Dictionary Of The English Language "Bl"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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Blab
v. t.
• To utter or tell unnecessarily, or in a thoughtless manner; to publish (secrets or trifles) without reserve or discretion.
v. i.
• To talk thoughtlessly or without discretion; to tattle; to tell tales.
n.
• One who blabs; a babbler; a telltale.
Blabber
n.
• A tattler; a telltale.
Black
a.
• Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark color, the opposite of white; characterized by such a color; as, black cloth; black hair or eyes.
• In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, a black night; the heavens black with clouds.
• Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness; destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked; cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible.
• Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen; foreboding; as, to regard one with black looks.
adv.
• Sullenly; threateningly; maliciously; so as to produce blackness.
n.
• That which is destitute of light or whiteness; the darkest color, or rather a destitution of all color; as, a cloth has a good black.
• A black pigment or dye.
• A black garment or dress; as, she wears black
• Mourning garments of a black color; funereal drapery.
• The part of a thing which is distinguished from the rest by being black.
• A stain; a spot; a smooch.
v. t.
• To make black; to blacken; to soil; to sully.
• To make black and shining, as boots or a stove, by applying blacking and then polishing with a brush.
Blackamoor
n.
• A negro or negress.
Blackball
n.
• A composition for blacking shoes, boots, etc.; also, one for taking impressions of engraved work.
• A ball of black color, esp. one used as a negative in voting; — in this sense usually two words.
v. t.
• To vote against, by putting a black ball into a ballot box; to reject or exclude, as by voting against with black balls; to ostracize.
• To blacken (leather, shoes, etc.) with blacking.
Blackband
n.
(Min.) An earthy carbonate of iron containing considerable carbonaceous matter; — valuable as an iron ore.
Blackberry
n.
• The fruit of several species of bramble (Rubus); also, the plant itself. Rubus fruticosus is the blackberry of England; R. villosus and R. Canadensis are the high blackberry and low blackberry of the United States. There are also other kinds.
Blackbird
n.
(Zool.) In England, a species of thrush (Turdus merula), a singing bird with a fin note; the merle. In America the name is given to several birds, as the Quiscalus versicolor, or crow blackbird; the Agelaeus phoeniceus, or red-winged blackbird; the cowbird; the rusty grackle, etc.
Blackboard
n.
• A broad board painted black, or any black surface on which writing, drawing, or the working of mathematical problems can be done with chalk or crayons. It is much used in schools.
Blackcap
n.
(Zool.) A small European song bird (Sylvia atricapilla), with a black crown; the mock nightingale.
• An American titmouse (Parus atricapillus); the chickadee.
(Cookery) An apple roasted till black, to be served in a dish of boiled custard.
• The black raspberry.
Blackcoat
n.
• A clergyman; — familiarly so called, as a soldier is sometimes called a redcoat or a bluecoat.
Blackcock
n.
(Zool.) The male of the European black grouse (Tetrao tetrix, Linn.); — so called by sportsmen. The female is called gray hen.
Blacken
v. i.
• To grow black or dark.
Blacken
v. t.
• To make or render black.
Blackener
n.
• One who blackens.
Blackfeet
n. pl.
(Ethn.) A tribe of North American Indians formerly inhabiting the country from the upper Missouri River to the Saskatchewan, but now much reduced in numbers.
Blackfish
n.
(Zool.) A small kind of whale, of the genus Globicephalus, of several species. The most common is G. melas. Also sometimes applied to other whales of larger size.
(Zool.) The tautog of New England (Tautoga).
(Zool.) The black sea bass (Centropristis atrarius) of the Atlantic coast. It is excellent food fish; — locally called also black Harry.
(Zool.) A fish of southern Europe (Centrolophus pompilus) of the Mackerel family.
(Zool.) The female salmon in the spawning season.
Blackfoot
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Blackfeet; as, a Blackfoot Indian.
n.
• A Blackfoot Indian.
Blackguard
n.
• The scullions and lower menials of a court, or of a nobleman's household, who, in a removal from one residence to another, had charge of the kitchen utensils, and being smutted by them, were jocularly called the "black guard"; also, the servants and hangers-on of an army.
• The criminals and vagrants or vagabonds of a town or community, collectively.
• A person of stained or low character, esp. one who uses scurrilous language, or treats others with foul abuse; a scoundrel; a rough.
• A vagrant; a bootblack; a gamin.
v. t.
• To revile or abuse in scurrilous language.
a.
• Scurrilous; abusive; low; worthless; vicious; as, blackguard language.
Blackguardism
n.
• The conduct or language of a blackguard; rufflanism.
Blackguardly
adv. & a.
• In the manner of or resembling a blackguard; abusive; scurrilous; ruffianly.
Blackhead
n.
(Zool.) The scaup duck.
Blackheart
n.
• A heart-shaped cherry with a very dark-colored skin.
Blacking
n.
• Any preparation for making things black; esp. one for giving a black luster to boots and shoes, or to stoves.
• The act or process of making black.
Blackish
a.
• Somewhat black.
Blacklead
v. t.
• To coat or to polish with black lead.
Blackleg
n.
• A notorious gambler.
• A disease among calves and sheep, characterized by a settling of gelatinous matter in the legs, and sometimes in the neck.
Blacklist
v. t.
• To put in a black list as deserving of suspicion, censure, or punishment; esp. to put in a list of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, — as tradesmen and employers do for mutual protection; as, to blacklist a workman who has been discharged.
Blackly
adv.
• In a black manner; darkly, in color; gloomily; threateningly; atrociously.
Blackmail
n.
• A certain rate of money, corn, cattle, or other thing, anciently paid, in the north of England and south of Scotland, to certain men who were allied to robbers, or moss troopers, to be by them protected from pillage.
• Payment of money exacted by means of intimidation; also, extortion of money from a person by threats of public accusation, exposure, or censure.
(Eng. Law) Black rent, or rent paid in corn, flesh, or the lowest coin, a opposed to "white rent", which paid in silver.
v. t.
• To extort money from by exciting fears of injury other than bodily harm, as injury to reputation, distress of mind, etc.; as, to blackmail a merchant by threatening to expose an alleged fraud.
Blackmailer
n.
• One who extorts, or endeavors to extort, money, by black mailing.
Blackmailing
n.
• The act or practice of extorting money by exciting fears of injury other than bodily harm, as injury to reputation.
Blackness
n.
• The quality or state of being black; black color; atrociousness or enormity in wickedness.
Blackpoll
n.
(Zool.) A warbler of the United States (Dendroica striata).
Blacks
n. pl.
• The name of a kind of in used in copperplate printing, prepared from the charred husks of the grape, and residue of the wine press.
• Soot flying in the air.
• Black garments, etc.
Blacksalter
n.
• One who,makes crude potash, or black salts.
Blacksmith
n.
• A smith who works in iron with a forge, and makes iron utensils, horseshoes, etc.
(Zool.) A fish of the Pacific coast (Chromis, or Heliastes, punctipinnis), of a blackish color.
Blackstrap
n.
• A mixture of spirituous liquor (usually rum) and molasses.
• Bad port wine; any commo wine of the Mediterranean; — so called by sailors.
Blacktail
n.
(Zool.) A fish; the ruff or pope.
(Zool.) The black-tailed deer (Cervus or Cariacus Columbianus) of California and Oregon; also, the mule deer of the Rocky Mountains.
Blackthorn
n.
(Bot.) A spreading thorny shrub or small tree (Prunus spinosa), with blackish bark, and bearing little black plums, which are called sloes; the sloe.
• A species of Crataegus or hawthorn (C. tomentosa). Both are used for hedges.
Blackwood
n.
• A name given to several dark-colored timbers. The East Indian black wood is from the tree Dalbergia latifolia.
Blackwork
n.
• Work wrought by blacksmiths; — so called in distinction from that wrought by whitesmiths.
Bladder
n.
(Anat.) A bag or sac in animals, which serves as the receptacle of some fluid; as, the urinary bladder; the gall bladder; — applied especially to the urinary bladder, either within the animal, or when taken out and inflated with air.
• Any vesicle or blister, especially if filled with air, or a thin, watery fluid.
(Bot.) A distended, membranaceous pericarp.
• Anything inflated, empty, or unsound.
v. t.
• To swell out like a bladder with air; to inflate.
• To put up in bladders; as, bladdered lard.
Bladderwort
n.
(Bot.) A genus (Utricularia) of aquatic or marshy plants, which usually bear numerous vesicles in the divisions of the leaves. These serve as traps for minute animals.
Bladdery
a.
• Having bladders; also, resembling a bladder.
Blade
n.
• Properly, the leaf, or flat part of the leaf, of any plant, especially of gramineous plants. The term is sometimes applied to the spire of grasses.
• The cutting part of an instrument; as, the blade of a knife or a sword.
• The broad part of an oar; also, one of the projecting arms of a screw propeller.
• The scapula or shoulder blade.
(Arch.) The principal rafters of a roof.
(Com.) The four large shell plates on the sides, and the five large ones of the middle, of the carapace of the sea turtle, which yield the best tortoise shell.
• A sharp-witted, dashing, wild, or reckless, fellow; — a word of somewhat indefinite meaning.
v. t.
• To furnish with a blade.
v. i.
• To put forth or have a blade.
Bladebone
n.
• The scapula.
Bladed
a.
• Having a blade or blades; as a two-bladed knife.
• Divested of blades; as, bladed corn.
(Min.) Composed of long and narrow plates, shaped like the blade of a knife.
Bladefish
n.
(Zool.) A long, thin, marine fish of Europe (Trichiurus lepturus); the ribbon fish.
Bladesmith
n.
• A sword cutler.
Blady
a.
• Consisting of blades.
Blae
a.
• Dark blue or bluish gray; lead-colored.
Blaeberry
n.
• The bilberry.
Blague
n.
• Mendacious boasting; falcefood; humbug.
Blain
n.
• An inflammatory swelling or sore; a bulla, pustule, or blister.
(Far.) A bladder growing on the root of the tongue of a horse, against the windpipe, and stopping the breath.
Blamable
a.
• Deserving of censure; faulty; culpable; reprehensible; censurable; blameworthy.
Blame
v. t.
• To censure; to express disapprobation of; to find fault with; to reproach.
• To bring reproach upon; to blemish.
n.
• An expression of disapprobation fir something deemed to be wrong; imputation of fault; censure.
• That which is deserving of censure or disapprobation; culpability; fault; crime; sin.
• Hurt; injury.
Blameful
a.
• Faulty; meriting blame.
• Attributing blame or fault; implying or conveying censure; faultfinding; censorious.
Blameless
a.
• Free from blame; without fault; innocent; guiltless; — sometimes followed by of.
Blamelessly
adv.
• In a blameless manner.
Blamelessness
n.
• The quality or state of being blameless; innocence.
Blamer
n.
• One who blames.
Blameworthy
a.
• Deserving blame; culpable; reprehensible.
Blancard
n.
• A kind of linen cloth made in Normandy, the thread of which is partly blanches before it is woven.
Blanch
v. t.
• To take the color out of, and make white; to bleach; as, to blanch linen; age has blanched his hair.
(Gardening) To bleach by excluding the light, as the stalks or leaves of plants, by earthing them up or tying them together.
(Confectionery & Cookery) To make white by removing the skin of, as by scalding; as, to blanch almonds.
• To whiten, as the surface of meat, by plunging into boiling water and afterwards into cold, so as to harden the surface and retain the juices.
• To give a white luster to (silver, before stamping, in the process of coining.).
• To cover (sheet iron) with a coating of tin.
• Fig.: To whiten; to give a favorable appearance to; to whitewash; to palliate.
v. i.
• To grow or become white; as, his cheek blanched with fear; the rose blanches in the sun.
v. t.
• To avoid, as from fear; to evade; to leave unnoticed.
• To cause to turn aside or back; as, to blanch a deer.
v. i.
• To use evasion.
n.
(Mining) Ore, not in masses, but mixed with other minerals.
Blancher
n.
• One who, or that which, blanches or whitens; esp., one who anneals and cleanses money; also, a chemical preparation for this purpose.
n.
• One who, or that which, frightens away or turns aside.
Blanchimeter
n.
• An instrument for measuring the bleaching power of chloride of lime and potash; a chlorometer.
Blancmange
n.
(Cookery) A preparation for desserts, etc., made from isinglass, sea moss, cornstarch, or other gelatinous or starchy substance, with mild, usually sweetened and flavored, and shaped in a mold.
Blancmanger
n.
• A sort of fricassee with white sauce, variously made of capon, fish, etc.
Bland
a.
• Mild; soft; gentle; smooth and soothing in manner; suave; as, a bland temper; bland persuasion; a bland sycophant.
• Having soft and soothing qualities; not drastic or irritating; not stimulating; as, a bland oil; a bland diet.
Blandation
n.
• Flattery.
Blandiloquence
n.
• Mild, flattering speech.
Blandise
v. i.
• To blandish any one.
Blandish
v. t.
• To flatter with kind words or affectionate actions; to caress; to cajole.
• To make agreeable and enticing.
Blandisher
n.
• One who uses blandishments.
Blandishment
n.
• The act of blandishing; a word or act expressive of affection or kindness, and tending to win the heart; soft words and artful caresses; cajolery; allurement.
Blandly
adv.
• In a bland manner; mildly; suavely.
Blandness
n.
• The state or quality of being bland.
Blank
a.
• Of a white or pale color; without color.
• Free from writing, printing, or marks; having an empty space to be filled in with some special writing; — said of checks, official documents, etc.; as, blank paper; a blank check; a blank ballot.
• Utterly confounded or discomfited.
• Empty; void; without result; fruitless; as, a blank space; a blank day.
• Lacking characteristics which give variety; as, a blank desert; a blank wall; destitute of interests, affections, hopes, etc.; as, to live a blank existence; destitute of sensations; as, blank unconsciousness.
• Lacking animation and intelligence, or their associated characteristics, as expression of face, look, etc.; expressionless; vacant.
• Absolute; downright; unmixed; as, blank terror.
n.
• Any void space; a void space on paper, or in any written instrument; an interval void of consciousness, action, result, etc; a void.
• A lot by which nothing is gained; a ticket in a lottery on which no prize is indicated.
• A paper unwritten; a paper without marks or characters a blank ballot; — especially, a paper on which are to be inserted designated items of information, for which spaces are left vacant; a bland form.
• A paper containing the substance of a legal instrument, as a deed, release, writ, or execution, with spaces left to be filled with names, date, descriptions, etc.
• The point aimed at in a target, marked with a white spot; hence, the object to which anything is directed.
• Aim; shot; range.
• A kind of base silver money, first coined in England by Henry V., and worth about 8 pence; also, a French coin of the seventeenth century, worth about 4 pence.
(Mech.) A piece of metal prepared to be made into something by a further operation, as a coin, screw, nuts.
(Dominoes) A piece or division of a piece, without spots; as, the "double blank"; the "six blank."
v. t.
• To make void; to annul.
• To blanch; to make blank; to damp the spirits of; to dispirit or confuse.
Blanket
n.
• A heavy, loosely woven fabric, usually of wool, and having a nap, used in bed clothing; also, a similar fabric used as a robe; or any fabric used as a cover for a horse.
(Print.) A piece of rubber, felt, or woolen cloth, used in the tympan to make it soft and elastic.
• A streak or layer of blubber in whales.
v. t.
• To cover with a blanket.
• To toss in a blanket by way of punishment.
• To take the wind out of the sails of (another vessel) by sailing to windward of her.
Blanketing
n.
• Cloth for blankets.
• The act or punishment of tossing in a blanket.
Blankly
adv.
• In a blank manner; without expression; vacuously; as, to stare blankly.
• Directly; flatly; point blank.
Blankness
n.
• The state of being blank.
Blanquette
n.
(Cookery) A white fricassee.
Blanquillo
n.
(Zool.) A large fish of Florida and the W. Indies (Caulolatilus chrysops). It is red, marked with yellow.
Blare
v. i.
• To sound loudly and somewhat harshly.
v. t.
• To cause to sound like the blare of a trumpet; to proclaim loudly.
n.
• The harsh noise of a trumpet; a loud and somewhat harsh noise, like the blast of a trumpet; a roar or bellowing.
Blarney
n.
• Smooth, wheedling talk; flattery.
v. t.
• To influence by blarney; to wheedle with smooth talk; to make or accomplish by blarney.
Blase
a.
• Having the sensibilities deadened by excess or frequency of enjoyment; sated or surfeited with pleasure; used up.
Blaspheme
v. t.
• To speak of, or address, with impious irreverence; to revile impiously (anything sacred); as, to blaspheme the Holy Spirit.
• Figuratively, of persons and things not religiously sacred, but held in high honor: To calumniate; to revile; to abuse.
v. i.
• To utter blasphemy.
Blasphemer
n.
• One who blasphemes.
Blasphemous
a.
• Speaking or writing blasphemy; uttering or exhibiting anything impiously irreverent; profane; as, a blasphemous person; containing blasphemy; as, a blasphemous book; a blasphemous caricature.
Blasphemously
adv.
• In a blasphemous manner.
Blasphemy
n.
• An indignity offered to God in words, writing, or signs; impiously irreverent words or signs addressed to, or used in reference to, God; speaking evil of God; also, the act of claiming the attributes or prerogatives of deity.
• Figuratively, of things held in high honor: Calumny; abuse; vilification.
Blast
n.
• A violent gust of wind.
• A forcible stream of air from an orifice, as from a bellows, the mouth, etc. Hence: The continuous blowing to which one charge of ore or metal is subjected in a furnace; as, to melt so many tons of iron at a blast.
• The exhaust steam from and engine, driving a column of air out of a boiler chimney, and thus creating an intense draught through the fire; also, any draught produced by the blast.
• The sound made by blowing a wind instrument; strictly, the sound produces at one breath.
• A sudden, pernicious effect, as if by a noxious wind, especially on animals and plants; a blight.
• The act of rending, or attempting to rend, heavy masses of rock, earth, etc., by the explosion of gunpowder, dynamite, etc.; also, the charge used for this purpose.
• A flatulent disease of sheep.
v. t.
• To injure, as by a noxious wind; to cause to wither; to stop or check the growth of, and prevent from fruit-bearing, by some pernicious influence; to blight; to shrivel.
• Hence, to affect with some sudden violence, plague, calamity, or blighting influence, which destroys or causes to fail; to visit with a curse; to curse; to ruin; as, to blast pride, hopes, or character.
• To confound by a loud blast or din.
• To rend open by any explosive agent, as gunpowder, dynamite, etc.; to shatter; as, to blast rocks.
v. i.
• To be blighted or withered; as, the bud blasted in the blossom.
• To blow; to blow on a trumpet.
Blasted
a.
• Blighted; withered.
• Rent open by an explosive.
Blastema
n.
(Biol.) The structureless, protoplasmic tissue of the embryo; the primitive basis of an organ yet unformed, from which it grows.
Blastemal
a.
(Biol.) Relating to the blastema; rudimentary.
Blastematic
a.
(Biol.) Connected with, or proceeding from, the blastema; blastemal.
Blaster
n.
• One who, or that which, blasts or destroys.
Blastide
n.
(Biol.) A small, clear space in the segments of the ovum, the precursor of the nucleus.
Blasting
n.
• A blast; destruction by a blast, or by some pernicious cause.
• The act or process of one who, or that which, blasts; the business of one who blasts.
Blastment
n.
• A sudden stroke or injury produced by some destructive cause.
Blastocarpous
a.
(Bot.) Germinating inside the pericarp, as the mangrove.
Blastocyst
n.
(Biol.) The germinal vesicle.
Blastoderm
n.
(Biol.) The germinal membrane in an ovum, from which the embryo is developed.
Blastogenesis
n.
(Biol.) Multiplication or increase by gemmation or budding.
Blastoid
n.
(Zool.) One of the Blastoidea.
Blastoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the divisions of Crinoidea found fossil in paleozoic rocks; pentremites. They are so named on account of their budlike form.
Blastomere
n.
(Biol.) One of the segments first formed by the division of the ovum.
Blastophore
n.
(Biol.) That portion of the spermatospore which is not converted into spermatoblasts, but carries them.
Blastopore
n.
(Biol.) The pore or opening leading into the cavity of invagination, or archenteron.
Blastosphere
n.
(Biol.) The hollow globe or sphere formed by the arrangement of the blastomeres on the periphery of an impregnated ovum.
Blastostyle
n.
(Zool.) In certain hydroids, an imperfect zooid, whose special function is to produce medusoid buds.
Blastula
n.
(Biol.) That stage in the development of the ovum in which the outer cells of the morula become more defined and form the blastoderm.
Blastule
n.
(Biol.) Same as Blastula.
Blasty
a.
• Affected by blasts; gusty.
• Causing blast or injury.
Blat
v. i.
• To cry, as a calf or sheep; to bleat; to make a senseless noise; to talk inconsiderately.
v. t.
• To utter inconsiderately.
Blatancy
n.
• Blatant quality.
Blatant
a.
• Bellowing, as a calf; bawling; brawling; clamoring; disagreeably clamorous; sounding loudly and harshly.
Blatantly
adv.
• In a blatant manner.
Blatherskite
n.
• A blustering, talkative fellow.
Blatter
v. i.
• To prate; to babble; to rail; to make a senseless noise; to patter.
Blatteration
n.
• Blattering.
Blatterer
n.
• One who blatters; a babbler; a noisy, blustering boaster.
Blattering
n.
• Senseless babble or boasting.
Blatteroon
n.
• A senseless babbler or boaster.
Blaubok
n.
(Zool.) The blue buck.
Blay
n.
(Zool.) A fish.
Blaze
n.
• A stream of gas or vapor emitting light and heat in the process of combustion; a bright flame.
• Intense, direct light accompanied with heat; as, to seek shelter from the blaze of the sun.
• A bursting out, or active display of any quality; an outburst; a brilliant display.
• A white spot on the forehead of a horse.
• A spot made on trees by chipping off a piece of the bark, usually as a surveyor's mark.
v. i.
• To shine with flame; to glow with flame; as, the fire blazes.
• To send forth or reflect glowing or brilliant light; to show a blaze.
• To be resplendent.
v. t.
• To mark (a tree) by chipping off a piece of the bark.
• To designate by blazing; to mark out, as by blazed trees; as, to blaze a line or path.
v. t.
• To make public far and wide; to make known; to render conspicuous.
(Her.) To blazon.
Blazer
n.
• One who spreads reports or blazes matters abroad.
Blazing
a.
• Burning with a blaze; as, a blazing fire; blazing torches.
Blazon
n.
• A shield.
• An heraldic shield; a coat of arms, or a bearing on a coat of arms; armorial bearings.
• The art or act of describing or depicting heraldic bearings in the proper language or manner.
• Ostentatious display, either by words or other means; publication; show; description; record.
v. t.
• To depict in colors; to display; to exhibit conspicuously; to publish or make public far and wide.
• To deck; to embellish; to adorn.
(Her.) To describe in proper terms (the figures of heraldic devices); also, to delineate (armorial bearings); to emblazon.
v. i.
• To shine; to be conspicuous.
Blazoner
n.
• One who gives publicity, proclaims, or blazons; esp., one who blazons coats of arms; a herald.
Blazonment
n.
• The act or blazoning; blazoning; emblazonment.
Blazonry
n.
• Same as Blazon, 3.
• A coat of arms; an armorial bearing or bearings.
• Artistic representation or display.
Blea
n.
• The part of a tree which lies immediately under the bark; the alburnum or sapwood.
Bleach
v. t.
• To make white, or whiter; to remove the color, or stains, from; to blanch; to whiten.
v. i.
• To grow white or lose color; to whiten.
Bleached
a.
• Whitened; make white.
Bleacher
n.
• One who whitens, or whose occupation is to whiten, by bleaching.
Bleachery
n.
• A place or an establishment where bleaching is done.
Bleaching
n.
• The act or process of whitening, by removing color or stains; esp. the process of whitening fabrics by chemical agents.
Bleak
a.
• Without color; pale; pallid.
• Desolate and exposed; swept by cold winds.
• Cold and cutting; cheerless; as, a bleak blast.
n.
(Zool.) A small European river fish (Leuciscus alburnus), of the family Cyprinidae; the blay.
Bleaky
a.
• Bleak.
Blear
a.
• Dim or sore with water or rheum; — said of the eyes.
• Causing or caused by dimness of sight; dim.
v. t.
• To make somewhat sore or watery, as the eyes; to dim, or blur, as the sight. Figuratively: To obscure (mental or moral perception); to blind; to hoodwink.
Bleared
a.
• Dimmed, as by a watery humor; affected with rheum.
Bleareye
n.
(Med.) A disease of the eyelids, consisting in chronic inflammation of the margins, with a gummy secretion of sebaceous matter.
Bleareyedness
n.
• The state of being blear-eyed.
Bleary
a.
• Somewhat blear.
Bleat
v. i.
• To make the noise of, or one like that of, a sheep; to cry like a sheep or calf.
n.
• A plaintive cry of, or like that of, a sheep.
Bleater
n.
• One who bleats; a sheep.
Bleating
a.
• Crying as a sheep does.
n.
• The cry of, or as of, a sheep.
Bleb
n.
• A large vesicle or bulla, usually containing a serous fluid; a blister; a bubble, as in water, glass, etc.
Blebby
a.
• Containing blebs, or characterized by blebs; as, blebby glass.
Bled
• imp. & p. p. of Bleed.
Blee
n.
• Complexion; color; hue; likeness; form.
Bleed
v. i.
• To emit blood; to lose blood; to run with blood, by whatever means; as, the arm bleeds; the wound bled freely; to bleed at the nose.
• To withdraw blood from the body; to let blood; as, Dr. A. bleeds in fevers.
• To lose or shed one's blood, as in case of a violent death or severe wounds; to die by violence.
• To issue forth, or drop, as blood from an incision.
• To lose sap, gum, or juice; as, a tree or a vine bleeds when tapped or wounded.
• To pay or lose money; to have money drawn or extorted; as, to bleed freely for a cause.
v. t.
• To let blood from; to take or draw blood from, as by opening a vein.
• To lose, as blood; to emit or let drop, as sap.
• To draw money from (one); to induce to pay; as, they bled him freely for this fund.
Bleeder
n.
(Med.) One who, or that which, draws blood.
• One in whom slight wounds give rise to profuse or uncontrollable bleeding.
Bleeding
a.
• Emitting, or appearing to emit, blood or sap, etc.; also, expressing anguish or compassion.
n.
• A running or issuing of blood, as from the nose or a wound; a hemorrhage; the operation of letting blood, as in surgery; a drawing or running of sap from a tree or plant.
Blemish
v. t.
• To mark with deformity; to injure or impair, as anything which is well formed, or excellent; to mar, or make defective, either the body or mind.
• To tarnish, as reputation or character; to defame.
n.
• Any mark of deformity or injury, whether physical or moral; anything; that diminishes beauty, or renders imperfect that which is otherwise well formed; that which impairs reputation.
Blemishless
a.
• Without blemish; spotless.
Blemishment
n.
• The state of being blemished; blemish; disgrace; damage; impairment.
Blench
v. i.
• To shrink; to start back; to draw back, from lack of courage or resolution; to flinch; to quail.
• To fly off; to turn aside.
v. t.
• To baffle; to disconcert; to turn away; — also, to obstruct; to hinder.
• To draw back from; to deny from fear.
n.
• A looking aside or askance.
v. i. & t.
• To grow or make pale.
Blencher
n.
• One who, or that which, scares another; specifically, a person stationed to prevent the escape of the deer, at a hunt.
• One who blenches, flinches, or shrinks back.
Blend
v. t.
• To mix or mingle together; esp. to mingle, combine, or associate so that the separate things mixed, or the line of demarcation, can not be distinguished. Hence: To confuse; to confound.
• To pollute by mixture or association; to spoil or corrupt; to blot; to stain.
v. i.
• To mingle; to mix; to unite intimately; to pass or shade insensibly into each other, as colors.
n.
• A thorough mixture of one thing with another, as color, tint, etc., into another, so that it cannot be known where one ends or the other begins.
v. t.
• To make blind, literally or figuratively; to dazzle; to deceive.
Blende
n.
(Min.) A mineral, called also sphalerite, and by miners mock lead, false galena, and black-jack. It is a zinc sulphide, but often contains some iron. Its color is usually yellow, brown, or black, and its luster resinous.
• A general term for some minerals, chiefly metallic sulphides which have a somewhat brilliant but nonmetallic luster.
Blender
n.
• One who, or that which, blends; an instrument, as a brush, used in blending.
Blending
n.
• The act of mingling.
(Paint.) The method of laying on different tints so that they may mingle together while wet, and shade into each other insensibly.
Blendous
a.
• Pertaining to, consisting of, or containing, blende.
Blendwater
n.
• A distemper incident to cattle, in which their livers are affected.
Blenk
v. i.
• To blink; to shine; to look.
Blennogenous
a.
• Generating mucus.
Blennorrhea
n.
(Med.) An inordinate secretion and discharge of mucus.
• Gonorrhea.
Blenny
n.
(Zool.) A marine fish of the genus Blennius or family Blenniidae; — so called from its coating of mucus. The species are numerous.
Blent
imp. & p. p.
• Mingled; mixed; blended; also, polluted; stained.
imp. & p. p.
• Blinded. Also (Chaucer), 3d sing. pres. Blindeth.
Blesbok
n.
(Zool.) A South African antelope (Alcelaphus albifrons), having a large white spot on the forehead.
Bless
v. t.
• To make or pronounce holy; to consecrate
• To make happy, blithesome, or joyous; to confer prosperity or happiness upon; to grant divine favor to.
• To express a wish or prayer for the happiness of; to invoke a blessing upon; — applied to persons.
• To invoke or confer beneficial attributes or qualities upon; to invoke or confer a blessing on, — as on food.
• To make the sign of the cross upon; to cross (one's self).
• To guard; to keep; to protect.
• To praise, or glorify; to extol for excellences.
• To esteem or account happy; to felicitate.
• To wave; to brandish.
Blessed
a.
• Hallowed; consecrated; worthy of blessing or adoration; heavenly; holy.
• Enjoying happiness or bliss; favored with blessings; happy; highly favored.
• Imparting happiness or bliss; fraught with happiness; blissful; joyful.
• Enjoying, or pertaining to, spiritual happiness, or heavenly felicity; as, the blessed in heaven.
(R. C. Ch.) Beatified.
• Used euphemistically, ironically, or intensively.
Blessedly
adv.
• Happily; fortunately; joyfully.
Blessedness
n.
• The state of being blessed; happiness; felicity; bliss; heavenly joys; the favor of God.
Blesser
n.
• One who blesses; one who bestows or invokes a blessing.
Blessing
n.
• The act of one who blesses.
• A declaration of divine favor, or an invocation imploring divine favor on some or something; a benediction; a wish of happiness pronounces.
• A means of happiness; that which promotes prosperity and welfare; a beneficent gift.
(Bib.) A gift.
• Grateful praise or worship.
Blest
a.
• Blessed.
Blet
n.
• A form of decay in fruit which is overripe.
Bletonism
n.
• The supposed faculty of perceiving subterraneous springs and currents by sensation; — so called from one Bleton, of France.
Bletting
n.
• A form of decay seen in fleshy, overripe fruit.
Blew
imp.
• of Blow.
Bleyme
n.
(Far.) An inflammation in the foot of a horse, between the sole and the bone.
Bleynte
imp.
• of Blench.
Blickey
n.
• A tin dinner pail.
Blight
v. t.
• To affect with blight; to blast; to prevent the growth and fertility of.
• Hence: To destroy the happiness of; to ruin; to mar essentially; to frustrate; as, to blight one's prospects.
v. i.
• To be affected by blight; to blast; as, this vine never blights.
n.
• Mildew; decay; anything nipping or blasting; — applied as a general name to various injuries or diseases of plants, causing the whole or a part to wither, whether occasioned by insects, fungi, or atmospheric influences.
• The act of blighting, or the state of being blighted; a withering or mildewing, or a stoppage of growth in the whole or a part of a plant, etc.
• That which frustrates one's plans or withers one's hopes; that which impairs or destroys.
(Zool.) A downy species of aphis, or plant louse, destructive to fruit trees, infesting both the roots and branches; — also applied to several other injurious insects.
• A rashlike eruption on the human skin.
Blighting
a.
• Causing blight.
Blightingly
adv.
• So as to cause blight.
Blin
v. t. & i.
• To stop; to cease; to desist.
n.
• Cessation; end.
Blind
a.
• Destitute of the sense of seeing, either by natural defect or by deprivation; without sight.
• Not having the faculty of discernment; destitute of intellectual light; unable or unwilling to understand or judge; as, authors are blind to their own defects.
• Undiscerning; undiscriminating; inconsiderate.
• Having such a state or condition as a thing would have to a person who is blind; not well marked or easily discernible; hidden; unseen; concealed; as, a blind path; a blind ditch.
• Involved; intricate; not easily followed or traced.
• Having no openings for light or passage; as, a blind wall; open only at one end; as, a blind alley; a blind gut.
• Unintelligible, or not easily intelligible; as, a blind passage in a book; illegible; as, blind writing.
(Hort.) Abortive; failing to produce flowers or fruit; as, blind buds; blind flowers.
v. t.
• To make blind; to deprive of sight or discernment.
• To deprive partially of vision; to make vision difficult for and painful to; to dazzle.
• To darken; to obscure to the eye or understanding; to conceal; to deceive.
• To cover with a thin coating of sand and fine gravel; as a road newly paved, in order that the joints between the stones may be filled.
n.
• Something to hinder sight or keep out light; a screen; a cover; esp. a hinged screen or shutter for a window; a blinder for a horse.
• Something to mislead the eye or the understanding, or to conceal some covert deed or design; a subterfuge.
(Mil.) A blindage.
• A halting place.
Blindage
n.
(Mil.) A cover or protection for an advanced trench or approach, formed of fascines and earth supported by a framework.
Blinder
n.
• One who, or that which, blinds.
(Saddlery) One of the leather screens on a bridle, to hinder a horse from seeing objects at the side; a blinker.
Blindfish
n.
• A small fish (Amblyopsis spelaeus) destitute of eyes, found in the waters of the Mammoth Cave, in Kentucky. Related fishes from other caves take the same name.
Blindfold
v. t.
• To cover the eyes of, as with a bandage; to hinder from seeing.
a.
• Having the eyes covered; blinded; having the mental eye darkened. Hence: Heedless; reckless; as, blindfold zeal; blindfold fury.
Blinding
a.
• Making blind or as if blind; depriving of sight or of understanding; obscuring; as, blinding tears; blinding snow.
n.
• A thin coating of sand and fine gravel over a newly paved road.
Blindly
adv.
• Without sight, discernment, or understanding; without thought, investigation, knowledge, or purpose of one's own.
Blindness
n.
• State or condition of being blind, literally or figuratively.
Blindstory
n.
(Arch.) The triforium as opposed to the clearstory.
Blindworm
n.
(Zool.) A small, burrowing, snakelike, limbless lizard (Anguis fragilis), with minute eyes, popularly believed to be blind; the slowworm; — formerly a name for the adder.
Blink
v. i.
• To wink; to twinkle with, or as with, the eye.
• To see with the eyes half shut, or indistinctly and with frequent winking, as a person with weak eyes.
• To shine, esp. with intermittent light; to twinkle; to flicker; to glimmer, as a lamp.
• To turn slightly sour, as beer, mild, etc.
v. t.
• To shut out of sight; to avoid, or purposely evade; to shirk; as, to blink the question.
• To trick; to deceive.
n.
• A glimpse or glance.
• Gleam; glimmer; sparkle.
(Naut.) The dazzling whiteness about the horizon caused by the reflection of light from fields of ice at sea; ice blink.
pl.
(Sporting) Boughs cast where deer are to pass, to turn or check them.
Blinkard
n.
• One who blinks with, or as with, weak eyes.
• That which twinkles or glances, as a dim star, which appears and disappears.
Blinker
n.
• One who, or that which, blinks.
• A blinder for horses; a flap of leather on a horse's bridle to prevent him from seeing objects as his side hence, whatever obstructs sight or discernment.
pl.
• A kind of goggles, used to protect the eyes form glare, etc.
Blirt
n.
(Naut.) A gust of wind and rain.
Bliss
n.
• Orig., blithesomeness; gladness; now, the highest degree of happiness; blessedness; exalted felicity; heavenly joy.
Blissful
a.
• Full of, characterized by, or causing, joy and felicity; happy in the highest degree.
Blissless
a.
• Destitute of bliss.
Blissom
v. i.
• To be lustful; to be lascivious.
a.
• Lascivious; also, in heat; — said of ewes.
Blister
n.
• A vesicle of the skin, containing watery matter or serum, whether occasioned by a burn or other injury, or by a vesicatory; a collection of serous fluid causing a bladderlike elevation of the cuticle.
• Any elevation made by the separation of the film or skin, as on plants; or by the swelling of the substance at the surface, as on steel.
• A vesicatory; a plaster of Spanish flies, or other matter, applied to raise a blister.
v. i.
• To be affected with a blister or blisters; to have a blister form on.
v. t.
• To raise a blister or blisters upon.
• To give pain to, or to injure, as if by a blister.
Blistery
a.
• Full of blisters.
Blite
n.
(Bot.) A genus of herbs (Blitum>) with a fleshy calyx. Blitum capitatum is the strawberry blite.
Blithe
a.
• Gay; merry; sprightly; joyous; glad; cheerful; as, a blithe spirit.
Blitheful
a.
• Gay; full of gayety; joyous.
Blithely
adv.
• In a blithe manner.
Blitheness
n.
• The state of being blithe.
Blithesome
a.
• Cheery; gay; merry.
Blive
adv.
• Quickly; forthwith.
Blizzard
n.
• A gale of piercingly cold wind, usually accompanied with fine and blinding snow; a furious blast.
Bloat
v. t.
• To make turgid, as with water or air; to cause a swelling of the surface of, from effusion of serum in the cellular tissue, producing a morbid enlargement, often accompanied with softness.
• To inflate; to puff up; to make vain.
v. i.
• To grow turgid as by effusion of liquid in the cellular tissue; to puff out; to swell.
a.
• Bloated.
n.
• A term of contempt for a worthless, dissipated fellow.
v. t.
• To dry (herrings) in smoke.
Bloated
p. a.
• Distended beyond the natural or usual size, as by the presence of water, serum, etc.; turgid; swollen; as, a bloated face. Also, puffed up with pride; pompous.
Bloatedness
n.
• The state of being bloated.
Bloater
n.
• The common herring, esp. when of large size, smoked, and half dried; — called also bloat herring.
Blob
n.
• Something blunt and round; a small drop or lump of something viscid or thick; a drop; a bubble; a blister.
(Zool.) A small fresh-water fish (Uranidea Richardsoni); the miller's thumb.
Blobber
n.
• A bubble; blubber.
Blocage
n.
(Arch.) The roughest and cheapest sort of rubblework, in masonry.
Block
n.
• A piece of wood more or less bulky; a solid mass of wood, stone, etc., usually with one or more plane, or approximately plane, faces; as, a block on which a butcher chops his meat; a block by which to mount a horse; children's playing blocks, etc.
• The solid piece of wood on which condemned persons lay their necks when they are beheaded.
• The wooden mold on which hats, bonnets, etc., are shaped. Hence: The pattern on shape of a hat.
• A large or long building divided into separate houses or shops, or a number of houses or shops built in contact with each other so as to form one building; a row of houses or shops.
• A square, or portion of a city inclosed by streets, whether occupied by buildings or not.
• A grooved pulley or sheave incased in a frame or shell which is provided with a hook, eye, or strap, by which it may be attached to an object. It is used to change the direction of motion, as in raising a heavy object that can not be conveniently reached, and also, when two or more such sheaves are compounded, to change the rate of motion, or to exert increased force; — used especially in the rigging of ships, and in tackles.
(Falconry) The perch on which a bird of prey is kept.
• Any obstruction, or cause of obstruction; a stop; a hindrance; an obstacle; as, a block in the way.
• A piece of box or other wood for engravers' work.
(Print.) A piece of hard wood (as mahogany or cherry) on which a stereotype or electrotype plate is mounted to make it type high.
• A blockhead; a stupid fellow; a dolt.
• A section of a railroad where the block system is used.
v. t.
