Dictionary Of The English Language "B"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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B is the second letter of the English alphabet. It is etymologically related to p , v , f , w and m, letters representing sounds having a close organic affinity to its own sound; as in Eng. bursar and purser; Eng. bear and Lat. pear; Eng. silver and Ger. silber; Lat. cubitum and It. gomito; Eng. seven, Anglo-Saxon seofon, Ger. sieben, Lat. septem, Gr. επτá. The form of letter B is Roman, from Greek B (Beta), of Semitic origin. The small b was formed by gradual change from the capital B.
Ba
v. i.
• To kiss.
Baa
v. i.
• To cry baa, or bleat as a sheep.
n.
• The cry or bleating of a sheep; a bleat.
Baaing
n.
• The bleating of a sheep.
Baal
n.
(Myth.) The supreme male divinity of the Phoenician and Canaanitish nations.
• The whole class of divinities to whom the name Baal was applied.
Baalism
n.
• Worship of Baal; idolatry.
Baba
n.
• A kind of plum cake.
Babbitt
v. t.
• To line with Babbitt metal.
Babble
v. i.
• To utter words indistinctly or unintelligibly; to utter inarticulate sounds; as a child babbles.
• To talk incoherently; to utter unmeaning words.
• To talk much; to chatter; to prate.
• To make a continuous murmuring noise, as shallow water running over stones.
v. i.
• To utter in an indistinct or incoherent way; to repeat,as words, in a childish way without understanding.
• To disclose by too free talk, as a secret.
n.
• Idle talk; senseless prattle; gabble; twaddle.
• Inarticulate speech; constant or confused murmur.
Babblement
n.
• Babble.
Babbler
n.
• An idle talker; an irrational prater; a teller of secrets.
• A hound too noisy on finding a good scent.
(Zool.) A name given to any one of family (Timalinae) of thrushlike birds, having a chattering note.
Babblery
n.
• Babble.
Babe
n.
• An infant; a young child of either sex; a baby.
• A doll for children.
Babehood
n.
• Babyhood.
Babel
n.
• The city and tower in the land of Shinar, where the confusion of languages took place.
• Hence: A place or scene of noise and confusion; a confused mixture of sounds, as of voices or languages.
Babery
n.
• Finery of a kind to please a child.
Babillard
n.
(Zool.) The lesser whitethroat of Europe; — called also babbling warbler.
Babingtonite
n.
(Min.) A mineral occurring in triclinic crystals approaching pyroxene in angle, and of a greenish black color. It is a silicate of iron, manganese, and lime.
Babish
a.
• Like a babe; a childish; babyish.
Babism
n.
• The doctrine of a modern religious sect, which originated in Persia in 1843, being a mixture of Mohammedan, Christian, Jewish and Parsee elements.
Babist
n.
• A believer in Babism.
Bablah
n.
• The ring of the fruit of several East Indian species of acacia; neb-neb. It contains gallic acid and tannin, and is used for dyeing drab.
Baboon
n.
(Zool.) One of the Old World Quadrumana, of the genera Cynocephalus and Papio; the dog-faced ape. Baboons have dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks. They are mostly African.
Baboonery
n.
• Baboonish behavior.
Baboonish
a.
• Like a baboon.
Baby
n.
• An infant or young child of either sex; a babe.
• A small image of an infant; a doll.
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, an infant; young or little; as, baby swans.
v. i.
• To treat like a young child; to keep dependent; to humor; to fondle.
Babyhood
n.
• The state or period of infancy.
Babyhouse
a.
• A place for children's dolls and dolls' furniture.
Babyish
a.
• Like a baby; childish; puerile; simple.
Babyism
n.
• The state of being a baby.
• A babyish manner of acting or speaking.
Babylonian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the real or to the mystical Babylon, or to the ancient kingdom of Babylonia; Chaldean.
n.
• An inhabitant of Babylonia (which included Chaldea); a Chaldean.
• An astrologer; — so called because the Chaldeans were remarkable for the study of astrology.
Babylonish
n.
• Of or pertaining to, or made in, Babylon or Babylonia.
• Pertaining to the Babylon of Revelation xiv.8.
• Pertaining to Rome and papal power.
• Confused; Babel-like.
Babyship
n.
• The quality of being a baby; the personality of an infant.
Bac
n.
• A broad, flatbottomed ferryboat, usually worked by a rope.
• A vat or cistern.
Bacahanalian
n.
• A bacchanal; a drunken reveler.
Baccalaureate
n.
• The degree of bachelor of arts. (B.A. or A.B.), the first or lowest academical degree conferred by universities and colleges.
• A baccalaureate sermon.
a.
• Pertaining to a bachelor of arts.
Baccate
a.
(Bot.) Pulpy throughout, like a berry; — said of fruits.
Baccated
a.
• Having many berries.
• Set or adorned with pearls.
Bacchanal
a.
• Relating to Bacchus or his festival.
• Engaged in drunken revels; drunken and riotous or noisy.
n.
• A devotee of Bacchus; one who indulges in drunken revels; one who is noisy and riotous when intoxicated; a carouser.
• The festival of Bacchus; the bacchanalia.
• Drunken revelry; an orgy.
• A song or dance in honor of Bacchus.
Bacchanalia
n. pl.
(Myth.) A feast or an orgy in honor of Bacchus.
• Hence: A drunken feast; drunken reveler.
Bacchanalian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the festival of Bacchus; relating to or given to reveling and drunkenness.
Bacchanalianism
n.
• The practice of bacchanalians; bacchanals; drunken revelry.
Bacchant
n.
• A priest of Bacchus.
• A bacchanal; a reveler.
a.
• Bacchanalian; fond of drunken revelry; wine-loving; reveling; carousing.
Bacchante
n.
• A priestess of Bacchus.
• A female bacchanal.
Bacchantic
a.
• Bacchanalian.
Bacchius
n.
(Pros.) A metrical foot composed of a short syllable and two long ones; according to some, two long and a short.
Bacchus
n.
(Myth.) The god of wine, son of Jupiter and Semele.
Bacciferous
a.
• Producing berries.
Bacciform
a.
• Having the form of a berry.
Baccivorous
a.
(Zool.) Eating, or subsisting on, berries; as, baccivorous birds.
Bachamel
n.
(Cookery) A rich, white sauce, prepared with butter and cream.
Bacheelor
n.
• A man of any age who has not been married.
• An unmarried woman.
• A person who has taken the first or lowest degree in the liberal arts, or in some branch of science, at a college or university; as, a bachelor of arts.
• A knight who had no standard of his own, but fought under the standard of another in the field; often, a young knight.
• In the companies of London tradesmen, one not yet admitted to wear the livery; a junior member.
(Zool.) A kind of bass, an edible fresh-water fish (Pomoxys annularis) of the southern United States.
Bachelordom
n.
• The state of bachelorhood; the whole body of bachelors.
Bachelorhood
n.
• The state or condition of being a bachelor; bachelorship.
Bachelorism
n.
• Bachelorhood; also, a manner or peculiarity belonging to bachelors.
Bachelorship
n.
• The state of being a bachelor.
Bachelry
n.
• The body of young aspirants for knighthood.
Bacillar
a.
(Biol.) Shaped like a rod or staff.
Bacillary
a.
• Of or pertaining to little rods; rod-shaped.
Bacilliform
a.
• Rod-shaped.
Bacillus
n.
(Biol.) A variety of bacterium; a microscopic, rod-shaped vegetable organism.
Back
n.
• A ferryboat.
n.
• In human beings, the hinder part of the body, extending from the neck to the end of the spine; in other animals, that part of the body which corresponds most nearly to such part of a human being; as, the back of a horse, fish, or lobster.
• An extended upper part, as of a mountain or ridge.
• The outward or upper part of a thing, as opposed to the inner or lower part; as, the back of the hand, the back of the foot, the back of a hand rail.
• The part opposed to the front; the hinder or rear part of a thing; as, the back of a book; the back of an army; the back of a chimney.
• The part opposite to, or most remote from, that which fronts the speaker or actor; or the part out of sight, or not generally seen; as, the back of an island, of a hill, or of a village.
• The part of a cutting tool on the opposite side from its edge; as, the back of a knife, or of a saw.
• A support or resource in reserve.
(Naut.) The keel and keelson of a ship.
(Mining) The upper part of a lode, or the roof of a horizontal underground passage.
• A garment for the back; hence, clothing.
a.
• Being at the back or in the rear; distant; remote; as, the back door; back settlements.
• Being in arrear; overdue; as, back rent.
• Moving or operating backward; as, back action.
v. i.
• To get upon the back of; to mount.
• To place or seat upon the back.
• To drive or force backward; to cause to retreat or recede; as, to back oxen.
• To make a back for; to furnish with a back; as, to back books.
• To adjoin behind; to be at the back of.
• To write upon the back of; as, to back a letter; to indorse; as, to back a note or legal document.
• To support; to maintain; to second or strengthen by aid or influence; as, to back a friend.
• To bet on the success of; — as, to back a race horse.
v. i.
• To move or go backward; as, the horse refuses to back.
(Naut.) To change from one quarter to another by a course opposite to that of the sun; — used of the wind.
(Sporting) To stand still behind another dog which has poined; — said of a dog.
adv.
• In, to, or toward, the rear; as, to stand back; to step back.
• To the place from which one came; to the place or person from which something is taken or derived; as, to go back for something left behind; to go back to one's native place; to put a book back after reading it.
• To a former state, condition, or station; as, to go back to private life; to go back to barbarism.
( Of time) In times past; ago.
• Away from contact; by reverse movement.
• In concealment or reserve; in one's own possession; as, to keep back the truth; to keep back part of the money due to another.
• In a state of restraint or hindrance.
• In return, repayment, or requital.
• In withdrawal from a statement, promise, or undertaking; as, he took back0 the offensive words.
• In arrear; as, to be back in one's rent.
Backare
interj.
• Same as Baccare.
Backband
n.
(Saddlery) The band which passes over the back of a horse and holds up the shafts of a carriage.
Backbite
v. i.
• To wound by clandestine detraction; to censure meanly or spitefully (as absent person); to slander or speak evil of (one absent).
v. i.
• To censure or revile the absent.
Backbiter
n.
• One who backbites; a secret calumniator or detractor.
Backbiting
n.
• Secret slander; detraction.
Backboard
n.
• A board which supports the back wen one is sitting;
• A board serving as the back part of anything, as of a wagon.
• A thin stuff used for the backs of framed pictures, mirrors, etc.
• A board attached to the rim of a water wheel to prevent the water from running off the floats or paddies into the interior of the wheel.
• A board worn across the back to give erectness to the figure.
Backbond
n.
(Scots Law) An instrument which, in conjunction with another making an absolute disposition, constitutes a trust.
Backbone
n.
• The column of bones in the back which sustains and gives firmness to the frame; the spine; the vertebral or spinal column.
• Anything like , or serving the purpose of, a backbone.
• Firmness; moral principle; steadfastness.
Backboned
a.
• Vertebrate.
Backcast
n.
• Anything which brings misfortune upon one, or causes failure in an effort or enterprise; a reverse.
Backdoor
a.
• Acting from behind and in concealment; as backdoor intrigues.
Backdown
n.
• A receding or giving up; a complete surrender.
Backed
a.
• Having a back; fitted with a back; as, a backed electrotype or stereotype plate. Used in composition; as, broad- backed; hump-backed.
Backer
n.
• One who, or that which, backs; especially one who backs a person or thing in a contest.
Backfall
n.
• A fall or throw on the back in wrestling.
Backfriend
n.
• A secret enemy.
Backgammon
n.
• A game of chance and skill, played by two persons on a "board" marked off into twenty-four spaces called "points". Each player has fifteen pieces, or "men", the movements of which from point to point are determined by throwing dice. Formerly called tables.
v. i.
• In the game of backgammon, to beat by ending the game before the loser is clear of his first "table".
Background
n.
• Ground in the rear or behind, or in the distance, as opposed to the foreground, or the ground in front.
(Paint.) The space which is behind and subordinate to a portrait or group of figures.
• Anything behind, serving as a foil; as, the statue had a background of red hangings.
• A place in obscurity or retirement, or out of sight.
Backhand
n.
• A kind of handwriting in which the downward slope of the letters is from left to right.
a.
• Sloping from left to right; — said of handwriting.
• Backhanded; indirect; oblique.
Backhanded
a.
• With the hand turned backward; as, a backhanded blow.
• Indirect; awkward; insincere; sarcastic; as, a backhanded compliment.
• Turned back, or inclining to the left; as, a backhanded letters.
Backhandedness
n.
• State of being backhanded; the using of backhanded or indirect methods.
Backhander
n.
• A backhanded blow.
Backhouse
n.
• A building behind the main building. Specifically: A privy; a necessary.
Backing
n.
• The act of moving backward, or of putting or moving anything backward.
• That which is behind, and forms the back of, anything, usually giving strength or stability.
• Support or aid given to a person or cause.
(Bookbinding) The preparation of the back of a book with glue, etc., before putting on the cover.
Backjoint
n.
(Arch.) A rebate or chase in masonry left to receive a permanent slab or other filling.
Backlash
n.
(Mech.) The distance through which one part of connected machinery, as a wheel, piston, or screw, can be moved without moving the connected parts, resulting from looseness in fitting or from wear; also, the jarring or reflex motion caused in badly fitting machinery by irregularities in velocity or a reverse of motion.
Backless
a.
• Without a back.
Backlog
n.
• A large stick of wood, forming the of a fire on the hearth.
Backs
n. pl.
• Among leather dealers, the thickest and stoutest tanned hides.
Backsaw
n.
• A saw (as a tenon saw) whose blade is stiffened by an added metallic back.
Backset
n.
• A check; a relapse; a discouragement; a setback.
• Whatever is thrown back in its course, as water.
v. i.
• To plow again, in the fall; — said of prairie land broken up in the spring.
Backsettler
n.
• One living in the back or outlying districts of a community.
Backside
n.
• The hinder part, posteriors, or rump of a person or animal.
Backsight
n.
(Surv.) The reading of the leveling staff in its unchanged position when the leveling instrument has been taken to a new position; a sight directed backwards to a station previously occupied. Cf. Foresight, n., 3.
Backslide
v. i.
• To slide back; to fall away; esp. to abandon gradually the faith and practice of a religion that has been professed.
Backslider
n.
• One who backslides.
Backsliding
a.
• Slipping back; falling back into sin or error; sinning.
n.
• The act of one who backslides; abandonment of faith or duty.
Backstaff
n.
• An instrument formerly used for taking the altitude of the heavenly bodies, but now superseded by the quadrant and sextant; — so called because the observer turned his back to the body observed.
Backstay
n.
(Naut.) A rope or stay extending from the masthead to the side of a ship, slanting a little aft, to assist the shrouds in supporting the mast.
• A rope or strap used to prevent excessive forward motion.
Backster
n.
• A backer.
Backstitch
n.
• A stitch made by setting the needle back of the end of the last stitch, and bringing it out in front of the end.
v. i.
• To sew with backstitches; as, to backstitch a seam.
Backstress
n.
• A female baker.
Backsword
n.
• A sword with one sharp edge.
• In England, a stick with a basket handle, used in rustic amusements; also, the game in which the stick is used. Also called singlestick.
Backward
a.
• Directed to the back or rear; as, backward glances.
• Unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; loath.
• Not well advanced in learning; not quick of apprehension; dull; inapt; as, a backward child.
• Late or behindhand; as, a backward season.
• Not advanced in civilization; undeveloped; as, the country or region is in a backward state.
• Already past or gone; bygone.
n.
• The state behind or past.
v. i.
• To keep back; to hinder.
Backwardation
n.
(Stock Exchange) The seller's postponement of delivery of stock or shares, with the consent of the buyer, upon payment of a premium to the latter; — also, the premium so paid.
Backwardly
adv.
• Reluctantly; slowly; aversely.
• Perversely; ill.
Backwardness
n.
• The state of being backward.
Backwash
v. i.
• To clean the oil from (wood) after combing.
Backwater
n.
• Water turned back in its course by an obstruction, an opposing current , or the flow of the tide, as in a sewer or river channel, or across a river bar.
• An accumulation of water overflowing the low lands, caused by an obstruction.
• Water thrown back by the turning of a waterwheel, or by the paddle wheels of a steamer.
Backwoods
n. pl.
• The forests or partly cleared grounds on the frontiers.
Backwoodsman
n.
• A men living in the forest in or beyond the new settlements, especially on the western frontiers of the older portions of the United States.
Backworm
n.
• A disease of hawks.
Bacon
n.
• The back and sides of a pig salted and smoked; formerly, the flesh of a pig salted or fresh.
Baconian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Lord Bacon, or to his system of philosophy.
Bacteria
n. p.
• See Bacterium.
Bacterial
a.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to bacteria.
Bactericidal
a.
• Destructive of bacteria.
Bactericide
n.
(Biol.) Same as Germicide.
Bacteriological
a.
• Of or pertaining to bacteriology; as, bacteriological studies.
Bacteriologist
n.
• One skilled in bacteriology.
Bacteriology
n.
(Biol.) The science relating to bacteria.
Bacterioscopic
a.
(Biol.) Relating to bacterioscopy; as, a bacterioscopic examination.
Bacterioscopist
n.
(Biol.) One skilled in bacterioscopic examinations.
Bacterioscopy
n.
(Biol.) The application of a knowledge of bacteria for their detection and identification, as in the examination of polluted water.
Bacterium
n.
(Biol.) A microscopic vegetable organism, belonging to the class Algae, usually in the form of a jointed rodlike filament, and found in putrefying organic infusions. Bacteria are destitute of chlorophyll, and are the smallest of microscopic organisms. They are very widely diffused in nature, and multiply with marvelous rapidity, both by fission and by spores. Certain species are active agents in fermentation, while others appear to be the cause of certain infectious diseases.
Bactrian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Bactria in Asia.
n.
• A native of Bactria.
Baculine
a.
• Of or pertaining to the rod or punishment with the rod.
Baculite
n.
(Paleon.) A cephalopod of the extinct genus Baculites, found fossil in the Cretaceous rocks. It is like an uncoiled ammonite.
Baculometry
n.
• Measurement of distance or altitude by a staff or staffs.
Bad
imp.
• of Bid. Bade.
a.
• Wanting good qualities, whether physical or moral; injurious, hurtful, inconvenient, offensive, painful, unfavorable, or defective, either physically or morally; evil; vicious; wicked; — the opposite of good; as a bad man; bad conduct; bad habits; bad soil; bad health; bad crop; bad news.
Badder
• compar. of Bad, a.
Badderlocks
n.
(Bot.) A large black seaweed (Alaria esculenta) sometimes eaten in Europe; — also called murlins, honeyware, and henware.
Baddish
a.
• Somewhat bad; inferior.
Bade
• A form of the pat tense of Bid.
Badge
n.
• A distinctive mark, token, sign, or cognizance, worn on the person; as, the badge of a society; the badge of a policeman.
• Something characteristic; a mark; a token.
(Naut.) A carved ornament on the stern of a vessel, containing a window or the representation of one.
v. t.
• To mark or distinguish with a badge.
Badgeless
a.
• Having no badge.
Badger
n.
• An itinerant licensed dealer in commodities used for food; a hawker; a huckster; — formerly applied especially to one who bought grain in one place and sold it in another.
n.
• A carnivorous quadruped of the genus Meles or of an allied genus. It is a burrowing animal, with short, thick legs, and long claws on the fore feet. One species (M. vulgaris), called also brock, inhabits the north of Europe and Asia; another species (Taxidea Americana or Labradorica) inhabits the northern parts of North America.
• A brush made of badgers' hair, used by artists.
v. t.
• To tease or annoy, as a badger when baited; to worry or irritate persistently.
• To beat down; to cheapen; to barter; to bargain.
Badgerer
n.
• One who badgers.
• A kind of dog used in badger baiting.
Badgering
n.
• The act of one who badgers.
• The practice of buying wheat and other kinds of food in one place and selling them in another for a profit.
Badiaga
n.
(Zool.) A fresh-water sponge (Spongilla), common in the north of Europe, the powder of which is used to take away the livid marks of bruises.
Badian
n.
(Bot.) An evergreen Chinese shrub of the Magnolia family (Illicium anisatum), and its aromatic seeds; Chinese anise; star anise.
Badigeon
n.
• A cement or paste (as of plaster and freestone, or of sawdust and glue or lime) used by sculptors, builders, and workers in wood or stone, to fill holes, cover defects, or finish a surface.
Badinage
n.
• Playful raillery; banter.
Badly
adv.
• In a bad manner; poorly; not well; unskillfully; imperfectly; unfortunately; grievously; so as to cause harm; disagreeably; seriously.
Badminton
n.
• A game, similar to lawn tennis, played with shuttlecocks.
• A preparation of claret, spiced and sweetened.
Badness
n.
• The state of being bad.
Baenomere
n.
(Zool.) One of the somites (arthromeres) that make up the thorax of Arthropods.
Baenopod
n.
(Zool.) One of the thoracic legs of Arthropods.
Baenosome
n.
(Zool.) The thorax of Arthropods.
Baff
n.
• A blow; a stroke.
Baffle
v. i.
• To cause to undergo a disgraceful punishment, as a recreant knight.
• To check by shifts and turns; to elude; to foil.
• To check by perplexing; to disconcert, frustrate, or defeat; to thwart.
v. i.
• To practice deceit.
• To struggle against in vain; as, a ship baffles with the winds.
n.
• A defeat by artifice, shifts, and turns; discomfiture.
Bafflement
n.
• The process or act of baffling, or of being baffled; frustration; check.
Baffler
n.
• One who, or that which, baffles.
Baffling
a.
• Frustrating; discomfiting; disconcerting; as, baffling currents, winds, tasks.
Baft
n.
• Same as Bafta.
Bafta
n.
• A coarse stuff, usually of cotton, originally made in India. Also, an imitation of this fabric made for export.
Bag
n.
• A sack or pouch, used for holding anything; as, a bag of meal or of money.
• A sac, or dependent gland, in animal bodies, containing some fluid or other substance; as, the bag of poison in the mouth of some serpents; the bag of a cow.
• A sort of silken purse formerly tied about men's hair behind, by way of ornament.
• The quantity of game bagged.
(Com.) A certain quantity of a commodity, such as it is customary to carry to market in a sack; as, a bag of pepper or hops; a bag of coffee.
v. t.
• To put into a bag; as, to bag hops.
• To seize, capture, or entrap; as, to bag an army; to bag game.
• To furnish or load with a bag or with a well filled bag.
v. i.
• To swell or hang down like a full bag; as, the skin bags from containing morbid matter.
• To swell with arrogance.
• To become pregnant.
Bagasse
n.
• Sugar cane, as it omes crushed from the mill. It is then dried and used as fuel. Also extended to the refuse of beetroot sugar.
Bagatelle
n.
• A trifle; a thing of no importance.
• A game played on an oblong board, having, at one end, cups or arches into or through which balls are to be driven by a rod held in the hand of the player.
Baggage
n.
• The clothes, tents, utensils, and provisions of an army.
• The trunks, valises, satchels, etc., which a traveler carries with him on a journey; luggage.
• Purulent matter.
• Trashy talk.
• A man of bad character.
• A woman of loose morals; a prostitute.
• A romping, saucy girl.
Baggager
n.
• One who takes care of baggage; a camp follower.
Baggala
n.
(Naut.) A two-masted Arab or Indian trading vessel, used in Indian Ocean.
Baggily
adv.
• In a loose, baggy way.
Bagging
n.
• Cloth or other material for bags.
• The act of putting anything into, or as into, a bag.
• The act of swelling; swelling.
n.
• Reaping peas, beans, wheat, etc., with a chopping stroke.
Baggy
a.
• Resembling a bag; loose or puffed out, or pendent, like a bag; flabby; as, baggy trousers; baggy cheeks.
Bagman
n.
• A commercial traveler; one employed to solicit orders for manufacturers and tradesmen.
Bagnio
n.
• A house for bathing, sweating, etc.; — also, in Turkey, a prison for slaves.
• A brothel; a stew; a house of prostitution.
Bagpipe
n.
• A musical wind instrument, now used chiefly in the Highlands of Scotland.
v. t.
• To make to look like a bagpipe.
Bagpiper
n.
• One who plays on a bagpipe; a piper.
Bagreef
n.
(Naut.) The lower reef of fore and aft sails; also, the upper reef of topsails.
Bague
n.
(Arch.) The annular molding or group of moldings dividing a long shaft or clustered column into two or more parts.
Bagwig
n.
• A wig, in use in the 18th century, with the hair at the back of the head in a bag.
Bagworm
n.
(Zool.) One of several lepidopterous insects which construct, in the larval state, a baglike case which they carry about for protection. One species (Platoeceticus Gloveri) feeds on the orange tree.
Bah
interj.
• An exclamation expressive of extreme contempt.
Bahar
n.
• A weight used in certain parts of the East Indies, varying considerably in different localities, the range being from 223 to 625 pounds.
Baigne
v. i.
• To soak or drench.
Bail
n.
• A bucket or scoop used in bailing water out of a boat.
v. t.
• To lade; to dip and throw; — usually with out; as, to bail water out of a boat.
• To dip or lade water from; — often with out to express completeness; as, to bail a boat.
v.t.
• To deliver; to release.
(Law) To set free, or deliver from arrest, or out of custody, on the undertaking of some other person or persons that he or they will be responsible for the appearance, at a certain day and place, of the person bailed.
• To deliver, as goods in trust, for some special object or purpose, upon a contract, expressed or implied, that the trust shall be faithfully executed on the part of the bailee, or person intrusted; as, to bail cloth to a tailor to be made into a garment; to bail goods to a carrier.
n.
• Custody; keeping.
(Law) The person or persons who procure the release of a prisoner from the custody of the officer, or from imprisonment, by becoming surely for his appearance in court.
• The security given for the appearance of a prisoner in order to obtain his release from custody of the officer; as, the man is out on bail; to go bail for any one.
n.
• The arched handle of a kettle, pail, or similar vessel, usually movable.
• A half hoop for supporting the cover of a carrier's wagon, awning of a boat, etc.
n.
• A line of palisades serving as an exterior defense.
• The outer wall of a feudal castle. Hence: The space inclosed by it; the outer court.
• A certain limit within a forest.
• A division for the stalls of an open stable.
(Cricket) The top or cross piece ( or either of the two cross pieces) of the wicket.
Bailable
a.
• Having the right or privilege of being admitted to bail, upon bond with sureties; — used of persons.
• Admitting of bail; as, a bailable offense.
• That can be delivered in trust; as, bailable goods.
Bailee
n.
(Law) The person to whom goods are committed in trust, and who has a temporary possession and a qualified property in them, for the purposes of the trust.
Bailer
n.
• One who bails or lades.
• A utensil, as a bucket or cup, used in bailing; a machine for bailing water out of a pit.
Bailey
n.
• The outer wall of a feudal castle.
• The space immediately within the outer wall of a castle or fortress.
• A prison or court of justice; — used in certain proper names; as, the Old Bailey in London; the New Bailey in Manchester.
Bailie
n.
• An officer in Scotland, whose office formerly corresponded to that of sheriff, but now corresponds to that of an English alderman.
Bailiff
n.
• Originally, a person put in charge of something especially, a chief officer, magistrate, or keeper, as of a county, town, hundred, or castle; one to whom power of custody or care are intrusted.
(Eng. Law) A sheriff's deputy, appointed to make arrests, collect fines, summon juries, etc.
• An overseer or under steward of an estate, who directs husbandry operations, collects rents, etc.
Bailiwick
n.
(Law) The precincts within which a bailiff has jurisdiction; the limits of a bailiff's authority.
Baillie
n.
• Bailiff.
• Same as Bailie.
Bailment
n.
(Law) The action of bailing a person accused.
(Law) A delivery of goods or money by one person to another in trust, for some special purpose, upon a contract, expressed or implied, that the trust shall be faithfully executed.
Bailor
n.
(Law) One who delivers goods or money to another in trust.
Bailpiece
n.
(Law) A piece of parchment, or paper, containing a recognizance or bail bond.
Bain
n.
• A bath; a bagnio.
Bairam
n.
• The name of two Mohammedan festivals, of which one is held at the close of the fast called Ramadan, and the other seventy days after the fast.
Bairn
n.
• A child.
Baisemains
n. pl.
• Respects; compliments.
Bait
n.
• Any substance, esp. food, used in catching fish, or other animals, by alluring them to a hook, snare, inclosure, or net.
• Anything which allures; a lure; enticement; temptation.
• A portion of food or drink, as a refreshment taken on a journey; also, a stop for rest and refreshment.
• A light or hasty luncheon.
v. t.
• To provoke and harass; esp., to harass or torment for sport; as, to bait a bear with dogs; to bait a bull.
• To give a portion of food and drink to, upon the road; as, to bait horses.
• To furnish or cover with bait, as a trap or hook.
v. i.
• To stop to take a portion of food and drink for refreshment of one's self or one's beasts, on a journey.
v. i.
• To flap the wings; to flutter as if to fly; or to hover, as a hawk when she stoops to her prey.
Baiter
n.
• One who baits; a tormentor.
Baize
n.
• A coarse woolen stuff with a long nap; — usually dyed in plain colors.
Bajocco
n.
• A small cooper coin formerly current in the Roman States, worth about a cent and a half.
Bake
v. t.
• To prepare, as food, by cooking in a dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal; as, to bake bread, meat, apples.
• To dry or harden (anything) by subjecting to heat, as, to bake bricks; the sun bakes the ground.
• To harden by cold.
v. i.
• To do the work of baking something; as, she brews, washes, and bakes.
• To be baked; to become dry and hard in heat; as, the bread bakes; the ground bakes in the hot sun.
n.
• The process, or result, of baking.
Bakehouse
n.
• A house for baking; a bakery.
Baken
p. p.
• of Bake.
Baker
n.
• One whose business it is to bake bread, biscuit, etc.
• A portable oven in which baking is done.
Bakery
n.
• The trade of a baker.
• The place for baking bread; a bakehouse.
Baking
n.
• The act or process of cooking in an oven, or of drying and hardening by heat or cold.
• The quantity baked at once; a batch; as, a baking of bread.
Bakingly
adv.
• In a hot or baking manner.
Bakistre
n.
• A baker.
Balaam
n.
• A paragraph describing something wonderful, used to fill out a newspaper column; — an allusion to the miracle of Balaam's ass speaking.
Balachong
n.
• A condiment formed of small fishes or shrimps, pounded up with salt and spices, and then dried. It is much esteemed in China.
Balaenoidea
n.
(Zool) A division of the Cetacea, including the right whale and all other whales having the mouth fringed with baleen.
Balance
n.
• An apparatus for weighing.
• Act of weighing mentally; comparison; estimate.
• Equipoise between the weights in opposite scales.
• The state of being in equipoise; equilibrium; even adjustment; steadiness.
• An equality between the sums total of the two sides of an account; as, to bring one's accounts to a balance; — also, the excess on either side; as, the balance of an account.
(Horol.) A balance wheel, as of a watch, or clock.
(Astron.) The constellation Libra.
• The seventh sign in the Zodiac, called Libra, which the sun enters at the equinox in September.
• A movement in dancing.
v. t.
• To bring to an equipoise, as the scales of a balance by adjusting the weights; to weigh in a balance.
• To support on a narrow base, so as to keep from falling; as, to balance a plate on the end of a cane; to balance one's self on a tight rope.
• To equal in number, weight, force, or proportion; to counterpoise, counterbalance, counteract, or neutralize.
• To compare in relative force, importance, value, etc.; to estimate.
• To settle and adjust, as an account; to make two accounts equal by paying the difference between them.
• To make the sums of the debits and credits of an account equal; — said of an item; as, this payment, or credit, balances the account.
• To arrange accounts in such a way that the sum total of the debits is equal to the sum total of the credits; as, to balance a set of books.
(Dancing) To move toward, and then back from, reciprocally; as, to balance partners.
(Naut.) To contract, as a sail, into a narrower compass; as, to balance the boom mainsail.
v. i.
• To have equal weight on each side; to be in equipoise; as, the scales balance.
• To fluctuate between motives which appear of equal force; to waver; to hesitate.
(Dancing) To move toward a person or couple, and then back.
Balanceable
a.
• Such as can be balanced.
Balancement
n.
• The act or result of balancing or adjusting; equipoise; even adjustment of forces.
Balancer
n.
• One who balances, or uses a balance.
(Zool.) In Diptera, the rudimentary posterior wing.
Balancereef
n.
(Naut.) The last reef in a fore-and-aft sail, taken to steady the ship.
Balaniferous
a.
• Bearing or producing acorns.
Balanite
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil balanoid shell.
Balanoglossus
n.
(Zool) A peculiar marine worm.
Balanoid
a.
(Zool.) Resembling an acorn; — applied to a group of barnacles having shells shaped like acorns.
Balaustine
n.
(Bot.) The pomegranate tree (Punica granatum). The bark of the root, the rind of the fruit, and the flowers are used medicinally.
Balbuties
n.
(Med.) The defect of stammering; also, a kind of incomplete pronunciation.
Balcon
n.
• A balcony.
Balconied
a.
• Having balconies.
Balcony
n.
(Arch.) A platform projecting from the wall of a building, usually resting on brackets or consoles, and inclosed by a parapet; as, a balcony in front of a window. Also, a projecting gallery in places of amusement; as, the balcony in a theater.
• A projecting gallery once common at the stern of large ships.
Bald
a.
• Destitute of the natural or common covering on the head or top, as of hair, feathers, foliage, trees, etc.; as, a bald head; a bald oak.
• Destitute of ornament; unadorned; bare; literal.
• Undisguised.
• Destitute of dignity or value; paltry; mean.
(Bot.) Destitute of a beard or awn; as, bald wheat.
(Zool.) Destitute of the natural covering.
• Marked with a white spot on the head; bald-faced.
Baldachin
n.
• A rich brocade; baudekin.
(Arch.) A structure in form of a canopy, sometimes supported by columns, and sometimes suspended from the roof or projecting from the wall; generally placed over an altar; as, the baldachin in St. Peter's.
• A portable canopy borne over shrines, etc., in procession.
Balder
n.
(Scan. Myth.) The most beautiful and beloved of the gods; the god of peace; the son of Odin and Freya.
Balderdash
n.
• A worthless mixture, especially of liquors.
• Senseless jargon; ribaldry; nonsense; trash.
v. t.
• To mix or adulterate, as liquors.
Baldhead
n.
• A person whose head is bald.
(Zool.) A white-headed variety of pigeon.
Baldheaded
a.
• Having a bald head.
Baldly
adv.
• Nakedly; without reserve; inelegantly.
Baldness
n.
• The state or condition of being bald; as, baldness of the head; baldness of style.
Baldpate
n.
• A baldheaded person.
(Zool.) The American widgeon (Anas Americana).
Baldrib
n.
• A piece of pork cut lower down than the sparerib, and destitute of fat.
Baldric
n.
• A broad belt, sometimes richly ornamented, worn over one shoulder, across the breast, and under the opposite arm; less properly, any belt.
Baldwin
n.
(Bot.) A kind of reddish, moderately acid, winter apple.
Bale
n.
