Dictionary Of The English Language "C"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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C is the third letter of the English alphabet. It is from the Latin letter C, which in old Latin represented the sounds of k, and g (in go); its original value being the latter. In Anglo-Saxon words, or Old English before the Norman Conquest, it always has the sound of k. The Latin C was the same letter as the Greek got it from the Phoenicians. The English name of C is from the Latin name ce, and was derived, probably, through the French. Etymologically C is related to g, h, k, q, s (and other sibilant sounds). Examples of these relations are in L. acutus, E. acute, ague; E. acrid, eagar; L. cornu, E. horn; E. cat, kitten; E. coy, quiet; L. circare, OF. cerchier, E. search.
Caaba
n.
• The small and nearly cubical stone building, toward which all Mohammedans must pray.
Caas
n. sing. & pl.
• Case.
Cab
n.
• A kind of close carriage with two or four wheels, usually a public vehicle.
• The covered part of a locomotive, in which the engineer has his station.
n.
• A Hebrew dry measure, containing a little over two (2.37) pints.
Cabal
n.
• Tradition; occult doctrine.
• A secret.
• A number of persons united in some close design, usually to promote their private views and interests in church or state by intrigue; a secret association composed of a few designing persons; a junto.
• The secret artifices or machinations of a few persons united in a close design; in intrigue.
v. i.
• To unite in a small party to promote private views and interests by intrigue; to intrigue; to plot.
Cabala
n.
• A kind of occult theosophy or traditional interpretation of the Scriptures among Jewish rabbis and certain mediaeval Christians, which treats of the nature of god and the mystery of human existence. It assumed that every letter, word, number, and accent of Scripture contains a hidden sense; and it teaches the methods of interpretation for ascertaining these occult meanings. The cabalists pretend even to foretell events by this means.
• Secret science in general; mystic art; mystery.
Cabalism
n.
• The secret science of the cabalists.
• A superstitious devotion to the mysteries of the religion which one professes.
Cabalist
n.
• One versed in the cabala, or the mysteries of Jewish traditions.
Cabalistically
adv.
• In a cabalistic manner.
Cabalize
v. i.
• To use cabalistic language.
Caballer
n.
• One who cabals.
Caballine
a.
• Of or pertaining to a horse.
n.
• Caballine aloes.
Cabaret
n.
• A tavern; a house where liquors are retailed.
Cabas
n.
• A flat basket or frail for figs, etc.; Hence, a lady's flat workbasket, reticule, or hand bag; — often written caba.
Cabasson
n.
(Zool.) A speciec of armadillo of the genus Xenurus (X. unicinctus and X. hispidus); the tatouay.
Cabbage
n.
(Bot.) An esculent vegetable of many varieties, derived from the wild Brassica oleracea of Europe. The common cabbage has a compact head of leaves. The cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, etc., are sometimes classed as cabbages.
• The terminal bud of certain palm trees, used, like, cabbage, for food.
• The cabbage palmetto.
v. i.
• To form a head like that the cabbage; as, to make lettuce cabbage.
v. i.
• To purloin or embezzle, as the pieces of cloth remaining after cutting out a garment; to pilfer.
n.
• Cloth or clippings cabbaged or purloined by one who cuts out garments.
Cabbiri
n. pl.
(Myth.) Certain deities originally worshiped with mystical rites by the Pelasgians in Lemnos and Samothrace and afterwards throughout Greece; — also called sons of Hephaestus (or Vulcan), as being masters of the art of working metals.
Cabbler
n.
• One who works at cabbling.
Cabbling
n.
(Metal) The process of breaking up the flat masses into which wrought iron is first hammered, in order that the pieces may be reheated and wrought into bar iron.
Caber
n.
• A pole or beam used in Scottish games for tossing as a trial of strength.
Cabezon
n.
(Zool.) A California fish (Hemilepidotus spinosus), allied to the sculpin.
Cabiai
n.
(Zool.) The capybara.
Cabin
n.
• A cottage or small house; a hut.
• A small room; an inclosed place.
• A room in ship for officers or passengers.
v. i.
• To live in, or as in, a cabin; to lodge.
v. t.
• To confine in, or as in, a cabin.
Cabinet
n.
• A hut; a cottage; a small house.
• A small room, or retired apartment; a closet.
• A private room in which consultations are held.
• The advisory council of the chief executive officer of a nation; a cabinet council.
• A set of drawers or a cupboard intended to contain articles of value. Hence:
• A decorative piece of furniture, whether open like an etagere or closed with doors.
• Any building or room set apart for the safe keeping and exhibition of works of art, etc.; also, the collection itself.
a.
• Suitable for a cabinet; small.
v. i.
• To inclose
Cabinetmaker
n.
• One whose occupation is to make cabinets or other choice articles of household furniture, as tables, bedsteads, bureaus, etc.
Cabinetmaking
n.
• The art or occupation of making the finer articles of household furniture.
Cabinetwork
n.
• The art or occupation of working upon wooden furniture requiring nice workmanship; also, such furniture.
Cabirean
n.
• One of the Cabiri.
Cabirian
a.
• Same as Cabiric.
Cabiric
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Cabiri, or to their mystical worship.
Cable
n.
• A large, strong rope or chain, of considerable length, used to retain a vessel at anchor, and for other purposes. It is made of hemp, of steel wire, or of iron links.
• A rope of steel wire, or copper wire, usually covered with some protecting, or insulating substance; as, the cable of a suspension bridge; a telegraphic cable.
(Arch) A molding, shaft of a column, or any other member of convex, rounded section, made to resemble the spiral twist of a rope; — called also cable molding.
v. t.
• To fasten with a cable.
(Arch.) To ornament with cabling.
v. t. & i.
• To telegraph by a submarine cable
Cabled
a.
• Fastened with, or attached to, a cable or rope.
(Arch.) Adorned with cabling.
Cablegram
n.
• A message sent by a submarine telegraphic cable.
Cablelaid
a.
(Naut.) Composed of three three-stranded ropes, or hawsers, twisted together to form a cable.
• Twisted after the manner of a cable; as, a cable-laid gold chain.
Cablet
n.
• A little cable less than ten inches in circumference.
Cabling
n.
(Arch.) The decoration of a fluted shaft of a column or of a pilaster with reeds, or rounded moldings, which seem to be laid in the hollows of the fluting. These are limited in length to about one third of the height of the shaft.
Cabman
n.
• The driver of a cab.
Cabob
n.
• A small piece of mutton or other meat roasted on a skewer; — so called in Turkey and Persia.
• A leg of mutton roasted, stuffed with white herrings and sweet herbs.
v. t.
• To roast, as a cabob.
Caboched
a.
(Her.) Showing the full face, but nothing of the neck; — said of the head of a beast in armorial bearing.
Caboodle
n.
• The whole collection; the entire quantity or number; — usually in the phrase the whole caboodle.
Caboose
n.
(Naut.) A house on deck, where the cooking is done; — commonly called the galley.
(Railroad) A car used on freight or construction trains for brakemen, workmen, etc.; a tool car.
Cabotage
n.
(Naut.) Navigation along the coast; the details of coast pilotage.
Cabree
n.
(Zool.) The pronghorn antelope.
Cabrerite
n.
(Min.) An apple-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of nickel, cobalt, and magnesia; — so named from the Sierra Cabrera, Spain.
Cabrilla
n.
(Zool) A name applied to various species of edible fishes of the genus Serranus, and related genera, inhabiting the Meditarranean, the coast of California, etc. In California, some of them are also called rock bass and kelp salmon.
Cabriole
n.
(Man.) A curvet; a leap.
Cabriolet
n.
• A one-horse carriage with two seats and a calash top.
Cabrit
n.
• Same as Cabree.
Caburn
n.
(Naut.) A small line made of spun yarn, to bind or worm cables, seize tackles, etc.
Cacaine
n.
(Chem.) The essential principle of cacao; — now called theobromine.
Cacajao
n.
(Zool) A South American short-tailed monkey (Pithecia (or Brachyurus) melanocephala).
Cacao
n.
(Bot.) A small evergreen tree (Theobroma Cacao) of South America and the West Indies. Its fruit contains an edible pulp, inclosing seeds about the size of an almond, from which cocoa, chocolate, and broma are prepared.
Cachalot
n.
(Zool.) The sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus). It has in the top of its head a large cavity, containing an oily fluid, which, after death, concretes into a whitish crystalline substance called spermaceti.
Cache
n.
• A hole in the ground, or hiding place, for concealing and preserving provisions which it is inconvenient to carry.
Cachepot
n.
• An ornamental casing for a flowerpot, of porcelain, metal, paper, etc.
Cachet
n.
• A seal, as of a letter.
Cachinnation
n.
• Loud or immoderate laughter; — often a symptom of hysterical or maniacal affections.
Cachinnatory
a.
• Consisting of, or accompanied by, immoderate laughter.
Cachiri
n.
• A fermented liquor made in Cayenne from the grated root of the manioc, and resembling perry.
Cacholong
n
(Min.) An opaque or milk-white chalcedony, a variety of quartz; also, a similar variety of opal.
Cachou
n.
• A silvered aromatic pill, used to correct the odor of the breath.
Cachucha
n.
• An Andalusian dance in three-four time, resembing the bolero.
Cachunde
n.
(Med.) A pastil or troche, composed of various aromatic and other ingredients, highly celebrated in India as an antidote, and as a stomachic and antispasmodic.
Cack
v. i.
• To ease the body by stool; to go to stool.
Cackerel
n.
(Zool.) The mendole; a small worthless Mediterranean fish considered poisonous by the ancients.
Cackle
v. i.
• To make a sharp, broken noise or cry, as a hen or goose does.
• To laugh with a broken noise, like the cackling of a hen or a goose; to giggle.
• To talk in a silly manner; to prattle.
n.
• The sharp broken noise made by a goose or by a hen that has laid an egg.
• Idle talk; silly prattle.
Cackler
n.
• A fowl that cackles.
• One who prattles, or tells tales; a tattler.
Cackling
n.
• The broken noise of a goose or a hen.
Cacodemon
n.
• An evil spirit; a devil or demon.
(Med.) The nightmare.
Cacodoxical
a.
• Heretical.
Cacodoxy
n.
• Erroneous doctrine; heresy; heterodoxy.
Cacodyl
n.
(Chem.) Alkarsin; a colorless, poisonous, arsenical liquid, As2(CH3)4, spontaneously inflammable and possessing an intensely disagreeable odor. It is the type of a series of compounds analogous to the nitrogen compounds called hydrazines.
Cacodylic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, cacodyl.
Cacoethes
n.
• A bad custom or habit; an insatiable desire; as, cacoethes scribendi, "The itch for writing".
(Med.) A bad quality or disposition in a disease; an incurable ulcer.
Cacogastric
a.
• Troubled with bad digestion.
Cacographic
a.
• Pertaining to, or characterized by, cacography; badly written or spelled.
Cacography
n.
• Incorrect or bad writing or spelling.
Cacolet
n.
• A chair, litter, or other contrivance fitted to the back or pack saddle of a mule for carrying travelers in mountainous districts, or for the transportation of the sick and wounded of an army.
Cacology
n.
• Bad speaking; bad choice or use of words.
Cacoon
n.
• One of the seeds or large beans of a tropical vine (Entada scandens) used for making purses, scent bottles, etc.
Cacophony
n.
(Rhet.) An uncouth or disagreable sound of words, owing to the concurrence of harsh letters or syllables.
(Mus.) A combination of discordant sounds.
(Med.) An unhealthy state of the voice.
Cacotechny
n.
• A corruption or corrupt state of art.
Cactaceous
a.
(Bot.) Belonging to, or like, the family of plants of which the prickly pear is a common example.
Cactus
n.
(Bot.) Any plant of the order Cactacae, as the prickly pear and the night-blooming cereus. They usually have leafless stems and branches, often beset with clustered thorns, and are mostly natives of the warmer parts of America.
Cacuminal
a.
(Philol.) Pertaining to the top of the palate; cerebral; — applied to certain consonants; as, cacuminal (or cerebral) letters.
Cacuminate
v. i.
• To make sharp or pointed.
Cad
n.
• A person who stands at the door of an omnibus to open and shut it, and to receive fares; an idle hanger-on about innyards.
• A lowbred, presuming person; a mean, vulgar fellow.
Cadastral
a.
• Of or pertaining to landed property.
Cadaver
n.
• A dead human body; a corpse.
Cadaveric
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a corpse, or the changes produced by death; cadaverous; as, cadaveric rigidity.
Cadaverous
a.
• Having the appearance or color of a dead human body; pale; ghastly; as, a cadaverous look.
• Of or pertaining to, or having the qualities of, a dead body.
Caddis
n.
• A kind of worsted lace or ribbon.
Caddish
a.
• Like a cad; lowbred and presuming.
Caddow
n.
(Zool.) A jackdaw.
Caddy
n.
• A small box, can, or chest to keep tea in.
Cade
a.
• Bred by hand; domesticated; petted.
v. t.
• To bring up or nourish by hand, or with tenderness; to coddle; to tame.
n.
• A barrel or cask, as of fish.
n.
• A species of juniper (Juniperus Oxycedrus) of Mediterranean countries.
Cadence
n.
• The act or state of declining or sinking.
• A fall of the voice in reading or speaking, especially at the end of a sentence.
• A rhythmical modulation of the voice or of any sound; as, music of bells in cadence sweet.
• Rhythmical flow of language, in prose or verse.
(Man.) Harmony and proportion in motions, as of a well-managed horse.
(Mil.) A uniform time and place in marching.
(Mus.) The close or fall of a strain; the point of rest, commonly reached by the immediate succession of the tonic to the dominant chord.
• A cadenza, or closing embellishment; a pause before the end of a strain, which the performer may fill with a flight of fancy.
v. t.
• To regulate by musical measure.
Cadency
n.
• Descent of related families; distinction between the members of a family according to their ages.
Cadene
n.
• A species of inferior carpet imported from the Levant.
Cadent
a.
• Falling.
Cadenza
n.
(Mus.) A parenthetic flourish or flight of ornament in the course of a piece, commonly just before the final cadence.
Cadet
n.
• The younger of two brothers; a younger brother or son; the youngest son.
(Mil.) A gentleman who carries arms in a regiment, as a volunteer, with a view of acquiring military skill and obtaining a commission.
• A young man in training for military or naval service; esp. a pupil in a military or naval school, as at West Point, Annapolis, or Woolwich.
Cadetship
n.
• The position, rank, or commission of a cadet; as, to get a cadetship.
Cadge
v. t. & i.
• To carry, as a burden.
• To hawk or peddle, as fish, poultry, etc.
• To intrude or live on another meanly; to beg.
n.
(Hawking) A circular frame on which cadgers carry hawks for sale.
Cadger
n.
• A packman or itinerant huckster.
• One who gets his living by trickery or begging.
n.
(Hawking) One who carries hawks on a cadge.
Cadgy
a.
• Cheerful or mirthful, as after good eating or drinking; also, wanton.
Cadi
n.
• An inferior magistrate or judge among the Mohammedans, usually the judge of a town or village.
Cadilesker
n.
• A chief judge in the Turkish empire, so named originally because his jurisdiction extended to the cases of soldiers, who are now tried only by their own officers.
Cadillac
n.
• A large pear, shaped like a flattened top, used chiefly for cooking.
Cadis
n.
• A kind of coarse serge.
Cadmean
a.
• Of or pertaining to Cadmus, a fabulous prince of Thebes, who was said to have introduced into Greece the sixteen simple letters of the alphabet — , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . These are called Cadmean letters.
Cadmia
n.
(Min.) An oxide of zinc which collects on the sides of furnaces where zinc is sublimed. Formerly applied to the mineral calamine.
Cadmic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cadmium; as, cadmic sulphide.
Cadmium
n.
(Chem.) A comparatively rare element related to zinc, and occurring in some zinc ores. It is a white metal, both ductile and malleable. Symbol Cd. Atomic weight 111.8. It was discovered by Stromeyer in 1817, who named it from its association with zinc or zinc ore.
Cadrans
n.
• An instrument with a graduated disk by means of which the angles of gems are measured in the process of cutting and polishing.
Cadre
n.
(Mil.) The framework or skeleton upon which a regiment is to be formed; the officers of a regiment forming the staff.
Caducary
a.
(Law) Relating to escheat, forfeiture, or confiscation.
Caducean
a.
• Of or belonging to Mercury's caduceus, or wand.
Caduceus
n.
(Myth.) The official staff or wand of Hermes or Mercury, the messenger of the gods. It was originally said to be a herald's staff of olive wood, but was afterwards fabled to have two serpents coiled about it, and two wings at the top.
Caducibranchiate
a.
(Zool.) With temporary gills: — applied to those Amphibia in which the gills do not remain in adult life.
Caducity
n.
• Tendency to fall; the feebleness of old age; senility.
Caducous
(Bot. & Zool.) Dropping off or disappearing early, as the calyx of a poppy, or the gills of a tadpole.
Caduke
a.
• Perishable; frail; transitory.
Caecal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the caecum, or blind gut.
• Having the form of a caecum, or bag with one opening; baglike; as, the caecal extremity of a duct.
Caecias
n.
• A wind from the northeast.
Caecilian
n.
(Zool.) A limbless amphibian belonging to the order Caeciliae or Ophimorpha.
Caecum
n.
(Anat.) A cavity open at one end, as the blind end of a canal or duct.
• The blind part of the large intestine beyond the entrance of the small intestine; — called also the blind gut.
Caesar
n.
• A Roman emperor, as being the successor of Augustus Caesar. Hence, a kaiser, or emperor of Germany, or any emperor or powerful ruler.
Caesarism
n.
• A system of government in which unrestricted power is exercised by a single person, to whom, as Caesar or emperor, it has been committed by the popular will; imperialism; also, advocacy or support of such a system of government.
Caesious
a.
(Nat. Hist.) Of the color of lavender; pale blue with a slight mixture of gray.
Caesium
n.
(Chem.) A rare alkaline metal found in mineral water; — so called from the two characteristic blue lines in its spectrum. It was the first element discovered by spectrum analysis, and is the most strongly basic and electro-positive substance known. Symbol Cs. Atomic weight 132.6.
Caespitose
a.
• Same as Cespitose.
Caesura
n.
• A metrical break in a verse, occurring in the middle of a foot and commonly near the middle of the verse; a sense pause in the middle of a foot. Also, a long syllable on which the caesural accent rests, or which is used as a foot.
Caesural
a.
• Of or pertaining to a caesura.
Cafe
n.
• A coffeehouse; a restaurant; also, a room in a hotel or restaurant where coffee and liquors are served.
Caffeic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, coffee.
Caffeine
n.
(Chem.) A white, bitter, crystallizable substance, obtained from coffee. It is identical with the alkaloid theine from tea leaves, and with guaranine from guarana.
Caffetannic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the tannin of coffee.
Caftan
n.
• A garment worn throughout the Levant, consisting of a long gown with sleeves reaching below the hands. It is generally fastened by a belt or sash.
v. t.
• To clothe with a caftan.
Cage
n.
• A box or inclosure, wholly or partly of openwork, in wood or metal, used for confining birds or other animals.
• A place of confinement for malefactors
(Carp.) An outer framework of timber, inclosing something within it; as the cage of a staircase.
(Mach.) A skeleton frame to limit the motion of a loose piece, as a ball valve.
• A wirework strainer, used in connection with pumps and pipes.
• The box, bucket, or inclosed platform of a lift or elevator; a cagelike structure moving in a shaft.
(Mining) The drum on which the rope is wound in a hoisting whim.
(Baseball) The catcher's wire mask.
v. i.
• To confine in, or as in, a cage; to shut up or confine.
Caged
a.
• Confined in, or as in, a cage; like a cage or prison.
Cageling
n.
• A bird confined in a cage; esp. a young bird.
Cagit
n.
(Zool) A king of parrot, of a beautiful green color, found in the Philippine Islands.
Cagmag
n.
• A tough old goose; hence, coarse, bad food of any kind.
Cagot
n.
• One of a race inhabiting the valleys of the Pyrenees, who until 1793 were political and social outcasts (Christian Pariahs). They are supposed to be a remnant of the Visigoths.
Cahier
n.
• A namber of sheets of paper put loosely together; esp. one of the successive portions of a work printed in numbers.
• A memorial of a body; a report of legislative proceedings, etc.
Cahincic
a.
• Pertaining to, or derived from, cahinca, the native name of a species of Brazilian Chiococca, perhaps C. recemosa; as, cahincic acid.
Cahoot
n.
• Partnership; as to go in cahoot with a person.
Caimacam
n.
• The governor of a sanjak or district in Turkey.
Caique
n.
(Naut..) A light skiff or rowboat used on the Bosporus; also, a Levantine vessel of larger size.
Caird
n.
• A traveling tinker; also a tramp or sturdy beggar.
Cairn
n.
• A rounded or conical heap of stones erected by early inhabitants of the British Isles, apparently as a sepulchral monument.
• A pile of stones heaped up as a landmark, or to arrest attention, as in surveying, or in leaving traces of an exploring party, etc.
Cairngormstone
(Min.) A yellow or smoky brown variety of rock crystal, or crystallized quartz, found esp, in the mountain of Cairngorm, in Scotland.
Caisson
n.
(Mil.) A chest to hold ammunition.
• A four-wheeled carriage for conveying ammunition, consisting of two parts, a body and a limber. In light field batteries there is one caisson to each piece, having two ammunition boxes on the body, and one on the limber.
• A chest filled with explosive materials, to be laid in the way of an enemy and exploded on his appoach.
• A water-tight box, of timber or iron within which work is carried on in building foundations or structures below the water level.
• A hollow floating box, usually of iron, which serves to close the entrances of docks and basins.
• A structure, usually with an air chamber, placed beneath a vessel to lift or float it.
(Arch.) A sunk panel of ceilings or soffits.
Caitiff
a.
• Captive; wretched; unfortunate.
• Base; wicked and mean; cowardly; despicable.
n.
• A captive; a prisoner.
• A wretched or unfortunate man.
• A mean, despicable person; one whose character meanness and wickedness meet.
Cajole
v. i.
• To deceive with flattery or fair words; to wheedle.
Cajolement
n.
• The act of cajoling; the state of being cajoled; cajolery.
Cajoler
n.
• A flatterer; a wheedler.
Cajolery
n.
• A wheedling to delude; words used in cajoling; flattery.
Cajuput
n.
(Med.) A highly stimulating volatile infammable oil, distilled from the leaves of an East Indian tree (Melaleuca cajuputi, etc.) It is greenish in color and has a camphoraceous odor and pungent taste.
Cajuputene
n.
(Chem.) A colorlees or greenish oil extracted from cajuput.
Cake
n.
• A small mass of dough baked; especially, a thin loaf from unleavened dough; as, an oatmeal cake; johnnycake.
• A sweetened composition of flour and other ingredients, leavened or unleavened, baked in a loaf or mass of any size or shape.
• A thin wafer-shaped mass of fried batter; a griddlecake or pancake; as buckwheat cakes.
• A mass of matter concreted, congealed, or molded into a solid mass of any form, esp. into a form rather flat than high; as, a cake of soap; an ague cake.
v. i.
• To form into a cake, or mass.
v. i.
• To concrete or consolidate into a hard mass, as dough in an oven; to coagulate.
v. i.
• To cackle as a goose.
Cal
n.
(Cornish Mines) Wolfram, an ore of tungsten.
Calabar
n.
• A district on the west coast of Africa.
Calabarine
n.
(Chem.) An alkaloid resembing physostigmine and occurring with it in the calabar bean.
Calabash
n.
• The common gourd (plant or fruit).
• The fruit of the calabash tree.
• A water dipper, bottle, backet, or other utensil, made from the dry shell of a calabash or gourd.
Calaboose
n.
• A prison; a jail.
Calade
n.
• A slope or declivity in a manege ground down which a horse is made to gallop, to give suppleness to his haunches.
Caladium
n.
• A genus of aroideous plants, of which some species are cultivated for their immense leaves (which are often curiously blotched with white and red), and others (in Polynesia) for food.
Calaite
n.
• A mineral.
Calamanco
n.
• A glossy woolen stuff, plain, striped, or checked.
Calambac
n.
(Bot.) A fragrant wood; agalloch.
Calambour
n.
• A species of agalloch, or aloes wood, of a dusky or mottled color, of a light, friable texture, and less fragrant than calambac; — used by cabinetmakers.
Calamiferous
a.
• Producing reeds; reedy.
Calamine
n.
(min.) A mineral, the hydrous silicate of zinc.
Calamint
n.
(Bot.) A genus of perennial plants (Calamintha) of the Mint family, esp. the C. Nepela and C. Acinos, which are called also basil thyme.
Calamist
n.
• One who plays upon a reed or pipe.
Calamistrate
v. i.
• To curl or friz, as the hair.
Calamistration
n.
• The act or process of curling the hair.
Calamistrum
n.
(Zool.) A comblike structure on the metatarsus of the hind legs of certain spiders (Ciniflonidae), used to curl certain fibers in the construction of their webs.
Calamite
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil plant of the coal formation, having the general form of plants of the modern Equiseta (the Horsetail or Scouring Rush family) but sometimes attaining the height of trees, and having the stem more or less woody within.
Calamitous
a.
• Suffering calamity; wretched; miserable.
• Producing, or attended with distress and misery; making wretched; wretched; unhappy.
Calamity
n.
• Any great misfortune or cause of misery; — generally applied to events or disasters which produce extensive evil, either to communities or individuals.
• A state or time of distress or misfortune; misery.
Calamus
n.
(Bot.) The indian cane, a plant of the Palm family. It furnishes the common rattan.
(Bot.) A species of Acorus (A. calamus), commonly called calamus, or sweet flag. The root has a pungent, aromatic taste, and is used in medicine as a stomachic; the leaves have an aromatic odor, and were formerly used instead of rushes to strew on floors.
(Zool.) The horny basal portion of a feather; the barrel or quill.
Calandine
n.
(Bot.) A perennial herbaceous plant (Chelidonium majus) of the poppy family, with yellow flowers. It is used as a medicine in jandice, etc., and its acrid saffron-colored juice is used to cure warts and the itch; — called also greater celandine and swallowwort.
Calando
a.
(Mus.) Gradually diminishing in rapidity and loudness.
Calash
n.
• A light carriage with low wheels, having a top or hood that can be raised or lowered, seats for inside, a separate seat for the driver, and often a movable front, so that it can be used as either an open or a close carriage.
• In Canada, a two-wheeled, one-seated vehicle, with a calash top, and the driver's seat elevated in front.
• A hood or top of a carriage which can be thrown back at pleasure.
• A hood, formerly worn by ladies, which could be drawn forward or thrown back like the top of a carriage.
Calaverite
n.
(Min.) A bronze-yellow massive mineral with metallic luster; a telluride of gold; — first found in Calaveras County California.
Calcaneal
a.
(Anal.) Pertaining to the calcaneum; as, calcaneal arteries.
Calcaneum
n.
(Anal.) One of the bones of the tarsus which in man, forms the great bone of the heel; — called also fibulare.
Calcar
n.
(Glass manuf.) A kind of oven, or reverberatory furnace, used for the calcination of sand and potash, and converting them into frit.
n.
(Bot.) A hollow tube or spur at the base of a petal or corolla.
(Zool.) A slender bony process from the ankle joint of bats, which helps to support the posterior part of the web, in flight.
(Anat.) A spur, or spurlike prominence.
• A curved ridge in the floor of the leteral ventricle of the brain; the calcar avis, hippocampus minor, or ergot.
Calcareous
a.
• Partaking of the nature ofcalcite or calcium carbonate; consisting of, or containg, calcium carbonate or carbonate of lime.
Calcareousness
n.
• Quality of being calcareous.
Calcariferous
a.
• Lime-yielding; calciferous
Calcarine
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the calcar of the brain.
Calcavella
n.
• A sweet wine from Portugal; — so called from the district of Carcavelhos.
Calceated
a.
• Fitted with, or wearing, shoes.
Calced
a.
• Wearing shoes; calceated; — in distintion from discalced or barefooted; as the calced Carmelites.
Calcedon
n.
• A foul vein, like chalcedony, in some precious stones.
Calceiform
a.
(Bot.) Shaped like a plipper, as one petal of the lady's-slipper; calceolate.
Calceolate
a.
• Slipper-ahaped.
Calcic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, calcium or lime.
Calciferouse
a.
• Bearing producing, or containing calcite, or carbonate of lime.
Calcific
a.
• Calciferous. Specifically: (Zool.) of or pertaining to hte portion of the which forms the eggshell in birds and reptiles.
Calcification
n.
(Physiol.) The process of chenge into a stony or calcareous substance by the deposition of lime salt; — normally, as in the formation of bone and teeth; abnormally, as in calcareous degeneration of tissue.
Calcified
a.
• Consisting of, or containing, calcareous matter or lime salts; calcareous.
Calciform
a.
• In the form of chalk or lime.
Calcify
v. t.
• To make stony or calcareous by the deposit or secretion of salts of lime.
v. i.
• To become changed into a stony or calcareous condition, in lime is a principal ingredient, as in the formation of teeth.
Calcigenous
a.
(Chem.) Tending to form, or to become, a calx or earthlike substance on being oxidized or burnt; as magnesium, calcium. etc.
Calcigerous
a.
• Holding lime or other earthy salts; as, the calcigerous cells of the teeth.
Calcimine
n.
• A white or colored wash for the ceiling or other plastering of a room, consisting of a mixture of clear glue, Paris white or zinc white, and water.
v. t.
• To wash or cover with calcimine; as, to calcimine walls.
Calciminer
n.
• One who calcimines.
Calcinable
a.
• That may be calcined; as, a calcinable fossil.
Calcinate
v. i.
• To calcine.
Calcination
n.
(Chem.) The act or process of disintegrating a substance, or rendering it friable by the action of heat, esp. by the expulsion of some volatile matter, as when carbonic and acid is expelled from carbonate of calcium in the burning of limestone in order to make lime.
• The act or process of reducing a metal to an oxide or metallic calx; oxidation.
Calcinatory
n.
• A vessel used in calcination.
Calcine
v. i.
• To reduce to a powder, or to a friable state, by the action of heat; to expel volatile matter from by means of heat, as carbonic acid from limestone, and thus (usually) to produce disintegration; as to, calcine bones.
• To oxidize, as a metal by the action of heat; to reduce to a metallic calx.
v. i.
• To be convereted into a powder or friable substance, or into a calx, by the action of heat.
Calciner
n.
• One who, or that which, calcines.
Calcispongiae
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of marine sponges, containing calcareous spicules.
Calcite
n.
(Min.) Calcium carbonate, or carbonate of lime. It is rhombohedral in its crystallization, and thus distinguished from aragonite. It includes common limestone, chalk, and marble. Called also calc-spar and calcareous spar.
Calcitrant
a.
• Kicking. Hence: Stubborn; refractory.
Calcitrate
v. i. & i.
• To kick.
Calcitration
n.
• Act of kicking.
Calcium
n.
(Chem.) An elementary substance; a metal which combined with oxygen forms lime. It is of a pale yellow color, tenacious, and malleable. It is a member of the alkaline earth group of elements. Atomic weight 40. Symbol Ca.
Calcivorous
a.
• Eroding, or eating into, limestone.
Calcographer
n.
• One who practices calcography.
Calcography
n.
• The art of drawing with chalk.
Calculable
a.
• That may be calculated or ascertained by calculation.
Calculary
a.
(Med.) Of or pertaining to calculi.
n.
• A congeries of little stony knots found in the pulp of the pear and other fruits.
Calculate
v. i.
• To ascertain or determine by mathematical processes, usually by the ordinary rules of arithmetic; to reckon up; to estimate; to compute.
• To ascertain or predict by mathematical or astrological computations the time, circumstances, or other conditions of; to forecast or compute the character or consequences of; as, to calculate or cast one's nativity.
• To adjust for purpose; to adapt by forethought or calculation; to fit or prepare by the adaptation of means to an end; as, to calculate a system of laws for the government and protection of a free people.
• To plan; to expect; to think.
v. i.
• To make a calculation; to forecast caonsequences; to estimate; to compute.
Calculated
p. p. & a.
• Worked out by calculation; as calculated tables for computing interest; ascertained or conjectured as a result of calculation; as, the calculated place of a planet; the calculated velocity of a cannon ball.
• Adapted by calculation, contrivance. or forethought to accomplish a purpose; as, to use arts calculated to deceive the people.
• Likely to produce a certain effect, whether intended or not; fitted; adapted; suited.
Calculating
a.
• Of or pertaining to mathematical calculations; performing or able to perform mathematical calculations.
• Given to contrivance or forethought; forecasting; scheming; as, a cool calculating disposition.
n.
• The act or process of making mathematical computations or of estimating results.
Calculation
n.
• The act or process, or the result, of calculating; computation; reckoning, estimate.
• An expectation based on cirumstances.
Calculative
a.
• Of or pertaining to calculation; involving calculation.
Calculator
n.
• One who computes or reckons: one who estimates or considers the force and effect of causes, with a view to form a correct estimate of the effects.
Calculatory
a.
• Belonging to calculation.
Calcule
n.
• Reckoning; computation.
v. i.
• To calculate
Calculi
n. pl.
• pl. of Calculus.
Calculous
a.
• Of the nature of a calculus; like stone; gritty; as, a calculous concretion.
• Caused, or characterized, by the presence of a calculus or calculi; a, a calculous disorder; affected with gravel or stone; as, a calculous person.
Calculus
n.
(Med.) Any solid concretion, formed in any part of the body, but most frequent in the organs that act as reservoirs, and in the passages connected with them; as, biliary calculi; urinary calculi, etc.
(Math.) A method of computation; any process of reasoning by the use of symbols; any branch of mathematics that may involve calculation.
Caldron
n.
• A large kettle or boiler of copper, brass, or iron. [Written also cauldron.]
Caledonia
n.
• The ancient Latin name of Scotland; — still used in poetry.
Caledonian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Caledonia or Scotland; Scottish; Scotch.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Caledonia or Scotland.
Caledonite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous sulphate of copper and lead, found in some parts of Caledonia or Scotland.
Calefacient
a.
• Making warm; heating.
n.
• A substance that excites warmth in the parts to which it is applied, as mustard.
Calefaction
n.
• The act of warming or heating; the production of heat in a body by the action of fire, or by communication of heat from other bodies.
• The state of being heated.
Calefactor
n.
• A heater; one who, or that which, makes hot, as a stove, etc.
Calefactory
a.
• Making hot; producing or communicating heat.
n.
(Eccl.) An apartment in a monastery, warmed and used as a sitting room.
• A hollow sphere of metal, filled with hot water, or a chafing dish, placed on the altar in cold weather for the priest to warm his hands with.
Calefy
v. i.
• To make warm or hot.
v. i.
• To grow hot or warm.
Calembour
n.
• A pun.
Calendar
n.
• An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to the purposes of civil life, as years, months, weeks, and days; also, a register of the year with its divisions; an almanac.
(Eccl.) A tabular statement of the dates of feasts, offices, saints' days, etc., esp. of those which are liable to change yearly according to the varying date of Easter.
• An orderly list or enumeration of persons, things, or events; a schedule; as, a calendar of state papers; a calendar of bills presented in a legislative assemblly; a calendar of causes arranged for trial in court; a calendar of a college or an academy.
v. t.
• To enter or write in a calendar; to register.
Calendarial
a.
• Of or pertaining to the calendar or a calendar.
Calendary
a.
• Calendarial.
Calender
n.
• A machine, used for the purpose of giving cloth, paper, etc., a smooth, even, and glossy or glazed surface, by cold or hot pressure, or for watering them and giving them a wavy appearance. It consists of two or more cylinders revolving nearly in contact, with the necessary apparatus for moving and regulating.
• One who pursues the business of calendering.
v. i.
• To press between rollers for the purpose of making smooth and glossy, or wavy, as woolen and silk stuffs, linens, paper, etc.
n.
• One of a sect or order of fantastically dressed or painted dervishes.
Calendographer
n.
• One who makes calendars.
Calendrer
n.
• A person who calenders cloth; a calender.
Calends
n. pl.
• The first day of each month in the ancient Roman calendar.
Calendula
n.
(Bot.) A genus of composite herbaceous plants. One species, Calendula officinalis, is the common marigold, and was supposed to blossom on the calends of every month, whence the name.
Calendulin
n.
(Chem.) A gummy or mucilaginous tasteless substance obtained from the marigold or calendula, and analogous to bassorin.
Calenture
n.
(Med.) A name formerly given to various fevers occuring in tropics; esp. to a form of furious delirium accompanied by fever, among sailors, which sometimes led the affected person to imagine the sea to be a green field, and to throw himself into it.
v. i.
• To see as in the delirium of one affected with calenture.
Calescence
n.
• Growing warmth; increasing heat.
Calf
n.
• The young of the cow, or of the Bovine family of quadrupeds. Also, the young of some other mammals, as of the elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and whale.
• Leather made of the skin of the calf; especially, a fine, light-colored leather used in bookbinding; as, to bind books in calf.
• An awkward or silly boy or young man; any silly person; a dolt.
• A small island near a larger; as, the Calf of Man.
• A small mass of ice set free from the submerged part of a glacier or berg, and rising to the surface.
• The fleshy hinder part of the leg below the knee.
Calfskin
n.
• The hide or skin of a calf; or leather made of the skin.
Cali
n.
(Hindoo Myth.) The tenth avatar or incarnation of the god Vishnu.
Calibrate
v. i.
• To ascertain the caliber of, as of a thermometer tube; also, more generally, to determine or rectify the graduation of, as of the various standards or graduated instruments.
Calibration
n.
• The process of estimating the caliber a tube, as of a thermometer tube, in order to graduate it to a scale of degrees; also, more generally, the determination of the true value of the spaces in any graduated instrument.
Calicle
n.
(Zool.) One of the small cuplike cavities, often with elevated borders, covering the surface of most corals. Each is formed by a polyp. (b) One of the cuplike structures inclosing the zooids of certain hydroids.
Calico
n.
• Plain white cloth made from cotton, but which receives distinctive names according to quality and use, as, super calicoes, shirting calicoes, unbleached calicoes, etc.
• Cotton cloth printed with a figured pattern.
a.
• Made of, or having the apperance of, calico; — often applied to an animal, as a horse or cat, on whose body are large patches of a color strikingly different from its main color.
Calicoback
n.
(Zool.) The calico bass.
• An hemipterous insect (Murgantia histrionica) which injures the cabbage and other garden plants; — called also calico bug and harlequin cabbage bug.
Calid
a.
• Hot; burning; ardent.
Calidity
n.
• Heat.
Caliduct
n.
• A pipe or duct used to convey hot air or steam.
Californian
a.
• Of or pertaining to California.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of California.
Caligation
n.
• Dimness; cloudiness.
Caliginosity
n.
• Darkness.
Caliginous
a.
• Affected with darkness or dimness; dark; obscure.
Caligo
n.
(Med.) Dimness or obscurity of sight, dependent upon a speck on the cornea; also, the speck itself.
Calin
n.
• An alloy of lead and tin, of which the Chinese make tea canisters.
Calipash
n.
• A part of a turtle which is next to the upper shell. It contains a fatty and gelatinous substance of a dull greenish tinge, much esteemed as a delicacy in preparations of turtle.
Calipee
n.
• A part of a turtle which is attached to the lower shell. It contains a fatty and gelatinous substance of a light yellowish color, much esteemed as a delicacy.
Calipers
n. pl.
• An instrument, usually resembling a pair of dividers or compasses with curved legs, for measuring the diameter or thickness of bodies, as of work shaped in a lathe or planer, timber, masts, shot, etc.; or the bore of firearms, tubes, etc.; — called also caliper compasses, or caliber compasses.
Caliph
n.
• Successor or vicar; — a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spiritual rulers, now used by the sultans of Turkey,
Caliphate
n.