• To obstruct so as to prevent passage or progress; to prevent passage from, through, or into, by obstructing the way; — used both of persons and things; — often followed by up; as, to block up a road or harbor.
• To secure or support by means of blocks; to secure, as two boards at their angles of intersection, by pieces of wood glued to each.
• To shape on, or stamp with, a block; as, to block a hat.
Blockade
n.
• The shutting up of a place by troops or ships, with the purpose of preventing ingress or egress, or the reception of supplies; as, the blockade of the ports of an enemy.
• An obstruction to passage.
v. t.
• To shut up, as a town or fortress, by investing it with troops or vessels or war for the purpose of preventing ingress or egress, or the introduction of supplies.
• Hence, to shut in so as to prevent egress.
• To obstruct entrance to or egress from.
Blockader
n.
• One who blockades.
(Naut.) A vessel employed in blockading.
Blockage
n.
• The act of blocking up; the state of being blocked up.
Blockhead
n.
• A stupid fellow; a dolt; a person deficient in understanding.
Blockheaded
a.
• Stupid; dull.
Blockheadism
n.
• That which characterizes a blockhead; stupidity.
Blockhouse
n.
(Mil.) An edifice or structure of heavy timbers or logs for military defense, having its sides loopholed for musketry, and often an upper story projecting over the lower, or so placed upon it as to have its sides make an angle wit the sides of the lower story, thus enabling the defenders to fire downward, and in all directions; — formerly much used in America and Germany.
• A house of squared logs.
Blocking
n.
• The act of obstructing, supporting, shaping, or stamping with a block or blocks.
• Blocks used to support (a building, etc.) temporarily.
Blockish
a.
• Like a block; deficient in understanding; stupid; dull.
Blocklike
a.
• Like a block; stupid.
Bloedite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous sulphate of magnesium and sodium.
Blonde
n.
• A person of very fair complexion, with light hair and light blue eyes.
• A kind of silk lace originally of the color of raw silk, now sometimes dyed; — called also blond lace.
Blondness
n.
• The state of being blond.
Blood
n.
• The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular system of animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted.
• Relationship by descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity; kinship.
• Descent; lineage; especially, honorable birth; the highest royal lineage.
(Stock Breeding) Descent from parents of recognized breed; excellence or purity of breed.
• The fleshy nature of man.
• The shedding of blood; the taking of life, murder; manslaughter; destruction.
• A bloodthirsty or murderous disposition.
• Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions; — as if the blood were the seat of emotions.
• A man of fire or spirit; a fiery spark; a gay, showy man; a rake.
• The juice of anything, especially if red.
v. t.
• To bleed.
• To stain, smear or wet, with blood.
• To give (hounds or soldiers) a first taste or sight of blood, as in hunting or war.
• To heat the blood of; to exasperate.
Bloodbird
n.
(Zool.) An Australian honeysucker (Myzomela sanguineolata); — so called from the bright red color of the male bird.
Blooded
a.
• Having pure blood, or a large admixture or pure blood; of approved breed; of the best stock.
Bloodflower
n.
(Bot.) A genus of bulbous plants, natives of Southern Africa, named Haemanthus, of the Amaryllis family. The juice of H. toxicarius is used by the Hottentots to poison their arrows.
Bloodguilty
a.
• Guilty of murder or bloodshed.
Bloodhound
n.
• A breed of large and powerful dogs, with long, smooth, and pendulous ears, and remarkable for acuteness of smell. It is employed to recover game or prey which has escaped wounded from a hunter, and for tracking criminals. Formerly it was used for pursuing runaway slaves. Other varieties of dog are often used for the same purpose and go by the same name. The Cuban bloodhound is said to be a variety of the mastiff.
Bloodily
adv.
• In a bloody manner; cruelly; with a disposition to shed blood.
Bloodiness
n.
• The state of being bloody.
• Disposition to shed blood; bloodthirstiness.
Bloodless
a.
• Destitute of blood, or apparently so; as, bloodless cheeks; lifeless; dead.
• Not attended with shedding of blood, or slaughter; as, a bloodless victory.
• Without spirit or activity.
Bloodlet
v. t.
• bleed; to let blood.
Bloodletter
n.
• One who, or that which, lets blood; a phlebotomist.
Bloodletting
n.
(Med.) The act or process of letting blood or bleeding, as by opening a vein or artery, or by cupping or leeches; — esp. applied to venesection.
Bloodroot
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Sanguinaria Canadensis), with a red root and red sap, and bearing a pretty, white flower in early spring; — called also puccoon, redroot, bloodwort, tetterwort, turmeric, and Indian paint. It has acrid emetic properties, and the rootstock is used as a stimulant expectorant.
Bloodshed
n.
• The shedding or spilling of blood; slaughter; the act of shedding human blood, or taking life, as in war, riot, or murder.
Bloodshedder
n.
• One who sheds blood; a manslayer; a murderer.
Bloodshedding
n.
• Bloodshed.
Bloodshot
a.
• Red and inflamed; suffused with blood, or having the vessels turgid with blood, as when the conjunctiva is inflamed or irritated.
Bloodstick
n.
(Far.) A piece of hard wood loaded at one end with lead, and used to strike the fleam into the vein.
Bloodstone
n.
(Min.) A green siliceous stone sprinkled with red jasper, as if with blood; hence the name; — called also heliotrope.
• Hematite, an ore of iron yielding a blood red powder or "streak."
Bloodstroke
n.
• Loss of sensation and motion from hemorrhage or congestion in the brain.
Bloodsucker
n.
(Zool.) Any animal that sucks blood; esp., the leech (Hirudo medicinalis), and related species.
• One who sheds blood; a cruel, bloodthirsty man; one guilty of bloodshed; a murderer.
• A hard and exacting master, landlord, or money lender; an extortioner.
Bloodthirsty
a.
• Eager to shed blood; cruel; sanguinary; murderous.
Bloodulf
n.
(Zool.) The European bullfinch.
Bloodwood
n.
(Bot.) A tree having the wood or the sap of the color of blood.
Bloodwort
n.
(Bot.) A plant, Rumex sanguineus, or bloody-veined dock. The name is applied also to bloodroot (Sanguinaria Canadensis), and to an extensive order of plants (Haemodoraceae), the roots of many species of which contain a red coloring matter useful in dyeing.
Bloody
a.
• Containing or resembling blood; of the nature of blood; as, bloody excretions; bloody sweat.
• Smeared or stained with blood; as, bloody hands; a bloody handkerchief.
• Given, or tending, to the shedding of blood; having a cruel, savage disposition; murderous; cruel.
• Attended with, or involving, bloodshed; sanguinary; esp., marked by great slaughter or cruelty; as, a bloody battle.
• Infamous; contemptible; — variously used for mere emphasis or as a low epithet.
v. t.
• To stain with blood.
Bloodybones
n.
• A terrible bugbear.
Bloom
n.
• A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud; flowers, collectively.
• The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open; as, the cherry trees are in bloom.
• A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms; as, the bloom of youth.
• The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc. Hence: Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness; a flush; a glow.
• The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.
• A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather.
(Min.) A popular term for a bright-hued variety of some minerals; as, the rose-red cobalt bloom.
v. i.
• To produce or yield blossoms; to blossom; to flower or be in flower.
• To be in a state of healthful, growing youth and vigor; to show beauty and freshness, as of flowers; to give promise, as by or with flowers.
v. t.
• To cause to blossom; to make flourish.
• To bestow a bloom upon; to make blooming or radiant.
n.
(Metal.) A mass of wrought iron from the Catalan forge or from the puddling furnace, deprived of its dross, and shaped usually in the form of an oblong block by shingling.
• A large bar of steel formed directly from an ingot by hammering or rolling, being a preliminary shape for further working.
Bloomer
n.
• A costume for women, consisting of a short dress, with loose trousers gathered round ankles, and (commonly) a broad-brimmed hat.
• A woman who wears a Bloomer costume.
Bloomery
n.
(Manuf.) A furnace and forge in which wrought iron in the form of blooms is made directly from the ore, or (more rarely) from cast iron.
Blooming
n.
(Metal.) The process of making blooms from the ore or from cast iron.
a.
• Opening in blossoms; flowering.
• Thriving in health, beauty, and vigor; indicating the freshness and beauties of youth or health.
Bloomingly
adv.
• In a blooming manner.
Bloomingness
n.
• A blooming condition.
Bloomless
a.
• Without bloom or flowers.
Bloomy
a.
• Full of bloom; flowery; flourishing with the vigor of youth; as, a bloomy spray.
• Covered with bloom, as fruit.
Blooth
n.
• Bloom; a blossoming.
Blore
n.
• The act of blowing; a roaring wind; a blast.
Blosmy
a.
• Blossomy.
Blossom
n.
• The flower of a plant, or the essential organs of reproduction, with their appendages; florescence; bloom; the flowers of a plant, collectively; as, the blossoms and fruit of a tree; an apple tree in blossom.
• A blooming period or stage of development; something lovely that gives rich promise.
• The color of a horse that has white hairs intermixed with sorrel and bay hairs; — otherwise called peach color.
v. i.
• To put forth blossoms or flowers; to bloom; to blow; to flower.
• To flourish and prosper.
Blossomless
a.
• Without blossoms.
Blossomy
a.
• Full of blossoms; flowery.
Blot
v. t.
• To spot, stain, or bespatter, as with ink.
• To impair; to damage; to mar; to soil.
• To stain with infamy; to disgrace.
• To obliterate, as writing with ink; to cancel; to efface; — generally with out; as, to blot out a word or a sentence. Often figuratively; as, to blot out offenses.
• To obscure; to eclipse; to shadow.
• To dry, as writing, with blotting paper.
v. i.
• To take a blot; as, this paper blots easily.
n.
• A spot or stain, as of ink on paper; a blur.
• An obliteration of something written or printed; an erasure.
• A spot on reputation; a stain; a disgrace; a reproach; a blemish.
n.
(Backgammon) An exposure of a single man to be taken up.
• A single man left on a point, exposed to be taken up.
• A weak point; a failing; an exposed point or mark.
Blotch
n.
• A blot or spot, as of color or of ink; especially a large or irregular spot. Also Fig.; as, a moral blotch.
(Med.) A large pustule, or a coarse eruption.
Blotched
a.
• Marked or covered with blotches.
Blotchy
a.
• Having blotches.
Blote
v. t.
• To cure, as herrings, by salting and smoking them; to bloat.
Blotless
a.
• Without blot.
Blotter
n.
• One who, or that which blots; esp. a device for absorbing superfluous ink.
(Com.) A wastebook, in which entries of transactions are made as they take place.
Blottesque
a.
(Painting) Characterized by blots or heavy touches; coarsely depicted; wanting in delineation.
Blouse
n.
• A light, loose over-garment, like a smock frock, worn especially by workingmen in France; also, a loose coat of any material, as the undress uniform coat of the United States army.
Blow
v. i.
• To flower; to blossom; to bloom.
v. t.
• To cause to blossom; to put forth (blossoms or flowers).
n.
(Bot.) A blossom; a flower; also, a state of blossoming; a mass of blossoms.
n.
• A forcible stroke with the hand, fist, or some instrument, as a rod, a club, an ax, or a sword.
• A sudden or forcible act or effort; an assault.
• The infliction of evil; a sudden calamity; something which produces mental, physical, or financial suffering or loss (esp. when sudden); a buffet.
v. i.
• To produce a current of air; to move, as air, esp. to move rapidly or with power; as, the wind blows.
• To send forth a forcible current of air, as from the mouth or from a pair of bellows.
• To breathe hard or quick; to pant; to puff.
• To sound on being blown into, as a trumpet.
• To spout water, etc., from the blowholes, as a whale.
• To be carried or moved by the wind; as, the dust blows in from the street.
• To talk loudly; to boast; to storm.
v. t.
• To force a current of air upon with the mouth, or by other means; as, to blow the fire.
• To drive by a current air; to impel; as, the tempest blew the ship ashore.
• To cause air to pass through by the action of the mouth, or otherwise; to cause to sound, as a wind instrument; as, to blow a trumpet; to blow an organ.
• To clear of contents by forcing air through; as, to blow an egg; to blow one's nose.
• To burst, shatter, or destroy by an explosion; — usually with up, down, open, or similar adverb; as, to blow up a building.
• To spread by report; to publish; to disclose.
• To form by inflation; to swell by injecting air; as, to blow bubbles; to blow glass.
• To inflate, as with pride; to puff up.
• To put out of breath; to cause to blow from fatigue; as, to blow a horse.
• To deposit eggs or larvae upon, or in (meat, etc.).
n.
• A blowing, esp., a violent blowing of the wind; a gale; as, a heavy blow came on, and the ship put back to port.
• The act of forcing air from the mouth, or through or from some instrument; as, to give a hard blow on a whistle or horn; to give the fire a blow with the bellows.
• The spouting of a whale.
(Metal.) A single heat or operation of the Bessemer converter.
• An egg, or a larva, deposited by a fly on or in flesh, or the act of depositing it.
Blowball
n.
• The downy seed head of a dandelion, which children delight to blow away.
Blower
n.
• One who, or that which, blows.
(Mech.) A device for producing a current of air; as: (a) A metal plate temporarily placed before the upper part of a grate or open fire. (b) A machine for producing an artificial blast or current of air by pressure, as for increasing the draft of a furnace, ventilating a building or shaft, cleansing gram, etc.
• A blowing out or excessive discharge of gas from a hole or fissure in a mine.
• The whale; — so called by seamen, from the circumstance of its spouting up a column of water.
(Zool.) A small fish of the Atlantic coast (Tetrodon turgidus); the puffer.
• A braggart, or loud talker.
Blowfly
n.
(Zool.) Any species of fly of the genus Musca that deposits its eggs or young larvae (called flyblows and maggots) upon meat or other animal products.
Blowgun
n.
• A tube, as of cane or reed, sometimes twelve feet long, through which an arrow or other projectile may be impelled by the force of the breath. It is a weapon much used by certain Indians of America and the West Indies; — called also blowpipe, and blowtube.
Blowhole
n.
• A cavern in a cliff, at the water level, opening to the air at its farther extremity, so that the waters rush in with each surge and rise in a lofty jet from the extremity.
• A nostril or spiracle in the top of the head of a whale or other cetacean.
• A hole in the ice to which whales, seals, etc., come to breathe.
(Founding) An air hole in a casting.
Blown
p. p. & a.
• Swollen; inflated; distended; puffed up, as cattle when gorged with green food which develops gas.
• Stale; worthless.
• Out of breath; tired; exhausted.
• Covered with the eggs and larvae of flies; fly blown.
p. p. & a.
• Opened; in blossom or having blossomed, as a flower.
Blowpipe
n.
• A tube for directing a jet of air into a fire or into the flame of a lamp or candle, so as to concentrate the heat on some object.
• A blowgun; a blowtube.
Blowpoint
n.
• A child's game.
Blowth
n.
• A blossoming; a bloom.
Blowtube
n.
• A blowgun.
• A similar instrument, commonly of tin, used by boys for discharging paper wads and other light missiles.
(Glassmaking) A long wrought iron tube, on the end of which the workman gathers a quantity of "metal" (melted glass), and through which he blows to expand or shape it; — called also blowing tube, and blowpipe.
Blowy
a.
• Windy; as, blowy weather; a blowy upland.
Blowze
n.
• A ruddy, fat-faced woman; a wench.
Blowzed
a.
• Having high color from exposure to the weather; ruddy-faced; blowzy; disordered.
Blowzy
a.
• Coarse and ruddy-faced; fat and ruddy; high colored; frowzy.
Blub
v. t. & i.
• To swell; to puff out, as with weeping.
Blubber
n.
• A bubble.
• The fat of whales and other large sea animals from which oil is obtained. It lies immediately under the skin and over the muscular flesh.
(Zool.) A large sea nettle or medusa.
v. i.
• To weep noisily, or so as to disfigure the face; to cry in a childish manner.
v. t.
• To swell or disfigure (the face) with weeping; to wet with tears.
• To give vent to (tears) or utter (broken words or cries); — with forth or out.
Blubbered
p. p. & a.
• Swollen; turgid; as, a blubbered lip.
Blubbering
n.
• The act of weeping noisily.
Blubbery
a.
• Swollen; protuberant.
• Like blubber; gelatinous and quivering; as, a blubbery mass.
Blucher
n.
• A kind of half boot, named from the Prussian general Blucher.
Bludgeon
n.
• A short stick, with one end loaded, or thicker and heavier that the other, used as an offensive weapon.
Blue
a.
• Having the color of the clear sky, or a hue resembling it, whether lighter or darker; as, the deep, blue sea; as blue as a sapphire; blue violets.
• Pale, without redness or glare, — said of a flame; hence, of the color of burning brimstone, betokening the presence of ghosts or devils; as, the candle burns blue; the air was blue with oaths.
• Low in spirits; melancholy; as, to feel blue.
• Suited to produce low spirits; gloomy in prospect; as, thongs looked blue.
• Severe or over strict in morals; gloom; as, blue and sour religionists; suiting one who is over strict in morals; inculcating an impracticable, severe, or gloomy mortality; as, blue laws.
• Literary; — applied to women; — an abbreviation of bluestocking.
n.
• One of the seven colors into which the rays of light divide themselves, when refracted through a glass prism; the color of the clear sky, or a color resembling that, whether lighter or darker; a pigment having such color. Sometimes, poetically, the sky.
• A pedantic woman; a bluestocking.
pl.
• Low spirits; a fit of despondency; melancholy.
v. t.
• To make blue; to dye of a blue color; to make blue by heating, as metals, etc.
Blueback
n.
(Zool.) A trout (Salmo oquassa) inhabiting some of the lakes of Maine.
• A salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) of the Columbia River and northward.
• An American river herring (Clupea aestivalis), closely allied to the alewife.
Bluebeard
n.
• The hero of a mediaeval French nursery legend, who, leaving home, enjoined his young wife not to open a certain room in his castle. She entered it, and found the murdered bodies of his former wives. — Also used adjectively of a subject which it is forbidden to investigate.
Bluebell
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Campanula, especially the Campanula rotundifolia, which bears blue bell-shaped flowers; the harebell.
• A plant of the genus Scilla (Scilla nutans).
Blueberry
n.
(Bot.) The berry of several species of Vaccinium, and ericaceous genus, differing from the American huckleberries in containing numerous minute seeds instead of ten nutlets. The commonest species are V. Pennsylvanicum and V. vacillans. V. corymbosum is the tall blueberry.
Bluebill
n.
(Zool.) A duck of the genus Fuligula. Two American species (F. marila and F. affinis) are common.
Bluebird
n.
(Zool.) A small song bird (Sialia sialis), very common in the United States, and, in the north, one of the earliest to arrive in spring. The male is blue, with the breast reddish. It is related to the European robin.
Bluebottle
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Centaurea cyanus) which grows in grain fields. It receives its name from its blue bottle-shaped flowers.
(Zool.) A large and troublesome species of blowfly (Musca vomitoria). Its body is steel blue.
Bluebreast
n.
(Zool.) A small European bird; the blue-throated warbler.
Bluecap
n.
(Zool.) The bluepoll.
• The blue bonnet or blue titmouse.
• A Scot; a Scotchman; — so named from wearing a blue bonnet.
Bluecoat
n.
• One dressed in blue, as a soldier, a sailor, a beadle, etc.
Bluefin
n.
(Zool.) A species of whitefish (Coregonus nigripinnis) found in Lake Michigan.
Bluefish
n.
(Zool.) A large voracious fish (Pomatomus saitatrix), of the family Carangidae, valued as a food fish, and widely distributed on the American coast. On the New Jersey and Rhode Island coast it is called the horse mackerel, in Virginia saltwater tailor, or skipjack.
• A West Indian fish (Platyglossus radiatus), of the family Labridae.
Bluegown
n.
• One of a class of paupers or pensioners, or licensed beggars, in Scotland, to whim annually on the king's birthday were distributed certain alms, including a blue gown; a beadsman.
Bluely
adv.
• With a blue color.
Blueness
n.
• The quality of being blue; a blue color.
Bluenose
n.
• A nickname for a Nova Scotian.
Bluepoll
n.
(Zool.) A kind of salmon (Salmo Cambricus) found in Wales.
Bluestocking
n.
• A literary lady; a female pedant.
(Zool.) The American avocet (Recurvirostra Americana).
Bluestockingism
n.
• The character or manner of a bluestocking; female pedantry.
Bluestone
n.
• Blue vitriol.
• A grayish blue building stone, as that commonly used in the eastern United States.
Bluethroat
n.
(Zool.) A singing bird of northern Europe and Asia (Cyanecula Suecica), related to the nightingales; — called also blue-throated robin and blue-throated warbler.
Bluets
n.
(Bot.) A name given to several different species of plants having blue flowers, as the Houstonia coerulea, the Centaurea cyanus or bluebottle, and the Vaccinium angustifolium.
Bluewing
n.
(Zool.) The blue-winged teal.
Bluey
• ,a.Bluish.
Bluff
a.
• Having a broad, flattened front; as, the bluff bows of a ship.
• Rising steeply with a flat or rounded front.
• Surly; churlish; gruff; rough.
• Abrupt; roughly frank; unceremonious; blunt; brusque; as, a bluff answer; a bluff manner of talking; a bluff sea captain.
n.
• A high, steep bank, as by a river or the sea, or beside a ravine or plain; a cliff with a broad face.
• An act of bluffing; an expression of self-confidence for the purpose of intimidation; braggadocio; as, that is only bluff, or a bluff.
• A game at cards; poker.
v. t.
(Poker) To deter (an opponent) from taking the risk of betting on his hand of cards, as the bluffer does by betting heavily on his own hand although it may be of less value.
• To frighten or deter from accomplishing a purpose by making a show of confidence in one's strength or resources; as, he bluffed me off.
v. i.
• To act as in the game of bluff.
Bluffer
n.
• One who bluffs.
Bluffness
n.
• The quality or state of being bluff.
Bluffy
a.
• Having bluffs, or bold, steep banks.
• Inclined to bo bluff; brusque.
Bluing
n.
• The act of rendering blue; as, the bluing of steel.
• Something to give a bluish tint, as indigo, or preparations used by washerwomen.
Bluish
a.
• Somewhat blue; as, bluish veins.
Blunder
v. i.
• To make a gross error or mistake; as, to blunder in writing or preparing a medical prescription.
• To move in an awkward, clumsy manner; to flounder and stumble.
v. t.
• To cause to blunder.
• To do or treat in a blundering manner; to confuse.
n.
• Confusion; disturbance.
• A gross error or mistake, resulting from carelessness, stupidity, or culpable ignorance.
Blunderbuss
n.
• A short gun or firearm, with a large bore, capable of holding a number of balls, and intended to do execution without exact aim.
• A stupid, blundering fellow.
Blunderer
n.
• One who is apt to blunder.
Blunderhead
n.
• A stupid, blundering fellow.
Blundering
a.
• Characterized by blunders.
Blunderingly
adv.
• In a blundering manner.
Blunge
v. t.
• To amalgamate and blend; to beat up or mix in water, as clay.
Blunger
n.
• A wooden blade with a cross handle, used for miing the clay in potteries; a plunger.
Blunging
n.
• The process of mixing clay in potteries with a blunger.
Blunt
a.
• Having a thick edge or point, as an instrument; dull; not sharp.
• Dull in understanding; slow of discernment; stupid; — opposed to acute.
• Abrupt in address; plain; unceremonious; wanting the forms of civility; rough in manners or speech.
• Hard to impress or penetrate.
v. t.
• To dull the edge or point of, by making it thicker; to make blunt.
• To repress or weaken, as any appetite, desire, or power of the mind; to impair the force, keenness, or susceptibility, of; as, to blunt the feelings.
n.
• A fencer's foil.
• A short needle with a strong point.
• Money.
Bluntish
a.
• Somewhat blunt.
Bluntly
adv.
• In a blunt manner; coarsely; plainly; abruptly; without delicacy, or the usual forms of civility.
Bluntness
n.
• Want of edge or point; dullness; obtuseness; want of sharpness.
• A bruptness of address; rude plainness.
Blur
v. t.
• To render obscure by making the form or outline of confused and uncertain, as by soiling; to smear; to make indistinct and confused; as, to blur manuscript by handling it while damp; to blur the impression of a woodcut by an excess of ink.
• To cause imperfection of vision in; to dim; to darken.
• To sully; to stain; to blemish, as reputation.
n.
• That which obscures without effacing; a stain; a blot, as upon paper or other substance.
• A dim, confused appearance; indistinctness of vision; as, to see things with a blur; it was all blur.
• A moral stain or blot.
Blurry
a.
• Full of blurs; blurred.
Blurt
v. t.
• To utter suddenly and unadvisedly; to divulge inconsiderately; to ejaculate; — commonly with out.
Blush
v. i.
• To become suffused with red in the cheeks, as from a sense of shame, modesty, or confusion; to become red from such cause, as the cheeks or face.
• To grow red; to have a red or rosy color.
• To have a warm and delicate color, as some roses and other flowers.
v. t.
• To suffuse with a blush; to redden; to make roseate.
• To express or make known by blushing.
n.
• A suffusion of the cheeks or face with red, as from a sense of shame, confusion, or modesty.
• A red or reddish color; a rosy tint.
Blusher
n.
• One that blushes.
Blushet
n.
• A modest girl.
Blushful
a.
• Full of blushes.
Blushing
a.
• Showing blushes; rosy red; having a warm and delicate color like some roses and other flowers; blooming; ruddy; roseate.
n.
• The act of turning red; the appearance of a reddish color or flush upon the cheeks.
Blushingly
adv.
• In a blushing manner; with a blush or blushes; as, to answer or confess blushingly.
Blushless
a.
• Free from blushes; incapable of blushing; shameless; impudent.
Blushy
a.
• Like a blush; having the color of a blush; rosy.
Bluster
v. i.
• To blow fitfully with violence and noise, as wind; to be windy and boisterous, as the weather.
• To talk with noisy violence; to swagger, as a turbulent or boasting person; to act in a noisy, tumultuous way; to play the bully; to storm; to rage.
v. t.
• To utter, or do, with noisy violence; to force by blustering; to bully.
n.
• Fitful noise and violence, as of a storm; violent winds; boisterousness.
• Noisy and violent or threatening talk; noisy and boastful language.
Blusterer
n.
• One who, or that which, blusters; a noisy swaggerer.
Blustering
a.
• Exhibiting noisy violence, as the wind; stormy; tumultuous.
• Uttering noisy threats; noisy and swaggering; boisterous.
Blusteringly
adv.
• In a blustering manner.
Blusterous
a.
• Inclined to bluster; given to blustering; blustering.
Blustrous
a.
• Blusterous.
Bo
interj.
• An exclamation used to startle or frighten.
Boa
n.
(Zool.) A genus of large American serpents, including the boa constrictor, the emperor boa of Mexico (B. imperator), and the chevalier boa of Peru (B. eques).
• A long, round fur tippet; — so called from its resemblance in shape to the boa constrictor.
Boanerges
• Any declamatory and vociferous preacher or orator.
Boar
n.
(Zool.) The uncastrated male of swine; specifically, the wild hog.
Board
n.
• A piece of timber sawed thin, and of considerable length and breadth as compared with the thickness, — used for building, etc.
• A table to put food upon.
• Hence: What is served on a table as food; stated meals; provision; entertainment; — usually as furnished for pay; as, to work for one's board; the price of board.
• A table at which a council or court is held. Hence: A council, convened for business, or any authorized assembly or meeting, public or private; a number of persons appointed or elected to sit in council for the management or direction of some public or private business or trust; as, the Board of Admiralty; a board of trade; a board of directors, trustees, commissioners, etc.
• A square or oblong piece of thin wood or other material used for some special purpose, as, a molding board; a board or surface painted or arranged for a game; as, a chessboard; a backgammon board.
• Paper made thick and stiff like a board, for book covers, etc.; pasteboard; as, to bind a book in boards.
• The stage in a theater; as, to go upon the boards, to enter upon the theatrical profession.
• The border or side of anything.
(Naut.) The side of a ship.
• The stretch which a ship makes in one tack.
v. t.
• To cover with boards or boarding; as, to board a house.
• To go on board of, or enter, as a ship, whether in a hostile or a friendly way.
• To enter, as a railway car.
• To furnish with regular meals, or with meals and lodgings, for compensation; to supply with daily meals.
• To place at board, for compensation; as, to board one's horse at a livery stable.
v. i.
• To obtain meals, or meals and lodgings, statedly for compensation; as, he boards at the hotel.
v. t.
• To approach; to accost; to address; hence, to woo.
Boardable
a.
• That can be boarded, as a ship.
Boarder
n.
• One who has food statedly at another's table, or meals and lodgings in his house, for pay, or compensation of any kind.
(Naut.) One who boards a ship; one selected to board an enemy's ship.
Boarding
n.
(Naut.) The act of entering a ship, whether with a hostile or a friendly purpose.
• The act of covering with boards; also, boards, collectively; or a covering made of boards.
• The act of supplying, or the state of being supplied, with regular or specified meals, or with meals and lodgings, for pay.
Boarfish
n.
(Zool.) A Mediterranean fish (Capros aper), of the family Caproidae; — so called from the resemblance of the extended lips to a hog's snout.
• An Australian percoid fish (Histiopterus recurvirostris), valued as a food fish.
Boarish
a.
• Swinish; brutal; cruel.
Boast
v. i.
• To vaunt one's self; to brag; to say or tell things which are intended to give others a high opinion of one's self or of things belonging to one's self; as, to boast of one's exploits courage, descent, wealth.
• To speak in exulting language of another; to glory; to exult.
v. t.
• To display in ostentatious language; to speak of with pride, vanity, or exultation, with a view to self-commendation; to extol.
• To display vaingloriously.
• To possess or have; as, to boast a name.
v. t.
(Masonry) To dress, as a stone, with a broad chisel.
(Sculp.) To shape roughly as a preparation for the finer work to follow; to cut to the general form required.
n.
• Act of boasting; vaunting or bragging.
• The cause of boasting; occasion of pride or exultation, — sometimes of laudable pride or exultation.
Boastance
n.
• Boasting.
Boaster
n.
• One who boasts; a braggart.
n.
• A stone mason's broad-faced chisel.
Boastful
a.
• Given to, or full of, boasting; inclined to boast; vaunting; vainglorious; self-praising.
Boasting
n.
• The act of glorying or vaunting; vainglorious speaking; ostentatious display.
Boastingly
adv.
• Boastfully; with boasting.
Boastive
a.
• Presumptuous.
Boastless
a.
• Without boasting or ostentation.
Boat
n.
• A small open vessel, or water craft, usually moved by cars or paddles, but often by a sail.
• Hence, any vessel; usually with some epithet descriptive of its use or mode of propulsion; as, pilot boat, packet boat, passage boat, advice boat, etc. The term is sometimes applied to steam vessels, even of the largest class; as, the Cunard boats.
• A vehicle, utensil, or dish, somewhat resembling a boat in shape; as, a stone boat; a gravy boat.
v. t.
• To transport in a boat; as, to boat goods.
• To place in a boat; as, to boat oars.
v. i.
• To go or row in a boat.
Boatable
a.
• Such as can be transported in a boat.
• Navigable for boats, or small river craft.
Boatage
n.
• Conveyance by boat; also, a charge for such conveyance.
Boatbill
n.
(Zool.) A wading bird (Cancroma cochlearia) of the tropical parts of South America. Its bill is somewhat like a boat with the keel uppermost.
• A perching bird of India, of the genus Eurylaimus.
Boatful
n.
• The quantity or amount that fills a boat.
Boathouse
n.
• A house for sheltering boats.
Boating
n.
• The act or practice of rowing or sailing, esp. as an amusement; carriage in boats.
• In Persia, a punishment of capital offenders, by laying them on the back in a covered boat, where they are left to perish.
Boation
n.
• A crying out; a roaring; a bellowing; reverberation.
Boatman
n.
• A man who manages a boat; a rower of a boat.
(Zool.) A boat bug.
Boatmanship
n.
• The art of managing a boat.
Boatsman
n.
• A boatman.
Boatswain
n.
(Naut.) An officer who has charge of the boats, sails, rigging, colors, anchors, cables, cordage, etc., of a ship, and who also summons the crew, and performs other duties.
(Zool.) The jager gull.
• The tropic bird.
Boatwoman
n.
• A woman who manages a boat.
Bob
n.
• Anything that hangs so as to play loosely, or with a short abrupt motion, as at the end of a string; a pendant; as, the bob at the end of a kite's tail.
• A knot of worms, or of rags, on a string, used in angling, as for eels; formerly, a worm suitable for bait.
• A small piece of cork or light wood attached to a fishing line to show when a fish is biting; a float.
• The ball or heavy part of a pendulum; also, the ball or weight at the end of a plumb line.
• A small wheel, made of leather, with rounded edges, used in polishing spoons, etc.
• A short, jerking motion; act of bobbing; as, a bob of the head.
(Steam Engine) A working beam.
• A knot or short curl of hair; also, a bob wig.
• A peculiar mode of ringing changes on bells.
• The refrain of a song.
• A blow; a shake or jog; a rap, as with the fist.
• A jeer or flout; a sharp jest or taunt; a trick.
• A shilling.
v. t.
• To cause to move in a short, jerking manner; to move (a thing) with a bob.
• To strike with a quick, light blow; to tap.
• To cheat; to gain by fraud or cheating; to filch.
• To mock or delude; to cheat.
• To cut short; as, to bob the hair, or a horse's tail.
v. i.
• To have a short, jerking motion; to play to and fro, or up and down; to play loosely against anything.
• To angle with a bob.
Bobac
n.
(Zool.) The Poland marmot (Arctomys bobac).
Bobance
n.
• A boasting.
Bobber
n.
• One who, or that which, bobs.
Bobbery
n.
• A squabble; a tumult; a noisy disturbance; as, to raise a bobbery.
Bobbin
n.
• A small pin, or cylinder, formerly of bone, now most commonly of wood, used in the making of pillow lace. Each thread is wound on a separate bobbin which hangs down holding the thread at a slight tension.
• A spool or reel of various material and construction, with a head at one or both ends, and sometimes with a hole bored through its length by which it may be placed on a spindle or pivot. It is used to hold yarn or thread, as in spinning or warping machines, looms, sewing machines, etc.
• The little rounded piece of wood, at the end of a latch string, which is pulled to raise the latch.
(Haberdashery) A fine cord or narrow braid.
(Elec.) A cylindrical or spool-shaped coil or insulated wire, usually containing a core of soft iron which becomes magnetic when the wire is traversed by an electrical current.
Bobbinet
n.
• A kind of cotton lace which is wrought by machines, and not by hand./def> <
Bobbinwork
n.
• Work woven with bobbins.
Bobbish
a.
• Hearty; in good spirits.
Bobby
n.
• A nickname for a policeman; — from Sir Robert Peel, who remodeled the police force.
Bobfly
n.
(Fishing) The fly at the end of the leader; an end fly.
Bobolink
n.
(Zool.) An American singing bird (Dolichonyx oryzivorus). The male is black and white; the female is brown; — called also, ricebird, reedbird, and Boblincoln.
Bobstay
n.
(Naut.) A rope or chain to confine the bowsprit of a ship downward to the stem or cutwater; — usually in the pl.
Bobtail
n.
• An animal (as a horse or dog) with a short tail.
a.
• Bobtailed.
Bobtailed
a.
• Having the tail cut short, or naturally short; curtailed; as, a bobtailed horse or dog; a bobtailed coat.
Bobwhite
n.
(Zool.) The common qua of North America (Colinus, or Ortyx, Virginianus); — so called from its note.
Bocal
n.
• A cylindrical glass vessel, with a large and short neck.
Bocardo
n.
(Logic) A form of syllogism of which the first and third propositions are particular negatives, and the middle term a universal affirmative.
• A prison; — originally the name of the old north gate in Oxford, which was used as a prison.
Bocasine
n.
• A sort of fine buckram.
Bocca
n.
• The round hole in the furnace of a glass manufactory through which the fused glass is taken out.
Boce
n.
(Zool.) A European fish (Box vulgaris), having a compressed body and bright colors; — called also box, and bogue.
Bockelet
n.
(Zool.) A kind of long-winged hawk; — called also bockerel, and bockeret.
Bockey
n.
• A bowl or vessel made from a gourd.
Bocking
n.
• A coarse woolen fabric, used for floor cloths, to cover carpets, etc.; — so called from the town of Bocking, in England, where it was first made.
Bode
v. t.
• To indicate by signs, as future events; to be the omen of; to portend to presage; to foreshow.
v. i.
• To foreshow something; to augur.
n.
• An omen; a foreshadowing.
• A bid; an offer.
n.
• A messenger; a herald.
n.
• A stop; a halting; delay.
imp. & p. p.
• Abode.
p. p.
• of Bid. Bid or bidden.
Bodeful
a.
• Portentous; ominous.
Bodement
n.
• An omen; a prognostic.
Bodge
n.
• A botch; a patch.
v. t.
• To botch; to mend clumsily; to patch.
Bodian
n.
(Zool.) A large food fish (Diagramma lineatum), native of the East Indies.
Bodice
n.
• A kind of under waist stiffened with whalebone, etc., worn esp. by women; a corset; stays.
• A close-fitting outer waist or vest forming the upper part of a woman's dress, or a portion of it.
Bodiced
a.
• Wearing a bodice.
Bodied
a.
• Having a body; — usually in composition; as, able-bodied.
Bodiless
a.
• Having no body.
• Without material form; incorporeal.
Bodiliness
n.
• Corporeality.
Bodily
a.
• Having a body or material form; physical; corporeal; consisting of matter.
• Of or pertaining to the body, in distinction from the mind.
• Real; actual; put in execution.
adv.
• Corporeally; in bodily form; united with a body or matter; in the body.
• In respect to, or so as to affect, the entire body or mass; entirely; all at once; completely; as, to carry away bodily. "Leapt bodily below."
Boding
a.
• Foreshowing; presaging; ominous.
n.
• A prognostic; an omen; a foreboding.
Bodkin
n.
• A dagger.
(Needlework) An implement of steel, bone, ivory, etc., with a sharp point, for making holes by piercing; a tiletto; an eyeleteer.
(Print.) A sharp tool, like an awl, used for picking ut letters from a column or page in making corrections.
• A kind of needle with a large eye and a blunt point, for drawing tape, ribbon, etc., through a loop or a hem; a tape needle.
• A kind of pin used by women to fasten the hair.
Bodle
n.
• A small Scotch coin worth about one sixth of an English penny.
Bodleian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Sir Thomas Bodley, or to the celebrated library at Oxford, founded by him in the sixteenth century.
Bodock
n.
• The Osage orange.
Bodrage
n.
• A raid.
Body
n.
• The material organized substance of an animal, whether living or dead, as distinguished from the spirit, or vital principle; the physical person.
• The trunk, or main part, of a person or animal, as distinguished from the limbs and head; the main, central, or principal part, as of a tree, army, country, etc.
• The real, as opposed to the symbolical; the substance, as opposed to the shadow.
• A person; a human being; — frequently in composition; as, anybody, nobody.
• A number of individuals spoken of collectively, usually as united by some common tie, or as organized for some purpose; a collective whole or totality; a corporation; as, a legislative body; a clerical body.
• A number of things or particulars embodied in a system; a general collection; as, a great body of facts; a body of laws or of divinity.
• Any mass or portion of matter; any substance distinct from others; as, a metallic body; a moving body; an aeriform body.
• Amount; quantity; extent.
• That part of a garment covering the body, as distinguished from the parts covering the limbs.
• The bed or box of a vehicle, on or in which the load is placed; as, a wagon body; a cart body.
(Print.) The shank of a type, or the depth of the shank (by which the size is indicated); as, a nonpareil face on an agate body.
(Geom.) A figure that has length, breadth, and thickness; any solid figure.
• Consistency; thickness; substance; strength; as, this color has body; wine of a good body.
v. t.
• To furnish with, or as with, a body; to produce in definite shape; to embody.
Bodyguard
n.
• A guard to protect or defend the person; a lifeguard.
• Retinue; attendance; following.
Boeotian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Boeotia; hence, stupid; dull; obtuse.
n.
• A native of Boeotia; also, one who is dull and ignorant.
Boer
n.
• A colonist or farmer in South Africa of Dutch descent.
Boes
3d sing. pr.
• Behoves or behooves.
Bog
n.