• A bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation; also, a bundle of straw hay, etc., put up compactly for transportation.
v. t.
• To make up in a bale.
n.
• Misery; alamity; misfortune; sorrow.
• Evil; an evil, pernicious influence; something causing great injury.
Balearic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the isles of Majorca, Minorca, Ivica, etc., in the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Valencia.
Baleen
n.
(Zool. & Com.) Plates or blades of "whalebone," from two to twelve feet long, and sometimes a foot wide, which in certain whales (Balaenoidea) are attached side by side along the upper jaw, and form a fringelike sieve by which the food is retained in the mouth.
Balefire
n.
• A signal fire; an alarm fire.
Baleful
a.
• Full of deadly or pernicious influence; destructive.
• Full of grief or sorrow; woeful; sad.
Balefully
adv.
• In a baleful manner; perniciously.
Balefulness
n.
• The quality or state of being baleful.
Baleingly
adv.
• In manner to balk or frustrate.
Balisaur
n.
(Zool.) A badgerlike animal of India (Arcionyx collaris).
Balister
n.
• A crossbow.
Balistoid
a.
(Zool.) Like a fish of the genus Balistes; of the family Balistidae.
Balistraria
n.
(Anc. Fort.) A narrow opening, often cruciform, through which arrows might be discharged.
Balize
n.
• A pole or a frame raised as a sea beacon or a landmark.
Balk
n.
• A ridge of land left unplowed between furrows, or at the end of a field; a piece missed by the plow slipping aside.
• A great beam, rafter, or timber; esp., the tie-beam of a house. The loft above was called "the balks."
(Mil.) One of the beams connecting the successive supports of a trestle bridge or bateau bridge.
• A hindrance or disappointment; a check.
• A sudden and obstinate stop; a failure.
(Baseball) A deceptive gesture of the pitcher, as if to deliver the ball.
v. t.
• To leave or make balks in.
• To leave heaped up; to heap up in piles.
• To omit, miss, or overlook by chance.
• To miss intentionally; to avoid; to shun; to refuse; to let go by; to shirk.
• To disappoint; to frustrate; to foil; to baffle; to hwart; as, to balk expectation.
v. i.
• To engage in contradiction; to be in opposition.
• To stop abruptly and stand still obstinately; to jib; to stop short; to swerve; as, the horse balks.
v. i.
• To indicate to fishermen, by shouts or signals from shore, the direction taken by the shoals of herring.
Balker
n.
• One who, or that which balks.
n.
• A person who stands on a rock or eminence to espy the shoals of herring, etc., and to give notice to the men in boats which way they pass; a conder; a huer.
Balkish
a.
• Uneven; ridgy.
Balky
a.
• Apt to balk; as, a balky horse.
Ball
n.
• Any round or roundish body or mass; a sphere or globe; as, a ball of twine; a ball of snow.
• A spherical body of any substance or size used to play with, as by throwing, knocking, kicking, etc.
• A general name for games in which a ball is thrown, kicked, or knocked.
• Any solid spherical, cylindrical, or conical projectile of lead or iron, to be discharged from a firearm; as, a cannon ball; a rife ball; — often used collectively; as, powder and ball. Spherical balls for the smaller firearms are commonly called bullets.
(Pirotechnics & Mil.) A flaming, roundish body shot into the air; a case filled with combustibles intended to burst and give light or set fire, or to produce smoke or stench; as, a fire ball; a stink ball.
(Print.) A leather-covered cushion, fastened to a handle called a ballstock; — formerly used by printers for inking the form, but now superseded by the roller.
• A roundish protuberant portion of some part of the body; as, the ball of the thumb; the ball of the foot.
(Far.) A large pill, a form in which medicine is commonly given to horses; a bolus.
• The globe or earth.
v. i.
• To gather balls which cling to the feet, as of damp snow or clay; to gather into balls; as, the horse balls; the snow balls.
v. t.
(Metal.) To heat in a furnace and form into balls for rolling.
• To form or wind into a ball; as, to ball cotton.
n.
• A social assembly for the purpose of dancing.
Ballad
n.
• A popular kind of narrative poem, adapted for recitation or singing; as, the ballad of Chevy Chase; esp., a sentimental or romantic poem in short stanzas.
v. i.
• To make or sing ballads.
v. t.
• To make mention of in ballads.
Ballade
n.
• A form of French versification, sometimes imitated in English, in which three or four rhymes recur through three stanzas of eight or ten lines each, the stanzas concluding with a refrain, and the whole poem with an envoy.
Ballader
n.
• A writer of ballads.
Balladry
n.
• Ballad poems; the subject or style of ballads.
Ballarag
v. i.
• To bully; to threaten.
Ballast
n.
(Naut.) Any heavy substance, as stone, iron, etc., put into the hold to sink a vessel in the water to such a depth as to prevent capsizing.
• Any heavy matter put into the car of a balloon to give it steadiness.
• Gravel, broken stone, etc., laid in the bed of a railroad to make it firm and solid.
• The larger solids, as broken stone or gravel, used in making concrete.
• Fig.: That which gives, or helps to maintain, uprightness, steadiness, and security.
v. t.
• To steady, as a vessel, by putting heavy substances in the hold.
• To fill in, as the bed of a railroad, with gravel, stone, etc., in order to make it firm and solid.
• To keep steady; to steady, morally.
Ballastage
n.
(Law) A toll paid for the privilege of taking up ballast in a port or harbor.
Ballasting
n.
• That which is used for steadying anything; ballast.
Ballet
n.
• An artistic dance performed as a theatrical entertainment, or an interlude, by a number of persons, usually women. Sometimes, a scene accompanied by pantomime and dancing.
• The company of persons who perform the ballet.
(Mus.) A light part song, or madrigal, with a fa la burden or chorus, — most common with the Elizabethan madrigal composers.
(Her.) A bearing in coats of arms, representing one or more balls, which are denominated bezants, plates, etc., according to color.
Ballista
n.
• An ancient military engine, in the form of a crossbow, used for hurling large missiles.
Ballister
n.
• A crossbow.
Ballistic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the ballista, or to the art of hurling stones or missile weapons by means of an engine.
• Pertaining to projection, or to a projectile.
Ballistics
n.
• The science or art of hurling missile weapons by the use of an engine.
Balloon
n.
• A bag made of silk or other light material, and filled with hydrogen gas or heated air, so as to rise and float in the atmosphere; especially, one with a car attached for aerial navigation.
(Arch.) A ball or globe on the top of a pillar, church, etc., as at St. Paul's, in London.
(Chem.) A round vessel, usually with a short neck, to hold or receive whatever is distilled; a glass vessel of a spherical form.
(Pyrotechnics) A bomb or shell.
• A game played with a large infated ball.
(Engraving) The outline inclosing words represented as coming from the mouth of a pictured figure.
v. t.
• To take up in, or as if in, a balloon.
v. i.
• To go up or voyage in a balloon.
• To expand, or puff out, like a balloon.
Ballooned
a.
• Swelled out like a balloon.
Ballooner
n.
• One who goes up in a balloon; an aeronaut.
Ballooning
n.
• The art or practice of managing balloons or voyaging in them.
(Stock Exchange) The process of temporarily raising the value of a stock, as by fictitious sales.
Balloonist
n.
• An aeronaut.
Balloonry
n.
• The art or practice of ascending in a balloon; aeronautics.
Ballot
n.
• Originally, a ball used for secret voting. Hence: Any printed or written ticket used in voting.
• The act of voting by balls or written or printed ballots or tickets; the system of voting secretly by balls or by tickets.
• The whole number of votes cast at an election, or in a given territory or electoral district.
v. i.
• To vote or decide by ballot; as, to ballot for a candidate.
v. t.
• To vote for or in opposition to.
Ballotade
n.
(Man.) A leap of a horse, as between two pillars, or upon a straight line, so that when his four feet are in the air, he shows only the shoes of his hind feet, without jerking out.
Ballotation
n.
• Voting by ballot.
Balloter
n.
• One who votes by ballot.
Ballotin
n.
• An officer who has charge of a ballot box.
Ballow
n.
• A cudgel.
Ballproof
a.
• Incapable of being penetrated by balls from firearms.
Ballroom
n.
• A room for balls or dancing.
Balm
n.
(Bot.) An aromatic plant of the genus Melissa.
• The resinous and aromatic exudation of certain trees or shrubs.
• Any fragrant ointment.
• Anything that heals or that mitigates pain.
v. i.
• To anoint with balm, or with anything medicinal. Hence: To soothe; to mitigate.
Balmify
v. t.
• To render balmy.
Balmily
adv.
• In a balmy manner.
Balmoral
n.
• A long woolen petticoat, worn immediately under the dress.
• A kind of stout walking shoe, laced in front.
Balmy
a.
• Having the qualities of balm; odoriferous; aromatic; assuaging; soothing; refreshing; mild.
• Producing balm.
Balneal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a bath.
Balneary
n.
• A bathing room.
Balneation
n.
• The act of bathing.
Balneatory
a.
• Belonging to a bath.
Balneography
n.
• A description of baths.
Balneology
n.
• A treatise on baths; the science of bathing.
Balneotherapy
n.
• The treatment of disease by baths.
Balsa
n.
(Naut.) A raft or float, used principally on the Pacific coast of South America.
Balsam
n.
• A resin containing more or less of an essential or volatile oil.
(Bot.) A species of tree (Abies balsamea).
• An annual garden plant (Impatiens balsamina) with beautiful flowers; balsamine.
• Anything that heals, soothes, or restores.
v. t.
• To treat or anoint with balsam; to relieve, as with balsam; to render balsamic.
Balsamation
n.
• The act of imparting balsamic properties.
• The art or process of embalming.
Balsamiferous
a.
• Producing balsam.
Balsamine
n.
(Bot.) The Impatiens balsamina, or garden balsam.
Balsamous
a.
• Having the quality of balsam; containing balsam.
Balter
v. t.
• To stick together.
Baltic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the sea which separates Norway and Sweden from Jutland, Denmark, and Germany; situated on the Baltic Sea.
Baluster
n.
(Arch.) A row of balusters topped by a rail, serving as an open parapet, as along the edge of a balcony, terrace, bridge, staircase, or the eaves of a building.
Bam
n.
• An imposition; a cheat; a hoax.
v. t.
• To cheat; to wheedle.
Bambino
n.
• A child or baby; esp., a representation in art of the infant Christ wrapped in swaddling clothes.
Bambocciade
n.
(Paint.) A representation of a grotesque scene from common or rustic life.
Bamboo
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries.
v. t.
• To flog with the bamboo.
Bamboozle
v. t.
• To deceive by trickery; to cajole by confusing the senses; to hoax; to mystify; to humbug.
Bamboozler
n.
• A swindler; one who deceives by trickery.
Ban
n.
• A public proclamation or edict; a public order or notice, mandatory or prohibitory; a summons by public proclamation.
(Feudal & Mil.) A calling together of the king's (esp. the French king's) vassals for military service; also, the body of vassals thus assembled or summoned. In present usage, in France and Prussia, the most effective part of the population liable to military duty and not in the standing army.
• Notice of a proposed marriage, proclaimed in church.
• An interdiction, prohibition, or proscription.
• A curse or anathema.
• A pecuniary mulct or penalty laid upon a delinquent for offending against a ban; as, a mulct paid to a bishop by one guilty of sacrilege or other crimes.
v. t.
• To curse; to invoke evil upon.
• To forbid; to interdict.
v. i.
• To curse; to swear.
n.
• An ancient title of the warden of the eastern marches of Hungary; now, a title of the viceroy of Croatia and Slavonia.
Banal
a.
• Commonplace; trivial; hackneyed; trite.
Banality
n.
• Something commonplace, hackneyed, or trivial; the commonplace, in speech.
Banana
n.
(Bot.) A perennial herbaceous plant of almost treelike size (Musa sapientum); also, its edible fruit.
Banat
n.
• The territory governed by a ban.
Banco
n.
• A bank, especially that of Venice.
Band
n.
• A fillet, strap, or any narrow ligament with which a thing is encircled, or fastened, or by which a number of things are tied, bound together, or confined; a fetter.
(Arch.) A continuous tablet, stripe, or series of ornaments, as of carved foliage, of color, or of brickwork, etc.
• In Gothic architecture, the molding, or suite of moldings, which encircles the pillars and small shafts.
• That which serves as the means of union or connection between persons; a tie.
• A linen collar or ruff worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.
• Two strips of linen hanging from the neck in front as part of a clerical, legal, or academic dress.
• A narrow strip of cloth or other material on any article of dress, to bind, strengthen, ornament, or complete it.
• A company of persons united in any common design, especially a body of armed men.
• A number of musicians who play together upon portable musical instruments, especially those making a loud sound, as certain wind instruments (trumpets, clarinets, etc.), and drums, or cymbals.
(Bot.) A space between elevated lines or ribs, as of the fruits of umbelliferous plants.
(Zool.) A stripe, streak, or other mark transverse to the axis of the body.
(Mech.) A belt or strap.
• A bond
• Pledge; security.
v. t.
• To bind or tie with a band.
• To mark with a band.
• To unite in a troop, company, or confederacy.
v. i.
• To confederate for some common purpose; to unite; to conspire together.
v. t.
• To bandy; to drive away.
imp.
• of Bind.
Bandage
n.
• A fillet or strip of woven material, used in dressing and binding up wounds, etc.
• Something resembling a bandage; that which is bound over or round something to cover, strengthen, or compress it; a ligature.
v. t.
• To bind, dress, or cover, with a bandage; as, to bandage the eyes.
Bandala
n.
• A fabric made in Manilla from the older leaf sheaths of the abaca (Musa textilis).
Bandbox
n.
• A light box of pasteboard or thin wood, usually cylindrical, for holding ruffs (the bands of the 17th century), collars, caps, bonnets, etc.
Bandeau
n.
• A narrow band or fillet; a part of a head-dress.
Bander
n.
• One banded with others.
Bandicoot
n.
(Zool.) A species of very large rat (Mus giganteus), found in India and Ceylon. It does much injury to rice fields and gardens.
• A ratlike marsupial animal (genus Perameles) of several species, found in Australia and Tasmania.
Bandit
n.
• An outlaw; a brigand.
Bandle
n.
• An Irish measure of two feet in length.
Bandlet
n.
• Same as Bandelet.
Bandmaster
n.
• The conductor of a musical band.
Bandog
n.
• A mastiff or other large and fierce dog, usually kept chained or tied up.
Bandoline
n.
• A glutinous pomatum for the fair.
Bandon
n.
• Disposal; control; license.
Bandore
n.
• A musical stringed instrument, similar in form to a guitar; a pandore.
Bandrol
n.
• Same as Banderole.
Bandy
n.
• A carriage or cart used in India, esp. one drawn by bullocks.
n.
• A club bent at the lower part for striking a ball at play; a hockey stick.
• The game played with such a club; hockey; shinney; bandy ball.
v. t.
• To beat to and fro, as a ball in playing at bandy.
• To give and receive reciprocally; to exchange.
• To toss about, as from man to man; to agitate.
v. i.
• To content, as at some game in which each strives to drive the ball his own way.
a.
• Bent; crooked; curved laterally, esp. with the convex side outward; as, a bandy leg.
Bane
n.
• That which destroys life, esp. poison of a deadly quality.
• Destruction; death.
• Any cause of ruin, or lasting injury; harm; woe.
• A disease in sheep, commonly termed the rot.
v. t.
• To be the bane of; to ruin.
Baneberry
n.
(Bot.) A genus (Actaea) of plants, of the order Ranunculaceae, native in the north temperate zone. The red or white berries are poisonous.
Baneful
a.
• Having poisonous qualities; deadly; destructive; injurious; noxious; pernicious.
Banewort
n.
(Bot.) Deadly nightshade.
Bang
v. t.
• To beat, as with a club or cudgel; to treat with violence; to handle roughly.
• To beat or thump, or to cause ( something) to hit or strike against another object, in such a way as to make a loud noise; as, to bang a drum or a piano; to bang a door (against the doorpost or casing) in shutting it.
v. i.
• To make a loud noise, as if with a blow or succession of blows; as, the window blind banged and waked me; he was banging on the piano.
n.
• A blow as with a club; a heavy blow.
• The sound produced by a sudden concussion.
v. t.
• To cut squarely across, as the tail of a hors, or the forelock of human beings; to cut (the hair).
n.
• The short, front hair combed down over the forehead, esp. when cut squarely across; a false front of hair similarly worn.
Banging
a.
• Huge; great in size.
Bangle
v. t.
• To waste by little and little; to fritter away.
n.
• An ornamental circlet, of glass, gold, silver, or other material, worn by women in India and Africa, and in some other countries, upon the wrist or ankle; a ring bracelet.
Banian
n.
• A Hindoo trader, merchant, cashier, or money changer.
• A man's loose gown, like that worn by the Banians.
(Bot.) The Indian fig.
Banish
v. t.
• To condemn to exile, or compel to leave one's country, by authority of the ruling power.
• To drive out, as from a home or familiar place; — used with from and out of.
• To drive away; to compel to depart; to dispel.
Banisher
n.
• One who banishes.
Banishment
n.
• The act of banishing, or the state of being banished.
Banister
n.
• A stringed musical instrument having a head and neck like the guitar, and its body like a tambourine. It has five strings, and is played with the fingers and hands.
Bank
n.
• A mound, pile, or ridge of earth, raised above the surrounding level; hence, anything shaped like a mound or ridge of earth; as, a bank of clouds; a bank of snow.
• A steep acclivity, as the slope of a hill, or the side of a ravine.
• The margin of a watercourse; the rising ground bordering a lake, river, or sea, or forming the edge of a cutting, or other hollow.
• An elevation, or rising ground, under the sea; a shoal, shelf, or shallow; as, the banks of Newfoundland.
(Mining) The face of the coal at which miners are working.
• A deposit of ore or coal, worked by excavations above water level.
• The ground at the top of a shaft; as, ores are brought to bank.
v. t.
• To raise a mound or dike about; to inclose, defend, or fortify with a bank; to embank.
• To heap or pile up; as, to bank sand.
• To pass by the banks of.
n.
• A bench, as for rowers in a galley; also, a tier of oars.
(Law) The bench or seat upon which the judges sit.
• The regular term of a court of law, or the full court sitting to hear arguments upon questions of law, as distinguished from a sitting at Nisi Prius, or a court held for jury trials.
(Printing) A sort of table used by printers.
(Music) A bench, or row of keys belonging to a keyboard, as in an organ.
n.
• An establishment for the custody, loan, exchange, or issue, of money, and for facilitating the transmission of funds by drafts or bills of exchange; an institution incorporated for performing one or more of such functions, or the stockholders (or their representatives, the directors), acting in their corporate capacity.
• The building or office used for banking purposes.
• A fund from deposits or contributions, to be used in transacting business; a joint stock or capital.
(Gaming) The sum of money or the checks which the dealer or banker has as a fund, from which to draw his stakes and pay his losses.
• In certain games, as dominos, a fund of pieces from which the players are allowed to draw.
v. t.
• To deposit in a bank.
v. i.
• To keep a bank; to carry on the business of a banker.
• To deposit money in a bank; to have an account with a banker.
Bankable
a.
• Receivable at a bank.
Banker
n.
• One who conducts the business of banking; one who, individually, or as a member of a company, keeps an establishment for the deposit or loan of money, or for traffic in money, bills of exchange, etc.
• A money changer.
• The dealer, or one who keeps the bank in a gambling house.
• A vessel employed in the cod fishery on the banks of Newfoundland.
• A ditcher; a drain digger.
• The stone bench on which masons cut or square their work.
Bankeress
n.
• A female banker.
Banking
n.
• The business of a bank or of a banker.
Bankrupt
n.
(Old Eng. Low) A trader who secretes himself, or does certain other acts tending to defraud his creditors.
• A trader who becomes unable to pay his debts; an insolvent trader; popularly, any person who is unable to pay his debts; an insolvent person.
(Law) A person who, in accordance with the terms of a law relating to bankruptcy, has been judicially declared to be unable to meet his liabilities.
a.
• Being a bankrupt or in a condition of bankruptcy; unable to pay, or legally discharged from paying, one's debts; as, a bankrupt merchant.
• Depleted of money; not having the means of meeting pecuniary liabilities; as, a bankrupt treasury.
• Relating to bankrupts and bankruptcy.
• Destitute of, or wholly wanting (something once possessed, or something one should possess).
v. t.
• To make bankrupt; to bring financial ruin upon; to impoverish.
Bankruptcy
n.
• The state of being actually or legally bankrupt.
• The act or process of becoming a bankrupt.
• Complete loss; — followed by of.
Bankside
n.
• The slope of a bank, especially of the bank of a steam.
Banlieue
n.
• The territory without the walls, but within the legal limits, of a town or city.
Banner
n.
• A kind of flag attached to a spear or pike by a crosspiece, and used by a chief as his standard in battle.
• A large piece of silk or other cloth, with a device or motto, extended on a crosspiece, and borne in a procession, or suspended in some conspicuous place.
• Any flag or standard; as, the star-spangled banner.
Bannered
a.
• Furnished with, or bearing, banners.
Banneret
n.
• Originally, a knight who led his vassals into the field under his own banner; — commonly used as a title of rank.
• A title of rank, conferred for heroic deeds, and hence, an order of knighthood; also, the person bearing such title or rank.
• A civil officer in some Swiss cantons.
• A small banner.
Bannerol
n.
• A banderole; esp. a banner displayed at a funeral procession and set over the tomb.
Bannition
n.
• The act of expulsion.
Bannock
n.
• A kind of cake or bread, in shape flat and roundish, commonly made of oatmeal or barley meal and baked on an iron plate, or griddle; — used in Scotland and the northern counties of England.
Banns
n. pl.
• Notice of a proposed marriage, proclaimed in a church, or other place prescribed by law, in order that any person may object, if he knows of just cause why the marriage should not take place.
Banquet
n.
• A feast; a sumptuous entertainment of eating and drinking; often, a complimentary or ceremonious feast, followed by speeches.
• A dessert; a course of sweetmeats; a sweetmeat or sweetmeats.
v. t.
• To treat with a banquet or sumptuous entertainment of food; to feast.
v.i.
• To regale one's self with good eating and drinking; to feast.
• To partake of a dessert after a feast.
Banquette
n.
(Fort.) A raised way or foot bank, running along the inside of a parapet, on which musketeers stand to fire upon the enemy.
(Arch.) A narrow window seat; a raised shelf at the back or the top of a buffet or dresser.
Banquetter
n.
• One who banquets; one who feasts or makes feasts.
Banstickle
n.
(Zool.) A small fish, the three-spined stickleback.
Bantam
n.
• A variety of small barnyard fowl, with feathered legs, probably brought from Bantam, a district of Java.
Banteng
n.
(Zool.) The wild ox of Java (Bibos Banteng).
Banter
v. t.
• To address playful good-natured ridicule to, — the person addressed, or something pertaining to him, being the subject of the jesting; to rally; as, he bantered me about my credulity.
• To jest about; to ridicule in speaking of, as some trait, habit, characteristic, and the like.
• To delude or trick, — esp. by way of jest.
• To challenge or defy to a match.
n.
• The act of bantering; joking or jesting; humorous or good-humored raillery; pleasantry.
Banterer
n.
• One who banters or rallies.
Bantingism
n.
• A method of reducing corpulence by avoiding food containing much farinaceous, saccharine, or oily matter; — so called from William Banting of London.
Bantling
n.
• A young or small child; an infant. [Slightly contemptuous or depreciatory.]
Banxring
n.
(Zool.) An East Indian insectivorous mammal of the genus Tupaia.
Banyan
n.
(Bot.) A tree of the same genus as the common fig, and called the Indian fig (Ficus Indica), whose branches send shoots to the ground, which take root and become additional trunks, until it may be the tree covers some acres of ground and is able to shelter thousands of men.
Baobab
n.
(Bot.) A gigantic African tree (Adansonia digitata), also naturalized in India.
Baphomet
n.
• An idol or symbolical figure which the Templars were accused of using in their mysterious rites.
Baptism
n.
• The act of baptizing; the application of water to a person, as a sacrament or religious ceremony, by which he is initiated into the visible church of Christ. This is performed by immersion, sprinkling, or pouring.
Baptismal
a.
• Pertaining to baptism; as, baptismal vows.
Baptismally
adv.
• In a baptismal manner.
Baptist
n.
• One who administers baptism; — specifically applied to John, the forerunner of Christ.
• One of a denomination of Christians who deny the validity of infant baptism and of sprinkling, and maintain that baptism should be administered to believers alone, and should be by immersion.
Baptistic
a.
• Of or for baptism; baptismal.
Baptistical
a.
• Baptistic.
Baptizable
a.
• Capable of being baptized; fit to be baptized.
Baptization
n.
• Baptism.
Baptize
v. t.
• To administer the sacrament of baptism to.
• To christen (because a name is given to infants at their baptism); to give a name to; to name.
• To sanctify; to consecrate.
Baptizement
n.
• The act of baptizing.
Baptizer
n.
• One who baptizes.
Bar
n.
• A piece of wood, metal, or other material, long in proportion to its breadth or thickness, used as a lever and for various other purposes, but especially for a hindrance, obstruction, or fastening; as, the bars of a fence or gate; the bar of a door.
• An indefinite quantity of some substance, so shaped as to be long in proportion to its breadth and thickness; as, a bar of gold or of lead; a bar of soap.
• Anything which obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier.
• A bank of sand, gravel, or other matter, esp. at the mouth of a river or harbor, obstructing navigation.
• Any railing that divides a room, or office, or hall of assembly, in order to reserve a space for those having special privileges; as, the bar of the House of Commons.
(Law) The railing that incloses the place which counsel occupy in courts of justice. Hence, the phrase at the bar of the court signifies in open court.
• The place in court where prisoners are stationed for arraignment, trial, or sentence.
• The whole body of lawyers licensed in a court or district; the legal profession.
• A special plea constituting a sufficient answer to plaintiff's action.
• Any tribunal; as, the bar of public opinion; the bar of God.
• A barrier or counter, over which liquors and food are passed to customers; hence, the portion of the room behind the counter where liquors for sale are kept.
(Her.) An ordinary, like a fess but narrower, occupying only one fifth part of the field.
• A broad shaft, or band, or stripe; as, a bar of light; a bar of color.
(Mus.) A vertical line across the staff. Bars divide the staff into spaces which represent measures, and are themselves called measures.
(Far.) The space between the tusks and grinders in the upper jaw of a horse, in which the bit is placed.
• The part of the crust of a horse's hoof which is bent inwards towards the frog at the heel on each side, and extends into the center of the sole.
(Mining) A drilling or tamping rod.
• A vein or dike crossing a lode.
(Arch.) A gatehouse of a castle or fortified town.
• A slender strip of wood which divides and supports the glass of a window; a sash bar.
v. t.
• To fasten with a bar; as, to bar a door or gate.
• To restrict or confine, as if by a bar; to hinder; to obstruct; to prevent; to prohibit; as, to bar the entrance of evil; distance bars our intercourse; the statute bars my right; the right is barred by time; a release bars the plaintiff's recovery; — sometimes with up.
• To except; to exclude by exception.
• To cross with one or more stripes or lines.
Barb
n.
• Beard, or that which resembles it, or grows in the place of it.
• A muffler, worn by nuns and mourners.
• Paps, or little projections, of the mucous membrane, which mark the opening of the submaxillary glands under the tongue in horses and cattle. The name is mostly applied when the barbs are inflamed and swollen.
• The point that stands backward in an arrow, fishhook, etc., to prevent it from being easily extracted. Hence: Anything which stands out with a sharp point obliquely or crosswise to something else.
• A bit for a horse.
(Zool.) One of the side branches of a feather, which collectively constitute the vane.
(Zool.) A southern name for the kingfishes of the eastern and southeastern coasts of the United States; — also improperly called whiting.
(Bot.) A hair or bristle ending in a double hook.
v. t.
• To shave or dress the beard of.
• To clip; to mow.
• To furnish with barbs, or with that which will hold or hurt like barbs, as an arrow, fishhook, spear, etc.
n.
• The Barbary horse, a superior breed introduces from Barbary into Spain by the Moors.
(Zool.) A blackish or dun variety of the pigeon, originally brought from Barbary.
n.
• Armor for a horse. Same as 2d Bard, n., 1.
Barbadian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Barbados.
n.
• A native of Barbados.
Barbara
n.
(Logic) The first word in certain mnemonic lines which represent the various forms of the syllogism. It indicates a syllogism whose three propositions are universal affirmatives.
Barbaresque
a.
• Barbaric in form or style; as, barbaresque architecture.
Barbarian
n.
• A foreigner.
• A man in a rule, savage, or uncivilized state.
• A person destitute of culture.
• A cruel, savage, brutal man; one destitute of pity or humanity.
a.
• Of, or pertaining to, or resembling, barbarians; rude; uncivilized; barbarous; as, barbarian governments or nations.
Barbaric
a.
• Of, or from, barbarian nations; foreign; — often with reference to barbarous nations of east.
• Of or pertaining to, or resembling, an uncivilized person or people; barbarous; barbarian; destitute of refinement.
Barbarism
n.
• An uncivilized state or condition; rudeness of manners; ignorance of arts, learning, and literature; barbarousness.
• A barbarous, cruel, or brutal action; an outrage.
• An offense against purity of style or language; any form of speech contrary to the pure idioms of a particular language.
Barbarity
n.
• The state or manner of a barbarian; lack of civilization.
• Cruelty; ferociousness; inhumanity.
• A barbarous or cruel act.
• Barbarism; impurity of speech.
Barbarize
v. i.
• To become barbarous.
• To adopt a foreign or barbarous mode of speech.
v. t.
• To make barbarous.
Barbarous
a.
• Being in the state of a barbarian; uncivilized; rude; peopled with barbarians; as, a barbarous people; a barbarous country.
• Foreign; adapted to a barbaric taste.
• Cruel; ferocious; inhuman; merciless.
• Contrary to the pure idioms of a language.
Barbarously
adv.
• In a barbarous manner.
Barbarousness
n.
• The quality or state of being barbarous; barbarity; barbarism.
Barbary
n.
• The countries on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to the Atlantic. Hence: A Barbary horse; a barb. Also, a kind of pigeon.
Barbastel
n.
(Zool.) A European bat (Barbastellus communis), with hairy lips.
Barbate
a.
(Bot.) Bearded; beset with long and weak hairs.
Barbated
a.
• Having barbed points.
Barbecue
n.
• A hog, ox, or other large animal roasted or broiled whole for a feast.
• A social entertainment, where many people assemble, usually in the open air, at which one or more large animals are roasted or broiled whole.
• A floor, on which coffee beans are sun-dried.
v. t.
• To dry or cure by exposure on a frame or gridiron.
• To roast or broil whole, as an ox or hog.
Barbed
a.
• Accoutered with defensive armor; — said of a horse.
a.
• Furnished with a barb or barbs; as, a barbed arrow; barbed wire.
Barbel
n.
(Zool.) A slender tactile organ on the lips of certain fished.
(Zool.) A large fresh-water fish ( Barbus vulgaris) found in many European rivers. Its upper jaw is furnished with four barbels.
• Barbs or paps under the tongued of horses and cattle.
Barbellate
a.
(Bot.) Having short, stiff hairs, often barbed at the point.
Barbellulate
a.
(Bot.) Barbellate with diminutive hairs or barbs.
Barber
n.
• One whose occupation it is to shave or trim the beard, and to cut and dress the hair of his patrons.
v. t.
• To shave and dress the beard or hair of.
Barbermonger
n.
• A fop.
Barberry
n.
(Bot.) A shrub of the genus Berberis, common along roadsides and in neglected fields. B. vulgaris is the species best known; its oblong red berries are made into a preserve or sauce, and have been deemed efficacious in fluxes and fevers. The bark dyes a fine yellow, esp. the bark of the root.
Barbet
n.
(Zool.) A variety of small dog, having long curly hair.
• A bird of the family Bucconidae, allied to the Cuckoos, having a large, conical beak swollen at the base, and bearded with five bunches of stiff bristles; the puff bird. It inhabits tropical America and Africa.
• A larva that feeds on aphides.
Barbette
n.
(Fort.) A mound of earth or a platform in a fortification, on which guns are mounted to fire over the parapet.
Barbicel
n.
(Zool.) One of the small hooklike processes on the barbules of feathers.
Barbiers
n.
(Med.) A variety of paralysis, peculiar to India and the Malabar coast; — considered by many to be the same as beriberi in chronic form.
Barbigerous
a.
• Having a beard; bearded; hairy.
Barbiton
n.
(Mus.) An ancient Greek instrument resembling a lyre.
Barbotine
n.
• A paste of clay used in decorating coarse pottery in relief.
Barbre
a.
• Barbarian.
Barbule
n.
• A very minute barb or beard.
(Zool.) One of the processes along the edges of the barbs of a feather, by which adjacent barbs interlock.
Barcarolle
n.
(Mus.) A popular song or melody sung by Venetian gondoliers.
• A piece of music composed in imitation of such a song.
Barcon
n.
• A vessel for freight; — used in Mediterranean.
Bard
n.
• A professional poet and singer, as among the ancient Celts, whose occupation was to compose and sing verses in honor of the heroic achievements of princes and brave men.
• Hence: A poet; as, the bard of Avon.
v. t.
(Cookery) To cover (meat or game) with a thin slice of fat bacon.
Bard
n.
• The exterior covering of the trunk and branches of a tree; the rind.
• Specifically, Peruvian bark.
Barded
p.a.
• Accoutered with defensive armor; — said of a horse.
(Her.) Wearing rich caparisons.
Bardic
a.
• Of or pertaining to bards, or their poetry.
Bardish
a.
• Pertaining to, or written by, a bard or bards.
Bardism
n.
• The system of bards; the learning and maxims of bards.
Bardling
n.
• An inferior bard.
Bardship
n.
• The state of being a bard.
Bare
a.
• Without clothes or covering; stripped of the usual covering; naked; as, his body is bare; the trees are bare.
• With head uncovered; bareheaded.
• Without anything to cover up or conceal one's thoughts or actions; open to view; exposed.
• Plain; simple; unadorned; without polish; bald; meager.
• Destitute; indigent; empty; unfurnished or scantily furnished; — used with of (rarely with in) before the thing wanting or taken away; as, a room bare of furniture.
• Threadbare; much worn.
• Mere; alone; unaccompanied by anything else; as, a bare majority.
n.
• Surface; body; substance.
(Arch.) That part of a roofing slate, shingle, tile, or metal plate, which is exposed to the weather.
v. t.
• To strip off the covering of; to make bare; as, to bare the breast.
• Bore; the old preterit of Bear, v.
Bareback
adv.
• On the bare back of a horse, without using a saddle; as, to ride bareback.
Barebacked
a.
• Having the back uncovered; as, a barebacked horse.
Barebone
n.
• A very lean person; one whose bones show through the skin.
Barefaced
a.
• With the face uncovered; not masked.
• Without concealment; undisguised. Hence: Shameless; audacious.
Barefacedly
adv.
• Openly; shamelessly.
Barefacedness
n.
• The quality of being barefaced; shamelessness; assurance; audaciousness.
Barefoot
a. & adv.