• The office, dignity, or government of a caliph or of the caliphs.
Calippic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Calippus, an Athenian astronomer.
Calistheneum
n.
• A gymnasium; esp. one for light physical exercise by women and children.
Calisthenics
n.
• The science, art, or practice of healthful exercise of the body and limbs, to promote strength and gracefulness; light gymnastics.
Calisthenis
a.
• Of or pertaining to calisthenics.
Caliver
n.
• An early form of hand gun, variety of the arquebus; originally a gun having a regular size of bore.
Calix
n.
• A cup.
Calk
v. t.
• To drive tarred oakum into the seams between the planks of (a ship, boat, etc.), to prevent leaking. The calking is completed by smearing the seams with melted pitch.
• To make an indentation in the edge of a metal plate, as along a seam in a steam boiler or an iron ship, to force the edge of the upper plate hard against the lower and so fill the crevice.
v. t.
• To copy, as a drawing, by rubbing the back of it with red or black chalk, and then passing a blunt style or needle over the lines, so as to leave a tracing on the paper or other thing against which it is laid or held.
n.
• A sharp-pointed piece or iron or steel projecting downward on the shoe of a nore or an ox, to prevent the animal from slipping; — called also calker, calkin.
• An instrument with sharp points, worn on the sole of a shoe or boot, to prevent slipping.
v. i.
• To furnish with calks, to prevent slipping on ice; as, to calk the shoes of a horse or an ox.
• To wound with a calk; as when a horse injures a leg or a foot with a calk on one of the other feet.
Calker
n.
• One who calks.
• A calk on a shoe.
Calkin
n.
• A calk on a shoe.
Calking
n.
• The act or process of making seems tight, as in ships, or of furnishing with calks, as a shoe, or copying, as a drawing.
Call
v. i.
• To command or request to come or be present; to summon; as, to call a servant.
• To summon to the discharge of a particular duty; to designate for an office, or employment, especially of a religious character; — often used of a divine summons; as, to be called to the ministry; sometimes, to invite; as, to call a minister to be the pastor of a church.
• To invite or command to meet; to convoke; — often with together; as, the President called Congress together; to appoint and summon; as, to call a meeting of the Board of Aldermen.
• To give name to; to name; to address, or speak of, by a specifed name.
• To regard or characterize as of a certain kind; to denominate; to designate.
• To state, or estimate, approximately or loosely; to characterize without strict regard to fact; as, they call the distance ten miles; he called it a full day's work.
• To show or disclose the class, character, or nationality of.
• To utter in a loud or distinct voice; — often with off; as, to call, or call off, the items of an account; to call the roll of a military company.
• To invoke; to appeal to.
• To rouse from sleep; to awaken.(Law)
v. i.
• To speak in loud voice; to cry out; to address by name; — sometimes with to.
• To make a demand, requirement, or request.
• To make a brief visit; also, to stop at some place designated, as for orders.
n.
• The act of calling; — usually with the voice, but often otherwise, as by signs, the sound of some instrument, or by writing; a summons; an entreaty; an invitation; as, a call for help; the bugle's call.
• A signal, as on a drum, bugle, trumpet, or pipe, to summon soldiers or sailors to duty.
(Eccl.) An invitation to take charge of or serve a church as its pastor.
• A requirement or appeal arising from the circumstances of the case; a moral requirement or appeal.
• A divine vocation or summons.
• Vocation; employment.
• A short visit; as, to make a call on a neighbor; also, the daily coming of a tradesman to solicit orders.
(Hunting) A note blown on the horn to encourage the hounds.
(Naut.) A whistle or pipe, used by the boatswain and his mate, to summon the sailors to duty.
(Fowling) The cry of a bird; also a noise or cry in imitation of a bird; or a pipe to call birds by imitating their note or cry.
(Amer. Land Law) A reference to, or statement of, an object, course, distance, or other matter of description in a survey or grant reguiring or calling for a carresponding object, etc., on the land.
• The privilege to demand the delivery of stock, grain, or any commodity, at a fixed, price, at or within a certain time agreed on.
Calla
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants, of the order Araceae.
Callat
n.
• Same as Callet.
Calle
n.
• A kind of head covering; a caul.
Caller
n.
• One who calls.
a.
• Cool; refreshing; fresh; as, a caller day; the caller air.
• Fresh; in good condition; as, caller berrings.
Callet
n.
• A trull or prostitute; a scold or gossip.
v. i.
• To rail or scold.
Callid
a.
• Characterized by cunning or shrewdness; crafty.
Callidity
n.
• Acuteness of discernment; cunningness; shrewdness.
Calligrapher
n.
• One skilled in calligraphy; a good penman.
Calligraphist
n.
• A calligrapher
Calligraphy
n.
• Fair or elegant penmanship.
Calling
n.
• The act of one who calls; a crying aloud, esp. in order to summon, or to attact the attention of, some one.
• A summoning or convocation, as of Parliament.
• A divine summons or invitation; also, the state of being divinely called.
• A naming, or inviting; a reading over or reciting in order, or a call of names with a view to obtaining an answer, as in legislative bodies.
• One's usual occupation, or employment; vocation; business; trade.
• The persons, collectively, engaged in any particular professions or employment.
• Title; appellation; name.
Calliope
n.
(Class. Myth.) The Muse that presides over eloquence and heroic poetry; mother of Orpheus, and chief of the nine Muses.
(Astron.) One of the astreids.
• A musical instrument consisting of series of steam whistles, toned to the notes of the scale, and played by keys arranged like those of an organ. It is sometimes attached to steamboat boilers.
(Zool.) A beautuful species of humming bird (Stellula Calliope) of California and adjacent regions.
Calliopsis
n.
(Bot.) A popular name given to a few species of the genus Careopsis, especially to C. tinctoria of Arkansas.
Callisection
n.
• Painless vivisection; — opposed to sentisection.
Callithump
n.
• A somewhat riotous parade, accompanied with the blowing of tin horus, and other discordant noises; also, a burlesque serenade; a charivari.
Callithumpian
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a callithump.
Callosan
a.
(Anat.) Of the callosum.
Callose
a.
(Bot.) Furnished with protuberant or hardened spots.
Callosity
n.
• A hard or thickened spot or protuberance; a hardening and thickening of the skin or bark of a part, eps. as a result of continued pressure or friction.
Callosum
n.
(Anat.) The great band commissural fibers which unites the two cerebral hemispheres.
Callot
n.
• A plant coif or skullcap. Same as Calotte.
Callous
a.
• Hardenes; indurated.
• Hardened in mind; insensible; unfeeling; unsusceptible.
Callow
a.
• Destitute of feathers; naked; unfledged.
• Immature; boyish; "green"; as, a callow youth.
n.
(Zool.) A kind of duck.
Callus
n.
(Med.) Same as Callosity
• The material of repair in fractures of bone; a substance exuded at the site of fracture, which is at first soft or cartilaginous in consistence, but is ultimately converted into true bone and unites the fragments into a single piece.
(Hort.) The new formation over the end of a cutting, before it puts out rootlets.
Calm
n.
• Freodom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; a cessation or abeence of that which causes motion or disturbance, as of winds or waves; tranquility; stilness; quiet; serenity.
v. i.
• To make calm; to render still or quet, as elements; as, to calm the winds.
• To deliver from agitation or excitement; to still or soothe, as the mind or passions.
a.
• Not stormy; without motion, as of winds or waves; still; quiet; serene; undisturbed.
• Undisturbed by passion or emotion; not agitated or excited; tranquil; quiet in act or speech.
Calmer
n.
• One who, or that which, makes calm.
Calmly
adv.
• In a calm manner.
Calmness
n.
• The state of quality of being calm; quietness; tranquillity; self-repose.
Calmucks
n. pl.
• ; sing. Calmuck. A branch of the Mongolian race inbabiting parts of the Russian and Chinese empires; also (sing.), the language of the Calmucks.
Calmy
a.
• Tranquil; peaceful; calm.
Calomel
n.
(Chem.) Mild chloride of mercury, HgCl, a heavy, white or yellowish white substance, insoluble and tastelles, much used in medichine as a mercurial and purgative; mercurous chloride. It occurs native as the mineral born quicksiver.
Calorescence
n.
(Physics) The conversion of obscure radiant heat info kight; the transmutation of rays of heat into others of higher refrangibility.
Caloric
n.
(Physics) The principle of heat, or the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion were formerly ascribed; — not now used in scientific nomenclature, but sometimes used as a general term for heat.
a.
• Of or pertaining to caloric.
Caloricity
n.
(Physiol.) A faculty in animals of developing and preserving the heat nesessary to life, that is, the animal heat.
Caloriduct
n.
• A tube or duct for conducting heat; a caliduct.
Calorie
n.
(Physics) The unit of heat according to the Frensc standard; the amount of heat requires to raise the temperature of one kilogram (sometimes, one gram) of water one degree centigrade, or from 0 to 1. Compfre the English standart unit. Foot pound.
Calorifere
n.
• An apparatus for conveying and distributing heat, especially by means of hot water circulating in tubes.
Calorific
a.
• Possessing the quality of producing heat; heating.
Calorification
n.
• Production of heat, esp. animal heat.
Calorificlent
a.
(Physiol.) Having, or relating to the power of producing heat; — applied to foods which, being rich in carbon, as the fats, are supposed to give rise to heat in the animal body by oxidation.
Calorimeter
n.
(Physiol.) An apparatus for measuring the amount of heat contained in bodies or developed by some mechanical or chemical process, as friction, chemical combination, combustion, etc.
(Engineering) An apparatus for measuring the proportion of unevaporated water contained in steam.
Calorimetric
a.
• Of or pertaining to process of using the calorimeter.
Calorimetry
n.
(Physics) Measurement of the quantities of heat in bodies.
Calorimotor
n.
(Physics) A voltaic battery, having a large surface of plate, and producing powerful heating effects.
Calotype
n.
(Photog.) A method of taking photographic pictures, on paper sensitized with iodide of silver; — also called Talbotype, from the inventor, Mr. Fox. Talbot.
Caloyer
n.
• A monk of the Greek Church; a cenobite, anchoret, or recluse of the rule of St. Basil, especially, one on or near Mt. Athos.
Calumba
n.
(Med.) The root of a plant (Jateorrhiza Calumba, and probably Cocculus palmatus), indigenous in Mozambique. It has an unpleasantly bitter taste, and is used as a tonic and antiseptic.
Calumbin
n.
(Chem.) A bitter principle extracted as a white crystalline substance from the calumba root.
Calumet
n.
• A kind of pipe, used by the North American Indians for smoking tobacco. The bowl is usually made of soft red stone, and the tube is a long reed often ornamented with feathers.
Calumniate
v. i.
• To accuse falsely and maliciously of a crime or offense, or of something disreputable; to slander; to libel.
v. i.
• To propagate evil reports with a design to injure the reputation of another; to make purposely false charges of some offense or crime.
Calumniation
n.
• False accusation of crime or offense, or a malicious and false representation of the words or actions of another, with a view to injure his good name.
Calumniator
n.
• One who calumniates.
Calumniatory
a.
• Containing calumny; slanderous.
Calumnious
a.
• Containing or implying calumny; false, malicious, and injurious to reputation; slanderous; as, calumnious reports.
Calumny
n.
• False accusation of a crime or offense, maliciously made or reported, to the injury of another; malicious misrepresentation; slander; detraction.
Calvaria
n.
(Anat.) The bones of the cranium; more especially, the bones of the domelike upper portion.
Calvary
n.
• The place where Christ was crucified, on a small hill outside of Jerusalem.
• A representation of the crucifixion, consisting of three crosses with the figures of Christ and the thieves, often as large as life, and sometimes surrounded by figures of other personages who were present at the crucifixion.
(Her.) A cross, set upon three steps; — more properly called cross calvary.
Calve
v. i.
• To bring forth a calf.
• To bring forth young; to produce offspring.
Calver
v. i.
• To cut in slices and pickle, as salmon.
• To crimp; as, calvered salmon.
v. i.
• To bear, or be susceptible of, being calvered; as, grayling's flesh will calver.
Calvessnout
n.
(Bot.) Snapdragon.
Calvinism
n.
• The theological tenets or doctrines of John Calvin (a French theologian and reformer of the 16th century) and his followers, or of the so-called calvinistic churches.
Calvinist
n.
• A follower of Calvin; a believer in Calvinism.
Calvinize
v. t.
• To convert to Calvinism.
Calvish
a.
• Like a calf; stupid.
Calx
n.
(Chem.) Quicklime.
• The substance which remains when a metal or mineral has been subjected to calcination or combustion by heat, and which is, or may be, reduced to a fine powder.
• Broken and refuse glass, returned to the post.
Calyciform
a.
(Bot.) Having the form or appearance of a calyx.
Calycle
n.
(Bot.) A row of small bracts, at the base of the calyx, on the outside.
Calycled
a.
(Bot.) Calyculate.
Calycozoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of acalephs of which Lucernaria is the type. The body is cup-shaped with eight marginal lobes bearing clavate tentacles. An aboral sucker serves for attachment. The interior is divided into four large compartments.
Calycular
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the bracts of a calycle.
Calymene
n.
(Zool.) A genus of trilobites characteristic of the Silurian age.
Calyon
n.
• Flint or pebble stone, used in building walls, etc.
Calypso
n.
(Bot.) A small and beautiful species of orchid, having a flower variegated with purple, pink, and yellow. It grows in cold and wet localities in the northern part of the United States. The Calypso borealis is the only orchid which reaches 68° N.
Calyptra
n.
(Bot.) A little hood or veil, resembling an extinguisher in form and position, covering each of the small flaskike capsules which contain the spores of mosses; also, any similar covering body.
Calyptriform
a.
• Having the form a calyptra, or extinguisher.
Calyx
n.
(Bot.) The covering of a flower.
(Anat.) A cuplike division of the pelvis of the kidney, which surrounds one or more of the renal papilae.
Calzoons
n. pl.
• Drawers.
Cam
n.
(Med.) A turning or sliding piece which, by the shape of its periphery or face, or a groove in its surface, imparts variable or intermittent motion to, or receives such motion from, a rod, lever, or block brought into sliding or rolling contact with it
• A curved wedge, movable about an axis, used for forcing or clamping two pieces together.
• A projecting part of a wheel or other moving piece so shaped as to give alternate or variable motion to another piece against which its acts.
• A ridge or mound of earth.
a.
• Crooked.
Camaieu
n.
• A cameo.
(Fine Arts) Painting in shades of one color; monochrome.
Camail
n.
(Ancient Armor) A neck guard of chain mall, hanging from the bascinet or other headpiece.
• A hood of other material than mail; esp. (Eccl.), a hood worn in church services, — the amice, or the like.
Camarasaurus
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of gigantic American Jurassic dinosaurs, having large cavities in the bodies of the dorsal vertebrae.
Camarilla
n.
• The private audience chamber of a king.
• A company of secret and irresponsible advisers, as of a king; a cabal or clique.
Camass
n.
(Bot.) A blue-flowered liliaceous plant (Camassia esculenta) of northwestern America, the bulbs of which are collected for food by the Indians.
Camber
n.
(Shipbuilding) An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a high camber (said of a vessel having an unusual convexity of deck).
(Arch.) An upward concavity in the under side of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch.
v. t.
• To cut bend to an upward curve; to construct, as a deck, with an upward curve.
v. i.
• To curve upward.
Camberkeeled
a.
(Naut.) Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; — said of a ship.
Cambial
a.
• Belonging to exchanges in commerce; of exchange.
Cambist
n.
• A banker; a money changer or broker; one who deals in bills of exchange, or who is skilled in the science of exchange.
Cambistry
n.
• The science of exchange, weight, measures, etc.
Cambium
n.
(Bot.) A series of formative cells lying outside of the wood proper and inside of the inner bark. The growth of new wood takes place in the cambium, which is very soft.
(Med.) A fancied nutritive juice, formerly supposed to orgiginate in the blood, to repair losses of the system, and to promote its increase.
Cambrasine
n.
• A kind of linen cloth made in Egypt, and so named from its resemblance to cambric.
Cambria
n.
• The ancient Latin name of Wales. It is used by modern poets.
Cambrian
a.
(Geog.) Of or pertaining to Cambria or Wales.
(Geol.) Of or pertaining to the lowest subdivision of the rocks of the Silurian or Molluscan age; — sometimes described as inferior to the Silurian. It is named from its development in Cambria or Wales.
n.
• A native of Cambria or Wales.
(Geol.) The Cambrian formation.
Cambric
n.
• A fine, thin, and white fabric made of flax or linen.
• A fabric made, in imitation of linen cambric, of fine, hardspun cotton, often with figures of various colors; — also called cotton cambric, and cambric muslin.
CambroBriton
n.
• A Welshman.
Came
• imp. of Come.
n.
• A slender rod of cast lead, with or without grooves, used, in casements and stained-glass windows, to hold together the panes or pieces of glass.
Camel
n.
(Zool.) A large ruminant used in Asia and Africa for carrying burdens and for riding. The camel is remarkable for its ability to go a long time without drinking. Its hoofs are small, and situated at the extremities of the toes, and the weight of the animal rests on the callous. The dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) has one bunch on the back, while the Bactrian camel (C. Bactrianus) has two. The llama, alpaca, and vicuna, of South America, belong to a related genus (Auchenia).
(Naut.) A watertight structure (as a large box or boxes) used to assist a vessel in passing over a shoal or bar or in navigating shallow water. By admitting water, the camel or camels may be sunk and attached beneath or at the sides of a vessel, and when the water is pumped out the vessel is lifted.
Camelbacked
a.
• Having a back like a camel; humpbacked.
Camellia
n.
(Bot.) An Asiatic genus of small shrubs, often with shining leaves and showy flowers. Camelia Japonica is much cultivated for ornament, and C. Sassanqua and C. Oleifera are grown in China for the oil which is pressed from their seeds. The tea plant is now referred to this genus under the name of Camellia Thea.
Camelopard
n.
(Zool.) An African ruminant; the giraffe.
Camelshair
a.
• Of camel's hair.
Cameo
n.
• A carving in relief, esp. one on a small scale used as a jewel for personal adornment, or like.
Camera
n.
• A chamber, or instrument having a chamber. Specifically: The camera obscura when used in photography.
Cameralistic
a.
• Of or pertaining to finance and public revenue.
Cameralistics
n.
• The science of finance or public revenue.
Camerate
v. i.
• To build in the form of a vault; to arch over.
• To divide into chambers.
Cameration
n.
• A vaulting or arching over.
Camerlingo
n.
• The papal chamberlain; the cardinal who presides over the pope's household. He has at times possessed great power.
Cameronian
n.
• A follower of the Rev. Richard Cameron, a Scotch Covenanter of the time of Charies II.
Camis
n.
• A light, loose dress or robe.
Camisard
n.
• One of the French Protestant insurgents who rebelled against Louis XIV, after the revocation of the edict of Nates; — so called from the peasant's smock (camise) which they wore.
Camisated
a.
• Dressed with a shirt over the other garments.
Camisole
n.
• A short dressing jacket for women.
• A kind of straitjacket.
Camlet
n.
• A woven fabric originally made of camel's hair, now chiefly of goat's hair and silk, or of wool and cotton.
Camleted
a.
• Wavy or undulating like camlet; veined.
Cammock
n.
(Bot.) A plant having long hard, crooked roots, the Ononis spinosa; — called also rest-harrow. The Scandix Pecten-Veneris is also called cammock.
Camonflet
n.
(Mil.) A small mine, sometimes formed in the wall or side of an enemy's gallery, to blow in the earth and cut off the retreat of the miners.
Camoused
a.
• Depressed; flattened.
Camously
adv.
• Awry.
Camp
n.
• The ground or spot on which tents, huts, etc., are erected for shelter, as for an army or for lumbermen, etc.
• A collection of tents, huts, etc., for shelter, commonly arranged in an orderly manner.
• A single hut or shelter; as, a hunter's camp.
• The company or body of persons encamped, as of soldiers, of surveyors, of lumbermen, etc.
(Agric.) A mound of earth in which potatoes and other vegetables are stored for protection against frost; — called also burrow and pie.
• An ancient game of football, played in some parts of England.
v. t.
• To afford rest or lodging for, as an army or travelers.
v. i.
• To pitch or prepare a camp; to encamp; to lodge in a camp; — often with out.
• To play the game called camp.
Campagna
n.
• An open level tract of country; especially "Campagna di Roma." The extensive undulating plain which surrounds Rome.
Campagnol
n.
(Zool.) A mouse (Arvicala agrestis), called also meadow mouse, which often does great damage in fields and gardens, by feeding on roots and seeds.
Campaign
n.
• An open field; a large, open plain without considerable hills. SeeChampaign.
(Mil.) A connected series of military operations forming a distinct stage in a war; the time during which an army keeps the field.
• Political operations preceding an election; a canvass.
(Metal.) The period during which a blast furnace is continuously in operation.
v. i.
• To serve in a campaign.
Campaigner
n.
• One who has served in an army in several campaigns; an old soldier; a veteran.
Campana
n.
(Eccl.) A church bell.
(Bot.) The pasque flower.
(Doric Arch.) Same as Gutta.
Campaned
a.
(Her.) Furnished with, or bearing, campanes, or bells.
Campanero
n.
(Zool.) The bellbird of South America.
Campanes
n. pl.
(Her.) Bells.
Campania
n.
• Open country.
Campaniform
a.
• Bell-shaped.
Campanile
n.
(Arch.) A bell tower, esp. one built separate from a church.
Campaniliform
a.
• Bell-shaped; campanulate; campaniform.
Campanologist
n.
• One skilled in campanology; a bell ringer.
Campanology
n.
• The art of ringing bells, or a treatise on the art.
Campanula
n.
(Bot.) A large genus of plants bearing bell-shaped flowers, often of great beauty; — also called bellflower.
Campanulaceous
a.
(Bot.) Of pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants (Camponulaceae) of which Campanula is the type, and which includes the Canterbury bell, the harebell, and the Venus's looking-glass.
Campanularian
n.
(Zool.) A hydroid of the family ampanularidae, characterized by having the polyps or zooids inclosed in bell-shaped calicles or hydrothecae.
Campanulate
a.
(Bot.) Bell-shaped.
Campbellite
n.
(Eccl.) A member of the denomination called Christians or Disciples of Christ. They themselves repudiate the term Campbellite as a nickname.
Camper
n.
• One who lodges temporarily in a hut or camp.
Camphene
n.
(Chem.) One of a series of substances C10H16, resembling camphor, regarded as modified terpenes.
Camphine
n.
• Rectified oil of turpentine, used for burning in lamps, and as a common solvent in varnishes.
Camphire
n.
• An old spelling of Camphor.
Camphor
n.
• A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from different species of the Laurus family, esp. from Cinnamomum camphara (the Laurus camphara of Linnaeus.). Camphor, C10H16O, is volatile and fragrant, and is used in medicine as a diaphoretic, a stimulant, or sedative.
• A gum resembing ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree (Dryobalanops camphora) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; — called also Malay camphor, camphor of Borneo, or borneol.
v. t.
• To impregnate or wash with camphor; to camphorate.
Camphoraceous
a.
• Of the nature of camphor; containing camphor.
Camphorate
v. t.
• To impregnate or treat with camphor.
n.
(Chem.) A salt of camphoric acid.
Camphoric
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, camphor.
Camphretic
a.
• Pertaining to, or derived from camphor.
Camping
n.
• Lodging in a camp.
• A game of football.
Campion
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the Pink family (Cucubalus bacciferus), bearing berries regarded as poisonous.
Camptight
n.
(O. Eng. Law.) A duel; the decision of a case by a duel.
Campus
n.
• The principal grounds of a college or school, between the buildings or within the main inclosure; as, the college campus.
Campylospermous
a.
(Bot.) Having seeds grooved lengthwise on the inner face, as in sweet cicely.
Campylotropous
a.
(Bot.) Having the ovules and seeds so curved, or bent down upon themselves, that the ends of the embryo are brought close together.
Can't
• A colloquial contraction for can not.
Can
• an obs. form of began, imp. & p. p. of Begin, sometimes used in old poetry.
n.
• A drinking cup; a vessel for holding liquids.
• A vessel or case of tinned iron or of sheet metal, of various forms, but usually cylindrical; as, a can of tomatoes; an oil can; a milk can.
v. t.
• To preserve by putting in sealed cans
v. t. & i.
• To know; to understand.
• To be able to do; to have power or influence.
• To be able; — followed by an infinitive without to; as, I can go, but do not wish to.
Canaanite
n.
• A descendant of Canaan, the son of Ham, and grandson of Noah.
• A Native or inbabitant of the land of Canaan, esp. a member of any of the tribes who inhabited Canaan at the time of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.
n.
• A zealot.
Canaanitish
a.
• Of or pertaining to Canaan or the Canaanites.
Canada
n.
• A British province in North America, giving its name to various plants and animals.
Canada
n.
• A small canon; a narrow valley or glen; also, but less frequently, an open valley.
Canadian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Canada.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Canada.
Canaille
n.
• The lowest class of people; the rabble; the vulgar.
• Shorts or inferior flour.
Canakin
n.
• A little can or cup.
Canal
n.
• An artificial channel filled with water and designed for navigation, or for irrigating land, etc.
(Anat.) A tube or duct; as, the alimentary canal; the semicircular canals of the ear.
Canaliculus
n.
(Anat.) A minute canal.
Canalization
n.
• Construction of, or furnishing with, a canal or canals.
Canard
n.
• An extravagant or absurd report or story; a fabricated sensational report or statement; esp. one set afloat in the newspapers to hoax the public.
Canarese
a.
• Pertaining to Canara, a district of British India.
Canary
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Canary Islands; as, canary wine; canary birds.
• Of a pale yellowish color; as, Canary stone.
n.
• Wine made in the Canary Islands; sack.
• A canary bird.
• A pale yellow color, like that of a canary bird.
• A quick and lively dance.
v. i.
• To perform the canary dance; to move nimbly; to caper.
Canaster
n.
• A kind of tobacco for smoking, made of the dried leaves, coarsely broken; — so called from the rush baskets in which it is packed in South America.
Cancan
n.
• A rollicking French dance, accompanied by indecorous or extravagant postures and gestures.
Cancel
v. i.
• To inclose or surround, as with a railing, or with latticework.
• To shut out, as with a railing or with latticework; to exclude.
• To cross and deface, as the lines of a writing, or as a word or figure; to mark out by a cross line; to blot out or obliterate.
• To annul or destroy; to revoke or recall.
(Print.) To suppress or omit; to strike out, as matter in type.
n.
• An inclosure; a boundary; a limit.
(Print) The suppression on striking out of matter in type, or of a printed page or pages.
• The part thus suppressed.
Cancelier
v. i.
(Falconry) To turn in flight; — said of a hawk.
Cancellarean
a.
• Cancellarean.
Cancellate
a.
(Bot.) Consisting of a network of veins, without intermediate parenchyma, as the leaves of certain plant; latticelike.
(Zool.) Having the surface coveres with raised lines, crossing at right angles.
Cancellated
a.
• Crossbarres; marked with cross lines.
(Anat.) Open or spongy, as some porous bones.
Cancellation
n.
• The act, process, or result of canceling; as, the cansellation of certain words in a contract, or of the contract itself.
(Math.) The operation of striking out common factora, in both the dividend and divisor.
Cancelli
n. pl.
• An interwoven or latticed wall or inclosure; latticework, rails, or crossbars, as around the bar of a court of justice, between the chancel and the have of a church, or in a window.
(Anat.) The interlacing osseous plates constituting the elastic porous tissue of certain parts of the bones, esp. in their articular extremities.
Cancellous
a.
(Anat.) Having a spongy or porous stracture; made up of cancelli; cancellated; as, the cancellous texture of parts of many bones.
Cancer
n.
(Zool.) A genus of decapod Crustacea, including some of the most common shore crabs of Europe and North America, as the rock crab, Jonah crab, etc.
(Astron.) The fourth of the twelve signs of the zodiac. The first point is the northern limit of the sun's course in summer; hence, the sign of the summer solstice.
• A northern constellation between Gemini and Leo.
(Med.) Formerly, any malignant growth, esp. one attended with great pain and ulceration, with cachexia and progressive emaciation. It was so called, perhaps, from the great veins which surround it, compared by the ancients to the claws of a crab. The term it now restricted to such a growth made up of aggregations of epithelial cells, either without support or embedded in the meshes of a trabecular framework.
Cancerate
v. i.
• To grow into a canser; to become cancerous.
Canceration
n.
• The act or state of becoming cancerous or growing into a cancer.
Cancerite
n.
• Like a cancer; having the qualities or virulence of a cancer; affected with cancer.
Cancriform
a.
• Having the form of, or resembling, a crab; crab-shaped.
• Like a cancer; cancerous.
Cancrine
a.
• Having the qualities of a crab; crablike.
Cancrinite
n.
(Min.) A mineral occurring in hexagonal crystals, also massive, generally of a yellow color, containing silica, alumina, lime, soda, and carbon dioxide.
Cancroid
a.
(Zool.) Resembling a crab; pertaining to the Cancroidea, one of the families of crabs, including the genus Cancer.
• Like a cancer; as, a cancroid tumor.
Cand
n.
• Fluor spar.
Candelabrum
n.
(Antiq.) A lamp stand of any sort.
• A highly ornamented stand of marble or other ponderous material, usually having three feet, — frequently a votive offering to a temple.
• A large candlestick, having several branches.
Candent
a.
• Heated to whiteness; glowing with heat.
Canderos
n.
• An East Indian resin, of a pellucid white color, from which small ornaments and toys are sometimes made.
Candicant
a.
• Growing white.
Candid
a.
• White.
• Free from undue bias; disposed to think and judge according to truth and justice, or without partiality or prejudice; fair; just; impartial; as, a candid opinion.
• Open; frank; ingenuous; outspoken.
Candidacy
n.
• The position of a candidate; state of being a candidate; candidateship.
Candidate
n.
• One who offers himself, or is put forward by others, as a suitable person or an aspirant or contestant for an office, privilege, or honor; as, a candidate for the office of governor; a candidate for holy orders; a candidate for scholastic honors.
Candidateship
n.
• Candidacy.
Candidating
n.
• The taking of the position of a candidate; specifically, the preaching of a clergyman with a view to settlement.
Candidature
n.
• Candidacy.
Candidly
adv.
• In a candid manner.
Candidness
n.
• The quality of being candid.
Candied
a.
• Preserved in or with sugar; incrusted with a candylike substance; as, candied fruits.
• Converted wholly or partially into sugar or candy; as candied sirup.
• Conted or more or less with sugar; as, candidied raisins
• Figuratively; Honeyed; sweet; flattering.
• Covered or incrusted with that which resembles sugar or candy.
Candify
v. t. or v. i.
• To make or become white, or candied.
Candiot
a.
• Of or pertaining to Candia; Cretary.
Candite
n.
(Min.) A variety of spinel, of a dark color, found at Candy, in Ceylon.
Candle
n.
• A slender, cylindrical body of tallow, containing a wick composed of loosely twisted linen of cotton threads, and used to furnish light.
• That which gives light; a luminary.
Candlebomb
n.
• A small glass bubble, filled with water, which, if placed in the flame of a candle, bursts by expansion of steam.
• A pasteboard shell used in signaling. It is filled with a composition which makes a brilliant light when it explodes.
Candlefish
n.
(Zool.) A marine fish (Thaleichthys Pacificus), allied to the smelt, found on the north Pacific coast; — called also eulachon. It is so oily that, when dried, it may be used as a candle, by drawing a wick through it
• The beshow.
Candleholder
n.
• One who, or that which, holds a candle; also, one who assists another, but is otherwise not of importance.
Candlelight
n.
• The light of a candle.
Candlemas
n.
• The second day of February, on which is celebrated the feast of the Purification of the Virgin Mary; — so called because the candles for the altar or other sacred uses are blessed on that day.
Candlestick
n.
• An instrument or utensil for supporting a candle.
Candlewaster
n.
• One who consumes candles by being up late for study or dissipation.
Candock
n.
(Bot.) A plant or weed that grows in rivers; a species of of Equisetum; also, the yellow frog lily (Nuphar luteum).
Candor
n.
• Whiteness; brightness; (as applied to moral conditions) usullied purity; innocence.
• A disposition to treat subjects with fairness; freedom from prejudice or disguise; frankness; sincerity.
Candroy
n.
• A machine for spreading out cotton cloths to prepare them for printing.
Candy
v. t.
• To conserve or boil in sugar; as, to candy fruits; to candy ginger.
• To make sugar crystals of or in; to form into a mass resembling candy; as, to candy sirup.
• To incrust with sugar or with candy, or with that which resembles sugar or candy.
v. i.
• To have sugar crystals form in or on; as, fruits preserved in sugar candy after a time.
• To be formed into candy; to solidify in a candylike form or mass.
n.
• A more or less solid article of confectionery made by boiling sugar or molasses to the desired consistency, and than crystallizing, molding, or working in the required shape. It is often flavored or colored, and sometimes contains fruit, nuts, etc.
n.
• A weight, at Madras 500 pounds, at Bombay 560 pounds.
Candytuft
n.
(Bot.) An annual plant of the genus Iberis, cultivated in gardens. The name was originally given to the I. umbellata, first, discovered in the island of Candia.
Cane
n.
(Bot.) A name given to several peculiar palms, species of Calamus and Daemanorops, having very long, smooth flexible stems, commonly called rattans.
• Any plant with long, hard, elastic stems, as reeds and bamboos of many kinds; also, the sugar cane.
• Stems of other plants are sometimes called canes; as, the canes of a raspberry.
• A walking stick; a staff; — so called because originally made of one the species of cane.
• A lance or dart made of cane.
• A local European measure of length.
v. t.
• To beat with a cane.
• To make or furnish with cane or rattan; as, to cane chairs.
Canebrake
n.
• A thicket of canes.
Caned
a.
• Filled with white flakes; mothery; — said vinegar when containing mother.
Canella
n.
(Bot.) A genus of trees of the order Canellaceae, growing in the West Indies.
Canescent
a.
• Growing white, or assuming a color approaching to white.
Canicular
a.
• Pertaining to, or measured, by the rising of the Dog Star.
Canicule
n.
• Canicula.
Canine
a.
• Of or pertaining to the family Canidae, or dogs and wolves; having the nature or qualities of a dog; like that or those of a dog.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pointed tooth on each side the incisors.
n.
(Anat.) A canine tooth.
Canis
n.
(Zool.) A genus of carnivorous mammals, of the family Canidae, including the dogs and wolves.
Canister
n.
• A small basket of rushes, or wilow twigs, etc.
• A small box or case for holding tea, coffee, etc.
(Mil.) A kind of case shot for cannon, in which a number of lead or iron balls in layers are inclosed in a case fitting the gun; — called also canister shot,
Canker
n.
• A corroding or sloughing ulcer; esp. a spreading gangrenous ulcer or collection of ulcers in or about the mouth; — called also water canker, canker of the mouth, and noma.
• Anything which corrodes, corrupts, or destroy.
(Hort.) A disease incident to trees, causing the bark to rot and fall off.
(Far.) An obstinate and often incurable disease of a horse's foot, characterized by separation of the horny portion and the development of fungoid growths; — usually resulting from neglected thrush.
• A kind of wild, worthless rose; the dog-rose.
v. t.
• To affect as a canker; to eat away; to corrode; to consune.
• To infect or pollute; to corrupt.
v. i.
• To waste away, grow rusty, or be oxidized, as a mineral.
• To be or become diseased, or as if diseased, with canker; to grow corrupt; to become venomous.
Cankered
a.
• Affected with canker; as, a cankered mouth.
• Affected mentally or morally as with canker; sore, envenomed; malignant; fretful; ill-natured.
Cankeredly
adv.
• Fretfully; spitefully.
Cankerous
a.
• Affecting like a canker.
Cankerworm
n.
(Zool.) The larva of two species of geometrid moths which are very injurious to fruit and shade trees by eating, and often entirely destroying, the foliage. Other similar larvae are also called cankerworms.
Cankery
a.
• Like a canker; full of canker.
• Surly; sore; malignant.
Canna
n.
• A measure of length in Italy, varying from six to seven feet.
n.
(Bot.) A genus of tropical plants, with large leaves and often with showy flowers. The Indian shot. (C. Indica) is found in gardens of the northern United States.
Cannabene
n.
(Chem.) A colorless oil obtained from hemp dy distillation, and possessing its intoxicating properties.
Cannabin
n.
(Chem.) A pisonous resin extracted from hemp (Cannabis sativa, variety Indica). The narcotic effects of hasheesh are due to this resin.
Cannabine
a.
• Pertaining to hemp; hempen.
Cannabis
n.
(Bot.) A genus of a single species belonging to the order Uricaceae; hemp.
Cannery
n.
• A place where the business of canning fruit, meat, etc., is carried on.
Cannibal
n.
• A human being that eats human flesh; hence, any that devours its own kind.
a.
• Relating to cannibals or cannibalism.
Cannibalism
n.
• The act or practice of eating human flesh by mankind. Hence; Murderous cruelty; barbarity.
Cannibally
adv.
• In the manner of cannibal.
Cannicula
n.
(Astron.) The Dog Star; Sirius.
Cannikin
n.
• A small can or drinking vessel.
Cannily
adv.
• In a canny manner.
Canniness
n.
• Caution; crafty management.
Cannon
n.
• A great gun; a piece of ordnance or artillery; a firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force.
(Mech.) A hollow cylindrical piece carried by a revolving shaft, on which it may, however, revolve independently.
(Printing.) A kind of type.
Cannonade
n.
• The act of discharging cannon and throwing ball, shell, etc., for the purpose of destroying an army, or battering a town, ship, or fort; — usually, an attack of some continuance.
• Fig.; A loud noise like a cannonade; a booming.
v. t.
• To attack with heavy artillery; to batter with cannon shot.
v. i.
• To discharge cannon; as, the army cannonaded all day.
Cannoned
a.
• Furnished with cannon.
Cannonering
n.
• The use of cannon.
Cannonry
n.
• Cannon, collectively; artillery.
Cannot
• Am, is, or are, not able; — written either as one word or two.
Cannula
n.
(Surg.) A small tube of metal, wood, or India rubber, used for various purposes, esp. for injecting or withdrawing fluids. It is usually associated with a trocar.
Cannular
a.
• Having the form of a tube; tubular.
Cannulated
a.
• Hollow; affording a passage through its interior length for wire, thread, etc.; as, a cannulated (suture) needle.
Canoe
n.
• A boat used by rude nations, formed of trunk of a tree, excavated, by cutting of burning, into a suitable shape. It is propelled by a paddle or paddles, or sometimes by sail, and has no rudder.
• A boat made of bark or skins, used by savages.
• A light pleasure boat, especially designed for use by one who goes alone upon long excursions, including portage. It it propelled by a paddle, or by a small sail attached to a temporary mast.
v. i.
• To manage a canoe, or voyage in a canoe.
Canoeing
n.
• The act or art of using a canoe.
Canoeist
n.
• A canoeman.
Canoeman
n.
• One who uses a canoe; one who travels in a canoe.
Canon
n.
• A deep gorge, ravine, or gulch, between high and steep banks, worn by water courses.
Canon
n.
• A law or rule.
(Eccl.) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority.
• The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon, or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures.
• In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.
• A catalogue of saints sckowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.
• A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.
(Mus.) A musical composition in which the voice begin one after another, at regular intervals, succesively taking up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda (tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the strictest form of imitation.
(Print.) The largest size of type having a specific name; — so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church.
• The part of a bell by which it is suspended; — called also ear and shank.
Canoness
n.
• A woman who holds a canonry in a conventual chapter.
Canonically
adv. In a canonical manner
• ; according to the canons.
Canonicalness
n.
• The quality of being canonical; canonicity.
Canonicals
n. pl.