• A quagmire filled with decayed moss and other vegetable matter; wet spongy ground where a heavy body is apt to sink; a marsh; a morass.
• A little elevated spot or clump of earth, roots, and grass, in a marsh or swamp.
v. t.
• To sink, as into a bog; to submerge in a bog; to cause to sink and stick, as in mud and mire.
Bogberry
n.
(Bot.) The small cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus), which grows in boggy places.
Bogey
n.
• A goblin; a bugbear.
Boggard
n.
• A bogey.
Boggle
v. i.
• To stop or hesitate as if suddenly frightened, or in doubt, or impeded by unforeseen difficulties; to take alarm; to exhibit hesitancy and indecision.
• To do anything awkwardly or unskillfully.
• To play fast and loose; to dissemble.
v. t.
• To embarrass with difficulties; to make a bungle or botch of.
Boggler
n.
• One who boggles.
Bogglish
a.
• Doubtful; skittish.
Boggy
a.
• Consisting of, or containing, a bog or bogs; of the nature of a bog; swampy; as, boggy land.
Bogie
n.
• A four-wheeled truck, having a certain amount of play around a vertical axis, used to support in part a locomotive on a railway track.
Bogle
n.
• A goblin; a specter; a frightful phantom; a bogy; a bugbear.
Bogsucker
n.
(Zool.) The American woodcock; — so called from its feeding among the bogs.
Bogtrotter
n.
• One who lives in a boggy country; — applied in derision to the lowest class of Irish.
Bogtrotting
a.
• Living among bogs.
Bogue
v. i.
(Naut.) To fall off from the wind; to edge away to leeward; — said only of inferior craft.
n.
(Zool.) The boce; — called also bogue bream.
Bogus
a.
• Spurious; fictitious; sham; — a cant term originally applied to counterfeit coin, and hence denoting anything counterfeit.
n.
• A liquor made of rum and molasses.
Bogwood
n.
• The wood of trees, esp. of oaks, dug up from peat bogs. It is of a shining black or ebony color, and is largely used for making ornaments.
Bogy
n.
• A specter; a hobgoblin; a bugbear.
Bohea
n.
• Bohea tea, an inferior kind of black tea.
Bohemia
n.
• A country of central Europe.
• Fig.: The region or community of social Bohemians.
Bohemian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Bohemia, or to the language of its ancient inhabitants or their descendants.
• Of or pertaining to a social gypsy or "Bohemian" (see Bohemian, n., 3); vagabond; unconventional; free and easy.
n.
• A native of Bohemia.
• The language of the Czechs (the ancient inhabitants of Bohemia), the richest and most developed of the dialects of the Slavic family.
• A restless vagabond; — originally, an idle stroller or gypsy (as in France) thought to have come from Bohemia; in later times often applied to an adventurer in art or literature, of irregular, unconventional habits, questionable tastes, or free morals.
Bohemianism
n.
• The characteristic conduct or methods of a Bohemian.
Boil
v. i.
• To be agitated, or tumultuously moved, as a liquid by the generation and rising of bubbles of steam (or vapor), or of currents produced by heating it to the boiling point; to be in a state of ebullition; as, the water boils.
• To be agitated like boiling water, by any other cause than heat; to bubble; to effervesce; as, the boiling waves.
• To pass from a liquid to an aeriform state or vapor when heated; as, the water boils away.
• To be moved or excited with passion; to be hot or fervid; as, his blood boils with anger.
• To be in boiling water, as in cooking; as, the potatoes are boiling.
v. t.
• To heat to the boiling point, or so as to cause ebullition; as, to boil water.
• To form, or separate, by boiling or evaporation; as, to boil sugar or salt.
• To subject to the action of heat in a boiling liquid so as to produce some specific effect, as cooking, cleansing, etc.; as, to boil meat; to boil clothes.
• To steep or soak in warm water.
n.
• Act or state of boiling.
n.
• A hard, painful, inflamed tumor, which, on suppuration, discharges pus, mixed with blood, and discloses a small fibrous mass of dead tissue, called the core.
Boiled
a.
• Dressed or cooked by boiling; subjected to the action of a boiling liquid; as, boiled meat; a boiled dinner; boiled clothes.
Boiler
n.
• One who boils.
• A vessel in which any thing is boiled.
(Mech.) A strong metallic vessel, usually of wrought iron plates riveted together, or a composite structure variously formed, in which steam is generated for driving engines, or for heating, cooking, or other purposes.
Boilery
n.
• A place and apparatus for boiling, as for evaporating brine in salt making.
Boiling
a.
• Heated to the point of bubbling; heaving with bubbles; in tumultuous agitation, as boiling liquid; surging; seething; swelling with heat, ardor, or passion.
n.
• The act of ebullition or of tumultuous agitation.
• Exposure to the action of a hot liquid.
Boilingly
adv.
• With boiling or ebullition.
Boist
n.
• A box.
Boisterous
a.
• Rough or rude; unbending; unyielding; strong; powerful.
• Exhibiting tumultuous violence and fury; acting with noisy turbulence; violent; rough; stormy.
• Noisy; rough; turbulent; as, boisterous mirth; boisterous behavior.
• Vehement; excessive.
Boisterously
adv.
• In a boisterous manner.
Boisterousness
n.
• The state or quality of being boisterous; turbulence; disorder; tumultuousness.
Boistous
a.
• Rough or rude; coarse; strong; violent; boisterous; noisy.
Boke
v. t. & i.
• To poke; to thrust.
Bolar
a.
• Of or pertaining to bole or clay; partaking of the nature and qualities of bole; clayey.
Bolas
n. sing. & pl.
• A kind of missile weapon consisting of one, two, or more balls of stone, iron, or other material, attached to the ends of a leather cord; — used by the Gauchos of South America, and others, for hurling at and entangling an animal.
Bold
a.
• Forward to meet danger; venturesome; daring; not timorous or shrinking from risk; brave; courageous.
• Exhibiting or requiring spirit and contempt of danger; planned with courage; daring; vigorous.
• In a bad sense, too forward; taking undue liberties; over assuming or confident; lacking proper modesty or restraint; rude; impudent.
• Somewhat overstepping usual bounds, or conventional rules, as in art, literature, etc.; taking liberties in o composition or expression; as, the figures of an author are bold.
• Standing prominently out to view; markedly conspicuous; striking the eye; in high relief.
• Steep; abrupt; prominent.
v. t.
• To make bold or daring.
v. i.
• To be or become bold.
Bolden
v. t.
• To make bold; to encourage; to embolden.
Boldly
adv.
• In a bold manner.
Boldness
n.
• The state or quality of being bold.
Bole
n.
• The trunk or stem of a tree, or that which is like it.
n.
• An aperture, with a wooden shutter, in the wall of a house, for giving, occasionally, air or light; also, a small closet.
n.
• A measure.
n.
• Any one of several varieties of friable earthy clay, usually colored more or less strongly red by oxide of iron, and used to color and adulterate various substances. It was formerly used in medicine. It is composed essentially of hydrous silicates of alumina, or more rarely of magnesia.
• A bolus; a dose.
Bolection
n.
(Arch.) A projecting molding round a panel. Same as Bilection.
Bolero
n.
(Mus.) A Spanish dance, or the lively music which accompanies it.
Boletic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the Boletus.
Boletus
n.
(Bot.) A genus of fungi having the under side of the pileus or cap composed of a multitude of fine separate tubes. A few are edible, and others very poisonous.
Bolide
n.
• A kind of meteor; a bolis.
Bolis
n.
• A meteor or brilliant shooting star, followed by a train of light or sparks; esp. one which explodes.
Bolivian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Bolivia.
n.
• A native of Bolivia.
Boll
n.
• The pod or capsule of a plant, as of flax or cotton; a pericarp of a globular form.
• A Scotch measure, formerly in use: for wheat and beans it contained four Winchester bushels; for oats, barley, and potatoes, six bushels. A boll of meal is 140 lbs. avoirdupois. Also, a measure for salt of two bushels.
v. i.
• To form a boll or seed vessel; to go to seed.
Bollandists
n. pl.
• The Jesuit editors of the "Acta Sanctorum", or Lives of the Saints; — named from John Bolland, who began the work.
Bollard
n.
• An upright wooden or iron post in a boat or on a dock, used in veering or fastening ropes.
Bolling
n.
• A tree from which the branches have been cut; a pollard.
Bollworm
n.
(Zool.) The larva of a moth (Heliothis armigera) which devours the bolls or unripe pods of the cotton plant, often doing great damage to the crops.
Boln
v. i.
• To swell; to puff.
Bologna
n.
• A city of Italy which has given its name to various objects.
• A Bologna sausage.
Bolognese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Bologna.
n.
• A native of Bologna.
Bolognian
a. & n.
• Bolognese.
Bolometer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for measuring minute quantities of radiant heat, especially in different parts of the spectrum; — called also actinic balance, thermic balance.
Bolster
n.
• A long pillow or cushion, used to support the head of a person lying on a bed; — generally laid under the pillows.
• A pad, quilt, or anything used to hinder pressure, support any part of the body, or make a bandage sit easy upon a wounded part; a compress.
• Anything arranged to act as a support, as in various forms of mechanism, etc.
(Saddlery) A cushioned or a piece part of a saddle.
(Naut.) A cushioned or a piece of soft wood covered with tarred canvas, placed on the trestletrees and against the mast, for the collars of the shrouds to rest on, to prevent chafing.
• Anything used to prevent chafing.
• A plate of iron or a mass of wood under the end of a bridge girder, to keep the girder from resting directly on the abutment.
• A transverse bar above the axle of a wagon, on which the bed or body rests.
• The crossbeam forming the bearing piece of the body of a railway car; the central and principal cross beam of a car truck.
(Mech.) the perforated plate in a punching machine on which anything rests when being punched.
(Cutlery) That part of a knife blade which abuts upon the end of the handle.
• The metallic end of a pocketknife handle.
(Arch.) The rolls forming the ends or sides of the Ionic capital.
(Mil.) A block of wood on the carriage of a siege gun, upon which the breech of the gun rests when arranged for transportation.
v. t.
• To support with a bolster or pillow.
• To support, hold up, or maintain with difficulty or unusual effort; — often with up.
Bolstered
a.
• Supported; upheld.
• Swelled out.
Bolsterer
n.
• A supporter.
Bolt
n.
• A shaft or missile intended to be shot from a crossbow or catapult, esp. a short, stout, blunt-headed arrow; a quarrel; an arrow, or that which resembles an arrow; a dart.
• Lightning; a thunderbolt.
• A strong pin, of iron or other material, used to fasten or hold something in place, often having a head at one end and screw thread cut upon the other end.
• A sliding catch, or fastening, as for a door or gate; the portion of a lock which is shot or withdrawn by the action of the key.
• An iron to fasten the legs of a prisoner; a shackle; a fetter.
• A compact package or roll of cloth, as of canvas or silk, often containing about forty yards.
• A bundle, as of oziers.
v. t.
• To shoot; to discharge or drive forth.
• To utter precipitately; to blurt or throw out.
• To swallow without chewing; as, to bolt food.
(U. S. Politics) To refuse to support, as a nomination made by a party to which one has belonged or by a caucus in which one has taken part.
(Sporting) To cause to start or spring forth; to dislodge, as conies, rabbits, etc.
• To fasten or secure with, or as with, a bolt or bolts, as a door, a timber, fetters; to shackle; to restrain.
v. i.
• To start forth like a bolt or arrow; to spring abruptly; to come or go suddenly; to dart; as, to bolt out of the room.
• To strike or fall suddenly like a bolt.
• To spring suddenly aside, or out of the regular path; as, the horse bolted.
(U.S. Politics) To refuse to support a nomination made by a party or a caucus with which one has been connected; to break away from a party.
adv.
• In the manner of a bolt; suddenly; straight; unbendingly.
n.
• A sudden spring or start; a sudden spring aside; as, the horse made a bolt.
• A sudden flight, as to escape creditors.
(U. S. Politics) A refusal to support a nomination made by the party with which one has been connected; a breaking away from one's party.
v. t.
• To sift or separate the coarser from the finer particles of, as bran from flour, by means of a bolter; to separate, assort, refine, or purify by other means.
• To separate, as if by sifting or bolting; — with out.
(Law) To discuss or argue privately, and for practice, as cases at law.
n.
• A sieve, esp. a long fine sieve used in milling for bolting flour and meal; a bolter.
Bolter
n.
• One who bolts; esp.: (a) A horse which starts suddenly aside. (b) A man who breaks away from his party.
n.
• One who sifts flour or meal.
• An instrument or machine for separating bran from flour, or the coarser part of meal from the finer; a sieve.
n.
• A kind of fishing line.
Bolthead
n.
(Chem.) A long, straightnecked, glass vessel for chemical distillations; — called also a matrass or receiver.
• The head of a bolt.
Bolting
n.
• A darting away; a starting off or aside.
n.
• A sifting, as of flour or meal.
(Law) A private arguing of cases for practice by students, as in the Inns of Court.
Boltonite
n.
(Min.) A granular mineral of a grayish or yellowish color, found in Bolton, Massachusetts. It is a silicate of magnesium, belonging to the chrysolite family.
Boltrope
n.
(Naut.) A rope stitched to the edges of a sail to strengthen the sail.
Bolty
n.
(Zool.) An edible fish of the Nile (genus Chromis).
Bolus
n.
• A rounded mass of anything, esp. a large pill.
Bom
n.
(Zool.) A large American serpent, so called from the sound it makes.
Bomb
n.
• A great noise; a hollow sound.
(Mil.) A shell; esp. a spherical shell, like those fired from mortars.
• A bomb ketch.
v. t.
• To bombard.
v. i.
• To sound; to boom; to make a humming or buzzing sound.
Bombace
n.
• Cotton; padding.
Bombard
n.
(Gun.) A piece of heavy ordnance formerly used for throwing stones and other ponderous missiles. It was the earliest kind of cannon.
• A bombardment.
• A large drinking vessel or can, or a leather bottle, for carrying liquor or beer.
• Padded breeches.
v. t.
• To attack with bombards or with artillery; especially, to throw shells, hot shot, etc., at or into.
Bombardier
n.
(Mil.) One who used or managed a bombard; an artilleryman; a gunner.
• A noncommissioned officer in the British artillery.
Bombardman
n.
• One who carried liquor or beer in a can or bombard.
Bombardment
n.
• An attack upon a fortress or fortified town, with shells, hot shot, rockets, etc.; the act of throwing bombs and shot into a town or fortified place.
Bombasine
n.
• Same as Bombazine.
Bombast
n.
• Originally, cotton, or cotton wool.
• Cotton, or any soft, fibrous material, used as stuffing for garments; stuffing; padding.
• Fig.: High-sounding words; an inflated style; language above the dignity of the occasion; fustian.
a.
• High-sounding; inflated; big without meaning; magniloquent; bombastic.
v. t.
• To swell or fill out; to pad; to inflate.
Bombastry
n.
• Swelling words without much meaning; bombastic language; fustian.
Bombax
n.
(Bot.) A genus of trees, called also the silkcotton tree; also, a tree of the genus Bombax.
Bombazine
n.
• A twilled fabric for dresses, of which the warp is silk, and the weft worsted. Black bombazine has been much used for mourning garments.
Bombic
a.
• Pertaining to, or obtained from, the silkworm; as, bombic acid.
Bombilate
v. i.
• To hum; to buzz.
Bombilation
n.
• A humming sound; a booming.
Bombinate
v. i.
• To hum; to boom.
Bombination
n.
• A humming or buzzing.
Bombolo
n.
• A thin spheroidal glass retort or flask, used in the sublimation of camphor.
Bombproof
a.
• Secure against the explosive force of bombs.
n.
• A structure which heavy shot and shell will not penetrate.
Bombshell
n.
• A bomb.
Bombycid
a.
(Zool.) Like or pertaining to the genus Bombyx, or the family Bombycidae.
Bombycinous
a.
• Silken; made of silk.
• Being of the color of the silkworm; transparent with a yellow tint.
Bombylious
a.
• Buzzing, like a bumblebee; as, the bombylious noise of the horse fly.
Bombyx
n.
(Zool.) A genus of moths, which includes the silkworm moth.
Bon
a.
• Good; valid as security for something.
Bonair
a.
• Gentle; courteous; complaisant; yielding.
Bonanza
n.
• In mining, a rich mine or vein of silver or gold; hence, anything which is a mine of wealth or yields a large income.
Bonapartean
a.
• Of or pertaining to Napoleon Bonaparte or his family.
Bonapartism
n.
• The policy of Bonaparte or of the Bonapartes.
Bonapartist
n.
• One attached to the policy or family of Bonaparte, or of the Bonapartes.
Bonbon
n.
• Sugar confectionery; a sugarplum; hence, any dainty.
Bonce
n.
• A boy's game played with large marbles.
Bonchretien
n.
• A name given to several kinds of pears.
Boncilate
n.
• A substance composed of ground bone, mineral matters, etc., hardened by pressure, and used for making billiard balls, boxes, etc.
Bond
n.
• That which binds, ties, fastens,or confines, or by which anything is fastened or bound, as a cord, chain, etc.; a band; a ligament; a shackle or a manacle.
• The state of being bound; imprisonment; captivity, restraint.
• A binding force or influence; a cause of union; a uniting tie; as, the bonds of fellowship.
• Moral or political duty or obligation.
(Law) A writing under seal, by which a person binds himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, to pay a certain sum on or before a future day appointed. This is a single bond. But usually a condition is added, that, if the obligor shall do a certain act, appear at a certain place, conform to certain rules, faithfully perform certain duties, or pay a certain sum of money, on or before a time specified, the obligation shall be void; otherwise it shall remain in full force. If the condition is not performed, the bond becomes forfeited, and the obligor and his heirs are liable to the payment of the whole sum.
• An instrument (of the nature of the ordinary legal bond) made by a government or a corporation for purpose of borrowing money; as, a government, city, or railway bond.
• The state of goods placed in a bonded warehouse till the duties are paid; as, merchandise in bond.
(Arch.) The union or tie of the several stones or bricks forming a wall. The bricks may be arranged for this purpose in several different ways, as in English or block bond (Fig. 1), where one course consists of bricks with their ends toward the face of the wall, called headers, and the next course of bricks with their lengths parallel to the face of the wall, called stretchers; Flemish bond (Fig.2), where each course consists of headers and stretchers alternately, so laid as always to break joints; Cross bond, which differs from the English by the change of the second stretcher line so that its joints come in the middle of the first, and the same position of stretchers comes back every fifth line; Combined cross and English bond, where the inner part of the wall is laid in the one method, the outer in the other.
(Chem.) A unit of chemical attraction; as, oxygen has two bonds of affinity. It is often represented in graphic formulae by a short line or dash.
v. t.
• To place under the conditions of a bond; to mortgage; to secure the payment of the duties on (goods or merchandise) by giving a bond.
(Arch.) To dispose in building, as the materials of a wall, so as to secure solidity.
n.
• A xassal or serf; a slave.
a.
• In a state of servitude or slavery; captive.
Bondage
n.
• The state of being bound; condition of being under restraint; restraint of personal liberty by compulsion; involuntary servitude; slavery; captivity.
• Obligation; tie of duty.
(Old Eng. Law) Villenage; tenure of land on condition of doing the meanest services for the owner.
Bondager
n.
• A field worker, esp. a woman who works in the field.
Bondar
n.
(Zool.) A small quadruped of Bengal (Paradoxurus bondar), allied to the genet; — called also musk cat.
Bonded
a.
• Placed under, or covered by, a bond, as for the payment of duties, or for conformity to coertain regulations.
Bonder
n.
• One who places goods under bond or in a bonded warehouse.
(Masonry) A bonding stone or brick; a bondstone.
n.
• A freeholder on a small scale.
Bondholder
n.
• A person who holds the bonds of a public or private corporation for the payment of money at a certain time.
Bondmaid
n.
• A female slave, or one bound to service without wages, as distinguished from a hired servant.
Bondman
n.
• A man slave, or one bound to service without wages.
(Old Eng. Law) A villain, or tenant in villenage.
Bondslave
n.
• A person in a state of slavery; one whose person and liberty are subjected to the authority of a master.
Bondsman
n.
• A slave; a villain; a serf; a bondman.
(Law) A surety; one who is bound, or who gives security, for another.
Bondstone
n.
(Masonry) A stone running through a wall from one face to another, to bind it together; a binding stone.
Bondwoman
n.
• A woman who is a slave, or in bondage.
Bone
n.
(Anat.) The hard, calcified tissue of the skeleton of vertebrate animals, consisting very largely of calcic carbonate, calcic phosphate, and gelatine; as, blood and bone.
• One of the pieces or parts of an animal skeleton; as, a rib or a thigh bone; a bone of the arm or leg; also, any fragment of bony substance. (pl.) The frame or skeleton of the body.
• Anything made of bone, as a bobbin for weaving bone lace.
• Two or four pieces of bone held between the fingers and struck together to make a kind of music.
• Dice.
• Whalebone; hence, a piece of whalebone or of steel for a corset.
• Fig.: The framework of anything.
v. t.
• To withdraw bones from the flesh of, as in cookery.
• To put whalebone into; as, to bone stays.
• To fertilize with bone.
• To steal; to take possession of.
v. t.
• To sight along an object or set of objects, to see if it or they be level or in line, as in carpentry, masonry, and surveying.
Boneache
n.
• Pain in the bones.
Boned
a.
• Having (such) bones; — used in composition; as, big-boned; strong-boned.
• Deprived of bones; as, boned turkey or codfish.
• Manured with bone; as, boned land.
Bonedog
n.
(Zool.) The spiny dogfish.
Boneless
a.
• Without bones.
Boneset
n.
(Bot.) A medicinal plant, the thoroughwort (Eupatorium perfoliatum). Its properties are diaphoretic and tonic.
Bonesetter
n.
• One who sets broken or dislocated bones; — commonly applied to one, not a regular surgeon, who makes an occupation of setting bones.
Boneshaw
n.
(Med.) Sciatica.
Bonfire
n.
• A large fire built in the open air, as an expression of public joy and exultation, or for amusement.
Bongrace
n.
• A projecting bonnet or shade to protect the complexion; also, a wide-brimmed hat.
Boniface
n.
• An innkeeper.
Boniform
a.
• Sensitive or responsive to moral excellence.
Bonify
v. t.
• To convert into, or make, good.
Boniness
n.
• The condition or quality of being bony.
Boning
n.
• The clearing of bones from fish or meat.
• The manuring of land with bones.
• A method of leveling a line or surface by sighting along the tops of two or more straight edges, or a range of properly spaced poles.
Bonitary
a.
• Beneficial, as opposed to statutory or civil; as, bonitary dominion of land.
Bonito
n.
(Zool.) The skipjack (Sarda Mediterranea) of the Atlantic, an important and abundant food fish on the coast of the United States, and (S. Chilensis) of the Pacific, and other related species. They are large and active fishes, of a blue color with black oblique stripes.
• The medregal (Seriola fasciata), an edible fish of the southern of the United States and the West Indies.
• The cobia or crab eater (Elacate canada), an edible fish of the Middle and Southern United States.
Bonmot
n.
• A witty repartee; a jest.
Bonne
n.
(F., prop. good woman.) A female servant charged with the care of a young child.
Bonnet
n.
• A headdress for men and boys; a cap.
• A soft, elastic, very durable cap, made of thick, seamless woolen stuff, and worn by men in Scotland.
• A covering for the head, worn by women, usually protecting more or less the back and sides of the head, but no part of the forehead. The shape of the bonnet varies greatly at different times; formerly the front part projected, and spread outward, like the mouth of a funnel.
• Anything resembling a bonnet in shape or use
• Fort A small defense work at a salient angle; or a part of a parapet elevated to screen the other part from enfilade fire.
• A metallic canopy, or projection, over an opening, as a fireplace, or a cowl or hood to increase the draught of a chimney, etc.
• A frame of wire netting over a locomotive chimney, to prevent escape of sparks.
• A roofing over the cage of a mine, to protect its occupants from objects falling down the shaft.
• In pumps, a metal covering for the openings in the valve chambers.
(Naut.) An additional piece of canvas laced to the foot of a jib or foresail in moderate winds.
• The second stomach of a ruminating animal.
• An accomplice of a gambler, auctioneer, etc., who entices others to bet or to bid; a decoy.
v. i.
• To take off the bonnet or cap as a mark of respect; to uncover.
Bonneted
a.
• Wearing a bonnet.
(Fort.) Protected by a bonnet.
Bonnetless
a.
• Without a bonnet.
Bonnibel
n.
• A handsome girl.
Bonnilass
n.
• A "bonny lass"; a beautiful girl.
Bonnily
adv.
• Gayly; handsomely.
Bonniness
n.
• The quality of being bonny; gayety handsomeness.
Bonny
a.
• Handsome; beautiful; pretty; attractively lively and graceful.
• Gay; merry; frolicsome; cheerful; blithe.
n.
(Mining) A round and compact bed of ore, or a distinct bed, not communicating with a vein.
Bonnyclabber
n.
• Coagulated sour milk; loppered milk; curdled milk; — sometimes called simply clabber.
Bonspiel
n.
• A curing match between clubs.
Bontebok
n.
(Zool.) The pied antelope of South Africa (Alcelaphus pygarga). Its face and rump are white. Called also nunni.
Bonus
n.
(Law) A premium given for a loan, or for a charter or other privilege granted to a company; as the bank paid a bonus for its charter.
• An extra dividend to the shareholders of a joint stock company, out of accumulated profits.
• Money paid in addition to a stated compensation.
Bony
a.
• Consisting of bone, or of bones; full of bones; pertaining to bones.
• Having large or prominent bones.
Bonze
n.
• A Buddhist or Fohist priest, monk, or nun.
Booby
n.
• A dunce; a stupid fellow.
(Zool.) A swimming bird (Sula fiber or S. sula) related to the common gannet, and found in the West Indies, nesting on the bare rocks. It is so called on account of its apparent stupidity. The name is also sometimes applied to other species of gannets; as, S. piscator, the red-footed booby.
• A species of penguin of the antarctic seas.
a.
• Having the characteristics of a booby; stupid.
Boobyish
a.
• Stupid; dull.
Boodh
n.
• Same as Buddha.
Boodhism
n.
• Same as Buddhism.
Boodhist
n.
• Same as Buddhist.
Boodle
n.
• The whole collection or lot; caboodle.
• Money given in payment for votes or political influence; bribe money; swag.
Boohoe
v. i.
• To bawl; to cry loudly.
Boohoo
n.
(Zool.) The sailfish; — called also woohoo.
Book
n.
• A collection of sheets of paper, or similar material, blank, written, or printed, bound together; commonly, many folded and bound sheets containing continuous printing or writing.
• A composition, written or printed; a treatise.
• A part or subdivision of a treatise or literary work; as, the tenth book of "Paradise Lost."
• A volume or collection of sheets in which accounts are kept; a register of debts and credits, receipts and expenditures, etc.
• Six tricks taken by one side, in the game of whist; in certain other games, two or more corresponding cards, forming a set.
v. t.
• To enter, write, or register in a book or list.
• To enter the name of (any one) in a book for the purpose of securing a passage, conveyance, or seat; as, to be booked for Southampton; to book a seat in a theater.
• To mark out for; to destine or assign for; as, he is booked for the valedictory.
Bookbinder
n.
• One whose occupation is to bind books.
Bookbindery
n.
• A bookbinder's shop; a place or establishment for binding books.
Bookbinding
n.
• The art, process, or business of binding books.
Bookcase
n.
• A case with shelves for holding books, esp. one with glazed doors.
Bookcraft
n.
• Authorship; literary skill.
Booked
a.
• Registered.
• On the way; destined.
Booker
n.
• One who enters accounts or names, etc., in a book; a bookkeeper.
Bookful
n.
• As much as will fill a book; a book full.
a.
• Filled with book learning.
Bookholder
n.
• A prompter at a theater.
• A support for a book, holding it open, while one reads or copies from it.
Bookish
a.
• Given to reading; fond of study; better acquainted with books than with men; learned from books.
• Characterized by a method of expression generally found in books; formal; labored; pedantic; as, a bookish way of talking; bookish sentences.
Bookkeeper
n.
• One who keeps accounts; one who has the charge of keeping the books and accounts in an office.
Bookkeeping
n.
• The art of recording pecuniary or business transactions in a regular and systematic manner, so as to show their relation to each other, and the state of the business in which they occur; the art of keeping accounts. The books commonly used are a daybook, cashbook, journal, and ledger.
Bookless
a.
• Without books; unlearned.
Booklet
n.
• A little book.
Bookmaker
n.
• One who writes and publishes books; especially, one who gathers his materials from other books; a compiler.
(Horse Racing) A betting man who "makes a book."
Bookman
n.
• A studious man; a scholar.
Bookmark
n.
• Something placed in a book to guide in finding a particular page or passage; also, a label in a book to designate the owner; a bookplate.
Bookmate
n.
• A schoolfellow; an associate in study.
Bookmonger
n.
• A dealer in books.
Bookplate
n.
• A label, placed upon or in a book, showing its ownership or its position in a library.
Bookseller
n.
• One who sells books.
Bookselling
n.
• The employment of selling books.
Bookshelf
n.
• A shelf to hold books.
Bookshop
n.
• A bookseller's shop.
Bookstall
n.
• A stall or stand where books are sold.
Bookstand
n.
• A place or stand for the sale of books in the streets; a bookstall.
• A stand to hold books for reading or reference.
Bookstore
n.
• A store where books are kept for sale; — called in England a bookseller's shop.
Bookwork
n.
• Work done upon a book or books (as in a printing office), in distinction from newspaper or job work.
• Study; application to books.
Bookworm
n.
(Zool.) Any larva of a beetle or moth, which is injurious to books. Many species are known.
• A student closely attached to books or addicted to study; a reader without appreciation.
Booky
a.
• Bookish.
Booly
n.
• A company of Irish herdsmen, or a single herdsman, wandering from place to place with flocks and herds, and living on their milk, like the Tartars; also, a place in the mountain pastures inclosed for the shelter of cattle or their keepers.
Boom
n.
(Naut.) A long pole or spar, run out for the purpose of extending the bottom of a particular sail; as, the jib boom, the studding-sail boom, etc.
(Mech.) A long spar or beam, projecting from the mast of a derrick, from the outer end of which the body to be lifted is suspended.
• A pole with a conspicuous top, set up to mark the channel in a river or harbor.
(Mil. & Naval) A strong chain cable, or line of spars bound together, extended across a river or the mouth of a harbor, to obstruct navigation or passage.
(Lumbering) A line of connected floating timbers stretched across a river, or inclosing an area of water, to keep saw logs, etc., from floating away.
v. t.
(Naut.) To extend, or push, with a boom or pole; as, to boom out a sail; to boom off a boat.
v. i.
• To cry with a hollow note; to make a hollow sound, as the bittern, and some insects.
• To make a hollow sound, as of waves or cannon.
• To rush with violence and noise, as a ship under a press of sail, before a free wind.
• To have a rapid growth in market value or in popular favor; to go on rushingly.
n.
• A hollow roar, as of waves or cannon; also, the hollow cry of the bittern; a booming.
• A strong and extensive advance, with more or less noisy excitement; — applied colloquially or humorously to market prices, the demand for stocks or commodities and to political chances of aspirants to office; as, a boom in the stock market; a boom in coffee.
v. t.
• To cause to advance rapidly in price; as, to boom railroad or mining shares; to create a "boom" for; as to boom Mr. C. for senator.
Boomdas
n.
(Zool.) A small African hyracoid mammal (Dendrohyrax arboreus) resembling the daman.
Boomer
n.
• One who, or that which, booms.
(Zool.) A North American rodent, so named because it is said to make a booming noise.
(Zool.) A large male kangaroo.
• One who works up a "boom".
Boomerang
n.
• A very singular missile weapon used by the natives of Australia and in some parts of India. It is usually a curved stick of hard wood, from twenty to thirty inches in length, from two to three inches wide, and half or three quarters of an inch thick. When thrown from the hand with a quick rotary motion, it describes very remarkable curves, according to the shape of the instrument and the manner of throwing it, often moving nearly horizontally a long distance, then curving upward to a considerable height, and finally taking a retrograde direction, so as to fall near the place from which it was thrown, or even far in the rear of it.
Booming
a.
• Rushing with violence; swelling with a hollow sound; making a hollow sound or note; roaring; resounding.
• Advancing or increasing amid noisy excitement; as, booming prices; booming popularity.
n.
• The act of producing a hollow or roaring sound; a violent rushing with heavy roar; as, the booming of the sea; a deep, hollow sound; as, the booming of bitterns.
Boomkin
n.
(Naut.) Same as Bumkin.
Boomorah
n.
(Zool.) A small West African chevrotain (Hyaemoschus aquaticus), resembling the musk deer.
Boomslange
n.
(Zool.) A large South African tree snake (Bucephalus Capensis). Although considered venomous by natives, it has no poison fangs.
Boon
n.
• A prayer or petition.
• That which is asked or granted as a benefit or favor; a gift; a benefaction; a grant; a present.
a.
• Good; prosperous; as, boon voyage.
• Kind; bountiful; benign.
• Gay; merry; jovial; convivial.
n.
• The woody portion flax, which is separated from the fiber as refuse matter by retting, braking, and scutching.
Boor
n.
• A husbandman; a peasant; a rustic; esp. a clownish or unrefined countryman.
• A Dutch, German, or Russian peasant; esp. a Dutch colonist in South Africa, Guiana, etc.: a boer.
• A rude ill-bred person; one who is clownish in manners.
Boorish
a.
• Like a boor; clownish; uncultured; unmannerly.
Boose
n.
• A stall or a crib for an ox, cow, or other animal.
v. i.
• To drink excessively.
Booser
n.
• A toper; a guzzler.
Boost
v. t.
• To lift or push from behind (one who is endeavoring to climb); to push up; hence, to assist in overcoming obstacles, or in making advancement.
n.
• A push from behind, as to one who is endeavoring to climb; help.
Boot
n.
• Remedy; relief; amends; reparation; hence, one who brings relief.
• That which is given to make an exchange equal, or to make up for the deficiency of value in one of the things exchanged.
• Profit; gain; advantage; use.
v. t.
• To profit; to advantage; to avail; — generally followed by it; as, what boots it?
• To enrich; to benefit; to give in addition.
n.
• A covering for the foot and lower part of the leg, ordinarily made of leather.
• An instrument of torture for the leg, formerly used to extort confessions, particularly in Scotland.
• A place at the side of a coach, where attendants rode; also, a low outside place before and behind the body of the coach.
• A place for baggage at either end of an old-fashioned stagecoach.
• An apron or cover (of leather or rubber cloth) for the driving seat of a vehicle, to protect from rain and mud.
(Plumbing) The metal casing and flange fitted about a pipe where it passes through a roof.
v. t.
• To put boots on, esp. for riding.
• To punish by kicking with a booted foot.
v. i.
• To boot one's self; to put on one's boots.
n.
• Booty; spoil.
Bootblack
n.
• One who blacks boots.
Booted
a.
• Wearing boots, especially boots with long tops, as for riding; as, a booted squire.
(Zool.) Having an undivided, horny, bootlike covering; — said of the tarsus of some birds.
Bootee
n.
• A half boot or short boot.
Bootes
n.
(Astron.) A northern constellation, containing the bright star Arcturus.
Booth
n.
• A house or shed built of boards, boughs, or other slight materials, for temporary occupation.
• A covered stall or temporary structure in a fair or market, or at a polling place.
Boothale
v. t. & i.
• To forage for booty; to plunder.
Boothose
n.
• Stocking hose, or spatterdashes, in lieu of boots.
• Hose made to be worn with boots, as by travelers on horseback.
Bootikin
n.
• A little boot, legging, or gaiter.
• A covering for the foot or hand, worn as a cure for the gout.
Booting
n.
• Advantage; gain; gain by plunder; booty.
n.
• A kind of torture.
• A kicking, as with a booted foot.
Bootjack
n.
• A device for pulling off boots.
Bootless
a.
• Unavailing; unprofitable; useless; without advantage or success.
Bootlick
n.
• A toady.
Bootmaker
n.
• One who makes boots.
Boots
n.
• A servant at a hotel or elsewhere, who cleans and blacks the boots and shoes.
Boottopping
n.
(Naut.) The act or process of daubing a vessel's bottom near the surface of the water with a mixture of tallow, sulphur, and resin, as a temporary protection against worms, after the slime, shells, etc., have been scraped off.
(Naut.) Sheathing a vessel with planking over felt.
Boottree
n.
• An instrument to stretch and widen the leg of a boot, consisting of two pieces, together shaped like a leg, between which, when put into the boot, a wedge is driven.
Booty
n.
• That which is seized by violence or obtained by robbery, especially collective spoil taken in war; plunder; pillage.
Booze
v. i.
• To drink greedily or immoderately, esp. alcoholic liquor; to tipple.
n.
• A carouse; a drinking.
Boozer
n.
• One who boozes; a toper; a guzzler of alcoholic liquors; a bouser.
Boozy
a.
• A little intoxicated; fuddled; stupid with liquor; bousy.
Bopeep
n.
• The act of looking out suddenly, as from behind a screen, so as to startle some one (as by children in play), or of looking out and drawing suddenly back, as if frightened.
Borable
a.
• Capable of being bored.
Borachte
n.
• A large leather bottle for liquors, etc., made of the skin of a goat or other animal. Hence: A drunkard.
Boracic
a.
• Pertaining to, or produced from, borax; containing boron; boric; as, boracic acid.
Boracite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of a white or gray color occurring massive and in isometric crystals; in composition it is a magnesium borate with magnesium chloride.
Boracous
a.
(Chem.) Relating to, or obtained from, borax; containing borax.
Borage
n.
(Bot.) A mucilaginous plant of the genus Borago (B. officinalis), which is used, esp. in France, as a demulcent and diaphoretic.
Boragewort
n.
• Plant of the Borage family.
Boraginaceous
a.
(Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a family of plants (Boraginaceae) which includes the borage, heliotrope, beggar's lice, and many pestiferous plants.
Boragineous
a.
(Bot.) Relating to the Borage tribe; boraginaceous.
Borate
n.
(Chem.) A salt formed by the combination of boric acid with a base or positive radical.
Borax
n.
• A white or gray crystalline salt, with a slight alkaline taste, used as a flux, in soldering metals, making enamels, fixing colors on porcelain, and as a soap. It occurs native in certain mineral springs, and is made from the boric acid of hot springs in Tuscany. It was originally obtained from a lake in Thibet, and was sent to Europe under the name of tincal. Borax is a pyroborate or tetraborate of sodium, Na2B4O7.10H2O.
Borborygm
n.
(Med.) A rumbling or gurgling noise produced by wind in the bowels.
Bord
n.
• A board; a table.
(Mining) The face of coal parallel to the natural fissures.
Bordage
n.
• The base or servile tenure by which a bordar held his cottage.
Bordar
n.
• A villein who rendered menial service for his cottage; a cottier.
Bordeaux
a.
• Pertaining to Bordeaux in the south of France.
n.
• A claret wine from Bordeaux.
Bordelais
a.
• Of or pertaining to Bordeaux, in France, or to the district around Bordeaux.
Bordeller
n.
• A keeper or a frequenter of a brothel.
Border
n.
• The outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden, etc.; margin; verge; brink.
• A boundary; a frontier of a state or of the settled part of a country; a frontier district.
• A strip or stripe arranged along or near the edge of something, as an ornament or finish.
• A narrow flower bed.
v. i.
• To touch at the edge or boundary; to be contiguous or adjacent; — with on or upon as, Connecticut borders on Massachusetts.
• To approach; to come near to; to verge.
v. t.
• To make a border for; to furnish with a border, as for ornament; as, to border a garment or a garden.
• To be, or to have, contiguous to; to touch, or be touched, as by a border; to be, or to have, near the limits or boundary; as, the region borders a forest, or is bordered on the north by a forest.
• To confine within bounds; to limit.
Borderer
n.
• One who dwells on a border, or at the extreme part or confines of a country, region, or tract of land; one who dwells near to a place or region.
Bordland
n.
(O. Eng. Law) Either land held by a bordar, or the land which a lord kept for the maintenance of his board, or table.
Bordlode
n.
(O. Eng. Law) The service formerly required of a tenant, to carry timber from the woods to the lord's house.