• With the feet bare; without shoes or stockings.
Barefooted
a.
• Having the feet bare.
Barege
n.
• A gauzelike fabric for ladies' dresses, veils, etc. of worsted, silk and worsted, or cotton and worsted.
Barehanded
n.
• Having bare hands.
Barelegged
a.
• Having the legs bare.
Barely
adv.
• Without covering; nakedly.
• Without concealment or disguise.
• Merely; only.
• But just; without any excess; with nothing to spare ( of quantity, time, etc.); hence, scarcely; hardly; as, there was barely enough for all; he barely escaped.
Barenecked
a.
• Having the neck bare.
Bareness
n.
• The state of being bare.
Baresark
n.
• A Berserker, or Norse warrior who fought without armor, or shirt of mail. Hence, adverbially: Without shirt of mail or armor.
Barfainee
n.
(Law) The party to a contract who receives, or agrees to receive, the property sold.
Barfish
n.
(Zool.) Same as Calico bass.
Barful
a.
• Full of obstructions.
Bargain
n.
• An agreement between parties concerning the sale of property; or a contract by which one party binds himself to transfer the right to some property for a consideration, and the other party binds himself to receive the property and pay the consideration.
• An agreement or stipulation; mutual pledge.
• A purchase; also ( when not qualified), a gainful transaction; an advantageous purchase; as, to buy a thing at a bargain.
• The thing stipulated or purchased; also, anything bought cheap.
v. i.
• To make a bargain; to make a contract for the exchange of property or services; — followed by with and for; as, to bargain with a farmer for a cow.
v. t.
• To transfer for a consideration; to barter; to trade; as, to bargain one horse for another.
Bargainer
n.
• One who makes a bargain; — sometimes in the sense of bargainor.
Bargainor
n.
(Law) One who makes a bargain, or contracts with another; esp., one who sells, or contracts to sell, property to another.
Barge
n.
• A pleasure boat; a vessel or boat of state, elegantly furnished and decorated.
• A large, roomy boat for the conveyance of passengers or goods; as, a ship's barge; a charcoal barge.
• A large boat used by flag officers.
• A double-decked passenger or freight vessel, towed by a steamboat.
• A large omnibus used for excursions.
Bargeboard
n.
• A vergeboard.
Bargecourse
n.
(Arch.) A part of the tiling which projects beyond the principal rafters, in buildings where there is a gable.
Bargee
n.
• A bargeman.
Bargeman
n.
• The man who manages a barge, or one of the crew of a barge.
Bargemastter
n.
• The proprietor or manager of a barge, or one of the crew of a barge.
Barger
n.
• The manager of a barge.
Barghest
n.
• A goblin, in the shape of a large dog, portending misfortune.
Baria
n.
(Chem.) Baryta.
Baric
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to barium; as, baric oxide.
a.
(Physics) Of or pertaining to weight, esp. to the weight or pressure of the atmosphere as measured by the barometer.
Barilla
n.
(Bot.) A name given to several species of Salsola from which soda is made, by burning the barilla in heaps and lixiviating the ashes.
(Com.) The alkali produced from the plant, being an impure carbonate of soda, used for making soap, glass, etc., and for bleaching purposes.
• Impure soda obtained from the ashes of any seashore plant, or kelp.
Barillet
n.
• A little cask, or something resembling one.
Barite
n.
(Min.) Native sulphate of barium, a mineral occurring in transparent, colorless, white to yellow crystals (generally tabular), also in granular form, and in compact massive forms resembling marble. It has a high specific gravity, and hence is often called heavy spar. It is a common mineral in metallic veins.
Barium
n.
(Chem.) One of the elements, belonging to the alkaline earth group; a metal having a silver-white color, and melting at a very high temperature. It is difficult to obtain the pure metal, from the facility with which it becomes oxidized in the air. Atomic weight, 137. Symbol, Ba. Its oxide called baryta.
Bark
v. t.
• To strip the bark from; to peel.
• To abrade or rub off any outer covering from; as to bark one's heel.
• To girdle.
• To cover or inclose with bark, or as with bark; as, to bark the roof of a hut.
v. i.
• To make a short, loud, explosive noise with the vocal organs; — said of some animals, but especially of dogs.
• To make a clamor; to make importunate outcries.
n.
• The short, loud, explosive sound uttered by a dog; a similar sound made by some other animals.
Barkantine
n.
• Same as Barkentine.
Barkbound
a.
• Prevented from growing, by having the bark too firm or close.
Barkeeper
n.
• One who keeps or tends a bar for the sale of liquors.
Barken
a.
• Made of bark.
Barkentine
n.
(Naut.) A threemasted vessel, having the foremast square-rigged, and the others schooner-rigged.
Barker
n.
• An animal that barks; hence, any one who clamors unreasonably.
• One who stands at the doors of shops to urg passers by to make purchases.
• A pistol.
(Zool.) The spotted redshank.
n.
• One who strips trees of their bark.
Barkery
n.
• A tanhouse.
Barkless
a.
• Destitute of bark.
Barky
a.
• Covered with, or containing, bark.
Barley
n.
(Bot.) A valuable grain, of the family of grasses, genus Hordeum, used for food, and for making malt, from which are prepared beer, ale, and whisky.
Barleycorn
n.
• A grain or "corn" of barley.
• Formerly , a measure of length, equal to the average length of a grain of barley; the third part of an inch.
Barm
n.
• Foam rising upon beer, or other malt liquors, when fermenting, and used as leaven in making bread and in brewing; yeast.
n.
• The lap or bosom.
Barmaid
n.
• A girl or woman who attends the customers of a bar, as in a tavern or beershop.
Barmaster
n.
• Formerly, a local judge among miners; now, an officer of the barmote.
Barmcloth
n.
• Apron.
Barmecidal
a.
• Unreal; illusory.
Barmecide
n.
• One who proffers some illusory advantage or benefit. Also used as an adj.: Barmecidal.
Barmote
n.
• A court held in Derbyshire, in England, for deciding controversies between miners.
Barn
n.
• A covered building used chiefly for storing grain, hay, and other productions of a farm. In the United States a part of the barn is often used for stables.
v. t.
• To lay up in a barn.
n.
• A child.
Barnabite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A member of a religious order, named from St. Barnabas.
Barnacle
n.
(Zool.) Any cirriped crustacean adhering to rocks, floating timber, ships, etc., esp. (a) the sessile species (genus Balanus and allies), and (b) the stalked or goose barnacles (genus Lepas and allies).
n.
• A bernicle goose.
n.
(Far.) An instrument for pinching a horse's nose, and thus restraining him.
• Spectacles; — so called from their resemblance to the barnacles used by farriers.
Barnyard
n.
• A yard belonging to a barn.
Barograph
n.
(Meteor.) An instrument for recording automatically the variations of atmospheric pressure.
Baroko
n.
(Logic) A form or mode of syllogism of which the first proposition is a universal affirmative, and the other two are particular negative.
Barology
n.
• The science of weight or gravity.
Baromacrometer
n.
(Med.) An instrument for ascertaining the weight and length of a newborn infant.
Barometer
n.
• An instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere, and hence for judging of the probable changes of weather, or for ascertaining the height of any ascent.
Barometrically
adv.
• By means of a barometer, or according to barometric observations.
Barometrograph
n.
• A form of barometer so constructed as to inscribe of itself upon paper a record of the variations of atmospheric pressure.
Barometry
n.
• The art or process of making barometrical measurements.
Barometz
n.
(Bot.) The woolly-skinned rhizoma or rootstock of a fern (Dicksonia barometz), which, when specially prepared and inverted, somewhat resembles a lamb; — called also Scythian lamb.
Baron
n.
• A title or degree of nobility; originally, the possessor of a fief, who had feudal tenants under him; in modern times, in France and Germany, a nobleman next in rank below a count; in England, a nobleman of the lowest grade in the House of Lords, being next below a viscount.
(Old Law) A husband; as, baron and feme, husband and wife.
Baronage
n.
• The whole body of barons or peers.
• The dignity or rank of a baron.
• The land which gives title to a baron.
Baroness
n.
• A baron's wife; also, a lady who holds the baronial title in her own right; as, the Baroness Burdett-Coutts.
Baronet
n.
• A dignity or degree of honor next below a baron and above a knight, having precedency of all orders of knights except those of the Garter. It is the lowest degree of honor that is hereditary. The baronets are commoners.
Baronetage
n.
• State or rank of a baronet.
• The collective body of baronets.
Baronetcy
n.
• The rank or patent of a baronet.
Baronial
a.
• Pertaining to a baron or a barony.
Barony
n.
• The fee or domain of a baron; the lordship, dignity, or rank of a baron.
• In Ireland, a territorial division, corresponding nearly to the English hundred, and supposed to have been originally the district of a native chief. There are 252 of these baronies. In Scotland, an extensive freehold. It may be held by a commoner.
Baroque
a.
(Arch.) In bad taste; grotesque; odd.
Baroscope
n.
• Any instrument showing the changes in the weight of the atmosphere; also, less appropriately, any instrument that indicates -or foreshadows changes of the weather, as a deep vial of liquid holding in suspension some substance which rises and falls with atmospheric changes.
Barouche
n.
• A four-wheeled carriage, with a falling top, a seat on the outside for the driver, and two double seats on the inside arranged so that the sitters on the front seat face those on the back seat.
Barouchet
n.
• A kind of light barouche.
Barpost
n.
• A post sunk in the ground to receive the bars closing a passage into a field.
Barque
n.
• Same as 3d Bark, n.
Barracan
n.
• A thick, strong stuff, somewhat like camlet; — still used for outer garments in the Levant.
Barrack
n.
(Mil.) A building for soldiers, especially when in garrison. Commonly in the pl., originally meaning temporary huts, but now usually applied to a permanent structure or set of buildings.
• A movable roof sliding on four posts, to cover hay, straw, etc.
v. t.
• To supply with barracks; to establish in barracks; as, to barrack troops.
v. i.
• To live or lodge in barracks.
Barraclade
n.
• A home-made woolen blanket without nap.
Barracoon
n.
• A slave warehouse, or an inclosure where slaves are quartered temporarily.
Barrage
n.
(Engin.) An artificial bar or obstruction placed in a river or water course to increase the depth of water; as, the barrages of the Nile.
Barranca
n.
• A ravine caused by heavy rains or a watercourse.
Barras
n.
• A resin, called also galipot.
Barrator
n.
• One guilty of barratry.
Barratrous

(Law) Tainter with, or constituting, barratry.
Barratry
n.
(Law) The practice of exciting and encouraging lawsuits and quarrels.
(Mar. Law) A fraudulent breach of duty or willful act of known illegality on the part of a master of a ship, in his character of master, or of the mariners, to the injury of the owner of the ship or cargo, and without his consent. It includes every breach of trust committed with dishonest purpose, as by running away with the ship, sinking or deserting her, etc., or by embezzling the cargo.
(Scots Law) The crime of a judge who is influenced by bribery in pronouncing judgment.
Barrel
n.
• A round vessel or cask, of greater length than breadth, and bulging in the middle, made of staves bound with hoops, and having flat ends or heads.
• The quantity which constitutes a full barrel. This varies for different articles and also in different places for the same article, being regulated by custom or by law. A barrel of wine is 31
• A solid drum, or a hollow cylinder or case; as, the barrel of a windlass; the barrel of a watch, within which the spring is coiled.
• A metallic tube, as of a gun, from which a projectile is discharged.
• A jar.
(Zool.) The hollow basal part of a feather.
v. t.
• To put or to pack in a barrel or barrels.
Barren
a.
• Incapable of producing offspring; producing no young; sterile; — aid of women and female animals.
• Not producing vegetation, or useful vegetation; rile.
• Unproductive; fruitless; unprofitable; empty.
• Mentally dull; stupid.
n.
• A tract of barren land.
• Elevated lands or plains on which grow small trees, but not timber; as, pine barrens; oak barrens. They are not necessarily sterile, and are often fertile.
Barrenly
adv.
• Unfruitfully; unproductively.
Barrenness
n.
• The condition of being barren; sterility; unproductiveness.
Barrenwort
n.
(Bot.) An herbaceous plant of the Barberry family (Epimedium alpinum), having leaves that are bitter and said to be sudorific.
Barret
n.
• A kind of cap formerly worn by soldiers; — called also barret cap. Also, the flat cap worn by Roman Catholic ecclesiastics.
Barricade
n.
(Mil.) A fortification, made in haste, of trees, earth, palisades, wagons, or anything that will obstruct the progress or attack of an enemy. It is usually an obstruction formed in streets to block an enemy's access.
• Any bar, obstruction, or means of defense.
v. t.
• To fortify or close with a barricade or with barricades; to stop up, as a passage; to obstruct; as, the workmen barricaded the streets of Paris.
Barricader
n.
• One who constructs barricades.
Barrier
n.
(Fort.) A carpentry obstruction, stockade, or other obstacle made in a passage in order to stop an enemy.
• A fortress or fortified town, on the frontier of a country, commanding an avenue of approach.
• A fence or railing to mark the limits of a place, or to keep back a crowd.
• An any obstruction; anything which hinders approach or attack.
• Any limit or boundary; a line of separation.
Barrigudo
n.
(Zool.) A large, dark-colored, South American monkey, of the genus Lagothrix, having a long prehensile tail.
Barringout
n.
• The act of closing the doors of a schoolroom against a schoolmaster; — a boyish mode of rebellion in schools.
Barrister
n.
• Counselor at law; a counsel admitted to plead at the bar, and undertake the public trial of causes, as distinguished from an attorney or solicitor.
Barroom
n.
• A room containing a bar or counter at which liquors are sold.
Barrow
n.
• A support having handles, and with or without a wheel, on which heavy or bulky things can be transported by hand.
(Salt Works) A wicker case, in which salt is put to drain.
n.
• A hog, esp. a male hog castrated.
n.
• A large mound of earth or stones over the remains of the dead; a tumulus.
(Mining) A heap of rubbish, attle, etc.
Barrowist
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Henry Barrowe, one of the founders of Independency or Congregationalism in England. Barrowe was executed for nonconformity in 1953.
Barrulet
n.
(Her.) A diminutive of the bar, having one fourth its width.
Barruly
a.
(Her.) Traversed by barrulets or small bars; — said of the field.
Barry
a.
(Her.) , Divided into bars; — said of the field.
Barse
n.
• The common perch.
Bartender
n.
• A barkeeper.
Barter
v. i.
• To traffic or trade, by exchanging one commodity for another, in distinction from a sale and purchase, in which money is paid for the commodities transferred; to truck.
v. t.
• To trade or exchange in the way of barter; to exchange (frequently for an unworthy consideration); to traffic; to truck; — sometimes followed by away; as, to barter away goods or honor.
n.
• The act or practice of trafficking by exchange of commodities; an exchange of goods.
• The thing given in exchange.
Barterer
n.
• One who barters.
Bartery
n.
• Barter.
Barth
n.
• A place of shelter for cattle.
Bartizan
n.
(Arch.) A small, overhanging structure for lookout or defense, usually projecting at an angle of a building or near an entrance gateway.
Bartlett
n.
(Bot.) A Bartlett pear, a favorite kind of pear, which originated in England about 1770, and was called Williams' Bonchretien. It was brought to America, and distributed by Mr. Enoch Bartlett, of Dorchester, Massachusetts.
Barton
n.
• The demesne lands of a manor; also, the manor itself.
• A farmyard.
Barway
n.
• A passage into a field or yard, closed by bars made to take out of the posts.
Barwise
adv.
(Her.) Horizontally.
Barwood
n.
• A red wood of a leguminous tree (Baphia nitida), from Angola and the Gaboon in Africa. It is used as a dyewood, and also for ramrods, violin bows and turner's work.
Barycentric
a.
• Of or pertaining to the center of gravity.
Baryphony
n.
(Med.) Difficulty of speech.
Baryta
n.
(Chem.) An oxide of barium (or barytum); a heavy earth with a specific gravity above 4.
Barytes
n.
(Min.) Barium sulphate, generally called heavy spar or barite.
Barytic
a.
• Of or pertaining to baryta.
Barytum
n.
(Chem.) The metal barium.
Basal
a.
• Relating to, or forming, the base.
Basalt
n.
(Geol.) A rock of igneous origin, consisting of augite and triclinic feldspar, with grains of magnetic or titanic iron, and also bottle-green particles of olivine frequently disseminated.
• An imitation, in pottery, of natural basalt; a kind of black porcelain.
Basaltic
a.
• Pertaining to basalt; formed of, or containing, basalt; as basaltic lava.
Basaltiform
a.
• In the form of basalt; columnar.
Basaltoid
a.
• Formed like basalt; basaltiform.
Basan
n.
• Same as Basil, a sheepskin.
Basanite
n.
(Min.) Lydian stone, or black jasper, a variety of siliceous or flinty slate, of a grayish or bluish black color. It is employed to test the purity of gold, the amount of alloy being indicated by the color left on the stone when rubbed by the metal.
Basbleu
n.
• A bluestocking; a literary woman.
Bascinet
n.
• A light helmet, at first open, but later made with a visor.
Bascule
n.
• In mechanics an apparatus on the principle of the seesaw, in which one end rises as the other falls.
Base
a.
• Of little, or less than the usual, height; of low growth; as, base shrubs.
• Low in place or position.
• Of humble birth; or low degree; lowly; mean.
• Illegitimate by birth; bastard.
• Of little comparative value, as metal inferior to gold and silver, the precious metals.
• Alloyed with inferior metal; debased; as, base coin; base bullion.
• Morally low. Hence: Low-minded; unworthy; without dignity of sentiment; ignoble; mean; illiberal; menial; as, a base fellow; base motives; base occupations.
• Not classical or correct.
• Deep or grave in sound; as, the base tone of a violin.
(Law) Not held by honorable service; as, a base estate, one held by services not honorable; held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant, a base tenant.
n.
• The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue.
• Fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork.
(Arch.) The lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented.
• The lower part of a complete architectural design, as of a monument; also, the lower part of any elaborate piece of furniture or decoration.
(Bot.) That extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support.
(Chem.) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; — applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids.
(Pharmacy) The chief ingredient in a compound.
(Dyeing) A substance used as a mordant.
(Fort.) The exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which connects the salient angles of two adjacent bastions.
(Geom.) The line or surface constituting that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand.
(Math.) The number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms.
• A low, or deep, sound. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part; the deepest male voice. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base.
(Mil.) A place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc.
(Mil.) The smallest kind of cannon.
(Zool.) That part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ.
(Crystallog.) The basal plane of a crystal.
(Geol.) The ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystalline.
(Her.) The lower part of the field.
• The housing of a horse.
• A kind of skirt ( often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.
• The lower part of a robe or petticoat.
• An apron.
• The point or line from which a start is made; a starting place or a goal in various games.
(Surv.) A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.
• A rustic play; — called also prisoner's base, prison base, or bars.
(Baseball) Any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield.
v. t.
• To put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; — used with on or upon.
v. t.
• To abase; to let, or cast, down; to lower.
• To reduce the value of; to debase.
Baseball
n.
• A game of ball, so called from the bases or bounds ( four in number) which designate the circuit which each player must endeavor to make after striking the ball.
• The ball used in this game.
Baseboard
n.
(Arch.) A board, or other woodwork, carried round the walls of a room and touching the floor, to form a base and protect the plastering; — also called washboard (in England), mopboard, and scrubboard.
Baseborn
a.
• Born out of wedlock.
• Born of low parentage.
• Vile; mean.
Based
p. p.
a.
• Having a base, or having as a base; supported; as, broad-based.
• Wearing, or protected by, bases.
Baselard
n.
• A short sword or dagger, worn in the fifteenth century.
Baseless
a.
• Without a base; having no foundation or support.
Basely
adv.
• In a base manner; with despicable meanness; dishonorably; shamefully.
• Illegitimately; in bastardy.
Basement
n.
(Arch.) The outer wall of the ground story of a building, or of a part of that story, when treated as a distinct substructure. Hence: The rooms of a ground floor, collectively.
Baseness
n.
• The quality or condition of being base; degradation; vileness.
Bash
v. t. & i.
• To abash; to disconcert or be disconcerted or put out of countenance.
Bashaw
n.
• A Turkish title of honor, now written pasha.
• Fig.: A magnate or grandee.
(Zool.) A very large siluroid fish (Leptops olivaris) of the Mississippi valley; — also called goujon, mud cat, and yellow cat.
Bashful
a.
• Abashed; daunted; dismayed.
• Very modest, or modest excess; constitutionally disposed to shrink from public notice; indicating extreme or excessive modesty; shy; as, a bashful person, action, expression.
Bashfully
adv.
• In a bashful manner.
Bashfulness
n.
• The quality of being bashful.
Bashless
a.
• Shameless; unblushing.
Basic
a.
(Chem.) Relating to a base; performing the office of a base in a salt.
• Having the base in excess, or the amount of the base atomically greater than that of the acid, or exceeding in proportion that of the related neutral salt.
• Apparently alkaline, as certain normal salts which exhibit alkaline reactions with test paper.
(Min.) Said of crystalline rocks which contain a relatively low percentage of silica, as basalt.
Basicerite
n.
(Zool.) The second joint of the antennae of crustaceans.
Basicity
n.
(Chem.) The quality or state of being a base.
• The power of an acid to unite with one or more atoms or equivalents of a base, as indicated by the number of replaceable hydrogen atoms contained in the acid.
Basidiospore
n.
(Bot.) A spore borne by a basidium.
Basidium
n.
(Bot.) A special oblong or pyriform cell, with slender branches, which bears the spores in that division of fungi called Basidiomycetes, of which the common mushroom is an example.
Basifier
n.
(Chem.) That which converts into a salifiable base.
Basifugal
a.
(Bot.) Tending or proceeding away from the base; as, a basifugal growth.
Basify
v. t.
(Chem.) To convert into a salifiable base.
Basigynium
n.
(Bot.) The pedicel on which the ovary of certain flowers, as the passion flower, is seated; a carpophore or thecaphore.
Basihyal
a.
(Anat.) Noting two small bones, forming the body of the inverted hyoid arch.
Basihyoid
n.
(Anat.) The central tongue bone.
Basil
n.
• The slope or angle to which the cutting edge of a tool, as a plane, is ground.
v. t.
• To grind or form the edge of to an angle.
n.
(Bot.) The name given to several aromatic herbs of the Mint family, but chiefly to the common or sweet basil (Ocymum basilicum), and the bush basil, or lesser basil (O. minimum), the leaves of which are used in cookery. The name is also given to several kinds of mountain mint (Pycnanthemum).
n.
• The skin of a sheep tanned with bark.
Basilic
n.
• Basilica.
Basilica
n.
• Originally, the place of a king; but afterward, an apartment provided in the houses of persons of importance, where assemblies were held for dispensing justice; and hence, any large hall used for this purpose.
(Arch.) A building used by the Romans as a place of public meeting, with court rooms, etc., attached.
• A church building of the earlier centuries of Christianity, the plan of which was taken from the basilica of the Romans. The name is still applied to some churches by way of honorary distinction.
n.
• A digest of the laws of Justinian, translated from the original Latin into Greek, by order of Basil I., in the ninth century.
Basilican
a.
• Of, relating to, or resembling, a basilica; basilical.
Basilicok
n.
• The basilisk.
Basilicon
n.
(Med.) An ointment composed of wax, pitch, resin, and olive oil, lard, or other fatty substance.
Basilisk
n.
• A fabulous serpent, or dragon. The ancients alleged that its hissing would drive away all other serpents, and that its breath, and even its look, was fatal.
(Zool.) A lizard of the genus Basiliscus, belonging to the family Iguanidae.
(Mil.) A large piece of ordnance, so called from its supposed resemblance to the serpent of that name, or from its size.
Basin
n.
• A hollow vessel or dish, to hold water for washing, and for various other uses.
• The quantity contained in a basin.
• A hollow vessel, of various forms and materials, used in the arts or manufactures, as that used by glass grinders for forming concave glasses, by hatters for molding a hat into shape, etc.
• A hollow place containing water, as a pond, a dock for ships, a little bay.
(Physical Geog.) A circular or oval valley, or depression of the surface of the ground, the lowest part of which is generally occupied by a lake, or traversed by a river.
• The entire tract of country drained by a river, or sloping towards a sea or lake.
(Geol.) An isolated or circumscribed formation, particularly where the strata dip inward, on all sides, toward a center; — especially applied to the coal formations, called coal basins or coal fields.
Basined
a.
• Inclosed in a basin.
Basinet
n.
• Same as Bascinet.
Basioccipital
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the bone in the base of the cranium, frequently forming a part of the occipital in the adult, but usually distinct in the young.
n.
• The basioccipital bone.
Basion
n.
(Anat.) The middle of the anterior margin of the great foramen of the skull.
Basipodite
n.
(Anat.) The basal joint of the legs of Crustacea.
Basipterygium
n.
(Anat.) A bar of cartilage at the base of the embryonic fins of some fishes. It develops into the metapterygium.
Basipterygoid
a. & n.
(Anat.) Applied to a protuberance of the base of the sphenoid bone.
Basis
n.
• The foundation of anything; that on which a thing rests.
• The pedestal of a column, pillar, or statue.
• The ground work the first or fundamental principle; that which supports.
• The principal component part of a thing.
Basisolute
a.
(Bot.) Prolonged at the base, as certain leaves.
Basisphenoid
n.
(Anat.) The basisphenoid bone.
Bask
v. i.
• To lie in warmth; to be exposed to genial heat.
v. t.
• To warm by continued exposure to heat; to warm with genial heat.
Basket
n.
• A vessel made of osiers or other twigs, cane, rushes, splints, or other flexible material, interwoven.
• The contents of a basket; as much as a basket contains; as, a basket of peaches.
(Arch.) The bell or vase of the Corinthian capital.
• The two back seats facing one another on the outside of a stagecoach.
v. t.
• To put into a basket.
Basketful
n.
• As much as a basket will contain.
Basketry
n.
• The art of making baskets; also, baskets, taken collectively.
Basnet
n.
• Same as Bascinet.
Basommatophora
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Pulmonifera having the eyes at the base of the tentacles, including the common pond snails.
Bason
n.
• A basin.
Basque
a.
• Pertaining to Biscay, its people, or their language.
n.
• One of a race, of unknown origin, inhabiting a region on the Bay of Biscay in Spain and France.
• The language spoken by the Basque people.
• A part of a lady's dress, resembling a jacket with a short skirt; — probably so called because this fashion of dress came from the Basques.
Basquish
a.
• Pertaining to the country, people, or language of Biscay; Basque
Bass
n.
• ; pl. Bass, and sometimes Basses (#). (Zool.) 1. An edible, spiny-finned fish, esp. of the genera Roccus, Labrax, and related genera. There are many species.
• The two American fresh-water species of black bass (genus Micropterus).
• Species of Serranus, the sea bass and rock bass.
• The southern, red, or channel bass (Sciaena ocellata).
n.
(Bot.) The linden or lime tree, sometimes wrongly called whitewood; also, its bark, which is used for making mats.
• A hassock or thick mat.
n.
• A bass, or deep, sound or tone.
(Mus.) The lowest part in a musical composition.
• One who sings, or the instrument which plays, bass.
a.
• Deep or grave in tone.
v. t.
• To sound in a deep tone.
Basset
n.
• A game at cards, resembling the modern faro, said to have been invented at Venice.
a.
(Geol.) Inclined upward; as, the basset edge of strata.
n.
(Geol.) The edge of a geological stratum at the surface of the ground; the outcrop.
v. i.
(Geol.) To inclined upward so as to appear at the surface; to crop out; as, a vein of coal bassets.
Basseting
n.
• The upward direction of a vein in a mine; the emergence of a stratum at the surface.
Bassetto
n.
(Mus.) A tenor or small bass viol.
Bassinet
n.
• A wicker basket, with a covering or hood over one end, in which young children are placed as in a cradle.
Basso
n.
(Mus.) The bass or lowest part; as, to sing basso.
• One who sings the lowest part.
• The double bass, or contrabasso.
Bassock
n.
• A hassock.
Bassoon
n.
(Mus.) A wind instrument of the double reed kind, furnished with holes, which are stopped by the fingers, and by keys, as in flutes. It forms the natural bass to the oboe, clarinet, etc.
Bassoonist
n.
• A performer on the bassoon.
Bassorin
n.
(Chem.) A constituent part of a species of gum from Bassora, as also of gum tragacanth and some gum resins. It is one of the amyloses.
Basswood
n.
(Bot.) The bass (Tilia) or its wood; especially, T. Americana.
Bast
n.
• The inner fibrous bark of various plants; esp. of the lime tree; hence, matting, cordage, etc., made therefrom.
• A thick mat or hassock.
Basta
interj.
• Enough; stop.
Bastard
n.
• A "natural" child; a child begotten and born out of wedlock; an illegitimate child; one born of an illicit union.
(Sugar Refining) An inferior quality of soft brown sugar, obtained from the sirups that already had several boilings.
• A large size of mold, in which sugar is drained.
• A sweet Spanish wine like muscadel in flavor.
• A writing paper of a particular size.
a.
• Begotten and born out of lawful matrimony; illegitimate.
• Lacking in genuineness; spurious; false; adulterate; — applied to things which resemble those which are genuine, but are really not so.
• Of an unusual make or proportion; as, a bastard musket; a bastard culverin.
(Print.) Abbreviated, as the half title in a page preceding the full title page of a book.
v. t.
• To bastardize.
Bastardism
n.
• The state of being a bastard; bastardy.
Bastardize
v. t.
• To make or prove to be a bastard; to stigmatize as a bastard; to declare or decide legally to be illegitimate.
• To beget out of wedlock.
Bastardly
a.
• Bastardlike; baseborn; spuripous; corrupt.
adv.
• In the manner of a bastard; spuriously.
Bastardy
n.
• The state of being a bastard; illegitimacy. 2. The procreation of a bastard child.
Baste
v. t.
• To beat with a stick; to cudgel.
(Cookery) To sprinkle flour and salt and drip butter or fat on, as on meat in roasting.
• To mark with tar, as sheep.
v. t.
• To sew loosely, or with long stitches; — usually, that the work may be held in position until sewed more firmly.
Bastinade
v. t.
• To bastinado.
Bastinado
n.
• A blow with a stick or cudgel.
• A sound beating with a stick or cudgel. Specifically: A form of punishment among the Turks, Chinese, and others, consisting in beating an offender on the soles of his feet.
v. t.
• To beat with a stick or cudgel, especially on the soles of the feet.
Bastion
n.
(Fort.) A work projecting outward from the main inclosure of a fortification, consisting of two faces and two flanks, and so constructed that it is able to defend by a flanking fire the adjacent curtain, or wall which extends from one bastion to another. Two adjacent bastions are connected by the curtain, which joins the flank of one with the adjacent flank of the other. The distance between the flanks of a bastion is called the gorge. A lunette is a detached bastion.
Bastioned
a.
• Furnished with a bastion; having bastions.
Basto
n.
• The ace of clubs in quarille and omber.
Baston
n.
• A staff or cudgel.
• An officer bearing a painted staff, who formerly was in attendance upon the king's court to take into custody persons committed by the court.
Basyle
n.
(Chem.) A positive or nonacid constituent of compound, either elementary, or, if compound, performing the functions of an element.
Basylous
a.
• Pertaining to, or having the nature of, a basyle; electro-positive; basic; — opposed to chlorous.
Bat
n.
• A large stick; a club; specifically, a piece of wood with one end thicker or broader than the other, used in playing baseball, cricket, etc.
(Mining) Shale or bituminous shale.
• A sheet of cotton used for filling quilts or comfortables; batting.
• A part of a brick with one whole end.
v. t.
• To strike or hit with a bat or a pole; to cudgel; to beat.
v. i.
• To use a bat, as in a game of baseball.
n.
(Zool.) One of the Cheiroptera, an order of flying mammals, in which the wings are formed by a membrane stretched between the elongated fingers, legs, and tail. The common bats are small and insectivorous.
Batable
a.
• Disputable.
Batailled
a.
• Embattled.
Batardeau
n.
• A cofferdam.
(Mil.) A wall built across the ditch of a fortification, with a sluice gate to regulate the height of water in the ditch on both sides of the wall.
Batavian
a.
• Of or pertaining to (a) the Batavi, an ancient Germanic tribe; or to (b) atavia or Holland; as, a Batavian legion.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Batavia or Holland.
Batch
n.
• The quantity of bread baked at one time.
• A quantity of anything produced at one operation; a group or collection of persons or things of the same kind; as, a batch of letters; the next batch of business.
Bate
n.
• Strife; contention.
v. t.
• To lessen by retrenching, deducting, or reducing; to abate; to beat down; to lower.
• To allow by way of abatement or deduction.
• To leave out; to except.
• To remove.
• To deprive of.
v. i.
• To remit or retrench a part; — with of.
• To waste away.
v. t.
• To attack; to bait.
imp.
• of Bite.
v. i.
• To flutter as a hawk; to bait.
n.
• An alkaline solution consisting of the dung of certain animals; — employed in the preparation of hides; grainer.
v. t.
• To steep in bate, as hides, in the manufacture of leather.
Bateau
n.
• A boat; esp. a flat-bottomed, clumsy boat used on the Canadian lakes and rivers.
Bated
a.
• Reduced; lowered; restrained; as, to speak with bated breath.
Bateful
a.
• Exciting contention; contentious.
Bateless
a.
• Not to be abated.
Batement
n.
• Abatement; diminution.
Batfish
n.
(Zool.) A name given to several species of fishes: (a) The Malthe vespertilio of the Atlantic coast. (b) The flying gurnard of the Atlantic (Cephalacanthus spinarella). (c) The California batfish or sting ray (Myliobatis Californicus.)
Batfowler
n.
• One who practices or finds sport in batfowling.
Batfowling
n.
• A mode of catching birds at night, by holding a torch or other light, and beating the bush or perch where they roost. The birds, flying to the light, are caught with nets or otherwise.
Batful
a.
• Rich; fertile.
Bath
n.
• The act of exposing the body, or part of the body, for purposes of cleanliness, comfort, health, etc., to water, vapor, hot air, or the like; as, a cold or a hot bath; a medicated bath; a steam bath; a hip bath.
• Water or other liquid for bathing.
• A receptacle or place where persons may immerse or wash their bodies in water.
• A building containing an apartment or a series of apartments arranged for bathing.
(Chem.) A medium, as heated sand, ashes, steam, hot air, through which heat is applied to a body.
(Photog.) A solution in which plates or prints are immersed; also, the receptacle holding the solution.
n.
• A Hebrew measure containing the tenth of a homer, or five gallons and three pints, as a measure for liquids; and two pecks and five quarts, as a dry measure.
n.
• A city in the west of England, resorted to for its hot springs, which has given its name to various objects.
Bathe
v. t.
• To wash by immersion, as in a bath; to subject to a bath.
• To lave; to wet.
• To moisten or suffuse with a liquid.
• To apply water or some liquid medicament to; as, to bathe the eye with warm water or with sea water; to bathe one's forehead with camphor.
• To surround, or envelop, as water surrounds a person immersed.
v. i.
• To bathe one's self; to take a bath or baths.
• To immerse or cover one's self, as in a bath.
