Dictionary Of The English Language "An"
Entries are from pre-1900 editions of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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An
• This word is properly an adjective, but is commonly called the indefinite article. It is used before nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one, or any, but somewhat less emphatically. In such expressions as "twice an hour," "once an age," a shilling an ounce, it has a distributive force, and is equivalent to each, every.
conj.
• If; — a word used by old English authors.
Ana
adv.
(Med.) Of each; an equal quantity; as, wine and honey, ana (or, contracted, aa), ij., that is, of wine and honey, each, two ounces.
Anabaptism
n.
• The doctrine of the Anabaptists.
Anabaptist
n.
• A name sometimes applied to a member of any sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized in infancy.
Anabaptistry
n.
• The doctrine, system, or practice, of Anabaptists.
Anabaptize
v. t.
• To rebaptize; to rechristen; also, to rename.
Anabas
n.
(Zool.) A genus of fishes, remarkable for their power of living long out of water, and of making their way on land for considerable distances, and for climbing trees; the climbing fishes.
Anabasis
n.
• A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by Xenophon in his work called "The Anabasis."
(Med.) The first period, or increase, of a disease; augmentation.
Anabatic
a.
• Pertaining to anabasis; as, an anabatic fever.
Anabolic
a.
(Physiol.) Pertaining to anabolism; an anabolic changes, or processes, more or less constructive in their nature.
Anabolism
n.
(Physiol.) The constructive metabolism of the body, as distinguished from katabolism.
Anacamptic
a.
• Reflecting of reflected; as, an anacamptic sound (and echo).
Anacamptically
adv.
• By reflection; as, echoes are sound produced anacamptically.
Anacamptics
n.
• The science of reflected light, now called catoptrics.
• The science of reflected sounds.
Anacanthous
a.
• Spineless, as certain fishes.
Anacardiaceous
a.
(Bot.) Belonging to, or resembling, a family, or order, of plants of which the cashew tree is the type, and the species of sumac are well known examples.
Anacardic
a.
• Pertaining to, or derived from, the cashew nut; as, anacardic acid.
Anacardium
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants including the cashew tree.
Anacathartic
a.
(Med.) Producing vomiting or expectoration.
n.
• An anacatharic medicine; an expectorant or an emetic.
Anacharis
n.
(Bot.) A fresh-water weed of the frog's-bit family (Hydrocharidaceae), native to America. Transferred to England it became an obstruction to navigation. Called also waterweed and water thyme.
Anachorism
n.
• An error in regard to the place of an event or a thing; a referring something to a wrong place.
Anachronism
n.
• A misplacing or error in the order of time; an error in chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each other, esp. one by which an event is placed too early; falsification of chronological relation.
Anachronistic
a.
• Erroneous in date; containing an anachronism.
Anachronize
v. t.
• To refer to, or put into, a wrong time.
Anachronous
a.
• Containing an anachronism; anachronistic.
Anaclastic
a.
(Opt.) Produced by the refraction of light, as seen through water; as, anaclastic curves.
• Springing back, as the bottom of an anaclastic glass.
Anaclastics
n.
(Opt.) That part of optics which treats of the refraction of light; — commonly called dioptrics.
Anacoenosis
n.
(Rhet.) A figure by which a speaker appeals to his hearers or opponents for their opinion on the point in debate.
Anacoluthic
a.
• Lacking grammatical sequence.
Anacoluthon
n.
(Gram.) A want of grammatical sequence or coherence in a sentence; an instance of a change of construction in a sentence so that the latter part does not syntactically correspond with the first part.
Anaconda
n.
(Zool.) A large South American snake of the Boa family (Eunectes murinus), which lives near rivers, and preys on birds and small mammals. The name is also applied to a similar large serpent (Python tigris) of Ceylon.
Anacreontic
a.
• Pertaining to, after the manner of, or in the meter of, the Greek poet Anacreon; amatory and convivial.
n.
• A poem after the manner of Anacreon; a sprightly little poem in praise of love and wine.
Anacrotic
a.
(Physiol.) Pertaining to anachronism.
Anacrotism
n.
(Physiol.) A secondary notch in the pulse curve, obtained in a sphygmographic tracing.
Anacrusis
n.
(Pros.) A prefix of one or two unaccented syllables to a verse properly beginning with an accented syllable.
Anadem
n.
• A garland or fillet; a chaplet or wreath.
Anadiplosis
n.
(Rhet.) A repetition of the last word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the beginning of the next, with an adjunct idea; as, "He retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes — misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent."
Anadrom
n.
(Zool.) A fish that leaves the sea and ascends rivers.
Anadromous
a.
(Zool.) Ascending rivers from the sea, at certain seasons, for breeding, as the salmon, shad, etc.
(Bot.) Tending upwards; — said of terns in which the lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the branch of the central stem.
Anaemia
a.
(Med.) A morbid condition in which the blood is deficient in quality or in quantity.
Anaemic
a.
• Of or pertaining to anaemia.
Anaerobic
a.
(Biol.) Relating to, or like, anaerobies; araerobiotic.
Anaerobies
n. pl.
(Biol.) Microorganisms which do not require oxygen, but are killed by it.
Anaerobiotic
a.
(Anat.) Related to, or of the nature of, anaerobies.
Anaesthesia
n.
(Med.) Entire or partial loss or absence of feeling or sensation; a state of general or local insensibility produced by disease or by the inhalation or application of an anaesthetic.
Anaesthetic
a.
(Med.) Capable of rendering insensible; as, anaesthetic agents.
• Characterized by, or connected with, insensibility; as, an anaesthetic effect or operation.
n.
(Med.) That which produces insensibility to pain, as chloroform, ether, etc.
Anaesthetization
n.
• The process of anaesthetizing; also, the condition of the nervous system induced by anaesthetics.
Anaesthetize
v. t.
(Med.) To render insensible by an anaesthetic.
Anaglyph
n.
• Any sculptured, chased, or embossed ornament worked in low relief, as a cameo.
Anaglyphic
n.
• Work chased or embossed relief.
Anaglyptic
a.
• Relating to the art of carving, enchasing, or embossing in low relief.
Anaglyptics
n.
• The art of carving in low relief, embossing, etc.
Anaglyptograph
n.
• An instrument by which a correct engraving of any embossed object, such as a medal or cameo, can be executed.
Anaglyptographic
a.
• Of or pertaining to anaglyptography; as, analyptographic engraving.
Anaglyptography
n.
• The art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give the subject an embossed or raised appearance; — used in representing coins, bas-reliefs, etc.
Anagnorisis
n.
• The unfolding or denouement.
Anagoge
n.
• An elevation of mind to things celestial.
• The spiritual meaning or application; esp. the application of the types and allegories of the Old Testament to subjects of the New.
Anagogics
n. pl.
• Mystical interpretations or studies, esp. of the Scriptures.
Anagogy
n.
• Same as Anagoge.
Anagram
n.
• Literally, the letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus; William Noy (attorney-general to Charles I., and a laborious man) may be turned into I moyl in law.
v. t.
• To anagrammatize.
Anagrammatism
n.
• The act or practice of making anagrams.
Anagrammatist
n.
• A maker anagrams.
Anagrammatize
v. t.
• To transpose, as the letters of a word, so as to form an anagram.
Anagraph
n.
• An inventory; a record.
Anal
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the anus; as, the anal fin or glands.
Analcime
n.
(Min.) A white or flesh-red mineral, of the zeolite, occurring in isometric crystals. By friction, it acquires a weak electricity; hence its name.
Analcite
n.
• Analcime.
Analectic
a.
• Relating to analects; made up of selections; as, an analectic magazine.
Analemma
n.
(Chem.) An orthographic projection of the sphere on the plane of the meridian, the eye being supposed at an infinite distance, and in the east or west point of the horizon.
• An instrument of wood or brass, on which this projection of the sphere is made, having a movable horizon or cursor; — formerly much used in solving some common astronomical problems.
• A scale of the sun's declination for each day of the year, drawn across the torrid zone on an artificial terrestrial globe.
Analeptic
a.
(Med.) Restorative; giving strength after disease.
n.
• A restorative.
Analgesia
n.
(Med.) Absence of sensibility to pain.
Anallagmatic
a.
(Math.) Not changed in form by inversion.
Anallantoic
a.
(Anat.) Without, or not developing, an allantois.
Anallantoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division of Vertebrata in which no allantois is developed. It includes amphibians, fishes, and lower forms.
Analogal
a.
• Analogous.
Analogic
a.
• Of or belonging to analogy.
Analogical
a.
• Founded on, or of the nature of, analogy; expressing or implying analogy.
• Having analogy; analogous.
Analogically
adv.
• In an analogical sense; in accordance with analogy; by way of similitude.
Analogicalness
n.
• Quality of being analogical.
Analogism
n.
• Logic an argument from the cause to the effect; an a priori argument.
• Investigation of things by the analogy they bear to each other.
Analogist
n.
• One who reasons from analogy, or represent, by analogy.
Analogize
v. i.
• To employ, or reason by, analogy.
Analogon
n.
• Analogue.
Analogous
a.
• Having analogy; corresponding to something else; bearing some resemblance or proportion; — often followed by to.
Analogue
n.
• That which is analogous to, or corresponds with, some other thing.
(Philol.) A word in one language corresponding with one in another; an analogous term; as, the Latin "pater" is the analogue of the English "father."
(Nat. Hist.) An organ which is equivalent in its functions to a different organ in another species or group, or even in the same group; as, the gill of a fish is the analogue of a lung in a quadruped, although the two are not of like structural relations.
• A species in one genus or group having its characters parallel, one by one, with those of another group.
• A species or genus in one country closely related to a species of the same genus, or a genus of the same group, in another: such species are often called representative species, and such genera, representative genera.
Analogy
n.
• A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden.
(Biol.) A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different.
(Geom.) Proportion; equality of ratios.
(Gram.) Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to an/xex>.
Analysis
n.
• A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to synthesis.
(Chem.) The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis.
(Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles.
(Math.) The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations.
• A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order.
• A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis.
(Nat. Hist.) The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key.
Analyst
n.
• One who analyzes; formerly, one skilled in algebraical geometry; now commonly, one skilled in chemical analysis.
Analytically
adv.
• In an analytical manner.
Analytics
n.
• The science of analysis.
Analyzable
a.
• That may be analyzed.
Analyzation
n.
• The act of analyzing, or separating into constituent parts; analysis.
Analyze
v. t.
• To subject to analysis; to resolve (anything complex) into its elements; to separate into the constituent parts, for the purpose of an examination of each separately; to examine in such a manner as to ascertain the elements or nature of the thing examined; as, to analyze a fossil substance; to analyze a sentence or a word; to analyze an action to ascertain its morality.
Analyzer
n.
• One who, or that which, analyzes.
(Opt.) The part of a polariscope which receives the light after polarization, and exhibits its properties.
Anamese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Anam, to southeastern Asia.
n.
• A native of Anam.
Anamnesis
n.
(Rhet.) A recalling to mind; recollection.
Anamnestic
a.
• Aiding the memory; as, anamnestic remedies.
Anamniotic
a.
(Anat.) Without, or not developing, an amnion.
Anamorphism
n.
• A distorted image.
(Biol.) A gradual progression from one type to another, generally ascending.
Anamorphosis
n.
(Persp.) A distorted or monstrous projection or representation of an image on a plane or curved surface, which, when viewed from a certain point, or as reflected from a curved mirror or through a polyhedron, appears regular and in proportion; a deformation of an image.
(Biol.) Same as Anamorphism, 2.
(Bot.) A morbid or monstrous development, or change of form, or degeneration.
Anamorphosy
n.
• Same as Anamorphosis.
Anan
interj.
• An expression equivalent to What did you say? Sir? Eh?
Ananas
n.
(Bot.) The pineapple (Ananassa sativa).
Anandrous
a.
(Bot.) Destitute of stamen as certain female flowers.
Anangular
a.
• Containing no angle.
Anantherous
a.
(Bot.) Destitute of anthers.
Ananthous
a.
(Bot.) Destitute of flowers; flowerless.
Anapaest
• Same as Anapest, Anapestic.
Anapest
n.
(Pros.) A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, the first two short, or unaccented, the last long, or accented (#); the reverse of the dactyl. In Latin d—tas, and in English in-ter-vene, are examples of anapests.
• A verse composed of such feet.
Anapestic
a.
• Pertaining to an anapest; consisting of an anapests; as, an anapestic meter, foot, verse.
n.
• Anapestic measure or verse.
Anapestical
a.
• Anapestic.
Anaphora
n.
(Rhet.) A repetition of a word or of words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses.
Anaphrodisia
n.
(Med.) Absence of sexual appetite.
Anaphrodisiac
a. & n.
(Med.) Same as Antaphrodisiac.
Anaphroditic
a.
(Biol.) Produced without concourse of sexes.
Anaplastic
a.
• Of or pertaining to anaplasty.
Anaplasty
n.
(Surg.) The art of operation of restoring lost parts or the normal shape by the use of healthy tissue.
Anaplerotic
a.
(Med.) Filling up; promoting granulation of wounds or ulcers.
n.
• A remedy which promotes such granulation.
Anapnograph
n.
• A form of spirometer.
Anapnoic
a.
(Med.) Relating to respiration.
Anapodeictic
a.
• Not apodeictic; undemonstrable.
Anapophysis
n.
(Anat.) An accessory process in many lumbar vertebrae.
Anaptotic
a.
• Having lost, or tending to lose, inflections by phonetic decay; as, anaptotic languages.
Anaptychus
n.
(Paleon.) One of a pair of shelly plates found in some cephalopods, as the ammonites.
Anarch
n.
• The author of anarchy; one who excites revolt.
Anarchal
a.
• Lawless; anarchical.
Anarchism
n.
• The doctrine or practice of anarchists.
Anarchist
n.
• An anarch; one who advocates anarchy of aims at the overthrow of civil government.
Anarchize
v. t.
• To reduce to anarchy.
Anarchy
n.
• Absence of government; the state of society where there is no law or supreme power; a state of lawlessness; political confusion.
• Hence, confusion or disorder, in general.
Anarthropoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the divisions of Articulata in which there are no jointed legs, as the annelids; — opposed to Arthropoda.
Anarthropodous
a.
(Zool.) Having no jointed legs; pertaining to Anarthropoda.
Anarthrous
a.
(Gr. Gram.) Used without the article; as, an anarthrous substantive.
(Zool.) Without joints, or having the joints indistinct, as some insects.
Anas
n.
(Zool.) A genus of water fowls, of the order Anseres, including certain species of fresh-water ducks.
Anasarca
n.
(Med.) Dropsy of the subcutaneous cellular tissue; an effusion of serum into the cellular substance, occasioning a soft, pale, inelastic swelling of the skin.
Anasarcous
a.
• Belonging, or affected by, anasarca, or dropsy; dropsical.
Anastaltic
a. & n.
(Med.) Styptic. [Obs.]
Anastate
n.
(Physiol.) One of a series of substances formed, in secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in the production of protoplasm; — opposed to katastate.
Anastatic
a.
• Pertaining to a process or a style of printing from characters in relief on zinc plates.
Anastomose
v. i.
(Anat. & Bot.) To inosculate; to intercommunicate by anastomosis, as the arteries and veins.
Anastomosis
n.
(Anat. & Bot.) The inosculation of vessels, or intercommunication between two or more vessels or nerves, as the cross communication between arteries or veins.
Anastomotic
a.
• Of or pertaining to anastomosis.
Anastrophe
n.
(Rhet. & Gram.) An inversion of the natural order of words; as, echoed the hills, for, the hills echoed.
Anathema
n.
• A ban or curse pronounced with religious solemnity by ecclesiastical authority, and accompanied by excommunication. Hence: Denunciation of anything as accursed.
• An imprecation; a curse; a malediction.
• Any person or thing anathematized, or cursed by ecclesiastical authority.
Anathematism
n.
• Anathematization.
Anathematization
n.
• The act of anathematizing, or denouncing as accursed; imprecation.
Anathematize
v. t.
• To pronounce an anathema against; to curse. Hence: To condemn publicly as something accursed.
Anathematizer
n.
• One who pronounces an anathema.
Anatifa
n.
(Zool.) An animal of the barnacle tribe, of the genus Lepas, having a fleshy stem or peduncle; a goose barnacle.
Anatifer
n.
(Zool.) Same as Anatifa.
Anatiferous
a.
(Zool.) Producing ducks; — applied to Anatifae, under the absurd notion of their turning into ducks or geese.
Anatine
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the ducks; ducklike.
Anatocism
n.
(Law) Compound interest.
Anatomically
adv.
• In an anatomical manner; by means of dissection.
Anatomism
n.
• The application of the principles of anatomy, as in art.
• The doctrine that the anatomical structure explains all the phenomena of the organism or of animal life.
Anatomist
n.
• One who is skilled in the art of anatomy, or dissection.
Anatomization
n.
• The act of anatomizing.
Anatomize
v. t.
• To dissect; to cut in pieces, as an animal vegetable body, for the purpose of displaying or examining the structure and use of the several parts.
• To discriminate minutely or carefully; to analyze.
Anatomizer
n.
• A dissector.
Anatomy
n.
• The art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their situation, structure, and economy; dissection.
• A treatise or book on anatomy.
• The act of dividing anything, corporeal or intellectual, for the purpose of examining its parts; analysis; as, the anatomy of a discourse.
• A skeleton; anything anatomized or dissected, or which has the appearance of being so.
Anatreptic
a.
• Overthrowing; defeating; — applied to Plato's refutative dialogues.
Anatron
n.
• Native carbonate of soda; natron.
• Glass gall or sandiver.
• Saltpeter.
Anatto
n.
• Same as Annotto.
Ancestor
n.
• One from whom a person is descended, whether on the father's or mother's side, at any distance of time; a progenitor; a fore father.
(Biol.) An earlier type; a progenitor; as, this fossil animal is regarded as the ancestor of the horse.
(Law) One from whom an estate has descended; — the correlative of heir.
Ancestorial
a.
• Ancestral.
Ancestorially
adv.
• With regard to ancestors.
Ancestral
a.
• Of, pertaining to, derived from, or possessed by, an ancestor or ancestors; as, an ancestral estate.
Ancestress
n.
• A female ancestor.
Ancestry
n.
• Condition as to ancestors; ancestral lineage; hence, birth or honorable descent.
• A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent.
Anchor
n.
• A iron instrument which is attached to a ship by a cable (rope or chain), and which, being cast overboard, lays hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and thus retains the ship in a particular station.
• Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that of a ship's anchor, as an arrangement of timber to hold a dam fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable, or other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to hold the core of a mold in place.
• Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on which we place dependence for safety.
(Her.) An emblem of hope.
(Arch.) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a building together.
• Carved work, somewhat resembling an anchor or arrowhead; — a part of the ornaments of certain moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or egg-and-anchor (called also egg-and-dart, egg-and-tongue) ornament.
(Zool.) One of the anchor-shaped spicules of certain sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain Holothurians, as in species of Synapta.
v. t.
• To place at anchor; to secure by an anchor; as, to anchor a ship.
• To fix or fasten; to fix in a stable condition; as, to anchor the cables of a suspension bridge.
v. i.
• To cast anchor; to come to anchor; as, our ship (or the captain) anchored in the stream.
• To stop; to fix or rest.
n.
• An anchoret.
Anchorable
a.
• Fit for anchorage.
Anchorage
n.
• The act of anchoring, or the condition of lying at anchor.
• A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a hold for an anchor.
• The set of anchors belonging to a ship.
• Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge.
• Something on which one may depend for security; ground of trust.
• A toll for anchoring; anchorage duties.
n.
• Abode of an anchoret.
Anchorate
a.
• Anchor-shaped.
Anchored
a.
• Held by an anchor; at anchor; held safely; as, an anchored bark; also, shaped like an anchor; forked; as, an anchored tongue.
(Her.) Having the extremities turned back, like the flukes of an anchor; as, an anchored cross.
Anchoress
n.
• A female anchoret.
Anchoretish
a.
• Hermitlike.
Anchoretism
n.
• The practice or mode of life of an anchoret.
Anchorite
n.
• Same as Anchoret.
Anchoritess
n.
• An anchoress.
Anchorless
a.
• Without an anchor or stay. Hence: Drifting; unsettled.
Anchovy
n.
(Zool.) A small fish, about three inches in length, of the Herring family (Engraulis encrasicholus), caught in vast numbers in the Mediterranean, and pickled for exportation. The name is also applied to several allied species.
Anchusin
n.
(Chem.) A resinoid coloring matter obtained from alkanet root.
Anchylose
v. t. & i.
• To affect or be affected with anchylosis; to unite or consolidate so as to make a stiff joint; to grow together into one.
Anchylotic
a.
• Of or pertaining to anchylosis.
Ancient
a.
• Old; that happened or existed in former times, usually at a great distance of time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to the times before the fall of the Roman empire; — opposed to modern; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient days.
• Old; that has been of long duration; of long standing; of great age; as, an ancient forest; an ancient castle.
• Known for a long time, or from early times; — opposed to recent or new; as, the ancient continent.
• Dignified, like an aged man; magisterial; venerable.
• Experienced; versed.
• Former; sometime.
n.
• Those who lived in former ages, as opposed to the moderns.
• An aged man; a patriarch. Hence: A governor; a ruler; a person of influence.
• A senior; an elder; a predecessor.
(Eng. Law) One of the senior members of the Inns of Court or of Chancery.
n.
• An ensign or flag.
• The bearer of a flag; an ensign.
Anciently
adv.
• In ancient times.
• In an ancient manner.
Ancientness
n.
• The quality of being ancient; antiquity; existence from old times.
Ancientry
n.
• Antiquity; what is ancient.
• Old age; also, old people.
• Ancient lineage; ancestry; dignity of birth.
Ancienty
n.
• Age; antiquity.
• Seniority.
Ancile
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) The sacred shield of the Romans, said to have-fallen from heaven in the reign of Numa. It was the palladium of Rome.
Ancillary
a.
• Subservient or subordinate, like a handmaid; auxiliary.
Ancille
n.
• A maidservant; a handmaid.
Ancistroid
a.
• Hook-shaped.
Ancome
n.
• A small ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly; also, a whitlow.
Ancon
n.
(Anat.) The olecranon, or the elbow.
Anconeus
n.
(Anat.) A muscle of the elbow and forearm.
Anconoid
a.
• Elbowlike; anconal.
Ancony
n.
(Iron Work) A piece of malleable iron, wrought into the shape of a bar in the middle, but unwrought at the ends.
And
conj.
• A particle which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.
• In order to; — used instead of the infinitival to, especially after try, come, go.
• It is sometimes, in old songs, a mere expletive.
• If; though.
Andabatism
n.
• Doubt; uncertainty.
Andalusite
n.
(Min.) A silicate of aluminium, occurring usually in thick rhombic prisms, nearly square, of a grayish or pale reddish tint. It was first discovered in Andalusia, Spain.
Andante
a.
(Mus.) Moving moderately slow, but distinct and flowing; quicker than larghetto, and slower than allegretto.
n.
• A movement or piece in andante time.
Andantino
a.
(Mus.) Rather quicker than andante; between that allegretto.
Andarac
n.
• Red orpiment.
Andean
a.
• Pertaining to the Andes.
Andesine
n.
(Min.) A kind of triclinic feldspar found in the Andes.
Andesite
n.
(Min.) An eruptive rock allied to trachyte, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar, with pyroxene, hornblende, or hypersthene.
Andine
a.
• Andean; as, Andine flora.
Andiron
n.
• A utensil for supporting wood when burning in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog; as, a pair of andirons.
Andranatomy
n.
• The dissection of a human body, especially of a male; androtomy.
Androecium
n.
(bot.) The stamens of a flower taken collectively.
Androgyne
n.
• An hermaphrodite.
(Bot.) An androgynous plant.
Android
a.
• Resembling a man.
Andromeda
n.
(Astron.) A northern constellation, supposed to represent the mythical Andromeda.
(bot.) A genus of ericaceous flowering plants of northern climates, of which the original species was found growing on a rock surrounded by water.
Andron
n.
(Gr. & Rom. Arch.) The apartment appropriated for the males. This was in the lower part of the house.
Andropetalous
a.
(Bot.) Produced by the conversion of the stamens into petals, as double flowers, like the garden ranunculus.
Androphagi
n. pl.
• Cannibals; man-eaters; anthropophagi.
Androphagous
a.
• Anthropophagous.
Androphore
n.
(Bot.) A support or column on which stamens are raised.
(Zool.) The part which in some Siphonophora bears the male gonophores.
Androsphinx
n.
(Egypt. Art.) A man sphinx; a sphinx having the head of a man and the body of a lion.
Androspore
n.
(Bot.) A spore of some algae, which has male functions.
Androtomous
a.
(Bot.) Having the filaments of the stamens divided into two parts.
Androtomy
n.
• Dissection of the human body, as distinguished from zootomy; anthropotomy.
Anear
prep. & adv.
• Near.
v. t. & i.
• To near; to approach.
Aneath
prep. & adv.
• Beneath.
Anecdotage
n.
• Anecdotes collectively; a collection of anecdotes.
Anecdotal
a.
• Pertaining to, or abounding with, anecdotes; as, anecdotal conversation.
Anecdote
n.
• Unpublished narratives.
• A particular or detached incident or fact of an interesting nature; a biographical incident or fragment; a single passage of private life.
Anecdotist
n.
• One who relates or collects anecdotes.
Aneid
n.
• The great epic poem of Virgil, of which the hero is Aneas.
Anelace
n.
• Same as Anlace.
Anele
v. t.
• To anoint.
• To give extreme unction to.
Anelectric
a.
(Physics) Not becoming electrified by friction; — opposed to idioelectric.
n.
• A substance incapable of being electrified by friction.
Anelectrode
n.
(Elec.) The positive pole of a voltaic battery.
Anelectrotonus
n.
(Physiol.) The condition of decreased irritability of a nerve in the region of the positive electrode or anode on the passage of a current of electricity through it.
Anemogram
n.
• A record made by an anemograph.
Anemograph
n.
• An instrument for measuring and recording the direction and force of the wind.
Anemographic
a.
• Produced by an anemograph; of or pertaining to anemography.
Anemography
n.
• A description of the winds.
• The art of recording the direction and force of the wind, as by means of an anemograph.
Anemology
n.
• The science of the wind.
Anemometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the force or velocity of the wind; a wind gauge.
Anemometrograph
n.
• An anemograph.
Anemometry
n.
• The act or process of ascertaining the force or velocity of the wind.
Anemone
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of the Ranunculus or Crowfoot family; windflower. Some of the species are cultivated in gardens.
(Zool.) The sea anemone.
Anemonic
a.
(Chem.) An acrid, poisonous, crystallizable substance, obtained from, the anemone, or from anemonin.
Anemonin
n.
(Chem.) An acrid, poisonous, crystallizable substance, obtained from some species of anemone.
Anemorphilous
a.
(Bot.) Fertilized by the agency of the wind; — said of plants in which the pollen is carried to the stigma by the wind; wind-Fertilized.
Anemoscope
n.
• An instrument which shows the direction of the wind; a wind vane; a weathercock; — usually applied to a contrivance consisting of a vane above, connected in the building with a dial or index with pointers to show the changes of the wind.
Anenterous
a.
(Zool.) Destitute of a stomach or an intestine.
Aneroid
a.
• Containing no liquid; — said of kind of barometer.
n.
• An aneroid barometer.
Anes
adv.
• Once.
Anet
n.
• The herb dill, or dillseed.
Anethol
n.
(Chem.) A substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel, etc., in the form of soft shining scales; — called also anise camphor.
Anetic
a.
(Med.) Soothing.
Aneurism
n.
(Med.) A soft, pulsating, hollow tumor, containing blood, arising from the preternatural dilation or rupture of the coats of an artery.
Aneurismal
a.
(Med.) Of or pertaining to an aneurism; as, an aneurismal tumor; aneurismal diathesis.
Anew
adv.
• Over again; another time; in a new form; afresh; as, to arm anew; to create anew.
Anfractuose
a.
• Anfractuous; as, anfractuose anthers.
Anfractuosity
n.
• A state of being anfractuous, or full of windings and turnings; sinuosity.
(Anat.) A sinuous depression or sulcus like those separating the convolutions of the brain.
Anfractuous
a.
• Winding; full of windings and turnings; sinuous; tortuous; as, the anfractuous spires of a born.
Anfracture
n.
• A mazy winding.
Angariation
n.
• Exaction of forced service; compulsion.
Angel
n.
• A messenger.
• A spiritual, celestial being, superior to man in power and intelligence. In the Scriptures the angels appear as God's messengers.
• One of a class of "fallen angels;" an evil spirit; as, the devil and his angels.
• A minister or pastor of a church, as in the Seven Asiatic churches.
• Attendant spirit; genius; demon.
• An appellation given to a person supposed to be of angelic goodness or loveliness; a darling.
(Numis.) An ancient gold coin of England, bearing the figure of the archangel Michael. It varied in value from 6s. 8d. to 10s.
Angelage
n.
• Existence or state of angels.
Angelet
n.
• A small gold coin formerly current in England; a half angel.
Angelhood
n.
• The state of being an angel; angelic nature.
Angelic
a.
(Chem.) Of or derived from angelica; as, angelic acid; angelic ether.
Angelica
n.
(Bot.) An aromatic umbelliferous plant (Archangelica officinalis or Angelica archangelica) the leaf stalks of which are sometimes candied and used in confectionery, and the roots and seeds as an aromatic tonic.
• The candied leaf stalks of angelica.
Angelically
adv.
• Like an angel.
Angelicalness
n.
• The quality of being angelic; excellence more than human.
Angelify
v. t.
• To make like an angel; to angelize.
Angelize
v. t.
• To raise to the state of an angel; to render angelic.
Angellike
a. & adv.
• Resembling an angel.
Angelolatry
n.
• Worship paid to angels.
Angelology
n.
• A discourse on angels, or a body of doctrines in regard to angels.
Angelophany
n.
• The actual appearance of an angel to man.
Angelot
n.
• A French gold coin of the reign of Louis XI., bearing the image of St. Michael; also, a piece coined at Paris by the English under Henry VI.
• An instrument of music, of the lute kind, now disused.
• A sort of small, rich cheese, made in Normandy.
Angelus
n.
(R. C. Ch.) A form of devotion in which three Ave Marias are repeated. It is said at morning, noon, and evening, at the sound of a bell.
• The Angelus bell.
Anger
n.
• Trouble; vexation; also, physical pain or smart of a sore, etc.
• A strong passion or emotion of displeasure or antagonism, excited by a real or supposed injury or insult to one's self or others, or by the intent to do such injury.
v. t.
• To make painful; to cause to smart; to inflame.
• To excite to anger; to enrage; to provoke.
Angerly
adv.
• Angrily.
Angevine
a.
• Of or pertaining to Anjou in France. — n. A native of Anjou.
Angienchyma
n.
(Bot.) Vascular tissue of plants, consisting of spiral vessels, dotted, barred, and pitted ducts, and laticiferous vessels.
Angina
n.
(Med.) Any inflammatory affection of the throat or faces, as the quinsy, malignant sore throat, croup, etc., especially such as tends to produce suffocation, choking, or shortness of breath.
Angiocarpous
a.
(Bot.) Having fruit inclosed within a covering that does not form a part of itself; as, the filbert covered by its husk, or the acorn seated in its cupule. Brande & C.
• Having the seeds or spores covered, as in certain lichens.
Angiofraphy
n.
(Anat.) A description of blood vessels and lymphatics.
Angiology
n.
(Anat.) That part of anatomy which treats of blood vessels and lymphatics.
Angioma
n.
(Med.) A tumor composed chiefly of dilated blood vessels.
Angiomonospermous
a.
(Bot.) Producing one seed only in a seed pod.
Angioscope
n.
• An instrument for examining the capillary vessels of animals and plants.
Angiosperm
n.
(Bot.) A plant which has its seeds inclosed in a pericarp.
Angiospermatous
a.
(Bot.) Same as Angiospermous.
Angiospermous
a.
(Bot.) Having seeds inclosed in a pod or other pericarp.
Angiosporous
a.
(Bot.) Having spores contained in cells or thecae, as in the case of some fungi.
Angiostomous
a.
(Zool.) With a narrow mouth, as the shell of certain gastropods.
Angiotomy
n.
(Anat.) Dissection of the blood vessels and lymphatics of the body.
Angle
n.
• The inclosed space near the point where two lines; a corner; a nook.
(Geom.) The figure made by. two lines which meet.
• The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines meet, the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle.
• A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment.
(Astrol.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological "houses."
• A fishhook; tackle for catching fish, consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a rod.
v. i.
• To fish with an angle (fishhook), or with hook and line.
• To use some bait or artifice; to intrigue; to scheme; as, to angle for praise.
v. t.
• To try to gain by some insinuating artifice; to allure.
Angled
a.
• Having an angle or angles; — used in compounds; as, right-angled, many-angled, etc.
Anglemeter
n.
• An instrument to measure angles, esp. one used by geologists to measure the dip of strata.
Angler
n.
• One who angles.
(Zool.) A fish (Lophius piscatorius), of Europe and America, having a large, broad, and depressed head, with the mouth very large. Peculiar appendages on the head are said to be used to entice fishes within reach. Called also fishing frog, frogfish, toadfish, goosefish, allmouth, monkfish, etc.
Angles
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) An ancient Low German tribe, that settled in Britain, which came to be called Engla-land (Angleland or England). The Angles probably came from the district of Angeln (now within the limits of Schleswig), and the country now Lower Hanover, etc.
Anglesite
n.
(Min.) A native sulphate of lead. It occurs in white or yellowish transparent, prismatic crystals.
Anglewise
adv.
• In an angular manner; angularly.
Angleworm
n.
(Zool.) A earthworm of the genus Lumbricus, frequently used by anglers for bait.
Anglian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Angles.
n.
• One of the Angles.
Anglic
a.
• Anglian.
Anglican
a.
• English; of or pertaining to England or the English nation; especially, pertaining to, or connected with, the established church of England; as, the Anglican church, doctrine, orders, ritual, etc.
• Pertaining to, characteristic of, or held by, the high church party of the Church of England.
n.
• A member of the Church of England.
• In a restricted sense, a member of the High Church party, or of the more advanced ritualistic section, in the Church of England.
Anglicanism
n.
• Strong partiality to the principles and rites of the Church of England.
• The principles of the established church of England; also, in a restricted sense, the doctrines held by the high-church party.
• Attachment to England or English institutions.
Anglice
adv.
• In English; in the English manner; as, Livorno, Anglice Leghorn.
Anglicify
v. t.
• To anglicize.
Anglicism
n.
• An English idiom; a phrase or form language peculiar to the English.
• The quality of being English; an English characteristic, custom, or method.
Anglicity
n.
• The state or quality of being English.
Anglicization
n.
• The act of anglicizing, or making English in character.
Anglicize
v. t.
• To make English; to English; to anglify; render conformable to the English idiom, or to English analogies.
Anglify
v. t.
• To convert into English; to anglicize.
Angling
n.
• The act of one who angles; the art of fishing with rod and line.
Anglomania
n.
• A mania for, or an inordinate attachment to, English customs, institutions, etc.
Anglomaniac
n.
• One affected with Anglomania.
Anglophobia
n.
• Intense dread of, or aversion to, England or the English.
Angola
n.
• A fabric made from the wool of the Angora goat.
Angor
n.
(Med.) Great anxiety accompanied by painful constriction at the upper part of the belly, often with palpitation and oppression.
Angora
n.
• A city of Asia Minor (or Anatolia) which has given its name to a goat, a cat, etc.
Angrily
adv.
• In an angry manner; under the influence of anger.
Angriness
n.
• The quality of being angry, or of being inclined to anger.
Angry
a.
• Troublesome; vexatious; rigorous.
• Inflamed and painful, as a sore.
• Touched with anger; under the emotion of anger; feeling resentment; enraged; — followed generally by with before a person, and at before a thing.
• Showing anger; proceeding from anger; acting as if moved by anger; wearing the marks of anger; as, angry words or tones; an angry sky; angry waves.
• Red.
• Sharp; keen; stimulated.
Anguiform
a.
• Snake-shaped.
Anguilliform
a.
• Eel-shaped.
Anguine
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a snake or serpent.
Anguineal
a.
• Anguineous.
Anguineous
a.
• Snakelike.
Anguish
n.
• Extreme pain, either of body or mind; excruciating distress.
v. t.
• To distress with extreme pain or grief.
Angular
a.
• Relating to an angle or to angles; having an angle or angles; forming an angle or corner; sharp-cornered; pointed; as, an angular figure.
• Measured by an angle; as, angular distance.
• Fig.: Lean; lank; raw-boned; ungraceful; sharp and stiff in character; as, remarkably angular in his habits and appearance; an angular female.
n.
(Anat.) A bone in the base of the lower jaw of many birds, reptiles, and fishes.
Angularity
n.
• The quality or state of being angular; angularness.
Angularly
adv.
• In an angular manner; with of at angles or corners.
Angularness
n.
• The quality of being angular.
Angulate
v. t.
• To make angular.
Angulation
n.
• A making angular; angular formation.
Angulometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring external angles.
Angulose
a.
• Angulous.
Angulosity
n.
• A state of being angulous or angular.
Angulous
a.
• Angular; having corners; hooked.
Angurize
v. t.
• To augur.
Angust
a.
• Narrow; strait.
Angustate
a.
• Narrowed.
Angustation
n.
• The act or making narrow; a straitening or contacting.
Angwantibo
n.
(Zool.) A small lemuroid mammal (Arctocebus Calabarensis) of Africa. It has only a rudimentary tail.
Anhang
v. t.
• To hang.
Anharmonic
a.
(Math.) Not harmonic.
Anhelation
n.
• Short and rapid breathing; a panting; asthma.
Anhele
v. i.
• To pant; to be breathlessly anxious or eager (for).
Anhelose
a.
• Anhelous; panting.
Anhelous
a.
• Short of breath; panting.
Anhima
n.
• A South American aquatic bird; the horned screamer or kamichi (Palamedea cornuta).
Anhinga
n.
(Zool.) An aquatic bird of the southern United States (Platus anhinga); the darter, or snakebird.
Anhistous
a.
(Biol.) Without definite structure; as, an anhistous membrane.
Anhungered
a.
• Ahungered; longing.
Anhydride
n.
(Chem.) An oxide of a nonmetallic body or an organic radical, capable of forming an acid by uniting with the elements of water; — so called because it may be formed from an acid by the abstraction of water.
Anhydrite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of a white a slightly bluish color, usually massive. It is anhydrous sulphate of lime, and differs from gypsum in not containing water (whence the name).
Anhydrous
a.
• Destitute of water; as, anhydrous salts or acids.
Anidimatical
a.
• Not idiomatic.
Anigh
prep. & adv.
• Nigh.
Anil
n.
(Bot.) A West Indian plant (Indigofera anil), one of the original sources of indigo; also, the indigo dye.
Anile
a.
• Old-womanish; imbecile.
Anileness
n.
• Anility.
Anilic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, anil; indigotic; — applied to an acid formed by the action of nitric acid on indigo.
Anilide
n.
(Chem.) One of a class of compounds which may be regarded as amides in which more or less of the hydrogen has been replaced by phenyl.
Aniline
n.
(Chem.) An organic base belonging to the phenylamines. It may be regarded as ammonia in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced by the radical phenyl. It is a colorless, oily liquid, originally obtained from indigo by distillation, but now largely manufactured from coal tar or nitrobenzene as a base from which many brilliant dyes are made.
a.
• Made from, or of the nature of, aniline.
Anility
n.
• The state of being and old woman; old-womanishness; dotage.
Animadversal
n.
• The faculty of perceiving; a percipient.
Animadversion
n.
• The act or power of perceiving or taking notice; direct or simple perception.
• Monition; warning.
• Remarks by way of criticism and usually of censure; adverse criticism; reproof; blame.
• Judicial cognizance of an offense; chastisement; punishment.
Animadversive
a.
• Having the power of perceiving; percipient.
Animadvert
v. i.
• To take notice; to observe; — commonly followed by that.
• To consider or remark by way of criticism or censure; to express censure; — with on or upon.
• To take cognizance judicially; to inflict punishment.
Animadverter
n.
• One who animadverts; a censurer; also , a chastiser.
Animal
n.
• An organized living being endowed with sensation and the power of voluntary motion, and also characterized by taking its food into an internal cavity or stomach for digestion; by giving carbonic acid to the air and taking oxygen in the process of respiration; and by increasing in motive power or active aggressive force with progress to maturity.
• One of the lower animals; a brute or beast, as distinguished from man; as, men and animals.
a.
• Of or relating to animals; as, animal functions.
• Pertaining to the merely sentient part of a creature, as distinguished from the intellectual, rational, or spiritual part; as, the animal passions or appetites.
• Consisting of the flesh of animals; as, animal food.
Animalcule
n.
• A small animal, as a fly, spider, etc.
(Zool.) An animal, invisible, or nearly so, to the naked eye.
Animalculism
n.
(Biol.) The theory which seeks to explain certain physiological and pathological by means of animalcules.
Animalculist
n.
• One versed in the knowledge of animalcules.
• A believer in the theory of animalculism.
Animalculum
n.
• An animalcule.
Animalish
a.
• Like an animal.
Animalism
n.
• The state, activity, or enjoyment of animals; mere animal life without intellectual or moral qualities; sensuality.
Animality
n.
• Animal existence or nature.
Animalization
n.
• The act of animalizing; the giving of animal life, or endowing with animal properties.
• Conversion into animal matter by the process of assimilation.
Animalize
v. t.
• To endow with the properties of an animal; to represent in animal form.
• To convert into animal matter by the processes of assimilation.
• To render animal or sentient; to reduce to the state of a lower animal; to sensualize.
Animally
adv.
• Physically.
Animalness
n.
• Animality.
Animastic
a.
• Pertaining to mind or spirit; spiritual.
n.
• Psychology.
Animate
v. t.
• To give natural life to; to make alive; to quicken; as, the soul animates the body.
• To give powers to, or to heighten the powers or effect of; as, to animate a lyre.
• To give spirit or vigor to; to stimulate or incite; to inspirit; to rouse; to enliven.
a.
• Endowed with life; alive; living; animated; lively.
Animated
a.
• Endowed with life; full of life or spirit; indicating animation; lively; vigorous.
Animatedly
adv.
• With animation.
Animater
n.
• One who animates.
Animating
a.
• Causing animation; life-giving; inspiriting; rousing.
Animation
n.
• The act of animating, or giving life or spirit; the state of being animate or alive.
• The state of being lively, brisk, or full of spirit and vigor; vivacity; spiritedness; as, he recited the story with great animation.
Animative
a
• Having the power of giving life or spirit.
Animator
n.
• One who, or that which, animates; an animater.
Anime
a.
(Her.) Of a different tincture from the animal itself; — said of the eyes of a rapacious animal.
n.
• A resin exuding from a tropical American tree (Hymenaea courbaril), and much used by varnish makers.
Animism
n.
• The doctrine, taught by Stahl, that the soul is the proper principle of life and development in the body.
• The belief that inanimate objects and the phenomena of nature are endowed with personal life or a living soul; also, in an extended sense, the belief in the existence of soul or spirit apart from matter.
Animist
n.
• One who maintains the doctrine of animism.
Animistic
a.
• Of or pertaining to animism.
Animoseness
n.
• Vehemence of temper.
Animosity
n.
• Mere spiritedness or courage.
• Violent hatred leading to active opposition; active enmity; energetic dislike.
Animus
n.
• Animating spirit; intention; temper.
Anion
n.
(Chem.) An electro-negative element, or the element which, in electro-chemical decompositions, is evolved at the anode; — opposed to cation.
Anise
n.
(Bot.) An umbelliferous plant (Pimpinella anisum) growing naturally in Egypt, and cultivated in Spain, Malta, etc., for its carminative and aromatic seeds.
• The fruit or seeds of this plant.
Aniseed
n.
• The seed of the anise; also, a cordial prepared from it.
Anisette
n.
• A French cordial or liqueur flavored with anise seeds.
Anisic
a.
• Of or derived from anise; as, anisic acid; anisic alcohol.
Anisodactylous
a.
(Zool.) Characterized by unequal toes, three turned forward and one backward, as in most passerine birds.
Anisomeric
a.
(Chem.) Not isomeric; not made of the same components in the same proportions.
Anisomerous
a.
(Bot.) Having the number of floral organs unequal, as four petals and six stamens.
Anisometric
a.
• Not isometric; having unsymmetrical parts; — said of crystals with three unequal axes.
Anisopetalous
a.
(Bot.) Having unequal petals.
Anisophyllous
a.
(Bot.) Having unequal leaves.
Anisopleura
n. pl.
(Zool.) A primary division of gastropods, including those having spiral shells. The two sides of the body are unequally developed.
Anisopoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Crustacea, which, in some its characteristics, is intermediate between Amphipoda and Isopoda.
Anisostemonous
a.
(Bot.) Having unequal stamens; having stamens different in number from the petals.
Anisosthenic
a.
• Of unequal strength.
Anisotropous
a.
• Anisotropic.
Anker
n.
• A liquid measure in various countries of Europe. The Dutch anker, formerly also used in England, contained about 10 of the old wine gallons, or 8 imperial gallons.
Ankerite
n.
(Min.) A mineral closely related to dolomite, but containing iron.
Ankle
n.
• The joint which connects the foot with the leg; the tarsus.
Ankled
a.
• Having ankles; — used in composition; as, well-ankled.
Anklet
n.
• An ornament or a fetter for the ankle; an ankle ring.
Ankylose
v. t. & i.
• Same as Anchylose.
Ankylosis
n.
• Same as Anchylosis.
Anlace
n.
• A broad dagger formerly worn at the girdle.
Anna
n.
• An East Indian money of account, the sixteenth of a rupee, or about 2 cents.
Annal
n.
• See Annals.
Annalist
n.
• A writer of annals.
Annalistic
a.
• Pertaining to, or after the manner of, an annalist; as, the dry annalistic style.
Annalize
v. t.
• To record in annals.
Annals
n. pl.
• A relation of events in chronological order, each event being recorded under the year in which it happened.
• Historical records; chronicles; history.
• The record of a single event or item.
• A periodic publication, containing records of discoveries, transactions of societies, etc.; as "Annals of Science."
Anneal
v. t.
• To subject to great heat, and then cool slowly, as glass, cast iron, steel, or other metal, for the purpose of rendering it less brittle; to temper; to toughen.
• To heat, as glass, tiles, or earthenware, in order to fix the colors laid on them.
Annealer
n.
• One who, or that which, anneals.
Annealing
n.
• The process used to render glass, iron, etc., less brittle, performed by allowing them to cool very gradually from a high heat.
• The burning of metallic colors into glass, earthenware, etc.
Annectent
a.
• Connecting; annexing.
Annelida
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of the Articulata, having the body formed of numerous rings or annular segments, and without jointed legs. The principal subdivisions are the Chaetopoda, including the Oligochaeta or earthworms and Polychaeta or marine worms; and the Hirudinea or leeches.
Annelidous
a.
(Zool.) Of the nature of an annelid.
Anneloid
n.
(Zool.) An animal resembling an annelid.
Annex
v. t.
• To join or attach; usually to subjoin; to affix; to append; — followed by to.
• To join or add, as a smaller thing to a greater.
• To attach or connect, as a consequence, condition, etc.; as, to annex a penalty to a prohibition, or punishment to guilt.
v. i.
• To join; to be united.
n.
• Something annexed or appended; as, an additional stipulation to a writing, a subsidiary building to a main building; a wing.
Annexation
n.
• The act of annexing; process of attaching, adding, or appending; the act of connecting; union; as, the annexation of Texas to the United States, or of chattels to the freehold.
(Law) The union of property with a freehold so as to become a fixture. Bouvier. (b) (Scots Law) The appropriation of lands or rents to the crown.
Annexationist
n.
• One who favors annexation.
Annexer
n.
• One who annexes.
Annexion
n.
• Annexation.
Annexionist
n.
• An annexationist.
Annexment
n.
• The act of annexing, or the thing annexed; appendage.
Annihilable
a.
• Capable of being annihilated.
Annihilate
v. t.
• To reduce to nothing or nonexistence; to destroy the existence of; to cause to cease to be.
• To destroy the form or peculiar distinctive properties of, so that the specific thing no longer exists; as, to annihilate a forest by cutting down the trees.
• To destroy or eradicate, as a property or attribute of a thing; to make of no effect; to destroy the force, etc., of; as, to annihilate an argument, law, rights, goodness.
a.
