.
• To determine the future condition or application of; to set apart by design for a future use or purpose; to fix, as by destiny or by an authoritative decree; to doom; to ordain or preordain; to appoint; — often with the remoter object preceded by to or for.
Destinist
n.
• A believer in destiny; a fatalist.
Destiny
n.
• That to which any person or thing is destined; predetermined state; condition foreordained by the Divine or by human will; fate; lot; doom.
• The fixed order of things; invincible necessity; fate; a resistless power or agency conceived of as determining the future, whether in general or of an individual.
Destituent
a.
• Deficient; wanting; as, a destituent condition.
Destitute
a.
• Forsaken; not having in possession (something necessary, or desirable); deficient; lacking; devoid; — often followed by of.
• Not possessing the necessaries of life; in a condition of want; needy; without possessions or resources; very poor.
v. t.
• To leave destitute; to forsake; to abandon.
• To make destitute; to cause to be in want; to deprive; — followed by of.
• To disappoint.
Destitutely
adv.
• In destitution.
Destituteness
n.
• Destitution.
Destitution
n.
• The state of being deprived of anything; the state or condition of being destitute, needy, or without resources; deficiency; lack; extreme poverty; utter want; as, the inundation caused general destitution.
Destrie
v. t.
• To destroy.
Destroy
v. t.
• To unbuild; to pull or tear down; to separate virulently into its constituent parts; to break up the structure and organic existence of; to demolish.
• To ruin; to bring to naught; to put an end to; to annihilate; to consume.
• To put an end to the existence, prosperity, or beauty of; to kill.
Destroyable
a.
• Destructible.
Destroyer
n.
• One who destroys, ruins, kills, or desolates.
Destruct
v. t.
• To destroy.
Destructibility
n.
• The quality of being capable of destruction; destructibleness.
Destructible
a.
• Liable to destruction; capable of being destroyed.
Destructibleness
n.
• The quality of being destructible.
Destruction
n.
• The act of destroying; a tearing down; a bringing to naught; subversion; demolition; ruin; slaying; devastation.
• The state of being destroyed, demolished, ruined, slain, or devastated.
• A destroying agency; a cause of ruin or of devastation; a destroyer.
Destructionist
n.
• One who delights in destroying that which is valuable; one whose principles and influence tend to destroy existing institutions; a destructive.
(Theol.) One who believes in the final destruction or complete annihilation of the wicked; — called also annihilationist.
Destructive
a.
• Causing destruction; tending to bring about ruin, death, or devastation; ruinous; fatal; productive of serious evil; mischievous; pernicious; — often with of or to; as, intemperance is destructive of health; evil examples are destructive to the morals of youth.
n.
• One who destroys; a radical reformer; a destructionist.
Destructively
adv.
• In a destructive manner.
Destructiveness
n.
• The quality of destroying or ruining.
(Phren.) The faculty supposed to impel to the commission of acts of destruction; propensity to destroy.
Destructor
n.
• A destroyer.
Destruie
v. t.
• To destroy.
Desudation
n.
(Med.) A sweating; a profuse or morbid sweating, often succeeded by an eruption of small pimples.
Desuete
a.
• Disused; out of use.
Desuetude
n.
• The cessation of use; disuse; discontinuance of practice, custom, or fashion.
Desulphurate
v. t.
• To deprive of sulphur.
Desulphuration
n.
• The act or process of depriving of sulphur.
Desulphurize
v. t.
• To desulphurate; to deprive of sulphur.
Desultorily
adv.
• In a desultory manner; without method; loosely; immethodically.
Desultoriness
n.
• The quality of being desultory or without order or method; unconnectedness.
Desultorious
a.
• Desultory.
Desultory
a.
• Leaping or skipping about.
• Jumping, or passing, from one thing or subject to another, without order or rational connection; without logical sequence; disconnected; immethodical; aimless; as, desultory minds.
• Out of course; by the way; as a digression; not connected with the subject; as, a desultory remark.
Desume
v. t.
• To select; to borrow.
Desynonymization
n.
• The act of desynonymizing.
Desynonymize
v. t.
• To deprive of synonymous character; to discriminate in use; — applied to words which have been employed as synonyms.
Detach
v. t.
• To part; to separate or disunite; to disengage; — the opposite of attach; as, to detach the coats of a bulbous root from each other; to detach a man from a leader or from a party.
• To separate for a special object or use; — used especially in military language; as, to detach a ship from a fleet, or a company from a regiment.
v. i.
• To push asunder; to come off or separate from anything; to disengage.
Detachable
a.
• That can be detached.
Detached
a.
• Separate; unconnected, or imperfectly connected; as, detached parcels.
Detachment
n.
• The act of detaching or separating, or the state of being detached.
• That which is detached; especially, a body of troops or part of a fleet sent from the main body on special service.
• Abstraction from worldly objects; renunciation.
Detail
n.
• A minute portion; one of the small parts; a particular; an item; — used chiefly in the plural; as, the details of a scheme or transaction.
• A narrative which relates minute points; an account which dwells on particulars.
(Mil.) The selection for a particular service of a person or a body of men; hence, the person or the body of men so selected.
v. t.
• To relate in particulars; to particularize; to report minutely and distinctly; to enumerate; to specify; as, he detailed all the facts in due order.
(Mil.) To tell off or appoint for a particular service, as an officer, a troop, or a squadron.
Detailer
n.
• One who details.
Detain
v. t.
• To keep back or from; to withhold.
• To restrain from proceeding; to stay or stop; to delay; as, we were detained by an accident.
• To hold or keep in custody.
n.
• Detention.
Detainder
n.
(Law) A writ.
Detainer
n.
• One who detains.
(Law) The keeping possession of what belongs to another; detention of what is another's, even though the original taking may have been lawful
• A writ authorizing the keeper of a prison to continue to keep a person in custody.
Detainment
n.
• Detention.
Detect
a.
• Detected.
v. t.
• To uncover; to discover; to find out; to bring to light; as, to detect a crime or a criminal; to detect a mistake in an account.
• To inform against; to accuse.
Detecter
n.
• One who, or that which, detects or brings to light; one who finds out what another attempts to conceal; a detector.
Detection
n.
• The act of detecting; the laying open what was concealed or hidden; discovery; as, the detection of a thief; the detection of fraud, forgery, or a plot.
Detective
a.
• Fitted for, or skilled in, detecting; employed in detecting crime or criminals; as, a detective officer.
n.
• One who business it is so detect criminals or discover matters of secrecy.
Detector
n.
• One who, or that which, detects; a detecter.
Detenebrate
v. t.
• To remove darkness from.
Detent
n.
(Mech.) That which locks or unlocks a movement; a catch, pawl, or dog; especially, in clockwork, the catch which locks and unlocks the wheelwork in striking.
Detention
n.
• The act of detaining or keeping back; a withholding.
• The state of being detained (stopped or hindered); delay from necessity.
• Confinement; restraint; custody.
Deter
v. t.
• To prevent by fear; hence, to hinder or prevent from action by fear of consequences, or difficulty, risk, etc.
Deterge
v. t.
• To cleanse; to purge away, as foul or offending matter from the body, or from an ulcer.
Detergency
n.
• A cleansing quality or power.
Detergent
a.
• Cleansing; purging.
n.
• A substance which cleanses the skin, as water or soap; a medicine to cleanse wounds, ulcers, etc.
Deteriorate
v. t.
• To make worse; to make inferior in quality or value; to impair; as, to deteriorate the mind.
v. i.
• To grow worse; to be impaired in quality; to degenerate.
Deterioration
n.
• The process of growing worse, or the state of having grown worse.
Deteriority
n.
• Worse state or quality; inferiority.
Determent
n.
• The act of deterring; also, that which deters.
Determinability
n.
• The quality of being determinable; determinableness.
Determinable
a.
• Capable of being determined, definitely ascertained, decided upon, or brought to a conclusion.
Determinableness
n.
• Capability of being determined; determinability.
Determinacy
n.
• Determinateness.
Determinant
a.
• Serving to determine or limit; determinative.
n.
• That which serves to determine; that which causes determination.
(Math.) The sum of a series of products of several numbers, these products being formed according to certain specified laws; thus, the determinant of the nine numbers.
(Logic) A mark or attribute, attached to the subject or predicate, narrowing the extent of both, but rendering them more definite and precise.
Determinate
a.
• Having defined limits; not uncertain or arbitrary; fixed; established; definite.
• Conclusive; decisive; positive.
• Determined or resolved upon.
• Of determined purpose; resolute.
v. t.
• To bring to an end; to determine.
Determinately
adv.
• In a determinate manner; definitely; ascertainably.
• Resolutely; unchangeably.
Determinateness
n.
• State of being determinate.
Determination
n.
• The act of determining, or the state of being determined.
• Bringing to an end; termination; limit.
• Direction or tendency to a certain end; impulsion.
• The quality of mind reaches definite conclusions; decision of character; resoluteness.
• The state of decision; a judicial decision, or ending of controversy.
• That which is determined upon; result of deliberation; purpose; conclusion formed; fixed resolution.
(Med.) A flow, rush, or tendency to a particular part; as, a determination of blood to the head.
(Physical Sciences) The act, process, or result of any accurate measurement, as of length, volume, weight, intensify, etc.; as, the determination of the ohm or of the wave length of light; the determination of the salt in sea water, or the oxygen in the air.
(Logic) The act of defining a concept or notion by giving its essential constituents
• The addition of a differentia to a concept or notion, thus limiting its extent; — the opposite of generalization.
(Nat. Hist.) The act of determining the relations of an object, as regards genus and species; the referring of minerals, plants, or animals, to the species to which they belong; classification; as, I am indebted to a friend for the determination of most of these shells.
Determinative
a.
• Having power to determine; limiting; shaping; directing; conclusive.
n.
• That which serves to determine.
Determinator
n.
• One who determines.
Determine
v. t.
• To fix the boundaries of; to mark off and separate.
• To set bounds to; to fix the determination of; to limit; to bound; to bring to an end; to finish.
• To fix the form or character of; to shape; to prescribe imperatively; to regulate; to settle.
• To fix the course of; to impel and direct; — with a remoter object preceded by to; as, another's will determined me to this course.
• To ascertain definitely; to find out the specific character or name of; to assign to its true place in a system; as, to determine an unknown or a newly discovered plant or its name.
• To bring to a conclusion, as a question or controversy; to settle authoritative or judicial sentence; to decide; as, the court has determined the cause.
• To resolve on; to have a fixed intention of; also, to cause to come to a conclusion or decision; to lead; as, this determined him to go immediately.
(Logic) To define or limit by adding a differentia.
(Physical Sciences) To ascertain the presence, quantity, or amount of; as, to determine the parallax; to determine the salt in sea water.
v. i.
• To come to an end; to end; to terminate.
• To come to a decision; to decide; to resolve; — often with on.
Determined
a.
• Decided; resolute. "Adetermined foe.
Determinedly
adv.
• In a determined manner; with determination.
Determiner
n.
• One who, or that which, determines or decides.
Determinism
n.
(Metaph.) The doctrine that the will is not free, but is inevitably and invincibly determined by motives.
Determinist
n.
(Metaph.) One who believes in determinism. Also adj.; as, determinist theories.
Deterration
n.
• The uncovering of anything buried or covered with earth; a taking out of the earth or ground.
Deterrence
n.
• That which deters; a deterrent; a hindrance.
Deterrent
a.
• Serving to deter.
n.
• That which deters or prevents.
Detersion
n.
• The act of deterging or cleansing, as a sore.
Detersive
a.
• Cleansing; detergent.
n.
• A cleansing agent; a detergent.
Detersively
adv.
• In a way to cleanse.
Detersiveness
n.
• The quality of cleansing.
Detest
v. t.
• To witness against; to denounce; to condemn.
• To hate intensely; to abhor; to abominate; to loathe; as, we detest what is contemptible or evil.
Detestability
n.
• Capacity of being odious.
Detestable
a.
• Worthy of being detested; abominable; extremely hateful; very odious; deserving abhorrence; as, detestable vices.
Detestableness
n.
• The quality or state of being detestable.
Detestably
adv.