• To bask in the sun.
n.
• The immersion of the body in water; as to take one's usual bathe.
Bather
n.
• One who bathes.
Bathetic
a.
• Having the character of bathos.
Bathing
n.
• Act of taking a bath or baths.
Bathometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring depths, esp. one for taking soundings without a sounding line.
Bathorse
n.
• A horse which carries an officer's baggage during a campaign.
Bathos
n.
(Rhet.) A ludicrous descent from the elevated to the low, in writing or speech; anticlimax.
Bathybius
n.
(Zool.) A name given by Prof. Huxley to a gelatinous substance found in mud dredged from the Atlantic and preserved in alcohol. He supposed that it was free living protoplasm, covering a large part of the ocean bed. It is now known that the substance is of chemical, not of organic, origin.
Bathymetry
n.
• The art or science of sounding, or measuring depths in the sea.
Bating
prep.
• With the exception of; excepting.
Batiste
n.
• Originally, cambric or lawn of fine linen; now applied also to cloth of similar texture made of cotton.
Batlet
n.
• A short bat for beating clothes in washing them; — called also batler, batling staff, batting staff.
Batman
n.
• A weight used in the East, varying according to the locality; in Turkey, the greater batman is about 157 pounds, the lesser only a fourth of this; at Aleppo and Smyrna, the batman is 17 pounds.
n.
• A man who has charge of a bathorse and his load.
Batoidei
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of fishes which includes the rays and skates.
Baton
n.
• A staff or truncheon, used for various purposes; as, the baton of a field marshal; the baton of a conductor in musical performances.
(Her.) An ordinary with its ends cut off, borne sinister as a mark of bastardy, and containing one fourth in breadth of the bend sinister; — called also bastard bar.
Batrachia
n. pl.
(Zool.) The order of amphibians which includes the frogs and toads; the Anura. Sometimes the word is used in a wider sense as equivalent to Amphibia.
Batrachian
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the Batrachia.
n.
• One of the Batrachia.
Batrachoid
a.
(Zool.) Froglike. Specifically: Of or pertaining to the Batrachidae, a family of marine fishes, including the toadfish. Some have poisonous dorsal spines.
Batrachomyomachy
n.
• The battle between the frogs and mice; — a Greek parody on the Iliad, of uncertain authorship.
Batrachophagous
a.
• Feeding on frogs.
Batsman
n.
• The one who wields the bat in cricket, baseball, etc.
Batta
n.
• Extra pay; esp. an extra allowance to an English officer serving in India.
n.
• Rate of exchange; also, the discount on uncurrent coins.
Battable
a.
• Capable of cultiation; fertile; productive; fattening.
Battailant
a.
• Prepared for battle; combatant; warlike.
n.
• A combatant.
Battailous
a.
• Arrayed for battle; fit or eager for battle; warlike.
Battalia
n.
• Order of battle; disposition or arrangement of troops (brigades, regiments, battalions, etc.), or of a naval force, for action.
• An army in battle array; also, the main battalia or body.
Battalion
n.
• A body of troops; esp. a body of troops or an army in battle array.
(Mil.) A regiment, or two or more companies of a regiment, esp. when assembled for drill or battle.
v. t.
• To form into battalions.
Battel
n.
(Old Eng. Law) A single combat; as, trial by battel.
n.
• Provisions ordered from the buttery; also, the charges for them; — only in the pl., except when used adjectively.
v. i.
• To be supplied with provisions from the buttery.
v. t.
• To make fertile.
a.
• Fertile; fruitful; productive.
Batten
v. t.
• To make fat by plenteous feeding; to fatten.
• To fertilize or enrich, as land.
v. i.
• To grow fat; to grow fat in ease and luxury; to glut one's self.
n .
• A strip of sawed stuff, or a scantling; as, (a) pl. (Com. & Arch.) Sawed timbers about 7 by 2 1/2 inches and not less than 6 feet long. Brande & C. (b) (Naut.) A strip of wood used in fastening the edges of a tarpaulin to the deck, also around masts to prevent chafing. (c) A long, thin strip used to strengthen a part, to cover a crack, etc.
v. t.
• To furnish or fasten with battens.
n.
• The movable bar of a loom, which strikes home or closes the threads of a woof.
Battening
n.
(Arch.) Furring done with small pieces nailed directly upon the wall.
Batter
v. t.
• To beat with successive blows; to beat repeatedly and with violence, so as to bruise, shatter, or demolish; as, to batter a wall or rampart.
• To wear or impair as if by beating or by hard usage.
(Metallurgy) To flatten (metal) by hammering, so as to compress it inwardly and spread it outwardly.
n.
• A semi-liquid mixture of several ingredients, as, flour, eggs, milk, etc. , beaten together and used in cookery.
• Paste of clay or loam.
(Printing) A bruise on the face of a plate or of type in the form.
n.
• A backward slope in the face of a wall or of a bank; receding slope.
v. i.
(Arch.) To slope gently backward.
n.
• One who wields a bat; a batsman.
Batterer
n.
• One who, or that which, batters.
Battery
n.
• The act of battering or beating.
(Law) The unlawful beating of another. It includes every willful, angry and violent, or negligent touching of another's person or clothes, or anything attached to his person or held by him.
(Mil.) Any place where cannon or mortars are mounted, for attack or defense.
• Two or more pieces of artillery in the field.
• A company or division of artillery, including the gunners, guns, horses, and all equipments. In the United States, a battery of flying artillery consists usually of six guns.
(Elec.) A number of coated jars (Leyden jars) so connected that they may be charged and discharged simultaneously.
• An apparatus for generating voltaic electricity.
• A number of similar machines or devices in position; an apparatus consisting of a set of similar parts; as, a battery of boilers, of retorts, condensers, etc.
(Metallurgy) A series of stamps operated by one motive power, for crushing ores containing the precious metals.
• The box in which the stamps for crushing ore play up and down.
(Baseball) The pitcher and catcher together.
Batting
n.
• The act of one who bats; the management of a bat in playing games of ball.
• Cotton in sheets, prepared for use in making quilts, etc.; as, cotton batting.
Battle
a.
• Fertile.
n.
• A general action, fight, or encounter, in which all the divisions of an army are or may be engaged; an engagement; a combat.
• A struggle; a contest; as, the battle of life.
• A division of an army; a battalion.
• The main body, as distinct from the van and rear; battalia.
v. i.
• To join in battle; to contend in fight; as, to battle over theories.
v. t.
• To assail in battle; to fight.
Battled
p. p.
• Embattled.
Battledoor
n.
• An instrument, with a handle and a flat part covered with parchment or crossed with catgut, used to strike a shuttlecock in play; also, the play of battledoor and shuttlecock.
• A child's hornbook.
Battlement
n.
(Arch.) One of the solid upright parts of a parapet in ancient fortifications.
• pl. The whole parapet, consisting of alternate solids and open spaces. At first purely a military feature, afterwards copied on a smaller scale with decorative features, as for churches.
Battlemented
a.
• Having battlements.
Battologist
n.
• One who battologizes.
Battologize
v. t.
• To keep repeating needlessly; to iterate.
Battology
n.
• A needless repetition of words in speaking or writing.
Battue
n.
(Hunting) The act of beating the woods, bushes, etc., for game.
• The game itself.
• The wanton slaughter of game.
Batture
n.
• An elevated river bed or sea bed.
Battuta
n.
(Mus.) The measuring of time by beating.
Batty
a.
• Belonging to, or resembling, a bat.
Batule
n.
• A springboard in a circus or gymnasium; — called also batule board.
Batz
n.
• A small copper coin, with a mixture of silver, formerly current in some parts of Germany and Switzerland. It was worth about four cents.
Baubee
n.
• Same as Bawbee.
Bauble
n.
• A trifling piece of finery; a gewgaw; that which is gay and showy without real value; a cheap, showy plaything.
• The fool's club.
Baudekin
n.
• The richest kind of stuff used in garments in the Middle Ages, the web being gold, and the woof silk, with embroidery : — made originally at Bagdad.
Baudrick
n.
• A belt.
Baunscheidtism
n.
(Med.) A form of acupuncture, followed by the rubbing of the part with a stimulating fluid.
Bavarian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Bavaria.
n.
• A native or an inhabitant of Bavaria.
Bavaroy
n.
• A kind of cloak or surtout.
Bavian
n.
• A baboon.
Bavin
n.
• A fagot of brushwood, or other light combustible matter, for kindling fires; refuse of brushwood.
• Impure limestone.
Bawbee
n.
• A halfpenny.
Bawble
n.
• A trinket.
Bawbling
a.
• Insignificant; contemptible.
Bawcock
n.
• A fine fellow; — a term of endearment.
Bawd
n.
• A person who keeps a house of prostitution, or procures women for a lewd purpose; a procurer or procuress; a lewd person; — usually applied to a woman.
v. i.
• To procure women for lewd purposes.
Bawdily
adv.
• Obscenely; lewdly.
Bawdiness
n.
• Obscenity; lewdness.
Bawdrick
n.
• A belt.
Bawdry
n.
• The practice of procuring women for the gratification of lust.
• Illicit intercourse; fornication.
• Obscenity; filthy, unchaste language.
Bawdy
a.
• Dirty; foul; — said of clothes.
• Obscene; filthy; unchaste.
Bawdyhouse
n.
• A house of prostitution; a house of ill fame; a brothel.
Bawhorse
n.
• Same as Bathorse.
Bawl
v. i.
• To cry out with a loud, full sound; to cry with vehemence, as in calling or exultation; to shout; to vociferate.
• To cry loudly, as a child from pain or vexation.
v. t.
• To proclaim with a loud voice, or by outcry, as a hawker or town-crier does.
n.
• A loud, prolonged cry; an outcry.
Bawler
n.
• One who bawls.
Bawn
n.
• An inclosure with mud or stone walls, for keeping cattle; a fortified inclosure.
• A large house.
Bawrel
n.
• A kind of hawk.
Baxter
n.
• A baker; originally, a female baker.
Bay
a.
• Reddish brown; of the color of a chestnut; — applied to the color of horses.
n.
(Geol.) An inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf, but of the same general character.
• A small body of water set off from the main body; as a compartment containing water for a wheel; the portion of a canal just outside of the gates of a lock, etc.
• A recess or indentation shaped like a bay.
• A principal compartment of the walls, roof, or other part of a building, or of the whole building, as marked off by the buttresses, vaulting, mullions of a window, etc.; one of the main divisions of any structure, as the part of a bridge between two piers.
• A compartment in a barn, for depositing hay, or grain in the stalks.
• A kind of mahogany obtained from Campeachy Bay.
n.
• A berry, particularly of the laurel.
• The laurel tree (Laurus nobilis). Hence, in the plural, an honorary garland or crown bestowed as a prize for victory or excellence, anciently made or consisting of branches of the laurel.
• A tract covered with bay trees.
v. i.
• To bark, as a dog with a deep voice does, at his game.
v. t.
• To bark at; hence, to follow with barking; to bring or drive to bay; as, to bay the bear.
n.
• Deep-toned, prolonged barking.
• A state of being obliged to face an antagonist or a difficulty, when escape has become impossible.
v. t.
• To bathe.
n.
• A bank or dam to keep back water.
v. t.
• To dam, as water; — with up or back.
Baya
n.
(Zool.) The East Indian weaver bird (Ploceus Philippinus).
Bayadere
n.
• A female dancer in the East Indies.
Bayard
n.
• Properly, a bay horse, but often any horse. Commonly in the phrase blind bayard, an old blind horse.
• A stupid, clownish fellow.
Bayardly
a.
• Blind; stupid.
Bayberry
n.
(Bot.) The fruit of the bay tree or Laurus nobilis.
• A tree of the West Indies related to the myrtle (Pimenta acris).
• The fruit of Myrica cerifera (wax myrtle); the shrub itself; — called also candleberry tree.
Baybolt
n.
• A bolt with a barbed shank.
Bayed
a.
• Having a bay or bays.
Bayonet
n.
(Mil.) A pointed instrument of the dagger kind fitted on the muzzle of a musket or rifle, so as to give the soldier increased means of offense and defense.
(Mach.) A pin which plays in and out of holes made to receive it, and which thus serves to engage or disengage parts of the machinery.
v. t.
• To stab with a bayonet.
• To compel or drive by the bayonet.
Bayou
n.
• An inlet from the Gulf of Mexico, from a lake, or from a large river, sometimes sluggish, sometimes without perceptible movement except from tide and wind.
Bdellium
n.
• An unidentified substance mentioned in the Bible (Gen. ii. 12, and Num. xi. 7), variously taken to be a gum, a precious stone, or pearls, or perhaps a kind of amber found in Arabia.
• A gum resin of reddish brown color, brought from India, Persia, and Africa.
Bdelloidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) The order of Annulata which includes the leeches.
Bdellometer
n.
(Med.) A cupping glass to which are attached a scarificator and an exhausting syringe.
Bdellomorpha
n.
(Zool.) An order of Nemertina, including the large leechlike worms (Malacobdella) often parasitic in clams.
Be
v. i.
• To exist actually, or in the world of fact; to have exstence.
• To exist in a certain manner or relation, — whether as a reality or as a product of thought; to exist as the subject of a certain predicate, that is, as having a certain attribute, or as belonging to a certain sort, or as identical with what is specified, — a word or words for the predicate being annexed; as, to be happy; to be here; to be large, or strong; to be an animal; to be a hero; to be a nonentity; three and two are five; annihilation is the cessation of existence; that is the man.
• To take place; to happen; as, the meeting was on Thursday.
• To signify; to represent or symbolize; to answer to.
• A prefix, originally the same word as by; joined with verbs, it serves: (a) To intensify the meaning; as, bespatter, bestir. (b) To render an intransitive verb transitive; as, befall (to fall upon); bespeak (to speak for). (c) To make the action of a verb particular or definite; as, beget (to get as offspring); beset (to set around).
Beach
n.
• Pebbles, collectively; shingle.
• The shore of the sea, or of a lake, which is washed by the waves; especially, a sandy or pebbly shore; the strand.
v. t.
• To run or drive (as a vessel or a boat) upon a beach; to strand; as, to beach a ship.
Beached
p. p. & a.
• Bordered by a beach.
• Driven on a beach; stranded; drawn up on a beach; as, the ship is beached.
Beachy
a.
• Having a beach or beaches; formed by a beach or beaches; shingly.
Beacon
n.
• A signal fire to notify of the approach of an enemy, or to give any notice, commonly of warning.
• A signal or conspicuous mark erected on an eminence near the shore, or moored in shoal water, as a guide to mariners.
• A high hill near the shore.
• That which gives notice of danger.
v. t.
• To give light to, as a beacon; to light up; to illumine.
• To furnish with a beacon or beacons.
Beaconage
n.
• Money paid for the maintenance of a beacon; also, beacons, collectively.
Beaconless
a.
• Having no beacon.
Bead
n.
• A prayer.
• A little perforated ball, to be strung on a thread, and worn for ornament; or used in a rosary for counting prayers, as by Roman Catholics and Mohammedans, whence the phrases to tell beads, to at one's beads, to bid beads, etc., meaning, to be at prayer.
• Any small globular body
• A bubble in spirits.
• A drop of sweat or other liquid.
• A small knob of metal on a firearm, used for taking aim (whence the expression to draw a bead, for, to take aim).
(Arch.) A small molding of rounded surface, the section being usually an arc of a circle. It may be continuous, or broken into short embossments.
(Chem.) A glassy drop of molten flux, as borax or microcosmic salt, used as a solvent and color test for several mineral earths and oxides, as of iron, manganese, etc., before the blowpipe; as, the borax bead; the iron bead, etc.
v. t.
• To ornament with beads or beading.
v. i.
• To form beadlike bubbles.
Beading
n.
(Arch.) Molding in imitation of beads.
• The beads or bead-forming quality of certain liquors; as, the beading of a brand of whisky.
Beadle
n.
• A messenger or crier of a court; a servitor; one who cites or bids persons to appear and answer; — called also an apparitor or summoner.
• An officer in a university, who precedes public processions of officers and students.
• An inferior parish officer in England having a variety of duties, as the preservation of order in church service, the chastisement of petty offenders, etc.
Beadlery
n.
• Office or jurisdiction of a beadle.
Beadleship
n.
• The state of being, or the personality of, a beadle.
Beadroll
n.
(R. C. Ch.) A catalogue of persons, for the rest of whose souls a certain number of prayers are to be said or counted off on the beads of a chaplet; hence, a catalogue in general.
Beadsnake
n.
(Zool.) A small poisonous snake of North America (Elaps fulvius), banded with yellow, red, and black.
Beadwork
n.
• Ornamental work in beads.
Beady
a.
• Resembling beads; small, round, and glistening.
• Covered or ornamented with, or as with, beads.
• Characterized by beads; as, beady liquor.
Beagle
n.
• A small hound, or hunting dog, twelve to fifteen inches high, used in hunting hares and other small game.
• Fig.: A spy or detective; a constable.
Beak
n.
• 1. (Zool.) (a) The bill or nib of a bird, consisting of a horny sheath, covering the jaws. The form varied much according to the food and habits of the bird, and is largely used in the classification of birds. (b) A similar bill in other animals, as the turtles. (c) The long projecting sucking mouth of some insects, and other invertebrates, as in the Hemiptera. (d) The upper or projecting part of the shell, near the hinge of a bivalve. (e) The prolongation of certain univalve shells containing the canal.
• Anything projecting or ending in a point, like a beak, as a promontory of land.
(Antiq.) A beam, shod or armed at the end with a metal head or point, and projecting from the prow of an ancient galley, in order to pierce the vessel of an enemy; a beakhead.
(Naut.) That part of a ship, before the forecastle, which is fastened to the stem, and supported by the main knee.
(Arch.) A continuous slight projection ending in an arris or narrow fillet; that part of a drip from which the water is thrown off.
(Bot.) Any process somewhat like the beak of a bird, terminating the fruit or other parts of a plant.
(Far.) A toe clip.
• A magistrate or policeman.
Beaked
a.
• Having a beak or a beaklike point; beak-shaped.
(Biol.) Furnished with a process or a mouth like a beak; rostrate.
Beaker
n.
• A large drinking cup, with a wide mouth, supported on a foot or standard.
• An open-mouthed, thin glass vessel, having a projecting lip for pouring; — used for holding solutions requiring heat.
Beakhead
n.
(Arch.) An ornament used in rich Norman doorways, resembling a head with a beak.
(Naut.) A small platform at the fore part of the upper deck of a vessel, which contains the water closets of the crew.
(Antiq.) Same as Beak, 3.
Beakiron
n.
• A bickern; a bench anvil with a long beak, adapted to reach the interior surface of sheet metal ware; the horn of an anvil.
Beal
n.(Med.)
v. i.
• To gather matter; to swell and come to a head, as a pimple.
Beam
n.
• Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use.
• One of the principal horizontal timbers of a building or ship.
• The width of a vessel; as, one vessel is said to have more beam than another.
• The bar of a balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended.
• The principal stem or horn of a stag or other deer, which bears the antlers, or branches.
• The pole of a carriage.
• A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving; also, the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven; one being called the fore beam, the other the back beam.
• The straight part or shank of an anchor.
• The main part of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it.
(Steam Engine) A heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft; — called also working beam or walking beam.
• A ray or collection of parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body; as, a beam of light, or of heat.
• Fig.: A ray; a gleam; as, a beam of comfort.
• One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk; — called also beam feather.
v. t.
• To send forth; to emit; — followed ordinarily by forth; as, to beam forth light.
v. i.
• To emit beams of light.
Beambird
n.
(Zool.) A small European flycatcher (Muscicapa gricola), so called because it often nests on a beam in a building.
Beamed
a.
• Furnished with beams, as the head of a stag.
Beamful
a.
• Beamy; radiant.
Beamily
adv.
• In a beaming manner.
Beaminess
n.
• The state of being beamy.
Beaming
a.
• Emitting beams; radiant.
Beamingly
adv.
• In a beaming manner; radiantly.
Beamless
a.
• Not having a beam.
• Not emitting light.
Beamlet
n.
• A small beam of light.
Beamy
a.
• Emitting beams of light; radiant; shining.
• Resembling a beam in size and weight; massy.
• Having horns, or antlers.
Bean
n.
(Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera Faba, Phaseolus, and Dolichos; also, to the herbs.
• The popular name of other vegetable seeds or fruits, more or less resembling true beans.
Beangular
a.
• Having two angles or corners.
Bear
v. t.
• To support or sustain; to hold up.
• To support and remove or carry; to convey.
• To conduct; to bring; — said of persons.
• To possess and use, as power; to exercise.
• To sustain; to have on (written or inscribed, or as a mark), as, the tablet bears this inscription.
• To possess or carry, as a mark of authority or distinction; to wear; as, to bear a sword, badge, or name.
• To possess mentally; to carry or hold in the mind; to entertain; to harbor
• To endure; to tolerate; to undergo; to suffer.
• To gain or win.
• To sustain, or be answerable for, as blame, expense, responsibility, etc.
• To render or give; to bring forward.
• To carry on, or maintain; to have.
• To admit or be capable of; that is, to suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change.
• To manage, wield, or direct. "Thus must thou thy body bear." Shak. Hence: To behave; to conduct.
• To afford; to be to ; to supply with.
• To bring forth or produce; to yield; as, to bear apples; to bear children; to bear interest.
v. i.
• To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to barrenness.
• To suffer, as in carrying a burden.
• To endure with patience; to be patient.
• To press; — with on or upon, or against.
• To take effect; to have influence or force; as, to bring matters to bear.
• To relate or refer; — with on or upon; as, how does this bear on the question?
• To have a certain meaning, intent, or effect.
• To be situated, as to the point of compass, with respect to something else; as, the land bears N. by E.
n.
• A bier.
n.
(Zool.) Any species of the genus Ursus, and of the closely allied genera. Bears are plantigrade Carnivora, but they live largely on fruit and insects.
(Zool.) An animal which has some resemblance to a bear in form or habits, but no real affinity; as, the woolly bear; ant bear; water bear; sea bear.
(Astron.) One of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called respectively the Great Bear and the Lesser Bear, or Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
• Metaphorically: A brutal, coarse, or morose person.
(Stock Exchange) A person who sells stocks or securities for future delivery in expectation of a fall in the market.
(Mach.) A portable punching machine.
(Naut.) A block covered with coarse matting; — used to scour the deck.
v. t.
(Stock Exchange) To endeavor to depress the price of, or prices in; as, to bear a railroad stock; to bear the market.
Bearable
a.
• Capable of being borne or endured; tolerable.
Bearberry
n.
(Bot.) A trailing plant of the heath family (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), having leaves which are tonic and astringent, and glossy red berries of which bears are said to be fond.
Bearbind
n.
(Bot.) The bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis).
Beard
n.
• The hair that grows on the chin, lips, and adjacent parts of the human face, chiefly of male adults.
(Zool.) The long hairs about the face in animals, as in the goat.
• The cluster of small feathers at the base of the beak in some birds
• The appendages to the jaw in some Cetacea, and to the mouth or jaws of some fishes.
• The byssus of certain shellfish, as the muscle.
• The gills of some bivalves, as the oyster.
• In insects, the hairs of the labial palpi of moths and butterflies.
(Bot.) Long or stiff hairs on a plant; the awn; as, the beard of grain.
• A barb or sharp point of an arrow or other instrument, projecting backward to prevent the head from being easily drawn out.
• That part of the under side of a horse's lower jaw which is above the chin, and bears the curb of a bridle.
(Print.) That part of a type which is between the shoulder of the shank and the face.
• An imposition; a trick.
v. t.
• To take by the beard; to seize, pluck, or pull the beard of (a man), in anger or contempt.
• To oppose to the gills; to set at defiance.
• To deprive of the gills; — used only of oysters and similar shellfish.
Bearded
a.
• Having a beard.
Beardie
n.
(Zool.) The bearded loach (Nemachilus barbatus) of Europe.
Beardless
a.
• Without a beard. Hence: Not having arrived at puberty or manhood; youthful.
• Destitute of an awn; as, beardless wheat.
Beardlessness
n.
• The state or quality of being destitute of beard.
Bearer
n.
• One who, or that which, bears, sustains, or carries.
• Specifically: One who assists in carrying a body to the grave; a pallbearer.
• A palanquin carrier; also, a house servant.
• A tree or plant yielding fruit; as, a good bearer.
(Com.) One who holds a check, note, draft, or other order for the payment of money; as, pay to bearer.
(Print.) A strip of reglet or other furniture to bear off the impression from a blank page; also, a type or type-high piece of metal interspersed in blank parts to support the plate when it is shaved.
Bearherd
n.
• A man who tends a bear.
Bearhound
n.
• A hound for baiting or hunting bears.
Bearing
n.
• The manner in which one bears or conducts one's self; mien; behavior; carriage.
• Patient endurance; suffering without complaint.
• The situation of one object, with respect to another, such situation being supposed to have a connection with the object, or influence upon it, or to be influenced by it; hence, relation; connection.
• Purport; meaning; intended significance; aspect.
• The act, power, or time of producing or giving birth; as, a tree in full bearing; a tree past bearing.
(Arch.) That part of any member of a building which rests upon its supports; as, a lintel or beam may have four inches of bearing upon the wall.
• The portion of a support on which anything rests.
• Improperly, the unsupported span; as, the beam has twenty feet of bearing between its supports.
(Mach.) The part of an axle or shaft in contact with its support, collar, or boxing; the journal.
• The part of the support on which a journal rests and rotates.
(Her.) Any single emblem or charge in an escutcheon or coat of arms — commonly in the pl.
(Naut.) The situation of a distant object, with regard to a ship's position, as on the bow, on the lee quarter, etc.; the direction or point of the compass in which an object is seen; as, the bearing of the cape was W. N. W.
• The widest part of a vessel below the plank-sheer.
• The line of flotation of a vessel when properly trimmed with cargo or ballast.
Bearish
a.
• Partaking of the qualities of a bear; resembling a bear in temper or manners.
Bearishness
n.
• Behavior like that of a bear.
Bearskin
n.
• The skin of a bear.
• A coarse, shaggy, woolen cloth for overcoats.
• A cap made of bearskin, esp. one worn by soldiers.
Bearward
n.
• A keeper of bears.
Beast
n.
• Any living creature; an animal; — including man, insects, etc.
• Any four-footed animal, that may be used for labor, food, or sport; as, a beast of burden.
• As opposed to man: Any irrational animal.
• Fig.: A coarse, brutal, filthy, or degraded fellow.
• A game at cards similar to loo.
• A penalty at beast, omber, etc. Hence: To be beasted, to be beaten at beast, omber, etc.
Beasthood
n.
• State or nature of a beast.
Beastlihead
n.
• Beastliness.
Beastlike
a.
• Like a beast.
Beastliness
n.
• The state or quality of being beastly.
Beastly
a.
• Pertaining to, or having the form, nature, or habits of, a beast.
• Characterizing the nature of a beast; contrary to the nature and dignity of man; brutal; filthy.
• Abominable; as, beastly weather.
Beat
v. t.
• To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; as, to beat one's breast; to beat iron so as to shape it; to beat grain, in order to force out the seeds; to beat eggs and sugar; to beat a drum.
• To punish by blows; to thrash.
• To scour or range over in hunting, accompanied with the noise made by striking bushes, etc., for the purpose of rousing game.
• To dash against, or strike, as with water or wind.
• To tread, as a path.
• To overcome in a battle, contest, strife, race, game, etc.; to vanquish or conquer; to surpass.
• To cheat; to chouse; to swindle; to defraud; — often with out.
• To exercise severely; to perplex; to trouble.
(Mil.) To give the signal for, by beat of drum; to sound by beat of drum; as, to beat an alarm, a charge, a parley, a retreat; to beat the general, the reveille, the tattoo.
v. i.
• To strike repeatedly; to inflict repeated blaows; to knock vigorously or loudly.
• To move with pulsation or throbbing.
• To come or act with violence; to dash or fall with force; to strike anything, as, rain, wind, and waves do.
• To be in agitation or doubt.
(Naut.) To make progress against the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse.
• To make a sound when struck; as, the drums beat.
(Mil.) To make a succession of strokes on a drum; as, the drummers beat to call soldiers to their quarters.
(Acoustics & Mus.) To sound with more or less rapid alternations of greater and less intensity, so as to produce a pulsating effect; — said of instruments, tones, or vibrations, not perfectly in unison.
n.
• A stroke; a blow.
• A recurring stroke; a throb; a pulsation; as, a beat of the heart; the beat of the pulse.
(Mus.) The rise or fall of the hand or foot, marking the divisions of time; a division of the measure so marked. In the rhythm of music the beat is the unit.
• A transient grace note, struck immediately before the one it is intended to ornament.
(Acoustics & Mus.) A sudden swelling or reenforcement of a sound, recurring at regular intervals, and produced by the interference of sound waves of slightly different periods of vibrations; applied also, by analogy, to other kinds of wave motions; the pulsation or throbbing produced by the vibrating together of two tones not quite in unison.
• A round or course which is frequently gone over; as, a watchman's beat.
• A place of habitual or frequent resort.
• A cheat or swindler of the lowest grade; — often emphasized by dead; as, a dead beat.
a.
• Weary; tired; fatigued; exhausted.
Beaten
a.
• Made smooth by beating or treading; worn by use.
• Vanquished; conquered; baffled.
• Exhausted; tired out.
• Become common or trite; as, a beaten phrase.
• Tried; practiced.
Beater
n.
• One who, or that which, beats.
• A person who beats up game for the hunters.
Beath
v. t.
• To bathe; also, to dry or heat, as unseasoned wood.
Beatificate
v. t.
• To beatify.
Beatification
n.
• The act of beatifying, or the state of being beatified; esp., in the R. C. Church, the act or process of ascertaining and declaring that a deceased person is one of "the blessed," or has attained the second degree of sanctity, — usually a stage in the process of canonization.
Beatify
v. t.
• To pronounce or regard as happy, or supremely blessed, or as conferring happiness.
• To make happy; to bless with the completion of celestial enjoyment.
(R. C. Ch.) To ascertain and declare, by a public process and decree, that a deceased person is one of "the blessed" and is to be reverenced as such, though not canonized.
Beating
n.
• The act of striking or giving blows; punishment or chastisement by blows.
• Pulsation; throbbing; as, the beating of the heart.
(Acoustics & Mus.) Pulsative sounds.
(Naut.) The process of sailing against the wind by tacks in zigzag direction.
Beatitude
n.
• Felicity of the highest kind; consummate bliss.
• Any one of the nine declarations (called the Beatitudes), made in the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. v. 3-12), with regard to the blessedness of those who are distinguished by certain specified virtues.
(R. C. Ch.) Beatification.
Beau
n.
• A man who takes great care to dress in the latest fashion; a dandy.
• A man who escorts, or pays attentions to, a lady; an escort; a lover.
Beaucatcher
n.
• A small flat curl worn on the temple by women.
Beaufet
n.
• A niche, cupboard, or sideboard for plate, china, glass, etc.; a buffet.
Beauish
n.
• Like a beau; characteristic of a beau; foppish; fine.
Beaupere
n.
• A father.
• A companion.
Beauseant
n.
• The black and white standard of the Knights Templars.
Beauship
n.
• The state of being a beau; the personality of a beau.
Beauteous
a.
• Full of beauty; beautiful; very handsome.
adv.
• Beau"te*ous*ness
n.
Beautied
p. a.
• Beautiful; embellished.
Beautifier
n.
• One who, or that which, beautifies or makes beautiful.
Beautiful
a.
• Having the qualities which constitute beauty; pleasing to the sight or the mind.
Beautify
v. t.
• To make or render beautiful; to add beauty to; to adorn; to deck; to grace; to embellish.
v. i.
• To become beautiful; to advance in beauty.
Beautiless
a.
• Destitute of beauty.
Beauty
n.
• An assemblage or graces or properties pleasing to the eye, the ear, the intellect, the aesthetic faculty, or the moral sense.
• A particular grace, feature, ornament, or excellence; anything beautiful; as, the beauties of nature.
• A beautiful person, esp. a beautiful woman.
• Prevailing style or taste; rage; fashion.
Beaux
n.
• pl. of Beau.
Beaver
n.
(Zool.) An amphibious rodent, of the genus Castor.
• The fur of the beaver.
• A hat, formerly made of the fur of the beaver, but now usually of silk.
• Beaver cloth, a heavy felted woolen cloth, used chiefly for making overcoats.
n.
• That piece of armor which protected the lower part of the face, whether forming a part of the helmet or fixed to the breastplate. It was so constructed (with joints or otherwise) that the wearer could raise or lower it to eat and drink.
Beavered
a.
• Covered with, or wearing, a beaver or hat.
Beaverteen
n.
• A kind of fustian made of coarse twilled cotton, shorn after dyeing.
Bebleed
v. t.
• To make bloody; to stain with blood.
Beblot
v. t.
• To blot; to stain.
Beblubber
v. t.
• To make swollen and disfigured or sullied by weeping; as, her eyes or cheeks were beblubbered.
Becalm
v. t.
• To render calm or quiet; to calm; to still; to appease.
• To keep from motion, or stop the progress of, by the stilling of the wind; as, the fleet was becalmed.
Became
imp.
• of Become.
Becard
n.
(Zool.) A South American bird of the flycatcher family. (Tityra inquisetor).
Because
conj.
• By or for the cause that; on this account that; for the reason that.
• In order that; that.
Beccafico
n.
(Zool.) A small bird. (Silvia hortensis), which is highly prized by the Italians for the delicacy of its flesh in the autumn, when it has fed on figs, grapes, etc.
Bechance
adv.
• By chance; by accident.
v. t. & i.
• To befall; to chance; to happen to.
Becharm
v. t.
• To charm; to captivate.
Bechic
(Med.) Pertaining to, or relieving, a cough.
n.
• A medicine for relieving coughs.
Beck
n.
• A small brook.
n.
• A vat.
v. i.
• To nod, or make a sign with the head or hand.
v. t.
• To notify or call by a nod, or a motion of the head or hand; to intimate a command to.
n.
• A significant nod, or motion of the head or hand, esp. as a call or command.
Becker
n.
(Zool.) A European fish (Pagellus centrodontus); the sea bream or braise.
Becket
n.
(Naut.) A small grommet, or a ring or loop of rope metal for holding things in position, as spars, ropes, etc.; also a bracket, a pocket, or a handle made of rope.
• A spade for digging turf.
Beckon
v. t.
• To make a significant sign to; hence, to summon, as by a motion of the hand.
n.
• A sign made without words; a beck.
Beclap
v. t.
• To catch; to grasp; to insnare.
Beclip
v. t.
• To embrace; to surround.
Becloud
v. t.
• To cause obscurity or dimness to; to dim; to cloud.
Become
v. i.
• To pass from one state to another; to enter into some state or condition, by a change from another state, or by assuming or receiving new properties or qualities, additional matter, or a new character.
• To come; to get.
v. t.
• To suit or be suitable to; to be congruous with; to befit; to accord with, in character or circumstances; to be worthy of, or proper for; to cause to appear well; — said of persons and things.
Becomed
a.
• Proper; decorous.
Becoming
a.
• Appropriate or fit; congruous; suitable; graceful; befitting.
n.