• The dress prescribed by canon to be worn by a clergyman when oficiating. Sometimes, any distinctive professional dress.
Canonicate
n.
• The office of a canon; a canonry.
Canonicity
n.
• The state or quality of being canonical; agreement with the canon.
Canonist
n.
• A professor of canon law; one skilled in the knowledge and practice of ecclesiastical law.
Canonistic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a canonist.
Canonization
n.
(R. C. Ch.) The final process or decree (following beatifacation) by which the name of a deceased person is placed in the catalogue (canon) of saints and commended to perpetual veneration and invocation.
• The state of being canonized or sainted.
Canonize
v. t.
(Eccl.) To declare (a deceased person) a saint; to put in the catalogue of saints; as, Thomas a Becket was canonized.
• To glorify; to exalt to the highest honor.
• To rate as inspired; to include in the canon.
Canonry
n. pl.
• A benefice or prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church; a right to a place in chapter and to a portion of its revenues; the dignity or emoluments of a canon.
Canonship
a.
• Of pertaining to Canopus in egypt; as, the Canopic vases, used in embalming.
Canopus
n.
(Astron.) A star of the first magnitude in the southern constellation Argo.
Canopy
n.
• A covering fixed over a bed, dais, or the like, or carried on poles over an exalted personage or a sacred object, etc. chiefly as a mark of honor.
(Arch.) An ornamental projection, over a door, window, niche, etc.
• Also, a roofike covering, supported on pilars over an altar, a statue, a fountain, etc.
v. t.
• To cover with, or as with, a canopy.
Canorous
a.
• Melodious; musical.
Canorousness
n.
• The quality of being musical.
Canstick
n.
• Candlestick.
Cant
n.
• A corner; angle; niche.
• An outer or external angle.
• An inclination from a horizontal or vertical line; a slope or bevel; a titl.
• A sudden thrust, push, kick, or other impulse, producing a bias or change of direction; also, the bias or turn so give; as, to give a ball a cant.
(Coopering) A segment forming a side piece in the head of a cask.
(Mech.) A segment of he rim of a wooden cogwheel.
(Naut.) A piece of wood laid upon athe deck of a vessel to support the bulkneads.
v. t.
• To incline; to set at an angle; to titl over; to tip upon the edge; as, to cant a cask; to cant a ship.
• To give a sudden turn or new direction to; as, to cant round a stick of timber; to cant a football.
• To cut off an angle from, as from a square piece of timber, or from the head of a bolt.
n.
• An affected, singsong mode of speaking.
• The idioms and peculiarities of speech in any sect, class, or occupation.
• The use of religious phraseology without understanding or sincerity; empty, solemn speech, implying what is not felt; hypocrisy.
• Vulgar jargon; slang; the secret language spoker by gipsies, thieves. tramps, or beggars.
a.
• Of the nature of cant; affected; vulgar.
v. i.
• To speak in a whining voice, or an affected, sinsong tone.
• To make whining pretensions to goodness; to talk with an affectation of religion, philanthropy, etc.; to practice hypocrisy; as, a canting fanatic.
• To use pretentious language, barbarous jargon, or technical termes; to talk with an affectation of learning.
n.
• A all for bidders at a public sale; an auction.
v. t.
• to sell by auction, or bid a price at a sale by auction.
Cantab
n.
• A Cantabrigian.
Cantabile
a.
(Mus.) In a melodious, flowing style; in a singing style, as opposed to bravura, recitativo, or parlando.
n.
(Mus.) A piece or pessage, whether vocal or instrumental, pecuilarly adapted to singing; — sometimes called cantilena.
Cantabrian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Cantabria on the Bay of Biscay in Spain.
Cantabrigian
n.
• A native or resident of Cambridge; esp. a student or graduate of the university of Cambridge, England.
Cantalever
n.
(Arch.) A bracket to support a balcony, a cornice, or the like.
(Engin.) A projecting beam, truss, or bridge unsupported at the outer end; one which overhangs.
Cantaloupe
n.
• A muskmelon of several varieties, having when mature, a yellowish skin, and flesh of a reddish orange color.
Cantankerous
a.
• Perverse; contentious; ugly; malicious.
Cantata
n.
(Mus.) A poem set to music; a musical composition comprising choruses, solos, interludes, etc., arranged in a somewhat dramatic manner; originally, a composition for a single noise, consisting of both recitative and melody.
Cantation
n.
• A singing.
Cantatory
a.
• Caontaining cant or affectation; whining; singing.
Cantatrice
n.
(Mus.) A female professional singer.
Canted
a.
• Having angles; as, a six canted bolt head; a canted window.
• Inclined at an angle to something else; tipped; sloping.
Canteen
n.
(Mil.) A vessel used by soldiers for carrying water, liquor, or other drink.
• The sulter's shop in a garrison; also, a chest containing culinary and other vessels for officers.
Canter
n.
• A moderate and easy gallop adapted to pleasure riding.
• A rapid or easy passing over.
v. i.
• To move in a canter.
v. t.
• To cause, as a horse, to go at a canter; to ride (a horse) at a canter.
n.
• One who cants or whines; a beggar.
• One who makes hypocritical pretensions to goodness; one who uses canting language.
Canterbury
n.
• A city in England, giving its name various articles. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury (primate of all England), and contains the shrine of Thomas a Becket, to which pilgrimages were formerly made.
• A stand with divisions in it for holding music, loose papers, etc.
Cantharidal
a.
• Of or pertaining to cantharides or made of cantharides; as, cantharidal plaster.
Cantharidin
n.
(Chem.) The active principe of the cantharis, or Spanish fly, a volatile, acrid, bitter solid, crystallizing in four-sided prisms.
Cantharis
n.
(Zool.) A beetle (Lytta, or Cantharis, vesicatoria), having an elongated cylindrical body of a brilliant green color, and a nauseous odor; the blister fly or blister beetle, of the apothecary; — also called Spanish fly. Many other species of Lytta, used for the same purpose, take the same name. The plural form in usually applied to the dried insects used in medicine.
Canthoplasty
n.
(Surg.) The operation of forming a new canthus, when one has been destroyed by injury or disease.
Canthus
n.
(Anat.) The corner where the upper and under eyelids meet on each side of the eye.
Canticle
n.
• A song; esp. a little song or hymn.
• The Song of Songs or Song of Solomon, one of the books of the Old Testament.
• A canto or division of a poem
• A psalm, hymn, or passage from the Bible, arranged for chanting in church service.
Canticoy
n.
• A social gathering; usually, one for dancing.
Cantile
v. i.
• Same as Cantle, v. t.
Cantilever
n.
• Same as Cantalever.
Cantillate
v. i.
• To chant; to recite with musical tones.
Cantillation
n.
• A chanting; recitation or reading with musical modulations.
Canting
a.
• Speaking in a whining tone of voice; using technical or religious terms affectedly; affectedly pious; as, a canting rogue; a canting tone.
n.
• The use of cant; hypocrisy.
Cantiniere
n.
(Mil) A woman who carries a canteen for soldiers; a vivandiere.
Cantion
n.
• A song or verses.
Cantle
n.
• A corner or edge of anything; a piece; a fragment; a part.
• The upwardly projecting rear part of saddle, opposite to the pommel.
v. t.
• To cut in pieces; to cut out from.
Cantlet
n.
• A piece; a fragment; a corner.
Canto
n.
• One of the chief divisions of a long poem; a book.
(Mus.) The highest vocal part; the air or melody in choral music; anciently the tenor, now the soprano.
Canton
n.
• A song or canto
n.
• A small portion; a division; a compartment.
• A small community or clan.
• A small territorial district; esp. one of the twenty-two independent states which form the Swiss federal republic; in France, a subdivision of an arrondissement.
(Her.) A division of a shield occupying one third part of the chief, usually on the dexter side, formed by a perpendicular line from the top of the shield, meeting a horizontal line from the side.
v. i.
• To divide into small parts or districts; to mark off or separate, as a distinct portion or division.
(Mil.) To allot separate quarters to, as to different parts or divisions of an army or body of troops.
Cantonal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a canton or cantons; of the nature of a canton.
Cantoned
a.
(Her.) Having a charge in each of the four corners; — said of a cross on a shield, and also of the shield itself.
(Arch.) Having the angles marked by, or decorated with, projecting moldings or small columns; as, a cantoned pier or pilaster.
Cantonize
v. i.
• To divide into cantons or small districts.
Cantonment
n.
• A town or village, or part of a town or village, assigned to a body of troops for quarters; temporary shelter or place of rest for an army; quarters.
Cantoon
n.
• A cotton stuff showing a fine cord on one side and a satiny surface on the other.
Cantor
n.
• A singer; esp. the leader of a church choir; a precentor.
Cantoral
a.
• Of or belonging to a cantor.
Cantoris
a.
• Of or pertaining to a cantor; as, the cantoris side of a choir; a cantoris stall.
Canty
a.
• Cheerful; sprightly; lively; merry.
Canuck
n.
• A Canadian.
• A small or medium-sized hardy horse, common in Canada.
Canvas
n.
• A strong cloth made of hemp, flax, or cotton; — used for tents, sails, etc.
• A coarse cloth so woven as to form regular meshes for working with the needle, as in tapestry, or worsted work.
• A piece of strong cloth of which the surface has been prepared to receive painting, commonly painting in oil.
• Something for which canvas is used: (a) A sail, or a collection of sails. (b) A tent, or a collection of tents. (c) A painting, or a picture on canvas.
• A rough draft or model of a song, air, or other literary or musical composition; esp. one to show a poet the measure of the verses he is to make.
a.
• Made of, pertaining to, or resembling, canvas or coarse cloth; as, a canvas tent.
Canvasback
n.
(Zool.) A Species of duck (Aythya vallisneria), esteemed for the delicacy of its flesh. It visits the United States in autumn; particularly Chesapeake Bay and adjoining waters; — so named from the markings of the plumage on its back.
Canvass
v. t.
• To sift; to strain; to examine thoroughly; to scrutinize; as, to canvass the votes cast at an election; to canvass a district with reference to its probable vote.
• To examine by discussion; to debate.
• To go trough, with personal solicitation or public addresses; as, to canvass a district for votes; to canvass a city for subscriptions.
v. i.
• To search thoroughly; to engage in solicitation by traversing a district; as, to canvass for subscriptions or for votes; to canvass for a book, a publisher, or in behalf of a charity; — commonly followed by for.
n.
• Close inspection; careful review for verification; as, a canvass of votes.
• Examination in the way of discussion or debate.
• Search; exploration; solicitation; systematic effort to obtain votes, subscribers, etc.
Canvasser
n.
• One who canvasses.
Cany
a.
• Of or pertaining to cane or canes; abounding with canes.
Canyon
n.
• The English form of the Spanish word Canon.
Canzone
n.
(Mus.) A song or air for one or more voices, of Provencal origin, resembling, though not strictly, the madrigal.
• An instrumental piece in the madrigal style.
Canzonet
n.
(Mus.) A short song, in one or more parts.
Caoutchin
n.
(Chem.) An inflammable, volatile, oily, liquid hydrocarbon, obtained by the destructive distillation of caoutchouc.
Caoutchouc
n.
• A tenacious, elastic, gummy substance obtained from the milky sap of several plants of tropical South America (esp. the euphorbiaceous tree Siphonia elastica or Hevea caoutchouc), Asia, and Africa. Being impermeable to liquids and gases, and not readly affected by exposure to air, acids, and alkalies, it is used, especially when vulcanized, for many purposes in the arts and in manufactures. Also called India rubber (because it was first brought from India, and was formerly used chiefly for erasing pencil marks) and gum elastic.
Cap
n.
• A covering for the head
• One usually with a visor but without a brim, for men and boys
• One of lace, muslin, etc., for women, or infants
• One used as the mark or ensign of some rank, office, or dignity, as that of a cardinal.
• The top, or uppermost part; the chief.
• A respectful uncovering of the head.
(Zool.) The whole top of the head of a bird from the base of the bill to the nape of the neck.
• Anything resembling a cap in form, position, or use
(Arch.) The uppermost of any assemblage of parts; as, the cap of column, door, etc.; a capital, coping, cornice, lintel, or plate.
• Something covering the top or end of a thing for protection or ornament.
(Naut.) A collar of iron or wood used in joining spars, as the mast and the topmast, the bowsprit and the jib boom; also, a covering of tarred canvas at the end of a rope.
• A percussion cap.
(Mech.) The removable cover of a journal box.
(Geom.) A portion of a spherical or other convex surface.
• A large size of writing paper; as, flat cap; foolscap; legal cap.
v. t.
• To deprive of cap.
• To complete; to crown; to bring to the highest point or consummation; as, to cap the climax of absurdity.
• To salute by removing the cap.
• To match; to mate in contest; to furnish a complement to; as, to cap text; to cap proverbs.
v. i.
• To uncover the head respectfully.
Capability
n.
• Capacity of being used or improved.
Capable
a.
• Possessing ability, qualification, or susceptibility; having capacity; of sufficient size or strength; as, a room capable of holding a large number; a castle capable of resisting a long assault.
• Possessing adequate power; qualified; able; fully competent; as, a capable instructor; a capable judge; a mind capable of nice investigations.
• Possessing legal power or capacity; as, a man capable of making a contract, or a will.
• Capacious; large; comprehensive.
Capableness
n.
• The quality or state of being capable; capability; adequateness; competency.
Capacify
v. t.
• To quality.
Capaciosly
adv.
• In a capacious manner or degree; comprehensively.
Capacious
a.
• Having capacity; able to contain much; large; roomy; spacious; extended; broad; as, a capacious vessel, room, bay, or harbor.
• Able or qualified to make large views of things, as in obtaining knowledge or forming designs; comprehensive; liberal.
Capaciousness
n.
• The quality of being capacious, as of a vessel, a reservoir a bay, the mind, etc.
Capacitate
v. t.
• To render capable; to enable; to qualify.
Capacity
n.
• The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; — used in reference to physical things.
• The power of receiving and holding ideas, knowledge, etc.; the comprehensiveness of the mind; the receptive faculty; capability of undestanding or feeling.
• Ability; power pertaining to, or resulting from, the possession of strength, wealth, or talent; possibility of being or of doing.
• Outward condition or circumstances; occupation; profession; character; position; as, to work in the capacity of a mason or a carpenter.
(Law) Legal or noral qualification, as of age, residence, character, etc., necessary for certain purposes, as for holding office, for marrying, for making contracts, will, etc.; legal power or right; competency.
Capapie
adv.
• From head to foot; at all points.
Caparison
n.
• An ornamental covering or housing for a horse; the harness or trappings of a horse, taken collectively, esp. when decorative.
• Gay or rich clothing.
v. t.
• To cover with housings, as a horse; to harness or fit out with decorative trappings, as a horse.
• To aborn with rich dress; to dress.
Caparro
n.
(Zool.) A large South American monkey (Lagothrix Humboldtii), with prehensile tail.
Capcase
n.
• A small traveling case or bandbox; formerly, a chest.
Cape
n.
• A piece or point of land, extending beyind the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; a promonotory; a headland.
v. i.
(Naut.) To head or point; to keep a course; as, the ship capes southwest by south.
n.
• A sleeveless garment or part of a garment, hanging from the neck over the back, arms, and shoulders, but not reaching below the hips.
v. i.
• To gape.
Capel
n.
(Mining) A composite stone (quartz, schorl, and hornlende) in the walls of tin and copper lodes.
Capelin
n.
(Zool.) A small marine fish (Mallotus villosus) of the family Salmonidae, very abundant on the coasts of Greenland, Iceland, Newfoundland, and Alaska. It is used as a bait for the cod.
Capella
n.
(Asrton.) A brilliant star in the constellation Auriga.
Capellane
n.
• The curate of a chapel; a chaplain.
Capelle
n.
(Mus.) The private orchestra or band of a prince or of a church.
Capellet
n.
(Far.) A swelling, like a wen, on the point of the elbow (or the heel of the hock) of a horse, caused probably by bruises in lying dowm.
Capellmeister
n.
• The musical director in royal or ducal chapel; a choirmaster.
Caper
v. i.
• To leap or jump about in a sprightly manner; to cut capers; to skip; to spring; to prance; to dance.
n.
• A frolicsome leap or spring; a skip; a jump, as in mirth or dancing; a prank.
n.
• A vessel formerly used by the Dutch, privateer.
n.
• The pungent grayish green flower bud of the European and Oriental caper (Capparis spinosa), much used for pickles.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Capparis; — called also caper bush, caper tree.
Caperberry
n.
• The small olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment.
• The currantlike fruit of the African and Arabian caper (Capparis sodado).
Caperclaw
v. t.
• To treat with cruel playfulness, as a cat treats a mouse; to abuse.
Caperer
n.
• One who capers, leaps, and skips about, or dances.
Capful
n.
• As much as will fill a cap.
Capias
n.
(Low) A writ or process commanding the officer to take the body of the person named in it, that is, to arrest him; — also called writ of capias.
Capillaceous
a.
• Having long filaments; resembling a hair; slender.
Capillaire
n.
• A sirup prepared from the maiden-hair, formerly supposed to have medicinal properties.
• Any simple sirup flavored with orange flowers.
Capillament
n.
(Bot.) A filament.
(Anat.) Any villous or hairy covering; a fine fiber or filament, as of the nerves.
Capillariness
n.
• The quality of being capillary.
Capillarity
n.
• The quality or condition of being capillary.
(Physics) The peculiar action by which the surface of a liquid, where it is in contact with a solid (as in a capillary tube), is elevated or depressed; capillary attraction.
Capillary
a.
• Resembling a hair; fine; minute; very slender; having minute tubes or interspaces; having very small bore; as, the capillary vessels of animals and plants.
• Pertaining to capillary tubes or vessels; as, capillary action.
n.
• A tube or vessel, extremely fine or minute.
(Anat.) A minute, thin-walled vessel; particularly one of the smallest blood vessels connecting arteries and veins, but used also for the smallest lymphatic and biliary vessels.
Capillation
n.
• A capillary blood vessel.
Capillature
n.
• A bush of hair; frizzing of the hair.
Capilliform
a.
• In the shape or form of, a hair, or of hairs.
Capillose
a.
• Having much hair; hairy.
Capistrate
a.
(Zool.) Hooded; cowled.
Capital
a.
• Of or pertaining to the head.
• Having reference to, or involving, the forfeiture of the head or life; affecting life; punishable with death; as, capital trials; capital punishment.
• First in importance; chief; principal.
• Chief, in a political sense, as being the seat of the general government of a state or nation; as, Washington and Paris are capital cities.
• Of first rate quality; excellent; as, a capital speech or song.
n.
(Arch.) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus, bell (or vase), and necking.
(Geog.) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis.
• Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest.
(Polit. Econ.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production.
• Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence.
(Fort.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts.
• A chapter, or section, of a book.
Capitalist
n.
• One who has capital; one who has money for investment, or money invested; esp. a person of large property, which is employed in business.
Capitalization
n.
• The act or process of capitalizing.
Capitalize
v. t.
• To convert into capital, or to use as capital.
• To compute, appraise, or assess the capital value of (a patent right, an annuity, etc.)
• To print in capital letters, or with an initial capital.
Capitally
adv.
• In a way involving the forfeiture of the head or life; as, to punish capitally.
• In a capital manner; excellently.
Capitalness
n.
• The quality of being capital; preeminence.
Capitate
a
• Headlike in form; also, having the distal end enlarged and rounded, as the stigmas of certain flowers.
(Bot.) Having the flowers gathered into a head.
Capitatim
a.
• Of so much per head; as, a capitatim tax; a capitatim grant.
Capitation
n.
• A numbering of heads or individuals.
• A tax upon each head or person, without reference to property; a poll tax.
Capitellate
a.
(Bot.) Having a very small knoblike termination, or collected into minute capitula.
Capitibranchiata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of annelids in which the gills arise from or near the head.
Capitol
• The temple of Jupiter, at Rome, on the Mona Capitolinus, where the Senate met.
• The edifice at Washington occupied by the Congress of the United States; also, the building in which the legislature of State holds its sessions; a statehouse.
Capitular
n.
• An act passed in a chapter.
• A member of a chapter.
• The head or prominent part.
a.
(Eccl.) Of or pertaining to a chapter; capitulary.
(Bot.) Growing in, or pertaining to, a capitulum.
(Anat.) Pertaining to a capitulum; as, the capitular process of a vetebra, the process which articulates with the capitulum of a rib.
Capitularly
adv.
• In the manner or form of an ecclesiastical chapter.
Capitulary
n.
• A capitular.
• The body of laws or statutes of a chapter, or of an ecclesiastical council.
• A collection of laws or statutes, civil and ecclesiastical, esp. of the Frankish kings, in chapters or sections.
a.
• Relating to the chapter of a cathedral; capitular.
Capitulate
v. i.
• To settle or draw up the heads or terms of an agreement, as in chapters or articles; to agree.
• To surrender on terms agreed upon (usually, drawn up under several heads); as, an army or a garrison capitulates.
v. t.
• To surrender or transfer, as an army or a fortress, on certain conditions.
Capitulation
n.
• A reducing to heads or articles; a formal agreement.
• The act of capitulating or surrendering to an emeny upon stipulated terms.
• The instrument containing the terms of an agreement or surrender.
Capitulator
n.
• One who capitulates.
Capitule
n.
• A summary.
Capitulum
n.
• A thick head of flowers on a very short axis, as a clover top, or a dandelion; a composite flower. A capitulum may be either globular or flat.
(Anat.) A knobike protuberance of any part, esp. at the end of a bone or cartilage.
Capivi
n.
• A balsam of the Spanish West Indies.
Capnomancy
n.
• Divination by means of the ascent or motion of smoke.
Capnomor
n.
(Chem.) A limpid, colorless oil with a peculiar odor, obtained from beech tar.
Capoc
n.
• A sort of cotton so short and fine thet it can not be spun, used in the East Indies to line palanquins, to make mattresses, etc.
Capoch
n.
• A hood; especialy, the hood attached to the gown of a monk.
v. t.
• To cover with, or as with, a hood; hence, to hoodwink or blind.
Capon
n.
• A castrated cock, esp. when fattened; a male chicken gelded to improve his flesh for the table.
v. t.
• To castrate; to make a capon of.
Caponet
n.
• A young capon.
Caponiere
n.
(Fort.) A work made across or in the ditch, to protect it from the enemy, or to serve as a covered passageway.
Caponize
v. t.
• To castrate, as a fowl.
Capot
n.
• A winning of all the tricks at the game of piquet. It counts for forty points.
v. t.
• To win all the tricks from, in playing at piquet.
Capote
n.
• A long cloak or overcoat, especially one with a hood.
Capouch
n. & v. t.
• Same as Capoch.
Cappadine
n.
• A floss or waste obtained from the cocoon after the silk has been reeled off, used for shag.
Cappeak
n.
• The front piece of a cap; — now more commonly called visor.
Cappeline
n.
(Med.) A hood-shaped bandage for the head, the shoulder, or the stump of an amputated limb.
Capper
n.
• One whose business is to make or sell caps.
• A by-bidder; a decoy for gamblers .
• An instrument for applying a percussion cap to a gun or cartridge.
Capra
n.
(Zool.) A genus of ruminants, including the common goat.
Caprate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of capric acid.
Capreolate
a.
(Bot.) Having a tendril or tendrils.
Capreoline
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the roebuck.
Capric
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to capric acid or its derivatives.
Caprice
n.
• An abrupt change in feeling, opinion, or action, proceeding from some whim or fancy; a freak; a notion.
Capricioso
a.
(Mus) In a free, fantastic style.
Capricious
a.
• Governed or characterized by caprice; apt to change suddenly; freakish; whimsical; changeable.
Capricorn
n.
(Astron.) The tenth sign of zodiac, into which the sun enters at the winter solstice, about December 21.
(Astron.) A southern constellation, represented on ancient monuments by the figure of a goat, or a figure with its fore part like a fish.
Caprid
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the tribe of ruminants of which the goat, or genus Capra, is the type.
Caprification
n.
• The practice of hanging, upon the cultivated fig tree, branches of the wild fig infested with minute hymenopterous insects.
Caprifole
n.
• The woodbine or honeysuckle.
Caprifoliaceous
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the Honeysuckle family of plants (Caprifoliacae.
Capriform
a.
• Having the form of a goat.
Caprigenous
a.
• Of the goat kind.
Caprine
a.
• Of or pertaining to a goat; as, caprine gambols.
Capriole
n.
(Man.) A leap that a horse makes with all fours, upwards only, without advancing, but with a kick or jerk of the hind legs when at the height of the leap.
• A leap or caper, as in dancing.
v. i.
• To perform a capriole.
Capriped
a.
• Having feet like those of a goat.
Caproate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of caproic acid.
Caprylate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of caprylic acid.
Capsaicin
n.
(Chem.) A colorless crystalline substance extracted from the Capsicum annuum, and giving off vapors of intense acridity.
Capsheaf
n.
• The top sheaf of a stack of grain: (fig.) the crowning or finishing part of a thing.
Capsicin
n.
(Chem.) A red liquid or soft resin extracted from various species of capsicum.
Capsicine
n.
(Chem.) A valatile alkaloid extracted from Capsicum annuum or from capsicin.
Capsicum
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of many species, producing capsules or dry berries of various forms, which have an exceedingly pungent, biting taste, and when ground form the red of Cayenne pepper of commerce.
Capsize
v. t. & i.
• To upset or overturn, as a vessel or other body.
n.
• An upset or overturn.
Capsquare
n.
(Gun.) A metal covering plate which passes over the trunnions of a cannon, and holds it in place.
Capstan
n.
• A vertical cleated drum or cylinder, revolving on an upright spindle, and surmounted by a drumhead with sockets for bars or levers. It is much used, especially on shipboard, for moving or raising heavy weights or exerting great power by traction upon a rope or cable, passing around the drum. It is operated either by steam power or by a number of men walking around the capstan, each pushing on the end of a lever fixed in its socket.
Capstone
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil echinus of the genus Cannulus; — so called from its supposed resemblance to a cap.
Capsule
n.
(Bot.) a dry fruit or pod which is made up of several parts or carpels, and opens to discharge the seeds, as, the capsule of the poppy, the flax, the lily, etc.
(Chem.) A small saucer of clay for roasting or melting samples of ores, etc.; a scorifier.
• a small, shallow, evaporating dish, usually of porcelain.
(Med.) A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed.
(Anat.) A membranous sac containing fluid, or investing an organ or joint; as, the capsule of the lens of the eye. Also, a capsulelike organ.
• A metallic seal or cover for closing a bottle,
• A small cup or shell, as of metal, for a percussion cap, cartridge, etc.
Captain
n.
• A head, or chief officer
• The military officer who commands a company, troop, or battery, or who has the rank entitling him to do so though he may be employed on other service.
• An officer in the United States navy, next above a commander and below a commodore, and ranking with a colonel in the ermy.
• By courtesy, an officer actually commanding a vessel, although not having the rank of captain.
• The master or commanding officer of a merchant vessel.
• One in charge of a portion of a ship's company; as, a captain of a top, captain of a gun, etc.
• The foreman of a body of workmen.
• A person having authority over others acting in concert; as, the captain of a boat's crew; the captain of a football team.
• A military leader; a warrior.
v. t.
• To act as captain of; to lead.
a.
• Chief; superior.
Captaincy
n.
• The rank, post, or commission of a captain.
Captainry
n.
• Power, or command, over a certain district; chieftainship.
Captainship
n.
• The condition, rank, post, or authority of a captain or chief commander.
• Military skill; as, to show good captainship.
Captation
n.
• A courting of favor or applause, by flattery or address; a captivating quality; an attraction.
Caption
n.
• A caviling; a sophism.
• The act of taking or arresting a person by judicial process.
(Law) That part of a legal instrument, as a commission, indictment, etc., which shows where, when, and by what authority, it taken, found, or executed.
• The heading of a chapter, section, or page.
Captious
a.
• Art to catch at faults; disposed to find fault or to cavil; eager to object; difficult to please.
• Fitted to harass, perplex, or insnare; insidious; troublesome.
Captiously
adv.
• In a captious manner.
Captiousness
n.
• Captious disposition or manner.
Captivate
v. t.
• To take prisoner; to capture; to subdue.
• To acquire ascendancy over by reason of some art or attraction; to fascinate; to charm; as, Cleopatra captivated Antony; the orator captivated all hearts.
p. a.
• Taken prisoner; made captive; insnared; charmed.
Captivating
a.
• Having power to captivate or cham; fascinating; as, captivating smiles.
Captivation
n.
• The act of captivating.
Captive
n.
• A prisoner taken by force or stratagem, esp., by an enemy, in war; one kept in bondage or in the power of another.
• One charmed or subdued by beaty, excellence, or affection; one who is captivated.
a.
• Made prisoner, especially in war; held in bondage or in confinement.
• Subdued by love; charmed; captivated.
• Of or pertaining to bondage or confinement; serving to confine; as, captive chains; captive hours.
v. t.
• To take prisoner; to capture.
Captivity
n.
• The state of being a captive or a prisoner.
• A state of being under control; subjection of the will or affections; bondage.
Captor
n.
• One who captures any person or thing, as a prisoner or a prize.
Capture
n.
• The act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power or by stratagem; as, the capture of an enemy, a vessel, or a criminal.
• The securing of an object of strife or desire, as by the power of some attraction.
• The thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem; a prize; prey.
v. t.
• To seize or take possession of by force, surprise, or stratagem; to overcome and hold; to secure by effort.
Capuccio
n.
• A capoch or hood.
Capuched
a.
• Cover with, or as with, a hood.
Capuchin
n.
(Eccl.) A Franciscan monk of the austere branch established in 1526 by Matteo di Baschi, distinguished by wearing the long pointed cowl or capoch of St. Francis.
• A garment for women, consisting of a cloak and hood, resembling, or supposed to resemble, that of capuchin monks.
(Zool.) A long-tailed South American monkey (Cabus capucinus), having the forehead naked and wrinkled, with the hair on the crown reflexed and resembling a monk's cowl, the rest being of a grayish white; — called also capucine monkey, weeper, sajou, sapajou, and sai.
• Other species of Cabus, as C. fatuellus (the brown or horned capucine.), C. albifrons (the cararara), and C. apella.
• A variety of the domestic pigeon having a hoodlike tuft of feathers on the head and sides of the neck.
Capulet
n.
(Far.) Same as Capellet.
Capulin
n.
• The Mexican chery (Prunus Capollin).
Caput
n.
(Anat.) The head; also, a knoblike protuberance or capitulum.
• The top or superior part of a thing.
(Eng.) The council or ruling body of the University of Cambridge prior to the constitution of 1856.
Capybara
n.
(Zool.) A large South American rodent (Hydrochaerus capybara) Living on the margins of lakes and rivers. It is the largest extant rodent, being about three feet long, and half that in height. It somewhat resembles the Guinea pig, to which it is related; — called also cabiai and water hog.
Car
n.
• A small vehicle moved on wheels; usually, one having but two wheels and drawn by one horse; a cart.
• A vehicle adapted to the rails of a railroad.
• A chariot of war or of triumph; a vehicle of splendor, dignity, or solemnity.
(Astron.) The stars also called Charles's Wain, the Great Bear, or the Dipper.
• The cage of a lift or elevator.
• The basket, box, or cage suspended from a ballon to contain passengers, ballast, etc.
• A floating perforated box for living fish.
Carabid
a.
(Zool.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the genus Carbus or family Carabidae.
n.
• One of the Carabidae, a family of active insectivorous beetles.
Carabine
n.
(Mil.) A carbine.
Carabineer
n.
• A carbineer.
Caraboid
a.
(Zool.) Like, or pertaining to the genus Carabus.
Carabus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of ground beetles, including numerous species. They devour many injurious insects.
Caracal
n.
(Zool.) A lynx (Felis, or Lynx, caracal.) It is a native of Africa and Asia. Its ears are black externally, and tipped with long black hairs.
Caracara
n.
(Zool.) A south American bird of several species and genera, resembling both the eagles and the vultures. The caracaras act as scavengers, and are also called carrion buzzards.
Carack
n.
(Naut.) A kind of large ship formerly used by the Spaniards and Portuguese in the East India trade; a galleon.
Caracole
n.
(Man.) A half turn which a horseman makes, either to the right or the left.
(Arch.) A staircase in a spiral form.
v. i.
(Man.) To move in a caracole, or in caracoles; to wheel.
Caracoly
n.
• An alloy of gold, silver, and copper, of which an inferior quality of jewerly is made.
Carafe
n.
• A glass water bottle for the table or toilet; — called also croft.
Carambola
n.
(Bot.) An East Indian tree (Averrhoa Carambola), and its acid, juicy fruit; called also Coromandel gooseberry.
Caramel
n.
(Chem.) Burnt sugar; a brown or black porous substance obtained by heating sugar. It is soluble in water, and is used for coloring spirits, gravies, etc.
• A kind of confectionery, usually a small cube or square of tenacious paste, or candy, of varying composition and flavor.
Carangoid
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to the Carangidae, a family of fishes allied to the mackerels, and including the caranx, American bluefish, and the pilot fish.
Caranx
n.
(Zool.) A genus of fishes, common on the Atlantic coast, including the yellow or goldon mackerel.
Carapace
n.
(Zool.) The thick shell or sheild which cover the back of the tortoise, or turtle, the crab, and other crustaceous animals.
Carapato
n.
(Zool.) A south American tick of the genus Amblyamma. There are several species, very troublesome to man and beast.
Carat
n.
• The weight by which precious stones and pearls are weighed.
• A twenty-fourth part; — a term used in estimating the proportionate fineness of gold.
Caravan
n.
• A company of travelers, pilgrims, or merchants, organized and equipped for a long journey, or marching or traveling together, esp. through deserts and countries infested by robbers or hostile tribes, as in Asia or Africa.
• A large, covered wagon, or a train of such wagons, for conveying wild beasts, etc., for exhibition; an itinerant show, as of wild beasts.
• A covered vehicle for carrying passengers or for moving furniture, etc.; — sometimes shorted into van.
Caravaneer
n.
• The leader or driver of the camels in caravan.
Caravansary
n.
• A kind of inn, in the East, where caravans rest at night, being a large, rude, unfurnished building, surrounding a court.
Caravel
n.
(Naut.) A name given to several kinds of vessels.
• The caravel of the 16th century was a small vessel with broad bows, high, narrow poop, four masts, and lateen sails. Columbus commanded three caravels on his great voyage.
• A Portuguese vessel of 100 or 150 tons burden.
• A small fishing boat used on the French coast.
• A Turkish man-of-war.
Caraway
n.
(Bot.) A biennial plant of the Parsley family (Carum Carui). The seeds have an aromatic smell, and a warm, pungent taste. They are used in cookery and confectionery, and also in medicine as a carminative.
• A cake or sweetmeat containing caraway seeds.
Carbamic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to an acid so called.
Carbamide
n.
(Chem.) The technical name for urea.
Carbamine
n.
(Chem.) An isocyanide of a hydrocarbon radical. The carbamines are liquids, usually colorless, and of unendurable odor.
Carbanil
n.
(Chem.) A mobile liquid, CO.N.C6H5, of pungent odor. It is the phenyl salt of isocyanic acid.
Carbazol
n.
(Chem.) A white crystallized substance, C12H8NH, derived from aniline and other amines.
Carbazotate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of carbazotic or picric acid; a picrate.
Carbazotic
a.
• Containing, or derived from, carbon and nitrogen.
Carbide
n.
(Chem.) A binary compound of carbon with some other element or radical, in which the carbon plays the part of a negative; — formerly termed carburet.
Carbine
n.
(Mil.) A short, light musket or rifle, esp. one used by mounted soldiers or cavalry.
Carbineer
n.
(Mil.) A soldier armed with a carbine.
Carbinol
n.
(Chem.) Methyl alcohol, CH3OH; — also, by extension, any one in the homologous series of paraffine alcohols of which methyl alcohol is the type.
Carbohydrate
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) One of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion as to form water; as dextrose, C6H12O6.
Carbohydride
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon.
Carbolic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid derived from coal tar and other sources; as, carbolic acid (called also phenic acid, and phenol).
Carbolize
v. t.
(Med.) To apply carbonic acid to; to wash or treat with carbolic acid.
Carbon
n.
(Chem.) An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond, and Graphite.
Carbonaceous
a.
• Pertaining to, containing, or composed of, carbon.
Carbonado
n.
(Min.) A black variety of diamond, found in Brazil, and used for diamond drills. It occurs in irregular or rounded fragments, rarely distinctly crystallized, with a texture varying from compact to porous.
Carbonarism
n.
• The principles, practices, or organization of the Carbonari.
Carbonaro
n.
• A member of a secret political association in Italy, organized in the early part of the nineteenth centry for the purpose of changing the government into a republic.
Carbonatation
n.
(Sugar Making) The saturation of defecated beet juice with carbonic acid gas.
Carbonate
n.
(Chem.) A salt or carbonic acid, as in limestone, some forms of lead ore, etc.
Carbonated
a.
• Combined or impregnated with carbonic acid.
Carbone
v. t.
• To broil. "We had a calf's head carboned".
Carbonic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, carbon; as, carbonic oxide.
Carbonide
n.
• A carbide.
Carboniferous
a.
• Producing or containing carbon or coal.
Carbonization
n.
• The act or process of carbonizing.
Carbonize
v. t.
• To cover (an animal or vegatable substance) into a residue of carbon by the action of fire or some corrosive agent; to char.
• To impregnate or combine with carbon, as in making steel by cementation.
Carbonometer
n.
• An instrument for detecting and measuring the amount of carbon which is present, or more esp. the amount of carbon dioxide, by its action on limewater or by other means.
Carbonyl
n.
(Chem.) The radical (CO)'', occuring, always combined, in many compounds, as the aldehydes, the ketones, urea, carbonyl chloride, etc.
Carbostyril
n.
• A white crystalline substance, C9H6N.OH, of acid properties derived from one of the amido cinnamic acids.
Carboxide
n.
(Chem.) A compound of carbon and oxygen, as carbonyl, with some element or radical; as, potassium carboxide.
Carboxyl
n.
(Chem.) The complex radical, CO.OH, regarded as the essential and characteristic constituent which all oxygen acids of carbon (as formic, acetic, benzoic acids, etc.) have in common; — called also oxatyl.
Carboy
n.
• A large, globular glass bottle, esp. one of green glass, inclosed in basket work or in a box, for protection; — used commonly for carrying corrosive liquids; as sulphuric acid, etc.
Carbuncle
n.
(Min.) A beautiful gem of a deep red color (with a mixture of scarlet) called by the Greeks anthrax; found in the East Indies. When held up to the sun, it loses its deep tinge, and becomes of the color of burning coal. The name belongs for the most part to ruby sapphire, though it has been also given to red spinel and garnet.
(Med.) A very painful acute local inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, esp. of the trunk or back of the neck, characterized by brawny hardness of the affected parts, sloughing of the skin and deeper tissues, and marked constitutional depression. It differs from a boil in size, tendency to spread, and the absence of a central core, and is frequently fatal. It is also called anthrax.
(Her.) A charge or bearing supposed to represent the precious stone. It has eight scepters or staves radiating from a common center. Called also escarbuncle.
Carbuncled
a.
• Set with carbuncles.
• Affected with a carbuncle or carbuncles; marked with red sores; pimpled and blotched.
Carbuncular
a.
• Belonging to a carbuncle; resembling a carbuncle; red; inflamed.
Carbunculation
n.
• The blasting of the young buds of trees or plants, by excessive heat or caold.
Carburet
v. t.
• To combine or to impregnate with carbon, as by passing through or over a liquid hydrocarbon; to carbonize or carburize.
Carburetant
n.
• Any volatile liquid used in charging illuminating gases.
Carbureted
a.
(Chem.) Combined with carbon in the manner of a carburet or carbide.