• Anhilated.
Annihilation
n.
• The act of reducing to nothing, or nonexistence; or the act of destroying the form or combination of parts under which a thing exists, so that the name can no longer be applied to it; as, the annihilation of a corporation.
• The state of being annihilated.
Annihilationist
n.
(Theol.) One who believes that eternal punishment consists in annihilation or extinction of being; a destructionist.
Annihilative
a.
• Serving to annihilate; destructive.
Annihilator
n.
• One who, or that which, annihilates; as, a fire annihilator.
Annihilatory
a.
• Annihilative.
Anniversarily
adv.
• Annually.
Anniversary
a.
• Returning with the year, at a stated time; annual; yearly; as, an anniversary feast.
n.
• The annual return of the day on which any notable event took place, or is wont to be celebrated; as, the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.
(R. C. Ch.) The day on which Mass is said yearly for the soul of a deceased person; the commemoration of some sacred event, as the dedication of a church or the consecration of a pope.
• The celebration which takes place on an anniversary day.
Anniverse
n.
• Anniversary.
Annodated
a.
(Her.) Curved somewhat in the form of the letter S.
Annominate
v. t.
• To name.
Annomination
n.
• Paronomasia; punning.
• Alliteration.
Annotate
v. t.
• To explain or criticize by notes; as, to annotate the works of Bacon.
v. i.
• To make notes or comments; — with on or upon.
Annotation
n.
• A note, added by way of comment, or explanation; — usually in the plural; as, annotations on ancient authors, or on a word or a passage.
Annotationist
n.
• An annotator.
Annotative
a.
• Characterized by annotations; of the nature of annotation.
Annotator
n.
• A writer of annotations; a commentator.
Annotatory
a.
• Pertaining to an annotator; containing annotations.
Annotine
n.
(Zool.) A bird one year old, or that has once molted.
Annotinous
a.
(Bot.) A year old; in Yearly growths.
Announce
v. t.
• To give public notice, or first notice of; to make known; to publish; to proclaim.
• To pronounce; to declare by judicial sentence.
Announcement
n.
• The act of announcing, or giving notice; that which announces; proclamation; publication.
Announcer
n.
• One who announces.
Annoy
v. t.
• To molest, incommode, or harm; as, to annoy an army by impeding its march, or by a cannonade.
n.
• A feeling of discomfort or vexation caused by what one dislikes; also, whatever causes such a feeling; as, to work annoy.
Annoyance
n.
• The act of annoying, or the state of being annoyed; molestation; vexation; annoy.
• That which annoys.
Annoyer
n.
• One who, or that which, annoys.
Annoyful
a.
• Annoying.
Annoying
a.
• That annoys; molesting; vexatious.
Annoyous
a.
• Troublesome; annoying.
Annual
a.
• Of or pertaining to a year; returning every year; coming or happening once in the year; yearly.
• Performed or accomplished in a year; reckoned by the year; as, the annual motion of the earth.
• Lasting or continuing only one year or one growing season; requiring to be renewed every year; as, an annual plant; annual tickets.
n.
• A thing happening or returning yearly; esp. a literary work published once a year.
• Anything, especially a plant, that lasts but one year or season; an annual plant.
(R. C. Ch.) A Mass for a deceased person or for some special object, said daily for a year or on the anniversary day.
Annualist
n.
• One who writes for, or who edits, an annual.
Annually
adv.
• Yearly; year by year.
Annuary
a.
• Annual.
n.
• A yearbook.
Annueler
n.
• A priest employed in saying annuals, or anniversary Masses.
Annuent
a.
• Nodding; as, annuent muscles (used in nodding).
Annuitant
n.
• One who receives, or its entitled to receive, an annuity.
Annuity
n.
• A sum of money, payable yearly, to continue for a given number of years, for life, or forever; an annual allowance.
Annul
v. t.
• To reduce to nothing; to obliterate.
• To make void or of no effect; to nullify; to abolish; to do away with; — used appropriately of laws, decrees, edicts, decisions of courts, or other established rules, permanent usages, and the like, which are made void by component authority.
Annular
a.
• Pertaining to, or having the form of, a ring; forming a ring; ringed; ring-shaped; as, annular fibers.
• Banded or marked with circles.
Annularity
n.
• Annular condition or form; as, the annularity of a nebula.
Annularry
adv.
• In an annular manner.
Annulary
a.
• Having the form of a ring; annular.
Annulata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A class of articulate animals, nearly equivalent to Annelida, including the marine annelids, earthworms, Gephyrea, Gymnotoma, leeches, etc.
Annulate
n.
(Zool.) One of the Annulata.
Annulation
n.
• A circular or ringlike formation; a ring or belt.
Annulet
n.
• A little ring.
(Arch.) A small, flat fillet, encircling a column, etc., used by itself, or with other moldings. It is used, several times repeated, under the Doric capital.
(Her.) A little circle borne as a charge.
(Zool.) A narrow circle of some distinct color on a surface or round an organ.
Annullable
a.
• That may be Annulled.
Annuller
n.
• One who annuls.
Annulment
n.
• The act of annulling; abolition; invalidation.
Annuloid
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Annuloida.
Annuloida
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of the Articulata, including the annelids and allied groups; sometimes made to include also the helminths and echinoderms.
Annulosa
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of the Invertebrata, nearly equivalent to the Articulata. It includes the Arthoropoda and Anarthropoda. By some zoologists it is applied to the former only.
Annulosan
n.
(Zool.) One of the Annulosa.
Annulose
a.
• Furnished with, or composed of, rings or ringlike segments; ringed.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Annulosa.
Annulus
n.
• A ring; a ringlike part or space.
(Geom.) A space contained between the circumferences of two circles, one within the other.
• The solid formed by a circle revolving around a line which is the plane of the circle but does not cut it.
(Zool.) Ring-shaped structures or markings, found in, or upon, various animals.
Annumerate
v. t.
• To add on; to count in.
Annumeration
n.
• Addition to a former number.
Annunciable
a.
• That may be announced or declared; declarable.
Annunciate
v. t.
• To announce.
p. p. & a.
• Foretold; preannounced.
Annunciation
n.
• The act of announcing; announcement; proclamation; as, the annunciation of peace.
(Eccl.) The announcement of the incarnation, made by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary.
• The festival celebrated (March 25th) by the Church of England, of Rome, etc., in memory of the angel's announcement, on that day; Lady Day.
Annunciative
a.
• Pertaining to annunciation; announcing.
Annunciator
n.
• One who announces. Specifically: An officer in the church of Constantinople, whose business it was to inform the people of the festivals to be celebrated.
• An indicator (as in a hotel) which designates the room where attendance is wanted.
Annunciatory
a.
• Pertaining to, or containing, announcement; making known.
Anoa
n.
(Zool.) A small wild ox of Celebes (Anoa depressicornis), allied to the buffalo, but having long nearly straight horns.
Anode
n.
(Elec.) The positive pole of an electric battery, or more strictly the electrode by which the current enters the electrolyte on its way to the other pole; — opposed to cathode.
Anodon
n.
(Zool.) A genus of fresh-water bivalves, having to teeth at the hinge.
Anodyne
a.
• Serving to assuage pain; soothing.
n.
• Any medicine which allays pain, as an opiate or narcotic; anything that soothes disturbed feelings.
Anodynous
a.
• Anodyne.
Anoil
v. t.
• The anoint with oil.
Anoint
v. t.
• To smear or rub over with oil or an unctuous substance; also, to spread over, as oil.
• To apply oil to or to pour oil upon, etc., as a sacred rite, especially for consecration.
p. p.
• Anointed.
Anointer
n.
• One who anoints.
Anointment
n.
• The act of anointing, or state of being anointed; also, an ointment.
Anolis
n.
(Zool.) A genus of lizards which belong to the family Iguanidae. They take the place in the New World of the chameleons in the Old, and in America are often called chameleons.
Anomal
n.
• Anything anomalous.
Anomaliped
n.
(Zool.) One of a group of perching birds, having the middle toe more or less united to the outer and inner ones.
Anomalism
n.
• An anomaly; a deviation from rule.
Anomalistically
adv.
• With irregularity.
Anomaloflorous
a.
(Bot.) Having anomalous flowers.
Anomalous
a
• Deviating from a general rule, method, or analogy; abnormal; irregular; as, an anomalous proceeding.
Anomalously
adv.
• In an anomalous manner.
Anomalousness
n.
• Quality of being anomalous.
Anomaly
n.
• Deviation from the common rule; an irregularity; anything anomalous.
(Astron.) The angular distance of a planet from its perihelion, as seen from the sun. This is the true anomaly. The eccentric anomaly is a corresponding angle at the center of the elliptic orbit of the planet. The mean anomaly is what the anomaly would be if the planet's angular motion were uniform.
• The angle measuring apparent irregularities in the motion of a planet.
(Nat. Hist.) Any deviation from the essential characteristics of a specific type.
Anomia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of bivalve shells, allied to the oyster, so called from their unequal valves, of which the lower is perforated for attachment.
Anomophyllous
a.
(Bot.) Having leaves irregularly placed.
Anomuran
n.
(Zool.) One of the Anomura.
Anomy
n.
• Disregard or violation of law.
Anon
adv.
• Straightway; at once.
• Soon; in a little while.
• At another time; then; again.
Anona
n.
(Bot.) A genus of tropical or subtropical plants of the natural order Anonaceae, including the soursop.
Anonaceous
a.
• Pertaining to the order of plants including the soursop, custard apple, etc.
Anonym
n.
• One who is anonymous; also sometimes used for "pseudonym."
• A notion which has no name, or which can not be expressed by a single English word.
Anonymity
n.
• The quality or state of being anonymous; anonymousness; also, that which anonymous.
Anonymous
a.
• Nameless; of unknown name; also, of unknown /or unavowed authorship; as, an anonymous benefactor; an anonymous pamphlet or letter.
Anonymously
adv.
• In an anonymous manner; without a name.
Anonymousness
n.
• The state or quality of being anonymous.
Anophyte
n.
(Bot.) A moss or mosslike plant which cellular stems, having usually an upward growth and distinct leaves.
Anopla
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the two orders of Nemerteans.
Anoplura
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of insects which includes the lice.
Anormal
a.
• Not according to rule; abnormal.
Anorn
v. t.
• To adorn.
Anorthic
a.
(Min.) Having unequal oblique axes; as, anorthic crystals.
Anorthite
n.
• A mineral of the feldspar family, commonly occurring in small glassy crystals, also a constituent of some igneous rocks. It is a lime feldspar.
Anorthoscope
n.
(Physics) An optical toy for producing amusing figures or pictures by means of two revolving disks, on one of which distorted figures are painted.
Anosmia
n.
(Med.) Loss of the sense of smell.
Another
pron. & a.
• One more, in addition to a former number; a second or additional one, similar in likeness or in effect.
• Not the same; different.
• Any or some; any different person, indefinitely; any one else; some one else.
Ansa
n.
(Astron.) A name given to either of the projecting ends of Saturn's ring.
Ansated
a.
• Having a handle.
Anserated
a.
(Her.) Having the extremities terminate in the heads of eagles, lions, etc.; as, an anserated cross.
Anseres
n. pl.
(Zool.) A Linnaean order of aquatic birds swimming by means of webbed feet, as the duck, or of lobed feet, as the grebe. In this order were included the geese, ducks, auks, divers, gulls, petrels, etc.
Anseriformes
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of birds including the geese, ducks, and closely allied forms.
Anserine
a
• Pertaining to, or resembling, a goose, or the skin of a goose.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the Anseres.
Anserous
a.
• Resembling a goose; silly; simple.
Answer
v. t.
• To speak in defense against; to reply to in defense; as, to answer a charge; to answer an accusation.
• To speak or write in return to, as in return to a call or question, or to a speech, declaration, argument, or the like; to reply to (a question, remark, etc.); to respond to.
• To respond to satisfactorily; to meet successfully by way of explanation, argument, or justification, and the like; to refute.
• To be or act in return or response to.
• To be or act in compliance with, in fulfillment or satisfaction of, as an order, obligation, demand; as, he answered my claim upon him; the servant answered the bell.
• To render account to or for.
• To atone; to be punished for.
• To be opposite to; to face.
• To be or act an equivalent to, or as adequate or sufficient for; to serve for; to repay.
• To be or act in accommodation, conformity, relation, or proportion to; to correspond to; to suit.
v. i.
• To speak or write by way of return (originally, to a charge), or in reply; to make response.
• To make a satisfactory response or return. Hence: To render account, or to be responsible; to be accountable; to make amends; as, the man must answer to his employer for the money intrusted to his care.
• To be or act in return.
• To be or act by way of compliance, fulfillment, reciprocation, or satisfaction; to serve the purpose; as, gypsum answers as a manure on some soils.
• To be opposite, or to act in opposition.
• To be or act as an equivalent, or as adequate or sufficient; as, a very few will answer.
• To be or act in conformity, or by way of accommodation, correspondence, relation, or proportion; to conform; to correspond; to suit; — usually with to.
n.
• A reply to a change; a defense.
• Something said or written in reply to a question, a call, an argument, an address, or the like; a reply.
• Something done in return for, or in consequence of, something else; a responsive action.
• A solution, the result of a mathematical operation; as, the answer to a problem.
(Law) A counter-statement of facts in a course of pleadings; a confutation of what the other party has alleged; a responsive declaration by a witness in reply to a question. In Equity, it is the usual form of defense to the complainant's charges in his bill.
Answerable
a.
• Obliged to answer; liable to be called to account; liable to pay, indemnify, or make good; accountable; amenable; responsible; as, an agent is answerable to his principal; to be answerable for a debt, or for damages.
• Capable of being answered or refuted; admitting a satisfactory answer.
• Correspondent; conformable; hence, comparable.
• Proportionate; commensurate; suitable; as, an achievement answerable to the preparation for it.
• Equal; equivalent; adequate.
Answerableness
n.
• The quality of being answerable, liable, responsible, or correspondent.
Answerably
adv.
• In an answerable manner; in due proportion or correspondence; suitably.
Answerer
n.
• One who answers.
Answerless
a.
• Having no answer, or impossible to be answered.
Ant
n.
(Zool.) A hymenopterous insect of the Linnaean genus Formica, which is now made a family of several genera; an emmet; a pismire.
Anta
n.
(Arch.) A species of pier produced by thickening a wall at its termination, treated architecturally as a pilaster, with capital and base.
Antacid
n.
(Med.) A remedy for acidity of the stomach, as an alkali or absorbent.
a.
• Counteractive of acidity.
Antacrid
a.
• Corrective of acrimony of the humors.
Antaean
a.
• Pertaining to Antaeus, a giant athlete slain by Hercules.
Antagonism
n.
• Opposition of action; counteraction or contrariety of things or principles.
Antagonist
n.
• One who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; an opponent.
(Anat.) A muscle which acts in opposition to another; as a flexor, which bends a part, is the antagonist of an extensor, which extends it.
(Med.) A medicine which opposes the action of another medicine or of a poison when absorbed into the blood or tissues.
a.
• Antagonistic; opposing; counteracting; as, antagonist schools of philosophy.
Antagonize
v. t.
• To contend with; to oppose actively; to counteract.
v. i.
• To act in opposition.
Antagony
n.
• Contest; opposition; antagonism.
Antalgic
a.
(Med.) Alleviating pain.
n.
• A medicine to alleviate pain; an anodyne.
Antalkaline
a.
• Of power to counteract alkalies.
Antambulacral
a.
(Zool.) Away from the ambulacral region.
Antanaclasis
n.
(Rhet.) A figure which consists in repeating the same word in a different sense; as, Learn some craft when young, that when old you may live without craft.
• A repetition of words beginning a sentence, after a long parenthesis; as, Shall that heart (which not only feels them, but which has all motions of life placed in them), shall that heart, etc.
Antanagoge
n.
(Rhet.) A figure which consists in answering the charge of an adversary, by a counter charge.
Antaphrodisiac
a.
(Med.) Capable of blunting the venereal appetite.
n.
• Anything that quells the venereal appetite.
Antaphroditic
a.
(Med.) Antaphrodisiac.
• Antisyphilitic.
n.
• An antaphroditic medicine.
Antapoplectic
a.
(Med.) Good against apoplexy.
n.
• A medicine used against apoplexy.
Antarchism
n.
• Opposition to government in general.
Antarchist
n.
• One who opposes all government.
Antarctic
a.
• Opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near it, and applied especially to a circle, distant from the pole 23° 28&min;. Thus we say the antarctic pole, circle, ocean, region, current, etc.
Antares
n.
• The principal star in Scorpio: — called also the Scorpion's Heart.
Antarthritic
a.(Med.)
n.
• A remedy against gout.
Antasthmatic
a.
(Med.) Opposing, or fitted to relieve, asthma.
n.
• A remedy for asthma.
Ante
n.
(Poker Playing) Each player's stake, which is put into the pool before (ante) the game begins.
v. t. & i.
• To put up (an ante).
Anteact
n.
• A preceding act.
Anteal
a.
• Being before, or in front.
Antecedaneous
a.
• Antecedent; preceding in time.
Antecede
v. t. & i.
• To go before in time or place; to precede; to surpass.
Antecedence
n.
• The act or state of going before in time; precedence.
(Astron.) An apparent motion of a planet toward the west; retrogradation.
Antecedency
n.
• The state or condition of being antecedent; priority.
Antecedent
a.
• Going before in time; prior; anterior; preceding; as, an event antecedent to the Deluge; an antecedent cause.
• Presumptive; as, an antecedent improbability.
n.
• That which goes before in time; that which precedes.
• One who precedes or goes in front.
• The earlier events of one's life; previous principles, conduct, course, history.
(Gram.) The noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence "Solomon was the prince who built the temple," prince is the antecedent of who.
(Logic) The first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move.
• The first of the two propositions which constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every man is mortal; therefore the king must die.
(Math.) The first of the two terms of a ratio; the first or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a:b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent.
Antecedently
adv.
• Previously; before in time; at a time preceding; as, antecedently to conversion.
Antecessor
n.
• One who goes before; a predecessor.
• An ancestor; a progenitor.
Antechamber
n.
• A chamber or apartment before the chief apartment and leading into it, in which persons wait for audience; an outer chamber.
• A space viewed as the outer chamber or the entrance to an interior part.
Antechapel
n.
• The outer part of the west end of a collegiate or other chapel.
Antecommunion
n.
• A name given to that part of the Anglican liturgy for the communion, which precedes the consecration of the elements.
Antecursor
n.
• A forerunner; a precursor.
Antedate
n.
• Prior date; a date antecedent to another which is the actual date.
• Anticipation.
v. t.
• To date before the true time; to assign to an earlier date; thus, to antedate a deed or a bond is to give it a date anterior to the true time of its execution.
• To precede in time.
• To anticipate; to make before the true time.
Antediluvial
a.
• Before the flood, or Deluge, in Noah's time.
Antediluvian
a.
• Of or relating to the period before the Deluge in Noah's time; hence, antiquated; as, an antediluvian vehicle.
n.
• One who lived before the Deluge.
Antefact
n.
• Something done before another act.
Antefix
n.
(Arch.) An ornament fixed upon a frieze.
• An ornament at the eaves, concealing the ends of the joint tiles of the roof.
• An ornament of the cymatium of a classic cornice, sometimes pierced for the escape of water.
Anteflexion
n.
(Med.) A displacement forward of an organ, esp. the uterus, in such manner that its axis is bent upon itself.
Antelope
n.
(Zool.) One of a group of ruminant quadrupeds, intermediate between the deer and the goat. The horns are usually annulated, or ringed. There are many species in Africa and Asia.
Antelucan
a.
• Held or being before light; — a word applied to assemblies of Christians, in ancient times of persecution, held before light in the morning.
Antemeridian
a.
• Being before noon; in or pertaining to the forenoon. (Abbrev. a. m.)
Antemetic
a.
(Med.) Tending to check vomiting.
n.
• A remedy to check or allay vomiting.
Antemosaic
a.
• Being before the time of Moses.
Antemundane
a.
• Being or occurring before the creation of the world.
Antemural
n.
• An outwork of a strong, high wall, with turrets, in front gateway (as of an old castle), for defending the entrance.
Antenatal
a.
• Before birth.
Antenicene
a.
• Of or in the Christian church or era, anterior to the first council of Nice, held a. d. 325; as, antenicene faith.
Antenna
n.
(Zool.) A movable, articulated organ of sensation, attached to the heads of insects and Crustacea. There are two in the former, and usually four in the latter. They are used as organs of touch, and in some species of Crustacea the cavity of the ear is situated near the basal joint. In insects, they are popularly called horns, and also feelers. The term in also applied to similar organs on the heads of other arthropods and of annelids.
Antennal
a.
(Zool.) Belonging to the antennae.
Antenniferous
a.
(Zool.) Bearing or having antennae.
Antenniform
a.
• Shaped like antennae.
Antennule
n.
(Zool.) A small antenna; — applied to the smaller pair of antennae or feelers of Crustacea.
Antenumber
n.
• A number that precedes another.
Antenuptial
a.
• Preceding marriage; as, an antenuptial agreement.
Anteorbital
a. & n.
(Anat.) Same as Antorbital.
Antepaschal
a.
• Pertaining to the time before the Passover, or before Easter.
Antepast
n.
• A foretaste.
Antependium
n.
(Eccl.) The hangings or screen in front of the altar; an altar cloth; the frontal.
Antepenultimate
a.
• Of or pertaining to the last syllable but two.
n.
• The antepenult.
Antephialtic
a.
(Med.) Good against nightmare.
n.
• A remedy nightmare.
Antepileptic
a.
(Med.) Good against epilepsy.
n.
• A medicine for epilepsy.
Antepone
v. t.
• To put before; to prefer.
Anteport
n.
• An outer port, gate, or door.
Anteportico
n.
• An outer porch or vestibule.
Anteposition
n.
(Gram.) The placing of a before another, which, by ordinary rules, ought to follow it.
Anteprandial
a.
• Preceding dinner.
Antepredicament
n.
(Logic) A prerequisite to a clear understanding of the predicaments and categories, such as definitions of common terms.
Anterior
a.
• Before in time; antecedent.
• Before, or toward the front, in place; as, the anterior part of the mouth; — opposed to posterior.
Anteriority
n.
• The state of being anterior or preceding in time or in situation; priority.
Anteriorly
adv.
• In an anterior manner; before.
Anteroom
n.
• A room before, or forming an entrance to, another; a waiting room.
Antestature
n.
(Fort.) A small intrenchment or work of palisades, or of sacks of earth.
Antestomach
n.
• A cavity which leads into the stomach, as in birds.
Antetemple
n.
• The portico, or narthex in an ancient temple or church.
Anteversion
n.
(Med.) A displacement of an organ, esp. of the uterus, in such manner that its whole axis is directed further forward than usual.
Antevert
v. t.
• To prevent.
(Med.) To displace by anteversion.
Anthelion
n.
(Meteor.) A halo opposite the sun, consisting of a colored ring or rings around the shadow of the spectator's own head, as projected on a cloud or on an opposite fog bank.
Anthelix
n.
(Anat.) Same as Antihelix.
Anthelmintic
a.
(Med.) Good against intestinal worms. — An anthelmintic remedy.
Anthem
n.
• Formerly, a hymn sung in alternate parts, in present usage, a selection from the Psalms, or other parts of the Scriptures or the liturgy, set to sacred music.
• A song or hymn of praise.
v. t.
• To celebrate with anthems.
Anthemis
n.
(Bot.) Chamomile; a genus of composite, herbaceous plants.
Anthemwise
adv.
• Alternately.
Anther
n.
(Bot.) That part of the stamen containing the pollen, or fertilizing dust, which, when mature, is emitted for the impregnation of the ovary.
Antheridium
n.
(Bot.) The male reproductive apparatus in the lower, consisting of a cell or other cavity in which spermatozoids are produced; — called also spermary.
Antheriferous
a.
(Bot.) Producing anthers, as plants.
• Supporting anthers, as a part of a flower.
Antheriform
a.
• Shaped like an anther; anther-shaped.
Antherogenous
a.
(Bot.) Transformed from anthers, as the petals of a double flower.
Antheroid
a.
• Resembling an anther.
Anthesis
n.
(Bot.) The period or state of full expansion in a flower.
Anthobian
n.
(Zool.) A beetle which feeds on flowers.
Anthobranchia
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of nudibranchiate Mollusca, in which the gills form a wreath or cluster upon the posterior part of the back.
Anthocarpous
a.
(Bot.) Having some portion of the floral envelopes attached to the pericarp to form the fruit, as in the checkerberry, the mulberry, and the pineapple.
Anthocyanin
n.
• Same as Anthokyan.
Anthodium
n.
(Bot.) The inflorescence of a compound flower in which many florets are gathered into a involucrate head.
Anthography
n.
• A description of flowers.
Anthoid
a.
• Resembling a flower; flowerlike.
Anthokyan
n.
(Chem.) The blue coloring matter of certain flowers. Same as Cyanin.
Antholite
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil plant, like a petrified flower.
Anthological
a.
• Pertaining to anthology; consisting of beautiful extracts from different authors, especially the poets.
Anthologist
n.
• One who compiles an anthology.
Anthology
n.
• A discourses on flowers.
• A collection of flowers; a garland.
• A collection of flowers of literature, that is, beautiful passages from authors; a collection of poems or epigrams; — particularly applied to a collection of ancient Greek epigrams.
(Gr. Ch.) A service book containing a selection of pieces for the festival services.
Anthomania
n.
• A extravagant fondness for flowers.
Anthophagous
a.
(Zool.) Eating flowers; — said of certain insects.
Anthophore
n.
(Bot.) The stipe when developed into an internode between calyx and corolla, as in the Pink family.
Anthophorous
a.
• Flower bearing; supporting the flower.
Anthophyllite
n.
• A mineral of the hornblende group, of a yellowish gray or clove brown color.
Anthorism
n.
(Rhet.) A description or definition contrary to that which is given by the adverse party.
Anthotaxy
n.
(Bot.) The arrangement of flowers in a cluster; the science of the relative position of flowers; inflorescence.
Anthozoa
n. pl.
(Zool.) The class of the Coelenterata which includes the corals and sea anemones. The three principal groups or orders are Acyonaria, Actinaria, and Madreporaria.
Anthozoan
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the Anthozoa.
n.
• One of the Anthozoa.
Anthozoic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Anthozoa.
Anthracene
n.
(Chem.) A solid hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2H2.C6H4, which accompanies naphthalene in the last stages of the distillation of coal tar. Its chief use is in the artificial production of alizarin.
Anthracic
a.
• Of or relating to anthrax; as, anthracic blood.
Anthraciferous
a.
(Min.) Yielding anthracite; as, anthraciferous strata.
Anthracite
n.
• A hard, compact variety of mineral coal, of high luster, differing from bituminous coal in containing little or no bitumen, in consequence of which it burns with a nearly non luminous flame. The purer specimens consist almost wholly of carbon. Also called glance coal and blind coal.
Anthracitic
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or like, anthracite; as, anthracitic formations.
Anthracoid
a.
(Biol.) Resembling anthrax in action; of the nature of anthrax; as, an anthracoid microbe.
Anthracomancy
n.
• Divination by inspecting a burning coal.
Anthracometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the amount of carbonic acid in a mixture.
Anthracometric
a.
• Of or pertaining to an anthracometer.
Anthraonite
n.
(Min.) A coal-black marble, usually emitting a fetid smell when rubbed; — called also stinkstone and swinestone.
Anthraquinone
n.
(Chem.) A hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2O2.C6H4, subliming in shining yellow needles. It is obtained by oxidation of anthracene.
Anthrax
n.
(Med.) A carbuncle.
• A malignant pustule.
(Biol.) A microscopic, bacterial organism (Bacillus anthracis), resembling transparent rods.
• An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed to the presence of a rod-shaped bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), the spores of which constitute the contagious matter. It may be transmitted to man by inoculation. The spleen becomes greatly enlarged and filled with bacteria. Called also splenic fever.
Anthrenus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of small beetles, several of which, in the larval state, are very destructive to woolen goods, fur, etc. The common "museum pest" is A. varius; the carpet beetle is A. scrophulariae. The larvae are commonly confounded with moths.
Anthropidae
n. pl.
(Zool.) The group that includes man only.
Anthropocentric
a.
• Assuming man as the center or ultimate end; — applied to theories of the universe or of any part of it, as the solar system.
Anthropogenic
a.
• Of or pertaining to anthropogeny.
Anthropogeny
n.
• The science or study of human generation, or the origin and development of man.
Anthropoglot
n.
(Zool.) An animal which has a tongue resembling that of man, as the parrot.
Anthropography
n.
• That branch of anthropology which treats of the actual distribution of the human race in its different divisions, as distinguished by physical character, language, institutions, and customs, in contradistinction to ethnography, which treats historically of the origin and filiation of races and nations.
Anthropoid
a.
• Resembling man; — applied especially to certain apes, as the ourang or gorilla.
n.
• An anthropoid ape.
Anthropoidal
a.
• Anthropoid.
Anthropoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) The suborder of primates which includes the monkeys, apes, and man.
Anthropolatry
n.
• Man worship.
Anthropolite
n.
(Paleon.) A petrifaction of the human body, or of any portion of it.
Anthropologist
n.
• One who is versed in anthropology.
Anthropology
n.
• The science of the structure and functions of the human body.
• The science of man; — sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal.
• That manner of expression by which the inspired writers attribute human parts and passions to God.
Anthropomancy
n.
• Divination by the entrails of human being.
Anthropometry
n.
• Measurement of the height and other dimensions of human beings, especially at different ages, or in different races, occupations, etc.
Anthropomorpha
n. pl.
(Zool.) The manlike, or anthropoid, apes.
Anthropomorphic
a.
• Of or pertaining to anthromorphism. Hadley.
Anthropomorphism
n.
• The representation of the Deity, or of a polytheistic deity, under a human form, or with human attributes and affections.
• The ascription of human characteristics to things not human.
Anthropomorphist
n.
• One who attributes the human form or other human attributes to the Deity or to anything not human.
Anthropomorphite
n.
• One who ascribes a human form or human attributes to the Deity or to a polytheistic deity. Taylor. Specifically, one of a sect of ancient heretics who believed that God has a human form, etc. Tillotson.
Anthropomorphitic
a.
(Biol.) to anthropomorphism.
Anthropomorphitism
n.
• Anthropomorphism.
Anthropomorphize
v. t. & i.
• To attribute a human form or personality to.
Anthropomorphology
n.
• The application to God of terms descriptive of human beings.
Anthropomorphosis
n.
• Transformation into the form of a human being.
Anthropomorphous
a.
• Having the figure of, or resemblance to, a man; as, an anthromorphous plant.
Anthropophagi
n. pl.
• Man eaters; cannibals.
Anthropophaginian
n.
• One who east human flesh.
Anthropophagite
n.
• A cannibal.
Anthropophagous
a.
• Feeding on human flesh; cannibal.
Anthropophagy
n.
• The eating of human flesh; cannibalism.
Anthropophuism
n.
• Human nature.
Anthroposcopy
n.
• The art of discovering or judging of a man's character, passions. and inclinations from a study of his visible features.
Anthroposophy
n.
• Knowledge of the nature of man; hence, human wisdom.
Anthropotomical
a.
• Pertaining to anthropotomy, or the dissection of human bodies.
Anthropotomist
n.
• One who is versed in anthropotomy, or human anatomy.
Anthropotomy
n.
• The anatomy or dissection of the human body; androtomy.
Anti
• A prefix meaning against, opposite or opposed to, contrary, or in place of; — used in composition in many English words. It is often shortened to ant-; as, antacid, antarctic.
Antiae
n. pl.
(Zool.) The two projecting feathered angles of the forehead of some birds; the frontal points.
Antialbumid
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A body formed from albumin by pancreatic and gastric digestion. It is convertible into antipeptone.
Antiaphrodisiac
a. & n.
• Same as Antaphrodisiac.
Antiapoplectic
a. & n.
(Med.) Same as Antapoplectic.
Antiar
n.
• A Virulent poison prepared in Java from the gum resin of one species of the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaria).
Antiarin
n.
(Chem.) A poisonous principle obtained from antiar.
Antiasthmatic
a. & n.
• Same as Antasthmatic.
Antiattrition
n.
• Anything to prevent the effects of friction, esp. a compound lubricant for machinery, etc., often consisting of plumbago, with some greasy material; antifriction grease.
Antibacchius
n.
(Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the first two long, and the last short (#).
Antibillous
a.
• Counteractive of bilious complaints; tending to relieve biliousness.
Antibrachial
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the antibrachium, or forearm.
Antibrachium
n.
(Anat.) That part of the fore limb between the brachium and the carpus; the forearm.
Antibromic
n.
• An agent that destroys offensive smells; a deodorizer.
Antiburgher
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One who seceded from the Burghers (1747), deeming it improper to take the Burgess oath.
Antic
a.
• Old; antique.
• (Zool.)
• Odd; fantastic; fanciful; grotesque; ludicrous.
n.
• A buffoon or merry-andrew; one that practices odd gesticulations; the Fool of the old play.
• An odd imagery, device, or tracery; a fantastic figure.
• A grotesque trick; a piece of buffoonery; a caper.
(Arch.) A grotesque representation.
• An antimask.
v. t.
• To make appear like a buffoon.
v. i.
• To perform antics.
Anticatarrhal
a.
(Med.) Efficacious against catarrh.
n.
• An anticatarrhal remedy.
Anticathode
n.
(Phys.) The part of a vacuum tube opposite the cathode. Upon it the cathode rays impinge.
Anticausodic
a. & n.
(Med.) Same as Anticausotic.
Anticausotic
a.
(Med.) Good against an inflammatory fever.
n.
• A remedy for such a fever.
Antichlor
n.
(Chem.) Any substance (but especially sodium hyposulphite) used in removing the excess of chlorine left in paper pulp or stuffs after bleaching.
Antichrist
n.
• A denier or opponent of Christ. Specif.: A great antagonist, person or power, expected to precede Christ's second coming.
Antichristian
a.
• Opposed to the Christian religion.
Antichristianly
adv.
• In an antichristian manner.
Antichronical
a.
• Deviating from the proper order of time.
Antichronism
n.
• Deviation from the true order of time; anachronism.
Antichthon
n.
• A hypothetical earth counter to ours, or on the opposite side of the sun.
• Inhabitants of opposite hemispheres.
Anticipant
a.
• Anticipating; expectant; — with of.
Anticipate
v. t.
• To be before in doing; to do or take before another; to preclude or prevent by prior action.
• To take up or introduce beforehand, or before the proper or normal time; to cause to occur earlier or prematurely; as, the advocate has anticipated a part of his argument.
• To foresee (a wish, command, etc.) and do beforehand that which will be desired.
• To foretaste or foresee; to have a previous view or impression of; as, to anticipate the pleasures of a visit; to anticipate the evils of life.
Anticipation
n.
• The act of anticipating, taking up, placing, or considering something beforehand, or before the proper time in natural order.
• Previous view or impression of what is to happen; instinctive prevision; foretaste; antepast; as, the anticipation of the joys of heaven.
• Hasty notion; intuitive preconception.
(Mus.) The commencing of one or more tones of a chord with or during the chord preceding, forming a momentary discord.
Anticipative
a.
• Anticipating, or containing anticipation.
Anticipator
n.
• One who anticipates.
Anticipatory
a.
• Forecasting; of the nature of anticipation.
Anticivic
n.
• Opposed to citizenship.
Anticivism
n.
• Opposition to the body politic of citizens.
Anticlastic
a.
• Having to opposite curvatures, that is, curved longitudinally in one direction and transversely in the opposite direction, as the surface of a saddle.
Anticlimax
n.
(Rhet.) A sentence in which the ideas fall, or become less important and striking, at the close; — the opposite of climax. It produces a ridiculous effect. Example:
Anticlinal
a.
• Inclining or dipping in opposite directions.
n.
(Geol.) The crest or line in which strata slope or dip in opposite directions.
Anticlinorium
n.
(Geol.) The upward elevation of the crust of the earth, resulting from a geanticlinal.
Anticly
adv.
• Oddly; grotesquely.
Anticness
n.
• The quality of being antic.
Anticonstitutional
a.
• Opposed to the constitution; unconstitutional.
Anticontagious
a.
(Med.) Opposing or destroying contagion.
Anticonvulsive
a.
(Med.) Good against convulsions.
Anticor
n.
(Far.) A dangerous inflammatory swelling of a horse's breast, just opposite the heart.
Anticous
a.
(Bot.) Facing toward the axis of the flower, as in the introrse anthers of the water lily.
Anticyclone
n.
(Meteorol.) A movement of the atmosphere opposite in character, as regards direction of the wind and distribution of barometric pressure, to that of a cyclone.
Antidotal
a.
• Having the quality an antidote; fitted to counteract the effects of poison.
Antidotary
a.
• Antidotal.
Antidote
n.
• A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of anything noxious taken into the stomach; — used with against, for, or to; as, an antidote against, for, or to, poison.
• Whatever tends to prevent mischievous effects, or to counteract evil which something else might produce.
v. t.
• To counteract or prevent the effects of, by giving or taking an antidote.
• To fortify or preserve by an antidote.
Antidotical
a.
• Serving as an antidote.
Antidromous
a.
(Bot.) Changing the direction in the spiral sequence of leaves on a stem.
Antidysenteric
a.
(Med.) Good against dysentery.
n.
• A medicine for dysentery.
Antiemetic
a. n.
(Med.) Same as Antemetic.
Antiephialtic
a. & n.
(Med.) Same as Antephialtic.
Antiepileptic
a. & n.
(Med.) Same as Antepileptic.
Antifebrile
a. & n.
(Med.) Febrifuge.
Antifebrine
n.
(Med.) Acetanilide.
Antifriction
n.
• Something to lesse friction; antiattrition. — a. Tending to lessen friction.
Antigalastic
a.
• Causing a diminution or a suppression of the secretion of milk.
Antigraph
n.
• A copy or transcript.
Antiguggler
n.
• A crooked tube of metal, to be introduced into the neck of a bottle for drawing out the liquid without disturbing the sediment or causing a gurgling noise.
Antihelix
n.
(Anat.) The curved elevation of the cartilage of the ear, within or in front of the helix.
Antihemorrhagic
a.
(Med.) Tending to stop hemorrhage.
n.
• A remedy for hemorrhage.
Antihydrophobic
a.
(Med.) Counteracting or preventing hydrophobia.
n.
• A remedy for hydrophobia.
Antihydropic
a.
(Med.) Good against dropsy.
n.
• A remedy for dropsy.
Antihypnotic
a.
(Med.) Tending to prevent sleep.
n.
• An antihypnotic agent.
Antihypochondriac
a.
(Med.) Counteractive of hypochondria.
n.
• A remedy for hypochondria.
Antihysteric
a.
(Med.) Counteracting hysteria.
n.
• A remedy for hysteria.
Antiicteric
a.
(Med.) Good against jaundice.
n.
• A remedy for jaundice.
Antilegomena
n. pl.
(Eccl.) Certain books of the New Testament which were for a time not universally received, but which are now considered canonical. These are the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Epistles of James and Jude, the second Epistle of Peter, the second and third Epistles of John, and the Revelation. The undisputed books are called the Homologoumena.
Antilibration
n.
• A balancing; equipoise.
Antilithic
a.
(Med.) Tending to prevent the formation of urinary calculi, or to destroy them when formed.
n.
• An antilithic medicine.
Antilogarithm
n.
(Math.) The number corresponding to a logarithm. The word has been sometimes, though rarely, used to denote the complement of a given logarithm; also the logarithmic cosine corresponding to a given logarithmic sine.
Antilogous
a.
• Of the contrary name or character; — opposed to analogous.
Antilogy
n.
• A contradiction between any words or passages in an author.
Antiloimic
n.
(Med.) A remedy against the plague.
Antilopine
a.
• Of or relating to the antelope.
Antiloquist
n.
• A contradicter.
Antiloquy
n.
• Contradiction.
Antilyssic
a. & n.
(Med.) Antihydrophobic.
Antimacassar
n.
• A cover for the back or arms of a chair or sofa, etc., to prevent them from being soiled by macassar or other oil from the hair.
Antimagistrical
a.
• Opposed to the office or authority of magistrates.
Antimalarial
a.
• Good against malaria.
Antimask
n.
• A secondary mask, or grotesque interlude, between the parts of a serious mask.
Antimason
n.
• One opposed to Freemasonry.
Antimasonry
n.
• Opposition to Freemasonry.
Antimephitic
a.
(Med.) Good against mephitic or deletplwious gases.
n.
• A remedy against mephitic gases.
Antimetabole
n.
(Rhet.) A figure in which the same words or ideas are repeated in transposed order.
Antimetathesis
n.
(Rhet.) An antithesis in which the members are repeated in inverse order.
Antimeter
n.
• A modification of the quadrant, for measuring small angles.
Antimonarchist
n.
• An enemy to monarchial government.
Antimonate
n.
(Chem.) A compound of antimonic acid with a base or basic radical.
Antimonial
a.
• Of or pertaining to antimony.
n.
(Med.) A preparation or medicine containing antimony.
Antimoniated
a.
• Combined or prepared with antimony; as, antimoniated tartar.
Antimonic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, antimony; — said of those compounds of antimony in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, antimonic acid.
Antimonious
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, antimony; — said of those compounds of antimony in which this element has an equivalence next lower than the highest; as, antimonious acid.
Antimonite
n.
(Chem.) A compound of antimonious acid and a base or basic radical.
(Min.) Stibnite.
Antimoniureted
a.
(Chem.) Combined with or containing antimony; as, antimoniureted hydrogen.
Antimony
n.
(Chem.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic substances. Atomic weight, 120. Symbol, Sb.
Antimplwe
n.
(Biol.) One of the two halves of bilaterally symmetrical animals; one of any opposite symmetrical or homotypic parts in animals and plants.
Antinational
a.
• Antagonistic to one's country or nation, or to a national government.
Antinephritic
a.
(Med.) Counteracting, or deemed of use in, diseases of the kidneys.
n.
• An antinephritic remedy.
Antinomian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Antinomians; opposed to the doctrine that the moral law is obligatory.
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One who maintains that, under the gospel dispensation, the moral law is of no use or obligation, but that faith alone is necessary to salvation. The sect of Antinomians originated with John Agricola, in Germany, about the year 1535.
Antinomianism
n.
• The tenets or practice of Antinomians.
Antinomist
n.
• An Antinomian.
Antinomy
n.
• Opposition of one law or rule to another law or rule.
• An opposing law or rule of any kind.
(Metaph.) A contradiction or incompatibility of thought or language; — in the Kantian philosophy, such a contradiction as arises from the attempt to apply to the ideas of the reason, relations or attributes which are appropriate only to the facts or the concepts of experience.
Antiochian
a.
• Pertaining to Antiochus, a contemporary with Cicero, and the founder of a sect of philosophers.
• Of or pertaining to the city of Antioch, in Syria.
Antiodontalgic
a.
(Med.) Efficacious in curing toothache.
n.
• A remedy for toothache.
Antiorgastic
a.
(Med.) Tending to allay venereal excitement or desire; sedative.
Antipapal
a.
• Opposed to the pope or to popery.
Antiparallel
a.
• Running in a contrary direction.
Antiparallels
n. pl.
(Geom.) Straight lines or planes which make angles in some respect opposite in character to those made by parallel lines or planes.
Antiparalytic
a.
(Med.) Good against paralysis.
n.
• A medicine for paralysis.
Antiparalytical
a.
• Antiparalytic.
Antipathic
a.
(Med.) Belonging to antipathy; opposite; contrary; allopathic.
Antipathist
n.
• One who has an antipathy.
Antipathize
v. i.
• To feel or show antipathy.
Antipathous
a.
• Having a natural contrariety; adverse; antipathetic.
Antipathy
n.
• Contrariety or opposition in feeling; settled aversion or dislike; repugnance; distaste.
Antipeptone
n.
(Physiol. Chem.) A product of gastric and pancreatic digestion, differing from hemipeptone in not being decomposed by the continued action of pancreatic juice.
Antiperiodic
n.
(Med.) A remedy possessing the property of preventing the return of periodic paroxysms, or exacerbations, of disease, as in intermittent fevers.
Antiperistaltic
a.
(Med.) Opposed to, or checking motion; acting upward; — applied to an inverted action of the intestinal tube.
Antiperistasis
n.
• Opposition by which the quality opposed asquires strength; resistance or reaction roused by opposition or by the action of an opposite principle or quality.
Antiperistatic
a.
• Pertaining to antiperistasis.
Antipetalous
a.
(Bot.) Standing before a petal, as a stamen.
Antipharmic
a.
(Med.) Antidotal; alexipharmic.
Antiphlogistian
n.
• An opposer of the theory of phlogiston.
Antiphlogistic
a.
(Chem.) Opposed to the doctrine of phlogiston.
(Med.) Counteracting inflammation.
n.
(Med.) Any medicine or diet which tends to check inflammation.
Antiphon
n.
• A musical response; alternate singing or chanting.
• A verse said before and after the psalms.
Antiphonal
a.
• Of or pertaining to antiphony, or alternate singing; sung alternately by a divided choir or opposite choirs.
n.
• A book of antiphons or anthems.
Antiphonary
n.
• A book containing a collection of antiphons; the book in which the antiphons of the breviary, with their musical notes, are contained.
Antiphone
n.
(Mus.) The response which one side of the choir makes to the other in a chant; alternate chanting or signing.
Antiphoner
n.
• A book of antiphons.
Antiphonic
a.
• Antiphonal.
Antiphony
n.
• A musical response; also, antiphonal chanting or signing.
• An anthem or psalm sung alternately by a choir or congregation divided into two parts. Also figuratively.
Antiphrasis
n.
(Rhet.) The use of words in a sense opposite to their proper meaning; as when a court of justice is called a court of vengeance.
Antiphthisic
a.
(Med.) Relieving or curing phthisis, or consumption.
n.
• A medicine for phthisis.
Antiphysical
a.
• Contrary to nature; unnatural.
a.
(Med.) Relieving flatulence; carminative.
Antiplastic
a.
• Diminishing plasticity.
(Med.) Preventing or checking the process of healing, or granulation.
Antipodagric
a.
(Med.) Good against gout.
n.
• A medicine for gout.
Antipodal
a.
• Pertaining to the antipodes; situated on the opposite side of the globe.
• Diametrically opposite. His antipodal shadow.
Antipode
n.
• One of the antipodes; anything exactly opposite.
Antipodean
a.
• Pertaining to the antipodes, or the opposite side of the world; antipodal.
Antipodes
n.
• Those who live on the side of the globe diametrically opposite.
• The country of those who live on the opposite side of the globe.
• Anything exactly opposite or contrary.
Antipole
n.
• The opposite pole; anything diametrically opposed.
Antipope
n.
• One who is elected, or claims to be, pope in opposition to the pope canonically chosen; esp. applied to those popes who resided at Avignon during the Great Schism.
Antipsoric
a.
(Med.) Of use in curing the itch.
n.
• An antipsoric remedy.
Antiptosis
n.
(Gram.) The putting of one case for another.
Antipyic
a.
(Med.) Checking or preventing suppuration.
n.
• An antipyic medicine.
Antipyresis
n.
(Med.) The condition or state of being free from fever.
Antipyretic
a.
(Med.) Efficacious in preventing or allaying fever.
n.
• A febrifuge.
Antipyrine
n.
(Med.) An artificial alkaloid, believed to be efficient in abating fever.
Antipyrotic
a.
(Med.) Good against burns or pyrosis.
n.
• Anything of use in preventing or healing burns or pyrosis.
Antiquarian
a.
• Pertaining to antiquaries, or to antiquity; as, antiquarian literature.
n.
• An antiquary.
• A drawing paper of large size.
Antiquarianism
n.
• Character of an antiquary; study or love of antiquities.
Antiquarianize
v. i.
• To act the part of an antiquary.
Antiquary
a.
• Pertaining to antiquity.
n.
• One devoted to the study of ancient times through their relics, as inscriptions, monuments, remains of ancient habitations, statues, coins, manuscripts, etc.; one who searches for and studies the relics of antiquity.
Antiquate
v. t.
• To make old, or obsolete; to make antique; to make old in such a degree as to put out of use; hence, to make void, or abrogate.
Antiquated
a.
• Grown old. Hence: Bygone; obsolete; out of use; old-fashioned; as, an antiquated law.
Antiquatedness
n.
• Quality of being antiquated.
Antiquateness
n.
• Antiquatedness.
Antiquation
n.
• The act of making antiquated, or the state of being antiquated.