Bordman
n.
• A bordar; a tenant in bordage.
Bordure
n.
(Her.) A border one fifth the width of the shield, surrounding the field. It is usually plain, but may be charged.
Bore
v. t.
• To perforate or penetrate, as a solid body, by turning an auger, gimlet, drill, or other instrument; to make a round hole in or through; to pierce; as, to bore a plank.
• To form or enlarge by means of a boring instrument or apparatus; as, to bore a steam cylinder or a gun barrel; to bore a hole.
• To make (a passage) by laborious effort, as in boring; as, to bore one's way through a crowd; to force a narrow and difficult passage through.
• To weary by tedious iteration or by dullness; to tire; to trouble; to vex; to annoy; to pester.
• To befool; to trick.
v. i.
• To make a hole or perforation with, or as with, a boring instrument; to cut a circular hole by the rotary motion of a tool; as, to bore for water or oil (i. e., to sink a well by boring for water or oil); to bore with a gimlet; to bore into a tree (as insects).
• To be pierced or penetrated by an instrument that cuts as it turns; as, this timber does not bore well, or is hard to bore.
• To push forward in a certain direction with laborious effort.
(Ma) To shoot out the nose or toss it in the air; said of a horse.
n.
• A hole made by boring; a perforation.
• The internal cylindrical cavity of a gun, cannon, pistol, or other firearm, or of a pipe or tube.
• The size of a hole; the interior diameter of a tube or gun barrel; the caliber.
• A tool for making a hole by boring, as an auger.
• Caliber; importance.
• A person or thing that wearies by prolixity or dullness; a tiresome person or affair; any person or thing which causes ennui.
n.
(Physical Geog.) A tidal flood which regularly or occasionally rushes into certain rivers of peculiar configuration or location, in one or more waves which present a very abrupt front of considerable height, dangerous to shipping, as at the mouth of the Amazon, in South America, the Hoogly and Indus, in India, and the Tsien-tang, in China.
• Less properly, a very high and rapid tidal flow, when not so abrupt, such as occurs at the Bay of Fundy and in the British Channel.
• imp. of 1st & 2d Bear.
Boreal
a.
• Northern; pertaining to the north, or to the north wind; as, a boreal bird; a boreal blast.
Boreas
n.
• The north wind; — usually a personification.
Borecole
n.
• A brassicaceous plant of many varieties, cultivated for its leaves, which are not formed into a compact head like the cabbage, but are loose, and are generally curled or wrinkled; kale.
Boredom
n.
• The state of being bored, or pestered; a state of ennui.
• The realm of bores; bores, collectively.
Boree
n.
• Same as Bourr\'90e.
Borele
n.
(Zool.) The smaller two-horned rhinoceros of South Africa (Atelodus bicornis).
Borer
n.
• One that bores; an instrument for boring.
(Zool.) A marine, bivalve mollusk, of the genus Teredo and allies, which burrows in wood.
• Any bivalve mollusk (Saxicava, Lithodomus, etc.) which bores into limestone and similar substances.
• One of the larvae of many species of insects, which penetrate trees, as the apple, peach, pine, etc.
• The hagfish (Myxine).
Boric
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, boron.
Boride
n.
(Chem.) A binary compound of boron with a more positive or basic element or radical; — formerly called boruret.
Boring
n.
• The act or process of one who, or that which, bores; as, the boring of cannon; the boring of piles and ship timbers by certain marine mollusks.
• A hole made by boring.
• The chips or fragments made by boring.
Born
p. p. & a.
• Brought forth, as an animal; brought into life; introduced by birth.
• Having from birth a certain character; by or from birth; by nature; innate; as, a born liar.
Borne
p. p.
• Carried; conveyed; supported; defrayed.
Borneol
n.
(Chem.) A rare variety of camphor, C10H17.OH, resembling ordinary camphor, from which it can be produced by reduction. It is said to occur in the camphor tree of Borneo and Sumatra (Dryobalanops camphora), but the natural borneol is rarely found in European or American commerce, being in great request by the Chinese. Called also Borneo camphor, Malay camphor, and camphol.
Bornite
n.
(Min.) A valuable ore of copper, containing copper, iron, and sulphur; — also called purple copper ore (or erubescite), in allusion to the colors shown upon the slightly tarnished surface.
Borofluoride
n.
(Chem.) A double fluoride of boron and hydrogen, or some other positive element, or radical; — called also fluoboride, and formerly fluoborate.
Boroglyceride
n.
(Chem.) A compound of boric acid and glycerin, used as an antiseptic.
Boron
n.
(Chem.) A nonmetallic element occurring abundantly in borax. It is reduced with difficulty to the free state, when it can be obtained in several different forms; viz., as a substance of a deep olive color, in a semimetallic form, and in colorless quadratic crystals similar to the diamond in hardness and other properties. It occurs in nature also in boracite, datolite, tourmaline, and some other minerals. Atomic weight 10.9. Symbol B.
Borosilicate
n.
(Chem.) A double salt of boric and silicic acids, as in the natural minerals tourmaline, datolite, etc.
Borough
n.
• In England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also, a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village, as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut.
• The collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a borough; as, the borough voted to lay a tax.
n.
(O. Eng. Law) An association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behavior of each other.
• The pledge or surety thus given.
Boroughholder
n.
• A headborough; a borsholder.
Boroughmaster
n.
• The mayor, governor, or bailiff of a borough.
Boroughmonger
n.
• One who buys or sells the parliamentary seats of boroughs.
Borrel
n.
• Coarse woolen cloth; hence, coarse clothing; a garment.
• A kind of light stuff, of silk and wool.
a.
• Ignorant, unlearned; belonging to the laity.
Borrow
v. t.
• To receive from another as a loan, with the implied or expressed intention of returning the identical article or its equivalent in kind; — the opposite of lend.
(Arith.) To take (one or more) from the next higher denomination in order to add it to the next lower; — a term of subtraction when the figure of the subtrahend is larger than the corresponding one of the minuend.
• To copy or imitate; to adopt; as, to borrow the style, manner, or opinions of another.
• To feign or counterfeit.
• To receive; to take; to derive.
n.
• Something deposited as security; a pledge; a surety; a hostage.
• The act of borrowing.
Borrower
n.
• One who borrows.
Borsholder
n.
(Eng. Law) The head or chief of a tithing, or borough (see 2d Borough); the headborough; a parish constable.
Bort
n.
• Imperfectly crystallized or coarse diamonds, or fragments made in cutting good diamonds which are reduced to powder and used in lapidary work.
Boruret
n.
(Chem.) A boride.
Borwe
n.
• Pledge; borrow.
Bos
n.
(Zool.) A genus of ruminant quadrupeds, including the wild and domestic cattle, distinguished by a stout body, hollow horns, and a large fold of skin hanging from the neck.
Bosa
n.
• A drink, used in the East.
Boscage
n.
• A growth of trees or shrubs; underwood; a thicket; thick foliage; a wooded landscape.
(O. Eng. Law) Food or sustenance for cattle, obtained from bushes and trees; also, a tax on wood.
Bosh
n.
• Figure; outline; show.
n.
• Empty talk; contemptible nonsense; trash; humbug.
n.
• One of the sloping sides of the lower part of a blast furnace; also, one of the hollow iron or brick sides of the bed of a puddling or boiling furnace.
• The lower part of a blast furnace, which slopes inward, or the widest space at the top of this part.
• In forging and smelting, a trough in which tools and ingots are cooled.
Boshbok
n.
(Zool.) A kind of antelope.
Boshvark
n.
(Zool.) The bush hog.
Bosk
n.
• A thicket; a small wood.
Boskage
n.
• Same as Boscage.
Boskiness
n.
• Boscage; also, the state or quality of being bosky.
Bosky
a.
• Woody or bushy; covered with boscage or thickets.
• Caused by boscage.
Bosom
n.
• The breast of a human being; the part, between the arms, to which anything is pressed when embraced by them.
• The breast, considered as the seat of the passions, affections, and operations of the mind; consciousness; seet thoughts.
• Embrace; loving or affectionate inclosure; fold.
• Any thing or place resembling the breast; a supporting surface; an inner recess; the interior; as, the bosom of the earth.
• The part of the dress worn upon the breast; an article, or a portion of an article, of dress to be worn upon the breast; as, the bosom of a shirt; a linen bosom.
• Inclination; desire.
• A depression round the eye of a millstone.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the bosom.
• Intimate; confidential; familiar; trusted; cherished; beloved; as, a bosom friend.
v. t.
• To inclose or carry in the bosom; to keep with care; to take to heart; to cherish.
• To conceal; to hide from view; to embosom.
Bosomed
a.
• Having, or resembling, bosom; kept in the bosom; hidden.
Bosomy
a.
• Characterized by recesses or sheltered hollows.
Bosporian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Thracian or the Cimmerian Bosporus.
Bosporus
n.
• A strait or narrow sea between two seas, or a lake and a seas; as, the Bosporus (formerly the Thracian Bosporus) or Strait of Constantinople, between the Black Sea and Sea of Marmora; the Cimmerian Bosporus, between the Black Sea and Sea of Azof.
Boss
n.
• Any protuberant part; a round, swelling part or body; a knoblike process; as, a boss of wood.
• A protuberant ornament on any work, either of different material from that of the work or of the same, as upon a buckler or bridle; a stud; a knob; the central projection of a shield.
(Arch.) A projecting ornament placed at the intersection of the ribs of ceilings, whether vaulted or flat, and in other situations.
• A wooden vessel for the mortar used in tiling or masonry, hung by a hook from the laths, or from the rounds of a ladder.
(Mech.) The enlarged part of a shaft, on which a wheel is keyed, or at the end, where it is coupled to another.
• A swage or die used for shaping metals.
• A head or reservoir of water.
v. t.
• To ornament with bosses; to stud.
n.
• A master workman or superintendent; a director or manager; a political dictator.
Bossage
n.
(Arch.) A stone in a building, left rough and projecting, to be afterward carved into shape.
(Arch.) Rustic work, consisting of stones which seem to advance beyond the level of the building, by reason of indentures or channels left in the joinings.
Bossed
a.
• Embossed; also, bossy.
Bosset
n.
(Zool.) A rudimental antler of a young male of the red deer.
Bossism
n.
• The rule or practices of bosses, esp. political bosses.
Bossy
a.
• Ornamented with bosses; studded.
n.
• A cow or calf; — familiarly so called.
Boston
n.
• A game at cards, played by four persons, with two packs of fifty-two cards each; — said to be so called from Boston, Massachusetts, and to have been invented by officers of the French army in America during the Revolutionary war.
Boswellian
a.
• Relating to, or characteristic of, Boswell, the biographer of Dr. Johnson.
Boswellism
n.
• The style of Boswell.
Botanist
n.
• One skilled in botany; one versed in the knowledge of plants.
Botanize
v. i.
• To seek after plants for botanical investigation; to study plants.
v. t.
• To explore for botanical purposes.
Botanizer
n.
• One who botanizes.
Botanologer
n.
• A botanist.
Botanology
n.
• The science of botany.
Botanomancy
n.
• An ancient species of divination by means of plants, esp. sage and fig leaves.
Botany
n.
• The science which treats of the structure of plants, the functions of their parts, their places of growth, their classification, and the terms which are employed in their description and denomination.
• A book which treats of the science of botany.
Botargo
n.
• A sort of cake or sausage, made of the salted roes of the mullet, much used on the coast of the Mediterranean as an incentive to drink.
Botch
n.
• A swelling on the skin; a large ulcerous affection; a boil; an eruptive disease.
• A patch put on, or a part of a garment patched or mended in a clumsy manner.
• Work done in a bungling manner; a clumsy performance; a piece of work, or a place in work, marred in the doing, or not properly finished; a bungle.
v. t.
• To mark with, or as with, botches.
• To repair; to mend; esp. to patch in a clumsy or imperfect manner, as a garment; — sometimes with up.
• To put together unsuitably or unskillfully; to express or perform in a bungling manner; to spoil or mar, as by unskillful work.
Botchedly
adv.
• In a clumsy manner.
Botcher
n.
• One who mends or patches, esp. a tailor or cobbler.
• A clumsy or careless workman; a bungler.
(Zool.) A young salmon; a grilse.
Botcherly
a.
• Bungling; awkward.
Botchery
n.
• A botching, or that which is done by botching; clumsy or careless workmanship.
Botchy
a.
• Marked with botches; full of botches; poorly done.
Bote
n.
(Law) Compensation; amends; satisfaction; expiation; as, man bote, a compensation or a man slain.
• Payment of any kind.
• A privilege or allowance of necessaries.
Boteless
a.
• Unavailing; in vain.
Botfly
n.
(Zool.) A dipterous insect of the family (Estridae, of many different species, some of which are particularly troublesome to domestic animals, as the horse, ox, and sheep, on which they deposit their eggs. A common species is one of the botflies of the horse (Gastrophilus equi), the larvae of which (bots) are taken into the stomach of the animal, where they live several months and pass through their larval states. In tropical America one species sometimes lives under the human skin, and another in the stomach.
Both
a. or pron.
• The one and the other; the two; the pair, without exception of either.
conj.
• As well; not only; equally.
Bother
v. t.
• To annoy; to trouble; to worry; to perplex.
v. i.
• To feel care or anxiety; to make or take trouble; to be troublesome.
n.
• One who, or that which, bothers; state of perplexity or annoyance; embarrassment; worry; disturbance; petty trouble; as, to be in a bother.
Botheration
n.
• The act of bothering, or state of being bothered; cause of trouble; perplexity; annoyance; vexation.
Botherer
n.
• One who bothers.
Bothersome
a.
• Vexatious; causing bother; causing trouble or perplexity; troublesome.
Bothie
n.
• Same as Bothy.
Bothrenchyma
n.
(Bot.) Dotted or pitted ducts or vessels forming the pores seen in many kinds of wood.
Botocudos
n. pl.
• A Brazilian tribe of Indians, noted for their use of poisons; — also called Aymbores.
Botryogen
n.
(Min.) A hydrous sulphate of iron of a deep red color. It often occurs in botryoidal form.
Botryolite
n.
(Min.) A variety of datolite, usually having a botryoidal structure.
Botryose
a.
(Bot.) Having the form of a cluster of grapes.
• Of the racemose or acropetal type of inflorescence.
Bots
n. pl.
(Zool.) The larvae of several species of botfly, especially those larvae which infest the stomach, throat, or intestines of the horse, and are supposed to be the cause of various ailments.
Bottine
n.
• A small boot; a lady's boot.
• An appliance resembling a small boot furnished with straps, buckles, etc., used to correct or prevent distortions in the lower extremities of children.
Bottle
n.
• A hollow vessel, usually of glass or earthenware (but formerly of leather), with a narrow neck or mouth, for holding liquids.
• The contents of a bottle; as much as a bottle contains; as, to drink a bottle of wine.
• Fig.: Intoxicating liquor; as, to drown one's reason in the bottle.
v. t.
• To put into bottles; to inclose in, or as in, a bottle or bottles; to keep or restrain as in a bottle; as, to bottle wine or porter; to bottle up one's wrath.
n.
• A bundle, esp. of hay.
Bottled
a.
• Put into bottles; inclosed in bottles; pent up in, or as in, a bottle.
• Having the shape of a bottle; protuberant.
Bottlehead
n.
(Zool.) A cetacean allied to the grampus; — called also bottle-nosed whale.
Bottleholder
n.
• One who attends a pugilist in a prize fight; — so called from the bottle of water of which he has charge.
• One who assists or supports another in a contest; an abettor; a backer.
Bottler
n.
• One who bottles wine, beer, soda water, etc.
Bottlescrew
n.
• A corkscrew.
Bottling
n.
• The act or the process of putting anything into bottles (as beer, mineral water, etc.) and corking the bottles.
Bottom
n.
• The lowest part of anything; the foot; as, the bottom of a tree or well; the bottom of a hill, a lane, or a page.
• The part of anything which is beneath the contents and supports them, as the part of a chair on which a person sits, the circular base or lower head of a cask or tub, or the plank floor of a ship's hold; the under surface.
• That upon which anything rests or is founded, in a literal or a figurative sense; foundation; groundwork.
• The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, sea.
• The fundament; the buttocks.
• An abyss.
• Low land formed by alluvial deposits along a river; low-lying ground; a dale; a valley.
(Naut.) The part of a ship which is ordinarily under water; hence, the vessel itself; a ship.
• Power of endurance; as, a horse of a good bottom.
• Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the bottom; fundamental; lowest; under; as, bottom rock; the bottom board of a wagon box; bottom prices.
v. t.
• To found or build upon; to fix upon as a support; — followed by on or upon.
• To furnish with a bottom; as, to bottom a chair.
• To reach or get to the bottom of.
v. i.
• To rest, as upon an ultimate support; to be based or grounded; — usually with on or upon.
• To reach or impinge against the bottom, so as to impede free action, as when the point of a cog strikes the bottom of a space between two other cogs, or a piston the end of a cylinder.
n.
• A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon.
v. t.
• To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread.
Bottomed
a.
• Having at the bottom, or as a bottom; resting upon a bottom; grounded; — mostly, in composition; as, sharp-bottomed; well-bottomed.
Bottomless
a.
• Without a bottom; hence, fathomless; baseless; as, a bottomless abyss.
Bottomry
n.
(Mar.Law) A contract in the nature of a mortgage, by which the owner of a ship, or the master as his agent, hypothecates and binds the ship (and sometimes the accruing freight) as security for the repayment of money advanced or lent for the use of the ship, if she terminates her voyage successfully. If the ship is lost by perils of the sea, the lender loses the money; but if the ship arrives safe, he is to receive the money lent, with the interest or premium stipulated, although it may, and usually does, exceed the legal rate of interest.
Botuliform
a.
(Bot.) Having the shape of a sausage.
Bouche
n.
• Same as Bush, a lining.
v. t.
• Same as Bush, to line.
Bouchees
n. pl.
(Cookery) Small patties.
Boud
n.
• A weevil; a worm that breeds in malt, biscuit, etc.
n.
• A small room, esp. if pleasant, or elegantly furnished, to which a lady may retire to be alone, or to receive intimate friends; a lady's (or sometimes a gentleman's) private room.
Bouffe
n.
• Comic opera.
Bougainvillaea
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of the order Nyctoginaceae, from tropical South America, having the flowers surrounded by large bracts.
Bouge
v. i.
• To swell out.
• To bilge.
v. t.
• To stave in; to bilge.
n.
• Bouche (see Bouche, 2); food and drink; provisions.
Bouget
n.
(Her.) A charge representing a leather vessel for carrying water; — also called water bouget.
Bough
n.
• An arm or branch of a tree, esp. a large arm or main branch.
• A gallows.
Bought
n.
• A flexure; a bend; a twist; a turn; a coil, as in a rope; as the boughts of a serpent.
• The part of a sling that contains the stone.
• imp. & p. p. of Buy.
p. a.
• Purchased; bribed.
Boughten
a.
• Purchased; not obtained or produced at home.
Boughty
a.
• Bending.
Bougie
n.
(Surg.) A long, flexible instrument, that is
(Pharm.) A long slender rod consisting of gelatin or some other substance that melts at the temperature of the body. It is impregnated with medicine, and designed for introduction into urethra, etc.
Bouilli
n.Cookery)
• Boiled or stewed meat; beef boiled with vegetables in water from which its gravy is to be made; beef from which bouillon or soup has been made.
Bouillon
n.
• A nutritious liquid food made by boiling beef, or other meat, in water; a clear soup or broth.
(Far.) An excrescence on a horse's frush or frog.
Bouk
n.
• The body.
• Bulk; volume.
Boul
n.
• A curved handle.
Boulangerite
n.
• Min. A mineral of a bluish gray color and metallic luster, usually in plumose masses, also compact. It is sulphide of antimony and lead.
Bouldery
a.
• Characterized by bowlders.
Boulevard
n.
• Originally, a bulwark or rampart of fortification or fortified town.
• A public walk or street occupying the site of demolished fortifications. Hence: A broad avenue in or around a city.
Bouleversement
n.
• Complete overthrow; disorder; a turning upside down.
Boulter
n.
• A long, stout fishing line to which many hooks are attached.
Boun
a.
• Ready; prepared; destined; tending.
v. t.
• To make or get ready.
Bounce
v. i.
• To strike or thump, so as to rebound, or to make a sudden noise; a knock loudly.
• To leap or spring suddenly or unceremoniously; to bound; as, she bounced into the room.
• To boast; to talk big; to bluster.
v. t.
• To drive against anything suddenly and violently; to bump; to thump.
• To cause to bound or rebound; sometimes, to toss.
• To eject violently, as from a room; to discharge unceremoniously, as from employment.
• To bully; to scold.
n.
• A sudden leap or bound; a rebound.
• A heavy, sudden, and often noisy, blow or thump.
• An explosion, or the noise of one.
• Bluster; brag; untruthful boasting; audacious exaggeration; an impudent lie; a bouncer.
(Zool.) A dogfish of Europe (Scyllium catulus).
adv.
• With a sudden leap; suddenly.
Bouncer
n.
• One who bounces; a large, heavy person who makes much noise in moving.
• A boaster; a bully.
• A bold lie; also, a liar.
• Something big; a good stout example of the kind.
Bouncing
a.
• Stout; plump and healthy; lusty; buxom.
• Excessive; big.
Bouncingly
adv.
• With a bounce.
Bound
n.
• The external or limiting line, either real or imaginary, of any object or space; that which limits or restrains, or within which something is limited or restrained; limit; confine; extent; boundary.
v. t.
• To limit; to terminate; to fix the furthest point of extension of; — said of natural or of moral objects; to lie along, or form, a boundary of; to inclose; to circumscribe; to restrain; to confine.
• To name the boundaries of; as, to bound France.
v. i.
• To move with a sudden spring or leap, or with a succession of springs or leaps; as the beast bounded from his den; the herd bounded across the plain.
• To rebound, as an elastic ball.
v. t.
• To make to bound or leap; as, to bound a horse.
• To cause to rebound; to throw so that it will rebound; as, to bound a ball on the floor.
n.
• A leap; an elastic spring; a jump.
• Rebound; as, the bound of a ball.
(Dancing) Spring from one foot to the other.
• imp. & p. p. of Bind.
p. p. & a.
• Restrained by a hand, rope, chain, fetters, or the like.
• Inclosed in a binding or cover; as, a bound volume.
• Under legal or moral restraint or obligation.
• Constrained or compelled; destined; certain; — followed by the infinitive; as, he is bound to succeed; he is bound to fail.
• Resolved; as, I am bound to do it.
• Constipated; costive.
a.
• Ready or intending to go; on the way toward; going; — with to or for, or with an adverb of motion; as, a ship is bound to Cadiz, or for Cadiz.
Boundary
n.
• That which indicates or fixes a limit or extent, or marks a bound, as of a territory; a bounding or separating line; a real or imaginary limit.
Bounden
p.p & a.
• Bound; fastened by bonds.
• Under obligation; bound by some favor rendered; obliged; beholden.
• Made obligatory; imposed as a duty; binding.
Bounder
n.
• One who, or that which, limits; a boundary.
Bounding
a.
• Moving with a bound or bounds.
Boundless
a.
• Without bounds or confines; illimitable; vast; unlimited.
Bounteous
a.
• Liberal in charity; disposed to give freely; generously liberal; munificent; beneficent; free in bestowing gifts; as, bounteous production.
Bountiful
a.
• Free in giving; liberal in bestowing gifts and favors.
• Plentiful; abundant; as, a bountiful supply of food.
Bounty
n.
• Goodness, kindness; virtue; worth.
• Liberality in bestowing gifts or favors; gracious or liberal giving; generosity; munificence.
• That which is given generously or liberally.
• A premium offered or given to induce men to enlist into the public service; or to encourage any branch of industry, as husbandry or manufactures.
Bouquet
n.
• A nosegay; a bunch of flowers.
• A perfume; an aroma; as, the bouquet of wine.
Bouquetin
n.
(Zool.) The ibex.
Bour
n.
• A chamber or a cottage.
Bourbon
n.
• A member of a family which has occupied several European thrones, and whose descendants still claim the throne of France.
• A politician who is behind the age; a ruler or politician who neither forgets nor learns anything; an obstinate conservative.
Bourbonism
n.
• The principles of those adhering to the house of Bourbon; obstinate conservatism.
Bourbonist
n.
• One who adheres to the house of Bourbon; a legitimist.
Bourd
n.
• A jest.
v. i.
• To jest.
Bourder
n.
• A jester.
Bourdon
n.
• A pilgrim's staff.
n.
(Mus.) A drone bass, as in a bagpipe, or a hurdy-gurdy.
• A kind of organ stop.
Bourgeois
n.
(Print.) A size of type between long primer and brevier.
n.
• A man of middle rank in society; one of the shopkeeping class.
a.
• Characteristic of the middle class, as in France.
Bourgeoisie
n.
• The French middle class, particularly such as are concerned in, or dependent on, trade.
Bourgeon
v. i.
• To sprout; to put forth buds; to shoot forth, as a branch.
Bouri
n.
(Zool.) A mullet (Mugil capito) found in the rivers of Southern Europe and in Africa.
Bournless
a.
• Without a bourn or limit.
Bournonite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of a steel-gray to black color and metallic luster, occurring crystallized, often in twin crystals shaped like cogwheels (wheel ore), also massive. It is a sulphide of antimony, lead, and copper.
Bourree
n.
(Mus.) An old French dance tune in common time.
Bourse
n.
• An exchange, or place where merchants, bankers, etc., meet for business at certain hours; esp., the Stock Exchange of Paris.
Bouse
v. i.
• To drink immoderately; to carouse; to booze.
n.
• Drink, esp. alcoholic drink; also, a carouse; a booze.
Bouser
n.
• A toper; a boozer.
Boustorphic
a.
• Boustrophedonic.
Boustrophedon
n.
• An ancient mode of writing, in alternate directions, one line from left to right, and the next from right to left (as fields are plowed), as in early Greek and Hittite.
Boustrophedonic
a.
• Relating to the boustrophedon made of writing.
Bousy
a.
• Drunken; sotted; boozy.
Bout
n.
• As much of an action as is performed at one time; a going and returning, as of workmen in reaping, mowing, etc.; a turn; a round.
• A conflict; contest; attempt; trial; a set-to at anything; as, a fencing bout; a drinking bout.
Boutade
n.
• An outbreak; a caprice; a whim.
Boutefeu
n.
• An incendiary; an inciter of quarrels.
Boutonniere
n.
• A bouquet worn in a buttonhole.
Bovate
n.
(O.Eng.Law.) An oxgang, or as much land as an ox can plow in a year; an ancient measure of land, of indefinite quantity, but usually estimated at fifteen acres.
Bovid
a.
(Zool.) Relating to that tribe of ruminant mammals of which the genus Bos is the type.
Boviform
a.
• Resembling an ox in form; ox-shaped.
Bovine
a.
(Zool.) of or pertaining to the genus Bos; relating to, or resembling, the ox or cow; oxlike; as, the bovine genus; a bovine antelope.
• Having qualities characteristic of oxen or cows; sluggish and patient; dull; as, a bovine temperament.
Bow
v. t.
• To cause to deviate from straightness; to bend; to inflect; to make crooked or curved.
• To exercise powerful or controlling influence over; to bend, figuratively; to turn; to incline.
• To bend or incline, as the head or body, in token of respect, gratitude, assent, homage, or condescension.
• To cause to bend down; to prostrate; to depress,; to crush; to subdue.
• To express by bowing; as, to bow one's thanks.
v. i.
• To bend; to curve.
• To stop.
• To bend the head, knee, or body, in token of reverence or submission; — often with down.
• To incline the head in token of salutation, civility, or assent; to make bow.
n.
• An inclination of the head, or a bending of the body, in token of reverence, respect, civility, or submission; an obeisance; as, a bow of deep humility.
n.
• Anything bent, or in the form of a curve, as the rainbow.
• A weapon made of a strip of wood, or other elastic material, with a cord connecting the two ends, by means of which an arrow is propelled.
• An ornamental knot, with projecting lops, formed by doubling a ribbon or string.
• The U-shaped piece which embraces the neck of an ox and fastens it to the yoke.
(Mus.) An appliance consisting of an elastic rod, with a number of horse hairs stretched from end to end of it, used in playing on a stringed instrument.
• An acrograph.
(Mech. & Manuf.) Any instrument consisting of an elastic rod, with ends connected by a string, employed for giving reciprocating motion to a drill, or for preparing and arranging the hair, fur, etc., used by hatters.
(Naut.) A rude sort of quadrant formerly used for taking the sun's altitude at sea.(Saddlery)
sing. or pl.
• Two pieces of wood which form the arched forward part of a saddletree.
v. i.
• To play (music) with a bow.
v. i.
• To manage the bow.
n.
(Naut.) The bending or rounded part of a ship forward; the stream or prow.
(Naut.) One who rows in the forward part of a boat; the bow oar.
Bowable
a.
• Capable of being bowed or bent; flexible; easily influenced; yielding.
Bowbell
n.
• One born within hearing distance of Bow-bells; a cockney.
Bowbent
a.
• Bent, like a bow.
Bowel
n.
• One of the intestines of an animal; an entrail, especially of man; a gut; — generally used in the plural.
• Hence, figuratively: The interior part of anything; as, the bowels of the earth.
• The seat of pity or kindness. Hence: Tenderness; compassion.
• Offspring.
v. t.
• To take out the bowels of; to eviscerate; to disembowel.
Boweled
a.
• Having bowels; hollow.
Bowelless
a.
• Without pity.
Bowenite
n.
(Min.) A hard, compact variety of serpentine found in Rhode Island. It is of a light green color and resembles jade.
Bower
n.
• One who bows or bends.
(Naut.) An anchor carried at the bow of a ship.
• A muscle that bends a limb, esp. the arm.
n.
• One of the two highest cards in the pack commonly used in the game of euchre.
n.
• Anciently, a chamber; a lodging room; esp., a lady's private apartment.
• A rustic cottage or abode; poetically, an attractive abode or retreat.
• A shelter or covered place in a garden, made with boughs of trees or vines, etc., twined together; an arbor; a shady recess.
v. t.
• To embower; to inclose.
v. i.
• To lodge.
n.
(Falconry) A young hawk, when it begins to leave the nest.
Bowery
a.
• Shading, like a bower; full of bowers.
n.
• A farm or plantation with its buildings.
a.
• Characteristic of the street called the Bowery, in New York city; swaggering; flashy.
Bowess
n.
(Falconry) Same as Bower.
Bowfin
n.
(Zool.) A voracious ganoid fish (Amia calva) found in the fresh waters of the United States; the mudfish; — called also Johnny Grindle, and dogfish.
Bowge
v. i.
• To swell out.
v. t.
• To cause to leak.
Bowgrace
n.
(Naut.) A frame or fender of rope or junk, laid out at the sides or bows of a vessel to secure it from injury by floating ice.
Bowhead
n.
(Zool.) The great Arctic or Greenland whale. (Balaena mysticetus).
Bowing
n.
(Mus.) The act or art of managing the bow in playing on stringed instruments.
• In hatmaking, the act or process of separating and distributing the fur or hair by means of a bow, to prepare it for felting.
Bowingly
adv.
• In a bending manner.
Bowknot
n.
• A knot in which a portion of the string is drawn through in the form of a loop or bow, so as to be readily untied.
Bowl
n.
• A concave vessel of various forms (often approximately hemisherical), to hold liquids, etc.
• Specifically, a drinking vessel for wine or other spirituous liquors; hence, convival drinking.
• The contents of a full bowl; what a bowl will hold.
• The bollow part of a thing; as, the bowl of a spoon.
n.
• A ball of wood or other material used for rolling on a level surface in play; a ball of hard wood having one side heavier than the other, so as to give it a bias when rolled.
• An ancient game, popular in Great Britain, played with biased balls on a level plat of greensward.
• The game of tenpins or bowling.
v. t.
• To roll, as a bowl or cricket ball.
• To roll or carry smoothly on, or as on, wheels; as, we were bowled rapidly along the road.
• To pelt or strike with anything rolled.
v. i.
• To play with bowls.
• To roll a ball on a plane, as at cricket, bowls, etc.
• To move rapidly, smoothly, and like a ball; as, the carriage bowled along.
Bowldery
a.
• Characterized by bowlders.
Bowleg
n.
• A crooked leg.
Bowler
n.
• One who plays at bowls, or who rolls the ball in cricket or any other game.
Bowless
a.
• Destitute of a bow.
Bowline
n.
(Naut.) A rope fastened near the middle of the leech or perpendicular edge of the square sails, by subordinate ropes, called bridles, and used to keep the weather edge of the sail tight forward, when the ship is closehauled.
Bowling
n.
• The act of playing at or rolling bowls, or of rolling the ball at cricket; the game of bowls or of tenpins.
Bowman
n.
• A man who uses a bow; an archer.
n.
(Naut.) The man who rows the foremost oar in a boat; the bow oar.
Bowne
v. t.
• To make ready; to prepare; to dress.
Bowse
v. i.
• To carouse; to bouse; to booze.
(Naut.) To pull or haul; as, to bowse upon a tack; to bowse away, i. e., to pull all together.
n.
• A carouse; a drinking bout; a booze.
Bowshot
n.
• The distance traversed by an arrow shot from a bow.
Bowsprit
n.
(Naut.) A large boom or spar, which projects over the stem of a ship or other vessel, to carry sail forward.
Bowssen
v. t.
• To drench; to soak; especially, to immerse (in water believed to have curative properties).
Bowstring
n.
• The string of a bow.
• A string used by the Turks for strangling offenders.
v. t.
• To strangle with a bowstring.
Bowstringed
p.a.
• Furnished with bowstring.
• Put to death with a bowstring; strangled.
Bowwow
n.
• An onomatopoetic name for a dog or its bark.
a.
• Onomatopoetic; as, the bowwow theory of language; a bowwow word.
Bowyer
n.
• An archer; one who uses bow.
• One who makes or sells bows.
Box
n.
(Bot.) A tree or shrub, flourishing in different parts of the world. The common box (Buxus sempervirens) has two varieties, one of which, the dwaft box (B.suffruticosa), is much used for borders in gardens. The wood of the tree varieties, being very hard and smooth, is extensively used in the arts, as by turners, engravers, mathematical instrument makers, etc.
n.
• A receptacle or case of any firm material and of various shapes.
• The quantity that a box contain.
• A space with a few seats partitioned off in a theater, or other place of public amusement.
• A chest or any receptacle for the deposit of money; as, a poor box; a contribution box.
• A small country house.
• A boxlike shed for shelter; as, a sentry box.
(Mach) An axle box, journal box, journal bearing, or bushing.
• A chamber or section of tube in which a valve works; the bucket of a lifting pump.
• The driver's seat on a carriage or coach.
• A present in a box; a present; esp. a Christmas box or gift.
(Baseball) The square in which the pitcher stands.
(Zool.) A Mediterranean food fish; the bogue.
v. t.
• To inclose in a box.
• To furnish with boxes, as a wheel.
(Arch.) To inclose with boarding, lathing, etc., so as to bring to a required form.
n.
• A blow on the head or ear with the hand.
v. i.
• To fight with the fist; to combat with, or as with, the hand or fist; to spar.
v. t.
• To strike with the hand or fist, especially to strike on the ear, or on the side of the head.
v. t.
• To boxhaul.
Boxberry
n.
(Bot.) The wintergreern. (Gaultheria procumbens).
Boxen
a.
• Made of boxwood; pertaining to, or resembling, the box (Buxus).
Boxer
n.
• One who packs boxes.
n.
• One who boxes; a pugilist.
Boxfish
n.
(Zool.) The trunkfish.
Boxhaul
v. t.
• Naut To put (a vessel) on the other tack by veering her short round on her heel; — so called from the circumstance of bracing the head yards abox (i. e., sharp aback, on the wind).
Boxhauling
n.
(Naut.) A method of going from one tack to another.
Boxing
n.
• The act of inclosing (anything) in a box, as for storage or transportation.
• Material used in making boxes or casings.
• Any boxlike inclosure or recess; a casing.
(Arch.) The external case of thin material used to bring any member to a required form.
n.
• The act of fighting with the fist; a combat with the fist; sparring\'3c—pugilism—\'3e.
Boxkeeper
n.
• An attendant at a theater who has charge of the boxes.
Boxthorn
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Lycium, esp. Lycium barbarum.
Boxwood
n.
• The wood of the box (Buxus).
Boy
n.
• A male child, from birth to the age of puberty; a lad; hence, a son.
v. t.
• To act as a boy; — in allusion to the former practice of boys acting women's parts on the stage.
Boyau
n.
(Fort.) A winding or zigzag trench forming a path or communication from one siegework to another, to a magazine, etc.
Boycott
v. t.
• To combine against (a landlord, tradesman, employer, or other person), to withhold social or business relations from him, and to deter others from holding such relations; to subject to a boycott.
n.
• The process, fact, or pressure of boycotting; a combining to withhold or prevent dealing or social intercourse with a tradesman, employer, etc.; social and business interdiction for the purpose of coercion.
Boycotter
n.
• A participant in boycotting.
Boycottism
n.
• Methods of boycotters.
Boydekin
n.
• A dagger; a bodkin.
Boyer
n.
(Naut.) A Flemish sloop with a castle at each end.
Boyhood
n.
• The state of being a boy; the time during which one is a boy.
Boyish
a.
• Resembling a boy in a manners or opinions; belonging to a boy; childish; trifling; puerile.
Boyishly
adv.
• In a boyish manner; like a boy.
Boyishness
n.
• The manners or behavior of a boy.
Boyism
n.
• Boyhood.
• The nature of a boy; childishness.
Boza
n.
• An acidulated fermented drink of the Arabs and Egyptians, made from millet seed and various astringent substances; also, an intoxicating beverage made from hemp seed, darnel meal, and water.
Brabantine
a.
• Pertaining to Brabant, an ancient province of the Netherlands.
Brabble
v. i.
• To clamor; to contest noisily.
n.
• A broil; a noisy contest; a wrangle.
Brabblement
n.
• A brabble.
Brabbler
n.
• A clamorous, quarrelsome, noisy fellow; a wrangler.
Braccate
a.
(Zool.) Furnished with feathers which conceal the feet.
Brace
n.
• That which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly; a bandage or a prop.
• A cord, ligament, or rod, for producing or maintaining tension, as a cord on the side of a drum.
• The state of being braced or tight; tension.
(Arch. & Engin.) A piece of material used to transmit, or change the direction of, weight or pressure; any one of the pieces, in a frame or truss, which divide the structure into triangular parts. It may act as a tie, or as a strut, and serves to prevent distortion of the structure, and transverse strains in its members. A boiler brace is a diagonal stay, connecting the head with the shell.
(Print.) A vertical curved line connecting two or more words or lines, which are to be taken together; thus, boll, bowl; or, in music, used to connect staves.
(Naut.) A rope reeved through a block at the end of a yard, by which the yard is moved horizontally; also, a rudder gudgeon.
(Mech.) A curved instrument or handle of iron or wood, for holding and turning bits, etc.; a bitstock.
• A pair; a couple; as, a brace of ducks; now rarely applied to persons, except familiarly or with some contempt.
• Straps or bands to sustain trousers; suspenders.
• Harness; warlike preparation.
• Armor for the arm; vantbrace.
(Mining) The mouth of a shaft.
v. t.
• To furnish with braces; to support; to prop; as, to brace a beam in a building.
• To draw tight; to tighten; to put in a state of tension; to strain; to strengthen; as, to brace the nerves.
• To bind or tie closely; to fasten tightly.
• To place in a position for resisting pressure; to hold firmly; as, he braced himself against the crowd.
(Naut.) To move around by means of braces; as, to brace the yards.
v. i.
• To get tone or vigor; to rouse one's energies; -with up.
Bracelet
n.
• An ornamental band or ring, for the wrist or the arm; in modern times, an ornament encircling the wrist, worn by women or girls.
• A piece of defensive armor for the arm.
Bracer
n.
• That which braces, binds, or makes firm; a band or bandage.
• A covering to protect the arm of the bowman from the vibration of the string; also, a brassart.
• A medicine, as an astringent or a tonic, which gives tension or tone to any part of the body.
Brach
n.
• A bitch of the hound kind.
Brachelytra
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of beetles having short elytra, as the rove beetles.