• Saturated or impregnated with some volatile carbon compound; as, water gas is carbureted to increase its illuminating power.
Carburetor
n.
(Chem.) An apparatus in which coal gas, hydrogen, or air is passed through or over a volatile hydrocarbon, in order to confer or increase illuminating power.
Carburization
n.
(Chem.) The act, process, or result of carburizing.
Carburize
v. t.
(Chem.) To combine wtih carbon or a carbon compound; — said esp. of a process for conferring a higher degree of illuminating power on combustible gases by mingling them with a vapor of valatile hydrocarbons.
Carcajou
n.
(Zool.) The wolverence; — also applied, but erroneously, to the Canada lynx, and sometimes to the American badger.
Carcanet
n.
• A jeweled chain, necklace, or collar.
Carcass
n.
• A dead body, whether of man or beast; a corpse; now commonly the dead body of a beast.
• The living body; — now commonly used in contempt or ridicule.
• The abandoned and decaying remains of some bulky and once comely thing, as a ship; the skeleton, or the uncovered or unfinished frame, of a thing.
(Mil.) A hollow case or shell, filled with combustibles, to be thrown from a mortar or howitzer, to set fire to buldings, ships, etc.
Carcavelhos
n.
• A sweet wine.
Carcelage
n.
• Prison fees.
Carceral
a.
• Belonging a prison.
Carcinological
a.
• Of or pertaining to carcinology.
Carcinology
n.
(Zool.) The depertment of zoology which treats of the Crustacea (lobsters, crabs, etc.); — called also malacostracology and crustaceology.
Carcinoma
n.
(Med.) A cancer. By some medical writers, the term is applied to an indolent tumor.
Carcinomatous
a.
• Of or pertaining to carcinoma.
Carcinosys
n.
• The affection of the system with cancer.
Card
n.
• A piece of pasteboard, or thick paper, blank or prepared for various uses; as, a playing card; a visiting card; a card of invitation; pl. a game played with cards.
• A published note, containing a brief statement, explanation, request, expression of thanks, or the like; as, to put a card in the newspapers. Also, a printed programme, and (fig.), an attraction or inducement; as, this will be a good card for the last day of the fair.
• A paper on which the points of the compass are marked; the dial or face of the mariner's compass.
(Weaving) A perforated pasteboard or sheet-metal plate for warp threads, making part of the Jacquard apparatus of a loom.
• An indicator card.
v. i.
• To play at cards; to game.
n.
• An instrument for disentangling and arranging the fibers of cotton, wool, flax, etc.; or for cleaning and smoothing the hair of animals; — usually consisting of bent wire teeth set closely in rows in a thick piece of leather fastened to a back.
• A roll or sliver of fiber (as of wool) delivered from a carding machine.
v. t.
• To comb with a card; to cleanse or disentangle by carding; as, to card wool; to card a horse.
• To clean or clear, as if by using a card.
• To mix or mingle, as with an inferior or weaker article.
Cardamine
n.
(Bot.) A genus of cruciferous plants, containing the lady's-smock, cuckooflower, bitter cress, meadow cress, etc.
Cardamom
n.
• The aromatic fruit, or capsule with its seeds, of several plants of the Ginger family growing in the East Indies and elsewhere, and much used as a condiment, and in medicine.
(Bot.) A plant which prduces cardamoms, esp. Elettaria Cardamomum and several of Amommum.
Cardboard
n.
• A stiff compact pasteboard of various qualities, for making cards, etc., often having a polished surface.
Cardcase
n.
• A case for visiting cards.
Cardecu
n.
• A quarter of a crown.
Carder
n.
• One who, or that which cards wool flax, etc.
Cardia
n.
(Anat.) The heart.
• The anterior or cardiac orifice of the stomach, where the esophagus enters it.
Cardiac
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, resembling, or hear the heart; as, the cardiac arteries; the cardiac, or left, end of the stomach.
(Med.) Exciting action in the heart, through the medium of the stomach; cordial; stimulant.
n.
(Med.) A medicine which excites action in the stomach; a cardial.
Cardiacal
a.
• Cardiac.
Cardiacle
n.
• A pain about the heart.
Cardinal
a.
• Of fundamental importance; preeminet; superior; chief; principal.
n.
• 1. (R.C.Ch.) One of the ecclesiastical prince who constitute the pope's council, or the sacred college.
• A woman's short cloak with a hood.
• Mulled red wine.
Cardinalate
n.
• The office, rank, or dignity of a cardinal.
Cardinalize
v. t.
• To exalt to the office of a cardinal.
Cardinalship
n.
• The condition, dignity, of office of a cardinal
Carding
a.
• The act or process of preparing staple for spinning, etc., bycarding it.
• A roll of wool or other fiber as it comes from the carding machine.
Cardiograph
n.
(Med.) An instrument which, when placed in contact with the chest, will register graphically the comparative duration and intensity of the heart's movements.
Cardiographic
a.
(Physiol.) Of or pertaining to, or produced by, a cardiograph.
Cardioid
n.
(Math.) An algebraic curve, so called from its resemblance to a heart.
Cardioinhibitory
a.
(Physiol.) Checking or arresting the heart's action.
Cardiolgy
n.
• The science which treats of the heart and its functions.
Cardiometry
n.
(Med.) Measurement of the heart, as by percussion or auscultation.
Cardiosphygmograph
n.
• A combination of cardiograph and shygmograph.
Carditis
n.
(Med) Inflammation of the fleshy or muscular substance of the heart.
Cardo
n.
(Zool.) The basal joint of the maxilla in insects.
• The hinge of a bivalve shell.
Cardol
n.
(Chem.) A yellow oil liquid, extracted from the shell of the cashew nut.
Cardoon
n.
(Bot.) A large herbaceos plant (Cynara Cardunculus) related to the artichoke; — used in cookery and as a sald.
Care
n.
• A burdensome sense of responsibility; trouble caused by onerous duties; anxiety; concern; solicitude.
• Charge, oversight, or management, implying responsibility for safety and prosperity.
• Attention or heed; caution; regard; heedfulness; watchfulness; as, take care; have a care.
• The object of watchful attention or anxiety.
v. i.
• To be anxious or solictous; to be concerned; to have regard or interest; — sometimes followed by an objective of measure.
Careen
v. t.
(Naut.) To cause (a vessel) to lean over so that she floats on one side, leaving the other side out of water and accessible for repairs below the water line; to case to be off the keel.
v. i.
• To incline to one side, or lie over, as a ship when sailing on a wind; to be off the keel.
Careenage
n.
(Naut.) Expense of careening ships.
• A place for careening.
Career
n.
• A race course: the ground run over.
• A running; full speed; a rapid course.
• General course of action or conduct in life, or in a particular part or calling in life, or in some special undertaking; usually applied to course or conduct which is of a pubic character; as, Washington's career as a soldier.
(Falconary) The fight of a hawk.
v. i.
• To move or run rapidly.
Careful
a.
• Full of care; anxious; solicitous
• Filling with care or colicitube; exposing to concern, anxiety, or trouble; painful.
• Taking care; gicing good heed; watchful; cautious; provident; not indifferent heedless, or reckless; — often follower byof, for, or the infinitive; as, careful of money; careful to do right.
Carefully
adv.
• In a careful manner.
Carefulness
n.
• Quality or state of being careful.
Careless
a.
• Free from care or anxiety. hence, cheerful; light-hearted.
• Having no care; not taking ordinary or proper care; negligent; unconcerned; heedless; inattentive; unmindful; regardless.
• Without thought or purpose; without due care; without attention to rule or system; unstudied; inconsiderate; spontaneouse; rash; as, a careless throw; a careless expression.
• Not receiving care; uncared for.
Carelessly
adv.
• In a careless manner.
Carelessness
n.
• The quality or state of being careless; heedlessness; negligenece; inattention.
Carene
n.
(Ecol.) A fast of forty days on bread and water.
Caress
n.
• An act of endearment; any act or expression of affection; an embracing, or touching, with tenderness.
v. t.
• To treat with tokens of fondness, affection, or kindness; to touch or speak to in a loving or endearing manner; to fondle.
Caressingly
ad.
• In caressing manner.
Caret
n.
• A mark [^] used by writers and proof readers to indicate that something is interlined above, or inserted in the margin, which belongs in the place marked by the caret.
n.
(Zool.) The hawkbill turtle.
Caretuned
a.
• Weary; mournful.
Careworn
a.
• Worn or burdened with care; as, careworn look or face.
Carex
n.
(Bot.) A numerous and widely distributed genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the order Cypreaceae; the sedges.
Carf
• pret. of Carve.
Cargason
n.
• A cargo.
Cargo
n.
• The lading or freight of a ship or other vessel; the goods, merchandise, or whatever is conveyed in a vessel or boat; load; freight.
Cargoose
n.
(Zool.) A species of grebe (Podiceps crisratus); the crested grebe.
Carib
n.
(Ethol.) A native of the Caribbee islands or the coaste of the Caribbean sea; esp., one of a tribe of Indians inhabiting a region of South America, north of the Amazon, and formerly most of the West India islands.
Caribbee
n.
• A Carib.
Caribe
n.
(Zool) A south American fresh water fish of the genus Serrasalmo of many species, remakable for its voracity. When numerous they attack man or beast, often with fatal results.
Caribou
n.
(Zool.) The American reindeer, especially the common or woodland species (Rangifer Caribou).
Caricature
n.
• An exaggeration, or distortion by exaggeration, of parts or characteristics, as in a picture.
• A picture or other figure or description in which the peculiarities of a person or thing are so exaggerated as to appear ridiculous; a burlesque; a parody.
v. t.
• To make or draw a caricature of; to represent with ridiculous exaggeration; to burlesque.
Caricaturist
n.
• One who caricatures.
Cariccio
n.
(Mus.) A piece in a free form, with frequent digressions from the theme; a fantasia; — often called caprice.
• A caprice; a freak; a fancy.
Caricous
a.
• Of the shape of a fig; as, a caricous tumor.
Caries
n.
(Med.) Ulceration of bone; a process in which bone disintegrates and is carried away piecemeal, as distinguished from necrosis, in which it dies in masses.
Carillon
n.
(Mus.) A chime of bells diatonically tuned, played by clockwork or by finger keys.
• A tune adapted to be played by musical bells.
Carina
n.
(Bot.) A keel
• That part of a papilionaceous flower, consisting of two petals, commonly united, which incloses the organs of fructification
• A longitudinal ridge or projection like the keel of a boat.
(Zool.) The keel of the breastbone of birds.
Carinaria
n.
(Zool.) A genus of oceanic heteropod Mollusca, having a thin, glassy, bonnet-shaped shell, which covers only the nucleus and gills.
Carinatae
n. pl.
• A grand division of birds, including all existing flying birds; — So called from the carina or keel on the breastbone.
Cariole
n.
• A small, light, open one-horse carriage
• A covered cart
• A kind of calash.
Cariosity
n.
(Med.) Caries.
Carious
a.
• Affected with caries; decaying; as, a carious tooth.
Cark
n.
• A noxious or corroding care; solicitude; worry.
v. i.
• To be careful, anxious, solicitous, or troubles in mind; to worry or grieve.
v. t.
• To vex; to worry; to make by anxious care or worry.
Carkanet
n.
• A carcanet.
Carking
a.
• Distressing; worrying; perplexing; corroding; as, carking cares.
Carl
n.
• A rude, rustic man; a churl.
• Large stalks of hemp which bear the seed; — called also carl hemp.
• A kind of food.
Carlin
n.
• An old woman.
Carlings
n. pl.
• Same as Carl, 3.
Carlist
n.
• A parisan of Charles X. Of France, or of Dod Carlos of Spain.
Carlock
n.
• A sort of Russian isinglass, made from the air bladder of the sturgeon, and used in clarifying wine.
Carlot
n.
• A churl; a boor; a peasant or countryman.
Carlovingian
a.
• Pertaining to, founded by, of descended from, Charlemagne; as, the Carlovingian race of kings.
Carmagnole
n.
• A popular or Red Rebublican song and dance, of the time of the first French Revolution.
• A bombastic report from the French armies.
Carman
n.
• A man whose employment is to drive, or to convey goods in, a car or car.
Carmelite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A friar of a mendicant order (the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel) established on Mount Carmel, in Syria, in the twelfth century; a White Friar.
• A nun of the Order of Our lady of Mount Carmel.
Carminated
a.
• Of, relating to, or mixed with, carmine; as, carminated lake.
Carminative
a.
• Expelling wind from the body; warning; antispasmodic.
n.
• A substance, esp. an aromatic, which tends to expel wind from the alimentary canal, or to relieve colic, griping, or flatulence.
Carmine
n.
• A rich red or crimson color with a shade of purple.
• A beautiful pigment, or a lake, of this color, prepared from cochineal, and used in miniature painting.
(Chem.) The essential coloring principle of cochineal, extracted as a purple-red amorphous mass. It is a glucoside and possesses acid properties; — hence called also carminic acid.
Carminic
a.
• Of or pertaining to, or derived from, carmine.
Carmot
n.
(Alchemy) The matter of which the philosopher's stone was believed to be composed.
Carnage
n.
• Flesh of slain animals or men.
• Great destruction of life, as in battle; bloodshed; slaughter; massacre; murder; havoc.
Carnal
a.
• Of or pertaining to the body or is appetites; animal; fleshly; sensual; given to sensual indulgence; lustful; human or worldly as opposed to spiritual.
• Flesh-devouring; cruel; ravenous; bloody.
Carnalism
n.
• The state of being carnal; carnality; sensualism.
Carnalist
n.
• A sensualist.
Carnality
n.
• The state of being carnal; fleshly lust, or the indulgence of lust; grossness of mind.
Carnalize
v. t.
• To make carnal; to debase to carnality.
Carnallite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous chloride of potassium and magnesium, sometimes found associated with deposits of rock salt.
Carnally
adv.
• According to the flesh, to the world, or to human nature; in a manner to gratify animal appetites and lusts; sensually.
Carnary
n.
• A vault or crypt in connection with a church, used as a repository for human bones disintered from their original burial places; a charnel house.
Carnassial
a.
(Anat.) Adapted to eating flesh.
n.
• A carnassial tooth; especially, the last premolar in many carnivores.
Carnate
a.
• Invested with, or embodied in, flesh.
Carnation
n.
• The natural color of flesh; rosy pink.
(Paint.) Those parts of a picture in which the human body or any part of it is represented in full color; the flesh tints.
(Bot.) A species of Dianthus (D. Caryophyllus) or pink, having very beautiful flowers of various colors, esp. white and usually a rich, spicy scent.
Carnationed
a.
• Having a flesh color.
Carnauba
n.
(Bot.) The Brazilian wax palm.
Carnelian
n.
(Min.) A variety of chalcedony, of a clear, deep red, flesh red, or reddish white color. It is moderately hard, capable of a good polish, and often used for seals.
Carneous
a.
• Consisting of, or like, flesh; carnous; fleshy.
Carney
n.
(Far.) A disease of horses, on which the mouth is so furred that the afflicted animal can not eat.
Carnifex
n.
(Antiq.) The public executioner at Rome, who executed persons of the lowest rank; hence, an executioner or hangman.
Carnification
n.
• The act or process of turning to flesh, or to a substance resembling flesh.
Carnify
v. i.
• To form flesh; to become like flesh.
Carnin
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance, found in extract of meat, and related to xanthin.
Carnival
n.
• A festival celebrated with merriment and revelry in Roman Gatholic countries during the week before Lent, esp. at Rome and Naples, during a few days (three to ten) before Lent, ending with Shrove Tuesday.
• Any merrymaking, feasting, or masquerading, especially when overstepping the bounds of decorum; a time of riotous excess.
Carnivora
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of Mammallia including the lion, tiger, wolf bear, seal, etc. They are adapted by their structure to feed upon flesh, though some of them, as the bears, also eat vegetable food. The teeth are large and sharp, suitable for cutting flesh, and the jaws powerful.
Carnivoracity
n.
• Greediness of appetite for flesh.
Carnivore
n.
(Zool.) One of the Carnivora.
Carnivorous
a.
• Eating or feeding on flesh. The term is applied: (a) to animals which naturally seek flesh for food, as the tiger, dog, etc.; (b) to plants which are supposed to absorb animal food; (c) to substances which destroy animal tissue, as caustics.
Carnosity
n.
(Med.) A fleshy excrescence; esp. a small excrescence or fungous growth.
• Fleshy substance or quality; fleshy covering.
Carob
n.
(Bot.) An evergreen leguminous tree (Ceratania Siliqua) found in the countries bordering the Mediterranean; the St. John's bread; — called also carob tree.
• One of the long, sweet, succulent, pods of the carob tree, which are used as food for animals and sometimes eaten by man; — called also St. John's bread, carob bean, and algaroba bean.
Caroche
n.
• A kind of pleasure carriage; a coach.
Caroched
a.
• Placed in a caroche.
Caroigne
n.
• Dead body; carrion.
Carol
n.
• A round dance.
• A song of joy, exultation, or mirth; a lay.
• A song of praise of devotion; as, a Christmas or Easter carol.
• Joyful music, as of a song.
v. t.
• To praise or celebrate in song.
• To sing, especially with joyful notes.
v. i.
• To sing; esp. to sing joyfully; to warble.
Carolin
n.
• A former gold coin of Germany worth nearly five dollars; also, a gold coin of Sweden worth nearly five dollars.
Caroline
n.
• A coin.
Caroling
n.
• A song of joy or devotion; a singing, as of carols.
Carolinian
n.
• A native or inhabitant of north or South Carolina.
Carolitic
a.
(Arch.) Adorned with sculptured leaves and branches.
Carolus
n.
• An English gold coin of the value of twenty or twenty-three shillings. It was first struck in the reign of Charles I.
Carom
n.
(Billiards) A shot in which the ball struck with the cue comes in contact with two or more balls on the table; a hitting of two or more balls with the player's ball. In England it is called cannon.
v. i.
(Billiards) To make a carom.
Caroteel
n.
(Com.) A tierce or cask for dried fruits, etc., usually about 700 lbs.
Carotic
a.
• Of or pertaining to stupor; as, a carotic state.
(Anat.) Carotid; as, the carotic arteries.
Carotid
n.
(Anat.) One of the two main arteries of the neck, by which blood is conveyed from the aorta to the head.
Carotin
n.
(Chem.) A red crystallizable tasteless substance, extracted from the carrot.
Carousal
n.
• A jovial feast or festival; a drunken revel; a carouse.
Carouse
n.
• A large draught of liguor.
• A drinking match; a carousal.
v. i.
• To drink deeply or freely in compliment; to take in a carousal; to engage in drunken revels.
v. t.
• To drink up; to drain; to drink freely or jovially.
Carouser
n.
• One who carouses; a reveler.
Carousing
a.
• That carouses; relating to a carouse.
Carousingly
adv.
• In the manner of a carouser.
Carp
v. i.
• To talk; to speak; to prattle.
• To find fault; to cavil; to censure words or actions without reason or ill-naturedly; — usually followed by at.
v. t.
• To say; to tell.
• To find fault with; to censure.
n.
(Zool.) A fresh-water herbivorous fish (Cyprinus carpio.). Several other species of Cyprinus, Catla, and Carassius are called carp.
Carpal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the carpus, or wrist.
n.
• One of the bones or cartilages of the carpus; a carpale.
Carpale
n.
(Anat.) One of the bones or cartilages of the carpus; esp. one of the series articulating with the metacarpals.
Carpathian
a.
• Of or pertaining to a range of mountains in Austro-Hungary, called the Carpathians, which partially inclose Hungary on the north, east, and south.
Carpellary
a.
(Bot.) Belonging to, forming, or containing carpels.
Carpenter
n.
• An artificer who works in timber; a framer and builder of houses, ships, etc.
Carpentering
n.
• The occupation or work of a carpenter; the act of workingin timber; carpentry.
Carpentry
n.
• The art of cutting, framing, and joining timber, as in the construction of buildings.
• An assemblage of pieces of timber connected by being framed together, as the pieces of a roof, floor, etc.; work done by a carpenter.
Carper
n.
• One who carps; a caviler.
Carpet
n.
• A heavy woven or felted fabric, usually of wool, but also of cotton, hemp, straw, etc.; esp. a floor covering made in breadths to be sewed together and nailed to the floor, as distinguished from a rug or mat; originally, also, a wrought cover for tables.
• A smooth soft covering resembling or suggesting a carpet.
v. t.
• To cover with, or as with, a carpet; to spread with carpets; to furnish with a carpet or carpets.
Carpetbag
n.
• A portable bag for travelers; — so called because originally made of carpet.
Carpetbagger
n.
• An adventurer; — a term of contempt for a Northern man seeking private gain or political advancement in the southern part of the United States after the Civil War (1865).
Carpeting
n.
• 1. The act of covering with carpets.
• Cloth or materials for carpets; carpets, in general.
Carpetless
a.
• Without a carpet.
Carpetmonger
n.
• One who deals in carpets; a buyer and seller of carpets.
• One fond of pleasure; a gallant.
Carpetway
n.
(Agric.) A border of greensward left round the margin of a plowed field.
Carping
a.
• Fault-finding; censorious caviling.
Carpintero
n.
• A california woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus), noted for its habit of inserting acorns in holes which it drills in trees. The acorns become infested by insect larvae, which, when grown, are extracted for food by the bird.
Carpogenic
a.
(Bot.) Productive of fruit, or causing fruit to be developed.
Carpolite
n.
• A general term for a fossil fruit, nut, or seed.
Carpological
a.
• Of or pertaining to carpology.
Carpologist
n.
• One who describes fruits; one versed in carpology.
Carpology
n.
• That branch of botany which relates to the structure of seeds and fruit.
Carpophagous
a.
• Living on fruits; fruit-consuming.
Carpophore
n.
(Bot.) A slender prolongation of the receptacle as an axis between the carpels, as in Geranium and many umbelliferous plants.
Carpophyll
n.
(Bot.) A leaf converted into a fruit or a constituent portion of a fruit; a carpel.
Carpophyte
n.
(Bot.) A flowerless plant which forms a true fruit as the result of fertilization, as the red seaweeds, the Ascomycetes, etc.
Carpospore
n.
(Bot.) A kind of spore formed in the conceptacles of red algae.
Carpus
n.
(Anat.) The wrist; the bones or cartilages between the forearm, or antibrachium, and the hand or forefoot; in man, consisting of eight short bones disposed in two rows.
Carrancha
n.
(Zool.) The Brazilian kite (Polyborus Brasiliensis); — so called in imitation of its notes.
Carriable
a.
• Capable of being carried.
Carriage
n.
• That which is carried; burden; baggage.
• The act of carrying, transporting, or conveying.
• The price or expense of carrying.
• That which carries of conveys, as: (a) A wheeled vehicle for persons, esp. one designed for elegance and comfort. (b) A wheeled vehicle carrying a fixed burden, as a gun carriage. (c) A part of a machine which moves and carries of supports some other moving object or part. (d) A frame or cage in which something is carried or supported; as, a bell carriage.
• The manner of carrying one's self; behavior; bearing; deportment; personal manners.
• The act or manner of conducting measures or projects; management.
Carriageable
a.
• Passable by carriages; that can be conveyed in carriages.
Carrier
n.
• One who, or that which, carries or conveys; a messenger.
• One who is employed, or makes it his business, to carry goods for others for hire; a porter; a teamster.
(Mach.) That which drives or carries; as: (a) A piece which communicates to an object in a lathe the motion of the face plate; a lathe dog. (b) A spool holder or bobbin holder in a braiding machine. (c) A movable piece in magazine guns which transfers the cartridge to a position from which it can be thrust into the barrel.
Carrion
n.
• The dead and putrefying body or flesh of an animal; flesh so corrupted as to be unfit for food.
• A contemptible or worthless person; — a term of reproach.
a.
• Of or pertaining to dead and putrefying carcasses; feeding on carrion.
Carronade
n.
(Med.) A kind of short cannon, formerly in use, designed to throw a large projectile with small velocity, used for the purpose of breaking or smashing in, rather than piercing, the object aimed at, as the side of a ship. It has no trunnions, but is supported on its carriage by a bolt passing through a loop on its under side.
Carrot
n.
(Bot.) An umbelliferous biennial plant (Daucus Carota), of many varieties.
• The esculent root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped, and of a reddish yellow color.
Carroty
a.
• Like a carrot in color or in taste; — an epithet given to reddish yellow hair, etc.
Carrow
n.
• A strolling gamester.
Carry
v. t.
• To convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; to bear; — often with away or off.
• To have or hold as a burden, while moving from place to place; to have upon or about one's person; to bear; as, to carry a wound; to carry an unborn child.
• To move; to convey by force; to impel; to conduct; to lead or guide.
• To transfer from one place (as a country, book, or column) to another; as, to carry the war from Greece into Asia; to carry an account to the ledger; to carry a number in adding figures.
• To convey by extension or continuance; to extend; as, to carry the chimney through the roof; to carry a road ten miles farther.
• To bear or uphold successfully through conflict, as a leader or principle; hence, to succeed in, as in a contest; to bring to a successful issue; to win; as, to carry an election.
• To get possession of by force; to capture.
• To contain; to comprise; to bear the aspect of ; to show or exhibit; to imply.
• To bear (one's self); to behave, to conduct or demean; — with the refexive pronouns.
• To bear the charges or burden of holding or having, as stocks, merchandise, etc., from one time to another; as, a merchant is carrying a large stock; a farm carries a mortgage; a broker carries stock for a customer; to carry a life insurance.
v. i.
• To act as a bearer; to convey anything; as, to fetch and carry.
• To have propulsive power; to propel; as, a gun or mortar carries well.
• To hold the head; — said of a horse; as, to carry well i. e., to hold the head high, with arching neck.
(Hunting) To have earth or frost stick to the feet when running, as a hare.
n.
• A tract of land, over which boats or goods are carried between two bodies of navigable water; a carrying place; a portage.
Carryall
n.
• A light covered carriage, having four wheels and seats for four or more persons, usually drawn by one horse.
Carrying
n.
• The act or business of transporting from one place to another.
Carryk
n.
• A carack.
Carrytale
n.
• A talebearer.
Carse
n.
• Low, fertile land; a river valley.
Cart
n.
• A common name for various kinds of vehicles, as a Scythian dwelling on wheels, or a chariot.
• A two-wheeled vehicle for the ordinary purposes of husbandry, or for transporting bulky and heavy articles.
• A light business wagon used by bakers, grocerymen, butchers, atc.
• An open two-wheeled pleasure carriage.
v. t.
• To carry or convey in a cart.
• To expose in a cart by way of punishment.
v. i.
• To carry burdens in a cart; to follow the business of a carter.
Cartage
n.
• The act of carrying in a cart.
• The price paid for carting.
Cartbote
n.
(Old Eng. Law.) Wood to which a tenant is entitled for making and repairing carts and other instruments of husbandry.
Carte
n.
• Bill of fare.
• Short for Carte de visite.
Cartel
n.
(Mil.) An agreement between belligerents for the exchange of prisoners.
• A letter of defiance or challenge; a challenge to single combat.
v. t.
• To defy or challenge.
Carter
n.
• A charioteer.
• A man who drives a cart; a teamster.
(Zool.) Any species of Phalangium; — also called harvestman
• A British fish; the whiff.
Cartesian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the French philosopher Rene Descartes, or his philosophy.
n.
• An adherent of Descartes.
Cartesianism
n.
• The philosophy of Descartes.
Carthaginian
a.
• Of a pertaining to ancient Carthage, a city of northern Africa.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Carthage.
Carthamin
n.
(Chem.) A red coloring matter obtained from the safflower, or Carthamus tinctorius.
Carthusian
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A member of an exceeding austere religious order, founded at Chartreuse in France by St. Bruno, in the year 1086.
a.
• Pertaining to the Carthusian.
Cartilage
n.
(Anat.) A translucent, elastic tissue; gristle.
Cartilaginification
n.
• The act or process of forming cartilage.
Cartilaginous
a.
• Of or pertaining to cartilage; gristly; firm and tough like cartilage.
(Zool.) Having the skeleton in the state of cartilage, the bones containing little or no calcareous matter; said of certain fishes, as the sturgeon and the sharks.
Cartman
n.
• One who drives or uses a cart; a teamster; a carter.
Cartographer
n.
• One who make charts or maps.
Cartographically
adv.
• By cartography.
Cartography
n.
• The act business of forming chart's or maps.
Cartomancy
n.
• The act of telling fortunes with cards.
Carton
n.
• Pasteboard for paper boxes; also, a pasteboard box.
Cartoon
n.
• A design or study drawn of the full size, to serve as a model for transferring or copying; — used in the making of mosaics, tapestries, fresco pantings and the like; as, the cartoons of Raphael.
• A large pictorial sketch, as in a journal or magazine; esp. a pictorial caricature; as , the cartoons of "Puck."
Cartoonist
n.
• One skilled in drawing cartoons.
Cartouch
n.
(Mil.) A roll or case of paper, etc., holding a charge for a firearm; a cartridge
• A cartridge box
• A wooden case filled with balls, to be shot from a cannon.
• A gunner's bag for ammunition
• A military pass for a soldier on furlough.
(Arch.) A cantalever, console, corbel, or modillion, which has the form of a scroll of paper
• A tablet for ornament, or for receiving an inscription, formed like a sheet of paper with the edges rolled up; hence, any tablet of ornamental form.
(Egyptian Antiq.) An oval figure on monuments, and in papyri, containing the name of a sovereign.
Cartridge
n.
(Mil.) A complete charge for a firearm, contained in, or held together by, a case, capsule, or shell of metal, pasteboard, or other material.
Cartulary
n.
• A register, or record, as of a monastery or church.
• 2. An ecclesiastical officer who had charge of records or other public papers.
Cartway
n.
• A way or road for carts.
Cartwright
n.
• An artificer who makes carts; a cart maker.
Carucage
n.
(Old Eng. Law.) A tax on every plow or plowland.
• The act of plowing.
Carucate
n.
• A plowland; as much land as one team can plow in a year and a day; — by some said to be about 100 acres.
Carus
n.
(Med.) Coma with complete insensibility; deep lethargy.
Carvacrol
n.
(Chem.) A thick oily liquid, C10H13.OH, of a strong taste and disagreeable odor, obtained from oil of caraway (Carum carui).
Carve
v. t.
• To cut.
• To cut, as wood, stone, or other material, in an artistic or decorative manner; to sculpture; to engrave.
• To make or shape by cutting, sculpturing, or engraving; to form; as, to carve a name on a tree.
• To cut into small pieces or slices, as meat at table; to divide for distribution or apportionment; to apportion.
• To cut: to hew; to mark as if by cutting.
• To take or make, as by cutting; to provide.
• To lay out; to contrive; to design; to plan.
v. i.
• To exercise the trade of a sculptor or carver; to engrave or cut figures.
• To cut up meat; as, to carve for all the guests.
n.
• A carucate.
Carvel
n.
• Same as Caravel.
• A species of jellyfish; sea blubber.
Carvelbuilt
a.
(Shipbuilding) Having the planks meet flush at the seams, instead of lapping as in a clinker-built vessel.
Carven
a.
• Wrought by carving; ornamented by carvings; carved.
Carvene
n.
• An oily substance, C10H16, extracted from oil caraway.
Carver
n.
• One who carves; one who shapes or fashions by carving, or as by carving; esp. one who carves decorative forms, architectural adornments, etc.
• One who carves or divides meat at table.
• A large knife for carving.
Carving
n.
• The act or art of one who carves.
• A piece of decorative work cut in stone, wood, or other material.
• The whole body of decorative sculpture of any kind or epoch, or in any material; as, the Italian carving of the 15th century.
Carvist
n.
(Falconary) A hawk which is of proper age and training to be carried on the hand; a hawk in its first year.
Carvol
n.
(Chem.) One of a species of aromatic oils, resembling carvacrol.
Caryatid
n.
(Arch.) A draped female figure supporting an entablature, in the place of a column or pilaster.
Caryatides
n. pl.
(Arch) Caryatids.
Caryophyllaceous
a.
(Bot.) Having corollas of five petals with long claws inclosed in a tubular, calyx, as the pink
• Belonging to the family of which the pink and the carnation are the types.
Caryophyllin
n.
(Chem.) A tasteless and odorless crystalline substance, extracted from cloves, polymeric with common camphor.
Caryophyllous
a.
• Caryophyllaceous.
Caryopsis
n.
(Bot.) A one-celled, dry, indehiscent fruit, with a thin membranous pericarp, adhering closely to the seed, so that fruit and seed are incorporated in one body, forming a single grain, as of wheat, barley, etc.
Casal
a.
(Gram.) Of or pertaining to case; as, a casal ending.
Casaway
a.
• Of no value; rejected; useless.
Cascabel
n.
• The projection in rear of the breech of a cannon, usually a knob or breeching loop connected with the gun by a neck. In old writers it included all in rear of the base ring.
Cascade
n.
• A fall of water over a precipice, as in a river or brook; a waterfall less than a cataract.
v. i.
• To fall in a cascade.
• To vomit.
Cascalho
n.
• A deposit of pebbles, gravel, and ferruginous sand, in which the Brazilian diamond is usually found.
Cascarilla
n.
(Bot.) A euphorbiaceous West Indian shrub (Croton Eleutheria); also, its aromatic bark.
Cascarillin
n.
(Chem.) A white, crystallizable, bitter substance extracted from oil of cascarilla.
Case
n.
• A box, sheath, or covering; as, a case for holding goods; a case for spectacles; the case of a watch; the case (capsule) of a cartridge; a case (cover) for a book.
• A box and its contents; the quantity contained in a box; as, a case of goods; a case of instruments.
(Print.) A shallow tray divided into compartments or "boxes" for holding type.
• An inclosing frame; a casing; as, a door case; a window case.
(Mining) A small fissure which admits water to the workings.
v. t.
• To cover or protect with, or as with, a case; to inclose.
• To strip the skin from; as, to case a box.
n.
• Chance; accident; hap; opportunity.
• That which befalls, comes, or happens; an event; an instance; a circumstance, or all the circumstamces; condition; state of things; affair; as, a strange case; a case of injustice; the case of the Indian tribes.
(Med. & Surg.) A patient under treatment; an instance of sickness or injury; as, ten cases of fever; also, the history of a disease or injury.
(Law) The matters of fact or conditions involved in a suit, as distinguished from the questions of law; a suit or action at law; a cause.
(Gram.) One of the forms, or the inflections or changes of form, of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, which indicate its relation to other words, and in the aggregate constitute its declension; the relation which a noun or pronoun sustains to some other word.
v. i.
• To propose hypothetical cases.
Caseation
n.
(Med.) A degeneration of animal tissue into a cheesy or curdy mass.
Caseharden
v. t.
• To subject to a process which converts the surface of iron into steel.
• To render insensible to good influences.
Casehardened
a.
• Having the surface hardened, as iron tools.
• Hardened against, or insusceptible to, good influences; rendered callous by persistence in wrongdoing or resistance of good influences; — said of persons.
Casehardening
n.
• The act or process of converting the surface of iron into steel.
Caseic
a.
• OF or pertaining to cheese; as, caseic acid.
Casein
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A proteid substance present in both the animal and the vegetable kingdom. In the animal kindom it is chiefly found in milk, and constitutes the main part of the curd separated by rennet; in the vegetable kingdom it is found more or less abundantly in the seeds of leguminous plants. Its reactions resemble those of alkali albumin.
Casemate
n.
(Fort.) A bombproof chamber, usually of masonry, in which cannon may be placed, to be fired through embrasures; or one capable of being used as a magazine, or for quartering troops.
(Arch.) A hollow molding, chiefly in cornices.
Casemated
a.
• Furnished with, protected by, or built like, a casemate.
Casement
n.
(Arch.) A window sash opening on hinges affixed to the upright side of the frame into which it is fitted. A window.
Casemented
a.
• Having a casement or casements.
Caseous
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, cheese; having the qualities of cheese; cheesy.
Casern
n.
• A lodging for soldiers in garrison towns, usually near the rampart; barracks.
Caseum
n.
• Same as Casein.
Caseworm
n.
(Zool.) A worm or grub that makes for itself a case.
Cash
n.
• A place where money is kept, or where it is deposited and paid out; a money box.
(Com.) Ready money; especially, coin or specie; but also applied to bank notes, drafts, bonds, or any paper easily convertible into money
• Immediate or prompt payment in current funds; as, to sell goods for cash; to make a reduction in price for cash.
v. t.
• To pay, or to receive, cash for; to exchange for money; as, cash a note or an order.
v. t.
• To disband.
n.sing & pl.
• A Chinese coin.
Cashbook
n.
(Bookkeeping) A book in which is kept a register of money received or paid out.
Cashew
n.
(Bot.) A tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the same family which the sumac. It is native in tropical America, but is now naturalized in all tropical countries. Its fruit, a kidney-shaped nut, grows at the extremity of an edible, pear-shaped hypocarp, about three inches long.
Cashier
n.
• One who has charge of money; a cash keeper; the officer who has charge of the payments and receipts (moneys, checks, notes), of a bank or a mercantile company.
v. t.
• To dismiss or discard; to discharge; to dismiss with ignominy from military service or from an office or place of frust.
• To put away or reject; to disregard.
Cashierer
n.
• One who rejects, discards, or dismisses; as, a cashierer of monarchs.
Cashmere
n.
• A rich stuff for shawls, acaris, etc., originally made in Cashmere from the soft wool found beneath the hair of the goats of Cashmere, Thibet, and the Himalayas. Some cashmere, of fine quality, is richly embroidered for sale to Europeans.
• A dress fabric made of fine wool, or of fine wool and cotton, in imitation of the original cashmere.
Cashmerette
n.
• A kind of dress goods, made with a soft and glossy surface like cashmere.
Casing
n.
• The act or process of inclosing in, or covering with, a case or thin substance, as plaster, boards, etc.
• An outside covering, for protection or ornament, or to precent the radiation of heat.
• An inclosing frame; esp. the framework around a door or a window.
Casings
n. pl.
• Dried dung of cattle used as fuel.
Casino
n.
• A small country house.
• A building or room used for meetings, or public amusements, for dancing, gaming, etc.
• A game at cards.
Cask
n.
• Same as Casque.
• A barrel-shaped vessel made of staves headings, and hoops, usually fitted together so as to hold liquids. It may be larger or smaller than a barrel.
• The quantity contained in a cask.
• A casket; a small box for jewels.
v. t.
• To put into a cask.
Casket
n.
• A small chest or box, esp. of rich material or ornamental character, as for jewels, etc.
• A kind of burial case.
• Anything containing or intended to contain something highly esteemed; as: (a) The body. (Shak). (b) The tomb. (Milton). (c) A book of selections.
v. t.
• To put into, or preserve in, a casket.
Casque
n.
• A piece of defensive or ornamental armor (with or without a vizor) for the head and neck; a helmet.
Cass
v. t.
• To render useless or void; to annul; to reject; to send away.
Cassareep
n.
• A condiment made from the sap of the bitter cassava (Manihot utilissima) deprived of its poisonous qualities, concentrated by boiling, and flavored with aromatics.
Cassate
v. t.
• To render void or useless; to vacate or annul.
Cassation
n.
• The act of annulling.
Cassava
n.
(Bot.) A shrubby euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, with fleshy rootstocks yielding an edible starch; — called also manioc.
• A nutritious starch obtained from the rootstocks of the cassava plant, used as food and in making tapioca.
Casserole
n.
(Chem.) A small round dish with a handle, usually of porcelain.
(Cookery) A mold (in the shape of a hollow vessel or incasement) of boiled rice, mashed potato or paste, baked, and afterwards filled with vegetables or meat.
Cassia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of leguminous plants (herbs, shrubs, or trees) of many species, most of which have purgative qualities. The leaves of several species furnish the senna used in medicine.