Antique
a.
• Old; ancient; of genuine antiquity; as, an antique statue. In this sense it usually refers to the flourishing ages of Greece and Rome.
• Old, as respects the present age, or a modern period of time; of old fashion; antiquated; as, an antique robe.
• Made in imitation of antiquity; as, the antique style of Thomson's "Castle of Indolence."
• Odd; fantastic.
n.
• In general, anything very old; but in a more limited sense, a relic or object of ancient art; collectively, the antique, the remains of ancient art, as busts, statues, paintings, and vases.
Antiquely
adv.
• In an antique manner.
Antiqueness
n.
• The quality of being antique; an appearance of ancient origin and workmanship.
Antiquist
n.
• An antiquary; a collector of antiques.
Antiquitarian
n.
• An admirer of antiquity.
Antiquity
n.
• The quality of being ancient; ancientness; great age; as, a statue of remarkable antiquity; a family of great antiquity.
• Old age.
• Ancient times; former ages; times long since past; as, Cicero was an eloquent orator of antiquity.
• The ancients; the people of ancient times.
• An old gentleman.
• A relic or monument of ancient times; as, a coin, a statue, etc. ; an ancient institution.
Antirachitic
a.
(Med.) Good against the rickets.
Antirenter
n.
• One opposed to the payment of rent; esp. one of those who in 1840-47 resisted the collection of rents claimed by the patroons from the settlers on certain manorial lands in the State of New York.
Antisabbatarian
n.
(Eccl.) One of a sect which opposes the observance of the Christian Sabbath.
Antisacerdotal
a.
• Hostile to priests or the priesthood.
Antiscorbutic
a.
(Med.) Counteracting scurvy.
n.
• A remedy for scurvy.
Antiscorbutical
a.
(Med.) Antiscorbutic.
Antiscriptural
a.
• Opposed to, or not in accordance with, the Holy Scriptures.
Antisepalous
a.
(Bot.) Standing before a sepal, or calyx leaf.
Antiseptic
n.
• A substance which prevents or retards putrefaction, or destroys, or protects from, putrefactive organisms; as, salt, carbolic acid, alcohol, cinchona.
Antiseptically
adv.
• By means of antiseptics.
Antislavery
a.
• Opposed to slavery.
n.
• Opposition to slavery.
Antisocial
a.
• Tending to interrupt or destroy social intercourse; averse to society, or hostile to its existence; as, antisocial principles.
Antisocialist
n.
• One opposed to the doctrines and practices of socialists or socialism.
Antisolar
a.
• Opposite to the sun; — said of the point in the heavens 180° distant from the sun.
Antispasmodic
a.
(Med.) Good against spasms.
n.
• A medicine which prevents or allays spasms or convulsions.
Antispast
n.
(Pros.) A foot of four syllables, the first and fourth short, and the second and third long (#).
Antispastic
a.
(Med.) Believed to cause a revulsion of fluids or of humors from one part to another.
• Counteracting spasms; antispasmodic.
n.
• An antispastic agent.
Antisplenetic
a.
• Good as a remedy against disease of the spleen.
n.
• An antisplenetic medicine.
Antistrophe
n.
• In Greek choruses and dances, the returning of the chorus, exactly answering to a previous strophe or movement from right to left. Hence: The lines of this part of the choral song.
(Rhet.) The repetition of words in an inverse order; as, the master of the servant and the servant of the master.
• The retort or turning of an adversary's plea against him.
Antistrophic
a.
• Of or pertaining to an antistrophe.
Antistrophon
n.
(Rhet.) An argument retorted on an opponent.
Antistrumatic
a.
(Med.) Antistrumous.
n.
• A medicine for scrofula.
Antistrumous
a.
(Med.) Good against scrofulous disorders.
Antisyphilitic
a.
(Med.) Efficacious against syphilis.
n.
• A medicine for syphilis.
Antitheism
n.
• The doctrine of antitheists.
Antitheist
n.
• A disbeliever in the existence of God.
Antithesis
n.
(Rhet.) An opposition or contrast of words or sentiments occurring in the same sentence; as, "The prodigal robs his heir; the miser robs himself." "He had covertly shot at Cromwell; he how openly aimed at the Queen."
• The second of two clauses forming an antithesis.
• Opposition; contrast.
Antithet
n.
• An antithetic or contrasted statement.
Antithetically
adv.
• By way antithesis.
Antitragus
n.
(Anat.) A prominence on the lower posterior portion of the concha of the external ear, opposite the tragus.
Antitrochanter
n.
(Anat.) An articular surface on the ilium of birds against which the great trochanter of the femur plays.
Antitypal
a.
• Antitypical.
Antitype
n.
• That of which the type pattern or representation; that which is represented by the type or symbol.
Antitypical
a.
• Of or pertaining to an antitype; explaining the type.
Antitypous
a.
• Resisting blows; hard.
Antitypy
n.
• Opposition or resistance of matter to force.
Antivaccination
n.
• Opposition to vaccination.
Antivaccinationist
n.
• An antivaccinist.
Antivaccinist
n.
• One opposed to vaccination.
Antivariolous
a.
• Preventing the contagion of smallpox.
Antivenereal
a.
• Good against venereal poison; antisyphilitic.
Antivivisection
n.
• Opposition to vivisection.
Antivivisectionist
n.
• One opposed to vivisection
Antizymic
a.
• Preventing fermentation.
Antizymotic
a.
(Med.) Preventing fermentation or decomposition.
n.
• An agent so used.
Antler
n.
(Zool.) The entire horn, or any branch of the horn, of a cervine animal, as of a stag.
Antlered
a.
• Furnished with antlers.
Antlia
n.
(Zool.) The spiral tubular proboscis of lepidopterous insects.
Antonomasia
n.
(Rhet.) The use of some epithet or the name of some office, dignity, or the like, instead of the proper name of the person; as when his majesty is used for a king, or when, instead of Aristotle, we say, the philosopher; or, conversely, the use of a proper name instead of an appellative, as when a wise man is called a Solomon, or an eminent orator a Cicero.
Antonomastic
a.
• Pertaining to, or characterized by, antonomasia.
Antonomasy
n.
• Antonomasia.
Antonym
n.
• A word of opposite meaning; a counterterm; — used as a correlative of synonym.
Antorbital
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to, or situated in, the region of the front of the orbit.
n.
• The antorbital bone.
Antozone
n.
(Chem.) A compound formerly supposed to be modification of oxygen, but now known to be hydrogen dioxide; — so called because apparently antagonistic to ozone, converting it into ordinary oxygen.
Antral
a.
(Anat.) Relating to an antrum.
Antre
n.
• A cavern.
Antrorse
a.
(Bot.) Forward or upward in direction.
Antrovert
v. t.
• To bend forward.
Antrum
n.
• A cavern or cavity, esp. an anatomical cavity or sinus
Antrustion
n.
• A vassal or voluntary follower of Frankish princes in their enterprises
Anura
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the orders of amphibians characterized by the absence of a tail, as the frogs and toads.
Anurous
a.
(Zool.) Destitute of a tail, as the frogs and toads.
Anury
n.
(Med.) Nonsecretion or defective secretion of urine; ischury.
Anus
n.
(Anat.) The posterior opening of the alimentary canal, through which the excrements are expelled.
Anvil
n.
• An iron block, usually with a steel face, upon which metals are hammered and shaped.
• Anything resembling an anvil in shape or use.
(Anat.) the incus.
v. t.
• To form or shape on an anvil; to hammer out; as, anviled armor.
Anxietude
n.
• The state of being anxious; anxiety.
Anxiety
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
• Eager desire.
(Med.) A state of restlessness and agitation, often with general indisposition and a distressing sense of oppression at the epigastrium.
Anxious
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Full of anxiety or disquietude; greatly concerned or solicitous, esp. respecting future or unknown; being in painful suspense; — applied to persons; as, anxious for the issue of a battle.
• Accompanied with, or causing, anxiety; worrying; — applied to things; as, anxious labor.
• Earnestly desirous; as, anxious to please.
Anxiously
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• In an anxious manner; with painful uncertainty; solicitously.
Anxiousness
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• The quality of being anxious; great solicitude; anxiety.
Any
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a. & pron.
• One indifferently, out of an indefinite number; one indefinitely, whosoever or whatsoever it may be.
• Some, of whatever kind, quantity, or number; as, are there any witnesses present? are there any other houses like it?
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• To any extent; in any degree; at all.
Anybody
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• Any one out of an indefinite number of persons; anyone; any person.
• A person of consideration or standing.
Anyhow
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• In any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event.
Anyone
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• One taken at random rather than by selection; anybody.
Anything
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• Any object, act, state, event, or fact whatever; thing of any kind; something or other; aught; as, I would not do it for anything.
• Expressing an indefinite comparison; — with as or like.
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• In any measure; anywise; at all.
Anythingarian
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• One who holds to no particular creed or dogma.
Anywhere
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• In any place.
Anywhither
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• To or towards any place.
Anywise
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• In any wise or way; at all.
Aolian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Aolia or Aolis, in Asia Minor, colonized by the Greeks, or to its inhabitants; aeolic; as, the Aolian dialect.
• Pertaining to Aolus, the mythic god of the winds; pertaining to, or produced by, the wind; aerial.
Aolic
a.
• Aolian, 1; as, the Aolic dialect; the Aolic mode.
Aolotropic
a.
(Physics) Exhibiting differences of quality or property in different directions; not isotropic.
Aolotropy
n.
(Physics) Difference of quality or property in different directions.
Aolus
n.
(Gr. & Rom. Myth.) The god of the winds.
Aon
n.
• A period of immeasurable duration; also, an emanation of the Deity.
Aonian
a.
• Eternal; everlasting.
Aonian
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Pertaining to Aonia, B&oe;otia, or to the Muses, who were supposed to dwell there.
Aorist
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Gram.) A tense in the Greek language, which expresses an action as completed in past time, but leaves it, in other respects, wholly indeterminate.
Aoristic
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Indefinite; pertaining to the aorist tense.
Aorta
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Anat.) The great artery which carries the blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs; the main trunk of the arterial system.
Aortic
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the aorta.
Aortitis
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the aorta.
Aoudad
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Zool.) An African sheeplike quadruped (the Ammotragus tragelaphus) having a long mane on the breast and fore legs. It is, perhaps, the chamois of the Old Testament.
Apace
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• With a quick pace; quick; fast; speedily.
Apaches
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n. pl.
(Ethnol.) A group of nomadic North American Indians including several tribes native of Arizona, New Mexico, etc.
Apagoge
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Logic) An indirect argument which proves a thing by showing the impossibility or absurdity of the contrary.
Apaid
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Paid; pleased.
Apair
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
v. t. & i.
• To impair or become impaired; to injure.
Apalachian
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
Apanage
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• Same as Appanage.
Apanthropy
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• An aversion to the company of men; a love of solitude.
Aparejo
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• A kind of pack saddle used in the American military service and among the Spanish Americans. It is made of leather stuffed with hay, moss, or the like.
Aparithmesis
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Rhet.) Enumeration of parts or particulars.
Apart
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• Separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside.
• In a state of separation, of exclusion, or of distinction, as to purpose, use, or character, or as a matter of thought; separately; independently; as, consider the two propositions apart.
• Aside; away.
• In two or more parts; asunder; to piece; as, to take a piece of machinery apart.
Apartment
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• A room in a building; a division in a house, separated from others by partitions.
• A set or suite of rooms.
• A compartment.
Apartness
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• The quality of standing apart.
Apastron
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Astron.) That point in the orbit of a double star where the smaller star is farthest from its primary.
Apathetically
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• In an apathetic manner.
Apathist
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• One who is destitute of feeling.
Apathistical
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Apathetic; une motional.
Apathy
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• Want of feeling; privation of passion, emotion, or excitement; dispassion; — applied either to the body or the mind. As applied to the mind, it is a calmness, indolence, or state of indifference, incapable of being ruffled or roused to active interest or exertion by pleasure, pain, or passion.
Apatite
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Min.) Native phosphate of lime, occurring usually in six-sided prisms, color often pale green, transparent or translucent.
Apaume
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
Ape
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Zool.) A quadrumanous mammal, esp. of the family Simiadae, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, and possessing neither a tail nor cheek pouches. The name is applied esp. to species of the genus Hylobates, and is sometimes used as a general term for all Quadrumana. The higher forms, the gorilla, chimpanzee, and ourang, are often called anthropoid apes or man apes.
• One who imitates servilely (in allusion to the manners of the ape); a mimic.
• A dupe.
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
v. t.
• To mimic, as an ape imitates human actions; to imitate or follow servilely or irrationally.
Apeak
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv. & a.
(Naut.) In a vertical line. The anchor in apeak, when the cable has been sufficiently hove in to bring the ship over it, and the ship is them said to be hove apeak.
Apehood
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• The state of being an ape.
Apellous
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Destitute of skin.
Apennine
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or designating, the Apennines, a chain of mountains extending through Italy.
Apepsy
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Med.) Defective digestion, indigestion.
Aper
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• One who apes.
Aperea
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
(Zool.) The wild Guinea pig of Brazil (Cavia aperea).
Aperient
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
(Med.) Gently opening the bowels; laxative.
n.
• An aperient medicine or food.
Aperitive
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Serving to open; aperient.
Apert
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
a.
• Open; evdent; undisguised.
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• Openly.
Apertion
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• The act of opening; an opening; an aperture.
Apertly
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
adv.
• Openly; clearly.
Apertness
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• Openness; frankness.
Aperture
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• The act of opening.
• An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall.
(Opt.) The diameter of the exposed part of the object glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a telescope of four-inch aperture.
Apery
n.
• Concern or solicitude respecting some thing ovent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
n.
• A place where apes are kept.
• The practice of aping; an apish action.
Apetalous
a.
(Bot.) Having no petals, or flower leaves. [See Illust. under Anther].
Apetalousness
n.
• The state of being apetalous.
Apex
n.
• The tip, top, point, or angular summit of anything; as, the apex of a mountain, spire, or cone; the apex, or tip, of a leaf.
(Mining) The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface.
Aphaeresis
n.
• Same as Apheresis.
Aphakia
n.
(Med.) An anomalous state of refraction caused by the absence of the crystalline lens, as after operations for cataract. The remedy is the use of powerful convex lenses.
Aphakial
a.
(Med.) Pertaining to aphakia; as, aphakial eyes.
Aphaniptera
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of wingless insects, of which the flea in the type.
Aphanipterous
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Aphaniptera.
Aphanite
n.
(Min.) A very compact, dark-colored ock, consisting of hornblende, or pyroxene, and feldspar, but neither of them in perceptible grains.
Aphanitic
a.
(Min.) Resembling aphanite; having a very fine-grained structure.
Aphasic
a.
• Pertaining to, or affected by, aphasia; speechless.
Aphelion
n.
(Astron.) That point of a planet's or comet's orbit which is most distant from the sun, the opposite point being the perihelion.
Apheliotropic
a.
• Turning away from the sun; — said of leaves, etc.
Apheliotropism
n.
• The habit of bending from the sunlight; — said of certain plants.
Aphemia
n.
(Med.) Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; — a disorder of cerebral origin.
Apheresis
n.
(Gram.) The dropping of a letter or syllable from the beginning of a word; e. g., cute for acute.
(Surg.) An operation by which any part is separated from the rest.
Aphesis
n.
• The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; — the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire.
Aphetic
a.
• Shortened by dropping a letter or a syllable from the beginning of a word; as, an aphetic word or form.
Aphetism
n.
• An aphetized form of a word.
Aphetize
v. t.
• To shorten by aphesis.
Aphid
n.
(Zool.) One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian.
Aphides
n. pl.
(Zool.) See Aphis.
Aphidian
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the family Aphidae.
n.
• One of the aphides; an aphid.
Aphidivorous
(Zool.) Devouring aphides; aphidophagous.
Aphidophagous
a.
(Zool.) Feeding upon aphides, or plant lice, as do beetles of the family Coccinellidae.
Aphilanthropy
n.
• Want of love to mankind; — the opposite of philanthropy.
Aphis
n.
(Zool.) A genus of insects belonging to the order Hemiptera and family Aphidae, including numerous species known as plant lice and green flies.
Aphlogistic
a.
• Flameless; as, an aphlogistic lamp, in which a coil of wire is kept in a state of continued ignition by alcohol, without flame.
Aphorism
n.
• A comprehensive maxim or principle expressed in a few words; a sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather than to practical matters.
Aphorismer
n.
• A dealer in aphorisms.
Aphorist
n.
• A writer or utterer of aphorisms.
Aphoristically
adv.
• In the form or manner of aphorisms; pithily.
Aphorize
v. i.
• To make aphorisms.
Aphrodisiac
n.
• That which (as a drug, or some kinds of food) excites to venery.
Aphrodisian
a.
• Pertaining to Aphrodite or Venus. "Aphrodisian dames" [that is, courtesans].
Aphrodite
n.
(Classic Myth.) The Greek goddess of love, corresponding to the Venus of the Romans.
(Zool.) A large marine annelid, covered with long, lustrous, golden, hairlike setae; the sea mouse.
(Zool.) A beautiful butterfly (Argunnis Aphrodite) of the United States.
Aphroditic
a.
• Venereal.
Aphtha
n.
(Med.) One of the whitish specks called aphthae.
• The disease, also called thrush.
Aphthae
n. pl.
(Med.) Roundish pearl-colored specks or flakes in the mouth, on the lips, etc., terminating in white sloughs. They are commonly characteristic of thrush.
Aphthoid
a.
• Of the nature of aphthae; resembling thrush.
Aphthong
n.
• A letter, or a combination of letters, employed in spelling a word, but in the pronunciation having no sound.
Aphthous
a.
• Pertaining to, or caused by, aphthae; characterized by aphtae; as, aphthous ulcers; aphthous fever.
Aphyllous
a.
(Bot.) Destitute of leaves, as the broom rape, certain euphorbiaceous plants, etc.
Apiaceous
a.
(Bot.) Umbelliferous.
Apian
a.
• Belonging to bees.
Apiarian
a.
• Of or relating to bees.
Apiarist
n.
• One who keeps an apiary.
Apiary
n.
• A place where bees are kept; a stand or shed for bees; a beehouse.
Apical
a.
• At or belonging to an apex, tip, or summit.
Apices
n. pl.
• See Apex.
Apician
a.
• Belonging to Apicius, a notorious Roman epicure; hence applied to whatever is peculiarly refined or dainty and expensive in cookery.
Apicular
a.
• Situated at, or near, the apex; apical.
Apiculture
n.
• Rearing of bees for their honey and wax.
Apiece
adv.
• Each by itself; by the single one; to each; as the share of each; as, these melons cost a shilling apiece.
Apieces
adv.
• In pieces or to pieces.
Apiked
a.
• Trimmed.
Apiol
n.
(Med.) An oily liquid derived from parsley.
Apiologist
n.
• A student of bees.
Apis
n.
(Zool.) A genus of insects of the order Hymenoptera, including the common honeybee (Apis mellifica) and other related species.
Apish
a.
• Having the qualities of an ape; prone to imitate in a servile manner. Hence: Apelike; fantastically silly; foppish; affected; trifling.
Apishly
adv.
• In an apish manner; with servile imitation; foppishly.
Apishness
n.
• The quality of being apish; mimicry; foppery.
Apitpat
adv.
• With quick beating or palpitation; pitapat.
Aplacental
a.
• Belonging to the Aplacentata; without placenta.
Aplacentata
n. pl.
(Zool.) Mammals which have no placenta.
Aplacophora
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Amphineura in which the body is naked or covered with slender spines or setae, but is without shelly plates.
Aplanatic
a.
(Opt.) Having two or more parts of different curvatures, so combined as to remove spherical aberration; — said of a lens.
Aplanatism
n.
• Freedom from spherical aberration.
Aplastic
a.
• Not plastic or easily molded.
Aplomb
n.
• Assurance of manner or of action; self-possession.
Aplotomy
n.
(Surg.) Simple incision.
Aplustre
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) An ornamental appendage of wood at the ship's stern, usually spreading like a fan and curved like a bird's feather.
Aplysia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of marine mollusks of the order Tectibranchiata; the sea hare. Some of the species when disturbed throw out a deep purple liquor, which colors the water to some distance.
Apneumona
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of holothurians in which the internal respiratory organs are wanting; — called also Apoda or Apodes.
Apnoea
n.
(Med.) Partial privation or suspension of breath; suffocation.
Apo
• A prefix from a Greek preposition. It usually signifies from, away from, off, or asunder, separate; as, in apocope (a cutting off), apostate, apostle (one sent away), apocarpous.
Apocalypse
n.
• The revelation delivered to St. John, in the isle of Patmos, near the close of the first century, forming the last book of the New Testament.
• Anything viewed as a revelation; as disclosure.
Apocalyptically
adv.
• By revelation; in an apocalyptic manner.
Apocarpous
a.
(Bot.) Either entirely of partially separate, as the carpels of a compound pistil; — opposed to syncarpous.
Apocopate
v. t.
(Gram.) To cut off or drop; as, to apocopate a word, or the last letter, syllable, or part of a word.
Apocopation
n.
• Shortening by apocope; the state of being apocopated.
Apocope
n.
• The cutting off, or omission, of the last letter, syllable, or part of a word.
(Med.) A cutting off; abscission.
Apocrustic
a.
(Med.) Astringent and repellent.
n.
• An apocrustic medicine.
Apocrypha
n. pl.
• Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; — formerly used also adjectively.
• Specif.: Certain writings which are received by some Christians as an authentic part of the Holy Scriptures, but are rejected by others.
Apocryphal
a.
• Pertaining to the Apocrypha.
• Not canonical. Hence: Of doubtful authority; equivocal; mythic; fictitious; spurious; false.
Apocryphalist
n.
• One who believes in, or defends, the Apocrypha.
Apocryphally
adv.
• In an apocryphal manner; mythically; not indisputably.
Apocryphalness
n.
• The quality or state of being apocryphal; doubtfulness of credit or genuineness.
Apocynin
n.
(Chem.) A bitter principle obtained from the dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum).
Apoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of cirripeds, destitute of footlike organs.
• An order of Amphibia without feet.
• A group of worms without appendages, as the leech.
Apodan
a.
(Zool.) Apodal.
Apodeme
n.
(Zool.) One of the processes of the shell which project inwards and unite with one another, in the thorax of many Crustacea.
Apodes
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of fishes without ventral fins, including the eels.
• A group of holothurians destitute of suckers.
Apodictic
a.
• Same as Apodeictic.
Apodixis
n.
• Full demonstration.
Apodosis
n.
(Gram.) The consequent clause or conclusion in a conditional sentence, expressing the result, and thus distinguished from the protasis or clause which expresses a condition. Thus, in the sentence, "Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him," the former clause is the protasis, and the latter the apodosis.
Apodous
a.
(Zool.) Apodal; apod.
Apodyterium
n.
(Anc. Arch.) The apartment at the entrance of the baths, or in the palestra, where one stripped; a dressing room.
Apogaic
a.
• Apogean.
Apogamic
a.
• Relating to apogamy.
Apogamy
n.
(Bot.) The formation of a bud in place of a fertilized ovule or oospore.
Apogeal
a.
(Astron.) Apogean.
Apogean
a.
• Connected with the apogee; as, apogean (neap) tides, which occur when the moon has passed her apogee.
Apogee
n.
(Astron.) That point in the orbit of the moon which is at the greatest distance from the earth.
• Fig.: The farthest or highest point; culmination.
Apogeotropic
a.
(Bot.) Bending away from the ground; — said of leaves, etc.
Apogeotropism
n.
• The apogeotropic tendency of some leaves, and other parts.
Apograph
n.
• A copy or transcript.
Apohyal
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to a portion of the horn of the hyoid bone.
Apoise
adv.
• Balanced.
Apolar
a.
(Biol.) Having no radiating processes; — applied particularly to certain nerve cells.
Apolaustic
a.
• Devoted to enjoyment.
Apollinarian
a.
(Rom. Antiq.) In honor of Apollo; as, the Apollinarian games.
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea in the fourth century, who denied the proper humanity of Christ.
Apollo
n.
(Classic Myth.) A deity among the Greeks and Romans. He was the god of light and day (the "sun god"), of archery, prophecy, medicine, poetry, and music, etc., and was represented as the model of manly grace and beauty; — called also Phebus.
Apollyon
n.
• The Destroyer; — a name used (Rev. ix. 11) for the angel of the bottomless pit, answering to the Hebrew Abaddon.
Apologer
n.
• A teller of apologues.
Apologetically
adv.
• By way of apology.
Apologetics
n.
• That branch of theology which defends the Holy Scriptures, and sets forth the evidence of their divine authority.
Apologist
n.
• One who makes an apology; one who speaks or writes in defense of a faith, a cause, or an institution; especially, one who argues in defense of Christianity.
Apologize
v. i.
• To make an apology or defense.
• To make an apology or excuse; to make acknowledgment of some fault or offense, with expression of regret for it, by way of amends; — with for; as, my correspondent apologized for not answering my letter.
v. t.
• To defend.
Apologizer
n.
• One who makes an apology; an apologist.
Apologue
n.
• A story or relation of fictitious events, intended to convey some moral truth; a moral fable.
Apology
n.
• Something said or written in defense or justification of what appears to others wrong, or of what may be liable to disapprobation; justification; as, Tertullian's Apology for Christianity.
• An acknowledgment intended as an atonement for some improper or injurious remark or act; an admission to another of a wrong or discourtesy done him, accompanied by an expression of regret.
• Anything provided as a substitute; a makeshift.
v. i.
• To offer an apology.
Apomecometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the height of objects.
Apomecometry
n.
• The art of measuring the distance of objects afar off.
Aponeurosis
n.
(Anat.) Any one of the thicker and denser of the deep fasciae which cover, invest, and the terminations and attachments of, many muscles. They often differ from tendons only in being flat and thin.
Aponeurotic
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to an aponeurosis.
Aponeurotomy
n.
• Dissection of aponeuroses.
Apopemptic
a.
• Sung or addressed to one departing; valedictory; as, apoplectic songs or hymns.
Apophasis
n.
(Rhet.) A figure by which a speaker formally declines to take notice of a favorable point, but in such a manner as to produce the effect desired.
Apophlegmatic
a.
(Med.) Designed to facilitate discharges of phlegm or mucus from mouth or nostrils.
n.
• An apohlegmatic medicine.
Apophlegmatism
n.
(Med.) The action of apophlegmatics.
• An apophlegmatic.
Apophlegmatizant
n.
(Med.) An apophlegmatic.
Apophyge
n.
(Arch.) The small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the fillet; — called also the scape.
Apophyllite
n.
(Min.) A mineral relating to the zeolites, usually occurring in square prisms or octahedrons with pearly luster on the cleavage surface. It is a hydrous silicate of calcium and potassium.
Apophysis
n.
(Anat.) A marked prominence or process on any part of a bone.
(Bot.) An enlargement at the top of a pedicel or stem, as seen in certain mosses.
Apoplectic
n.
• One liable to, or affected with, apoplexy.
Apoplex
n.
• Apoplexy.
Apoplexed
a.
• Affected with apoplexy.
Apoplexy
n.
(Med.) Sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion, usually caused by pressure on the brain.
Aporetical
a.
• Doubting; skeptical.
Aporia
n.
(Rhet.) A figure in which the speaker professes to be at a loss what course to pursue, where to begin to end, what to say, etc.
Aporosa
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of corals in which the coral is not porous; — opposed to Perforata.
Aporose
a.
(Zool.) Without pores.
Aport
adv.
(Naut.) On or towards the port or left side; — said of the helm.
Aposiopesis
n.
(Rhet.) A figure of speech in which the speaker breaks off suddenly, as if unwilling or unable to state what was in his mind; as, "I declare to you that his conduct — but I can not speak of that, here."
Apositic
a.
(Med.) Destroying the appetite, or suspending hunger.
Apostasy
n.
• An abandonment of what one has voluntarily professed; a total desertion of departure from one's faith, principles, or party; esp., the renunciation of a religious faith; as, Julian's apostasy from Christianity.
Apostate
n.
• One who has forsaken the faith, principles, or party, to which he before adhered; esp., one who has forsaken his religion for another; a pervert; a renegade.
(R. C. Ch.) One who, after having received sacred orders, renounces his clerical profession.
a.
• Pertaining to, or characterized by, apostasy; faithless to moral allegiance; renegade.
v. i.
• To apostatize.
Apostatic
a.
• Apostatical.
Apostatical
a.
• Apostate.
Apostatize
v. i.
• To renounce totally a religious belief once professed; to forsake one's church, the faith or principles once held, or the party to which one has previously adhered.
Apostemate
v. i.
• To form an abscess; to swell and fill with pus.
Apostemation
n.
(Med.) The formation of an aposteme; the process of suppuration.
Apostematous
a.
• Pertaining to, or partaking of the nature of, an aposteme.
Aposteme
n.
(Med.) An abscess; a swelling filled with purulent matter.
Apostle
n.
• Literally: One sent forth; a messenger. Specifically: One of the twelve disciples of Christ, specially chosen as his companions and witnesses, and sent forth to preach the gospel.
• The missionary who first plants the Christian faith in any part of the world; also, one who initiates any great moral reform, or first advocates any important belief; one who has extraordinary success as a missionary or reformer; as, Dionysius of Corinth is called the apostle of France, John Eliot the apostle to the Indians, Theobald Mathew the apostle of temperance.
(Civ. & Admiralty Law) A brief letter dimissory sent by a court appealed from to the superior court, stating the case, etc.; a paper sent up on appeals in the admiralty courts.
Apostleship
n.
• The office or dignity of an apostle.
Apostolate
n.
• The dignity, office, or mission, of an apostle; apostleship.
• The dignity or office of the pope, as the holder of the apostolic see.
Apostolic
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) A member of one of certain ascetic sects which at various times professed to imitate the practice of the apostles.
Apostolically
adv.
• In an apostolic manner.
Apostolicalness
n.
• Apostolicity.
Apostrophe
n.
(Rhet.) A figure of speech by which the orator or writer suddenly breaks off from the previous method of his discourse, and addresses, in the second person, some person or thing, absent or present; as, Milton's apostrophe to Light at the beginning of the third book of "Paradise Lost."
(Gram.) The contraction of a word by the omission of a letter or letters, which omission is marked by the character ['] placed where the letter or letters would have been; as, call'd for called.
• The mark ['] used to denote that a word is contracted (as in ne'er for never, can't for can not), and as sign of the possessive, singular and plural; as, a boy's hat, boys' hats. In the latter use it originally marked the omission of the letter e.
Apostrophic
a.
• Pertaining to an apostrophe, grammatical or rhetorical.
Apostrophize
v. t.
• To address by apostrophe.
• To contract by omitting a letter or letters; also, to mark with an apostrophe (') or apostrophes.
v. i.
• To use the rhetorical figure called apostrophe.
Apotactite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of ancient Christians, who, in supposed imitation of the first believers, renounced all their possessions.
Apotelesm
n.
• The result or issue.
(Astrol.) The calculation and explanation of a nativity.
Apotelesmatic
a.
• Relating to the casting of horoscopes.
• Relating to an issue of fulfillment.
Apothecary
n.
• One who prepares and sells drugs or compounds for medicinal purposes.
Apothecium
n.
(Bot.) The ascigerous fructification of lichens, forming masses of various shapes.
Apothegmatist
n.
• A collector or maker of apothegms.
Apothegmatize
v. i.
• To utter apothegms, or short and sententious sayings.
Apothem
n.
(Math.) The perpendicular from the center to one of the sides of a regular polygon.
• A deposit formed in a liquid extract of a vegetable substance by exposure to the air.
Apotheosis
n. pl.
• The act of elevating a mortal to the rank of, and placing him among, "the gods;" deification.
• Glorification; exaltation.
Apotheosize
v. t.
• To exalt to the dignity of a deity; to declare to be a god; to deify; to glorify.
Apothesis
n.
(Arch.) A place on the south side of the chancel in the primitive churches, furnished with shelves, for books, vestments, etc.
• A dressing room connected with a public bath.
Apotome
n.
(Math.) The difference between two quantities commensurable only in power, as between &root;2 and 1, or between the diagonal and side of a square.
(Mus) The remaining part of a whole tone after a smaller semitone has been deducted from it; a major semitone.
Apozem
n.
(Med.) A decoction or infusion.
Apozemical
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, a decoction.
Appair
v. t. & i.
• To impair; to grow worse.
Appalachian
a.
• Of or pertaining to a chain of mountains in the United States, commonly called the Allegheny mountains.
Appall
v. t.
• To make pale; to blanch.
• To weaken; to enfeeble; to reduce; as, an old appalled wight.
• To depress or discourage with fear; to impress with fear in such a manner that the mind shrinks, or loses its firmness; to overcome with sudden terror or horror; to dismay; as, the sight appalled the stoutest heart.
v. i.
• To grow faint; to become weak; to become dismayed or discouraged.
• To lose flavor or become stale.
n.
• Terror; dismay.
Appalling
a.
• Such as to appall; as, an appalling accident.
Appallment
n.
• Depression occasioned by terror; dismay.
Appanage
n.
• The portion of land assigned by a sovereign prince for the subsistence of his younger sons.
• A dependency; a dependent territory.
• That which belongs to one by custom or right; a natural adjunct or accompaniment.
Appanagist
n.
• A prince to whom an appanage has been granted.
Apparaillyng
n.
• Preparation.
Apparatus
n.
• Things provided as means to some end.
• Hence: A full collection or set of implements, or utensils, for a given duty, experimental or operative; any complex instrument or appliance, mechanical or chemical, for a specific action or operation; machinery; mechanism.
(Physiol.) A collection of organs all of which unite in a common function; as, the respiratory apparatus.
Apparel
n.
• External clothing; vesture; garments; dress; garb; external habiliments or array.
• A small ornamental piece of embroidery worn on albs and some other ecclesiastical vestments.
(Naut.) The furniture of a ship, as masts, sails, rigging, anchors, guns, etc.
v. t.
• To make or get (something) ready; to prepare.
• To furnish with apparatus; to equip; to fit out.
• To dress or clothe; to attire.
• To dress with external ornaments; to cover with something ornamental; to deck; to embellish; as, trees appareled with flowers, or a garden with verdure.
Apparence
n.
• Appearance.
Apparency
n.
• Appearance.
• Apparentness; state of being apparent.
• The position of being heir apparent.
Apparent
a.
• Capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to the eye; within sight or view.
• Clear or manifest to the understanding; plain; evident; obvious; known; palpable; indubitable.
• Appearing to the eye or mind (distinguished from, but not necessarily opposed to, true or real); seeming; as the apparent motion or diameter of the sun.
n.
• An heir apparent.
Apparently
adv.
• Visibly.
• Plainly; clearly; manifestly; evidently.
• Seemingly; in appearance; as, a man may be apparently friendly, yet malicious in heart.
Apparentness
n.
• Plainness to the eye or the mind; visibleness; obviousness.
Apparition
n.
• The act of becoming visible; appearance; visibility.
• The thing appearing; a visible object; a form.
• An unexpected, wonderful, or preternatural appearance; a ghost; a specter; a phantom.
(Astron.) The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; — opposed to occultation.
Apparitional
a.
• Pertaining to an apparition or to apparitions; spectral.
Apparitor
n.
• Formerly, an officer who attended magistrates and judges to execute their orders.
(Law) A messenger or officer who serves the process of an ecclesiastical court.
Appaume
n.
(Her.) A hand open and extended so as to show the palm.
Appay
v. t.
• To pay; to satisfy or appease.
Appeach
v. t.
• To impeach; to accuse; to asperse; to inform against; to reproach.
Appeacher
n.
• An accuser.
Appeachment
n.
• Accusation.
Appeal
v. t.
(Law) To make application for the removal of (a cause) from an inferior to a superior judge or court for a rehearing or review on account of alleged injustice or illegality in the trial below. We say, the cause was appealed from an inferior court.
• To charge with a crime; to accuse; to institute a private criminal prosecution against for some heinous crime; as, to appeal a person of felony.
• To summon; to challenge.
• To invoke.
v. t.
(Law) To apply for the removal of a cause from an inferior to a superior judge or court for the purpose of reexamination of for decision.
• To call upon another to decide a question controverted, to corroborate a statement, to vindicate one's rights, etc.; as, I appeal to all mankind for the truth of what is alleged. Hence: To call on one for aid; to make earnest request.
n.
(Law) An application for the removal of a cause or suit from an inferior to a superior judge or court for reexamination or review.
• The mode of proceeding by which such removal is effected.
• The right of appeal.
• An accusation; a process which formerly might be instituted by one private person against another for some heinous crime demanding punishment for the particular injury suffered, rather than for the offense against the public.
• An accusation of a felon at common law by one of his accomplices, which accomplice was then called an approver.
• A summons to answer to a charge.
• A call upon a person or an authority for proof or decision, in one's favor; reference to another as witness; a call for help or a favor; entreaty.
• Resort to physical means; recourse.
Appealable
a.
• Capable of being appealed against; that may be removed to a higher tribunal for decision; as, the cause is appealable.
• That may be accused or called to answer by appeal; as, a criminal is appealable for manslaughter.
Appealant
n.
• An appellant.
Appealer
n.
• One who makes an appeal.
Appealing
a.
• That appeals; imploring. —
Appear
v. i.
• To come or be in sight; to be in view; to become visible.
• To come before the public; as, a great writer appeared at that time.
• To stand in presence of some authority, tribunal, or superior person, to answer a charge, plead a cause, or the like; to present one's self as a party or advocate before a court, or as a person to be tried.
• To become visible to the apprehension of the mind; to be known as a subject of observation or comprehension, or as a thing proved; to be obvious or manifest.
• To seem; to have a certain semblance; to look.
n.
• Appearance.
Appearance
n.
• The act of appearing or coming into sight; the act of becoming visible to the eye; as, his sudden appearance surprised me.
• A thing seed; a phenomenon; a phase; an apparition; as, an appearance in the sky.
• Personal presence; exhibition of the person; look; aspect; mien.
• Semblance, or apparent likeness; external show. pl. Outward signs, or circumstances, fitted to make a particular impression or to determine the judgment as to the character of a person or a thing, an act or a state; as, appearances are against him.
• The act of appearing in a particular place, or in society, a company, or any proceedings; a coming before the public in a particular character; as, a person makes his appearance as an historian, an artist, or an orator.
• Probability; likelihood.
(Law) The coming into court of either of the parties; the being present in court; the coming into court of a party summoned in an action, either by himself or by his attorney, expressed by a formal entry by the proper officer to that effect; the act or proceeding by which a party proceeded against places himself before the court, and submits to its jurisdiction.
Appearer
n.
• One who appears.
Appearingly
adv.
• Apparently.
Appeasable
a.
• Capable of being appeased or pacified; placable.
Appease
v. t.
• To make quiet; to calm; to reduce to a state of peace; to still; to pacify; to dispel (anger or hatred); as, to appease the tumult of the ocean, or of the passions; to appease hunger or thirst.
Appeasement
n.
• The act of appeasing, or the state of being appeased; pacification.
Appeaser
n.
• One who appeases; a pacifier.
Appeasive
a.
• Tending to appease.
Appellable
a.
• Appealable.
Appellancy
n.
• Capability of appeal.
Appellant
a.
• Relating to an appeal; appellate.
n.
(Law) One who accuses another of felony or treason.
• One who appeals, or asks for a rehearing or review of a cause by a higher tribunal.
• A challenger.
(Eccl. Hist.) One who appealed to a general council against the bull Unigenitus.
• One who appeals or entreats.
Appellate
a.
• Pertaining to, or taking cognizance of, appeals.
n.
• A person or prosecuted for a crime.
Appellation
n.
• The act of appealing; appeal.
• The act of calling by a name.
• The word by which a particular person or thing is called and known; name; title; designation.
Appellative
a.
• Pertaining to a common name; serving as a distinctive denomination; denominative; naming.
(gram.) Common, as opposed to proper; denominative of a class.
n.
• A common name, distinction from a proper name. A common name, or appellative, stands for a whole class, genus, or species of beings, or for universal ideas. Thus, tree is the name of all plants of a particular class; plant and vegetable are names of things that grow out of the earth. A proper name, on the other hand, stands for a single thing; as, Rome, Washington, Lake Erie.
• An appellation or title; a descriptive name.
Appellatively
adv.
• After the manner of nouns appellative; in a manner to express whole classes or species; as, Hercules is sometimes used appellatively, that is, as a common name, to signify a strong man.
Appellativeness
n.
• The quality of being appellative.
Appellatory
a.
• Containing an appeal.
Appellee
n.
(Law) The defendant in an appeal; — opposed to appellant.
• The person who is appealed against, or accused of crime; — opposed to appellor.
Appellor
n.
(Law) The person who institutes an appeal, or prosecutes another for a crime.
• One who confesses a felony committed and accuses his accomplices.
Append
v. t.
• To hang or attach to, as by a string, so that the thing is suspended; as, a seal appended to a record; the inscription was appended to the column.
• To add, as an accessory to the principal thing; to annex; as, notes appended to this chapter.
Appendage
n.
• Something appended to, or accompanying, a principal or greater thing, though not necessary to it, as a portico to a house.
(Biol.) A subordinate or subsidiary part or organ; an external organ or limb, esp. of the articulates.
Appendaged
a.
• Furnished with, or supplemented by, an appendage.
Appendance
n.
• Something appendant.
Appendant
a.
• Hanging; annexed; adjunct; concomitant; as, a seal appendant to a paper.
(Law) Appended by prescription, that is, a personal usage for a considerable time; — said of a thing of inheritance belonging to another inheritance which is superior or more worthy; as, an advowson, common, etc. , which may be appendant to a manor, common of fishing to a freehold, a seat in church to a house.
n.
• Anything attached to another as incidental or subordinate to it.
(Law) A inheritance annexed by prescription to a superior inheritance.
Appendical
a.
• Of or like an appendix.
Appendicate
v. t.
• To append.
Appendication
n.
• An appendage.
Appendicitis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the vermiform appendix.
Appendicle
n.
• A small appendage.
Appendicular
a.
• Relating to an appendicle; appendiculate.
Appendicularia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of small free-swimming Tunicata, shaped somewhat like a tadpole, and remarkable for resemblances to the larvae of other Tunicata. It is the type of the order Copelata or Larvalia.
Appendiculata
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of annelids; the Polych&ae;ta.
Appendiculate
a.
• Having small appendages; forming an appendage.
Appendix
n.
• Something appended or added; an appendage, adjunct, or concomitant.
• Any literary matter added to a book, but not necessarily essential to its completeness, and thus distinguished from supplement, which is intended to supply deficiencies and correct inaccuracies.
Appension
n.
• The act of appending.
Apperceive
v. t.
• To perceive; to comprehend.
Apperception
n.
(Metaph.) The mind's perception of itself as the subject or actor in its own states; perception that reflects upon itself; sometimes, intensified or energetic perception.
Apperil
n.
• Peril.
Appertain
v. i.
• To belong or pertain, whether by right, nature, appointment, or custom; to relate.
Appertainment
n.
• That which appertains to a person; an appurtenance.
Appertinent
a.
• Belonging; appertaining.
n.
• That which belongs to something else; an appurtenant.
Appete
v. t.
• To seek for; to desire.
Appetence
n.
• A longing; a desire; especially an ardent desire; appetite; appetency.
Appetency
n.
• Fixed and strong desire; esp. natural desire; a craving; an eager appetite.
• Specifically: An instinctive inclination or propensity in animals to perform certain actions, as in the young to suck, in aquatic fowls to enter into water and to swim; the tendency of an organized body to seek what satisfies the wants of its organism.
• Natural tendency; affinity; attraction; — used of inanimate objects.
Appetent
a.
• Desiring; eagerly desirous.
Appetibility
n.
• The quality of being desirable.
Appetible
a.
• Desirable; capable or worthy of being the object of desire.
Appetite
n.
• The desire for some personal gratification, either of the body or of the mind.
• Desire for, or relish of, food or drink; hunger.
• Any strong desire; an eagerness or longing.
• Tendency; appetency.
• The thing desired.
Appetition
n.
• Desire; a longing for, or seeking after, something.
Appetitive
a.
• Having the quality of desiring gratification; as, appetitive power or faculty.
Appetize
v. t.
• To make hungry; to whet the appetite of.
Appetizer
n.
• Something which creates or whets an appetite.
Appetizing
a.
• Exciting appetite; as, appetizing food.
adv.
• So as to excite appetite.
Appian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Appius.
Applaud
v. t.
• To show approval of by clapping the hands, acclamation, or other significant sign.
• To praise by words; to express approbation of; to commend; to approve.
v. i.
• To express approbation loudly or significantly.
Applauder
n.
• One who applauds.
Applausable
a.
• Worthy pf applause; praiseworthy.
Applause
n.
• The act of applauding; approbation and praise publicly expressed by clapping the hands, stamping or tapping with the feet, acclamation, huzzas, or other means; marked commendation.
Applausive
a.
• Expressing applause; approbative.
Apple
n.
• The fleshy pome or fruit of a rosaceous tree (Pyrus malus) cultivated in numberless varieties in the temperate zones.
(bot.) Any tree genus Pyrus which has the stalk sunken into the base of the fruit; an apple tree.
• Any fruit or other vegetable production resembling, or supposed to resemble, the apple; as, apple of love, or love apple (a tomato), balsam apple, egg apple, oak apple.
• Anything round like an apple; as, an apple of gold.
v. i.
• To grow like an apple; to bear apples.
Appliable
a.
• Applicable; also, compliant.
Appliance
n.
• The act of applying; application; subservience.
• The thing applied or used as a means to an end; an apparatus or device; as, to use various appliances; a mechanical appliance; a machine with its appliances.
Applicability
n.
• The quality of being applicable or fit to be applied.
Applicable
a.
• Capable of being applied; fit or suitable to be applied; having relevance; as, this observation is applicable to the case under consideration.
Applicancy
n.
• The quality or state of being applicable.
Applicant
n.
• One who apples for something; one who makes request; a petitioner.
Applicate
a.
• Applied or put to some use.
v. i.
• To apply.
Application
n.
• The act of applying or laying on, in a literal sense; as, the application of emollients to a diseased limb.
• The thing applied.
• The act of applying as a means; the employment of means to accomplish an end; specific use.
• The act of directing or referring something to a particular case, to discover or illustrate agreement or disagreement, fitness, or correspondence; as, I make the remark, and leave you to make the application; the application of a theory.
• Hence, in specific uses: (a) That part of a sermon or discourse in which the principles before laid down and illustrated are applied to practical uses; the "moral" of a fable. (b) The use of the principles of one science for the purpose of enlarging or perfecting another; as, the application of algebra to geometry.
• The capacity of being practically applied or used; relevancy; as, a rule of general application.
• The act of fixing the mind or closely applying one's self; assiduous effort; close attention; as, to injure the health by application to study.
• The act of making request of soliciting; as, an application for an office; he made application to a court of chancery.
• A request; a document containing a request; as, his application was placed on file.
Applicative
a.
• Having of being applied or used; applying; applicatory; practical.
Applicatorily
adv.
• By way of application.
Applicatory
a.
• Having the property of applying; applicative; practical.
n.
• That which applies.
Appliedly
adv.
• By application.
Applier
n.
• He who, or that which, applies.
Appliment
n.
• Application.
Applique
a.
• Ornamented with a pattern (which has been cut out of another color or stuff) applied or transferred to a foundation; as, applique lace; applique work.
Applot
v. t.
• To divide into plots or parts; to apportion.
Applotment
n.
• Apportionment.
Apply
v. t.
• To lay or place; to put or adjust (one thing to another); — with to; as, to apply the hand to the breast; to apply medicaments to a diseased part of the body.
• To put to use; to use or employ for a particular purpose, or in a particular case; to appropriate; to devote; as, to apply money to the payment of a debt.
• To make use of, declare, or pronounce, as suitable, fitting, or relative; as, to apply the testimony to the case; to apply an epithet to a person.
• To fix closely; to engage and employ diligently, or with attention; to attach; to incline.
• To direct or address.
• To betake; to address; to refer; — used reflexively.
• To busy; to keep at work; to ply.
• To visit.
v. i.
• To suit; to agree; to have some connection, agreement, or analogy; as, this argument applies well to the case.
• To make request; to have recourse with a view to gain something; to make application. (to); to solicit; as, to apply to a friend for information.
• To ply; to move.
• To apply or address one's self; to give application; to attend closely (to).
Appoggiatura
n.