• In a detestable manner.
Detestation
n.
• The act of detesting; extreme hatred or dislike; abhorrence; loathing.
Detester
n.
• One who detes
Detesttate
v. t.
• To detest.
Dethrone
v. t.
• To remove or drive from a throne; to depose; to divest of supreme authority and dignity.
Dethronement
n.
• Deposal from a throne; deposition from regal power.
Dethroner
n.
• One who dethrones.
Dethronization
n.
• Dethronement.
Dethronize
v. t.
• To dethrone or unthrone.
Detinue
n.
• A person or thing detained
(Law) a form of action for the recovery of a personal chattel wrongfully detained.
Detonate
v. i.
• To explode with a sudden report; as, niter detonates with sulphur.
v. t.
• To cause to explode; to cause to burn or inflame with a sudden report.
Detonating
a. & n.
• from Detonate.
Detonation
n.
• An explosion or sudden report made by the instantaneous decomposition or combustion of unstable substances' as, the detonation of gun cotton.
Detonator
n.
• One who, or that which, detonates.
Detonization
n.
• The act of detonizing; detonation.
Detonize
v. t. & i.
• To explode, or cause to explode; to burn with an explosion; to detonate.
Detorsion
n.
• Same as Detortion.
Detort
v. t.
• To turn form the original or plain meaning; to pervert; to wrest.
Detortion
n.
• The act of detorting, or the state of being detorted; a twisting or warping.
Detour
n.
• A turning; a circuitous route; a deviation from a direct course; as, the detours of the Mississippi.
Detracor
n.
• One who detracts; a derogator; a defamer.
Detract
v. t.
• To take away; to withdraw.
• To take credit or reputation from; to defame.
v. i.
• To take away a part or something, especially from one's credit; to lessen reputation; to derogate; to defame; — often with from.
Detracter
n.
• One who detracts; a detractor.
Detractingly
adv.
• In a detracting manner.
Detraction
n.
• A taking away or withdrawing.
• The act of taking away from the reputation or good name of another; a lessening or cheapening in the estimation of others; the act of depreciating another, from envy or malice; calumny.
Detractious
a.
• Containing detraction; detractory.
Detractive
a.
• Tending to detractor draw.
• Tending to lower in estimation; depreciative.
Detractiveness
n.
• The quality of being detractive.
Detractory
a.
• Defamatory by denial of desert; derogatory; calumnious.
Detractress
n.
• A female detractor.
Detrain
v. i. & t.
• To alight, or to cause to alight, from a railway train.
Detrect
v. t.
• To refuse; to decline.
Detriment
n.
• That which injures or causes damage; mischief; harm; diminution; loss; damage; — used very generically; as, detriments to property, religion, morals, etc.
• A charge made to students and barristers for incidental repairs of the rooms they occupy.
v. t.
• To do injury to; to hurt.
Detrimental
a.
• Causing detriment; injurious; hurtful.
Detrimentalness
n.
• The quality of being detrimental; injuriousness.
Detrital
a.
(Geol.) Pertaining to, or composed of, detritus.
Detrite
a.
• Worn out.
Detrition
n.
• A wearing off or away.
Detritus
n.
(Geol.) A mass of substances worn off from solid bodies by attrition, and reduced to small portions; as, diluvial detritus.
• Hence: Any fragments separated from the body to which they belonged; any product of disintegration.
Detrude
v. t.
• To thrust down or out; to push down with force.
Detruncation
n.
• The act of lopping or cutting off, as the head from the body.
Detrusion
n.
• The act of thrusting or driving down or outward; outward thrust.
Dette
n.
• Debt.
Detteles
a.
• Free from debt.
Detumescence
n.
• Diminution of swelling; subsidence of anything swollen.
Detuncate
v. t.
• To shorten by cutting; to cut off; to lop off.
Detur
n.
• A present of books given to a meritorious undergraduate student as a prize.
Deturb
v. t.
• To throw down.
Deturbate
v. t.
• To evict; to remove.
Deturbation
n.
• The act of deturbating.
Deturn
v. t.
• To turn away.
Deturpate
v. t.
• To defile; to disfigure.
Deturpation
n.
• A making foul.
Deuce
n.
(Gaming) Two; a card or a die with two spots; as, the deuce of hearts.
(Tennis) A condition of the score beginning whenver each side has won three strokes in the same game (also reckoned "40 all"), and reverted to as often as a tie is made until one of the sides secures two successive strokes following a tie or deuce, which decides the game.
n.
• The devil; a demon.
Deuced
a.
• Devilish; excessive; extreme.
Deuterocanonical
a.
• Pertaining to a second canon, or ecclesiastical writing of inferior authority; — said of the Apocrypha, certain Epistles, etc.
Deuterogamist
n.
• One who marries the second time.
Deuterogamy
n.
• A second marriage, after the death of the first husband of wife; — in distinction from bigamy, as defined in the old canon law.
Deuterogenic
a.
(Geol.) Of secondary origin; — said of certain rocks whose material has been derived from older rocks.
Deuteronomist
n.
• The writer of Deuteronomy.
Deuteronomy
n.
(Bibl.) The fifth book of the Pentateuch, containing the second giving of the law by Moses.
Deuteropathic
a.
• Pertaining to deuteropathy; of the nature of deuteropathy.
Deuteroscopy
n.
• Second sight.
• That which is seen at a second view; a meaning beyond the literal sense; the second intention; a hidden signification.
Deuterozooid
n.
(Zool.) One of the secondary, and usually sexual, zooids produced by budding or fission from the primary zooids, in animals having alternate generations. In the tapeworms, the joints are deuterozooids.
Deuthydroguret
n.
(Chem.) Same as Deutohydroguret.
Deutohydroguret
n.
(Chem.) A compound containing in the molecule two atoms of hydrogen united with some other element or radical.
Deutoplasm
n.
(Biol.) The lifeless food matter in the cytoplasm of an ovum or a cell, as distinguished from the active or true protoplasm; yolk substance; yolk.
Deutoplastic
a.
(Biol.) Pertaining to, or composed of, deutoplasm.
Deutosulphuret
n.
(Chem.) A disulphide.
Deutoxide
n.
(Chem.) A compound containing in the molecule two atoms of oxygen united with some other element or radical; — usually called dioxide, or less frequently, binoxide.
Deutzia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of shrubs with pretty white flowers, much cultivated.
Devanagari
n.
• The character in which Sanskrit is written.
Devaporation
n.
• The change of vapor into water, as in the formation of rain.
Devast
v. t.
• To devastate.
Devastate
v. t.
• To lay waste; to ravage; to desolate.
Devastation
n.
• The act of devastating, or the state of being devastated; a laying waste.
(Law) Waste of the goods of the deceased by an executor or administrator.
Devastator
n.
• One who, or that which, devastates.
Devastavit
n.
(Law) Waste or misapplication of the assets of a deceased person by an executor or an administrator.
Devata
n.
(Hind. Myth.) A deity; a divine being; a good spirit; an idol.
Deve
a.
• Deaf.
Develin
n.
(Zool.) The European swift.
Develop
v. t.
• To free from that which infolds or envelops; to unfold; to lay open by degrees or in detail; to make visible or known; to disclose; to produce or give forth; as, to develop theories; a motor that develops 100 horse power.
• To unfold gradually, as a flower from a bud; hence, to bring through a succession of states or stages, each of which is preparatory to the next; to form or expand by a process of growth; to cause to change gradually from an embryo, or a lower state, to a higher state or form of being; as, sunshine and rain develop the bud into a flower; to develop the mind.
• To advance; to further; to prefect; to make to increase; to promote the growth of.
(Math.) To change the form of, as of an algebraic expression, by executing certain indicated operations without changing the value.
(Photog.) To cause to become visible, as an invisible or latent image upon plate, by submitting it to chemical agents; to bring to view.
v. i.
• To go through a process of natural evolution or growth, by successive changes from a less perfect to a more perfect or more highly organized state; to advance from a simpler form of existence to one more complex either in structure or function; as, a blossom develops from a bud; the seed develops into a plant; the embryo develops into a well-formed animal; the mind develops year by year.
• To become apparent gradually; as, a picture on sensitive paper develops on the application of heat; the plans of the conspirators develop.
Developable
a.
• Capable of being developed.
Developer
n.
• One who, or that which, develops.
(Photog.) A reagent by the action of which the latent image upon a photographic plate, after exposure in the camera, or otherwise, is developed and visible.
Development
n.
• The act of developing or disclosing that which is unknown; a gradual unfolding process by which anything is developed, as a plan or method, or an image upon a photographic plate; gradual advancement or growth through a series of progressive changes; also, the result of developing, or a developed state.
(Biol.) The series of changes which animal and vegetable organisms undergo in their passage from the embryonic state to maturity, from a lower to a higher state of organization.
(Math.) The act or process of changing or expanding an expression into another of equivalent value or meaning.
• The equivalent expression into which another has been developed.
(mus.) The elaboration of a theme or subject; the unfolding of a musical idea; the evolution of a whole piece or movement from a leading theme or motive.
Developmental
a.
• Pertaining to, or characteristic of, the process of development; as, the developmental power of a germ.
Devenustate
v. t.
• To deprive of beauty or grace.
Devest
v. t.
• To divest; to undress.
• To take away, as an authority, title, etc., to deprive; to alienate, as an estate.
v. i.
(Law) To be taken away, lost, or alienated, as a title or an estate.
Devex
a.
• Bending down; sloping.
n.
• Devexity.
Devexity
n.
• A bending downward; a sloping; incurvation downward; declivity.
Devi
n.
• ; fem. of Deva. A goddess.
Deviant
a.
• Deviating.
Deviate
v. i.
• To go out of the way; to turn aside from a course or a method; to stray or go astray; to err; to digress; to diverge; to vary.
v. t.
• To cause to deviate.
Deviation
n.
• The act of deviating; a wandering from the way; variation from the common way, from an established rule, etc.; departure, as from the right course or the path of duty.
• The state or result of having deviated; a transgression; an act of sin; an error; an offense.
(Com.) The voluntary and unnecessary departure of a ship from, or delay in, the regular and usual course of the specific voyage insured, thus releasing the underwriters from their responsibility.
Deviator
n.
• One who, or that which, deviates.
Deviatory
a.
• Tending to deviate; devious; as, deviatory motion.
Device
n.
• That which is devised, or formed by design; a contrivance; an invention; a project; a scheme; often, a scheme to deceive; a stratagem; an artifice.
• Power of devising; invention; contrivance.
• An emblematic design, generally consisting of one or more figures with a motto, used apart from heraldic bearings to denote the historical situation, the ambition, or the desire of the person adopting it.
• Improperly, an heraldic bearing.
• Anything fancifully conceived.
• A spectacle or show.
• Opinion; decision.
Deviceful
a.
• Full of devices; inventive.
Devicefully
adv.
• In a deviceful manner.
Devil
n.
• The Evil One; Satan, represented as the tempter and spiritual of mankind.
• An evil spirit; a demon.
• A very wicked person; hence, any great evil.
• An expletive of surprise, vexation, or emphasis, or, ironically, of negation.
(Cookery) A dish, as a bone with the meat, broiled and excessively peppered; a grill with Cayenne pepper.
(Manuf.) A machine for tearing or cutting rags, cotton, etc.
v. t.
• To make like a devil; to invest with the character of a devil.
• To grill with Cayenne pepper; to season highly in cooking, as with pepper.
Deviless
n.
• A she-devil.
Devilet
n.
• A little devil.
Devilfish
n.
(Zool.) A huge ray (Manta birostris or Cephaloptera vampyrus) of the Gulf of Mexico and Southern Atlantic coasts. Several other related species take the same name.
• A large cephalopod, especially the very large species of Octopus and Architeuthis
• The gray whale of the Pacific coast
• The goosefish or angler (Lophius), and other allied fishes.
Deviling
n.
• A young devil.
Devilish
a.
• Resembling, characteristic of, or pertaining to, the devil; diabolical; wicked in the extreme.
• Extreme; excessive.
Devilism
n.
• The state of the devil or of devils; doctrine of the devil or of devils.
Devilize
v. t.
• To make a devil of.