• The bark of several species of Cinnamommum grown in China, etc.; Chinese cinnamon. It is imported as cassia, but commonly sold as cinnamon, from which it differs more or less in strength and flavor, and the amount of outer bark attached.
Cassican
n.
(Zool.) An American bird of the genus Cassicus, allied to the starlings and orioles, remarkable for its skillfully constructed and suspended nest; the crested oriole. The name is also sometimes given to the piping crow, an Australian bird.
Cassideous
a.
(Bot.) Helmet-shaped; — applied to a corolla having a broad, helmet-shaped upper petal, as in aconite.
Cassidony
n.
(Bot.) The French lavender (Lawandula Stachas)
• The goldilocks (Chrysocoma linosyris) and perhaps other plants related to the genus Gnaphalium or cudweed.
Cassimere
n.
• A thin, twilled, woolen cloth, used for men's garments.
Cassinette
n.
• A cloth with a cotton wart, and a woof of very fine wool, or wool and silk.
Cassino
n.
• A game at cards, played by two or more persons, usually for twenty-one points.
Cassioberry
n.
• The fruit of the Viburnum obovatum, a shrub which grows from Virginia to Florida.
Cassiopeia
n.
(Astron.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere, situated between Capheus and Perseus; — so called in honor of the wife of Cepheus, a fabuolous king of Ethiopia.
Cassiterite
n.
(Min.) Native tin dioxide; tin stone; a mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals of reddish brown color, and brilliant adamantine luster; also massive, sometimes in compact forms with concentric fibrous structure resembling wood (wood tin), also in rolled fragments or pebbly (Stream tin). It is the chief source of metallic tin.
Cassius
n.
• A brownish purple pigment, obtained by the action of some compounds of tin upon certain salts of gold. It is used in painting and staining porcelain and glass to give a beautiful purple color. Commonly called Purple of Cassius.
Cassock
n.
• A long outer garment formerly worn by men and women, as well as by soldiers as part of their uniform.
(Eccl.) A garment resembling a long frock coat worn by the clergy of certain churches when officiating, and by others as the usually outer garment.
Cassocked
a.
• Clothed with a cassock.
Cassolette
n.
• a box, or vase with a perforated cover to emit perfumes.
Cassonade
n.
• Raw sugar; sugar not refined.
Cassowary
n.
(Zool.) A large bird, of the genus Casuarius, found in the east Indies. It is smaller and stouter than the ostrich. Its head is armed with a kind of helmet of horny substance, consisting of plates overlapping each other, and it has a group of long sharp spines on each wing which are used as defensive organs. It is a shy bird, and runs with great rapidity. Other species inhabit New Guinea, Australia, etc.
Cast
v. t.
• To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.
• To direct or turn, as the eyes.
• To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.
• To throw down, as in wrestling.
• To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.
• To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.
• To bring forth prematurely; to slink.
• To throw out or emit; to exhale.
• To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject.
• To impose; to bestow; to rest.
• To dismiss; to discard; to cashier.
• To contrive; to plan.
• To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages.
• To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice.
• To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets.
(Print.) To stereotype or electrotype.
• To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part.
v. i.
• To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.
(Naut.) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh.
• To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons.
• To calculate; to compute.
• To receive form or shape in a mold.
• To warp; to become twisted out of shape.
• To vomit.
• 3d pres. of Cast, for Casteth.
n.
• The act of casting or throwing; a throw.
• The thing thrown.
• The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown.
• A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture.
• That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm.
• The act of casting in a mold.
• An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern.
• That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting.
• Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, a pecullar cast of countenance.
• A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade.
• A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift.
• The assignment of parts in a play to the actors.
(Falconary) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand.
• A stoke, touch, or trick.
• A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint.
• A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold.
• Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp.
• Contrivance; plot, design.
Castalian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Castalia, a mythical fountain of inspiration on Mt. Parnassus sacred to the Muses.
Castanea
n.
(Bot.) A genus of nut-bearing trees or shrubs including the chestnut and chinquapin.
Castanets
n. pl.
• Two small, concave shells of ivory or hard wood, shaped like spoons, fastened to the thumb, and beaten together with the middle finger; — used by the Spaniards and Moors as an accompaniment to their dance and guitars.
Castaway
n.
• One who, or that which, is cast away or shipwrecked.
• One who is ruined; one who has made moral shipwreck; a reprobate.
Caste
n.
• One of the hereditary classes into which the Hindoos are divided according to the laws of Brahmanism.
• A separate and fixed order or class of persons in society who chiefly hold intercourse among themselves.
Castellan
n.
• A goveror or warden of a castle.
Castellany
n.
• The lordship of a castle; the extent of land and jurisdiction appertaining to a castle.
Castellated
a.
• Inclosed within a building; as, a fountain or cistern castellated.
• Furnished with turrets and battlements, like a castle; built in the style of a castle.
Castellation
n.
• The act of making into a castle.
Caster
n.
• One who casts; as, caster of stones, etc. ; a caster of cannon; a caster of accounts.
• A vial, cruet, or other small vessel, used to contain condiments at the table; as, a set of casters.
• A stand to hold a set of cruets.
• A small wheel on a swivel, on which furniture is supported and moved.
Castigate
v. t.
• To punish by stripes; to chastise by blows; to chasten; also, to chastise verbally; to reprove; to criticise severely.
• To emend; to correct.
Castigation
n.
• Corrective punishment; chastisement; reproof; pungent criticism.
• Emendation; correction.
Castigator
n.
• One who castigates or corrects.
Castigatory
a.
• Punitive in order to amendment; corrective.
n.
• An instrument formerly used to punish and correct arrant scolds; — called also a ducking stool, or trebucket.
Castilian
n.
• An inhabitant or native of Castile, in Spain.
• The Spanish language as spoken in Castile.
Castillan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Castile, in Spain.
Casting
n.
• The act of one who casts or throws, as in fishing.
• The act or process of making cast or impressions, or of shaping metal or plaster in a mold; the act or the process of pouring molten metal into a mold.
• That which is cast in a mold; esp. the mass of metal so cast; as, a casting in iron; bronze casting.
• The warping of a board.
• The act of casting off, or that which is cast off, as skin, feathers, excrement, etc.
Castle
n.
• A fortified residence, especially that of a prince or nobleman; a fortress.
• Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion.
• A small tower, as on a ship, or an elephant's back.
• A piece, made to represent a castle, used in the game of chess; a rook.
v. i.
(Chess) To move the castle to the square next to king, and then the king around the castle to the square next beyond it, for the purpose of covering the king.
Castlebuilder
n.
• Fig.: one who builds castles in the air or forms visionary schemes.
Castled
a.
• Having a castle or castles; supporting a castle; as, a castled height or crag.
• Fortified; turreted; as, castled walls.
Castlery
n.
• The government of a castle.
Castlet
n.
• A small castle.
Castleward
n.
• Same as Castleguard.
Castling
n.
• That which is cast or brought forth prematurely; an abortion.
n.
(Chess) A compound move of the king and castle.
v. i.
Castor
n.
(Zool.) A genus of rodents, including the beaver.
• Castoreum.
• A hat, esp. one made of beaver fur; a beaver.
• A heavy quality of broadcloth for overcoats.
n.
(Astron.) the northernmost of the two bright stars in the constellation Gemini, the other being Pollux.
Castoreum
n.
• A peculiar bitter orange-brown substance, with strong, penetrating odor, found in two sacs between the anus and external genitals of the beaver; castor; — used in medicine as an antispasmodic, and by perfumers.
Castorin
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline substance obtained from castoreum.
Castrametation
n.
(Mil.) The art or act of encamping; the making or laying out of a camp.
Castrate
v. t.
• To deprive of the testicles; to emasculate; to geld; to alter.
• To cut or take out; esp. to remove anything erroneous, or objectionable from, as the obscene parts of a writing; to expurgate.
Castration
n.
• The act of castrating.
Castrato
n.
• A male person castrated for the purpose of improving his voice for singing; an artificial, or male, soprano.
Castrensial
a.
• Belonging to a camp.
Castrensian
a.
• Castrensial.
Casual
a.
• Happening or coming to pass without design, and without being foreseen or expected; accidental; fortuitous; coming by chance.
• Coming without regularity; occasional; incidental; as, casual expenses.
n.
• One who receives relief for a night in a parish to which he does not belong; a vagrant.
Casualism
n.
• The doctrine that all things exist or are controlled by chance.
Casualist
n.
• One who believes in casualism.
Casually
adv.
• Without design; accidentally; fortuitously; by chance; occasionally.
Casualness
n.
• The quality of being casual.
Casualty
n.
• That which comes without design or without being foreseen; contingency.
• Any injury of the body from accident; hence, death, or other misfortune, occasioned by an accident; as, an unhappy casualty.
(Mil. & Naval) Numerical loss caused by death, wounds, discharge, or desertion.
Casuarina
n.
(Bot.) A genus of leafles trees or shrubs, with drooping branchlets of a rushlike appearance, mostly natives of Australia. Some of them are large, producing hard and heavy timber of excellent quality, called beefwood from its color.
Casuist
n.
• One who is skilled in, or given to, casuistry.
v. i.
• To play the casuist.
Casuistry
a.
• The science or doctrine of dealing with cases of conscience, of resolving questions of right or wrong in conduct, or determining the lawfulness or unlawfulness of what a man may do by rules and principles drawn from the Scriptures, from the laws of society or the church, or from equity and natural reason; the application of general moral rules to particular cases.
• Sophistical, equivocal, or false reasoning or teaching in regard to duties, obligations, and morals.
Casus
n.
• An event; an occurrence; an occasion; a combination of circumstances; a case; an act of God.
Cat
n.
(Zool.) An animal of various species of the genera Felis and Lynx. The domestic cat is Felis domestica. The European wild cat (Felis catus) is much larger than the domestic cat. In the United States the name wild cat is commonly applied to the bay lynx (Lynx rufus).
(Naut.) A strong vessel with a narrow stern, projecting quarters, and deep waist. It is employed in the coal and timber trade.
• A strong tackle used to draw an anchor up to the cathead of a ship.
• A double tripod (for holding a plate, etc.), having six feet, of which three rest on the ground, in whatever position in is placed.
• An old game; (a) The game of tipcat and the implement with which it is played. (c) A game of ball, called, according to the number of batters, one old cat, two old cat, etc.
• A cat o' nine tails.
v. t.
(Naut.) To bring to the cathead; as, to cat an anchor.
Cata
• The Latin and English form of a Greek preposition, used as a prefix to signify down, downward, under, against, contrary or opposed to, wholly, completely; as in cataclysm, catarrh. It sometimes drops the final vowel, as in catoptric; and is sometimes changed to cath, as in cathartic, catholic.
Catabaptist
n.
(Eccl.) One who opposes baptism, especially of infants.
Catabasion
n.
• A vault under altar of a Greek church.
Catacaustic
a.
(Physics) Relating to, or having the properties of, a caustic curve formed by reflection.
n.
(Physics) A caustic curve formed by reflection of light.
Catachresis
n.
(Rhel.) A figure by which one word is wrongly put for another, or by which a word is wrested from its true signification; as, "To take arms against a sea of troubles.
Cataclysm
n.
• An extensive overflow or sweeping flood of water; a deluge.
(Geol.) Any violent catastrophe, involving sudden and extensive changes of the earth's surface.
Cataclysmist
n.
• One who believes that the most important geological phenomena have been produced by cataclysms.
Catacomb
n.
• A cave, grotto, or subterraneous place of large extent used for the burial of the dead; — commonly in the plural.
Catacoustic
n.
(Physics) That part of acoustics which treats of reflected sounds or echoes.
Catadioptrics
n.
• The science which treats of catadioptric phenomena, or of the used of catadioptric instruments.
Catadrome
n.
• A race course.
(Mach.) A machine for raising or lowering heavy weights.
Catadromous
a.
(Bot.) Having the lowest inferior segment of a pinna nearer the rachis than the lowest superior one; — said of a mode of branching in ferns, and opposed to anadromous.
(Zool.) Living in fresh water, and going to the sea to spawn; — opposed to anadromous, and of the eel.
Catafalque
n.
• A temporary structure sometimes used in the funeral solemnities of eminent persons, for the public exhibition of the remains, or their conveyance to the place of burial.
Catagmatic
a.
(Med.) Having the quality of consolidating broken bones.
Cataian
n.
• A native of Cathay or China; a foreigner; — formerly a term of reproach.
Catalan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Catalonia.
n.
• A native or inbabitant of Catalonia; also, the language of Catalonia.
Catalectic
a.
(Pros.) Wanting a syllable at the end, or terminating in an imperfect foot; as, a catalectic verse.
(Photog. & Chem.) Incomplete; partial; not affecting the whole of a substance.
Cataleptic
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, catalepsy; affected with catalepsy; as, a cataleptic fit.
Catallacta
n.
(Zool.) A division of Protozoa, of which Magosphaera is the type. They exist both in a myxopod state, with branched pseudopodia, and in the form of ciliated bodies united in free, spherical colonies.
Catallactics
n.
• The science of exchanges, a branch of political economy.
Catalog
n. & v.
• Catalogue.
Catalogize
v. t.
• To insert in a catalogue; to register; to catalogue.
Catalogue
n.
• A list or enumeration of names, or articles arranged methodically, often in alphabetical order; as, a catalogue of the students of a college, or of books, or of the stars.
v. t.
• To make a list or catalogue; to insert in a catalogue.
Cataloguer
n.
• A maker of catalogues; esp. one skilled in the making of catalogues.
Catalpa
n.
(Bot.) A genus of American and East Indian trees, of which the best know species are the Catalpa bignonioides, a large, ornamental North American tree, with spotted white flowers and long cylindrical pods, and the C. speciosa, of the Mississipi valley; — called also Indian bean.
Catalysis
n.
• Dissolution; degeneration; decay.
(Chem.) A process by which reaction occurs in the presence of certain agents which were formerly believed to exert an influence by mere contact. It is now believed that such reactions are attended with the formation of an intermediate compound or compounds, so that by alternate composition and decomposition the agent is apparenty left unchanged; as, the catalysis of making ether from alcohol by means of sulphuric acid; or catalysis in the action of soluble ferments (as diastase, or ptyalin) on starch.
• The catalytic force.
Catalytic
a.
• Relating to, or causing, catalysis.
n.
(Chem.) An agent employed in catalysis, as platinum black, aluminium chloride, etc.
Catamaran
n.
• A kind of raft or float, consisting of two or more logs or pieces of wood lashed together, and moved by paddles or sail; — used as a surf boat and for other purposes on the coasts of the East and West Indies and South America. Modified forms are much used in the lumber regions of North America, and at life-saving stations.
• Any vessel with twin hulls, whether propelled by sails or by steam; esp., one of a class of double-hulled pleasure boats remarkable for speed.
• A kind of fire raft or torpedo bat.
• A quarrelsome woman; a scold.
Catamenia
n. pl.
(Med.) The monthly courses of women; menstrual discharges; menses.
Catamenial
a.
• Pertaining to the catamenia, or menstrual discharges.
Catamite
n.
• A boy kept for unnatural purposes.
Catamount
n.
(Zool.) The cougar. Applied also, in some parts of the United States, to the lynx.
Catanadromous
a.
(Zool.) Ascending and descending fresh streams from and to the sea, as the salmon; anadromous.
Catapasm
n.
(Med.) A compound medicinal powder, used by the ancients to sprinkle on ulcers, to absorb perspiration, etc.
Catapeltic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a catapult.
Catapetalous
a.
(Bot.) Having the petals held together by stamens, which grow to their bases, as in the mallow.
Cataphonic
a.
• Of or relating to cataphonics; catacoustic.
Cataphonics
n.
(Physics) That branch of acoustics which treats of reflested sounds; catacoustics.
Cataphract
n.
(Mil. Antiq.) Defensive armor used for the whole body and often for the horse, also, esp. the linked mail or scale armor of some eastern nations.
• A horseman covered with a cataphract.
(Zool.) The armor or plate covering some fishes.
Cataphracted
a.
(Zool.) Covered with a cataphract, or armor of plates, scales, etc.; or with that which corresponds to this, as horny or bony plates, hard, callous skin, etc.
Cataphractic
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a cataphract.
Cataphysical
a.
• Unnatural; contrary to nature.
Cataplasm
n.
(Med.) A soft and moist substance applied externally to some part of the body; a poultice.
Catapuce
n.
(Bot.) Spurge.
Catapult
n.
(Mil. Antiq.) An engine somewhat resembling a massive crossbow, used by the ancient Greeks and Romans for throwing stones, arrows, spears, etc.
• A forked stick with elasti band for throwing small stones, etc.
Cataract
n.
• A great fall of water over a precipice; a large waterfall.
(Surg.) An opacity of the crystalline lens, or of its capsule, which prevents the passage of the rays of light and impairs or destroys the sight.
(Mach.) A kind of hydraulic brake for regulating the action of pumping engines and other machines; — sometimes called dashpot.
Cataractous
a.
• Of the nature of a cataract in the eye; affected with cataract.
Catarrh
n.
(Med.) An inflammatory affection of any mucous membrane, in which there are congestion, swelling, and an altertion in the quantity and quality of mucus secreted; as catarrh of the stomach; catarrh of the bladder.
Catarrhal
a.
• Pertaining to, produced by, or attending, catarrh; of the nature of catarrh.
Catarrhine
n.
(Zool.) One of the Catarrhina, a division of Quadrumana, including the Old World monkeys and apes which have the nostrils close together and turned downward.
Catarrhous
a.
• Catarrhal.
Catastaltic
a.
(Med.) Checking evacutions through astringent or styptic qualities.
Catastasis
n.
(Rhet.) That part of a speech, usually the exordium, in which the orator sets forth the subject matter to be discussed.
(Med.) The state, or condition of anything; constitution; habit of body.
Catasterism
n.
• A placing among the stars; a catalogue of stars.
Catastrophe
n.
• An event producing a subversion of the order or system of things; a final event, usually of a calamitous or disastrous nature; hence, sudden calamity; great misfortune.
• The final event in a romance or a dramatic piece; a denouement, as a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy.
(Geol.) A violent and widely extended change in the surface of the earth, as, an elevation or subsidence of some part of it, effected by internal causes.
Catastrophic
a.
• Of a pertaining to a catastrophe.
Catastrophism
n.
(Geol.) The doctrine that the geological changes in the earth's crust have been caused by the sudden action of violent physical causes; — opposed to the doctrine of uniformism.
Catastrophist
n.
(Geol.) One who holds the theory or catastrophism.
Catawba
n.
• A well known light red variety of American grape.
• A light-colored, sprightly American wine from the Catawba grape.
Catawbas
n. pl.
• (Ethnol.) An appalachian tribe of Indians which originally inhabited the regions near the Catawba river and the head waters of the Santee.
Catbird
n.
(Zool.) An American bird (Galeoscoptes Carolinensis), allied to the mocking bird, and like it capable of imitating the notes of other birds, but less perfectly. Its note resembles at times the mewing of a cat.
Catboat
n.
(Naut.) A small sailboat, with a single mast placed as far forward as possible, carring a sail extended by a graff and long boom.
Catcall
n.
• A sound like the cry of a cat, such as is made in playhouses to express dissatisfaction with a play; also, a small shrill instrument for making such a noise.
Catch
v. t.
• To lay hold on; to seize, especially with the hand; to grasp (anything) in motion, with the effect of holding; as, to catch a ball.
• To seize after pursuing; to arrest; as, to catch a thief.
• To take captive, as in a snare or net, or on a hook; as, to catch a bird or fish.
• Hence: To insnare; to entangle. "To catch him in his words".
• To seize with the senses or the mind; to apprehend; as, to catch a melody.
• To communicate to; to fasten upon; as, the fire caught the adjoining building.
• To engage and attach; to please; to charm.
• To get possession of; to attain.
• To take or receive; esp. to take by sympathy, contagion, infection, or exposure; as, to catch the spirit of an occasion; to catch the measles or smallpox; to catch cold; the house caught fire.
• To come upon unexpectedly or by surprise; to find; as, to catch one in the act of stealing.
• To reach in time; to come up with; as, to catch a train.
v. i.
• To attain possession.
• To be held or impeded by entanglement or a light obstruction; as, a kite catches in a tree; a door catches so as not to open.
• To take hold; as, the bolt does not catch.
• To spread by, or as by, infecting; to communicate.
n.
• Act of seizing; a grasp.
• That by which anything is caught or temporarily fastened; as, the catch of a gate.
• The posture of seizing; a state of preparation to lay hold of, or of watching he opportunity to seize; as, to lie on the catch.
• That which is caught or taken; profit; gain; especially, the whole quantity caught or taken at one time; as, a good catch of fish.
• Something desirable to be caught, esp. a husband or wife in matrimony.
• Passing opportunities seized; snatches.
• A slight remembrance; a trace.
(Mus.) A humorous canon or round, so contrived that the singers catch up each other's words.
Catchable
a.
• Capable of being caught.
Catchdrain
n.
• A dich or drain along the side of a hill to catch the surface water; also, a ditch at the side of a canal to catch the surplus water.
Catcher
n.
• One who, or that which, catches.
(Baseball) The player who stands behind the batsman to catch the ball.
Catchfly
n.
(Bot.) A plant with the joints of the stem, and sometimes other parts, covered with a viscid secretion to which small insects adhere. The species of Silene are examples of the catchfly.
Catching
a.
• Infections; contagious.
• Captavating; alluring.
n.
• The act of seizing or taking hold of
Catchment
n.
• A surface of ground on which water may be caught and collected into a reservoir.
Catchpenny
a.
• Made or contrived for getting small sums of money from the ignorant or unwary; as, a catchpenny book; a catchpenny show.
n.
• Some worthless catchpenny thing.
Catchpoll
n.
• A bailiff's assistant.
Catchwater
n.
• A ditch or drain for catching water.
Catchweight
adv.
(Horseracing) Without any additional weight; without being handicapped; as, to ride catchweight.
Catchword
n.
• Among theatrical performers, the last word of the preceding speaker, which reminds one that he is to speak next; cue.
(Print.) The first word of any page of a book after the first, inserted at the right hand bottom corner of the preceding page for the assistance of the reader. It is seldom used in modern printing.
• A word or phrase caught up and repeated for effect; as, the catchword of a political party, etc.
Catchwork
n.
• A work or artificial watercourse for throwing water on lands that lie on the slopes of hills; a catchdrain.
Catechetically
adv.
• In a catechetical manner; by question and answer.
Catechetics
n.
• The science or practice of instructing by questions and answers.
Catechin
n.
(Chem.) One of the tannic acids, extracted from catechu as a white, crystaline substance; — called also catechuic acid, and catechuin.
Catechisation
n.
• The act of catechising.
Catechise
v. t.
• To instruct by asking questions, receiving answeres, and offering explanations and corrections, — esp. in regard to points of religious faith.
• To question or interrogate; to examine or try by questions; — sometimes with a view to reproof, by eliciting from a person answers which condemn his own conduct.
Catechiser
n.
• One who catechises.
Catechism
n.
• A form of instruction by means of questions answers.
• A book containing a summary of principles, especially of religious doctrine, reduced to the form of questions and answers.
Catechismal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a catechism, having the form of questions and answers; catechical.
Catechist
n.
• One who instructs by question and answer, especially in religions matters.
Catechu
n.
(Chem.) A dry, brown, astringent extract, obtained by decoction and evaporation from the Acacia catechu, and several other plants growing in India. It contains a large portion of tannin or tannic acid, and is used in medicine and in the arts. It is also known by the names terra japonica, cutch, gambier, etc.
Catechuic
a.
• Of or pertaining to catechu or its derivatives.
Catechumen
n.
(Eccl.) One who is receiving rudimentary instruction in the doctrines of Christianity; a neophyte; in the primitive church, one officially recognized as a Christian, and admitted to instruction preliminary to admission to full membership in the church.
Catechumenate
n.
• The state or condition of a catechumen or the time during which one is a catechumen.
Catechumenical
a.
• Of or pertaining to catechumens; as, catechumenical instructions.
Catechumenist
n.
• A catechumen.
Categorematic
a.
(Logic.) Capable of being employed by itself as a term; — said of a word.
Categorical
a.
• Of or pertaining to a category.
• Not hypothetical or relative; admitting no conditions or exceptions; declarative; absolute; positive; express; as, a categorical proposition, or answer.
Categorically
adv.
• Absolutely; directly; expressly; positively; as, to affirm categorically.
Categoricalness
n.
• The quality of being categorical, positive, or absolute.
Categorist
n.
• One who inserts in a category or list; one who classifies.
Categorize
v. t.
• To insert in a category or list; to class; to catalogue.
Category
n.
(Logic.) One of the highest classes to which the objects of knowledge or thought can be reduced, and by which they can be arranged in a system; an ultimate or undecomposable conception; a predicament.
• Class; also, state, condition, or predicament; as, we are both in the same category.
Catel
n.
• Property; — often used by Chaucer in contrast with rent, or income.
Catelectrode
n.
(Physics) The negative electrode or pole of a voltaic battery.
Catelectrotonic
a.
(Physics) Relating to, or characterized by, catelectrotonus.
Catelectrotonus
n.
(Physics) The condition of increased irritability of a nerve in the region of the cathode or negative electrode, on the passage of a current of electricity through it.
Catena
n.
• A chain or series of things connected with each other.
Catenary
n.
(Geol.) The curve formed by a rope or chain of uniform density and perfect flexibility, hanging freely between two points of suspension, not in the same vertical line.
Catenate
v. t.
• To connect, in a series of links or ties; to chain.
Catenation
n.
• Connection of links or union of parts, as in a chain; a regular or connected series.
Catenulate
a.
• Consisting of little links or chains.
(Zool.) Chainlike; — said both or color marks and of indentations when arranged like the links of a chain, as on shells, etc.
Cater
n.
• A provider; a purveyor; a caterer.
v. i.
• To provide food; to buy, procure, or prepare provisions.
• By extension: To supply what is needed or desired, at theatrical or musical entertainments; — followed by for or to.
n.
• The four of cards or dice.
v. t.
• To cut diagonally.
Cateran
n.
• A Highland robber: a kind of irregular soldier.
Caterer
n.
• One who caters.
Cateress
n.
• A woman who caters.
Caterpillar
n.
(Zool.) The larval state of a butterfly or any lepidopterous insect; sometimes, but less commonly, the larval state of other insects, as the sawflies, which are also called false caterpillars. The true caterpillars have three pairs of true legs, and several pairs of abdominal fleshy legs (prolegs) armed with hooks. Some are hairy, others naked. They usually feed on leaves, fruit, and succulent vegetables, being often very destructive, Many of them are popularly called worms, as the cutworm, cankerworm, army worm, cotton worm, silkworm.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Scorpiurus, with pods resembling caterpillars.
Caterwaul
v. i.
• To cry as cats in rutting time; to make a harsh, offensive noise.
n.
• A caterwauling.
Caterwauling
n.
• The cry of cats; a harsh, disagreeable noise or cry like the cry of cats.
Catery
n.
• The place where provisions are deposited.
Cates
n. pl.
• Provisions; food; viands; especially, luxurious food; delicacies; dainties.
Catfall
n.
(Naut.) A rope used in hoisting the anchor to the cathead.
Catfish
n.
(Zool.) A name given in the United States to various species of siluroid fishes; as, the yellow cat (Amiurus natalis); the bind cat (Gronias nigrilabrus); the mud cat (Pilodictic oilwaris), the stone cat (Noturus flavus); the sea cat (Arius felis), etc. This name is also sometimes applied to the wolf fish.
Catgut
n.
• A cord of great toughness made from the intestines of animals, esp. of sheep, used for strings of musical instruments, etc.
• A sort of linen or canvas, with wide interstices.
Catharist
n.
• One aiming at or pretending to a greater purity of like than others about him; — applied to persons of various sects.
Catharsis
n.
(Med.) A natural or artificial purgation of any passage, as of the mouth, bowels, etc.
Cathartic
n.
(Med.) A medicine that promotes alvine discharges; a purge; a purgative of moderate activity.
Cathay
n.
• China; — an old name for the Celestial Empire, said have been introduced by Marco Polo and to be a corruption of the Tartar name for North China (Khitai, the country of the Khitans.)
Cathead
n.
(Naut.) A projecting piece of timber or iron near the bow of vessel, to which the anchor is hoisted and secured.
Cathedra
n.
• The official chair or throne of a bishop, or of any person in high authority.
Cathedral
n.
• The principal church in a diocese, so called because in it the bishop has his official chair (Cathedra) or throne.
a.
• Pertaining to the head church of a diocese; as, a cathedral church; cathedral service.
• Emanating from the chair of office, as of a pope or bishop; official; authoritative.
• Resembling the aisles of a cathedral; as, cathedral walks.
Cathedralic
a.
• Cathedral.
Cathedrated
a.
• Relating to the chair or office of a teacher.
Catheretic
n.
(Med.) A mild kind caustic used to reduce warts and other excrescences.
Catheter
n.
(Med.) The name of various instruments for passing along mucous canals, esp. applied to a tubular instrument to be introduced into the bladder through the urethra to draw off the urine.
Catheterize
v. t.
(Med.) To operate on with a catheter.
Cathetometer
n.
• An instrument for the accurate measurement of small differences of height; esp. of the differences in the height of the upper surfaces of two columns of mercury or other fluid, or of the same column at different times. It consists of a telescopic leveling apparatus (d), which slides up or down a perpendicular metallic standard very finely graduated (bb). The telescope is raised or depressed in order to sight the objects or surfaces, and the differences in vertical height are thus shown on the graduated standard.
Cathetus
n.
(Geom.) One line or radius falling perpendicularly on another; as, the catheti of a right-angled triangle, that is, the two sides that include the right angle.
Cathode
n.
(Physics) The part of a voltaic battery by which the electric current leaves substances through which it passes, or the surface at which the electric current passes out of the electrolyte; the negative pole; — opposed to anode.
Cathodic
a.
(Physiol.) A term applied to the centrifugal, or efferent course of the nervous infuence.
Catholic
a.
• Universal or general; as, the catholic faith.
• Not narrow-minded, partial, or bigoted; liberal; as, catholic tastes.
• Of or pertaining to, or affecting the Roman Catholics; as, the Catholic emancipation act.
n.
• A person who accepts the creeds which are received in common by all parts of the orthodox Christian church.
• An adherent of the Roman Catholic church; a Roman Catholic.
Catholical
a.
• Catholic.
Catholicism
n.
• The state or quality of being catholic or universal; catholicity.
• Liberality of sentiment; breadth of view.
• The faith of the whole orthodox Christian church, or adherence thereto.
• The doctrines or faith of the Roman Catholic church, or adherence thereto.
Catholicity
n.
• The state or quality of being catholic; universality.
• Liberality of sentiments; catholicism.
• Adherence or conformity to the system of doctrine held by all parts of the orthodox Christian church; the doctrine so held; orthodoxy.
• Adherence to the doctrines of the church of Rome, or the doctrines themselves.
Catholicize
v. t. & i.
• To make or to become catholic or Roman Catholic.
Catholicly
adv.
• In a catholic manner; generally; universally.
Catholicness
n.
• The quality of being catholic; universality; catholicity.
Catholicon
n.
(Med.) A remedy for all diseases; a panacea.
Catholicos
n.
(Eccl.) The spiritual head of the Armenian church, who resides at Etchmiadzin, Russia, and has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over, and consecrates the holy oil for, the Armenians of Russia, Turkey, and Persia, including the Patriarchs of Constantinople, Jerusalem, and Sis.
Catilinarian
a.
• Pertaining to Catiline, the Roman conspirator; resembling Catiline's conspiracy.
Cation
n.
(Chem.) An electro-positive substance, which in electro-decomposition is evolved at the cathode; — opposed to anion.
Catkin
n.
(Bot.) An ament; a species of inflorescence, consisting of a slender axis with many unisexual apetalous flowers along its sides, as in the willow and poplar, and (as to the staminate flowers) in the chestnut, oak, hickory, etc. — so called from its resemblance to a cat's tail.
Catlike
a.
• Like a cat; stealthily; noiselessly.
Catling
n.
• A little cat; a kitten.
• Catgut; a catgut string.
(Surg.) A double-edged, sharp-pointed dismembering knife.
Catlinite
n.
• A red clay from the Upper Missouri region, used by the Indians for their pipes.
Catonian
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the stern old Roman, Cato the Censor; severe; inflexible.
Catoptrics
n.
(Physics) That part of optics which explants the properties and phenomena of reflected light, and particularly that which is reflected from mirrors or polished bodies; \'c3- formerly caled anacamptics.
Catoptromancy
n.
(Antiq.) A species of divination, which was perforned by letting down a mirror into water, for a sick person to look at his face in it. If his countenance appeared distorted and ghastly, it was an ill omen; if fresh and healthy, it was favorable.
Catso
n.
• A base fellow; a rogue; a cheat.
Catstick
n.
• A stick or club employed in the game of ball called cat or tipcat.
Catstitch
v. t.
(Needlework) To fold and sew down the edge of with a coarse zigzag stitch.
Catsup
n.
• Same as Catchup, and Ketchup.
Cattish
a.
• Catlike; feline
Cattle
n. pl.
• Quadrupeds of the Bovine family; sometimes, also, including all domestic quadrupeds, as sheep, goats, horses, mules, asses, and swine.
Catty
n.
• An East Indian Weight of 1\'a7 pounds.
Caucasian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Caucasus, a mountainous region between the Black and Caspian seas.
• Of or pertaining to the white races of mankind, of whom the people about Mount Caucasus were formerly taken as the type.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of the Caucasus, esp. a Circassian or Georgian.
• A member of any of the white races of mankind.
Caucus
n.
• A meeting, especially a preliminary meeting, of persons belonging to a party, to nominate candidates for public office, or to select delegates to a nominating convention, or to confer regarding measures of party policy; a political primary meeting.
v. i.
• To hold, or meet in, a caucus or caucuses.
Caudad
adv.
(Zool.) Backwards; toward the tail or posterior part.
Caudal
a.
• Of the nature of, or pertaining to, a tail; having a tail-like appendage.
Caudex
n.
(Bot.) The sterm of a tree., esp. a sterm without a branch, as of a palm or a tree fern; also, the pernnial rootstock of an herbaceous plant.
Caudle
n.
• A kind of warm drink for sick persons, being a mixture of wine with eggs, bread, sugar, and spices.
v. t.
• To make into caudle.
• Too serve as a caudle to; to refresh.
Cauf
n.
• A chest with holes for keeping fish alive in water.
Caufle
n.
• A gung of slaves. Same as Coffle.
Caught
imp. & p. p.
• f Catch.
Caul
n.
• A covering of network for the head, worn by women; also, a net.
(Anat.) The fold of membrane loaded with fat, which covers more or less of the intestines in mammals; the great omentum.
• A part of the amnion, one of the membranes enveloping the fetus, which sometimes is round the head of a child at its birth.
Caulescent
a.
(Bot.) Having a leafy stem.
Caulicle
n.
(Bot.) A short caulis or stem, esp. the rudimentary stem seen in the embryo of seed; — otherwise called a radicle.
Cauliculus
n.
(Arch.) In the Corinthian capital, one of the eight stalks rising out of the lower leafage and terminating in leaves which seem to suport the volutes.
Cauliflower
n.
(Bot.) An annual variety of Brassica oleracea, or cabbage of which the cluster of young flower stalks and buds is eaten as a vegetable.
• The edible head or "curd" of a caulifower plant.
Cauliform
a.
(Bot.) Having the form of a caulis.
Cauline
a.
(Bot.) Growing immediately on a caulis; of or pertaining to a caulis.
Caulis
n.
(Bot.) An herbaceous or woody stem which bears leaves, and may bear flowers.
Caulocarpous
a.
(Bot.) Having stems which bear flowers and fruit year after year, as most trees and shrubs.
Cauma
n.
(Med.) Great heat, as of the body in fever.
Cauponize
v. i.
• To sell wine or victuals.
Causable
a.
• Capable of being caused.
Causal
a.
• Relating to a cause or causes; inplying or containing a cause or causes; expressing a cause; causative.
n.
• A causal word or form of speech.
Causality
n.
• The agency of a cause; the action or power of a cause, in producing its effect.
(Phren.) The faculty of tracing effects to their causes.
Causally
adv.
• According to the order or series of causes; by tracing effects to causes.
n.
(Mining.) The lighter, earthy parts of ore, carried off washing.
Causation
n.
• The act of causing; also the act or agency by which an effect is produced.
Causationist
n.
• One who believes in the law of universal causation.
Causative
a.
• Effective, as a cause or agent; causing.
• Expressing a cause or reason; causal; as, the ablative is a causative case.
n.
• A word which expresses or suggests a cause.
Causatively
adv.
• In a causative manner.
Causator
n.
• One who causes.
Cause
n.
• That which produces or effects a result; that from which anything proceeds, and without which it would not exist.
• That which is the occasion of an action or state; ground; reason; motive; as, cause for rejoicing.
• Sake; interest; advantage.
(Law) A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action.
• Any subject of discussion or debate; matter; question; affair in general.
• The side of a question, which is espoused, advocated, and upheld by a person or party; a principle which is advocated; that which a person or party seeks to attain.
v. t.
• To effect as an agent; to produce; to be the occasion of; to bring about; to bring into existence; to make; — usually followed by an infinitive, sometimes by that with a finite verb.
v. i.
• To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse.
conj.
• Abbreviation of Because.
Causeful
n.
• Having a cause.
Causeless
a.
• 1. Self-originating; uncreated.
• Without just or sufficient reason; groundless.
adv.
• Without cause or reason.
Causelessness
n.
• The state of being causeless.
Causer
n.
• One who or that which causes.
Causeuse
n.
• A kind of sofa for two person. A tete-a-tete.
Causidical
a.
• Pertaining to an advocate, or to the maintenance and defense of suits.
Caustic
n.
• Any substance or means which, applied to animal or other organic tissue, burns, corrodes, or destroys it by chemical action; an escharotic.
(Optics) A caustic curve or caustic surface.
Caustically
adv.
• In a caustic manner.
Causticily
n.
• The quality of being caustic; corrosiveness; as, the causticity of potash.
• Severity of language; sarcasm; as, the causticity of a reply or remark.
Causticness
n.
• The quality of being caustic; causticity.
Cautel
n.
• Caution; prudence; wariness.
• Craft; deceit; falseness.
Cautelous
a.
• Caution; prudent; wary.
• Crafty; deceitful; false.
Cauter
n.
• A hot iron for searing or cauterizing.
Cauterant
n.
• A cauterizing substance.
Cauterism
n.
• The use or application of a caustic; cautery.
Cauterization
n.
(Med.) The act of searing some morbid part by the application of a cautery or caustic; also, the effect of such application.
Cauterize
v. t.
• To burn or sear with a cautery or caustic.
• To sear, as the conscience.
Cautery
n.
(Med.) A burning or searing, as of morbid flesh, with a hot iron, or by application of a caustic that will burn, corrode, or destroy animal tissue.
• The iron of other agent in cauterizing.
Caution
n.
• A careful attention to the probable effects of an act, in order that failure or harm may be avoided; prudence in regard to danger; provident care; wariness.
• Security; guaranty; bail.
• Precept or warning against evil of any kind; exhortation to wariness; advice; injunction.
v. t.
• To give notice of danger to; to warn; to exhort [one] to take heed.
Cautionary
a.
• Conveying a caution, or warning to avoid danger; as, cautionary signals.
• Given as a pledge or as security.
• Wary; cautious.
Cautioner
n.
• One who cautions or advises.
(Scots Law) A surety or sponsor.
Cautionry
n.
(Scots Law) Suretyship.
Cautious
a.
• Attentive to examine probable effects and consequences of acts with a view to avoid danger or misfortune; prudent; circumspect; wary; watchful; as, a cautious general.
Cautiously
adv.