(Mus.) A passing tone preceding an essential tone, and borrowing the time it occupies from that; a short auxiliary or grace note one degree above or below the principal note unless it be of the same harmony; — generally indicated by a note of smaller size, as in the illustration above. It forms no essential part of the harmony.
Appoint
v. t.
• To fix with power or firmness; to establish; to mark out.
• To fix by a decree, order, command, resolve, decision, or mutual agreement; to constitute; to ordain; to prescribe; to fix the time and place of.
• To assign, designate, or set apart by authority.
• To furnish in all points; to provide with everything necessary by way of equipment; to equip; to fit out.
• To point at by way, or for the purpose, of censure or commendation; to arraign.
(Law) To direct, designate, or limit; to make or direct a new disposition of, by virtue of a power contained in a conveyance; — said of an estate already conveyed.
v. i.
• To ordain; to determine; to arrange.
Appointable
a.
• Capable of being appointed or constituted.
Appointee
n.
• A person appointed.
(law) A person in whose favor a power of appointment is executed.
Appointer
n.
• One who appoints, or executes a power of appointment.
Appointive
a.
• Subject to appointment; as, an appointive office.
Appointment
n.
• The act of appointing; designation of a person to hold an office or discharge a trust; as, he erred by the appointment of unsuitable men.
• The state of being appointed to som service or office; an office to which one is appointed; station; position; an, the appointment of treasurer.
• Stipulation; agreement; the act of fixing by mutual agreement. Hence:: Arrangement for a meeting; engagement; as, they made an appointment to meet at six.
• Decree; direction; established order or constitution; as, to submit to the divine appointments.
(Law) The exercise of the power of designating (under a "power of appointment") a person to enjoy an estate or other specific property; also, the instrument by which the designation is made.
• Equipment, furniture, as for a ship or an army; whatever is appointed for use and management; outfit; (pl.) the accouterments of military officers or soldiers, as belts, sashes, swords.
• An allowance to a person, esp. to a public officer; a perquisite; — properly only in the plural.
• A honorary part or exercise, as an oration, etc., at a public exhibition of a college; as, to have an appointment.
Appointor
n.
(Law) The person who selects the appointee.
Apporter
n.
• A bringer in; an importer.
Apportion
v. t.
• To divide and assign in just proportion; to divide and distribute proportionally; to portion out; to allot; as, to apportion undivided rights; to apportion time among various employments.
Apportionateness
n.
• The quality of being apportioned or in proportion.
Apportioner
n.
• One who apportions.
Apportionment
n.
• The act of apportioning; a dividing into just proportions or shares; a division or shares; a division and assignment, to each proprietor, of his just portion of an undivided right or property.
Appose
v. t.
• To place opposite or before; to put or apply (one thing to another).
• To place in juxtaposition or proximity.
v. t.
• To put questions to; to examine; to try.
Apposed
a.
• Placed in apposition; mutually fitting, as the mandibles of a bird's beak.
Apposer
n.
• An examiner; one whose business is to put questions. Formerly, in the English Court of Exchequer, an officer who audited the sheriffs' accounts.
Apposite
a.
• Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; — followed by to; as, this argument is very apposite to the case.
Apposition
n.
• The act of adding; application; accretion.
• The putting of things in juxtaposition, or side by side; also, the condition of being so placed.
(Gram.) The state of two nouns or pronouns, put in the same case, without a connecting word between them; as, I admire Cicero, the orator. Here, the second noun explains or characterizes the first.
Appositional
a.
• Pertaining to apposition; put in apposition syntactically.
Appositive
a.
• Of or relating to apposition; in apposition.
n.
• A noun in apposition.
Appraisable
a.
• Capable of being appraised.
Appraisal
n.
• A valuation by an authorized person; an appraisement.
Appraise
v. t.
• To set a value; to estimate the worth of, particularly by persons appointed for the purpose; as, to appraise goods and chattels.
• To estimate; to conjecture.
• To praise; to commend.
Appraisement
n.
• The act of setting the value; valuation by an appraiser; estimation of worth.
Appraiser
n.
• One who appraises; esp., a person appointed and sworn to estimate and fix the value of goods or estates.
Apprecation
n.
• Earnest prayer; devout wish.
Apprecatory
a.
• Praying or wishing good.
Appreciable
a.
• Capable of being appreciated or estimated; large enough to be estimated; perceptible; as, an appreciable quantity.
Appreciant
a.
• Appreciative.
Appreciate
v. t.
• To set a price or value on; to estimate justly; to value.
• To raise the value of; to increase the market price of; — opposed to depreciate.
• To be sensible of; to distinguish.
v. i.
• To rise in value. [See note under Rise, v. i.]
Appreciatingly
adv.
• In an appreciating manner; with appreciation.
Appreciation
n.
• A just valuation or estimate of merit, worth, weight, etc.; recognition of excellence.
• Accurate perception; true estimation; as, an appreciation of the difficulties before us; an appreciation of colors.
• A rise in value; — opposed to depreciation.
Appreciative
a.
• Having or showing a just or ready appreciation or perception; as, an appreciative audience.
Appreciativeness
n.
• The quality of being appreciative; quick recognition of excellence.
Appreciator
n.
• One who appreciates.
Appreciatory
a.
• Showing appreciation; appreciative; as, appreciatory commendation.
Apprehend
v. t.
• To take or seize; to take hold of.
• Hence: To take or seize (a person) by legal process; to arrest; as, to apprehend a criminal.
• To take hold of with the understanding, that is, to conceive in the mind; to become cognizant of; to understand; to recognize; to consider.
• To know or learn with certainty.
• To anticipate; esp., to anticipate with anxiety, dread, or fear; to fear.
v. i.
• To think, believe, or be of opinion; to understand; to suppose.
• To be apprehensive; to fear.
Apprehender
n.
• One who apprehends.
Apprehensibiity
n.
• The quality of being apprehensible.
Apprehensible
a.
• Capable of being apprehended or conceived.
Apprehension
n.
• The act of seizing or taking hold of; seizure; as, the hand is an organ of apprehension.
• The act of seizing or taking by legal process; arrest; as, the felon, after his apprehension, escaped.
• The act of grasping with the intellect; the contemplation of things, without affirming, denying, or passing any judgment; intellection; perception.
• Opinion; conception; sentiment; idea.
• The faculty by which ideas are conceived; understanding; as, a man of dull apprehension.
• Anticipation, mostly of things unfavorable; distrust or fear at the prospect of future evil.
Apprehensive
a.
• Capable of apprehending, or quick to do so; apt; discerning.
• Knowing; conscious; cognizant.
• Relating to the faculty of apprehension.
• Anticipative of something unfavorable' fearful of what may be coming; in dread of possible harm; in expectation of evil.
• Sensible; feeling; perceptive.
Apprehensively
adv.
• In an apprehensive manner; with apprehension of danger.
Apprehensiveness
n.
• The quality or state of being apprehensive.
Apprentice
n.
• One who is bound by indentures or by legal agreement to serve a mechanic, or other person, for a certain time, with a view to learn the art, or trade, in which his master is bound to instruct him.
• One not well versed in a subject; a tyro.
(Old law) A barrister, considered a learner of law till of sixteen years' standing, when he might be called to the rank of serjeant.
v. t.
• To bind to, or put under the care of, a master, for the purpose of instruction in a trade or business.
Apprenticeage
n.
• Apprenticeship.
Apprenticehood
n.
• Apprenticeship.
Apprenticeship
n.
• The service or condition of an apprentice; the state in which a person is gaining instruction in a trade or art, under legal agreement.
• The time an apprentice is serving (sometimes seven years, as from the age of fourteen to twenty-one).
Apprise
v. t.
• To give notice, verbal or written; to inform; — followed by of; as, we will apprise the general of an intended attack; he apprised the commander of what he had done.
n.
• Notice; information.
Apprize
v. t.
• To appraise; to value; to appreciate.
Apprizement
n.
• Appraisement.
Apprizer
n.
• An appraiser.
(Scots Law) A creditor for whom an appraisal is made.
Approach
v. i.
• To come or go near, in place or time; to draw nigh; to advance nearer.
• To draw near, in a figurative sense; to make advances; to approximate; as, he approaches to the character of the ablest statesman.
v. t.
• To bring near; to cause to draw near; to advance.
• To come near to in place, time, or character; to draw nearer to; as, to approach the city; to approach my cabin; he approached the age of manhood.
(Mil.) To take approaches to.
n.
• The act of drawing near; a coming or advancing near.
• A access, or opportunity of drawing near.
• Movements to gain favor; advances.
• A way, passage, or avenue by which a place or buildings can be approached; an access.
(Fort.) The advanced works, trenches, or covered roads made by besiegers in their advances toward a fortress or military post.
Approachability
n.
• The quality of being approachable; approachableness.
Approachable
a.
• Capable of being approached; accessible; as, approachable virtue.
Approachableness
n.
• The quality or state of being approachable; accessibility.
Approacher
n.
• One who approaches.
Approaching
n.
(Hort.) The act of ingrafting a sprig or shoot of one tree into another, without cutting it from the parent stock; — called, also, inarching and grafting by approach.
Approachless
a.
• Impossible to be approached.
Approachment
n.
• Approach.
Approbate
a.
• Approved.
v. t.
• To express approbation of; to approve; to sanction officially.
Approbation
n.
• Proof; attestation.
• The act of approving; an assenting to the propriety of a thing with some degree of pleasure or satisfaction; approval; sanction; commendation.
• Probation or novitiate.
Approbative
a.
• Approving, or implying approbation.
Approbativeness
n.
• The quality of being approbative.
(Phren.) Love of approbation.
Approbator
n.
• One who approves.
Approbatory
a.
• Containing or expressing approbation; commendatory.
Appromt
v. t.
• To quicken; to prompt.
Approof
n.
• Trial; proof.
• Approval; commendation.
Appropinquate
v. i.
• To approach.
Appropinquation
n.
• A drawing nigh; approach.
Appropinquity
n.
• Nearness; propinquity.
Appropre
v. t.
• To appropriate.
Appropriable
a.
• Capable of being appropriated, set apart, sequestered, or assigned exclusively to a particular use.
Appropriament
n.
• What is peculiarly one's own; peculiar qualification.
Appropriate
a.
• Set apart for a particular use or person. Hence: Belonging peculiarly; peculiar; suitable; fit; proper.
v. t.
• To take to one's self in exclusion of others; to claim or use as by an exclusive right; as, let no man appropriate the use of a common benefit.
• To set apart for, or assign to, a particular person or use, in exclusion of all others; — with to or for; as, a spot of ground is appropriated for a garden; to appropriate money for the increase of the navy.
• To make suitable; to suit.
(Eng. Eccl. Law) To annex, as a benefice, to a spiritual corporation, as its property.
n.
• A property; attribute.
Appropriately
adv.
• In an appropriate or proper manner; fitly; properly.
Appropriateness
n.
• The state or quality of being appropriate; peculiar fitness.
Appropriation
n.
• The act of setting apart or assigning to a particular use or person, or of taking to one's self, in exclusion of all others; application to a special use or purpose, as of a piece of ground for a park, or of money to carry out some object.
• Anything, especially money, thus set apart.
(Law) The severing or sequestering of a benefice to the perpetual use of a spiritual corporation. Blackstone.
• The application of payment of money by a debtor to his creditor, to one of several debts which are due from the former to the latter.
Appropriative
a.
• Appropriating; making, or tending to, appropriation; as, an appropriative act.
Appropriator
n.
• One who appropriates.
(Law) A spiritual corporation possessed of an appropriated benefice; also, an impropriator.
Approvable
a.
• Worthy of being approved; meritorious.
Approval
n.
• Approbation; sanction.
Approvance
n.
• Approval.
Approve
v. t.
• To show to be real or true; to prove.
• To make proof of; to demonstrate; to prove or show practically.
• To sanction officially; to ratify; to confirm; as, to approve the decision of a court-martial.
• To regard as good; to commend; to be pleased with; to think well of; as, we approve the measured of the administration.
• To make or show to be worthy of approbation or acceptance.
v. t.
(Eng. Law) To make profit of; to convert to one's own profit; said esp. of waste or common land appropriated by the lord of the manor.
Approvedly
adv.
• So as to secure approbation; in an approved manner.
Approvement
n.
• Approbation.
(Eng. Law) a confession of guilt by a prisoner charged with treason or felony, together with an accusation of his accomplish and a giving evidence against them in order to obtain his own pardon. The term is no longer in use; it corresponded to what is now known as turning king's (or queen's) evidence in England, and state's evidence in the United States.
n.
(Old Eng. Law) Improvement of common lands, by inclosing and converting them to the uses of husbandry for the advantage of the lord of the manor.
Approver
n.
• One who approves. Formerly, one who made proof or trial.
• An informer; an accuser.
(Eng. Law) One who confesses a crime and accuses another.
n.
(Eng. Law) A bailiff or steward; an agent.
Approving
a.
• Expressing approbation; commending; as, an approving smile.
Approximate
a.
• Approaching; proximate; nearly resembling.
• Near correctness; nearly exact; not perfectly accurate; as, approximate results or values.
v. t.
• To carry or advance near; to cause to approach.
• To come near to; to approach.
v. i.
• To draw; to approach.
Approximately
adv.
• With approximation; so as to approximate; nearly.
Approximation
n.
• The act of approximating; a drawing, advancing or being near; approach; also, the result of approximating.
• An approach to a correct estimate, calculation, or conception, or to a given quantity, quality, etc.
(Math.) A continual approach or coming nearer to a result; as, to solve an equation by approximation.
• A value that is nearly but not exactly correct.
Approximative
a.
• Approaching; approximate.
Approximator
n.
• One who, or that which, approximates.
Appui
n.
• A support or supporter; a stay; a prop.
Appulse
n.
• A driving or running towards; approach; impulse; also, the act of striking against.
(Astron.) The near approach of one heavenly body to another, or to the meridian; a coming into conjunction; as, the appulse of the moon to a star, or of a star to the meridian.
Appulsion
n.
• A driving or striking against; an appulse.
Appulsive
a.
• Striking against; impinging; as, the appulsive influence of the planets.
Appulsively
adv.
• By appulsion.
Appurtenance
n.
• That which belongs to something else; an adjunct; an appendage; an accessory; something annexed to another thing more worthy; in common parlance and legal acceptation, something belonging to another thing as principal, and which passes as incident to it, as a right of way, or other easement to land; a right of common to pasture, an outhouse, barn, garden, or orchard, to a house or messuage. In a strict legal sense, land can never pass as an appurtenance to land.
Appurtenant
a.
• Annexed or pertaining to some more important thing; accessory; incident; as, a right of way appurtenant to land or buildings.
n
• Something which belongs or appertains to another thing; an appurtenance.
Apricate
v. t. & i.
• To bask in the sun.
Aprication
n.
• Basking in the sun.
Apricot
n.
(Bot.) A fruit allied to the plum, of an orange color, oval shape, and delicious taste; also, the tree (Prunus Armeniaca of Linnaeus) which bears this fruit. By cultivation it has been introduced throughout the temperate zone.
April
n.
• The fourth month of the year.
• Fig.: With reference to April being the month in which vegetation begins to put forth, the variableness of its weather, etc.
Apriorism
n.
• An a priori principle.
Apriority
n.
• The quality of being innate in the mind, or prior to experience; a priori reasoning.
Aprocta
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Turbellaria in which there is no anal aperture.
Aproctous
a.
(Zool.) Without an anal office.
Apron
n.
• An article of dress, of cloth, leather, or other stuff, worn on the fore part of the body, to keep the clothes clean, to defend them from injury, or as a covering. It is commonly tied at the waist by strings.
• Something which by its shape or use suggests an apron; as, (a) The fat skin covering the belly of a goose or duck.
• A piece of leather, or other material, to be spread before a person riding on an outside seat of a vehicle, to defend him from the rain, snow, or dust; a boot.
(Gun.) A leaden plate that covers the vent of a cannon.
(Shipbuilding) A piece of carved timber, just above the foremost end of the keel.
• A platform, or flooring of plank, at the entrance of a dock, against which the dock gates are shut.
• A flooring of plank before a dam to cause the water to make a gradual descent.
(Mech.) The piece that holds the cutting tool of a planer.
(Plumbing) A strip of lead which leads the drip of a wall into a gutter; a flashing.
(Zool.) The infolded abdomen of a crab.
Aproned
a.
• Wearing an apron.
Apronful
n.
• The quality an apron can hold.
Apronless
a.
• Without an apron.
Aprosos
a. & adv.
• Opportunely or opportune; seasonably or seasonable.
• By the way; to the purpose; suitably to the place or subject; — a word used to introduce an incidental observation, suited to the occasion, though not strictly belonging to the narration.
Apse
n.
(Arch.) A projecting part of a building, esp. of a church, having in the plan a polygonal or semicircular termination, and, most often, projecting from the east end. In early churches the Eastern apse was occupied by seats for the bishop and clergy.
• The bishop's seat or throne, in ancient churches.
• A reliquary, or case in which the relics of saints were kept.
Apsidal
a.
(Astron.) Of or pertaining to the apsides of an orbit.
(Arch.) Of or pertaining to the apse of a church; as, the apsidal termination of the chancel.
Apsides
n. pl.
• See Apsis.
Apsis
n.
(Astron.) One of the two points of an orbit, as of a planet or satellite, which are at the greatest and least distance from the central body, corresponding to the aphelion and perihelion of a planet, or to the apogee and perigee of the moon. The more distant is called the higher apsis; the other, the lower apsis; and the line joining them, the line of apsides.
(Math.) In a curve referred to polar coordinates, any point for which the radius vector is a maximum or minimum.
(Arch.) Same as Apse.
Apt
a
• Fit or fitted; suited; suitable; appropriate.
• Having an habitual tendency; habitually liable or likely; — used of things.
• Inclined; disposed customarily; given; ready; — used of persons.
• Ready; especially fitted or qualified (to do something); quick to learn; prompt; expert; as, a pupil apt to learn; an apt scholar.
v. t.
• To fit; to suit; to adapt.
Aptable
a.
• Capable of being adapted.
Aptate
v. t.
• To make fit.
Aptera
n. pl.
(Zool.) Insects without wings, constituting the seventh Linnaen order of insects, an artificial group, which included Crustacea, spiders, centipeds, and even worms. These animals are now placed in several distinct classes and orders.
Apteral
a.
(Zool.) Apterous.
(Arch.) Without lateral columns; — applied to buildings which have no series of columns along their sides, but are either prostyle or amphiprostyle, and opposed to peripteral.
Apteran
n.
(Zool.) One of the Aptera.
Apteria
n. pl.
(Zool.) Naked spaces between the feathered areas of birds.
Apterous
a.
(Zool.) Destitute of wings; apteral; as, apterous insects.
(Bot.) Destitute of winglike membranous expansions, as a stem or petiole; — opposed to atate.
Apteryges
n. pl.
(Zool.) An order of birds, including the genus Apteryx.
Apteryx
n.
(Zool.) A genus of New Zealand birds about the size of a hen, with only short rudiments of wings, armed with a claw and without a tail; the kiwi. It is allied to the gigantic extinct moas of the same country. Five species are known.
Aptitude
n.
• A natural or acquired disposition or capacity for a particular purpose, or tendency to a particular action or effect; as, oil has an aptitude to burn.
• A general fitness or suitableness; adaptation.
• Readiness in learning; docility; aptness.
Aptitudinal
a.
• Suitable; fit.
Aptly
adv.
• In an apt or suitable manner; fitly; properly; pertinently; appropriately; readily.
Aptness
n.
• Fitness; suitableness; appropriateness; as, the aptness of things to their end.
• Disposition of the mind; propensity; as, the aptness of men to follow example.
• Quickness of apprehension; readiness in learning; docility; as, an aptness to learn is more observable in some children than in others.
• Proneness; tendency; as, the aptness of iron to rust.
Aptote
n.
(Gram.) A noun which has no distinction of cases; an indeclinable noun.
Aptotic
a.
• Pertaining to, or characterized by, aptotes; uninflected; as, aptotic languages.
Aptychus
n.
(Zool.) A shelly plate found in the terminal chambers of ammonite shells. Some authors consider them to be jaws; others, opercula.
Apus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of fresh-water phyllopod crustaceans.
Apyornis
n.
• A gigantic bird found fossil in Madagascar.
Apyretic
a.
(Med.) Without fever; — applied to days when there is an intermission of fever.
Apyrexial
a.
(Med.) Relating to apyrexy.
Apyrous
a.
• Incombustible; capable of sustaining a strong heat without alteration of form or properties.
Aqua
n.
• Water; — a word much used in pharmacy and the old chemistry, in various signification, determined by the word or words annexed.
Aquamarine
n.
(Min.) A transparent, pale green variety of beryl, used as a gem.
Aquapuncture
n.
(Med.) The introduction of water subcutaneously for the relief of pain.
Aquarelle
n.
• A design or painting in thin transparent water colors; also, the mode of painting in such colors.
Aquarellist
n.
• A painter in thin transparent water colors.
Aquarian
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of Christian in the primitive church who used water instead of wine in the Lord's Supper.
Aquarium
n.
• An artificial pond, or a globe or tank (usually with glass sides), in which living specimens of aquatic animals or plants are kept.
Aquarius
n.
(Astron.) The Water-bearer; the eleventh sign in the zodiac, which the sun enters about the 20th of January; — so called from the rains which prevail at that season in Italy and the East.
• A constellation south of Pegasus.
Aquatic
a.
• Pertaining to water growing in water; living in, swimming in, or frequenting the margins of waters; as, aquatic plants and fowls.
n.
• An aquatic animal or plant.
• Sports or exercises practiced in or on the water.
Aquatical
a.
• Aquatic.
Aquatile
a.
• Inhabiting the water.
Aqueduct
n.
• A conductor, conduit, or artificial channel for conveying water, especially one for supplying large cities with water.
(Anat.) A canal or passage; as, the aqueduct of Sylvius, a channel connecting the third and fourth ventricles of the brain.
Aqueity
n.
• Wateriness.
Aqueous
a.
• Partaking of the nature of water, or abounding with it; watery.
• Made from, or by means of, water.
Aqueousness
n.
• Wateriness.
Aquiferous
a.
• Consisting or conveying water or a watery fluid; as, aquiferous vessels; the aquiferous system.
Aquiform
a.
• Having the form of water.
Aquila
n
(Zool.) A genus of eagles.
(Astron.) A northern constellation southerly from Lyra and Cygnus and preceding the Dolphin; the Eagle.
Aquilated
a.
(Her.) Adorned with eagles' heads.
Aquiline
a.
• Belonging to or like an eagle.
• Curving; hooked; prominent, like the beak of an eagle; — applied particularly to the nose
Aquilon
n.
• The north wind.
Aquiparous
a.
(Med.) Secreting water; — applied to certain glands.
Aquitanian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Aquitania, now called Gascony.
Aquose
a.
• Watery; aqueous.
Aquosity
n.
• The condition of being wet or watery; wateriness.
Ar
conj.
• Ere; before.
Ara
n.
(Astron.) The Altar; a southern constellation, south of the tail of the Scorpion.
n.
(Zool.) A name of the great blue and yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), native of South America.
Arab
n.
• One of a swarthy race occupying Arabia, and numerous in Syria, Northern Africa, etc.
Arabesque
n.
• A style of ornamentation either painted, inlaid, or carved in low relief. It consists of a pattern in which plants, fruits, foliage, etc., as well as figures of men and animals, real or imaginary, are fantastically interlaced or put together.
a.
• Arabian.
• Relating to, or exhibiting, the style of ornament called arabesque; as, arabesque frescoes.
Arabesqued
a.
• Ornamented in the style of arabesques.
Arabian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Arabia or its inhabitants.
n.
• A native of Arabia; an Arab.
Arabic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Arabia or the Arabians.
n.
• The language of the Arabians.
Arabical
a.
• Relating to Arabia; Arabic.
Arabin
n.
(Chem.) A carbohydrate, isomeric with cane sugar, contained in gum arabic, from which it is extracted as a white, amorphous substance.
• Mucilage, especially that made of gum arabic.
Arabinose
n.
(Chem.) A sugar of the composition C5H10O5, obtained from cherry gum by boiling it with dilute sulphuric acid.
Arabism
n.
• An Arabic idiom peculiarly of language.
Arabist
n.
• One well versed in the Arabic language or literature; also, formerly, one who followed the Arabic system of surgery.
Arable
a.
• Fit for plowing or tillage; — hence, often applied to land which has been plowed or tilled.
n.
• Arable land; plow land.
Araby
n.
• The country of Arabia.
Aracanese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Aracan, a province of British Burmah.
n. sing. & pl.
• A native or natives of Aracan.
Aracari
n.
(Zool.) A South American bird, of the genus Pleroglossius, allied to the toucans. There are several species.
Arace
v. t.
• To tear up by the roots; to draw away.
Araceous
a.
(Bot.) Of or pertaining to an order of plants, of which the genus Arum is the type.
Arachnid
n.
• An arachnidan.
Arachnida
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the classes of Arthropoda.
Arachnidan
n.
(Zool.) One of the Arachnida.
Arachnidial
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Arachnida.
• Pertaining to the arachnidium.
Arachnidium
n.
(Zool.) The glandular organ in which the material for the web of spiders is secreted.
Arachnitis
n.
(Med.) Inflammation of the arachnoid membrane.
Arachnoid
a.
• Resembling a spider's web; cobweblike.
(Anat.) Pertaining to a thin membrane of the brain and spinal cord, between the dura mater and pia mater.
(Bot.) Covered with, or composed of, soft, loose hairs or fibers, so as to resemble a cobweb; cobwebby.
n.
(Anat.) The arachnoid membrane.
(Zool.) One of the Arachnoidea.
Arachnoidal
a.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the arachnoid membrane; arachnoid.
Arachnoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) Same as Arachnida.
Arachnological
a.
• Of or pertaining to arachnology.
Arachnologist
n.
• One who is versed in, or studies, arachnology.
Arachnology
n.
• The department of zoology which treats of spiders and other Arachnida.
Aragonese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Aragon, in Spain, or to its inhabitants.
n. sing. & pl.
• A native or natives of Aragon, in Spain.
Aragonite
n.
(Min.) A mineral identical in composition with calcite or carbonate of lime, but differing from it in its crystalline form and some of its physical characters.
Araguato
n.
(Zool.) A South American monkey, the ursine howler (Mycetes ursinus).
Araise
v. t.
• To raise.
Arak
n.
• Same as Arrack.
Aramaic
a.
• Pertaining to Aram, or to the territory, inhabitants, language, or literature of Syria and Mesopotamia; Aramaean; — specifically applied to the northern branch of the Semitic family of languages, including Syriac and Chaldee.
n.
• The Aramaic language.
Aramaism
n.
• An idiom of the Aramaic.
Araneidan
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Araneina or spiders.
n.
• One of the Araneina; a spider.
Araneiform
a.
(Zool.) Having the form of a spider.
Araneina
n. pl.
(Zool.) The order of Arachnida that includes the spiders.
Araneose
a.
• Of the aspect of a spider's web; arachnoid.
Araneous
a.
• Cobweblike; extremely thin and delicate, like a cobweb; as, the araneous membrane of the eye.
Arango
n.
• A bead of rough carnelian. Arangoes were formerly imported from Bombay for use in the African slave trade.
Arapaima
n.
(Zool.) A large fresh-water food fish of South America.
Arara
n.
(Zool.) The palm (or great black) cockatoo, of Australia (Microglossus aterrimus).
Aration
n.
• Plowing; tillage.
Aratory
a.
• Contributing to tillage.
Araucaria
n.
(Bot.) A genus of tall conifers of the pine family. The species are confined mostly to South America and Australia. The wood cells differ from those of other in having the dots in their lateral surfaces in two or three rows, and the dots of contiguous rows alternating. The seeds are edible.
Araucarian
a.
• Relating to, or of the nature of, the Araucaria. The earliest conifers in geological history were mostly Araucarian.
Arbiter
n.
• A person appointed, or chosen, by parties to determine a controversy between them.
• Any person who has the power of judging and determining, or ordaining, without control; one whose power of deciding and governing is not limited.
v. t.
• To act as arbiter between.
Arbitrable
a.
• Capable of being decided by arbitration; determinable.
Arbitrage
n.
• Judgment by an arbiter; authoritative determination.
(Com) A traffic in bills of exchange (see Arbitration of Exchange); also, a traffic in stocks which bear differing values at the same time in different markets.
Arbitral
a.
• Of or relating to an arbiter or an arbitration.
Arbitrament
n.
• Determination; decision; arbitration.
• The award of arbitrators.
Arbitrarily
adv.
• In an arbitrary manner; by will only; despotically; absolutely.
Arbitrariness
n.
• The quality of being arbitrary; despoticalness; tyranny.
Arbitrarious
a.
• Arbitrary; despotic.
Arbitrary
a.
• Depending on will or discretion; not governed by any fixed rules; as, an arbitrary decision; an arbitrary punishment.
• Exercised according to one's own will or caprice, and therefore conveying a notion of a tendency to abuse the possession of power.
• Despotic; absolute in power; bound by no law; harsh and unforbearing; tyrannical; as, an arbitrary prince or government.
Arbitrate
v. t.
• To hear and decide, as arbitrators; as, to choose to arbitrate a disputed case.
• To decide, or determine generally.
v. i.
• To decide; to determine.
• To act as arbitrator or judge; as, to arbitrate upon several reports;; to arbitrate in disputes among heighbors; to arbitrate between parties to a suit.
Arbitration
n.
• The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties.
Arbitrator
n.
• A person, or one of two or more persons, chosen by parties who have a controversy, to determine their differences.
• One who has the power of deciding or prescribing without control; a ruler; a governor.
Arbitratrix
n.
• A female who arbitrates or judges.
Arbitress
n.
• A female arbiter; an arbitratrix.
Arblast
n.
• A crossbow.
Arbor
n.
• A kind of latticework formed of, or covered with, vines, branches of trees, or other plants, for shade; a bower.
n.
(Bot.) A tree, as distinguished from a shrub.
(Mech.) An axle or spindle of a wheel or opinion.
• A mandrel in lathe turning.
Arborary
a.
• Of or pertaining to trees; arboreal.
Arborator
n.
• One who plants or who prunes trees.
Arboreal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a tree, or to trees; of nature of trees.
• Attached to, found in or upon, or frequenting, woods or trees; as, arboreal animals.
Arbored
a.
• Furnished with an arbor; lined with trees.
Arboreous
a.
• Having the form, constitution, or habits, of a proper tree, in distinction from a shrub.
• Pertaining to, or growing on, trees; as, arboreous moss.
Arborescence
n.
• The state of being arborescent; the resemblance to a tree in minerals, or crystallizations, or groups of crystals in that form; as, the arborescence produced by precipitating silver.
Arborescent
a.
• Resembling a tree; becoming woody in stalk; dendritic; having crystallizations disposed like the branches and twigs of a tree.
Arboret
n.
• A small tree or shrub.
Arboretum
n.
• A place in which a collection of rare trees and shrubs is cultivated for scientific or educational purposes.
Arborical
a.
• Relating to trees.
Arboricole
a.
(Zool.) Tree-inhabiting; — said of certain birds.
Arboricultural
a.
• Pertaining to arboriculture.
Arboriculture
n.
• The cultivation of trees and shrubs, chiefly for timber or for ornamental purposes.
Arboriculturist
n.
• One who cultivates trees.
Arboriform
a.
• Treelike in shape.
Arborist
n.
• One who makes trees his study, or who is versed in the knowledge of trees.
Arborization
n.
• The appearance or figure of a tree or plant, as in minerals or fossils; a dendrite.
Arborized
a.
• Having a treelike appearance.
Arborous
a.
• Formed by trees.
Arbuscle
n.
• A dwarf tree, one in size between a shrub and a tree; a treelike shrub.
Arbuscular
a.
• Of or pertaining to a dwarf tree; shrublike.
Arbustive
a.
• Containing copses of trees or shrubs; covered with shrubs.
Arc
n.
(Geom.) A portion of a curved line; as, the arc of a circle or of an ellipse.
• A curvature in the shape of a circular arc or an arch; as, the colored arc (the rainbow); the arc of Hadley's quadrant.
• An arch.
• The apparent arc described, above or below the horizon, by the sun or other celestial body. The diurnal arc is described during the daytime, the nocturnal arc during the night.
Arcade
n.
(Arch.) A series of arches with the columns or piers which support them, the spandrels above, and other necessary appurtenances; sometimes open, serving as an entrance or to give light; sometimes closed at the back (as in the cut) and forming a decorative feature.
• A long, arched building or gallery.
• An arched or covered passageway or avenue.
Arcaded
a.
• Furnished with an arcade.
Arcadia
n.
• A mountainous and picturesque district of Greece, in the heart of the Peloponnesus, whose people were distinguished for contentment and rural happiness.
• Fig.: Any region or scene of simple pleasure and untroubled quiet.
Arcane
a.
• Hidden; secret.
Arcanum
n.
• A secret; a mystery; — generally used in the plural.
(Med.) A secret remedy; an elixir.
Arcboutant
n.
(Arch.) A flying buttress.
Arch
n.
(Geom.) Any part of a curved line.
(Arch.) Usually a curved member made up of separate wedge-shaped solids, with the joints between them disposed in the direction of the radii of the curve; used to support the wall or other weight above an opening. In this sense arches are segmental, round (i. e., semicircular), or pointed.
• A flat arch is a member constructed of stones cut into wedges or other shapes so as to support each other without rising in a curve.
• Any place covered by an arch; an archway; as, to pass into the arch of a bridge.
• Any curvature in the form of an arch; as, the arch of the aorta.
v. t.
• To cover with an arch or arches.
• To form or bend into the shape of an arch.
v. i.
• To form into an arch; to curve.
a.
• Chief; eminent; greatest; principal.
• Cunning or sly; sportively mischievous; roguish; as, an arch look, word, lad.
n.
• A chief.
Archaean
a.
• Ancient; pertaining to the earliest period in geological history.
n.
(Geol.) The earliest period in geological period, extending up to the Lower Silurian. It includes an Azoic age, previous to the appearance of life, and an Eozoic age, including the earliest forms of life.
Archaeography
n.
• A description of, or a treatise on, antiquity or antiquities.
Archaeolithic
a.
(Archaeol.) Of or pertaining to the earliest Stone age; — applied to a prehistoric period preceding the Paleolithic age.
Archaeologian
n.
• An archaeologist.
Archaeologist
n.
• One versed in archaeology; an antiquary.
Archaeology
n.
• The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.
Archaeopteryx
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil bird, of the Jurassic period, remarkable for having a long tapering tail of many vertebrae with feathers along each side, and jaws armed with teeth, with other reptilian characteristics.
Archaeostomatous
a.
(Biol.) Applied to a gastrula when the blastorope does not entirely up.
Archaeozoic
a.
(Zool.) Like or belonging to the earliest forms of animal life.
Archaic
a.
• Of or characterized by antiquity or archaism; antiquated; obsolescent.
Archaical
a.
• Archaic.
Archaism
n.
• An ancient, antiquated, or old-fashioned, word, expression, or idiom; a word or form of speech no longer in common use.
• Antiquity of style or use; obsoleteness.
Archaist
n.
• Am antiquary.
• One who uses archaisms.
Archaistic
a.
• Like, or imitative of, anything archaic; pertaining to an archaism.
Archaize
v. t.
• To make appear archaic or antique.
Archangel
n.
• A chief angel; one high in the celestial hierarchy.
(Bot.) A term applied to several different species of plants (Angelica archangelica, Lamium album, etc.).
Archangelic
a.
• Of or pertaining to archangels; of the nature of, or resembling, an archangel.
Archbishop
n.
• A chief bishop; a church dignitary of the first class (often called a metropolitan or primate) who superintends the conduct of the suffragan bishops in his province, and also exercises episcopal authority in his own diocese.
Archbishopric
n.
• The jurisdiction or office of an archbishop; the see or province over which archbishop exercises archiepiscopal authority.
Archbutler
n.
• A chief butler; — an officer of the German empire.
Archchamberlain
n.
• A chief chamberlain; — an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England.
Archchancellor
n.
• A chief chancellor; — an officer in the old German empire, who presided over the secretaries of the court.
Archchemic
a.
• Of supreme chemical powers.
Archdeacon
n.
• In England, an ecclesiastical dignitary, next in rank below a bishop, whom he assists, and by whom he is appointed, though with independent authority.
Archdeaconry
n.
• The district, office, or residence of an archdeacon.
Archdeaconship
n.
• The office of an archdeacon.
Archdiocese
n.
• The diocese of an archbishop.
Archducal
a.
• Of or pertaining to an archduke or archduchy.
Archduchess
n.
• The consort of an archduke; also, a princess of the imperial family of Austria.
Archduchy
n.
• The territory of an archduke or archduchess.
Archduke
n.
• A prince of the imperial family of Austria.
Archdukedom
n.
• An archduchy.
Archebiosis
n.
• To origination of living matter from non-living.
Arched
a.
• Made with an arch or curve; covered with an arch; as, an arched door.
Archegonial
a.
• Relating to the archegonium.
Archegonium
n.
(Bot.) The pistillidium or female organ in the higher cryptogamic plants, corresponding to the pistil in flowering plants.
Archegony
n.
(Biol.) Spontaneous generation; abiogenesis.
Archelogy
n.
• The science of, or a treatise on, first principles.
Archencephala
n. pl.
(Zool.) The division that includes man alone.
Archenemy
n.
• A principal enemy. Specifically, Satan, the grand adversary of mankind.
Archenteric
a.
(Biol.) Relating to the archenteron; as, archenteric invagination.
Archenteron
n.
(Biol.) The primitive enteron or undifferentiated digestive sac of a gastrula or other embryo.
Archer
n.
• A bowman, one skilled in the use of the bow and arrow.
Archeress
n.
• A female archer.
Archership
n.
• The art or skill of an archer.
Archery
n.
• The use of the bow and arrows in battle, hunting, etc.; the art, practice, or skill of shooting with a bow and arrows.
• Archers, or bowmen, collectively.
Arches
• pl. of Arch, n.
Archetypal
a.
• Of or pertaining to an archetype; consisting a model (real or ideal) or pattern; original.
Archetypally
adv.
• With reference to the archetype; originally. "Parts archetypally distinct."
Archetype
n.
• The original pattern or model of a work; or the model from which a thing is made or formed.
(Coinage) The standard weight or coin by which others are adjusted.
(Biol.) The plan or fundamental structure on which a natural group of animals or plants or their systems of organs are assumed to have been constructed; as, the vertebrate archetype.
Archetypical
a.
• Relating to an archetype; archetypal.
Archeus
n.
• The vital principle or force which (according to the Paracelsians) presides over the growth and continuation of living beings; the anima mundi or plastic power of the old philosophers.
Archiannelida
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Annelida remarkable for having no external segments or distinct ventral nerve ganglions.
Archiater
n.
• Chief physician; — a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities.
Archiblastula
n.
(Biol.) A hollow blastula, supposed to be the primitive form; a cloblastula.
Archical
a.
• Chief; primary; primordial.
Archidiaconal
a.
• Of or pertaining to an archdeacon.
Archiepiscopacy
n.
• That form of episcopacy in which the chief power is in the hands of archbishops.
• The state or dignity of an archbishop.
Archiepiscopal
a.
• Of or pertaining to an archbishop; as, Canterbury is an archiepiscopal see.
Archiepiscopality
n.
• The station or dignity of an archbishop; archiepiscopacy.
Archiepiscopate
n.
• The office of an archbishop; an archbishopric.
Archierey
n.
• The higher order of clergy in Russia, including metropolitans, archbishops, and bishops.
Archil
n.
• A violet dye obtained from several species of lichen (Roccella tinctoria, etc.), which grow on maritime rocks in the Canary and Cape Verd Islands, etc.
• The plant from which the dye is obtained.
Archilochian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the satiric Greek poet Archilochus; as, Archilochian meter.
Archimandrite
n.
(Gr. Church) A chief of a monastery, corresponding to abbot in the Roman Catholic church.
• A superintendent of several monasteries, corresponding to superior abbot, or father provincial, in the Roman Catholic church.
Archimedean
a.
• Of or pertaining to Archimedes, a celebrated Greek philosopher; constructed on the principle of Archimedes' screw; as, Archimedean drill, propeller, etc.
Archimedes
n.
(Paleon.) An extinct genus of Bryzoa characteristic of the subcarboniferous rocks. Its form is that of a screw.
Arching
n.
• The arched part of a structure.
(Naut.) Hogging; — opposed to sagging.
Archipelagic
a.
• Of or pertaining to an archipelago.
Archipelago
n.
• The Grecian Archipelago, or Agean Sea, separating Greece from Asia Minor. It is studded with a vast number of small islands.
• Hence: Any sea or broad sheet of water interspersed with many islands or with a group of islands.
Archipterygium
n.
(Anat.) The primitive form of fin, like that of Ceratodus.
Architect
n.
• A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and to superintend the artificers employed.
• A contriver, designer, or maker.
Architective
a.
• Used in building; proper for building.
Architectonic
n.
• The science of architecture.
• The act of arranging knowledge into a system.
Architectonics
n.
• The science of architecture.
Architector
n.
• An architect.
Architectress
n.
• A female architect.
Architectural
a.
• Of or pertaining to the art of building; conformed to the rules of architecture.
Architecture
n.
• The art or science of building; especially, the art of building houses, churches, bridges, and other structures, for the purposes of civil life; — often called civil architecture.
• Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship.
Architeuthis
n.
(Zool.) A genus of gigantic cephalopods, allied to the squids, found esp. in the North Atlantic and about New Zealand.
Architrave
n.
(Arch.) The lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column, esp. in classical architecture.
• The group of moldings, or other architectural member, above and on both sides of a door or other opening, especially if square in form.
Architraved
a.
• Furnished with an architrave.
Archival
a.
• Pertaining to, or contained in, archives or records.
Archive
n.
• The place in which public records or historic documents are kept.
• Public records or documents preserved as evidence of facts; as, the archives of a country or family.
Archivist
n.
• A keeper of archives or records.
Archivolt
n.
(Arch.) The architectural member surrounding the curved opening of an arch, corresponding to the architrave in the case of a square opening.
• More commonly, the molding or other ornaments with which the wall face of the voussoirs of an arch is charged.
Archly
adv.
• In an arch manner; with attractive slyness or roguishness; slyly; waggishly.
Archmarshal
n.
• The grand marshal of the old German empire, a dignity that to the Elector of Saxony.
Archness
n.
• The quality of being arch; cleverness; sly humor free from malice; waggishness.
Archon
n.
(Antiq.) One of the chief magistrates in ancient Athens, especially, by preeminence, the first of the nine chief magistrates.
Archonship
n.
• The office of an archon.
Archontate
n.
• An archon's term of office.
Archonts
n. pl.
(Zool.) The group including man alone.
Archprelate
n.
• An archbishop or other chief prelate.
Archpresbyter
n.
• Same as Archpriest.
Archpresbytery
n.
• The absolute dominion of presbytery.
Archpriest
n.
• A chief priest; also, a kind of vicar, or a rural dean.
Archprimate
n.
• The chief primate.
Archtraitor
n.
• A chief or transcendent traitor.
Archtreasurer
n.
• A chief treasurer. Specifically, the great treasurer of the German empire.
Archway
n.
• A way or passage under an arch.
Archwife
n.
• A big, masculine wife.
Archwise
adv.
• Arch-shaped.
Archy
a.
• Arched; as, archy brows.
Arciform
a.
• Having the form of an arch; curved.
Arcograph
n.
• An instrument for drawing a circular arc without the use of a central point; a cyclograph.
Arctation
n.
(Med.) Constriction or contraction of some natural passage, as in constipation from inflammation.
Arctic
a.
• Pertaining to, or situated under, the northern constellation called the Bear; northern; frigid; as, the arctic pole, circle, region, ocean; an arctic expedition, night, temperature.
n.
• The arctic circle.
• A warm waterproof overshoe.
Arctisca
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Arachnida.
Arctogeal
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to arctic lands; as, the arctogeal fauna.
Arctoidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of the Carnivora, that includes the bears, weasels, etc.
Arcturus
n.
(Anat.) A fixed star of the first magnitude in the constellation Bootes.
Arcual
a.
• Of or pertaining to an arc.
Arcuately
adv.
• In the form of a bow.
Arcuation
n.
• The act of bending or curving; incurvation; the state of being bent; crookedness.
(Hort.) A mode of propagating trees by bending branches to the ground, and covering the small shoots with earth; layering.
Arcubalist
n.
• A crossbow.
Arcubalister
n.
• A crossbowman; one who used the arcubalist.
Ardassine
n.
• A very fine sort of Persian silk.
Ardency
n.
• Heat.
• Warmth of passion or affection; ardor; vehemence; eagerness; as, the ardency of love or zeal.
Ardent
a.
• Hot or burning; causing a sensation of burning; fiery; as, ardent spirits, that is, distilled liquors; an ardent fever.
• Having the appearance or quality of fire; fierce; glowing; shining; as, ardent eyes.
• Warm, applied to the passions and affections; passionate; fervent; zealous; vehement; as, ardent love, feelings, zeal, hope, temper.
Ardently
adv.
• In an ardent manner; eagerly; with warmth; affectionately; passionately.
Ardentness
n.
• Ardency.
Ardor
n.
• Heat, in a literal sense; as, the ardor of the sun's rays.
• Warmth or heat of passion or affection; eagerness; zeal; as, he pursues study with ardor; the fought with ardor; martial ardor.
• Bright and effulgent spirits; seraphim. [Thus used by Milton.]
Arduous
a.
• Steep and lofty, in a literal sense; hard to climb.
• Attended with great labor, like the ascending of acclivities; difficult; laborious; as, an arduous employment, task, or enterprise.
Arduously
adv.
• In an arduous manner; with difficulty or laboriousness.
Arduousness
n.
• The quality of being arduous; difficulty of execution.
Ardurous
a.
• Burning; ardent.
Are
• The present indicative plural of the substantive verb to be; but etymologically a different word from be, or was. Am, art, are, and is, all come from the root as.
n.
(Metric system) The unit of superficial measure, being a square of which each side is ten meters in length; 100 square meters, or about 119.6 square yards.
Area
n.
• Any plane surface, as of the floor of a room or church, or of the ground within an inclosure; an open space in a building.
• The inclosed space on which a building stands.
• The sunken space or court, giving ingress and affording light to the basement of a building.
• An extent of surface; a tract of the earth's surface; a region; as, vast uncultivated areas.
(Geom.) The superficial contents of any figure; the surface included within any given lines; superficial extent; as, the area of a square or a triangle.
(Biol.) A spot or small marked space; as, the germinative area.
• Extent; scope; range; as, a wide area of thought.
Areal
a.
• Of or pertaining to an area; as, areal interstices (the areas or spaces inclosed by the reticulate vessels of leaves).
Arear
v. t. & i.
• To raise; to set up; to stir up.
adv.
• Backward; in or to the rear; behindhand.
Areca
n.
(Bot.) A genus of palms, one species of which produces the areca nut, or betel nut, which is chewed in India with the leaf of the Piper Betle and lime.
Areek
adv. & a.
• In a reeking condition.
Arefaction
n.
• The act of drying, or the state of growing dry.
Arefy
v. t.
• To dry, or make dry.
Arena
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) The area in the central part of an amphitheater, in which the gladiators fought and other shows were exhibited; — so called because it was covered with sand.
• Any place of public contest or exertion; any sphere of action; as, the arenaof debate; the arena of life.
(Med.) "Sand" or "gravel" in the kidneys.
Arenaceous
a.
• Sandy or consisting largely of sand; of the nature of sand; easily disintegrating into sand; friable; as, arenaceous limestone.
Arenarious
a.
• Sandy; as, arenarious soil.
Arenation
n.
(Med.) A sand bath; application of hot sand to the body.
Arendator
n.
• In some provinces of Russia, one who farms the rents or revenues.
Arenicolite
n.
(Paleon.) An ancient wormhole in sand, preserved in the rocks.
Arenilitic
a.
• Of or pertaining to sandstone; as, arenilitic mountains.
Arenose
a.
• Sandy; full of sand.
Arenulous
a.
• Full of fine sand; like sand.
Areola
n.
• An interstice or small space, as between the cracks of the surface in certain crustaceous lichens; or as between the fibers composing organs or vessels that interlace; or as between the nervures of an insect's wing.
(Anat. & Med.) The colored ring around the nipple, or around a vesicle or pustule.
Areolar
a.
• Pertaining to, or like, an areola; filled with interstices or areolae.
Areolation
n.
• Division into areolae.