Brachial
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining or belonging to the arm; as, the brachial artery; the brachial nerve.
• Of the nature of an arm; resembling an arm.
Brachiata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of the Crinoidea, including those furnished with long jointed arms.
Brachiate
a.
(Bot.) Having branches in pairs, decussated, all nearly horizontal, and each pair at right angles with the next, as in the maple and lilac.
Brachioganoid
n.
• One of the Brachioganoidei.
Brachioganoidei
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of ganoid fishes of which the bichir of Africa is a living example.
Brachiolaria
n. pl.
(Zool.) A peculiar early larval stage of certain starfishes, having a bilateral structure, and swimming by means of bands of vibrating cilia.
Brachiopod
n.
(Zool.) One of the Brachiopoda, or its shell.
Brachiopoda
n.
(Zool.) A class of Molluscoidea having a symmetrical bivalve shell, often attached by a fleshy peduncle.
Brachium
n.
(Anat.) The upper arm; the segment of the fore limb between the shoulder and the elbow.
Brachycatalectic
n.
(Gr.& Last. Pros.) A verse wanting two syllables at its termination.
Brachyceral
a.
(Zool.) Having short antennae, as certain insects.
Brachydiagonal
a.
• Pertaining to the shorter diagonal, as of a rhombic prism.
n.
• The shorter of the diagonals in a rhombic prism.
Brachydome
n.
(Crystallog.) A dome parallel to the shorter lateral axis.
Brachygrapher
n.
• A writer in short hand; a stenographer.
Brachygraphy
n.
• Stenograhy.
Brachylogy
n.
(Rhet.) Conciseness of expression; brevity.
Brachypinacoid
n.
(Crytallog.) A plane of an orthorhombic crystal which is parallel both to the vertical axis and to the shorter lateral (brachydiagonal) axis.
Brachyptera
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Coleoptera having short wings; the rove beetles.
Brachypteres
n.pl.
(Zool.) A group of birds, including auks, divers, and penguins.
Brachypterous
a.
(Zool.) Having short wings.
Brachystochrone
n.
(Math.) A curve, in which a body, starting from a given point, and descending solely by the force of gravity, will reach another given point in a shorter time than it could by any other path. This curve of quickest descent, as it is sometimes called, is, in a vacuum, the same as the cycloid.
Brachytypous
a.
(Min.) Of a short form.
Brachyura
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of decapod Crustacea, including the common crabs, characterized by a small and short abdomen, which is bent up beneath the large cephalo-thorax.
Brachyuran
n.
• One of the Brachyura.
Bracing
a.
• Imparting strength or tone; strengthening; invigorating; as, a bracing north wind.
n.
• The act of strengthening, supporting, or propping, with a brace or braces; the state of being braced.
(Engin.) Any system of braces; braces, collectively; as, the bracing of a truss.
Brack
n.
• An opening caused by the parting of any solid body; a crack or breach; a flaw.
n.
• Salt or brackish water.
Bracken
n.
• A brake or fern.
Bracket
n.
(Arch.) An architectural member, plain or ornamental, projecting from a wall or pier, to support weight falling outside of the same; also, a decorative feature seeming to discharge such an office.
(Engin. & Mech.) A piece or combination of pieces, usually triangular in general shape, projecting from, or fastened to, a wall, or other surface, to support heavy bodies or to strengthen angles.
(Naut.) A shot, crooked timber, resembling a knee, used as a support.
(Mil.) The cheek or side of an ordnance carriage.
(Print.) One of two characters [], used to inclose a reference, explanation, or note, or a part to be excluded from a sentence, to indicate an interpolation, to rectify a mistake, or to supply an omission, and for certain other purposes; — called also crotchet.
• A gas fixture or lamp holder projecting from the face of a wall, column, or the like.
v. t.
• To place within brackets; to connect by brackets; to furnish with brackets.
Bracketing
n.
(Arch.) A series or group of brackets; brackets, collectively.
Brackish
a.
• Saltish, or salt in a moderate degree, as water in saline soil.
Brackishness
n.
• The quality or state of being brackish, or somewhat salt.
Bracky
a.
• Brackish.
Bract
n.
(Bot.) A leaf, usually smaller than the true leaves of a plant, from the axil of which a flower stalk arises.
• Any modified leaf, or scale, on a flower stalk or at the base of a flower.
Bractea
n.
(Bot.) A bract.
Bracteal
a.
• Having the nature or appearance of a bract.
Bracteate
a.
(Bot.) Having a bract or bracts.
Bracted
a.
(Bot.) Furnished with bracts.
Bracteolate
a.
(Bot.) Furnished with bracteoles or bractlets.
Bracteole
n.
(Bot.) Same as Bractlet.
Bractless
a.
(Bot.) Destitute of bracts.
Bractlet
n.
(Bot.) A bract on the stalk of a single flower, which is itself on a main stalk that support several flowers.
Brad
n.
• A thin nail, usually small, with a slight projection at the top on one side instead of a head; also, a small wire nail, with a flat circular head; sometimes, a small, tapering, square-bodied finishing nail, with a countersunk head.
Bradoon
n.
• Same as Bridoon.
Brae
n.
• A hillside; a slope; a bank; a hill.
Brag
v. i.
• To talk about one's self, or things pertaining to one's self, in a manner intended to excite admiration, envy, or wonder; to talk boastfully; to boast; — often followed by of; as, to brag of one's exploits, courage, or money, or of the great things one intends to do.
v. t.
• To boast of.
n.
• A boast or boasting; bragging; ostentatious pretense or self glorification.
• The thing which is boasted of.
• A game at cards similar to bluff.
a.
• Brisk; full of spirits; boasting; pretentious; conceited.
adv.
• Proudly; boastfully.
Braggadocio
n.
• A braggart; a boaster; a swaggerer.
• Empty boasting; mere brag; pretension.
Braggardism
n.
• Boastfulness; act of bragging.
Braggart
n.
• A boaster.
a.
• Boastful.
Bragger
n.
• One who brags; a boaster.
Bragget
n.
• A liquor made of ale and honey fermented, with spices, etc.
Braggingly
adv.
• Boastingly.
Bragless
a.
• Without bragging.
Bragly
adv.
• In a manner to be bragged of; finely; proudly.
Brahma
n.
(Hindoo Myth.) The One First Cause; also, one of the triad of Hindoo gods. The triad consists of Brahma, the Creator, Vishnu, the Preserver, and Siva, the Destroyer.
(Zool.) A valuable variety of large, domestic fowl, peculiar in having the comb divided lengthwise into three parts, and the legs well feathered. There are two breeds, the dark or penciled, and the light; — called also Brahmapootra.
Brahmaness
n.
• A Brahmani.
Brahmani
n.
• Any Brahman woman.
Brahmoism
n.
• The religious system of Brahmo-somaj.
Braid
v. t.
• To weave, interlace, or entwine together, as three or more strands or threads; to form into a braid; to plait.
• To mingle, or to bring to a uniformly soft consistence, by beating, rubbing, or straining, as in some culinary operations.
• To reproach.
n.
• A plait, band, or narrow fabric formed by intertwining or weaving together different strands.
• A narrow fabric, as of wool, silk, or linen, used for binding, trimming, or ornamenting dresses, etc.
n.
• A quick motion; a start.
• A fancy; freak; caprice.
v. i.
• To start; to awake.
a.
• Deceitful.
Braiding
n.
• The act of making or using braids.
• Braids, collectively; trimming.
Brail
n.
(Falconry) A thong of soft leather to bind up a hawk's wing.
(Naut.) Ropes passing through pulleys, and used to haul in or up the leeches, bottoms, or corners of sails, preparatory to furling.
• A stock at each end of a seine to keep it stretched.
v. t.
(Naut.) To haul up by the brails; — used with up; as, to brail up a sail.
Brain
n.
(Anat.) The whitish mass of soft matter (the center of the nervous system, and the seat of consciousness and volition) which is inclosed in the cartilaginous or bony cranium of vertebrate animals. It is simply the anterior termination of the spinal cord, and is developed from three embryonic vesicles, whose cavities are connected with the central canal of the cord; the cavities of the vesicles become the central cavities, or ventricles, and the walls thicken unequally and become the three segments, the fore-, mid-, and hind-brain.
(Zool.) The anterior or cephalic ganglion in insects and other invertebrates.
• The organ or seat of intellect; hence, the understanding.
• The affections; fancy; imagination.
v. t.
• To dash out the brains of; to kill by beating out the brains. Hence, Fig.: To destroy; to put an end to; to defeat.
• To conceive; to understand.
Brained
p.a.
• Supplied with brains.
Brainish
a.
• Hot-headed; furious.
Brainless
a.
• Without understanding; silly; thougthless; witless.
Brainpan
n.
• The bones which inclose the brain; the skull; the cranium.
Brainsick
a.
• Disordered in the understanding; giddy; thoughtless.
Brainsickly
adv.
• In a brainsick manner.
Brainy
a.
• Having an active or vigorous mind.
Braise
v. t.
(Cookery) To stew or broil in a covered kettle or pan.
Braiser
n.
• A kettle or pan for braising.
Brait
n.
• A rough diamond.
Brake
imp.
• of Break.
n.
(Bot.) A fern of the genus Pteris, esp. the P. aquilina, common in almost all countries. It has solitary stems dividing into three principal branches. Less properly: Any fern.
• A thicket; a place overgrown with shrubs and brambles, with undergrowth and ferns, or with canes.
n.
• An instrument or machine to break or bruise the woody part of flax or hemp so that it may be separated from the fiber.
• An extended handle by means of which a number of men can unite in working a pump, as in a fire engine.
• A baker's kneading though.
• A sharp bit or snaffle.
• A frame for confining a refractory horse while the smith is shoeing him; also, an inclosure to restrain cattle, horses, etc.
• That part of a carriage, as of a movable battery, or engine, which enables it to turn.
(Mil.) An ancient engine of war analogous to the crossbow and ballista.
(Agric.) A large, heavy harrow for breaking clods after plowing; a drag.
• A piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction, as of a carriage or railway car, by the pressure of rubbers against the wheels, or of clogs or ratchets against the track or roadway, or of a pivoted lever against a wheel or drum in a machine.
(Engin.) An apparatus for testing the power of a steam engine, or other motor, by weighing the amount of friction that the motor will overcome; a friction brake.
• A cart or carriage without a body, used in breaking in horses.
• An ancient instrument of torture.
Brakeman
n.
(Railroads) A man in charge of a brake or brakes.
(Mining) The man in charge of the winding (or hoisting) engine for a mine.
Braky
a.
• Full of brakes; abounding with brambles, shrubs, or ferns; rough; thorny.
Bramble
n.
(Bot.) Any plant of the genus Rubus, including the raspberry and blackberry. Hence: Any rough, prickly shrub.
(Zool.) The brambling or bramble finch.
Brambled
a.
• Overgrown with brambles.
Brambling
n.
(Zool.) The European mountain finch (Fringilla montifringilla); — called also bramble finch and bramble.
Brambly
a.
• Pertaining to, resembling, or full of, brambles.
Brame
n.
• Sharp passion; vexation.
Bran
n.
• The broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting; the coarse, chaffy part of ground grain.
(Zool.) The European carrion crow.
Brancard
n.
• A litter on which a person may be carried.
Branch
n.
(Bot.) A shoot or secondary stem growing from the main stem, or from a principal limb or bough of a tree or other plant.
• Any division extending like a branch; any arm or part connected with the main body of thing; ramification; as, the branch of an antler; the branch of a chandelier; a branch of a river; a branch of a railway.
• Any member or part of a body or system; a distinct article; a section or subdivision; a department.
(Geom.) One of the portions of a curve that extends outwards to an indefinitely great distance; as, the branches of an hyperbola.
• A line of family descent, in distinction from some other line or lines from the same stock; any descendant in such a line; as, the English branch of a family.
(Naut.) A warrant or commission given to a pilot, authorizing him to pilot vessels in certain waters.
a.
• Diverging from, or tributary to, a main stock, line, way, theme, etc.; as, a branch vein; a branch road or line; a branch topic; a branch store.
v. i.
• To shoot or spread in branches; to separate into branches; to ramify.
• To divide into separate parts or subdivision.
v. t.
• To divide as into branches; to make subordinate division in.
• To adorn with needlework representing branches, flowers, or twigs.
Brancher
n.
• That which shoots forth branches; one who shows growth in various directions.
(Falconry) A young hawk when it begins to leave the nest and take to the branches.
Branchery
n.
• A system of branches.
Branchia
n.
(Anat.) A gill; a respiratory organ for breathing the air contained in water, such as many aquatic and semiaquatic animals have.
Branchial
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to branchiae or gills.
Branchiate
a.
(Anat.) Furnished with branchiae; as, branchiate segments.
Branchiferous
a.
(Anat.) Having gills; branchiate; as, branchiferous gastropods.
Branchiness
n.
• Fullness of branches.
Branching
a.
• Furnished with branches; shooting our branches; extending in a branch or branches.
n.
• The act or state of separation into branches; division into branches; a division or branch.
Branchiogastropoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) Those Gastropoda that breathe by branchiae, including the Prosobranchiata and Opisthobranchiata.
Branchiomerism
n.
(Anat.) The state of being made up of branchiate segments.
Branchiopod
n.
• One of the Branchiopoda.
Branchiopoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of Entomostraca; — so named from the feet of branchiopods having been supposed to perform the function of gills. It includes the fresh-water genera Branchipus, Apus, and Limnadia, and the genus Artemia found in salt lakes. It is also called Phyllopoda.
Branchiostegal
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the membrane covering the gills of fishes.
n.
(Anat.) A branchiostegal ray.
Branchiostege
(Anat.) The branchiostegal membrane.
Branchiostegous
a.
(Anat.) Branchiostegal.
Branchiostoma
n.
(Zool.) The lancelet.
Branchiura
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Entomostraca, with suctorial mouths, including species parasitic on fishes, as the carp lice (Argulus).
Branchless
a.
• Destitude of branches or shoots; without any valuable product; barren; naked.
Branchlet
n.
• A little branch; a twig.
Branchy
a.
• Full of branches; having wide-spreading branches; consisting of branches.
Brand
n.
• A burning piece of wood; or a stick or piece of wood partly burnt, whether burning or after the fire is extinct.
• A sword, so called from its glittering or flashing brightness.
• A mark made by burning with a hot iron, as upon a cask, to designate the quality, manufacturer, etc., of the contents, or upon an animal, to designate ownership; — also, a mark for a similar purpose made in any other way, as with a stencil. Hence, figurately: Quality; kind; grade; as, a good brand of flour.
• A mark put upon criminals with a hot iron. Hence: Any mark of infamy or vice; a stigma.
• An instrument to brand with; a branding iron.
(Bot.) Any minute fungus which produces a burnt appearance in plants. The brands are of many species and several genera of the order Pucciniaei.
v.t
• To burn a distinctive mark into or upon with a hot iron, to indicate quality, ownership, etc., or to mark as infamous (as a convict).
• To put an actual distinctive mark upon in any other way, as with a stencil, to show quality of contents, name of manufacture, etc.
• Fig.: To fix a mark of infamy, or a stigma, upon.
• To mark or impress indelibly, as with a hot iron.
n.
• One who, or that which, brands; a branding iron.
• A gridiron.
Brandied
a.
• Mingled with brandy; made stronger by the addition of brandy; flavored or treated with brandy; as, brandied peaches.
Brandish
v. t.
• To move or wave, as a weapon; to raise and move in various directions; to shake or flourish.
• To play with; to flourish; as, to brandish syllogisms.
n.
• A flourish, as with a weapon, whip, etc.
Brandisher
n.
• One who brandishes.
Brandle
v. t. & i.
• To shake; to totter.
Brandy
n.
• A strong alcoholic liquor distilled from wine. The name is also given to spirit distilled from other liquors, and in the United States to that distilled from cider and peaches. In northern Europe, it is also applied to a spirit obtained from grain.
Brandywine
n.
• Brandy.
Brangle
n.
• A wrangle; a squabble; a noisy contest or dispute.
v.i
• To wrangle; to dispute contentiously; to squabble.
Branglement
n.
• Wrangle; brangle.
Brangler
n.
• A quarrelsome person.
Brangling
n.
• A quarrel.
Brank
n.
• Buckwheat.
v. i.
• To hold up and toss the head; — applied to horses as spurning the bit.
• To prance; to caper.
Brankursine
n.
(Bot.) Bear's-breech, or Acanthus.
Branlin
n.
(Zool.) A young salmon or parr, in the stage in which it has transverse black bands, as if burned by a gridiron.
n.
• A small red worm or larva, used as bait for small fresh-water fish; — so called from its red color.
Branny
a.
• Having the appearance of bran; consisting of or containing bran.
Bransle
n.
• A brawl or dance.
Brant
n.
(Zool.) A species of wild goose (Branta bernicla) — called also brent and brand goose. The name is also applied to other related species.
a.
• Steep.
Brantail
n.
(Zool.) The European redstart; — so called from the red color of its tail.
Branular
a.
• Relating to the brain; cerebral.
Brasen
a.
• Same as Brazen.
Brash
a.
• Hasty in temper; impetuous.
a.
• Brittle, as wood or vegetables.
n.
• A rash or eruption; a sudden or transient fit of sickness.
• Refuse boughs of trees; also, the clippings of hedges.
(Geol.) Broken and angular fragments of rocks underlying alluvial deposits.
• Broken fragments of ice.
Brass
n.
• An alloy (usually yellow) of copper and zinc, in variable proportion, but often containing two parts of copper to one part of zinc. It sometimes contains tin, and rarely other metals.
(Mach.) A journal bearing, so called because frequently made of brass. A brass is often lined with a softer metal, when the latter is generally called a white metal lining.
• Coin made of copper, brass, or bronze.
• Impudence; a brazen face.
• Utensils, ornaments, or other articles of brass.
• A brass plate engraved with a figure or device. Specifically, one used as a memorial to the dead, and generally having the portrait, coat of arms, etc.
(Mining) Lumps of pyrites or sulphuret of iron, the color of which is near to that of brass.
Brassage
n.
• A sum formerly levied to pay the expense of coinage; — now called seigniorage.
Brassart
n.
• Armor for the arm; — generally used for the whole arm from the shoulder to the wrist, and consisting, in the 15th and 16th centuries, of many parts.
Brasse
n.
(Zool.) A spotted European fish of the genus Lucioperca, resembling a perch.
Brassica
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants embracing several species ad varieties differing much in appearance and qualities: such as the common cabbage (B. oleracea), broccoli, cauliflowers, etc.; the wild turnip (B. campestris); the common turnip (B. rapa); the rape of coleseed (B. napus), etc.
Brassicaceous
a.
(Bot.) Related to, or resembling, the cabbage, or plants of the Cabbage family.
Brassiness
n.
• The state, conditions, or quality of being brassy.
Brassy
a.
• Of or pertaining to brass; having the nature, appearance, or hardness, of brass.
• Impudent; impudently bold.
Brast
v. t. & i.
• To burst.
Brat
n.
• A coarse garnment or cloak; also, coarse clothing, in general.
• A coarse kind of apron for keeping the clothes clean; a bib.
• A child; an offspring; — formerly used in a good sense, but now usually in a contemptuous sense.
• The young of an animal.
n.
(Mining) A thin bed of coal mixed with pyrites or carbonate of lime.
Bratsche
n.
• The tenor viola, or viola.
Brattice
n.
(Mining) A wall of separation in a shaft or gallery used for ventilation.
• Planking to support a roof or wall.
Brattishing
(Arch.) Carved openwork, as of a shrine, battlement, or parapet.
Braunite
n.
(Min.) A native oxide of manganese, of dark brownish black color. It was named from a Mr. Braun of Gotha.
Bravade
n.
• Bravado.
Bravado
n.
• Boastful and threatening behavior; a boastful menace.
Brave
a.
• Bold; courageous; daring; intrepid; — opposed to cowardly; as, a brave man; a brave act.
• Having any sort of superiority or excellence; — especially such as in conspicuous.
• Making a fine show or display.
n.
• A brave person; one who is daring.
• Specifically, an Indian warrior.
• A man daring beyond discretion; a bully.
• A challenge; a defiance; bravado.
v. t.
• To encounter with courage and fortitude; to set at defiance; to defy; to dare.
• To adorn; to make fine or showy.
Bravely
adv.
• In a brave manner; courageously; gallantly; valiantly; splendidly; nobly.
• Finely; gaudily; gayly; showily.
• Well; thrivingly; prosperously.
Braveness
n.
• The quality of state or being brave.
Bravery
n.
• The quality of being brave; fearless; intrepidity.
• The act of braving; defiance; bravado.
• A showy person; a fine gentleman; a beau.
Braving
n.
• A bravado; a boast.
Bravingly
adv.
• In a defiant manner.
Bravo
n.
• A daring villain; a bandit; one who sets law at defiance; a professional assassin or murderer.
interj.
• Well done! excellent! an exclamation expressive of applause.
Bravura
n.
(Mus.) A florid, brilliant style of music, written for effect, to show the range and flexibility of a singer's voice, or the technical force and skill of a performer; virtuoso music.
Brawl
v. i.
• To quarrel noisily and outrageously.
• To complain loudly; to scold.
• To make a loud confused noise, as the water of a rapid stream running over stones.
n.
• A noisy quarrel; loud, angry contention; a wrangle; a tumult; as, a drunken brawl.
Brawler
n.
• One that brawls; wrangler.
Brawling
a.
• Quarreling; quarrelsome; noisy.
• Making a loud confused noise.
Brawlingly
adv.
• In a brawling manner.
Brawn
n.
• A muscle; flesh.
• Full, strong muscles, esp. of the arm or leg, muscular strength; a protuberant muscular part of the body; sometimes, the arm.
• The flesh of a boar; also, the salted and prepared flesh of a boar.
• A boar.
Brawned
a.
• Brawny; strong; muscular.
Brawner
n.
• A boor killed for the table.
Brawniness
n.
• The quality or state of being brawny.
Brawny
a.
• Having large, strong muscles; muscular; fleshy; strong.
Braxy
n.
• A disease of sheep. The term is variously applied in different localities.
• A diseased sheep, or its mutton.
Bray
v. t.
• To pound, beat, rub, or grind small or fine.
v. i.
• To utter a loud, harsh cry, as an ass.
• To make a harsh, grating, or discordant noise.
v. t.
• To make or utter with a loud, discordant, or harsh and grating sound.
n.
• The harsh cry of an ass; also, any harsh, grating, or discordant sound.
n.
• A bank; the slope of a hill; a hill.
Brayer
n.
• An implement for braying and spreading ink in hand printing.
n.
• One that brays like an ass.
Braying
a.
• Making a harsh noise; blaring.
Braze
v. i.
• To solder with hard solder, esp. with an alloy of copper and zinc; as, to braze the seams of a copper pipe.
• To harden.
v. t.
• To cover or ornament with brass.
Brazen
a.
• Pertaining to, made of, or resembling, brass.
• Sounding harsh and loud, like resounding brass.
• Impudent; immodest; shameless; having a front like brass; as, a brazen countenance.
v. t.
• To carry through impudently or shamelessly; as, to brazen the matter through.
Brazenface
n.
• An impudent of shameless person.
Brazenfaced
a.
• Impudent; shameless.
Brazenly
adv.
• In a bold, impudent manner.
Brazenness
n.
• The quality or state of being brazen.
Brazier
n.
• Same as Brasier.
Brazilian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Brasil.
n.
• A native or an inhabitant of Brazil.
Brazilin
n.
(Chem.) A substance contained in both Brazil wood and Sapan wood, from which it is extracted as a yellow crystalline substance which is white when pure. It is colored intensely red by alkalies.
Breach
n.
• The act of breaking, in a figurative sense.
• Specifically: A breaking or infraction of a law, or of any obligation or tie; violation; non-fulfillment; as, a breach of contract; a breach of promise.
• A gap or opening made made by breaking or battering, as in a wall or fortification; the space between the parts of a solid body rent by violence; a break; a rupture.
• A breaking of waters, as over a vessel; the waters themselves; surge; surf.
• A breaking up of amicable relations; rupture.
• A bruise; a wound.
(Med.) A hernia; a rupture.
• A breaking out upon; an assault.
v. t.
• To make a breach or opening in; as, to breach the walls of a city.
v. i.
• To break the water, as by leaping out; — said of a whale.
Breachy
a.
• Apt to break fences or to break out of pasture; unruly; as, breachy cattle.
Bread
v. t.
• To spread.
n.
• An article of food made from flour or meal by moistening, kneading, and baking.
• Food; sustenance; support of life, in general.
v. t.
(Cookery) To cover with bread crumbs, preparatory to cooking; as, breaded cutlets.
Breadbasket
n.
• The stomach.
Breadcorn
• Corn of grain of which bread is made, as wheat, rye, etc.
Breaded
a.
• Braided
Breaden
a.
• Made of bread.
Breadfruit
n.
(Bot.) The fruit of a tree (Artocarpus incisa) found in the islands of the Pacific, esp. the South Sea islands. It is of a roundish form, from four to six or seven inches in diameter, and, when baked, somewhat resembles bread, and is eaten as food, whence the name.
(Bot.) The tree itself, which is one of considerable size, with large, lobed leaves. Cloth is made from the bark, and the timber is used for many purposes. Called also breadfruit tree and bread tree.
Breadless
a.
• Without bread; destitude of food.
Breadroot
n.
(Bot.) The root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta), found near the Rocky Mountains. It is usually oval in form, and abounds in farinaceous matter, affording sweet and palatable food.
Breadstuff
n.
• Grain, flour, or meal of which bread is made.
Breadth
n.
• Distance from side to side of any surface or thing; measure across, or at right angles to the length; width.Fine Arts
Breadthless
a.
• Without breadth.
Breadthways
ads.
• Breadthwise.
Breadthwinner
n.
• The member of a family whose labor supplies the food of the family; one who works for his living.
Breadthwise
ads.
• In the direction of the breadth.
Break
v. t.
• To strain apart; to sever by fracture; to divide with violence; as, to break a rope or chain; to break a seal; to break an axle; to break rocks or coal; to break a lock.
• To lay open as by breaking; to divide; as, to break a package of goods.
• To lay open, as a purpose; to disclose, divulge, or communicate.
• To infringe or violate, as an obligation, law, or promise.
• To interrupt; to destroy the continuity of; to dissolve or terminate; as, to break silence; to break one's sleep; to break one's journey.
• To destroy the completeness of; to remove a part from; as, to break a set.
• To destroy the arrangement of; to throw into disorder; to pierce; as, the cavalry were not able to break the British squares.
• To shatter to pieces; to reduce to fragments.
• To exchange for other money or currency of smaller denomination; as, to break a five dollar bill.
• To destroy the strength, firmness, or consistency of; as, to break flax.
• To weaken or impair, as health, spirit, or mind.
• To diminish the force of; to lessen the shock of, as a fall or blow.
• To impart, as news or information; to broach; — with to, and often with a modified word implying some reserve; as, to break the news gently to the widow; to break a purpose cautiously to a friend.
• To tame; to reduce to subjection; to make tractable; to discipline; as, to break a horse to the harness or saddle.
• To destroy the financial credit of; to make bankrupt; to ruin.
• To destroy the official character and standing of; to cashier; to dismiss.
v. i.
• To come apart or divide into two or more pieces, usually with suddenness and violence; to part; to burst asunder.
• To open spontaneously, or by pressure from within, as a bubble, a tumor, a seed vessel, a bag.
• To burst forth; to make its way; to come to view; to appear; to dawn.
• To burst forth violently, as a storm.
• To open up. to be scattered; t be dissipated; as, the clouds are breaking.
• To become weakened in constitution or faculties; to lose health or strength.
• To be crushed, or overwhelmed with sorrow or grief; as, my heart is breaking.
• To fall in business; to become bankrupt.
• To make an abrupt or sudden change; to change the gait; as, to break into a run or gallop.
• To fail in musical quality; as, a singer's voice breaks when it is strained beyond its compass and a tone or note is not completed, but degenerates into an unmusical sound instead. Also, to change in tone, as a boy's voice at puberty.
• To fall out; to terminate friendship.
n.
• An opening made by fracture or disruption.
• An interruption of continuity; change of direction; as, a break in a wall; a break in the deck of a ship.
(Arch.) A projection or recess from the face of a displacement in the circuit, interrupting the electrical current.
• An interruption; a pause; as, a break in friendship; a break in the conversation.
• An interruption in continuity in writing or printing, as where there is an omission, an unfilled line, etc.
• The first appearing, as of light in the morning; the dawn; as, the break of day; the break of dawn.
• A large four-wheeled carriage, having a straight body and calash top, with the driver's seat in front and the footman's behind.
• A device for checking motion, or for measuring friction.
Breakable
a.
• Capable of being broken.
Breakage
n.
• The act of breaking; a break; a breaking; also, articles broken.
• An allowance or compensation for things broken accidentally, as in transportation or use.
Breakdown
n.
• The act or result of breaking down, as of a carriage; downfall.
• A noisy, rapid, shuffling dance engaged in competitively by a number of persons or pairs in succession, as among the colored people of the Southern United States, and so called, perhaps, because the exercise is continued until most of those who take part in it break down.
• Any rude, noisy dance performed by shuffling the feet, usually by one person at a time.
Breaker
n.
• One who, or that which, breaks.
• Specifically: A machine for breaking rocks, or for breaking coal at the mines; also, the building in which such a machine is placed.
(Naut.) A small water cask.
• A wave breaking into foam against the shore, or against a sand bank, or a rock or reef near the surface.
Breakfast
n.
• The first meal in the day, or that which is eaten at the first meal.
• A meal after fasting, or food in general.
v. i.
• To break one's fast in the morning; too eat the first meal in the day.
v. t.
• To furnish with breakfast.
Breakneck
n.
• A fall that breaks the neck.
• A steep place endangering the neck.
a.
• Producing danger of a broken neck; as, breakneck speed.
Breakwater
n.
• Any structure or contrivance, as a mole, or a wall at the mouth of a harbor, to break the force of waves, and afford protection from their violence.
Bream
n.
(Zool) A European fresh-water cyprinoid fish of the genus Abramis, little valued as food. Several species are known.
(Zool) An American fresh-water fish, of various species of Pomotis and allied genera, which are also called sunfishes and pondfishes.
(Zool) A marine sparoid fish of the genus Pagellus, and allied genera.
v. t.
(Naut.) To clean, as a ship's bottom of adherent shells, seaweed, etc., by the application of fire and scraping.
Breast
n.
• The fore part of the body, between the neck and the belly; the chest; as, the breast of a man or of a horse.
• Either one of the protuberant glands, situated on the front of the chest or thorax in the female of man and of some other mammalia, in which milk is secreted for the nourishment of the young; a mammma; a teat.
• Anything resembling the human breast, or bosom; the front or forward part of anything; as, a chimney breast; a plow breast; the breast of a hill.
(Mining) The face of a coal working.
• The front of a furnace.
• The seat of consciousness; the repository of thought and self-consciousness, or of secrets; the seat of the affections and passions; the heart.
• The power of singing; a musical voice; — so called, probably, from the connection of the voice with the lungs, which lie within the breast.
v. t.
• To meet, with the breast; to struggle with or oppose manfully; as, to breast the storm or waves.
Breastband
n.
• A band for the breast. Specifically: (Naut.) A band of canvas, or a rope, fastened at both ends to the rigging, to support the man who heaves the lead in sounding.
Breastbeam
n.
(Mach.) The front transverse beam of a locomotive.
Breastbone
n.
• The bone of the breast; the sternum.
Breasted
a.
• Having a breast; — used in composition with qualifying words, in either a literal or a metaphorical sense; as, a single-breasted coat.
Breastfast
n.
(Naut.) A large rope to fasten the midship part of a ship to a wharf, or to another vessel.
Breastheight
n.
• The interior slope of a fortification, against which the garnison lean in firing.
Breasthook
n.
(Naut.) A thick piece of timber in the form of a knee, placed across the stem of a ship to strengthen the fore part and unite the bows on each side.
Breasting
n.
(Mach.) The curved channel in which a breast wheel turns. It is closely adapted to the curve of the wheel through about a quarter of its circumference, and prevents the escape of the water until it has spent its force upon the wheel.
Breastknot
n.
• A pin worn of the breast for a fastening, or for ornament; a brooch.
Breastplate
n.
• A plate of metal covering the breast as defensive armor.
• A piece against which the workman presses his breast in operating a breast drill, or other similar tool.
• A strap that runs across a horse's breast.
(Jewish Antiq.) A part of the vestment of the high priest, worn upon the front of the ephod. It was a double piece of richly embroidered stuff, a span square, set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes of Israel.
Breastrall
n.
• The upper rail of any parapet of ordinary height, as of a balcony; the railing of a quarter-deck, etc.
Breastsummer
n.
(Arch.) A summer or girder extending across a building flush with, and supporting, the upper part of a front or external wall; a long lintel; a girder; — used principally above shop windows.
Breastwheel
n.
• A water wheel, on which the stream of water strikes neither so high as in the overshot wheel, nor so low as in the undershot, but generally at about half the height of the wheel, being kept in contact with it by the breasting. The water acts on the float boards partly by impulse, partly by its weight.
Breastwork
n.
(Fort.) A defensive work of moderate height, hastily thrown up, of earth or other material.
(Naut.) A railing on the quarter-deck and forecastle.
Breath
n.
• The air inhaled and exhaled in respiration, air which, in the process of respiration, has parted with oxygen and has received carbonic acid, aqueous vapor, warmth, etc.
• The act of breathing naturally or freely; the power or capacity to breathe freely; as, I am out of breath.
• The power of respiration, and hence, life.
• Time to breathe; respite; pause.
• A single respiration, or the time of making it; a single act; an instant.
• Fig.: That which gives or strengthens life.
• A single word; the slightest effort; a triffle.
• A very slight breeze; air in gentle motion.
• Fragrance; exhalation; odor; perfume.
• Gentle exercise, causing a quicker respiration.
Breathable
a.
• Such as can be breathed.
Breathableness
n.
• State of being breathable.
Breathe
v. i.
• To respire; to inhale and exhale air; hence;, to live.
• To take breath; to rest from action.
• To pass like breath; noiselessly or gently; to exhale; to emanate; to blow gently.
v. t.
• To inhale and exhale in the process of respiration; to respire.
• To inject by breathing; to infuse; — with into.
• To emit or utter by the breath; to utter softly; to whisper; as, to breathe a vow.
• To exhale; to emit, as breath; as, the flowers breathe odors or perfumes.
• To express; to manifest; to give forth.
• To act upon by the breath; to cause to sound by breathing.
• To promote free respiration in; to exercise.
• To suffer to take breath, or recover the natural breathing; to rest; as, to breathe a horse.
• To put out of breath; to exhaust.
(Phonetics) To utter without vocality, as the nonvocal consonants.
Breather
n.
• One who breathes. Hence: (a) One who lives.(b) One who utters. (c) One who animates or inspires.
• That which puts one out of breath, as violent exercise.
Breathful
a.
• Full of breath; full of odor; fragrant.
Breathing
n.
• Respiration; the act of inhaling and exhaling air.
• Air in gentle motion.
• Any gentle influence or operation; inspiration; as, the breathings of the Spirit.
• Aspiration; secret prayer.
• Exercising; promotion of respiration.
• Utterance; communication or publicity by words.
• Breathing place; vent.
• Stop; pause; delay.
• Also, in a wider sense, the sound caused by the friction of the outgoing breath in the throat, mouth, etc., when the glottis is wide open; aspiration; the sound expressed by the letter h.
(Gr. Gram.) A mark to indicate aspiration or its absence.
Breathless
a.
• Spent with labor or violent action; out of breath.
• Not breathing; holding the breath, on account of fear, expectation, or intense interest; attended with a holding of the breath; as, breathless attention.
• Dead; as, a breathless body.
Breathlessly
adv.
• In a breathless manner.
Breathlessness
n.
• The state of being breathless or out of breath.
Breccia
n.
(Geol.) A rock composed of angular fragments either of the same mineral or of different minerals, etc., united by a cement, and commonly presenting a variety of colors.
Brecciated
a.
• Consisting of angular fragments cemented together; resembling breccia in appearance.
Bred
• imp. & p. p. of Breed.
Brede
n.
• A braid.
Breech
n.
• The lower part of the body behind; the buttocks.
• Breeches.
• The hinder part of anything; esp., the part of a cannon, or other firearm, behind the chamber.
(Naut.) The external angle of knee timber, the inside of which is called the throat.
v. t.
• To put into, or clothe with, breeches.
• To cover as with breeches.
• To fit or furnish with a breech; as, to breech a gun.
• To whip on the breech.
• To fasten with breeching.
Breechblock
n.
• The movable piece which closes the breech of a breech-loading firearm, and resists the backward force of the discharge. It is withdrawn for the insertion of a cartridge, and closed again before the gun is fired.
Breechcloth
n.
• A cloth worn around the breech.
Breeches
n. pl.
• A garment worn by men, covering the hips and thighs; smallclothes.
• Trousers; pantaloons.
Breeching
n.
• A whipping on the breech, or the act of whipping on the breech.
• That part of a harness which passes round the breech of a horse, enabling him to hold back a vehicle.
(Naut.) A strong rope rove through the cascabel of a cannon and secured to ringbolts in the ship's side, to limit the recoil of the gun when it is discharged.
• The sheet iron casing at the end of boilers to convey the smoke from the flues to the smokestack.
Breechloader
n.
• A firearm which receives its load at the breech.
Breed
v. t.
• To produce as offspring; to bring forth; to bear; to procreate; to generate; to beget; to hatch.
• To take care of in infancy, and through the age of youth; to bring up; to nurse and foster.
• To educate; to instruct; to form by education; to train; — sometimes followed by up.
• To engender; to cause; to occasion; to originate; to produce; as, to breed a storm; to breed disease.
• To give birth to; to be the native place of; as, a pond breeds fish; a northern country breeds stout men.
• To raise, as any kind of stock.
• To produce or obtain by any natural process.
v. i.
• To bear and nourish young; to reproduce or multiply itself; to be pregnant.
• To be formed in the parent or dam; to be generated, or to grow, as young before birth.
• To have birth; to be produced or multiplied.
• To raise a breed; to get progeny.
n.
• A race or variety of men or other animals (or of plants), perpetuating its special or distinctive characteristics by inheritance.
• Class; sort; kind; — of men, things, or qualities.
• A number produced at once; a brood.
Breedbate
n.
• One who breeds or originates quarrels.
Breeder
n.
• One who, or that which, breeds, produces, brings up, etc.
• A cause.
Breeding
n.
• The act or process of generating or bearing.
• The raising or improving of any kind of domestic animals; as, farmers should pay attention to breeding.
• Nurture; education; formation of manners.
• Deportment or behavior in the external offices and decorums of social life; manners; knowledge of, or training in, the ceremonies, or polite observances of society.
• Descent; pedigree; extraction.
Breeze
n.
• A light, gentle wind; a fresh, soft-blowing wind.
• An excited or ruffed state of feeling; a flurry of excitement; a disturbance; a quarrel; as, the discovery produced a breeze.
n.
• Refuse left in the process of making coke or burning charcoal.
(Brickmaking) Refuse coal, coal ashes, and cinders, used in the burning of bricks.
v. i.
• To blow gently.
Breezeless
a.
• Motionless; destitute of breezes.
Breeziness
n.
• State of being breezy.
Breezy
a.
• Characterized by, or having, breezes; airy.
• Fresh; brisk; full of life.
Bregma
n.
(Anat.) The point of junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures of the skull.
Bregmatic
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the bregma.
Brehon
n.
• An ancient Irish or Scotch judge.
Breme
a.
• Fierce; sharp; severe; cruel.
• Famous; renowned; well known.
Bren
n.
• Bran.
Brennage
n.
(Old Eng. Law) A tribute which tenants paid to their lord, in lieu of bran, which they were obliged to furnish for his hounds.
Brenningly
adv.
• Burningly; ardently.
Brent
imp. & p.p.
• of Bren. Burnt.
n.
• A brant.
Brere
n.
• A brier.
Brest
3d sing.pr.
• for Bursteth.
Breste
v. t. & i.
• To burst.
Bretful
a.
• Brimful.
Brethren
n.
• pl. of Brother.
Breton
a.
• Of or relating to Brittany, or Bretagne, in France.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Brittany, or Bretagne, in France; also, the ancient language of Brittany; Armorican.