• In a cautious manner.
Cautiousness
n.
• The quality of being cautious.
Cavalcade
n.
• A procession of persons on horseback; a formal, pompous march of horsemen by way of parade.
Cavalier
n.
• A military man serving on horseback; a knight.
• A gay, sprightly, military man; hence, a gallant.
• One of the court party in the time of king Charles L. as contrasted with a Roundhead or an adherent of Parliament.
(Fort.) A work of more that ordinary heigh, rising from the level ground of a bastion, etc., and overlooking surrounding parts.
a.
• Gay; easy; offhand; frank.
• High-spirited.
• Supercilious; haughty; disdainful; curt; brusque.
• Of or pertaining to the party of King Charles I.
Cavalierish
a.
• Somewhat like a cavalier.
Cavalierism
n.
• The practice or principles of cavaliers.
Cavalierly
adv.
• In a supercilious, disdainful, or haughty manner; arroganty.
Cavalierness
n.
• A disdanful manner.
Cavally
n.
(Zool.) A carangoid fish of the Atlantic coast (Caranx hippos): — called also horse crevalle.
Cavalry
n.
(Mil.) That part of military force which serves on horseback.
Cavalryman
n.
• One of a body of cavalry.
Cavatina
n.
(Mus.) Originally, a melody of simpler form than the aria; a song without a second part and a da capo; — a term now variously and vaguely used.
Cave
n.
• A hollow place in the earth, either natural or artificial; a subterraneous cavity; a cavern; a den.
• Any hollow place, or part; a cavity.
v. t.
• To make hollow; to scoop out.
v. i.
• To dwell in a cave.
• To fall in or down; as, the sand bank caved. Hence , to retreat from a position; to give way; to yield in a disputed matter.
Caveat
n.
(Law) A notice given by an interested party to some officer not to do a certain act until the party is heard in opposition; as, a caveat entered in a probate court to stop the proving of a will or the taking out of letters of administration, etc.
(U. S. Patent Laws) A description of some invention, designed to be patented, lodged in the patent office before the patent right is applied for, and operating as a bar to the issue of letters patent to any other person, respecting the same invention.
• Intimation of caution; warning; protest.
Caveating
n.
(Fencing) Shifting the sword from one side of an adversary's sword to the other.
Caveator
n.
• One who enters a caveat.
Cavendish
n.
• Leaf tobacco softened, sweetened, and pressed into plugs or cakes.
Cavern
n.
• A large, deep, hollow place in the earth; a large cave.
Caverned
a.
• Containing caverns.
• Living in a cavern.
Cavernous
a.
• Full of caverns; resembling a cavern or large cavity; hollow.
• Filled with small cavities or cells.
• Having a sound caused by a cavity.
Cavernulous
a.
• Full of little cavities; as, cavernulous metal.
Cavetto
n.
(Arch.) A concave molding; — used chiefly in classical architecture.
Cavicorn
a.
(Zool.) Having hollow horns.
Cavicornia
n.
(Zool.) A group of ruminants whose horns are hollow, and planted on a bony process of the front, as the ox.
Cavil
v. i.
• To raise captious and frivolous objections; to find fault without good reason.
v. t.
• To cavil at.
n.
• A captious or frivolous objection.
Caviling
a.
• Disposed to cavil; finding fault without good reason.
Cavilingly
adb.
• In a caviling manner.
Cavillation
n.
• Frivolous or sophistical objection.
Cavin
n.
(Mil.) A hollow way, adapted to cover troops, and facilitate their aproach to a place.
Cavitary
a.
(Zool.) Containing a body cavity; as, the cavitary or nematoid worms.
Cavity
n.
• Hollowness.
• A hollow place; a hollow; as, the abdominal cavity.
Cavort
v. i.
• To prance ostentatiously; — said of a horse or his rider.
Cavy
n.
(Zool.) A rodent of the genera cavia and Dolichotis, as the guinea pig (Cavia cabaya). Cavies are natives of South America.
Caw
v. i.
• To cry like a crow, rook, or raven.
n.
• The cry made by the crow, rook, or raven.
Cawk
n.
(Min.) An opaque, compact variety of barite, or heavy spar.
Cawky
a.
• Of or pertaining to cawk; like cawk.
Caxon
n.
• A kind of wig.
Caxton
n.
(Bibliog.) Any book printed by William Caxton, the first English printer.
Cayenne
n.
• Cayenne pepper.
Cayman
n.
(Zool.) The south America alligator.
Cayugas
n. pl.
• ; sing Cayuga. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians formerly inbabiting western New-York, forming part of the confederacy called the Five Nations.
Cayuse
n.
• An Indian pony.
Cease
v. i.
• To come to an end; to stop; to leave off or give over; to desist; as, the noise ceased
• To be wanting; to fail; to pass away.
v. t.
• To put a stop to; to bring to an end.
n.
• Extinction.
Ceaseless
a.
• Without pause or end; incessant.
adv.
• Without intermission or end.
Cecidomyia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of small dipterous files, including several very injurious species, as the Hessian fly.
Cecity
n.
• Blindness.
Cecutiency
n.
• Partial blindness, or a tendency to blindness.
Cedar
n.
(Bot.) The name of several evergreen trees. The wood is remarkable for its durability and fragrant odor.
a.
• Of or pertaining to cedar.
Cedared
a.
• Covered, or furnished with, cedars.
Cedarn
a.
• Of or pertaining to the cedar or its wood.
Cede
v. t.
• To yield or surrender; to give up; to resign; as, to cede a fortress, a province, or country, to another nation, by treaty.
Cedilla
n.
• A mark placed under the letter c [thus, c], to show that it is to be sounded like s, as in facade.
Cedrat
n.
(Bot.) Properly the citron, a variety of Citrus medica, with large fruits, not acid, and having a high perfume.
Cedrene
n.
(Chem.) A rich aromatic oil, C15H24, extracted from oil of red cedar, and regarded as a polymeric terpene; also any one of a class of similar substances, as the essential oils of cloves, cubebs, juniper, etc., of which cedrene proper is the type.
Cedrine
a.
• Of or pertaining to cedar or the cedar tree.
Cedriret
n.
• Same as Coerulignone.
Cedry
a.
• Of the nature of cedar.
Cedule
n.
• A scroll; a writing; a schedule.
Ceduous
a.
• Fit to be felled.
Ceil
v. t.
• To overlay or cover the inner side of the roof of; to furnish with a ceiling; as, to ceil a room.
• To line or finish a surface, as of a wall, with plaster, stucco, thin boards, or the like.
Ceiling
n.
(Arch.) The inside lining of a room overhead; the under side of the floor above; the upper surface opposite to the floor.
• The lining or finishing of any wall or other surface, with plaster, thin boards, etc.; also, the work when done.
(Naut.) The inner planking of a vessel.
Ceint
n.
• A girdle.
Celadon
n.
• A pale sea-green color; also, porcelain or fine pottery of this tint.
Celature
n.
• The act or art of engraving or embossing.
• That which is engraved.
Celebrant
n.
• One who performs a public religious rite; — applied particularly to an officiating priest in the Roman Catholic Church, as distinguished from his assistants.
Celebrate
v. t.
• To extol or honor in a solemn manner; as, to celebrate the name of the Most High.
• To honor by solemn rites, by ceremonies of joy and respect, or by refraining from ordinary business; to observe duly; to keep; as, to celebrate a birthday.
• To perforn or participate in, as a sacrament or solemn rite; to solemnize; to perform with appropriate rites; as, to celebrate a marriage.
Celebrated
a.
• Having celebrity; distinguished; renowned.
Celebration
n.
• The act, process, or time of celebrating.
Celebrator
n.
• One who celebrates; a praiser.
Celebrious
a.
• Famous.
Celebrity
n.
• Celebration; solemnization.
• The state or condition of being celebrated; fame; renown; as, the celebrity of Washington.
• A person of distinction or renown; — usually in the plural; as, he is one of the celebrities of the place.
Celeriac
n.
(Bot.) Turnip-rooted celery, a from of celery with a large globular root, which is used for food.
Celerity
n.
• Rapidity of motion; quickness; swiftness.
Celery
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the Parsley family (Apium graveolens), of which the blanched leafstalks are used as a salad.
Celestial
a.
• Belonging to the aerial regions, or visible heavens.
• Of or pertaining to the spiritual heaven; heavenly; divine.
n.
• An inhabitant of heaven.
• A native of China.
Celestialize
v. t.
• To make celestial.
Celestially
adv.
• In a celestial manner.
Celestify
v. t.
• To make like heaven.
Celibacy
n.
• The state of being unmarried; single life, esp. that of a bachelor, or of one bound by vows not to marry.
Celibate
n.
• Celibate state; celibacy.
• One who is unmarried, esp. a bachelor, or one bound by vows not to marry.
a.
• Unmarried; single; as, a celibate state.
Celibatist
n.
• One who lives unmarried.
Celidography
n.
• A description of apparent spots on the disk of the sun, or on planets.
Cell
n.
• A very small and close apartment, as in a prison or in a monastery or convent; the hut of a hermit.
• A small religious house attached to a monastery or convent.
• Any small cavity, or hollow place.
(Arch.) The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof.
• Same as Cella.
(Elec.) A jar of vessel, or a division of a compound vessel, for holding the exciting fluid of a battery.
(Biol.) One of the minute elementary structures, of which the greater part of the various tissues and organs of animals and plants are composed.
v. t.
• To place or inclosed in a cell.
Cella
n.
(Arch.) The part inclosed within the walls of an ancient temple, as distinguished from the open porticoes.
Cellar
n.
• A room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground, where provisions and other stores are kept.
Cellarage
n.
• The space or storerooms of a cellar; a cellar.
• Chare for storage in a cellar.
Cellarer
n.
(Eccl.) A steward or butler of a monastery or chapter; one who has charge of procuring and keeping the provisions.
Cellaret
n.
• A receptacle, as in a dining room, for a few bottles of wine or liquor, made in the form of a chest or coffer, or a deep drawer in a sideboard, and usually lined with metal.
Cellarist
n.
• Same as Cellarer.
Celled
a.
• Containing a cell or cells.
Cellepore
n.
(Zool.) A genus of delicate branching corals, made up of minute cells, belonging to the Bryozoa.
Celliferous
a.
• Bearing or producing cells.
Cello
n.
• A contraction for Violoncello.
Cellular
a.
• Consisting of, or containing, cells; of or pertaining to a cell or cells.
Cellulated
a.
• Cellular.
Cellule
n.
• A small cell.
Celluliferous
a.
• Bearing or producing little cells.
Cellulitis
n.
• An inflammantion of the cellular or areolar tissue, esp. of that lying immediately beneath the skin.
Celluloid
n.
• A substance composed essentially of gun cotton and camphor, and when pure resembling ivory in texture and color, but variously colored to imitate coral, tortoise shell, amber, malachite, etc. It is used in the manufacture of jewelry and many small articles, as combs, brushes, collars, and cuffs; — originaly called xylonite.
Cellulose
a.
• Consisting of, or containing, cells.
n.
(Chem.) The substance which constitutes the essential part of the solid framework of plants, of ordinary wood, linen, paper, etc. It is also found to a slight extent in certain animals, as the tunicates. It is a carbohydrate, (C6H10O5)n, isomeric with starch, and is convertible into starches and sugars by the action of heat and acids. When pure, it is a white amorphous mass.
Celotomy
n.
(Med.) The act or operation of cutting, to relieve the structure in strangulated hernia.
Celsiture
n.
• Height; altitude.
Celsius
n.
• The Celsius thermometer or scale, so called from Anders Celsius, a Swedish astronomer, who invented it. It is the same as the centigrade thermometer or scale.
Celt
n.
• One of an ancient race of people, who formerly inhabited a great part of Central and Western Europe, and whose descendants at the present day occupy Ireland, Wales, the Highlands of Scotland, and the northern shores of France.
n.
(Archaeol.) A weapon or implement of stone or metal, found in the tumuli, or barrows, of the early Celtic nations.
Celtiberian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the ancient Celtiberia (a district in Spain lying between the Ebro and the Tagus) or its inhabitants the Celtiberi (Celts of the river Iberus).
n.
• An inhabitant of Celtiberia.
Celtic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Celts; as, Celtic people, tribes, literature, tongue.
n.
• The language of the Celts.
Celticism
n.
• A custom of the Celts, or an idiom of their language.
Celticize
v. t.
• To render Celtic; to assimilate to the Celts.
Cembalo
n.
• An old mname for the harpsichord.
Cement
n.
• Any substance used for making bodies adhere to each other, as mortar, glue, etc.
• A kind of calcined limestone, or a calcined mixture of clay and lime, for making mortar which will harden under water.
• The powder used in cementation.
• Bond of union; that which unites firmly, as persons in friendship, or men in society.
(Anat.) The layer of bone investing the root and neck of a tooth; — called also cementum.
v. t.
• To unite or cause to adhere by means of a cement.
• To unite firmly or closely.
• To overlay or coat with cement; as, to cement a cellar bottom.
v. i.
• To become cemented or firmly united; to cohere.
Cemental
a.
• Of or pertaining to cement, as of a tooth; as, cemental tubes.
Cementation
n.
• The act or process of cementing.
(Chem.) A process which consists in surrounding a solid body with the powder of other substances, and heating the whole to a degree not sufficient to cause fusion, the physical properties of the body being changed by chemical combination with powder; thus iron becomes steel by cementation with charcoal, and green glass becomes porcelain by cementation with sand.
Cementatory
a.
• Having the quality of cementating or uniting firmly.
Cementer
n.
• A person or thing that cements.
Cementitious
a.
• Of the nature of cement.
Cemeterial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a cemetery.
Cemetery
n.
• A place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; a graveyard; a churchyard; a necropolis.
Cenanthy
n.
(Bot.) The absence or suppression of the essential organs (stamens and pistil) in a flower.
Cenation
n.
• Meal-taking; dining or supping.
Cenatory
a.
• Of or pertaining to dinner or supper.
Cenobite
n.
• One of a religious order, dwelling in a convent, or a community, in opposition to an anchoret, or hermit, who lives in solitude.
Cenobitism
n.
• The state of being a cenobite; the belief or practice of a cenobite.
Cenogamy
n.
• The state of a communty which permits promiseuous sexual intercourse among its members, as in certain societies practicing communism.
Cenotaph
n.
• An empty tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person who is buried elsewhere.
Cenotaphy
n.
• A cenotaph.
Cenozoic
a.
(Geol.) Belonging to the most recent division of geological time, including the tertiary, or Age of mammals, and the Quaternary, or Age of man.
Cense
n.
• A census; — also, a public rate or tax.
• Condition; rank.
v. t.
• To perfume with odors from burning gums and spices.
v. i.
• To burn or scatter incense.
Censer
n.
• A vessel for perfumes; esp. one in which incense is burned.
Censor
n.
(Antiq.) One of two magistrates of Rome who took a register of the number and property of citizens, and who also exercised the office of inspector of morals and conduct.
• One who is empowered to examine manuscripts before they are committed to the press, and to forbid their publication if they contain anything obnoxious; — an official in some European countries.
• One given to fault-finding; a censurer.
• A critic; a reviewer.
Censorial
a.
• Belonging to a censor, or to the correction of public morals.
• Full of censure; censorious.
Censorian
a.
• Censorial.
Censorious
a.
• Addicted to censure; apt to blame or condemn; severe in making remarks on others, or on their writings or manners.
• Implying or expressing censure; as, censorious remarks.
Censorship
n.
• The office or power of a censor; as, to stand for a censorship.
Censual
a.
• Relating to, or containing, a census.
Censurable
a.
• Deserving of censure; blamable; culpable; reprehensible; as, a censurable person, or censurable conduct.
Censure
n.
• Judgment either favorable or unfavorable; opinion.
• The act of blaming or finding fault with and condemning as wrong; reprehension; blame.
• Judicial or ecclesiastical sentence or reprimand; condemnatory judgment.
v. i.
• To form or express a judgment in regard to; to estimate; to judge.
• To find fault with and condemn as wrong; to blame; to express disapprobation of.
• To condemn or reprimand by a judicial or ecclesiastical sentence.
v. i.
• To judge.
Censurer
n.
• One who censures.
Census
n.
(Bot. Antiq.) A numbering of the people, and valuation of their estate, for the purpose of imposing taxes, etc.; — usually made once in five years.
• An official registration of the number of the people, the value of their estates, and other general statistics of a country.
Cent
n.
• A hundred; as, ten per cent, the proportion of ten parts in a hundred.
• A United States coin, the hundredth part of a dollar, formerly made of copper, now of copper, tin, and zinc.
• An old game at cards, supposed to be like piquet; — so called because 100 points won the game.
Centage
n.
• Rate by the hundred; percentage.
Cental
n.
• A weight of one hundred pounds avoirdupois; — called in many parts of the United States a Hundredweight.
n.
• Relating to a hundred.
Centare
n.
• A measure of area, the hundredth part of an are; one square meter, or about 1
Centaur
n.
(Class. Myth.) A fabulous being, represented as half man and half horse.
(Astron.) A constellation in the southern heavens between Hydra and the Southern Cross.
Centaurea
n.
(Bot.) A large genus of composite plants, related to the thistles and including the cornflower or bluebottle (Centaurea Cyanus) and the star thistle (C. Calcitrapa).
Centaury
n.
(Bot.) A gentianaceous plant not fully identified. The name is usually given to the Erytheraea Centaurium and the Chlora perfoliata of Europe, but is also extended to the whole genus Sabbatia, and even to the unrelated Centaurea.
Centenarian
a.
• Of or relating to a hundred years.
n.
• A person a hundred years old.
Centenary
a.
• Relating to, or consisting of, a hundred.
• Occurring once in every hundred years; centennial.
n.
• The aggregate of a hundred single things; specifically, a century.
• A commemoration or celebration of an event which occurred a hudred years before.
Centennial
a.
• Relating to, or associated with, the commemoration of an event that happened a hundred years before; as, a centennial ode.
• Happening once in a hundred years; as, centennial jubilee; a centennial celebration.
• Lasting or aged a hundred years.
n.
• The celebration of the hundredth anniversary of any event; a centenary.
Centennially
adv.
• Once in a hundred years.
Center
n.
• A point equally distant from the extremities of a line, figure, or body, or from all parts of the circumference of a circle; the middle point or place.
• The middle or central portion of anything.
• A principal or important point of concentration; the nucleus around which things are gathered or to which they tend; an object of attention, action, or force; as, a center of attaction.
• The earth.
• Those members of a legislative assembly (as in France) who support the existing government. They sit in the middle of the legislative chamber, opposite the presiding officer, between the conservatives or monarchists, who sit on the right of the speaker, and the radicals or advanced republicans who occupy the seats on his left.
(Arch.) A temporary structure upon which the materials of a vault or arch are supported in position util the work becomes self-supporting.
(Mech.) One of the two conical steel pins, in a lathe, etc., upon which the work is held, and about which it revolves.
• A conical recess, or indentation, in the end of a shaft or other work, to receive the point of a center, on which the work can turn, as in a lathe.
Centering
n.
(Arch.) Same as Center, n., 6.
Centesimal
a.
• Hundredth.
n.
• A hundredth part.
Centesimation
n.
(Mil.) The infliction of the death penalty upon one person in every hundred, as in cases of mutiny.
Centesimo
n.
• A copper coin of Italy and Spain equivalent to a centime.
Centesm
n.
• Hundredth.
Centicipitous
a.
• Hundred-headed.
Centifidous
a.
• Divided into a hundred parts.
Centifolious
a.
• Having a hundred leaves.
Centigrade
a.
• Consisting of a hundred degrees; graduated into a hundred divisions or equal parts. Spesifically: of or pertaining the centigrade thermometer; as, 10\'f8 centigrade (or 10\'f8 C.).
Centiloquy
n.
• A work divided into a hundred parts.
Centime
n.
(F. Coinage) The hundredth part of a franc; a small French copper coin and money of account.
Centinel
n.
• Sentinel.
Centinody
n.
(Bot.) A weed with a sterm of many joints (Illecebrum verticillatum); also, the Polygonum aviculare or knotgrass.
Centiped
n.
(Zool.) A species of the Myriapoda; esp. the large, flattened, venomous kinds of the order Chilopoda, found in tropical climates. they are many-jointed, and have a great number of feet.
Centistere
n.
• The hundredth part of a stere, equal to .353 cubic feet.
Centner
n.
(Metal. & Assaying) A weight divisible first into a hundred parts, and then into smaller parts.
• The commercial hundredweight in several of the continental countries, varying in different places from 100 to about 112 pounds.
Cento
n.
• A literary or a musical composition formed by selections from different authors disposed in a new order.
Centonism
n.
• The composition of a cento; the act or practice of composing a cento or centos.
Central
a.
• Relating to the center; situated in or near the center or middle; containing the center; of or pertaining to the parts near the center\'3c— original had "or of.." —\'3e; equidistant or equally accessible from certain points.
Centralism
n.
• The state or condition of being central; the combination of several parts into one whole; centralization.
• The system by which power is centralized, as in a government.
Centrality
n.
• The state of being central; tendency towards a center.
Centralization
n.
• The act or process of centralizing, or the state of being centralized; the act or process of combining or reducing several parts into a whole; as, the centralization of power in the general government; the centralization of commerce in a city.
Centralize
v. t.
• To draw or bring to a center point; to gather into or about a center; to bring into one system, or under one control.
Centrally
adv.
• In a central manner or situation.
Centre
n. & v.
• See Center.
Centricity
n.
• The state or quality of being centric; centricalness.
Centrifugal
a.
• Tending, or causing, to recede from the center.
(Bot.) Expanding first at the summit, and later at the base, as a flower cluster.
• Having the radicle turned toward the sides of the fruit, as some embryos.
n.
• A centrifugal machine.
Centrifugence
n.
• The property or quality of being centrifugal.
Centripetal
a.
• Tending, or causing, to approach the center.
(Bot.) Progressing by changes from the exterior of a thing toward its center; as, the centripetal calcification of a bone.
Centripetence
n.
• Centripetency.
Centripetency
n.
• Tendency toward the center.
Centriscoid
a.
(Zool.) Allied to, or resembling, the genus Centriscus, of which the bellows fish is an example.
Centrobaric
a.
• Relating to the center of gravity, or to the process of finding it.
Centrode
n.
(Kinematics) In two figures having relative motion, one of the two curves which are the loci of the instantaneous center.
Centroid
n.
• The center of mass, inertia, or gravity of a body or system of bodies.
Centrolecithal
a.
(Biol.) Having the food yolk placed at the center of the ovum, segmentation being either regular or unequal.
Centrolinead
n.
• An instrument for drawing lines through a point, or lines converging to a center.
Centrolineal
a.
• Converging to a center; — applied to lines drawn so as to meet in a point or center.
Centrosome
n.
(Biol.) A peculiar rounded body lying near the nucleus of a cell. It is regarded as the dynamic element by means of which the machinery of cell division is organized.
Centrostaltic
a.
(Physiol.) A term applied to the action of nerve force in the spinal center.
Centrum
n.
(Anat.) The body, or axis, of a vertebra.
Centumvir
n.
(Rom. Hist.) One of a court of about one hundred judges chosen to try civil suits. Under the empire the court was increased to 180, and met usually in four sections.
Centumviral
a.
• Of or pertaining to the centumviri, or to a centumvir.
Centumvirate
n.
• The office of a centumvir, or of the centumviri.
Centuple
a.
• Hundredfold.
v. t.
• To increase a hundredfold.
Centuplicate
v. t.
• To make a hundredfold; to repeat a hundred times.
Centurial
a.
• Of or pertaining to a century; as, a centurial sermon.
Centuriate
a.
• Pertaining to, or divided into, centuries or hundreds.
v. t.
• To divide into hundreds.
Centurion
n.
(Rom. Hist.) A military officer who commanded a minor division of the Roman army; a captain of a century.
Century
n.
• A hundred; as, a century of sonnets; an aggregate of a hundred things.
• A period of a hundred years; as, this event took place over two centuries ago.
(Rom. Antiq.) A division of the Roman people formed according to their property, for the purpose of voting for civil officers.
• One of sixty companies into which a legion of the army was divided. It was Commanded by a centurion.
Cepevorous
a.
• Feeding upon onions.
Cephalad
adv.
(Zool.) Forwards; towards the head or anterior extremity of the body; opposed to caudad.
Cephalalgic
a.
(Med.) Relating to, or affected with, headache.
n.
• A remedy for the headache.
Cephalanthium
n.
(Bot.) Same as Anthodium.
Cephalaspis
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of fossil ganoid fishes found in the old red sandstone or Devonian formation. The head is large, and protected by a broad shield-shaped helmet prolonged behind into two lateral points.
Cephalata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A large division of Mollusca, including all except the bivalves; — so called because the head is distinctly developed.
Cephalate
a.
(Zool.) Having a head.
Cephalic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the head.
n.
• A medicine for headache, or other disorder in the head.
Cephalitis
n.
(Med.) Same as Phrenitis.
Cephalization
n.
• Domination of the head in animal life as expressed in the physical structure; localization of important organs or parts in or near the head, in animal development.
Cephalo
• A combining form denoting the head, of the head, connected with the head; as, cephalosome, cephalopod.
Cephalocercal
a.
(Zool.) Relating to the long axis of the body.
Cephaloid
a.
• Shaped like the head.
Cephalology
n.
• The science which treats of the head.
Cephalomere
n.
(Zool.) One of the somites (arthromeres) which make up the head of arthropods.
Cephalometer
n.
(Med.) An instrument measuring the dimensions of the head of a fetus during delivery.
Cephalon
n.
(Zool.) The head.
Cephalophora
n. pl.
(Zool.) The cephalata.
Cephalopoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) The highest class of Mollusca.
Cephaloptera
n.
(Zool.) One of the generic names of the gigantic ray (Manta birostris), known as devilfish and sea devil. It is common on the coasts of South Carolina, Florida, and farther south. Some of them grow to enormous size, becoming twenty feet of more across the body, and weighing more than a ton.
Cephalosome
n.
(Zool.) The anterior region or head of insects and other arthropods.
Cephalostyle
n.
(Anat.) The anterior end of the notochord and its bony sheath in the base of cartilaginous crania.
Cephalothorax
n.
(Zool.) The anterior portion of any one of the Arachnida and higher Crustacea, consisting of the united head and thorax.
Cephalotome
n.
(Med.) An instrument for cutting into the fetal head, to facilitate delivery.
Cephalotomy
n.
• Dissection or opening of the head.
(Med.) Craniotomy; — usually applied to bisection of the fetal head with a saw.
Cephalotribe
n.
• An obstetrical instrument for performing cephalotripsy.
Cephalotripsy
n.
(Med.) The act or operation of crushing the head of a fetus in the womb in order to effect delivery.
Cephalotrocha
n.
(Zool.) A kind of annelid larva with a circle of cilia around the head.
Cephalous
a.
(Zool.) Having a head; — applied chiefly to the Cephalata, a division of mollusks.
Cepheus
n.
(Astron.) A northern constellation near the pole. Its head, which is in the Milky Way, is marked by a triangle formed by three stars of the fourth magnitude.
Ceraceous
a.
• Having the texture and color of new wax; like wax; waxy.
Cerago
n.
• Beebread.
Ceramic
a.
• Of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.
Ceramics
n.
• The art of making things of baked clay; as pottery, tiles, etc.
• Work formed of clay in whole or in part, and baked; as, vases, urns, etc.
Cerargyrite
n.
(Min.) Native silver chloride, a mineral of a white to pale yellow or gray color, darkening on exposure to the light. It may be cut by a knife, like lead or horn (hence called horn silver).
Cerasin
n.
(Chem.) A white amorphous substance, the insoluble part of cherry gum; — called also meta-arabinic acid.
(Chem.) A gummy mucilaginous substance; — called also bassorin, tragacanthin, etc.
Cerasinous
a.
• Pertaining to, or containing, cerasin.
• Of a cherry color.
Cerastes
n.
(Zool.) A genus of poisonous African serpents, with a horny scale over each eye; the horned viper.
Cerate
n.
(Med.) An unctuous preparation for external application, of a consistence intermediate between that of an ointment and a plaster, so that it can be spread upon cloth without the use of heat, but does not melt when applied to the skin.
Cerated
p. a.
• Covered with wax.
Ceratine
a.
(Lagic.) Sophistical.
Ceratobranchia
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of nudibranchiate Mollusca having on the back papilliform or branched organs serving as gills.
Ceratobranchial
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the bone, or cartilage, below the epibranchial in a branchial arch.
n.
• A ceratobranchial bone, or cartilage.
Ceratodus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of ganoid fishes, of the order Dipnoi, first known as Mesozoic fossil fishes; but recently two living species have been discovered in Australian rivers. They have lungs so well developed that they can leave the water and breathe in air. In Australia they are called salmon and baramunda.
Ceratohyal
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the bone, or carts, large, below the epihyal in the hyoid arch.
n.
• A ceratohyal bone, or cartilage, which, in man, forms one of the small horns of the hyoid.
Ceratosaurus
n.
(Paleon.) A carnivorous American Jurassic dinosaur allied to the European Megalosaurus. The animal was nearly twenty feet in length, and the skull bears a bony horn core on the united nasal bones.
Ceratospongiae
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of sponges in which the skeleton consists of horny fibers. It includes all the commercial sponges.
Ceraunics
n.
• That branch of physics which treats of heat and electricity.
Ceraunoscope
n.
• An instrument or apparatus employed in the ancient mysteries to imitate thunder and lightning.
Cerberean
a.
• Of or pertaining to, or resembling, Cerberus.
Cerberus
n.
(Class. Myth.) A monster, in the shape, of a three-headed dog, guarding the entrance into the infernal regions, Hence: Any vigilant custodian or guardian, esp. if surly.
(Zool.) A genus of East Indian serpents, allied to the pythons; the bokadam.
Cercal
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the tail.
Cercaria
n.
(Zool.) The larval form of a trematode worm having the shape of a tadpole, with its body terminated by a tail-like appendage.
Cercarian
a.
(Zool.) Of, like, or pertaining to, the Cercariae.
n.
• One of the Cercariae.
Cercopod
n.
(Zool.) One of the jointed antenniform appendage of the posterior somites of cartain insects.
Cere
n.
(Zool.) The soft naked sheath at the base of the beak of birds of prey, parrots, and some other birds.
v. t.
• To wax; to cover or close with wax.
Cereal
a.
• Of or pertaining to the grasses which are cultivated for their edible seeds (as wheat, maize, rice, etc.), or to their seeds or grain.
n.
• Any grass cultivated for its edible grain, or the grain itself; — usually in the plural.
Cerealia
n. pl.
(Antiq.) Public festivals in honor of Ceres.
• The cereals.
Cerealin
n.
(Chem.) A nitrogenous substance closely resembling diastase, obtained from bran, and possessing the power of converting starch into dextrin, sugar, and lactic acid.
Cerebel
n.
• The cerebellum.
Cerebellum
n.
(Anat.) The large lobe of the hind brain in front of and above the medulla; the little brain. It controls combined muscular action.
Cerebral
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the cerebrum.
n.
• One of a class of lingual consonants in the East Indian languages.
Cerebralism
n.
(Philos.) The doctrine or theory that psychical phenomena are functions or products of the brain only.
Cerebralist
n.
• One who accepts cerebralism.
Cerebrate
v. i.
(Physiol.) To exhibit mental activity; to have the brain in action.
Cerebration
n.
• Action of the brain, whether conscious or unconscious.
Cerebric
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the brain.
Cerebricity
n.
• Brain power.
Cerebriform
a.
• Like the brain in form or substance.
Cerebrifugal
a.
(Physiol.) Applied to those nerve fibers which go from the brain to the spinal cord, and so transfer cerebral impulses (centrifugal impressions) outwards.
Cerebrin
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A nonphosphorized, nitrogenous substance, obtained from brain and nerve tissue by extraction with boiling alcohol. It is uncertain whether it exists as such in nerve tissue, or is a product of the decomposition of some more complex substance.
Cerebripetal
a.
(Physiol.) Applied to those nerve fibers which go from the spinal cord to the brain and so transfer sensations (centripetal impressions) from the exterior inwards.
Cerebritis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the cerebrum.
Cerebroid
a.
• Resembling, or analogous to, the cerebrum or brain.
Cerebrology
n.
• The science which treats of the cerebrum or brain.
Cerebropathy
n.
(Med.) A hypochondriacal condition verging upon insanity, occurring in those whose brains have been unduly taxed; — called also brain fag.
Cerebroscopy
n.
(Med.) Examination of the brain for the diagnosis of diseas; esp., the act or process of diagnosticating the condition of the brain by examination of the interior of the eye (as with an ophthalmoscope).
Cerebrose
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A sugarlike body obtained by the decomposition of the nitrogenous non-phosphorized principles of the brain.
Cerebrum
n.
(Anat.) The anterior, and in man the larger, division of the brain; the seat of the reasoning faculties and the will.
Cerecloth
n.
• A cloth smeared with melted wax, or with some gummy or glutinous matter.
Cerement
n.
• A cerecloth used for the special purpose of enveloping a dead body when embalmed.
• Any shroud or wrapping for the dead.
Ceremonial
a.
• Relating to ceremony, or external rite; ritual; according to the forms of established rites.
• Observant of forms; ceremonious.
n.
• A system of rules and ceremonies, enjoined by law, or established by custom, in religious worship, social intercourse, or the courts of princes; outward form.
• The order for rites and forms in the Roman Catholic church, or the book containing the rules presribed to be observed on solemn occasions.
Ceremonialism
n.
• Adherence to external rites; fondness for ceremony.
Ceremonially
adv.
• According to rites and ceremonies; as, a person ceremonially unclean.
Ceremonialness
n.
• Quality of being ceremonial.
Ceremonious
a.
• Consisting of outward forms and rites; ceremonial.
• According to prescribed or customary rules and forms; devoted to forms and ceremonies; formally respectful; punctilious.
Ceremoniously
adv.
• In a ceremonious way.
Ceremoniousness
n.
• The quality, or practice, of being ceremonious.
Ceremony
n.
• Ar act or series of acts, often of a symbolical character, prescribed by law, custom, or authority, in the conduct of important matters, as in the performance of religious duties, the transaction of affairs of state, and the celebration of notable events; as, the ceremony of crowning a sovereign; the ceremonies observed in consecrating a church; marriage and baptismal ceremonies.
• Behavior regulated by strict etiquette; a formal method of performing acts of civility; forms of civility prescribed by custom or authority.
• A ceremonial symbols; an emblem, as a crown, scepter, garland, etc.
• A sign or prodigy; a portent.
Cereous
a.
• Waxen; like wax.
Ceres
n.
(Class. Myth.) The daughter of Saturn and Ops or Rhea, the goddess of corn and tillage.
(Actron.) The first discovered asteroid.
Ceresin
n.
(Chem.) A white wax, made by bleaching and purifying ozocerite, and used as a substitute for beeswax.
Cereus
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of the Cactus family. They are natives of America, from California to Chili.
Cerial
a.
• Same as Cerial.
Ceriferous
a.
• Producing wax.
Cerin
n.
(Chem.) A waxy substance extracted by alcohol or ether from cork; sometimes applied also to the portion of beeswax which is soluble in alcohol.
(Min.) A variety of the mineral allanite.
Cerinthian
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of an ancient religious sect, so called fron Cerinthus, a Jew, who attempted to unite the doctrines of Christ with the opinions of the Jews and Gnostics.
Ceriph
n.
(Type Founding) One of the fine lines of a letter, esp. one of the fine cross strokes at the top and bottom of letters.
Cerise
a.
• Cherry-colored; a light bright red; \'c3- applied to textile fabrics, especially silk.
Cerite
n.
(Zool.) A gastropod shell belonging to the family Cerithiidae; — so called from its hornlike form.
n.
(Min.) A mineral of a brownish of cherry-red color, commonly massive. It is a hydrous silicate of cerium and allied metals.
Cerium
n.
(Chem.) A rare metallic element, occurring in the minerals cerite, allanite, monazite, etc. Symbol Ce. Atomic weight 141.5. It resembles iron in color and luster, but is soft, and both malleable and ductile. It tarnishes readily in the air.
Cernuous
a.
(Bot.) Inclining or nodding downward; pendulous; drooping; — said of a bud, flower, fruit, or the capsule of a moss.
Cero
n.
(Zool.) A large and valuable fish of the Mackerel family, of the genus Scomberomorus. Two species are found in the West Indies and less commonly on the Atlantic coast of the United States, — the common cero (Scomberomorus caballa), called also kingfish, and spotted, or king, cero (S. regalis).
Cerograph
n.
• A writing on wax.
Cerographist
n.
• One who practices cerography.
Cerography
n.
• The art of making characters or designs in, or with, wax.
• A method of making stereotype plates from inscribed sheets of wax.
Cerolite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous silicate of magnesium, allied to serpentine, occurring in waxlike masses of a yellow or greenish color.
Ceroma
n.
• The unguent (a composition of oil and wax) with which wrestles were anointed among the ancient Romans.
(Anc. Arch.) That part of the baths and gymnasia in which bathers and wrestlers anointed themselves.
(Zool.) The cere of birds.
Ceromancy
n.
• Divination by dropping melted wax in water.
Ceroon
n.
• A bale or package. covered with hide, or with wood bound with hide; as, a ceroon of indigo, cochineal, etc.
Ceroplastic
a.
(Fine arts) Relating to the art of modeling in wax.
• Modeled in wax; as, a ceroplastic figure.
Cerosin
n.
(Chem.) A waxy substance obtained from the bark of the sugar cane, and crystallizing in delicate white laminae.
Cerotene
n.
(Chem.) A white waxy solid obtained from Chinese wax, and by the distillation of cerotin.
Cerotic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, beeswax or Chinese wax; as, cerotic acid or alcohol.
Cerotin
n.
(Chem.) A white crystalline substance, C27H55.OH, obtained from Chinese wax, and regarded as an alcohol of the marsh gas series; — called also cerotic alcohol, ceryl alcohol.
Cerrial
a.
(Bot.) Of or pertaining to the cerris.
Cerris
n.
(Bot.) A species of oak (Quercus cerris) native in the Orient and southern Europe; — called also bitter oak and Turkey oak.
Certain
a.
• Assured in mind; having no doubts; free from suspicions concerning.
• Determined; resolved; — used with an infinitive.
• Not to be doubted or denied; established as a fact.
• Actually existing; sure to happen; inevitable.
• Unfailing; infallible.
• Fixed or stated; regular; determinate.
• Not specifically named; indeterminate; indefinite; one or some; — sometimes used independenty as a noun, and meaning certain persons.
n.
• Certainty.
• A certain number or quantity.
adv.
• Certainly.
Certainly
adv.
• Without doubt or question; unquestionably.
Certainness
n.
• Certainty.
Certainty
n.
• The quality, state, or condition, of being certain.
(Law) Clearness; freedom from ambiguity; lucidity.
Certes
adv.
• Certainly; in truth; verily.
Certificate
n.
• A written testimony to the truth of any fact; as, certificate of good behavior.
• A written declaration legally authenticated.
v. t.
• To verify or vouch for by certificate.
• To furnish with a certificate; as, to certificate the captain of a vessel; a certificated teacher.
Certification
n.
• The act of certifying.
Certifier
n.
• One who certifies or assures.
Certify
v. t.
• To give cetain information to; to assure; to make certain.
• To give certain information of; to make certain, as a fact; to verify.
• To testify to in writing; to make a declaration concerning, in writing, under hand, or hand and seal.
Certiorari
n.
(Law) A writ issuing out of chancery, or a superior court, to call up the records of a inferior court, or remove a cause there depending, in order that the party may have more sure and speedy justice, or that errors and irreguarities may be corrected. It is obtained upon complaint of a party that he has not received justice, or can not have an impartial trial in the inferior court.
Certitude
n.