• Any small space, bounded by some part different in color or structure, as the spaces bounded by the nervures of the wings of insects, or those by the veins of leaves; an areola.
Areole
n.
• Same as Areola.
Areolet
n.
(Zool.) A small inclosed area; esp. one of the small spaces on the wings of insects, circumscribed by the veins.
Areometer
n.
(Physics) An instrument for measuring the specific gravity of fluids; a form hydrometer.
Areometry
n.
• The art or process of measuring the specific gravity of fluids.
Areopagite
n.
• A member of the Areopagus.
Areopagitic
a.
• Pertaining to the Areopagus.
Areopagus
n.
• The highest judicial court at Athens. Its sessions were held on Mars' Hill. Hence, any high court or tribunal
Arest
n.
• A support for the spear when couched for the attack.
Aret
v. t.
• To reckon; to ascribe; to impute.
Aretaics
n.
• The ethical theory which excludes all relations between virtue and happiness; the science of virtue; — contrasted with eudemonics.
Aretology
n.
• That part of moral philosophy which treats of virtue, its nature, and the means of attaining to it.
Arew
adv.
• In a row.
Argal
n.
• Crude tartar.
adv.
• A ludicrous corruption of the Latin word ergo, therefore.
Argala
n.
(Zool.) The adjutant bird.
Argas
n.
• A genus of venomous ticks which attack men and animals. The famous Persian Argas, also called Miana bug, is A. Persicus; that of Central America, called talaje by the natives, is A. Talaje.
Argean
a.
• Pertaining to the ship Argo.
Argent
n.
• Silver, or money.
(Fig. & Poet.) Whiteness; anything that is white.
(Her.) The white color in coats of arms, intended to represent silver, or, figuratively, purity, innocence, beauty, or gentleness; — represented in engraving by a plain white surface.
a.
• Made of silver; of a silvery color; white; shining.
Argental
a.
• Of or pertaining to silver; resembling, containing, or combined with, silver.
Argentan
n.
• An alloy of nicked with copper and zinc; German silver.
Argentate
a.
(Bot.) Silvery white.
Argentation
n.
• A coating or overlaying with silver.
Argentic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, silver; — said of certain compounds of silver in which this metal has its lowest proportion; as, argentic chloride.
Argentiferous
a.
• Producing or containing silver; as, argentiferous lead ore or veins.
Argentine
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, silver; made of, or sounding like, silver; silvery.
• Of or pertaining to the Argentine Republic in South America.
n.
(Min.) A siliceous variety of calcite, or carbonate of lime, having a silvery-white, pearly luster, and a waving or curved lamellar structure.
• White metal coated with silver.
(Zool.) A fish of Europe (Maurolicus Pennantii) with silvery scales. The name is also applied to various fishes of the genus Argentina.
• A citizen of the Argentine Republic.
Argentite
n.
(Min.) Sulphide of silver; — also called vitreous silver, or silver glance. It has a metallic luster, a lead-gray color, and is sectile like lead.
Argentous
a.
(Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, silver; — said of certain silver compounds in which silver has a higher proportion than in argentic compounds; as, argentous chloride.
Argentry
n.
• Silver plate or vessels.
Argil
n.
(Min.) Clay, or potter's earth; sometimes pure clay, or alumina.
Argillaceous
a.
• Of the nature of clay; consisting of, or containing, argil or clay; clayey.
Argilliferous
a.
• Producing clay; — applied to such earths as abound with argil.
Argillite
n.
(Min.) Argillaceous schist or slate; clay slate. Its colors is bluish or blackish gray, sometimes greenish gray, brownish red, etc.
Argillous
a.
• Argillaceous; clayey.
Argive
a.
• Of or performance to Argos, the capital of Argolis in Greece.
n.
• A native of Argos. Often used as a generic term, equivalent to Grecian or Greek.
Argo
n.
(Myth.) The name of the ship which carried Jason and his fifty-four companions to Colchis, in quest of the Golden Fleece.
(Astron.) A large constellation in the southern hemisphere, called also Argo Navis. In modern astronomy it is replaced by its three divisions, Carina, Puppis, and Vela.
Argoan
a.
• Pertaining to the ship Argo.
Argoile
n.
• Potter's clay.
Argol
n.
• Crude tartar; an acidulous salt from which cream of tartar is prepared. It exists in the juice of grapes, and is deposited from wines on the sides of the casks.
Argolic
a.
• Pertaining to Argolis, a district in the Peloponnesus.
Argon
n.
(Chem.) A substance regarded as an element, contained in the atmosphere and remarkable for its chemical inertness.
Argonaut
n.
• Any one of the legendary Greek heroes who sailed with Jason, in the Argo, in quest of the Golden Fleece.
(Zool.) A cephalopod of the genus Argonauta.
Argonauta
n.
(Zool.) A genus of Cephalopoda. The shell is called paper nautilus or paper sailor.
Argonautic
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Argonauts.
Argosy
n.
• A large ship, esp. a merchant vessel of the largest size.
Argot
n.
• A secret language or conventional slang peculiar to thieves, tramps, and vagabonds; flash.
Arguable
a.
• Capable of being argued; admitting of debate.
Argue
v. i.
• To invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; to use arguments; to reason.
• To contend in argument; to dispute; to reason; — followed by with; as, you may argue with your friend without convincing him.
v. t.
• To debate or discuss; to treat by reasoning; as, the counsel argued the cause before a full court; the cause was well argued.
• To prove or evince; too manifest or exhibit by inference, deduction, or reasoning.
• To persuade by reasons; as, to argue a man into a different opinion.
• To blame; to accuse; to charge with.
Arguer
n.
• One who argues; a reasoner; a disputant.
Argufy
v. t. & i.
• To argue pertinaciously.
• To signify.
Argulus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of copepod Crustacea, parasitic of fishes; a fish louse.
Argument
n.
• Proof; evidence.
• A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition, for or in favor of it, or against it.
• A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.
• The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
• Matter for question; business in hand.
(Astron.) The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the refraction.
(Math.) The independent variable upon whose value that of a function depends.
v. i.
• To make an argument; to argue.
Argumentable
a.
• Admitting of argument.
Argumental
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or containing, argument; argumentative.
Argumentation
n.
• The act of forming reasons, making inductions, drawing conclusions, and applying them to the case in discussion; the operation of inferring propositions, not known or admitted as true, from facts or principles known, admitted, or proved to be true.
• Debate; discussion.
Argumentative
a.
• Consisting of, or characterized by, argument; containing a process of reasoning; as, an argumentative discourse.
• Adductive as proof; indicative; as, the adaptation of things to their uses is argumentative of infinite wisdom in the Creator.
• Given to argument; characterized by argument; disputatious; as, an argumentative writer.
Argumentize
v. i.
• To argue or discuss.
Argus
n.
(Myth.) A fabulous being of antiquity, said to have had a hundred eyes, who has placed by Juno to guard Io. His eyes were transplanted to the peacock's tail.
• One very vigilant; a guardian always watchful.
(Zool.) A genus of East Indian pheasants. The common species (A. giganteus) is remarkable for the great length and beauty of the wing and tail feathers of the male. The species A. Grayi inhabits Borneo.
Argutation
n.
• Caviling; subtle disputation.
Argute
a.
• Sharp; shrill.
• Sagacious; acute; subtle; shrewd.
Argutely
adv.
• In a subtle; shrewdly.
Arguteness
n.
• Acuteness.
Aria
n.
(Mus.) An air or song; a melody; a tune.
Arian
a.
• Pertaining to Arius, a presbyter of the church of Alexandria, in the fourth century, or to the doctrines of Arius, who held Christ to be inferior to God the Father in nature and dignity, though the first and noblest of all created beings.
n.
• One who adheres to or believes the doctrines of Arius.
Arianism
n.
• The doctrines of the Arians.
Arianize
v. i.
• To admit or accept the tenets of the Arians; to become an Arian.
v. t.
• To convert to Arianism.
Aricine
n.
(Chem.) An alkaloid, first found in white cinchona bark.
Arid
a.
• Exhausted of moisture; parched with heat; dry; barren.
Aridity
n.
• The state or quality of being arid or without moisture; dryness.
• Fig.: Want of interest of feeling; insensibility; dryness of style or feeling; spiritual drought.
Aridness
n.
• Aridity; dryness.
Aries
n.
(Astron.) The Ram; the first of the twelve signs in the zodiac, which the sun enters at the vernal equinox, about the 21st of March.
• A constellation west of Taurus, drawn on the celestial globe in the figure of a ram.
(Rom. Antiq.) A battering-ram.
Arietate
v. i.
• To butt, as a ram.
Arietation
n.
• The act of butting like a ram; act of using a battering-ram.
• Act of striking or conflicting.
Aright
adv.
• Rightly; correctly; in a right way or form; without mistake or crime; as, to worship God aright.
Ariolation
n.
• A soothsaying; a foretelling.
Ariose
a.
• Characterized by melody, as distinguished from harmony.
Arioso
adv. & a.
(Mus.) In the smooth and melodious style of an air; ariose.
Arise
v. i.
• To come up from a lower to a higher position; to come above the horizon; to come up from one's bed or place of repose; to mount; to ascend; to rise; as, to arise from a kneeling posture; a cloud arose; the sun ariseth; he arose early in the morning.
• To spring up; to come into action, being, or notice; to become operative, sensible, or visible; to begin to act a part; to present itself; as, the waves of the sea arose; a persecution arose; the wrath of the king shall arise.
• To proceed; to issue; to spring.
n.
• Rising.
Arist
3d sing. pres.
• of Arise, for ariseth.
Arista
n.
(Bot.) An awn.
Aristarch
n.
• A severe critic.
Aristarchian
a.
• Severely critical.
Aristarchy
n.
• Severely criticism.
n.
• Severe criticism.
Aristate
a.
(Bot.) Having a pointed, beardlike process, as the glumes of wheat; awned.
(Zool.) Having a slender, sharp, or spinelike tip.
Aristocracy
n.
• Government by the best citizens.
• A ruling body composed of the best citizens.
• A form a government, in which the supreme power is vested in the principal persons of a state, or in a privileged order; an oligarchy.
• The nobles or chief persons in a state; a privileged class or patrician order; (in a popular use) those who are regarded as superior to the rest of the community, as in rank, fortune, or intellect.
Aristocrat
n.
• One of the aristocracy or people of rank in a community; one of a ruling class; a noble.
• One who is overbearing in his temper or habits; a proud or haughty person.
• One who favors an aristocracy as a form of government, or believes the aristocracy should govern.
Aristocratism
n.
• The principles of aristocrats.
• Aristocrats, collectively.
Aristology
n.
• The science of dining.
Aristophanic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Aristophanes, the Athenian comic poet.
Aristotelian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher (384-322 b. c.).
n.
• A follower of Aristotle; a Peripatetic.
Aristotelianism
• The philosophy of Aristotle, otherwise called the Peripatetic philosophy.
Aristotelic
a.
• Pertaining to Aristotle or to his philosophy.
Aristulate
a.
(Bot.) Pertaining a short beard or awn.
Arithmancy
n.
• Divination by means of numbers.
Arithmetic
n.
• The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures.
• A book containing the principles of this science.
Arithmetical
a.
• Of or pertaining to arithmetic; according to the rules or method of arithmetic.
Arithmetically
adv.
• Conformably to the principles or methods of arithmetic.
Arithmetician
n.
• One skilled in arithmetic.
Arithmomancy
n.
• Arithmancy.
Arithmometer
n.
• A calculating machine.
Ark
n.
• A chest, or coffer.
(Jewish Hist.) The oblong chest of acacia wood, overlaid with gold, which supported the mercy seat with its golden cherubs, and occupied the most sacred place in the sanctuary. In it Moses placed the two tables of stone containing the ten commandments. Called also the Ark of the Covenant.
• The large, chestlike vessel in which Noah and his family were preserved during the Deluge. Gen. vi. Hence: Any place of refuge.
• A large flatboat used on Western American rivers to transport produce to market.
Arkite
a.
• Belonging to the ark.
Arles
n. pl.
• An earnest; earnest money; money paid to bind a bargain.
Arm
n.
• The limb of the human body which extends from the shoulder to the hand; also, the corresponding limb of a monkey.
• Anything resembling an arm
• The fore limb of an animal, as of a bear.
• A limb, or locomotive or prehensile organ, of an invertebrate animal.
• A branch of a tree.
• A slender part of an instrument or machine, projecting from a trunk, axis, or fulcrum; as, the arm of a steelyard.
(Naut) The end of a yard; also, the part of an anchor which ends in the fluke.
• An inlet of water from the sea.
• A support for the elbow, at the side of a chair, the end of a sofa, etc.
• Fig.: Power; might; strength; support; as, the secular arm; the arm of the law.
n.
(Mil.) A branch of the military service; as, the cavalry arm was made efficient.
• A weapon of offense or defense; an instrument of warfare; — commonly in the pl.
v. t.
• To take by the arm; to take up in one's arms.
• To furnish with arms or limbs.
• To furnish or equip with weapons of offense or defense; as, to arm soldiers; to arm the country.
• To cover or furnish with a plate, or with whatever will add strength, force, security, or efficiency; as, to arm the hit of a sword; to arm a hook in angling.
• Fig.: To furnish with means of defense; to prepare for resistance; to fortify, in a moral sense.
v. i.
• To provide one's self with arms, weapons, or means of attack or resistance; to take arms.
Armada
n.
• A fleet of armed ships; a squadron. Specifically, the Spanish fleet which was sent to assail England, a. d. 1558.
Armadillo
n.
(Zool.) Any edentate animal if the family Dasypidae, peculiar to America. The body and head are incased in an armor composed of small bony plates. The armadillos burrow in the earth, seldom going abroad except at night. When attacked, they curl up into a ball, presenting the armor on all sides. Their flesh is good food. There are several species, one of which (the peba) is found as far north as Texas.
• A genus of small isopod Crustacea that can roll themselves into a ball.
Armado
n.
• Armada.
Armament
n.
• A body of forces equipped for war; — used of a land or naval force.
(Mil. & Nav.) All the cannon and small arms collectively, with their equipments, belonging to a ship or a fortification.
• Any equipment for resistance.
Armamentary
n.
• An armory; a magazine or arsenal.
Armature
n.
• Armor; whatever is worn or used for the protection and defense of the body, esp. the protective outfit of some animals and plants.
(Magnetism) A piece of soft iron used to connect the two poles of a magnet, or electro-magnet, in order to complete the circuit, or to receive and apply the magnetic force. In the ordinary horseshoe magnet, it serves to prevent the dissipation of the magnetic force.
(Arch.) Iron bars or framing employed for the consolidation of a building, as in sustaining slender columns, holding up canopies, etc.
Armchair
n.
• A chair with arms to support the elbows or forearms.
Armed
a.
• Furnished with weapons of offense or defense; furnished with the means of security or protection.
• Furnished with whatever serves to add strength, force, or efficiency.
(Her.) Having horns, beak, talons, etc; — said of beasts and birds of prey.
Armenian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Armenia.
n.
• A native or one of the people of Armenia; also, the language of the Armenians.
(Eccl. Hist.) An adherent of the Armenian Church, an organization similar in some doctrines and practices to the Greek Church, in others to the Roman Catholic.
Armet
n.
• A kind of helmet worn in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
Armful
n.
• As much as the arm can hold.
Armgaunt
a.
• With gaunt or slender legs. (?)
Armhole
n.
• The cavity under the shoulder; the armpit.
• A hole for the arm in a garment.
Armiferous
a.
• Bearing arms or weapons.
Armiger
n.
• Formerly, an armor bearer, as of a knight, an esquire who bore his shield and rendered other services. In later use, one next in degree to a knight, and entitled to armorial bearings. The term is now superseded by esquire.
Armigerous
a.
• Bearing arms.
Armil
n.
• A bracelet.
• An ancient astronomical instrument.
Armilla
n.
• An armil.
(Zool.) A ring of hair or feathers on the legs.
Armillary
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, a bracelet or ring; consisting of rings or circles.
Arming
n.
• The act of furnishing with, or taking, arms.
(Naut.) A piece of tallow placed in a cavity at the lower end of a sounding lead, to bring up the sand, shells, etc., of the sea bottom.
(Naut.) Red dress cloths formerly hung fore and aft outside of a ship's upper works on holidays.
Arminian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Arminius of his followers, or to their doctrines.
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One who holds the tenets of Arminius, a Dutch divine (b. 1560, d. 1609).
Arminianism
n.
• The religious doctrines or tenets of the Arminians.
Armipotence
n.
• Power in arms.
Armipotent
a.
• Powerful in arms; mighty in battle.
Armistice
n.
• A cessation of arms for a short time, by convention; a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement; a truce.
Armless
a.
• Without any arm or branch.
• Destitute of arms or weapons.
Armlet
n.
• A small arm; as, an armlet of the sea.
• An arm ring; a bracelet for the upper arm.
• Armor for the arm.
Armoniac
a.
• Ammoniac.
Armor
n.
• Defensive arms for the body; any clothing or covering worn to protect one's person in battle.
• Steel or iron covering, whether of ships or forts, protecting them from the fire of artillery.
Armored
a.
• Clad with armor.
Armorer
n.
• One who makes or repairs armor or arms.
• Formerly, one who had care of the arms and armor of a knight, and who dressed him in armor.
• One who has the care of arms and armor, cleans or repairs them, etc.
Armorial
a.
• Belonging to armor, or to the heraldic arms or escutcheon of a family.
Armorican
n.
• A native of Armorica.
Armorist
n.
• One skilled in coat armor or heraldry.
Armory
n.
• A place where arms and instruments of war are deposited for safe keeping.
• A manufactory of arms, as rifles, muskets, pistols, bayonets, swords.
• Ensigns armorial; armorial bearings.
• That branch of hplwaldry which treats of coat armor.
Armpit
n.
• The hollow beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder; the axilla.
Armrack
n.
• A frame, generally vertical, for holding small arms.
Arms
n. pl.
• Instruments or weapons of offense or defense.
• The deeds or exploits of war; military service or science.
(Law) Anything which a man takes in his hand in anger, to strike or assault another with; an aggressive weapon.
(Her.) The ensigns armorial of a family, consisting of figures and colors borne in shields, banners, etc., as marks of dignity and distinction, and descending from father to son.
(Falconry) The legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot.
Armure
n.
• Armor.
• A variety of twilled fabric ribbed on the surface.
Army
n.
• A collection or body of men armed for war, esp. one organized in companies, battalions, regiments, brigades, and divisions, under proper officers.
• A body of persons organized for the advancement of a cause; as, the Blue Ribbon Army.
• A great number; a vast multitude; a host.
Arnica
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants; also, the most important species (Arnica montana), native of the mountains of Europe, used in medicine as a narcotic and stimulant.
Arnicin
n.
(Chem.) An active principle of Arnica montana. It is a bitter resin.
Arnicine
n.
(Chem.) An alkaloid obtained from the arnica plant.
Arnotto
n.
• Same as Annotto.
Aroint
interj.
• Stand off, or begone.
v. t.
• To drive or scare off by some exclamation.
Aroma
n.
• The quality or principle of plants or other substances which constitutes their fragrance; agreeable odor; as, the aroma of coffee.
• Fig.: The fine diffusive quality of intellectual power; flavor; as, the subtile aroma of genius.
Aromatic
n.
• A plant, drug, or medicine, characterized by a fragrant smell, and usually by a warm, pungent taste, as ginger, cinnamon spices.
Aromatization
n.
• The act of impregnating or secting with aroma.
Aromatize
v. t.
• To impregnate with aroma; to render aromatic; to give a spicy scent or taste to; to perfume.
Aromatizer
n.
• One who, or that which, aromatizes or renders aromatic.
Aromatous
a.
• Aromatic.
Aroph
n.
• A barbarous word used by the old chemists to designate various medical remedies.
Arose
a.
• Of the nature of, or like, copper; brassy.
Arose
• The past or preterit tense of Arise.
Around
adv.
• In a circle; circularly; on every side; round.
• In a circuit; here and there within the surrounding space; all about; as, to travel around from town to town.
• Near; in the neighborhood; as, this man was standing around when the fight took place.
prep.
• On all sides of; encircling; encompassing; so as to make the circuit of; about.
• From one part to another of; at random through; about; on another side of; as, to travel around the country; a house standing around the corner.
Arousal
n.
• The act of arousing, or the state of being aroused.
Arouse
v. t.
• To excite to action from a state of rest; to stir, or put in motion or exertion; to rouse; to excite; as, to arouse one from sleep; to arouse the dormant faculties.
Arow
adv.
• In a row, line, or rank; successively; in order.
Arpeggio
n.
(Mus.) The production of the tones of a chord in rapid succession, as in playing the harp, and not simultaneously; a strain thus played.
Arpentator
n.
• The Anglicized form of the French arpenteur, a land surveyor.
Arpine
n.
• An arpent.
Arquated
a.
• Shaped like a bow; arcuate; curved.
Arquebusade
n.
• The shot of an arquebus.
• A distilled water from a variety of aromatic plants, as rosemary, millefoil, etc.; — originally used as a vulnerary in gunshot wounds.
Arquebusier
n.
• A soldier armed with an arquebus.
Arquifoux
n.
• Same as Alquifou.
Arrack
n.
• A name in the East Indies and the Indian islands for all ardent spirits. Arrack is often distilled from a fermented mixture of rice, molasses, and palm wine of the cocoanut tree or the date palm, etc.
Arraign
v. t.
(Law) To call or set as a prisoner at the bar of a court to answer to the matter charged in an indictment or complaint.
• To call to account, or accuse, before the bar of reason, taste, or any other tribunal.
n.
• Arraignment; as, the clerk of the arraigns.
v. t.
(Old Eng. Law) To appeal to; to demand; as, to arraign an assize of novel disseizin.
Arraigner
n.
• One who arraigns.
Arraignment
n.
(Law) The act of arraigning, or the state of being arraigned; the act of calling and setting a prisoner before a court to answer to an indictment or complaint.
• A calling to an account to faults; accusation.
Arrange
v. t.
• To put in proper order; to dispose (persons, or parts) in the manner intended, or best suited for the purpose; as, troops arranged for battle.
• To adjust or settle; to prepare; to determine; as, to arrange the preliminaries of an undertaking.
Arrangement
n.
• The act of arranging or putting in an orderly condition; the state of being arranged or put in order; disposition in suitable form.
• The manner or result of arranging; system of parts disposed in due order; regular and systematic classification; as, arrangement of one's dress; the Linnaean arrangement of plants.
• Preparatory proceeding or measure; preparation; as, we have made arrangement for receiving company.
• Settlement; adjustment by agreement; as, the parties have made an arrangement between themselves concerning their disputes; a satisfactory arrangement.
(Mus.) The adaptation of a composition to voices or instruments for which it was not originally written.
• A piece so adapted; a transcription; as, a pianoforte arrangement of Beethoven's symphonies; an orchestral arrangement of a song, an opera, or the like.
Arranger
n.
• One who arranges.
Arrant
a.
• Notoriously or preeminently bad; thorough or downright, in a bad sense; shameless; unmitigated; as, an arrant rogue or coward.
• Thorough or downright, in a good sense.
Arrantly
adv.
• Notoriously, in an ill sense; infamously; impudently; shamefully.
Arras
n.
• Tapestry; a rich figured fabric; especially, a screen or hangings of heavy cloth with interwoven figures.
v. t.
• To furnish with an arras.
Arrasene
n.
• A material of wool or silk used for working the figures in embroidery.
Arrastre
n.
• A rude apparatus for pulverizing ores, esp. those containing free gold.
Arraught
• Obtained; seized.
Array
n.
• Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle; as, drawn up in battle array.
• The whole body of persons thus placed in order; an orderly collection; hence, a body of soldiers.
• An imposing series of things.
• Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person; rich or beautiful apparel.
(Law) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impaneled in a cause.
• The panel itself.
• The whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court.
v. t.
• To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle; to marshal.
• To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; to cloth to envelop; — applied esp. to dress of a splendid kind.
(Law) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man.
Arrayer
n.
• One who arrays. In some early English statutes, applied to an officer who had care of the soldiers' armor, and who saw them duly accoutered.
Arrear
adv.
• To or in the rear; behind; backwards.
n.
• That which is behind in payment, or which remains unpaid, though due; esp. a remainder, or balance which remains due when some part has been paid; arrearage; — commonly used in the plural, as, arrears of rent, wages, or taxes.
Arrearage
n.
• That which remains unpaid and overdue, after payment of a part; arrears.
Arrect
v. t.
• To direct.
• To impute.
Arrectary
n.
• An upright beam.
Arrenotokous
a.
(Zool.) Producing males from unfertilized eggs, as certain wasps and bees.
Arrentation
(O. Eng. Law) A letting or renting, esp. a license to inclose land in a forest with a low hedge and a ditch, under a yearly rent.
Arreption
n.
• The act of taking away.
Arreptitious
a.
• Snatched away; seized or possessed, as a demoniac; raving; mad; crack-brained.
Arrest
v. t.
• To stop; to check or hinder the motion or action of; as, to arrest the current of a river; to arrest the senses.
(Law) To take, seize, or apprehend by authority of law; as, to arrest one for debt, or for a crime.
• To seize on and fix; to hold; to catch; as, to arrest the eyes or attention.
• To rest or fasten; to fix; to concentrate.
v. i.
• To tarry; to rest.
n.
• The act of stopping, or restraining from further motion, etc.; stoppage; hindrance; restraint; as, an arrest of development.
(Law) The taking or apprehending of a person by authority of law; legal restraint; custody. Also, a decree, mandate, or warrant.
• Any seizure by power, physical or moral.
(Far.) A scurfiness of the back part of the hind leg of a horse; — also named rat-tails.
Arrestation
n.
• Arrest.
Arrestee
n.
(Scots Law) The person in whose hands is the property attached by arrestment.
Arrester
n.
• One who arrests.
(Scots Law) The person at whose suit an arrestment is made.
Arresting
a.
• Striking; attracting attention; impressive.
Arrestive
a.
• Tending to arrest.
Arrestment
n.
(Scots Law) The arrest of a person, or the seizure of his effects; esp., a process by which money or movables in the possession of a third party are attached.
• A stoppage or check.
Arret
n.
(F. Law) A judgment, decision, or decree of a court or high tribunal; also, a decree of a sovereign.
• An arrest; a legal seizure.
Arret
v. t.
• Same as Aret.
Arrhaphostic
a.
• Seamless.
Arrhytmy
n.
• Want of rhythm.
Arride
v. t.
• To please; to gratify.
Arriere
n.
• "That which is behind"; the rear; — chiefly used as an adjective in the sense of behind, rear, subordinate.
Arris
n.
(Arch.) The sharp edge or salient angle formed by two surfaces meeting each other, whether plane or curved; — applied particularly to the edges in moldings, and to the raised edges which separate the flutings in a Doric column.
Arrish
n.
• The stubble of wheat or grass; a stubble field; eddish.
Arriswise
adv.
• Diagonally laid, as tiles; ridgewise.
Arrival
n.
• The act of arriving, or coming; the act of reaching a place from a distance, whether by water (as in its original sense) or by land.
• The attainment or reaching of any object, by effort, or in natural course; as, our arrival at this conclusion was wholly unexpected.
• The person or thing arriving or which has arrived; as, news brought by the last arrival.
• An approach.
Arrivance
n.
• Arrival.
Arrive
v. i.
• To come to the shore or bank. In present usage: To come in progress by water, or by traveling on land; to reach by water or by land; — followed by at (formerly sometimes by to), also by in and from.
• To reach a point by progressive motion; to gain or compass an object by effort, practice, study, inquiry, reasoning, or experiment.
• To come; said of time; as, the time arrived.
• To happen or occur.
v. t.
• To bring to shore.
• To reach; to come to.
n.
• Arrival.
Arriver
n.
• One who arrives.
Arroba
n.
• A Spanish weight used in Mexico and South America = 25.36 lbs. avoir.; also, an old Portuguese weight, used in Brazil = 32.38 lbs. avoir.
• A Spanish liquid measure for wine = 3.54 imp. gallons, and for oil = 2.78 imp. gallons.
Arrogance
n.
• The act or habit of arrogating, or making undue claims in an overbearing manner; that species of pride which consists in exorbitant claims of rank, dignity, estimation, or power, or which exalts the worth or importance of the person to an undue degree; proud contempt of others; lordliness; haughtiness; self-assumption; presumption.
Arrogancy
n.
• Arrogance.
Arrogant
a.
• Making, or having the disposition to make, exorbitant claims of rank or estimation; giving one's self an undue degree of importance; assuming; haughty; — applied to persons.
• Containing arrogance; marked with arrogance; proceeding from undue claims or self-importance; — applied to things; as, arrogant pretensions or behavior.
Arrogantly
adv.
• In an arrogant manner; with undue pride or self-importance.
Arrogantness
n.
• Arrogance.
Arrogate
v. t.
• To assume, or claim as one's own, unduly, proudly, or presumptuously; to make undue claims to, from vanity or baseless pretensions to right or merit; as, the pope arrogated dominion over kings.
Arrogation
n.
• The act of arrogating, or making exorbitant claims; the act of taking more than one is justly entitled to.
(Civ. Law) Adoption of a person of full age.
Arrogative
a.
• Making undue claims and pretension; prone to arrogance.
Arrondissement
n.
• A subdivision of a department.
Arrose
v. t.
• To drench; to besprinkle; to moisten.
Arrosion
n.
• A gnawing.
Arrow
n.
• A missile weapon of offense, slender, pointed, and usually feathered and barbed, to be shot from a bow.
Arrowhead
n.
• The head of an arrow.
(Bot.) An aquatic plant of the genus Sagittaria, esp. S. sagittifolia, — named from the shape of the leaves.
Arrowheaded
a.
• Shaped like the head of an arow; cuneiform.
Arrowroot
n.
(Bot.) A west Indian plant of the genus Maranta, esp. M. arundinacea, now cultivated in many hot countries. It said that the Indians used the roots to neutralize the venom in wounds made by poisoned arrows.
• A nutritive starch obtained from the rootstocks of Maranta arundinacea, and used as food, esp. for children an invalids; also, a similar starch obtained from other plants, as various species of Maranta and Curcuma.
Arrowwood
n.
• A shrub (Viburnum dentatum) growing in damp woods and thickets; — so called from the long, straight, slender shoots.
Arrowworm
n.
(Zool.) A peculiar transparent worm of the genus Sagitta, living at the surface of the sea.
Arrowy
a.
• Consisting of arrows.
• Formed or moving like, or in any respect resembling, an arrow; swift; darting; piercing.
Arroyo
n.
• A water course; a rivulet.
• The dry bed of a small stream.
Arse
n.
• The buttocks, or hind part of an animal; the posteriors; the fundament; the bottom.
Arsenal
n.
• A public establishment for the storage, or for the manufacture and storage, of arms and all military equipments, whether for land or naval service.
Arsenate
n.
(Chem.) A salt of arsenic acid.
Arsenic
n.
(Chem.) One of the elements, a solid substance resembling a metal in its physical properties, but in its chemical relations ranking with the nonmetals. It is of a steel-gray color and brilliant luster, though usually dull from tarnish. It is very brittle, and sublimes at 356° Fahrenheit. It is sometimes found native, but usually combined with silver, cobalt, nickel, iron, antimony, or sulphur. Orpiment and realgar are two of its sulphur compounds, the first of which is the true arsenticum of the ancients. The element and its compounds are active poisons. Specific gravity from 5.7 to 5.9. Atomic weight. Symbol As.
(Com.) Arsenious oxide or arsenious anhydride; — called also arsenious acid, white arsenic, and ratsbane.
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic; — said of those compounds of arsenic in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, arsenic acid.
Arsenical
a.
• Of or pertaining to, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenical vapor; arsenical wall papers.
Arsenicate
v. t.
• To combine with arsenic; to treat or impregnate with arsenic.
Arsenicism
n.
(Med.) A diseased condition produced by slow poisoning with arsenic.
Arsenide
n.
(Chem.) A compound of arsenic with a metal, or positive element or radical; — formerly called arseniuret.
Arseniferous
a.
• Containing or producing arsenic.
Arsenious
a.
• Pertaining to, consisting of, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenious powder or glass.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic, when having an equivalence next lower than the highest; as, arsenious acid.
Arsenite
n.
(Chem.) A salt formed by the union of arsenious acid with a base.
Arseniureted
a.
(Chem.) Combined with arsenic; — said some elementary substances or radicals; as, arseniureted hydrogen.
Arsenopyrite
n.
(Min.) A mineral of a tin-white color and metallic luster, containing arsenic, sulphur, and iron; — also called arsenical pyrites and mispickel.
Arsesmart
n.
• Smartweed; water pepper.
Arshine
n.
• A Russian measure of length = 2 ft. 4.246 inches.
Arsine
n.
(Chem.) A compound of arsenic and hydrogen, AsH3, a colorless and exceedingly poisonous gas, having and odor like garlic; arseniureted hydrogen.
Arsis
n.
(Pros.) That part of a foot where the ictus is put, or which is distinguished from the rest (known as the thesis) of the foot by a greater stress of voice.
• That elevation of voice now called metrical accentuation, or the rhythmic accent.
(Mus.) The elevation of the hand, or that part of the bar at which it is raised, in beating time; the weak or unaccented part of the bar; — opposed to thesis.
Arsmetrike
n.
• Arithmetic.
Arson
n.
(Law) The malicious burning of a dwelling house or outhouse of another man, which by the common law is felony; the malicious and voluntary firing of a building or ship.
Art
• The second person singular, indicative mode, present tense, of the substantive verb Be; but formed after the analogy of the plural are, with the ending -t, as in thou shalt, wilt, orig. an ending of the second person sing. pret. Cf. Be. Now used only in solemn or poetical style.
n.
• The employment of means to accomplish some desired end; the adaptation of things in the natural world to the uses of life; the application of knowledge or power to practical purposes.
• A system of rules serving to facilitate the performance of certain actions; a system of principles and rules for attaining a desired end; method of doing well some special work; — often contradistinguished from science or speculative principles; as, the art of building or engraving; the art of war; the art of navigation.
• The systematic application of knowledge or skill in effecting a desired result. Also, an occupation or business requiring such knowledge or skill.
• The application of skill to the production of the beautiful by imitation or design, or an occupation in which skill is so employed, as in painting and sculpture; one of the fine arts; as, he prefers art to literature.
• Those branches of learning which are taught in the academical course of colleges; as, master of arts.
• Learning; study; applied knowledge, science, or letters.
• Skill, dexterity, or the power of performing certain actions, asquired by experience, study, or observation; knack; a, a man has the art of managing his business to advantage.
• Skillful plan; device.
• Cunning; artifice; craft.
Artemia
n.
(Zool.) A genus of phyllopod Crustacea found in salt lakes and brines; the brine shrimp.
Artemisia
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants including the plants called mugwort, southernwood, and wormwood. Of these A. absinthium, or common wormwood, is well known, and A. tridentata is the sage brush of the Rocky Mountain region.
Arteriac
a.
• Of or pertaining to the windpipe.
Arterial
a.
• Of or pertaining to an artery, or the arteries; as, arterial action; the arterial system.
• Of or pertaining to a main channel (resembling an artery), as a river, canal, or railroad.
Arterialization
n.
(Physiol.) The process of converting venous blood into arterial blood during its passage through the lungs, oxygen being absorbed and carbonic acid evolved; — called also aeration and hematosis.
Arterialize
v. t.
• To transform, as the venous blood, into arterial blood by exposure to oxygen in the lungs; to make arterial.
Arteriography
n.
• A systematic description of the arteries.
Arteriole
n.
• A small artery.
Arteriology
n.
• That part of anatomy which treats of arteries.
Arteriotomy
n.
(Med.) The opening of an artery, esp. for bloodletting.
• That part of anatomy which treats of the dissection of the arteries.
Arteritis
n.
• Inflammation of an artery or arteries.
Artery
n.
• The trachea or windpipe.
(Anat.) One of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart. They have tricker and more muscular walls than veins, and are connected with them by capillaries.
• Hence: Any continuous or ramified channel of communication; as, arteries of trade or commerce.
Artesian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Artois (anciently called Artesium), in France.
Artful
a.
• Performed with, or characterized by, art or skill.
• Artificial; imitative.
• Using or exhibiting much art, skill, or contrivance; dexterous; skillful.
• Cunning; disposed to cunning indirectness of dealing; crafty; as, an artful boy. [The usual sense.]
Artfully
adv.
• In an artful manner; with art or cunning; skillfully; dexterously; craftily.
Artfulness
n.
• The quality of being artful; art; cunning; craft.
Arthen
a.
• Same as
Arthritis
n.
(Med.) Any inflammation of the joints, particularly the gout.
Arthroderm
n.
(Zool.) The external covering of an Arthropod.
Arthrodia
n.
(Anat.) A form of diarthrodial articulation in which the articular surfaces are nearly flat, so that they form only an imperfect ball and socket.
Arthrodynia
n.
(Med.) An affection characterized by pain in or about a joint, not dependent upon structural disease.
Arthrodynic
a.
• Pertaining to arthrodynia, or pain in the joints; rheumatic.
Arthrogastra
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of the Arachnida, having the abdomen annulated, including the scorpions, harvestmen, etc.; pedipalpi.
Arthrography
n.
• The description of joints.
Arthrology
n.
• That part of anatomy which treats of joints.
Arthromere
n.
(Zool.) One of the body segments of Arthropods.
Arthropleura
n.
(Zool.) The side or limb-bearing portion of an arthromere.
Arthropod
n
(Zool.) One of the Arthropoda.
Arthropoda
n. pl.
(Zool.) A large division of Articulata, embracing all those that have jointed legs. It includes Insects, Arachnida, Pychnogonida, and Crustacea.
Arthropomata
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the orders of Branchiopoda.
Arthrosis
n.
(Anat.) Articulation.
Arthrostraca
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the larger divisions of Crustacea, so called because the thorax and abdomen are both segmented; Tetradecapoda. It includes the Amphipoda and Isopoda.
Arthrozoic
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Articulata; articulate.
Artiad
a.
(Chem.) Even; not odd; — said of elementary substances and of radicals the valence of which is divisible by two without a remainder.
Artichoke
n.
(Bot.) The Cynara scolymus, a plant somewhat resembling a thistle, with a dilated, imbricated, and prickly involucre. The head (to which the name is also applied) is composed of numerous oval scales, inclosing the florets, sitting on a broad receptacle, which, with the fleshy base of the scales, is much esteemed as an article of food.
Article
n.
• A distinct portion of an instrument, discourse, literary work, or any other writing, consisting of two or more particulars, or treating of various topics; as, an article in the Constitution. Hence: A clause in a contract, system of regulations, treaty, or the like; a term, condition, or stipulation in a contract; a concise statement; as, articles of agreement.
• A literary composition, forming an independent portion of a magazine, newspaper, or cyclopedia.
• Subject; matter; concern; distinct.
• A distinct part.
• A particular one of various things; as, an article of merchandise; salt is a necessary article.
• Precise point of time; moment.
(Gram.) One of the three words, a, an, the, used before nouns to limit or define their application. A (or an) is called the indefinite article, the the definite article.
(Zool.) One of the segments of an articulated appendage.
v. t.
• To formulate in articles; to set forth in distinct particulars.
• To accuse or charge by an exhibition of articles.
• To bind by articles of covenant or stipulation; as, to article an apprentice to a mechanic.
v. i.
• To agree by articles; to stipulate; to bargain; to covenant.
Articled
a.
• Bound by articles; apprenticed; as, an articled clerk.
Articular
a.
• Of or pertaining to the joints; as, an articular disease; an articular process.
Articularly
adv.
• In an articular or an articulate manner.
Articulata
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the four subkingdoms in the classification of Cuvier. It has been much modified by later writers.
• One of the subdivisions of the Brachiopoda, including those that have the shells united by a hinge.
• A subdivision of the Crinoidea.
Articulate
a.
• Expressed in articles or in separate items or particulars.
• Jointed; formed with joints; consisting of segments united by joints; as, articulate animals or plants.
• Distinctly uttered; spoken so as to be intelligible; characterized by division into words and syllables; as, articulate speech, sounds, words.
n.
(Zool.) An animal of the subkingdom Articulata.
v. i.
• To utter articulate sounds; to utter the elementary sounds of a language; to enunciate; to speak distinctly.
• To treat or make terms.
• To join or be connected by articulation.
v. t.
• To joint; to unite by means of a joint; to put together with joints or at the joints.
• To draw up or write in separate articles; to particularize; to specify.
• To form, as the elementary sounds; to utter in distinct syllables or words; to enunciate; as, to articulate letters or language.
• To express distinctly; to give utterance to.
Articulated
a.
• United by, or provided with, articulations; jointed; as, an articulated skeleton.
• Produced, as a letter, syllable, or word, by the organs of speech; pronounced.
Articulately
adv.
• After the manner, or in the form, of a joint.
• Article by article; in distinct particulars; in detail; definitely.
• With distinct utterance of the separate sounds.
Articulateness
n.
• Quality of being articulate.
Articulation
n.
(Anat.) A joint or juncture between bones in the skeleton.
(Bot.) The connection of the parts of a plant by joints, as in pods.
• One of the nodes or joints, as in cane and maize.
• One of the parts intercepted between the joints; also, a subdivision into parts at regular or irregular intervals as a result of serial intermission in growth, as in the cane, grasses, etc.
• The act of putting together with a joint or joints; any meeting of parts in a joint.
• The state of being jointed; connection of parts.
• The utterance of the elementary sounds of a language by the appropriate movements of the organs, as in pronunciation; as, a distinct articulation.
• A sound made by the vocal organs; an articulate utterance or an elementary sound, esp. a consonant.
Articulative
a.
• Of or pertaining to articulation.
Articulator
n.
• One who, or that which, articulates; as: (a) One who enunciates distinctly. (b) One who prepares and mounts skeletons. (c) An instrument to cure stammering.
Articulus
n.
(Zool.) A joint of the cirri of the Crinoidea; a joint or segment of an arthropod appendage.
Artifice
n.
• A handicraft; a trade; art of making.
• Workmanship; a skillfully contrived work.
• Artful or skillful contrivance.
• Crafty device; an artful, ingenious, or elaborate trick.
Artificer
n.
• An artistic worker; a mechanic or manufacturer; one whose occupation requires skill or knowledge of a particular kind, as a silversmith.
• One who makes or contrives; a deviser, inventor, or framer.
• A cunning or artful fellow.
(Mil.) A military mechanic, as a blacksmith, carpenter, etc.; also, one who prepares the shells, fuses, grenades, etc., in a military laboratory.
Artificial
a.
• Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts, minerals, fountains, flowers.
• Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; not genuine.
• Artful; cunning; crafty.
• Cultivated; not indigenous; not of spontaneous growth; as, artificial grasses.
Artificiality
n.
• The quality or appearance of being artificial; that which is artificial.
Artificialize
v. t.
• To render artificial.
Artificially
adv.
• In an artificial manner; by art, or skill and contrivance, not by nature.
• Ingeniously; skillfully.
• Craftily; artfully.
Artificialness
n.
• The quality of being artificial.
Artificious
a.
• Artificial.
Artilize
v. t.
• To make resemble.
Artillerist
n.
• A person skilled in artillery or gunnery; a gunner; an artilleryman.
Artillery
n.
• Munitions of war; implements for warfare, as slings, bows, and arrows.
• Cannon; great guns; ordnance, including guns, mortars, howitzers, etc., with their equipment of carriages, balls, bombs, and shot of all kinds.
• The men and officers of that branch of the army to which the care and management of artillery are confided.
• The science of artillery or gunnery.
Artilleryman
n.
• A man who manages, or assists in managing, a large gun in firing.
Artiodactyla
n. pl.
(Zool.) One of the divisions of the ungulate animals. The functional toes of the hind foot are even in number, and the third digit of each foot (corresponding to the middle finger in man) is asymmetrical and paired with the fourth digit, as in the hog, the sheep, and the ox; — opposed to Perissodactyla.
Artiodactyle
n.
(Zool.) One of the Artiodactyla.
Artiodactylous
a.
(Zool.) Even-toed.
Artisan
n.
• One who professes and practices some liberal art; an artist.
• One trained to manual dexterity in some mechanic art or trade; and handicraftsman; a mechanic.
Artist
n.
• One who practices some mechanic art or craft; an artisan.
• One who professes and practices an art in which science and taste preside over the manual execution.
• One who shows trained skill or rare taste in any manual art or occupation.
• An artful person; a schemer.
Artiste
n.
• One peculiarly dexterous and tasteful in almost any employment, as an opera dancer, a hairdresser, a cook.
Artistry
n.
• Works of art collectively.
• Artistic effect or quality.
• Artistic pursuits; artistic ability.
Artless
a.
• Wanting art, knowledge, or skill; ignorant; unskillful.
• Contrived without skill or art; inartistic.
• Free from guile, art, craft, or stratagem; characterized by simplicity and sincerity; sincere; guileless; ingenuous; honest; as, an artless mind; an artless tale.
Artlessly
adv.
• In an artless manner; without art, skill, or guile; unaffectedly.
Artlessness
n.
• The quality of being artless, or void of art or guile; simplicity; sincerity.
Artly
adv.
• With art or skill.
Artotype
n.
• A kind of autotype.
Artotyrite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in the primitive church, who celebrated the Lord's Supper with bread and cheese, alleging that the first oblations of men not only of the fruit of the earth, but of their flocks. [Gen. iv. 3, 4.]
Artow
• A contraction of art thou.
Artsman
n.
• A man skilled in an art or in arts.
Aruginous
a.
• Of the nature or color of verdigris, or the rust of copper.
Arugo
n.
• The rust of any metal, esp. of brass or copper; verdigris.
Arum
n.
• A genus of plants found in central Europe and about the Mediterranean, having flowers on a spadix inclosed in a spathe. The cuckoopint of the English is an example.
Arundelian
a.
• Pertaining to an Earl of Arundel; as, Arundel or Arundelian marbles, marbles from ancient Greece, bought by the Earl of Arundel in 1624.
Arundiferous
a.
• Producing reeds or canes.
Arundinaceous
a.
• Of or pertaining to a reed; resembling the reed or cane.
Arundineous
a.
• Abounding with reeds; reedy.
Aruspex
n.
• One of the class of diviners among the Etruscans and Romans, who foretold events by the inspection of the entrails of victims offered on the altars of the gods.
Aruspice
n.
• A soothsayer of ancient Rome. Same as Aruspex.
Aruspicy
n.
• Prognostication by inspection of the entrails of victims slain sacrifice.
Arval
n.
• A funeral feast.
Arvicole
n.
(Zool.) A mouse of the genus Arvicola; the meadow mouse. There are many species.
Aryan
n.
• One of a primitive people supposed to have lived in prehistoric times, in Central Asia, east of the Caspian Sea, and north of the Hindoo and Paropamisan Mountains, and to have been the stock from which sprang the Hindoo, Persian, Greek, Latin, Celtic, Teutonic, Slavonic, and other races; one of that ethnological division of mankind called also Indo-European or Indo-Germanic.
• The language of the original Aryans.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the people called Aryans; Indo-European; Indo-Germanic; as, the Aryan stock, the Aryan languages.
Aryanize
v. t.
• To make Aryan (a language, or in language).
Arytenoid
a.
(Anat.) Ladle-shaped; — applied to two small cartilages of the larynx, and also to the glands, muscles, etc., connected with them. The cartilages are attached to the cricoid cartilage and connected with the vocal cords.
As
adv. & conj.
• Denoting equality or likeness in kind, degree, or manner; like; similar to; in the same manner with or in which; in accordance with; in proportion to; to the extent or degree in which or to which; equally; no less than; as, ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil; you will reap as you sow; do as you are bidden.
• In the idea, character, or condition of, — limiting the view to certain attributes or relations; as, virtue considered as virtue; this actor will appear as Hamlet.
• While; during or at the same time that; when; as, he trembled as he spoke.
• Because; since; it being the case that.
• Expressing concession. (Often approaching though in meaning).
• That, introducing or expressing a result or consequence, after the correlatives so and such.
• As if; as though.
• For instance; by way of example; thus; — used to introduce illustrative phrases, sentences, or citations.
• Than.
• Expressing a wish. "As have," i. e., may he have.
n.
• An ace.
n.
• A Roman weight, answering to the libra or pound, equal to nearly eleven ounces Troy weight. It was divided into twelve ounces.
• A Roman copper coin, originally of a pound weight (12 oz.); but reduced, after the first Punic war, to two ounces; in the second Punic war, to one ounce; and afterwards to half an ounce.
Asa
n.
• An ancient name of a gum.