• That which is becoming or appropriate.
Becomingly
adv.
• In a becoming manner.
Becomingness
n.
• The quality of being becoming, appropriate, or fit; congruity; fitness.
Becripple
v. t.
• To make a cripple of; to cripple; to lame.
Becuna
n.
(Zool.) A fish of the Mediterranean (Sphyraena spet).
Becurl
v. t.
• To curl; to adorn with curls.
Bed
n.
• An article of furniture to sleep or take rest in or on; a couch. Specifically: A sack or mattress, filled with some soft material, in distinction from the bedstead on which it is placed (as, a feather bed), or this with the bedclothes added. In a general sense, any thing or place used for sleeping or reclining on or in, as a quantity of hay, straw, leaves, or twigs.
(Used as the symbol of matrimony) Marriage.
• A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground.
• A mass or heap of anything arranged like a bed; as, a bed of ashes or coals.
• The bottom of a watercourse, or of any body of water; as, the bed of a river.
(Geol.) A layer or seam, or a horizontal stratum between layers; as, a bed of coal, iron, etc.
(Masonry) The horizontal surface of a building stone; as, the upper and lower beds.
• A course of stone or brick in a wall.
• The place or material in which a block or brick is laid.
• The lower surface of a brick, slate, or tile.
(Mech.) The foundation or the more solid and fixed part or framing of a machine; or a part on which something is laid or supported; as, the bed of an engine.
• The superficial earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad.
(Printing) The flat part of the press, on which the form is laid.
v. t.
• To place in a bed.
• To make partaker of one's bed; to cohabit with.
• To furnish with a bed or bedding.
• To plant or arrange in beds; to set, or cover, as in a bed of soft earth; as, to bed the roots of a plant in mold.
• To lay or put in any hollow place, or place of rest and security, surrounded or inclosed; to embed; to furnish with or place upon a bed or foundation; as, to bed a stone; it was bedded on a rock.
(Masonry) To dress or prepare the surface of stone) so as to serve as a bed.
• To lay flat; to lay in order; to place in a horizontal or recumbent position.
v. i.
• To go to bed; to cohabit.
Bedabble
v. t.
• To dabble; to sprinkle or wet.
Bedaff
v. t.
• To make a daff or fool of.
Bedagat
n.
• The sacred books of the Buddhists in Burmah.
Bedaggle
v. t.
• To daggle.
Bedash
v. t.
• To wet by dashing or throwing water or other liquid upon; to bespatter.
Bedaub
v. t.
• To daub over; to besmear or soil with anything thick and dirty.
Bedazzle
v. t.
• To dazzle or make dim by a strong light.
Bedbug
n.
(Zool.) A wingless, bloodsucking, hemipterous insect (Cimex Lectularius), sometimes infesting houses and especially beds.
Bedchair
n.
• A chair with adjustable back, for the sick, to support them while sitting up in bed.
Bedchamber
n.
• A chamber for a bed; an apartment form sleeping in.
Bedclothes
n. pl.
• Blankets, sheets, coverlets, etc., for a bed.
Bedcord
n.
• A cord or rope interwoven in a bedstead so as to support the bed.
Bedded
a.
• Provided with a bed; as, double-bedded room; placed or arranged in a bed or beds.
Bedding
n.
• A bed and its furniture; the materials of a bed, whether for man or beast; bedclothes; litter.
(Geol.) The state or position of beds and layers.
Bede
v. t.
• To pray; also, to offer; to proffer.
n.
(Mining) A kind of pickax.
Bedeck
v. t.
• To deck, ornament, or adorn; to grace.
Bedehouse
• ,n.Same as Beadhouse.
Bedelry
n.
• Beadleship.
Beden
n.
(Zool.) The Abyssinian or Arabian ibex (Capra Nubiana). It is probably the wild goat of the Bible.
Bedesman
n.
• Same as Beadsman.
Bedevil
v. t.
• To throw into utter disorder and confusion, as if by the agency of evil spirits; to bring under diabolical influence; to torment.
• To spoil; to corrupt.
Bedevilment
n.
• The state of being bedeviled; bewildering confusion; vexatious trouble.
Bedew
v. t.
• To moisten with dew, or as with dew.
Bedewer
n.
• One who, or that which, bedews.
Bedewy
a.
• Moist with dew; dewy.
Bedfellow
n.
• One who lies with another in the same bed; a person who shares one's couch.
Bedgown
n.
• A nightgown.
Bedight
v. t.
• To bedeck; to array or equip; to adorn.
Bedim
v. t.
• To make dim; to obscure or darken.
Bedizen
v. t.
• To dress or adorn tawdrily or with false taste.
Bedizenment
n.
• That which bedizens; the act of dressing, or the state of being dressed, tawdrily.
Bedkey
n.
• An instrument for tightening the parts of a bedstead.
Bedlam
n.
• A place appropriated to the confinement and care of the insane; a madhouse.
• An insane person; a lunatic; a madman.
• Any place where uproar and confusion prevail.
a.
• Belonging to, or fit for, a madhouse.
Bedlamite
n.
• An inhabitant of a madhouse; a madman.
Bedmaker
n.
• One who makes beds.
Bedote
v. t.
• To cause to dote; to deceive.
Bedouin
n.
• One of the nomadic Arabs who live in tents, and are scattered over Arabia, Syria, and northern Africa, esp. in the deserts.
a.
• Pertaining to the Bedouins; nomad.
Bedpan
n.
• A pan for warming beds.
• A shallow chamber vessel, so constructed that it can be used by a sick person in bed.
Bedpost
n.
• One of the four standards that support a bedstead or the canopy over a bedstead.
• Anciently, a post or pin on each side of the bed to keep the clothes from falling off.
Bedquilt
n.
• A quilt for a bed; a coverlet.
Bedrabble
v. t.
• To befoul with rain and mud; to drabble.
Bedraggle
v. t.
• To draggle; to soil, as garments which, in walking, are suffered to drag in dust, mud, etc.
Bedrench
v. t.
• To drench; to saturate with moisture; to soak.
Bedribble
v. t.
• To dribble upon.
Bedrizzle
v. t.
• To drizzle upon.
Bedroom
n.
• A room or apartment intended or used for a bed; a lodging room.
• Room in a bed.
Bedrop
v. t.
• To sprinkle, as with drops.
Bedrug
v. t.
• To drug abundantly or excessively.
Bedside
n.
• The side of a bed.
Bedsite
n.
• A recess in a room for a bed.
Bedsore
n.
(Med.) A sore on the back or hips caused by lying for a long time in bed.
Bedspread
n.
• A bedquilt; a counterpane; a coverlet.
Bedstaff
n.
• "A wooden pin stuck anciently on the sides of the bedstead, to hold the clothes from slipping on either side."
Bedstead
n.
• A framework for supporting a bed.
Bedstock
n.
• The front or the back part of the frame of a bedstead.
Bedstraw
n.
• Straw put into a bed.
(Bot.) A genus of slender herbs, usually with square stems, whorled leaves, and small white flowers.
Bedswerver
n.
• One who swerves from and is unfaithful to the marriage vow.
Bedtick
n.
• A tick or bag made of cloth, used for inclosing the materials of a bed.
Bedtime
n.
• The time to go to bed.
Beduck
v. t.
• To duck; to put the head under water; to immerse.
Bedung
v. t.
• To cover with dung, as for manuring; to bedaub or defile, literally or figuratively.
Bedust
v. t.
• To sprinkle, soil, or cover with dust.
Bedward
adv.
• Towards bed.
Bedwarf
v. t.
• To make a dwarf of; to stunt or hinder the growth of; to dwarf.
Bedye
v. t.
• To dye or stain.
Bee
• p. p. of Be; — used for been.
n.
(Zool.) An insect of the order Hymenoptera, and family Apidae (the honeybees), or family Andrenidae (the solitary bees.)
• A neighborly gathering of people who engage in united labor for the benefit of an individual or family; as, a quilting bee; a husking bee; a raising bee.
(Naut.) Pieces of hard wood bolted to the sides of the bowsprit, to reeve the fore-topmast stays through; — called also bee blocks.
Beebread
n.
• A brown, bitter substance found in some of the cells of honeycomb. It is made chiefly from the pollen of flowers, which is collected by bees as food for their young.
Beech
n.
(Bot.) A tree of the genus Fagus.
Beechen
a.
• Consisting, or made, of the wood or bark of the beech; belonging to the beech.
Beechnut
n.
• The nut of the beech tree.
Beechy
a.
• Of or relating to beeches.
Beef
n.
• An animal of the genus Bos, especially the common species, B. taurus, including the bull, cow, and ox, in their full grown state; esp., an ox or cow fattened for food.
• The flesh of an ox, or cow, or of any adult bovine animal, when slaughtered for food.
• Applied colloquially to human flesh.
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, beef.
Beefeater
n.
• One who eats beef; hence, a large, fleshy person.
• One of the yeomen of the guard, in England.
(Zool.) An African bird of the genus Buphaga, which feeds on the larvae of botflies hatched under the skin of oxen, antelopes, etc. Two species are known.
Beefsteak
n.
• A steak of beef; a slice of beef broiled or suitable for broiling.
Beefwood
n.
• An Australian tree (Casuarina), and its red wood, used for cabinetwork; also, the trees Stenocarpus salignus of New South Wales, and Banksia compar of Queensland.
Beefy
a.
• Having much beef; of the nature of beef; resembling beef; fleshy.
Beehive
n.
• A hive for a swarm of bees. Also used figuratively.
Beehouse
n.
• A house for bees; an apiary.
Beeld
n.
• Same as Beild.
Beelzebub
n.
• The title of a heathen deity to whom the Jews ascribed the sovereignty of the evil spirits; hence, the Devil or a devil.
Beem
n.
• A trumpet.
Beemaster
n.
• One who keeps bees.
Been
• The past participle of Be. In old authors it is also the pr. tense plural of Be.
Beer
n.
• A fermented liquor made from any malted grain, but commonly from barley malt, with hops or some other substance to impart a bitter flavor.
• A fermented extract of the roots and other parts of various plants, as spruce, ginger, sassafras, etc.
Beeregar
n.
• Sour beer.
Beerhouse
n.
• A house where malt liquors are sold; an alehouse.
Beeriness
n.
• Beery condition.
Beery
a.
• Of or resembling beer; affected by beer; maudlin.
Beestings
n.
• Same as Biestings.
Beeswax
n.
• The wax secreted by bees, and of which their cells are constructed.
Beeswing
n.
• The second crust formed in port and some other wines after long keeping. It consists of pure, shining scales of tartar, supposed to resemble the wing of a bee.
Beet
n.
(Bot.) A biennial plant of the genus Beta, which produces an edible root the first year and seed the second year.
• The root of plants of the genus Beta, different species and varieties of which are used for the table, for feeding stock, or in making sugar.
Beetle
n.
• A heavy mallet, used to drive wedges, beat pavements, etc.
• A machine in which fabrics are subjected to a hammering process while passing over rollers, as in cotton mills; — called also beetling machine.
v. t.
• To beat with a heavy mallet.
• To finish by subjecting to a hammering process in a beetle or beetling machine; as, to beetle cotton goods.
n.
• Any insect of the order Coleoptera, having four wings, the outer pair being stiff cases for covering the others when they are folded up.
v. i.
• To extend over and beyond the base or support; to overhang; to jut.
Beetlehead
n.
• A stupid fellow; a blockhead.
(Zool.) The black-bellied plover, or bullhead (Squatarola helvetica).
Beetlestock
n.
• The handle of a beetle.
Beetrave
n.
• The common beet (Beta vulgaris).
Beeve
n.
• A beef; a beef creature.
Beeves
n.
• ; plural of Beef, the animal.
Befall
v. t.
• To happen to.
v. i.
• To come to pass; to happen.
Befit
v. t.
• To be suitable to; to suit; to become.
Befitting
a.
• Suitable; proper; becoming; fitting.
Befittingly
adv.
• In a befitting manner; suitably.
Beflatter
v. t.
• To flatter excessively.
Beflower
v. t.
• To besprinkle or scatter over with, or as with, flowers.
Befog
v. t.
• To involve in a fog; — mostly as a participle or part. adj.
• Hence: To confuse; to mystify.
Befool
v. t.
• To fool; to delude or lead into error; to infatuate; to deceive.
• To cause to behave like a fool; to make foolish.
Before
prep.
• In front of; preceding in space; ahead of; as, to stand before the fire; before the house.
• Preceding in time; earlier than; previously to; anterior to the time when; — sometimes with the additional idea of purpose; in order that.
• An advance of; farther onward, in place or time.
• Prior or preceding in dignity, order, rank, right, or worth; rather than.
• In presence or sight of; face to face with; facing.
• Under the cognizance or jurisdiction of.
• Open for; free of access to; in the power of.
adv.
• On the fore part; in front, or in the direction of the front; — opposed to in the rear.
• In advance.
• In time past; previously; already.
• Earlier; sooner than; until then.
Beforehand
adv.
• In a state of anticipation ore preoccupation; in advance; — often followed by with.
• By way of preparation, or preliminary; previously; aforetime.
a.
• In comfortable circumstances as regards property; forehanded.
Beforetime
adv.
• Formerly; aforetime.
Befortune
v. t.
• To befall.
Befoul
v. t.
• To make foul; to soil.
• To entangle or run against so as to impede motion.
Befriend
v. t.
• To act as a friend to; to favor; to aid, benefit, or countenance.
Befriendment
n.
• Act of befriending.
Befrill
v. t.
• To furnish or deck with a frill.
Befringe
v. t.
• To furnish with a fringe; to form a fringe upon; to adorn as with fringe.
Befuddle
v. t.
• To becloud and confuse, as with liquor.
Beg
n.
• A title of honor in Turkey and in some other parts of the East; a bey.
v. t.
• To ask earnestly for; to entreat or supplicate for; to beseech.
• To ask for as a charity, esp. to ask for habitually or from house to house.
• To make petition to; to entreat; as, to beg a person to grant a favor.
• To take for granted; to assume without proof.
(Old Law) To ask to be appointed guardian for, or to ask to have a guardian appointed for.
v. i.
• To ask alms or charity, especially to ask habitually by the wayside or from house to house; to live by asking alms.
Begem
v. t.
• To adorn with gems, or as with gems.
Beget
v. t.
• To procreate, as a father or sire; to generate; — commonly said of the father.
• To get (with child.)
• To produce as an effect; to cause to exist.
Begetter
n.
• One who begets; a father.
Beggable
a.
• Capable of being begged.
Beggar
n.
• One who begs; one who asks or entreats earnestly, or with humility; a petitioner.
• One who makes it his business to ask alms.
• One who is dependent upon others for support; — a contemptuous or sarcastic use.
• One who assumes in argument what he does not prove.
v. t.
• To reduce to beggary; to impoverish; as, he had beggared himself.
• To cause to seem very poor and inadequate.
Beggarhood
n.
• The condition of being a beggar; also, the class of beggars.
Beggarism
n.
• Beggary.
Beggarliness
n.
• The quality or state of being beggarly; meanness.
Beggarly
a.
• In the condition of, or like, a beggar; suitable for a beggar; extremely indigent; poverty-stricken; mean; poor; contemptible.
• Produced or occasioned by beggary.
adv.
• In an indigent, mean, or despicable manner; in the manner of a beggar.
Beggary
n.
• The act of begging; the state of being a beggar; mendicancy; extreme poverty.
• Beggarly appearance.
a.
• Beggarly.
Beggestere
n.
• A beggar.
Begild
v. t.
• To gild.
Begin
v. i.
• To have or commence an independent or first existence; to take rise; to commence.
• To do the first act or the first part of an action; to enter upon or commence something new, as a new form or state of being, or course of action; to take the first step; to start.
v. t.
• To enter on; to commence.
• To trace or lay the foundation of; to make or place a beginning of.
n.
• Beginning.
Beginner
n.
• One who begins or originates anything. Specifically: A young or inexperienced practitioner or student; a tyro.
Beginning
n.
• The act of doing that which begins anything; commencement of an action, state, or space of time; entrance into being or upon a course; the first act, effort, or state of a succession of acts or states.
• That which begins or originates something; the first cause; origin; source.
• That which is begun; a rudiment or element.
• Enterprise.
Begird
v. t.
• To bind with a band or girdle; to gird.
• To surround as with a band; to encompass.
Begirdle
v. t.
• To surround as with a girdle.
Begirt
v. t.
• To encompass; to begird.
Beglerbeg
n.
• The governor of a province of the Ottoman empire, next in dignity to the grand vizier.
Begnaw
v. t.
• To gnaw; to eat away; to corrode.
Begod
v. t.
• To exalt to the dignity of a god; to deify.
Begone
interj.
• Go away; depart; get you gone.
p. p.
• Surrounded; furnished; beset; environed (as in woe-begone).
Begonia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants, mostly of tropical America, many species of which are grown as ornamental plants. The leaves are curiously one-sided, and often exhibit brilliant colors.
Begore
v. t.
• To besmear with gore.
Begot
• imp. & p. p. of Beget.
Begotten
• p. p. of Beget.
Begrave
v. t.
• To bury; also, to engrave.
Begrease
v. t.
• To soil or daub with grease or other oily matter.
Begrime
v. t.
• To soil with grime or dirt deeply impressed or rubbed in.
Begrimer
n.
• One who, or that which, begrimes.
Begrudge
v. t.
• To grudge; to envy the possession of.
Beguile
v. t.
• To delude by guile, artifice, or craft; to deceive or impose on, as by a false statement; to lure.
• To elude, or evade by craft; to foil.
• To cause the time of to pass without notice; to relieve the tedium or weariness of; to while away; to divert.
Beguilement
n.
• The act of beguiling, or the state of being beguiled.
Beguiler
n.
• One who, or that which, beguiles.
Beguiling
a.
• Alluring by guile; deluding; misleading; diverting.
Beguinage
n.
• A collection of small houses surrounded by a wall and occupied by a community of Beguines.
Beguine
n.
• A woman belonging to one of the religious and charitable associations or communities in the Netherlands, and elsewhere, whose members live in beguinages and are not bound by perpetual vows.
Begum
n.
• In the East Indies, a princess or lady of high rank.
Begun
p. p.
• of Begin.
Behalf
n.
• Advantage; favor; stead; benefit; interest; profit; support; defense; vindication.
Behappen
v. t.
• To happen to.
Behave
v. t.
• To manage or govern in point of behavior; to discipline; to handle; to restrain.
• To carry; to conduct; to comport; to manage; to bear; — used reflexively.
v. i.
• To act; to conduct; to bear or carry one's self; as, to behave well or ill.
Behavior
n.
• Manner of behaving, whether good or bad; mode of conducting one's self; conduct; deportment; carriage; — used also of inanimate objects; as, the behavior of a ship in a storm; the behavior of the magnetic needle.
Behead
v. t.
• To sever the head from; to take off the head of.
Beheadal
• ,n.Beheading.
Beheld
• imp. & p. p. of Behold.
Behemoth
n.
• An animal, probably the hippopotamus, described in Job xl. 15-24.
Behest
n.
• That which is willed or ordered; a command; a mandate; an injunction.
• A vow; a promise.
v. t.
• To vow.
Behight
v. t.
• To promise; to vow.
• To give in trust; to commit; to intrust.
• To adjudge; to assign by authority.
• To mean, or intend.
• To consider or esteem to be; to declare to be.
• To call; to name; to address.
• To command; to order.
n.
• A vow; a promise.
Behind
prep.
• On the side opposite the front or nearest part; on the back side of; at the back of; on the other side of; as, behind a door; behind a hill.
• Left after the departure of, whether this be by removing to a distance or by death.
• Left a distance by, in progress of improvement Hence: Inferior to in dignity, rank, knowledge, or excellence, or in any achievement.
adv.
• At the back part; in the rear.
• Toward the back part or rear; backward; as, to look behind.
• Not yet brought forward, produced, or exhibited to view; out of sight; remaining.
• Backward in time or order of succession; past.
• After the departure of another; as, to stay behind.
n.
• The backside; the rump.
Behindhand
adv. & a.
• In arrears financially; in a state where expenditures have exceeded the receipt of funds.
• In a state of backwardness, in respect to what is seasonable or appropriate, or as to what should have been accomplished; not equally forward with some other person or thing; dilatory; backward; late; tardy; as, behindhand in studies or in work.
Behither
prep.
• On this side of.
Behold
v. t.
• To have in sight; to see clearly; to look at; to regard with the eyes.
v. i.
• To direct the eyes to, or fix them upon, an object; to look; to see.
Beholden
p. a.
• Obliged; bound in gratitude; indebted.
Beholder
n.
• One who beholds; a spectator.
Beholding
a.
• Obliged; beholden.
n.
• The act of seeing; sight; also, that which is beheld.
Beholdingness
n.
• , The state of being obliged or beholden.
Behoof
n.
• Advantage; profit; benefit; interest; use.
Behoovable
a.
• Supplying need; profitable; advantageous.
Behoove
v. t.
• To be necessary for; to be fit for; to be meet for, with respect to necessity, duty, or convenience; — mostly used impersonally.
v. i.
• To be necessary, fit, or suitable; to befit; to belong as due.
n.
• Advantage; behoof.
Behooveful
a.
• Advantageous; useful; profitable.
Behove
v.
• , and derivatives.
Behovely
a. & adv.
• Useful, or usefully.
Behowl
v. t.
• To howl at.
Beige
n.
• Debeige.
Beild
n.
• A place of shelter; protection; refuge.
Being
p. pr.
• Existing.
n.
• Existence, as opposed to nonexistence; state or sphere of existence.
• That which exists in any form, whether it be material or spiritual, actual or ideal; living existence, as distinguished from a thing without life; as, a human being; spiritual beings.
• Lifetime; mortal existence.
• An abode; a cottage.
adv.
• Since; inasmuch as.
Bejade
v. t.
• To jade or tire.
Bejape
v. t.
• To jape; to laugh at; to deceive.
Bejaundice
v. t.
• To infect with jaundice.
Bejewel
v. t.
• To ornament with a jewel or with jewels; to spangle.
Bejumble
v. t.
• To jumble together.
Bekah
n.
• Half a shekel.
Beknave
v. t.
• To call knave.
Beknow
v. t.
• To confess; to acknowledge.
Bel
n.
• The Babylonian name of the god known among the Hebrews as Baal.
Belabor
v. t.
• To ply diligently; to work carefully upon.
• To beat soundly; to cudgel.
Belace
v. t.
• To fasten, as with a lace or cord.
• To cover or adorn with lace.
• To beat with a strap.
Belam
v. t.
• To beat or bang.
Belamour
n.
• A lover.
• A flower, but of what kind is unknown.
Belamy
n.
• Good friend; dear friend.
Belate
v. t.
• To retard or make too late.
Belated
a.
• Delayed beyond the usual time; too late; overtaken by night; benighted.
Belaud
v. t.
• To laud or praise greatly.
Belay
v. t.
• To lay on or cover; to adorn.
(Naut.) To make fast, as a rope, by taking several turns with it round a pin, cleat, or kevel.
• To lie in wait for with a view to assault. Hence: to block up or obstruct.
Belch
v. t.
• To eject or throw up from the stomach with violence; to eruct.
• To eject violently from within; to cast forth; to emit; to give vent to; to vent.
v. i.
• To eject wind from the stomach through the mouth; to eructate.
• To issue with spasmodic force or noise.
n.
• The act of belching; also, that which is belched; an eructation.
• Malt liquor; — vulgarly so called as causing eructation.
Belcher
n.
• One who, or that which, belches.
Beleaguer
v. t.
• To surround with an army so as to preclude escape; to besiege; to blockade.
Beleaguerer
n.
• One who beleaguers.
Beleave
v. t. & i.
• To leave or to be left.
Belecture
v. t.
• To vex with lectures; to lecture frequently.
Belee
v. t.
• To place under the lee, or unfavorably to the wind.
Belemnite
n.
(Paleon.) A conical calcareous fossil, tapering to a point at the lower extremity, with a conical cavity at the other end, where it is ordinarily broken; but when perfect it contains a small chambered cone, called the phragmocone, prolonged, on one side, into a delicate concave blade; the thunderstone. It is the internal shell of a cephalopod related to the sepia, and belonging to an extinct family. The belemnites are found in rocks of the Jurassic and Cretaceous ages.
Beleper
v. t.
• To infect with leprosy.
Belfry
n.
(Mil. Antiq.) A movable tower erected by besiegers for purposes of attack and defense.
• A bell tower, usually attached to a church or other building, but sometimes separate; a campanile.
• A room in a tower in which a bell is or may be hung; or a cupola or turret for the same purpose.
(Naut.) The framing on which a bell is suspended.
Belgard
n.
• A sweet or loving look.
Belgian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Belgium.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Belgium.
Belgic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Belgae, a German tribe who anciently possessed the country between the Rhine, the Seine, and the ocean.
• Of or pertaining to the Netherlands or to Belgium.
Belgravian
a.
• Belonging to Belgravia (a fashionable quarter of London, around Pimlico), or to fashionable life; aristocratic.
Belial
n.
• An evil spirit; a wicked and unprincipled person; the personification of evil.
Belibel
v. t.
• To libel or traduce; to calumniate.
Belie
v. t.
• To show to be false; to convict of, or charge with, falsehood.
• To give a false representation or account of.
• To tell lie about; to calumniate; to slander.
• To mimic; to counterfeit.
• To fill with lies.
Belief
n.
• Assent to a proposition or affirmation, or the acceptance of a fact, opinion, or assertion as real or true, without immediate personal knowledge; reliance upon word or testimony; partial or full assurance without positive knowledge or absolute certainty; persuasion; conviction; confidence; as, belief of a witness; the belief of our senses.
(Theol.) A persuasion of the truths of religion; faith.
• The thing believed; the object of belief.
• A tenet, or the body of tenets, held by the advocates of any class of views; doctrine; creed.
Beliefful
a.
• Having belief or faith.
Believable
a.
• Capable of being believed; credible.
Believe
v. t.
• To exercise belief in; to credit upon the authority or testimony of another; to be persuaded of the truth of, upon evidence furnished by reasons, arguments, and deductions of the mind, or by circumstances other than personal knowledge; to regard or accept as true; to place confidence in; to think; to consider; as, to believe a person, a statement, or a doctrine.
v. i.
• To have a firm persuasion, esp. of the truths of religion; to have a persuasion approaching to certainty; to exercise belief or faith.
• To think; to suppose.
Believer
n.
• One who believes; one who is persuaded of the truth or reality of some doctrine, person, or thing.
(Theol.) One who gives credit to the truth of the Scriptures, as a revelation from God; a Christian; — in a more restricted sense, one who receives Christ as his Savior, and accepts the way of salvation unfolded in the gospel.
(Eccl. Hist.) One who was admitted to all the rights of divine worship and instructed in all the mysteries of the Christian religion, in distinction from a catechumen, or one yet under instruction.
Believing
a.
• That believes; having belief.
Belight
v. t.
• To illuminate.
Belike
adv.
• It is likely or probably; perhaps.
Belime
v. t.
• To besmear or insnare with birdlime.
Belittle
v. t.
• To make little or less in a moral sense; to speak of in a depreciatory or contemptuous way.
Belive
adv.
• Forthwith; speedily; quickly.
Belk
v. t.
• To vomit.
Bell
n.
• A hollow metallic vessel, usually shaped somewhat like a cup with a flaring mouth, containing a clapper or tongue, and giving forth a ringing sound on being struck.
• A hollow perforated sphere of metal containing a loose ball which causes it to sound when moved.
• Anything in the form of a bell, as the cup or corol of a flower.
(Arch.) That part of the capital of a column included between the abacus and neck molding; also used for the naked core of nearly cylindrical shape, assumed to exist within the leafage of a capital.
(Naut.) The strikes of the bell which mark the time; or the time so designated.
v. t.
• To put a bell upon; as, to bell the cat.
• To make bell-mouthed; as, to bell a tube.
v. i.
• To develop bells or corollas; to take the form of a bell; to blossom; as, hops bell.
v. t.
• To utter by bellowing.
v. i.
• To call or bellow, as the deer in rutting time; to make a bellowing sound; to roar.
Belladonna
n.
(Bot.) An herbaceous European plant (Atropa belladonna) with reddish bell-shaped flowers and shining black berries. The whole plant and its fruit are very poisonous, and the root and leaves are used as powerful medicinal agents. Its properties are largely due to the alkaloid atropine which it contains. Called also deadly nightshade.
• A species of Amaryllis (A. belladonna); the belladonna lily.
Bellbird
n.
(Zool.) A South American bird of the genus Casmarhincos, and family Cotingidae, of several species; the campanero.
• The Myzantha melanophrys of Australia.
Belle
n.
• A young lady of superior beauty and attractions; a handsome lady, or one who attracts notice in society; a fair lady.
Belled
a.
• Hung with a bell or bells.
Bellerophon
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of fossil univalve shells, believed to belong to the Heteropoda, peculiar to the Paleozoic age.
Bellflower
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Campanula; — so named from its bell-shaped flowers.
n.
• A kind of apple. The yellow bellflower is a large, yellow winter apple.
Bellibone
n.
• A woman excelling both in beauty and goodness; a fair maid.
Bellicose
a.
• Inclined to war or contention; warlike; pugnacious.
Bellicosely
adv.
• In a bellicose manner.
Bellicous
a.
• Bellicose.
Bellied
• , a. Having (such) a belly; puffed out; — used in composition; as, pot-bellied; shad-bellied.
Belligerent
a.
• Waging war; carrying on war.
• Pertaining, or tending, to war; of or relating to belligerents; as, a belligerent tone; belligerent rights.
n.
• A nation or state recognized as carrying on war; a person engaged in warfare.
Belligerently
adv.
• In a belligerent manner; hostilely.
Belling
n.
• A bellowing, as of a deer in rutting time.
Bellipotent
a.
• Mighty in war; armipotent.
Bellman
n.
• A man who rings a bell, especially to give notice of anything in the streets. Formerly, also, a night watchman who called the hours.
Bellon
n.
• Lead colic.
Bellona
n.
(Rom. Myth.) The goddess of war.
Bellow
v. i.
• To make a hollow, loud noise, as an enraged bull.
• To bowl; to vociferate; to clamor.
• To roar; as the sea in a tempest, or as the wind when violent; to make a loud, hollow, continued sound.
v. t.
• To emit with a loud voice; to shout; — used with out.
n.
• A loud resounding outcry or noise, as of an enraged bull; a roar.
Bellower
n.
• One who, or that which, bellows.
Bellows
n. sing. & pl.
• An instrument, utensil, or machine, which, by alternate expansion and contraction, or by rise and fall of the top, draws in air through a valve and expels it through a tube for various purposes, as blowing fires, ventilating mines, or filling the pipes of an organ with wind.
Belluine
a.
• Pertaining to, or like, a beast; brutal.
Bellwether
n.
• A wether, or sheep, which leads the flock, with a bell on his neck.
• Hence: A leader.
Bellwort
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants (Uvularia) with yellowish bell-shaped flowers.
Belly
n.
• That part of the human body which extends downward from the breast to the thighs, and contains the bowels, or intestines; the abdomen.
• The under part of the body of animals, corresponding to the human belly.
• The womb.
• The part of anything which resembles the human belly in protuberance or in cavity; the innermost part; as, the belly of a flask, muscle, sail, ship.
(Arch.) The hollow part of a curved or bent timber, the convex part of which is the back.
v. t.
• To cause to swell out; to fill.
v. i.
• To swell and become protuberant, like the belly; to bulge.
Bellyache
n.
• Pain in the bowels; colic.
Bellyband
n.
• A band that passes under the belly of a horse and holds the saddle or harness in place; a girth.
• A band of flannel or other cloth about the belly.
(Naut.) A band of canvas, to strengthen a sail.
Bellybound
a.
• Costive; constipated.
Bellycheat
n.
• An apron or covering for the front of the person.
Bellycheer
n.
• Good cheer; viands.
v. i.
• To revel; to feast.
Bellyful
n.
• As much as satisfies the appetite. Hence: A great abundance; more than enough.
Belock
v. t.
• To lock, or fasten as with a lock.
Belomancy
n.
• A kind of divination anciently practiced by means of marked arrows drawn at random from a bag or quiver, the marks on the arrows drawn being supposed to foreshow the future.
Belong
v. i.
• To be the property of; as, Jamaica belongs to Great Britain.
• To be a part of, or connected with; to be appendant or related; to owe allegiance or service.
• To be the concern or proper business or function of; to appertain to.
• To be suitable for; to be due to.
• To be native to, or an inhabitant of; esp. to have a legal residence, settlement, or inhabitancy, whether by birth or operation of law, so as to be entitled to maintenance by the parish or town.
v. t.
• To be deserved by.
Belonging
n.
• That which belongs to one; that which pertains to one; hence, goods or effects.
• That which is connected with a principal or greater thing; an appendage; an appurtenance.
• Family; relations; household.
Belonite
n.
(Min.) Minute acicular or dendritic crystalline forms sometimes observed in glassy volcanic rocks.
Belord
v. t.
• To act the lord over.
• To address by the title of "lord".
Belove
v. t.
• To love.
Beloved
p. p. & a.
• Greatly loved; dear to the heart.
n.
• One greatly loved.
Below
prep.
• Under, or lower in place; beneath not so high; as, below the moon; below the knee.
• Inferior to in rank, excellence, dignity, value, amount, price, etc.; lower in quality.
• Unworthy of; unbefitting; beneath.
adv.
• In a lower place, with respect to any object; in a lower room; beneath.
• On the earth, as opposed to the heavens.
• In hell, or the regions of the dead.
• In court or tribunal of inferior jurisdiction; as, at the trial below.
• In some part or page following.
Belowt
v. t.
• To treat as a lout; to talk abusively to.
Belsire
n.
• A grandfather, or ancestor.
Belswagger
n.
• A lewd man; also, a bully.
Belt
n.
• That which engirdles a person or thing; a band or girdle; as, a lady's belt; a sword belt.
• That which restrains or confines as a girdle.
• Anything that resembles a belt, or that encircles or crosses like a belt; a strip or stripe; as, a belt of trees; a belt of sand.
(Arch.) Same as Band, n., 2. A very broad band is more properly termed a belt.
(Astron.) One of certain girdles or zones on the surface of the planets Jupiter and Saturn, supposed to be of the nature of clouds.
(Geog.) A narrow passage or strait; as, the Great Belt and the Lesser Belt, leading to the Baltic Sea.
(Her.) A token or badge of knightly rank.
(Mech.) A band of leather, or other flexible substance, passing around two wheels, and communicating motion from one to the other.
(Nat. Hist.) A band or stripe, as of color, round any organ; or any circular ridge or series of ridges.
v. t.
• To encircle with, or as with, a belt; to encompass; to surround.
• To shear, as the buttocks and tails of sheep.
Beltane
n.
• The first day of May (Old Style).
• A festival of the heathen Celts on the first day of May, in the observance of which great bonfires were kindled. It still exists in a modified form in some parts of Scotland and Ireland.
Belted
a.
• Encircled by, or secured with, a belt; as, a belted plaid; girt with a belt, as an honorary distinction; as, a belted knight; a belted earl.