• Freedom from doubt; assurance; certainty.
Cerule
a.
• Blue; cerulean.
Cerulean
a.
• Sky-colored; blue; azure.
Ceruleous
a.
• Cerulean.
Cerulific
a.
• Producing a blue or sky color.
Cerumen
n.
(Physiol.) The yellow, waxlike secretion from the glands of the external ear; the earwax.
Ceruminous
a.
(Physiol.) Pertaining to, or secreting, cerumen; as, the ceruminous glands.
Ceruse
n.
• White lead, used as a pigment.
• A cosmetic containing white lead.
(Min.) The native carbonate of lead.
Cerused
a.
• Washed with a preparation of white lead; as, cerused face.
Cervelat
n.
(Mus.) An ancient wind instrument, resembling the bassoon in tone.
Cervical
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the neck; as, the cervical vertebrae.
Cervicide
n.
• The act of killing deer; deer-slaying.
Cervine
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the deer, or to the family Cervidae.
Cervix
n.
(Anat.) The neck; also, the necklike portion of any part, as of the womb.
Cervus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of ruminants, including the red deer and other allied species.
Ceryl
n.
(Chem.) A radical, C27H55 supposed to exist in several compounds obtained from Chinese wax, beeswax, etc.
Cespitine
n.
• An oil obtained by distillation of peat, and containing various members of the pyridine series.
Cespititious
a.
• Same as Cespitious.
Cespitose
a.
(Bot.) Having the form a piece of turf, i. e., many stems from one rootstock or from many entangled rootstocks or roots.
Cespitous
a.
• Pertaining to, consisting, of resembling, turf; turfy.
Cess
n.
• A rate or tax.
• Bound; measure.
v. t.
• To rate; to tax; to assess.
v. i.
• To cease; to neglect.
Cessant
a.
• Inactive; dormant
Cessation
n.
• A ceasing of discontinuance, as of action, whether termporary or final; a stop; as, a cessation of the war.
Cessavit
n.
• A writ given by statute to recover lands when the tenant has for two years failed to perform the conditions of his tenure.
Cesser
n.
(Law) a neglect of a tenant to perform services, or make payment, for two years.
Cessible
a.
• Giving way; yielding.
Cession
n.
• A yielding to physical force.
• Concession; compliance.
• A yielding, or surrender, as of property or rights, to another person; the act of ceding.
(Eccl. Law) The giving up or vacating a benefice by accepting another without a proper dispensation.
(Civil Law) The voluntary surrender of a person's effects to his creditors to avoid imprisonment.
Cessionary
a.
• Having surrendered the effects; as, a cessionary bankrupt.
Cessment
n.
• An assessment or tax.
Cessor
n.
(Law) One who neglects, for two years, to perform the service by which he holds lands, so that he incurs the danger of the writ of cessavit.
n.
• An assessor.
Cesspipe
n.
• A pipe for carrying off waste water, etc., from a sink or cesspool.
Cesspool
n.
• A cistern in the course, or the termination, of a drain, to collect sedimentary or superfluous matter; a privy vault; any receptace of filth.
Cest
n.
• A woman's girdle; a cestus.
Cestode
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Cestoidea.
n.
• One of the Cestoidea.
Cestoid
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Cestoidea.
n.
• One of the Cestoidea.
Cestoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) A class of parasitic worms (Platelminthes) of which the tapeworms are the most common examples. The body is flattened, and usually but not always long, and composed of numerous joints or segments, each of which may contain a complete set of male and female reproductive organs. They have neither mouth nor intestine.
Cestoldean
n.
(Zool.) One of the Cestoidea.
Cestraciont
n.
(Zool.) A shark of the genus Cestracion, and of related genera. The posterior teeth form a pavement of bony plates for crushing shellfish. Most of the species are extinct. The Port Jackson shark and a similar one found in California are living examples.
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to, or characteristic of, the genus Cestracion.
Cestus
n.
(Antiq.) A girdle; particularly that of Aphrodite (or Venus) which gave the wearer the power of exciting love.
(Zool.) A genus of Ctenophora. The typical species (Cestus Veneris) is remarkable for its brilliant iridescent colors, and its long, girdlelike form.
n.
(Antiq.) A covering for the hands of boxers, made of leather bands, and often loaded with lead or iron.
Cetacea
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of marine mammals, including the whales. Like ordinary mammals they breathe by means of lungs, and bring forth living young which they suckle for some time. The anterior limbs are changed to paddles; the tail flukes are horizontal. There are two living suborders:
Cetacean
n.
(Zool.) One of the Cetacea.
Cetaceous
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Cetacea.
Cete
n.
(Zool.) One of the Cetacea, or collectively, the Cetacea.
Cetene
n.
(Chem.) An oily hydrocarbon, C16H32, of the ethylene series, obtained from spermaceti.
Ceterach
n.
(Bot.) A species of fern with fronds (Asplenium Ceterach).
Cetewale
n.
• Same as Zedoary.
Cetic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a whale.
Cetin
n.
(Chem.) A white, waxy substance, forming the essential part of spermaceti.
Cetological
a.
• Of or pertaining to cetology.
Cetologist
a.
• One versed in cetology.
Cetology
n.
• The description or natural history of cetaceous animals.
Cetraric
a.
• Pertaining to, or derived from, the lichen, Iceland moss (Cetaria Islandica).
Cetrarin
n.
(Chem.) A white substance extracted from the lichen, Iceland moss (Cetraria Islandica). It consists of several ingredients, among which is cetraric acid, a white, crystalline, bitter substance.
Cetyl
n.
(Chem.) A radical, C16H33, not yet isolated, but supposed to exist in a series of compounds homologous with the ethyl compounds, and derived from spermaceti.
Cetylic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, spermaceti.
Ceylanite
n.
(Min.) A dingy blue, or grayish black, variety of spinel. It is also called pleonaste.
Ceylonese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Ceylon.
n. sing. & pl.
• A native or natives of Ceylon.
Chab
n.
(Zool.) The red-bellied wood pecker (Melanerpes Carolinus).
Chablis
n.
• A white wine made near Chablis, a town in France.
Chace
v. t.
• To pursue.
Chachalaca
n.
(Zool.) The texan guan (Ortalis vetula).
Chackered
a.
• Marked with alternate squares or checks of different color or material.
• Diversified or variegated in a marked manner, as in appearance, character, circumstances, etc.
Chacma
n.
• A large species of African baboon (Cynocephalus porcarius); — called also ursine baboon.
Chaconne
n.
(Mus.) An old Spanish dance in moderate three-four measure, like the Passacaglia, which is slower. Both are used by classical composers as themes for variations.
Chaetetes
n.
(Zool.) A genus of fossil corals, common in the lower Silurian limestones.
Chaetiferous
a.
(Zool.) Bearing setae.
Chaetodont
n.
(Zool.) A marine fish of the family Chaetodontidae. The chaetodonts have broad, compressed bodies, and usually bright colors.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Chaetodonts or the family Chaetodontidae.
Chaetognath
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Chaetognatha.
Chaetognatha
n. pl.
(Zool) An order of free-swimming marine worms, of which the genus Sagitta is the type. They have groups of curved spines on each side of the head.
Chaetopod
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the Chaetopoda.
n.
• One of the Chaetopoda.
Chaetopoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) A very extensive order of Annelida, characterized by the presence of lateral setae, or spines, on most or all of the segments. They are divided into two principal groups: Oligochaeta, including the earthworms and allied forms, and Polychaeta, including most of the marine species.
Chaetotaxy
n.
(Zool.) The arrangement of bristles on an insect.
Chafe
v. t.
• To ecxite heat in by friction; to rub in order to stimulate and make warm.
• To excite passion or anger in; to fret; to irritate.
• To fret and wear by rubbing; as, to chafe a cable.
v. i.
• To rub; to come together so as to wear by rubbing; to wear by friction.
• To be worn by rubbing; as, a cable chafes.
• To have a feeling of vexation; to be vexed; to fret; to be irritated.
n.
• Heat excited by friction.
• Injury or wear caused by friction.
• Vexation; irritation of mind; rage.
Chafer
n.
• One who chafes.
• A vessel for heating water; — hence, a dish or pan.
n.
(Zool.) A kind of beetle; the cockchafer. The name is also applied to other species; as, the rose chafer.
Chafery
n.
(Iron Works) An open furnace or forge, in which blooms are heated before being wrought into bars.
Chafeweed
n.
(Bot.) The cudweed (Gnaphalium), used to prevent or cure chafing.
Chaff
n.
• The glumes or husks of grains and grasses separated from the seed by threshing and winnowing, etc.
• Anything of a comparatively light and worthless character; the refuse part of anything.
• Straw or hay cut up fine for the food of cattle.
• Light jesting talk; banter; raillery.
(Bot.) The scales or bracts on the receptacle, which subtend each flower in the heads of many Compositae, as the sunflower.
v. i.
• To use light, idle lagnguage by way of fun or ridicule; to banter.
v. t.
• To make fun of; to turn into ridicule by addressing in ironical or bantering language; to quiz.
Chaffer
n.
• One who chaffs.
n.
• Bargaining; merchandise.
v. i.
• To treat or dispute about a purchase; to bargain; to haggle or higgle; to negotiate.
• To talk much and idly; to chatter.
v. t.
• To buy or sell; to trade in.
• To exchange; to bandy, as words.
Chafferer
n.
• One who chaffers; a bargainer.
Chaffern
n.
• A vessel for heating water.
Chaffery
n.
• Traffic; bargaining.
Chaffinch
n.
(Zool.) A bird of Europe (Fringilla coelebs), having a variety of very sweet songs, and highly valued as a cage bird; — called also copper finch.
Chaffing
n.
• The use of light, frivolous language by way of fun or ridicule; raillery; banter.
Chaffless
a.
• Without chaff.
Chaffy
a.
• Abounding in, or resembling, chaff.
• Light or worthless as chaff.
(Bot.) Resembling chaff; composed of light dry scales.
• Bearing or covered with dry scales, as the under surface of certain ferns, or the disk of some composite flowers.
Chafing
n.
• The act of rubbing, or wearing by friction; making by rubbing.
Chagrin
n.
• Vexation; mortification.
v. t.
• To excite ill-humor in; to vex; to mortify; as, he was not a little chagrined.
v. i.
• To be vexed or annoyed.
a.
• Chagrined.
Chain
n.
• A series of links or rings, usually of metal, connected, or fitted into one another, used for various purposes, as of support, of restraint, of ornament, of the exertion and transmission of mechanical power, etc.
• That which confines, fetters, or secures, as a chain; a bond; as, the chains of habit.
• A series of things linked together; or a series of things connected and following each other in succession; as, a chain of mountains; a chain of events or ideas.
(Surv.) An instrument which consists of links and is used in measuring land.
(Naut.) Iron links bolted to the side of a vessel to bold the dead-eyes connected with the shrouds; also, the channels.
(Weaving) The warp threads of a web.
v. t.
• To fasten, bind, or connect with a chain; to fasten or bind securely, as with a chain; as, to chain a bulldog.
• To keep in slavery; to enslave.
• To unite closely and strongly.
(Surveying) To measure with the chain.
• To protect by drawing a chain across, as a harbor.
Chainless
a.
• Having no chain; not restrained or fettered.
Chainlet
n.
• A small chain.
Chainwork
n.
• Work looped or linked after the manner of a chain; chain stitch work.
Chair
n.
• A movable single seat with a back.
• An official seat, as of a chief magistrate or a judge, but esp. that of a professor; hence, the office itself.
• The presiding officer of an assembly; a chairman; as, to address the chair.
• A vehicle for one person; either a sedan borne upon poles, or two-wheeled carriage, drawn by one horse; a gig.
• An iron blok used on railways to support the rails and secure them to the sleepers.
v. t.
• To place in a chair.
• To carry publicly in a chair in triumph.
Chairman
n.
• The presiding officer of a committee, or of a public or private meeting, or of any organized body.
• One whose business it is to cary a chair or sedan.
Chairmanship
n.
• The office of a chairman of a meeting or organized body.
Chaise
n.
• A two-wheeled carriage for two persons, with a calash top, and the body hung on leather straps, or thoroughbraces. It is usually drawn by one horse.
• a carriage in general.
Chaja
n.
(Zool.) The crested screamer of Brazil (Palamedea, or Chauna, chavaria), so called in imitation of its notes; — called also chauna, and faithful kamichi. It is often domesticated and is useful in guarding other poultry.
Chak
v. i.
• To toss up the head frequently, as a horse to avoid the restraint of the bridle.
Chalaza
n.
(Bot.) The place on an ovule, or seed, where its outer coats cohere with each other and the nucleus.
(Biol.) A spiral band of thickened albuminous substance which exists in the white of the bird's egg, and serves to maintain the yolk in its position; the treadle.
Chalazal
a.
• Of or pertaining to the chalaza.
Chalaze
n.
• Same as Chalaza.
Chalaziferous
a.
• Having or bearing chalazas.
Chalazion
n.
(Med.) A small circumscribed tumor of the eyelid caused by retention of secretion, and by inflammation of the Melbomian glands.
Chalcanthite
n.
(Min.) Native blue vitriol.
Chalcedonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to chalcedony.
Chalcedony
n.
(Min.) A cryptocrystalline, translucent variety of quartz, having usually a whitish color, and a luster nearly like wax.
Chalchihuitl
n.
(Min.) The Mexican name for turquoise.
Chalcidian
n.
(Zool.) One of a tropical family of snakelike lizards (Chalcidae), having four small or rudimentary legs.
Chalcocite
n.
(Min.) Native copper sulphide, called also copper glance, and vitreous copper; a mineral of a black color and metallic luster.
Chalcography
n.
• The act or art of engraving on copper or brass, especially of engraving for printing.
Chalcopyrite
n.
(Min.) Copper pyrites, or yellow copper ore; a common ore of opper, containing copper, iron, and sulphur. It occurs massive and in tetragonal crystals of a bright brass yellow color.
Chaldaic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Chaldes.
n.
• The language or dialect of the Chaldeans; Chaldee.
Chaldaism
n.
• An idiom or peculiarity in the Chaldee dialect.
Chaldean
a.
• Of or pertaining to Chaldea.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Chaldea.
• A learned man, esp. an astrologer; — so called among the Eastern nations, because astrology and the kindred arts were much cultivated by the Chaldeans.
• Nestorian.
Chaldee
a.
• Of or pertaining to Chaldea.
n.
• The language or dialect of the Chaldeans; eastern Aramaic, or the Aramaic used in Chaldea.
Chaldron
n.
• An English dry measure, being, at London, 36 bushels heaped up, or its equivalent weight, and more than twice as much at Newcastle. Now used exlusively for coal and coke.
Chalet
n.
• A herdsman's hut in the mountains of Switzerland.
• A summer cottage or country house in the Swiss mountains; any country house built in the style of the Swiss cottages.
Chalice
n.
• A cup or bowl; especially, the cup used in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
Chaliced
a.
• Having a calyx or cup; cupshaped.
Chalk
n.
(Min.) A soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, consisting of calcium carbonate, and having the same composition as common limestone.
(Fine Arts) Finely prepared chalk, used as a drawing implement; also, by extension, a compound, as of clay and black lead, or the like, used in the same manner.
v. t.
• To rub or mark with chalk.
• To manure with chalk, as land.
• To make white, as with chalk; to make pale; to bleach.
Chalkcutter
n.
• A man who digs chalk.
Chalkiness
n.
• The state of being chalky.
Chalkstone
n.
• A mass of chalk.
(Med.) A chalklike concretion, consisting mainly of urate of sodium, found in and about the small joints, in the external ear, and in other situations, in those affected with gout; a tophus.
Chalky
a.
• Consisting of, or resembling, chalk; containing chalk; as, a chalky cliff; a chalky taste.
Challenge
n.
• An invitation to engage in a contest or controversy of any kind; a defiance; specifically, a summons to fight a duel; also, the letter or message conveying the summons.
• The act of a sentry in halting any one who appears at his post, and demanding the countersign.
• A claim or demand.
(Hunting) The opening and crying of hounds at first finding the scent of their game.
(Law) An exception to a juror or to a member of a court martial, coupled with a demand that he should be held incompetent to act; the claim of a party that a certain person or persons shall not sit in trial upon him or his cause.
• An exception to a person as not legally qualifed to vote. The challenge must be made when the ballot is offered.
v. t.
• To call to a contest of any kind; to call to answer; to defy.
• To call, invite, or summon to answer for an offense by personal combat.
• To claim as due; to demand as a right.
• To censure; to blame.
(Mil.) To question or demand the countersign from (one who attempts to pass the lines); as, the sentinel challenged us, with "Who comes there?"
• To take exception to; question; as, to challenge the accuracy of a statement or of a quotation.
(Law) To object to or take exception to, as to a juror, or member of a court.
• To object to the reception of the vote of, as on the ground that the person in not qualifed as a voter.
v. i.
• To assert a right; to claim a place.
Challengeable
a.
• That may be challenged.
Challenger
n.
• One who challenges.
Challis
n.
• A soft and delicate woolen, or woolen and silk, fabric, for ladies' dresses.
Chalon
n.
• A bed blanket.
Chalybean
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Chalybes, an ancient people of Pontus in Asia Minor, celebrated for working in iron and steel.
• Of superior quality and temper; — applied to steel.
Chalybeate
a.
• Impregnated with salts of iron; having a taste like iron; as, chalybeate springs.
n.
• Any water, liquid, or medicine, into which iron enters as an ingredient.
Chalybeous
a.
(Zool.) Steel blue; of the color of tempered steel.
Chalybite
n.
(Min.) Native iron carbonate; — usually called siderite.
Cham
v. t.
• To chew.
n.
• The sovereign prince of Tartary; — now usually written khan.
Chamade
n.
(Mil.) A signal made for a parley by beat of a drum.
Chamal
n.
(Zool.) The Angora goat.
Chamber
n.
• A retired room, esp. an upper room used for sleeping; a bedroom; as, the house had four chambers.
• Apartments in a lodging house.
• A hall, as where a king gives audience, or a deliberative body or assembly meets; as, presence chamber; senate chamber.
• A legislative or judicial body; an assembly; a society or association; as, the Chamber of Deputies; the Chamber of Commerce.
• A compartment or cell; an inclosed space or cavity; as, the chamber of a canal lock; the chamber of a furnace; the chamber of the eye.
(Law.) A room or rooms where a lawyer transacts business; a room or rooms where a judge transacts such official business as may be done out of court.
• A chamber pot.
(Mil.) That part of the bore of a piece of ordnance which holds the charge, esp. when of different diameter from the rest of the bore; — formerly, in guns, made smaller than the bore, but now larger, esp. in breech-loading guns.
• A cavity in a mine, usually of a cubical form, to contain the powder.
• A short piece of ornance or cannon, which stood on its breech, without any carriage, formerly used chiefly for rejoicings and theatrical cannonades.
v. i.
• To reside in or occupy a chamber or chambers.
• To be lascivious.
v. t.
• To shut up, as inn a chamber.
• To furnish with a chamber; as, to chamber a gun.
Chambered
a.
• Having a chamber or chambers; as, a chambered shell; a chambered gun.
Chamberer
n.
• One who attends in a chamber; a chambermaid.
• A civilian; a carpetmonger.
Chambering
n.
• Lewdness.
Chamberlain
n.
• An officer or servant who has charge of a chamber or chambers.
• An upper servant of an inn.
• An officer having the direction and management of the private chambers of a nobleman or monarch; hence, in Europe, one of the high officers of a court.
• A treasurer or receiver of public money; as, the chamberlain of London, of North Wales, etc.
Chamberlainship
n.
• Office if a chamberlain.
Chambermaid
n.
• A maidservant who has the care of chambers, making the beds, sweeping, cleaning the rooms, etc.
• A lady's maid.
Chambertin
n.
• A red wine from Chambertin near Dijon, in Burgundy.
Chambrel
n.
• Same as Gambrel.
Chameck
n.
(Zool.) A kind of spider monkey (Ateles chameck), having the thumbs rudimentary and without a nail.
Chameleon
n.
(Zool.) A lizardlike reptile of the genus Chamaeleo, of several species, found in Africa, Asia, and Europe. The skin is covered with fine granmulations; the tail is prehensile, and the body is much compressed laterally, giving it a high back.
Chameleonize
v. t.
• To change into various colors.
Chamfer
n.
• The surface formed by cutting away the arris, or angle, formed by two faces of a piece of timber, stone, etc.
v. t.
(Carp.) To cut a furrow in, as in a column; to groove; to channel; to flute.
• To make a chamfer on.
Chamfret
n.
(Carp.) A small gutter; a furrow; a groove.
• A chamfer.
Chamfron
n.
(Anc. Armor) The frontlet, or head armor, of a horse.
Chamois
n.
(Zool.) A small species of antelope (Rupicapra tragus), living on the loftiest mountain ridges of Europe, as the Alps, Pyrenees, etc. It possesses remarkable agility, and is a favorite object of chase.
• A soft leather made from the skin of the chamois, or from sheepskin, etc.; — called also chamois leather, and chammy or shammy leather.
Champ
v. t.
• To bite with repeated action of the teeth so as to be heard.
• To bite into small pieces; to crunch.
v. i.
• To bite or chew impatiently.
Champagne
n.
• A light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France.
Champaign
n.
• A flat, open country.
a.
• Flat; open; level.
Champer
n.
• One who champs, or bites.
Champertor
n.
(Law) One guilty of champerty; one who purchases a suit, or the right of suing, and carries it on at his own expense, in order to obtain a share of the gain.
Champerty
n.
• Partnership in power; equal share of authority.
(Law) The prosecution or defense of a suit, whether by furnishing money or personal services, by one who has no legitimate concern therein, in consideration of an agreement that he shall receive, in the event of success, a share of the matter in suit; maintenance with the addition of an agreement to divide the thing in suit.
Champignon
n.
(Bot.) An edible species of mushroom (Agaricus campestris).
Champion
v. t.
• To furnish with a champion; to attend or defend as champion; to support or maintain; to protect.
Championness
n.
• A female champion.
Championship
n.
• State of being champion; leadership; supremancy.
Chance
n.
• A supposed material or psychical agent or mode of activity other than a force, law, or purpose; fortune; fate; — in this sense often personifed.
• The operation or activity of such agent.
• The supposed effect of such an agent; something that befalls, as the result of unknown or unconsidered forces; the issue of uncertain conditions; an event not calculated upon; an unexpected occurrence; a happening; accident; fortuity; casualty.
• A possibity; a likelihood; an opportunity; — with reference to a doubtful result; as, a chance result; as, a chance to escape; a chance for life; the chances are all against him.
(Math.) Probability.
v. i.
• To happen, come, or arrive, without design or expectation.
v. t.
• To take the chances of; to venture upon; — usually with it as object.
• To befall; to happen to.
a.
• Happening by chance; casual.
adv.
• By chance; perchance.
Chanceable
a.
• Fortuitous; casual.
Chanceably
adv.
• By chance.
Chanceful
a.
• Hazardous.
Chancel
n.
(Arch.) That part of a church, reserved for the use of the clergy, where the altar, or communion table, is placed.
• All that part of a cruciform church which is beyond the line of the transept farthest from the main front.
Chancellery
n.
• Chancellorship.
Chancellor
n.
• A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the United States is distinctively a court with equity jurisdiction.
Chancellorship
n.
• The office of a chancellor; the time during which one is chancellor.
Chancery
n.
• In England, formerly, the highest court of judicature next to the Parliament, exercising jurisdiction at law, but chiefly in equity; but under the jurisdiction act of 1873 it became the chancery division of the High Court of Justice, and now exercises jurisdiction only in equity.
• In the Unites States, a court of equity; equity; proceeding in equity.
Chancre
n.
(Med.) A venereal sore or ulcer; specifically, the initial lesion of true syphilis, whether forming a distinct ulcer or not; — called also hard chancre, indurated chancre, and Hunterian chancre.
Chancroid
n.
(Med.) A venereal sore, resembling a chancre in its seat and some external characters, but differing from it in being the starting point of a purely local process and never of a systemic disease; — called also soft chancre.
Chancrous
a.
(Med.) Of the nature of a chancre; having chancre.
Chandelier
n.
• A candlestick, lamp, stand, gas fixture, or the like, having several branches; esp., one hanging from the ceiling.
(Fort.) A movable parapet, serving to support fascines to cover pioneers.
Chandler
n.
• A maker or seller of candles.
• A dealer in other commodities, which are indicated by a word prefixed; as, ship chandler, corn chandler.
Chandlerly
a.
• Like a chandler; in a petty way.
Chandlery
n.
• Commodities sold by a chandler.
Chandoo
n.
• An extract or preparation of opium, used in China and India for smoking.
Chandry
n.
• Chandlery.
Chanfrin
n.
• The fore part of a horse's head.
Change
v. t.
• To alter; to make different; to cause to pass from one state to another; as, to change the position, character, or appearance of a thing; to change the countenance.
• To alter by substituting something else for, or by giving up for something else; as, to change the clothes; to change one's occupation; to change one's intention.
• To give and take reciprocally; to exchange; — followed by with; as, to change place, or hats, or money, with another.
• Specifically: To give, or receive, smaller denominations of money (technically called change) for; as, to change a gold coin or a bank bill.
v. i.
• To be altered; to undergo variation; as, men sometimes change for the better.
• To pass from one phase to another; as, the moon changes to-morrow night.
n.
• Any variation or alteration; a passing from one state or form to another; as, a change of countenance; a change of habits or principles.
• A succesion or substitution of one thing in the place of another; a difference; novelty; variety; as, a change of seasons.
• A passing from one phase to another; as, a change of the moon.
• Alteration in the order of a series; permutation.
• That which makes a variety, or may be substituted for another.
• Small money; the money by means of which the larger coins and bank bills are made available in small dealings; hence, the balance returned when payment is tendered by a coin or note exceeding the sum due.
• A place where merchants and others meet to transact business; a building appropriated for mercantile transactions.
• A public house; an alehouse.
(Mus.) Any order in which a number of bells are struck, other than that of the diatonic scale.
Changeability
n.
• Changeableness.
Changeable
a.
• Capable of change; subject to alteration; mutable; variable; fickle; inconstant; as, a changeable humor.
• Appearing different, as in color, in different lights, or under different circumstances; as, changeable silk.
Changeableness
n.
• The quality of being changeable; fickleness; inconstancy; mutability.
Changeably
adv.
• In a changeable manner.
Changeful
a.
• Full of change; mutable; inconstant; fickle; uncertain.
Changeless
a.
• That can not be changed; constant; as, a changeless purpose.
Changeling
n.
• One who, or that which, is left or taken in the place of another, as a child exchanged by fairies.
• A simpleton; an idiot.
• One apt to change; a waverer.
a.
• Taken or left in place of another; changed.
• Given to change; inconstant.
Changer
n.
• One who changes or alters the form of anything.
• One who deals in or changes money.
• One apt to change; an inconstant person.
Chank
n.
(Zool.) The East Indian name for the large spiral shell of several species of sea conch much used in making bangles, esp. Turbinella pyrum. Called also chank chell.
Channel
n.
• The hollow bed where a stream of water runs or may run.
• The deeper part of a river, harbor, strait, etc., where the main current flows, or which affords the best and safest passage for vessels.
(Geog.) A strait, or narrow sea, between two portions of lands; as, the British Channel.
• That through which anything passes; means of passing, conveying, or transmitting; as, the news was conveyed to us by different channels.
• A gutter; a groove, as in a fluted column.
(Naut.) Flat ledges of heavy plank bolted edgewise to the outside of a vessel, to increase the spread of the shrouds and carry them clear of the bulwarks.
v. t.
• To form a channel in; to cut or wear a channel or channels in; to groove.
• To course through or over, as in a channel.
Channeling
n.
• The act or process of forming a channel or channels.
• A channel or a system of channels; a groove.
Chanson
n.
• A song.
Chansonnette
n.
• A little song.
Chant
v. t.
• To utter with a melodious voice; to sing.
• To celebrate in song.
(Mus.) To sing or recite after the manner of a chant, or to a tune called a chant.
v. i.
• To make melody with the voice; to sing.
(Mus.) To sing, as in reciting a chant.
n.
• Song; melody.
(Mus.) A short and simple melody, divided into two parts by double bars, to which unmetrical psalms, etc., are sung or recited. It is the most ancient form of choral music.
• A psalm, etc., arranged for chanting.
• Twang; manner of speaking; a canting tone.
Chantant
a.
(Mus.) Composed in a melodious and singing style.
Chanter
n.
• One who chants; a singer or songster.
• The chief singer of the chantry.
• The flute or finger pipe in a bagpipe.
(Zool.) The hedge sparrow.
Chanterelle
n.
(Bot.) A name for several species of mushroom, of which one (Cantharellus cibrius) is edible, the others reputed poisonous.
Chanticleer
n.
• A cock, so called from the clearness or loundness of his voice in crowing.
Chanting
n.
• Singing, esp. as a chant is sung.
Chantor
n.
• A chanter.
Chantress
n.
• A female chanter or singer.
Chantry
n.
• An endowment or foundation for the chanting of masses and offering of prayers, commonly for the founder.
• A chapel or altar so endowed.
Chaomancy
n.
• Divination by means of apperances in the air.
Chaos
n.
• An empty, immeasurable space; a yawning chasm.
• The confused, unorganized condition or mass of matter before the creation of distinct and order forms.
• Any confused or disordered collection or state of things; a confused mixture; confusion; disorder.
Chaotic
a.
• Resembling chaos; confused.
Chaotically
adv.
• In a chaotic manner.
Chap
v. t.
• To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.
• To strike; to beat.
v. i.
• To crack or open in slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap.
• To strike; to knock; to rap.
n.
• A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.
• A division; a breach, as in a party.
• A blow; a rap.
n.
• One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; — commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and colloquially of human beings.
• One of the jaws or cheeks of a vise, etc.
n.
• A buyer; a chapman.
• A man or boy; a youth; a fellow.
v. i.
• To bargain; to buy.
Chaparral
n.
• A thicket of low evergreen oaks.
• An almost impenetrable thicket or succession of thickets of thorny shrubs and brambles.
Chapbook
n.
• Any small book carried about for sale by chapmen or hawkers. Hence, any small book; a toy book.
Chape
n.
• The piece by which an object is attached to something, as the frog of a scabbard or the metal loop at the back of a buckle by which it is fastened to a strap.
• The transverse guard of a sword or dagger.
• The metal plate or tip which protects the end of a scabbard, belt, etc.
Chapeau
n.
• hat or covering for the head.
(Her.) A cap of maintenance.
Chaped
p. p. or a.
• Furnished with a chape or chapes.
Chapel
n.
• A subordinate place of worship
• a small church, often a private foundation, as for a memorial
• a small building attached to a church
• a room or recess in a church, containing an altar.
• A place of worship not connected with a church; as, the chapel of a palace, hospital, or prison.
• In England, a place of worship used by dissenters from the Established Church; a meetinghouse.
• A choir of singers, or an orchastra, attached to the court of a prince or nobleman.
(Print.) A printing office, said to be so called because printing was first carried on in England in a chapel near Westminster Abbey.
• An association of workmen in a printing office.
v. t.
• To deposit or inter in a chapel; to enshrine.
(Naut.) To cause (a ship taken aback in a light breeze) so to turn or make a circuit as to recover, without bracing the yards, the same tack on which she had been sailing.
Chapeless
a.
• Without a chape.
Chapelet
n.
• A pair of Straps, with stirrups, joined at the top and fastened to the pommel or the frame of the saddle, after they have been adjusted to the convenience of the rider.
• A kind of chain pump, or dredging machine.
Chapellany
n.
• A chapel within the jurisdiction of a church; a subordinate ecclesiastical foundation.
Chapelry
n.
• The territorial disrict legally assigned to a chapel.
Chaperon
n.
• A hood; especially, an ornamental or an official hood.
• A divice placed on the foreheads of horses which draw the hearse in pompous funerals.
• A matron who accompanies a young lady in public, for propriety, or as a guide and protector.
v. t.
• To attend in public places as a guide and protector; to matronize.
Chaperonage
n.
• Attendance of a chaperon on a lady in public; protection afforded by a chaperon.
Chapfallen
a.
• Having the lower chap or jaw drooping, — an indication of humiliation and dejection; crestfallen; discouraged.
Chapiter
n.
(Arch.) A capital.
(Old Eng. Law) A summary in writing of such matters as are to be inquired of or presented before justices in eyre, or justices of assize, or of the peace, in their sessions; — also called articles.
Chaplain
n.
• An ecclesiastic who has a chapel, or who performs religious service in a chapel.
• A clergyman who is officially atteched to the army or navy, to some public institution, or to a family or court, for the purpose of performing divine service.
• Any person (clergyman or layman) chosen to conduct religious exercises for a society, etc.; as, a chaplain of a Masonic or a temperance lodge.
Chaplaincy
n.
• The office, position, or station of a chaplain.
Chaplainship
n.
• The office or business of a chaplain.
• The possession or revenue of a chapel.
Chapless
a.
• Having no lower jaw; hence, fleshless.
Chaplet
n.
• A garland or wreath to be worn on the head.
• A string of beads, or part of a string, used by Roman Catholic in praying; a third of a rosary, or fifty beads.
(Arch.) A small molding, carved into beads, pearls, olives, etc.
(Man.) A chapelet.
(Founding) A bent piece of sheet iron, or a pin with thin plates on its ends, for holding a core in place in the mold.
• A tuft of feathers on a peacock's head.
n.
• A small chapel or shrine.
v. t.
• To adorn with a chaplet or with flowers.
Chapman
n.
• One who buys and sells; a merchant; a buyer or a seller.
• A peddler; a hawker.
Chappion
n.
• One who engages in any contest; esp. one who in ancient times contended in single combat in behalf of another's honor or rights; or one who acts or speaks in behalf of a person or a cause; a defender; an advocate; a hero.
• One who by defeating all rivals, has obtained an acknowledged supremacy in any branch of athetics or game of skill, and is ready to contend with any rival; as, the champion of England.
Chappy
• Full of chaps; cleft; gaping; open.
Chaps
n. pl.
• The jaws, or the fleshy parts about them.
Chapter
n.
• A division of a book or treatise; as, Genesis has fifty chapters.
(Eccl.) An assembly of monks, or of the prebends and other clergymen connected with a cathedral, conventual, or collegiate church, or of a diocese, usually presided over by the dean.
• A community of canons or canonesses.
• A bishop's council.
• A business meeting of any religious community.
• An organized branch of some society or fraternity as of the Freemasons.
• A meeting of certain organized societies or orders.
• A chapter house.
• A decretal epistle.
• A location or compartment.
v. t.
• To divide into chapters, as a book.
• To correct; to bring to book, i. e., to demand chapter and verse.
Chaptrel
n.
(Arch.) An impost.
Char
n.
• A car; a chariot.
n.
• Work done by the day; a single job, or task; a chore.
v. t.
• To reduce to coal or carbon by exposure to heat; to reduce to charcoal; to burn to a cinder.
• To burn slightly or partially; as, to char wood.
Chara
n.
(Bot.) A genus of flowerless plants, having articulated stems and whorled branches. They flourish in wet places.
Charact
n.
• A distinctive mark; a character; a letter or sign.
Character
n.
• A distinctive mark; a letter, figure, or symbol.
• Style of writing or printing; handwriting; the peculiar form of letters used by a particular person or people; as, an inscription in the Runic character.
• The peculiar quality, or the sum of qualities, by which a person or a thing is distinguished from others; the stamp impressed by nature, education, or habit; that which a person or thing really is; nature; disposition.
• Strength of mind; resolution; independence; individuality; as, he has a great deal of character.
• Moral quality; the principles and motives that control the life; as, a man of character; his character saves him from suspicion.
• Quality, position, rank, or capacity; quality or conduct with respect to a certain office or duty; as, in the miserable character of a slave; in his character as a magistrate; her character as a daughter.
• The estimate, individual or general, put upon a person or thing; reputation; as, a man's character for truth and veracity; to give one a bad character.
• A written statement as to behavior, competency, etc., given to a servant.
• A unique or extraordinary individuality; a person characterized by peculiar or notable traits; a person who illustrates certain phases of character; as, Randolph was a character; Caesar is a great historical character.
• One of the persons of a drama or novel.
v. t.
• To engrave; to inscribe.
• To distinguish by particular marks or traits; to describe; to characterize.
Characterism
n.
• A distinction of character; a characteristic.
Characteristic
a.
• Pertaining to, or serving to constitute, the character; showing the character, or distinctive qualities or traits, of a person or thing; peculiar; distinctive.
n.
• A distinguishing trait, quality, or property; an element of character; that which characterized.
(Math.) The integral part (whether positive or negative) of a logarithm.
Characteristical
a.
• Characteristic.
Characteristically
adv.
• In a characteristic manner; in a way that characterizes.
Characterization
n.
• The act or process of characterizing.
Characterize
v. t.
• To make distinct and recognizable by peculiar marks or traits; to make with distinctive features.
• To engrave or imprint.
• To indicate the character of; to describe.
• To be a characteristic of; to make, or express the character of.
Characterless
a.
• Destitute of any distinguishing quality; without character or force.
Charactery
n.
• The art or means of characterizing; a system of signs or characters; symbolism; distinctive mark.
• That which is charactered; the meaning.
Charade
n.
• A verbal or acted enigma based upon a word which has two or more significant syllables or parts, each of which, as well as the word itself, is to be guessed from the descriptions or representations.
Charbocle
n.
• Carbuncle.
Charbon
n.
(Far.) A small black spot or mark remaining in the cavity of the corner tooth of a horse after the large spot or mark has become obliterated.
• A very contagious and fatal disease of sheep, horses, and cattle.
Charcoal
n.
• Impure carbon prepared from vegetable or animal substances; esp., coal made by charring wood in a kiln, retort, etc., from which air is excluded. It is used for fuel and in various mechanical, artistic, and chemical processes.
(Fine Arts) Finely prepared charcoal in small sticks, used as a drawing implement.
Chard
n.
• The tender leaves or leafstalks of the artichoke, white beet, etc., blanched for table use.
• A variety of the white beet, which produces large, succulent leaves and leafstalks.
Chare
n.
• A narrow street.
n. & v.
• A chore; to chore; to do.
Charge
v. t.
• To lay on or impose, as a load, tax, or burden; to load; to fill.
• To lay on or impose, as a task, duty, or trust; to command, instruct, or exhort with authority; to enjoin; to urge earnestly; as, to charge a jury; to charge the clergy of a diocese; to charge an agent.
• To lay on, impose, or make subject to or liable for.
• To fix or demand as a prince; as, he charges two dollars a barrelk for apples.
• To place something to the account of as a debt; to debit, as to charge one with goods. Also, to enter upon the debit side of an account; as, to charge a sum to one.
• To impute or ascribe; to lay to one's charge.
• To accuse; to make a charge or assertion against (a) person or thing); to lay the responsibility (for something said or done) at the door of.
• To place within or upon any firearm, piece of apparatus or machinery, the quantity it is intended and fitted to hold or bear; to load; to fill; as, to charge a gun; to charge an electrical machine, etc.
• To ornament with or cause to bear; as, to charge an architectural member with a molding.
(Her.) To assume as a bearing; as, he charges three roses or; to add to or represent on; as, he charges his shield with three roses or.
• To call to account; to challenge.
• To bear down upon; to rush upon; to attack.
v. i.
• To make an onset or rush; as, to charge with fixed bayonets.
• To demand a price; as, to charge high for goods.
• To debit on an account; as, to charge for purchases.
• To squat on its belly and be still; — a command given by a sportsman to a dog.
n.
• A load or burder laid upon a person or thing.
• A person or thing commited or intrusted to the care, custody, or management of another; a trust.
• Custody or care of any person, thing, or place; office; responsibility; oversight; obigation; duty.
• Heed; care; anxiety; trouble.