Asaphus
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of trilobites found in the Lower Silurian formation.
Asarabacca
n.
(Bot.) An acrid herbaceous plant (Asarum Europaeum), the leaves and roots of which are emetic and cathartic. It is principally used in cephalic snuffs.
Asarone
n.
(Chem.) A crystallized substance, resembling camphor, obtained from the Asarum Europaeum; — called also camphor of asarum.
Asbestic
a.
• Of, pertaining to, or resembling asbestus; inconsumable; asbestine.
Asbestiform
a.
• Having the form or structure of asbestus.
Asbestine
a.
• Of or pertaining to asbestus, or partaking of its nature; incombustible; asbestic.
Asbestous
a.
• Asbestic.
Asbolin
n.
(Chem.) A peculiar acrid and bitter oil, obtained from wood soot.
Ascarid
n.
(Zool.) A parasitic nematoid worm, espec. the roundworm, Ascaris lumbricoides, often occurring in the human intestine and allied species found in domestic animals; also commonly applied to the pinworm (Oxyuris), often troublesome to children and aged persons.
Ascend
v. i.
• To move upward; to mount; to go up; to rise; — opposed to descend.
• To rise, in a figurative sense; to proceed from an inferior to a superior degree, from mean to noble objects, from particulars to generals, from modern to ancient times, from one note to another more acute, etc.; as, our inquiries ascend to the remotest antiquity; to ascend to our first progenitor.
v. t.
• To go or move upward upon or along; to climb; to mount; to go up the top of; as, to ascend a hill, a ladder, a tree, a river, a throne.
Ascendable
a.
• Capable of being ascended.
Ascendant
n.
• Ascent; height; elevation.
(Astrol.) The horoscope, or that degree of the ecliptic which rises above the horizon at the moment of one's birth; supposed to have a commanding influence on a person's life and fortune.
• Superiority, or commanding influence; ascendency; as, one man has the ascendant over another.
• An ancestor, or one who precedes in genealogy or degrees of kindred; a relative in the ascending line; a progenitor; — opposed to descendant.
Ascendency
n.
• Governing or controlling influence; domination; power.
Ascendible
a.
• Capable of being ascended; climbable.
Ascending
a.
• Rising; moving upward; as, an ascending kite.
Ascension
n.
• The act of ascending; a rising; ascent.
• Specifically: The visible ascent of our Savior on the fortieth day after his resurrection. (Acts i. 9.) Also, Ascension Day.
• An ascending or arising, as in distillation; also that which arises, as from distillation.
Ascensional
a.
• Relating to ascension; connected with ascent; ascensive; tending upward; as, the ascensional power of a balloon.
Ascensive
a.
• Rising; tending to rise, or causing to rise.
(Gram.) Augmentative; intensive.
Ascent
• The act of rising; motion upward; rise; a mounting upward; as, he made a tedious ascent; the ascent of vapors from the earth.
• The way or means by which one ascends.
• An eminence, hill, or high place.
• The degree of elevation of an object, or the angle it makes with a horizontal line; inclination; rising grade; as, a road has an ascent of five degrees.
Ascertain
v. t.
• To render (a person) certain; to cause to feel certain; to make confident; to assure; to apprise.
• To make (a thing) certain to the mind; to free from obscurity, doubt, or change; to make sure of; to fix; to determine.
• To find out or learn for a certainty, by trial, examination, or experiment; to get to know; as, to ascertain the weight of a commodity, or the purity of a metal.
Ascertainable
a.
• That may be ascertained.
Ascertainer
n.
• One who ascertains.
Ascertainment
n.
• The act of ascertaining; a reducing to certainty; a finding out by investigation; discovery.
Ascetic
a.
• Extremely rigid in self-denial and devotions; austere; severe.
n.
• In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self-denial, and self-mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self-denial in religious things.
Asceticism
n.
• The condition, practice, or mode of life, of ascetics.
Ascham
n.
• A sort of cupboard, or case, to contain bows and other implements of archery.
Asci
n. pl.
• See Ascus.
Ascian
n.
• One of the Ascii.
Ascidian
n.
(Zool.) One of the Ascidioidea, or in a more general sense, one of the Tunicata. Also as an adj.
Ascidiarium
n.
(Zool.) The structure which unites together the ascidiozooids in a compound ascidian.
Ascidiform
a.
(Zool.) Shaped like an ascidian.
Ascidioidea
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Tunicata, often shaped like a two-necked bottle. The group includes, social, and compound species. The gill is a netlike structure within the oral aperture. The integument is usually leathery in texture.
Ascidiozooid
n.
(Zool.) One of the individual members of a compound ascidian.
Ascidium
n.
(Bot.) A pitcher-shaped, or flask-shaped, organ or appendage of a plant, as the leaves of the pitcher plant, or the little bladderlike traps of the bladderwort (Utricularia).
(Zool.) A genus of simple ascidians, which formerly included most of the known species. It is sometimes used as a name for the Ascidioidea, or for all the Tunicata.
Ascigerous
a.
(Bot.) Having asci.
Ascites
n.
(Med.) A collection of serous fluid in the cavity of the abdomen; dropsy of the peritoneum.
Ascititious
a.
• Supplemental; not inherent or original; adscititious; additional; assumed.
Asclepiad
n.
(Gr. & L. Pros.) A choriambic verse, first used by the Greek poet Asclepias, consisting of four feet, viz., a spondee, two choriambi, and an iambus.
Asclepiadaceous
a.
(Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, plants of the Milkweed family.
Asclepias
n.
(Bot.) A genus of plants including the milkweed, swallowwort, and some other species having medicinal properties.
Ascococcus
n.
(Biol.) A form of micrococcus, found in putrid meat infusions, occurring in peculiar masses, each of which is inclosed in a hyaline capsule and contains a large number of spherical micrococci.
Ascospore
n.
(Bot.) One of the spores contained in the asci of lichens and fungi. [See Illust. of Ascus.]
Ascribable
a.
• Capable of being ascribed; attributable.
Ascribe
v. t.
• To attribute, impute, or refer, as to a cause; as, his death was ascribed to a poison; to ascribe an effect to the right cause; to ascribe such a book to such an author.
• To attribute, as a quality, or an appurtenance; to consider or allege to belong.
Ascript
a.
• See Adscript.
Ascription
n.
• The act of ascribing, imputing, or affirming to belong; also, that which is ascribed.
Ascriptitious
a.
• Ascribed.
• Added; additional.
Asculapian
a.
• Pertaining to Asculapius or to the healing art; medical; medicinal.
Asculapius
n.
(Myth.) The god of medicine. Hence, a physician.
Asculin
n.
• Same as Esculin.
Ascus
n.
(Bot.) A small membranous bladder or tube in which are inclosed the seedlike reproductive particles or sporules of lichens and certain fungi.
Aseptic
a.
• Not liable to putrefaction; nonputrescent.
n.
• An aseptic substance.
Asexual
a.
(Biol.) Having no distinct; without sexual action; as, asexual reproduction.
Asexually
adv.
• In an asexual manner; without sexual agency.
Ash
n.
(Bot.) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, many of the species furnishing valuable timber, as the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and the white ash (F. Americana).
• The tough, elastic wood of the ash tree.
n.
• sing. of Ashes.
v. t.
• To strew or sprinkle with ashes.
Ashame
v. t.
• To shame.
Ashamed
a.
• Affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt, or a conviction or consciousness of some wrong action or impropriety.
Ashamedly
adv.
• Bashfully.
Ashantee
n.
• A native or an inhabitant of Ashantee in Western Africa.
a.
• Of or pertaining to Ashantee.
Ashen
a.
• Of or pertaining to the ash tree.
a.
• Consisting of, or resembling, ashes; of a color between brown and gray, or white and gray.
n.
• obs. pl. for Ashes.
Ashery
n.
• A depository for ashes.
• A place where potash is made.
Ashes
n. pl.
• The earthy or mineral particles of combustible substances remaining after combustion, as of wood or coal.
• Specifically: The remains of the human body when burnt, or when "returned to dust" by natural decay.
• The color of ashes; deathlike paleness.
Ashine
a.
• Shining; radiant.
Ashore
adv.
• On shore or on land; on the land adjacent to water; to the shore; to the land; aground (when applied to a ship); — sometimes opposed to aboard or afloat.
Ashtoreth
n.
• The principal female divinity of the Phoenicians, as Baal was the principal male divinity.
Ashweed
n.
(Bot.) Goutweed.
Ashy
a.
• Pertaining to, or composed of, ashes; filled, or strewed with, ashes.
• Ash-colored; whitish gray; deadly pale.
Asian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Asia; Asiatic.
n.
• An Asiatic.
Asiarch
n.
• One of the chiefs or pontiffs of the Roman province of Asia, who had the superintendence of the public games and religious rites.
Asiatic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Asia or to its inhabitants.
n.
• A native, or one of the people, of Asia.
Asiaticism
n.
• Something peculiar to Asia or the Asiatics.
Aside
adv.
• On, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest; out of the way; apart.
• Out of one's thoughts; off; away; as, to put aside gloomy thoughts.
• So as to be heard by others; privately.
n.
• Something spoken aside; as, a remark made by a stageplayer which the other players are not supposed to hear.
Asilus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of large and voracious two-winged flies, including the bee killer and robber fly.
Asinine
a.
• Of or belonging to, or having the qualities of, the ass, as stupidity and obstinacy.
Asininity
n.
• The quality of being asinine; stupidity combined with obstinacy.
Asiphonate
a.
(Zool.) Destitute of a siphon or breathing tube; — said of many bivalve shells.
n.
• An asiphonate mollusk.
Asitia
n.
(Med.) Want of appetite; loathing of food.
Ask
v. t.
• To request; to seek to obtain by words; to petition; to solicit; — often with of, in the sense of from, before the person addressed.
• To require, demand, claim, or expect, whether by way of remuneration or return, or as a matter of necessity; as, what price do you ask?
• To interrogate or inquire of or concerning; to put a question to or about; to question.
• To invite; as, to ask one to an entertainment.
• To publish in church for marriage; — said of both the banns and the persons.
v. i.
• To request or petition; — usually folllowed by for; as, to ask for bread.
• To make inquiry, or seek by request; — sometimes followed by after.
n.
(Zool.) A water newt.
Askance
v. t.
• To turn aside.
Asker
n.
• One who asks; a petitioner; an inquirer.
n.
(Zool.) An ask; a water newt.
Askew
adv. & a.
• Awry; askance; asquint; oblique or obliquely; — sometimes indicating scorn, or contempt, or entry.
Asking
n.
• The act of inquiring or requesting; a petition; solicitation.
• The publishing of banns.
Aslake
v. t. & i.
• To mitigate; to moderate; to appease; to abate; to diminish.
Aslant
adv. & a.
• Toward one side; in a slanting direction; obliquely.
prep.
• In a slanting direction over; athwart.
Asleep
a. & adv.
• In a state of sleep; in sleep; dormant.
• In the sleep of the grave; dead.
• Numbed, and, usually, tingling.
Aslope
adv. & a.
• Slopingly; aslant; declining from an upright direction; sloping.
Aslug
adv.
• Sluggishly.
Asmear
a.
• Smeared over.
Asmonean
a.
• Of or pertaining to the patriotic Jewish family to which the Maccabees belonged; Maccabean; as, the Asmonean dynasty.
n.
• One of the Asmonean family. The Asmoneans were leaders and rulers of the Jews from 168 to 35 b. c.
Asoak
a.
• Soaking.
Asomatous
a.
• Without a material body; incorporeal.
Asonant
a.
• Not sounding or sounded.
Asp
n.
(Bot.) Same as Aspen.
n.
(Zool.) A small, hooded, poisonous serpent of Egypt and adjacent countries, whose bite is often fatal. It is the Naja haje. The name is also applied to other poisonous serpents, esp. to Vipera aspis of southern Europe.
Aspalathus
n.
(Bot.) A thorny shrub yielding a fragrant oil.
• A genus of plants of the natural order Leguminosae. The species are chiefly natives of the Cape of Good Hope.
Asparagine
n.
(Chem.) A white, nitrogenous, crystallizable substance, C4H8N2O3+H2O, found in many plants, and first obtained from asparagus. It is believed to aid in the disposition of nitrogenous matter throughout the plant; — called also altheine.
Asparaginous
a.
• Pertaining or allied to, or resembling, asparagus; having shoots which are eaten like asparagus; as, asparaginous vegetables.
Asparagus
n.
(Bot.) A genus of perennial plants belonging to the natural order Liliaceae, and having erect much branched stems, and very slender branchlets which are sometimes mistaken for leaves. Asparagus racemosus is a shrubby climbing plant with fragrant flowers. Specifically: The Asparagus officinalis, a species cultivated in gardens.
• The young and tender shoots of A. officinalis, which form a valuable and well-known article of food.
Aspartic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived, asparagine; as, aspartic acid.
Aspect
n.
• The act of looking; vision; gaze; glance.
• Look, or particular appearance of the face; countenance; mien; air.
• Appearance to the eye or the mind; look; view.
• Position or situation with regard to seeing; that position which enables one to look in a particular direction; position in relation to the points of the compass; as, a house has a southern aspect, that is, a position which faces the south.
• Prospect; outlook.
(Astrol.) The situation of planets or stars with respect to one another, or the angle formed by the rays of light proceeding from them and meeting at the eye; the joint look of planets or stars upon each other or upon the earth.
(Astrol.) The influence of the stars for good or evil; as, an ill aspect.
v. t.
• To behold; to look at.
Aspectable
a.
• Capable of being; visible.
Aspectant
a.
(Her.) Facing each other.
Aspected
a.
• Having an aspect.
Aspection
n.
• The act of viewing; a look.
Aspen
a.
• Of or pertaining to the aspen, or resembling it; made of aspen wood.
Asper
a.
• Rough; rugged; harsh; bitter; stern; fierce.
n.
(Greek Gram.) The rough breathing; a mark (#) placed over an initial vowel sound or over to show that it is aspirated, that is, pronounced with h before it; thus hws, pronounced hs, hrj'twr, pronounced hra\'b6tr.
n.
• A Turkish money of account (formerly a coin), of little value; the 120th part of a piaster.
Asperate
v. t.
• To make rough or uneven.
Asperation
n.
• The act of asperating; a making or becoming rough.
Asperges
n.
(R. C. Ch.) The service or ceremony of sprinkling with holy water.
• The brush or instrument used in sprinkling holy water; an aspergill.
Aspergilliform
a.
(Bot.) Resembling the aspergillum in form; as, an aspergilliform stigma.
Asperity
n.
• Roughness of surface; unevenness; — opposed to smoothness.
• Roughness or harshness of sound; that quality which grates upon the ear; raucity.
• Roughness to the taste; sourness; tartness.
• Moral roughness; roughness of manner; severity; crabbedness; harshness; — opposed to mildness.
• Sharpness; disagreeableness; difficulty.
Aspermatous
a.
(Bot.) Aspermous.
Aspermous
a.
(Bot.) Destitute of seeds; aspermatous.
Asperne
v. t.
• To spurn; to despise.
Asperous
a.
• Rough; uneven.
Asperse
v. t.
• To sprinkle, as water or dust, upon anybody or anything, or to besprinkle any one with a liquid or with dust.
• To bespatter with foul reports or false and injurious charges; to tarnish in point of reputation or good name; to slander or calumniate; as, to asperse a poet or his writings; to asperse a man's character.
Aspersed
a.
(Her.) Having an indefinite number of small charges scattered or strewed over the surface.
• Bespattered; slandered; calumniated.
Asperser
n.
• One who asperses; especially, one who vilifies another.
Aspersion
n.
• A sprinkling, as with water or dust, in a literal sense.
• The spreading of calumniations reports or charges which tarnish reputation, like the bespattering of a body with foul water; calumny.
Aspersive
a.
• Tending to asperse; defamatory; slanderous.
Aspersoir
n.
• An aspergill.
Aspersorium
n.
• The stoup, basin, or other vessel for holy water in Roman Catholic churches.
• A brush for sprinkling holy water; an aspergill.
Asphalt
v. t.
• To cover with asphalt; as, to asphalt a roof; asphalted streets.
Asphalte
n.
• Asphaltic mastic or cement.
Asphaltic
a.
• Pertaining to, of the nature of, or containing, asphalt; bituminous.
Asphaltite
a.
• Asphaltic.
a.
• Asphaltic.
Asphaltus
n.
• See Asphalt.
Asphodel
n.
(Bot.) A general name for a plant of the genus Asphodelus. The asphodels are hardy perennial plants, several species of which are cultivated for the beauty of their flowers.
Asphyctic
a.
• Pertaining to asphyxia.
Asphyxial
a.
• Of or relating to asphyxia; as, asphyxial phenomena.
Asphyxiate
v. t.
• To bring to a state of asphyxia; to suffocate.
Asphyxiation
n.
• The act of causing asphyxia; a state of asphyxia.
Aspic
n.
• The venomous asp.
• A piece of ordnance carrying a 12 pound shot.
n.
• A European species of lavender (Lavandula spica), which produces a volatile oil.
n.
• A savory meat jelly containing portions of fowl, game, fish, hard boiled eggs, etc.
Aspidobranchia
n. pl.
(Zool.) A group of Gastropoda, with limpetlike shells, including the abalone shells and keyhole limpets.
Aspirant
a.
• Aspiring.
n.
• One who aspires; one who eagerly seeks some high position or object of attainment.
Aspirate
v. t.
• To pronounce with a breathing, an aspirate, or an h sound; as, we aspirate the words horse and house; to aspirate a vowel or a liquid consonant.
n.
• A sound consisting of, or characterized by, a breath like the sound of h; the breathing h or a character representing such a sound; an aspirated sound.
• A mark of aspiration (#) used in Greek; the asper, or rough breathing.
• An elementary sound produced by the breath alone; a surd, or nonvocal consonant; as, f, th in thin, etc.
Aspiration
n.
• The act of aspirating; the pronunciation of a letter with a full or strong emission of breath; an aspirated sound.
• The act of breathing; a breath; an inspiration.
• The act of aspiring of a ardently desiring; strong wish; high desire.
Aspirator
n.
(Chem.) An apparatus for passing air or gases through or over certain liquids or solids, or for exhausting a closed vessel, by means of suction.
(Med.) An instrument for the evacuation of the fluid contents of tumors or collections of blood.
Aspiratory
a.
• Of or pertaining to breathing; suited to the inhaling of air
Aspire
v. i.
• To desire with eagerness; to seek to attain something high or great; to pant; to long; — followed by to or after, and rarely by at; as, to aspire to a crown; to aspire after immorality.
• To rise; to ascend; to tower; to soar.
v. t.
• To aspire to; to long for; to try to reach; to mount to.
n.
• Aspiration.
Aspirement
n.
• Aspiration.
Aspirer
n.
• One who aspires.
Aspiring
a.
• That aspires; as, an Aspiring mind.
Aspish
a.
• Pertaining to, or like, an asp.
Asportation
n.
(Law) The felonious removal of goods from the place where they were deposited.
Asprawl
adv. & a.
• Sprawling.
Asquat
adv. & a.
• Squatting.
Asquint
adv.
• With the eye directed to one side; not in the straight line of vision; obliquely; awry, so as to see distortedly; as, to look asquint.
Ass
n.
(Zool.) A quadruped of the genus Equus (E. asinus), smaller than the horse, and having a peculiarly harsh bray and long ears. The tame or domestic ass is patient, slow, and sure-footed, and has become the type of obstinacy and stupidity. There are several species of wild asses which are swift-footed.
• A dull, heavy, stupid fellow; a dolt.
Assaf&oe;tida
n.
• Same as Asafetida.
Assai
(Mus.) A direction equivalent to very; as, adagio assai, very slow.
Assail
v. t.
• To attack with violence, or in a vehement and hostile manner; to assault; to molest; as, to assail a man with blows; to assail a city with artillery.
• To encounter or meet purposely with the view of mastering, as an obstacle, difficulty, or the like.
• To attack morally, or with a view to produce changes in the feelings, character, conduct, existing usages, institutions; to attack by words, hostile influence, etc.; as, to assail one with appeals, arguments, abuse, ridicule, and the like.
Assailable
a.
• Capable of being assailed.
Assailant
a.
• Assailing; attacking.
n.
• One who, or that which, assails, attacks, or assaults; an assailer.
Assailer
n.
• One who assails.
Assailment
n.
• The act or power of assailing; attack; assault.
Assamar
n.
(Chem.) The peculiar bitter substance, soft or liquid, and of a yellow color, produced when meat, bread, gum, sugar, starch, and the like, are roasted till they turn brown.
Assamese
a.
• Of or pertaining to Assam, a province of British India, or to its inhabitants.
n. sing. & pl.
• A native or natives of Assam.
Assart
n.
(Old Law) The act or offense of grubbing up trees and bushes, and thus destroying the tickets or coverts of a forest.
• A piece of land cleared of trees and bushes, and fitted for cultivation; a clearing.
v. t.
• To grub up, as trees; to commit an assart upon; as, to assart land or trees.
Assassin
n.
• One who kills, or attempts to kill, by surprise or secret assault; one who treacherously murders any one unprepared for defense.
v. t.
• To assassinate.
Assassinate
v. t.
• To kill by surprise or secret assault; to murder by treacherous violence.
• To assail with murderous intent; hence, by extended meaning, to maltreat exceedingly.
n.
• An assassination, murder, or murderous assault.
• An assassin.
Assassination
n.
• The act of assassinating; a killing by treacherous violence.
Assassinator
n.
• An assassin.
Assassinous
a.
• Murderous.
Assastion
n.
• Roasting.
Assault
n.
• A violent onset or attack with physical means, as blows, weapons, etc.; an onslaught; the rush or charge of an attacking force; onset; as, to make assault upon a man, a house, or a town.
• A violent onset or attack with moral weapons, as words, arguments, appeals, and the like; as, to make an assault on the prerogatives of a prince, or on the constitution of a government.
(Law) An apparently violent attempt, or willful offer with force or violence, to do hurt to another; an attempt or offer to beat another, accompanied by a degree of violence, but without touching his person, as by lifting the fist, or a cane, in a threatening manner, or by striking at him, and missing him. If the blow aimed takes effect, it is a battery.
v. t.
• To make an assault upon, as by a sudden rush of armed men; to attack with unlawful or insulting physical violence or menaces.
• To attack with moral means, or with a view of producing moral effects; to attack by words, arguments, or unfriendly measures; to assail; as, to assault a reputation or an administration.
Assaultable
a.
• Capable of being assaulted.
Assaulter
n.
• One who assaults, or violently attacks; an assailant.
Assay
n.
• Trial; attempt; essay.
• Examination and determination; test; as, an assay of bread or wine.
• Trial by danger or by affliction; adventure; risk; hardship; state of being tried.
• Tested purity or value.
(Metallurgy) The act or process of ascertaining the proportion of a particular metal in an ore or alloy; especially, the determination of the proportion of gold or silver in bullion or coin.
• The alloy or metal to be assayed.
v. t.
• To try; to attempt; to apply.
• To affect.
• To try tasting, as food or drink.
• To subject, as an ore, alloy, or other metallic compound, to chemical or metallurgical examination, in order to determine the amount of a particular metal contained in it, or to ascertain its composition.
v. i.
• To attempt, try, or endeavor.
Assayable
a.
• That may be assayed.
Assayer
n.
• One who assays. Specifically: One who examines metallic ores or compounds, for the purpose of determining the amount of any particular metal in the same, especially of gold or silver.
Assaying
n.
• The act or process of testing, esp. of analyzing or examining metals and ores, to determine the proportion of pure metal.
Asse
n.
(Zool.) A small foxlike animal (Vulpes cama) of South Africa, valued for its fur.
Assecuration
n.
• Assurance; certainty.
Assecure
v. t.
• To make sure or safe; to assure.
Assecution
n.
• An obtaining or acquiring.
Assegai
n.
• Same as Assagai.
Assemblage
n.
• The act of assembling, or the state o being; association.
• A collection of individuals, or of individuals, or of particular things; as, a political assemblage; an assemblage of ideas.
Assemblance
n.
• Resemblance; likeness; appearance.
• An assembling; assemblage.
Assemble
v. t.
• To collect into one place or body; to bring or call together; to convene; to congregate.
v. i.
• To meet or come together, as a number of individuals; to convene; to congregate.
v. i.
• To liken; to compare.
Assembler
n.
• One who assembles a number of individuals; also, one of a number assembled.
Assembly
n.
• A company of persons collected together in one place, and usually for some common purpose, esp. for deliberation and legislation, for worship, or for social entertainment.
• A collection of inanimate objects.
(Mil.) A beat of the drum or sound of the bugle as a signal to troops to assemble.
Assemblyman
n.
• A member of an assembly, especially of the lower branch of a state legislature.
Assent
v. t.
• To admit a thing as true; to express one's agreement, acquiescence, concurrence, or concession.
n.
• The act of assenting; the act of the mind in admitting or agreeing to anything; concurrence with approval; consent; agreement; acquiescence.
Assentation
n.
• Insincere, flattering, or obsequious assent; hypocritical or pretended concurrence.
Assentator
n.
• An obsequious; a flatterer.
Assentatory
a.
• Flattering; obsequious.
Assenter
n.
• One who assents.
Assentient
a.
• Assenting.
Assenting
a.
• Giving or implying assent.
Assentive
a.
• Giving assent; of the nature of assent; complying.
Assentment
n.
• Assent; agreement.
Assert
v. t.
• To affirm; to declare with assurance, or plainly and strongly; to state positively; to aver; to asseverate.
• To maintain; to defend.
• To maintain or defend, as a cause or a claim, by words or measures; to vindicate a claim or title to; as, to assert our rights and liberties.
Asserter
n.
• One who asserts; one who avers pr maintains; an assertor.
Assertion
n.
• The act of asserting, or that which is asserted; positive declaration or averment; affirmation; statement asserted; position advanced.
• Maintenance; vindication; as, the assertion of one's rights or prerogatives.
Assertive
a.
• Positive; affirming confidently; affirmative; peremptory.
Assertor
n.
• One who asserts or avers; one who maintains or vindicates a claim or a right; an affirmer, supporter, or vindicator; a defender; an asserter.
Assertorial
a.
• Asserting that a thing is; — opposed to problematical and apodeictical.
Assertory
a.
• Affirming; maintaining.
Assess
v. t.
• To value; to make a valuation or official estimate of for the purpose of taxation.
• To apportion a sum to be paid by (a person, a community, or an estate), in the nature of a tax, fine, etc.; to impose a tax upon (a person, an estate, or an income) according to a rate or apportionment.
• To determine and impose a tax or fine upon (a person, community, estate, or income); to tax; as, the club assessed each member twenty-five cents.
• To fix or determine the rate or amount of.
Assessable
a.
• Liable to be assessed or taxed; as, assessable property.
Assessee
n.
• One who is assessed.
Assession
n.
• A sitting beside or near.
Assessment
n.
• The act of assessing; the act of determining an amount to be paid; as, an assessment of damages, or of taxes; an assessment of the members of a club.
• A valuation of property or profits of business, for the purpose of taxation; such valuation and an adjudging of the proper sum to be levied on the property; as, an assessment of property or an assessment on property.
• The specific sum levied or assessed.
• An apportionment of a subscription for stock into successive installments; also, one of these installments (in England termed a "call").
Assessor
n.
• One appointed or elected to assist a judge or magistrate with his special knowledge of the subject to be decided; as legal assessors, nautical assessors.
• One who sits by another, as next in dignity, or as an assistant and adviser; an associate in office.
• One appointed to assess persons or property for the purpose of taxation.
Assessorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to an assessor, or to a court of assessors.
Assessorship
n.
• The office or function of an assessor.
Asset
n.
• Any article or separable part of one's assets.
Assets
n. pl.
(Law) Property of a deceased person, subject by law to the payment of his debts and legacies; — called assets because sufficient to render the executor or administrator liable to the creditors and legatees, so far as such goods or estate may extend.
• Effects of an insolvent debtor or bankrupt, applicable to the payment of debts.
• The entire property of all sorts, belonging to a person, a corporation, or an estate; as, the assets of a merchant or a trading association; — opposed to liabilities.
Assever
v. t.
• See Asseverate.
Asseverate
v. t.
• To affirm or aver positively, or with solemnity.
Asseveration
n.
• The act of asseverating, or that which is asseverated; positive affirmation or assertion; solemn declaration.
Asseverative
a.
• Characterized by asseveration; asserting positively.
Asseveratory
a.
• Asseverative.
Assibilate
v. t.
• To make sibilant; to change to a sibilant.
Assibilation
n.
• Change of a non-sibilant letter to a sibilant, as of -tion to -shun, duke to ditch.
Assidean
n.
• One of a body of devoted Jews who opposed the Hellenistic Jews, and supported the Asmoneans.
Assident
a.
(Med.) Usually attending a disease, but not always; as, assident signs, or symptoms.
Assiduate
a.
• Unremitting; assiduous.
Assiduity
n.
• Constant or close application or attention, particularly to some business or enterprise; diligence.
• Studied and persevering attention to a person; — usually in the plural.
Assiduous
a.
• Constant in application or attention; devoted; attentive; unremitting.
• Performed with constant diligence or attention; unremitting; persistent; as, assiduous labor.
Assiege
v. t.
• To besiege.
n.
• A siege.
Assientist
n.
• A shareholder of the Assiento company; one of the parties to the Assiento contract.
Assiento
n.
• A contract or convention between Spain and other powers for furnishing negro slaves for the Spanish dominions in America, esp. the contract made with Great Britain in 1713.
Assign
v. t.
• To appoint; to allot; to apportion; to make over.
• To fix, specify, select, or designate; to point out authoritatively or exactly; as, to assign a limit; to assign counsel for a prisoner; to assign a day for trial.
(Law) To transfer, or make over to another, esp. to transfer to, and vest in, certain persons, called assignees, for the benefit of creditors.
n.
• A thing pertaining or belonging to something else; an appurtenance.
n.
(Law) A person to whom property or an interest is transferred; as, a deed to a man and his heirs and assigns.
Assignability
n.
• The quality of being assignable.
Assignable
a.
• Capable of being assigned, allotted, specified, or designated; as, an assignable note or bill; an assignable reason; an assignable quantity.
Assignat
n.
• One of the notes, bills, or bonds, issued as currency by the revolutionary government of France (1790-1796), and based on the security of the lands of the church and of nobles which had been appropriated by the state.
Assignation
n.
• The act of assigning or allotting; apportionment.
• An appointment of time and place for meeting or interview; — used chiefly of love interviews, and now commonly in a bad sense.
• A making over by transfer of title; assignment.
Assignee
n.
(Law) A person to whom an assignment is made; a person appointed or deputed by another to do some act, perform some business, or enjoy some right, privilege, or property; as, an assignee of a bankrupt. (c). An assignee may be by special appointment or deed, or be created by jaw; as an executor.
• In England, the persons appointed, under a commission of bankruptcy, to manage the estate of a bankrupt for the benefit of his creditors.
Assigner
n.
• One who assigns, appoints, allots, or apportions.
Assignment
n.
• An allotting or an appointment to a particular person or use; or for a particular time, as of a cause or causes in court.
(Law) A transfer of title or interest by writing, as of lease, bond, note, or bill of exchange; a transfer of the whole of some particular estate or interest in lands.
• The writing by which an interest is transferred.
• The transfer of the property of a bankrupt to certain persons called assignees, in whom it is vested for the benefit of creditors.
Assignor
n.
(Law) An assigner; a person who assigns or transfers an interest; as, the assignor of a debt or other chose in action.
Assimilability
n.
• The quality of being assimilable.
Assimilable
a.
• That may be assimilated; that may be likened, or appropriated and incorporated.
Assimilate
v. t.
• To bring to a likeness or to conformity; to cause a resemblance between.
• To liken; to compae.
• To appropriate and transform or incorporate into the substance of the assimilating body; to absorb or appropriate, as nourishment; as, food is assimilated and converted into organic tissue.
v. i.
• To become similar or like something else.
• To change and appropriate nourishment so as to make it a part of the substance of the assimilating body.
• To be converted into the substance of the assimilating body; to become incorporated; as, some kinds of food assimilate more readily than others.
Assimilation
n.
• The act or process of assimilating or bringing to a resemblance, likeness, or identity; also, the state of being so assimilated; as, the assimilation of one sound to another.
(Physiol.) The conversion of nutriment into the fluid or solid substance of the body, by the processes of digestion and absorption, whether in plants or animals.
Assimilative
a.
• Tending to, or characterized by, assimilation; that assimilates or causes assimilation; as, an assimilative process or substance.
Assimilatory
a.
• Tending to assimilate, or produce assimilation; as, assimilatory organs.
Assimulate
v. t.
• To feign; to counterfeit; to simulate; to resemble.
• To assimilate.
Assimulation
n.
• Assimilation.
Assish
a.
• Resembling an ass; asinine; stupid or obstinate.
Assist
v. t.
• To give support to in some undertaking or effort, or in time of distress; to help; to aid; to succor.
v. i.
• To lend aid; to help.
• To be present as a spectator; as, to assist at a public meeting.
Assistance
n.
• The act of assisting; help; aid; furtherance; succor; support.
• An assistant or helper; a body of helpers.
• Persons present.
Assistant
a.
• Helping; lending aid or support; auxiliary.
(Mil.) Of the second grade in the staff of the army; as, an assistant surgeon.
n.
• One who, or that which, assists; a helper; an auxiliary; a means of help.
• An attendant; one who is present.
Assistantly
adv.
• In a manner to give aid.
Assister
n.
• An assistant; a helper.
Assistful
a.
• Helpful.
Assistive
a.
• Lending aid, helping.
Assistless
a.
• Without aid or help.
Assistor
n.
(Law) A assister.
Assize
n.
• An assembly of knights and other substantial men, with a bailiff or justice, in a certain place and at a certain time, for public business.
(Law) A special kind of jury or inquest.
• A kind of writ or real action.
• A verdict or finding of a jury upon such writ.
• A statute or ordinance in general. Specifically: (1) A statute regulating the weight, measure, and proportions of ingredients and the price of articles sold in the market; as, the assize of bread and other provisions; (2) A statute fixing the standard of weights and measures.
• Anything fixed or reduced to a certainty in point of time, number, quantity, quality, weight, measure, etc.; as, rent of assize.
• A court, the sitting or session of a court, for the trial of processes, whether civil or criminal, by a judge and jury.
• The periodical sessions of the judges of the superior courts in every county of England for the purpose of administering justice in the trial and determination of civil and criminal cases; — usually in the plural.
• The time or place of holding the court of assize; — generally in the plural, assizes.
• Measure; dimension; size.
v. t.
• To assess; to value; to rate.
• To fix the weight, measure, or price of, by an ordinance or regulation of authority.
Assizer
n.
• An officer who has the care or inspection of weights and measures, etc.
Assizor
n.
(Scots Law) A juror.
Assober
v. t.
• To make or keep sober.
Associability
n.
• The quality of being associable, or capable of association; associableness.
Associable
a.
• Capable of being associated or joined.
• Sociable; companionable.
(Med.) Liable to be affected by sympathy with other parts; — said of organs, nerves, muscles, etc.
Associableness
n.
• Associability.
Associate
v. t.
• To join with one, as a friend, companion, partner, or confederate; as, to associate others with s in business, or in an enterprise.
• To join or connect; to combine in acting; as, particles of gold associated with other substances.
• To connect or place together in thought.
• To accompany; to keep company with.
v. i.
• To unite in company; to keep company, implying intimacy; as, congenial minds are disposed to associate.
• To unite in action, or to be affected by the action of a different part of the body.
a.
• Closely connected or joined with some other, as in interest, purpose, employment, or office; sharing responsibility or authority; as, an associate judge.
• Admitted to some, but not to all, rights and privileges; as, an associate member.
(Physiol.) Connected by habit or sympathy; as, associate motions, such as occur sympathetically, in consequence of preceding motions.
n.
• A companion; one frequently in company with another, implying intimacy or equality; a mate; a fellow.
• A partner in interest, as in business; or a confederate in a league.
• One connected with an association or institution without the full rights or privileges of a regular member; as, an associate of the Royal Academy.
• Anything closely or usually connected with another; an concomitant.
Associated
a.
• Joined as a companion; brought into association; accompanying; combined.
Associateship
n.
• The state of an associate, as in Academy or an office.
Association
n.
• The act of associating, or state of being associated; union; connection, whether of persons of things.
• Mental connection, or that which is mentally linked or associated with a thing.
• Union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose; as, the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a benevolent association. Specifically, as among the Congregationalists, a society, consisting of a number of ministers, generally the pastors of neighboring churches, united for promoting the interests of religion and the harmony of the churches.
Associational
a.
• Of or pertaining to association, or to an association.
• Pertaining to the theory held by the associationists.
Associationism
n.
(Philos.) The doctrine or theory held by associationists.
Associationist
n.
(Philos.) One who explains the higher functions and relations of the soul by the association of ideas; e. g., Hartley, J. C. Mill.
Associative
a.
• Having the quality of associating; tending or leading to association; as, the associative faculty.
Associator
n.
• An associate; a confederate or partner in any scheme.
Assoil
v. t.
• To set free; to release.
• To solve; to clear up.
• To set free from guilt; to absolve.
• To expiate; to atone for.
• To remove; to put off.
v. t.
• To soil; to stain.
Assoilment
n.
• Act of assoiling, or state of being assoiled; absolution; acquittal.
n.
• A soiling; defilement.
Assonance
n.
• Resemblance of sound.
(Pros.) A peculiar species of rhyme, in which the last accented vowel and those which follow it in one word correspond in sound with the vowels of another word, while the consonants of the two words are unlike in sound; as, calamo and platano, baby and chary.
• Incomplete correspondence.
Assonant
a.
• Having a resemblance of sounds.
(Pros.) Pertaining to the peculiar species of rhyme called assonance; not consonant.
Assonantal
a.
• Assonant.
Assonate
v. i.
• To correspond in sound.
Assort
v. t.
• To separate and distribute into classes, as things of a like kind, nature, or quality, or which are suited to a like purpose; to classify; as, to assort goods.
• To furnish with, or make up of, various sorts or a variety of goods; as, to assort a cargo.
v. i.
• To agree; to be in accordance; to be adapted; to suit; to fall into a class or place.
Assorted
a.
• Selected; culled.
Assortment
n.
• Act of assorting, or distributing into sorts, kinds, or classes.
• A collection or quantity of things distributed into kinds or sorts; a number of things assorted.
• A collection containing a variety of sorts or kinds adapted to various wants, demands, or purposes; as, an assortment of goods.
Assot
v. t.
• To besot; to befool; to beguile; to infatuate.
a.
• Dazed; foolish; infatuated.
Assuage
v. t.
• To soften, in a figurative sense; to allay, mitigate, ease, or lessen, as heat, pain, or grief; to appease or pacify, as passion or tumult; to satisfy, as appetite or desire.
v. i.
• To abate or subside.
Assuagement
n.
• Mitigation; abatement.
Assuager
n.
• One who, or that which, assuages.
Assuasive
a.
• Mitigating; tranquilizing; soothing.
Assubjugate
v. t.
• To bring into subjection.
Assuefaction
n.
• The act of accustoming, or the state of being accustomed; habituation.
Assuetude
n.
• Accustomedness; habit; habitual use.
Assumable
a.
• That may be assumed.
Assumably
adv.
• By way of assumption.
Assume
v. t.
• To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly.
• To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively.
• To pretend to possess; to take in appearance.
• To receive or adopt.
v. i.
• To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.
(Law) To undertake, as by a promise.
Assumed
a.
• Supposed.
• Pretended; hypocritical; make-believe; as, an assumed character.
Assumedly
adv.
• By assumption.
Assument
n.
• A patch; an addition; a piece put on.
Assumer
n.
• One who assumes, arrogates, pretends, or supposes.
Assuming
a.
• Pretentious; taking much upon one's self; presumptuous.
Assumpsit
n.
(Law) A promise or undertaking, founded on a consideration. This promise may be oral or in writing not under seal. It may be express or implied.
• An action to recover damages for a breach or nonperformance of a contract or promise, express or implied, oral or in writing not under seal. Common or indebitatus assumpsit is brought for the most part on an implied promise. Special assumpsit is founded on an express promise or undertaking.
Assumpt
v. t.
• To take up; to elevate; to assume.
n.
• That which is assumed; an assumption.
Assumption
n.
• The act of assuming, or taking to or upon one's self; the act of taking up or adopting.
• The act of taking for granted, or supposing a thing without proof; supposition; unwarrantable claim.
• The thing supposed; a postulate, or proposition assumed; a supposition.
(Logic) The minor or second proposition in a categorical syllogism.
• The taking of a person up into heaven.
(Rom. Cath. & Greek Churches) A festival in honor of the ascent of the Virgin Mary into heaven.
Assumptive
a.
• Assumed, or capable of being assumed; characterized by assumption; making unwarranted claims.
Assurance
n.
• The act of assuring; a declaration tending to inspire full confidence; that which is designed to give confidence.
• The state of being assured; firm persuasion; full confidence or trust; freedom from doubt; certainty.
• Firmness of mind; undoubting, steadiness; intrepidity; courage; confidence; self-reliance.
• Excess of boldness; impudence; audacity; as, his assurance is intolerable.
• Betrothal; affiance.
• Insurance; a contract for the payment of a sum on occasion of a certain event, as loss or death.
(Law) Any written or other legal evidence of the conveyance of property; a conveyance; a deed.
Assure
v. t.
• To make sure or certain; to render confident by a promise, declaration, or other evidence.
• To declare to, solemnly; to assert to (any one) with the design of inspiring belief or confidence.
• To confirm; to make certain or secure.
• To affiance; to betroth.
(Law) To insure; to covenant to indemnify for loss, or to pay a specified sum at death.
Assured
a.
• Made sure; safe; insured; certain; indubitable; not doubting; bold to excess.
n.
• One whose life or property is insured.
Assuredly
adv.
• Certainly; indubitably.
Assuredness
n.
• The state of being assured; certainty; full confidence.
Assurer
n.
• One who assures. Specifically: One who insures against loss; an insurer or underwriter.
• One who takes out a life assurance policy.
Assurgency
n.
• Act of rising.
Assurgent
a.
• Ascending
(Bot.) rising obliquely; curving upward.
Assuring
a.
• That assures; tending to assure; giving confidence.
Assyrian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Assyria, or to its inhabitants. — n. A native or an inhabitant of Assyria; the language of Assyria.
Assyriological
a.
• Of or pertaining to Assyriology; as, Assyriological studies.
Assyriologist
n.
• One versed in Assyriology; a student of Assyrian archaeology.
Assyriology
n.
• The science or study of the antiquities, language, etc., of ancient Assyria.
Assythment
n.
• Indemnification for injury; satisfaction.
Astacus
n.
(Zool.) A genus of crustaceans, containing the crawfish of fresh-water lobster of Europe, and allied species of western North America.
Astarboard
adv.
(Naut.) Over to the starboard side; — said of the tiller.
Astart
v. t. & i.
• Same as Astert.
Astarte
n.
(Zool.) A genus of bivalve mollusks, common on the coasts of America and Europe.
Astate
n.
• Estate; state.
Astatic
a.
(Magnetism) Having little or no tendency to take a fixed or definite position or direction: thus, a suspended magnetic needle, when rendered astatic, loses its polarity, or tendency to point in a given direction.
Astatically
adv.
• In an astatic manner.
Astaticism
n.
• The state of being astatic.
Astay
adv.
(Naut.) An anchor is said to be astay, in heaving it, an acute angle is formed between the cable and the surface of the water.
Asteism
n.
(Rhet.) Genteel irony; a polite and ingenious manner of deriding another.
Astel
n.
(Mining) An arch, or ceiling, of boards, placed over the men's heads in a mine.
Aster
n.
(Bot.) A genus of herbs with compound white or bluish flowers; starwort; Michaelmas daisy.
(Floriculture) A plant of the genus Callistephus. Many varieties (called China asters, German asters, etc.) are cultivated for their handsome compound flowers.
Asterias
n.
(Zool.) A genus of echinoderms.
Asteriated
a.
• Radiated, with diverging rays; as, asteriated sapphire.
Asteridian
a.
(Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Asterioidea.
n.
• A starfish; one of the Asterioidea.
Asterion
n.
(Anat.) The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto-mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.
Asteriscus
n.
(Anat.) The smaller of the two otoliths found in the inner ear of many fishes.
Asterisk
n.
• The figure of a star, thus, , used in printing and writing as a reference to a passage or note in the margin, to supply the omission of letters or words, or to mark a word or phrase as having a special character.
Asterism
n.
(Astron.) A constellation.
• A small cluster of stars.
(Printing) An asterisk, or mark of reference.
• Three asterisks placed in this manner, &asterism;, to direct attention to a particular passage.
(Crystallog.) An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star-shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.
Astern
adv.
(Naut.) In or at the hinder part of a ship; toward the hinder part, or stern; backward; as, to go astern.
• Behind a ship; in the rear.
Asternal
a.
(Anat.) Not sternal; — said of ribs which do not join the sternum.
Asteroid
n.
• A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; — called also planetoids and minor planets.
Asteroidal
a.
• Of or pertaining to an asteroid, or to the asteroids.
Asterolepis
n.
(Paleon.) A genus of fishes, some of which were eighteen or twenty feet long, found in a fossil state in the Old Red Sandstone.
Asterophyllite
n.
(Paleon.) A fossil plant from the coal formations of Europe and America, now regarded as the branchlets and foliage of calamites.
Astert
v. t.
• To start up; to befall; to escape; to shun.
v. i.
• To escape.
Asthenic
a.
(Med.) Characterized by, or pertaining to, debility; weak; debilitating.
Asthenopia
n.
• Weakness of sight.
Asthesia
n.
(Physiol.) Perception by the senses; feeling; — the opposite of anaesthesia.
Asthesis
n.
• Sensuous perception.
Asthesodic
a.
(Physiol.) Conveying sensory or afferent impulses; \'d0 said of nerves.
Asthete
n.
• One who makes much or overmuch of aesthetics.
Asthetican
n.
• One versed in aesthetics.
Astheticism
n.
• The doctrine of aesthetics; aesthetic principles; devotion to the beautiful in nature and art.
Asthma
n.
(Med.) A disease, characterized by difficulty of breathing (due to a spasmodic contraction of the bronchi), recurring at intervals, accompanied with a wheezing sound, a sense of constriction in the chest, a cough, and expectoration.
Asthmatic
n.
• A person affected with asthma.
Astigmatic
a.
(Med. & Opt.) Affected with, or pertaining to, astigmatism; as, astigmatic eyes; also, remedying astigmatism; as, astigmatic lenses.
Astigmatism
n.
(Med. & Opt.) A defect of the eye or of a lens, in consequence of which the rays derived from one point are not brought to a single focal point, thus causing imperfect images or indistictness of vision.
Astipulate
v. i.
• To assent.
Astipulation
n.
• Stipulation; agreement.
Astir
adv. & a.
• Stirring; in a state of activity or motion; out of bed.
Astival
a.
• Of or belonging to the summer; as, aestival diseases.
Astivate
v. i.
• To spend the summer.
(Zool.) To pass the summer in a state of torpor.
Astivation
n.
(Zool.) The state of torpidity induced by the heat and dryness of summer, as in certain snails; — opposed to hibernation.
(Bot.) The arrangement of the petals in a flower bud, as to folding, overlapping, etc.; prefloration.
Astonied
p. p.
• Stunned; astonished.
Astonish
v. t.
• To stun; to render senseless, as by a blow.
• To strike with sudden fear, terror, or wonder; to amaze; to surprise greatly, as with something unaccountable; to confound with some sudden emotion or passion.
Astonishedly
adv.
• In an astonished manner.
Astonishing
a.
• Very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; as, an astonishing event.
adv.
n.
Astonishment
n.
• The condition of one who is stunned. Hence: Numbness; loss of sensation; stupor; loss of sense.
• Dismay; consternation.
• The overpowering emotion excited when something unaccountable, wonderful, or dreadful is presented to the mind; an intense degree of surprise; amazement.
• The object causing such an emotion.
Astony
v. t.
• To stun; to bewilder; to astonish; to dismay.
Astoop
adv.
• In a stooping or inclined position.
Astound
a.
• Stunned; astounded; astonished.
v. t.
• To stun; to stupefy.
• To astonish; to strike with amazement; to confound with wonder, surprise, or fear.
Astounding
a.
• Of a nature to astound; astonishing; amazing; as, an astounding force, statement, or fact.
Astoundment
n.
• Amazement.
Astraddle
adv.