• Marked with a band or circle; as, a belted stalk.
• Worn in, or suspended from, the belt.
Belting
n.
• The material of which belts for machinery are made; also, belts, taken collectively.
Beluga
n.
(Zool.) A cetacean allied to the dolphins.
Belute
v. t.
• To bespatter, as with mud.
Belvedere
n.
(Arch.) A small building, or a part of a building, more or less open, constructed in a place commanding a fine prospect.
Belzebuth
n.
(Zool.) A spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth) of Brazil.
Bema
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) A platform from which speakers addressed an assembly.
(Arch.) That part of an early Christian church which was reserved for the higher clergy; the inner or eastern part of the chancel.
• Erroneously: A pulpit.
Bemad
v. t.
• To make mad.
Bemangle
v. t.
• To mangle; to tear asunder.
Bemask
v. t.
• To mask; to conceal.
Bemaster
v. t.
• To master thoroughly.
Bemaul
v. t.
• To maul or beat severely; to bruise.
Bemaze
v. t.
• To bewilder.
Bemean
v. t.
• To make mean; to lower.
Bemeet
v. t.
• To meet.
Bemete
v. t.
• To mete.
Bemingle
v. t.
• To mingle; to mix.
Bemire
v. t.
• To drag through, encumber with, or fix in, the mire; to soil by passing through mud or dirt.
Bemist
v. t.
• To envelop in mist.
Bemoan
v. t.
• To express deep grief for by moaning; to express sorrow for; to lament; to bewail; to pity or sympathize with.
Bemoaner
n.
• One who bemoans.
Bemock
v. t.
• To mock; to ridicule.
Bemoil
v. t.
• To soil or encumber with mire and dirt.
Bemol
n.
(Mus.) The sign ; the same as B flat.
Bemonster
v. t.
• To make monstrous or like a monster.
Bemourn
v. t.
• To mourn over.
Bemuddle
v. t.
• To muddle; to stupefy or bewilder; to confuse.
Bemuffle
v. t.
• To cover as with a muffler; to wrap up.
Bemuse
v. t.
• To muddle, daze, or partially stupefy, as with liquor.
Ben
adv. & prep.
• Within; in; in or into the interior; toward the inner apartment.
n.
• The inner or principal room in a hut or house of two rooms; — opposed to but, the outer apartment.
• An old form of the pl. indic. pr. of Be.
Bename
v. t.
• To promise; to name.
Bench
n.
• A long seat, differing from a stool in its greater length.
• A long table at which mechanics and other work; as, a carpenter's bench.
• The seat where judges sit in court.
• The persons who sit as judges; the court; as, the opinion of the full bench.
• A collection or group of dogs exhibited to the public; — so named because the animals are usually placed on benches or raised platforms.
• A conformation like a bench; a long stretch of flat ground, or a kind of natural terrace, near a lake or river.
v. t.
• To furnish with benches.
• To place on a bench or seat of honor.
v. i.
• To sit on a seat of justice.
Bencher
n.
(Eng. Law) One of the senior and governing members of an Inn of Court.
• An alderman of a corporation.
• A member of a court or council.
• One who frequents the benches of a tavern; an idler.
Bend
v. t.
• To strain or move out of a straight line; to crook by straining; to make crooked; to curve; to make ready for use by drawing into a curve; as, to bend a bow; to bend the knee.
• To turn toward some certain point; to direct; to incline.
• To apply closely or with interest; to direct.
• To cause to yield; to render submissive; to subdue.
(Naut.) To fasten, as one rope to another, or as a sail to its yard or stay; or as a cable to the ring of an anchor.
v. i.
• To be moved or strained out of a straight line; to crook or be curving; to bow.
• To jut over; to overhang.
• To be inclined; to be directed.
• To bow in prayer, or in token of submission.
n.
• A turn or deflection from a straight line or from the proper direction or normal position; a curve; a crook; as, a slight bend of the body; a bend in a road.
• Turn; purpose; inclination; ends.
(Naut.) A knot by which one rope is fastened to another or to an anchor, spar, or post.
(Leather Trade) The best quality of sole leather; a butt.
(Mining) Hard, indurated clay; bind.
n.
• A band.
(Her.) One of the honorable ordinaries, containing a third or a fifth part of the field. It crosses the field diagonally from the dexter chief to the sinister base.
Bendable
a.
• Capable of being bent.
Bender
n.
• One who, or that which, bends.
• An instrument used for bending.
• A drunken spree.
• A sixpence.
Bending
n.
• The marking of the clothes with stripes or horizontal bands.
Bendlet
n.
(Her.) A narrow bend, esp. one half the width of the bend.
Bendwise
adv.
(Her.) Diagonally.
Bendy
a.
(Her.) Divided into an even number of bends; — said of a shield or its charge.
Bene
n.
• A prayer; boon.
Beneath
prep.
• Lower in place, with something directly over or on; under; underneath; hence, at the foot of.
• Under, in relation to something that is superior, or that oppresses or burdens.
• Lower in rank, dignity, or excellence than; as, brutes are beneath man; man is beneath angels in the scale of beings. Hence: Unworthy of; unbecoming.
adv.
• In a lower place; underneath.
• Below, as opposed to heaven, or to any superior region or position; as, in earth beneath.
Benedicite
n.
• A canticle (the Latin version of which begins with this word) which may be used in the order for morning prayer in the Church of England. It is taken from an apocryphal addition to the third chapter of Daniel.
interj.
• An exclamation corresponding to Bless you !.
Benedict
a.
• Having mild and salubrious qualities.
Benedictine
a.
• Pertaining to the monks of St. Benedict, or St. Benet.
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a famous order of monks, established by St. Benedict of Nursia in the sixth century. This order was introduced into the United States in 1846.
Benediction
n.
• The act of blessing.
• A blessing; an expression of blessing, prayer, or kind wishes in favor of any person or thing; a solemn or affectionate invocation of happiness.
• The short prayer which closes public worship; as, to give the benediction.
(Eccl.) The form of instituting an abbot, answering to the consecration of a bishop.
(R. C. Ch.) A solemn rite by which bells, banners, candles, etc., are blessed with holy water, and formally dedicated to God.
Benedictional
n.
• A book of benedictions.
Benedictionary
n.
• A collected series of benedictions.
Benedictive
a.
• Tending to bless.
Benedictory
a.
• Expressing wishes for good; as, a benedictory prayer.
Benedictus
n.
• The song of Zacharias at the birth of John the Baptist (Luke i. 68); — so named from the first word of the Latin version.
Benedight
a.
• Blessed.
Benefaction
n.
• The act of conferring a benefit.
• A benefit conferred; esp. a charitable donation.
Benefactor
n.
• One who confers a benefit or benefits.
Benefactress
n.
• A woman who confers a benefit.
Benefic
a.
• Favorable; beneficent.
Benefice
n.
• A favor or benefit.
(Feudal Law) An estate in lands; a fief.
• An ecclesiastical living and church preferment, as in the Church of England; a church endowed with a revenue for the maintenance of divine service.
v. t.
• To endow with a benefice.
Beneficed
a.
• Possessed of a benefice o church preferment.
Beneficeless
a.
• Having no benefice.
Beneficence
n.
• The practice of doing good; active goodness, kindness, or charity; bounty springing from purity and goodness.
Beneficent
• , a. Doing or producing good; performing acts of kindness and charity; characterized by beneficence.
Beneficential
a.
• Relating to beneficence.
Beneficently
adv.
• In a beneficent manner; with beneficence.
Beneficial
a.
• Conferring benefits; useful; profitable; helpful; advantageous; serviceable; contributing to a valuable end; — followed by to.
(Law) Receiving, or entitled to have or receive, advantage, use, or benefit; as, the beneficial owner of an estate.
• King.
Beneficially
adv.
• In a beneficial or advantageous manner; profitably; helpfully.
Beneficialness
n.
• The quality of being beneficial; profitableness.
Beneficiary
a.
• Holding some office or valuable possession, in subordination to another; holding under a feudal or other superior; having a dependent and secondary possession.
• Bestowed as a gratuity; as, beneficiary gifts.
n.
• A feudatory or vassal; hence, one who holds a benefice and uses its proceeds.
• One who receives anything as a gift; one who receives a benefit or advantage; esp. one who receives help or income from an educational fund or a trust estate.
Beneficiate
v. t.
(Mining) To reduce (ores).
Beneficient
a.
• Beneficent.
Benefit
n.
• An act of kindness; a favor conferred.
• Whatever promotes prosperity and personal happiness, or adds value to property; advantage; profit.
• A theatrical performance, a concert, or the like, the proceeds of which do not go to the lessee of the theater or to the company, but to some individual actor, or to some charitable use.
• Beneficence; liberality.
• Natural advantaged; endowments; accomplishments.
v. t.
• To be beneficial to; to do good to; to advantage; to advance in health or prosperity; to be useful to; to profit.
v. i.
• To gain advantage; to make improvement; to profit; as, he will benefit by the change.
Benefiter
n.
• One who confers a benefit; — also, one who receives a benefit.
Beneme
v. t.
• To deprive (of), or take away (from).
Benempt
p. p.
• of Bename. 1. Promised; vowed.
• Named; styled.
Benet
v. t.
• To catch in a net; to insnare.
Benevolence
n.
• The disposition to do good; good will; charitableness; love of mankind, accompanied with a desire to promote their happiness.
• An act of kindness; good done; charity given.
• A species of compulsory contribution or tax, which has sometimes been illegally exacted by arbitrary kings of England, and falsely represented as a gratuity.
Benevolent
a.
• Having a disposition to do good; possessing or manifesting love to mankind, and a desire to promote their prosperity and happiness; disposed to give to good objects; kind; charitable.
Benevolous
a.
• Kind; benevolent.
Bengal
n.
• A province in India, giving its name to various stuffs, animals, etc.
• A thin stuff, made of silk and hair, originally brought from Bengal.
• Striped gingham, originally brought from Bengal; Bengal stripes.
Bengalese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Bengal.
n. sing. & pl
Bengola
n.
• A Bengal light.
Benight
v. t.
• To involve in darkness; to shroud with the shades of night; to obscure.
• To overtake with night or darkness, especially before the end of a day's journey or task.
• To involve in moral darkness, or ignorance; to debar from intellectual light.
Benightment
n.
• The condition of being benighted.
Benign
a.
• Of a kind or gentle disposition; gracious; generous; favorable; benignant.
• Exhibiting or manifesting kindness, gentleness, favor, etc.; mild; kindly; salutary; wholesome.
• Of a mild type or character; as, a benign disease.
Benignancy
n.
• Benignant quality; kindliness.
Benignant
a.
• Kind; gracious; favorable.
Benignity
n.
• The quality of being benign; goodness; kindness; graciousness.
• Mildness; gentleness.
• Salubrity; wholesome quality.
Benignly
adv.
• In a benign manner.
Benim
v. t.
• To take away.
Benison
n.
• Blessing; beatitude; benediction.
Benitier
n.
(R. C. Ch.) A holy-water stoup.
Benjamin
n.
• A kind of upper coat for men.
Benjamite
n.
• A descendant of Benjamin; one of the tribe of Benjamin.
Benne
n.
(Bot.) The name of two plants (Sesamum orientale and S. indicum), originally Asiatic; — also called oil plant. From their seeds an oil is expressed, called benne oil, used mostly for making soap. In the southern United States the seeds are used in candy.
Bennet
n.
(Bot.) The common yellow-flowered avens of Europe (Geum urbanum); herb bennet. The name is sometimes given to other plants, as the hemlock, valerian, etc.
Bent
• imp. & p. p. of Bend.
a. & p. p.
• Changed by pressure so as to be no longer straight; crooked; as, a bent pin; a bent lever.
• Strongly inclined toward something, so as to be resolved, determined, set, etc.; — said of the mind, character, disposition, desires, etc., and used with on; as, to be bent on going to college; he is bent on mischief.
n.
• The state of being curved, crooked, or inclined from a straight line; flexure; curvity; as, the bent of a bow.
• A declivity or slope, as of a hill.
• A leaning or bias; proclivity; tendency of mind; inclination; disposition; purpose; aim.
• Particular direction or tendency; flexion; course.
(Carp.) A transverse frame of a framed structure.
• Tension; force of acting; energy; impetus.
n.
• A reedlike grass; a stalk of stiff, coarse grass.
(Bot.) A grass of the genus Agrostis, esp. Agrostis vulgaris, or redtop. The name is also used of many other grasses, esp. in America.
• Any neglected field or broken ground; a common; a moor.
Benthal
a.
• Relating to the deepest zone or region of the ocean.
Benthamic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Bentham or Benthamism.
Benthamism
n.
• That phase of the doctrine of utilitarianism taught by Jeremy Bentham; the doctrine that the morality of actions is estimated and determined by their utility; also, the theory that the sensibility to pleasure and the recoil from pain are the only motives which influence human desires and actions, and that these are the sufficient explanation of ethical and jural conceptions.
Benthamite
n.
• One who believes in Benthamism.
Benty
a.
• A bounding in bents, or the stalks of coarse, stiff, withered grass; as, benty fields.
• Resembling bent.
Benumb
v. t.
• To make torpid; to deprive of sensation or sensibility; to stupefy; as, a hand or foot benumbed by cold.
Benumbed
a.
• Made torpid; numbed; stupefied; deadened; as, a benumbed body and mind.
Benumbment
n.
• Act of benumbing, or state of being benumbed; torpor.
Benzal
n.
(Chem.) A transparent crystalline substance, C6H5.CO. NH2, obtained by the action of ammonia upon chloride of benzoyl, as also by several other reactions with benzoyl compounds.
Benzamide
n.
(Chem.) A transparent crystalline substance, C6H5.CO.NH2, obtained by the action of ammonia upon chloride of benzoyl, as also by several other reactions with benzoyl compounds.
Benzene
n.
(Chem.) A volatile, very inflammable liquid, C6H6, contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied also to the impure commercial product or benzole, and also, but rarely, to a similar mixed product of petroleum.
Benzile
n.
(Chem.) A yellowish crystalline substance, C6H5.CO.CO.C6H5, formed from benzoin by the action of oxidizing agents, and consisting of a doubled benzoyl radical.
Benzine
n.
(Chem.) A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; — called also petroleum spirit, petroleum benzine. Varieties or similar products are gasoline, naphtha, rhigolene, ligroin, etc.
• Same as Benzene.
Benzoate
n.
(Chem.) A salt formed by the union of benzoic acid with any salifiable base.
Benzoic
a.
• Pertaining to, or obtained from, benzoin.
Benzoin
n.
• A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the Styrax benzoin, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume.
• A white crystalline substance, C14H12O2, obtained from benzoic aldehyde and some other sources.
(Bot.) The spicebush (Lindera benzoin).
Benzoinated
a.
(Med.) Containing or impregnated with benzoin; as, benzoinated lard.
Benzoline
n.
(Chem.) Same as Benzole.
• Same as Amarine.
Benzoyl
n.
(Chem.) A compound radical, C6H5.CO; the base of benzoic acid, of the oil of bitter almonds, and of an extensive series of compounds.
Benzyl
n.
(Chem.) A compound radical, C6H5.CH2, related to toluene and benzoic acid; — commonly used adjectively.
Bepaint
v. t.
• To paint; to cover or color with, or as with, paint.
Bepelt
v. t.
• To pelt roundly.
Bepinch
v. t.
• To pinch, or mark with pinches.
Beplaster
v. t.
• To plaster over; to cover or smear thickly; to bedaub.
Beplumed
a.
• Decked with feathers.
Bepommel
v. t.
• To pommel; to beat, as with a stick; figuratively, to assail or criticise in conversation, or in writing.
Bepowder
v. t.
• To sprinkle or cover with powder; to powder.
Bepraise
v. t.
• To praise greatly or extravagantly.
Beprose
v. t.
• To reduce to prose.
Bepuffed
a.
• Puffed; praised.
Bepurple
v. t.
• To tinge or dye with a purple color.
Bequeath
v. t.
• To give or leave by will; to give by testament; — said especially of personal property.
• To hand down; to transmit.
• To give; to offer; to commit.
Bequeathable
a.
• Capable of being bequeathed.
Bequeathal
n.
• The act of bequeathing; bequeathment; bequest.
Bequeathment
n.
• The act of bequeathing, or the state of being bequeathed; a bequest.
Bequest
n.
• The act of bequeathing or leaving by will; as, a bequest of property by A. to B.
• That which is left by will, esp. personal property; a legacy; also, a gift.
v. t.
• To bequeath, or leave as a legacy.
Bequethen
• old p. p. of Bequeath.
Bequote
v. t.
• To quote constantly or with great frequency.
Berain
v. t.
• To rain upon; to wet with rain.
Berate
v. t.
• To rate or chide vehemently; to scold. Holland. Motley.
Berattle
v. t.
• To make rattle; to scold vociferously; to cry down.
Beray
v.t.
• TO make foul; to soil; to defile.
Berbe
n.
(Zool.) An African genet (Genetta pardina).
Berber
n.
• A member of a race somewhat resembling the Arabs, but often classed as Hamitic, who were formerly the inhabitants of the whole of North Africa from the Mediterranean southward into the Sahara, and who still occupy a large part of that region; — called also Kabyles. Also, the language spoken by this people.
Berberine
n.
(Chem.) An alkaloid obtained, as a bitter, yellow substance, from the root of the barberry, gold thread, and other plants.
Berdash
n.
• A kind of neckcloth.
Bere
v. t.
• To pierce.
Bereave
v. t.
• To make destitute; to deprive; to strip; — with of before the person or thing taken away.
• To take away from.
• To take away.
Bereavement
n.
• The state of being bereaved; deprivation; esp., the loss of a relative by death.
Bereaver
n.
• One who bereaves.
Bereft
imp. & p. p.
• of Bereave.
Beretta
n.
• Same as Berretta.
Berg
n.
• A large mass or hill, as of ice.
Bergamot
n.
(Bot.) A tree of the Orange family (Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit. (b) A variety of mint (Mentha aquatica, &var;. glabrata).
• The essence or perfume made from the fruit.
• A variety of pear.
• A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.
• A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair; — said to have been invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit.
Bergander
n.
(Zool.) A European duck (Anas tadorna).
Bergeret
n.
• A pastoral song.
Bergh
n.
• A hill.
Bergmeal
n.
(Min.) An earthy substance, resembling fine flour. It is composed of the shells of infusoria, and in Lapland and Sweden is sometimes eaten, mixed with flour or ground birch bark, in times of scarcity. This name is also given to a white powdery variety of calcite.
Bergomask
n.
• A rustic dance, so called in ridicule of the people of Bergamo, in Italy, once noted for their clownishness.
Bergylt
n.
(Zool.) The Norway haddock.
Berhyme
v. t.
• To mention in rhyme or verse; to rhyme about.
Beriberi
n.
• An acute disease occurring in India, characterized by multiple inflammatory changes in the nerves, producing great muscular debility, a painful rigidity of the limbs, and cachexy.
Berime
v. t.
• To berhyme.
Berkeleian
• ,a.Of or relating to Bishop Berkeley or his system of idealism; as, Berkeleian philosophy.
Berlin
n.
• A four-wheeled carriage, having a sheltered seat behind the body and separate from it, invented in the 17th century, at Berlin.
• Fine worsted for fancy-work; zephyr worsted; — called also Berlin wool.
Bernardine
a.
• Of or pertaining to St. Bernard of Clairvaux, or to the Cistercian monks.
n.
• A Cistercian monk.
Bernese
a.
• Pertaining to the city o canton of Bern, in Switzerland, or to its inhabitants.
n. sing. & pl.
• A native or natives of Bern.
Bernicle
n.
• A bernicle goose.
Bernouse
n.
• Some as Burnoose.
Berob
v. t.
• To rob; to plunder.
Beroe
n.
(Zool.) A small, oval, transparent jellyfish, belonging to the Ctenophora.
Berretta
n.
• A square cap worn by ecclesiastics of the Roman Catholic Church. A cardinal's berretta is scarlet; that worn by other clerics is black, except that a bishop's is lined with green.
Berried
a.
• Furnished with berries; consisting of a berry; baccate; as, a berried shrub.
Berry
n.
• Any small fleshy fruit, as the strawberry, mulberry, huckleberry, etc.
(Bot.) A small fruit that is pulpy or succulent throughout, having seeds loosely imbedded in the pulp, as the currant, grape, blueberry.
• The coffee bean.
• One of the ova or eggs of a fish.
v. i.
• To bear or produce berries.
n.
• A mound; a hillock.
Berrying
n.
• A seeking for or gathering of berries, esp. of such as grow wild.
Berth
n.
(Naut.) Convenient sea room.
• A room in which a number of the officers or ship's company mess and reside.
• The place where a ship lies when she is at anchor, or at a wharf.
• An allotted place; an appointment; situation or employment.
• A place in a ship to sleep in; a long box or shelf on the side of a cabin or stateroom, or of a railway car, for sleeping in.
v. t.
• To give an anchorage to, or a place to lie at; to place in a berth; as, she was berthed stem to stern with the Adelaide.
• To allot or furnish berths to, on shipboard; as, to berth a ship's company.
Bertha
n.
• A kind of collar or cape worn by ladies.
Berthage
n.
• A place for mooring vessels in a dock or harbor.
Berthierite
n.
(Min.) A double sulphide of antimony and iron, of a dark steel-gray color.
Berthing
n.
(Naut.) The planking outside of a vessel, above the sheer strake.
Bertram
n.
(Bot.) Pellitory of Spain (Anacyclus pyrethrum).
Berycoid
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Berycidae, a family of marine fishes.
Beryl
n.
(Min.) A mineral of great hardness, and, when transparent, of much beauty. It occurs in hexagonal prisms, commonly of a green or bluish green color, but also yellow, pink, and white. It is a silicate of aluminium and glucinum (beryllium). The aquamarine is a transparent, sea-green variety used as a gem. The emerald is another variety highly prized in jewelry, and distinguished by its deep color, which is probably due to the presence of a little oxide of chromium.
Berylline
a.
• Like a beryl; of a light or bluish green color.
Beryllium
n.
(Chem.) A metallic element found in the beryl.
Berylloid
n.
(Crystallog.) A solid consisting of a double twelve-sided pyramid; — so called because the planes of this form occur on crystals of beryl.
Besaint
v. t.
• To make a saint of.
Bescatter
v. t.
• To scatter over.
• To cover sparsely by scattering (something); to strew.
Bescorn
v. t.
• To treat with scorn.
Bescratch
v. t.
• To tear with the nails; to cover with scratches.
Bescrawl
v. t.
• To cover with scrawls; to scribble over.
Bescreen
v. t.
• To cover with a screen, or as with a screen; to shelter; to conceal.
Bescribble
v. t.
• To scribble over.
Besee
v. t. & i.
• To see; to look; to mind.
Beseech
v. t.
• To ask or entreat with urgency; to supplicate; to implore.
n.
• Solicitation; supplication.
Beseecher
n.
• One who beseeches.
Beseeching
a.
• Entreating urgently; imploring; as, a beseeching look.
Beseechment
n.
• The act of beseeching or entreating earnestly.
Beseek
v. t.
• To beseech.
Beseem
v. t.
• Literally: To appear or seem (well, ill, best, etc.) for (one) to do or to have. Hence: To be fit, suitable, or proper for, or worthy of; to become; to befit.
v. i.
• To seem; to appear; to be fitting.
Beseeming
n.
• Appearance; look; garb.
• Comeliness.
a.
• Becoming; suitable.
Beseemly
a.
• Fit; suitable; becoming.
Beseen
a.
• Seen; appearing.
• Decked or adorned; clad.
• Accomplished; versed.
Beset
v. t.
• To set or stud (anything) with ornaments or prominent objects.
• To hem in; to waylay; to surround; to besiege; to blockade.
• To set upon on all sides; to perplex; to harass; — said of dangers, obstacles, etc.
• To occupy; to employ; to use up.
Besetment
n.
• The act of besetting, or the state of being beset; also, that which besets one, as a sin.
Besetter
n.
• One who, or that which, besets.
Besetting
a.
• Habitually attacking, harassing, or pressing upon or about; as, a besetting sin.
Beshine
v. t.
• To shine upon; to ullumine.
Beshow
n.
(Zool.) A large food fish (Anoplopoma fimbria) of the north Pacific coast; — called also candlefish.
Beshrew
v. t.
• To curse; to execrate.
Beshroud
v. t.
• To cover with, or as with, a shroud; to screen.
Beshut
v. t.
• To shut up or out.
Beside
prep.
• At the side of; on one side of.
• Aside from; out of the regular course or order of; in a state of deviation from; out of.
• Over and above; distinct from; in addition to.
Besides
prep.
• Over and above; separate or distinct from; in addition to; other than; else than.
Besiege
v. t.
• To beset or surround with armed forces, for the purpose of compelling to surrender; to lay siege to; to beleaguer; to beset.
Besiegement
n.
• The act of besieging, or the state of being besieged.
Besieger
n.
• One who besieges; — opposed to the besieged.
Besieging
a.
• That besieges; laying siege to.
Besit
v. t.
• To suit; to fit; to become.
Beslabber
v. t.
• To beslobber.
Beslave
v. t.
• To enslave.
Beslaver
v. t.
• To defile with slaver; to beslobber.
Beslime
v. t.
• To daub with slime; to soil.
Beslobber
v. t.
• To slobber on; to smear with spittle running from the mouth. Also Fig.: as, to beslobber with praise.
Beslubber
v. t.
• To beslobber.
Besmear
v. t.
• To smear with any viscous, glutinous matter; to bedaub; to soil.
Besmearer
n.
• One that besmears.
Besmirch
v. t.
• To smirch or soil; to discolor; to obscure. Hence: To dishonor; to sully.
Besmoke
v. t.
• To foul with smoke.
• To harden or dry in smoke.
Besmut
v. t.
• To blacken with smut; to foul with soot.
Besnow
v. t.
• To scatter like snow; to cover thick, as with snow flakes.
• To cover with snow; to whiten with snow, or as with snow.
Besnuff
v. t.
• To befoul with snuff.
Besogne
n.
• A worthless fellow; a bezonian.
Besom
n.
• A brush of twigs for sweeping; a broom; anything which sweeps away or destroys.
v. t.
• To sweep, as with a besom.
Besomer
n.
• One who uses a besom.
Besort
v. t.
• To assort or be congruous with; to fit, or become.
n.
• Befitting associates or attendants.
Besot
v. t.
• To make sottish; to make dull or stupid; to stupefy; to infatuate.
Besotted
a.
• Made sottish, senseless, or infatuated; characterized by drunken stupidity, or by infatuation; stupefied.
Besottingly
adv.
• In a besotting manner.
Besought
p. p.
• of Beseech.
Bespangle
v. t.
• To adorn with spangles; to dot or sprinkle with something brilliant or glittering.
Bespatter
v. t.
• To soil by spattering; to sprinkle, esp. with dirty water, mud, or anything which will leave foul spots or stains.
• To asperse with calumny or reproach.
Bespawl
v. t.
• To daub, soil, or make foul with spawl or spittle.
Bespeak
v. t.
• To speak or arrange for beforehand; to order or engage against a future time; as, to bespeak goods, a right, or a favor.
• To show beforehand; to foretell; to indicate.
• To betoken; to show; to indicate by external marks or appearances.
• To speak to; to address.
v. i.
• To speak.
n.
• A bespeaking. Among actors, a benefit (when a particular play is bespoken.)
Bespeaker
n.
• One who bespeaks.
Bespeckle
v. t.
• To mark with speckles or spots.
Bespew
v. t.
• To soil or daub with spew; to vomit on.
Bespice
v. t.
• To season with spice, or with some spicy drug.
Bespirt
v. t.
• Same as Bespurt.
Bespit
v. t.
• To daub or soil with spittle.
Bespoke
• imp. & p. p. of Bespeak.
Bespot
v. t.
• To mark with spots, or as with spots.
Bespread
v. t.
• To spread or cover over.
Besprent
p. p.
• Sprinkled over; strewed.
Besprinkle
v. t.
• To sprinkle over; to scatter over.
Besprinkler
n.
• One who, or that which, besprinkles.
Besprinkling
n.
• The act of sprinkling anything; a sprinkling over.
Bespurt
v. t.
• To spurt on or over; to asperse.
Best
a.
• Having good qualities in the highest degree; most good, kind, desirable, suitable, etc.; most excellent; as, the best man; the best road; the best cloth; the best abilities.
• Most advanced; most correct or complete; as, the best scholar; the best view of a subject.
• Most; largest; as, the best part of a week.
n.
• Utmost; highest endeavor or state; most nearly perfect thing, or being, or action; as, to do one's best; to the best of our ability.
adv.
superl.
• In the highest degree; beyond all others.
• To the most advantage; with the most success, case, profit, benefit, or propriety.
• Most intimately; most thoroughly or correctly; as, what is expedient is best known to himself.
v. t.
• To get the better of.
Bestad
imp. & p. p.
• Beset; put in peril.
Bestain
v. t.
• To stain.
Bestar
v. t.
• To sprinkle with, or as with, stars; to decorate with, or as with, stars; to bestud.
Bestead
v. t.
• To put in a certain situation or condition; to circumstance; to place.
• To put in peril; to beset.
• To serve; to assist; to profit; to avail.
Bestial
a.
• Belonging to a beast, or to the class of beasts.
• Having the qualities of a beast; brutal; below the dignity of reason or humanity; irrational; carnal; beastly; sensual.
n.
• A domestic animal; also collectively, cattle; as, other kinds of bestial.
Bestiality
n.
• The state or quality of being bestial.
• Unnatural connection with a beast.
Bestialize
v. t.
• To make bestial, or like a beast; to degrade; to brutalize.
Bestially
adv.
• In a bestial manner.
Bestick
v. t.
• To stick over, as with sharp points pressed in; to mark by infixing points or spots here and there; to pierce.
Bestill
v. t.
• To make still.
Bestir
v. t.
• To put into brisk or vigorous action; to move with life and vigor; — usually with the reciprocal pronoun.
Bestorm
v. i. & t.
• To storm.
Bestow
v. t.
• To lay up in store; to deposit for safe keeping; to stow; to place; to put.
• To use; to apply; to devote, as time or strength in some occupation.
• To expend, as money.
• To give or confer; to impart; — with on or upon.
• To give in marriage.
• To demean; to conduct; to behave; — followed by a reflexive pronoun.
Bestowal
n.
• The act of bestowing; disposal.
Bestower
n.
• One that bestows.
Bestowment
n.
• The act of giving or bestowing; a conferring or bestowal.
• That which is given or bestowed.
Bestraddle
v. t.
• To bestride.
Bestraught
a.
• Out of one's senses; distracted; mad.
Bestreak
v. t.
• To streak.
Bestrew
v. t.
• To strew or scatter over; to besprinkle.
Bestride
v. t.
• To stand or sit with anything between the legs, or with the legs astride; to stand over
• To step over; to stride over or across; as, to bestride a threshold.
Bestrode
• imp. & p. p. of Bestride.
Bestrown
• p. p. of Bestrew.
Bestuck
• imp. & p. p. Bestick.
Bestud
v. t.
• To set or adorn, as with studs or bosses; to set thickly; to stud; as, to bestud with stars.
Beswike
v. t.
• To lure; to cheat.
Bet
n.
• That which is laid, staked, or pledged, as between two parties, upon the event of a contest or any contingent issue; the act of giving such a pledge; a wager.
v. t.
• To stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; to wager.
• imp. & p. p. of Beat.
a. & adv.
• An early form of Better.
Betaine
n.
(Chem.) A nitrogenous base, C5H11NO2, produced artificially, and also occurring naturally in beetroot molasses and its residues, from which it is extracted as a white crystalline substance; — called also lycine and oxyneurine. It has a sweetish taste.
Betake
v. t.
• To take or seize.
• To have recourse to; to apply; to resort; to go; — with a reflexive pronoun.
• To commend or intrust to; to commit to.
Betaught
a.
• Delivered; committed in trust.
Beteela
n.
• An East India muslin, formerly used for cravats, veils, etc.
Beteem
v. t.
• To give ; to bestow; to grant; to accord; to consent.
• To allow; to permit; to suffer.
Betel
n.
(Bot.) A species of pepper (Piper betle), the leaves of which are chewed, with the areca or betel nut and a little shell lime, by the inhabitants of the East Indies. I is a woody climber with ovate manynerved leaves.
Betelguese
n.
(Astron.) A bright star of the first magnitude, near one shoulder of Orion.
Bethel
n.
• A place of worship; a hallowed spot.
• A chapel for dissenters.
• A house of worship for seamen.
Bethink
v. t.
• To call to mind; to recall or bring to recollection, reflection, or consideration; to think; to consider; — generally followed by a reflexive pronoun, often with of or that before the subject of thought.
v. i.
• To think; to recollect; to consider.
Bethlehem
n.
• A hospital for lunatics; — corrupted into bedlam.
(Arch.) In the Ethiopic church, a small building attached to a church edifice, in which the bread for the eucharist is made.
Bethought
• imp. & p. p. of Bethink.
Bethrall
v. t.
• To reduce to thralldom; to inthrall.
Bethumb
v. t.
• To handle; to wear or soil by handling; as books.
Bethump
v. t.
• To beat or thump soundly.
Betide
v. t.
• To happen to; to befall; to come to ; as, woe betide the wanderer.
v. i.
• To come to pass; to happen; to occur.
Betitle
v. t.
• To furnish with a title or titles; to entitle.
Betoken
v. t.
• To signify by some visible object; to show by signs or tokens.
• To foreshow by present signs; to indicate something future by that which is seen or known; as, a dark cloud often betokens a storm.
Beton
n.
(Masonry) The French name for concrete; hence, concrete made after the French fashion.
Betongue
v. t.
• To attack with the tongue; to abuse; to insult.
Betony
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Betonica (Linn.).
Betook
imp.
• of Betake.
Betorn
a.
• Torn in pieces; tattered.
Betoss
v. t.
• To put in violent motion; to agitate; to disturb; to toss.
Betrap
v. t.
• To draw into, or catch in, a trap; to insnare; to circumvent.
• To put trappings on; to clothe; to deck.
Betray
v. t.
• To deliver into the hands of an enemy by treachery or fraud, in violation of trust; to give up treacherously or faithlessly; as, an officer betrayed the city.
• To prove faithless or treacherous to, as to a trust or one who trusts; to be false to; to deceive; as, to betray a person or a cause.
• To violate the confidence of, by disclosing a secret, or that which one is bound in honor not to make known.
• To disclose or discover, as something which prudence would conceal; to reveal unintentionally.
• To mislead; to expose to inconvenience not foreseen to lead into error or sin.
• To lead astray, as a maiden; to seduce (as under promise of marriage) and then abandon.
• To show or to indicate; — said of what is not obvious at first, or would otherwise be concealed.
Betrayal
n.
• The act or the result of betraying.
Betrayer
n.
• One who, or that which, betrays.
Betrayment
n.
• Betrayal.
Betrim
v. t.
• To set in order; to adorn; to deck, to embellish; to trim.
Betroth
v. t.
• To contract to any one for a marriage; to engage or promise in order to marriage; to affiance; — used esp. of a woman.
• To promise to take (as a future spouse); to plight one's troth to.