Devilkin
n.
• A little devil; a devilet.
Devilment
n.
• Deviltry.
Devilry
n.
• Conduct suitable to the devil; extreme wickedness; deviltry.
• The whole body of evil spirits.
Devilship
n.
• The character or person of a devil or the devil.
Deviltry
n.
• Diabolical conduct; malignant mischief; devilry.
Devilwood
n.
(Bot.) A kind of tree (Osmanthus Americanus), allied to the European olive.
Devious
a.
• Out of a straight line; winding; varying from directness; as, a devious path or way.
• Going out of the right or common course; going astray; erring; wandering; as, a devious step.
Devirginate
a.
• Deprived of virginity.
v. t.
• To deprive of virginity; to deflour.
Devirgination
n.
• A deflouring.
Devisable
a.
• Capable of being devised, invented, or contrived.
• Capable of being bequeathed, or given by will.
Devisal
n.
• A devising.
Devise
v. t.
• To form in the mind by new combinations of ideas, new applications of principles, or new arrangement of parts; to formulate by thought; to contrive; to excogitate; to invent; to plan; to scheme; as, to devise an engine, a new mode of writing, a plan of defense, or an argument.
• To plan or scheme for; to purpose to obtain.
• To say; to relate; to describe.
• To imagine; to guess.
(Law) To give by will; — used of real estate; formerly, also, of chattels.
v. i.
• To form a scheme; to lay a plan; to contrive; to consider.
n.
• The act of giving or disposing of real estate by will; — sometimes improperly applied to a bequest of personal estate.
• A will or testament, conveying real estate; the clause of a will making a gift of real property.
• Property devised, or given by will.
n.
• Device.
Devisee
n.
(Law) One to whom a devise is made, or real estate given by will.
Deviser
n.
• One who devises.
Devisor
n.
(Law) One who devises, or gives real estate by will; a testator; — correlative to devisee.
Devitable
a.
• Avoidable.
Devitalize
v. t.
• To deprive of life or vitality.
Devitation
n.
• An avoiding or escaping; also, a warning.
Devitrification
n.
• The act or process of devitrifying, or the state of being devitrified. Specifically, the conversion of molten glassy matter into a stony mass by slow cooling, the result being the formation of crystallites, microbites, etc., in the glassy base, which are then called devitrification products.
Devitrify
v. t.
• To deprive of glasslike character; to take away vitreous luster and transparency from.
Devocalize
v. t.
• To make toneless; to deprive of vowel quality.
Devocation
n.
• A calling off or away.
Devoid
v. t.
• To empty out; to remove.
a.
• Void; empty; vacant.
• Destitute; not in possession; — with of; as, devoid of sense; devoid of pity or of pride.
Devoir
n.
• Duty; service owed; hence, due act of civility or respect; — now usually in the plural; as, they paid their devoirs to the ladies.
Devolute
v. t.
• To devolve.
Devolution
n.
• The act of rolling down.
• Transference from one person to another; a passing or devolving upon a successor.
Devolve
v. t.
• To roll onward or downward; to pass on.
• To transfer from one person to another; to deliver over; to hand down; — generally with upon, sometimes with to or into.
v. i.
• To pass by transmission or succession; to be handed over or down; — generally with on or upon, sometimes with to or into; as, after the general fell, the command devolved upon (or on) the next officer in rank.
Devolvement
n.
• The act or process of devolving;; devolution.
Devon
n.
• One of a breed of hardy cattle originating in the country of Devon, England. Those of pure blood have a deep red color. The small, longhorned variety, called North Devons, is distinguished by the superiority of its working oxen.
Devonian
a.
(Geol.) Of or pertaining to Devon or Devonshire in England; as, the Devonian rocks, period, or system.
n.
• The Devonian age or formation.
Devoration
n.
• The act of devouring.
Devotary
n.
• A votary.
Devote
v. t.
• To appropriate by vow; to set apart or dedicate by a solemn act; to consecrate; also, to consign over; to doom; to evil; to devote one to destruction; the city was devoted to the flames.
• To execrate; to curse.
• To give up wholly; to addict; to direct the attention of wholly or compound; to attach; — often with a reflexive pronoun; as, to devote one's self to science, to one's friends, to piety, etc.
a.
• Devoted; addicted; devout.
n.
• A devotee.
Devoted
a.
• Consecrated to a purpose; strongly attached; zealous; devout; as, a devoted admirer.
Devotee
n.
• One who is wholly devoted; esp., one given wholly to religion; one who is superstitiously given to religious duties and ceremonies; a bigot.
Devotement
n.
• The state of being devoted, or set apart by a vow.
Devoter
n.
• One who devotes; a worshiper.
Devotion
n.
• The act of devoting; consecration.
• The state of being devoted; addiction; eager inclination; strong attachment love or affection; zeal; especially, feelings toward God appropriately expressed by acts of worship; devoutness.
• Act of devotedness or devoutness; manifestation of strong attachment; act of worship; prayer.
• Disposal; power of disposal.
• A thing consecrated; an object of devotion.
Devotional
a.
• Pertaining to, suited to, or used in, devotion; as, a devotional posture; devotional exercises; a devotional frame of mind.
Devotionality
n.
• The practice of a devotionalist.
Devotionally
adv.
• In a devotional manner; toward devotion.
Devoto
n.
• A devotee.
Devotor
n.
• A worshiper; one given to devotion.
Devour
v. t.
• To eat up with greediness; to consume ravenously; to feast upon like a wild beast or a glutton; to prey upon.
• To seize upon and destroy or appropriate greedily, selfishly, or wantonly; to consume; to swallow up; to use up; to waste; to annihilate.
• To enjoy with avidity; to appropriate or take in eagerly by the senses.
Devourable
a.
• That may be devoured.
Devourer
n.
• One who, or that which, devours.
Devouringly
adv.
• In a devouring manner.
Devout
a.
• Devoted to religion or to religious feelings and duties; absorbed in religious exercises; given to devotion; pious; reverent; religious.
• Expressing devotion or piety; as, eyes devout; sighs devout; a devout posture.
• Warmly devoted; hearty; sincere; earnest; as, devout wishes for one's welfare.
n.
• A devotee.
• A devotional composition, or part of a composition; devotion.
Devoutful
a.
• Full of devotion.
• Sacred.
Devoutless
a.
• Destitute of devotion.
Devoutly
adv.
• In a devout and reverent manner; with devout emotions; piously.
• Sincerely; solemnly; earnestly.
Devoutness
n.
• Quality or state of being devout.
Devove
v. t.
• To devote.
Devow
v. t.
• To give up; to devote.
• To disavow; to disclaim.
Devulgarize
v. t.
• To free from what is vulgar, common, or narrow.
Dew
n.
• Moisture from the atmosphere condensed by cool bodies upon their surfaces, particularly at night.
• Figuratively, anything which falls lightly and in a refreshing manner.
• An emblem of morning, or fresh vigor.
v. t.
• To wet with dew or as with dew; to bedew; to moisten; as with dew.
a. & n.
• Same as Due, or Duty.
Dewberry
n.
(Bot.) The fruit of certain species of bramble (Rubus); in England, the fruit of R. caesius, which has a glaucous bloom; in America, that of R. canadensis and R. hispidus, species of low blackberries
• The plant which bears the fruit.
Dewclaw
n.
• In any animal, esp. of the Herbivora, a rudimentary claw or small hoof not reaching the ground.
Dewdrop
n.
• A drop of dew.
Dewfall
n.
• The falling of dew; the time when dew begins to fall.
Dewiness
n.
• State of being dewy.
Dewlap
n.
• The pendulous skin under the neck of an ox, which laps or licks the dew in grazing.
• The flesh upon the human throat, especially when with age.
Dewlapped
a.
• Furnished with a dewlap.
Dewless
a.
• Having no dew.
Dewret
v. t.
• To ret or rot by the process called dewretting.
Dewretting
n.
• Dewrotting; the process of decomposing the gummy matter of flax and hemp and setting the fibrous part, by exposure on a sward to dew, rain, and sunshine.
Dewrot
v. t.
• To rot, as flax or hemp, by exposure to rain, dew, and sun.
Dewy
a.
• Pertaining to dew; resembling, consisting of, or moist with, dew.
• Falling gently and beneficently, like the dew.
(Bot.) Resembling a dew-covered surface; appearing as if covered with dew.
Dexter
a.
• Pertaining to, or situated on, the right hand; right, as opposed to sinister, or left.
(Her.) On the right-hand side of a shield, i. e., towards the right hand of its wearer. To a spectator in front, as in a pictorial representation, this would be the left side.
Dexterical
a.
• Dexterous.
Dexterity
n.
• Right-handedness.
• Readiness and grace in physical activity; skill and ease in using the hands; expertness in manual acts; as, dexterity with the chisel.
• Readiness in the use or control of the mental powers; quickness and skill in managing any complicated or difficult affair; adroitness.
Dexterous
a.
• Ready and expert in the use of the body and limbs; skillful and active with the hands; handy; ready; as, a dexterous hand; a dexterous workman.
• Skillful in contrivance; quick at inventing expedients; expert; as, a dexterous manager.
• Done with dexterity; skillful; artful; as, dexterous management.
Dexterously
adv.
• In a dexterous manner; skillfully.
Dexterousness
n.
• The quality of being dexterous; dexterity.
Dextrad
adv.
(Anat.) Toward the right side; dextrally.
Dextral
a.
• Right, as opposed to sinistral, or left.
Dextrality
n.
• The state of being on the right-hand side; also, the quality of being right-handed; right-handedness.
Dextrally
• (), adv. Towards the right; as, the hands of a watch rotate dextrally.
Dextrer
n.
• A war horse; a destrer.
Dextrin
n.
(Chem.) A translucent, gummy, amorphous substance, nearly tasteless and odorless, used as a substitute for gum, for sizing, etc., and obtained from starch by the action of heat, acids, or diastase. It is of somewhat variable composition, containing several carbohydrates which change easily to their respective varieties of sugar. It is so named from its rotating the plane of polarization to the right; — called also British gum, Alsace gum, gommelin, leiocome, etc.
Dextronic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, dextrose; as, dextronic acid.
Dextrorotatory
a.
(Chem. & Opt.) Turning, or causing to turn, toward the right hand; esp., turning the plane of polarization of luminous rays toward the right hand; as, dextrorotatory crystals, sugars, etc. Cf. Levorotatory.
Dextrose
n.
(Chem.) A sirupy, or white crystalline, variety of sugar, C6H12O6 (so called from turning the plane of polarization to the right), occurring in many ripe fruits. Dextrose and levulose are obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or sucrose, and hence called invert sugar. Dextrose is chiefly obtained by the action of heat and acids on starch, and hence called also starch sugar. It is also formed from starchy food by the action of the amylolytic ferments of saliva and pancreatic juice.
Dey
n.
• A servant who has charge of the dairy; a dairymaid.
n.
• The governor of Algiers; — so called before the French conquest in 1830.
Deye
v. i.
• To die.
Dezincification
n.
• The act or process of freeing from zinc; also, the condition resulting from the removal of zinc.
Dezincify
v. t.
• To deprive of, or free from, zinc.
Dhole
n.
(Zool.) A fierce, wild dog (Canis Dukhunensis), found in the mountains of India. It is remarkable for its propensity to hunt the tiger and other wild animals in packs.
Dhony
n.
• A Ceylonese boat.
Dhow
n.
• A coasting vessel of Arabia, East Africa, and the Indian Ocean. It has generally but one mast and a lateen sail.
Diabase
n.
(Min.) A basic, dark-colored, holocrystalline, igneous rock, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar and pyroxene with magnetic iron; — often limited to rocks pretertiary in age. It includes part of what was early called greenstone.
Diabaterial
a.
• Passing over the borders.
Diabetes
n.
(Med.) A disease which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine. Most frequently the urine is not only increased in quantity, but contains saccharine matter, in which case the disease is generally fatal.
Diabolify
v. t.
• To ascribed diabolical qualities to; to change into, or to represent as, a devil.
Diabolism
n.
• Character, action, or principles appropriate to the devil.
• Possession by the devil.