• In a straddling position; astride; bestriding; as, to sit astraddle a horse.
Astraean
a.
(Zool.) Pertaining to the genus Astraea or the family Astraeidae.
n.
• A coral of the family Astraeidae; a star coral.
Astragal
n.
(Arch.) A convex molding of rounded surface, generally from half to three quarters of a circle.
(Gun.) A round molding encircling a cannon near the mouth.
Astragalar
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the astragalus.
Astragaloid
a.
(Anat.) Resembling the astragalus in form.
Astragalomancy
n.
• Divination by means of small bones or dice.
Astragalus
n.
(Anat.) The ankle bone, or hock bone; the bone of the tarsus which articulates with the tibia at the ankle.
(Bot.) A genus of papilionaceous plants, of the tribe Galegeae, containing numerous species, two of which are called, in English, milk vetch and licorice vetch. Gum tragacanth is obtained from different oriental species, particularly the A. gummifer and A. verus.
Astrakhan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Astrakhan in Russia or its products; made of an Astrakhan skin.
n.
• The skin of stillborn or young lambs of that region, the curled wool of which resembles fur.
Astral
a.
• Pertaining to, coming from, or resembling, the stars; starry; starlike.
Astrand
adv. & a.
• Stranded.
Astray
adv. & a.
• Out of the right, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering; as, to lead one astray.
Astrict
v. t.
• To bind up; to confine; to constrict; to contract.
• To bind; to constrain; to restrict; to limit.
(Scots Law) To restrict the tenure of; as, to astrict lands.
a.
• Concise; contracted.
Astriction
n.
• The act of binding; restriction; also, obligation.
(Med.) A contraction of parts by applications; the action of an astringent substance on the animal economy.
• Constipation.
• Astringency.
(Scots Law) An obligation to have the grain growing on certain lands ground at a certain mill, the owner paying a toll.
Astrictive
a.
• Binding; astringent.
n.
• An astringent.
Astrictory
a.
• Astrictive.
Astride
adv.
• With one leg on each side, as a man when on horseback; with the legs stretched wide apart; astraddle.
Astriferous
a.
• Bearing stars.
Astringe
v. t.
• To bind fast; to constrict; to contract; to cause parts to draw together; to compress.
• To bind by moral or legal obligation.
Astringency
n.
• The quality of being astringent; the power of contracting the parts of the body; that quality in medicines or other substances which causes contraction of the organic textures; as, the astringency of tannin.
Astringent
a.
• Drawing together the tissues; binding; contracting; — opposed to laxative; as, astringent medicines; a butter and astringent taste; astringent fruit.
• Stern; austere; as, an astringent type of virtue.
n.
• A medicine or other substance that produces contraction in the soft organic textures, and checks discharges of blood, mucus, etc.
Astringently
adv.
• In an astringent manner.
Astringer
n.
• A falconer who keeps a goschawk.
Astrogeny
n.
• The creation or evolution of the stars or the heavens.
Astrognosy
n.
• The science or knowledge of the stars, esp. the fixed stars.
Astrogony
n.
• Same as Astrogeny.
Astrography
n.
• The art of describing or delineating the stars; a description or mapping of the heavens.
Astroite
n.
• A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone.
Astrolabe
n.
(Astron.) An instrument for observing or showing the positions of the stars. It is now disused.
• A stereographic projection of the sphere on the plane of a great circle, as the equator, or a meridian; a planisphere.
Astrolater
n.
• A worshiper of the stars.
Astrolatry
n.
• The worship of the stars.
Astrolithology
n.
• The science of aerolites.
Astrologer
n.
• One who studies the stars; an astronomer.
• One who practices astrology; one who professes to foretell events by the aspects and situation of the stars.
Astrologian
n.
• An astrologer.
Astrologize
v. t. & i.
• To apply astrology to; to study or practice astrology.
Astrology
n.
• In its etymological signification, the science of the stars; among the ancients, synonymous with astronomy; subsequently, the art of judging of the influences of the stars upon human affairs, and of foretelling events by their position and aspects.
Astromantic
a.
• Of or pertaining to divination by means of the stars; astrologic.
Astrometeorology
n.
• The investigation of the relation between the sun, moon, and stars, and the weather.
Astrometer
n.
• An instrument for comparing the relative amount of the light of stars.
Astrometry
n.
• The art of making measurements among the stars, or of determining their relative magnitudes.
Astronomer
n.
• An astrologer.
• One who is versed in astronomy; one who has a knowledge of the laws of the heavenly orbs, or the principles by which their motions are regulated, with their various phenomena.
Astronomian
n.
• An astrologer.
Astronomic
a.
• Astronomical.
Astronomical
a.
• Of or pertaining to astronomy; in accordance with the methods or principles of astronomy.
Astronomize
v. i.
• To study or to talk astronomy.
Astronomy
n.
• Astrology.
• The science which treats of the celestial bodies, of their magnitudes, motions, distances, periods of revolution, eclipses, constitution, physical condition, and of the causes of their various phenomena.
• A treatise on, or text-book of, the science.
Astrophotography
n.
• The application of photography to the delineation of the sun, moon, and stars.
Astrophysical
a.
• Pertaining to the physics of astronomical science.
Astrophyton
n.
(Zool.) A genus of ophiurans having the arms much branched.
Astroscope
n.
• An old astronomical instrument, formed of two cones, on whose surface the constellations were delineated.
Astroscopy
n.
• Observation of the stars.
Astrotheology
n.
• Theology founded on observation or knowledge of the celestial bodies.
Astructive
a.
• Building up; constructive; — opposed to destructive.
Astrut
a. & adv.
• Sticking out, or puffed out; swelling; in a swelling manner.
• In a strutting manner; with a strutting gait.
Astucious
a.
• Subtle; cunning; astute.
Astucity
n.
• Craftiness; astuteness.
Astun
v. t.
• To stun.
Astuous
a.
• Glowing; agitated, as with heat.
Asturian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Asturias in Spain.
n.
• A native of Asturias.
Astute
a.
• Critically discerning; sagacious; shrewd; subtle; crafty.
Astylar
a.
(arch.) Without columns or pilasters.
Astyllen
n.
(Mining) A small dam to prevent free passage of water in an adit or level.
Asunder
adv.
• Apart; separate from each other; into parts; in two; separately; into or in different pieces or places.
Asura
n.
(Hind. Myth.) An enemy of the gods, esp. one of a race of demons and giants.
Aswail
n.
(Zool.) The sloth bear (Melursus labiatus) of India.
Asweve
v. t.
• To stupefy.
Aswing
adv.
• In a state of swinging.
Aswoon
adv.
• In a swoon.
Aswooned
adv.
• In a swoon.
Asylum
n.
• A sanctuary or place of refuge and protection, where criminals and debtors found shelter, and from which they could not be forcibly taken without sacrilege.
• Any place of retreat and security.
• An institution for the protection or relief of some class of destitute, unfortunate, or afflicted persons; as, an asylum for the aged, for the blind, or for the insane; a lunatic asylum; an orphan asylum.
Asymmetral
a.
• Incommensurable; also, unsymmetrical.
Asymmetrous
a.
• Asymmetrical.
Asymmetry
n.
• Want of symmetry, or proportion between the parts of a thing, esp. want of bilateral symmetry.
(Math.) Incommensurability.
Asymptote
n.
(Math.) A line which approaches nearer to some curve than assignable distance, but, though infinitely extended, would never meet it. Asymptotes may be straight lines or curves. A rectilinear asymptote may be conceived as a tangent to the curve at an infinite distance.
Asynartete
a.
• Disconnected; not fitted or adjusted.
Asyndetic
a.
• Characterized by the use of asyndeton; not connected by conjunctions.
Asyndeton
n.
(Rhet.) A figure which omits the connective; as, I came, I saw, I conquered. It stands opposed to polysyndeton.
Asystole
n.
(Physiol.) A weakening or cessation of the contractile power of the heart.
Asystolism
n.
• The state or symptoms characteristic of asystole.
At
prep.
• Primarily, this word expresses the relations of presence, nearness in place or time, or direction toward; as, at the ninth hour; at the house; to aim at a mark. It is less definite than in or on; at the house may be in or near the house. From this original import are derived all the various uses of at.
• A relation of proximity to, or of presence in or on, something; as, at the door; at your shop; at home; at school; at hand; at sea and on land.
• The relation of some state or condition; as, at war; at peace; at ease; at your service; at fault; at liberty; at risk; at disadvantage.
• The relation of some employment or action; occupied with; as, at engraving; at husbandry; at play; at work; at meat (eating); except at puns.
• The relation of a point or position in a series, or of degree, rate, or value; as, with the thermometer at 80°; goods sold at a cheap price; a country estimated at 10,000 square miles; life is short at the longest.
• The relations of time, age, or order; as, at ten o'clock; at twenty-one; at once; at first.
• The relations of source, occasion, reason, consequence, or effect; as, at the sight; at this news; merry at anything; at this declaration; at his command; to demand, require, receive, deserve, endure at your hands.
• Relation of direction toward an object or end; as, look at it; to point at one; to aim at a mark; to throw, strike, shoot, wink, mock, laugh at any one.
Atabal
n.
• A kettledrum; a kind of tabor, used by the Moors.
Atacamite
n.
(Min.) An oxychloride of copper, usually in emerald-green prismatic crystals.
Atafter
prep.
• After.
Atake
v. t.
• To overtake.
Ataman
n.
• A hetman, or chief of the Cossacks.
Atavic
a.
• Pertaining to a remote ancestor, or to atavism.
Atavism
n.
• The recurrence, or a tendency to a recurrence, of the original type of a species in the progeny of its varieties; resemblance to remote rather than to near ancestors; reversion to the original form.
(Biol.) The recurrence of any peculiarity or disease of an ancestor in a subsequent generation, after an intermission for a generation or two.
Ataxic
a.
(Med.) Characterized by ataxy, that is, (a) by great irregularity of functions or symptoms, or (b) by a want of coordinating power in movements.
Atazir
n.
(Astron.) The influence of a star upon other stars or upon men.
Ate
• the preterit of Eat.
n.
(Greek. Myth.) The goddess of mischievous folly; also, in later poets, the goddess of vengeance.
Atechnic
a.
• Without technical or artistic knowledge.
Ateles
n.
(Zool.) A genus of American monkeys with prehensile tails, and having the thumb wanting or rudimentary.
Atelier
n.
• A workshop; a studio.
Atellan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Atella, in ancient Italy; as, Atellan plays; farcical; ribald.
n.
• A farcical drama performed at Atella.
Athalamous
a.
(Bot.) Not furnished with shields or beds for the spores, as the thallus of certain lichens.
Athamaunt
n.
• Adamant.
Athanasian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria in the 4th century.
Athanor
n.
• A digesting furnace, formerly used by alchemists. It was so constructed as to maintain uniform and durable heat.
Athecata
n. pl.
(Zool.) A division of Hydroidea in which the zooids are naked, or not inclosed in a capsule.
Atheism
n.
• The disbelief or denial of the existence of a God, or supreme intelligent Being.
• Godlessness.
Atheist
n.
• One who disbelieves or denies the existence of a God, or supreme intelligent Being.
• A godless person.
Atheize
v. t.
• To render atheistic or godless.
v. i.
• To discourse, argue, or act as an atheist.
Atheling
n.
• An Anglo-Saxon prince or nobleman; esp., the heir apparent or a prince of the royal family.
Athenian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Athens, the metropolis of Greece. — n. A native or citizen of Athens.
Atheological
a.
• Opposed to theology; atheistic.
Atheology
n.
• Antagonism to theology.
Atheous
a.
• Atheistic; impious.
• Without God, neither accepting nor denying him.
Atherine
n.
(Zool.) A small marine fish of the family Atherinidae, having a silvery stripe along the sides. The European species (Atherina presbyter) is used as food. The American species (Menidia notata) is called silversides and sand smelt.
Athermancy
n.
• Inability to transmit radiant; impermeability to heat.
Athermanous
a.
(Chem.) Not transmitting heat; — opposed to diathermanous.
Athermous
a.
(Chem.) Athermanous.
Atheroid
a.
• Shaped like an ear of grain.
Atheroma
n.
(Med.) An encysted tumor containing curdy matter.
• A disease characterized by thickening and fatty degeneration of the inner coat of the arteries.
Atheromatous
a.
(Med.) Of, pertaining to, or having the nature of, atheroma.
Athetosis
n.
(Med.) A variety of chorea, marked by peculiar tremors of the fingers and toes.
Athink
v. t.
• To repent; to displease; to disgust.
Athirst
a.
• Wanting drink; thirsty.
• Having a keen appetite or desire; eager; longing.
Athlete
n.
(Antiq.) One who contended for a prize in the public games of ancient Greece or Rome.
• Any one trained to contend in exercises requiring great physical agility and strength; one who has great activity and strength; a champion.
• One fitted for, or skilled in, intellectual contests; as, athletes of debate.
Athletic
a.
• Of or pertaining to athletes or to the exercises practiced by them; as, athletic games or sports.
• Befitting an athlete; strong; muscular; robust; vigorous; as, athletic Celts.
Athleticism
n.
• The practice of engaging in athletic games; athletism.
Athletics
n.
• The art of training by athletic exercises; the games and sports of athletes.
Athletism
n.
• The state or practice of an athlete; the characteristics of an athlete.
Athogen
n.
(Chem.) A compound of nitrogen and boro, which, when heated before the blowpipe, gives a brilliant phosphorescent; boric nitride.
Athrioscope
n.
• An instrument consisting in part of a differential thermometer. It is used for measuring changes of temperature produced by different conditions of the sky, as when clear or clouded.
Athwart
prep.
• Across; from side to side of.
(Naut.) Across the direction or course of; as, a fleet standing athwart our course.
adv.
• 1. Across, especially in an oblique direction; sidewise; obliquely.
• Across the course; so as to thwart; perversely.
Atilt
adv.
• In the manner of a tilter; in the position, or with the action, of one making a thrust.
• In the position of a cask tilted, or with one end raised.
Atimy
n.
(Gr. Antiq.) Public disgrace or stigma; infamy; loss of civil rights.
Atiological
a.
• Pertaining to aetiology; assigning a cause.
Atiology
n.
• The science, doctrine, or demonstration of causes; esp., the investigation of the causes of any disease; the science of the origin and development of things.
• The assignment of a cause.
Atlanta
n.
(Zool.) A genus of small glassy heteropod mollusks found swimming at the surface in mid ocean.
Atlantal
a.
(Anat.) Relating to the atlas.
• Anterior; cephalic.
Atlantean
a.
• Of or pertaining to the isle Atlantis, which the ancients allege was sunk, and overwhelmed by the ocean.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, Atlas; strong.
Atlantes
n. pl.
(Arch.) Figures or half figures of men, used as columns to support an entablature; — called also telamones.
Atlantic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Mt. Atlas in Libya, and hence applied to the ocean which lies between Europe and Africa on the east and America on the west; as, the Atlantic Ocean (called also the Atlantic); the Atlantic basin; the Atlantic telegraph.
• Of or pertaining to the isle of Atlantis.
• Descended from Atlas.
Atlantides
n. pl.
• The Pleiades or seven stars, fabled to have been the daughters of Atlas.
Atlas
n.
• One who sustains a great burden.
(Anat.) The first vertebra of the neck, articulating immediately with the skull, thus sustaining the globe of the head, whence the name.
• A collection of maps in a volume
• A volume of plates illustrating any subject.
• A work in which subjects are exhibited in a tabular from or arrangement; as, an historical atlas.
• A large, square folio, resembling a volume of maps; — called also atlas folio.
• A drawing paper of large size.
n.
• A rich kind of satin manufactured in India.
Atmidometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the evaporation from water, ice, or snow.
Atmo
n.
(Physics) The standard atmospheric pressure used in certain physical measurements calculations; conventionally, that pressure under which the barometer stands at 760 millimeters, at a temperature of 0° Centigrade, at the level of the sea, and in the latitude of Paris.
Atmologist
n.
• One who is versed in atmology.
Atmology
n.
(Physics) That branch of science which treats of the laws and phenomena of aqueous vapor.
Atmolysis
n.
(Chem.) The act or process of separating mingled gases of unequal diffusibility by transmission through porous substances.
Atmolyzation
n.
(Chem.) Separation by atmolysis.
Atmolyze
v. t.
(Chem.) To subject to atmolysis; to separate by atmolysis.
Atmolyzer
n.
(Chem.) An apparatus for effecting atmolysis.
Atmometer
n.
• An instrument for measuring the rate of evaporation from a moist surface; an evaporometer.
Atmosphere
n.
(Physics) The whole mass of aeriform fluid surrounding the earth; — applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body; as, the atmosphere of Mars.
• Any gaseous envelope or medium.
• A supposed medium around various bodies; as, electrical atmosphere, a medium formerly supposed to surround electrical bodies.
• The pressure or weight of the air at the sea level, on a unit of surface, or about 14.7 Ibs. to the sq. inch.
• Any surrounding or pervading influence or condition.
• The portion of air in any locality, or affected by a special physical or sanitary condition; as, the atmosphere of the room; a moist or noxious atmosphere.
Atmospherically
adv.
• In relation to the atmosphere.
Atmospherology
n.
• The science or a treatise on the atmosphere.
Atokous
a.
(Zool.) Producing only asexual individuals, as the eggs of certain annelids.
Atoll
n.
• A coral island or islands, consisting of a belt of coral reef, partly submerged, surrounding a central lagoon or depression; a lagoon island.
Atom
n.
(Physics) An ultimate indivisible particle of matter.
• An ultimate particle of matter not necessarily indivisible; a molecule.
• A constituent particle of matter, or a molecule supposed to be made up of subordinate particles.
(Chem.) The smallest particle of matter that can enter into combination; one of the elementary constituents of a molecule.
• Anything extremely small; a particle; a whit.
v. t.
• To reduce to atoms.
Atomically
adv.
• In an atomic manner; in accordance with the atomic philosophy.
Atomician
n.
• An atomist.
Atomicism
n.
• Atomism.
Atomicity
n.
(Chem.) Degree of atomic attraction; equivalence; valence; also (a later use) the number of atoms in an elementary molecule.
Atomism
n.
• The doctrine of atoms.
Atomist
n.
• One who holds to the atomic philosophy or theory.
Atomistic
a.
• Of or pertaining to atoms; relating to atomism.
Atomization
n.
• The act of reducing to atoms, or very minute particles; or the state of being so reduced.
(Med.) The reduction of fluids into fine spray.
Atomize
v. t.
• To reduce to atoms, or to fine spray.
Atomizer
n.
• One who, or that which, atomizes; esp., an instrument for reducing a liquid to spray for disinfecting, cooling, or perfuming.
Atomology
n.
• The doctrine of atoms.
Atomy
n.
• An atom; a mite; a pigmy.
n.
• A skeleton.
Atonable
a.
• Admitting an atonement; capable of being atoned for; expiable.
Atone
v. t.
• To set at one; to reduce to concord; to reconcile, as parties at variance; to appease.
• To unite in making.
• To make satisfaction for; to expiate.
Atonement
n.
(Literally, a setting at one.) Reconciliation; restoration of friendly relations; agreement; concord.
• Satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent for an injury, or by doing of suffering that which will be received in satisfaction for an offense or injury; expiation; amends; — with for. Specifically, in theology: The expiation of sin made by the obedience, personal suffering, and death of Christ.
Atoner
n.
• One who makes atonement.
Atones
adv.
Atonic
a.
(Med.) Characterized by atony, or want of vital energy; as, an atonic disease.
(Gram.) Unaccented; as, an atonic syllable.
• Destitute of tone vocality; surd.
n.
(Gram.) A word that has no accent.
• An element of speech entirely destitute of vocality, or produced by the breath alone; a nonvocal or surd consonant; a breathing.
(Med.) A remedy capable of allaying organic excitement or irritation.
Atony
n.
(Med.) Want of tone; weakness of the system, or of any organ, especially of such as are contractile.
Atop
adv.
• On or at the top.
Atrabilarian
n.
• A person much given to melancholy; a hypochondriac.
Atrabiliar
a.
• Melancholy; atrabilious.
Atrabiliary
a.
• Of or pertaining to atra bilis or black bile, a fluid formerly supposed to be produced by the kidneys.
• Melancholic or hypohondriac; atrabilious; — from the supposed predominance of black bile, to the influence of which the ancients attributed hypochondria, melancholy, and mania.
Atrabilious
a.
• Melancholic or hypochondriac; atrabiliary.
Atramentaceous
a.
• Black, like ink; inky; atramental.
Atramentarious
a.
• Like ink; suitable for making ink. Sulphate of iron (copperas, green vitriol) is called atramentarious, as being used in making ink.
Atrede
v. t.
• To surpass in council.
Atrenne
v. t.
• To outrun.
Atresia
n.
(Med.) Absence or closure of a natural passage or channel of the body; imperforation.
Atrial
a.
• Of or pertaining to an atrium.
Atrip
adv.
(Naut.) Just hove clear of the ground; -said of the anchor.
• Sheeted home, hoisted taut up and ready for trimming; — said of sails.
• Hoisted up and ready to be swayed across; — said of yards.
Atrium
n.
(Arch.) A square hall lighted from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels.
• An open court with a porch or gallery around three or more sides; especially at the entrance of a basilica or other church. The name was extended in the Middle Ages to the open churchyard or cemetery.
(Anat.) The main part of either auricle of the heart as distinct from the auricular appendix. Also, the whole articular portion of the heart.
(Zool.) A cavity in ascidians into which the intestine and generative ducts open, and which also receives the water from the gills.
Atrocha
n.
(Zool.) A kind of chaetopod larva in which no circles of cilia are developed.
Atrocious
a.
• Extremely heinous; full of enormous wickedness; as, atrocious quilt or deeds.
• Characterized by, or expressing, great atrocity, great atrocity.
• Very grievous or violent; terrible; as, atrocious distempers.
Atrocity
n.
• Enormous wickedness; extreme heinousness or cruelty.
• An atrocious or extremely cruel deed.
Atrophic
a.
• Relating to atrophy.
Atrophied
p. a.
• Affected with atrophy, as a tissue or organ; arrested in development at a very early stage; rudimentary.
Atrophy
n.
• A wasting away from want of nourishment; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the body or of any part.
v. t.
• To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken.
v. i.
• To waste away; to dwindle.
Atropia
n.
• Same as Atropine.
Atropine
n.
(Chem.) A poisonous, white, crystallizable alkaloid, extracted from the Atropa belladonna, or deadly nightshade, and the Datura Stramonium, or thorn apple. It is remarkable for its power in dilating the pupil of the eye. Called also daturine.
Atropism
n.
(Med.) A condition of the system produced by long use of belladonna.
Atropous
a.
(Bot.) Not inverted; orthotropous.
Atrous
a.
• Coal-black; very black.
Atrypa
n.
(Paleon.) A extinct genus of Branchiopoda, very common in Silurian limestones.
Attacca
(Mus.) Attack at once; — a direction at the end of a movement to show that the next is to follow immediately, without any pause.
Attach
v. t.
• To bind, fasten, tie, or connect; to make fast or join; as, to attach one thing to another by a string, by glue, or the like.
• To connect; to place so as to belong; to assign by authority; to appoint; as, an officer is attached to a certain regiment, company, or ship.
• To win the heart of; to connect by ties of love or self-interest; to attract; to fasten or bind by moral influence; — with to; as, attached to a friend; attaching others to us by wealth or flattery.
• To connect, in a figurative sense; to ascribe or attribute; to affix; — with to; as, to attach great importance to a particular circumstance.
• To take, seize, or lay hold of.
• To take by legal authority: (a) To arrest by writ, and bring before a court, as to answer for a debt, or a contempt; — applied to a taking of the person by a civil process; being now rarely used for the arrest of a criminal. (b) To seize or take (goods or real estate) by virtue of a writ or precept to hold the same to satisfy a judgment which may be rendered in the suit.
v. i.
• To adhere; to be attached.
• To come into legal operation in connection with anything; to vest; as, dower will attach.
n.
• An attachment.
Attachable
a.
• Capable of being attached; esp., liable to be taken by writ or precept.
Attache
n.
• One attached to another person or thing, as a part of a suite or staff. Specifically: One attached to an embassy.
Attachment
n.
• The act attaching, or state of being attached; close adherence or affection; fidelity; regard; an passion of affection that binds a person; as, an attachment to a friend, or to a party.
• That by which one thing is attached to another; connection; as, to cut the attachments of a muscle.
• Something attached; some adjunct attached to an instrument, machine, or other object; as, a sewing machine attachment (i. e., a device attached to a sewing machine to enable it to do special work, as tucking, etc.).
(Giv. Law) A seizure or taking into custody by virtue of a legal process.
• The writ or percept commanding such seizure or taking.
Attack
v. t.
• To fall upon with force; to assail, as with force and arms; to assault.
• To assail with unfriendly speech or writing; to begin a controversy with; to attempt to overthrow or bring into disrepute, by criticism or satire; to censure; as, to attack a man, or his opinions, in a pamphlet.
• To set to work upon, as upon a task or problem, or some object of labor or investigation.
• To begin to affect; to begin to act upon, injuriously or destructively; to begin to decompose or waste.
v. i.
• To make an onset or attack.
n.
• The act of attacking, or falling on with force or violence; an onset; an assault; — opposed to defense.
• An assault upon one's feelings or reputation with unfriendly or bitter words.
• A setting to work upon some task, etc.
• An access of disease; a fit of sickness.
• The beginning of corrosive, decomposing, or destructive action, by a chemical agent.
Attackable
a.
• Capable of being attacked.
Attacker
n.
• One who attacks.
Attain
v. t.
• To achieve or accomplish, that is, to reach by efforts; to gain; to compass; as, to attain rest.
• To gain or obtain possession of; to acquire.
• To get at the knowledge of; to ascertain.
• To reach or come to, by progression or motion; to arrive at.
• To overtake.
• To reach in excellence or degree; to equal.
v. i.
• To come or arrive, by motion, growth, bodily exertion, or efforts toward a place, object, state, etc.; to reach.
• To come or arrive, by an effort of mind.
n.
• Attainment.
Attainability
n.
• The quality of being attainable; attainbleness.
Attainable
a.
• Capable of being attained or reached by efforts of the mind or body; capable of being compassed or accomplished by efforts directed to the object.
• Obtainable.
Attainableness
n.
• The quality of being attainable; attainability.
Attainder
n.
• The act of attainting, or the state of being attainted; the extinction of the civil rights and capacities of a person, consequent upon sentence of death or outlawry; as, an act of attainder.
• A stain or staining; state of being in dishonor or condemnation.
Attainment
n.
• The act of attaining; the act of arriving at or reaching; hence, the act of obtaining by efforts.
• That which is attained to, or obtained by exertion; acquirement; acquisition; (pl.), mental acquirements; knowledge; as, literary and scientific attainments.
Attaint
v. t.
• To attain; to get act; to hit.
(Old Law) To find guilty; to convict; — said esp. of a jury on trial for giving a false verdict.
(Law) To subject (a person) to the legal condition formerly resulting from a sentence of death or outlawry, pronounced in respect of treason or felony; to affect by attainder.
• To accuse; to charge with a crime or a dishonorable act.
• To affect or infect, as with physical or mental disease or with moral contagion; to taint or corrupt.
• To stain; to obscure; to sully; to disgrace; to cloud with infamy.
p. p.
• Attainted; corrupted.
n.
• A touch or hit.
(Far.) A blow or wound on the leg of a horse, made by overreaching.
(Law) A writ which lies after judgment, to inquire whether a jury has given a false verdict in any court of record; also, the convicting of the jury so tried.
• A stain or taint; disgrace.
• An infecting influence.
Attaintment
n.
• Attainder; attainture; conviction.
Attainture
n.
• Attainder; disgrace.
Attal
n.
• Same as Attle.
Attame
v. t.
• To pierce; to attack.
• To broach; to begin.
Attaminate
v. t.
• To corrupt; to defile; to contaminate.
Attar
n.
• A fragrant essential oil; esp., a volatile and highly fragrant essential oil obtained from the petals of roses.
Attask
v. t.
• To take to task; to blame.
Attaste
v. t.
• To taste or cause to taste.
Atte
• At the.
Attemper
v. t.
• To reduce, modify, or moderate, by mixture; to temper; to regulate, as temperature.
• To soften, mollify, or moderate; to soothe; to temper; as, to attemper rigid justice with clemency.
• To mix in just proportion; to regulate; as, a mind well attempered with kindness and justice.
• To accommodate; to make suitable; to adapt.
Attemperament
n.
• A tempering, or mixing in due proportion.
Attemperance
n.
• Temperance; attemperament.
Attemperate
a.
• Tempered; proportioned; properly adapted.
v. t.
• To attemper.
Attemperation
n.
• The act of attempering or regulating.
Attemperly
adv.
• Temperately.
Attemperment
n.
• Attemperament.
Attempt
v. t.
• To make trial or experiment of; to try; to endeavor to do or perform (some action); to assay; as, to attempt to sing; to attempt a bold flight.
• To try to move, by entreaty, by afflictions, or by temptations; to tempt.
• To try to win, subdue, or overcome; as, one who attempts the virtue of a woman.
• To attack; to make an effort or attack upon; to try to take by force; as, to attempt the enemy's camp.
v. i.
• To make an attempt; — with upon.
n.
• A essay, trial, or endeavor; an undertaking; an attack, or an effort to gain a point; esp. an unsuccessful, as contrasted with a successful, effort.
Attemptable
a.
• Capable of being attempted, tried, or attacked.
Attempter
n.
• One who attempts; one who essays anything.
• An assailant; also, a temper.
Attemptive
a.
• Disposed to attempt; adventurous.
Attend
v. t.
• To direct the attention to; to fix the mind upon; to give heed to; to regard.
• To care for; to look after; to take charge of; to watch over.
• To go or stay with, as a companion, nurse, or servant; to visit professionally, as a physician; to accompany or follow in order to do service; to escort; to wait on; to serve.
• To be present with; to accompany; to be united or consequent to; as, a measure attended with ill effects.
• To be present at; as, to attend church, school, a concert, a business meeting.
• To wait for; to await; to remain, abide, or be in store for.
v. i.
• To apply the mind, or pay attention, with a view to perceive, understand, or comply; to pay regard; to heed; to listen; — usually followed by to.
• To accompany or be present or near at hand, in pursuance of duty; to be ready for service; to wait or be in waiting; — often followed by on or upon.
(with to) To take charge of; to look after; as, to attend to a matter of business.
• To wait; to stay; to delay.
Attendance
n.
• Attention; regard; careful application.
• The act of attending; state of being in waiting; service; ministry; the fact of being present; presence.
• Waiting for; expectation.
• The persons attending; a retinue; attendants.
Attendancy
n.
• The quality of attending or accompanying; attendance; an attendant.
Attendant
a.
• Being present, or in the train; accompanying; in waiting.
• Accompanying, connected with, or immediately following, as consequential; consequent; as, intemperance with all its attendant evils.
(Law) Depending on, or owing duty or service to; as, the widow attendant to the heir.
n.
• One who attends or accompanies in any character whatever, as a friend, companion, servant, agent, or suitor.
• One who is present and takes part in the proceedings; as, an attendant at a meeting.
• That which accompanies; a concomitant.
(Law) One who owes duty or service to, or depends on, another.
Attendement
n.
• Intent.
Attender
n.
• One who, or that which, attends.
Attendment
n.
• An attendant circumstance.
Attent
a.
• Attentive; heedful.
n.
• Attention; heed.
Attention
n.
• The act or state of attending or heeding; the application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thought; notice; exclusive or special consideration; earnest consideration, thought, or regard; obedient or affectionate heed; the supposed power or faculty of attending.
• An act of civility or courtesy; care for the comfort and pleasure of others; as, attentions paid to a stranger.
Attentive
a.
• Heedful; intent; observant; regarding with care or attention.
• Heedful of the comfort of others; courteous.
Attently
adv.
• Attentively.
Attenuant
a.
• Making thin, as fluids; diluting; rendering less dense and viscid; diluent.
n.
(Med.) A medicine that thins or dilutes the fluids; a diluent.
Attenuate
v. t.
• To make thin or slender, as by mechanical or chemical action upon inanimate objects, or by the effects of starvation, disease, etc., upon living bodies.
• To make thin or less consistent; to render less viscid or dense; to rarefy. Specifically: To subtilize, as the humors of the body, or to break them into finer parts.
• To lessen the amount, force, or value of; to make less complex; to weaken.
v. i.
• To become thin, slender, or fine; to grow less; to lessen.
Attenuation
n.
• The act or process of making slender, or the state of being slender; emaciation.
• The act of attenuating; the act of making thin or less dense, or of rarefying, as fluids or gases.
• The process of weakening in intensity; diminution of virulence; as, the attenuation of virus.
Atter
n.
• Poison; venom; corrupt matter from a sore.
Attercop
n.
• A spider.
• A peevish, ill-natured person.
Atterrate
v. t.
• To fill up with alluvial earth.
Atterration
n.
• The act of filling up with earth, or of forming land with alluvial earth.
Attest
v. t.
• To bear witness to; to certify; to affirm to be true or genuine; as, to attest the truth of a writing, a copy of record.
• To give proof of; to manifest; as, the ruins of Palmyra attest its ancient magnificence.
• To call to witness; to invoke.
n.
• Witness; testimony; attestation.
Attestation
n.
• The act of attesting; testimony; witness; a solemn or official declaration, verbal or written, in support of a fact; evidence. The truth appears from the attestation of witnesses, or of the proper officer. The subscription of a name to a writing as a witness, is an attestation.
Attestative
a.
• Of the nature of attestation.
Attestive
a.
• Attesting; furnishing evidence.
Attic
a.
• Of or pertaining to Attica, in Greece, or to Athens, its principal city; marked by such qualities as were characteristic of the Athenians; classical; refined.
n.
(Arch.) A low story above the main order or orders of a facade, in the classical styles; — a term introduced in the 17th century. Hence:
• A room or rooms behind that part of the exterior; all the rooms immediately below the roof.
• An Athenian; an Athenian author.
Attical
a.
• Attic.
Atticism
n.
• A favoring of, or attachment to, the Athenians.
• The style and idiom of the Greek language, used by the Athenians; a concise and elegant expression.
Atticize
v. t.
• To conform or make conformable to the language, customs, etc., of Attica.
v. i.
• To side with the Athenians.
• To use the Attic idiom or style; to conform to the customs or modes of thought of the Athenians.
Attiguous
a.
• Touching; bordering; contiguous.
n.
Attinge
v. t.
• To touch lightly.
Attire
v. t.
• To dress; to array; to adorn; esp., to clothe with elegant or splendid garments.
n.
• Dress; clothes; headdress; anything which dresses or adorns; esp., ornamental clothing.
• The antlers, or antlers and scalp, of a stag or buck.
(Bot.) The internal parts of a flower, included within the calyx and the corolla.
Attired
p. p.
(Her.) Provided with antlers, as a stag.
Attirement
n.
• Attire; adornment.
Attirer
n.
• One who attires.
Attitude
n.
(Paint. & Sculp.) The posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue.
• The posture or position of a person or an animal, or the manner in which the parts of his body are disposed; position assumed or studied to serve a purpose; as, a threatening attitude; an attitude of entreaty.
• Fig.: Position as indicating action, feeling, or mood; as, in times of trouble let a nation preserve a firm attitude; one's mental attitude in respect to religion.
Attitudinal
a.
• Relating to attitude.
Attitudinarian
n.
• One who attitudinizes; a posture maker.
Attitudinarianism
n.
• A practicing of attitudes; posture making.
Attitudinize
v. i.
• To assume affected attitudes; to strike an attitude; to pose.
Attitudinizer
n
• One who practices attitudes.
Attle
n.
(Mining) Rubbish or refuse consisting of broken rock containing little or no ore.
Attollent
a.
• Lifting up; raising; as, an attollent muscle.
Attonce
adv.
• At once; together.
Attorn
v. i.
(Feudal Law) To turn, or transfer homage and service, from one lord to another. This is the act of feudatories, vassals, or tenants, upon the alienation of the estate.
(Modern Law) To agree to become tenant to one to whom reversion has been granted.
Attorney
n.
• A substitute; a proxy; an agent.
(Law) One who is legally appointed by another to transact any business for him; an attorney in fact.
• A legal agent qualified to act for suitors and defendants in legal proceedings; an attorney at law.
v. t.
• To perform by proxy; to employ as a proxy.
Attorneyism
n.
• The practice or peculiar cleverness of attorneys.
Attorneyship
n.
• The office or profession of an attorney; agency for another.
Attornment
n.
(Law) The act of a feudatory, vassal, or tenant, by which he consents, upon the alienation of an estate, to receive a new lord or superior, and transfers to him his homage and service; the agreement of a tenant to acknowledge the purchaser of the estate as his landlord.
Attract
v. t.
• To draw to, or cause to tend to; esp. to cause to approach, adhere, or combine; or to cause to resist divulsion, separation, or decomposition.
• To draw by influence of a moral or emotional kind; to engage or fix, as the mind, attention, etc.; to invite or allure; as, to attract admirers.
n.
• Attraction.
Attractability
n.
• The quality or fact of being attractable.
Attractable
a.
• Capable of being attracted; subject to attraction.
Attracter
n.
• One who, or that which, attracts.
Attractile
a.
• Having power to attract.
Attracting
a.
• That attracts.
Attraction
n.
(Physics) An invisible power in a body by which it draws anything to itself; the power in nature acting mutually between bodies or ultimate particles, tending to draw them together, or to produce their cohesion or combination, and conversely resisting separation.
• The act or property of attracting; the effect of the power or operation of attraction.
• The power or act of alluring, drawing to, inviting, or engaging; an attractive quality; as, the attraction of beauty or eloquence.
• That which attracts; an attractive object or feature.
Attractive
a.
• Having the power or quality of attracting or drawing; as, the attractive force of bodies.
• Attracting or drawing by moral influence or pleasurable emotion; alluring; inviting; pleasing.
n.
• That which attracts or draws; an attraction; an allurement.
Attractivity
n.
• The quality or degree of attractive power.
Attractor
n.
• One who, or that which, attracts.
Attrahent
a.
• Attracting; drawing; attractive.
n.
• That which attracts, as a magnet.
(Med.) A substance which, by irritating the surface, excites action in the part to which it is applied, as a blister, an epispastic, a sinapism.
Attrap
v. t.
• To entrap; to insnare.
v. t.
• To adorn with trapping; to array.
Attrectation
n.
• Frequent handling or touching.
Attributable
a.
• Capable of being attributed; ascribable; imputable.
Attribute
v. t.
• To ascribe; to consider (something) as due or appropriate (to); to refer, as an effect to a cause; to impute; to assign; to consider as belonging (to).
n.
• That which is attributed; a quality which is considered as belonging to, or inherent in, a person or thing; an essential or necessary property or characteristic.
• Reputation.
(Paint. & Sculp.) A conventional symbol of office, character, or identity, added to any particular figure; as, a club is the attribute of Hercules.
(Gram.) Quality, etc., denoted by an attributive; an attributive adjunct or adjective.
Attribution
n.
• The act of attributing or ascribing, as a quality, character, or function, to a thing or person, an effect to a cause.
• That which is ascribed or attributed.
Attributive
a.
• Attributing; pertaining to, expressing, or assigning an attribute; of the nature of an attribute.
n.
(Gram.) A word that denotes an attribute; esp. a modifying word joined to a noun; an adjective or adjective phrase.
Attributively
adv.
• In an attributive manner.
Attrite
a.
• Rubbed; worn by friction.
(Theol.) Repentant from fear of punishment; having attrition of grief for sin; — opposed to contrite.
Attrition
n.
• The act of rubbing together; friction; the act of wearing by friction, or by rubbing substances together; abrasion.
• The state of being worn.
(Theol.) Grief for sin arising only from fear of punishment or feelings of shame.
Attry
a.
• Poisonous; malignant; malicious.
Attune
v. t.
• To tune or put in tune; to make melodious; to adjust, as one sound or musical instrument to another; as, to attune the voice to a harp.
• To arrange fitly; to make accordant.
Atwain
adv.
• In twain; asunder.
Atween
adv. or prep
• Between.
Atwirl
a. & adv.
• Twisted; distorted; awry.
Atwite
v. t.
• To speak reproachfully of; to twit; to upbraid.
Atwixt
adv.
• Betwixt.
Atwo
adv.
• In two; in twain; asunder.
Aubade
n.
• An open air concert in the morning, as distinguished from an evening serenade; also, a pianoforte composition suggestive of morning.
Aubaine
n.
• Succession to the goods of a stranger not naturalized.
Aube
n.
• An alb.
Auberge
n.
• An inn.
Aubin
n.
• A broken gait of a horse, between an amble and a gallop; — commonly called a Canterbury gallop.
Auburn
a.
• Flaxen-colored.
• Reddish brown.
Auchenium
n.
(Zool.) The part of the neck nearest the back.
Auctary
n.
• That which is superadded; augmentation.
Auction
n.
• A public sale of property to the highest bidder, esp. by a person licensed and authorized for the purpose; a vendue.
• The things sold by auction or put up to auction.
v. t.
• To sell by auction.
Auctionary
a.
• Of or pertaining to an auction or an auctioneer.
Auctioneer
n.
• A person who sells by auction; a person whose business it is to dispose of goods or lands by public sale to the highest or best bidder.
v. t.
• To sell by auction; to auction.
Aucupation
n.
• Birdcatching; fowling.
Audacious
a.
• Daring; spirited; adventurous.
• Contemning the restraints of law, religion, or decorum; bold in wickedness; presumptuous; impudent; insolent.
• Committed with, or proceedings from, daring effrontery or contempt of law, morality, or decorum.
Audaciously
adv.
• In an audacious manner; with excess of boldness; impudently.
Audaciousness
n.
• The quality of being audacious; impudence; audacity.
Audacity
n.
• Daring spirit, resolution, or confidence; venturesomeness.
• Reckless daring; presumptuous impudence; — implying a contempt of law or moral restraints.
Audibility
n.
• The quality of being audible; power of being heard; audible capacity.
Audible
a.
• Capable of being heard; loud enough to be heard; actually heard; as, an audible voice or whisper.
n.
• That which may be heard.
Audibleness
n.
• The quality of being audible.
Audibly
adv.
• So as to be heard.
Audience
n.
• The act of hearing; attention to sounds.
• Admittance to a hearing; a formal interview, esp. with a sovereign or the head of a government, for conference or the transaction of business.
• An auditory; an assembly of hearers. Also applied by authors to their readers.
Audient
a.
• Listening; paying attention; as, audient souls.
n.
• A hearer; especially a catechumen in the early church.
Audiometer
n.
(Acous.) An instrument by which the power of hearing can be gauged and recorded on a scale.
Audiphone
n.
• An instrument which, placed against the teeth, conveys sound to the auditory nerve and enables the deaf to hear more or less distinctly; a dentiphone.
Audit
n.
• An audience; a hearing.
• An examination in general; a judicial examination.
• The result of such an examination, or an account as adjusted by auditors; final account.
• A general receptacle or receiver.
v. t.
• To examine and adjust, as an account or accounts; as, to audit the accounts of a treasure, or of parties who have a suit depending in court.
v. i.
• To settle or adjust an account.
Audition
n.
• The act of hearing or listening; hearing.
Auditive
a.
• Of or pertaining to hearing; auditory.
Auditor
n.
• A hearer or listener.
• A person appointed and authorized to audit or examine an account or accounts, compare the charges with the vouchers, examine the parties and witnesses, allow or reject charges, and state the balance.
• One who hears judicially, as in an audience court.
Auditorial
a.
• Auditory.
Auditorium
n.
• The part of a church, theater, or other public building, assigned to the audience.
Auditorship
n.
• The office or function of auditor.
Auditory
a.
• Of or pertaining to hearing, or to the sense or organs of hearing; as, the auditory nerve.
n.
• An assembly of hearers; an audience.
• An auditorium.
Auditress
n.
• A female hearer.
Auditual
a.
• Auditory.
Auf
n.
• A changeling or elf child, — that is, one left by fairies; a deformed or foolish child; a simpleton; an oaf.
Augean
a.
(Class. Myth.) Of or pertaining to Augeus, king of Elis, whose stable contained 3000 oxen, and had not been cleaned for 30 years. Hercules cleansed it in a single day.
• Hence: Exceedingly filthy or corrupt.
Auger
n.
• A carpenter's tool for boring holes larger than those bored by a gimlet. It has a handle placed crosswise by which it is turned with both hands. A pod auger is one with a straight channel or groove, like the half of a bean pod. A screw auger has a twisted blade, by the spiral groove of which the chips are discharge.
• An instrument for boring or perforating soils or rocks, for determining the quality of soils, or the nature of the rocks or strata upon which they lie, and for obtaining water.
Auget
n.
(Mining) A priming tube connecting the charge chamber with the gallery, or place where the slow match is applied.
Aught
n.
• Anything; any part.
adv.
• At all; in any degree.
Augite
n.
• A variety of pyroxene, usually of a black or dark green color, occurring in igneous rocks, such as basalt; — also used instead of the general term pyroxene.
Augitic
a.
• Pertaining to, or like, augite; containing augite as a principal constituent; as, augitic rocks.
Augment
v. t.
• To enlarge or increase in size, amount, or degree; to swell; to make bigger; as, to augment an army by reeforcements; rain augments a stream; impatience augments an evil.
(Gram.) To add an augment to.
v. i.
• To increase; to grow larger, stronger, or more intense; as, a stream augments by rain.
n.
• Enlargement by addition; increase.
(Gram.) A vowel prefixed, or a lengthening of the initial vowel, to mark past time, as in Greek and Sanskrit verbs.
Augmentable
a.
• Capable of augmentation.
Augmentation
n.
• The act or process of augmenting, or making larger, by addition, expansion, or dilation; increase.
• The state of being augmented; enlargement.
• The thing added by way of enlargement.
(Her.) A additional charge to a coat of arms, given as a mark of honor.
(Med.) The stage of a disease in which the symptoms go on increasing.
(Mus.) In counterpoint and fugue, a repetition of the subject in tones of twice the original length.
Augmentative
a.
• Having the quality or power of augmenting; expressing augmentation.
n.
(Gram.) A word which expresses with augmented force the idea or the properties of the term from which it is derived; as, dullard, one very dull. Opposed to diminutive.
Augmenter
n.
• One who, or that which, augments or increases anything.
Augur
n.
(Rom. Antiq.) An official diviner who foretold events by the singing, chattering, flight, and feeding of birds, or by signs or omens derived from celestial phenomena, certain appearances of quadrupeds, or unusual occurrences.
• One who foretells events by omens; a soothsayer; a diviner; a prophet.
v. i.
• To conjecture from signs or omens; to prognosticate; to foreshow.
• To anticipate, to foretell, or to indicate a favorable or an unfavorable issue; as, to augur well or ill.
v. t.
• To predict or foretell, as from signs or omens; to betoken; to presage; to infer.
Augural
a.
• Of or pertaining to augurs or to augury; betokening; ominous; significant; as, an augural staff; augural books.
Augurate
v. t. & i.
• To make or take auguries; to augur; to predict.
n.
• The office of an augur.
Auguration
n.
• The practice of augury.
Augurer
n.
• An augur.
Augurial
a.
• Relating to augurs or to augury.
Augurist
n.
• An augur.
Augurous
a.
• Full of augury; foreboding.
Augurship
n.
• The office, or period of office, of an augur.
Augury
n.
• The art or practice of foretelling events by observing the actions of birds, etc.; divination.
• An omen; prediction; prognostication; indication of the future; presage.
• A rite, ceremony, or observation of an augur.
August
a.
• Of a quality inspiring mingled admiration and reverence; having an aspect of solemn dignity or grandeur; sublime; majestic; having exalted birth, character, state, or authority.
n.
• The eighth month of the year, containing thirty-one days.
Augustan
a.
• Of or pertaining to Augustus Caesar or to his times.
• Of or pertaining to the town of Augsburg.
Augustinian
a.
• Of or pertaining to St. Augustine, bishop of Hippo in Northern Africa (b. 354 — d. 430), or to his doctrines.
n.
• One of a class of divines, who, following St. Augustine, maintain that grace by its nature is effectual absolutely and creatively, not relatively and conditionally.
Augustly
adv.
• In an august manner.
Augustness
n.
• The quality of being august; dignity of mien; grandeur; magnificence.
Auk
n.
(Zool.) A name given to various species of arctic sea birds of the family Alcidae. The great auk, now extinct, is Alca (or Plautus) impennis. The razor-billed auk is A. torda.