• To nominate to a bishopric, in order to consecration.
Betrothal
n.
• The act of betrothing, or the fact of being betrothed; a mutual promise, engagement, or contract for a future marriage between the persons betrothed; betrothment; affiance.
Betrothment
n.
• The act of betrothing, or the state of being betrothed; betrothal.
Betrust
v. t.
• To trust or intrust.
Betrustment
n.
• The act of intrusting, or the thing intrusted.
Betso
n.
• A small brass Venetian coin.
Better
a.
• Having good qualities in a greater degree than another; as, a better man; a better physician; a better house; a better air.
• Preferable in regard to rank, value, use, fitness, acceptableness, safety, or in any other respect.
• Greater in amount; larger; more.
• Improved in health; less affected with disease; as, the patient is better.
• More advanced; more perfect; as, upon better acquaintance; a better knowledge of the subject.
n.
• Advantage, superiority, or victory; — usually with of; as, to get the better of an enemy.
• One who has a claim to precedence; a superior, as in merit, social standing, etc.; — usually in the plural.
adv.
compar.
• In a superior or more excellent manner; with more skill and wisdom, courage, virtue, advantage, or success; as, Henry writes better than John; veterans fight better than recruits.
• More correctly or thoroughly.
• In a higher or greater degree; more; as, to love one better than another.
• More, in reference to value, distance, time, etc.; as, ten miles and better.
v. t.
• To improve or ameliorate; to increase the good qualities of.
• To improve the condition of, morally, physically, financially, socially, or otherwise.
• To surpass in excellence; to exceed; to excel.
• To give advantage to; to support; to advance the interest of.
v. i.
• To become better; to improve.
n.
• One who bets or lays a wager.
Betterment
n.
• A making better; amendment; improvement.
(Law) An improvement of an estate which renders it better than mere repairing would do; — generally used in the plural.
Bettermost
a.
• Best.
Betterness
n.
• The quality of being better or superior; superiority.
• The difference by which fine gold or silver exceeds in fineness the standard.
Bettong
n.
(Zool.) A small, leaping Australian marsupial of the genus Bettongia; the jerboa kangaroo.
Bettor
n.
• One who bets; a better.
Betty
n.
• A short bar used by thieves to wrench doors open.
• A name of contempt given to a man who interferes with the duties of women in a household, or who occupies himself with womanish matters.
• A pear-shaped bottle covered round with straw, in which olive oil is sometimes brought from Italy; — called by chemists a Florence flask.
Betulin
n.
(Chem.) A substance of a resinous nature, obtained from the outer bark of the common European birch (Betula alba), or from the tar prepared therefrom; — called also birch camphor.
Betumble
v. t.
• To throw into disorder; to tumble.
Betutor
v. t.
• To tutor; to instruct.
Between
prep.
• In the space which separates; betwixt; as, New York is between Boston and Philadelphia.
• Used in expressing motion from one body or place to another; from one to another of two.
• Belonging in common to two; shared by both.
• Belonging to, or participated in by, two, and involving reciprocal action or affecting their mutual relation; as, opposition between science and religion.
• With relation to two, as involved in an act or attribute of which another is the agent or subject; as, to judge between or to choose between courses; to distinguish between you and me; to mediate between nations.
• In intermediate relation to, in respect to time, quantity, or degree; as, between nine and ten o'clock.
n.
• Intermediate time or space; interval.
Betwixt
prep.
• In the space which separates; between.
• From one to another of; mutually affecting.
Beurre
n.
(Bot.) A beurre (or buttery) pear, one with the me soft and melting; — used with a distinguishing word; as, Beurre d'Anjou; Beurre Clairgeau.
Bevel
n.
• Any angle other than a right angle; the angle which one surface makes with another when they are not at right angles; the slant or inclination of such surface; as, to give a bevel to the edge of a table or a stone slab; the bevel of a piece of timber.
• An instrument consisting of two rules or arms, jointed together at one end, and opening to any angle, for adjusting the surfaces of work to the same or a given inclination; — called also a bevel square.
a.
• Having the slant of a bevel; slanting.
• Hence: Morally distorted; not upright.
v. t.
• To cut to a bevel angle; to slope the edge or surface of.
v. i.
• To deviate or incline from an angle of 90, as a surface; to slant.
Bevelment
n.
(Min.) The replacement of an edge by two similar planes, equally inclined to the including faces or adjacent planes.
Bever
n.
• A light repast between meals; a lunch.
v. i.
• To take a light repast between meals.
Beverage
n.
• Liquid for drinking; drink; — usually applied to drink artificially prepared and of an agreeable flavor; as, an intoxicating beverage.
• Specifically, a name applied to various kinds of drink.
• A treat, or drink money.
Bevile
n.
(Her.) A chief broken or opening like a carpenter's bevel.
Bevy
n.
• A company; an assembly or collection of persons, especially of ladies.
• A flock of birds, especially quails or larks; also, a herd of roes.
Bewail
v. t.
• To express deep sorrow for, as by wailing; to lament; to wail over.
v. i.
• To express grief; to lament.
Bewailable
a.
• Such as may, or ought to, be bewailed; lamentable.
Bewailer
n.
• One who bewails or laments.
Bewailing
a.
• Wailing over; lamenting.
Bewailment
n.
• The act of bewailing.
Bewake
v. t. & i.
• To keep watch over; to keep awake.
Beware
v. i.
• To be on one's guard; to be cautious; to take care; — commonly followed by of or lest before the thing that is to be avoided.
• To have a special regard; to heed.
v. t.
• To avoid; to take care of; to have a care for.
Bewash
v. t.
• To drench or souse with water.
Beweep
v. t.
• To weep over; to deplore; to bedew with tears.
v. i.
• To weep.
Bewet
v. t.
• To wet or moisten.
Bewhore
v. t.
• To corrupt with regard to chastity; to make a whore of.
• To pronounce or characterize as a whore.
Bewig
v. t.
• To cover (the head) with a wig.
Bewilder
v. t.
• To lead into perplexity or confusion, as for want of a plain path; to perplex with mazes; or in general, to perplex or confuse greatly.
Bewildered
a.
• Greatly perplexed; as, a bewildered mind.
Bewilderedness
n.
• The state of being bewildered; bewilderment.
Bewildering
a.
• Causing bewilderment or great perplexity; as, bewildering difficulties.
Bewilderment
n.
• The state of being bewildered.
• A bewildering tangle or confusion.
Bewinter
v. t.
• To make wintry.
Bewit
n.
• A double slip of leather by which bells are fastened to a hawk's legs.
Bewitch
v. t.
• To gain an ascendency over by charms or incantations; to affect (esp. to injure) by witchcraft or sorcery.
• To charm; to fascinate; to please to such a degree as to take away the power of resistance; to enchant.
Bewitchedness
n.
• The state of being bewitched.
Bewitcher
n.
• One who bewitches.
Bewitchery
n.
• The power of bewitching or fascinating; bewitchment; charm; fascination.
Bewitching
a.
• Having power to bewitch or fascinate; enchanting; captivating; charming.
Bewitchment
n.
• The act of bewitching, or the state of being bewitched.
• The power of bewitching or charming.
Bewonder
v. t.
• To fill with wonder.
• To wonder at; to admire.
Bewrap
v. t.
• To wrap up; to cover.
Bewray
v. t.
• To soil.
v. t.
• To expose; to reveal; to disclose; to betray.
Bewrayer
n.
• One who, or that which, bewrays; a revealer.
Bewrayment
n.
• Betrayal.
Bewreck
v. t.
• To wreck.
Bewreke
v. t.
• To wreak; to avenge.
Bewrought
a.
• Embroidered.
Bey
n.
• A governor of a province or district in the Turkish dominions; also, in some places, a prince or nobleman; a beg; as, the bey of Tunis.
Beylic
n.
• The territory ruled by a bey.
Beyond
prep.
• On the further side of; in the same direction as, and further on or away than.
• At a place or time not yet reached; before.
• Past, out of the reach or sphere of; further than; greater than; as, the patient was beyond medical aid; beyond one's strength.
• In a degree or amount exceeding or surpassing; proceeding to a greater degree than; above, as in dignity, excellence, or quality of any kind.
adv.
• Further away; at a distance; yonder.
Bezant
n.
• A gold coin of Byzantium or Constantinople, varying in weight and value, usually (those current in England) between a sovereign and a half sovereign. There were also white or silver bezants.
(Her.) A circle in or, i. e., gold, representing the gold coin called bezant.
• A decoration of a flat surface, as of a band or belt, representing circular disks lapping one upon another.
Bezel
n.
• The rim which encompasses and fastens a jewel or other object, as the crystal of a watch, in the cavity in which it is set.
Bezique
n.
• A game at cards in which various combinations of cards in the hand, when declared, score points.
Bezoar
n.
• A calculous concretion found in the intestines of certain ruminant animals (as the wild goat, the gazelle, and the Peruvian llama) formerly regarded as an unfailing antidote for poison, and a certain remedy for eruptive, pestilential, or putrid diseases. Hence: Any antidote or panacea.
Bezoardic
a.
• Pertaining to, or compounded with, bezoar.
n.
• A medicine containing bezoar.
Bezonian
n.
• A low fellow or scoundrel; a beggar.
Bezzle
v. t.
• To plunder; to waste in riot.
v. i.
• To drink to excess; to revel.
Bhang
n.
• An astringent and narcotic drug made from the dried leaves and seed capsules of wild hemp (Cannabis Indica), and chewed or smoked in the East as a means of intoxication.
Bhunder
n.
(Zool.) An Indian monkey (Macacus Rhesus), protected by the Hindoos as sacred.
Bi
• In most branches of science bi- in composition denotes two, twice, or doubly; as, bidentate, two-toothed; biternate, doubly ternate, etc.
(Chem.) In the composition of chemical names bi- denotes two atoms, parts, or equivalents of that constituent to the name of which it is prefixed, to one of the other component, or that such constituent is present in double the ordinary proportion; as, bichromate, bisulphide. Be- and di- are often used interchangeably.
Biacid
a.
(Chem.) Having two hydrogen atoms which can be replaced by negative atoms or radicals to form salts; — said of bases.
Biacuminate
a.
(Bot.) Having points in two directions.
Biangulous
a.
• Biangular.
Biantheriferous
a.
(Bot.) Having two anthers.
Biarticulate
a.
(Zool.) Having, or consisting of, tow joints.
Bias
n.
• A weight on the side of the ball used in the game of bowls, or a tendency imparted to the ball, which turns it from a straight line.
• A learning of the mind; propensity or prepossession toward an object or view, not leaving the mind indifferent; bent inclination.
• A wedge-shaped piece of cloth taken out of a garment (as the waist of a dress) to diminish its circumference.
• A slant; a diagonal; as, to cut cloth on the bias.
a.
• Inclined to one side; swelled on one side.
• Cut slanting or diagonally, as cloth.
adv.
• In a slanting manner; crosswise; obliquely; diagonally; as, to cut cloth bias.
v. t.
• To incline to one side; to give a particular direction to; to influence; to prejudice; to prepossess.
Biauriculate
a.
(Anat.) Having two auricles, as the heart of mammals, birds, and reptiles.
(Bot. & Zool.) Having two earlike projections at its base, as a leaf.
Bib
n.
• A small piece of cloth worn by children over the breast, to protect the clothes.
(Zool.) An arctic fish (Gadus luscus), allied to the cod; — called also pout and whiting pout.
• A bibcock.
v. i.
• To drink; to sip; to tipple.
Bibacious
a.
• Addicted to drinking.
Bibacity
n.
• The practice or habit of drinking too much; tippling.
Bibasic
a.
(Chem.) Having to hydrogen atoms which can be replaced by positive or basic atoms or radicals to form salts; — said of acids.
Bibb
n.
• A bibcock.
Bibber
n.
• One given to drinking alcoholic beverages too freely; a tippler; — chiefly used in composition; as, winebibber.
Bibbs
n. pl.
(Naut.) Pieces of timber bolted to certain parts of a mast tp support the trestletrees.
Bibcock
n.
• A cock or faucet having a bent down nozzle.
Bibitory
a.
• Of or pertaining to drinking or tippling.
Bible
n.
• A book.
• The Book by way of eminence, — that is, the book which is made up of the writings accepted by Christians as of divine origin and authority, whether such writings be in the original language, or translated; the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments; — sometimes in a restricted sense, the Old Testament; as, King James's Bible; Douay Bible; Luther's Bible. Also, the book which is made up of writings similarly accepted by the Jews; as, a rabbinical Bible.
• A book containing the sacred writings belonging to any religion; as, the Koran is often called the Mohammedan Bible.
• A book with an authoritative exposition of some topic, respected by many experts on the field.
Bibler
n.
• A great drinker; a tippler.
Biblical
a.
• Pertaining to, or derived from, the Bible; as, biblical learning; biblical authority.
Biblicality
n.
• The quality of being biblical; a biblical subject.
Biblically
adv.
• According to the Bible.
Biblicism
n.
• Learning or literature relating to the Bible.
Biblicist
n.
• One skilled in the knowledge of the Bible; a demonstrator of religious truth by the Scriptures.
Bibliograph
n.
• Bibliographer.
Bibliographer
n.
• One who writes, or is versed in, bibliography.
Bibliography
n.
• A history or description of books and manuscripts, with notices of the different editions, the times when they were printed, etc.
Bibliolatry
n.
• Book worship, esp. of the Bible; — applied by Roman Catholic divine to the exaltation of the authority of the Bible over that of the pope or the church, and by Protestants to an excessive regard to the letter of the Scriptures.
Bibliological
a.
• Relating to bibliology.
Bibliology
n.
• An account of books; book lore; bibliography.
• The literature or doctrine of the Bible.
Bibliomancy
n.
• A kind of divination, performed by selecting passages of Scripture at hazard, and drawing from them indications concerning future events.
Bibliomania
n.
• A mania for acquiring books.
Bibliomaniac
n.
• One who has a mania for books.
a.
• Relating to a bibliomaniac.
Bibliomaniacal
a.
• Pertaining to a passion for books; relating to a bibliomaniac.
Bibliopegic
a.
• Relating to the binding of books.
Bibliopegist
n.
• A bookbinder.
Bibliopegistic
a.
• Pertaining to the art of binding books.
Bibliopegy
n.
• The art of binding books.
Bibliophile
n.
• A lover of books.
Bibliophilism
n.
• Love of books.
Bibliophilist
n.
• A lover of books.
Bibliophobia
n.
• A dread of books.
Bibliopole
n.
• One who sells books.
Bibliopolism
n.
• The trade or business of selling books.
Bibliopolist
n.
• Same as Bibliopole.
Bibliopolistic
a.
• Of or pertaining to bibliopolism.
Bibliothec
n.
• A librarian.
Bibliotheca
n.
• A library.
Bibliothecal
a.
• Belonging to a library.
Bibliothecary
n.
• A librarian.
Bibliotheke
n.
• A library.
Biblist
n.
• One who makes the Bible the sole rule of faith.
• A biblical scholar; a biblicist.
Bibracteate
a.
(Bot.) Furnished with, or having, two bracts.
Bibulous
a.
• Readily imbibing fluids or moisture; spongy; as, bibulous blotting paper.
• Inclined to drink; addicted to tippling.
Bibulously
adv.
• In a bibulous manner; with profuse imbibition or absorption.
Bicalcarate
a.
• Having two spurs, as the wing or leg of a bird.
Bicameral
a.
• Consisting of, or including, two chambers, or legislative branches.
Bicapsular
a.
(Bot.) Having two capsules; as, a bicapsular pericarp.
Bicarbonate
n.
(Chem.) A carbonate in which but half the hydrogen of the acid is replaced by a positive element or radical, thus making the proportion of the acid to the positive or basic portion twice what it is in the normal carbonates; an acid carbonate; — sometimes called supercarbonate.
Bicarinate
a.
(Biol.) Having two keel-like projections, as the upper palea of grasses.
Bicaudal
a.
• Having, or terminating in, two tails.
Bicaudate
a.
• Two-tailed; bicaudal.
Bicched
a.
• Pecked; pitted; notched.
Bicentenary
a.
• Of or pertaining to two hundred, esp. to two hundred years; as, a bicentenary celebration.
n.
• The two hundredth anniversary, or its celebration.
Bicentennial
a.
• Consisting of two hundred years.
• Occurring every two hundred years.
n.
• The two hundredth year or anniversary, or its celebration.
Bicephalous
a.
• Having two heads.
Biceps
n.
(Anat.) A muscle having two heads or origins; — applied particularly to a flexor in the arm, and to another in the thigh.
Bichir
n.
(Zool.) A remarkable ganoid fish (Polypterus bichir) found in the Nile and other African rivers.
Bichloride
n.
(Chem.) A compound consisting of two atoms of chlorine with one or more atoms of another element; — called also dichloride.
Bichromate
n.
(Chem.) A salt containing two parts of chromic acid to one of the other ingredients; as, potassium bichromate; — called also dichromate.
Bichromatize
v. t.
• To combine or treat with a bichromate, esp. with bichromate of potassium; as, bichromatized gelatine.
Bicipital
a.
(Anat.) Having two heads or origins, as a muscle.
• Pertaining to a biceps muscle; as, bicipital furrows, the depressions on either side of the biceps of the arm.
(Bot.) Dividing into two parts at one extremity; having two heads or two supports; as, a bicipital tree.
Bicipitous
a.
• Having two heads; bicipital.
Bicker
n.
• A small wooden vessel made of staves and hoops, like a tub.
v. i.
• To skirmish; to exchange blows; to fight.def> 2. To contend in petulant altercation; to wrangle.
• To move quickly and unsteadily, or with a pattering noise; to quiver; to be tremulous, like flame.
n.
• A skirmish; an encounter.
• A fight with stones between two parties of boys.
• A wrangle; also, a noise,, as in angry contention.
Bickerer
n.
• One who bickers.
Bickering
n.
• A skirmishing.
• Altercation; wrangling.
Bickerment
n.
• Contention.
Bickern
n.
• An anvil ending in a beak or point (orig. in two beaks); also, the beak or horn itself.
Bicolligate
a.
(Zool.) Having the anterior toes connected by a basal web.
Biconcave
a.
• Concave on both sides; as, biconcave vertebrae.
Biconjugate
a.
(Bot.) Twice paired, as when a petiole forks twice.
Biconvex
a.
• Convex on both sides; as, a biconvex lens.
Bicorporal
a.
• Having two bodies.
Bicorporate
a.
(Her.) Double-bodied, as a lion having one head and two bodies.
Bicostate
a.
(Bot.) Having two principal ribs running longitudinally, as a leaf.
Bicrenate
a.
(Bot.) Twice crenated, as in the case of leaves whose crenatures are themselves crenate.
Bicrescentic
a.
• Having the form of a double crescent.
Bicrural
a.
• Having two legs.
Bicuspid
n.
(Anat.) One of the two double-pointed teeth which intervene between the canines (cuspids) and the molars, on each side of each jaw.
Bicycle
n.
• A light vehicle having two wheels one behind the other. It has a saddle seat and is propelled by the rider's feet acting on cranks or levers.
Bicycler
n.
• One who rides a bicycle.
Bicyclic
a.
• Relating to bicycles.
Bicycling
n.
• The use of a bicycle; the act or practice of riding a bicycle.
Bicyclism
n.
• The art of riding a bicycle.
Bicyclist
n.
• A bicycler.
Bicycular
a.
• Relating to bicycling.
Bid
v. t.
• To make an offer of; to propose. Specifically : To offer to pay ( a certain price, as for a thing put up at auction), or to take (a certain price, as for work to be done under a contract).
• To offer in words; to declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiance, etc.; as, to bid one welcome; to bid good morning, farewell, etc.
• To proclaim; to declare publicly; to make known.
• To order; to direct; to enjoin; to command.
• To invite; to call in; to request to come.
• imp. & p. p. of Bid.
n.
• An offer of a price, especially at auctions; a statement of a sum which one will give for something to be received, or will take for something to be done or furnished; that which is offered.
v. i.
• To pray.
• To make a bid; to state what one will pay or take.
Bidale
n.
• An invitation of friends to drink ale at some poor man's house, and there to contribute in charity for his relief.
Biddable
a.
• Obedient; docile.
Bidden
p. p.
• of Bid.
Bidder
n.
• One who bids or offers a price.
Bidding
n.
• Command; order; a proclamation or notifying.
• The act or process of making bids; an offer; a proposal of a price, as at an auction.
Biddy
n.
• A name used in calling a hen or chicken.
n.
• An Irish serving woman or girl.
Bide
v. i.
• To dwell; to inhabit; to abide; to stay.
• To remain; to continue or be permanent in a place or state; to continue to be.
v. t.
• To encounter; to remain firm under (a hardship); to endure; to suffer; to undergo.
• To wait for; as, I bide my time.
Bident
n.
• An instrument or weapon with two prongs.
Bidental
a.
• Having two teeth.
Bidentate
a.
(Bot. & Zool.) Having two teeth or two toothlike processes; two-toothed.
Bidet
n.
• A small horse formerly allowed to each trooper or dragoon for carrying his baggage.
• A kind of bath tub for sitting baths; a sitz bath.
Bidigitate
a.
• Having two fingers or fingerlike projections.
Biding
n.
• Residence; habitation.
Bield
n.
• A shelter. Same as Beild.
v. t.
• To shelter.
Biennial
a.
• Happening, or taking place, once in two years; as, a biennial election.
(Bot.) Continuing for two years, and then perishing, as plants which form roots and leaves the first year, and produce fruit the second.
n.
• Something which takes place or appears once in two years; esp. a biennial examination.
(Bot.) A plant which exists or lasts for two years.
Biennially
adv.
• Once in two years.
Bier
n.
• A handbarrow or portable frame on which a corpse is placed or borne to the grave.
(Weaving) A count of forty threads in the warp or chain of woolen cloth.
Bierbalk
n.
• A church road (e. g., a path across fields) for funerals.
Bifacial
a.
• Having the opposite surfaces alike.
Bifarious
a.
• Twofold; arranged in two rows.
(Bot.) Pointing two ways, as leaves that grow only on opposite sides of a branch; in two vertical rows.
Bifariously
adv.
• In a bifarious manner.
Biferous
a.
• Bearing fruit twice a year.
Biffin
n.
• A sort of apple peculiar to Norfolk, Eng.
• A baked apple pressed down into a flat, round cake; a dried apple.
Bifid
a.
• Cleft to the middle or slightly beyond the middle; opening with a cleft; divided by a linear sinus, with straight margins.
Bifilar
a.
• Two-threaded; involving the use of two threads; as, bifilar suspension; a bifilar balance.
Biflabellate
a.
(Zool.) Flabellate on both sides.
Biflagellate
a.
• Having two long, narrow, whiplike appendages.
Bifold
a.
• Twofold; double; of two kinds, degrees, etc.
Bifoliate
a.
(Bot.) Having two leaves; two-leaved.
Bifoliolate
a.
(Bot.) Having two leaflets, as some compound leaves.
Biforate
a.
(Bot.) Having two perforations.
Biforine
n.
(Bot.) An oval sac or cell, found in the leaves of certain plants of the order Araceae. It has an opening at each end through which raphides, generated inside, are discharged.
Biforked
a.
• Bifurcate.
Biform
a.
• Having two forms, bodies, or shapes.
Biformed
a.
• Having two forms.
Biformity
n.
• A double form.
Biforn
prep. & adv.
• Before.
Bifronted
a.
• Having two fronts.
Bifurcate
v. i.
• To divide into two branches.
Bifurcation
n.
• A forking, or division into two branches.
Big
a.
• Having largeness of size; of much bulk or magnitude; of great size; large.
• Great with young; pregnant; swelling; ready to give birth or produce; — often figuratively.
• Having greatness, fullness, importance, inflation, distention, etc., whether in a good or a bad sense; as, a big heart; a big voice; big looks; to look big. As applied to looks, it indicates haughtiness or pride.
Biga
n.
(Antiq.) A two-horse chariot.
Bigam
n.
• A bigamist.
Bigaminate
a.
(Bot.) Having a forked petiole, and a pair of leaflets at the end of each division; biconjugate; twice paired; — said of a decompound leaf.
Bigamist
n.
• One who is guilty of bigamy.
Bigamous
a.
• Guilty of bigamy; involving bigamy; as, a bigamous marriage.
Bigamy
n.
(Law) The offense of marrying one person when already legally married to another.
Bigential
a.
(Zool.) Including two tribes or races of men.
Bigeye
n.
(Zool.) A fish of the genus Priacanthus, remarkable for the large size of the eye.
Biggen
v. t. & i.
• To make or become big; to enlarge.
Bigger
a.
• , compar. of Big.
Biggest
a.
• , superl. of Big.
Biggin
n.
• A child's cap; a hood, or something worn on the head.
n.
• A coffeepot with a strainer or perforated metallic vessel for holding the ground coffee, through which boiling water is poured; — so called from Mr. Biggin, the inventor.
Bigha
n.
• A measure of land in India, varying from a third of an acre to an acre.
Bighorn
n.
(Zool.) The Rocky Mountain sheep (Ovis or Caprovis montana).
Bight
n.
• A corner, bend, or angle; a hollow; as, the bight of a horse's knee; the bight of an elbow.
(Geog.) A bend in a coast forming an open bay; as, the Bight of Benin.
(Naut.) The double part of a rope when folded, in distinction from the ends; that is, a round, bend, or coil not including the ends; a loop.
Biglandular
a.
• Having two glands, as a plant.
Bigly
adv.
• In a tumid, swelling, blustering manner; haughtily; violently.
Bigness
n.
• The state or quality of being big; largeness; size; bulk.
Bignonia
n.
(Bot.) A large genus of American, mostly tropical, climbing shrubs, having compound leaves and showy somewhat tubular flowers. B. capreolata is the cross vine of the Southern United States. The trumpet creeper was formerly considered to be of this genus.
Bignoniaceous
a.
(Bot.) Of pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the trumpet flower is an example.
Bigot
n.
• A hypocrite; esp., a superstitious hypocrite.
• A person who regards his own faith and views in matters of religion as unquestionably right, and any belief or opinion opposed to or differing from them as unreasonable or wicked. In an extended sense, a person who is intolerant of opinions which conflict with his own, as in politics or morals; one obstinately and blindly devoted to his own church, party, belief, or opinion.
a.
• Bigoted.
Bigoted
a.
• Obstinately and blindly attached to some creed, opinion practice, or ritual; unreasonably devoted to a system or party, and illiberal toward the opinions of others.
Bigotedly
adv.
• In the manner of a bigot.
Bigotry
n.
• The state of mind of a bigot; obstinate and unreasoning attachment of one's own belief and opinions, with narrow-minded intolerance of beliefs opposed to them.
• The practice or tenets of a bigot.
Bigwig
n.
• A person of consequence; as, the bigwigs of society.
Bihydroguret
n.
(Chem.) A compound of two atoms of hydrogen with some other substance.
Bijou
n.
• A trinket; a jewel; — a word applied to anything small and of elegant workmanship.
Bijoutry
n.
• Small articles of virtu, as jewelry, trinkets, etc.
Bijugate
a.
(Bot.) Having two pairs, as of leaflets.
Bijugous
a.
(Bot.) Bijugate.
Bike
n.
• A nest of wild bees, wasps, or ants; a swarm.
Bikh
n.
(Bot.) The East Indian name of a virulent poison extracted from Aconitum ferox or other species of aconite: also, the plant itself.
Bilabiate
a.
(Bot.) Having two lips, as the corols of certain flowers.
Bilaciniate
a.
• Doubly fringed.
Bilalo
n.
• A two-masted passenger boat or small vessel, used in the bay of Manila.
Biland
n.
• A byland.
Bilander
n.
(Naut.) A small two-masted merchant vessel, fitted only for coasting, or for use in canals, as in Holland.
Bilateral
a.
• Having two sides; arranged upon two sides; affecting two sides or two parties.
(Biol.) Of or pertaining to the two sides of a central area or organ, or of a central axis; as, bilateral symmetry in animals, where there is a similarity of parts on the right and left sides of the body.
Bilaterality
n.
• State of being bilateral.
Bilberry
n.
(Bot.) The European whortleberry (Vaccinium myrtillus); also, its edible bluish black fruit.(Bot.)
Bilbo
n.
• A rapier; a sword; so named from Bilbao, in Spain.
• A long bar or bolt of iron with sliding shackles, and a lock at the end, to confine the feet of prisoners or offenders, esp. on board of ships.
Bilboquet
n.
• The toy called cup and ball.
Bilcock
n.
(Zool.) The European water rail.
Bildstein
n.
• Same as Agalmatolite.
Bile
n.
(Physiol.) A yellow, or greenish, viscid fluid, usually alkaline in reaction, secreted by the liver. It passes into the intestines, where it aids in the digestive process. Its characteristic constituents are the bile salts, and coloring matters.
• Bitterness of feeling; choler; anger; ill humor; as, to stir one's bile.
n.
• A boil.
Bilection
n.
(Arch.) That portion of a group of moldings which projects beyond the general surface of a panel; a bolection.
Bilestone
n.
• A gallstone, or biliary calculus.
Bilge
n.
• The protuberant part of a cask, which is usually in the middle.
(Naut.) That part of a ship's hull or bottom which is broadest and most nearly flat, and on which she would rest if aground.
• Bilge water.
v. i.
(Naut.) To suffer a fracture in the bilge; to spring a leak by a fracture in the bilge.
• To bulge.
v. t.
(Naut.) To fracture the bilge of, or stave in the bottom of (a ship or other vessel).
• To cause to bulge.
Bilgy
a.
• Having the smell of bilge water.
Biliation
n.
(Physiol.) The production and excretion of bile.
Biliferous
a.
• Generating bile.
Bilifuscin
n.
(Physiol.) A brownish green pigment found in human gallstones and in old bile. It is a derivative of bilirubin.
Biliment
n.
• A woman's ornament; habiliment.
Bilin
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A name applied to the amorphous or crystalline mass obtained from bile by the action of alcohol and ether. It is composed of a mixture of the sodium salts of the bile acids.
Bilinear
a.
(Math.) Of, pertaining to, or included by, two lines; as, bilinear coordinates.
Bilingual
a.
• Containing, or consisting of, two languages; expressed in two languages; as, a bilingual inscription; a bilingual dictionary.
Bilingualism
n.
• Quality of being bilingual.
Bilinguist
n.
• One versed in two languages.
Bilinguous
a.
• Having two tongues, or speaking two languages.
Bilious
a.
• Of or pertaining to the bile.
• Disordered in respect to the bile; troubled with and excess of bile; as, a bilious patient; dependent on, or characterized by, an excess of bile; as, bilious symptoms.
• Choleric; passionate; ill tempered.
Biliousness
n.
• The state of being bilious.
Biliprasin
n.
(Physiol.) A dark green pigment found in small quantity in human gallstones.
Bilirubin
n.
(Physiol.) A reddish yellow pigment present in human bile, and in that from carnivorous and herbivorous animals; the normal biliary pigment.
Biliteral
a.
• Consisting of two letters; as, a biliteral root of a Sanskrit verb.
n.
• A word, syllable, or root, consisting of two letters.
Biliteralism
n.
• The property or state of being biliteral.
Biliverdin
n.
(Physiol.) A green pigment present in the bile, formed from bilirubin by oxidation.
Bilk
v. t.
• To frustrate or disappoint; to deceive or defraud, by nonfulfillment of engagement; to leave in the lurch; to give the slip to; as, to bilk a creditor.
n.
• A thwarting an adversary in cribbage by spoiling his score; a balk.
• A cheat; a trick; a hoax.
• Nonsense; vain words.
• A person who tricks a creditor; an untrustworthy, tricky person.
Bill
n.
• A beak, as of a bird, or sometimes of a turtle or other animal.
v. i.
• To strike; to peck.
• To join bills, as doves; to caress in fondness.
n.
• The bell, or boom, of the bittern
n.
• A cutting instrument, with hook-shaped point, and fitted with a handle; — used in pruning, etc.; a billhook. When short, called a hand bill, when long, a hedge bill.
• A weapon of infantry, in the 14th and 15th centuries. A common form of bill consisted of a broad, heavy, double-edged, hook-shaped blade, having a short pike at the back and another at the top, and attached to the end of a long staff.
• One who wields a bill; a billman.
• A pickax, or mattock.
(Naut.) The extremity of the arm of an anchor; the point of or beyond the fluke.
v. t.
• To work upon ( as to dig, hoe, hack, or chop anything) with a bill.
n.
(Law) A declaration made in writing, stating some wrong the complainant has suffered from the defendant, or a fault committed by some person against a law.
• A writing binding the signer or signers to pay a certain sum at a future day or on demand, with or without interest, as may be stated in the document.
• A form or draft of a law, presented to a legislature for enactment; a proposed or projected law.
• A paper, written or printed, and posted up or given away, to advertise something, as a lecture, a play, or the sale of goods; a placard; a poster; a handbill.
• An account of goods sold, services rendered, or work done, with the price or charge; a statement of a creditor's claim, in gross or by items; as, a grocer's bill.
• Any paper, containing a statement of particulars; as, a bill of charges or expenditures; a weekly bill of mortality; a bill of fare, etc.
v. t.
• To advertise by a bill or public notice.
• To charge or enter in a bill; as, to bill goods.
Billage
n.
• and v. t. & i. Same as Bilge.
Billard
n.
(Zool.) An English fish, allied to the cod; the coalfish.
Billary
a.
(Physiol.) Relating or belonging to bile; conveying bile; as, biliary acids; biliary ducts.
Billboard
n.
(Naut.) A piece of thick plank, armed with iron plates, and fixed on the bow or fore channels of a vessel, for the bill or fluke of the anchor to rest on.
• A flat surface, as of a panel or of a fence, on which bills are posted; a bulletin board.
Billed
a.
• Furnished with, or having, a bill, as a bird; — used in composition; as, broad-billed.
Billet
n.
• A small paper; a note; a short letter.
• A ticket from a public officer directing soldiers at what house to lodge; as, a billet of residence.
v. t.
(Mil.) To direct, by a ticket or note, where to lodge. Hence: To quarter, or place in lodgings, as soldiers in private houses.
n.
• A small stick of wood, as for firewood.
(Metal.) A short bar of metal, as of gold or iron.
(Arch.) An ornament in Norman work, resembling a billet of wood either square or round.
(Saddlery) A strap which enters a buckle.
• A loop which receives the end of a buckled strap.
(Her.) A bearing in the form of an oblong rectangle.
Billethead
n.
(Naut.) A round piece of timber at the bow or stern of a whaleboat, around which the harpoon lone is run out when the whale darts off.
Billfish
n.
(Zool.) A name applied to several distinct fishes: (a) The garfish (Tylosurus, or Belone, longirostris) and allied species. (b) The saury, a slender fish of the Atlantic coast (Scomberesox saurus). (c) The Tetrapturus albidus, a large oceanic species related to the swordfish; the spearfish. (d) The American fresh-water garpike (Lepidosteus osseus).
Billhead
n.
• A printed form, used by merchants in making out bills or rendering accounts.
Billhook
n.
• A thick, heavy knife with a hooked point, used in pruning hedges, etc. When it has a short handle, it is sometimes called a hand bill; when the handle is long, a hedge bill or scimiter.