Diabolize
v. t.
• To render diabolical.
Diacatholicon
n.
(Med.) A universal remedy; — name formerly to a purgative electuary.
Diacaustic
a.
(Opt.) Pertaining to, or possessing the properties of, a species of caustic curves formed by refraction.
n.
(Med.) That which burns by refraction, as a double convex lens, or the sun's rays concentrated by such a lens, sometimes used as a cautery.
(Math.) A curved formed by the consecutive intersections of rays of light refracted through a lens.
Diacid
a.
(Chem.) Divalent; — said of a base or radical as capable of saturating two acid monad radicals or a dibasic acid. Cf. Dibasic, a., and Biacid.
Diacodium
n.
• A sirup made of poppies.
Diaconal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a deacon.
Diaconate
n.
• The office of a deacon; deaconship; also, a body or board of deacons.
a.
• Governed by deacons.
Diacope
n.
(Gram.) Tmesis.
Diacoustic
a.
• Pertaining to the science or doctrine of refracted sounds.
Diacoustics
n.
• That branch of natural philosophy which treats of the properties of sound as affected by passing through different mediums; — called also diaphonics.
Diactinic
a.
(Physics) Capable of transmitting the chemical or actinic rays of light; as, diactinic media.
Diadelphia
n.
(Bot.) A Linnaean class of plants whose stamens are united into two bodies or bundles by their filaments.
Diadem
n.
• Originally, an ornamental head band or fillet, worn by Eastern monarchs as a badge of royalty; hence (later), also, a crown, in general.
• Regal power; sovereignty; empire; — considered as symbolized by the crown.
(Her.) An arch rising from the rim of a crown (rarely also of a coronet), and uniting with others over its center.
v. t.
• To adorn with a diadem; to crown.
Diadrom
n.
• A complete course or vibration; time of vibration, as of a pendulum.
Diaeretic
a.
(Med.) Caustic.
Diageotropic
a.
(Bot.) Relating to, or exhibiting, diageotropism.
Diageotropism
n.
(Bot.) The tendency of organs (as roots) of plants to assume a position oblique or transverse to a direction towards the center of the earth.
Diaglyph
n.
• An intaglio.
Diagnose
v. t. & i.
• To ascertain by diagnosis; to diagnosticate.
Diagnosis
n.
(Med.) The art or act of recognizing the presence of disease from its signs or symptoms, and deciding as to its character; also, the decision arrived at.
• Scientific determination of any kind; the concise description of characterization of a species.
• Critical perception or scrutiny; judgment based on such scrutiny; esp., perception pf, or judgment concerning, motives and character.
Diagnostic
a.
• Pertaining to, or furnishing, a diagnosis; indicating the nature of a disease.
n.
• The mark or symptom by which one disease is known or distinguished from others.
Diagnosticate
v. t. & i.
• To make a diagnosis of; to recognize by its symptoms, as a disease.
Diagnostics
n.
• That part of medicine which has to do with ascertaining the nature of diseases by means of their symptoms or signs.
Diagometer
n.
• A sort of electroscope, invented by Rousseau, in which the dry pile is employed to measure the amount of electricity transmitted by different bodies, or to determine their conducting power.
Diagonal
a.
(Geom.) Joining two not adjacent angles of a quadrilateral or multilateral figure; running across from corner to corner; crossing at an angle with one of the sides.
n.
• A right line drawn from one angle to another not adjacent, of a figure of four or more sides, and dividing it into two parts.
(Engin.) A member, in a framed structure, running obliquely across a panel.
• A diagonal cloth; a kind of cloth having diagonal stripes, ridges, or welts made in the weaving.
Diagonally
adv.
• In a diagonal direction.
Diagonial
a.
• Diagonal; diametrical; hence; diametrically opposed.
Diagram
n.
(Geom.) A figure or drawing made to illustrate a statement, or facilitate a demonstration; a plan.
• Any simple drawing made for mathematical or scientific purposes, or to assist a verbal explanation which refers to it; a mechanical drawing, as distinguished from an artistical one.
v. t.
• To put into the form of a diagram.
Diagrammatic
a.
• Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a diagram; showing by diagram.
Diagraph
n.
• A drawing instrument, combining a protractor and scale.
Diagraphics
n.
• The art or science of descriptive drawing; especially, the art or science of drawing by mechanical appliances and mathematical rule.
Diaheliotropic
a.
(Bot.) Relating or, or manifesting, diaheliotropism.
Diaheliotropism
n.
(Bot.) A tendency of leaves or other organs of plants to have their dorsal surface faced towards the rays of light.
Dial
n.
• An instrument, formerly much used for showing the time of day from the shadow of a style or gnomon on a graduated arc or surface; esp., a sundial; but there are lunar and astral dials. The style or gnomon is usually parallel to the earth's axis, but the dial plate may be either horizontal or vertical.
• The graduated face of a timepiece, on which the time of day is shown by pointers or hands.
• A miner's compass.
v. t.
• To measure with a dial.
(Mining) To survey with a dial.
Dialect
n.
• Means or mode of expressing thoughts; language; tongue; form of speech.
• The form of speech of a limited region or people, as distinguished from ether forms nearly related to it; a variety or subdivision of a language; speech characterized by local peculiarities or specific circumstances; as, the Ionic and Attic were dialects of Greece; the Yorkshire dialect; the dialect of the learned.
Dialectal
a.
• Relating to a dialect; dialectical; as, a dialectical variant.
Dialectic
n.
• Same as Dialectics.
Dialectically
adv.
• In a dialectical manner.
Dialectician
n.
• One versed in dialectics; a logician; a reasoner.
Dialectics
n.
• That branch of logic which teaches the rules and modes of reasoning; the application of logical principles to discursive reasoning; the science or art of discriminating truth from error; logical discussion.
Dialectology
n.
• That branch of philology which is devoted to the consideration of dialects.
Dialector
n.
• One skilled in dialectics.
Dialing
n.
• The art of constructing dials; the science which treats of measuring time by dials.
• A method of surveying, especially in mines, in which the bearings of the courses, or the angles which they make with each other, are determined by means of the circumferentor.
Dialist
n.
• A maker of dials; one skilled in dialing.
Diallage
n.
(Rhet.) A figure by which arguments are placed in various points of view, and then turned to one point.
n.
(Min.) A dark green or bronze-colored laminated variety of pyroxene, common in certain igneous rocks.
Diallel
a.
• Meeting and intersecting, as lines; not parallel; — opposed to parallel.
Diallyl
n.
(Chem.) A volatile, pungent, liquid hydrocarbon, C6H10, consisting of two allyl radicals, and belonging to the acetylene series.
Dialogical
a.
• Relating to a dialogue; dialogistical.
Dialogically
adv.
• In the manner or nature of a dialogue.
Dialogism
n.
• An imaginary speech or discussion between two or more; dialogue.
Dialogist
n.
• A speaker in a dialogue.
• A writer of dialogues.
Dialogite
n.
(Min.) Native carbonate of manganese; rhodochrosite.
Dialogize
v. t.
• To discourse in dialogue.
Dialogue
n.
• A conversation between two or more persons; particularly, a formal conservation in theatrical performances or in scholastic exercises.
• A written composition in which two or more persons are represented as conversing or reasoning on some topic; as, the Dialogues of Plato.
v. i.
• To take part in a dialogue; to dialogize.
v. t.
• To express as in dialogue.
Dialypetalous
a.
(Bot.) Having separate petals; polypetalous.
Dialysis
n.
(Gram.) Diaeresis.
(Rhet.) Same as Asyndeton.
(Med.) Debility
• A solution of continuity; division; separation of parts.
(Chem.) The separation of different substances in solution, as crystalloids and colloids, by means of their unequal diffusion, especially through natural or artificial membranes.
Dialytic
a.
• Having the quality of unloosing or separating.
Dialyzate
n.
(Chem.) The material subjected to dialysis.
Dialyzation
n.
(Chem.) The act or process of dialysis.
Dialyze
v. t.
(Chem.) To separate, prepare, or obtain, by dialysis or osmose; to pass through an animal membrane; to subject to dialysis.
Dialyzed
a.
• Prepared by diffusion through an animal membrane; as, dialyzed iron.
Dialyzer
n.
• The instrument or medium used to effect chemical dialysis.
Diamagnet
n.
• A body having diamagnetic polarity.
Diamagnetic
a.
• Pertaining to, or exhibiting the phenomena of, diamagnetism; taking, or being of a nature to take, a position at right angles to the lines of magnetic force.
n.
• Any substance, as bismuth, glass, phosphorous, etc., which in a field of magnetic force is differently affected from the ordinary magnetic bodies, as iron; that is, which tends to take a position at right angles to the lines of magnetic force, and is repelled by either pole of the magnet.
Diamagnetically
adv.
• In the manner of, or according to, diamagnetism.
Diamagnetism
n.
• The science which treats of diamagnetic phenomena, and of the properties of diamagnetic bodies.
• That form or condition of magnetic action which characterizes diamagnetics.
Diamantiferous
a.
• Yielding diamonds.
Diamantine
a.
• Adamantine.
Diameter
n.
(Geom.) Any right line passing through the center of a figure or body, as a circle, conic section, sphere, cube, etc., and terminated by the opposite boundaries; a straight line which bisects a system of parallel chords drawn in a curve.
• A diametral plane.
• The length of a straight line through the center of an object from side to side; width; thickness; as, the diameter of a tree or rock.
(Arch.) The distance through the lower part of the shaft of a column, used as a standard measure for all parts of the order.
Diametral
a.
• Pertaining to a diameter; diametrical.
n.
• A diameter.
Diametrally
adv.
• Diametrically.
Diametrically
adv.
• In a diametrical manner; directly; as, diametrically opposite.
Diamide
n.
(Chem.) Any compound containing two amido groups united with one or more acid or negative radicals, — as distinguished from a diamine. Cf. Amido acid, under Amido, and Acid amide, under Amide.
Diamine
n.
(Chem.) A compound containing two amido groups united with one or more basic or positive radicals, — as contrasted with a diamide.
Diamond
n.
• A precious stone or gem excelling in brilliancy and beautiful play of prismatic colors, and remarkable for extreme hardness.
• A geometrical figure, consisting of four equal straight lines, and having two of the interior angles acute and two obtuse; a rhombus; a lozenge.
• One of a suit of playing cards, stamped with the figure of a diamond.
(Arch.) A pointed projection, like a four-sided pyramid, used for ornament in lines or groups.
(Baseball) The infield; the square space, 90 feet on a side, having the bases at its angles.
(Print.) The smallest kind of type in English printing, except that called brilliant, which is seldom seen.
a.
• Resembling a diamond; made of, or abounding in, diamonds; as, a diamond chain; a diamond field.
Diamonded
a.
• Having figures like a diamond or lozenge.
• Adorned with diamonds; diamondized.
Diamondize
v. t.
• To set with diamonds; to adorn; to enrich.
Diamylene
n.
(Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C10H20, of the ethylene series, regarded as a polymeric form of amylene.
Dian
a
• , Diana.
Diana
n.
(Myth.) The daughter of Jupiter and Latona; a virgin goddess who presided over hunting, chastity, and marriage; — identified with the Greek goddess Artemis.
Diandria
n. pl.
(Bot.) A Linnaean class of plants having two stamens.
Diandrian
a.
• Diandrous.
Diandrous
n.
(Bot.) Of or pertaining to the class Diandria; having two stamens.
Dianium
n.
(Chem.) Same as Columbium.
Dianoetic
a.
(Metaph.) Pertaining to the discursive faculty, its acts or products.
Dianoialogy
n.
• The science of the dianoetic faculties, and their operations.
Dianthus
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants containing some of the most popular of cultivated flowers, including the pink, carnation, and Sweet William.
Diapase
n.
• Same as Diapason.
Diapasm
n.
• Powdered aromatic herbs, sometimes made into little balls and strung together.
Diapason
n.
(Gr. Mus.) The octave, or interval which includes all the tones of the diatonic scale.
• Concord, as of notes an octave apart; harmony.
• The entire compass of tones.
• A standard of pitch; a tuning fork; as, the French normal diapason.