Brett
n.
• Same as Britzska.
Brettice
n.
• The wooden boarding used in supporting the roofs and walls of coal mines.
Bretwalda
n.
(Eng. Hist.) The official title applied to that one of the Anglo-Saxon chieftains who was chosen by the other chiefs to lead them in their warfare against the British tribes.
Breve
n.
(Mus.) A note or character of time, equivalent to two semibreves or four minims. When dotted, it is equal to three semibreves. It was formerly of a square figure (as thus: ), but is now made oval, with a line perpendicular to the staff on each of its sides; — formerly much used for choir service.
(Law) Any writ or precept under seal, issued out of any court.
(Print.) A curved mark [˘] used commonly to indicate the short quantity of a vowel.
(Zool.) The great ant thrush of Sumatra (Pitta gigas), which has a very short tail.
Brevet
n.
• A warrant from the government, granting a privilege, title, or dignity. .
(Mil.) A commission giving an officer higher rank than that for which he receives pay; an honorary promotion of an officer.
v. t.(Mil.)
a.
(Mil.) Taking or conferring rank by brevet; as, a brevet colonel; a brevet commission.
Brevetcy
n.
(Mil.) The rank or condition of a brevet officer.
Breviary
n.
• An abridgment; a compend; an epitome; a brief account or summary.
• A book containing the daily public or canonical prayers of the Roman Catholic or of the Greek Church for the seven canonical hours, namely, matins and lauds, the first, third, sixth, and ninth hours, vespers, and compline; — distinguished from the missal.
Breviate
n.
• A short compend; a summary; a brief statement.
• A lawyer's brief.
v. t.
• To abbreviate.
Breviature
n.
• An abbreviature; an abbreviation.
Brevier
n.
(Print.) A size of type between bourgeous and minion.
Breviloquence
n.
• A brief and pertinent mode of speaking.
Breviped
a.
(Zool.) Having short legs.
n.
• A breviped bird.
Brevipen
n.
(Zool.) A brevipennate bird.
Brevipennate
a.
(Zool.) Short-winged; — applied to birds which can not fly, owing to their short wings, as the ostrich, cassowary, and emu.
Brevity
n.
• Shortness of duration; briefness of time; as, the brevity of human life.
• Contraction into few words; conciseness.
Brew
v. t.
• To boil or seethe; to cook.
• To prepare, as beer or other liquor, from malt and hops, or from other materials, by steeping, boiling, and fermentation.
• To prepare by steeping and mingling; to concoct.
• To foment or prepare, as by brewing; to contrive; to plot; to concoct; to hatch; as, to brew mischief.
v. i.
• To attend to the business, or go through the processes, of brewing or making beer.
• To be in a state of preparation; to be mixing, forming, or gathering; as, a storm brews in the west.
n.
• The mixture formed by brewing; that which is brewed.
Brewage
n.
• Malt liquor; drink brewed.
Brewer
n.
• One who brews; one whose occupation is to prepare malt liquors.
Brewery
n.
• A brewhouse; the building and apparatus where brewing is carried on.
Brewhouse
n.
• A house or building appropriated to brewing; a brewery.
Brewing
n.
• The act or process of preparing liquors which are brewed, as beer and ale.
• The quantity brewed at once.
• A mixing together.
(Naut.) A gathering or forming of a storm or squall, indicated by thick, dark clouds.
Brewis
n.
• Broth or pottage.
• Bread soaked in broth, drippings of roast meat, milk, or water and butter.
Brewsterite
n.
• A rare zeolitic mineral occurring in white monoclinic crystals with pearly luster. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia, baryta, and strontia.
Briar
n.
• Same as Brier.
Briarean
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, Briareus, a giant fabled to have a hundred hands; hence, hundred-handed or many-handed.
Bribable
a.
• Capable of being bribed.
Bribe
n.
• A gift begged; a present.
• A price, reward, gift, or favor bestowed or promised with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct of a judge, witness, voter, or other person in a position of trust.
• That which seduces; seduction; allurement.
v. t.
• To rob or steal.
• To give or promise a reward or consideration to (a judge, juror, legislator, voter, or other person in a position of trust) with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct; to induce or influence by a bribe; to give a bribe to.
• To gain by a bribe; of induce as by a bribe.
v. i.
• To commit robbery or theft.
• To give a bribe to a person; to pervert the judgment or corrupt the action of a person in a position of trust, by some gift or promise.
Bribeer
n.
• A thief.
• One who bribes, or pays for corrupt practices.
• That which bribes; a bribe.
Bribeery
n.
• Robbery; extortion.
• The act or practice of giving or taking bribes; the act of influencing the official or political action of another by corrupt inducements.
Bribeless
a.
• Incapable of being bribed; free from bribes.
Brick
n.
• A block or clay tempered with water, sand, etc., molded into a regular form, usually rectangular, and sun-dried, or burnt in a kiln, or in a heap or stack called a clamp.
• Bricks, collectively, as designating that kind of material; as, a load of brick; a thousand of brick.
• Any oblong rectangular mass; as, a brick of maple sugar; a penny brick (of bread).
• A good fellow; a merry person; as, you 're a brick
v. t.
• To lay or pave with bricks; to surround, line, or construct with bricks.
• To imitate or counterfeit a brick wall on, as by smearing plaster with red ocher, making the joints with an edge tool, and pointing them.
Brickbat
n.
• A piece or fragment of a brick.
Brickkiln
n.
• A kiln, or furnace, in which bricks are baked or burnt; or a pile of green bricks, laid loose, with arches underneath to receive the wood or fuel for burning them.
Bricklayer
n.
• One whose pccupation is to build with bricks.
Bricklaying
n.
• The art of building with bricks, or of uniting them by cement or mortar into various forms; the act or occupation of laying bricks.
Brickle
a.
• Brittle; easily broken.
Brickleness
n.
• Brittleness.
Brickmaker
n.
• One whose occupation is to make bricks.
Brickwork
n.
• Anything made of bricks.
• The act of building with or laying bricks.
Bricky
a.
• Full of bricks; formed of bricks; resembling bricks or brick dust.
Brickyard
n.
• A place where bricks are made, especially an inclosed place.
Bricole
n.
(Mil.) A kind of traces with hooks and rings, with which men drag and maneuver guns where horses can not be used.
Brid
n.
• A bird.
Bridal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a bride, or to wedding; nuptial; as, bridal ornaments; a bridal outfit; a bridal chamber.
n.
• A nuptia; festival or ceremony; a marriage.
Bridalty
n.
• Celebration of the nuptial feast.
Bride
n.
• A woman newly married, or about to be married.
• Fig.: An object ardently loved.
v. t.
• To make a bride of.
Bridebed
n.
• The marriage bed.
Bridecake
n.
• Rich or highly ornamented cake, to be distributed to the guests at a wedding, or sent to friends after the wedding.
Bridechamber
n.
• The nuptial appartment.
Bridegroom
n.
• A man newly married, or just about to be married.
Brideknot
n.
• A knot of ribbons worn by a guest at a wedding; a wedding favor.
Bridesmaid
n.
• A female friend who attends on a bride at her wedding.
Bridesman
n.
• A male friend who attends upon a bridegroom and bride at their marriage; the "best man."
Bridestake
n.
• A stake or post set in the ground, for guests at a wedding to dance round.
Bridewell
n.
• A house of correction for the confinement of disorderly persons; — so called from a hospital built in 1553 near St. Bride's (or Bridget's) well, in London, which was subsequently a penal workhouse.
Bridge
n.
• A structure, usually of wood, stone, brick, or iron, erected over a river or other water course, or over a chasm, railroad, etc., to make a passageway from one bank to the other.
• Anything supported at the ends, which serves to keep some other thing from resting upon the object spanned, as in engraving, watchmaking, etc., or which forms a platform or staging over which something passes or is conveyed.
(Mus.) The small arch or bar at right angles to the strings of a violin, guitar, etc., serving of raise them and transmit their vibrations to the body of the instrument.
(Elec.) A device to measure the resistance of a wire or other conductor forming part of an electric circuit.
• A low wall or vertical partition in the fire chamber of a furnace, for deflecting flame, etc.; — usually called a bridge wall.
v. t.
• To build a bridge or bridges on or over; as, to bridge a river.
• To open or make a passage, as by a bridge.
• To find a way of getting over, as a difficulty; — generally with over.
Bridgeboard
n.
(Arch.) A notched board to which the treads and risers of the steps of wooden stairs are fastened.
• A board or plank used as a bridge.
Bridgehead
n.
• A fortification commanding the extremity of a bridge nearest the enemy, to insure the preservation and usefulness of the bridge, and prevent the enemy from crossing; a tete-de-pont.
Bridgeing
n.
(Arch.) The system of bracing used between floor or other timbers to distribute the weight.
Bridgeless
a.
• Having no bridge; not bridged.
Bridgepot
n.
(Mining) The adjustable socket, or step, of a millstone spindle.
Bridgetree
n.
(Mining) The beam which supports the spindle socket of the runner in a grinding mill.
Bridgey
a.
• Full of bridges.
Bridle
n.
• The head gear with which a horse is governed and restrained, consisting of a headstall, a bit, and reins, with other appendages.
• A restraint; a curb; a check.
(Gun.) The piece in the interior of a gun lock, which holds in place the timbler, sear, etc.
(Naut.) A span of rope, line, or chain made fast as both ends, so that another rope, line, or chain may be attached to its middle.
• A mooring hawser.
v. t.
• To put a bridle upon; to equip with a bridle; as, to bridle a horse.
• To restrain, guide, or govern, with, or as with, a bridle; to check, curb, or control; as, to bridle the passions; to bridle a muse.
v. i.
• To hold up the head, and draw in the chin, as an expression of pride, scorn, or resentment; to assume a lofty manner; — usually with up.
Bridler
n.
• One who bridles; one who restrains and governs, as with a bridle.
Bridoon
n.
(Mil.) The snaffle and rein of a military bridle, which acts independently of the bit, at the pleasure of the rider. It is used in connection with a curb bit, which has its own rein.
Brief
a.
• Short in duration.
• Concise; terse; succinct.
• Rife; common; prevalent.
adv.
• Briefly.
• Soon; quickly.
n.
• A short concise writing or letter; a statement in few words.
• An epitome.
(Law) An abridgment or concise statement of a client's case, made out for the instruction of counsel in a trial at law. This word is applied also to a statement of the heads or points of a law argument.
(Law) A writ; a breve.
(Scots Law) A writ issuing from the chancery, directed to any judge ordinary, commanding and authorizing that judge to call a jury to inquire into the case, and upon their verdict to pronounce sentence.
• A letter patent, from proper authority, authorizing a collection or charitable contribution of money in churches, for any public or private purpose.
v. t.
• To make an abstract or abridgment of; to shorten; as, to brief pleadings.
Briefless
a.
• Having no brief; without clients; as, a briefless barrister.
Briefly
adv.
• Concisely; in few words.
Briefman
n.
• One who makes a brief.
• A copier of a manuscript.
Briefness
n.
• The quality of being brief; brevity; conciseness in discourse or writing.
Briered
a.
• Set with briers.
Briery
a.
• Full of briers; thorny.
n.
• A place where briers grow.
Brig
n.
• A bridge.
n.
(Naut.) A two-masted, square-rigged vessel.
Brigade
n.
(Mil.) A body of troops, whether cavalry, artillery, infantry, or mixed, consisting of two or more regiments, under the command of a brigadier general.
• Any body of persons organized for acting or marching together under authority; as, a fire brigade.
v. t.
(Mil.) To form into a brigade, or into brigades.
Brigand
n.
• A light-armed, irregular foot soldier.
• A lawless fellow who lives by plunder; one of a band of robbers; especially, one of a gang living in mountain retreats; a highwayman; a freebooter.
Brigandage
n.
• Life and practice of brigands; highway robbery; plunder.
Brigandine
n.
• A coast of armor for the body, consisting of scales or plates, sometimes overlapping each other, generally of metal, and sewed to linen or other material. It was worn in the Middle Ages.
Brigandish
a.
• Like a brigand or freebooter; robberlike.
Brigandism
n.
• Brigandage.
Brigantine
n.
• A practical vessel.
• A two-masted, square-rigged vessel, differing from a brig in that she does not carry a square mainsail.
Brigge
n.
• A bridge.
Bright
a.
• Radiating or reflecting light; shedding or having much light; shining; luminous; not dark.
• Transmitting light; clear; transparent.
• Having qualities that render conspicuous or attractive, or that affect the mind as light does the eye; resplendent with charms; as, bright beauty.
• Having a clear, quick intellect; intelligent.
• Sparkling with wit; lively; vivacious; shedding cheerfulness and joy around; cheerful; cheery.
• Illustrious; glorious.
• Manifest to the mind, as light is to the eyes; clear; evident; plain.
• Of brilliant color; of lively hue or appearance.
n.
• Splendor; brightness.
adv.
• Brightly.
Brighten
v. t.
• To make bright or brighter; to make to shine; to increase the luster of; to give a brighter hue to.
• To make illustrious, or more distinguished; to add luster or splendor to.
• To improve or relieve by dispelling gloom or removing that which obscures and darkens; to shed light upon; to make cheerful; as, to brighten one's prospects.
• To make acute or witty; to enliven.
v. i.
• To grow bright, or more bright; to become less dark or gloomy; to clear up; to become bright or cheerful.
Brightly
adv.
• Brilliantly; splendidly; with luster; as, brightly shining armor.
• With lively intelligence; intelligently.
Brightness
n.
• The quality or state of being bright; splendor; luster; brilliancy; clearness.
• Acuteness (of the faculties); sharpness 9wit.
Brightsome
a.
• Bright; clear; luminous; brilliant.
Brigose
a.
• Contentious; quarrelsome.
Brigue
n.
• A cabal, intrigue, faction, contention, strife, or quarrel.
v. i.
• To contend for; to canvass; to solicit.
Brike
n.
• A breach; ruin; downfall; peril.
Brill
n.
(Zool.) A fish allied to the turbot (Rhombus levis), much esteemed in England for food; — called also bret, pearl, prill.
Brillance
n.
• Brilliancy.
Brillancy
n.
• The quality of being brilliant; splendor; glitter; great brighness, whether in a literal or figurative sense.
Brillante
adv.
(Mus.) In a gay, showy, and sparkling style.
Brilliant
a.
• Sparkling with luster; glittering; very bright; as, a brilliant star.
• Distinguished by qualities which excite admiration; splended; shining; as, brilliant talents.
n.
• A diamond or other gem of the finest cut, formed into faces and facets, so as to reflect and refract the light, by which it is rendered nore brilliant. It has at the middle, or top, a principal face, called the table, which is surrounded by a number of sloping facets forming a bizet; below, it has a small face or collet, parallel to the table, connected with the gridle by a pavilion of elongated facets. It is thus distinguished from the rose diamond, which is entirely covered with facets on the surface, and is flat below.
(Print.) The small size of type used in England printing.
• A kind of kotton goods, figured on the weaving.
Brilliantly
adv.
• In a brilliant manner.
Brilliantness
n.
• Brilliancy; splendor; glitter.
Brills
n. pl.
• The hair on the eyelids of a horse.
Brim
n.
• The rim, border, or upper sdge of a cup, dish, or any hollow vessel used for holding anything.
• The edge or margin, as of a fountain, or of the water contained in it; the brink; border.
• The rim of a hat.
v. i.
• To be full to the brim.
v. t.
• To fill to the brim, upper edge, or top.
a.
• Fierce; sharp; cold.
Brimful
a.
• Full to the brim; completely full; ready to overflow.
Brimless
a.
• Having no brim; as, brimless caps.
Brimmed
a.
• Having a brim; — usually in composition.
• Full to, or level with, the brim.
Brimmer
n.
• A brimful bowl; a bumper.
Brimming
a.
• Full to the brim; overflowing.
Brimstone
n.
• Sulphur.
a.
• Made of, or pertaining to, brimstone; as, brimstone matches.
Brimstony
a.
• Containing or resembling brimstone; sulphurous.
Brin
n.
• One of the radiating sticks of a fan. The outermost are larger and longer, and are called panaches.
Brinded
a.
• Of a gray or tawny color with streaks of darker hue; streaked; brindled.
Brindle
n.
• The state of being brindled.
• A brindled color; also, that which is brindled.
a.
• Brindled.
Brindled
a.
• Having dark streaks or spots on a gray or tawny ground; brinded.
Brine
n.
• Water saturated or strongly inpregnated with salt; pickle; hence, any strong saline solution; also, the saline residue or strong mother liquor resulting from the evaporation of natural or artificial waters.
• The ocean; the water of an ocean, sea, or salt lake.
• Tears; — so called from their saltness.
v. t.
• To steep or saturate in brine.
• To sprinkle with salt or brine; as, to brine hay.
Bring
v. t.
• To convey to the place where the speaker is or is to be; to bear from a more distant to a nearer place; to fetch.
• To cause the accession or obtaining of; to procure; to make to come; to produce; to draw to.
• To convey; to move; to carry or conduct.
• To persuade; to induce; to draw; to lead; to guide.
• To produce in exchange; to sell for; to fetch; as, what does coal bring per ton?
Bringer
n.
• One who brings.
Brininess
n.
• The state or quality of being briny; saltness; brinishness.
Brinish
a.
• Like brine; somewhat salt; saltish.
Brinishness
n.
• State or quality of being brinish.
Brinjaree
n.
(Zool.) A rough-haired East Indian variety of the greyhound.
Brink
n.
• The edge, margin, or border of a steep place, as of a precipice; a bank or edge, as of a river or pit; a verge; a border; as, the brink of a chasm. Also Fig.
Briny
a.
• Of or pertaining to brine, or to the sea; partaking of the nature of brine; salt; as, a briny taste; the briny flood.
Brisk
a.
• Full of liveliness and activity; characterized by quickness of motion or action; lively; spirited; quick.
• Full of spirit of life; effervescng, as liquors; sparkling; as, brick cider.
v. t. & i.
• To make or become lively; to enliven; to animate; to take, or cause to take, an erect or bold attitude; — usually with up.
Brisket
n.
• That part of the breast of an animal which extends from the fore legs back beneath the ribs; also applied to the fore part of a horse, from the shoulders to the bottom of the chest.
Briskly
adv.
• In a brisk manner; nimbly.
Briskness
n.
• Liveliness; vigor in action; quickness; gayety; vivacity; effervescence.
Bristle
n.
• A short, stiff, coarse hair, as on the back of swine.
(Bot.) A stiff, sharp, roundish hair.
v. t.
• To erect the bristles of; to cause to stand up, as the bristles of an angry hog; — sometimes with up.
• To fix a bristle to; as, to bristle a thread.
v. i.
• To rise or stand erect, like bristles.
• To appear as if covered with bristles; to have standing, thick and erect, like bristles.
• To show deflance or indignation.
Bristletail
n.
(Zool.) An insect of the genera Lepisma, Campodea, etc., belonging to the Thysanura.
Bristliness
n.
• The quality or state of having bristles.
Bristly
a.
• THick set with bristles, or with hairs resembling bristles; rough.
Bristol
n.
• A seaport city in the west of England.
Brisure
n.
(Fort.) Any part of a rampart or parapet which deviates from the general direction.
(Her.) A mark of cadency or difference.
Britannia
n.
• A white-metal alloy of tin, antimony, bismuth, copper, etc. It somewhat resembles silver, and isused for table ware. Called also Britannia metal.
Britannic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Great Britain; British; as, her Britannic Majesty.
Briticism
n.
• A word, phrase, or idiom peculiar to Great Britain; any manner of using a word or words that is peculiar to Great Britain.
British
a.
• Of or pertaining to Great Britain or to its inhabitants; — sometimes restrict to the original inhabitants.
n. pl.
• People of Great Britain.
Britisher
n.
• An Englishman; a subject or inhabitant of Great Britain, esp. one in the British military or naval service.
Briton
a.
• British.
n.
• A native of Great Britain.
Brittle
a.
• Easily broken; apt to break; fragile; not tough or tenacious.
Brittlely
adv.
• In a brittle manner.
Brittleness
n.
• Aptness to break; fragility.
Britzska
n.
• A long carriage, with a calash top, so constructed as to give space for reclining at night, when used on a journey.
Brize
n.
• The breeze fly.
Broach
n.
• A spit.
• An awl; a bodkin; also, a wooden rod or pin, sharpened at each end, used by thatchers.
(Mech.) A tool of steel, generally tapering, and of a polygonal form, with from four to eight cutting edges, for smoothing or enlarging holes in metal; sometimes made smooth or without edges, as for burnishing pivot holes in watches; a reamer. The broach for gun barrels is commonly square and without taper.
• A straight tool with file teeth, made of steel, to be pressed through irregular holes in metal that cannot be dressed by revolving tools; a drift.
(Masonry) A broad chisel for stonecutting.
(Arch.) A spire rising from a tower.
• A clasp for fastening a garment.
• A spitlike start, on the head of a young stag.
• The stick from which candle wicks are suspended for dipping.
• The pin in a lock which enters the barrel of the key.
v. t.
• To spit; to pierce as with a spit.
• To tap; to pierce, as a cask, in order to draw the liquor. Hence: To let out; to shed, as blood.
• To open for the first time, as stores.
• To make public; to utter; to publish first; to put forth; to introduce as a topic of conversation.
• To cause to begin or break out.
(Masonry) To shape roughly, as a block of stone, by chiseling with a coarse tool.
• To enlarge or dress (a hole), by using a broach.
Broacher
n.
• A spit; a broach.
• One who broaches, opens, or utters; a first publisher or promoter.
Broad
a.
• Wide; extend in breadth, or from side to side; — opposed to narrow; as, a broad street, a broad table; an inch broad.
• Extending far and wide; extensive; vast; as, the broad expanse of ocean.
• Extended, in the sense of diffused; open; clear; full.
• Fig.: Having a large measure of any thing or quality; not limited; not restrained; — applied to any subject, and retaining the literal idea more or less clearly, the precise meaning depending largely on the substantive.
• Comprehensive; liberal; enlarged.
• Plain; evident; as, a broad hint.
• Free; unrestrained; unconfined.
(Fine Arts) Characterized by breadth.
• Cross; coarse; indelicate; as, a broad compliment; a broad joke; broad humor.
• Strongly marked; as, a broad Scotch accent.
n.
• The broad part of anything; as, the broad of an oar.
• The spread of a river into a sheet of water; a flooded fen.
• A lathe tool for turning down the insides and bottoms of cylinders.
Broadbill
n.
(Zool.) A wild duck (Aythya, or Fuligula, marila), which appears in large numbers on the eastern coast of the United States, in autumn; — called also bluebill, blackhead, raft duck, and scaup duck.
(Zool.) The shoveler.
Broadbrim
n.
• A hat with a very broad brim, like those worn by men of the society of Friends.
• A member of the society of Friends; a Quaker.
Broadcast
n.
(Agric.) A casting or throwing seed in all directions, as from the hand in sowing.
a.
• Cast or dispersed in all directions, as seed from the hand in sowing; widely diffused.
• Scattering in all directions (as a method of sowing); — opposed to planting in hills, or rows.
adv.
• So as to scatter or be scattered in all directions; so as to spread widely, as seed from the hand in sowing, or news from the press.
Broadcloth
n.
• A fine smooth-faced woolen cloth for men's garments, usually of double width (i.e., a yard and a half); — so called in distinction from woolens three quarters of a yard wide.
Broaden
v. t.
• To grow broad; to become broader or wider.
v. t.
• To make broad or broader; to render more broad or comprehensive.
Broadish
a.
• Rather broad; moderately broad.
Broadleaf
n.
(Bot.) A tree (Terminalia latifolia) of Jamaica, the wood of which is used for boards, scantling, shingles, etc; — sometimes called the almond tree, from the shape of its fruit.
Broadly
adv.
• In a broad manner.
Broadmouth
n.
(Zool.) One of the Eurylaimidae, a family of East Indian passerine birds.
Broadness
n.
• The condition or quality of being broad; breadth; coarseness; grossness.
Broadpiece
n.
• An old English gold coin, broader than a guinea, as a Carolus or Jacobus.
Broadseal
v. t.
• To stamp with the broad seal; to make sure; to guarantee or warrant.
Broadside
n.
(Naut.) The side of a ship above the water line, from the bow to the quarter.
• A discharge of or from all the guns on one side of a ship, at the same time.
• A volley of abuse or denunciation.
(Print.) A sheet of paper containing one large page, or printed on one side only; — called also broadsheet.
Broadspread
a.
• Widespread.
Broadspreading
a.
• Spreading widely.
Broadsword
n.
• A sword with a broad blade and a cutting edge; a claymore.
Broadwise
adv.
• Breadthwise.
Brob
n.
(Carp.) A peculiar brad-shaped spike, to be driven alongside the end of an abutting timber to prevent its slipping.
Brobdingnagian
a.
• Colossal' of extraordinary height; gigantic.
n.
• A giant.
Brocade
n.
• Silk stuff, woven with gold and silver threads, or ornamented with raised flowers, foliage, etc.; — also applied to other stuffs thus wrought and enriched.
Brocaded
a.
• Woven or worked, as brocade, with gold and silver, or with raised flowers, etc.
• Dressed in brocade.
Brocard
n.
• An elementary principle or maximum; a short, proverbial rule, in law, ethics, or metaphysics.
Brocatel
n.
• A kind of coarse brocade, or figured fabric, used chiefly for tapestry, linings for carriages, etc.
• A marble, clouded and veined with white, gray, yellow, and red, in which the yellow usually prevails. It is also called Siena marble, from its locality.
Brocatello
n.
• Same as Brocatel.
Broccoli
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the Cabbage species (Brassica oleracea) of many varieties, resembling the cauliflower. The "curd," or flowering head, is the part used for food.
Brochantite
n.
(Min.) A basic sulphate of copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.
Broche
a.
• Woven with a figure; as, broche goods.
Brochure
n.
• A printed and stitched book containing only a few leaves; a pamphlet.
Brock
n.
(Zool.) A badger.
n.
(Zool.) A brocket.
Brocker
n.
(Zool.) A male red deer two years old; — sometimes called brock.
(Zool.) A small South American deer, of several species (Coassus superciliaris, C. rufus, and C. auritus).
Brockish
a.
• Beastly; brutal.
Brodekin
n.
• A buskin or half-boot.
Brog
n.
• A pointed instrument, as a joiner's awl, a brad awl, a needle, or a small ship stick.
v. t.
• To prod with a pointed instrument, as a lance; also, to broggle.
Brogan
n.
• A stout, coarse shoe; a brogue.
Broggle
v. i.
• To sniggle, or fish with a brog.
Brogue
n.
• A stout, coarse shoe; a brogan.
• A dialectic pronunciation; esp. the Irish manner of pronouncing English.
Brogues
n. pl.
• Breeches.
Broid
v. t.
• To braid.
Broider
v. t.
• To embroider.
Broiderer
n.
• One who embroiders.
Broidery
n.
• Embroidery.
Broil
n.
• A tumult; a noisy quarrel; a disturbance; a brawl; contention; discord, either between individuals or in the state.
v. t.
• To cook by direct exposure to heat over a fire, esp. upon a gridiron over coals.
• To subject to great (commonly direct) heat.
v. i.
• To be subjected to the action of heat, as meat over the fire; to be greatly heated, or to be made uncomfortable with heat.
Broiler
n.
• One who excites broils; one who engages in or promotes noisy quarrels.
n.
• One who broils, or cooks by broiling.
• A gridiron or other utensil used in broiling.
• A chicken or other bird fit for broiling.
Broiling
a.
• Excessively hot; as, a broiling sun.
n.
• The act of causing anything to broil.
Broke
v. i.
• To transact business for another.
• To act as procurer in love matters; to pimp.
• imp. & p. p. of Break.
Broken
a.
• Separated into parts or pieces by violence; divided into fragments; as, a broken chain or rope; a broken dish.
• Disconnected; not continuous; also, rough; uneven; as, a broken surface.
• Fractured; cracked; disunited; sundered; strained; apart; as, a broken reed; broken friendship.
• Made infirm or weak, by disease, age, or hardships.
• Subdued; humbled; contrite.
• Subjugated; trained for use, as a horse.
• Crushed and ruined as by something that destroys hope; blighted.
• Not carried into effect; not adhered to; violated; as, a broken promise, vow, or contract; a broken law.
• Ruined financially; incapable of redeeming promises made, or of paying debts incurred; as, a broken bank; a broken tradesman.
• Imperfectly spoken, as by a foreigner; as, broken English; imperfectly spoken on account of emotion; as, to say a few broken words at parting.
Brokenly
adv.
• In a broken, interrupted manner; in a broken state; in broken language.
Brokenness
n.
• The state or quality of being broken; unevenness.
• Contrition; as, brokenness of heart.
Broker
n.
• One who transacts business for another; an agent.
(Law) An agent employed to effect bargains and contracts, as a middleman or negotiator, between other persons, for a compensation commonly called brokerage. He takes no possession, as broker, of the subject matter of the negotiation. He generally contracts in the names of those who employ him, and not in his own.
• A dealer in money, notes, bills of exchange, etc.
• A dealer in secondhand goods.
• A pimp or procurer.
Brokerage
n.
• The business or employment of a broker.
• The fee, reward, or commission, given or changed for transacting business as a broker.
Brokerly
a.
• Mean; servile.
Brokery
n.
• The business of a broker.
Broking
a.
• Of or pertaining to a broker or brokers, or to brokerage.
Broma
n.
(Med.) Aliment; food.
• A light form of prepared cocoa (or cacao), or the drink made from it.
Bromal
n.
(Chem.) An oily, colorless fluid, CBr.COH, related to bromoform, as chloral is to chloroform, and obtained by the action of bromine on alcohol.
Bromate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of bromic acid.
v.t.
(Med.) To combine or impregnate with bromine; as, bromated camphor.
Bromatologist
n.
• One versed in the science of foods.
Bromatology
n.
• The science of aliments.
Bromeliaceous
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a family of endogenous and mostly epiphytic or saxicolous plants of which the genera Tillandsia and Billbergia are examples. The pineapple, though terrestrial, is also of this family.
Bromic
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, bromine; — said of those compounds of bromine in which this element has a valence of five, or the next to its highest; as, bromic acid.
Bromide
n.
(Chem.) A compound of bromine with a positive radical.
Bromine
n.
(Chem.) One of the elements, related in its chemical qualities to chlorine and iodine. Atomic weight 79.8. Symbol Br. It is a deep reddish brown liquid of a very disagreeable odor, emitting a brownish vapor at the ordinary temperature. In combination it is found in minute quantities in sea water, and in many saline springs. It occurs also in the mineral bromyrite.
Bromism
n.
(Med.) A diseased condition produced by the excessive use of bromine or one of its compounds. It is characterized by mental dullness and muscular weakness.
Bromize
v. t.
(Photog.) To prepare or treat with bromine; as, to bromize a silvered plate.
Bromlife
n.
(Min.) A carbonate of baryta and lime, intermediate between witherite and strontianite; — called also alstonite.
Bromoform
n.
(Chem.) A colorless liquid, CHBr3, having an agreeable odor and sweetish taste. It is produced by the simultaneous action of bromine and caustic potash upon wood spirit, alcohol, or acetone, as also by certain other reactions. In composition it is the same as chloroform, with the substitution of bromine for chlorine. It is somewhat similar to chloroform in its effects.
Brompicrin
n.
(Chem.) A pungent colorless explosive liquid, CNO2Br3, analogous to and resembling chlorpicrin.
Bromyrite
n.
(Min.) Silver bromide, a rare mineral; — called also bromargyrite.
Bronchia
n. pl.
(Anat.) The bronchial tubes which arise from the branching of the trachea, esp. the subdivision of the bronchi.
Bronchial
a.
(Anat.) Belonging to the bronchi and their ramifications in the lungs.
Bronchic
a.
(Anat.) Bronchial.
Bronchiole
n.
(Anat.) A minute bronchial tube.
Bronchitic
a.
• Of or pertaining to bronchitis; as, bronchitic inflammation.
Bronchitis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation, acute or chronic, of the bronchial tubes or any part of them.
Broncho
n.
• A native or a Mexican horse of small size.
Bronchophony
n.
• A modification of the voice sounds, by which they are intensified and heightened in pitch; — observed in auscultation of the chest in certain cases of intro-thoracic disease.
Bronchotome
n.
(Surg.) An instrument for cutting into the bronchial tubes.
Bronchotomy
n.
(Surg.) An incision into the windpipe or larynx, including the operations of tracheotomy and laryngotomy.
Bronchus
n.
(Anat.) One of the subdivisions of the trachea or windpipe; esp. one of the two primary divisions.
Bronco
n.
• Same as Broncho.
Brond
n.
• A sword.
Brontology
n.
• A treatise upon thunder.
Brontosaurus
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of American jurassic dinosaurs. A length of sixty feet is believed to have been attained by these reptiles.
Brontotherium
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of large extinct mammals from the miocene strata of western North America. They were allied to the rhinoceros, but the skull bears a pair of powerful horn cores in front of the orbits, and the fore feet were four-toed.
Brontozoum
n.
(Paleon.) An extinct animal of large size, known from its three-toed footprints in Mesozoic sandstone.
Bronze
n.
• An alloy of copper and tin, to which small proportions of other metals, especially zinc, are sometimes added. It is hard and sonorous, and is used for statues, bells, cannon, etc., the proportions of the ingredients being varied to suit the particular purposes. The varieties containing the higher proportions of tin are brittle, as in bell metal and speculum metal.
• A statue, bust, etc., cast in bronze.
• A yellowish or reddish brown, the color of bronze; also, a pigment or powder for imitating bronze.
• Boldness; impudence; "brass."
v. t.
• To give an appearance of bronze to, by a coating of bronze powder, or by other means; to make of the color of bronze; as, to bronze plaster casts; to bronze coins or medals.
• To make hard or unfeeling; to brazen.
Bronzewing
n.
(Zool.) An Australian pigeon of the genus Phaps, of several species; — so called from its bronze plumage.
Bronzine
n.
• A metal so prepared as to have the appearance of bronze.
a.
• Made of bronzine; resembling bronze; bronzelike.
Bronzing
n.
• The act or art of communicating to articles in metal, wood, clay, plaster, etc., the appearance of bronze by means of bronze powders, or imitative painting, or by chemical processes.
• A material for bronzing.
Bronzist
n.
• One who makes, imitates, collects, or deals in, bronzes.
Bronzite
n.
(Min.) A variety of enstatite, often having a bronzelike luster. It is a silicate of magnesia and iron, of the pyroxene family.
Bronzy
a.
• Like bronze.
Brooch
n.
• An ornament, in various forms, with a tongue, pin, or loop for attaching it to a garment; now worn at the breast by women; a breastpin. Formerly worn by men on the hat.
(Paint.) A painting all of one color, as a sepia painting, or an India painting.
v. t.
• To adorn as with a brooch.
Brood
n.
• The young birds hatched at one time; a hatch; as, a brood of chicken.
• The young from the same dam, whether produced at the same time or not; young children of the same mother, especially if nearly of the same age; offspring; progeny; as, a woman with a brood of children.
• That which is bred or produced; breed; species.
(Mining) Heavy waste in tin and copper ores.
a.
• Sitting or inclined to sit on eggs.
• Kept for breeding from; as, a brood mare; brood stock; having young; as, a brood sow.
v. i.
• To sit on and cover eggs, as a fowl, for the purpose of warming them and hatching the young; or to sit over and cover young, as a hen her chickens, in order to warm and protect them; hence, to sit quietly, as if brooding.
• To have the mind dwell continuously or moodily on a subject; to think long and anxiously; to be in a state of gloomy, serious thought; — usually followed by over or on; as, to brood over misfortunes.
v. t.
• To sit over, cover, and cherish; as, a hen broods her chickens.
• To cherish with care.
• To think anxiously or moodily upon.
Broody
a.
• Inclined to brood.
Brook
n.
• A natural stream of water smaller than a river or creek.
v. t.
• To use; to enjoy.
• To bear; to endure; to put up with; to tolerate; as, young men can not brook restraint.
• To deserve; to earn.
Brookite
n.
(Min.) A mineral consisting of titanic oxide, and hence identical with rutile and octahedrite in composition, but crystallizing in the orthorhombic system.
Brooklet
n.
• A small brook.
Brooklime
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Veronica Beccabunga), with flowers, usually blue, in axillary racemes. The American species is V. Americana.
Brookside
n.
• The bank of a brook.
Brookweed
n.
(Bot.) A small white-flowered herb (Samolus Valerandi) found usually in wet places; water pimpernel.
Broom
n.
(Bot.) A plant having twigs suitable for making brooms to sweep with when bound together; esp., the Cytisus scoparius of Western Europe, which is a low shrub with long, straight, green, angular branches, mintue leaves, and large yellow flowers.
• An implement for sweeping floors, etc., commonly made of the panicles or tops of broom corn, bound together or attached to a long wooden handle; — so called because originally made of the twigs of the broom.
Broomstaff
n.
• A broomstick.
Broomstick
n.
• A stick used as a handle of a broom.
Broomy
a.
• Of or pertaining to broom; overgrowing with broom; resembling broom or a broom.
Brose
n.
• Pottage made by pouring some boiling liquid on meal (esp. oatmeal), and stirring it. It is called beef brose, water brose, etc., according to the name of the liquid (beef broth, hot water, etc.) used.
Brotel
a.
• Brittle.
Brotelness
n.
• Brittleness.
Broth
n.
• Liquid in which flesh (and sometimes other substances, as barley or rice) has been boiled; thin or simple soup.
Brothel
n.
• A house of lewdness or ill fame; a house frequented by prostitutes; a bawdyhouse.
Brotheler
n.
• One who frequents brothels.
Brothelry
n.
• Lewdness; obscenity; a brothel.
Brother
n.
• A male person who has the same father and mother with another person, or who has one of them only. In the latter case he is more definitely called a half brother, or brother of the half blood.
• One related or closely united to another by some common tie or interest, as of rank, profession, membership in a society, toil, suffering, etc.; — used among judges, clergymen, monks, physicians, lawers, professors of religion, etc.
• One who, or that which, resembles another in distinctive qualities or traits of character.
v. t.
• To make a brother of; to call or treat as a brother; to admit to a brotherhood.
Brotherhood
n.
• The state of being brothers or a brother.
• An association for any purpose, as a society of monks; a fraternity.
• The whole body of persons engaged in the same business, — especially those of the same profession; as, the legal or medical brotherhood.
• Persons, and, poetically, things, of a like kind.
Brotherliness
n.
• The state or quality of being brotherly.
Brotherly
a.
• Of or pertaining to brothers; such as is natural for brothers; becoming to brothers; kind; affectionate; as, brotherly love.
adv.
• Like a brother; affectionately; kindly.
Brouded
p.a.
• Braided; broidered.
Brougham
n.
• A light, close carriage, with seats inside for two or four, and the fore wheels so arranged as to turn short.
Brow
n.
• The prominent ridge over the eye, with the hair that covers it, forming an arch above the orbit.
• The hair that covers the brow (ridge over the eyes); the eyebrow.
• The forehead; as, a feverish brow.
• The general air of the countenance.
• The edge or projecting upper aprt of a steep place; as, the brow of a precipice; the brow of a hill.
v. t.
• To bound to limit; to be at, or form, the edge of.
Browbeat
v. t.
• To depress or bear down with haughty, stern looks, or with arrogant speech and dogmatic assertions; to abash or disconcert by impudent or abusive words or looks; to bully; as, to browbeat witnesses.
Browbeating
n.
• The act of bearing down, abashing, or disconcerting, with stern looks, suspercilious manners, or confident assertions.
Browbound
a.
• Crowned; having the head encircled as with a diadem.
Browdyng
n.
• Embroidery.
Browed
a.
• Having (such) a brow; — used in composition; as, dark-browed, stern-browed.
Browless
a.
• Without shame.
Brown
a.
• Of a dark color, of various shades between black and red or yellow.
n.
• A dark color inclining to red or yellow, resulting from the mixture of red and black, or of red, black, and yellow; a tawny, dusky hue.
v. t.
• To make brown or dusky.
• To make brown by scorching slightly; as, to brown meat or flour.
• To give a bright brown color to, as to gun barrels, by forming a thin coat of oxide on their surface.
v. i.