• Harm.
• An order; a mandate or command; an injunction.
• An address (esp. an earnest or impressive address) containing instruction or exhortation; as, the charge of a judge to a jury; the charge of a bishop to his clergy.
• An accusation of a wrong of offense; allegation; indictment; specification of something alleged.
• Whatever constitutes a burden on property, as rents, taxes, lines, etc.; costs; expense incurred; — usually in the plural.
• The price demanded for a thing or service.
• An entry or a account of that which is due from one party to another; that which is debited in a business transaction; as, a charge in an account book.
• That quantity, as of ammunition, electricity, ore, fuel, etc., which any apparatus, as a gun, battery, furnace, machine, etc., is intended to receive and fitted to hold, or which is actually in it at one time
• The act of rushing upon, or towards, an enemy; a sudden onset or attack, as of troops, esp. cavalry; hence, the signal for attack; as, to sound the charge.
• A position (of a weapon) fitted for attack; as, to bring a weapon to the charge.
(Far.) A soft of plaster or ointment.
(Her.) A bearing.
• Thirty-six pigs of lead, each pig weighing about seventy pounds; — called also charre.
• Weight; import; value.
Chargeable
a.
• That may be charged, laid, imposed, or imputes; as, a duty chargeable on iron; a fault chargeable on a man.
• Subject to be charge or accused; liable or responsible; as, revenues chargeable with a claim; a man chargeable with murder.
• Serving to create expense; costly; burdensome.
Chargeableness
n.
• The quality of being chargeable or expensive.
Chargeably
adv.
• At great cost; expensively.
Chargeant
a.
• Burdensome; troublesome.
Chargeful
a.
• Costly; expensive.
Chargehouse
n.
• A schoolhouse.
Chargeless
a.
• Free from, or with little, charge.
Chargeous
a.
• Burdensome.
Charger
n.
• One who, or that which charges.
• An instrument for measuring or inserting a charge.
• A large dish.
• A horse for battle or parade.
Chargeship
n.
• The office of a charge d'affaires.
Charily
adv.
• In a chary manner; carefully; cautiously; frugally.
Chariness
n.
• The quality of being chary.
Chariot
n.
(Antiq.) A two-wheeled car or vehicle for war, racing, state processions, etc.
• A four-wheeled pleasure or state carriage, having one seat.
v. t.
• To convey in a chariot.
Chariotee
n.
• A light, covered, four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two seats.
Charioteer
n.
• One who drives a chariot.
(Astron.) A constellation.
Charism
n.
(Eccl.) A miraculously given power, as of healing, speaking foreign languages without instruction, etc., attributed to some of the early Christians.
Charismatic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a charism.
Charitable
a.
• Full of love and good will; benevolent; kind.
• Liberal in judging of others; disposed to look on the best side, and to avoid harsh judgment.
• Liberal in benefactions to the poor; giving freely; generous; beneficent.
• Of or pertaining to charity; springing from, or intended for, charity; relating to almsgiving; elemosynary; as, a charitable institution.
• Dictated by kindness; favorable; lenient.
Charitableness
n.
• The quality of being charitable; the exercise of charity.
Charitably
adv.
• In a charitable manner.
Charity
n.
• Love; universal benevolence; good will.
• 2. Liberality in judging of men and their actions; a disposition which inclines men to put the best construction on the words and actions of others.
• Liberality to the poor and the suffering, to benevolent institutions, or to worthy causes; generosity.
• Whatever is bestowed gratuitously on the needy or suffering for their relief; alms; any act of kindness.
• A charitable institution, or a gift to create and support such an institution; as, Lady Margaret's charity.
(Law) Eleemosynary appointments [grants or devises] including relief of the poor or friendless, education, religious culture, and public institutions.
Charivari
n.
• A mock serenade of discordant noises, made with kettles, tin horns, etc., designed to annoy and insult.
Chark
n.
• Charcoal; a cinder.
v. t.
• To burn to a coal; to char.
Charlatan
n.
• One who prates much in his own favor, and makes unwarrantable pretensions; a quack; an impostor; an empiric; a mountebank.
Charlatanism
n.
• Charlatanry.
Charlatanry
n.
• Undue pretensions to skill; quackery; wheedling; empiricism.
Charlock
n.
(Bot.) A cruciferous plant (Brassica sinapistrum) with yellow flowers; wild mustard. It is troublesome in grain fields. Called also chardock, chardlock, chedlock, and kedlock.
Charlotte
n.
• A kind of pie or pudding made by lining a dish with slices of bread, and filling it with bread soaked in milk, and baked.
Charm
n.
• A melody; a song.
• A word or combination of words sung or spoken in the practice of magic; a magical combination of words, characters, etc.; an incantation.
• That which exerts an irresistible power to please and attract; that which fascinates; any alluring quality.
• Anything worn for its supposed efficacy to the wearer in averting ill or securing good fortune.
• Any small decorative object worn on the person, as a seal, a key, a silver whistle, or the like. Bunches of charms are often worn at the watch chain.
v. t.
• To make music upon; to tune.
• To subdue, control, or summon by incantation or supernatural influence; to affect by magic.
• To subdue or overcome by some secret power, or by that which gives pleasure; to allay; to soothe.
• To attract irresistibly; to delight exceedingly; to enchant; to fascinate.
• To protect with, or make invulnerable by, spells, charms, or supernatural influences; as, a charmed life.
v. i.
• To use magic arts or occult power; to make use of charms.
• To act as, or produce the effect of, a charm; to please greatly; to be fascinating.
• To make a musical sound.
Charmel
n.
• A fruitful field.
Charmer
n.
• One who charms, or has power to charm; one who uses the power of enchantment; a magician.
• One who delights and attracts the affections.
Charmeress
n.
• An enchantress.
Charmful
a.
• Abounding with charms.
Charming
a.
• Pleasing the mind or senses in a high degree; delighting; fascinating; attractive.
Charmless
a.
• Destitute of charms.
Charnel
a.
• Containing the bodies of the dead.
n.
• A charnel house; a grave; a cemetery.
Charon
n.
(Cless. Myth.) The son of Erebus and Nox, whose office it was to ferry the souls of the dead over the Styx, a river of the infernal regions.
Charpie
n.
(Med.) Straight threads obtained by unraveling old linen cloth; — used for surgical dressings.
Charqui
n.
• Jerked beef; beef cut into long strips and dried in the wind and sun.
Charras
n.
• The gum resin of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Same as Churrus.
Charry
a.
• Pertaining to charcoal, or partaking of its qualities.
Chart
n.
• A sheet of paper, pasteboard, or the like, on which information is exhibited, esp. when the information is arranged in tabular form; as, an historical chart.
• A map; esp., a hydrographic or marine map; a map on which is projected a portion of water and the land which it surrounds, or by which it is surrounded, intended especially for the use of seamen; as, the United States Coast Survey charts; the English Admiralty charts.
• A written deed; a charter.
v. t.
• To lay down in a chart; to map; to delineate; as, to chart a coast.
Charta
n.
(Law) Material on which instruments, books, etc., are written; parchment or paper.
• A charter or deed; a writing by which a grant is made.
Chartaceous
a.
• Resembling paper or parchment; of paper-like texture; papery.
Charte
n.
• The constitution, or fundamental law, of the French monarchy, as established on the restoration of Louis XVIII., in 1814.
Charter
n.
• A written evidence in due form of things done or granted, contracts made, etc., between man and man; a deed, or conveyance.
• An instrument in writing, from the sovereign power of a state or country, executed in due form, bestowing rights, franchises, or privileges.
• An act of a legislative body creating a municipal or other corporation and defining its powers and privileges. Also, an instrument in writing from the constituted authorities of an order or society (as the Freemasons), creating a lodge and defining its powers.
• A special privilege, immunity, or exemption.
(Com.) The letting or hiring a vessel by special contract, or the contract or instrument whereby a vessel is hired or let; as, a ship is offered for sale or charter.
v. t.
• To establish by charter.
• To hire or let by charter, as a ship.
Chartered
a.
• Granted or established by charter; having, or existing under, a charter; having a privilege by charter.
• Hired or let by charter, as a ship.
Charterer
n.
• One who charters; esp. one who hires a ship for a voyage.
Charterhouse
n.
• A well known public school and charitable foundation in the building once used as a Carthusian monastery (Chartreuse) in London.
Charterist
n.
• Same as Chartist.
Chartism
n.
• The principles of a political party in England (1838-48), which contended for universal suffrage, the vote by ballot, annual parliaments, equal electoral districts, and other radical reforms, as set forth in a document called the People's Charter.
Chartist
n.
• A supporter or partisan of chartism.
Chartless
a.
• Without a chart; having no guide.
• Not mapped; uncharted; vague.
Chartomancy
n.
• Divination by written paper or by cards.
Chartometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring charts or maps.
Chartreuse
n.
• A Carthusian monastery; esp. La Grande Chartreuse, mother house of the order, in the mountains near Grenoble, France.
• An alcoholic cordial, distilled from aromatic herbs; — made at La Grande Chartreuse.
Chartreux
n.
• A Carthusian.
Charwoman
n.
• A woman hired for odd work or for single days.
Chary
a.
• Careful; wary; cautious; not rash, reckless, or spendthrift; saving; frugal.
Charybdis
n.
• A dangerous whirlpool on the coast of Sicily opposite Scylla on the Italian coast. It is personified as a female monster.
Chasable
a.
• Capable of being chased; fit for hunting.
Chase
v. t.
• To pursue for the purpose of killing or taking, as an enemy, or game; to hunt.
• To follow as if to catch; to pursue; to compel to move on; to drive by following; to cause to fly; — often with away or off; as, to chase the hens away.
• To pursue eagerly, as hunters pursue game.
v. i.
• To give chase; to hunt; as, to chase around after a doctor.
n.
• Vehement pursuit for the purpose of killing or capturing, as of an enemy, or game; an earnest seeking after any object greatly desired; the act or habit of hunting; a hunt.
• That which is pursued or hunted.
• An open hunting ground to which game resorts, and which is private properly, thus differing from a forest, which is not private property, and from a park, which is inclosed. Sometimes written chace.
(Court Tennis) A division of the floor of a gallery, marked by a figure or otherwise; the spot where a ball falls, and between which and the dedans the adversary must drive his ball in order to gain a point.
n.
(Print.) A rectangular iron frame in which pages or columns of type are imposed.
(Mil.) The part of a cannon from the reenforce or the trunnions to the swell of the muzzle.
• A groove, or channel, as in the face of a wall; a trench, as for the reception of drain tile.
(Shipbuilding) A kind of joint by which an overlap joint is changed to a flush joint, by means of a gradually deepening rabbet, as at the ends of clinker-built boats.
v. t.
• To ornament (a surface of metal) by embossing, cutting away parts, and the like.
• To cut, so as to make a screw thread.
Chaser
n.
• One who or that which chases; a pursuer; a driver; a hunter.
(Naut.) Same as Chase gun, esp. in terms bow chaser and stern chaser.
n.
• One who chases or engraves.
(Mech.) A tool with several points, used for cutting or finishing screw threads, either external or internal, on work revolving in a lathe.
Chasing
n.
• The art of ornamenting metal by means of chasing tools; also, a piece of ornamental work produced in this way.
Chasm
n.
• A deep opening made by disruption, as a breach in the earth or a rock; a yawning abyss; a cleft; a fissure.
• A void space; a gap or break, as in ranks of men.
Chasmed
a.
• Having gaps or a chasm.
Chasmy
a.
• Of or pertaining to a chasm; abounding in chasms.
Chasse
n.
• A movement in dancing, as across or to the right or left.
v. i.
(Dancing) To make the movement called chasse; as, all chasse; chasse to the right or left.
Chasselas
n.
• A white grape, esteemed for the table.
Chassepot
n.
(Mil.) A kind of breechloading, center-fire rifle, or improved needle gun.
Chasseur
n.
(Mil.) One of a body of light troops, cavalry or infantry, trained for rapid movements.
• An attendant upon persons of rank or wealth, wearing a plume and sword.
Chassis
n.
(Mil.) A traversing base frame, or movable railway, along which the carriage of a barbette or casemate gum moves backward and forward. [See Gun carriage.]
Chast
v. t.
• to chasten.
Chaste
a.
• Pure from unlawful sexual intercourse; virtuous; continent.
• Pure in thought and act; innocent; free from lewdness and obscenity, or indecency in act or speech; modest; as, a chaste mind; chaste eyes.
• Pure in design and expression; correct; free from barbarisms or vulgarisms; refined; simple; as, a chaste style in composition or art.
• Unmarried.
Chastely
adv.
• In a chaste manner; with purity.
Chasten
v. t.
• To correct by punishment; to inflict pain upon the purpose of reclaiming; to discipline; as, to chasten a son with a rod.
• To purify from errors or faults; to refine.
Chastened
a.
• Corrected; disciplined; refined; purified; toned down.
Chastener
n.
• One who chastens.
Chasteness
n.
• Chastity; purity.
(Literature & Art) Freedom from all that is meretricious, gaundy, or affected; as, chasteness of design.
Chastisable
a.
• Capable or deserving of chastisement; punishable.
Chastise
v. t.
• To inflict pain upon, by means of stripes, or in any other manner, for the purpose of punishment or reformation; to punish, as with stripes.
• To reduce to order or obedience; to correct or purify; to free from faults or excesses.
Chastisement
n.
• The act of chastising; pain inflicted for punishment and correction; discipline; punishment.
Chastiser
n.
• One who chastises; a punisher; a corrector.
Chastity
n.
• The state of being chaste; purity of body; freedom from unlawful sexual intercourse.
• Moral purity.
• The unmarried life; celibacy.
(Literature & Art) Chasteness.
Chasuble
n.
(Eccl.) The outer vestment worn by the priest in saying Mass, consisting, in the Roman Catholic Church, of a broad, flat, back piece, and a narrower front piece, the two connected over the shoulders only. The back has usually a large cross, the front an upright bar or pillar, designed to be emblematical of Christ's sufferings. In the Greek Church the chasuble is a large round mantle.
Chat
v. i.
• To talk in a light and familiar manner; to converse without form or ceremony; to gossip.
v. t.
• To talk of.
n.
• Light, familiar talk; conversation; gossip.
(Zool.) A bird of the genus Icteria, allied to the warblers, in America. The best known species are the yelow-breasted chat (I. viridis), and the long chat (I. longicauda). In Europe the name is given to several birds of the family Saxicolidae, as the stonechat, and whinchat.
n.
• A twig, cone, or little branch.
(Mining) Small stones with ore.
Chateau
n.
• A castle or a fortress in France.
• A manor house or residence of the lord of the manor; a gentleman's country seat; also, particularly, a royal residence; as, the chateau of the Louvre; the chateau of the Luxembourg.
Chatelaine
n.
• An ornamental hook, or brooch worn by a lady at her waist, and having a short chain or chains attached for a watch, keys, trinkets, etc. Also used adjectively; as, a chatelaine chain.
Chatelet
n.
• A little castle.
Chatellany
n.
• Same as Castellany.
Chati
n.
(Zool.) A small South American species of tiger cat (Felis mitis).
Chatoyant
a.
(Min.) Having a changeable, varying luster, or color, like that of a changeable silk, or oa a cat's eye in the dark.
n.
(Min.) A hard stone, as the cat's-eye, which presents on a polished surface, and in the interior, an undulating or wary light.
Chatoyment
n.
• Changeableness of color, as in a mineral; play of colors.
Chattel
n.
(Law) Any item of movable or immovable property except the freehold, or the things which are parcel of it. It is a more extensive term than goods or effects.
Chattelism
n.
• The act or condition of holding chattels; the state of being a chattel.
Chatter
v. i.
• To utter sounds which somewhat resemble language, but are inarticulate and indistinct.
• To talk idly, carelessly, or with undue rapidity; to jabber; to prate.
• To make a noise by rapid collisions.
v. t.
• To utter rapidly, idly, or indistinctly.
n.
• Sounds like those of a magpie or monkey; idle talk; rapid, thoughtless talk; jabber; prattle.
• Noise made by collision of the teeth, as in shivering.
Chatteration
n.
• The act or habit of chattering.
Chatterer
n.
• A prater; an idle talker.
(Zool.) A bird of the family Ampelidae — so called from its monotonous note. The Bohemion chatterer (Ampelis garrulus) inhabits the arctic regions of both continents. In America the cedar bird is a more common species.
Chattering
n.
• The act or habit of talking idly or rapidly, or of making inarticulate sounds; the sounds so made; noise made by the collision of the teeth; chatter.
Chattiness
n.
• The quality of being chatty, or of talking easily and pleasantly.
Chatty
a.
• Given to light, familiar talk; talkative.
n.
• A porous earthen pot used in India for cooling water, etc.
Chatwood
n.
• Little sticks; twigs for burning; fuel.
Chauffer
n.
(Chem.) A table stove or small furnace, usually a cylindrical box of sheet iron, with a grate at the bottem, and an open top.
Chaun
n.
• A gap.
v. t. & i.
• To open; to yawn.
Chaunter
n.
• A street seller of ballads and other broadsides.
• A deceitful, tricky dealer or horse jockey.
• The flute of a bagpipe.
Chaus
n.
(Zool.) a lynxlike animal of Asia and Africa (Lynx Lybicus).
Chausses
n. pl.
• The garment for the legs and feet and for the body below the waist, worn in Europe throughout the Middle Ages; applied also to the armor for the same parts, when fixible, as of chain mail.
Chaussure
n.
• A foot covering of any kind.
Chauvinism
n.
• Blind and absurd devotion to a fallen leader or an obsolete cause; hence, absurdly vainglorious or exaggerated patriotism.
Chavender
n.
(Zool.) The chub.
Chaw
v. t.
• To grind with the teeth; to masticate, as food in eating; to chew, as the cud; to champ, as the bit.
• To ruminate in thought; to consider; to keep the mind working upon; to brood over.
n.
• As much as is put in the mouth at once; a chew; a quid.
• The jaw.
Chawdron
n.
• Entrails.
Cheap
n.
• A bargain; a purchase; cheapness.
a.
• Having a low price in market; of small cost or price, as compared with the usual price or the real value.
• Of comparatively small value; common; mean.
adv.
• Cheaply.
v. i.
• To buy; to bargain.
Cheapen
v. t.
• To ask the price of; to bid, bargain, or chaffer for.
• To beat down the price of; to lessen the value of; to depreciate.
Cheapener
n.
• One who cheapens.
Cheaply
adv.
• At a small price; at a low value; in a common or inferior manner.
Cheapness
n.
• Lowness in price, considering the usual price, or real value.
Cheat
n.
• An act of deception or fraud; that which is the means of fraud or deception; a fraud; a trick; imposition; imposture.
• One who cheats or deceives; an impostor; a deceiver; a cheater.
(Bot.) A troublesome grass, growing as a weed in grain fields; — called also chess.
(Law) The obtaining of property from another by an intentional active distortion of the truth.
v. t.
• To deceive and defraud; to impose upon; to trick; to swindle.
• To beguile.
v. i.
• To practice fraud or trickery; as, to cheat at cards.
n.
• Wheat, or bread made from wheat.
Cheatable
a.
• Capable of being cheated.
Cheatableness
n.
• Capability of being cheated.
Cheater
n.
• One who cheats.
• An escheator.
Chebacco
n.
(Naut.) A narrow-sterned boat formerly much used in the Newfoundland fisheries; — called also pinkstern and chebec.
Chebec
n.
(Zool.) A small American bird (Empidonax minimus); the least flycatcher.
Check
n.
(Chess) A word of warning denoting that the king is in danger; such a menace of a player's king by an adversary's move as would, if it were any other piece, expose it to immediate capture. A king so menaced is said to be in check, and must be made safe at the next move.
• A condition of interrupted or impeded progress; arrest; stop; delay; as, to hold an enemy in check.
• Whatever arrests progress, or limits action; an obstacle, guard, restraint, or rebuff.
• A mark, certificate, or token, by which, errors may be prevented, or a thing or person may be identified; as, checks placed against items in an account; a check given for baggage; a return check on a railroad.
• A written order directing a bank or banker to pay money as therein stated.
• A woven or painted design in squares resembling the patten of a checkerboard; one of the squares of such a design; also, cloth having such a figure.
(Falconry) The forsaking by a hawk of its proper game to follow other birds.
• Small chick or crack.
v. t.
(Chess) To make a move which puts an adversary's piece, esp. his king, in check; to put in check.
• To put a sudden restraint upon; to stop temporarily; to hinder; to repress; to curb.
• To verify, to guard, to make secure, by means of a mark, token, or other check; to distinguish by a check; to put a mark against (an item) after comparing with an original or a counterpart in order to secure accuracy; as, to check an account; to check baggage.
• To chide, rebuke, or reprove.
(Naut.) To slack or ease off, as a brace which is too stiffly extended.
• To make checks or chinks in; to cause to crack; as, the sun checks timber.
v. i.
• To make a stop; to pause; — with at.
• To clash or interfere.
• To act as a curb or restraint.
• To crack or gape open, as wood in drying; or to crack in small checks, as varnish, paint, etc.
(Falconry) To turn, when in pursuit of proper game, and fly after other birds.
a.
• Checkered; designed in checks.
Checkage
n.
• The act of checking; as, the checkage of a name or of an item in a list.
• The items, or the amount, to which attention is called by a check or checks.
Checker
n.
• One who checks.
v. t.
• To mark with small squares like a checkerboard, as by crossing stripes of different colors.
• To variegate or diversify with different qualities, color, scenes, or events; esp., to subject to frequent alternations of prosterity and adversity.
n.
• A piece in the game of draughts or checkers.
• A pattern in checks; a single check.
• Checkerwork.
Checkerberry
n.
(Bot.) A spicy plant and its bright red berry; the wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens). Also incorrectly applied to the partridge berry (Mitchella repens).
Checkerboard
n.
• A board with sixty-four squares of alternate color, used for playing checkers or draughts.
Checkers
n. pl.
• A game, called also daughts, played on a checkerboard by two persons, each having twelve men (counters or checkers) which are moved diagonally. The game is ended when either of the players has lost all his men, or can not move them.
Checkerwork
n.
• Work consisting of or showing checkers varied alternately as to colors or materials.
• Any aggregate of varied vicissitudes.
Checklaton
n.
• Ciclatoun.
• Gilded leather.
Checkless
a.
• That can not be checked or restrained.
Checkmate
n.
• The position in the game of chess when a king is in check and cannot be released, — which ends the game.
• A complete check; utter defeat or overthrow.
v. t.
(Chess) To check (an adversary's king) in such a manner that escape in impossible; to defeat (an adversary) by putting his king in check from which there is no escape.
• To defeat completely; to terminate; to thwart.
Checkrein
n.
• A short rein looped over the check hook to prevent a horse from lowering his head; — called also a bearing rein.
• A branch rein connecting the driving rein of one horse of a span or pair with the bit of the other horse.
Checkroll
n.
• A list of servants in a household; — called also chequer roll.
Checkstring
n.
• A cord by which a person in a carriage or horse car may signal to the driver.
Checkwork
n.
• Anything made so as to form alternate squares lke those of a checkerboard.
Checky
a.
(Her.) Divided into small alternating squares of two tinctures; — said of the field or of an armorial bearing.
Cheddar
a.
• Of or pertaining to, or made at, Cheddar, in England; as, Cheddar cheese.
Cheek
n.
• The side of the face below the eye.
• The cheek bone.
(Mech.) Those pieces of a machine, or of any timber, or stone work, which form corresponding sides, or which are similar and in pair; as, the cheeks (jaws) of a vise; the cheeks of a gun carriage, etc.
• The branches of a bridle bit.
(Founding) A section of a flask, so made that it can be moved laterally, to permit the removal of the pattern from the mold; the middle part of a flask.
• Cool confidence; assurance; impudence.
v. t.
• To be impudent or saucy to.
Cheeked
a.
• Having a cheek; — used in composition.
Cheeky
• a Brazen-faced; impudent; bold.
Cheep
v. i.
• To chirp, as a young bird.
v. t.
• To give expression to in a chirping tone.
n.
• A chirp, peep, or squeak, as of a young bird or mousse.
Cheer
n.
• The face; the countenance or its expression.
• Feeling; spirit; state of mind or heart.
• Gayety; mirth; cheerfulness; animation.
• That which promotes good spirits or cheerfulness; provisions prepared for a feast; entertainment; as, a table loaded with good cheer.
• A shout, hurrah, or acclamation, expressing joy enthusiasm, applause, favor, etc.
v. t.
• To cause to rejoice; to gladden; to make cheerful; — often with up.
• To infuse life, courage, animation, or hope, into; to inspirit; to solace or comfort.
• To salute or applaud with cheers; to urge on by cheers; as, to cheer hounds in a chase.
v. i.
• To grow cheerful; to become gladsome or joyous; — usually with up.
• To be in any state or temper of mind.
• To utter a shout or shouts of applause, triumph, etc.
Cheerer
n.
• One who cheers; one who, or that which, gladdens.
Cheerful
a.
• Having or showing good spirits or joy; cheering; cheery; contented; happy; joyful; lively; animated; willing.
Cheerfully
adv.
• In a cheerful manner, gladly.
Cheerfulness
n.
• Good spirits; a state of moderate joy or gayety; alacrity.
Cheerily
adv.
• In a cheery manner.
Cheeriness
n.
• The state of being cheery.
Cheeringly
adv.
• In a manner to cheer or encourage.
Cheerisness
n.
• Cheerfulness.
Cheerless
a.
• Without joy, gladness, or comfort.
Cheerly
a.
• Gay; cheerful.
adv.
• Cheerily.
Cheerry
a.
• Cheerful; lively; gay; bright; pleasant; as, a cheery person.
Cheese
n.
• The curd of milk, coagulated usually with rennet, separated from the whey, and pressed into a solid mass in a hoop or mold.
• A mass of pomace, or ground apples, pressed togehter in the form of a cheese.
• The flat, circuliar, mucilaginous fruit of the dwarf mallow (Malva rotundifolia).
• A low courtesy; — so called on account of the cheese form assumed by a woman's dress when she stoops after extending the skirts by a rapid gyration.
Cheeselep
n.
• A bag in which rennet is kept.
Cheesemonger
n.
• One who deals incheese.
Cheeseparing
n.
• A thin portion of the rind of a cheese.
a.
• Scrimping; mean; as, cheeseparing economy.
Cheesiness
n.
• The quality of being cheesy.
Cheesy
a.
• Having the nature, qualities, taste, form, consistency, or appearance of cheese.
Cheetah
n.
(Zool.) A species of leopard (Cynaelurus jubatus) tamed and used for hunting in India. The woolly cheetah of South Africa is C. laneus.
Chef
n.
• A chief of head person.
• The head cook of large establishment, as a club, a family, etc.
(Her.) Same as Chief.
Cheiloplasty
n.
(Surg.) The process of forming an artificial tip or part of a lip, by using for the purpose a piece of healthy tissue taken from some neighboring part.
Cheirepter
n.
(Zool.) One of the Cheiroptera.
Cheiroptera
n.
(Zool.) An order of mammalia, including the bats, having four toes of each of the anterior limbs elongated and connected by a web, so that they can be used like wings in flying.
Cheiropterous
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to the Cheiroptera, or Bat family.
Cheiropterygium
n.
(Anat.) The typical pentadactyloid limb of the higher vertebrates.
Cheirosophy
n.
• The art of reading character as it is delineated in the hand.
Cheirotherium
n.
(Poleon.) A genus of extinct animals, so named from fossil footprints rudely resembling impressions of the human hand, and believed to have been made by labyrinthodont reptiles.
Chekmak
n.
• A turkish fabric of silk and cotton, with gold thread interwoven.
Chela
n.
(Zool.) The pincherlike claw of Crustacea and Arachnida.
Chelate
a.
(Zool.) Same as Cheliferous.
Chelerythrine
n.
(Chem.) Am alkaloidal principle obtained from the celandine, and named from the red color of its salts, It is a coloriess crystalline substance, and acts as an acrid narcotic poison. It is identical with sanguinarine.
Chelicera
n.
(Zool.) One of the anterior pair of mouth organs, terminated by a pincherlike claw, in scorpions and allied Arachnida. They are homologous with the falcers of spiders, and probably with the mandibles of insects.
Chelidon
n.
(Anat.) The hollow at the flexure of the arm.
Chelidonic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the celandine.
Chelidonius
n.
• A small stone taken from the gizzard of a young swallow. — anciently worn as a medicinal charm.
Cheliferous
a.
(Zool.) Having cheliform claws, like a crab.
Cheliform
a.
(Zool.) Having a movable joint or finger closing againts a preceding joint or a projecting part of it, so that the whole may be ised for grasping, as the claw of a crab; pincherlike.
Chelone
n.
(Bot.) A genus of hardy perennial flowering plants, of the order Scrophulariaceaae., natives of North America; — called also snakehead, turtlehead, shellflower, etc.
Chelonia
n.
(Zool.) An order of reptiles, including the tortoises and turtles, perculiar in having a part of the vertebrae, ribs, and sternum united with the dermal plates so as to form a firm shell. The jaws are covered by a horny beak.
Chelonian
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to animals of the tortoise kind.
n.
• One of the Chelonia.
Chelura
n.
(Zool.) A genus of marine amphipod crustacea, which bore into and sometimes destroy timber.
Chely
n.
• A claw.
Chemic
n.
• A chemist; an alchemist.
(Bleaching) A solution of chloride of line.
a.
• Chemical.
Chemical
a.
• Pertaining to chemistry; characterized or produced by the forces and operations of chemistry; employed in the processes of chemistry; as, chemical changes; chemical comnbinations.
n.
• A substance used for producing a chemical effect; a reagent.
Chemically
adv.
• According to chemical principles; by chemical process or operation.
Chemiglyphic
a.
• Engraved by a voltaic battary.
Chemiloon
n.
• A garment for women, consisting of chemise and drawers united in one.
Chemise
n.
• A shift, or undergarment, worn by women.
• A wall that lines the face of a bank or earthwork.
Chemisette
n.
• An under-garment, worn by women, usually covering the neck, shoulders, and breast.
Chemism
n.
• The force exerted between the atoms of elementary substance whereby they unite to form chemical compounds; chemical attaction; affinity; — sometimes used as a general expression for chemical activity or relationship.
Chemist
n.
• A person versed in chemistry or given to chemical investigation; an analyst; a maker or seller of chemicals or drugs.
Chemistry
n.
• That branch of science which treats of the composition of substances, and of the changes which they undergo in consequence of alterations in the constitution of the molecules, which depend upon variations of the number, kind, or mode of arrangement, of the constituent atoms. These atoms are not assumed to be indivisible, but merely the finest grade of subdivision hitherto attained. Chemistry deals with the changes in the composition and constitution of molecules.
• An application of chemical theory and method to the consideration of some particular subject; as, the chemistry of iron; the chemistry of indigo.
• A treatise on chemistry.
Chemitype
n.
(Engraving) One of a number of processes by which an impression from an engraved plate is obtained in relief, to be used for printing on an ordinary printing press.
Chemolysis
n.
• A term sometimes applied to the decomposition of organic substance into more simple bodies, by the use of chemical agents alone.
Chemosmosis
n.
• Chemical action taking place through an intervening membrane.
Chemosmotic
a.
• Pertaining to, or produced by, chemosmosis.
Cheng
n.
• A chinese reed instrument, with tubes, blown by the mouth.
Chenille
n.
• Tufted cord, of silk or worsted, for the trimimg of ladies' dresses, for embroidery and fringes, and for the weft of chenille rugs.
Chenomorphae
n.
(Zool.) An order of birds, including the swans, ducks, geese, flamingoes and screamers.
Chepster
n.
(Zool.) The European starling.
Chequer
n. & v.
• Same as Checker.
Chequing
n.
• A coin.
Chequy
n.
(Her.) Same as Checky.
Cherimoyer
n.
(Bot.) A small downy-leaved tree (Anona Cherimolia), with fragrant flowers. It is a native of Peru.
• Its delicious fruit, which is succulent, dark purple, and similar to the custard apple of the West Indies.
Cherish
v. t.
• To treat with tenderness and affection; to nurture with care; to protect and aid.
• To hold dear; to embrace with interest; to indulge; to encourage; to foster; to promote; as, to cherish religious principle.
Cherisher
n.
• One who cherishes.
Cherishment
n.
• Encouragement; comfort.
Cheroot
n.
• A kind of cigar, originally brought from Mania, in the Philippine Islands; now often made of inferior or adulterated tabacco.
Cherry
n.
(Bot.) A tree or shrub of the genus Prunus (Which also includes the plum) bearing a fleshy drupe with a bony stone; (a) The common garden cherry (Prunus Cerasus), of which several hundred varieties are cultivated for the fruit, some of which are, the begarreau, blackheart, black Tartarian, oxheart, morelle or morello, May-duke (corrupted from Medoc in France). (b) The wild cherry; as, prunus serotina (wild black cherry), valued for its timber; P. Virginiana (choke cherry), an American shrub which bears astringent fruit; P. avium and P. Padus, European trees (bird cherry).
• The fruit of the cherry tree, a drupe of various colors and flavors.
• The timber of the cherry tree, esp. of the black cherry, used in cabinetmaking, etc.
• A peculiar shade of red, like that of a cherry.
a.
• Like a red cherry in color; ruddy; blooming; as, a cherry lip; cherry cheeks.
Chersonese
n.
• A peninsula; a tract of land nearly surrounded by water, but united to a larger tract by a neck of land or isthmus; as, the Cimbric Chersonese, or Jutland; the Tauric Chersonese, or Crimea.
Chert
n.
(Min.) An impure, massive, flintlike quartz or hornstone, of a dull color.
Cherty
a.
• Like chert; containing chert; flinty.
Cherub
n.
• A mysterious composite being, the winged footstool and chariot of the Almighty, described in Ezekiel i. and x.
• A symbolical winged figure of unknown form used in connection with the mercy seat of the Jewish Ark and Temple.
• One of a order of angels, variously represented in art. In European painting the cherubim have been shown as blue, to denote knowledge, as distinguished from the seraphim (see Seraph), and in later art the children's heads with wings are generally called cherubs.
• A beautiful child; — so called because artists have represented cherubs as beautiful children.
Cherubim
n.
• The Hebrew plural of Cherub.. Cf. Seraphim.
Cherubin
a.
• Cherubic; angelic.
n.
• A cherub.
Cherup
v. i.
• To make a short, shrill, cheerful sound; to chirp.
v. t.
• To excite or urge on by making a short, shrill, cheerful sound; to cherup to.
n.
• A short, sharp, cheerful noise; a chirp; a chirrup; as, the cherup of a cricket.
Chervil
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Anthriscus cerefolium) with pinnately divided aromatic leaves, of which several curled varieties are used in soups and salads.
Ches
• pret. of Chese.
Chese
v. t.
• To choose
Cheslip
n.
(Zool.) The wood louse.
Chess
n.
• A game played on a chessboard, by two persons, with two differently colored sets of men, sixteen in each set. Each player has a king, a queen, two bishops, two knights, two castles or rooks, and eight pawns.
n.
(Bot.) A species of brome grass (Bromus secalinus) which is a troublesome weed in wheat flelds, and is often erroneously regarded as degenerate or changed wheat; it bears a very slight resemblance to oats, and if reaped and ground up with wheat, so as to be used for food, is said to produce narcotic effects; — called also cheat and Willard's bromus.
Chessboard
n.
• The board used in the game of chess, having eight rows of alternate light and dark squares, eight in each row.
Chessel
n.
• The wooden mold in which cheese is pressed.
Chesses
n. pl.
(Mil.) The platforms, consisting of two or more planks doweled together, for the flooring of a temporary military bridge.
Chessil
n.
• Gravel or pebbles.
Chessman
n.
• A piece used in the game of chess.
Chessome
n.
• Mwllow earth; mold.
Chesstree
n.
(Naut.) A piece of oak bolted perpendicularly on the side of a vessel, to aid in drawing down and securing the clew of the mainsail.
Chest
n.
• A large box of wood, or other material, having, like a trunk, a lid, but no covering of skin, leather, or cloth.
• A coffin.
• The part of the body inclosed by the ribs and breastbone; the thorax.
(Com.) A case in which certain goods, as tea, opium, etc., are transported; hence, the quantity which such a case contains.
(Mech.) A tight receptacle or box, usually for holding gas, steam, liguids, etc.; as, the steam chest of an engine; the wind chest of an organ.
v. i.
• To deposit in a chest; to hoard.
• To place in a coffin.
n.
• Strife; contention; controversy.
Chested
a.
• Having (such) a chest; — in composition; as, broad-chested; narrow-chested.
Chesterlite
n.
• A variety of feldspar found in crystals in the county of Chester, Pennsylvania.
Chesteyn
n.
• The chestnut tree.
Chestnut
n.
(Bot.) The edible nut of a forest tree (Castanea vesce) of Europe and America. Commonly two or more of the nuts grow in a prickly bur.
• The tree itself, or its light, coarse-grained timber, used for ornamental work, furniture, etc.
• A bright brown color, like that of the nut.
• The horse chestnut (often so used in England).
• One of the round, or oval, horny plates on the inner sides of the legs of the horse, and allied animals.
• An old joke or story.
a.
• Of or pertaining of a chestnut; of a reddish brown color; as, chestnut curls.
Chetvert
n.
• A measure of grain equal to 0.7218 of an imperial quarter, or 5.95 Winchester bushels.
Cheval
n.
• A horse; hence, a support or frame.
Chevalier
n.
• A horseman; a knight; a gallant young man.
• A member of certain orders of knighthood.
Cheve
v. i.
• To come to an issue; to turn out; to succed; as, to cheve well in a enterprise.
Chevelure
n.
• A hairlike envelope.
Cheven
n.
(Zool.) A river fish; the chub.
Cheventein
n.
• A variant of Chieftain.
Cheveril
n.
• Soft leather made of kid skin. Fig.: Used as a symbol of flexibility.
a.
• Made of cheveril; pliant.
Cheverliize
v. i.
• To make as pliable as kid leather.
Chevet
n.
(Arch.) The extreme end of the chancel or choir; properly the round or polygonal part.
Cheviot
n.
• A valuable breed of mountain sheep in Scotland, which takes its name from the Cheviot hills.
• A woolen fabric, for men's clothing.
Chevisance
n.
• Achievement; deed; performance.
• A bargain; profit; gain.
(O. Eng. Law) A making of contracts.
• A bargain or contract; an agreement about a matter in dispute, such as a debt; a business compact.
• An unlawful agreement or contract.
Chevrette
n.
(Mil.) A machine for raising guns or mortar into their carriages.
Chevron
n.
(Her.) One of the nine honorable ordinaries, consisting of two broad bands of the width of the bar, issuing, respectively from the dexter and sinister bases of the field and conjoined at its center.
(Mil.) A distinguishing mark, above the elow, on the sleeve of a noncommisioned officer's coat.
(Arch.) A zigzag molding, or group of moldings, common in Norman architecture.
Chevroned
p. a.
• Having a chevron; decorated with an ornamental figure of a zigzag from.
Chevronel
n.
(Her.) A bearing like a chevron, but of only half its width.
Chevronwise
adv.
(Her.) In the manner of a chevron; as, the field may be divided chevronwise.
Chevrotain
n.
(Zool.) A small ruminant of the family Tragulidae a allied to the musk deer. It inhabits Africa and the East Indies.
Chew
v. t.
• To bite and grind with the teeth; to masticate.
• To ruminate mentally; to meditate on.
v. i.
• To perform the action of biting and grinding with the teeth; to ruminate; to meditate.
n.
• That which is chewed; that which is held in the mouth at once; a cud.
Chewer
n.
• One who chews.
Chewet
n.
• A kind of meat pie.
Chewink
n.
(Zool.) An american bird (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) of the Finch family, so called from its note; — called also towhee bunting and ground robin.

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