• One of certain stops in the organ, so called because they extend through the scale of the instrument. They are of several kinds, as open diapason, stopped diapason, double diapason, and the like.
Diapedesis
n.
(Med.) The passage of the corpuscular elements of the blood from the blood vessels into the surrounding tissues, without rupture of the walls of the blood vessels.
Diapente
n.
(Anc. Mus.) The interval of the fifth.
(Med.) A composition of five ingredients.
Diaper
n.
• Any textile fabric (esp. linen or cotton toweling) woven in diaper pattern.
(Fine Arts) Surface decoration of any sort which consists of the constant repetition of one or more simple figures or units of design evenly spaced.
• A towel or napkin for wiping the hands, etc.
• An infant's breechcloth.
v. t.
• To ornament with figures, etc., arranged in the pattern called diaper, as cloth in weaving.
• To put a diaper on (a child).
v. i.
• To draw flowers or figures, as upon cloth.
Diapering
n.
• Same as Diaper, n., 2.
Diaphane
n.
• A woven silk stuff with transparent and colored figures; diaper work.
Diaphaned
a.
• Transparent or translucent.
Diaphaneity
n.
• The quality of being diaphanous; transparency; pellucidness.
Diaphanic
a.
• Having power to transmit light; transparent; diaphanous.
Diaphanie
n.
• The art of imitating ined glass with translucent paper.
Diaphanometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the transparency of the air.
Diaphanoscope
n.
(Photog.) A dark box constructed for viewing transparent pictures, with or without a lens.
Diaphanotype
n.
(Photog.) A colored photograph produced by superimposing a translucent colored positive over a strong uncolored one.
Diaphanous
a.
• Allowing light to pass through, as porcelain; translucent or transparent; pellucid; clear.
Diaphanously
adv.
• Translucently.
Diaphemetric
a.
(Physiol.) Relating to the measurement of the tactile sensibility of parts; as, diaphemetric compasses.
Diaphonics
n.
• The doctrine of refracted sound; diacoustics.
Diaphoresis
n.
(Med.) Perspiration, or an increase of perspiration.
Diaphoretic
n.
(Med.) A medicine or agent which promotes perspiration.
Diaphote
n.
(Elec.) An instrument designed for transmitting pictures by telegraph.
Diaphragm
n.
• A dividing membrane or thin partition, commonly with an opening through it.
(Anat.) The muscular and tendinous partition separating the cavity of the chest from that of the abdomen; the midriff.
(Zool.) A calcareous plate which divides the cavity of certain shells into two parts.
(Opt.) A plate with an opening, which is generally circular, used in instruments to cut off marginal portions of a beam of light, as at the focus of a telescope.
(Mach.) A partition in any compartment, for various purposes.
Diaphragmatic
a.
• Pertaining to a diaphragm; as, diaphragmatic respiration; the diaphragmatic arteries and nerves.
Diaphysis
n.
(Bot.) An abnormal prolongation of the axis of inflorescence.
(Anat.) The shaft, or main part, of a bone, which is first ossified.
Diapnoic
a.
(Med.) Slightly increasing an insensible perspiration; mildly diaphoretic.
n.
• A gentle diaphoretic.
Diapophysical
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to a diapophysis.
Diapophysis
n.
(Anat.) The dorsal transverse, or tubercular, process of a vertebra.
Diarchy
n.
• A form of government in which the supreme power is vested in two persons.
Diarist
n.
• One who keeps a diary.
Diarthrodial
a.
(Anat.) Relating to diarthrosis, or movable articulations.
Diarthrosis
n.
(Anat.) A form of articulation which admits of considerable motion; a complete joint; abarticulation.
Diary
n.
• A register of daily events or transactions; a daily record; a journal; a blank book dated for the record of daily memoranda; as, a diary of the weather; a physician's diary.
a.
• lasting for one day; as, a diary
Diaspore
n.
(Min.) A hydrate of alumina, often occurring in white lamellar masses with brilliant pearly luster; — so named on account of its decrepitating when heated before the blowpipe.
Diastase
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A soluble, nitrogenous ferment, capable of converting starch and dextrin into sugar.
Diastasic
a.
• Pertaining to, or consisting of, diastase; as, diastasic ferment.
Diastasis
n.
(Surg.) A forcible of bones without fracture.
Diastatic
a.
(Physiol. Chem.) Relating to diastase; having the properties of diastase; effecting the conversion of starch into sugar.
Diastem
n.
• Intervening space; interval.
(Anc. Mus.) An interval.
Diastema
n.
(Anat.) A vacant space, or gap, esp. between teeth in a jaw.
Diaster
n.
(Biol.) A double star; — applied to the nucleus of a cell, when, during cell division, the loops of the nuclear network separate into two groups, preparatory to the formation of two daughter nuclei.
Diastole
n.
(Physiol.) The rhythmical expansion or dilatation of the heart and arteries; — correlative to systole, or contraction.
(Gram.) A figure by which a syllable naturally short is made long.
Diastolic
a.
(Physiol.) Of or pertaining to diastole.
Diatessaron
n.
(Anc. Mus.) The interval of a fourth.
(Theol.) A continuous narrative arranged from the first four books of the New Testament.
• An electuary compounded of four medicines.
Diathermal
a.
• Freely permeable by radiant heat.
Diathermanism
n.
• The doctrine or the phenomena of the transmission of radiant heat.
Diathermanous
a.
• Having the property of transmitting radiant heat; diathermal; — opposed to athermanous.
Diathermic
a.
• Affording a free passage to heat; as, diathermic substances.
Diathermometer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for examining the thermal resistance or heat-conducting power of liquids.
Diathermous
a.
• Same as Diathermal.
Diathesis
n.
(Med.) Bodily condition or constitution, esp. a morbid habit which predisposes to a particular disease, or class of diseases.
Diathetic
a.
• Pertaining to, or dependent on, a diathesis or special constitution of the body; as, diathetic disease.
Diatom
n.
(Bot.) One of the Diatomaceae, a family of minute unicellular Algae having a siliceous covering of great delicacy, each individual multiplying by spontaneous division. By some authors diatoms are called Bacillariae, but this word is not in general use.
• A particle or atom endowed with the vital principle.
Diatomic
a.
(Chem.) Containing two atoms.
• Having two replaceable atoms or radicals.
Diatomous
a.
(Min.) Having a single, distinct, diagonal cleavage; — said of crystals.
Diatonic
a.
(Mus.) Pertaining to the scale of eight tones, the eighth of which is the octave of the first.
Diatonically
adv.
• In a diatonic manner.
Diatribe
n.
• A prolonged or exhaustive discussion; especially, an acrimonious or invective harangue; a strain of abusive or railing language; a philippic.
Diatribist
n.
• One who makes a diatribe or diatribes.
Diatryma
n.
(Paleon.) An extinct eocene bird from New Mexico, larger than the ostrich.
Diazotize
v. t.
(Chem.) To subject to such reactions or processes that diazo compounds, or their derivatives, shall be produced by chemical exchange or substitution.
Dib
v. i.
• To dip.
n.
• One of the small bones in the knee joints of sheep uniting the bones above and below the joints.
• A child's game, played with dib bones.
Dibasic
a.
(Chem.) Having two acid hydrogen atoms capable of replacement by basic atoms or radicals, in forming salts; bibasic; — said of acids, as oxalic or sulphuric acids. Cf. Diacid, Bibasic.
Dibasicity
n.
(Chem.) The property or condition of being dibasic.
Dibber
n.
• A dibble.
Dibble
n.
• A pointed implement used to make holes in the ground in which no set out plants or to plant seeds.
v. i.
• To dib or dip frequently, as in angling.
v. t.
• To plant with a dibble; to make holes in (soil) with a dibble, for planting.
• To make holes or indentations in, as if with a dibble.
Dibbler
n.
• One who, or that which, dibbles, or makes holes in the ground for seed.
Dibranchiata
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of cephalopods which includes those with two gills, an apparatus for emitting an inky fluid, and either eight or ten cephalic arms bearing suckers or hooks, as the octopi and squids.
Dibranchiate
a.
(Zool.) Having two gills.
n.
• One of the Dibranchiata.
Dibs
n.
• A sweet preparation or treacle of grape juice, much used in the East.
Dibstone
n.
• A pebble used in a child's game called dibstones.
Dibutyl
n.
(Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C8H18, of the marsh-gas series, being one of several octanes, and consisting of two butyl radicals. Cf. Octane.
Dicacious
a.
• Talkative; pert; saucy.
Dicacity
n.
• Pertness; sauciness.
Dicalcic
a.
(Chem.) Having two atoms or equivalents of calcium to the molecule.
Dicarbonic
a.
(Chem.) Containing two carbon residues, or two carboxyl or radicals; as, oxalic acid is a dicarbonic acid.
Dicast
n.
• A functionary in ancient Athens answering nearly to the modern juryman.
Dicastery
n.
• A court of justice; judgment hall.
Dice
n.
• Small cubes used in gaming or in determining by chance; also, the game played with dice.
v. i.
• To play games with dice.
• To ornament with squares, diamonds, or cubes.
Dicebox
n.
• A box from which dice are thrown in gaming.
Dicentra
n.
(Bot.) A genus of herbaceous plants, with racemes of two-spurred or heart-shaped flowers, including the Dutchman's breeches, and the more showy Bleeding heart (D. spectabilis).
Dicephalous
a.
• Having two heads on one body; double-headed.
Dicer
n.
• A player at dice; a dice player; a gamester.
Dich
v. i.
• To ditch.
Dichastic
a.
(Biol.) Capable of subdividing spontaneously.
Dichlamydeous
a.
(Bot.) Having two coverings, a calyx and in corolla.
Dichloride
n.
(Chem.) Same as Bichloride.
Dichogamous
a.
(Bot.) Manifesting dichogamy.
Dichogamy
n.
(Bot.) The condition of certain species of plants, in which the stamens and pistil do not mature simultaneously, so that these plants can never fertilize themselves.
Dichotomist
n.
• One who dichotomizes.
Dichotomize
v. t.
• To cut into two parts; to part into two divisions; to divide into pairs; to bisect.
(Astron.) To exhibit as a half disk.
v. i.
• To separate into two parts; to branch dichotomously; to become dichotomous.
Dichotomous
a.
• Regularly dividing by pairs from bottom to top; as, a dichotomous stem.
Dichotomy
n.
• A cutting in two; a division.
• Division or distribution of genera into two species; division into two subordinate parts.
(Astron.) That phase of the moon in which it appears bisected, or shows only half its disk, as at the quadratures.
(Biol.) Successive division and subdivision, as of a stem of a plant or a vein of the body, into two parts as it proceeds from its origin; successive bifurcation.
• The place where a stem or vein is forked.
(Logic) Division into two; especially, the division of a class into two subclasses opposed to each other by contradiction, as the division of the term man into white and not white.
Dichroic
a.
• Having the property of dichroism; as, a dichroic crystal.
Dichroiscope
n.
• Same as Dichroscope.
Dichroism
n.
(Opt.) The property of presenting different colors by transmitted light, when viewed in two different directions, the colors being unlike in the direction of unlike or unequal axes.
Dichroite
n.
(Min.) Iolite; — so called from its presenting two different colors when viewed in two different directions.
Dichroitic
a.
• Dichroic.
Dichromate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of chromic acid containing two equivalents of the acid radical to one of the base; — called also bichromate.
Dichromatic
a.
• Having or exhibiting two colors.
(Zool.) Having two color varieties, or two phases differing in color, independently of age or sex, as in certain birds and insects.
Dichromatism
n.
• The state of being dichromatic.
Dichromic
a.
• Furnishing or giving two colors; — said of defective vision, in which all the compound colors are resolvable into two elements instead of three.
Dichroous
a.
• Dichroic.
Dichroscope
n.
• An instrument for examining the dichroism of crystals.
Dichroscopic
a.
• Pertaining to the dichroscope, or to observations with it.
Dicing
n.
• An ornamenting in squares or cubes.
• Gambling with dice.
Dickcissel
n.
(Zool.) The American black-throated bunting (Spiza Americana).
Dickens
n. or interj.
• The devil.
Dicker
n.