• To become brown.
Brownback
n.
(Zool.) The dowitcher or red-breasted snipe.
Brownian
a.
• Pertaining to Dr. Robert Brown, who first demonstrated (about 1827) the commonness of the motion described below.
Brownie
n.
• An imaginary good-natured spirit, who was supposed often to perform important services around the house by night, such as thrashing, churning, sweeping.
Browning
n.
• The act or operation of giving a brown color, as to gun barrels, etc.
(Masonry) A smooth coat of brown mortar, usually the second coat, and the preparation for the finishing coat of plaster.
Brownish
a.
• Somewhat brown.
Brownism
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) The views or teachings of Robert Brown of the Brownists.
n.
(Med.) The doctrines of the Brunonian system of medicine.
Brownist
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Robert Brown, of England, in the 16th century, who taught that every church is complete and independent in itself when organized, and consists of members meeting in one place, having full power to elect and depose its officers.
n.
(Med.) One who advocates the Brunonian system of medicine.
Brownness
n.
• The quality or state of being brown.
Brownstone
n.
• A dark variety of sandstone, much used for building purposes.
Brownwort
n.
(Bot.) A species of figwort or Scrophularia (S. vernalis), and other species of the same genus, mostly perennials with inconspicuous coarse flowers.
Browny
a.
• Brown or, somewhat brown.
Browpost
n.
(Carp.) A beam that goes across a building.
Browse
n.
• The tender branches or twigs of trees and shrubs, fit for the food of cattle and other animals; green food.
v. t.
• To eat or nibble off, as the tender branches of trees, shrubs, etc.; — said of cattle, sheep, deer, and some other animals.
• To feed on, as pasture; to pasture on; to graze.
v. i.
• To feed on the tender branches or shoots of shrubs or trees, as do cattle, sheep, and deer.
• To pasture; to feed; to nibble.
Browser
n.
• An animal that browses.
Browsewood
n.
• Srubs and bushes upon which animals browse.
Browsing
n.
• Browse; also, a place abounding with shrubs where animals may browse.
Browspot
n.
(Zool.) A rounded organ between the eyes of the frog; the interocular gland.
Bruang
n.
(Zool.) The Malayan sun bear.
Brucine
n.
(Chem.) A poweful vegetable alkaloid, found, associated with strychnine, in the seeds of different species of Strychnos, especially in the Nux vomica. It is less powerful than strychnine. Called also brucia and brucina.
Brucite
n.
(Min.) A white, pearly mineral, occurring thin and foliated, like talc, and also fibrous; a native magnesium hydrate.
• The mineral chondrodite.
Bruckeled
a.
• Wet and dirty; begrimed.
Bruh
n.
(Zool.) The rhesus monkey.
Bruin
n.
• A bear; — so called in popular tales and fables.
Bruise
v. t.
• To injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse; as, to bruise one's finger with a hammer; to bruise the bark of a tree with a stone; to bruise an apple by letting it fall.
• To break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush.
v. i.
• To fight with the fists; to box.
n.
• An injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit.
Bruiser
n.
• One who, or that which, bruises.
• A boxer; a pugilist.
• A concave tool used in grinding lenses or the speculums of telescopes.
Bruisewort
n.
• A plant supposed to heal bruises, as the true daisy, the soapwort, and the comfrey.
Bruit
n.
• Report; rumor; fame.

(Med.) An abnormal sound of several kinds, heard on auscultation.
v. t.
• To report; to noise abroad.
Brumaire
n.
• The second month of the calendar adopted by the first French republic. It began thirty days after the autumnal equinox.
Brumal
a.
• Of or pertaining to winter.
Brume
n.
• Mist; fog; vapors.
Brummagem
a.
• Counterfeit; gaudy but worthless; sham.
Brumous
a.
• Foggy; misty.
Brun
n.
• Same as Brun, a brook.
Brunette
n.
• A girl or woman with a somewhat brown or dark complexion.
a.
• Having a dark tint.
Brunion
n.
• A nectarine.
Brunonian
a.
• Pertaining to, or invented by, Brown; — a term applied to a system of medicine promulgated in the 18th century by John Brown, of Scotland, the fundamental doctrine of which was, that life is a state of excitation produced by the normal action of external agents upon the body, and that disease consists in excess or deficiency of excitation.
Brunt
n.
• The heat, or utmost violence, of an onset; the strength or greatest fury of any contention; as, the brunt of a battle.
• The force of a blow; shock; collision.
Brush
n.
• An instrument composed of bristles, or other like material, set in a suitable back or handle, as of wood, bone, or ivory, and used for various purposes, as in removing dust from clothes, laying on colors, etc. Brushes have different shapes and names according to their use; as, clothes brush, paint brush, tooth brush, etc.
• The bushy tail of a fox.
(Zool.) A tuft of hair on the mandibles.
• Branches of trees lopped off; brushwood.
• A thicket of shrubs or small trees; the shrubs and small trees in a wood; underbrush.
(Elec.) A bundle of flexible wires or thin plates of metal, used to conduct an electrical current to or from the commutator of a dynamo, electric motor, or similar apparatus.
• The act of brushing; as, to give one's clothes a brush; a rubbing or grazing with a quick motion; a light touch; as, we got a brush from the wheel as it passed.
• A skirmish; a slight encounter; a shock or collision; as, to have a brush with an enemy.
• A short contest, or trial, of speed.
v. t.
• To apply a brush to, according to its particular use; to rub, smooth, clean, paint, etc., with a brush.
• To touch in passing, or to pass lightly over, as with a brush.
• To remove or gather by brushing, or by an act like that of brushing, or by passing lightly over, as wind; — commonly with off.
v. i.
• To move nimbly in haste; to move so lightly as scarcely to be perceived; as, to brush by.
Brusher
n.
• One who, or that which, brushes.
Brushiness
n.
• The quality of resembling a brush; brushlike condition; shagginess.
Brushing
a.
• Constructed or used to brush with; as a brushing machine.
• Brisk; light; as, a brushing gallop.
Brushite
n.
(Min.) A white or gray crystalline mineral consisting of the acid phosphate of calcium.
Brushwood
n.
• Brush; a thicket or coppice of small trees and shrubs.
• Small branches of trees cut off.
Brushy
a.
• Resembling a brush; shaggy; rough.
Brusk
a.
• Same as Brusque.
Brusque
a.
• Rough and prompt in manner; blunt; abrupt; hluff; as, a brusque man; a brusque style.
Brusqueness
n.
• Quality of being brusque; roughness joined with promptness; blutness.
Brussels
n.
• A city of Belgium, giving its name to a kind of carpet, a kind of lace, etc.
Brustle
v. i.
• To crackle; to rustle, as a silk garment.
• To make a show of fireceness or defiance; to bristle.
n.
• A bristle.
Brut
v. i.
• To browse.
Brutal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a brute; as, brutal nature.
• Like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; brutish; unfeeling; merciless; gross; as, brutal manners.
Brutalism
n.
• Brutish quality; brutality.
Brutality
n.
• The quality of being brutal; inhumanity; savageness; pitilessness.
• An inhuman act.
Brutalization
n.
• The act or process of making brutal; state of being brutalized.
Brutalize
v. t.
• To make brutal; beasty; unfeeling; or inhuman.
v. i.
• To become brutal, inhuman, barbarous, or coarse and beasty.
Brutally
adv.
• In a brutal manner; cruelly.
Brute
a.
• Not having sensation; senseless; inanimate; unconscious; without intelligence or volition; as, the brute earth; the brute powers of nature.
• Not possessing reason, irrational; unthinking; as, a brute beast; the brute creation.
• Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of, a brute beast. Hence: Brutal; cruel; fierce; ferocious; savage; pitiless; as, brute violence.
• Having the physical powers predominating over the mental; coarse; unpolished; unintelligent.
• Rough; uncivilized; unfeeling.
n.
• An animal destitute of human reason; any animal not human; esp. a quadruped; a beast.
• A brutal person; a savage in heart or manners; as unfeeling or coarse person.
v. t.
• To report; to bruit.
Brutely
adv.
• In a rude or violent manner.
Bruteness
n.
• Brutality.
• Insensibility.
Brutify
v. t.
• To make like a brute; to make senseless, stupid, or unfeeling; to brutalize.
Bruting
n.
• Browsing.
Brutish
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, a brute or brutes; of a cruel, gross, and stupid nature; coarse; unfeeling; unintelligent.
Brutism
n.
• The nature or characteristic qualities or actions of a brute; extreme stupidity, or beastly vulgarity.
Bryological
a.
• Relating to bryology; as, bryological studies.
Bryologist
n.
• One versed in bryology.
Bryology
n.
• That part of botany which relates to mosses.
Bryonin
n.
(Chem.) A bitter principle obtained from the root of the bryony (Bryonia alba and B. dioica). It is a white, or slightly colored, substance, and is emetic and cathartic.
Bryony
n.
(Bot.) The common name of several cucurbitaceous plants of the genus Bryonia. The root of B. alba (rough or white bryony) and of B. dioica is a strong, irritating cathartic.
Bryozoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) A class of Molluscoidea, including minute animals which by budding form compound colonies; — called also Polyzoa.
Bryozoan
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Bryozoa.
n.
• One of the Bryozoa.
Bryozoum
n.
(Zool.) An individual zooid of a bryozoan coralline, of which there may be two or more kinds in a single colony. The zooecia usually have a wreath of tentacles around the mouth, and a well developed stomach and intestinal canal; but these parts are lacking in the other zooids (Avicularia, Ooecia, etc.).
Buansuah
n.
(Zool.) The wild dog of northern India (Cuon primaevus), supposed by some to be an ancestral species of the domestic dog.
Buat
n.
• A lantern; also, the moon.
Bub
n.
• Strong malt liquor.
n.
• A young brother; a little boy; — a familiar term of address of a small boy.
v. t.
• To throw out in bubbles; to bubble.
Bubale
n.
(Zool.) A large antelope (Alcelaphus bubalis) of Egypt and the Desert of Sahara, supposed by some to be the fallow deer of the Bible.
Bubaline
a.
(Zool.) Resembling a buffalo.
Bubble
n.
• A thin film of liquid inflated with air or gas; as, a soap bubble; bubbles on the surface of a river.
• A small quantity of air or gas within a liquid body; as, bubbles rising in champagne or aerated waters.
• A globule of air, or globular vacuum, in a transparent solid; as, bubbles in window glass, or in a lens.
• A small, hollow, floating bead or globe, formerly used for testing the strength of spirits.
• The globule of air in the spirit tube of a level.
• Anything that wants firmness or solidity; that which is more specious than real; a false show; a cheat or fraud; a delusive scheme; an empty project; a dishonest speculation; as, the South Sea bubble.
• A person deceived by an empty project; a gull.
v. i.
• To rise in bubbles, as liquids when boiling or agitated; to contain bubbles.
• To run with a gurdling noise, as if forming bubbles; as, a bubbling stream.
• To sing with a gurgling or warbling sound.
Bubbler
v. t.
• To cheat; to deceive.
n.
• One who cheats.
(Zool.) A fish of the Ohio river; — so called from the noise it makes.
Bubbly
a.
• Abounding in bubbles; bubbling.
Bubby
n.
• A woman's breast.
n.
• Bub; — a term of familiar or affectionate address to a small boy.
Bubo
n.
(Med.) An inflammation, with enlargement, of a limphatic gland, esp. in the groin, as in syphilis.
Bubonic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a bubo or buboes; characterized by buboes.
Bubonocele
n.
(Med.) An inguinal hernia; esp. that incomplete variety in which the hernial pouch descends only as far as the groin, forming a swelling there like a bubo.
Bubukle
n.
• A red pimple.
Buccal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mouth or cheeks.
Buccaneer
n.
• A robber upon the sea; a pirate; — a term applied especially to the piratical adventurers who made depredations on the Spaniards in America in the 17th and 18th centuries.
v. i.
• To act the part of a buccaneer; to live as a piratical adventurer or sea robber.
Buccaneerish
a.
• Like a buccaneer; piratical.
Buccinal
a.
• Shaped or sounding like a trumpet; trumpetlike.
Buccinator
n.
(Anat.) A muscle of the cheek; — so called from its use in blowing wind instruments.
Buccinoid
a.
(Zool.) Resembling the genus Buccinum, or pertaining to the Buccinidae, a family of marine univalve shells.
Buccinum
n.
(Zool.) A genus of large univalve mollusks abundant in the arctic seas. It includes the common whelk (B. undatum).
Bucentaur
n.
• A fabulous monster, half ox, half man.
• The state barge of Venice, used by the doge in the ceremony of espousing the Adriatic.
Buceros
n.
(Zool.) A genus of large perching birds; the hornbills.
Bucholzite
n.
(Min.) Same as Fibrolite.
Buchu
n.
(Bot.) A South African shrub (Barosma) with small leaves that are dotted with oil dlands; also, the leaves themselves, which are used in medicine for diseases of the urinary organs, etc. Several species furnish the leaves.
Buck
n.
• Lye or suds in which cloth is soaked in the operation of bleaching, or in which clothes are washed.
• The cloth or clothes soaked or washed.
v. t.
• To soak, steep, or boil, in lye or suds; — a process in bleaching.
• To wash (clothes) in lye or suds, or, in later usage, by beating them on stones in running water.
(Mining) To break up or pulverize, as ores.
n.
• The male of deer, especially fallow deer and antelopes, or of goats, sheep, hares, and rabbits.
• A gay, dashing young fellow; a fop; a dandy.
• A male Indian or negro.
v. i.
• To copulate, as bucks and does.
• To spring with quick plunging leaps, descending with the fore legs rigid and the head held as low down as possible; — said of a vicious horse or mule.
v. t.
(Mil.) To subject to a mode of punishment which consists in tying the wrists together, passing the arms over the bent knees, and putting a stick across the arms and in the angle formed by the knees.
• To throw by bucking.
n.
• A frame on which firewood is sawed; a sawhorse; a sawbuck.
n.
• The beech tree.
Buckboard
n.
• A four-wheeled vehicle, having a long elastic board or frame resting on the bolsters or axletrees, and a seat or seats placed transversely upon it; — called also buck wagon.
Bucker
n.
(Mining) One who bucks ore.
• A broad-headed hammer used in bucking ore.
n.
• A horse or mule that bucks.
Bucket
n.
• A vessel for drawing up water from a well, or for catching, holding, or carrying water, sap, or other liquids.
• A vessel (as a tub or scoop) for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain, etc.
(Mach.) One of the receptacles on the rim of a water wheel into which the water rushes, causing the wheel to revolve; also, a float of a paddle wheel.
• The valved piston of a lifting pump.
Buckety
n.
• Paste used by weavers to dress their webs.
Buckeye
n.
(Bot.) A name given to several American trees and shrubs of the same genus (Asculus) as the horse chestnut.
• A cant name for a native in Ohio.
Buckhound
n.
• A hound for hunting deer.
Buckie
n.
(Zool.) A large spiral marine shell, esp. the common whelk.
Bucking
n.
• The act or process of soaking or boiling cloth in an alkaline liquid in the operation of bleaching; also, the liquid used.
• A washing.
• The process of breaking up or pulverizing ores.
Buckish
a.
• Dandified; foppish.
Buckle
n.
• A device, usually of metal, consisting of a frame with one more movable tongues or catches, used for fastening things together, as parts of dress or harness, by means of a strap passing through the frame and pierced by the tongue.
• A distortion bulge, bend, or kink, as in a saw blade or a plate of sheet metal.
• A curl of hair, esp. a kind of crisp curl formerly worn; also, the state of being curled.
• A contorted expression, as of the face.
v. t.
• To fasten or confine with a buckle or buckles; as, to buckle a harness.
• To bend; to cause to kink, or to become distorted.
• To prepare for action; to apply with vigor and earnestness; — generally used reflexively.
• To join in marriage.
v. i.
• To bend permanently; to become distorted; to bow; to curl; to kink.
• To bend out of a true vertical plane, as a wall.
• To yield; to give way; to cease opposing.
• To enter upon some labor or contest; to join in close fight; to struggle; to contend.
Buckler
n.
• A kind of shield, of various shapes and sizes, worn on one of the arms (usually the left) for protecting the front of the body.
(Zool.) One of the large, bony, external plates found on many ganoid fishes.
• The anterior segment of the shell of trilobites.
(Naut.) A block of wood or plate of iron made to fit a hawse hole, or the circular opening in a half-port, to prevent water from entering when the vessel pitches.
v. t.
• To shield; to defend.
Buckling
a.
• Wavy; curling, as hair.
Buckra
n.
• A white man; — a term used by negroes of the African coast, West Indies, etc.
a.
• White; white man's; strong; good; as, buckra yam, a white yam.
Buckram
n.
• A coarse cloth of linen or hemp, stiffened with size or glue, used in garments to keep them in the form intended, and for wrappers to cover merchandise.
(Bot.) A plant.
a.
• Made of buckram; as, a buckram suit.
• Stiff; precise.
v. t.
• To strengthen with buckram; to make stiff.
Buckshot
n.
• A coarse leaden shot, larger than swan shot, used in hunting deer and large game.
Buckskin
n.
• The skin of a buck.
• A soft strong leather, usually yellowish or grayish in color, made of deerskin.
• A person clothed in buckskin, particularly an American soldier of the Revolutionary war.
• Breeches made of buckskin.
Buckstall
n.
• A toil or net to take deer.
Buckthorn
n.
(Bot.) A genus (Rhamnus) of shrubs or trees. The shorter branches of some species terminate in long spines or thorns.
Bucktooth
n.
• Any tooth that juts out.
Buckwheat
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Fagopyrum esculentum) of the Polygonum family, the seed of which is used for food.
• The triangular seed used, when ground, for griddle cakes, etc.
Bucolic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the life and occupation of a shepherd; pastoral; rustic.
n.
• A pastoral poem, representing rural affairs, and the life, manners, and occupation of shepherds; as, the Bucolics of Theocritus and Virgil.
Bucolical
a.
• Bucolic.
Bucranium
n.
• A sculptured ornament, representing an ox skull adorned with wreaths, etc.
Bud
n.
(Bot.) A small protuberance on the stem or branches of a plant, containing the rudiments of future leaves, flowers, or stems; an undeveloped branch or flower.
(Biol.) A small protuberance on certain low forms of animals and vegetables which develops into a new organism, either free or attached.
v. i.
• To put forth or produce buds, as a plant; to grow, as a bud does, into a flower or shoot.
• To begin to grow, or to issue from a stock in the manner of a bud, as a horn.
• To be like a bud in respect to youth and freshness, or growth and promise; as, a budding virgin.
v. t.
• To graft, as a plant with another or into another, by inserting a bud from the one into an opening in the bark of the other, in order to raise, upon the budded stock, fruit different from that which it would naturally bear.
Buddha
n.
• The title of an incarnation of self-abnegation, virtue, and wisdom, or a deified religious teacher of the Buddhists, esp. Gautama Siddartha or Sakya Sinha (or Muni), the founder of Buddhism.
Buddhism
n.
• The religion based upon the doctrine originally taught by the Hindoo sage Gautama Siddartha, surnamed Buddha, "the awakened or enlightened," in the sixth century b.c., and adopted as a religion by the greater part of the inhabitants of Central and Eastern Asia and the Indian Islands. Buddha's teaching is believed to have been atheistic; yet it was characterized by elevated humanity and morality. It presents release from existence (a beatific enfranchisement, Nirvana) as the greatest good. Buddhists believe in transmigration of souls through all phases and forms of life. Their number was estimated in 1881 at 470,000,000.
Buddhist
n.
• One who accepts the teachings of Buddhism.
a.
• Of or pertaining to Buddha, Buddhism, or the Buddhists.
Buddhistic
a.
• Same as Buddhist, a.
Budding
n.
• The act or process of producing buds.
(Biol.) A process of asexual reproduction, in which a new organism or cell is formed by a protrusion of a portion of the animal or vegetable organism, the bud thus formed sometimes remaining attached to the parent stalk or cell, at other times becoming free; gemmation.
• The act or process of ingrafting one kind of plant upon another stock by inserting a bud under the bark.
Buddle
n.
(Mining) An apparatus, especially an inclined trough or vat, in which stamped ore is concentrated by subjecting it to the action of rynning water so as to wash out the lighter and less valuable portions.
v. i.
(Mining) To wash ore in a buddle.
Budge
v. i.
• To move off; to stir; to walk away.
a.
• Brisk; stirring; jocund.
n.
• A kind of fur prepared from lambskin dressed with the wool on; — used formerly as an edging and ornament, esp. of scholastic habits.
a.
• Lined with budge; hence, scholastic.
• Austere or stiff, like scholastics.
Budgeness
n.
• Sternness; severity.
Budger
n.
• One who budges.
Budgerow
n.
• A large and commodious, but generally cumbrous and sluggish boat, used for journeys on the Ganges. Budget
n.
• A bag or sack with its contents; hence, a stock or store; an accumulation; as, a budget of inventions.
• The annual financial statement which the British chancellor of the exchequer makes in the House of Commons. It comprehends a general view of the finances of the country, with the proposed plan of taxation for the ensuing year. The term is sometimes applied to a similar statement in other countries.
Budgy
a.
• Consisting of fur.
Budlet
n.
• A little bud springing from a parent bud.
Buff
n.
• A sort of leather, prepared from the skin of the buffalo, dressed with oil, like chamois; also, the skins of oxen, elks, and other animals, dressed in like manner.
• The color to buff; a light yellow, shading toward pink, gray, or brown.
• A military coat, made of buff leather.
(Med.) The grayish viscid substance constituting the buffy coat.
(Mech.) A wheel covered with buff leather, and used in polishing cutlery, spoons, etc.
• The bare skin; as, to strip to the buff.
a.
• Made of buff leather.
• Of the color of buff.
v. t.
• To polish with a buff.
v. t.
• To strike.
n.
• A buffet; a blow; — obsolete except in the phrase "Blindman's buff."
a.
• Firm; sturdy.
Buffa
n. fem.
(Mus.) The comic actress in an opera.
a.
• Comic, farcical.
Buffalo
n.
(Zool.) A species of the genus Bos or Bubalus (B. bubalus), originally from India, but now found in most of the warmer countries of the eastern continent. It is larger and less docile than the common ox, and is fond of marshy places and rivers.
(Zool.) A very large and savage species of the same genus (B. Caffer) found in South Africa; — called also Cape buffalo.
(Zool.) Any species of wild ox.
(Zool.) The bison of North America.
• A buffalo robe.
(Zool.) The buffalo fish.
Buffer
n.
(Mech.) An elastic apparatus or fender, for deadening the jar caused by the collision of bodies; as, a buffer at the end of a railroad car.
• A pad or cushion forming the end of a fender, which recieves the blow; — sometimes called buffing apparatus.
• One who polishes with a buff.
• A wheel for buffing; a buff.
• A good-humored, slow-witted fellow; — usually said of an elderly man.
Bufferhead
n.
• The head of a buffer, which recieves the concussion, in railroad carriages.
Buffet
n.
• A cupboard or set of shelves, either movable or fixed at one side of a room, for the display of plate, china, etc., a sideboard.
• A counter for refreshments; a restaurant at a railroad station, or place of public gathering.
n.
• A blow with the hand; a slap on the face; a cuff.
• A blow from any source, or that which affects like a blow, as the violence of winds or waves; a stroke; an adverse action; an affliction; a trial; adversity.
• A small stool; a stool for a buffet or counter.
v. t.
• To strike with the hand or fist; to box; to beat; to cuff; to slap.
• To affect as with blows; to strike repeatedly; to strive with or contend against; as, to buffet the billows.
• To deaden the sound of (bells) by muffling the clapper.
v. i.
• To exercise or play at boxing; to strike; to smite; to strive; to contend.
• To make one's way by blows or struggling.
Buffeter
n.
• One who buffets; a boxer.
Buffeting
n.
• A striking with the hand.
• A succession of blows; continued violence, as of winds or waves; afflictions; adversity.
Buffin
n.
• A sort of coarse stuff; as, buffin gowns.
Buffle
n.
• The buffalo.
v. i.
• To puzzle; to be at a loss.
Bufflehead
n.
• One who has a large head; a heavy, stupid fellow.
(Zool.) The buffel duck.
Buffo
n.masc.
(Mus.) The comic actor in an opera.
Buffoon
n.
• A man who makes a practice of amusing others by low tricks, antic gestures, etc.; a droll; a mimic; a harlequin; a clown; a merry-andrew.
a.
• Characteristic of, or like, a buffoon.
v. i.
• To act the part of a buffoon.
v. t.
• To treat with buffoonery.
Buffoonery
n.
• The arts and practices of a buffoon, as low jests, ridiculous pranks, vulgar tricks and postures.
Buffoonish
a.
• Like a buffoon; consisting in low jests or gestures.
Buffoonism
n.
• The practices of a buffoon; buffoonery.
Buffoonly
a.
• Low; vulgar.
Buffy
a.
(Med.) Resembling, or characterized by, buff.
Bufo
n.
(Zool.) A genus of Amphibia including various species of toads.
Bufonite
n.
(Paleon.) An old name for a fossil consisting of the petrified teeth and palatal bones of fishes belonging to the family of Pycnodonts (thick teeth), whose remains occur in the oolite and chalk formations; toadstone; — so named from a notion that it was originally formed in the head of a toad.
Bug
n.
• A bugbear; anything which terrifies.
(Zool.) A general name applied to various insects belonging to the Hemiptera; as, the squash bug; the chinch bug, etc.
(Zool.) An insect of the genus Cimex, especially the bedbug (C. lectularius).
(Zool.) One of various species of Coleoptera; as, the ladybug; potato bug, etc.; loosely, any beetle.
(Zool.) One of certain kinds of Crustacea; as, the sow bug; pill bug; bait bug; salve bug, etc.
Bugbane
n.
(Bot.) A perennial white-flowered herb of the order Ranunculaceae and genus Cimiciguga; bugwort. There are several species.
Bugbear
n.
• Same as Bugaboo.
a.
• Causing needless fright.
v. t.
• To alarm with idle phantoms.
Bugfish
n.
(Zool.) The menhaden.
Bugger
n.
• One guilty of buggery or unnatural vice; a sodomite.
• A wretch; — sometimes used humorously or in playful disparagement.
Buggery
n.
• Unnatural sexual intercourse; sodomy.
Bugginess
n.
• The state of being infested with bugs.
Buggy
a.
• Infested or abounding with bugs.
n.
• A light one horse two-wheeled vehicle.
• A light, four-wheeled vehicle, usually with one seat, and with or without a calash top.
Bugle
n.
• A sort of wild ox; a buffalo.
n.
• A horn used by hunters.
(Mus.) A copper instrument of the horn quality of tone, shorter and more conical that the trumpet, sometimes keyed; formerly much used in military bands, very rarely in the orchestra; now superseded by the cornet; — called also the Kent bugle.
n.
• An elingated glass bead, of various colors, though commonly black.
a.
• Jet black.
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Ajuga of the Mint family, a native of the Old World.
Bugled
a.
• Ornamented with bugles.
Bugler
n.
• One who plays on a bugle.
Bugleweed
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the Mint family and genus Lycopus; esp. L. Virginicus, which has mild narcotic and astringent properties, and is sometimes used as a remedy for hemorrhage.
Bugloss
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Anchusa, and especially the A. officinalis, sometimes called alkanet; oxtongue.
Bugwort
n.
(Bot.) Bugbane.
Buhrstone
n.
(Min.) A cellular, flinty rock, used for mill stones.
Build
v. t.
• To erect or construct, as an edifice or fabric of any kind; to form by uniting materials into a regular structure; to fabricate; to make; to raise.
• To raise or place on a foundation; to form, establish, or produce by using appropriate means.
• To increase and strengthen; to increase the power and stability of; to settle, or establish, and preserve; — frequently with up; as, to build up one's constitution.
v. i.
• To exercise the art, or practice the business, of building.
• To rest or depend, as on a foundation; to ground one's self or one's hopes or opinions upon something deemed reliable; to rely; as, to build on the opinions or advice of others.
n.
• Form or mode of construction; general figure; make; as, the build of a ship.
Builder
n.
• One who builds; one whose occupation is to build, as a carpenter, a shipwright, or a mason.
Building
n.
• The act of constructing, erecting, or establishing.
• The art of constructing edifices, or the practice of civil architecture.
• That which is built; a fabric or edifice constructed, as a house, a church, etc.
Built
n.
• Shape; build; form of structure; as, the built of a ship.
a.
• Formed; shaped; constructed; made; — often used in composition and preceded by the word denoting the form; as, frigate-built, clipper-built, etc.
Bulau
n.
(Zool.) An East Indian insectivorous mammal (Gymnura Rafflesii), somewhat like a rat in appearance, but allied to the hedgehog.
Bulb
n.
(Bot.) A spheroidal body growing from a plant either above or below the ground (usually below), which is strictly a bud, consisting of a cluster of partially developed leaves, and producing, as it grows, a stem above, and roots below, as in the onion, tulip, etc. It differs from a corm in not being solid.
(Anat.) A name given to some parts that resemble in shape certain bulbous roots; as, the bulb of the aorta.
• An expansion or protuberance on a stem or tube, as the bulb of a thermometer, which may be of any form, as spherical, cylindrical, curved, etc.
v. i.
• To take the shape of a bulb; to swell.
Bulbaceous
a.
• Bulbous.
Bulbar
a.
• Of or pertaining to bulb; especially, in medicine, pertaining to the bulb of the spinal cord, or medulla oblongata; as, bulbar paralysis.
Bulbed
a.
• Having a bulb; round-headed.
Bulbel
n.
(Bot.) A separable bulb formed on some flowering plants.
Bulbiferous
a.
(Bot.) Producing bulbs.
Bulblet
n.
(Bot.) A small bulb, either produced on a larger bulb, or on some aerial part of a plant, as in the axils of leaves in the tiger lily, or replacing the flowers in some kinds of onion.
Bulbose
a.
• Bulbous.
Bulbous
a.
• Having or containing bulbs, or a bulb; growing from bulbs; bulblike in shape or structure.
Bulbul
n.
(Zool.) The Persian nightingale (Pycnonotus jocosus). The name is also applied to several other Asiatic singing birds, of the family Timaliidae. The green bulbuls belong to the Chloropsis and allied genera.
Bulbule
n.
• A small bulb; a bulblet.
Bulchin
n.
• A little bull.
Bulder
n.
• Same as Bowlder.
Bulge
n.
• The bilge or protuberant part of a cask.
• A swelling, protuberant part; a bending outward, esp. when caused by pressure; as, a bulge in a wall.
(Naut.) The bilge of a vessel.
v. i.
• To swell or jut out; to bend outward, as a wall when it yields to pressure; to be protuberant; as, the wall bulges.
• To bilge, as a ship; to founder.
Bulgy
a.
• Bulged; bulging; bending, or tending to bend, outward.
Bulimus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of land snails having an elongated spiral shell, often of large size. The species are numerous ingabundant in tropical America.
Bulk
n.
• Magnitude of material substance; dimensions; mass; size; as, an ox or ship of great bulk.
• The main mass or body; the largest or principal portion; the majority; as, the bulk of a debt.
(Naut.) The cargo of a vessel when stowed.
• The body.
v. i.
• To appear or seem to be, as to bulk or extent; to swell.
n.
• A projecting part of a building.
Bulker
n.
(Naut.) A person employed to ascertain the bulk or size of goods, in order to fix the amount of freight or dues payable on them.
Bulkhead
n.
(Naut.) A partition in a vessel, to separate apartments on the same deck.
• A structure of wood or stone, to resist the pressure of earth or water; a partition wall or structure, as in a mine; the limiting wall along a water front.
Bulkiness
n.
• Greatness in bulk; size.
Bulky
a.
• Of great bulk or dimensions; of great size; large; thick; massive; as, bulky volumes.
Bull
n.
(Zool.) The male of any species of cattle (Bovidae); hence, the male of any large quadruped, as the elephant; also, the male of the whale.
• One who, or that which, resembles a bull in character or action.
(Astron.) Taurus, the second of the twelve signs of the zodiac.
• A constellation of the zodiac between Aries and Gemini. It contains the Pleiades.
(Stock Exchange) One who operates in expectation of a rise in the price of stocks, or in order to effect such a rise.
a.
• Of or pertaining to a bull; resembling a bull; male; large; fierce.
v. i.
• To be in heat; to manifest sexual desire as cows do.
v. t.
(Stock Exchange) To endeavor to raise the market price of; as, to bull railroad bonds; to bull stocks; to bull Lake Shore; to endeavor to raise prices in; as, to bull the market.
n.
• A seal.
• A letter, edict, or respect, of the pope, written in Gothic characters on rough parchment, sealed with a bulla, and dated "a die Incarnationis," i. e., "from the day of the Incarnation."
• A grotesque blunder in language; an apparent congruity, but real incongruity, of ideas, contained in a form of expression; so called, perhaps, from the apparent incongruity between the dictatorial nature of the pope's bulls and his professions of humility.
Bulla
n.
(Med.) A bleb; a vesicle, or an elevation of the cuticle, containing a transparent watery fluid.
(Anat.) The ovoid prominence below the opening of the ear in the skulls of many animals; as, the tympanic or auditory bulla.
• A leaden seal for a document; esp. the round leaden seal attached to the papal bulls, which has on one side a representation of St. Peter and St. Paul, and on the other the name of the pope who uses it.
(Zool.) A genus of marine shells.
Bullace
n.
(Bot.) A small European plum (Prunus communis, var. insitita).
• The bully tree.
Bullantic
a.
• Pertaining to, or used in, papal bulls.
Bullary
n.
• A collection of papal bulls.
n.
• A place for boiling or preparating salt; a boilery.
Bullate
a.
(Biol.) Appearing as if blistered; inflated; puckered.
Bullbeggar
n.
• Something used or suggested to produce terror, as in children or persons of weak mind; a bugbear.
Bullcomber
n.
(Zool.) A scaraboid beetle; esp. the Typhaeus vulgaris of Europe.
Bulldog
n.
(Zool.) A variety of dog, of remarkable ferocity, courage, and tenacity of grip; — so named, probably, from being formerly employed in baiting bulls.
(Metal.) A refractory material used as a furnace lining, obtained by calcining the cinder or slag from the puddling furnace of a rolling mill.
a.
• Characteristic of, or like, a bulldog; stubborn; as, bulldog courage; bulldog tenacity.
Bulldoze
v. t.
• To intimidate; to restrain or coerce by intimidation or violence; — used originally of the intimidation of negro voters, in Louisiana.
Bulldozer
n.
• One who bulldozes.
Bulled
a.
• Swollen.
Bullet
n.
• A small ball.
• A missile, usually of lead, and round or elongated in form, to be discharged from a rifle, musket, pistol, or other small firearm.
• A cannon ball.
• The fetlock of a horse.
Bulletin
n.
• A brief statement of facts respecting some passing event, as military operations or the health of some distinguished personage, issued by authority for the information of the public.
• Any public notice or announcement, especially of news recently received.
• A periodical publication, especially one containing the proceeding of a society.
Bullfaced
a.
• Having a large face.
Bullfinch
n.
(Zool.) A bird of the genus Pyrrhula and other related genera, especially the P. vulgaris or rubicilla, a bird of Europe allied to the grosbeak, having the breast, cheeks, and neck, red.
Bullfrog
n.
(Zool.) A very large species of frog (Rana Catesbiana), found in North America; — so named from its loud bellowing in spring.
Bullhead
n.
(Zool.) A fresh-water fish of many species, of the genus Uranidea, esp. U. gobio of Europe, and U. Richardsoni of the United States; — called also miller's thumb.
• In America, several species of Amiurus; — called also catfish, horned pout, and bullpout.
• A marine fish of the genus Cottus; the sculpin.
(Zool.) The black-bellied plover (Squatarola helvetica); — called also beetlehead.
• The golden plover.
• A stupid fellow; a lubber.
(Zool.) A small black water insect.
Bullheaded
a.
• Having a head like that of a bull. Fig.: Headstrong; obstinate; dogged.
Bullion
n.
• Uncoined gold or silver in the mass.
• Base or uncurrent coin.
• Showy metallic ornament, as of gold, silver, or copper, on bridles, saddles, etc.
• Heavy twisted fringe, made of fine gold or silver wire and used for epaulets; also, any heavy twisted fringe whose cords are prominent.
Bullionist
n.
• An advocate for a metallic currency, or a paper currency always convertible into gold.
Bullirag
v. t.
• To intimidate by bullying; to rally contemptuously; to badger.
Bullish
a.
• Partaking of the nature of a bull, or a blunder.
Bullist
n.
• A writer or drawer up of papal bulls.
Bullition
n.
• The action of boiling; boiling.
Bullock
n.
• A young bull, or any male of the ox kind.
• An ox, steer, or stag.
v. t.
• To bully.
Bullon
n.
(Zool.) A West Indian fish (Scarus Croicensis).
Bullweed
n.
(Bot.) Knapweed.
Bully
n.
• A noisy, blustering fellow, more insolent than courageous; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; an insolent, tyrannical fellow.
• A brisk, dashing fellow.
a.
• Jovial and blustering; dashing.
• Fine; excellent; as, a bully horse.
v. t.
• To intimidate with threats and by an overbearing, swaggering demeanor; to act the part of a bully toward.
v. i.
• To act as a bully.
Bullyrag
v. t.
• Same as Bullirag.
Bullyrock
n.
• A bully.
Bulrush
n.
(Bot.) A kind of large rush, growing in wet land or in water.
Bulse
n.
• A purse or bag in which to carry or measure diamonds, etc.
Bultel
n.
• A bolter or bolting cloth; also, bran.
Bulti
n.
(Zool.) Same as Bolty.
Bultow
n.
• A trawl; a boulter; the mod of fishing with a boulter or spiller.
Bulwark
n.
(Fort.) A rampart; a fortification; a bastion or outwork.
• That which secures against an enemy, or defends from attack; any means of defense or protection.
(Naut.) The sides of a ship above the upper deck.
v. t.
• To fortify with, or as with, a rampart or wall; to secure by fortification; to protect.
Bum
n.
• The buttock.
v. i.
• To make murmuring or humming sound.
n.
• A humming noise.
Bumbelo
n.
• A glass used in subliming camphor.
Bumble
n.
(Zool.) The bittern.
v. i.
• To make a hollow or humming noise, like that of a bumblebee; to cry as a bittern.
Bumblebee
n.
(Zool.) A large bee of the genus Bombus, sometimes called humblebee; — so named from its sound.
Bumboat
n.
(Naut.) A clumsy boat, used for conveying provisions, fruit, etc., for sale, to vessels lying in port or off shore.
Bumkin
n.
(Naut.) A projecting beam or boom; as: (a) One projecting from each bow of a vessel, to haul the fore tack to, called a tack bumpkin. (b) Onr from each quarter, for the main-brace blocks, and called brace bumpkin. (c) A small outrigger over the stern of a boat, to extend the mizzen.
Bummalo
n.
(Zool.) A small marine Asiatic fish (Saurus ophidon) used in India as a relish; — called also Bombay duck.
Bummer
n.
• An idle, worthless fellow, who is without any visible means of support; a dissipated sponger.
Bump
v. t.
• To strike, as with or against anything large or solid; to thump; as, to bump the head against a wall.
v. i.
• To come in violent contact with something; to thump.
n.
• A thump; a heavy blow.
• A swelling or prominence, resulting from a bump or blow; a protuberance.
(Phren.) One of the protuberances on the cranium which are associated with distinct faculties or affections of the mind; as, the bump of "veneration;" the bump of "acquisitiveness."
• The act of striking the stern of the boat in advance with the prow of the boat following.
v. i.
• To make a loud, heavy, or hollow noise, as the bittern; to boom.
n.
• The noise made by the bittern.
Bumper
n.
• A cup or glass filled to the brim, or till the liquor runs over, particularly in drinking a health or toast.
• A covered house at a theater, etc., in honor of some favorite performer.
n.
• That which bumps or causes a bump.
• Anything which resists or deadens a bump or shock; a buffer.
Bumpkin
n.
• An awkward, heavy country fellow; a clown; a country lout.
Bumptious
a.
• Self-conceited; forward; pushing.
Bumptiousness
n.
• Conceitedness.
Bunch
n.
• A protuberance; a hunch; a knob or lump; a hump.