Billiard
a.
• Of or pertaining to the game of billiards.
Billiards
n.
• A game played with ivory balls o a cloth-covered, rectangular table, bounded by elastic cushions. The player seeks to impel his ball with his cue so that it shall either strike (carom upon) two other balls, or drive another ball into one of the pockets with which the table sometimes is furnished.
Billing
a. & n.
• Caressing; kissing.
Billingsgate
n.
• A market near the Billings gate in London, celebrated for fish and foul language.
• Coarsely abusive, foul, or profane language; vituperation; ribaldry.
Billion
n.
• According to the French and American method of numeration, a thousand millions, or 1,000,000,000; according to the English method, a million millions, or 1,000,000,000,000.
Billman
n.
• One who uses, or is armed with, a bill or hooked ax.
Billon
n.
• An alloy of gold and silver with a large proportion of copper or other base metal, used in coinage.
Billot
n.
• Bullion in the bar or mass.
Billow
n.
• A great wave or surge of the sea or other water, caused usually by violent wind.
• A great wave or flood of anything.
v. i.
• To surge; to rise and roll in waves or surges; to undulate.
Billowy
a.
• Of or pertaining to billows; swelling or swollen into large waves; full of billows or surges; resembling billows.
Billy
n.
• A club; esp., a policeman's club.
(Wool Manuf.) A slubbing or roving machine.
Billyboy
n.
• A flat-bottomed river barge or coasting vessel.
Bilobate
a.
• Divided into two lobes or segments.
Bilobed
a.
• Bilobate.
Bilocation
n.
• Double location; the state or power of being in two places at the same instant; — a miraculous power attributed to some of the saints.
Bilocular
a.
• Divided into two cells or compartments; as, a bilocular pericarp.
Biltong
n.
• Lean meat cut into strips and sun-dried.
Bimaculate
a.
• Having, or marked with, two spots.
Bimana
n. pl.
(Zool.) Animals having two hands; — a term applied by Cuvier to man as a special order of Mammalia.
Bimanous
a.
(Zool.) Having two hands; two-handed.
Bimarginate
a.
• Having a double margin, as certain shells.
Bimastism
n.
(Anat.) The condition of having two mammae or teats.
Bimedial
a.
(Geom.) Applied to a line which is the sum of two lines commensurable only in power (as the side and diagonal of a square).
Bimembral
a.
(Gram.) Having two members; as, a bimembral sentence.
Bimestrial
a.
• Continuing two months.
Bimetallic
a.
• Of or relating to, or using, a double metallic standard (as gold and silver) for a system of coins or currency.
Bimetallism
n.
• The legalized use of two metals (as gold and silver) in the currency of a country, at a fixed relative value; — in opposition to monometallism.
Bimetallist
n.
• An advocate of bimetallism.
Bimonthly
a.
• Occurring, done, or coming, once in two months; as, bimonthly visits; bimonthly publications.
n.
• A bimonthly publication.
adv.
• Once in two months.
Bimuscular
a.
(Zool.) Having two adductor muscles, as a bivalve mollusk.
Bin
n.
• A box, frame, crib, or inclosed place, used as a receptacle for any commodity; as, a corn bin; a wine bin; a coal bin.
v. t.
• To put into a bin; as, to bin wine.
• An old form of Be and Been.
• A euphonic form of the prefix Bi-.
Binal
a.
• Twofold; double.
Binarseniate
n.
(Chem.) A salt having two equivalents of arsenic acid to one of the base.
Binary
a.
• Compounded or consisting of two things or parts; characterized by two (things).
n.
• That which is constituted of two figures, things, or parts; two; duality.
Binate
a.
(Bot.) Double; growing in pairs or couples.
Binaural
a.
• Of or pertaining to, or used by, both ears.
Bind
v. t.
• To tie, or confine with a cord, band, ligature, chain, etc.; to fetter; to make fast; as, to bind grain in bundles; to bind a prisoner.
• To confine, restrain, or hold by physical force or influence of any kind; as, attraction binds the planets to the sun; frost binds the earth, or the streams.
• To cover, as with a bandage; to bandage or dress; — sometimes with up; as, to bind up a wound.
• To make fast ( a thing) about or upon something, as by tying; to encircle with something; as, to bind a belt about one; to bind a compress upon a part.
• To prevent or restrain from customary or natural action; as, certain drugs bind the bowels.
• To protect or strengthen by a band or binding, as the edge of a carpet or garment.
• To sew or fasten together, and inclose in a cover; as, to bind a book.
• Fig.: To oblige, restrain, or hold, by authority, law, duty, promise, vow, affection, or other moral tie; as, to bind the conscience; to bind by kindness; bound by affection; commerce binds nations to each other.
(Law) To bring (any one) under definite legal obligations; esp. under the obligation of a bond or covenant.
• To place under legal obligation to serve; to indenture; as, to bind an apprentice; — sometimes with out; as, bound out to service.
v. i.
• To tie; to confine by any ligature.
• To contract; to grow hard or stiff; to cohere or stick together in a mass; as, clay binds by heat.
• To be restrained from motion, or from customary or natural action, as by friction.
• To exert a binding or restraining influence.
n.
• That which binds or ties.
• Any twining or climbing plant or stem, esp. a hop vine; a bine.
(Metal.) Indurated clay, when much mixed with the oxide of iron.
(Mus.) A ligature or tie for grouping notes.
Binder
n.
• One who binds; as, a binder of sheaves; one whose trade is to bind; as, a binder of books.
• Anything that binds, as a fillet, cord, rope, or band; a bandage; — esp. the principal piece of timber intended to bind together any building.
Bindery
n.
• A place where books, or other articles, are bound; a bookbinder's establishment.
Bindheimite
n.
(Min.) An amorphous antimonate of lead, produced from the alteration of other ores, as from jamesonite.
Binding
a.
• That binds; obligatory.
n.
• The act or process of one who, or that which, binds.
• Anything that binds; a bandage; the cover of a book, or the cover with the sewing, etc.; something that secures the edge of cloth from raveling.
pl.
(Naut.) The transoms, knees, beams, keelson, and other chief timbers used for connecting and strengthening the parts of a vessel.
Bindingly
adv.
• So as to bind.
Bindingness
n.
• The condition or property of being binding; obligatory quality.
Bindweed
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Convolvulus; as, greater bindweed (C. Sepium); lesser bindweed (C. arvensis); the white, the blue, the Syrian, bindweed. The black bryony, or Tamus, is called black bindweed, and the Smilax aspera, rough bindweed.
Bine
n.
• The winding or twining stem of a hop vine or other climbing plant.
Binervate
a.
(Bot.) Two-nerved; — applied to leaves which have two longitudinal ribs or nerves.
(Zool.) Having only two nerves, as the wings of some insects.
Bing
n.
• A heap or pile; as, a bing of wood.
Biniodide
n.
• Same as Diiodide.
Bink
n.
• A bench.
Binnacle
n.
(Naut.) A case or box placed near the helmsman, containing the compass of a ship, and a light to show it at night.
Binny
n.
(Zool.) A large species of barbel (Barbus bynni), found in the Nile, and much esteemed for food.
Binocle
n.
(Opt.) A dioptric telescope, fitted with two tubes joining, so as to enable a person to view an object with both eyes at once; a double-barreled field glass or an opera glass.
Binocular
a.
• Having two eyes.
• Pertaining to both eyes; employing both eyes at once; as, binocular vision.
• Adapted to the use of both eyes; as, a binocular microscope or telescope.
n.
• A binocular glass, whether opera glass, telescope, or microscope.
Binocularly
adv.
• In a binocular manner.
Binoculate
a.
• Having two eyes.
Binomial
n.
(Alg.) An expression consisting of two terms connected by the sign plus (+) or minus (-); as, a+b, or 7-3.
a.
• Consisting of two terms; pertaining to binomials; as, a binomial root.
(Nat. Hist.) Having two names; — used of the system by which every animal and plant receives two names, the one indicating the genus, the other the species, to which it belongs.
Binominal
a.
• Of or pertaining to two names; binomial.
Binominous
a.
• Binominal.
Binotonous
a.
• Consisting of two notes; as, a binotonous cry.
Binous
a.
• Same as Binate.
Binoxalate
n.
(Chem.) A salt having two equivalents of oxalic acid to one of the base; an acid oxalate.
Binoxide
n.
(Chem.) Same as Dioxide.
Binturong
n.
(Zool.) A small Asiatic civet of the genus Arctilis.
Binucleolate
a.
(Biol.) Having two nucleoli.
Bioblast
n.
(Biol.) Same as Bioplast.
Biocellate
a.
(Zool.) Having two ocelli (eyelike spots); — said of a wing, etc.
Biochemistry
n.
(Biol.) The chemistry of living organisms; the chemistry of the processes incidental to, and characteristic of, life.
Biodynamics
n.
(Biol.) The doctrine of vital forces or energy.
Biogen
n.
(Biol.) Bioplasm.
Biogenetic
a.
(Biol.) Pertaining to biogenesis.
Biogenist
n.
• A believer in the theory of biogenesis.
Biognosis
n.
(Biol.) The investigation of life.
Biographer
n.
• One who writes an account or history of the life of a particular person; a writer of lives, as Plutarch.
Biographize
v. t.
• To write a history of the life of.
Biography
n.
• The written history of a person's life.
• Biographical writings in general.
Biologist
n.
• A student of biology; one versed in the science of biology.
Biology
n.
• The science of life; that branch of knowledge which treats of living matter as distinct from matter which is not living; the study of living tissue. It has to do with the origin, structure, development, function, and distribution of animals and plants.
Biolysis
n.
(Biol.) The destruction of life.
Biolytic
a.
• Relating to the destruction of life.
Biomagnetic
a.
• Relating to biomagnetism.
Biomagnetism
n.
• Animal magnetism.
Biometry
n.
• Measurement of life; calculation of the probable duration of human life.
Bion
n.
(Biol.) The physiological individual, characterized by definiteness and independence of function, in distinction from the morphological individual or morphon.
Bionomy
n.
• Physiology.
Bioplasm
n.
(Biol.) A name suggested by Dr. Beale for the germinal matter supposed to be essential to the functions of all living beings; the material through which every form of life manifests itself; unaltered protoplasm.
Bioplasmic
a.
• Pertaining to, or consisting of, bioplasm.
Bioplast
n.
(Biol.) A tiny mass of bioplasm, in itself a living unit and having formative power, as a living white blood corpuscle; bioblast.
Bioplastic
a.
(Biol.) Bioplasmic.
Biorgan
n.
(Biol.) A physiological organ; a living organ; an organ endowed with function; — distinguished from idorgan.
Biostatics
n.
(Biol.) The physical phenomena of organized bodies, in opposition to their organic or vital phenomena.
Biostatistics
n.
(Biol.) Vital statistics.
Biotaxy
n.
(Biol.) The classification of living organisms according to their structural character; taxonomy.
Biotic
a.
(Biol.) Relating to life; as, the biotic principle.
Biotite
n.
(Min.) Mica containing iron and magnesia, generally of a black or dark green color; — a common constituent of crystalline rocks.
Bipalmate
a.
(Bot.) Palmately branched, with the branches again palmated.
Biparietal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the diameter of the cranium, from one parietal fossa to the other.
Biparous
a.
• Bringing forth two at a birth.
Bipartible
a.
• Capable of being divided into two parts.
Bipartient
a.
• Dividing into two parts.
n.
• A number that divides another into two equal parts without a remainder.
Bipartile
a.
• Divisible into two parts.
Bipartite
a.
• Being in two parts; having two correspondent parts, as a legal contract or writing, one for each party; shared by two; as, a bipartite treaty.
• Divided into two parts almost to the base, as a leaf; consisting of two parts or subdivisions.
Bipartition
n.
• The act of dividing into two parts, or of making two correspondent parts, or the state of being so divided.
Biped
n.
• A two-footed animal, as man.
a.
• Having two feet; two-footed.
Bipedal
a.
• Having two feet; biped.
• Pertaining to a biped.
Bipeltate
a.
• Having a shell or covering like a double shield.
Bipennis
n.
• An ax with an edge or blade on each side of the handle.
Bipetalous
a.
(Bot.) Having two petals.
Bipinnaria
n.
(Zool.) The larva of certain starfishes as developed in the free-swimming stage.
Bipinnatifid
a.
(Bot.) Doubly pinnatifid.
Biplicate
a.
• Twice folded together.
Biplicity
n.
• The state of being twice folded; reduplication.
Bipolar
a.
• Doubly polar; having two poles; as, a bipolar cell or corpuscle.
Bipolarity
n.
• Bipolar quality.
Bipunctate
a.
• Having two punctures, or spots.
Bipunctual
a.
• Having two points.
Bipupillate
a.
(Zool.) Having an eyelike spot on the wing, with two dots within it of a different color, as in some butterflies.
Bipyramidal
a.
• Consisting of two pyramids placed base to base; having a pyramid at each of the extremities of a prism, as in quartz crystals.
Biquadrate
n.
(Math.) The fourth power, or the square of the square. Thus 4x4=16, the square of 4, and 16x16=256, the biquadrate of 4.
Biquadratic
a.
(Math.) Of or pertaining to the biquadrate, or fourth power.
n.
(Math.) A biquadrate.
• A biquadratic equation.
Biquintile
n.
(Astron.) An aspect of the planets when they are distant from each other by twice the fifth part of a great circle — that is, twice 72 degrees.
Biramous
a.
(Biol.) Having, or consisting of, two branches.
Birch
n.
• A tree of several species, constituting the genus Betula; as, the white or common birch (B. alba) (also called silver birch and lady birch); the dwarf birch (B. glandulosa); the paper or canoe birch (B. papyracea); the yellow birch (B. lutea); the black or cherry birch (B. lenta).
• The wood or timber of the birch.
• A birch twig or birch twigs, used for flogging.
• A birch-bark canoe.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the birch; birchen.
v. t.
• To whip with a birch rod or twig; to flog.
Birchen
a.
• Of or relating to birch.
Bird
n.
• Orig., a chicken; the young of a fowl; a young eaglet; a nestling; and hence, a feathered flying animal (see 2).
(Zool.) A warm-blooded, feathered vertebrate provided with wings.
• Specifically, among sportsmen, a game bird.
• Fig.: A girl; a maiden.
v. i.
• To catch or shoot birds.
• Hence: To seek for game or plunder; to thieve.
Birdbolt
n.
• A short blunt arrow for killing birds without piercing them. Hence: Anything which smites without penetrating.
Birdcall
n.
• A sound made in imitation of the note or cry of a bird for the purpose of decoying the bird or its mate.
• An instrument of any kind, as a whistle, used in making the sound of a birdcall.
Birdcatcher
n.
• One whose employment it is to catch birds; a fowler.
Birdcatching
n.
• The art, act, or occupation or catching birds or wild fowls.
Birder
n.
• A birdcatcher.
Birdie
n.
• A pretty or dear little bird; — a pet name.
Birdikin
n.
• A young bird.
Birding
n.
• Birdcatching or fowling.
Birdlet
n.
• A little bird; a nestling.
Birdlike
a.
• Resembling a bird.
Birdlime
n.
• An extremely adhesive viscid substance, usually made of the middle bark of the holly, by boiling, fermenting, and cleansing it. When a twig is smeared with this substance it will hold small birds which may light upon it. Hence: Anything which insnares.
v. t. T
• o smear with birdlime; to catch with birdlime; to insnare.
Birdling
n.
• A little bird; a nestling.
Birdman
n.
• A fowler or birdcatcher.
Birdseed
n.
• Canary seed, hemp, millet or other small seeds used for feeding caged birds.
Birectangular
a.
• Containing or having two right angles; as, a birectangular spherical triangle.
Bireme
n.
• An ancient galley or vessel with two banks or tiers of oars.
Biretta
n.
• Same as Berretta.
Birk
n.
• A birch tree.
n.
(Zool.) A small European minnow (Leuciscus phoxinus).
Birken
v. t.
• To whip with a birch or rod.
a.
• Birchen; as, birken groves.
Birkie
n.
• A lively or mettlesome fellow.
Birl
v. t. & i.
• To revolve or cause to revolve; to spin.
v. t. & i.
• To pour (beer or wine); to ply with drink; to drink; to carouse.
Birlaw
n.
(Law) A law made by husbandmen respecting rural affairs; a rustic or local law or by-law.
Birr
v. i.
• To make, or move with, a whirring noise, as of wheels in motion.
n.
• A whirring sound, as of a spinning wheel.
• A rush or impetus; force.
Birrus
n.
• A coarse kind of thick woolen cloth, worn by the poor in the Middle Ages; also, a woolen cap or hood worn over the shoulders or over the head.
Birse
n.
• A bristle or bristles.
Birt
n.
(Zool.) A fish of the turbot kind; the brill.
Birth
n.
• The act or fact of coming into life, or of being born; — generally applied to human beings; as, the birth of a son.
• Lineage; extraction; descent; sometimes, high birth; noble extraction.
• The condition to which a person is born; natural state or position; inherited disposition or tendency.
• The act of bringing forth; as, she had two children at a birth.
• That which is born; that which is produced, whether animal or vegetable.
• Origin; beginning; as, the birth of an empire.
Birthday
n.
• The day in which any person is born; day of origin or commencement.
• The day of the month in which a person was born, in whatever succeeding year it may recur; the anniversary of one's birth.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the day of birth, or its anniversary; as, birthday gifts or festivities.
Birthdom
n.
• The land of one's birth; one's inheritance.
Birthing
n.
(Naut.) Anything added to raise the sides of a ship.
Birthless
a.
• Of mean extraction.
Birthmark
n.
• Some peculiar mark or blemish on the body at birth.
Birthnight
n.
• The night in which a person is born; the anniversary of that night in succeeding years.
Birthplace
n.
• The town, city, or country, where a person is born; place of origin or birth, in its more general sense.
Birthright
n.
• Any right, privilege, or possession to which a person is entitled by birth, such as an estate descendible by law to an heir, or civil liberty under a free constitution; esp. the rights or inheritance of the first born.
Birthroot
n.
(Bot.) An herbaceous plant (Trillium erectum), and its astringent rootstock, which is said to have medicinal properties.
Birthwort
n.
• A genus of herbs and shrubs (Aristolochia), reputed to have medicinal properties.
Bis
adv.
• Twice; — a word showing that something is, or is to be, repeated; as a passage of music, or an item in accounts.
pref.
• A form of Bi-, sometimes used before s, c, or a vowel.
Bisaccate
a.
(Bot.) Having two little bags, sacs, or pouches.
Biscayan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Biscay in Spain.
n.
• A native or inhabitant of Biscay.
Biscotin
n.
• A confection made of flour, sugar, marmalade, and eggs; a sweet biscuit.
Biscuit
n.
• A kind of unraised bread, of many varieties, plain, sweet, or fancy, formed into flat cakes, and bakes hard; as, ship biscuit.
• A small loaf or cake of bread, raised and shortened, or made light with soda or baking powder. Usually a number are baked in the same pan, forming a sheet or card.
• Earthen ware or porcelain which has undergone the first baking, before it is subjected to the glazing.
(Sculp.) A species of white, unglazed porcelain, in which vases, figures, and groups are formed in miniature.
Biscutate
a.
(Bot.) Resembling two bucklers placed side by side.
Bise
n.
• A cold north wind which prevails on the northern coasts of the Mediterranean and in Switzerland, etc.; — nearly the same as the mistral.
Bisect
v. t.
• To cut or divide into two parts.
(Geom.) To divide into two equal parts.
Bisection
n.
• Division into two parts, esp. two equal parts.
Bisector
n.
• One who, or that which, bisects; esp. (Geom.) a straight line which bisects an angle.
Bisectrix
n.
• The line bisecting the angle between the optic axes of a biaxial crystal.
Bisegment
n.
• One of tow equal parts of a line, or other magnitude.
Biseptate
a.
• With two partitions or septa.
Biserrate
a.
(Bot.) Doubly serrate, or having the serratures serrate, as in some leaves.
(Zool.) Serrate on both sides, as some antennae.
Bisexous
a.
• Bisexual.
Bisexual
a.
(Biol.) Of both sexes; hermaphrodite; as a flower with stamens and pistil, or an animal having ovaries and testes.
Bisexuous
a.
• Bisexual.
Biseye
p. p.
• of Besee.
Bish
n.
• Same as Bikh.
Bishop
n.
• A spiritual overseer, superintendent, or director.
• In the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Anglican or Protestant Episcopal churches, one ordained to the highest order of the ministry, superior to the priesthood, and generally claiming to be a successor of the Apostles. The bishop is usually the spiritual head or ruler of a diocese, bishopric, or see.
• In the Methodist Episcopal and some other churches, one of the highest church officers or superintendents.
• A piece used in the game of chess, bearing a representation of a bishop's miter; — formerly called archer.
• A beverage, being a mixture of wine, oranges or lemons, and sugar.
• An old name for a woman's bustle.
v. t.
• To admit into the church by confirmation; to confirm; hence, to receive formally to favor.
v. t.
(Far.) To make seem younger, by operating on the teeth; as, to bishop an old horse or his teeth.
Bishopdom
n.
• Jurisdiction of a bishop; episcopate.
Bishoplike
a.
• Resembling a bishop; belonging to a bishop.
Bishoply
a.
• Bishoplike; episcopal.
adv.
• In the manner of a bishop.
Bishopric
n.
• A diocese; the district over which the jurisdiction of a bishop extends.
• The office of a spiritual overseer, as of an apostle, bishop, or presbyter.
Bisie
v. t.
• To busy; to employ.
Bisilicate
n.
(Min. Chem.) A salt of metasilicic acid; — so called because the ratio of the oxygen of the silica to the oxygen of the base is as two to one. The bisilicates include many of the most common and important minerals.
Bisk
n.
• Soup or broth made by boiling several sorts of flesh together.
Bismer
n.
• A rule steelyard.
(Zool.) The fifteen-spined (Gasterosteus spinachia).
Bismillah
interj.
• An adjuration or exclamation common among the Mohammedans.
Bismite
n.
(Min.) Bismuth trioxide, or bismuth ocher.
Bismuth
n.
(Chem.) One of the elements; a metal of a reddish white color, crystallizing in rhombohedrons. It is somewhat harder than lead, and rather brittle; masses show broad cleavage surfaces when broken across. It melts at 507° Fahr., being easily fused in the flame of a candle. It is found in a native state, and as a constituent of some minerals. Specific gravity 9.8. Atomic weight 207.5. Symbol Bi.
Bismuthal
a.
• Containing bismuth.
Bismuthic
a.
(Chem.) Of or pertaining to bismuth; containing bismuth, when this element has its higher valence; as, bismuthic oxide.
Bismuthiferous
a.
• Containing bismuth.
Bismuthous
a.
• Of, or containing, bismuth, when this element has its lower valence.
Bismuthyl
n.
(Min.) Hydrous carbonate of bismuth, an earthy mineral of a dull white or yellowish color.
Bison
n.
(Zool.) The aurochs or European bison.
• The American bison buffalo (Bison Americanus), a large, gregarious bovine quadruped with shaggy mane and short black horns, which formerly roamed in herds over most of the temperate portion of North America, but is now restricted to very limited districts in the region of the Rocky Mountains, and is rapidly decreasing in numbers.
Bispinose
a.
(Zool.) Having two spines.
Bisque
n.
• Unglazed white porcelain.
n.
• A point taken by the receiver of odds in the game of tennis; also, an extra innings allowed to a weaker player in croquet.
n.
• A white soup made of crayfish.
Bissextile
n.
• Leap year; every fourth year, in which a day is added to the month of February on account of the excess of the tropical year (365 d. 5 h. 48 m. 46 s.) above 365 days. But one day added every four years is equivalent to six hours each year, which is 11 m. 14 s. more than the excess of the real year. Hence, it is necessary to suppress the bissextile day at the end of every century which is not divisible by 400, while it is retained at the end of those which are divisible by 400.
a.
• Pertaining to leap year.
Bisson
a.
• Purblind; blinding.
Bistipuled
a.
(Bot.) Having two stipules.
Bistort
n.
(Bot.) An herbaceous plant of the genus Polygonum, section Bistorta; snakeweed; adderwort. Its root is used in medicine as an astringent.
Bistoury
n.
• A surgical instrument consisting of a slender knife, either straight or curved, generally used by introducing it beneath the part to be divided, and cutting towards the surface.
Bisulcate
a.
• Having two grooves or furrows.
(Zool.) Cloven; said of a foot or hoof.
Bisulcous
a.
• Bisulcate.
Bisulphate
n.
(Chem.) A sulphate in which but half the hydrogen of the acid is replaced by a positive element or radical, thus making the proportion of the acid to the positive or basic portion twice what it is in the normal sulphates; an acid sulphate.
Bisulphide
n.
(Chem.) A sulphide having two atoms of sulphur in the molecule; a disulphide, as in iron pyrites, FeS2; — less frequently called bisulphuret.
Bisulphite
n.
(Chem.) A salt of sulphurous acid in which the base replaces but half the hydrogen of the acid; an acid sulphite.
Bit
n.
• The part of a bridle, usually of iron, which is inserted in the mouth of a horse, and having appendages to which the reins are fastened.
• Fig.: Anything which curbs or restrains.
v. t.
• To put a bridle upon; to put the bit in the mouth of.
• imp. & p. p. of Bite.
n.
• A part of anything, such as may be bitten off or taken into the mouth; a morsel; a bite. Hence: A small piece of anything; a little; a mite.
• Somewhat; something, but not very great.
• A tool for boring, of various forms and sizes, usually turned by means of a brace or bitstock.
• The part of a key which enters the lock and acts upon the bolt and tumblers.
• The cutting iron of a plane.
• In the Southern and Southwestern States, a small silver coin (as the real) formerly current; commonly, one worth about 12 1/2 cents; also, the sum of 12 1/2 cents.
3d sing. pr.
• of Bid, for biddeth.
Bitake
v. t.
• To commend; to commit.
Bitangent
a.
(Geom.) Possessing the property of touching at two points.
n.
• A line that touches a curve in two points.
Bitartrate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of tartaric acid in which the base replaces but half the acid hydrogen; an acid tartrate, as cream of tartar.
Bitch
n.
• The female of the canine kind, as of the dog, wolf, and fox.
• An opprobrious name for a woman, especially a lewd woman.
Bite
v. t.
• To seize with the teeth, so that they enter or nip the thing seized; to lacerate, crush, or wound with the teeth; as, to bite an apple; to bite a crust; the dog bit a man.
• To puncture, abrade, or sting with an organ (of some insects) used in taking food.
• To cause sharp pain, or smarting, to; to hurt or injure, in a literal or a figurative sense; as, pepper bites the mouth.
• To cheat; to trick; to take in.
• To take hold of; to hold fast; to adhere to; as, the anchor bites the ground.
v. i.
• To seize something forcibly with the teeth; to wound with the teeth; to have the habit of so doing; as, does the dog bite?
• To cause a smarting sensation; to have a property which causes such a sensation; to be pungent; as, it bites like pepper or mustard.
• To cause sharp pain; to produce anguish; to hurt or injure; to have the property of so doing.
• To take a bait into the mouth, as a fish does; hence, to take a tempting offer.
• To take or keep a firm hold; as, the anchor bites.
n.
• The act of seizing with the teeth or mouth; the act of wounding or separating with the teeth or mouth; a seizure with the teeth or mouth, as of a bait; as, to give anything a hard bite.
• The act of puncturing or abrading with an organ for taking food, as is done by some insects.
• The wound made by biting; as, the pain of a dog's or snake's bite; the bite of a mosquito.
• A morsel; as much as is taken at once by biting.
• The hold which the short end of a lever has upon the thing to be lifted, or the hold which one part of a machine has upon another.
• A cheat; a trick; a fraud.
• A sharper; one who cheats.
(Print.) A blank on the edge or corner of a page, owing to a portion of the frisket, or something else, intervening between the type and paper.
Biter
n.
• One who, or that which, bites; that which bites often, or is inclined to bite, as a dog or fish.
• One who cheats; a sharper.
Biternate
a.
(Bot.) Doubly ternate, as when a petiole has three ternate leaflets.
Bitheism
n.
• Belief in the existence of two gods; dualism.
Biting
a.
• That bites; sharp; cutting; sarcastic; caustic.
Bitingly
adv.
• In a biting manner.
Bitless
a.
• Not having a bit or bridle.
Bitstock
n.
• A stock or handle for holding and rotating a bit; a brace.
Bitt
v. t.
(Naut.) To put round the bitts; as, to bitt the cable, in order to fasten it or to slacken it gradually, which is called veering away.
Bittacle
n.
• A binnacle.
Bitten
p. p.
• of Bite.
a.
(Bot.) Terminating abruptly, as if bitten off; premorse.
Bitter
n.
(Naut.) AA turn of the cable which is round the bitts.
a.
• Having a peculiar, acrid, biting taste, like that of wormwood or an infusion of hops; as, a bitter medicine; bitter as aloes.
• Causing pain or smart; piercing; painful; sharp; severe; as, a bitter cold day.
• Causing, or fitted to cause, pain or distress to the mind; calamitous; poignant.
• Characterized by sharpness, severity, or cruelty; harsh; stern; virulent; as, bitter reproach.
• Mournful; sad; distressing; painful; pitiable.
n.
• Any substance that is bitter.
v. t.
• To make bitter.
Bitterbump
n.
(Zool.) the butterbump or bittern.
Bitterful
a.
• Full of bitterness.
Bittering
n.
• A bitter compound used in adulterating beer; bittern.
Bitterish
a.
• Somewhat bitter.
Bitterling
n.
(Zool.) A roachlike European fish (Rhodima amarus).
Bitterly
adv.
• In a bitter manner.
Bittern
n.
(Zool.) A wading bird of the genus Botaurus, allied to the herons, of various species.
n.
• The brine which remains in salt works after the salt is concreted, having a bitter taste from the chloride of magnesium which it contains.
• A very bitter compound of quassia, cocculus Indicus, etc., used by fraudulent brewers in adulterating beer.
Bitterness
n.
• The quality or state of being bitter, sharp, or acrid, in either a literal or figurative sense; implacableness; resentfulness; severity; keenness of reproach or sarcasm; deep distress, grief, or vexation of mind.
• A state of extreme impiety or enmity to God.
• Dangerous error, or schism, tending to draw persons to apostasy.
Bitternut
n.
(Bot.) The swamp hickory (Carya amara). Its thin-shelled nuts are bitter.
Bitterroot
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Lewisia rediviva) allied to the purslane, but with fleshy, farinaceous roots, growing in the mountains of Idaho, Montana, etc. It gives the name to the Bitter Root mountains and river. The Indians call both the plant and the river Spaet'lum.
Bitters
n. pl.
• A liquor, generally spirituous in which a bitter herb, leaf, or root is steeped.
Bittersweet
a.
• Sweet and then bitter or bitter and then sweet; esp. sweet with a bitter after taste; hence (Fig.), pleasant but painful.
n.
• Anything which is bittersweet.
• A kind of apple so called.
(Bot.) A climbing shrub, with oval coral-red berries (Solanum dulcamara); woody nightshade. The whole plant is poisonous, and has a taste at first sweetish and then bitter. The branches are the officinal dulcamara.
• An American woody climber (Celastrus scandens), whose yellow capsules open late in autumn, and disclose the red aril which covers the seeds; — also called Roxbury waxwork.
Bitterweed
n.
(Bot.) A species of Ambrosia (A. artemisiaefolia); Roman worm wood.
Bitterwood
n.
• A West Indian tree (Picraena excelsa) from the wood of which the bitter drug Jamaica quassia is obtained.
Bitterwort
n.
(Bot.) The yellow gentian (Gentiana lutea), which has a very bitter taste.
Bittock
n.
• A small bit of anything, of indefinite size or quantity; a short distance.
Bitts
n. pl.
(Naut.) A frame of two strong timbers fixed perpendicularly in the fore part of a ship, on which to fasten the cables as the ship rides at anchor, or in warping. Other bitts are used for belaying (belaying bitts), for sustaining the windlass (carrick bitts, winch bitts, or windlass bitts), to hold the pawls of the windlass (pawl bitts) etc.
Bitume
n.
• Bitumen.
Bitumed
a.
• Smeared with bitumen.
Bitumen
n.
• Mineral pitch; a black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame; Jew's pitch. It occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, as on the shores of the Dead and Caspian Seas. It is used in cements, in the construction of pavements, etc.
• By extension, any one of the natural hydrocarbons, including the hard, solid, brittle varieties called asphalt, the semisolid maltha and mineral tars, the oily petroleums, and even the light, volatile naphthas.
Bituminate
v. t.
• To treat or impregnate with bitumen; to cement with bitumen.
Bituminiferous
a.
• Producing bitumen.
Bituminization
n.
• The process of bituminizing.
Bituminize
v. t.
• To prepare, treat, impregnate, or coat with bitumen.
Bituminous
a.
• Having the qualities of bitumen; compounded with bitumen; containing bitumen.
Biuret
n.
(Chem.) A white, crystalline, nitrogenous substance, C2O2N3H5, formed by heating urea. It is intermediate between urea and cyanuric acid.
Bivalency
n.
(Chem.) The quality of being bivalent.
Bivalent
a.
(Chem.) Equivalent in combining or displacing power to two atoms of hydrogen; dyad.
Bivalve
n.
(Zool.) A mollusk having a shell consisting of two lateral plates or valves joined together by an elastic ligament at the hinge, which is usually strengthened by prominences called teeth. The shell is closed by the contraction of two transverse muscles attached to the inner surface, as in the clam, — or by one, as in the oyster.
(Bot.) A pericarp in which the seed case opens or splits into two parts or valves.
a.
(Zool. & Bot.) Having two shells or valves which open and shut, as the oyster and certain seed vessels.
Bivalved
a.
• Having two valves, as the oyster and some seed pods; bivalve.
Bivalvous
a.
• Bivalvular.
Bivalvular
a.
• Having two valves.
Bivaulted
a.
• Having two vaults or arches.
Bivector
n.
(Math.) A term made up of the two parts + 1 -1, where and 1 are vectors.
Biventral
a.
(Anat.) Having two bellies or protuberances; as, a biventral, or digastric, muscle, or the biventral lobe of the cerebellum.
Bivial
a.
• Of or relating to the bivium.
Bivious
a.
• Having, or leading, two ways.
Bivium
n.
(Zool.) One side of an echinoderm, including a pair of ambulacra, in distinction from the opposite side (trivium), which includes three ambulacra.
Bivouac
n.
(Mil.) The watch of a whole army by night, when in danger of surprise or attack.
• An encampment for the night without tents or covering.
v. i.
(Mil.) To watch at night or be on guard, as a whole army.
• To encamp for the night without tents or covering.
Biweekly
a.
• Occurring or appearing once every two weeks; fortnightly.
n.
• A publication issued every two weeks.
Biwreye
v. t.
• To bewray; to reveal.
Bizarre
a.
• Odd in manner or appearance; fantastic; whimsical; extravagant; grotesque.
Bizet
n.
• The upper faceted portion of a brilliant-cut diamond, which projects from the setting and occupies the zone between the girdle and the table.

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