• The number or quantity of ten, particularly ten hides or skins; a dakir; as, a dicker of gloves.
• A chaffering, barter, or exchange, of small wares; as, to make a dicker.
v. i. & t.
• To negotiate a dicker; to barter.
Diclinic
a.
(Crystallog.) Having two of the intersections between the three axes oblique.
Diclinous
a.
• Having the stamens and pistils in separate flowers.
Dicoccous
a.
(Bot.) Composed pf two coherent, one-seeded carpels; as, a dicoccous capsule.
Dicotyledon
n.
(Bot.) A plant whose seeds divide into two seed lobes, or cotyledons, in germinating.
Dicotyledonous
a.
(Bot.) Having two cotyledons or seed lobes; as, a dicotyledonous plant.
Dicrotic
a.
(Physiol.) Of or pertaining to dicrotism; as, a dicrotic pulse.
• Of or pertaining to the second expansion of the artery in the dicrotic pulse; as, the dicrotic wave.
Dicrotism
n.
(Physiol.) A condition in which there are two beats or waves of the arterial pulse to each beat of the heart.
Dictamen
n.
• A dictation or dictate.
Dictamnus
n.
(Bot.) A suffrutescent, D. Fraxinella (the only species), with strong perfume and showy flowers. The volatile oil of the leaves is highly inflammable.
Dictate
v. t.
• To tell or utter so that another may write down; to inspire; to compose; as, to dictate a letter to an amanuensis.
• To say; to utter; to communicate authoritatively; to deliver (a command) to a subordinate; to declare with authority; to impose; as, to dictate the terms of a treaty; a general dictates orders to his troops.
v. i.
• To speak as a superior; to command; to impose conditions (on).
• To compose literary works; to tell what shall be written or said by another.
n.
• A statement delivered with authority; an order; a command; an authoritative rule, principle, or maxim; a prescription; as, listen to the dictates of your conscience; the dictates of the gospel.
Dictation
n.
• The act of dictating; the act or practice of prescribing; also that which is dictated.
• The speaking to, or the giving orders to, in an overbearing manner; authoritative utterance; as, his habit, even with friends, was that of dictatio.
Dictator
n.
• One who dictates; one who prescribes rules and maxims authoritatively for the direction of others.
• One invested with absolute authority; especially, a magistrate created in times of exigence and distress, and invested with unlimited power.
Dictatorial
a.
• Pertaining or suited to a dictator; absolute.
• Characteristic of a dictator; imperious; dogmatical; overbearing; as, a dictatorial tone or manner.
Dictatorian
a.
• Dictatorial.
Dictatorship
n.
• The office, or the term of office, of a dictator; hence, absolute power.
Dictatory
a.
• Dogmatical; overbearing; dictatorial.
Dictatress
n.
• A woman who dictates or commands.
Dictatrix
n.
• A dictatress.
Dictature
n.
• Office of a dictator; dictatorship.
Diction
n.
• Choice of words for the expression of ideas; the construction, disposition, and application of words in discourse, with regard to clearness, accuracy, variety, etc.; mode of expression; language; as, the diction of Chaucer's poems.
Dictionalrian
n.
• A lexicographer.
Dictionary
n.
• A book containing the words of a language, arranged alphabetically, with explanations of their meanings; a lexicon; a vocabulary; a wordbook.
• Hence, a book containing the words belonging to any system or province of knowledge, arranged alphabetically; as, a dictionary of medicine or of botany; a biographical dictionary.
Dictum
n.
• An authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; an apothegm.
(Law) A judicial opinion expressed by judges on points that do not necessarily arise in the case, and are not involved in it
(French Law) The report of a judgment made by one of the judges who has given it
• An arbitrament or award.
Dictyogen
n.
(Bot.) A plant with netveined leaves, and monocotyledonous embryos, belonging to the class Dictyogenae, proposed by Lindley for the orders Dioscoreaceae, Smilaceae, Trilliaceae, etc.
Dicyanide
n.
(Chem.) A compound of a binary type containing two cyanogen groups or radicals; — called also bicyanide.
Dicyemata
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of worms parasitic in cephalopods. They are remarkable for the extreme simplicity of their structure. The embryo exists in two forms.
Dicyemid
a.
(Zool.) Like or belonging to the Dicyemata.
n.
• One of the Dicyemata.
Dicynodont
n.
(Paleon.) One of a group of extinct reptiles having the jaws armed with a horny beak, as in turtles, and in the genus Dicynodon, supporting also a pair of powerful tusks. Their remains are found in triassic strata of South Africa and India.
Did
imp.
• of Do.
Didactic
n.
• A treatise on teaching or education.
Didactically
adv.
• In a didactic manner.
Didacticism
n.
• The didactic method or system.
Didacticity
n.
• Aptitude for teaching.
Didactics
n.
• The art or science of teaching.
Didactyl
n.
(Zool.) An animal having only two digits.
Didactylous
a.
(Zool.) Having only two digits; two-toed.
Didal
n.
• A kind of triangular spade.
Didascalar
a.
• Didascalic.
Didascalic
a.
• Didactic; preceptive.
Diddle
v. i.
• To totter, as a child in walking.
v. t.
• To cheat or overreach.
Diddler
n.
• A cheat.
Didelphia
n. pl.
(Zool.) The subclass of Mammalia which includes the marsupials.
Didelphian
a.
(Zool.) Of or relating to the Didelphia.
n.
• One of the Didelphia.
Didelphic
a.
(Zool.) Having the uterus double; of or pertaining to the Didelphia.
Didelphid
a.
(Zool.) Same as Didelphic.
n.
(Zool.) A marsupial animal.
Didelphous
a.
(Zool.) Didelphic.
Didelphous
n.
(Zool.) Formerly, any marsupial; but the term is now restricted to an American genus which includes the opossums, of which there are many species.
Didelphyc
a.
(Zool.) Same as Didelphic.
Didine
a.
(Zool.) Like or pertaining to the genus Didus, or the dodo.
Dido
n.
• A shrewd trick; an antic; a caper.
Didonia
n.
(Geom.) The curve which on a given surface and with a given perimeter contains the greatest area.
Didst
• , the 2d pers. sing. imp. of Do.
Diducement
n.
• Diduction; separation into distinct parts.
Diduction
n.
• The act of drawing apart; separation.
Didymium
n.
(Chem.) A rare metallic substance usually associated with the metal cerium; — hence its name. It was formerly supposed to be an element, but has since been found to consist of two simpler elementary substances, neodymium and praseodymium.
Didymous
a.
(Bot.) Growing in pairs or twins.
Didynamia
n. pl.
(Bot.) A Linnaean class of plants having four stamens disposed in pairs of unequal length.
Didynamian
a.
• Didynamous.
Didynamous
a.
(Bot.) Of or pertaining to the Didynamia; containing four stamens disposed in pairs of unequal length.
Die
v. i.
• To pass from an animate to a lifeless state; to cease to live; to suffer a total and irreparable loss of action of the vital functions; to become dead; to expire; to perish; — said of animals and vegetables; often with of, by, with, from, and rarely for, before the cause or occasion of death; as, to die of disease or hardships; to die by fire or the sword; to die with horror at the thought.
• To suffer death; to lose life.
• To perish in any manner; to cease; to become lost or extinct; to be extinguished.
• To sink; to faint; to pine; to languish, with weakness, discouragement, love, etc.
• To become indifferent; to cease to be subject; as, to die to pleasure or to sin.
• To recede and grow fainter; to become imperceptible; to vanish; — often with out or away.
(Arch.) To disappear gradually in another surface, as where moldings are lost in a sloped or curved face.
• To become vapid, flat, or spiritless, as liquor.
n.
• A small cube, marked on its faces with spots from one to six, and used in playing games by being shaken in a box and thrown from it.
• Any small cubical or square body.
• That which is, or might be, determined, by a throw of the die; hazard; chance.
(Arch.) That part of a pedestal included between base and cornice; the dado.
(Mach.) A metal or plate (often one of a pair) so cut or shaped as to give a certain desired form to, or impress any desired device on, an object or surface, by pressure or by a blow; used in forging metals, coining, striking up sheet metal, etc.
• A perforated block, commonly of hardened steel used in connection with a punch, for punching holes, as through plates, or blanks from plates, or for forming cups or capsules, as from sheet metal, by drawing.
• A hollow internally threaded screw-cutting tool, made in one piece or composed of several parts, for forming screw threads on bolts, etc.; one of the separate parts which make up such a tool.
Diedral
a.
• The same as Dihedral.
Diegesis
n.
• A narrative or history; a recital or relation.
Dielectric
n.
(Elec.) Any substance or medium that transmits the electric force by a process different from conduction, as in the phenomena of induction; a nonconductor. separating a body electrified by induction, from the electrifying body.
Diencephalon
n.
(Anat.) The interbrain or thalamencephalon; — sometimes abbreviated to dien.
Dieresis
n.
• Same as Diaeresis.
Diesinker
n.
• An engraver of dies for stamping coins, medals, etc.
Diesinking
n.
• The process of engraving dies.
Diesis
n.
(Mus.) A small interval, less than any in actual practice, but used in the mathematical calculation of intervals.
(Print.) The mark &ddagr;; — called also double dagger.
Diestock
n.
• A stock to hold the dies used for cutting screws.
Diet
n.
• Course of living or nourishment; what is eaten and drunk habitually; food; victuals; fare.
• A course of food selected with reference to a particular state of health; prescribed allowance of food; regimen prescribed.
v. t.
• To cause to take food; to feed.
• To cause to eat and drink sparingly, or by prescribed rules; to regulate medicinally the food of.
v. i.
• To eat; to take one's meals.
• To eat according to prescribed rules; to ear sparingly; as, the doctor says he must diet.
n.
• A legislative or administrative assembly in Germany, Poland, and some other countries of Europe; a deliberative convention; a council; as, the Diet of Worms, held in 1521.
Dietarian
n.
• One who lives in accordance with prescribed rules for diet; a dieter.
Dietary
a.
• Pertaining to diet, or to the rules of diet.
n.
• A rule of diet; a fixed allowance of food, as in workhouse, prison, etc.
Dieter
n.
• One who diets; one who prescribes, or who partakes of, food, according to hygienic rules.
Dietetically
adv.
• In a dietetical manner.
Dietetics
n.
• That part of the medical or hygienic art which relates to diet or food; rules for diet.
Dietetist
n.
• A physician who applies the rules of dietetics to the cure of diseases.
Diethylamine
n.
(Chem.) A colorless, volatile, alkaline liquid, NH(C2H5)2, having a strong fishy odor resembling that of herring or sardines. Cf. Methylamine.
Dietic
a.
• Dietetic.
Dietical
a.
• Dietetic.
Dietine
n.
• A subordinate or local assembly; a diet of inferior rank.
Diffame
n.
• Evil name; bad reputation; defamation.
Diffarreation
n.
• A form of divorce, among the ancient Romans, in which a cake was used.
Differ
v. i.
• To be or stand apart; to disagree; to be unlike; to be distinguished; — with from.
• To be of unlike or opposite opinion; to disagree in sentiment; — often with from or with.
• To have a difference, cause of variance, or quarrel; to dispute; to contend.
v. t.
• To cause to be different or unlike; to set at variance.
Difference
n.
• The act of differing; the state or measure of being different or unlike; distinction; dissimilarity; unlikeness; variation; as, a difference of quality in paper; a difference in degrees of heat, or of light; what is the difference between the innocent and the guilty?
• Disagreement in opinion; dissension; controversy; quarrel; hence, cause of dissension; matter in controversy.
• That by which one thing differs from another; that which distinguishes or causes to differ;; mark of distinction; characteristic quality; specific attribute.
• Choice; preference.
(Her.) An addition to a coat of arms to distinguish the bearings of two persons, which would otherwise be the same.
(Logic) The quality or attribute which is added to those of the genus to constitute a species; a differentia.
(Math.) The quantity by which one quantity differs from another, or the remainder left after subtracting the one from the other.
v. t.
• To cause to differ; to make different; to mark as different; to distinguish.
Different
a.
• Distinct; separate; not the same; other.