Aularian
a.
• Relating to a hall.
n.
• At Oxford, England, a member of a hall, distinguished from a collegian.
Auld
a.
• Old; as, Auld Reekie (old smoky), i. e., Edinburgh.
Auletic
a.
• Of or pertaining to a pipe (flute) or piper.
Aulic
a.
• Pertaining to a royal court.
n.
• The ceremony observed in conferring the degree of doctor of divinity in some European universities. It begins by a harangue of the chancellor addressed to the young doctor, who then receives the cap, and presides at the disputation (also called the aulic).
Aum
n.
• Same as Aam.
Aumail
v. t.
• To figure or variegate.
Aumbry
n.
• Same as Ambry.
Aumery
n.
• A form of Ambry, a closet; but confused with Almonry, as if a place for alms.
Auncel
n.
• A rude balance for weighing, and a kind of weight, formerly used in England.
Auncetry
n.
• Ancestry.
Aune
n.
• A French cloth measure, of different parts of the country (at Paris, 0.95 of an English ell); — now superseded by the meter.
Aunt
n.
• The sister of one's father or mother; — correlative to nephew or niece. Also applied to an uncle's wife.
• An old woman; and old gossip.
• A bawd, or a prostitute.
Auntrous
a.
• Adventurous.
Auntter
n.
• Adventure; hap.
Aura
n.
• Any subtile, invisible emanation, effluvium, or exhalation from a substance, as the aroma of flowers, the odor of the blood, a supposed fertilizing emanation from the pollen of flowers, etc.
(Med.) The peculiar sensation, as of a light vapor, or cold air, rising from the trunk or limbs towards the head, a premonitory symptom of epilepsy or hysterics.
Aural
a.
• Of or pertaining to the air, or to an aura.
a.
• Of or pertaining to the ear; as, aural medicine and surgery.
Aurantiaceous
a.
• Pertaining to, or resembling, the Aurantiaceae, an order of plants (formerly considered natural), of which the orange is the type.
Aurate
n.
(Chem.) A combination of auric acid with a base; as, aurate or potassium.
Aurated
a.
• Resembling or containing gold; gold-colored; gilded.
(Chem.) Combined with auric acid.
a.
• Having ears.
Aureate
a.
• Golden; gilded.
Aurelia
n.
(Zool.) The chrysalis, or pupa of an insect, esp. when reflecting a brilliant golden color, as that of some of the butterflies.
• A genus of jellyfishes.
Aurelian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the aurelia.
n.
• An amateur collector and breeder of insects, esp. of butterflies and moths; a lepidopterist.
Auric
a.
• Of or pertaining to gold.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, gold; — said of those compounds of gold in which this element has its higher valence; as, auric oxide; auric chloride.
Aurichalceous
a.
(Zool.) Brass-colored.
Aurichalcite
n.
(Min.) A hydrous carbonate of copper and zinc, found in pale green or blue crystalline aggregations. It yields a kind of brass on reduction.
Auricle
n.
(Anat.) The external ear, or that part of the ear which is prominent from the head.
• The chamber, or one of the two chambers, of the heart, by which the blood is received and transmitted to the ventricle or ventricles; — so called from its resemblance to the auricle or external ear of some quadrupeds.
(Zool.) An angular or ear-shaped lobe.
• An instrument applied to the ears to give aid in hearing; a kind of ear trumpet.
Auricled
a.
• Having ear-shaped appendages or lobes; auriculate; as, auricled leaves.
Auricula
n.
(Bot.) A species of Primula, or primrose, called also, from the shape of its leaves, bear's-ear.
• A species of Hirneola (H. auricula), a membranaceous fungus, called also auricula Judae, or Jew's-ear.
(Zool.) A genus of air-breathing mollusks mostly found near the sea, where the water is brackish
• One of the five arched processes of the shell around the jaws of a sea urchin.
Auricular
a.
• Of or pertaining to the ear, or to the sense of hearing; as, auricular nerves.
• Told in the ear, i. e., told privately; as, auricular confession to the priest.
• Recognized by the ear; known by the sense of hearing; as, auricular evidence.
• Received by the ear; known by report.
(Anat.) Pertaining to the auricles of the heart.
Auricularia
n. pl.
(Zool.) A kind of holothurian larva, with soft, blunt appendages.
Auricularly
adv.
• In an auricular manner.
Auriculars
n. pl.
(Zool.) A circle of feathers surrounding the opening of the ear of birds.
Auriferous
a.
• Gold-bearing; containing or producing gold.
Auriform
a.
• Having the form of the human ear; ear-shaped.
Auriga
n.
(Anat.) The Charioteer, or Wagoner, a constellation in the northern hemisphere, situated between Perseus and Gemini. It contains the bright star Capella.
Aurigal
a.
• Of or pertaining to a chariot.
Aurigation
n.
• The act of driving a chariot or a carriage.
Aurigraphy
n.
• The art of writing with or in gold.
Aurin
n.
(Chem.) A red coloring matter derived from phenol; — called also, in commerce, yellow coralin.
Auriphrygiate
a.
• Embroidered or decorated with gold.
Auriscalp
n.
• An earpick.
Auriscope
n.
(Med.) An instrument for examining the condition of the ear.
Auriscopy
n.
• Examination of the ear by the aid of the auriscope.
Aurist
n.
• One skilled in treating and curing disorders of the ear.
Aurited
a.
(Zool.) Having lobes like the ear; auriculate.
Aurivorous
a.
• Gold-devouring.
Aurocephalous
a.
(Zool.) Having a gold-colored head.
Aurochloride
n.
(Chem.) The trichloride of gold combination with the chloride of another metal, forming a double chloride; — called also chloraurate.
Aurochs
n.
(Zool.) The European bison (Bison bonasus, or Europaeus), once widely distributed, but now nearly extinct, except where protected in the Lithuanian forests, and perhaps in the Caucasus. It is distinct from the Urus of Caesar, with which it has often been confused.
Aurocyanide
n.
(Chem.) A double cyanide of gold and some other metal or radical; — called also cyanaurate.
Aurora
n.
• The rising light of the morning; the dawn of day; the redness of the sky just before the sun rises.
• The rise, dawn, or beginning.
(Class. Myth.) The Roman personification of the dawn of day; the goddess of the morning. The poets represented her a rising out of the ocean, in a chariot, with rosy fingers dropping gentle dew.
(Bot.) A species of crowfoot.
• The aurora borealis or aurora australis (northern or southern lights).
Auroral
a.
• Belonging to, or resembling, the aurora (the dawn or the northern lights); rosy.
Aurous
a.
• Containing gold.
(Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, gold; — said of those compounds of gold in which this element has its lower valence; as, aurous oxide.
Aurum
n.
• Gold.
Auscult
v. i. & t.
• To auscultate.
Auscultate
v. i. & t.
• To practice auscultation; to examine by auscultation.
Auscultation
n.
• The act of listening or hearkening to.
(Med.) An examination by listening either directly with the ear (immediate auscultation) applied to parts of the body, as the abdomen; or with the stethoscope (mediate ~), in order to distinguish sounds recognized as a sign of health or of disease.
Auscultator
n.
• One who practices auscultation.
Auscultatory
a.
• Of or pertaining to auscultation.
Ausonian
a.
• Italian.
Auspicate
a.
• Auspicious.
v. t.
• To foreshow; to foretoken.
• To give a favorable turn to in commencing; to inaugurate; — a sense derived from the Roman practice of taking the auspicium, or inspection of birds, before undertaking any important business.
Auspice
n.
• A divining or taking of omens by observing birds; an omen as to an undertaking, drawn from birds; an augury; an omen or sign in general; an indication as to the future.
• Protection; patronage and care; guidance.
Auspicial
a.
• Of or pertaining to auspices; auspicious.
Auspicious
a.
• Having omens or tokens of a favorable issue; giving promise of success, prosperity, or happiness; predicting good; as, an auspicious beginning.
• Prosperous; fortunate; as, auspicious years.
• Favoring; favorable; propitious; — applied to persons or things.
Auster
n.
• The south wind.
Austere
• Sour and astringent; rough to the state; having acerbity; as, an austere crab apple; austere wine.
• Severe in modes of judging, or living, or acting; rigid; rigorous; stern; as, an austere man, look, life.
• Unadorned; unembellished; severely simple.
Austerely
adv.
• Severely; rigidly; sternly.
Austereness
n.
• Harshness or astringent sourness to the taste; acerbity.
• Severity; strictness; austerity.
Austerity
n.
• Sourness and harshness to the taste.
• Severity of manners or life; extreme rigor or strictness; harsh discipline.
• Plainness; freedom from adornment; severe simplicity.
Austin
a.
• Augustinian; as, Austin friars.
Austral
a.
• Southern; lying or being in the south; as, austral land; austral ocean.
Australasian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Australasia; as, Australasian regions.
n.
• A native or an inhabitant of Australasia.
Australian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Australia.
n.
• A native or an inhabitant of Australia.
Australize
v. i.
• To tend toward the south pole, as a magnet.
Austrian
a.
• Of or pertaining to Austria, or to its inhabitants.
n.
• A native or an inhabitant of Austria.
Austrine
n.
• Southern; southerly; austral.
Austromancy
n.
• Soothsaying, or prediction of events, from observation of the winds.
Autarchy
n.
• Self-sufficiency.
Authentic
a.
• Having a genuine original or authority, in opposition to that which is false, fictitious, counterfeit, or apocryphal; being what it purports to be; genuine; not of doubtful origin; real; as, an authentic paper or register.
• Authoritative.
• Of approved authority; true; trustworthy; credible; as, an authentic writer; an authentic portrait; authentic information.
(Law) Vested with all due formalities, and legally attested.
(Mus.) Having as immediate relation to the tonic, in distinction from plagal, which has a correspondent relation to the dominant in the octave below the tonic.
n.
• An original (book or document).
Authentical
a.
• Authentic.
Authentically
adv.
• In an authentic manner; with the requisite or genuine authority.
Authenticalness
n.
• The quality of being authentic; authenticity.
Authenticate
v. t.
• To render authentic; to give authority to, by the proof, attestation, or formalities required by law, or sufficient to entitle to credit.
• To prove authentic; to determine as real and true; as, to authenticate a portrait.
Authenticity
n.
• The quality of being authentic or of established authority for truth and correctness.
• Genuineness; the quality of being genuine or not corrupted from the original.
Authenticly
adv.
• Authentically.
Authenticness
n.
• The quality of being authentic; authenticity.
Authentics
n.
(Ciwil Law) A collection of the Novels or New Constitutions of Justinian, by an anonymous author; — so called on account of its authencity.
Author
n.
• The beginner, former, or first mover of anything; hence, the efficient cause of a thing; a creator; an originator.
• One who composes or writers a book; a composer, as distinguished from an editor, translator, or compiler.
• The editor of a periodical.
• An informant.
v. t.
• To occasion; to originate.
• To tell; to say; to declare.
Authoress
n.
• A female author.
Authorial
a.
• Of or pertaining to an author.
Authorism
n.
• Authoriship.
Authoritative
a.
• Having, or proceeding from, due authority; entitled to obedience, credit, or acceptance; determinate; commanding.
• Having an air of authority; positive; dictatorial; peremptory; as, an authoritative tone.
Authority
n.
• Legal or rightful power; a right to command or to act; power exercised buy a person in virtue of his office or trust; dominion; jurisdiction; authorization; as, the authority of a prince over subjects, and of parents over children; the authority of a court.
• Government; the persons or the body exercising power or command; as, the local authorities of the States; the military authorities.
• The power derived from opinion, respect, or esteem; influence of character, office, or station, or mental or moral superiority, and the like; claim to be believed or obeyed; as, an historian of no authority; a magistrate of great authority.
• That which, or one who, is claimed or appealed to in support of opinions, actions, measures, etc.
• Testimony; witness.
• A precedent; a decision of a court, an official declaration, or an opinion, saying, or statement worthy to be taken as a precedent.
• A book containing such a statement or opinion, or the author of the book.
• Justification; warrant.
Authorizable
a.
• Capable of being authorized.
Authorization
n.
• The act of giving authority or legal power; establishment by authority; sanction or warrant.
Authorize
v. t.
• To clothe with authority, warrant, or legal power; to give a right to act; to empower; as, to authorize commissioners to settle a boundary.
• To make legal; to give legal sanction to; to legalize; as, to authorize a marriage.
• To establish by authority, as by usage or public opinion; to sanction; as, idioms authorized by usage.
• To sanction or confirm by the authority of some one; to warrant; as, to authorize a report.
• To justify; to furnish a ground for.
Authorized
a.
• Possessed of or endowed with authority; as, an authorized agent.
• Sanctioned by authority.
Authorizer
n.
• One who authorizes.
Authorless
a.
• Without an author; without authority; anonymous.
Authorly
a.
• Authorial.
Authorship
n.
• The quality or state of being an author; function or dignity of an author.
• Source; origin; origination; as, the authorship of a book or review, or of an act, or state of affairs.
Authotype
n.
• A type or block containing a facsimile of an autograph.
Autobiographer
n.
• One who writers his own life or biography.
Autobiographist
n.
• One who writes his own life; an autobiographer.
Autobiography
n.
• A biography written by the subject of it; memoirs of one's life written by one's self.
Autocephalous
a.
(Eccl. Hist.) Having its own head; independent of episcopal or patriarchal jurisdiction, as certain Greek churches.
Autochronograph
n.
• An instrument for the instantaneous self-recording or printing of time.
Autochthon
n.
• One who is supposed to rise or spring from the ground or the soil he inhabits; one of the original inhabitants or aborigines; a native; — commonly in the plural. This title was assumed by the ancient Greeks, particularly the Athenians.
• That which is original to a particular country, or which had there its origin.
Autochthonism
n.
• The state of being autochthonal.
Autochthony
n.
• An aboriginal or autochthonous condition.
Autoclave
n.
• A kind of French stewpan with a steamtight lid.
Autocracy
n.
• Independent or self-derived power; absolute or controlling authority; supremacy.
• Supreme, uncontrolled, unlimited authority, or right of governing in a single person, as of an autocrat.
• Political independence or absolute sovereignty (of a state); autonomy.
(Med.) The action of the vital principle, or of the instinctive powers, toward the preservation of the individual; also, the vital principle.
Autocrat
n.
• An absolute sovereign; a monarch who holds and exercises the powers of government by claim of absolute right, not subject to restriction; as, Autocrat of all the Russias (a title of the Czar).
• One who rules with undisputed sway in any company or relation; a despot.
Autocrator
n.
• An autocrat.
Autocratorical
a.
• Pertaining to an autocrator; absolute.
Autocratrix
n.
• A female sovereign who is independent and absolute; — a title given to the empresses of Russia.
Autocratship
n.
• The office or dignity of an autocrat.
Autodidact
n.
• One who is self-taught; an automath.
Autodynamic
a.
• Supplying its own power; — applied to an instrument of the nature of a water-ram.
Autofecundation
n.
(Biol.) Self-impregnation.
Autogamous
a.
(Bot.) Characterized by autogamy; self-fertilized.
Autogamy
n.
(Bot.) Self-fertilization, the fertilizing pollen being derived from the same blossom as the pistil acted upon.
Autogeneal
a.
• Self-produced; autogenous.
Autogenesis
n.
(Biol.) Spontaneous generation.
Autogenetic
a.
(Biol.) Relating to autogenesis; self-generated.
Autogenous
a.
(Biol.) Self-generated; produced independently.
(Anat.) Developed from an independent center of ossification.
Autogenously
adv.
• In an autogenous manner; spontaneously.
Autograph
n.
• That which is written with one's own hand; an original manuscript; a person's own signature or handwriting.
a.
• In one's own handwriting; as, an autograph letter; an autograph will.
Autographal
a.
• Autographic.
Autography
n.
• The science of autographs; a person's own handwriting; an autograph.
• A process in lithography by which a writing or drawing is transferred from paper to stone.
Autolatry
n.
• Self-worship.
Automath
n.
• One who is self-taught.
Automatically
adv.
• In an automatic manner.
Automatism
n.
• The state or quality of being automatic; the power of self-moving; automatic, mechanical, or involuntary action. (Metaph.) A theory as to the activity of matter.
Automaton
n.
• Any thing or being regarded as having the power of spontaneous motion or action.
• A self-moving machine, or one which has its motive power within itself; — applied chiefly to machines which appear to imitate spontaneously the motions of living beings, such as men, birds, etc.
Automatous
a.
• Automatic.
Automorphic
a.
• Patterned after one's self.
Automorphism
n.
• Automorphic characterization.
Autonomasy
n.
(Rhet.) The use of a word of common or general signification for the name of a particular thing; as, "He has gone to town," for, "He has gone to London."
Autonomic
a.
• Having the power of self-government; autonomous.
Autonomous
a.
• Independent in government; having the right or power of self-government.
(Biol.) Having independent existence or laws.
Autonomy
n.
• The power or right of self-government; self-government, or political independence, of a city or a state.
(Metaph.) The sovereignty of reason in the sphere of morals; or man's power, as possessed of reason, to give law to himself. In this, according to Kant, consist the true nature and only possible proof of liberty.
Autoomist
n.
• One who advocates autonomy.
Autophagi
n. pl.
(Zool.) Birds which are able to run about and obtain their own food as soon as hatched.
Autophoby
n.
• Fear of one's self; fear of being egotistical.
Autophony
n.
(Med.) An auscultatory process, which consists in noting the tone of the observer's own voice, while he speaks, holding his head close to the patient's chest.
Autoplastic
a.
• Of or pertaining to autoplasty.
Autoplasty
n.
(Surg.) The process of artificially repairing lesions by taking a piece of healthy tissue, as from a neighboring part, to supply the deficiency caused by disease or wounds.
Autopsorin
n.
(Med.) That which is given under the doctrine of administering a patient's own virus.
Autopsy
n.
• Personal observation or examination; seeing with one's own eyes; ocular view.
(Med.) Dissection of a dead body, for the purpose of ascertaining the cause, seat, or nature of a disease; a post-mortem examination.
Autoptically
adv.
• By means of ocular view, or one's own observation.
Autostylic
a.
(Anat.) Having the mandibular arch articulated directly to the cranium, as in the skulls of the Amphibia.
Autotheism
n.
• The doctrine of God's self-existence.
• Deification of one's self; self-worship.
Autotheist
n.
• One given to self-worship.
Autotype
n.
• A facsimile.
• A photographic picture produced in sensitized pigmented gelatin by exposure to light under a negative; and subsequent washing out of the soluble parts; a kind of picture in ink from a gelatin plate.
Autotypography
n.
• A process resembling "nature printing," by which drawings executed on gelatin are impressed into a soft metal plate, from which the printing is done as from copperplate.
Autotypy
n.
• The art or process of making autotypes.
Autumn
n.
• The third season of the year, or the season between summer and winter, often called "the fall." Astronomically, it begins in the northern temperate zone at the autumnal equinox, about September 23, and ends at the winter solstice, about December 23; but in popular language, autumn, in America, comprises September, October, and November.
• The harvest or fruits of autumn.
• The time of maturity or decline; latter portion; third stage.
Autumnal
a.
• Of, belonging to, or peculiar to, autumn; as, an autumnal tint; produced or gathered in autumn; as, autumnal fruits; flowering in autumn; as, an autumnal plant.
• Past the middle of life; in the third stage.
Auxanometer
n.
• An instrument to measure the growth of plants.
Auxesis
n.
(Rhet.) A figure by which a grave and magnificent word is put for the proper word; amplification; hyperbole.
Auxetic
a.
• Pertaining to, or containing, auxesis; amplifying.
Auxiliar
a.
• Auxiliary.
n.
• An auxiliary.
Auxiliarly
adv.
• By way of help.
Auxiliary
a.
• Conferring aid or help; helping; aiding; assisting; subsidiary; as auxiliary troops.
n.
• A helper; an assistant; a confederate in some action or enterprise.
(Mil.) Foreign troops in the service of a nation at war; (rarely in sing.), a member of the allied or subsidiary force.
(Gram.) A verb which helps to form the voices, modes, and tenses of other verbs; — called, also, an auxiliary verb; as, have, be, may, can, do, must, shall, and will, in English; etre and avoir, in French; avere and essere, in Italian; estar and haber, in Spanish.
(Math.) A quantity introduced for the purpose of simplifying or facilitating some operation, as in equations or trigonometrical formulae.
Auxiliatory
a.
• Auxiliary; helping.
Ava
n.
• Same as Kava.
Avadavat
n.
• Same as Amadavat.
Avaiably
adv.
• In an available manner; profitably; advantageously; efficaciously.
Avail
v. t.
• To turn to the advantage of; to be of service to; to profit; to benefit; to help; as, artifices will not avail the sinner in the day of judgment.
• To promote; to assist.
v. i.
• To be of use or advantage; to answer the purpose; to have strength, force, or efficacy sufficient to accomplish the object; as, the plea in bar must avail, that is, be sufficient to defeat the suit; this scheme will not avail; medicines will not avail to check the disease.
n.
• Profit; advantage toward success; benefit; value; as, labor, without economy, is of little avail.
• Proceeds; as, the avails of a sale by auction.
Availability
n.
• The quality of being available; availableness.
• That which is available.
Available
a.
• Having sufficient power, force, or efficacy, for the object; effectual; valid; as, an available plea.
• Such as one may avail one's self of; capable of being used for the accomplishment of a purpose; usable; profitable; advantageous; convertible into a resource; as, an available measure; an available candidate.
Availableness
n.
• Competent power; validity; efficacy; as, the availableness of a title.
• Quality of being available; capability of being used for the purpose intended.
Availment
n.
• Profit; advantage.
Avalanche
n.
• A large mass or body of snow and ice sliding swiftly down a mountain side, or falling down a precipice.
• A fall of earth, rocks, etc., similar to that of an avalanche of snow or ice.
• A sudden, great, or irresistible descent or influx of anything.
Avale
v. t. & i.
• To cause to descend; to lower; to let fall; to doff.
• To bring low; to abase.
(v. i.) To descend; to fall; to dismount.
Avant
n.
• The front of an army.
Avarice
n.
• An excessive or inordinate desire of gain; greediness after wealth; covetousness; cupidity.
• An inordinate desire for some supposed good.
Avaricious
a.
• Actuated by avarice; greedy of gain; immoderately desirous of accumulating property.
Avarous
a.
• Avaricious.
Avast
interj.
(Naut.) Cease; stop; stay.
Avatar
n.
(Hindoo Myth.) The descent of a deity to earth, and his incarnation as a man or an animal; — chiefly associated with the incarnations of Vishnu.
• Incarnation; manifestation as an object of worship or admiration.
Avaunce
v. t. & i.
• To advance; to profit.
Avaunt
interj.
• Begone; depart; — a word of contempt or abhorrence, equivalent to the phrase "Get thee gone."
v. t. & i.
• To advance; to move forward; to elevate.
• To depart; to move away.
v. t. & i.
• To vaunt; to boast.
n.
• A vaunt; to boast.
Avauntour
n.
• A boaster.
Ave
n.
• An ave Maria.
• A reverential salutation.
Avel
v. t.
• To pull away.
Avellane
a.
(Her.) In the form of four unhusked filberts; as, an avellane cross.
Avena
n.
(Bot.) A genus of grasses, including the common oat (Avena sativa); the oat grasses.
Avenaceous
a.
• Belonging to, or resembling, oats or the oat grasses.
Avenage
n.
(Old Law) A quantity of oats paid by a tenant to a landlord in lieu of rent.
Avener
n.
(Feud. Law) An officer of the king's stables whose duty it was to provide oats for the horses.
Avenge
v. t.
• To take vengeance for; to exact satisfaction for by punishing the injuring party; to vindicate by inflicting pain or evil on a wrongdoer.
• To treat revengefully; to wreak vengeance on.
v. i.
• To take vengeance.
n.
• Vengeance; revenge.
Avengeance
n.
• Vengeance.
Avengeful
a.
• Vengeful.
Avengement
n.
• The inflicting of retributive punishment; satisfaction taken.
Avenger
n.
• One who avenges or vindicates; as, an avenger of blood.
• One who takes vengeance.
Avengeress
n.
• A female avenger.
Avenious
a.
(Bot.) Being without veins or nerves, as the leaves of certain plants.
Avens
n.
(Bot.) A plant of the genus Geum, esp. Geum urbanum, or herb bennet.
Aventail
n.
• The movable front to a helmet; the ventail.
Aventine
a.
• Pertaining to Mons Aventinus, one of the seven hills on which Rome stood.
n.
• A post of security or defense.
Aventre
v. t.
• To thrust forward (at a venture), as a spear.
Aventure
n.
• Accident; chance; adventure.
(Old Law) A mischance causing a person's death without felony, as by drowning, or falling into the fire.
Aventurine
n.
• A kind of glass, containing gold-colored spangles. It was produced in the first place by the accidental (par aventure) dropping of some brass filings into a pot of melted glass.
(Min.) A variety of translucent quartz, spangled throughout with scales of yellow mica.
Avenue
n.
• A way or opening for entrance into a place; a passage by which a place may by reached; a way of approach or of exit.
• The principal walk or approach to a house which is withdrawn from the road, especially, such approach bordered on each side by trees; any broad passageway thus bordered.
• A broad street; as, the Fifth Avenue in New York.
Aver
n.
• A work horse, or working ox.
v. t.
• To assert, or prove, the truth of.
(Law) To avouch or verify; to offer to verify; to prove or justify.
• To affirm with confidence; to declare in a positive manner, as in confidence of asserting the truth.
Average
n.
(OLd Eng. Law) That service which a tenant owed his lord, to be done by the work beasts of the tenant, as the carriage of wheat, turf, etc.
(Com.) A tariff or duty on goods, etc.
• Any charge in addition to the regular charge for freight of goods shipped.
• A contribution to a loss or charge which has been imposed upon one of several for the general benefit; damage done by sea perils.
• The equitable and proportionate distribution of loss or expense among all interested.
• A mean proportion, medial sum or quantity, made out of unequal sums or quantities; an arithmetical mean. Thus, if A loses 5 dollars, B 9, and C 16, the sum is 30, and the average 10.
• Any medial estimate or general statement derived from a comparison of diverse specific cases; a medium or usual size, quantity, quality, rate, etc.
• In the English corn trade, the medial price of the several kinds of grain in the principal corn markets.
a.
• Pertaining to an average or mean; medial; containing a mean proportion; of a mean size, quality, ability, etc.; ordinary; usual; as, an average rate of profit; an average amount of rain; the average Englishman; beings of the average stamp.
• According to the laws of averages; as, the loss must be made good by average contribution.
v. t.
• To find the mean of, when sums or quantities are unequal; to reduce to a mean.
• To divide among a number, according to a given proportion; as, to average a loss.
• To do, accomplish, get, etc., on an average.
v. i.
• To form, or exist in, a mean or medial sum or quantity; to amount to, or to be, on an ~; as, the losses of the owners will average twenty five dollars each; these spars average ten feet in length.
Avercorn
n.
(Old Eng. Law) A reserved rent in corn, formerly paid to religious houses by their tenants or farmers.
Averment
n.
• The act of averring, or that which is averred; affirmation; positive assertion.
• Verification; establishment by evidence.
(Law) A positive statement of facts; an allegation; an offer to justify or prove what is alleged.
Averpenny
n.
(Old Eng. Law) Money paid by a tenant in lieu of the service of average.
Averroism
n.
• The tenets of the Averroists.
Averroist
n.
• One of a sect of peripatetic philosophers, who appeared in Italy before the restoration of learning; so denominated from Averroes, or Averrhoes, a celebrated Arabian philosopher. He held the doctrine of monopsychism.
Averruncate
v. t.
• To avert; to ward off.
• To root up.
Averruncation
n.
• The act of averting.
• Eradication.
Averruncator
n.
• An instrument for pruning trees, consisting of two blades, or a blade and a hook, fixed on the end of a long rod.
Aversation
n.
• A turning from with dislike; aversion.
Averse
a.
• Turned away or backward.
• Having a repugnance or opposition of mind; disliking; disinclined; unwilling; reluctant.
v. t. & i.
• To turn away.
Aversely
adv.
• Backward; in a backward direction; as, emitted aversely.
• With repugnance or aversion; unwillingly.
Averseness
n.
• The quality of being averse; opposition of mind; unwillingness.
Aversion
n.
• A turning away.
• Opposition or repugnance of mind; fixed dislike; antipathy; disinclination; reluctance.
• The object of dislike or repugnance.
Avert
v. t.
• To turn aside, or away; as, to avert the eyes from an object; to ward off, or prevent, the occurrence or effects of; as, how can the danger be averted? "To avert his ire."
v. i.
• To turn away.
Averted
a.
• Turned away, esp. as an expression of feeling; also, offended; unpropitious.
Averter
n.
• One who, or that which, averts.
Avertible
a.
• Capable of being averted; preventable.
Avertiment
n.
• Advertisement.
Aves
n. pl.
(Zool.) The class of Vertebrata that includes the birds.
Avesta
n.
• The Zoroastrian scriptures.
Avian
a.
• Of or instrument to birds.
Aviary
n.
• A house, inclosure, large cage, or other place, for keeping birds confined; a bird house.
Aviation
n.
• The art or science of flying.
Aviator
n.
• An experimenter in aviation.
• A flying machine.
Avicula
n.
(Zool.) A genus of marine bivalves, having a pearly interior, allied to the pearl oyster; — so called from a supposed resemblance of the typical species to a bird.
Avicular
a.
• Of or pertaining to a bird or to birds.
Avicularia
n. pl.
(Zool.) Small prehensile processes on the cells of some Bryozoa, often having the shape of a bird's bill.
Aviculture
n.
(Zool.) Rearing and care of birds.
Avid
a.
• Longing eagerly for; eager; greedy.
Avidious
a.
• Avid.
Avidiously
adv.
• Eagerly; greedily.
Avidity
n.
• Greediness; strong appetite; eagerness; intenseness of desire; as, to eat with avidity.
Avie
adv.
• Emulously.
Avifauna
n.
(Zool.) The birds, or all the kinds of birds, inhabiting a region.
Avile
v. t.
• To abase or debase; to vilify; to depreciate.
Avis
n.
• Advice; opinion; deliberation.
Avise
v. t.
• To look at; to view; to think of.
• To advise; to counsel.
v. i.
• To consider; to reflect.
Aviseful
a.
• Watchful; circumspect.
Avisely
adv.
• Advisedly.
Avisement
n.
• Advisement; observation; deliberation.
Avision
n.
• Vision.
Aviso
n.
• Information; advice.
• An advice boat, or dispatch boat.
Avocado
n.
• The pulpy fruit of Persea gratissima, a tree of tropical America. It is about the size and shape of a large pear; — called also avocado pear, alligator pear, midshipman's butter.
Avocat
n.
• An advocate.
Avocate
v. t.
• To call off or away; to withdraw; to transfer to another tribunal.
Avocation
n.
• A calling away; a diversion.
• That which calls one away from one's regular employment or vocation.
• Pursuits; duties; affairs which occupy one's time; usual employment; vocation.
Avocative
a.
• Calling off.
n.
• That which calls aside; a dissuasive.
Avoid
v. t.
• To empty.
• To emit or throw out; to void; as, to avoid excretions.
• To quit or evacuate; to withdraw from.
• To make void; to annul or vacate; to refute.
• To keep away from; to keep clear of; to endeavor no to meet; to shun; to abstain from; as, to avoid the company of gamesters.
• To get rid of.
(Pleading) To defeat or evade; to invalidate. Thus, in a replication, the plaintiff may deny the defendant's plea, or confess it, and avoid it by stating new matter.
v. i.
• To retire; to withdraw.
(Law) To become void or vacant.
Avoidable
a.
• Capable of being vacated; liable to be annulled or made invalid; voidable.
• Capable of being avoided, shunned, or escaped.
Avoidance
n.
• The act of annulling; annulment.
• The act of becoming vacant, or the state of being vacant; — specifically used for the state of a benefice becoming void by the death, deprivation, or resignation of the incumbent.
• A dismissing or a quitting; removal; withdrawal.
• The act of avoiding or shunning; keeping clear of.
• The courts by which anything is carried off.
Avoider
n.
• The person who carries anything away, or the vessel in which things are carried away.
• One who avoids, shuns, or escapes.
Avoidless
a.
• Unavoidable; inevitable.
Avoirdupois
n. & a.
• Goods sold by weight.
• Avoirdupois weight.
• Weight; heaviness; as, a woman of much avoirdupois.
Avoke
v. t.
• To call from or back again.
Avolate
v. i.
• To fly away; to escape; to exhale.
Avolation
n.
• The act of flying; flight; evaporation.
Avoset
n.
• Same as Avocet.
Avouch
v. t.
• To appeal to; to cite or claim as authority.
• To maintain a just or true; to vouch for.
• To declare or assert positively and as matter of fact; to affirm openly.
• To acknowledge deliberately; to admit; to confess; to sanction.
n.
• Evidence; declaration.
Avouchable
a.
• Capable of being avouched.
Avoucher
n.
• One who avouches.
Avouchment
n.
• The act of avouching; positive declaration.
Avoutrie
n.
• Adultery.
Avow
v. t.
• To declare openly, as something believed to be right; to own or acknowledge frankly; as, a man avows his principles or his crimes.
(Law) To acknowledge and justify, as an act done.
n
• Avowal.
v. t. & i.
• To bind, or to devote, by a vow.
n.
• A vow or determination.
Avowable
a.
• Capable of being avowed, or openly acknowledged, with confidence.
Avowal
n.
• An open declaration; frank acknowledgment; as, an avowal of such principles.
Avowance
n.
• Act of avowing; avowal.
• Upholding; defense; vindication.
Avowant
n.
(Law) The defendant in replevin, who avows the distress of the goods, and justifies the taking.
Avowed
a.
• Openly acknowledged or declared; admitted.
Avowee
n.
• The person who has a right to present to a benefice; the patron; an advowee.
Avower
n.
• One who avows or asserts.
Avowry
n.
• An advocate; a patron; a patron saint.
• The act of the distrainer of goods, who, in an action of replevin, avows and justifies the taking in his own right.
Avoyer
n.
• A chief magistrate of a free imperial city or canton of Switzerland.
Avulse
v. t.
• To pluck or pull off.
Avulsion
n.
• A tearing asunder; a forcible separation.
• A fragment torn off.
(Law) The sudden removal of lands or soil from the estate of one man to that of another by an inundation or a current, or by a sudden change in the course of a river by which a part of the estate of one man is cut off and joined to the estate of another. The property in the part thus separated, or cut off, continues in the original owner.
Avuncular
a.
• Of or pertaining to an uncle.
Await
v. t.
• To watch for; to look out for.
• To wait on, serve, or attend.
• To wait for; to stay for; to expect.
• To be in store for; to be ready or in waiting for; as, a glorious reward awaits the good.
v. i.
• To watch.
• To wait (on or upon).
• To wait; to stay in waiting.
n.
• A waiting for; ambush; watch; watching; heed.
Awake
v. t.
• To rouse from sleep.; to wake; to awaken.
• To rouse from a state resembling sleep, as from death, stupidity., or inaction; to put into action; to give new life to; to stir up; as, to awake the dead; to awake the dormant faculties.
v. i.
• To cease to sleep; to come out of a state of natural sleep; and, figuratively, out of a state resembling sleep, as inaction or death.
a.
• Not sleeping or lethargic; roused from sleep; in a state of vigilance or action.
Awaken
v. t. & i.
• To rouse from sleep or torpor; to awake; to wake.
Awakener
n.
• One who, or that which, awakens.
Awakening
a.
• Rousing from sleep, in a natural or a figurative sense; rousing into activity; exciting; as, the awakening city; an awakening discourse; the awakening dawn.
n.
• The act of awaking, or ceasing to sleep. Specifically: A revival of religion, or more general attention to religious matters than usual.
Awakenment
n.
• An awakening.
Awanting
a.
• Missing; wanting.
Award
v. t.
• To give by sentence or judicial determination; to assign or apportion, after careful regard to the nature of the case; to adjudge; as, the arbitrators awarded damages to the complainant.
v. i.
• To determine; to make an award.
n.
• A judgment, sentence, or final decision. Specifically: The decision of arbitrators in a case submitted.
• The paper containing the decision of arbitrators; that which is warded.
Awarder
n.
• One who awards, or assigns by sentence or judicial determination; a judge.
Aware
a.
• Watchful; vigilant or on one's guard against danger or difficulty.
• Apprised; informed; cognizant; conscious; as, he was aware of the enemy's designs.
Awarn
v. t.
• To warn.
Awash
a.
• Washed by the waves or tide; — said of a rock or strip of shore, or (Naut.) of an anchor, etc., when flush with the surface of the water, so that the waves break over it.
Away
adv.
• From a place; hence.
• Absent; gone; at a distance; as, the master is away from home.
• Aside; off; in another direction.
• From a state or condition of being; out of existence.
• By ellipsis of the verb, equivalent to an imperative: Go or come ~; begone; take ~.
• On; in continuance; without intermission or delay; as, sing away.
Awayward
adv.
• Turned away; away.
Awe
n.
• Dread; great fear mingled with respect.
• The emotion inspired by something dreadful and sublime; an undefined sense of the dreadful and the sublime; reverential fear, or solemn wonder; profound reverence.
v. t.
• To strike with fear and reverence; to inspire with awe; to control by inspiring dread.
Awearied
p. p.
• Wearied.
Aweary
a.
• Weary.
Aweather
adv.
(Naut.) On the weather side, or toward the wind; in the direction from which the wind blows; — opposed to alee; as, helm aweather !
Aweigh
adv.
(Naut.) Just drawn out of the ground, and hanging perpendicularly; atrip; — said of the anchor.
Aweless
a.
• See Awless.
Awesome
a.
• Causing awe; appalling; awful; as, an awesome sight.
• Expressive of awe or terror.
Awesomeness
n.
• The quality of being awesome.
Awful
a.
• Oppressing with fear or horror; appalling; terrible; as, an awful scene.
• Inspiring awe; filling with profound reverence, or with fear and admiration; fitted to inspire reverential fear; profoundly impressive.
• Struck or filled with awe; terror-stricken.
• Worshipful; reverential; law-abiding.
• Frightful; exceedingly bad; great; — applied intensively; as, an awful bonnet; an awful boaster.
Awfully
adv.
• In an awful manner; in a manner to fill with terror or awe; fearfully; reverently.
• Very; excessively.
Awfulness
n.
• The quality of striking with awe, or with reverence; dreadfulness; solemnity; as, the awfulness of this sacred place.
• The state of being struck with awe; a spirit of solemnity; profound reverence.
Awhape
v. t.
• To confound; to terrify; to amaze.
Awhile
adv.
• For a while; for some time; for a short time.
Awing
adv.
• On the wing; flying; fluttering.
Awk
a.
• Odd; out of order; perverse.
• Wrong, or not commonly used; clumsy; sinister; as, the awk end of a rod (the but end).
• Clumsy in performance or manners; unhandy; not dexterous; awkward.
adv.
• Perversely; in the wrong way.
Awkly
adv.
• In an unlucky (left-handed) or perverse manner.
• Awkwardly.
Awkward
a.
• Wanting dexterity in the use of the hands, or of instruments; not dexterous; without skill; clumsy; wanting ease, grace, or effectiveness in movement; ungraceful; as, he was awkward at a trick; an awkward boy.
• Not easily managed or effected; embarrassing.
• Perverse; adverse; untoward.
Awl
n.
• A pointed instrument for piercing small holes, as in leather or wood; used by shoemakers, saddlers, cabinetmakers, etc. The blade is differently shaped and pointed for different uses, as in the brad awl, saddler's awl, shoemaker's awl, etc.
Awless
a.
• Wanting reverence; void of respectful fear.
• Inspiring no awe.
Awlessness
n.
• The quality of being awless.
Awlwort
n.
(Bot.) A plant (Subularia aquatica), with awl-shaped leaves.
Awn
n.
(Bot.) The bristle or beard of barley, oats, grasses, etc., or any similar bristlelike appendage; arista.
Awned
a.
(Bot.) Furnished with an awn, or long bristle-shaped tip; bearded.
Awning
n.
• A rooflike cover, usually of canvas, extended over or before any place as a shelter from the sun, rain, or wind.
(Naut.) That part of the poop deck which is continued forward beyond the bulkhead of the cabin.
Awninged
a.
• Furnished with an awning.
Awnless
a.
• Without awns or beard.
Awny
a.
• Having awns; bearded.
Awork
adv.
• At work; in action.
Aworking
adv.
• At work; in action.
Awrong
adv.
• Wrongly.
Awry
adv. & a.
• Turned or twisted toward one side; not in a straight or true direction, or position; out of the right course; distorted; obliquely; asquint; with oblique vision; as, to glance awry.
• Aside from the line of truth, or right reason; unreasonable or unreasonably; perverse or perversely.
Awsome
a.
• Same as Awesome.
Ax
v. t. & i.
• To ask; to inquire or inquire of.
Axal
a.
• [See Axial.]
Axial
a.
• Of or pertaining to an axis; of the nature of, or resembling, an axis; around an axis.
(Anat.) Belonging to the axis of the body; as, the axial skeleton; or to the axis of any appendage or organ; as, the axial bones.
Axially
adv.
• In relation to, or in a line with, an axis; in the axial (magnetic) line.
Axil
n.
(Bot.) The angle or point of divergence between the upper side of a branch, leaf, or petiole, and the stem or branch from which it springs.
Axile
a.
• Situated in the axis of anything; as an embryo which lies in the axis of a seed.
Axilla
n.
(Anat.) The armpit, or the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder.
(Bot.) An axil.
Axillar
a.
• Axillary.
Axillary
a.
(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the axilla or armpit; as, axillary gland, artery, nerve.
(Bot.) Situated in, or rising from, an axil; of or pertaining to an axil.
Axinite
n.
(Min.) A borosilicate of alumina, iron, and lime, commonly found in glassy, brown crystals with acute edges.
Axinomancy
n.
• A species of divination, by means of an ax or hatchet.
Axiom
n.
(Logic & Math.) A self-evident and necessary truth, or a proposition whose truth is so evident as first sight that no reasoning or demonstration can make it plainer; a proposition which it is necessary to take for granted; as, "The whole is greater than a part;" "A thing can not, at the same time, be and not be."
• An established principle in some art or science, which, though not a necessary truth, is universally received; as, the axioms of political economy.
Axiomatically
adv.
• By the use of axioms; in the form of an axiom.
Axis
n.
(Zool.) The spotted deer (Cervus axis or Axis maculata) of India, where it is called hog deer and parrah (Moorish name).
n.
• A straight line, real or imaginary, passing through a body, on which it revolves, or may be supposed to revolve; a line passing through a body or system around which the parts are symmetrically arranged.
(Math.) A straight line with respect to which the different parts of a magnitude are symmetrically arranged; as, the axis of a cylinder, i. e., the axis of a cone, that is, the straight line joining the vertex and the center of the base; the axis of a circle, any straight line passing through the center.
(Bot.) The stem; the central part, or longitudinal support, on which organs or parts are arranged; the central line of any body.
(Anat.) The second vertebra of the neck, or vertebra dentata.
• Also used of the body only of the vertebra, which is prolonged anteriorly within the foramen of the first vertebra or atlas, so as to form the odontoid process or peg which serves as a pivot for the atlas and head to turn upon.
(Crystallog.) One of several imaginary lines, assumed in describing the position of the planes by which a crystal is bounded.
(Fine Arts) The primary of secondary central line of any design.
Axle
n.
• The pin or spindle on which a wheel revolves, or which revolves with a wheel.
• A transverse bar or shaft connecting the opposite wheels of a car or carriage; an axletree.
• An axis; as, the sun's axle.
Axled
a.
• Having an axle; — used in composition.
Axletree
n.
• A bar or beam of wood or iron, connecting the opposite wheels of a carriage, on the ends of which the wheels revolve.
• A spindle or axle of a wheel.
Axman
n.
• One who wields an ax.
Axminster
n.
• An Axminster carpet, an imitation Turkey carpet, noted for its thick and soft pile; — so called from Axminster, Eng.
Axolotl
n.
(Zool.) An amphibian of the salamander tribe found in the elevated lakes of Mexico; the siredon.
Axstone
n.
(Min.) A variety of jade. It is used by some savages, particularly the natives of the South Sea Islands, for making axes or hatchets.
Axtree
n.
• Axle or axletree.
Axunge
n.
• Fat; grease; esp. the fat of pigs or geese; usually (Pharm.), lard prepared for medical use.
Ay
interj.
• Ah! alas!
adv.
• Same as Aye.
Ayah
n.
• A native nurse for children; also, a lady's maid.
Aye
n.
• An affirmative vote; one who votes in the affirmative; as, "To call for the ayes and noes;" "The ayes have it."
Ayegreen
n.
(Bot.) The houseleek (Sempervivum tectorum).
Ayenward
adv.
• Backward.
Ayle
n.
• A grandfather.
Ayond
prep. & adv.
• Beyond.
Ayont
prep. & adv.
• Beyond.
Ayrshire
n.
(Agric.) One of a superior breed of cattle from Ayrshire, Scotland. Ayrshires are notable for the quantity and quality of their milk.
Ayuntamiento
n.
• In Spain and Spanish America, a corporation or body of magistrates in cities and towns, corresponding to mayor and aldermen.
Azalea
n.
(Bot.) A genus of showy flowering shrubs, mostly natives of China or of North America; false honeysuckle. The genus is scarcely distinct from Rhododendron.
Azarole
n.
(Bot.) The Neapolitan medlar (Crataegus azarolus), a shrub of southern Europe; also, its fruit.
Azedarach
n.
(Bot.) A handsome Asiatic tree (Melia azedarach), common in the southern United States; — called also, Pride of India, Pride of China, and Bead tree.
(Med.) The bark of the roots of the azedarach, used as a cathartic and emetic.
Azimuth
n.
(Astron. & Geodesy) The quadrant of an azimuth circle.
• An arc of the horizon intercepted between the meridian of the place and a vertical circle passing through the center of any object; as, the azimuth of a star; the azimuth or bearing of a line surveying.
Azimuthal
a.
• Of or pertaining to the azimuth; in a horizontal circle.
Azobenzene
n.
(Chem.) A substance (C6H5.N2.C6H5) derived from nitrobenzene, forming orange red crystals which are easily fusible.
Azoic
a.
• Destitute of any vestige of organic life, or at least of animal life; anterior to the existence of animal life; formed when there was no animal life on the globe; as, the azoic. rocks.
Azoleic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to an acid produced by treating oleic with nitric acid.
Azonic
a.
• Confined to no zone or region; not local.
Azorian
a.
• Of or pertaining to the Azores.
n.
• A native of the Azores.
Azote
n.
• Same as Nitrogen.
Azoth
n.
(Alchemy) The first principle of metals, i. e., mercury, which was formerly supposed to exist in all metals, and to be extractable from them.
• The universal remedy of Paracelsus.
Azotic
a.
(Chem.) Pertaining to azote, or nitrogen; formed or consisting of azote; nitric; as, azotic gas; azotic acid.
Azotite
n.
(Chem.) A salt formed by the combination of azotous, or nitrous, acid with a base; a nitrite.
Azotize
v. t.
• To impregnate with azote, or nitrogen; to nitrogenize.
Azotometer
n.
(Chem.) An apparatus for measuring or determining the proportion of nitrogen; a nitrometer.
Azotous
a
• Nitrous; as, azotous acid.
Aztec
a.
• Of or relating to one of the early races in Mexico that inhabited the great plateau of that country at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1519.
n.
• One of the Aztec race or people.
Azure
a.
• Sky-blue; resembling the clear blue color of the unclouded sky; cerulean; also, cloudless.
n.
• The lapis lazuli.
• The clear blue color of the sky; also, a pigment or dye of this color.
• The blue vault above; the unclouded sky.
(Her.) A blue color, represented in engraving by horizontal parallel lines.
v. t.
• To color blue.
Azured
a.
• Of an azure color; sky-blue.
Azureous
a.
(Zool.) Of a fine blue color; azure.
Azurine
a.
• Azure.
n.
(Zool.) The blue roach of Europe (Leuciscus caeruleus); — so called from its color.
Azurite
n.
(Min.) Blue carbonate of copper; blue malachite.
Azurn
a.
• Azure.
Azygous
a.
• Odd; having no fellow; not one of a pair; single; as, the azygous muscle of the uvula.
Azymic
a.
• Azymous.
Azymite
n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One who administered the Eucharist with unleavened bread; — a name of reproach given by those of the Greek church to the Latins.
Azymous
a.
• Unleavened; unfermented.

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