• A collection, cluster, or tuft, properly of things of the same kind, growing or fastened together; as, a bunch of grapes; a bunch of keys.
(Mining) A small isolated mass of ore, as distinguished from a continuous vein.
v. i.
• To swell out into a bunch or protuberance; to be protuberant or round.
v. t.
• To form into a bunch or bunches.
Bunchberry
n.
(Bot.) The dwarf cornel (Cornus Canadensis), which bears a dense cluster of bright red, edible berries.
Bunchiness
n.
• The quality or condition of being bunchy; knobbiness.
Bunchy
a.
• Swelling out in bunches.
• Growing in bunches, or resembling a bunch; having tufts; as, the bird's bunchy tail.
(Mining) Yielding irregularly; sometimes rich, sometimes poor; as, a bunchy mine.
Bund
n.
• League; confederacy; esp. the confederation of German states.
n.
• An embankment against inundation.
Bunder
n.
• A boat or raft used in the East Indies in the landing of passengers and goods.
Bundesrath
n.
• The federal council of the German Empire. In the Bundesrath and the Reichstag are vested the legislative functions. The federal council of Switzerland is also so called.
Bundle
n.
• A number of things bound together, as by a cord or envelope, into a mass or package convenient for handling or conveyance; a loose package; a roll; as, a bundle of straw or of paper; a bundle of old clothes.
v. t.
• To tie or bind in a bundle or roll.
• To send off abruptly or without ceremony.
v. i.
• To prepare for departure; to set off in a hurry or without ceremony.
• To sleep on the same bed without undressing; — applied to the custom of a man and woman, especially lovers, thus sleeping.
Bung
n.
• The large stopper of the orifice in the bilge of a cask.
• The orifice in the bilge of a cask through which it is filled; bunghole.
• A sharper or pickpocket.
v. t.
• To stop, as the orifice in the bilge of a cask, with a bung; to close; — with up.
Bungalow
n.
• A thatched or tiled house or cottage, of a single story, usually surrounded by a veranda.
Bungarum
n.
(Zool.) A venomous snake of India, of the genus Bungarus, allied to the cobras, but without a hood.
Bungle
v. i.
• To act or work in a clumsy, awkward manner.
v. t.
• To make or mend clumsily; to manage awkwardly; to botch; — sometimes with up.
n.
• A clumsy or awkward performance; a botch; a gross blunder.
Bungler
n.
• A clumsy, awkward workman; one who bungles.
Bungling
a.
• Unskillful; awkward; clumsy; as, a bungling workman.
Bunglingly
adv.
• Clumsily; awkwardly.
Bungo
n.
(Naut.) A kind of canoe used in Central and South America; also, a kind of boat used in the Southern United States.
Bunion
n.
(Med.) Same as Bunyon.
Bunk
n.
• A wooden case or box, which serves for a seat in the daytime and for a bed at night.
• One of a series of berths or bed places in tiers.
• A piece of wood placed on a lumberman's sled to sustain the end of heavy timbers.
v. i.
• To go to bed in a bunk; — sometimes with in.
Bunker
n.
• A sort of chest or box, as in a window, the lid of which serves for a seat.
• A large bin or similar receptacle; as, a coal bunker.
Bunko
n.
• A kind of swindling game or scheme, by means of cards or by a sham lottery.
Bunny
n.
(Mining) A great collection of ore without any vein coming into it or going out from it.
n.
• A pet name for a rabbit or a squirrel.
Bunt
n.
(Bot.) A fungus (Ustilago foetida) which affects the ear of cereals, filling the grains with a fetid dust; — also called pepperbrand.
n.
(Naut.) The middle part, cavity, or belly of a sail; the part of a furled sail which is at the center of the yard.
v. i.
(Naut.) To swell out; as, the sail bunts.
v. t. & i.
• To strike or push with the horns or head; to butt; as, the ram bunted the boy.
Bunter
n.
• A woman who picks up rags in the streets; hence, a low, vulgar woman.
Bunting
n.
(Zool.) A bird of the genus Emberiza, or of an allied genus, related to the finches and sparrows (family Fringillidae).
Buntline
n.
(Naut.) One of the ropes toggled to the footrope of a sail, used to haul up to the yard the body of the sail when taking it in.
Buolt
n.
• Corrupted form Bolt.
Buoy
n.
(Naut.) A float; esp. a floating object moored to the bottom, to mark a channel or to point out the position of something beneath the water, as an anchor, shoal, rock, etc.
v. t.
• To keep from sinking in a fluid, as in water or air; to keep afloat; — with up.
• To support or sustain; to preserve from sinking into ruin or despondency.
• To fix buoys to; to mark by a buoy or by buoys; as, to buoy an anchor; to buoy or buoy off a channel.
v. i.
• To float; to rise like a buoy.
Buoyage
n.
• Buoys, taken collectively; a series of buoys, as for the guidance of vessels into or out of port; the providing of buoys.
Buoyance
n.
• Buoyancy.
Buoyancy
n.
• The property of floating on the surface of a liquid, or in a fluid, as in the atmosphere; specific lightness, which is inversely as the weight compared with that of an equal volume of water.
(Physics) The upward pressure exerted upon a floating body by a fluid, which is equal to the weight of the body; hence, also, the weight of a floating body, as measured by the volume of fluid displaced.
• Cheerfulness; vivacity; liveliness; sprightliness; — the opposite of heaviness; as, buoyancy of spirits.
Buoyant
a.
• Having the quality of rising or floating in a fluid; tending to rise or float; as, iron is buoyant in mercury.
• Bearing up, as a fluid; sustaining another body by being specifically heavier.
• Light-hearted; vivacious; cheerful; as, a buoyant disposition; buoyant spirits.
Buprestidan
n.
(Zool.) One of a tribe of beetles, of the genus Buprestis and allied genera, usually with brilliant metallic colors. The larvae are usually bores in timber, or beneath bark, and are often very destructive to trees.
Burbolt
n.
• A birdbolt.
Burbot
n.
(Zool.) A fresh-water fish of the genus Lota, having on the nose two very small barbels, and a larger one on the chin.
Burdelais
n.
• A sort of grape.
Burden
n.
• That which is borne or carried; a load.
• That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.
• The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry; as, a ship of a hundred tons burden.
(Mining) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
(Metal.) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.
• A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as, a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds.
• A birth.
v. t.
• To encumber with weight (literal or figurative); to lay a heavy load upon; to load.
• To oppress with anything grievous or trying; to overload; as, to burden a nation with taxes.
• To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).
n.
• The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of each stanza; the chorus; refrain. Hence: That which is often repeated or which is dwelt upon; the main topic; as, the burden of a prayer.
• The drone of a bagpipe.
n.
• A club.
Burdener
n.
• One who loads; a oppressor.
Burdenous
a.
• Burdensome.
Burdensome
a.
• Grievous to be borne; causing uneasiness or fatigue; oppressive.
Burdock
n.
(Bot.) A genus of coarse biennial herbs (Lappa), bearing small burs which adhere tenaciously to clothes, or to the fur or wool of animals.
Burdon
n.
• A pilgrim's staff.
Bureau
n.
• Originally, a desk or writing table with drawers for papers.
• The place where such a bureau is used; an office where business requiring writing is transacted.
• Hence: A department of public business requiring a force of clerks; the body of officials in a department who labor under the direction of a chief.
• A chest of drawers for clothes, especially when made as an ornamental piece of furniture.
Bureaucracy
n.
• A system of carrying on the business of government by means of departments or bureaus, each under the control of a chief, in contradiction to a system in which the officers of government have an associated authority and responsibility; also, government conducted on this system.
• Government officials, collectively.
Bureaucrat
n.
• An official of a bureau; esp. an official confirmed in a narrow and arbitrary routine.
Bureaucratist
n.
• An advocate for , or supporter of, bureaucracy.
Burel
n. & a.
• Same as Borrel.
Burette
n.
(Chem.) An apparatus for delivering measured quantities of liquid or for measuring the quantity of liquid or gas received or discharged. It consists essentially of a graduated glass tube, usually furnished with a small aperture and stopcock.
Burg
n.
• A fortified town.
• A borough.
Burgage
n.
(Eng. Law) A tenure by which houses or lands are held of the king or other lord of a borough or city; at a certain yearly rent, or by services relating to trade or handicraft.
Burgall
n.
(Zool.) A small marine fish; — also called cunner.
Burgee
n.
• A kind of small coat.
(Naut.) A swallow-tailed flag; a distinguishing penant, used by cutters, yachts, and merchant vessels.
Burgeois
n.
• A burgess; a citizen.
Burgeon
v. i.
• To bud.
Burgess
n.
• An inhabitant of a borough or walled town, or one who possesses a tenement therein; a citizen or freeman of a borough.
• One who represents a borough in Parliament.
• A magistrate of a borough.
• An inhabitant of a Scotch burgh qualified to vote for municipal officers.
Burggrave
n.
(Gremany) Originally, one appointed to the command of a burg (fortress or castle); but the title afterward became hereditary, with a domain attached.
Burgh
n.
• A borough or incorporated town, especially, one in Scotland.
Burghal
a.
• Belonging of a burgh.
Burghbote
n.
(Old Law) A contribution toward the building or repairing of castles or walls for the defense of a city or town.
Burghbrech
n.
(AS. Law) The offense of violating the pledge given by every inhabitant of a tithing to keep the peace; breach of the peace.
Burgher
n.
• A freeman of a burgh or borough, entitled to enjoy the privileges of the place; any inhabitant of a borough.
(Eccl. Hist.) A member of that party, among the Scotch seceders, which asserted the lawfulness of the burgess oath (in which burgesses profess "the true religion professed within the realm"), the opposite party being called antiburghers.
Burghership
n.
• The state or privileges of a burgher.
Burghmaster
n.
• A burgomaster.
(Mining) An officer who directs and lays out the meres or boundaries for the workmen; — called also bailiff, and barmaster.
Burghmote
n.
(AS. Law) A court or meeting of a burgh or borough; a borough court held three times yearly.
Burglar
n.
(Law) One guilty of the crime of burglary.
Burglarer
n.
• A burglar.
Burglarious
a.
• Pertaining to burglary; constituting the crime of burglary.
Burglariously
adv.
• With an intent to commit burglary; in the manner of a burglar.
Burglary
n.
(Law) Breaking and entering the dwelling house of another, in the nighttime, with intent to commit a felony therein, whether the felonious purpose be accomplished or not.
Burgomaster
n.
• A chief magistrate of a municipal town in Holland, Flanders, and Germany, corresponding to mayor in England and the United States; a burghmaster.
(Zool.) An aquatic bird, the glaucous gull (Larus glaucus), common in arctic regions.
Burgonet
n.
• A kind of helmet.
Burgoo
n.
• A kind of oatmeal pudding, or thick gruel, used by seamen.
Burgrass
n.
(Bot.) Grass of the genus Cenchrus, growing in sand, and having burs for fruit.
Burgundy
n.
• An old province of France (in the eastern central part).
• A richly flavored wine, mostly red, made in Burgundy, France.
Burial
n.
• A grave; a tomb; a place of sepulture.
• The act of burying; depositing a dead body in the earth, in a tomb or vault, or in the water, usually with attendant ceremonies; sepulture; interment.
Burier
n.
• One who, or that which, buries.
Burin
n.
• The cutting tool of an engraver on metal, used in line engraving. It is made of tempered steel, one end being ground off obliquely so as to produce a sharp point, and the other end inserted in a handle; a graver; also, the similarly shaped tool used by workers in marble.
• The manner or style of execution of an engraver; as, a soft burin; a brilliant burin.
Burinist
n.
• One who works with the burin.
Burion
n.
(Zool.) The red-breasted house sparrow of California (Carpodacus frontalis); — called also crimson-fronted bullfinch.
Burke
v. t.
• To murder by suffocation, or so as to produce few marks of violence, for the purpose of obtaining a body to be sold for dissection.
• To dispose of quietly or indirectly; to suppress; to smother; to shelve; as, to burke a parliamentary question.
Burkism
n.
• The practice of killing persons for the purpose of selling their bodies for dissection.
Burl
v. t.
• To dress or finish up (cloth); to pick knots, burs, loose threads, etc., from, as in finishing cloth.
n.
• A knot or lump in thread or cloth.
• An overgrown knot, or an excrescence, on a tree; also, veneer made from such excrescences.
Burlap
n.
• A coarse fabric, made of jute or hemp, used for bagging; also, a finer variety of similar material, used for curtains, etc.
Burler
n.
• One who burls or dresses cloth.
Burlesque
a.
• Tending to excite laughter or contempt by extravagant images, or by a contrast between the subject and the manner of treating it, as when a trifling subject is treated with mock gravity; jocular; ironical.
n.
• Ludicrous representation; exaggerated parody; grotesque satire.
• An ironical or satirical composition intended to excite laughter, or to ridicule anything.
• A ludicrous imitation; a caricature; a travesty; a gross perversion.
v. t.
• To ridicule, or to make ludicrous by grotesque representation in action or in language.
v. i.
• To employ burlesque.
Burlesquer
n.
• One who burlesques.
Burletta
n.
(Mus.) A comic operetta; a music farce.
Burliness
n.
• Quality of being burly.
Burly
a.
• Having a large, strong, or gross body; stout; lusty; — now used chiefly of human beings, but formerly of animals, in the sense of stately or beautiful, and of inanimate things that were huge and bulky.
• Coarse and rough; boisterous.
Burman
n.
(Ethnol.) A member of the Burman family, one of the four great families Burmah; also, sometimes, any inhabitant of Burmah; a Burmese.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Burmans or to Burmah.
Burmese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Burmah, or its inhabitants.
n. sing. & pl.
• A native or the natives of Burmah. Also (sing.), the language of the Burmans.
Burn
v. t.
• To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; — frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood.
• To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass.
• To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime.
• To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block.
• To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper.
(Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize.
(Chem.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen.
v. i.
• To be of fire; to flame.
• To suffer from, or be scorched by, an excess of heat.
• To have a condition, quality, appearance, sensation, or emotion, as if on fire or excessively heated; to act or rage with destructive violence; to be in a state of lively emotion or strong desire; as, the face burns; to burn with fever.
(Chem.) To combine energetically, with evolution of heat; as, copper burns in chlorine.
• In certain games, to approach near to a concealed object which is sought.
n.
• A hurt, injury, or effect caused by fire or excessive or intense heat.
• The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking; as, they have a good burn.
• A disease in vegetables.
n.
• A small stream.
Burnable
a.
• Combustible.
Burned
p. p. & a.
• See Burnt.
p. p.
• Burnished.
Burner
n.
• One who, or that which, burns or sets fire to anything.
• The part of a lamp, gas fixture, etc., where the flame is produced.
Burnet
n.
(Bot.) A genus of perennial herbs (Poterium); especially, P.Sanguisorba, the common, or garden, burnet.
Burnettize
v. t.
(Manuf.) To subject (wood, fabrics, etc.) to a process of saturation in a solution of chloride of zinc, to prevent decay; — a process invented by Sir William Burnett.
Burnie
n.
• A small brook.
Burniebee
n.
• The ladybird.
Burning
a.
• That burns; being on fire; excessively hot; fiery.
• Consuming; intense; inflaming; exciting; vehement; powerful; as, burning zeal.
n.
• The act of consuming by fire or heat, or of subjecting to the effect of fire or heat; the state of being on fire or excessively heated.
Burnish
v. t.
• To cause to shine; to make smooth and bright; to polish; specifically, to polish by rubbing with something hard and smooth; as, to burnish brass or paper.
v. i.
• To shine forth; to brighten; to become smooth and glossy, as from swelling or filling out; hence, to grow large.
n.
• The effect of burnishing; gloss; brightness; luster.
Burnisher
n.
• One who burnishes.
• A tool with a hard, smooth, rounded end or surface, as of steel, ivory, or agate, used in smoothing or polishing by rubbing. It has a variety of forms adapted to special uses.
Burnstickle
n.
(Zool.) A stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus).
Burnt
p. p. & a.
• Consumed with, or as with, fire; scorched or dried, as with fire or heat; baked or hardened in the fire or the sun.
Burr
n.
(Bot.) A prickly seed vessel.
• The thin edge or ridge left by a tool in cutting or shaping metal, as in turning, engraving, pressing, etc.; also, the rough neck left on a bullet in casting.
• A thin flat piece of metal, formed from a sheet by punching; a small washer put on the end of a rivet before it is swaged down.
• A broad iron ring on a tilting lance just below the gripe, to prevent the hand from slipping.
• The lobe or lap of the ear.
• A guttural pronounciation of the letter r, produced by trilling the extremity of the soft palate against the back part of the tongue; rotacism; — often called the Newcastle, Northumberland, or Tweedside, burr.
• The knot at the bottom of an antler.
v. i.
• To speak with burr; to make a hoarse or guttural murmur.
Burrel
n.
• A sort of pear, called also the red butter pear, from its smooth, delicious, soft pulp.
n.
• Same as Borrel.
Burro
n.
(Zool.) A donkey.
Burrock
n.
• A small weir or dam in a river to direct the stream to gaps where fish traps are placed.
Burrow
n.
• An incorporated town.
• A shelter; esp. a hole in the ground made by certain animals, as rabbits, for shelter and habitation.
(Mining) A heap or heaps of rubbish or refuse.
• A mound.
v. i.
• To excavate a hole to lodge in, as in the earth; to lodge in a hole excavated in the earth, as conies or rabbits.
• To lodge, or take refuge, in any deep or concealed place; to hide.
Burrower
n.
• One who, or that which, burrows; an animal that makes a hole under ground and lives in it.
Burry
a.
• Abounding in burs, or containing burs; resembling burs; as, burry wool.
Bursa
n.
(Anat.) Any sac or saclike cavity; especially, one of the synovial sacs, or small spaces, often lined with synovial membrane, interposed between tendons and bony prominences.
Bursal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to a bursa or to bursae.
Bursar
n.
• A treasurer, or cash keeper; a purser; as, the bursar of a college, or of a monastery.
• A student to whom a stipend or bursary is paid for his complete or partial support.
Bursarship
n.
• The office of a bursar.
Bursary
n.
• The treasury of a college or monastery.
• A scholarship or charitable foundation in a university, as in scotland; a sum given to enable a student to pursue his studies.
Bursch
n.
• A youth; especially, a student in a german university.
Burse
n.
• A purse; also, a vesicle; a pod; a hull.
• A fund or foundation for the maintenance of needy scholars in their studies; also, the sum given to the beneficiaries.
(Eccl.) An ornamental case of hold the corporal when not in use.
• An exchange, for merchants and bankers, in the cities of continental Europe. Same as Bourse.
• A kind of bazaar.
Bursiculate
a.
(Bot.) Bursiform.
Bursiform
a.
• Shaped like a purse.
Bursitis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of a bursa.
Burst
v. i.
• To fly apart or in pieces; of break open; to yield to force or pressure, especially to a sudden and violent exertion of force, or to pressure from within; to explode; as, the boiler had burst; the buds will burst in spring.
• To exert force or pressure by which something is made suddenly to give way; to break through obstacles or limitations; hence, to appear suddenly and unexpecedly or unaccountably, or to depart in such manner; — usually with some qualifying adverb or preposition, as forth, out, away, into, upon, through, etc.
v. t.
• To break or rend by violence, as by an overcharge or by strain or pressure, esp. from within; to force open suddenly; as, to burst a cannon; to burst a blood vessel; to burst open the doors.
• To break.
• To produce as an effect of bursting; as, to burst a hole through the wall.
n.
• A sudden breaking forth; a violent rending; an explosion; as, a burst of thunder; a burst of applause; a burst of passion; a burst of inspiration.
• Any brief, violent evertion or effort; a spurt; as, a burst of speed.
• A sudden opening, as of landscape; a stretch; an expanse.
• A rupture of hernia; a breach.
Bursten
• p. p. of Burst, v. i.
Burster
n.
• One that bursts.
Burstwort
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Herniaria glabra) supposed to be valuable for the cure of hernia or rupture.
Burton
n.
(Naut.) A peculiar tackle, formed of two or more blocks, or pulleys, the weight being suspended of a hook block in the bight of the running part.
Bury
n.
• A borough; a manor; as, the Bury of St. Edmond's
• A manor house; a castle.
v. t.
• To cover out of sight, either by heaping something over, or by placing within something, as earth, etc.; to conceal by covering; to hide; as, to bury coals in ashes; to bury the face in the hands.
• Specifically: To cover out of sight, as the body of a deceased person, in a grave, a tomb, or the ocean; to deposit (a corpse) in its resting place, with funeral ceremonies; to inter; to inhume.
• To hide in oblivion; to put away finally; to abandon; as, to bury strife.
Bus
n.
• An omnibus.
Busby
n.
(Mil.) A military headdress or cap, used in the British army. It is of fur, with a bag, of the same color as the facings of the regiment, hanging from the top over the right shoulder.
Buscon
n.
• One who searches for ores; a prospector.
Bush
n.
• A thicket, or place abounding in trees or shrubs; a wild forest.
• A shrub; esp., a shrub with branches rising from or near the root; a thick shrub or a cluster of shrubs.
• A shrub cut off, or a shrublike branch of a tree; as, bushes to support pea vines.
• A shrub or branch, properly, a branch of ivy (as sacred to Bacchus), hung out at vintners' doors, or as a tavern sign; hence, a tavern sign, and symbolically, the tavern itself.
(Hunting) The tail, or brush, of a fox.
v. i.
• To branch thickly in the manner of a bush.
v. t.
• To set bushes for; to support with bushes; as, to bush peas.
• To use a bush harrow on (land), for covering seeds sown; to harrow with a bush; as, to bush a piece of land; to bush seeds into the ground.
n.
(Mech.) A lining for a hole to make it smaller; a thimble or ring of metal or wood inserted in a plate or other part of machinery to receive the wear of a pivot or arbor.
(Gun.) A piece of copper, screwed into a gun, through which the venthole is bored.
v. t.
• To furnish with a bush, or lining; as, to bush a pivot hole.
Bushel
n.
• A dry measure, containing four pecks, eight gallons, or thirty-two quarts.
• A vessel of the capacity of a bushel, used in measuring; a bushel measure.
• A quantity that fills a bushel measure; as, a heap containing ten bushels of apples.
• A large indefinite quantity.
• The iron lining in the nave of a wheel. In the United States it is called a box.
Bushelage
n.
• A duty payable on commodities by the bushel.
Bushelman
n.
• A tailor's assistant for repairing garments; — called also busheler.
Bushet
n.
• A small bush.
Bushfighter
n.
• One accustomed to bushfighting.
Bushfighting
n.
• Fighting in the bush, or from behind bushes, trees, or thickets.
Bushhammer
n.
• A hammer with a head formed of a bundle of square bars, with pyramidal points, arranged in rows, or a solid head with a face cut into a number of rows of such points; — used for dressing stone.
v. t.
• To dress with bushhammer; as, to bushhammer a block of granite.
Bushiness
n.
• The condition or quality of being bushy.
Bushing
n.
• The operation of fitting bushes, or linings, into holes or places where wear is to be received, or friction diminished, as pivot holes, etc.
(Mech.) A bush or lining; — sometimes called thimble.
Bushless
a.
• Free from bushes; bare.
Bushman
n.
• A woodsman; a settler in the bush.
(Ethnol.) One of a race of South African nomads, living principally in the deserts, and not classified as allied in race or language to any other people.
Bushment
n.
• A thicket; a cluster of bushes.
• An ambuscade.
Bushranger
n.
• One who roams, or hides, among the bushes; especially, in Australia, an escaped criminal living in the bush.
Bushwhacker
n.
• One accustomed to beat about, or travel through, bushes.
• A guerrilla; a marauding assassin; one who pretends to be a peaceful citizen, but secretly harasses a hostile force or its sympathizers.
Bushwhacking
n.
• Traveling, or working a way, through bushes; pulling by the bushes, as in hauling a boat along the bushy margin of a stream.
• The crimes or warfare of bushwhackers.
Bushy
a.
• Thick and spreading, like a bush.
• Full of bushes; overgrowing with shrubs.
Busily
adv.
• In a busy manner.
Business
n.
• That which busies one, or that which engages the time, attention, or labor of any one, as his principal concern or interest, whether for a longer or shorter time; constant employment; regular occupation; as, the business of life; business before pleasure.
• Any particular occupation or employment engaged in for livelihood or gain, as agriculture, trade, art, or a profession.
• Financial dealings; buying and selling; traffic in general; mercantile transactions.
• That which one has to do or should do; special service, duty, or mission.
• Affair; concern; matter; — used in an indefinite sense, and modified by the connected words.
(Drama) The position, distribution, and order of persons and properties on the stage of a theater, as determined by the stage manager in rehearsal.
• Care; anxiety; diligence.
Businesslike
a.
• In the manner of one transacting business wisely and by right methods.
Busk
n.
• A thin, elastic strip of metal, whalebone, wood, or other material, worn in the front of a corset.
v. t. & i.
• To prepare; to make ready; to array; to dress.
• To go; to direct one's course.
Busked
a.
• Wearing a busk.
Busket
n.
• A small bush; also, a sprig or bouquet.
• A part of a garden devoted to shrubs.
Buskin
n.
• A strong, protecting covering for the foot, coming some distance up the leg.
• A similar covering for the foot and leg, made with very thick soles, to give an appearance of elevation to the stature; — worn by tragic actors in ancient Greece and Rome. Used as a symbol of tragedy, or the tragic drama, as distinguished from comedy.
Buskined
a.
• Wearing buskins.
• Trodden by buskins; pertaining to tragedy.
Buss
n.
• A kiss; a rude or playful kiss; a smack.
v. t.
• To kiss; esp. to kiss with a smack, or rudely.
n.
(Naut.) A small strong vessel with two masts and two cabins; — used in the herring fishery.
Bust
n.
• A piece of sculpture representing the upper part of the human figure, including the head, shoulders, and breast.
• The portion of the human figure included between the head and waist, whether in statuary or in the person; the chest or thorax; the upper part of the trunk of the body.
Bustard
n.
(Zool.) A bird of the genus Otis.
Buster
n.
• Something huge; a roistering blade; also, a spree.
Bustle
v. i.
• To move noisily; to be rudely active; to move in a way to cause agitation or disturbance; as, to bustle through a crowd.
n.
• Great stir; agitation; tumult from stirring or excitement.
n.
• A kind of pad or cushion worn on the back below the waist, by women, to give fullness to the skirts; — called also bishop, and tournure.
Bustler
n.
• An active, stirring person.
Bustling
a.
• Agitated; noisy; tumultuous; characterized by confused activity; as, a bustling crowd.
Busto
n.
• A bust; a statue.
Busy
a.
• Engaged in some business; hard at work (either habitually or only for the time being); occupied with serious affairs; not idle nor at leisure; as, a busy merchant.
• Constantly at work; diligent; active.
• Crowded with business or activities; — said of places and times; as, a busy street.
• Officious; meddling; foolish active.
• Careful; anxious.
v. t.
• To make or keep busy; to employ; to engage or keep engaged; to occupy; as, to busy one's self with books.
Busybody
n.
• One who officiously concerns himself with the affairs of others; a meddling person.
But
prep.
adv.
conj.
• Except with; unless with; without.
• Except; besides; save.
• Excepting or excluding the fact that; save that; were it not that; unless; — elliptical, for but that.
• Otherwise than that; that not; — commonly, after a negative, with that.
• Only; solely; merely.
• On the contrary; on the other hand; only; yet; still; however; nevertheless; more; further; — as connective of sentences or clauses of a sentence, in a sense more or less exceptive or adversative; as, the House of Representatives passed the bill, but the Senate dissented; our wants are many, but quite of another kind.
n.
• The outer apartment or kitchen of a two-roomed house; — opposed to ben, the inner room.
n.
• A limit; a boundary.
• The end; esp. the larger or thicker end, or the blunt, in distinction from the sharp, end.
Butane
n.
(Chem.) An inflammable gaseous hydrocarbon, C4H10, of the marsh gas, or paraffin, series.
Butcher
n.
• One who slaughters animals, or dresses their flesh for market; one whose occupation it is to kill animals for food.
• A slaughterer; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual cruelty; one who causes needless loss of life, as in battle.
v. t.
• To kill or slaughter (animals) for food, or for market; as, to butcher hogs.
• To murder, or kill, especially in an unusually bloody or barbarous manner.
Butchering
n.
• The business of a butcher.
• The act of slaughtering; the act of killing cruelly and needlessly.
Butcherliness
n.
• Butchery quality.
Butcherly
a.
• Like a butcher; without compunction; savage; bloody; inhuman; fell.
Butchery
n.
• The business of a butcher.
• Murder or manslaughter, esp. when committed with unusual barbarity; great or cruel slaughter.
• A slaughterhouse; the shambles; a place where blood is shed.
Butler
n.
• An officer in a king's or a nobleman's household, whose principal business it is to take charge of the liquors, plate, etc.; the head servant in a large house.
Butlerage
n.
(O. Eng. Law) A duty of two shillings on every tun of wine imported into England by merchant strangers; — so called because paid to the king's butler for the king.
Butlership
n.
• The office of a butler.
Butment
n.
(Arch.) A buttress of an arch; the supporter, or that part which joins it to the upright pier.
(Masonry) The mass of stone or solid work at the end of a bridge, by which the extreme arches are sustained, or by which the end of a bridge without arches is supported.
Butt
v. i.
• To join at the butt, end, or outward extremity; to terminate; to be bounded; to abut.
• To thrust the head forward; to strike by thrusting the head forward, as an ox or a ram. [See Butt, n.]
v. t.
• To strike by thrusting the head against; to strike with the head.
n.
• A large cask or vessel for wine or beer. It contains two hogsheads.
n.
(Zool.) The common English flounder.
Butte
n.
• A detached low mountain, or high rising abruptly from the general level of the surrounding plain; — applied to peculiar elevations in the Rocky Mountain region.
Butter
n.
• An oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churning.
• Any substance resembling butter in degree of consistence, or other qualities, especially, in old chemistry, the chloridess, as butter of antimony, sesquichloride of antimony; also, certain concrete fat oils remaining nearly solid at ordinary temperatures, as butter of cacao, vegetable butter, shea butter.
v. t.
• To cover or spread with butter.
• To increase, as stakes, at every throw or every game.
n.
• One who, or that which, butts.
Butterball
n.
(Zool.) The buffel duck.
Butterbird
n.
(Zool.) The rice bunting or bobolink; — so called in the island of Jamaica.
Butterbump
n.
(Zool.) The European bittern.
Butterbur
n.
(Bot.) A broad-leaved plant (Petasites vulgaris) of the Composite family, said to have been used in England for wrapping up pats of butter.
Buttercup
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Ranunculus, or crowfoot, particularly R. bulbosus, with bright yellow flowers; — called also butterflower, golden cup, and kingcup. It is the cuckoobud of Shakespeare.
Butterfish
n.
(Zool.) A name given to several different fishes, in allusion to their slippery coating of mucus, as the Stromateus triacanthus of the Atlantic coast, the Epinephelus punctatus of the southern coast, the rock eel, and the kelpfish of New Zealand.
Butterfly
n.
(Zool.) A general name for the numerous species of diurnal Lepidoptera.
Butterine
n.
• A substance prepared from animal fat with some other ingredients intermixed, as an imitation of butter.
Butteris
n.
(Far.) A steel cutting instrument, with a long bent shank set in a handle which rests against the shoulder of the operator. It is operated by a thrust movement, and used in paring the hoofs of horses.
Butterman
n.
• A man who makes or sells butter.
Buttermilk
n.
• The milk that remains after the butter is separated from the cream.
Butternut
n.
(Bot.) An American tree (Juglans cinerea) of the Walnut family, and its edible fruit; — so called from the oil contained in the latter. Sometimes called oil nut and white walnut.
(Bot.) The nut of the Caryocar butyrosum and C. nuciferum, of S. America; — called also Souari nut.
Butterweed
n.
(Bot.) An annual composite plant of the Mississippi valley (Senecio lobatus).
Butterweight
n.
• Over weight.
Butterwort
n.
(Bot.) A genus of low herbs (Pinguicula) having simple leaves which secrete from their glandular upper surface a viscid fluid, to which insects adhere, after which the margin infolds and the insects are digested by the plant. The species are found mostly in the North Temperate zone.
Buttery
a.
• Having the qualities, consistence, or appearance, of butter.
n.
• An apartment in a house where butter, milk and other provisions are kept.
• A room in some English colleges where liquors, fruit, and refreshments are kept for sale to the students.
• A cellar in which butts of wine are kept.
Butting
n.
• An abuttal; a boundary.
Buttock
n.
• The part at the back of the hip, which, in man, forms one of the rounded protuberances on which he sits; the rump.
(Naut.) The convexity of a ship behind, under the stern.
Button
n.
• A knob; a small ball; a small, roundish mass.
• A catch, of various forms and materials, used to fasten together the different parts of dress, by being attached to one part, and passing through a slit, called a buttonhole, in the other; — used also for ornament.
• A bud; a germ of a plant.
• A piece of wood or metal, usually flat and elongated, turning on a nail or screw, to fasten something, as a door.
• A globule of metal remaining onan assay cupel or in a crucible, after fusion.
v. t.
• To fasten with a button or buttons; to inclose or make secure with buttons; — often followed by up.
• To dress or clothe.
v. i.
• To be fastened by a button or buttons; as, the coat will not button.
Buttonbush
n.
(Bot.) A shrub (Cephalanthus occidentalis) growing by the waterside; — so called from its globular head of flowers.
Buttonhole
n.
• The hole or loop in which a button is caught.
v. t.
• To hold at the button or buttonhole; to detain in conversation to weariness; to bore; as, he buttonholed me a quarter of an hour.
Buttonmold
n.
• A disk of bone, wood, or other material, which is made into a button by covering it with cloth.
Buttons
n.
• A boy servant, or page, — in allusion to the buttons on his livry.
Buttonweed
n.
(Bot.) The name of several plants of the genera Spermacoce and Diodia, of the Madder family.
Buttonwood
n.
(Bot.) The Platanus occidentalis, or American plane tree, a large tree, producing rough balls, from which it is named; — called also buttonball tree, and, in some parts of the United States, sycamore. The California buttonwood is P. racemosa.
Buttony
a.
• Ornamented with a large number of buttons.
Buttress
n.
(Arch.) A projecting mass of masonry, used for resisting the thrust of an arch, or for ornament and symmetry.
• Anything which supports or strengthens.
v. t.
• To support with a buttress; to prop; to brace firmly.
Buttweld
v. t.
• To unite by a butt weld.
Butty
n.
(Mining) One who mines by contract, at so much per ton of coal or ore.
Butyl
n.
(Chem.) A compound radical, regarded as butane, less one atom of hydrogen.
Butylene
n.
(Chem.) Any one of three metameric hydrocarbons, C4H8, of the ethylene series. They are gaseous or easily liquefiable.
Butyraceous
a.
• Having the qualities of butter; resembling butter.
Butyrate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of butyric acid.
Butyric
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, butter.
Butyrin
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A butyrate of glycerin; a fat contained in small quantity in milk, which helps to give to butter its peculiar flavor.
Butyrometer
n.
• An instrument for determining the amount of fatty matter or butter contained in a sample of milk.
Butyrone
n.
(Chem.) A liquid ketone obtained by heating calcium butyrate.
Butyrous
a.
• Butyraceous.
Buxeous
a.
• Belonging to the box tree.
Buxine
n.
(Chem.) An alkaloid obtained from the Buxus sempervirens, or common box tree. It is identical with bebeerine; — called also buxina.
Buxom
a.
• Yielding; pliable or compliant; ready to obey; obedient; tractable; docile; meek; humble.
• Having the characteristics of health, vigor, and comeliness, combined with a gay, lively manner; stout and rosy; jolly; frolicsome.
Buy
v. t.
• To acquire the ownership of (property) by giving an accepted price or consideration therefor, or by agreeing to do so; to acquire by the payment of a price or value; to purchase; — opposed to sell.
• To acquire or procure by something given or done in exchange, literally or figuratively; to get, at a cost or sacrifice; to buy pleasure with pain.
v. i.
• To negotiate or treat about a purchase.
Buyer
n.
• One who buys; a purchaser.
Buzz
v. i.
• To make a low, continuous, humming or sibilant sound, like that made by bees with their wings. Hence: To utter a murmuring sound; to speak with a low, humming voice.
v. t.
• To sound forth by buzzing.
• To whisper; to communicate, as tales, in an under tone; to spread, as report, by whispers, or secretly.
• To talk to incessantly or confidentially in a low humming voice.
(Phonetics) To sound with a "buzz".
n.
• A continuous, humming noise, as of bees; a confused murmur, as of general conversation in low tones, or of a general expression of surprise or approbation.
• A whisper; a report spread secretly or cautiously.
(Phonetics) The audible friction of voice consonants.
Buzzard
n.
(Zool.) A bird of prey of the Hawk family, belonging to the genus Buteo and related genera.
• A blockhead; a dunce.
a.
• Senseless; stupid.
Buzzardet
n.
(Zool.) A hawk resembling the buzzard, but with legs relatively longer.
Buzzer
n.
• One who, or that which, buzzes; a whisperer; a talebearer.
Buzzingly
adv.
• In a buzzing manner; with a buzzing sound.
Buzzsaw
• A circular saw; — so called from the buzzing it makes when running at full speed.
By
prep.
• In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from; close to; along with; as, come and sit by me.
• On; along; in traversing. Compare 5.
• Near to, while passing; hence, from one to the other side of; past; as, to go by a church.
• Used in specifying adjacent dimensions; as, a cabin twenty feet by forty.
• Against.
• With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with aid of; through; through the act or agency of; as, a city is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take by force.
adv.
• Near; in the neighborhood; present; as, there was no person by at the time.
• Passing near; going past; past; beyond; as, the procession has gone by; a bird flew by.
• Aside; as, to lay by; to put by.
a.
• Out of the common path; aside; — used in composition, giving the meaning of something aside, secondary, or incidental, or collateral matter, a thing private or avoiding notice; as, by-line, by-place, by-play, by-street. It was formerly more freely used in composition than it is now; as, by-business, by-concernment, by-design, by-interest, etc.
Byard
n.
• A piece of leather crossing the breast, used by the men who drag sledges in coal mines.
Bye
n.
• A thing not directly aimed at; something which is a secondary object of regard; an object by the way, etc.; as in on or upon the bye, i.e., in passing; indirectly; by implication.
(Cricket) A run made upon a missed ball; as, to steal a bye.
n.
• A dwelling.
• In certain games, a station or place of an individual player.
Bygone
a.
• Past; gone by.
n.
• Something gone by or past; a past event.
Byland
n.
• A peninsula.
Byname
v. t.
• To give a nickname to.
Bypath
n.
• A private path; an obscure way; indirect means.
Byplay
n.
• Action carried on aside, and commonly in dumb show, while the main action proceeds.
Byre
n.
• A cow house.
Byroad
n.
• A private or obscure road.
Byronic
a.
• Pertaining to, or in the style of, Lord Byron.
Bysmottered
p.a.
• Bespotted with mud or dirt.
Byssaceous
a.
(Bot.) Byssuslike; consisting of fine fibers or threads, as some very delicate filamentous algae.
Byssiferous
a.
• Bearing a byssus or tuft.
Byssine
a.
• Made of silk; having a silky or flaxlike appearance.
Byssoid
a.
• Byssaceous.
Byssolite
n.
(Min.) An olive-green fibrous variety of hornblende.
Byssus
n.
• A cloth of exceedingly fine texture, used by the ancients. It is disputed whether it was of cotton, linen, or silk.
(Zool.) A tuft of long, tough filaments which are formed in a groove of the foot, and issue from between the valves of certain bivalve mollusks, as the Pinna and Mytilus, by which they attach themselves to rocks, etc.
(Bot.) An obsolete name for certain fungi composed of slender threads.
• Asbestus.
Bystander
n.
• One who stands near; a spectator; one who has no concern with the business transacting.
Byway
n.
• A secluded, private, or obscure way; a path or road aside from the main one.
Byword
n.
• A common saying; a proverb; a saying that has a general currency.
• The object of a contemptuous saying.
Bywork
n.
• Work aside from regular work; subordinate or secondary business.
Byzantine
a.
• Of or pertaining to Byzantium.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Byzantium, now Constantinople; sometimes, applied to an inhabitant of the modern city of Constantinople.

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