• Of various or contrary nature, form, or quality; partially or totally unlike; dissimilar; as, different kinds of food or drink; different states of health; different shapes; different degrees of excellence.
Differentia
n.
(Logic) The formal or distinguishing part of the essence of a species; the characteristic attribute of a species; specific difference.
Differential
a.
• Relating to or indicating a difference; creating a difference; discriminating; special; as, differential characteristics; differential duties; a differential rate.
(Math.) Of or pertaining to a differential, or to differentials.
(Mech.) Relating to differences of motion or leverage; producing effects by such differences; said of mechanism.
n.
(Math.) An increment, usually an indefinitely small one, which is given to a variable quantity.
• A small difference in rates which competing railroad lines, in establishing a common tariff, allow one of their number to make, in order to get a fair share of the business. The lower rate is called a differential rate. Differentials are also sometimes granted to cities.
(Elec.) One of two coils of conducting wire so related to one another or to a magnet or armature common to both, that one coil produces polar action contrary to that of the other.
• A form of conductor used for dividing and distributing the current to a series of electric lamps so as to maintain equal action in all.
Differentially
adv.
• In the way of differentiation.
Differentiate
v. t.
• To distinguish or mark by a specific difference; to effect a difference in, as regards classification; to develop differential characteristics in; to specialize; to desynonymize.
• To express the specific difference of; to describe the properties of (a thing) whereby it is differenced from another of the same class; to discriminate.
(Math.) To obtain the differential, or differential coefficient, of; as, to differentiate an algebraic expression, or an equation.
v. i.
(Biol.) To acquire a distinct and separate character.
Differentiation
n.
• The act of differentiating.
(Logic) The act of distinguishing or describing a thing, by giving its different, or specific difference; exact definition or determination.
(Biol.) The gradual formation or production of organs or parts by a process of evolution or development, as when the seed develops the root and the stem, the initial stem develops the leaf, branches, and flower buds; or in animal life, when the germ evolves the digestive and other organs and members, or when the animals as they advance in organization acquire special organs for specific purposes.
(Metaph.) The supposed act or tendency in being of every kind, whether organic or inorganic, to assume or produce a more complex structure or functions.
Differentiator
n.
• One who, or that which, differentiates.
Differently
adv.
• In a different manner; variously.
Differingly
adv.
• In a differing or different manner.
Difficile
a.
• Difficult; hard to manage; stubborn.
Difficilitate
v. t.
• To make difficult.
Difficult
a.
• Hard to do or to make; beset with difficulty; attended with labor, trouble, or pains; not easy; arduous.
• Hard to manage or to please; not easily wrought upon; austere; stubborn; as, a difficult person.
v. t.
• To render difficult; to impede; to perplex.
Difficultate
v. t.
• To render difficult; to difficilitate.
Difficultly
adv.
• With difficulty.
Difficultness
n.
• Difficulty.
Difficulty
n.
• The state of being difficult, or hard to do; hardness; arduousness; — opposed to easiness or facility; as, the difficulty of a task or enterprise; a work of difficulty.
• Something difficult; a thing hard to do or to understand; that which occasions labor or perplexity, and requires skill perseverance to overcome, solve, or achieve; a hard enterprise; an obstacle; an impediment; as, the difficulties of a science; difficulties in theology.
• A controversy; a falling out; a disagreement; an objection; a cavil.
• Embarrassment of affairs, especially financial affairs; — usually in the plural; as, to be in difficulties.
Diffide
v. i.
• To be distrustful.
Diffidence
n.
• The state of being diffident; distrust; want of confidence; doubt of the power, ability, or disposition of others.
• Distrust of one's self or one's own powers; lack of self-reliance; modesty; modest reserve; bashfulness.
Diffident
a.
• Wanting confidence in others; distrustful.
• Wanting confidence in one's self; distrustful of one's own powers; not self-reliant; timid; modest; bashful; characterized by modest reserve.
Diffidently
adv.
• In a diffident manner.
Diffind
v. t.
• To split.
Diffine
v. t.
• To define.
Diffission
n.
• Act of cleaving or splitting.
Difflation
n.
• A blowing apart or away.
Diffluent
a.
• Flowing apart or off; dissolving; not fixed.
Difform
a.
• Irregular in form; — opposed to uniform; anomalous; hence, unlike; dissimilar; as, to difform corolla, the parts of which do not correspond in size or proportion; difform leaves.
Difformity
n.
• Irregularity of form; diversity of form; want of uniformity.
Diffract
v. t.
• To break or separate into parts; to deflect, or decompose by deflection, a rays of light.
Diffraction
n.
(Opt.) The deflection and decomposition of light in passing by the edges of opaque bodies or through narrow slits, causing the appearance of parallel bands or fringes of prismatic colors, as by the action of a grating of fine lines or bars.
Diffractive
a.
• That produces diffraction.
Diffusate
n.
(Chem.) Material which, in the process of catalysis, has diffused or passed through the separating membrane.
Diffuse
v. t.
• To pour out and cause to spread, as a fluid; to cause to flow on all sides; to send out, or extend, in all directions; to spread; to circulate; to disseminate; to scatter; as to diffuse information.
v. i.
• To pass by spreading every way, to diffuse itself.
a.
• Poured out; widely spread; not restrained; copious; full; esp., of style, opposed to concise or terse; verbose; prolix; as, a diffuse style; a diffuse writer.
Diffused
a.
• Spread abroad; dispersed; loose; flowing; diffuse.
Diffusely
adv.
• In a diffuse manner.
Diffuseness
n.
• The quality of being diffuse; especially, in writing, the use of a great or excessive number of word to express the meaning; copiousness; verbosity; prolixity.
Diffuser
n.
• One who, or that which, diffuses.
Diffusibility
n.
• The quality of being diffusible; capability of being poured or spread out.
Diffusible
a.
• Capable of flowing or spreading in all directions; that may be diffused.
(Physiol.) Capable of passing through animal membranes by osmosis.
Diffusibleness
n.
• Diffusibility.
Diffusion
n.
• The act of diffusing, or the state of being diffused; a spreading; extension; dissemination; circulation; dispersion.
(Physiol.) The act of passing by osmosis through animal membranes, as in the distribution of poisons, gases, etc., through the body. Unlike absorption, diffusion may go on after death, that is, after the blood ceases to circulate.
Diffusive
a.
• Having the quality of diffusing; capable of spreading every way by flowing; spreading widely; widely reaching; copious; diffuse.
Diffusively
adv.
• In a diffusive manner.
Diffusiveness
n.
• The quality or state of being diffusive or diffuse; extensiveness; expansion; dispersion. Especially of style: Diffuseness; want of conciseness; prolixity.
Diffusivity
n.
• Tendency to become diffused; tendency, as of heat, to become equalized by spreading through a conducting medium.
Dig
v. t.
• To turn up, or delve in, (earth) with a spade or a hoe; to open, loosen, or break up (the soil) with a spade, or other sharp instrument; to pierce, open, or loosen, as if with a spade.
• To get by digging; as, to dig potatoes, or gold.
• To hollow out, as a well; to form, as a ditch, by removing earth; to excavate; as, to dig a ditch or a well.
• To thrust; to poke.
v. i.
• To work with a spade or other like implement; to do servile work; to delve.
(Mining) To take ore from its bed, in distinction from making excavations in search of ore.
• To work like a digger; to study ploddingly and laboriously.
n.
• A thrust; a punch; a poke; as, a dig in the side or the ribs.
• A plodding and laborious student.
Digamist
n.
• One who marries a second time; a deuterogamist.
Digamma
n.
(Gr. Gram.) A letter (, ) of the Greek alphabet, which early fell into disuse.
Digamous
a.
• Pertaining to a second marriage, that is, one after the death of the first wife or the first husband.
Digamy
n.
• Act, or state, of being twice married; deuterogamy.
Digastric
a.
(Anat.) Having two bellies; biventral; — applied to muscles which are fleshy at each end and have a tendon in the middle, and esp. to the muscle which pulls down the lower jaw.
• Pertaining to the digastric muscle of the lower jaw; as, the digastric nerves.
Digenea
n.
(Zool.) A division of Trematoda in which alternate generations occur, the immediate young not resembling their parents.
Digenesis
n.
(Biol.) The faculty of multiplying in two ways; — by ova fecundated by spermatic fluid, and asexually, as by buds.
Digenous
a.
(Biol.) Sexually reproductive.
Digerent
• Digesting.
Digest
v. t.
• To distribute or arrange methodically; to work over and classify; to reduce to portions for ready use or application; as, to digest the laws, etc.
(Physiol.) To separate (the food) in its passage through the alimentary canal into the nutritive and nonnutritive elements; to prepare, by the action of the digestive juices, for conversion into blood; to convert into chyme.
• To think over and arrange methodically in the mind; to reduce to a plan or method; to receive in the mind and consider carefully; to get an understanding of; to comprehend.
• To appropriate for strengthening and comfort.
• Hence: To bear comfortably or patiently; to be reconciled to; to brook.
(Chem.) To soften by heat and moisture; to expose to a gentle heat in a boiler or matrass, as a preparation for chemical operations.
(Med.) To dispose to suppurate, or generate healthy pus, as an ulcer or wound.
• To ripen; to mature.
• To quiet or abate, as anger or grief.
v. i.
• To undergo digestion; as, food digests well or ill.
(Med.) To suppurate; to generate pus, as an ulcer.
n.
• That which is digested; especially, that which is worked over, classified, and arranged under proper heads or titles
(Law) a compilation of statutes or decisions analytically arranged. The term is applied in a general sense to the Pandects of Justinian (see Pandect), but is also specially given by authors to compilations of laws on particular topics; a summary of laws; as, Comyn's Digest; the United States Digest.
Digestedly
adv.
• In a digested or well-arranged manner; methodically.
Digester
n.
• One who digests.
• A medicine or an article of food that aids digestion, or strengthens digestive power.
• A strong closed vessel, in which bones or other substances may be subjected, usually in water or other liquid, to a temperature above that of boiling, in order to soften them.
Digestibility
n.
• The quality of being digestible.
Digestible
a.
• Capable of being digested.
Digestibleness
n.
• The quality of being digestible; digestibility.
Digestion
n.
• The act or process of digesting; reduction to order; classification; thoughtful consideration.
(Physiol.) The conversion of food, in the stomach and intestines, into soluble and diffusible products, capable of being absorbed by the blood.
(Med.) Generation of pus; suppuration.
Digestive
a.
• Pertaining to digestion; having the power to cause or promote digestion; as, the digestive ferments.
n.
• That which aids digestion, as a food or medicine.
(Med.) A substance which, when applied to a wound or ulcer, promotes suppuration
• A tonic.
Digesture
n.
• Digestion.
Diggable
a.
• Capable of being dug.
Digger
n.
• One who, or that which, digs.
Diggers
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A degraded tribe of California Indians; — so called from their practice of digging roots for food.
Digging
n.
• The act or the place of excavating.
• Places where ore is dug; especially, certain localities in California, Australia, and elsewhere, at which gold is obtained.
• Region; locality.
Dight
v. t.
• To prepare; to put in order; hence, to dress, or put on; to array; to adorn.
• To have sexual intercourse with.
Dighter
n.
• One who dights.
Digit
n.
(Zool.) One of the terminal divisions of a limb appendage; a finger or toe.
• A finger's breadth, commonly estimated to be three fourths of an inch.
(Math.) One of the ten figures or symbols, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, by which all numbers are expressed; — so called because of the use of the fingers in counting and computing.
(Anat.) One twelfth part of the diameter of the sun or moon; — a term used to express the quantity of an eclipse; as, an eclipse of eight digits is one which hides two thirds of the diameter of the disk.
v. t.
• To point at or out with the finger.
Digitain
n.
(Med.) Any one of several extracts of foxglove (Digitalis), as the "French extract," the "German extract," etc., which differ among themselves in composition and properties.
(Chem.) A supposedly distinct vegetable principle as the essential ingredient of the extracts. It is a white, crystalline substance, and is regarded as a glucoside.
Digital
a.
• Of or performance to the fingers, or to digits; done with the fingers; as, digital compression; digital examination.
Digitalis
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants including the foxglove.
(Med.) The dried leaves of the purple foxglove (Digitalis purpurea), used in heart disease, disturbance of the circulation, etc.
Digitate
v. t.
• To point out as with the finger.
Digitation
n.
• A division into fingers or fingerlike processes; also, a fingerlike process.
Digitiform
a.
• Formed like a finger or fingers; finger-shaped; as, a digitiform root.
Digitigrade
a.
(Zool.) Walking on the toes; — distinguished from plantigrade.
n.
(Zool.) An animal that walks on its toes, as the cat, lion, wolf, etc.; — distinguished from a plantigrade, which walks on the palm of the foot.
Digitipartite
a.
(Bot.) Parted like the fingers.
Digitize
v. t.
• To finger; as, to digitize a pen.computers
Digitorium
n.
• A small dumb keyboard used by pianists for exercising the fingers; — called also dumb piano.
Digitule
n.
(Zool.) A little finger or toe, or something resembling one.
Digladiate
v. i.
• To fight like gladiators; to contend fiercely; to dispute violently.
Digladiation
n.
• Act of digladiating.
Diglottism
n.
• Bilingualism.
Diglyph
n.
(Arch.) A projecting face like the triglyph, but having only two channels or grooves sunk in it.
Dignation
n.
• The act of thinking worthy; honor.
Digne
a.
• Worthy; honorable; deserving.
• Suitable; adequate; fit.
• Haughty; disdainful.
Dignification
n.
• The act of dignifying; exaltation.
Dignified
a.
• Marked with dignity; stately; as, a dignified judge.
Dignify
v. t.
• To invest with dignity or honor; to make illustrious; to give distinction to; to exalt in rank; to honor.
Dignitary
n.
• One who possesses exalted rank or holds a position of dignity or honor; especially, one who holds an ecclesiastical rank above that of a parochial priest or clergyman.
Dignity
n.
• The state of being worthy or honorable; elevation of mind or character; true worth; excellence.
• Elevation; grandeur.
• Elevated rank; honorable station; high office, political or ecclesiastical; degree of excellence; preferment; exaltation.
• Quality suited to inspire respect or reverence; loftiness and grace; impressiveness; stateliness; — said of en, manner, style, etc.
• One holding high rank; a dignitary.
• Fundamental principle; axiom; maxim.
Dignotion
n.
• Distinguishing mark; diagnostic.
Digonous
a.
• Having two angles.
Digram
n.
• A digraph.
Digraph
n.
• Two signs or characters combined to express a single articulated sound; as ea in head, or th in bath.
Digraphic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a digraph.
Digress
v. i.
• To step or turn aside; to deviate; to swerve; especially, to turn aside from the main subject of attention, or course of argument, in writing or speaking.
• To turn aside from the right path; to transgress; to offend.
n.
• Digression.
Digression
n.
• The act of digressing or deviating, esp. from the main subject of a discourse; hence, a part of a discourse deviating from its main design or subject.
• A turning aside from the right path; transgression; offense.
(Anat.) The elongation, or angular distance from the sun; — said chiefly of the inferior planets.
Digressional
a.
• Pertaining to, or having the character of, a digression; departing from the main purpose or subject.
Digressive
a.
• Departing from the main subject; partaking of the nature of digression.
Digressively
adv.
• By way of digression.
Digue
n.
• A bank; a dike.
Digynia
n.
(Bot.) A Linnaean order of plants having two styles.
Dihedral
a.
• Having two plane faces; as, the dihedral summit of a crystal.
Dihedron
n.
• A figure with two sides or surfaces.
Dihexagonal
a.
• Consisting of two hexagonal parts united; thus, a dihexagonal pyramid is composed of two hexagonal pyramids placed base to base.
• Having twelve similar faces; as, a dihexagonal prism.
Diiamb
n.
• A diiambus.
Diiambus
n.
(Pros.) A double iambus; a foot consisting of two iambuses ( ).
Diiodide
n.
(Chem.) A compound of a binary type containing two atoms of iodine; — called also biniodide.
Diisatogen
n.
(Chem.) A red crystalline nitrogenous substance or artificial production, which by reduction passes directly to indigo.
Dijudicant
n.
• One who dijudicates.
Dijudicate
v. i.
• To make a judicial decision; to decide; to determine.
Dijudication
n.
• The act of dijudicating; judgment.
Dika
n.
• A kind of food, made from the almondlike seeds of the Irvingia Barteri, much used by natives of the west coast of Africa; — called also dika bread.
Dike
n.
• A ditch; a channel for water made by digging.
• An embankment to prevent inundations; a levee.
• A wall of turf or stone.
(Geol.) A wall-like mass of mineral matter, usually an intrusion of igneous rocks, filling up rents or fissures in the original strata.
v. t.
• To surround or protect with a dike or dry bank; to secure with a bank.
• To drain by a dike or ditch.
v. i.
• To work as a ditcher; to dig.
Diker
n.
• A ditcher.
• One who builds stone walls; usually, one who builds them without lime.
Dilacerate
v. t.
• To rend asunder; to tear to pieces.
Dilaceration
n.
• The act of rending asunder.
Dilaniate
v. t.
• To rend in pieces; to tear.
Dilaniation
n.
• A rending or tearing in pieces; dilaceration.
Dilapidate
v. t.
• To bring into a condition of decay or partial ruin, by misuse or through neglect; to destroy the fairness and good condition of; — said of a building.
• To impair by waste and abuse; to squander.
v. i.
• To get out of repair; to fall into partial ruin; to become decayed; as, the church was suffered to dilapidate.
Dilapidated
a.
• Decayed; fallen into partial ruin; injured by bad usage or neglect.
Dilapidation
n.
• The act of dilapidating, or the state of being dilapidated, reduced to decay, partially ruined, or squandered.
• Ecclesiastical waste; impairing of church property by an incumbent, through neglect or by intention.
(Law) The pulling down of a building, or suffering it to fall or be in a state of decay.
Dilapidator
n.
• One who causes dilapidation.
Dilatability
n.
• The quality of being dilatable, or admitting expansion; — opposed to contractibility.
Dilatable
a.
• Capable of expansion; that may be dilated; — opposed to contractible; as, the lungs are dilatable by the force of air; air is dilatable by heat.
Dilatation
n.
• Prolixity; diffuse discourse.
• The act of dilating; expansion; an enlarging on al sides; the state of being dilated; dilation.
(Anat.) A dilation or enlargement of a canal or other organ.
Dilatator
n.
(Anat.) A muscle which dilates any part; a dilator.
Dilate
v. t.
• To expand; to distend; to enlarge or extend in all directions; to swell; — opposed to contract; as, the air dilates the lungs; air is dilated by increase of heat.
• To enlarge upon; to relate at large; to tell copiously or diffusely.
v. i.
• To grow wide; to expand; to swell or extend in all directions.
• To speak largely and copiously; to dwell in narration; to enlarge; — with on or upon.
a.
• Extensive; expanded.
Dilated
a.
• Expanded; enlarged.
(Bot.) Widening into a lamina or into lateral winglike appendages.
(Zool.) Having the margin wide and spreading.
Dilatedly
adv.
• In a dilated manner.
Dilater
n.
• One who, or that which, dilates, expands, o r enlarges.
Dilation
n.
• Delay.
n.
• The act of dilating, or the state of being dilated; expansion; dilatation.
Dilative
a.
• Causing dilation; tending to dilate, on enlarge; expansive.
Dilatometer
n.
(Physiol.) An instrument for measuring the dilatation or expansion of a substance, especially of a fluid.
Dilator
n.
• One who, or that which, widens or expands.
(Anat.) A muscle that dilates any part.
(Med.) An instrument for expanding a part; as, a urethral dilator.
Dilatorily
adv.
• With delay; tardily.
Dilatoriness
n.
• The quality of being dilatory; lateness; slowness; tardiness; sluggishness.
Dilatory
a.
• Inclined to defer or put off what ought to be done at once; given the procrastination; delaying; procrastinating; loitering; as, a dilatory servant.
• Marked by procrastination or delay; tardy; slow; sluggish; — said of actions or measures.
Dildo
n.
• A burden in popular songs.
n.
(Bot.) A columnar cactaceous plant of the West Indies (Cereus Swartzii).
Dilection
n.
• Love; choice.
Dilemma
n.
(Logic) An argument which presents an antagonist with two or more alternatives, but is equally conclusive against him, whichever alternative he chooses.
• A state of things in which evils or obstacles present themselves on every side, and it is difficult to determine what course to pursue; a vexatious alternative or predicament; a difficult choice or position.
Dilettant
a.
• Of or pertaining to dilettanteism; amateur; as, dilettant speculation.
n.
• A dilettante.
Dilettante
n.
• An admirer or lover of the fine arts; popularly, an amateur; especially, one who follows an art or a branch of knowledge, desultorily, or for amusement only.
Dilettanteish
a.
• Somewhat like a dilettante.
Dilettanteism
n.
• The state or quality of being a dilettante; the desultory pursuit of art, science, or literature.
Dilettantish
a.
• Dilettanteish.
Dilettantism
n.
• Same as Dilettanteism.
Diligence
n.
• The quality of being diligent; carefulness; careful attention; — the opposite of negligence.
• Interested and persevering application; devoted and painstaking effort to accomplish what is undertaken; assiduity in service.
(Scots Law) Process by which persons, lands, or effects are seized for debt; process for enforcing the attendance of witnesses or the production of writings.
n.
• A four-wheeled public stagecoach, used in France.
Diligency
n.
• Diligence; care; persevering endeavor.
Diligent
a.
• Prosecuted with careful attention and effort; careful; painstaking; not careless or negligent.
• Interestedly and perseveringly attentive; steady and earnest in application to a subject or pursuit; assiduous; industrious.
Diligently
adv.
• In a diligent manner; not carelessly; not negligently; with industry or assiduity.
Dill
n.
(Bot.) An herb (Peucedanum graveolens), the seeds of which are moderately warming, pungent, and aromatic, and were formerly used as a soothing medicine for children; — called also dill-seed.
v. t.
• To still; to calm; to soothe, as one in pain.
Dilling
n.
• A darling; a favorite.
Dilluing
n.
(Min.) A process of sorting ore by washing in a hand sieve.
Dilly
n.
• A kind of stagecoach.
Dilogical
a.
• Ambiguous; of double meaning.
Dilogy
n.
(Rhet.) An ambiguous speech; a figure in which a word is used an equivocal sense.
Dilucid
a.
• Clear; lucid.
Dilucidate
v. t.
• To elucidate.
Dilucidation
n.
• The act of making clear.
Diluent
a.
• Diluting; making thinner or weaker by admixture, esp. of water.
n.
• That which dilutes.
(Med.) An agent used for effecting dilution of the blood; a weak drink.
Dilute
v. t.
• To make thinner or more liquid by admixture with something; to thin and dissolve by mixing.
• To diminish the strength, flavor, color, etc., of, by mixing; to reduce, especially by the addition of water; to temper; to attenuate; to weaken.
v. i.
• To become attenuated, thin, or weak; as, it dilutes easily.
a.
• Diluted; thin; weak.
Diluted
a.
• Reduced in strength; thin; weak.
Diluteness
n.
• The quality or state of being dilute.
Diluter
n.
• One who, or that which, dilutes or makes thin, more liquid, or weaker.
Dilution
n.
• The act of diluting, or the state of being diluted.
Diluvial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a flood or deluge, esp. to the great deluge in the days of Noah; diluvian.
(Geol.) Effected or produced by a flood or deluge of water; — said of coarse and imperfectly stratified deposits along ancient or existing water courses. Similar unstratified deposits were formed by the agency of ice. The time of deposition has been called the Diluvian epoch.
Diluvialist
n.
• One who explains geological phenomena by the Noachian deluge.
Diluvian
a.
• Of or pertaining to a deluge, esp. to the Noachian deluge; diluvial; as, of diluvian origin.
Diluviate
v. i.
• To run as a flood.
Diluvium
n.
(Geol.) A deposit of superficial loam, sand, gravel, stones, etc., caused by former action of flowing waters, or the melting of glacial ice.

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